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  • 251.
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Reproduction in Transition: Cross-border egg donation, biodesirability and new reproductive subjectivities on the European fertility market2015In: Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, ISSN 0966-369X, E-ISSN 1360-0524, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 107-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, there should be little doubt that new reproductive technologies have ‘diversified, globalized, and denaturalized’ human reproduction (Inhorn and Birenbaum-Carmeli 2008). Not only have assisted reproductive technologies developed and spread throughout the world at a rapid pace, but this significant development has also given rise to a global market of cross-border reproductive care (CBRC). This article seeks to investigate CBRC between Sweden and the Baltic states, in which Swedish infertility patients travel to private fertility clinics as recipients of egg donation. This article argues that the restructuring of the European space (occurring in and through both the so-called ‘transition’ of the former Eastern Bloc and the expansion of the European Union) constitutes crucial conditions of emergence for the trans-European market of infertility care, which not only results in new modalities of reproductive mobility but also articulates a new set of interrelated European gendered reproductive subjectivities. Particular attention will be paid to the ways in which such ‘new reproductive subjectivities’ – here exemplified by a sample of cross-border donor egg recipients – are articulated in relation to notions of ‘choice’ and what I call ‘biodesirability’, and how such notions cannot be exempt from its specific post-socialist European context.

  • 252. Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    Sexing the Raspberry: A brief portrait of Bitte Andersson2009In: Feminist Media Studies, ISSN 1468-0777, E-ISSN 1471-5902, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 236-241Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 253. Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    Systerskapets logiker: en etnologisk studie av feministiska fanzines2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis coheres around the issue of collective political mobilisation within one part of the contemporary feminist movement, or more specifically, within the Swedish feminist zine community. A feminist zine, also commonly referred to as Grrrlzine or femizine, is a small non-commercial and non-professional publication, which is distributed by channels other than that of the mainstream media.

    The aim of the thesis is to examine what role the 'name' ' sisterhood' has in the constitution of a feminist zine community. Further, it is to explore the ways in which this 'name' is expressed and the precise function this name has within the community itself. That 'sisterhood' is necessary for a feminist politics is, according to the vast majority of the zines studied, obvious. Nevertheless the issue of what sisterhood 'is' or what it ’ought to be’ is constantly under negotiation. In this thesis I study how the name sisterhood works to create a collective feminist identity – even if this very 'name' comes to be articulated in, sometimes radically, different forms.

    In order to conduct my analysis, I have taken several theoretical decisions. First, I have chosen to frame the zine community in accordance with the term communitas, defined as a collective identity constituted in terms of its opposites, by that which it is not. In this specific case, this Other consists of the commercial media, that is also, conceived as an effect of a wider patriarchal threat.

    Second, to understand the differences which exist within this community, I have chosen to develop three feminist logics, to capture some quite contradictory articulatory strategies. They are referred to as ’liberal feminist’, ’radical feminist’ and ’post feminist’. The concept of logics allows me to interpret how it is that three different (and sometimes competing) feminist traditions can be found in the zine community, and commonly how in a single zine, or a single text, the three logics can coalsce.

    As mentioned above, it is the 'name' sisterhood that provides the glue that holds the feminist zine community together. To understand this I have analyzed sisterhood by way of the concept 'empty signifier', that is, a 'name' which is partially emptied of meaning and which serves as a surface of inscription for a variety of feminist demands, demands that in themselves may have very little, or even nothing in common.

    Finally, the ideas outlined in the thesis call for reflexivity, that is, for an explicit meta-analysis of the conduct of one’s own research process. In this thesis I discuss the problematic arising when the feminist researcher studies a feminist movement, and the inevitable blurring of political partisanship and theoretical analysis that takes place. Here I pay particular attention to the frontiers that a political community is always-already in a process of re-negotiating, and how the researcher is herself part of this very re-negotiation.

  • 254.
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    The Future of Surrogacy2016In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. IX, no 1-2, p. 116-116Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 255.
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Ethnology.
    The Logics of Sisterhood: Intra-Feminist Debates in Swedish Feminist Zines2012In: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 187-202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how during the period of 1997 to 2003 the signifier of Sisterhood came to serve as an empty signifier within and among a number of small Swedish feminist grassroots publications (i.e. zines). It begins by positioning the Swedish feminist zine community within the larger context of so-called ‘second and third wave feminisms’ but argues at the same time that it is important to break with traditional feminist chronologies, and resist reductive generational narratives of feminist movement history. On the basis of this particular empirical case the article introduces an analytic of sexual logics as an alternative for analysing feminist discourse. From here the article goes on to investigate how the notion of Sisterhood has come to serve as an empty signifier within this specific community. It concludes with a more general discussion of the function of empty signifiers in relation to recent feminist discussions of Sisterhood.

