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  • 251.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    On the Borders: Religious Education in Northern Europe2016In: Usuteaduslik ajakiri, ISSN 1406-6564, Vol. 69, no 1, p. 9-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Around the world, many schools are situated close to a territorial border. In such a situation it is possible, and in some areas probable, that students and teachers interact with people from the other side of the territorial border on a daily or weekly basis. These interactions influence peoples’ lives, but how do they affect education? Does a close relation to a territorial neighbour mean that the culture and religion of the territorial Other is taken into consideration in teaching? Or is education, despite the recommendations on the supranational level, a purely national product?  These issues are addressed in this paper, which empirical material comes from on a cross disciplinary project focusing on religious education in four border areas around the Baltic Sea.

  • 252.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Publicly Funded Islamic Education in Europe and the United States2015Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Islamic religious education in the United States and Europe has become a subject of intense debate after Muslims raised in the West carried out attacks against their fellow citizens. People worry their governments are doing too little or too much to shape the spiritual beliefs of private citizens. In a new analysis paper, Jenny Berglund explains the differences in publicly funded Islamic education in nine European countries and the United States. 

    Berglund lays out the religious education framework of each country and explains the state policies governing the teaching of Islam in public schools. State involvement, Berglund writes, ranges from sponsoring religious education in public schools to forgoing it entirely. The policies vary according to the national political culture of each country, as well as the historical and religious norms that shape public perceptions and debates over religious education. 

    In Germany and Austria, many public schools teach Islam to Muslims as a subject within a broader religious curriculum in which parents can choose their students’ religious courses. In the United Kingdom and Sweden, public schools teach Islam as an academic subject, and train teachers through comparative religious studies departments in universities. French and U.S. public schools do not teach religion, although students can lean about Islam in subjects such as art, history, or literature.

    Despite the diversity of these approaches, Berglund notes three good practices that apply across the board:

    1. Establishing rigorous academic standards of training for teachers of religious education courses.
    2. Providing factual textbooks informed by academic scholarship, both for Islamic religious education and non-confessional school subjects that teach about Islam. 
    3. Building upon current curricular and pedagological best practices through international exchange and dialogue of scholars.

    By adopting these practices, Berglund argues, governments can further their citizens’ knowledge of important aspects of the human experience and promote inclusive citizenship and respect.

  • 253. Berglund, Jenny
    Religion som värdeladdade berättelser: islamundervisning på muslimska friskolor2007In: R & L : religion & livsfrågor, ISSN 0347-2159, no 3, p. 16-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilken funktion fyller berättelsen i islamundervisningen? Och vad kan den offentliga skolans religionsundervisning lära? Jenny Berglund, doktorand vid Uppsala universitet, beskriver i sin artikel hur hon i sin forskning bland annat fått syn på berättelsernas moraliska, underhållande, identitetsskapande och traditionsförklarande funktion.

  • 254.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Secular normativity and the religification of Muslims in Swedish public schooling2017In: Oxford Review of Education, ISSN 0305-4985, E-ISSN 1465-3915, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 524-535Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article suggests that the secular norms which influence much of the Swedish school system silence the voices and experiences of young Muslims who also attend Islamic supplementary education. It is based on interviews with 20 Muslim students in Sweden who reflected on their experiences of attending supplementary Islamic education in parallel to their secular schooling. Despite the variety of Islamic education reported by the students, they all held in common that they had learned to read and memorise the Quran as part of their Islamic education. A majority of the students reported that they avoid mentioning their Islamic education classes and their memorisation skills in secular schools since the reaction of teachers has proved to be negative. Those who mentioned that they attended supplementary religious education classes were immediately classified as ‘too religious’, a category that most wanted to avoid. The article shows that to memorise a sacred text stands in stark contrast to much of the educational ideals that prevail in Swedish modern schooling, where a discourse of secular normativity prevails. By using an identity economics model I show that what is perceived as prestigious and rewarding in the Muslim context risks being turned into a cost in the setting of a secular school.

  • 255.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Study of religions.
    "Snow, Kind Policemen and Health Care Facilities": Choosing Teaching Material for IRE in Muslim Schools in Sweden2009In: Your Heritage and Mine: Teaching in a Multi-Religious Classroom / [ed] Lena Roos & Jenny Berglund, Uppsala: Swedish Science Press [distributör] , 2009, p. 107-118Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 256.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Swedish religion education: Objective but Marinated in Lutheran Protestantism?2013In: Temenos, ISSN 0497-1817, E-ISSN 2342-7256, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 165-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, I use the experience of a Czech doctoral student to discuss why religion education in Sweden can be understood as both deeply Lutheran and at the same time neutral and objective. In do- ing this, I look at the present syllabus in religion education, point to some of the changes that have been made in relation to the previous syllabus, and highlight some of the controversies that arose when it was written in 2010. I also put Swedish religion education and Swed- ish educational system in a historical context, pointing to its relation to liberal theology and cultural Protestantism. In addition, I present how teacher education is organized for religion education teachers and how the academic Study of Religions has been an important part of this during recent decades. At the end of the article I reflect upon the protestant taste of Sweden’s ‘non-denominational and neutral’ religion education.

  • 257.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Study of religions.
    Teaching Islam: Approaching Secular Hegemony in Education2008In: Postcolonial Challenges to the Study of Religion / [ed] Willy Pfändtner & David Thurfell, Uppsala: Swedish Science Press [distributör] , 2008, p. 29-48Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 258.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Study of religions.
    Teaching Islam: Islamic Religious Education at Three Muslim Schools in Sweden2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study concerns the formulation of Islamic religious education (IRE) at three Swedish Muslim schools which offered IRE as an extra curricular subject, one to three hours per week. The study contributes to the understanding of how IRE is formed as a confessional school subject within the framework and under the jurisdiction of the Swedish school system. The meaning of the studied IRE was construed as a way of building connectedness between pupils to both the common Islamic tradition and the Swedish society, but also highlighting and establishing connections between these two entities. The primary finding is that it is inaccurate to speak about IRE in homogeneous terms since the content varies distinctively between different schools. In addition, it has been found that the educational questions considered by the involved teachers are similar to those considered by many other types of teachers. Although classroom observations and teacher interviews showed that the general content of all three IRE classrooms included the teaching of the Quran, Islamic history through religious narratives and song, specific content variations were evident. Differences concerned approaches to the teaching of the Quran, ways of using religious narratives and genre of songs. Therefore pupils in each school received somewhat different answers to local and global questions that were raised in the classrooms, indicating somewhat different interpretations of Islam. These differences suggest that the depiction of IRE as a transmission of Islam to the younger generation is not accurate since it leads to the impression that religions are insulated entities that are capable of being passed from one generation to the next without any change taking place. Instead this study shows that the teachers translate the content of IRE according to their perception of what is vital for their pupils to know and suitable for them to comprehend since they constantly choose content and negote its meaning.

