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  • 251.
    Alam, Saiful
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Rozario, Antonia
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Franchising: - Franchisetagarens möjligheter till förändring av varuutbudet.2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Franchise is a form of cooperation between two merging parts: a franchisor and franchisee. In similarity to other businesses, it is important for a company based on franchising to adjust to the rapid market changes in order to achieve a competitive advantage of commodities. Due to the strict franchise agreement, the franchisees are restricted in adapting to the market changes. The purpose of this thesis is, therefore, to get an understanding of the franchisees perspective in their business, and also to see to what degree the commodities are affected by the control from the franchisor. We have chosen to limit the study to brand retail-stores in the fashion industry because of the rapid changes that distinguish it. Adjustment to changes in order to become more competitive is the point of weight in our thesis. We have also restricted us to Business Format Franchising. Casestudies was performed to fulfil the purpose of the thesis. The study consists of interviews with franchisees from three brand-retail stores in Stockholm. The selected brand retail-stores are part of the two corporations, namely, RNB and Bestseller. An interview with the vice president of the Swedish Franchise Association was also conducted. Based on our findings in the empirical material and analysis we have come to the conclusion that the franchise agreement is the central controlling force that allows the franchisor to control their franchisees business. There are indifferences between the two parts when it comes to the franchise agreement and when it comes to changes in the supply. It is obvious that it leads to a power struggle between those involved. The franchisee has undeniably small opportunities to effect merchandise supply, interior decorating and marketing. This is because the franchisor holds a firm hand around the basic concept which acts as an identity for the franchise line. Thus, there is a need from the franchisees to more free thinking outside the borders of the agreement, specially in the matter of adapting to customer requests. That is because they daily encounter consumer needs and has an overview of the trends on the market.

  • 252.
    Alami, Fina Saida
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Ledarskapets inverkan på elevernas användning av IKT-verktyg på fritidsverksamhet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with the influence of leadership on student use of Smart phones as an ICT tool at after school care. I use a qualitative, hermeneutical method that departs from two stories. I also use qualitative interviews with both structured and unstructured questions. My reflections and interpretations are, through the interviews, complemented by my colleagues’ views of the use of Smart phones and how that is affected by how the activities are managed. I have faced a dilemma in my stories where I have to choose between following the school’s rules or help the students that need help with the use of Smart phones.

    Reflecting on the stories leads me to view my own leadership and style of leadership in a critical light and to view myself in a wider context within a problematic organization with a hierarchical leadership. This leads to other dilemmas that occur in a school organization, where helpful factors to a change can be seen in different perspectives with the open dialogue as an advantage.

  • 253. Alanko, Anna
    et al.
    Marklund, Carl
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Who Needs Mental Health Services?: Mental Health Care Planning and the Image of the Service User in Finland2013In: All Well in the Welfare State?: Welfare, Well-being and the Politics of Happiness / [ed] Marklund, Carl, Helsinki: Nordic Centre of Excellence NordWel , 2013, p. 82-102Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 254.
    Alaraj, Hala
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Allelin, Majsa
    University of Gothenburg.
    Amundsen Bergström, Matilda
    University of Gothenburg.
    Brudin Borg, Camilla
    University of Gothenburg.
    Internship as a Mean for Integration. A Critical Study2019In: Journal of International Migration and Integration, ISSN 1488-3473, E-ISSN 1874-6365, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 323-340Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Creating internships for newly arrived refugees and immigrants is a well-established part of the Swedish national integration program and is seen as a strategy to speed up immigrants' establishment process. One common belief is that the workplace is expected to give the newly arrived trainee necessary language training, as well as contextual and cultural knowledge. Here, the transferring direction of knowledge is from the Swedish workplace to the receiving newly arrived trainee. However, it is rarely discussed whether the trainee will bring valuable knowledge to the organization, or what the relational aspects of the internship should look like. In this paper, we develop the analysis of internships as a mean for integration in Sweden, by analyzing what trainees and their supervisors experience in terms of knowledge transfer and development. By interviewing trainees (4) and supervisors (5), the aim of this paper is to discuss ideas and practices in an internship program for refugees that The University of Gothenburg started in 2015. The interviews focus on the structural and organizational level, though individual experiences also play a central role. Theoretically, the analysis is interdisciplinary and a cross-cut between organizational theory and cultural studies, especially the work of Sara Ahmed. Our results show that the trainee is seen both as a resource and as someone who represents multiculturalism, hospitality, and the altruism of the university and its employees. The trainee is expected not only to integrate in a productive way, but also to stand out in non-productive areas, such as the social context.