  • 256.
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Transgendering Mother's Day: Blogging as citizens' media, reproductive rights and intimate citizenship2015In: Reproducing Citizens: Family, State and Civil Society / [ed] Sasha Roseneil, Isabel Crowhurst, Ana Cristina Santos, Mariya Stoilova, London: Routledge, 2015, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 257.
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Women as "the People": Reflections on the Black Protests as a Counterforce Against Right-Wing and Authoritarian Populism2020In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. XIII, no 1, p. 6-20Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 258.
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Korolczuk, Elżbieta
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Reproducing Politics: The politicisation of patients' identities and assisted reproduction in Poland and Sweden2016In: Sociology of Health and Illness, ISSN 0141-9889, E-ISSN 1467-9566, Vol. 38, no 7, p. 1074-1091Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how discourses on assisted reproductive technologies are locally appropriated, translated or contested in the specific cultural and political contexts of Poland and Sweden. The aim is to investigate how two national patients' organisations, namely the Polish association Nasz Bocian and the Swedish organisation Barnlängtan, articulate rights claims in the context of reproductive technologies. To this end, we investigate how these organisations utilise specific context-dependent and affectively laden political vocabularies in order to mobilise politically, and discuss how each of these two groups gives rise to a different set of politicised reproductive identities. In order to trace which political vocabularies the respective organisations utilise to mobilise their respective rights claims, we draw primarily on political discourse theory and concepts of political grammars and empty signifiers. Lastly, we discuss which political reproductive identities emerge as a result of these different versions of political mobilisation around assisted reproductive technologies.

  • 259.
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Ryan-Flood, RóisínUniversity of Essex, UK.
    Transnationalising Reproduction: Third Party Conception in a Globalised World2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Third party conception is a growing phenomenon and provokes a burgeoning range of ethical, legal and social questions. What are the rights of donors, recipients and donor conceived children? How are these reproductive technologies regulated? How is kinship understood within these new family forms?

    Written by specialists from three different continents, Transnationalising Reproduction examines a broad range of issues concerning kinship and identity, citizenship and regulation, and global markets of reproductive labour; including gamete donation and gestational surrogacy. Indeed, this book seeks to highlight how reproductive technologies not only makes possible new forms of kinship and family formations, but also how these give rise to new, ethical, political and legal dilemmas about parenthood as well as new modes of discrimination and a re-distribution of medical risks. It also thoroughly investigates the ways in which a commodification of reproductive tissue and labour affects the practices, representations and gendered self-understandings of gamete donors, fertility patients and intended parents in different parts of the world.

    With a broad geographical scope, Transnationalising Reproduction offers new empirical and theoretical perspectives on third-party conception and demonstrates the need for more transnational approaches to third-party reproduction. This volume will appeal to postgraduate students and postdoctoral researchers interested in fields such as Gender Studies, Health Care Sciences, Reproductive Technology and Medical Sociology.

  • 260.
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Tornhill, Sofie
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    ¿Atrapadxs entre el neoliberalismo y el populismo autoritario? : Movilización iliberal, feminismo corporativo y crítica anticapitalista2019In: Feminismos y populismos del siglo XXI: frente al patriarcado y al orden neoliberal / [ed] Graciela di Marco, Ana Fiol & Patricia K. N. Schwartz, Buenos Aires: Teseo , 2019, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 261.
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Tornhill, Sofie
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Düşmanın Düşmanı: Queerfeminist anti-kapitalist tasavvurlara duyulan ihtiyaç ve toplumsal cinsiyet karşıtı politikalar2018In: Kaos GL, ISSN 1302-5015, Vol. 163, p. 43-46Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 262.
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Tudor, Matilda
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    "Tala klarspråk om genusmotståndarnas politiska agenda"2019In: Altinget: rikspolitik, Vol. 6, no 4 juliArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 263. Gustafsson, Barbro
    et al.
    Helmius, GiselaLennerhed, LenaSödertörn University College, Avdelning 3, History of ideas.Persson, Elisabeth
    Erfarenheter och egna val: en bok om abort2000Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    År 2000 är det 25 år sedan kvinnor i Sverige fick laglig rätt till abort och mycket har hänt under dessa år. Den här boken, som skrivits av en rad sakkunniga personer, belyser abort ur olika perspektiv: Kvinnors erfarenheter och egna val, bilder från vardagen i vården, röster ur historien. Etiska, juridiska och religiösa aspekter tas upp liksom internationella förhållanden och aktuell statistik. Varje kapitel kan läsas separat och boken avslutas med en litteraturlista för den som vill fördjupa sig. Boken är tänkt att stimulera till fortsatta diskussioner och tankeutbyten.