  • 259.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Study of religions.
    Teaching Islam: Islamic Religious Education in Sweden2010Book (Other academic)
  • 260.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Study of religions.
    Teaching Islam with Music2008In: Ethnography and Education, ISSN 1745-7823, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 161-175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We can note a varied use and attitudes to song and music in Islam. In the classroom of Sana – a primary school teacher of Islamic religious education (IRE) in a Muslim school in Sweden – music is an important but not uncontested part of IRE. The music not only supports themes discussed in the classroom but also gives variation to the education. A popular feature is when Sana shows music videos of Sami Yusuf, a young Muslim artist in the ‘Eurovision song contest’ genre, who sings Islamic pop songs. It happens that children comment and say that the pop music she plays in the classroom is haram, forbidden. Sana seldom touches upon the notion of music as forbidden or unlawful in the classroom, but nevertheless it is visible in her choices of music and the way she presents the music for the children. Outside the classroom, in discussion Sana talks about the necessity of finding Islamic role models that attract the young, instead of ‘bearded old men’ that might have interesting things to say but have neither ‘the looks nor the language’ to attract young people. Sana's use of music within IRE is discussed to seize the meanings associated with music and understand the educational choices Sana makes in relation to music. This paper is based on fieldwork that took place during 2005 and 2006.

  • 261.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Vad är religion i svenska religionskunskapsböcker?2014In: Religion och Livsfrågor, ISSN 0347-2159, no 3, p. 6-8Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 262.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Study of religions.
    What takes place in the Quran class?: Quran lessons, a part of the Swedish educational system2006In: Religion, Spirituality and Identity / [ed] Kirsi Tirri, Bern: Peter Lang , 2006, p. 203-220Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 263. Berglund, Jenny
    et al.
    Larsson, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Religiösa friskolor i Sverige: historiska och nutida perspektiv2007 (ed. 1 uppl.)Book (Other academic)
  • 264.
    Berglund, Sara
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Vetenskaplig grund och forskning: En enkätstudie om vetenskaplig grund i förskolan2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose and questions: The Swedish School Law states that education in preschools and schools shall rest on a scientific base. The aim of this study is to examine to what extent and in what ways that preschool teachers are acquiring and getting information about research. It also aims to investigate the possibilities and the problems that may arise due to the requirement that education in preschools should have a scientific base.

    • In what extent does preschool teachers believe that scientific basis and new research has significance for their work?
    • How does preschool teachers get information about research and in what extent?
    • What are the opportunities and problems that preschool teacher faces when it comes to new research?

    Theory: The theory that are used is Illeris learning theory. Also the postmodern view of the world, with its perspective on knowledge and the reflexive term is used.

    Method: The research is done with a quantitative method, web survey. The analysis is done with more of a mix between quantitative and qualitative analysis method. The response rate is 30,5 % for the survey, which is 25 preschool teachers.

    Conclusion: The preschool teachers in this study states that they comes in contact with research mainly by seeking it out themselves. They overall states that it's interesting to read these texts and they understand them. Furthermore the majority of the teachers states that research has relevance to their professional practice and that the research they have read has changed their preschool. The majority of the teachers also states that it's important that the preschool education is resting on a scientific base. Generally the preschool teachers in this study have the skills and motivation they need to read, get information and knowledge through research and to use the acquired knowledge in their preschools. The biggest problem for them to use more research is lack of time.

  • 265.
    Berglund, Sofie
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Mobbning bland barn i skolan: Hur fyra F-6 skolors antimobbningsgrupper beskriver sitt arbete för att få nolltolerans mot mobbning2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying is today a major problem in schools worldwide. Far too many children are forced to undergo bullying day in and day out without anyone seeing or doing something. My purpose with this study is to find out how four F-6 schools in a municipality south of Stockholm are describes their work to get zero tolerance for bullying at their school.

    My questions are:

    • How does the four F-6 schools' anti-bullying group in a municipality south of Stockholm describes their work to have zero tolerance for bullying?
    • What do the employees in the school anti-bullying groups consider that bullying is?
    • Why do the employees in the school anti-bullying groups think bullying occurs?
    • Who do the employees in the school anti-bullying groups think are bullies or are being bullied?

    To get my results I have done four interviews with those in charge of the school's anti-bullying group. My theory is based on standards, what is acceptable behavior and normative theory, hypotheses, what is right and wrong as well as desirable or undesirable behavior. My conclusion of the study is that schools can work in different ways to fight bullying and that they should adapt their practices after the school´s own problems and circumstances. I have also come to the conclusion that the causes bullying, who or which exposes or is exposed has no correct answer, everyone has different ideas about it.

  • 266.
    Bergman, Johanna
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Laborativt material som konkretiseringsverktyg: Lärares kunskaper om och erfarenheter av laborativt material som arbetssätt2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out teachers view on manipulatives as a way to concretize a certain mathematical content and to highlight knowledge and experiences within the range of using manipulatives to concretize. By answering the questions below different approaches a teacher may have towards the manipulatives and how that may impact on student’s learning will also be discussed in comparison to mainly traditional and socially constructive theories of learning.

    1. What is the teachers view on manipulatives as a way to concretize?
    2. What purpose do they have when using manipulatives?
    3. According to the teachers, what does it mean to concretize a certain mathematical content?
    4. According to the teachers, what connection is there between manipulatives and concretizing?

    Through interviews and observations conclusions can be made that the teachers are in general positive towards using manipulatives as a way to concretize a certain mathematical content although the definition of what a manipulative is differ somewhat between the teachers. The teachers working with manipulatives do it in a well thought out fashion but more research is needed to furthermore define the purpose of using manipulatives. Few countries spend so much time concretizing and working with manipulatives as Sweden do, but still Sweden score below the OECD-average on the mathematical PISA-tests. You make ask yourself if this then is the right way to go to enhance student’s mathematical knowledge.