  • 255.
    Alarcón Alanes, Paul
    Södertörn University College, The School of Culture and Communication.
    I den monokroma gestaltens gryningsland: Representationen av icke-vita och vita i John Q2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens övergripande syfte är att utröna huruvida ett specifikt samtida populärkulturellt verk – den amerikanska filmen John Q (2002) – i representationen av sina karaktärer befäster en kolonialistisk diskurs eller om dessa gestaltas på ett sätt som skiljer sig från denna diskurs representationsmönster. Med kolonialistisk diskurs avser jag här en diskurs som fundamentalt gror ur de idémönster som var verksamma under den egentliga kolonialismen. Utifrån ett poststrukturalistiskt perspektiv med teoretiska analysinstrument från diskursteori och postkolonialism analyseras kvalitativt filmens karaktärer som indelas i fyra subjektspositioner; icke-vit man/kvinna och vit man/kvinna. Dessas identiteter undersöks i analysen utifrån fem huvudsakliga aspekter; 1/ funktion/roll i narrativet, 2/ personlighet och icke-fysiska egenskaper, 3/ agerande och förehavanden, 4/ utseende och slutligen 5/ eventuellt tydligt intertextuellt förhållande till den skådespelare som representerar honom/henne.

    Analysen visar att filmen John Q i upprättandet av en gynnad dikotomi mellan människa och system konstruerar karaktärernas identiteter på ett sätt som nästintill fullständigt följer den kolonialistiska diskursens representationsmönster. Icke-vita gestaltas på för diskursen typiskt stereotypa sätt och bland filmens vita karaktärer representeras de som intar en god narrativ roll i enlighet med den kolonialistiska diskursens vita ideal. Samtidigt tillskrivs de vita karaktärer som manifesterar en ond gestalt en systemidentitet som får funktion av förklaring till deras misslyckande att fullgöra vithet. Det fåtal försök till diskursiv förändring i vissa karaktärer undergrävs effektivt genom ett framhävande av andra aspekter i karaktären ifråga som gestaltas på för diskursen typiska sätt. Endast en karaktär skiljer sig härvidlag från de övriga och upptar en paradoxal och diskursivt icke-tillsluten position.

  • 256.
    Alasalmi, Emmy
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Mattsson, Lisa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hockeyspelare - kombinerar nytta med nöje: - En kvalitativ studie om proferssionella ishockeyspelares engagemang i CSR-arbete2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) within the industry of sports and more precisely in regards to professional ice hockey players. The purpose of this study is to achieve a deeper understanding of how professional ice hockey players organize themselves through philanthropic CSR and why these engage in this CSR-work and in turn how it affects their brand. To attain this purpose the study need to answer the following three questions: how do ice hockey players organize themselves using philanthropic CSR, what motivates them to do philanthropic CSR-work and lastly how is their brand affected by doing philanthropic CSR.To achieve this deeper knowledge eleven interviews were carried out to collect the empirical data for the study. The interviews were conducted with a deductive viewpoint which gradually turned into a inductive one. With this in mind the study has been carried out with previous studies being taken in consideration and after the conclusion of the interviews into the position of the individual hockey players. After analysing the results a strong connection between the empirical data and the theoretical framework could be confirmed and it became clear that the players did not use CSR for their own gain or benefits. The motives behind the players engagement with CSR-activities could be connected to their unique prerequisites, but also through the encourage they received from their surroundings. The motivation for CSR seemed to come from the will to transcend into the life after sports.

  • 257.
    Al-badrawi, Rasha
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Pavlovic, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Ganeva, Kremena
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Dagens hotellbransch: En studie som belyser hur hotell i Stockholm arbetar för att behålla sina gäster2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Because of the large supply of information is today's leisure travelers very enlightened and have firsthand knowledge of what can be demanded on a hotel stay. Along with business travelers, who are not price sensitive, they place higher demands on the standards and service they require. It has become increasingly important to attract the visitors in a unique way.

    The purpose of this study is to reveal those aspects which hotels focus on in their business in order to keep their guests, despite the strong competition and the new demands of the changing hotel industry. The study has examined more closely if the hotels have specific concepts in their approach, if their servicescapes (the environment where the service is assembled) are designed in a unique way to attract visitors and if the hotels have special relationships with their guests.

    The study is qualitative and in order to answer the purpose has observations of the selected hotels and interviews with managers and receptionists been made.

    One of the conclusions that we reached is that the most important aspect in the hotels business is their relationship to the guests. Each respective hotel strives to have a special and unique relationship with its guests conveyed by its staff. But even if the hotels have the same purpose, they use different ways to create a unique relationship to their guests. As for concept, we have concluded that none of the hotels work with thematisation, but that they instead use various concepts to make their guests' experiences more positive. The servicescapes are valued not quite high by the hotels, however, they are designed in different ways that convey certain emotions.