  • 264.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Stockholm University.
    Eagly, Alice
    Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA.
    Sczesny, Sabine
    University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Of Caring Nurses and Assertive Police Officers: Social Role Information Overrides Gender Stereotypes in Linguistic Behavior2019In: Social Psychology and Personality Science, ISSN 1948-5506, E-ISSN 1948-5514Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three studies demonstrated the expression of gender stereotypes in linguistic behavior. In Study 1, participants composed sentences describing a person by freely choosing from female- or male-dominated occupations, female or male pronouns, and communal or agentic traits. In Study 2a, participants chose traits to describe a person identified by a female- or male-dominated occupation and in Study 2b by a female or male pronoun and noun. In Study 3, participants chose traits for a person identified by both a female- or male-dominated occupation and a female or male pronoun. In general, participants chose more communal and fewer agentic traits for sentences containing a female- (vs. male-) dominated occupation and a female (vs. male) pronoun or noun. However, participants described women and men in the same occupation as similarly agentic or communal, demonstrating the primacy of role over sex information as predicted by social role theory.

  • 265.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Stockholm University.
    Klysing, Amanda
    Lund University.
    Lindqvist, Anna
    Lund University.
    Renström, Emma Aurora
    Gothenburg University.
    The (Not So) Changing Man: Dynamic Gender Stereotypes in Sweden2019In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 10, article id 37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to Social Role Theory gender stereotypes are dynamic constructs influenced by actual and perceived changes in which roles women and men occupy (Wood & Eagly, 2011). Sweden is ranked as one of the most gender equal countries in the world, with a strong national equality discourse, and a relatively high number of men engaging in traditionally communal roles such as parenting and domestic tasks. This would imply a change towards higher communion among men. Therefore, we investigated the dynamics of gender stereotype content in Sweden with a primary interest in the male stereotype and perceptions of gender equality. In Study 1, participants (N = 323) estimated descriptive stereotype content of women and men in Sweden in the past, present or future. They also estimated gender distribution in occupations and domestic roles for each time-point. Results showed that the female stereotype increased in agentic traits from the past to the present, while the male stereotype had not changed. Furthermore, participants estimated no change for the future, and they overestimated how often women and men occupy gender nontraditional roles at present times. In Study 2, we controlled for participants’ actual knowledge about role change by either describing women’s change in agentic roles, or men’s change in communal roles (and a control). Participants (N = 648) were randomised to the three different conditions. Overall, the female stereotype increased in masculine traits, and this change was mediated by perceptions of social role occupation. The male stereotype did not change in femininity but decreased in masculinity when change focused on women’s role change in agentic roles. These results indicate that role change among women also influence perceptions of the male stereotype. Altogether, the results indicate that positive femininity is harder for men to gain, in that the only difference in gender stereotypes at present times occurred for this dimension.

  • 266. Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    et al.
    Sikström, Sverker
    Lindholm, Torun
    "She" and "He" in News Media Messages: Pronoun Use Reflects Gender Biases in Semantic Contexts2015In: Sex Roles, ISSN 0360-0025, E-ISSN 1573-2762, Vol. 72, no 1-2, p. 40-49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown a male bias in the media. This study tests this statement by examining how the pronouns She and He are used in a news media context. More specifically, the study tests whether He occurs more often and in more positive semantic contexts than She, as well as whether She is associated with more stereotypically and essential labels than He is. Latent semantic analysis (LSA) was applied to 400 000 Reuters' news messages, written in English, published in 1996-1997. LSA is a completely data-driven method, extracting statistics of words from how they are used throughout a corpus. As such, no human coders are involved in the assessment of how pronouns occur in their contexts. The results showed that He pronouns were about 9 times more frequent than She pronouns. In addition, the semantic contexts of He were more positive than the contexts of She. Moreover, words associated with She-contexts included more words denoting gender, and were more homogeneous than the words associated with He-contexts. Altogether, these results indicate that men are represented as the norm in these media. Since these news messages are distributed on a daily basis all over the world, in printed newspapers, and on the internet, it seems likely that this presentation maintains, and reinforces prevalent gender stereotypes, hence contributing to gender inequities.