  • 267.
    Bergman, Johanna
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Sätt ord på det!: Ämnesspecifikt språkande hos andraspråkselever i årskurs 1-32015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine second language learner’s possibilities to use a subject specific language in class. The literacy perspective is constant throughout the study as well as theories on second language learning and theories on conversations about texts. By answering the questions below good examples and possible difficulties with second language learning was also exemplified.

    • In which situations where the students offered to speak subject specifically and how does the teachers motivate the ongoing conversations?
    • In what way is conversations about texts being used as a tool for further comprehension?
    • In what way does the second language learners benefit from the conversations?

    Through interviews and observations following conclusions can be made. Students are relatively often offered to use a subject specific language during class but more can be done since subject specific conversations almost never take place in the first grade. More conversations about texts from early ages is being presented as a possible solution to this issue.

  • 268. Bergman, Paavo
    et al.
    Kupferberg, Feiwl
    UKAS-reformens roll i utbildningspolitiken1975 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 269.
    Bergnor, Emma
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Trösta eller tysta?: En essä om barns rätt till sina känslor2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is based on two selfexperienced situations. I examine my role as a preschool educationalist where children are prevented from expressing their emotions freely. The essay opens with a description of a middaysnack and the other story tells about a girl who is not allowed to decide herself when her sadness ends. The purpose of my examination is to problematize and reflect around the educationalists and my own encountering of the children in my stories. What does it mean to be a good educationalist when encountering children who express strong feelings? Which norms are created in the group of children when the individuals consistently are met by a silencing behaviour when in need of comforting? The situations themselves are not unique, they appear in different settings  relatively often. I will also reflect on my own practical knowledge in relation to the stories as well as set my thoughts against the regulatory documents regarding swedish preshool. These thoughts will be examined in this essay against theories such as relation competence, children's emotional development and theories surrounding shame and norms.

  • 270.
    Bergqvist, Emelie
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    NU vill jag att du slutar upp och sätter dig på mattan!: En studie kring hur pedagoger bemöter barn som gör motstånd i förskolans rutinmässiga situationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate how preschool teachers structure different routine situations in the preschool activities and how the preschool teachers in turn respond to children who in different ways resist these structures and situations.

     

    The study has been conducted based on an ethnological research method. Through observations and open interview questions, preschool teachers and children have given examples of how these phenomena can be seen in daily structured pre-school activities.

     

    The analysis, based on a relational perspective and Foucault’s theory on power, shows that preschool teachers often looks at the children's resistance as a problem and issue anchored to the child in question and not as a response to the teacher’s actions of power and other factors, which opened for further questions about children's ability to influence in preschool.

  • 271.
    Bergqvist, Frida
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Samarbete och dess kännetecken: En studie utifrån fem avdelningsansvariga förskollärares upplevelser om samarbetet i arbetslaget2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how preschool teachers who are departmental managers perceive cooperation in the work in a kindergarten. Five preschool teachers have participated in the interviews and have answered questions concerning the cooperation in their team. On the grounds that departmentalmanagers cooperate in a broader perspective and has full responsibility, I found the selection of interview subjects interesting to study. I was using a phenomenological research approach in the analysis of the interview material.

    I raise the following questions in my study: what skills and qualities are the respondents experiencing to be important to be able to work in a team? What common experiences share these respondents on the phenomenon of cooperation? The interview method was qualitative and the respondents have described various aspects of cooperation. The results of the studyshow that the essence of the phenomenon cooperation consistsof five key ingredients thatis relevant to the professional role: to plan together, to have fun together, to work professionally for the preschool curriculum, to have a common child perspective and to be able to see the big picture.The idea of the study was to highlight the characteristics of a good partnership. I noticed that the majority of the respondents shared many common views and experiences. They strove to have empowered and motivated colleagues. They stressed that it was important to have fun together and to give feedback when needed. The respondents describe the tasks they have and it's all about planning, communicating with the parents, the boss, colleagues and children, and making the decisions concerning the department. They also worked to ensure the quality of the preschool. The results indicate that a good cooperation is required to be able to get things done successfully.

  • 272.
    Bergqwist, Joakim
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Skolkod och pedagogisk förändring2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 273.
    Bergsmo, Veronica
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Det ska vara på riktigt!: Dramatisering som metod för konflikthantering i förskolan2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In my essay I illustrate some of the different methods and theories that can be applied when children in preschool exhibit a disruptive behavior. I reflect on the story based on concepts such as shame, guilt, emotional state, competens to play, solution-oriented pedagogy and forum theater.

    The story takes place in a kindergarten yard. There are five children at the age of five playing a game that is inspired by a program that two of the children have seen on TV, and it must be real. The game goes astray and the children who had seen the program fall into physical conflict with each other. One child pushes his mate up against a wall with the aid of a stick. My reflektions of the text assumes questions on how I can resolv the conflict in a good way, what is the role of emotions in interaction with others? I investigate whether a form of forum theater could be a way to bring in more of the theories in efforts to help children with externalizing behavior to find strategies in every day life. I also reflect whether observations, dramatizations, environment and attitude can make a difference in how children handle their capacity for constructive play and their interaction with other children? In my conclusions, I see that there is not one way to go but many. Everything depends on the situation, the children and the educators that are involved.

  • 274.
    Bergström, Emma
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Söderqvist, Elin
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Att arbeta i den mångkulturella förskolan: En kvalitativ undersökning om pedagogers förhållningssätt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We have seen through our own experience that it is of most value to embrace other cultures in preschool to create respect and understanding for one another. We think it ́s important for children to take part of other cultures as young because we live in a multicultural country.The purpose of this essay is to analyze how educators reasons and work with multiculture in preschool. Our main questions in our study are:-How do teachers relate in the preschool Regnbågen to children’s different cultures in food situations and song gatherings? -How do teachers use language as a tool in preschool Regnbågen in meetings of children different cultures? This is a qualitative study where we interviewed three preschool teachers and observed teachers in three different observations. In order to obtain a result to analyze, we linked the interviews and observations to our theoretical concept and previous research. Our theoretical inspiration is the socio-cultural perspective where the language is in focus of understanding and learning. The reason for this interest lies in the fact we have come to face in our practice at the different preschools we have been to under our education. We have seen that preschool teachers stand infront of a difficult task, to exlude and include childrens different cultures in preschool. It is a struggle for teachers between the everyday musts and the work with the teaching plan for preschool. At the same time, the teachers have to try to detain preschool standards and values. This is something we have come to realize under our interviews and observations.