  • 258.
    Albazi, Hanin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Lenhart, Nicole
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Strategisk användande av sociala medier inom bankbranschen: En studie om informationschefers varumärkestänkande i förhållande till sociala medier2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 259.
    Albornoz, Sara
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Hellman, Therese
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Eugeniahemmet: Synen på barnen i Eugeniahemmet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to examine the view on children with disability´s in the end of the 19 Th to the beginning of the 20 Th. We will examine the children that lived in Eugeniahememt but we will also examnie the view the society had on the children who lived on Egueniahemmet. In our essay there are four questions that we are going to answer.

    - Who took the initive to start Eugeniahemmet and how did it affect the activity?

    - Which view had the society on the children who lived on Eugeniahemmet?

    - How did the work with the children look like?

    - Which view had the staff, in Eugeniahemmet, on the children?

    The method that is being used in this essay is trying to analyses what the material tells us about the view on the children and how the work with the children lookt liked in Eugeniahemmet.

    The theory that we use is about Michel Focaults look on madness. Focault says that a person who is mad dosen’t have a connection between body and soul and that creates hallucinations witch leeds to madness. We also use a gender theory by Yvonne Hirdman who explains that women and men have diffrent roles in the society. Womens role is to be responsible for their home and the mens role is to be responsible for the public business.

    The main conclusion is that the view on children with disability in the society made it hard for Eugeniahememt staff to work whit the home´s activity. The view of the children in the society was that they were more a burden on the society than good citizen. These children was learned fast, but if the children who did´t learned fast were called idiot´s. Another coclusion is that in the beginning of Eugeniahemmet activity they accepted everyone even the children who consider be impossible to be educate. But in the beginning of the 20 Th they started to exlude the children who were impossible to educate, because they were idiot´s.

    Title: "The home of Eugenia, The view on the children in Eugenia" qreaters Sara Albornoz and Therese Hellman. Keywords: disabled, protége, free intelligence, institution, idiot.

  • 260.
    Albort-Morant, Gema
    et al.
    University of Valencia, Spain.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    How useful are incubators for new entrepreneurs?2016In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 69, no 6, p. 2125-2129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines profiles of incubator tenants who provide the most positive evaluations of the use of advisory services and support from incubators. The study presents an application of qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) to a sample of 54 incubator tenants in Valencia, Spain. The study examines how entrepreneurs' age, gender, education and training, work experience, and family background affect the utility of advice and support from experts at the incubator. The results of the research inform that the incubator tenants who find the services of incubators most useful are young, have good studies, have professional experience, and have family experience.

  • 261. Albæk, Karsten
    et al.
    Asplund, Rita
    Barth, Erling
    ISF, Oslo universitet.
    Blomskog, Stig
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Economics.
    Gudmundsson, Björn Rúnar
    Karlsson, Vifill
    Strøjer Madsen, Erik
    The Wage-Unemployment Relationship in the Nordic Countries: Wage flexibility without wage curves2000In: Research in Labor Economics, ISSN 0147-9121, Vol. 19, p. 345-381Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 262. Albæk, Karsten
    et al.
    Blomskog, Stig
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Economics.
    Barth, Erling
    ISF, Oslo universitet.
    Asplund, Rita
    Gudmundsson, Björn Rúnar
    Karlsson, Vifill
    Strøjer Madsen, Erik
    The Wage Curve in the Nordic Countries1999Report (Refereed)
  • 263.
    Alce, Özgul
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Utan den andres bekräftelse är jag ingenting: En studie om kvinnan i kärleksrelationer och relationer2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this essay is to analyse young peoples view and thoughts about women. I have studied how young people “create women” in an opinion poll about love relations and relationships.

    The survey has been answered by high school student in a suburb in Stockholm. My main question is: What conceptions of the women are presented in love relationships and relationships in general?

    To analyse the data, I have used a qualitative method which means that I have tried to understand and interpret their answers. The study consists of two surveys, one about love relationships and the other about empathy. The outcome of the study is presented as different women characters such as the shy women, the affectionate and the rescuing women, the bimbo and the object. The study shows that women and men are indeed a part of the construction of women.

    The study shows a pattern of words and actions that the young people connect to the female. It also shows that it is more accepted and expected for girls to write about feelings and pain. Young people seem to define themselves in a connection to the opposite by comparing

    themselves to the opposite sex. For example a woman who shows her feelings serves a purpose, the action is done in a way to be confirmed of the people around her, that she is a woman. Both boys and girls are a part of constructing women. They perform a pattern of

    actions that clearly shows the existents of norms; the effect of repeated actions is gender. It means that young people ‘look for’ actions that confirms there gender.

    The keywords in this study are young people, women, gender, love relationships/relationships.

