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  • 251.
    Anikina, Maria
    et al.
    Lomonosov Moscow State Univeristy.
    Johansson, Elena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Russian journalists: Inclination toward moderate evaluations2013In: Journalists in three media systems: Polish, Russian and Swedish journalists about values and ideals, daily practice and the future / [ed] Maria Anikina, Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska, Gunnar Nygren, Moscow: Journalism Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University , 2013, p. 69-114Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 252.
    Annisius Askelöf, Alexia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Hemma är bäst?: Två jämförande fallstudier av vanor gällande nyhetskonsumtion bland svenskar bosatta på Island respektive islänningar bosatta i Sverige2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Människors uppfattning om sig själva och sin omvärld påverkas mycket av medierna de konsumerar, i synnerhet nyhetsmedier, och nu kanske mer än någonsin genom den ökade tillgängligheten. För personer med delad nationell identitet, till exempel immigranter, kan nyhetskonsumtionen både påverka och påverkas av hur relationen till det nuvarande respektive tidigare hemlandet är och utvecklas. Den här uppsatsen bygger på två jämförande fallstudier, båda bestående av webbenkäter och intervjuer, som kartlägger och jämför användarvanor gällande nyhetskonsumtion bland svenskar bosatta på Island respektive islänningar bosatta i Sverige. För att försöka förstå och förklara vilka faktorer som påverkar användningen av nyhetsmedier har en tredelad modell lånats från tidigare forskning (Wadbring & Andersson, 2016) och aningen modifierad använts som ramverk. Resultaten visar att fördelningen i konsumtion mellan det nuvarande och tidigare hemlandets nyhetsmedier är nästintill identisk för både svenskar på Island och islänningar i Sverige, där det nuvarande hemlandets nyhetsmedier dominerar något. Även gällande olika bakgrundsfaktorer följs de båda urvalsgruppernas nyhetsmedieanvändning åt. Förhoppningen är att uppsatsen ska kunna bidra till en större förståelse för det nuvarande respektive tidigare hemlandets nyheters betydelse för människor med delad nationell identitet. 

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    Hemma är bäst?
  • 253.
    Anokhin, S.
    et al.
    St. Cloud State University, St. Cloud, United States / National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russian Federation.
    Wincent, J.
    Luleå University of Technology / Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland / University of St Gallen, St Gallen, Switzerland.
    Parida, V.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Chistyakova, N.
    National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russian Federation.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Industrial clusters, flagship enterprises and regional innovation2019In: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, ISSN 0898-5626, E-ISSN 1464-5114, Vol. 31, no 1-2, p. 104-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For a sample of all 88 counties in the State of Ohio over a 5-year period, this study documents the effect of flagship enterprises and concentrated industrial clusters on regional innovation. Consistent with the agglomeration arguments and the knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship, both appear to affect regional innovation positively. Additionally, regional educational attainment positively moderates the effect of industrial clusters on innovation. At the same time, flagship enterprises primarily affect regional innovation in regions with low education levels. Results are obtained with the help of conservative econometric techniques and are robust to the choice of alternative dependent variables and estimators. The findings have major policy implications and provide insights into alternative routes to encouraging regional innovation. 

  • 254.
    Antoniou, Lia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Andersson, Hans E.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Mapping migrants' inclusion: An analytical framework for examining policy output2015In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 38, no 10, p. 1707-1723Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 255.
    Antonsson, Emil
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ökade kommunala skillnader?: Om utvecklingen av arbetslösheten i Sveriges kommuner sedan 20082015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies have found that the differences in unemployment between different regions within a country can be large and persist over time. Also among Swedish municipalities the differences in unemployment levels are large. This paper examines if the differences in unemployment levels between Swedish municipalities has increased or decreased between 2008 and 2014 and whether it is possible to find other patterns in the evolution of unemployment rates in Swedish municipalities during the period.

    Two regression analysis of the periods 2008-2010 and 2010-2014 are performed, by using data on unemployment rates and other variables in the municipalities. The results show that it is not possible to prove that the differences in unemployment between the municipalities have increased during the period. However, it can be concluded that the unemployment in 2008-2010 increased more in the municipalities with higher unemployment in 2008, and that the reduction of unemployment in 2010-2014 was bigger in the municipalities that had higher unemployment in 2010. This result remains valid also when controlling for a number of other factors such as the proportion of people employed in the manufacturing industry, net migration from/to the municipality and the residents' age and education level.

    It is not possible to draw any firm conclusions about what the different patterns of change in unemployment is due to. However, several possible explanations to this development is discussed. One possible explanation is that municipalities with a high proportion of workers in industries undergoing structural change has a higher equilibrium unemployment rate and that an accelerated structural change following the financial crisis in 2008 has resulted in a faster increase of unemployment in the following years in these municipalities. Other possible explanations to the faster increase of unemployment in municipalities with high unemployment before 2008 could be less efficient matching on the labour market or higher wage levels.

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  • 256.
    Anturi, Nathalia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kozma, Jonathan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Förhållandet mellan CSR och förtroende: En studie över hur Sveriges banksektor kan skapa förtroende genom kommunikation av CSR2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Modern-day society demands a high-level of responsibility from all of its participants when it comes to the sustainable development. The civic duty is an important part of corporate culture which is why many corporations today are positioning their priorities towards CSR, Corporate Social Responsibility. CSR is a concept which depicts how companies are supporting the sustainable development. The increased level of consumer awareness relating to this concept is the reason why more companies are applying CSR in order to achieve the competitive advantages, such as good reputation, trust, and a positive company image. A paradox manifests from the use of CSR, however, since it contributes to a greater scrutiny and skepticism towards how companies are utilizing CSR as a public relations tool, which people generally feel is neither genuine nor based on public interest.

    Therefore, while communicating their CSR strategies, companies must be careful since it can either strengthen or weaken the consumer trust, depending how the communication is perceived by the general public. The consumer trust is extremely important during high risk- and involvement decisions. This concept is particularly important within the bank industry. When it comes to applying CSR, studies indicate that the different banks in Sweden are not performing as well compared to international banks. Another study suggests that one out of four consumers is unaware of whether their bank is utilizing sustainable efforts or not.