  • 275.
    Bergström, Isabella
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Praktikchock?!: En studie om hur erfarenheter från VFU påverkat studenters självkänsla2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: All the students in the University College of Södertörn in Sweden who are studying to become a teacher, are attending practice education.

    Purpose: The purpose of this qualitative study was to illuminate and analyze how the students experienced their practice education. My intent was to investigate if the students by their experiences have been affected in their own self-esteem.

    Method: This is a qualitative study that has been responded by 60 teacher students. The students attended in an internet- survey that included ten different questions.

    Result: The result of the interviews shows that the self-esteem has been affected, mostly in a positive way.

    Conclusion: The most common reason that affected the student self-esteem depended on how their supervisor has been treating them during their practice.

  • 276.
    Bergström, Malin
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Elevråd: Elevrådsarbete i två skolor2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to determine whether the student councils at two schools really have the power to influence, or if it is a matter of mock democracy. I wanted to determine how the student councils work in reality. I conducted my investigation through personal and qualitative interviews with the board of the student council, a social studies teacher and the principle/school management at both schools. After the interviews I compared an analysed my findings. The results show that the two schools work very differently when it comes to studentdemocracy, and even have very different levels of ambition when it comes to the degree of influence that the student council should have at their respective schools. Still, in reality the council at both schools function much the same. They are not fully functional and don’t manage to accomplish much, other than basic things like what the school should look like or which shirts the council should have. My opinion is that there seems be some extent of mock democracy at one of the schools, but that at the same timed there is the need to further examine and determine what studentdemocracy really means today, and should mean in the future, in the context of student councils. Otherwise the schools will never have a fully functional student council.

  • 277.
    Bergvall, Isabelle
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Barns spontana bildskapande: En pedagogisk aktivitet eller ett tidsfördriv?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study's main purpose is to examine the space children's spontaneous imaging gets in a preschool. I have chosen to focus on two preschool teachers views on their own approach to children's spontaneous imaging and what space they find that it gets in preschool. I have also investigated how this is documented in preschool. As a theoretical approach I adopt Lev S Vygotsky's socio-cultural theories of learning and development. In my essay, I also describe previous studies on children's imaging.

    I have collected the material through qualitative methods such as interviews of two preschool teachers and through six days of observation divided on two of the preschool departments.

    The result shows that preschool teachers adult-driven approach characterizes the creative climate of the nursery, which is not particularly allowing in practice, but allowing in theory and preschool teachers thoughts. The preschool teachers approach is significant for how well the child's spontaneous creation capability will be developed or inhibited. Children can come to have a view of his own creation as something insignificant and without meaning if it never followed up in the form of pedagogical documentation or attention. The results also show that children's spontaneous imaging don´t get space in the form of schedule, this is because preschool teachers have a view on the activity as a pastime rather than an educational activity with a clear goal or purpose.

  • 278.
    Berntsdotter, Matilda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Sundqvist, Linn
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Förskollärarens syn på sin kompetens inom bild och bildskapande.: En kvalitativ studie ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the preschool teachers' view of their competence in art and art creation, as well as the competence they consider that a preschool teacher should have and how competence can develop. In this study, we define competence as something you own in the practice of preschool education and that preschool teachers can meet the challenges that the profession requires. Competence is about being able to carry out an action in practice, and in this study, the expression summarizes what a person can in the field of art and art creation. Our study addresses the following questions; how do preschool teachers perceive their competence in art and art creation? What do the preschool teachers think they need in competence in art and art creation? What role do preschool teachers play in promoting their own and children's competence development in art and art creation? Four preschool teachers and a teacher for elementary school's older years who worked in preschool since her education was interviewed with a qualitative interviewing method from a sociocultural perspective. The results show that the competencies that preschoolers apprehend is competence that includes material knowledge, the ability to link activities with curriculum and theories, and to make it a fun-filled activity for the children. In order to develop their competence, the result shows that they use continuous education and collegial learning and in interaction with children.

  • 279. Bernéus, Oskar
    I kväll finns det varken åklagare eller domare!: En essä om när det brister i kommunikation och uppmärksamhet i arbetslaget2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta självständiga arbete är skrivet i form av en vetenskaplig essä. Syftet med essän är att förstå hur spänningar på arbetsplatsen kan påverka hur pedagoger uppfattar situationer olika och hur spänningarna kan påverka pedagogers agerande. Frågeställningarna i essän är: 1. Hur kan pedagoger i en arbetsgrupp uppfatta samma situation olika? 2. Kan individuella drivkrafter påverka pedagogers agerande och vilka är i så fall de etiska aspekterna av detta? I essän behandlas dels ämnet praktisk kunskap och dels mer filosofiska tanketraditioner för att utveckla förståelsen kring dilemmat. Några av begreppen som är i fokus är uppmärksamhet och yrkesetik.

    Berättelsen utspelar sig på en fritidsgård för ungdomar i åldern 13-16 år. Kvällen på fritidsgården var till en början lugn. Majoriteten av de besökande ungdomarna hade varken respekt för vuxna eller tilltro till samhället. Stämningen försämrades under kvällen men jag upplevde ändå kvällen som lyckad eftersom jag hade genomfört aktiviteterna under något så när ordnade former. Dagen efter förväntade jag mig beröm av min chef, men möttes av min kollega Martin och min chef som gemensamt konfronterade mig med att kvällen inte hade blivit bra. Martin menade att han hade försökt få mig att förstå att stämningen var obehaglig och att vi kanske borde ha avbrutit. Chefen var ny på jobbet och hade infört nya arbetssätt som skapat konkurrens i personalgruppen. Jag slets mellan att tillgodose min nya chefs direktiv om att införa aktiviteter under kvällsverksamheten å ena sidan. Å andra sidan var jag tvungen att hantera min kollegas negativa inställning till den nya verksamheten. De spänningar som fanns där kan ha påverkat vårt samspel under kvällen utan att jag uppfattade det just då. Det kan ha funnits många orsaker till att jag och min kollega uppfattade kvällen så olika. Perspektiven praktisk kunskap och yrkeserfarenhet ger ledtrådar om att våra tidigare yrkeserfarenheter kan ha påverkat vår uppfattning. Även det faktum att jag hade min uppmärksamhet riktad mot ungdomarna kan ha påverkat vår subjektiva upplevelse av kvällen. Det kan på motsvarande sätt ha funnits olika orsaker till att jag respektive min kollega Martin agerade som vi gjorde. Våra egenintressen i att åtnjuta yrkesmässiga fördelar kan ha påverkat hur vi agerade och därmed äventyrat vår yrkesetik. Sannolikt var vi båda delaktiga i att det blev som det blev.