  • 267.
    Gustafsson, Veronica
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Helmersson, Jessica
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Jämställdhetsarbete på en akademisk institution, från ord till handling2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay discusses how to look at a equality plan of a academic department experiences the, gender equality in general and how power is portrayed from a gender perspective in the academic department. Through the use of qualitative interviews and a short survey the results have shown that few of the staff members have knowledge about the equality plan and few are familiar with its contents. Furthermore results show that the academic department is run hierarchyilly and that both vertical and horizontal gender segregation exists.

    The climate at the academic department is characterized by the will to work with gender equality but so far there have only been few exercised or planned efforts to do so. The gap between theory and practise is wide, the will to be seen as an equal academic department concerning equality of men and women seems important. The conscious or unconscious strategy of covering up the real gender equality seems to be done by focusing on the numerical equality.

  • 268.
    Gustavsson, Jessica
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Säfström, Caroline
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Bråkiga pojkar och känslosamma flickor: En kvalitativ studie om förskolepersonalens föreställningar kring genus2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how gender is created and maintained among children at a young age who attend preschool. We have chosen to focus on two different departments, at the same preschool, to analyze how the staff is talking to the children, but also how the children communicates while they are playing. The two departments are working with children aged three to five years. We observed the departments and performed interviews with four staff members. The most essential in this study is to show how the biological sex sustains gender roles, and the conflict that arises between the differences that the biological sexes is carrying around and the work around gender neutralization. Also how boys and girls are categorized into different roles and how these are separated depending on the gender, and how inequality is maintained. But also to see what the hierarchy looks like and if these stereotypes can discourage. A conclusion that could be drawn from this study was how the staff wanted a gender equal department, and that they have partly achieved this. This indicates that the stereotypical gender roles still exists in the preschool environment and that it is very difficult to think and act gender neutral and counteract these gender roles. In the discussion it was brought up how the duality between treating the sexes by their biological differences or treating boys and girls the same can be problematic. It also becomes clear how these two ways of thinking can be used in preschools and in social work.

  • 269.
    Göthe, Elin
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Män är IT-tekniker; kvinnor är i helpdesk eller administrationen: En intervjustudie om ett IT-företags strävan att rekrytera fler kvinnor2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the report "Män är IT-tekniker; kvinnor är i helpdesk", several women in different positions at a male-dominated IT company are interviewed. The company wants to be able to hire more women, and have started group meetings with the women at the company to discuss related issues.

    The purpose of the interviews was to hear the women's views on the company, relating to gender equality issues. The interviews are then analysed through organisational theory and gender theory.

    One of the conclutions is that the company has to question their essential views on gender to be able to see bigger changes through.

  • 270.
    Hallgren, Hanna
    Linköpings universitet.
    När lesbiska blev kvinnor: lesbiskfeministiska kvinnors diskursproduktion rörande kön, sexualitet, kropp och identitet under 1970- och 1980-talen i Sverige2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna avhandling berättar om lesbisk feminism i Sverige under 1970- och 1980-talen. Särskilt studeras produktionen av lesbiskfeministiska diskurser. Avhandlingens syfte är att undersöka genom vilka (kollektiva och politiska) diskursproduktioner som lesbiska feminister förstod sina identiteter, kroppar, kön och sexualitet. Till syftet hör också att studera hur kvinnornas diskursproduktioner kan förstås i spänningsfälten mellan motstånd och makt. Det empiriska material som analyseras består av olika texter såsom protokoll, magasin, fanzines, sångtexter och artiklar. Dessa texter producerades av en heterogen grupp av lesbiska feminister som fanns i Stockholm. Denna grupp hette på 70-talet Grupp Viktoria och Lesbisk Front, och på 80-talet Lesbiska feminister. Ett viktigt påstående som görs i avhandlingen är att lesbiska blev kvinnor under 1970- och 1980-talen. De blev en särskild sorts kvinnor, nämligen kvinnoidentifierade kvinnor.