    This study aims to map and identify what strategies of CSR communication that the Swedish bank sector use, and which of these that can build consumer trust. The research methodology is based on a triangulation which conducts both a qualitative and quantitative method. Three semi structured interviews with three different banks have been applied to identify and acquire a deeper understanding of the communication by the Swedish bank sector and their CSR efforts. Afterwards, data from consumers has been collected throughout a survey to understand how the consumers perceive the communication of the CSR effort by the Swedish bank sector.

    Based on collected empirical data and analysis, the study has been able to identify two CSR communication strategies that the Swedish bank sector employs which build consumer trust.

    • The swedish bank sector communicates their CSR effort by interacting and engaging in an open discourse which increases the consumer trust.
    • The swedish bank sector communicates their CSR effort by a high degree of communication, which indirectly increases the consumer trust.○ A high degree of communication of CSR effort reduce the consumer skepticism, which increases the consumer trust.
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    Förhållande mellan CSR och förtroende
  • 257.
    Anturi, Nathalia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kozma, Jonathan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Förhållandet mellan CSR och förtroende: En studie över hur Sveriges banksektor kan skapa förtroende genom kommunikation av CSR2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Modern-day society demands a high-level of responsibility from all of its participants when it comes to the sustainable development. The civic duty is an important part of corporate culture which is why many corporations today are positioning their priorities towards CSR, Corporate Social Responsibility. CSR is a concept which depicts how companies are supporting the sustainable development. The increased level of consumer awareness relating to this concept is the reason why more companies are applying CSR in order to achieve the competitive advantages, such as good reputation, trust, and a positive company image. A paradox manifests from the use of CSR, however, since it contributes to a greater scrutiny and skepticism towards how companies are utilizing CSR as a public relations tool, which people generally feel is neither genuine nor based on public interest.

     

    Therefore, while communicating their CSR strategies, companies must be careful since it can either strengthen or weaken the consumer trust, depending how the communication is perceived by the general public. The consumer trust is extremely important during high risk- and involvement decisions. This concept is particularly important within the bank industry. When it comes to applying CSR, studies indicate that the different banks in Sweden are not performing as well compared to international banks. Another study suggests that one out of four consumers is unaware of whether their bank is utilizing sustainable efforts or not.

     

    This study aims to map and identify what strategies of CSR communication that the Swedish bank sector use, and which of these that can build consumer trust. The research methodology is based on a triangulation which conducts both a qualitative and quantitative method. Three semi structured interviews with three different banks have been applied to identify and acquire a deeper understanding of the communication by the Swedish bank sector and their CSR efforts. Afterwards, data from consumers has been collected throughout a survey to understand how the consumers perceive the communication of the CSR effort by the Swedish bank sector.

     

    Based on collected empirical data and analysis, the study has been able to identify two CSR communication strategies that the Swedish bank sector employs which build consumer trust.

    • The swedish bank sector communicates their CSR effort by interacting and engaging in an open discourse which increases the consumer trust.
    • The swedish bank sector communicates their CSR effort by a high degree of communication, which indirectly increases the consumer trust.

    ○      A high degree of communication of CSR effort reduce the consumer skepticism, which increases the consumer trust.

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    Förhållandet mellan CSR och förtroende
  • 258.
    Apostolidou, Theodora
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Isse, Mohamed
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Normprövning: En komparativ studie om svenska lagrådet och tyska författningsdomstolen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will examine the judicial review of the Swedish institution Lagrådet and the German Constitutional Court, where we will determine and equate the differences and similarities between these institutions. This will be accomplished with various comparisons from a historical and constitutional perspective. Furthermore, this thesis will determine the differences and similarities by comparing these institutions powers and composition to answer the question of whether Sweden needs a constitutional court or if the judicial review Lagrådet performs is sufficient to ensure legal certainty and legitimacy in Swedish society and in the legal system. We will be able to formulate our stance regarding our thesis subject by analyzing the differences and similarities between Lagrådet and the German Constitutional Court

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    C-uppsats
  • 259.
    Appelberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism. Mid Sweden University.
    Johansson, Elena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism. Moscow State University.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Baranowski, Pawel
    Wroclaw University.
    Social media in the professional work of Polish, Russian and Swedish journalists2014In: Journal of Print and Media Technology Research, ISSN 2223-8905, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 107-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Professional journalistic culture is a complex of journalistic values, practices, norms and media products. On the one hand it tends to unification across the globe, but on the other hand these cultures varies according to cultural diversities.  Technological development leads to a media convergence, increasing interactivity and plenty of opportunities for individualization of media content influence audience’s demands and consequently challenge of traditional routine of journalists’ work, affect professional practices and even undermine traditional role of a journalist in society. Social media creates new conditions for both actors: readers/viewers/listeners and for media professionals who use it as a tool for media work.  Journalists in the different countries, however, use social media for professional needs not equally. This paper is discussing differences and similarities in the patterns of social media use by Polish, Russian and Swedish journalists.  The research is based on a survey of 500 journalists in each country.  

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  • 260.
    Appelbom, Oscar
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Lindström, Frida
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Att sälja in den ideella idrottsföreningen internt: En studie om den interna marknadsföringen hos Stockholms friidrottsföreningar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The people of Sweden have a long history of being engaged in sport organizations. Recently though, a decline of participation in sport organizations has been detected.

    The Swedish society has evolved immensely lately and with it new marketing techniques, new communication tools and new values have seen the light of day. The thesis of this study is to examine how non-profit sport organizations function in the areas of organizational culture, internal communication, consumer surplus and branding.

    The theories have been selected to provide background knowledge in the different functioning areas of an organization and to see how they cooperate in order to make marketing efforts more effective.

    The primary data has been collected with the use of semi structured interviews with representatives from the participating organizations. Additional primary data has been collected in the form of observations of published digital posts from the organizations communicational channels, to complement the data received in the interviews.

    The result shows that the principles of non-profit sports organizations are outdated and therefore differs from the rest of the society. The prevailing culture is one whom focuses primary on performance. This is reflected in their communication where the digital communication is somewhat neglected whilst the verbal forms of communication are highly developed. The only area where the involvement of members is coherent is in the context of performance.