  • 280.
    Beshah, Wessen
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    När elever interkulturella kompetens blir en styrka: En kvalitativ studie om nyanlända elevers upplevelse av den sociala interaktionen i en mångkulturell skola2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how social interaction affects newly arrived pupils’ views on their study situation in the Swedish educational system. The aim is to give a contribution to the discussion on the notion of including “the Other” in educational practice in multicultural schools. Semi-structured group interviews were conducted to explore how the intercultural perspective and the theory of inclusion can be used to explain the dynamics of social interaction. The main research questions were: how did social interaction take place in preparatory class and in regular class? In what way did social interaction affect the transitional period from preparatory class to regular class? Did social interaction have consequences for the informants as learners? The results show that newly arrived pupils had the opportunity to develop intercultural interaction skills in the preparatory class. Meanwhile, this organization meant educational exclusion, which might have contributed to the stress and anxiety they experienced later in regular class. The transitional period was problematic, since students had to struggle in two aspects. First, they had to catch up in many subjects though no significant measures were taken to their linguistic ability and former school experiences. Secondly, they had to assert their place in an environment with dysfunctional social interaction between some teachers and pupils in regular class. The conclusion is that schools have a dilemma in catering for both social and educational inclusion simultaneously. Despite this, many pupils expressed satisfaction with their school performance. This suggests that intercultural interaction skills, crucial for the pupils’ development, can be developed in the preparatory class. Schools need to implement an intercultural perspective in the educational organization and planning to include every newly arrived pupil. This calls for a holistic approach in pedagogic and social interaction between everyone involved. 

  • 281.
    Betül, Gül
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Flerspråkighet i förskolan: En kvalitativ undersökning om pedagogernas arbetssätt när det gäller språkligt heterogena grupper i förskolan2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of my study was to visualize how teachers works with multilingual children in pre-school, the methods used to stimulate and develop primary and secondary language and how teachers does see second languages development with the help of the primary language. The study consists of qualitative methods in form of interviews which are made with four teachers who work within the pre-school. The findings during the collection of data (interviews) are going to be connected to the relevant literature on the subject I have chosen.

    The result showed that the concrete materials are used to stimulate and develop primary- as the secondary language and that the teachers have different opinions on secondary languages development with the help of primary language even if the primary language seems to be an important asset of all teachers that I interviewed.

  • 282.
    Bhatti, Sumbal Zia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Bustamante, Natalie
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Matematik i utemiljö: En komparativ studie med fokus på matematik i Ur och Skur förskolor2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to find out how pre-schools teachers use mathematics in the outdoors to promote and develop children's learning. The essay also focus on similarities and differences between pre-school teachers and their ways of integrating mathematics in the outdoor environment. A comparison is later made to the answers from pre-school teachers in two ''I Ur och Skur" pre-schools about what outdoor education is , how they use the outdoors for mathematics and what kind of mathematics activates they use practical.

    The survey is based on a comparative method of qualitative interviews and observations. The study builds on Lev Vygotsky's socio-cultural theory in which we have chosen to focus on the concept of '' the proximal development''. It can be summarized as learning occurs in interaction with each other and that children learn better through social relationships. Another concept that we have chosen to use in our study is ''learning by doing’’ by John Dewey's. The concept means that learning takes place through the practice.The essay then tries to analyse how '' I Ur och Skur'' pre-school teachers use mathematics in the outdoor environment. We analyze by see similarities and differences with both pre-school teachers education, outdoor as a learning room and mathematics activates.

    The conclusion of the study is that mathematics is infinite and therefore they are many different ways of working. We did not find such large differences in pre-schools teachers’ way of working with mathematics outdoor. We also came to the conclusion that nature is as a support tool to develop the interest in mathematics with more space for learning. At the end of our essay we want to point out that the theories helped us to highlight preschool teachers interview answers to more clearly linked to previous research and our observations

     

  • 283.
    Bialobrzeska, Maria
    Södertörn University, Lärarutbildningen.
    Matematikundervisning i två olika länder: En jämförelse mellan polska och svenska pedagogers arbetssätt på lågstadiet2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mathematics is a central topic in today’s society. There are many different approaches each teacher has their own way. In this essay, I compare four teachers’ mathematics teaching in two different countries with regard to ways of learning, particularly in the four operations. My purpose of this study was to examine the four teachers’ mathematics teaching, that is, which method they use. Two teachers was from Poland and two from Sweden, the teachers and schools are randomly selected. Two relevant questions were chosen to illustrate and compare the teacher’s approach. The first question is about which strategy the teacher uses and why. The second question is about how these approaches differ. My work is based on qualitative methodology, involving interviews and observations for me to gather the materials I need. I did two interviews and one observation in the Polish school and the same in Swedish school. The work is based on literature and theories that has been the most rewarding of my essay, theories about working and learning. My theory was based on Vygotsky and Piaget's ideas and theories. The theories used to support the analysis are the socio-cultural perspective and the constructivist perspective. The students in these schools have good math skills, even if it is in Swedish newspapers that Swedish students have less knowledge in comparison with other students around Europe. All teachers have their own way to learn. There is no approach that is the best, it all depends on the students. I can now say that it is a little difference.

  • 284.
    Biberg, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education. 840602.
    Hashimoto, Sophie
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education. 751031.
    ”Djungelns lag i stora barngrupper”: En kvalitativ studie om anknytningens betydelse för de yngre barnens trygghet på förskolan2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of the study was to examine the educator’s thoughts and experiences regarding the term “attachment”. Similarly, we wanted to find out what strategies educators use to create comfortable and secure relationships for the younger children within the large groups of children. According to this purpose, we have formulated the following questions:

    • What experience has educators in working with large groups of children?
    • How do educators perceive the term attachment in relation to the younger children in preschool?
    • Which known strategies the educators use to ensure the younger children’s security within the larger group?