    Studien av lesbiskfeministiska diskurser genomförs med hjälp av analytiska redskap från ett brett fält av teorier. Denna teoretiska pluralism, som kallas för en teoretisk feministisk nomadologi, består av sexual differnece- och queerteori, ett tänkande som fokuserar skillnader och intersektionalitet. Den består också av kroppsmaterialistisk teori och socialkonstruktivistisk social rörelseteori. Avhandlingen berättas genom ett särskilt skrivande. Detta slags skrivande utgår från att vetenskap ska betraktas som en historieberättande praktik.

  • 271. Hallgren, Hanna
    Poetiskt queer: ett konstnärsakademiskt upprop2003In: Farväl heteronormativitet: papers presented at the conference Farewell to Heteronormativity, University of Gothenburg, May 23rd through 25th, 2002 / [ed] Göran Söderström, Jan Magnusson, Stockholm: Lambda nordica , 2003, p. 159-161Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 272. Handelsman-Nielsen, Mika
    Museer i skottgluggen: Om kulturarvsdebatten 2016 - 20172018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 273.
    Haraldson, Kajsa
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    En arena för alla?: En studie om normbrytare på Stockholms stads idrottsplatser2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Stockholm there are currently five women, out of a total of 102 employees, working in public sports arenas. In sports arenas men are numerically superior amongst the workers as well as the visitors. These arenas are in many ways male dominated, masculinized environments. In this essay I investigate the reasons behind the uneven distribution, in terms of gender, among sports arena workers. I do this by interviewing seven female sports arena workers (the five current and two former), and by observing their workplaces. Through discourse analysis of their narratives, I seek to use these women’s experiences, as being part of a minority, as a way to render sports arenas more available for a larger public. In the study I have a feminist, post-structural standpoint, and I relate my results to theories on gender and organization as well as research on gender and sports. From a doing gender perspective I focus on how the women that I have interviewed talk about themselves, their workplaces and their choices of profession, as well as how they talk about gender and gender equality.

    The aim of this study is to present these women’s perspectives on sports arenas as organizations, and to draw links between these particular workplaces and larger social discursive patterns. Another aim with the study is to problematize the very effort to achieve (numerical) equality between the sexes, and to uncover underlying biases. Except for gender biases I also consider intersections between gender and age, social class and sexuality. One of my main findings is that there are quite specific discourses surrounding this profession, reproducing it as masculine. An equalization of the distribution in terms of gender among the employees is not necessarily the entire solution to the inequality problem. A more qualitative effort is needed, for instance a redistribution of power resources within the organization. In the essay I present a list of concrete proposals on how to diversify the personnel in the future, based on the interviews. The main goal with this work is to destabilize the gender based gap in the Swedish labor market, and to increase the availability to all spheres in society, for everyone, on equal terms.

  • 274.
    Haraldson, Kajsa
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Snipp- och snoppsnack: En studie av feministiska föräldrars tal med barn om kropp och sexualitet2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I have studied how feminist parents talk to their children about body and sexuality and with which intentions they speak the way they do. The aim of the study was to locate strategies applied to give children positive relations to their bodies and their sexuality. My data are constituted by answers from a questionnaire sent out to an e-mail list for feminist parents. The answers have been compiled and analyzed, mainly qualitatively by the use of discourse analysis, with support of poststructuralist theories about language, gender and heteronormativity, as well as theories about children’s sexuality. In the reports I found several patterns. The most obvious ones were that these parents made great efforts to talk as openly as possible with their children about sexuality, and communicating with them about sexual and bodily integrity appeared to be important. The parents generally showed a relaxed attitude to children’s sexual behaviour. Many of them were also anxious not to force the children into static normative models, such as heterosexuality or fixed gender roles. Naming all body parts, female genitalia in particular, was another important issue to many of them.

  • 275.
    Harrison, Nikko
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Technology and Design.
    Lundmark, Sofia
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Technology and Design.
    Kvinnor, datorspel och identifikation: en genusanalys av två datorspel och två kvinnors datorspelande2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay covers computer gaming as seen from a perspective of gender theory. The main purpose of the essay is to examine women’s relationship to computer games, and more specifically women’s attitudes to the games they play. The theoretical basis for this essay is sprung from a hermeneutic perspective. The empirical basis for analysis consists of two in depth interviews and game analysis of the two computer games Counter Strike and Final Fantasy XI. The theories and previous research we have taken in consideration discuss topics like computer usage, gender studies, identity, identification, cyborg theory, subculture, fanculture and narration. This essay has shown that the two computer games contain multiple gender related and theory relevant connotations. The aspects of the games the informants consider important in the identification process mainly consist of game related communion and the interaction with other players. Both informants have presented several views on what they find important in the process of identification and what they chose to discard.