    Finally I would like to thank my tutor Ana Graviz and the research group who has given support and help during the study and at the time of writing. And a big thanks to those who made this study possible, the class that participated in the study and their teacher.

  • 264.
    Alci, Gül
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Saliba, Gabriella
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Anställningsform och stress: Hur upplever polisaspiranter sin anställningsform i relation till stress?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses and aims to give the reader a greater understanding of how police cadets experiencing stress in relation to their employment status and a gender perspective on male and female cadets experience different demands and expectations. As scientists, we will also study how aspirants handle stress and how they experience the benefit of the work. This is because the one who is rejected by the aspirant will lose all possibilities of becoming a police officer. The essay will primarily highlight the impact of employment status have on stress according to police cadets and how gender can affect the stress.

    During the research process, the researcher will have worked through qualitative semi-structured interviews with six respondents who work as police cadets. We have analyzed our material by Karasek and Theorell of requirements, control and support model that is about the extent of demand and control individuals have the work-related aspects. We also give examples of how the requirements and control support model works for police cadets in the field with the help of research addressing the topic. The other theoretical starting point is an occupational stress research of Kelloway, Hurrel & Days (2008). Data collection shows, and supported by our theory that the form of employment is creating concerns over future work, and that perceived stress is equal for both men and women.

  • 265.
    Al-Dabbagh, Farah
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    ”Det är egentligen ännu bättre om de har sitt första språk ordentligt.”: Undersökning med elev- och lärarperspektiv om sambandet mellan flerspråkiga barns modersmål och deras inlärning av andra språk2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate, illuminate and discuss teacher’s and multilingual student’s view on the connection between their mother tongue and their learning of other languages. This qualitative study is based on interviews with eight students in the 8th grade and two language-teachers from the same school, as well as ethnographic observations during English and Swedish lessons. With the help of some relevant theories, the empirical study is compared, analyzed and interpreted. The results show that the theories and informant’s view on the connection between the mother tongue and other languages are similar, which is that the mother tongue must be fully established before a new language can be taken in.

  • 266.
    Aldenhed, Linnea
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Nester, Li
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Är sportjournalistiken offside?: En studie om framställningen av manliga och kvinnliga fotbollsspelare inom den svenska sportjournalistiken2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här kandidatuppsatsen granskar fördelningen av utrymmet på sportsidorna utifrån könstillhörighet. Vi undersöker hur mycket utrymme som tilldelas herrarnas respektive damernas slutspelsperioder under Europamästerskapen i fotboll år 2012, 2013, 2016 samt 2017 i Dagens Nyheter, Aftonbladet och Expressen. Vidare undersöker vi om det förekommer skillnader i rapporteringen om manliga respektive kvinnliga fotbollsspelare i Dagens Nyheter och Expressen år 2016 och 2017. Slutligen diskuterar vi frågan gällande på vilket sätt Dagens Nyheters och Expressens rapportering under slutspelen i fotbolls-EM år 2016 och 2017 bidrar till att upprätthålla de etablerade könsrollsuppfattningarna.

    Uppsatsen utgår från ett genusperspektiv och redogör för en del av den tidigare forskning som finns inom området genus. För att besvara frågeställningarna används kvantitativ innehållsanalys samt kvalitativ diskursanalys. Resultatet av vår kvantitativa analys är att herrarnas mästerskap värderades högre ur ett nyhetsvärderingsperspektiv och tilldelades mer utrymme än damernas mästerskap. Den kvalitativa diskursanalysen visar att det under herrarnas mästerskapsår rapporteras om enbart män, medan det under damernas år rapporteras om båda könen. Den kvalitativa analysen visar därmed att männen tilldelas mer plats i medierna än kvinnorna. Detta överensstämmer med resultatet av vår kvantitativa analys, samt den tidigare forskning som lyfts fram i vår studie. Slutsatsen är att herrarna är överrepresenterade på sportsidorna samt att medierna upprätthåller de etablerade könsrollsuppfattningarna. 

  • 267.
    Aldrin, Emelie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Beganaj, Sabina
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Konflikt och konflikthantering: En kvalitativt intervjustudie om hur konflikter skapas och hanteras i fritidshemmet2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 268.
    Aleksandrova Arnaudova, Evelina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    The Gender Wage Gap in Spain: An analysis of the impact of the financial crisis on the gender wage gap distribution2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Equality is part of the European policy and legislation. However there are still evident signs of women being treated unequally in the labour market. The aim of the thesis is to answer the question if women are more vulnerable to economic shocks in terms of wage distribution. The focus will be on women in Spain in the context of the financial crisis of 2008. The thesis examines the evolution of the salary structure in the period 2002-2014 using the microdata of the Structural Earning Survey. The taste-based and the statistical discrimination theory are going to be described in order to explain the causes of gender wage discrimination. The methods applied in this paper are the Mincer method, which explains the human capital theory and the Oaxaca-Blinder decompositions, which separates the gender wage gap into explained and unexplained parts. The results from the study suggest that there is a decrease in the gender wage gap in Spain following the situation before and after the crisis.