    Method

    We have, with a qualitative method, interviewed six educators at three preschools in different municipalities. As a complement to the collected data, we made observations at two of the preschools. Our greatest focus and importance have been on the empirical evidence from the interviews conducted.

    Theory

    In our study we have taken the support of Bowlby's “attachment theory” which highlights the importance of close emotional relationships and we also used current research in the field. We have chosen to assume only this theory because we believe that it corresponds to the study's main purpose, namely children's secure attachment.

    Results

    From an attachment theory perspective that emphasize the importance of close and emotional relationships for the individual child's development and comfort, one of our results indicates that large groups of children complicate the educators ability to meet the individual child's needs on a daily basis. Based on the interview material it became clear that all educators agree on the importance of being a calm and present educator in the attachment work with younger children. Our results indicate that strategies such as dividing large groups in to smaller ones, as well as a structured working team, are important factors in order to tie in with all children within the larger groups. Most educators emphasize that an inspiring environment that raises the child's curiosity and exploration, promotes the child´s sense of security at the preschool.

  • 285.
    Bienen, Charlotta
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Du vet ju vad vårt styrdokument säger...: En essä om det mätbara och det svårmätbara lärandet i förskolan2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My essay begins with two stories showing two different perspectives when looking at learning in preschool. These two different learning styles I have chosen to call, the measurable and the difficult to measure learning. As a pedagogue I am involved in both events. In these events I describe how different we pedagogues interpret our governing documents on children's learning. By describing how the educational activities are designed differently in the two events, I try to highlight the pedagogues views on learning in preschool. Although we have the same governing document, we differ in our work with children.

    In my study, I look at how educators Piaget and Vygotskij regard the child and its development from a socio-cultural and a cognitive perspective. I want to see if there is any connection between their views on child development and what is happening in my two events.

    In the essay, I also try to find out how we work with children in preschool when it comes to both the measurable and the difficult to measure learning and why we do it so differently. Our society has recently become more focused on measurable results in order for us to assure the quality of the work we do. In preschool we also have a duty to assure the quality of our educational activities. I examine whether that is the reason we have different views on learning. The measurable learning makes it easier for pedagogues to see what children have learned while the difficult to measure, makes it more complicated to measure results.

  • 286.
    Biesta, G.
    et al.
    University of Stirling, United Kingdom.
    Säfström, Carl Anders
    Mälardalen University.
    A manifesto for education2011In: Policy Futures in Education, ISSN 1478-2103, E-ISSN 1478-2103, Vol. 9, no 5, p. 540-547Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In November 2010 the authors finished the writing of a manifesto for education. The manifesto was an attempt to respond to a number of issues concerning education, both in the field of educational research and in the wider socio-political environment. This is the text of that manifesto followed by two commentaries in which the authors try to highlight some of the reasons that have led to the writing of the manifesto, and in which an attempt is made to situate the manifesto in a number of discussions and debates.

  • 287.
    Biesta, Gert J.
    et al.
    University of Luxenbourg.
    Säfström, Carl Anders
    Mälardalens högskola.
    A Manifesto for Education: A Critical Discussion2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 288.
    Birksjö, David
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Undervisningsdebuten – som man frågar gråter svaren2014In: Att lära en företagsekonom att tänka / [ed] Jonna Hjertström Lappalainen, Ann-Sofie Köping Olsson & Tommy Larsson Segerlind, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2014, p. 57-69Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 289. Bisovsky, Gerhard
    et al.
    Bourgeois, EtienneBron Jr, MichalSödertörn University, Södertörn University Library.Chivers, GeoffLarsson, Staffan
    Adult Learning and Social Participation1998Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 290.
    Bisse, Rebecca
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Genus och jämställdhet: En kvalitativ studie om fyra pedagogers arbete med genus och jämställdhet på förskolan2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out how the four teachers at the two preschools believe they are working with gender and how they actually work with it in practice. It also aims to show how they treat the children at the preschool based on their gender.

    • What is the preschool teachers view on gender and equality?
    • How do they consider that they work with gender and gender equality, and how do they really work with it in practice?

    The study is based on a qualitative study were I chose to both interview and observe four preschool teachers from two different preschools. My theoretical starting point is Yvonne Hirdmans theory of gender and also research on gender equality. The results show that the majority of respondents believed that gender and gender equality means almost the same thing or have the same meaning. They could not explain the concepts further. It also showed that the majority of informants are working for equality more than gender, when they emphasizes that the individual should be placed in the center and that it should be based on individual rights, regardless of gender.

  • 291.
    Bjerstedt, Kristin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Är det ens möjligt?: En essä om lika villkor i förskolan.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay starts with a story about the children Anna and Martin. The story depicts how children can end up in different contexts and provide different conditions in the same preschool depending on what child perspective and ability to adhere to the individual child's needs as the work team and the leading preschool teacher. This difference is highlighted and discussed from an equality perspective that emerges in three research questions: How do the principal and preschoolers interpret the concept of equivalent conditions? How do the principal and the various preschool organizations work to create kindergartens that work for the best of the children and for equal conditions for the children? How do preschool teachers work with this issue in the business?

    A minor qualitative study has been conducted through interviews with a representative from the principal (municipality), a preschool manager, and two preschool teachers. The purpose has been to seek answers to these questions as well as to give a perspective on the story of Anna and Martin.

    After reflection and analysis of the informants' responses and by studying what current research says on the subject, it has been found that equivalent terms are a term that contains many factors. This includes skills, education, and financial resources. A key factor that clearly shows that children are offered equal terms is the ability of the teacher to apply practical knowledge. The pedagogue must be able to establish close relationships with the child and respond to the needs of the child. A skill that some have more of than others.

    However, the social debate and the informants answer that in the development work at preschools, this issue is not prioritized. Instead, the focus is on an increased requirement for learning goals in traditional subjects. The concept of conceptualization is lifted due to the increased demand for learning and the question of what knowledge is essential to lead a rich life. Can there be other values that are more important as the technology society offers tools that make some subjects unnecessary?

    An analysis based on Bronfenbrenner's ecological system theory shows that the debate about increased learning brings impact from social debate and trends to the activities where it meets the child. However, the impact is perceived to be greater from trend to government and from government to principal but weakened as it comes to preschools and educators in the business. A clearer goal picture and training and support efforts are demanded for both active educators and preschool leaders, but also a salutogenic approach, instead of focusing on shortcomings, building on what's positive and creating upward energy spirals. Networking and educational guidance are seen as effective tools for development processes and the focus should be on supporting the development of educators' relationship-building abilities as well as how the children's individual needs are met.