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  • 261.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    An Illusion of Interactivity: The paternalistic side of data journalism2018In: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 308-325Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores paternalism in contemporary data journalism, a hybrid form of journalism where parts of the engineering culture are blended with the culture of journalism. Technologists often question paternalistic elements in design, whereas journalists consider paternalistic decision-making to be justified as an inherent part of what journalism is. Based on a predominately qualitative content analysis of paternalistic elements in 31 data journalistic projects submitted to the Nordic Data Journalism Awards in 2013, 2015 and 2016, three characteristics of paternalism were found: controlling functionality, the illusion of interactivity and linearity. All three characteristics include several types of control over the audience control, embedded in the design, and as previous research has found that paternalism is often associated with negative effects, on the basis of journalistic choices in design and presentation involving technology, the problem is whether the audience begins to perceive data journalism as controlling, non-transparent or intrusive.

  • 262.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Bokrecension: Aske Kammer: Digital journalistik: kort og præcist om medier og kommunikation2018In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 124-126Article, book review (Other academic)
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  • 263.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    [Book review:] Mirko Tobias Schäfer and Karin van Es (Eds.), The Datafied Society: Reviewed by Ester Appelgren2018In: International Journal of Communication, ISSN 1932-8036, E-ISSN 1932-8036, Vol. 12, p. 433-435Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Will the current practice of data and digital analysis harm humanities scholarship? Or will increasing access to data and easy-to-use tools for digital analysis instead strengthen the ability to critically interpret culture and contemporary life? These two perspectives permeate The Datafied Society: Studying Culture through Data, edited by Mirko Tobias Schäfer and Karin van Es.

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  • 264.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Book Review: Data Journalism and the Regeneration of News, by Alfred Hermida and Mary Lynn Young and Apostles of Certainty: Data Journalism and the Politics of Doubt, by C. W. Anderson2020In: Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, ISSN 1077-6990, E-ISSN 2161-430X, Vol. 97, no 1, p. 310-312Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 265.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Book review: News, numbers, and public opinion in a data-driven world: by An Nguyen New York, Bloomsbury Academic, 2018, 304 pp., £86.40 (hardback.), ISBN: 9781501330353, £26.09 (paperback), ISBN: 97815013540072019In: Digital Journalism, ISSN 2167-0811, E-ISSN 2167-082X, Vol. 7, no 9, p. 1303-1305Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 266.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism. Naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik.
    Commentary: Openness and Transparency in the Data Journalism Practice2018In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 76-77Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 267.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Data Journalists Using Facebook: A Study of a Resource Group Created by Journalists, for Journalists2016In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On Facebook there are interest groups created by journalists, for journalists, that focus on the journalistic profession and work methods. One example is the Swedish group, “Datajournalistik” (in English, “Data Journalism”), which was created in 2012. This article builds on Granovetter’s theory on the strength of weak ties and is focused on the skill development process taking place in the group. A content analysis has been carried out of all posts that received comments in order to explore the social functions of the group. The results indicate both a significant need for knowledge exchange and a need for self-affirmation. At the time of the study, the group was unique in the Nordic countries and as such has played a major role in data journalism’s development process in the Nordic region. 

  • 268.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Datajournalistikens fem framgångsfaktorer: Analys2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Valåret 2014 har inneburit att datajournalistik kommit igång på allvar inom desvenska medieföretagen. För att bli framgångsrik är fem områden centrala:datajournalistisk kompetens, nya organisatoriska lösningar på redaktionen,tillgång till data, användarupplevelsen och aff ärsmodellen.

  • 269.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Från kontroll till en illusion av interaktivitet: Datajournalistik som grävande arbetsmetod2016In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 58-61Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Datajournalistik som grävande arbetsmetod resulterar ofta i att journalistiska vinklar visualiseras i form av mönster eller specifika samband med hjälp av digitala medieformer. Här möts två tidigare åtskilda kulturer då journalistiska arbetsmetoder kombineras med tekniska arbetsmetoder. För att skapa en berättelse får journalister förtroende att fatta beslut åt publiken, i publikens intresse, medan en ingenjör istället kan bli anklagad för att fatta paternalistiska beslut över huvudet på människor. Med utgångspunkt från aktuell nordisk datajournalistik diskuteras i denna artikel därför vad som händer när just dessa två kulturer möts, i termer av beslutsfattande åt publiken, i publikens intresse.

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  • 270.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    JOURNALISTS' USING FACEBOOK TO CLAIM THE TERRITORY, BRAG OR CRY IN DESPERATION FOR HELP: A CONTENT ANALYSIS OF A NORDIC JOURNALISTIC RESOURCE GROUP ON FACEBOOK2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On Facebook there are interest groups created by journalists, for journalists, that focus on the journalistic profession and work methods. One example is the Swedish group, "Datajournalistik" (in English, "Data Journalism") created in 2012. The group has grown to more than 1,000 Nordic members, most of whom are active data journalists working primarily at Swedish media companies. This article builds on Granovetter's theory on the strength of weak ties. A content analysis of all posts with comments has been carried out to discuss tie strength in relation to information sharing and addressivity in the group. The findings indicate that Datajournalistik forms a network where the individuals are mainly connected by weak ties. Another conclusion is that the group has a function in developing data journalistic competence, but it also functions as means for journalists to promote Nordic data journalistic work in their community giving others credit while at the same time taking some of the credit for oneself.

  • 271.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Remaining in Control with an Illusion of Interactivity: The Paternalistic Side of Data Journalism*2019In: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, no 8, p. 956-960Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 272.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    The Reasons Behind Tracing Audience Behavior: A Matter of Paternalism and Transparency2017In: International Journal of Communication, ISSN 1932-8036, E-ISSN 1932-8036, Vol. 11, p. 2178-2197Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes privacy agreement texts and cookie consent information collected from 60 news sites in three countries (U.S., UK, and Sweden) within the context of paternalism. The goal of this study is to explore how paternalism is present in news media companies’ stated reasons for collecting behavioral data. Twenty-five categories of reasons were identified and divided into six categories: personalization and enhanced user experience, delivery and maintenance of services, internal and corporate use of data, legal reasons, communication with the user, and third-party use of data. The analysis shows that the reasons can be formulated in both paternalistic and nonpaternalistic ways, and that the market-driven logic of Web analytics seems to collide with ethics in a journalistic context.