  • 276. Hauser, Gerard A.
    et al.
    Kjeldsen, Jens E.
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Rhetoric.
    Rhetorical situations in everyday discourse2010In: Gender Rhetoric: North-South / [ed] Jairos Kangira, Philippe Joseph Salazar, Windhoek, Namibia: Poly Press , 2010, p. 91-100Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 277.
    Hedström, My
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Den maskulina sjuksköterskan: Diskursiv konstruktion av maskulinitet i relation till ett feminint fält2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This undergraduate thesis is written for an ethnological standpoint with the purpose of studying how concepts of masculinity is discursively constructed in relation to the women dominated work field of nursing. This is done by analysing the material gained from six interviews with male and female nurses with the poststructuralist theory of political discourse by the theorist Laclau and Mouffe. By doing this the thesis has concluded that masculinity is foremost constructed in relation to the nursing femininity within the work field and the strong masculinity from outside of it. While also being interconnected in systems of meaning where masculinity is created, reproduced and questioned in a continual cycle.

  • 278.
    Henriksson, Malin
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Det könade handledarskapet2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to research images of the academic world that is presented, incorporated and reproduced within the frames of the mentorship in the basic level. Can these images derive to the view upon science as a traditionally male area? Is mentorship gendered? Can the mentorship on the basic level be viewed upon as a milestone of a academic career where men and women have different opportunities to succeed?

    By interviewing seven mentors, working in a social sciences institution in a larger Swedish university, I have come to the conclusion that knowledge is coded male and that this affect mentors mental images of what male and female students are expected to do. The male student represent the scientist, while the female student represent what the scientist is not.

    Depending on the work of, among others, Kerstin Norlander, Dorothy Smith and Eva Erson I have come to view upon the university as a patriarchal organisation witch produces knowledge based upon male values, experiences and concepts. This precludes the female within this organisation from relating to the knowledge she is supposed to incorporate. Since the mentorship relation is a reflection of the hierarchal university, this is problematic for the female student who is negative affected by this.

    To enable a more equal mentorship relation the mentor have to start reflect upon his own experiences and expectations of students, based on sex. A clear gendered perspective in the education is also important, from the basic level to the doctoral program. There is also a need for a equal quantity of female and male mentors.

  • 279.
    Henriksson, Malin
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Informera, konsumera och röra sig fritt: en studie om kvinnors valfrihet och abortens dimensioner i den Europeiska unionen2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe and analyze how the European union relates to the different dimensions of abortion. What kind of problem is abortion and whose right is it? Does difference framings of the problem enable different solutions?

    By analyzing debates from the European parliament through Carol Lee Bacchis method “What’s the problem approach” I have come to see that different representations of a problem changes the problem it self. This emphasis that a problem is a problem in one context, but not in an other.

    Depending on the work of, among others, Barbara Hobson and Ailbhe Smyth I have focused upon the European union as a economical project, leaving social issues to national competence. This makes the EU a patriarchal project that fails to guarantee women’s rights. By not being able to assure women the right of abortion, the women of Europe is treated as second class citizens.

    Through the eyes of the European union my material has shown that abortion is not only a conflict between the woman’s right to choose and the child’s right to live, but also a conflict of democracy. National sovereignty is challenged by a European citizenship of women.

    The right to information and the right to freedom of movement within the EU puts the European question of abortion in a new focus. By framing the problem of abortion as a problem of mobility it enables a way of placing women’s right in the free market system. A Europe that allows women to choose where to perform an abortion, and also provide them with information on contraceptives and the morning-after pill, is a Europe that falls within the idea of the EU as a economical project.