  • 292.
    Bjurvald, Ida
    Södertörn University, Lärarutbildningen.
    Den lärande gruppen: Om reflektion i förskolan2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Scheduled time for reflective work is common at many Swedish preschools. Reflection is a complex concept that is being used with many different purposes in preschools. The reflective work in Swedish preschools today has its roots in the theories from Vygotskij about how children learn by watching and cooperating with others. Also, many Swedish preschools have taken inspiration from the preschools in Reggio Emilia in Italy, who see the reflective work as something necessary in their work around children’s learning processes. “The learning group” is a way of seeing children and adults as members of groups who capture knowledge by social interaction, taken from the preschools in Reggio Emilia. In 1998, Swedish preschools got their first curriculum, which also took inspiration from Vygotskij and his visions of children’s learning.

    The aim of this study is to find out how reflective work can be done at some Swedish preschools, and also to investigate a group of teacher’s thoughts on reflective work. The issues in my study are:

    • What meaning can lie in the concept of reflection in preschools?
    • In what situations can teachers and children in preschools use reflection?
    • What can be the purpose of this reflection?

    To answer these questions, I did interviews with teachers and observations of meetings and of the work that was being done with the children. The result shows that the term of reflection is ambiguous and is being used with different interpretations in the preschools I have studied. Reflection is for instance retelling events, solving problems, cooperating and curiosity. Teachers and children use reflection in various situations everyday, both at planned and spontaneous activities. The purpose of the reflection at the preschools I have visited was for instance to find a focus in working with the children, to know how to move on and to get deeper into what you do.

  • 293.
    Bjuvgård, Matilda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Landin, Anna
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "Hur ser en skoldag ut för dig?": En kvalitativ intervjustudie kring fritidslärarens samverkansuppdrag2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background of the essay as well as the previous research on our subject revealed leisure time teachers collaboration assignment as unclear. This is in agreement with our previous experiences from our operational training (VFU) and workplaces. The purpose of the study was therefore to investigate which assignment in the form of a leadership role, tasks and use of skills that leisure teachers describe to have during the school day.

    We also examined which factors influenced their work during the school day. We chose to conduct qualitative interviews with six informants. All informants had a basic teacher education for the leisure center. In order to highlight the characteristics of the leisure teacher’s professional identity, the theoretical starting point was social identity theory - which highlights identity creation based on group membership.

    The result showed that leisure time teachers described their work during the school day in relation to the class teacher’s assignment description. Contributing factors were, for example, valuation of skills, unclear job descriptions and resource shortages, all of which affected their work during the school day. Based on this, we saw in the discussion a connection between our results and the previous research.

  • 294.
    Björck, Emelie
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    "...där Adam betyder människa och Eva livgivande eller kvinna": En genus- och jämställdhetsanalys om hur kvinnor och män framställs i religionerna judendom och islam i religionskunskapsböcker för mellanstadiet2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to with a gender perspective examine how often men and women are mentioned and how they are being portrayed in the religions Islam and Judaism in textbooks made for religious studies. To examine this a quantitative and a qualitative content analysis on three textbooks have been made and the following questions have been answered. How often are men and women being mentioned in the chapters about Islam and Judaism? Can the distribution be seen as even/equal between the genders? And how are women and men being portrayed in the chapters? Are they being portrayed and talked about in an equal way?

    Earlier studies have shown that it’s mostly men that are being mentioned and written about in both religious history and in textbooks made for religious studies. The religious texts are being interpreted by men and also written by and for men. This makes the man a kind of prototype for the religious person while the women have been and partly still is invisible in these contexts.

    The study concludes that men are being mentioned more often than women in the textbooks, which doesn’t compare with the goals set for a quantitative gender equality. It also concludes that the men are being portrayed as the active religious man while the women is being positioned beside the men, which makes the female religious practice partly invisible. To position the women beside the men is also to give them a subordinate and an outmoded role. 

  • 295.
    Björck, Emelie
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Läs texten och svara sedan på frågorna: en innhållsanalys av läsförståelseböcker och tillhörande uppgifter för årskurs 42018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Reading is not just about decoding letters correctly but also to understand what you are reading. With a broadened view on the reading and writing development which includes the four literacy practices: the reader as a code breaker, text participant, text user and text analyst, this study’s purpose is to examine how educational books made for reading comprehension are designed, and which of the four literacy practices named above are represented in the books. To examine this a quantitative and qualitative content analysis on three textbooks and associated assignments have been made, and the following questions answered. How are the books designed and which kind of assignments are in them? Which literacy practices can be found in the books and which of these are given most room? Can the four practices be said to interact?

     

    Earlier studies have shown that educational textbooks often direct the content of the teaching and are often seen as a guarantee that the content in the curriculum is brought up. Other studies have shown the importance of different components and literacy practices presence when teaching in reading comprehension. The study concludes that all of the analysed books are designed in similar ways with a design consisting of tasks to be done before reading the text and tasks and questions to be answered after reading. The study also concludes that the literacy practice which is given most room in the books are the practice called text participant and primarily in the form of tasks that consist of questions about the text for the pupils to answer.

  • 296.
    Björck Meltzer, Eva
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education. 2003.
    Karlsson, Linda
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Böcker som en del av ett förbrukningsmaterial: Förutsättningar för de yngsta barnens litteracitet i förskolan2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    From the point of departure of a literacy perspective the aim of this study is to, examine how preschool teachers form and stage a learning environment that facilitates the language development of preschool children. The focus of our study is to explore how preschool teachers stress the importance of the learning environment when it comes to furthering language development and to examine the literacy events staged by preschool teachers. Our study is based on qualitative interviews with four preschool teachers working in different areas of Stockholm. One of the preschools participate in a language project. The other preschools are without alignment. We have also carried out observations in preschool environments, in order to examine the possibilities for preschool children to develop their language skills. To analyse our results we have used a literacy perspective where literacyevent is a central concept. The result of our study demonstrates that preschool teachers create possibilities for preschool children to become familiar with language in many different ways. Specifically prominent is bookreading, narrative, signs and symbols. The preschool which took part in a language projekt differed from the other as this preschool worked more consciously with books and narrative to support childrens literacy competense. The environment of this preschool also stands out from the other preschools whereby the promotion of language can be observed in all parts of the environment. It was shown both in the placement of the books and in how the preschool teachers talked about the importance of the books. The result of our study shows that all preschool teachers are very conscious of how childrens language can be promoted. However, the results also brings to light that not all teachers are as conscious of this when it comes to how to promote writing in the youngest children in the preschool. The results of our interviews reveal that preschool teachers consciously work in many different ways to promote language development for preschoolers from a literacy perspective. They are, however, not aware of the term literacy in relation to written language.