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  • 273.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Krøvel, Roy
    Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.
    Lindén, Carl-Gustav
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism. Helsinki University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Westlund, Oscar
    Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.
    Expectations, Challenges, and Expertise: The Importance of Non-Western Data Journalism2020In: Data Journalism in the Global South / [ed] Bruce Mutsvairo, Saba Bebawi & Eddy Borges-Rey, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, p. xxi-xxxvChapter in book (Other academic)
  • 274.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Leckner, Sara
    Malmö University.
    Att dela eller inte dela: Användarnas inställning till insamling av personlig data2016In: Ekvilibrium / [ed] Jonas Ohlsson, Henrik Ekengren Oscarsson och Maria Solevid, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2016, p. 403-418Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att dela personlig information i digitala sammanhang kan ge fördelar, men det finns också risker. Trots att insamling av beteendedata sker på många av de sajter svenska folket använder idag, visar 2015 års SOM-undersökning att 60 procent av befolkningen är negativa till att dela personliga data med företag. Endast en liten andel av befolkningen accepterar fullt ut att insamling sker. Majoriteten av befolkningen säger att de försöker begränsa sin personliga information på internet, samtidigt är det bara 15 procent som noga läser igenom användarvillkor. Kanske beror svenskarnas övervä- gande negativa attityd till att dela data på en omedvetenhet kring när data samlas in och vilka fördelar det ger. Frågan är om ökad medvetenhet ger en mer accepterande attityd eller om det leder till det motsatta? Oavsett vilken riktning utvecklingen tar kommer företagen att behöva bli tydligare jämtemot användare med hur och när de samlar in beteendedata.

  • 275.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Leckner, Sara
    Malmö University.
    Mediepubliken och stora datamängder2016In: Människorna, medierna och marknaden: Medieutredningens forskningsantologi om en demokrati i förändring / [ed] Oscar Westlund, Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer, 2016, p. 165-188Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 276.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Leckner, Sara
    Malmö Universitet.
    Tröga processer i en snabb medievärld2019In: På väg mot medievärlden 2030: Journalistikens villkor och utmaningar / [ed] Gunnar Nygren, Ingela Wadbring, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 6, p. 31-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 277.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Leckner, Sara
    Malmö Högskola.
    Tröga processer i en snabb medievärld: En introduktion till att förutspå medieutveckling2013In: På väg mot medievärlden 2020: Journalistik, teknik, marknad / [ed] Gunnar Nygren och Ingela Wadbring, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 5, p. 41-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 278.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Leckner, Sara
    Malmö Högskola.
    Mejtoft, Thomas
    Umeå Universitet.
    Mediekonsumentens medvetna och omedvetna val: En nyckel till morgondagens mediekonsumtion.2014In: Medie-Sverige 2014: Statistik och analys / [ed] Ulla Carlsson & Ulrika Facht, Göteborg: Nordicom , 2014, p. 29-37Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 279.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Lindén, Carl-Gustav
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Data Journalism as a Service: Digital Native Data Journalism Expertise and Product Development2020In: Media and Communication, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 62-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The combined set of skills needed for producing data journalism (e.g., investigative journalism methods, programming, knowledge in statistics, data management, statistical reporting, and design) challenges the understanding of what competences a journalist needs and the boundaries for the tasks journalists perform. Scholars denote external actors with these types of knowledge as interlopers or actors at the periphery of journalism. In this study, we follow two Swedish digital native data journalism start-ups operating in the Nordics from when they were founded in 2012 to 2019. Although the start-ups have been successful in news journalism over the years and acted as drivers for change in Nordic news innovation, they also have a presence in sectors other than journalism. This qualitative case study, which is based on interviews over time with the start-up founders and a qualitative analysis of blog posts written by the employees at the two start-ups, tells a story of journalists working at the periphery of legacy media, at least temporarily forced to leave journalism behind yet successfully using journalistic thinking outside of journalistic contexts.

  • 280.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Lindén, Carl-Gustav
    Helsingfors Universitet.
    van Dalen, Arjen
    University of Southern Denmark .
    Data Journalism Research: Studying a Maturing Field across Journalistic Cultures, Media Markets and Political Environments2019In: Digital Journalism, ISSN 2167-0811, E-ISSN 2167-082X, Vol. 7, no 9, p. 1191-1199Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Although data journalism is practiced globally, data journalism research has traditionally focused on a limited set of countries, primarily within the liberal and democratic corporatist media systems. Many recently published studies illustrate a growing scholarly interest in data journalism in other parts of the world, but these studies are still limited in number. This special issue brings together five new empirical studies of data journalism around the world, as well as two commentaries and two book reviews on the topic with the aim of broadening the theoretical, empirical, and geographic perspectives on data journalism. The core of the special issue consists of five national and comparative case studies studying data journalism in Africa, the Arab world, Italy, the UK, and Argentina. Combined, these articles and the other publications in this special issue point to three important contextual factors that shape data journalism worldwide: journalistic cultures, media markets, and the political environment. After a discussion of each of these three factors, areas for future research are proposed.

  • 281.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Data Journalism In Sweden: Introducing new methods and genres of journalism into “old” organizations2014In: Digital Journalism, ISSN 2167-0811, E-ISSN 2167-082X, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 394-405Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Data journalism is an evolving form of investigative journalism. In previous research andhandbooks published on this topic, this form of journalism has been called computer-assistedreporting and data-driven journalism, as well as precision, computational or database journalism.In Sweden, data journalism is still fairly uncommon. The purpose of this paper is to providean overview of the development of data journalism at seven Swedish traditional mediacompanies, using action research methods. The content of this paper is based on an onlinesurvey of journalists and in-depth interviews with editors at these participating companies. Theresults indicate that, based on how this field is currently perceived by journalists in the interviews,there is a common definition of data journalism. Furthermore, the survey shows thatthe attitudes towards data journalism during the process of introducing new methods andgenres of journalism into “old” organizations are correlated with the level of perceived experiencein data journalism working methods. The main challenges facing the working methodsof data journalism today are a shortage of time and the need for training and developingdata journalism skills.