  • 269.
    Aleksandrova Arnaudova, Evelina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    The Gender Wage Gap in Spain: An analysis of the impact of the financial crisis on the gender wage gap distribution2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Equality is part of the European policy and legislation. However there are still evident signs of women being treated unequally in the labour market. The aim of the thesis is to answer the question if women are more vulnerable to economic shocks in terms of wage distribution. The focus will be on women in Spain in the context of the financial crisis of 2008. The thesis examines the evolution of the salary structure in the period 2002-2014 using the microdata of the Structural Earning Survey. The taste-based and the statistical discrimination theory are going to be described in order to explain the causes of gender wage discrimination. The methods applied in this paper are the Mincer method, which explains the human capital theory and the Oaxaca-Blinder decompositions, which separates the gender wage gap into explained and unexplained parts. The results from the study suggest that there is a decrease in the gender wage gap in Spain following the situation before and after the crisis.

  • 270.
    Alemayehu, Hanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Hultgren, Viktoria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Facebook: En intervjustudie om utformandet av Narcissismens kultur på nätverk2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The goal with this paper is to examine and analyze the way that the youth look at their use of Facebook. A survey was conducted on 10 high school students in Stockholm to review if Facebook reveal narcissistic behavior. To explain this, we gathered information about narcissistic culture, weak band strength, symbolic interactionism and the dramaturgical perspective. To our conclusion, the narcissism dominates on the social network level, as result of their attitudes and view of other members.   

  • 271.
    Alengård, Frej
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Passa pucken eller inte?: En kvalitativ studie om maktrelationen mellan hockeyjournalister och citizen journalists2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur makt konstrueras inom hockeyinformationsflödet på Twitter. Genom att ta utgångspunkt i hockeyjournalisters utsagor är målet med uppsatsen att belysa rådande maktstrukturer mellan journalister och citizen journalists på Twitter. Jag vill även undersöka hur nya informationsteknologier har förändrat journalisternas yrkesroll och yrkespraktik, med ett stort fokus på den förändrade interaktionen med de olika typerna av användare (journalister, citizen journalists och ”vanliga” medieanvändare). För att ta reda på detta har uppsatsen analyserat relationen mellan citizen journalists och journalister ur ett maktperspektiv. För att undersöka hur makt konstrueras inom Twitter har jag utgått ifrån Manuel Castells diskussion kring makt och värdeskapande i nätverkssamhället. Jag har även valt att använda journalistikens ideologi och praktik i förändring samt citizen journalists och dess förhållande med journalister som teoretiska utgångspunkter för att undersöka hur nya informationsteknologier och den förändrade interaktionen med användarna har påverkat journalisternas yrkesroll och yrkespraktik. Genom kvalitativa forskningsintervjuer med fem hockeyjournalister på rikstäckande mediebolag visar de resultat jag fått fram att det har skett en maktförskjutning mellan citizen journalists och hockeyjournalisterna. Relationen verkar utåt sätt präglas av en demokratisk dialog och större informationsutväxling de två emellan, men hockeyjournalisterna verkar fortfarande befästa makt kring nyhetsprocessen genom att referera till den journalistiska ideologin. Detta gör att det fortfarande finns en tydlig hierarkisk ställning inom hockeyinformationsflödet. Resultatet visade även att hockeyjournalisternas yrkespraktik präglas av en mycket högre hastighet än tidigare vilket har förändrat journalisternas sociala praktik, där det stora informationsflödet har omvandlat deras tillvägagångssätt att hämta och distribuera nyheter och information. Till skillnad från vad andra studier visat så pekar min studie på att hockeyjournalisternas yrkesroll blivit mer individualiserad, med högre krav på tekniskt kunnande och kunskaper inom flera olika medieområden till följd av en mer krävande och kunnig publik. 

  • 272.
    Alenius, Esther
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Brorson, Katarina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Holmgren, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    “Prova på semestern innan du köper den”: En kvalitativ studie om konsumenters attityd till marknadsföring av turism med VR-teknik2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the attitude of potential customers towards marketing of tourism through virtual reality. Since it is considered a risk to purchase a service it was interesting to see if the implementation of VR could lower the uncertainty. The study was conducted through a qualitative methodology consisting of 15 user tests. The result shows that the market has a positive attitude towards the marketing method since it was considered an exciting way to get information and gave a more honest image of the destination. It was more appreciated to experience a hotel in VR than a destination. However, VR-marketing was not considered necessary but rather a pleasant complement. The result of the study led to a few recommendations to any touristic company aiming to produce a VR-video for marketing purposes.