  • 297.
    Björk, Harald
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Musik som uttrycksform och kommunikationsmedel i institutionen grundskola: En analys av lärare och elevers tal om musikundervisning för årskurs 4-62016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The purpose of the bachelor thesis Music as a form of expression and communication in the Department of Primary School - an analysis of teachers and students talk about music education for grades 4-6, is to examine how the aim “to provide students with opportunities to acquire music as a form of expression and means of communication” written in the curriculum for the compulsory school is expressed in the actual the actual music education for grades 4-6.

    The result of the survey is that the actual teaching focuses on preparing artisanal skills such as play technical qualities, music theory and history. The curriculum core content for different grades have a dominant influence in linguistically pronounced distinctions of what music education is, and should be which control the actual music teaching content. The core content for grades 4-6 does not include practical creativity and expression but focus on the defined preparatory artisanal skills.

    I have in my collection of empirical data used literature studies, qualitative semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions. I have structured my material on the basis of a methodology taken in theory of critical discourse and cultural psychology and analyzed this from a sociocultural perspective. Theoretical approaches have also been theory of power in the relationship, children and adults as well as theory in the roots of the philosophy of art.

     

  • 298.
    Björk, Maria
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Bilingual Intercultural Education in Peru: Opportunities and Challenges2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Offering basic education is the greatest investment the world can make in its future. Basic education improves live opportunity for people and also give them a chance to form a better life for them selves. Too many of Peru’s inhabitants live in extreme poverty and education could help the country improve this situation. In addition, in the rural areas of Peru a lot of people speak another language than Spanish as their mother tongue. The purpose of this thesis is to get a more profound knowledge about matters concerning Bilingual Intercultural Education in Peru.

    The research question has been what issues can be found, involving EBI education in Peru; opportunities and challenges? I have researched this through interviews with people working in the rural areas combined with a literature study. I visited schools in the area of Cusco and Anchonga. In Cusco the school did not have EBI education and in Anchonga the visited school did have. Some of the findings made are that it is important for the people involved such as parents, principals and teachers to be supportive of EBI education to make it work. It is also a challenge to find teachers who know the method and are bilingual. Many schools are in addition dependent of support from non-governmental organizations, which are an opportunity and a challenge. Important is also to make some teachers and parents believe that EBI education is not against the social development of the country.

  • 299.
    Björk, Oscar
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Där skollagen slutar tar förståelsen vid: En undersökning av referenter i skollagen och hur de förstås av tolkande lärare i gymnasiet2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay consists of a heuristic analysis of referents in the Swedish educational act, leaning on the methodological guidelines of discourse analysis. The overall aim of the essay has been to analyse in what way language in the educational act works as guidelines and law in relation to teachers’ work. To correspond to this aim an openly structured questionnaire has been used, providing an empirical view of how teachers understand certain words, or referents, in the educational act. This empirical data has then been shaped to a spectrum view of the definitions of the referents showing a number of deductable facts, including the significance of the apparent use of institutional and professional language, which then have been viewed from two theoretical perspectives. The theories are a structuralist one represented by Ferdinand de Saussure and Claude Lévi-Strauss, and a sociolinguistic one represented by Michel Foucault and Norman Fairclough. The theoretical analysis is based on three stages of the constitution of meaning in the communication between the educational act and the interpreting teachers. Four questions has guided the analyses and reads as follows: Which referents are used in the educational act to describe the purpose and forming of the education for the students?; How are said referents interpreted by active teachers?; Which are the gains of the understandings provided by the theoretical perspectives of the analysis of referents in relation to the empirical enquiry?; How are the referents to be understood functioning as imperative law regarding the teacher and its practice?

    The main conclusion of the essay is that depending on our theoretical understanding of language, the function of the Swedish educational act as imperative law with a clear relationship between vision and reality is questionable. Therefor it is important to acknowledge the need for guidelines in teachers’ interpretation of the law, better ensuring consensus in how central values of the school corresponds in practice. 

  • 300.
    Björk Thorsell, Pernilla
    Södertörn University, Lärarutbildningen.
    Surfplattan i förskolan: En studie av pedagogers attityder2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As background for this study stands the debate and discussion in the society around the tablet as a pedagogical tool in preschool. The purpose of this study is to obtain and analyze 69 preschool teachers’ opinions about the tablet’s introduction and use in preschool. The study also investigates the preschool teachers’ opinions about their mission for multimedia and technology in the preschool curriculum, Lpfö 98, reviderad 2010. The study is executed in the form of a survey. Questions at issue:

    • How experienced are preschool teachers with the tablet?
    • What is the preschool teachers’ opinion about the tablets usability and function in preschool?
    • How important is multimedia tools such as tablets in preschool in the preschool teachers’ view?
    • Which view do preschool teachers have on their own role and mission to offer and encourage children to explore and use contemporary technology?

    My analysis of the survey result shows that preschool teachers have basic level knowledge of the tablet and the technology. The preschool teachers’ experience in using tablets varies from no use to daily usage. The majority of the preschool teachers do not use tablets at home or at work. In spite of this, the preschool teachers are mainly positive about tablet usability in preschool. Most of the preschool teachers consider the tablet as having a wide range of usability or as being useful in pedagogical situations in preschool. Many of the preschool teachers believe it is important or rather important that technology such as the tablet is prioritized as a pedagogical tool in preschool.

    Most of the preschool teachers consider the aims and objectives in Lpfö 98, reviderad 2010 to be both satisfactory and challenging. From the survey it appears, for example, that preschool teachers think it is important for the preschool and the preschool teachers to develop in line with society. The preschool teachers also mention it is important to offer every child an opportunity to explore and use contemporary technology. Additionally, the preschool teachers mention that financial means as well as further education is needed to help increase their possibilities of fulfilling the aims and objectives in the curriculum.

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