  • 282.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    HiPPOs (Highest Paid Person’s Opinion) in the Swedish media industry on innovation: A study of news media leaders’ attitudes towards innovation2019In: Journal of Media Innovations, ISSN 1812-7592, E-ISSN 1894-5562, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 45-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Decades of change in the media landscape and technological innovation have brought several uncertainties to media leadership. In this study, we build on the upper echelons theory to discuss the possible isomorphic behaviour of media leaders. Based on a survey of 372 Swedish media leaders, our results indicate that while innovation is considered to be a strength at media companies, innovation work may still stand in contrast to the institutional perspective. We found that Swedish media leaders perceive innovation as highly important and something they are good at. The perceived ability to work with innovation inside the organizations (rather than introducing knowledge from outside expertise) is undermined by the fact that, during the average work week, the majority of leaders set aside very little time for developing their own competences, individual talks with their employees, and time to reflect on their own work. Thus, in line with upper echelons theory, we find a paradox of trust in in-house innovative strength and, at the same time, media leaders fall back on their own experiences, limiting the inflow of new ideas into their strategic work.

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  • 283.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Salaverría, Ramón
    Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.
    Interacting, but not contributing: fruitless news crowdsourcing in Spain2019In: Estudios sobre el Mensaje Periodí­stico, ISSN 1134-1629, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 639-655Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Trusting the audience to contribute data, a practice called crowdsourcing, is one of several procedures of contemporary data journalism. While previous research has embraced the idea of crowdsourcing as a transparent way of engaging the audience, the journalistic practice of crowdsourcing is currently still limited. The Spanish case is particularly illuminating of the gap between theoretical expectations and reality. Although online news media in Spain stands out because of its commitment to exploring interactive possibilities, and its audience is especially prone to comment on news, this qualitative study presents evidence that Spanish data journalists remain quite reluctant to embrace crowdsourcing as a research method. Based on semi-structured interviews with five Spanish data journalists, this paper explains the motivations behind this reluctance as well as the challenges of activating the audience.

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  • 284.
    Appelgren, Ester
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Salaverría, Ramón
    School of Communication, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spa.
    The Promise of the Transparency Culture: A comparative study of access to public data in Spanish and Swedish newsrooms2018In: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 12, no 8, p. 986-996Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2013, with the introduction of the Transparency Law in Spain, a number of Spanish newsrooms started working with data journalism methods. In Sweden, which has one of the oldest Freedom of Information acts in the world, newsrooms invested in the skill development of data journalism at approximately the same time. Because previous research suggests that access to public data has been one of the key driving forces for the development of data journalism worldwide, it is important to understand how legislation is actually shaping the practice of data journalism. Based on a survey of 66 key informants in Spain and Sweden and ten in-depth interviews with data journalists from five media companies in each country, we conducted a comparative study, building on the frameworks of media systems to explore data journalism practices in these two countries. The differences found indicate that the national and EU legislation in both nations shape journalistic strategies for accessing data, turning journalists at times into activists fighting for the right to access public data. Beyond the law, data journalists advocate for a transparency culture among the civil servants, in order to secure public accountability.

  • 285.
    Appelgren Gougoulakis, Alexis
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Söderberg, Vendela
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Blodet renner i gatene?: En komparativ studie om medierepresentationen i lokal press och oljekrisens konsekvenser för städerna Stavanger och Aberdeen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en jämförande studie om medierepresentationen av oljekrisen i Stavanger i Norge och Aberdeen i Skottland. I uppsatsens första del undersöker och jämför vi tre nyhetsartiklar från norska lokala tidningar i Stavanger med tre skotska lokala tidningar i Aberdeen genom en kvalitativ textanalys. I uppsatsens andra del lägger vi tyngd på journalisternas uppfattning om krissituationen och använder oss av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Genom kvalitativa intervjuer med norska och skotska journalister jämför vi hur de resonerar kring val av vinklar, nyheter, källor och hur de upplever sitt yrke och sin arbetsroll i relation till rapporteringen av oljekrisen.

    I arbetet lyfter vi fram skillnader i framställningen av situationen i Stavanger respektive Aberdeen. Vi använder oss av en etnografisk intervju i vårt tillvägagångssätt när vi träffar journalisterna, för att kunna använda detta som en ingång till historisk bakgrund för effekterna av oljekrisen och påverkan på städerna.

    En utgångspunkt för uppsatsen är att undvika att bedöma huruvida det rör sig om en kris eller inte och istället fokusera på gestaltningen i de valda medierna och journalisternas upplevelser av sitt arbete.

    Resultatet av vår studie visar att det finns nationella samband med hur journalisterna uppfattar oljekrisen. De norska journalisterna mörkar i högre utsträckning att det pågått en omfattande oljekris i Stavanger, medan de skotska journalisterna talar mer öppet om en kris. Vi kan genom denna studie konstatera att det återfinns skillnader i hur den lokala rapporteringen för oljekris sker, samt hur gestaltningen av oljekrisens konsekvenser ser ut i artiklarna som vi har valt att analysera. 

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  • 286.
    Araia, Sellyhom
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Werede, Betiel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Has EU membership lead to growth in the CEEC?: A study that examines the income convergence towards the EU-152014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union was created to promote peace and stability and evolved to become an economic union. Its member states are part of trade agreements where tariffs and quotas are abolished. Trade liberations lead to easier access of information and technology which in turn lead to faster growth. This study was made as we were interested to see if high level of economic integration, EU membership, has effected economic growth. The dependent variable we chose to study is GDP growth per capita. The time period included in the study is the years 1996-2011.

    In this study we are interested to see if higher level of economic integration has led to growth and income convergence in the Central and Eastern European. A multiple regression analysis has been conducted to see if EU membership have an effect on growth. In addition a beta convergence regression is carried out in order to see if the new member states are catching up to the EU income level.

    We found that joining the EU has no significant effect on growth. However the CEEC seem to enjoy higher level of price stability due to EU membership. However due to the lack of observations the results we received are inconclusive.