  • 280. Hernwall, Patrik
    Login: några tankar om kön och genus i cyberrummet2001In: Kön och genus som villkor / [ed] Ann Skantze, Ann-Margreta Grewin, Stockholm: Pedagogiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet , 2001, p. 221-232Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 281.
    Hernwall, Patrik
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Media technology.
    The Space of the Body-Self: Construction of Gender Identities Online2009In: Metropoli e nuovi consumi culturali: performance urbane dell'identità / [ed] Fabrizio Deriu, Lucia Esposito, Alessandra Ruggiero, Roma: Carocci , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 282.
    Hernwall, Patrik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Technology and Design, Media technology.
    Lundmark, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Technology and Design, Media technology.
    The reflected body of the child — a critical discussion on the construction of the online I and person2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 283. Hill, Helena
    Befria mannen: försök till ny genusordning?2003In: Manlighetens många ansikten: fäder, feminister, frisörer och andra män / [ed] Thomas Johansson, Jari Kuosmanen, Malmö: Liber, 2003, p. 46-61Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 284. Hill, Helena
    De kallades mjukismän och velournallar2004In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 26-37Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 285.
    Hill, Helena
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    Den nya pappan - en gammal myt2010In: Arena, ISSN 1652-0556, no 6, p. 12-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 286.
    Hill, Helena
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Drömmen om en ny man: maskulinitet och nationell identitet i talet om "nya svenska män"2014In: Tillsammans: Politik, filosofi och estetik på 1960- och 1970-talen / [ed] Anders Burman & Lena Lennerhed, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlas, 2014, p. 509-536Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 287.
    Hill, Helena
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    En riktig revolutionär: klass, kön och politiskt motstånd i den svenska 68-vänstern2010In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 114-131Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 288.
    Hill, Helena
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Jämställd, men könlös?: Kvinnors konstruktion av maskulinitet i svensk 1980-talspress2013In: Kvinnorna gör mannen: maskulinitetskonstruktioner i kvinnors text och bild 1500-2000 / [ed] Kristina Fjelkestam, Helena Hill & David Tjeder, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2013, p. 113-135Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 289.
    Hill, Helena
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    Kvinnorörelsens lillebror - 1970-talets svenska mansrörelse: Kommentar till texter från 1970-talets mansrörelse2012In: Könspolitiska nyckeltexter 2: Från befolkningskris till talibantal 1930-2002 / [ed] Klara Arnberg, Fia Sundevall, David Tjeder, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2012, p. 189-193Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 290. Hill, Helena
    Kvinnorörelsens lillebror: mansrörelsen i Sverige på 1970-talet2004In: NIKK magasin, ISSN 1502-1521, E-ISSN 1502-5195, no 2, p. 22-25Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 291.
    Hill, Helena
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    Sex för kärleks skull: om skolans sex- och samlevnadsundervisning2011In: Sekelslut: idéhistoriskta perspektiv på 1980- och 1990-talen / [ed] Anders Burman, Lena Lennerhed, Stockholm: Atlas , 2011, p. 155-174Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 292. Hill, Helena
    To be or not to be a caring father?: gender equality, masculinity and fatherhood in the Swedish "velour daddy debate"2007In: Present challenges in gender research / [ed] Åsa Andersson, Eva E. Johansson, Umeå: Umeå University , 2007, Vol. S. 43-59, p. 43-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 293.
    Hillerbrand Rune, Johanna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Skeva flickexemplar: En queerteoretisk studie om femininitet och sexualitet i Sara Stridsbergs Darling River2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to study constructions of femininity and sexuality in Sara Stridsberg’s novel Darling River (2010). The analysis is based on queer theory and the term ’skev’ – a variation of ’queer’ that allows one to focus on additional forms of normativity apart from sexual desire – and examines how the characters of the novel are challenging the heteronormative framework by performing gender and sexuality in non-normative, subversive ways. In short, I discuss how the relationship between femininity, body and destiny is being portrayed, how the characters question heteronormativity by overdoing femininity, and by being unable (unwilling) to perform adult femininity. I also show how the novel constitutes non-normative sexuality in, for example, incestuous, non-reproductive and non-monogamous ways. Furthermore, I locate queer leakages in the text, and discuss how the characters relate to objectification and agency. 

  • 294.
    Holmqvist, Moa
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Omstörtande och återupprättelse: begärsstrukturer och budskap i Aurora Ljungstedts En jägares historier2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how the Swedish writer Aurora Ljungstedt describes relations and desire in her En jägares historier, and what political message she tries to send her audience through that description.

    I have applied Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick’s theory of erotic triangles to the relationships in En jägares historier and found that they are structured in the way Sedgwick describes. The structure works to uphold and, when needed, re-establish patriarchal order in the book. Most female characters in En jägares historier are – also in line with Sedgwick’s theory – no more than articles of trade between men. Only one woman surpasses this female role, and she is also the only main character in the book who is not involved in any triangular desire.