  • 273.
    Alenius, Maja
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Jönsson, Josefine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    En studie om användandet av årsredovisningen vid bostadsrättsköp2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Find out how and in what way buyers of housing co-operatives use the association ́s annual report in their purchase decision and investigate whether they understand it or not.

    Method: The study is conducted using a qualitative method in the form of interviews. The Authors stood outside viewings and interviewed presumptive buyers of housing co-operatives in Stockholm.

    Empiricism: The study was conducted on 22 respondents, all interviewed outside a total of six different viewings around Stockholm. It turned out that the majority of respondents did not fully understood annual reports and most of them asked for help. The majority of those who felt they understood the annual report also asked someone in their surroundings to help them determine the stability of the housing association's economy. The result showed that homeowners usually use the annual report to see "warning signs" that indicate that a association will raise its fees. To evaluate the association ́s economy, most of the respondents used indebtness.

    Analysis: The study points out that since many homeowners did not fully understood the annual report, it could be difficult for them to make decisions based on it. This has been linked to previous research that highlighted similar problems. There are similarities between the improvement and change proposals developed by FAR together with other organizations and the results the study has shown.

    Conclusion: Presumptive buyers of housing-cooperatives generally do not understand annual reports so well that they can make a financial decision based on it. At the same time, the study has shown that even those homeowners who felt they understood asked for further help and advice from their surroundings. The study's conclusions are that there is a great deal of room for changing the accounting for housing co-opratives associations to make them more

    transparent and understandable to it ́s users. Furthermore, it was concluded that regardless of the individual's understanding of an annual report, he largely takes advantage of his surroundings as it is a major and comprehensive decision. 

  • 274.
    Alerius, Markus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Järlefelt, Daniel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    En slumpmässig vandring eller genomsnittlig återgång: Råder förutsägbarhet på Stockholmsbörsen?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has been conducted in order to determine the existence of predictability for the Stockholm stock exchange. With this purpose the random walk theory has been raised against the theory of mean reversion in order to determine which theory is the most substantial. Data has been collected from Nasdaq OMX Nordic and furtherly been processed using the statistical software EViews. Swedish listed companies’ daily share values between 2000-2014 have been analyzed using two tests; an Augmented Dickey Fuller test and a Variance Ratio test. The results show generally that the null hypothesis - and thus the random walk - is rejected in the short term. This means that both on an aggregated level and on an individual level, the Stockholm stock exchange is predictable in the short term - in the form of mean reversion - and that it is most evident in small cap firms.

  • 275.
    Alersjö, Anneli
    Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences.
    Myndigheter för hållbar utveckling: En studie av myndigheters miljölednignssystem 20052006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Agencies towards Sustainable Development – A Study of Environmental Management Systems in Governmental Agencies 2005

    A vision of the Swedish government is to build an ecologically sustainable society. A tool in this effort is to implement environmental management systems (EMS). The aim of the thesis is to present in which phase of the implementation of EMS Swedish governmental agencies are. This will be done by compilation and evaluation of agencies’ yearly environmental reports.

    The thesis is written in co-operation with the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (Swedish EPA). Swedish EPA has the responsibility to coordinate and drive forward the development of environmental management systems. The thesis is therefore a scientific tool to evaluate how the government’s decision, that governmental agencies have to implement an EMS, is fulfilled.

    Keywords: Sustainable development, environmental management systems, governmental agencies, environmental report.

  • 276. Alestalo, Matti
    et al.
    Hort, Sven E. O.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Kuhlne, Stein
    The Nordic Model: Conditions, Origins, Outcomes, Lessons2009Report (Other academic)
  • 277.
    Alexander, Kasjanov
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Rebecka, Schyl
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Effekter av förvärv: Hur påverkas förvärvarens ekonomiska ställning vid förvärv?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att se möjliga effekter av ett förvärv på företagets ekonomiska ställning. Denna studie är en kvantitativ studie med deduktiv ansats, vi har använt oss av sekundär data och med en metod som heter nya RIV metoden. Med hjälp av RIV metoden har vi med flera olika formler och beräkningar nått vårt resultat som säger att företag fått negativ ekonomisk ställning vid förvärv.