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  • 287.
    Arakelian, Alisa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Malki, Mattias
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Marknadseffektiviteten på Stockholmsbörsen efter finanskrisen 2008: En studie om marknadseffektivitet på NasdaqOMX2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine how market efficiency on the Stockholm stock exchange has been affected by the financial crisis of 2008, which is carried out by examining if companies earn abnormal returns when publishing quarterly reports.

    Theoretical perspectives: The theory chapter is based on the efficient market hypothesis, where its three different components and anomalies are discussed.

    Methodology: The examination is carried out by an event study and a hypothesis test to control how the efficiency on NasdaqOMX has been affected by the financial crisis. The examination is based on a three year period, 2009-2011, and includes the stocks on the index OMXS30. Stock data has been collected from the 29 companies in the OMXS30, with regard to dates the quarterly reports were published. This gives a total of 261 observations under three years.

    Empirical outcome: The hypothesis test, together with other empirical results, has shown that there may be a relation between the publishing of quarterly reports and company stock price. However, empirical results show that the financial crisis effect on the market efficiency has been insignificant.

    Analysis: Analysis of the empirical results show that there are clear signs of change in company stock price when publishing quarterly reports. However, the significant change can be seen during the publishing of quarterly report one and two. Analysis of the empirical results also shows that the market has quickly readjusted after the financial crisis.

    Conclusion: The study shows that there are signs of semi-strong market efficiency on NasdaqOMX, even if this efficiency is not 100 percent strong. However, it is hard to come to a general conclusion on how much the financial crisis 2008 has affected this efficiency due to the fact that one financial crisis has resolved after another.

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    Marknadseffektiviteten på Stockholmsbörsen efter finanskrisen 2008
  • 288.
    Araújo, H. C.
    et al.
    University of Porto, Portugal / Centre for Research and Intervention in Education, Portugal.
    Macedo, E.
    University of Porto, Portugal / Centre for Research and Intervention in Education, Portugal.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Stockholm University.
    Tomaszewska-Pękała, H.
    University of Warsaw, Poland.
    Marchlik, P.
    University of Warsaw, Poland.
    Wrona, A.
    University of Warsaw, Poland.
    Rocha, C.
    University of Porto, Portugal / Centre for Research and Intervention in Education, Portugal.
    Shaping the policies towards early school leaving in Portugal, Sweden and Poland2018In: Comparative Perspectives on Early School Leaving in the European Union, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 47-60Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on education policies in Portugal, Poland and Sweden, exploring links between the political construction of ESL and the fight against it. Portugal still has one of the highest rates in Europe, even with great progress; Sweden is and has been in quite a comfortable position very close to the European average; and the rate of ESL in Poland is significantly below. We take into consideration the relationships of education with Europeanization, including the assertion of new roles for the state that interacts in a multiple scale governance - the dispersion of decision-making from the states to European institutions in line with Roger Dale (2007). We argue that these processes bring to the fore difficulties and opportunities that are explored in national interpretations of the educational policy and phenomena. Taking into account the specific educational structures, policies and practices in the three countries, the chapter highlights that the educational debate varies in areas of concentration and there are tensions in the discussion of vocational tracks; that the socio-political and economic crisis has reshaped the ways different countries address ESL and try to make the best of EU funding; that tensions remain in varying degrees between the social and educational goals and the needs of the labour market; and that social concerns about equality of opportunities and educational development are not as common as they should be in light of the EU concern about social inclusion.

  • 289.
    Arbman Karlsson, Tora
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Fernando, Ranmali
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Avidentifierade jobbansökningar: En kvalitativ studie om avidentifierade jobbansökningars betydelse för rekryteringsprocessens utfall2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Anonymous job applications are a relatively new method that has gained space in the Swedish labor market and the research field in recent years. Research shows that personal attributes are often crucial for who gets called to a job interview. Therefore, this study refers to examine how recruiters evaluate and use this approach and demonstrates the importance that anonymity has to the outcome of the recruitment process.The study is based on a hermeneutic perspective with a qualitative approach and was conducted using a comparative study design, with analysis based on several case studies. The empirical material consists of five semi-structured interviews, which together creates two cases within the IT and consulting industry.During the analysis, a theoretical framework has been presented which consists of the labelling theory and the analytical concepts of homosociality and etnosociality. These three are used to increase the understanding of how a sorting method based only on formal criteria, training and work experience, is used in practice. This has led an employer to focus on individual competency instead of ethnic background, gender or age. However, a problem remains in the industry where age is a determining factor and ethnicity is linked to Swedish language skills. Difficulties also arise when customer influence plays a large role in the recruitment process and this creates a framework of what is expected of every employee. This enables consultants to be adapted depending on the criteria that are necessary for the specific company. It is not only vital what recruiters or employers value but also what the clients wants and expect of the consultants.

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  • 290.
    Arborelius, Gustaf
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ekman, Richard
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Debattens sakfrågor glöms bort när tidningarna utser vinnare och förlorare: En kvalitativ textanalys av hur Svenska Dagbladet och Aftonbladet under fem decennier gestaltat TV-sända partiledardebatter2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studiens syfte var att undersöka hur den sista TV-sända partiledardebatten innan valdagen gestaltades i Aftonbladet och Svenska Dagbladet. Vi har undersökt om politiken gestaltades som spel eller sakfråga, hur gestaltningen förändrats över tid och vilka faktorer som avgjort vilken gestaltningsform som dominerat. En slutdebatt per decennium från 70-talet och framåt har genomgått en kvalitativ textanalys. Åren är 1976, 1982, 1991, 2002 och 2010.

       Den kvalitativa textanalysen kompletterades med dels en kvantitativ studie som redovisar hur många gånger olika karaktäristiska drag från spelgestaltning förekommer i tidningarna, och dels en tillbakablick på de olika valrörelserna för att sätta analysen i en historisk kontext.

       Studiens slutsats var att vilken gestaltning som dominerar i tidningarna beror på flera olika saker. En jämnare valrörelse skapar mer artiklar om vinnare och förlorare och ger mer spelgestaltning. Om slutdebatten är lugn och saklig kommer tidningarnas bevakning också vara det. Gestaltningen av politiken som spel har inte ökat med tiden. För Aftonbladet har den varierat kraftigt från år till år och för Svenska Dagbladet har den snarare minskat.