    Ljungstedt uses a male perspective, the flaneur, to tell her story, which gives her opportunity to speak ironically of the male view on women. Still, her view on patriarchy and women’s liberation is ambivalent – the fall of patriarchy is connected with revolutionary tendencies that she clearly dislikes – instead, her political message becomes clear in the constantly underlying motives of devotion and commitment. These motives are most clearly illustrated in the recurrent motive of parents abandoning their children. The positive change from passivity and indifference to involvement and responsibility pervades the entire book.

  • 295. Hughes, Rolf
    et al.
    Sundén, JennySödertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    Second Nature: Origins and Originality in Art, Science and New Media2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 296.
    Hulth, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Ingelson, Ninnie
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Det osynliga regnbågsbarnet på förskolan: En enkätundersökning om normer, olikheter och särskiljandets betydelse2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to see how differences are handled in preschools, with a focus on children with homo- or bisexual parents. By doing this we wanted to see how the conditions for a child with homo- or bisexual parents looks like, in order to have their family conditions mirrored, confirmed and visualised in the preschool.

    The foundation for the discussion is a questionaire which has been answered by 229 preschool workers from 24 different preschools in the City of Stockholm. The result of the questionaire has been handled in a statistics program. Our analysis is based on the statistical numbers and the written replies to the open questions in the questionaire.

    As a theoretical starting point we have used Iris Marion Young’s ideas about how our society is coloured by an ideal of similarity that defines liberation as the transcendence of group difference, where the dominant group cannot see how their perspective is just one of several perspectives. Furthermore, we use Tiina Rosenberg’s thoughts on the two main principles of heteronormativity and her focus on the sexed and sexual norms from which we organize our assumptions about our sex, sexuality and family. We also use Ann Runfors’ experiences of how differences are turned in to similarities when immigrant background is dealt with in the Swedish school.

    Our results show that the nuclear family is still the norm when speaking about family in preschools and that the knowledge concerning children with homo- and bisexual parents is slight. Many of the informants believe that differences are best dealt with by treatin all children equally. A great number of the informants assume that giving attention to the rainbow children contributes to inequality and a negative distinction of the child as different. There are also informants that request more knowledge on the subject to be able to treat children and parents in an inclusive way.

    We believe that differences have a social significance, which is why we are convinced that preschools ought to become aware of how the heterosexual norm is being reproduced. By reflecting on society’s norms and values, the preschools would be able to help the rainbow child to be proud of its family and in this way counteract heterosexism.

  • 297.
    Hulth, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Stigar, Madeleine
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    En steril reproduktion?: en analys av normerna kring adoptivföräldraskapet2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vårt syfte är att visa på de normer rörande adoptivföräldraskap som finns i Statens nämnd för internationella adoptionsfrågors (NIAs) handböcker och tidskrift NIA informerar. Utifrån queerteorins principer om exkludering och inkludering och forskarens Michael Lipskys teori om närbyråkrater har vi vaskat fram hur normen för adoptivföräldraskapet konstrueras utifrån det biologiska föräldraskapet som ideal.

    Barnets bästa är den princip som det genomgående hänvisas till i materialet för att motivera kärnfamiljen som norm. Dock är denna princip aldrig definierad men ges innebörd genom NIAs kriterier för adoptivföräldraskapet. Normen för adoptivföräldraskapet är kortfattat den heterosexuella kärnfamiljen.

  • 298.
    Hurd, Madeleine
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 3, History.
    Class, Masculinity, Manners and Mores: Public Space and Public Sphere in Nineteenth-Century Europe2000In: Social science history, ISSN 0145-5532, E-ISSN 1527-8034, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 75-110Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 299.
    Hurd, Madeleine
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, History, Literature and Religion, History.
    Gender and Ethnicity in Pre-War Prussian Poland2005In: Gender transitions: in Russia and Eastern Europe / [ed] Ildikó Asztalos Morell, Carlbäck, Helene, Hurd, Madeleine, Rastbäck, Sara, Eslöv: Gondolin , 2005, p. 43-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 300.
    Hurd, Madeleine
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 3, History.
    Masculine spirit, feminine flesh: Women as objects of newspaper2003In: Encounters: representation of the others in modern European history / [ed] Madeleine Hurd, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2003, p. 19-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
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