  • 278.
    Alexandersson, Tomas
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    En studie i historiebruk: Analys av reseguider från Estniska SSR2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of history is the concept of people using and analyzing history in the society for various purposes. Study in this area has largely emerged because there are many different reasons for people and societies to be interested in history. To investigate the use of history, a historical material needs to be present in some form. With this study, I intend to show how older tourist guidebooks can provide such materials of study and therefore I use travel guidebooks about Tallinn released under the USSR (Estonian SSR) between the years 1960 to 1990. The analysis is based on Klas-Göran Karlsson's (Professor of History) typology of seven different uses of history: scientific, existential, moral, ideological, political, educational, non-use of history and a commercial use of history. This paper has highlighted several different historical dimensions in travel guides and reasons why they can be analyzed. Results of this study show that the travel guides can act as a medium for existential orientation and that they can function as a communicational, educational and an interest raising tools. They can also develop a critical approach towards historical events and help to "sell" history through various commercial products. Thus, tourist guidebooks can be used and analyzed more systematically by professionals, interested individuals or a group who feel the need, desire or interest in the way history can be used in their practices. 

  • 279.
    Alexis, Liza
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Public Law.
    Penningtvätt: Myndigheternas rätt och skyldighet att förhindra penningtvätt men samtidigt beakta rättssubjektets rättssäkerhetsgarantier2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the terrorist attack occurred in the United States September 11th 2001 the money laundering has been a very attentively problem. It was after the incident that the action in money laundering got more significance, both internationally just as well as nationally. The concept got a wider extent where partly funding of terrorism practiced. Money laundering can be interpreted as a definition problem because the concept is very broad, as well can money laundering implemented through many different methods and therefore needs extending arrangements. The combating today is very large, both through EU-money laundering directive, international organizations and the Swedish legislation. The global cooperation is a substantial tool to prevent the freedom of capital and services. If we can stop the funding of criminal operation, then we are a step closer to stop money laundering which is organized criminality. 

    The development in money laundering are going forward, new regulations analyses by EU and international organizations, and applies in the member countries. But sometimes to be to question oneself how far the international regulation goes in terms of the individual rights and how it stands the legal security itself to potentiation of money laundering. In Sweden it is the law enforcement authorities and regulatory authority that conducts the basis and the supervision in the acts. The operator has the most important task to practice the regulations, but how the results of the work is, is however another question. 

    This essay will be to work money laundering partly outside the European Union’s money laundering directive and other international organizations regulation, also from the Swedish legal systems regulations and compliance. Further in this paper will be affect the legal security question where the individual, both legal and physical person, rights and protection are the focus of public power and action. 

  • 280.
    Alexis, Liza
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Embaie, Lydia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Faktorer som påverkar bostadsrättspriserna i storstadsregionerna: En regional studie för sambandet mellan utvalda faktorer och prisutvecklingen på bostadsrätter i Stor-Stockholm, Stor-Göteborg och Stor-Malmö under tidsperioden 2008-20162018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is one of the countries that has had a very strong increase in the housing prices during the recent years according to SCB’s calculations. The development has not only been seen in Stockholm but it has also affected the smaller cities as well. The factors behind the massive price increases may be many, but the purpose of the essay has been to estimate the relationship between the factors: population density, income, new constructed condominiums in relation to the population, interest rate and unemployment have on condominiums rates. The main focus will lay on the following big cities, Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö from the years of 2008-2016.

    The housing prices will be analyzed from an economic perspective. Further, the study has been formed by the statistical material that has been accessible and then been tested using panel data that includes fixed effect. The study encompasses 45 municipalities with a time period of 9 years (2008-2016) which comprises to 405 observations, where the data is strongly balanced, meaning that the database is complete.

    The result of the essay shows a positive correlation between population density and housing prices, an increase of one inhabitant per increases housing prices by 15.8 kr per square meter, if all the other variables are hold constant (model 7). The regression results indicate that population density is the factor that has the main impact on housing prices in comparison to all other factors. The results also shows a positive correlation between income and housing prices, as well as a negative correlation between the factors unemployment and the interest rate on housing prices in all models. On the other hand, new production shows an unexpected result.

    Furthermore, the essay considered to contribute to a better understanding of the relationship between the selected factors and its impact on the housing prices in Sweden's three largest cities, Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö during the period 2008-2016.

  • 281.
    Alexius, Susanna
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    Castillo, Daniel
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    Rosenström, Martin
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    Contestation in transition: value configurations and market reform in the markets for gambling, coal and alcohol2014In: Configuring Value Conflicts in Markets / [ed] Susanna Alexius, Kristina Tamm Hallström, Padstow: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, p. 178-204Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 282.
    Alexius, Susanna
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    Castillo, Daniel
    Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    Rosenström, Martin
    Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    Contestation in transition: Value-conflicts and the organization of markets. The cases of alcohol, gambling and coal2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper an historical comparative approach is applied to analyze how value conflict discourse and organization have evolved from the 1800s onward in three contested commodity markets – the alcohol, gambling and coal market. Situated mainly in the Swedish context, the three case studies demonstrate that the values at stake as well as the organizational arrangements brought forth in response to underlying value conflicts have changed significantly over time in all three markets. The commodities have stayed contested but for more or different reasons. Analyzing a dozen transformative moments in total we conclude that it matters to the organization of a market if there is an underlying value conflict and how this value conflict is configured. The comparative analysis sheds light on four processes in which value-conflict underpinnings of contested commodity markets may be shaped and altered: value addition, value expansion, value accumulation and value relocation.