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    Debattens sakfrågor glöms bort när tidningarna utser vinnare och förlorare
  • 291.
    Archer, Amanda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Krokstedt, Alma
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Att arbeta under högsäsong i Åre som lokalbefolkning och säsongsarbetare: En kvalitativ studie om hur olika livsstilar skapar grupperingar inom hotell- och restaurangbranschen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to gain a deeper understanding of the social relations that take place at work between locals and seasonal workers in Åre, and to find out whether there exists a division between those who work and live seasonal in Åre and those who permanently live and work in Åre. The method used is a qualitative method with semi-structured interviews consisting of four seasonal workers and three locals in Åre from a storytelling perspective.

    The general results show that there is a strong division between these two groups because of their completely separate lifestyles, but still it does not exist any overall conflict between them. Their working relationship overall was decent but they were not socialized beyond work or even had a thought for that either. The strong division between these groups created a feeling of exclusion, the one group felt that it did not belong to the other and vice versa. Opinions about seasonal workers different habits and behavior in Åre compared to their habits at home arose, which both groups were aware of solidified the grouping.

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    Att arbeta under högsäsong i Åre som lokalbefolkning och säsongsarbetare
  • 292.
    Arias, Isabel
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Andersson, Mina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    "Viker du dig blir du uppäten": En intervjustudie om maskulinitet och våld2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    “If you fold you will be eaten” – a intervju study about masculinity and violence written by Isabel Arias and Mina Andersson. Violence is a social problem regulated by the Swedish juridical system. It is defined as an act in which a person intentionally or due to negligence afflicts harm, pain, suffering or death onto another. Both men and women are victims and perpetrators of violence. Statistically men are overrepresented when it comes to the use of violence. The purpose of this interview-based study is to create a deeper understanding of how violent men themselves view their acts of violence, and how norms of masculinity may have affected those acts. This qualitative study is based on semi-structured interviews, hermeneutically interpreted. Modern sociological understanding of gender, primarily based on Hirdman and Connell, theory of deviating's sociology and Connell's theory of hegemonic masculinity provides the theoretical framework to this study. The results indicate that socially excluded young men are likely to be normalized to, and actively choose violence and violence promoting groups in order to find a community. To these men the violence thus becomes a resource to achieve what one lacks; a way to re-establish status, earn respect, possess power and as a mean to control others and one self. The study furthermore indicates that men legitimize their use of violence in various ways; blaming high levels of testosterone or arguing that violet act comes from inherent difficulties verbalizing emotions.

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    Arias&Andersson
  • 293.
    Arikan, Bilal
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Yildirim, Emrah
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Human Resource Management: En fallstudie om hur organisationer opererar inom utbildning och rekrytering2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human Resource Management is used today by almost all organizations around the world and is a way for the management to manage and control the employees. Human Resource Management include question within personnel management, training for the employees and recruitment.

    Human Resource Management acts as an intermediary between the employees and the management to develop the organization. With today's fierce competition it is especially important to have employees who possesses competence and that the organization is continuously working with developing them further to maintain successful.

    The organization need to recruit new employees when the existing leaves, new competence is required or reformulated objectives for the organization which leads to a demand on new employees. Finding right in the recruitment is vital to ensure the organization continues with competent employees that can drive the organization forward.

    The purpose of this thesis is to create a greater understanding of how development- and training opportunities together with recruitment occurs. The thesis aims to identify the processes of how organizations operate regarding the above-mentioned research areas.

    The thesis has been based on the hermeneutic epistemological approach with a qualitative research method. Through three interviews and documentation of internal material data has been collected for the thesis.

    The results show that there are similarities in all examined organizations where development and training opportunities is offered mostly by interacting with the unit managers and through the organizations web portals. However, there are differences in the extent to which employees are given time to training in the surveyed organizations. The recruitment process of the organizations is alike, but with some differences which made clear during the recruitment process. Where cooperation with the employees, the HR department and the unit managers is the biggest difference.

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    Human resource management
  • 294.
    Ariz, Susin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    "Jag ville bara försvinna men jag hade barnen att tänka på": En kvalitativ studie om kvinnors utsatthet för våld2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate how five women have been affected by intimate partner violence and what consequences it has brought upon them. It also clarifies why women stay in violent relationships and what it takes to leave it at the end. The study also explores the effects on women’s self-esteem after leaving a violent relationship. 

     

    The methodology used for this study has a qualitative approach and is processed through semi-structured interviews with five women who have experienced intimate partner violence. The theoretical theories that have been used and applied to this study are, “Becoming an example: the process of rotating the exit”, “The dynamics of violence and normalization” and “Social capital”.

     

    The results of the study show that the normalization of intimate partner violence is a major (contributing) factor to why women stay in violent relationships. The contributing factor to why women choose to leave violent relationships is finding of a purpose and a symbolic meaning to not participate in these types of relationships. Examples of these purposes and meanings are the potential harm to children, if children are involved in the situation, or realization of that there are no signs of behavioral change. All five women who participated in this study show a significant change in regards of identity.

     

    Keywords: Woman, interviews, intimate partner violence, victim of violence, separation, normalization. 

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  • 295.
    Aronsson, André
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Jiman, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Integration av underentreprenörer vid outsourcing: En fallstudie på projektet Skanska Slussen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: The construction industry is one of the major industrial sectors that has created the least integration. The industry's project-based character and high fragmentation contributes to a significant challenge for involving stakeholders. The researchers in this study believe there is a shortage in literature of how organizations in the construction industry manages to integrate their subcontractors.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study has been to create a clear understanding of the needs and implications of outsourcing in practice and how these are optimized to utilize the full potential of outsourcing. By studying a major actor's approach to integrate its subcontractors in a projectbased industry, the study aims to provide increased knowledge of how integration can be successful when an organization chooses to outsource parts of its production.

    Method: This study has used semi-structured interviews and one of the researcher’s observations as part of the empirical basis. The interviews took place with three of Skanska's employees: purchasing manager, logistics manager and block manager for SN81. Following interviews were conducted with two subcontractors and one sub-subcontractor: VSM, Bellmans and Olderin.

    Conclusion: Integration takes place through contracts, strategic partnerships and information sharing. Through contracting and agreements with specific requirements, Skanska tries to maintain the standards and approaches that they consider to be significant. As a result of the strategic partnerships and long-term relationships Skanska has created an interdependence to the subcontractors. Outsourcing of business areas contributes to reduced knowledge, insight and control of operations. As a result of Skanska's creation of self-contained tasks and creation of lateral relations, uncertainty is reduced. With the help of control tools, Skanska reduces the risk of opportunistic behaviour among subcontractors.

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  • 296.
    Aronsson, Julia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Grape, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Samspelet mellan online och offline: En kvalitativ studie om fysiska klädbutiker i en tilltagande digitaliserad vardag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Teknologins utveckling har lett till ett paradigmskifte i konsumenters köpprocess. Konsumenter handlar allt mer online och idag sker all tillväxt på internet. Den traditionella butiken genomgår en förändring där e-handeln har tagit marknadsandelar från den fysiska butiken och äventyrar dess lönsamhet, samtidigt som konsumenter kräver att den finns kvar. Uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka hur företag med omnikanalstrategi inom klädbranschen arbetar med den fysiska butiken, för att förstå vilken roll den fyller i att skapa konkurrenskraft i en tilltagande digitaliserad vardag.

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    Samspelet mellan online och offline
  • 297.
    Arouche, Patricia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Touray, Mariama
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Svensk Kod: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av svensk kod för bolagsstyrning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Corporate Governance is something that concerns companies regularly and is forming a central part of corporate organizations. Agency-theory is the most attentive theory in Corporate Governance, which explains the differ goals and interests between the agents and principals in a company. Previous studies have shown differences between anglosaxisk and european countries, concerning the ownership structure.To prevent interest conflicts in companies several policies, presented as Codes have been presented in different countries.   

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze how companies on the OMX30 Stockholm Stock Exchange, apply the main principles of the Swedish Corporate Governance Code. The study also aims to review if there is any pattern regarding the companies ownership structure and how the companies choose to follow the Code.

    Method: In order to examine and answer the questions of this study, the study intends to use a qualitative content approach with a deductive approach. The study has been conducted by reviewing public information from annual reports, corporate governance reports and websites for the selected companies during the years 2013-2017.

    Conclusion: The findings of the study indicates that most of the companies apply the Swedish Code of Corporate Governance without any deviations, where companies with a dispersed ownership is a majority. The study does not show any significant trend of a decreased or increased deviation from the code during the years 2013-2017. There is no ownership structure constituting a majority of the study’s investigated companies. The most common deviations in this study are 2.4 and 9.2 from the Swedish Code.

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  • 298.
    Arroyo Aita, Cecilia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Lind-Kärkkäinen, Kaisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Förmågodeprivation bland funktionsnedsatta människor: när lagen inte räcker till2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to illustrate how individuals with disabilities construct their capability deprivation in relation to the opportunities for development created by structural and personal factors. Capability deprivation means that people perceive a lack of freedoms and rights to use their talents to achieve their personal goals. These goals may be of economic, social and cultural nature and may involve the development of the individual that he or she values high. When capability deprivation occurs it is equated with poverty. This paper has a theoretically orientation since is based on the Capability approach which is a framework that is used, among other things, to assess the individual's opportunity for development. The previous researches cited in this paper have as their main focus the capabilities of the individual in relation to their environment, which is considered relevant to the study area. An analytical model to interpret the empirical data has been developed with the help of the theoretical framework and previous research. This analytical model takes into account the structural, social and individual factors which have been divided into micro, medium and macro level. These in its turn form the information base for analyzing the collected material and can tell us whether people with disabilities experience deprivation of their capabilities in the different levels. Empirical data were collected using qualitative methods like interviews with people with physical disabilities living in Stockholm. The results suggest that the target grupp can experience capability deprivation mainly due to structural and social factors that account for midel- and macro-level, which in its turn affects people with disabilitiesalso in the micro-level.

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  • 299.
    Arutyunyan, Anna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Cankalp, Stefan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    "I think of crime when I´m in a N.Y state of mind": Hur hiphopmusik utrycker det amerikanska samhället.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis examine how the early hip-hop music mirrors the society in the US ghettos in the 80s and 90s in order to explore how the artists' individual experiences take the expression in artistic form of coherent discourse on public issues. It uses structural textual analysis thatencode and analyze lyrics from ten hip-hop songs. The material was studied with the help of Elias and Scotsons theories established and outsiders, Bourdieu's capital types, field and habitus, and postcolonial theory that Eriksson, Eriksson Baaz and Thorn highlights in there book GlobaliseringensKulturer. The survey shows that the songs we analyzed tells of similar problems, which we divided into five themes: crime, poverty, ideals, discrimination and depression. In this way, we concluded that there are common patterns in the songs we chose. In conclusion, the study shows that the analyzed songs express the artists’, both individual problems such as depression, poverty, criminality in an artistic form. But also other issues such as discrimination and racism in a larger level.

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  • 300.
    Arvidsson, Elin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Spreitz Elings, Helena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    "Buy less, choose well": En studie om Slow Fashion och ökad försäljning hos svenska modeföretag2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Kate Fletcher coined the concept of Slow Fashion in 2007, as a reaction to the throwaway society, called Fast Fashion. Fast Fashion is all about companies who choose to work in a quick and cheap way, while Slow Fashion is all about designing, producing and living in a better way for the environment and social sustainability.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to explore if, and in that case how, fashion firms can combine encouragement to Slow Fashion by their marketing and at the same time be able to increase sales in their business, or if it is even possible to combine.

    Theories: The PESTLE-model by Baines (2011), Sustainability model by Söderqvist et al. (2014), Seven forms of sustainable fashion by Green Strategy (2014), Slow Fashion Process by Pookulangara & Shepard (2013) and Marketing Mix by Baines (2011).

    Method: A qualitative method has been applied to the study, where four semi-structured interviews from selected Slow Fashion firms have been made, also homepage inspections and facts about the firms has been collected as secondary data.

    Conclusion: The conclusion of the study is that it is possible for fashion firms to combine encouragement to Slow Fashion and at the same time be able to increase their sales. This is possible through widening their range of products or stealing costumers from the Fast Fashion industry.

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