  • 283.
    Alfaro, Walter
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Att sudda bort skillnaden mellan arbete och nöje: Om ämnesinteggrerad undervisning i praktiken i grundskolan2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Regarding school-teaching most people have had the traditional idea that the teacher is the owner of all knowledge and the student is the receiver of that knowledge. Tradition tells us that the way the student receives the knowledge has been by listening, repeating, reading and memorizing what the teacher has taught. Research about teaching from the last decades show that there are other strategies, ways, and qualitys for helping students in learning. One of those ways is by integration of different school subjects.

    According to research every human being creates her own knowledge based on personal experiences. Johan Krantz and Pelle Persson (2001) wrote that learning is a process with experiences, ideas and opinions. Krantz & Persson said that these experiences, ideas and opinions are necessary for getting new knowledge. The purpose of teaching by integration of different school subjects is to help students to make the learning more effective and easier. At the same time, teachers can get the help they need for making teaching more effective. I have met five teachers who work at three different schools in Stockholm. I have asked them about the possibility to apply integrated teaching of different school subjects and they spoke out what they thought about it. In answering my question one of them said that for her teaching with integration of different school subjects was "like erasing the difference between work and enjoyment". Even though most of the teachers I met thought that an integration of different school subjects in teaching is a good strategy, all of them still were teaching in a traditional way. These teachers thought that it can be hard to change old traditions that have existed through years in the school world.

  • 284.
    Algemo Bergfeldt, Hanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Sundling Ahlin, Josefin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Livsplanering i en kortsiktig värld: En kvalitativ studie om tidsbegränsat anställdas möjligheter att planera.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns the subject of temporary employments and how the employment status affects the personal life of the employee. The aspects of the personal life which are being investigated is the employees possibilities to plan their long term future as well as their short term future. Furthermore, the employees social relations and spare time are being investigated. The paper is qualitative and is based on semi-structured interviews with four people between the age of 25 and 35 who are experienced with temporary employment. The results of the interviews are analyzed in light of Richard Sennetts theory about ”The corrosion of character”, which shows upon a contradiction between the character-building and today's job market. The conclusions are that the employees possibilities concerning long term planning, as well as short term planning, is aggravated by their temporary employment status. Their spare time seems to become less extensive and the time devoted to the social relationships decreases. However, we can not draw any conclusions on the social relations patterns affected at a deeper level. 

  • 285.
    Alhalabi, Alia
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Förskollärares användning av IKT för att synliggöra och utveckla barns skapande2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is togain more knowledge and a deeper understanding about the use of digital technology in the educational work in preschool settings. The particular objective of the study is to gain insight in preschool teachers’ view upon their work with ICT and to which extend their use of ICT tools advocates the child’s creative abilities.

    The study starts froma qualitative approach. Qualitative interviews and non-participant observations were conducted at twodifferent preschools. Interviews and observationscompleted and supported each other forgave a reliable performance. The results indicate participatingpreschool teachers’ digital skills and use of media and ICT and ICT’s effect on children’s creation. It appeared in both theoretical and empirical research material that the media educational approach is playful, with a focus on opportunities and that it organizes the children's learning.

  • 286.
    Ali, Fatma
    Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences.
    Eritreaner och etiopier i Kairo2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 287.
    Ali Hussein Sabet, Zahra
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.
    Irakiska kvinnors upplevelser och hanteringsstrategier under Irak-krigen 1980 - 19912019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien fokuserar på åtta irakiska kvinnors upplevelser av Iran-Irak- och Gulfkriget under åren 1980–1991. Syftet är att belysa hur dessa kvinnor upplevde och hanterade krigets sociala förtryck, militäriska samhälle, ekonomiska kris och politiska våld under dessa år. Studiens inledning ger bakgrund om krigen i Irak. Därefter presenteras intervjuer med och skrifter av åtta kvinnor som genomlevde krigen. Deras berättelser analyseras med hjälp av traumateorier, socialt stöd, kultursociologisk teori samt Salutogenas perspektiv (KASAM) och Coping (hanteringsstrategier). Resultaten belyser de hanteringsstrategier och de svårigheter som irakiska kvinnor utvecklade samt gick genom under krigen, 1980–1991. Dessa svårigheter gick ut på ekonomiska problem, våldtäkt, kulturella mönstren samt det sociala förtrycket.

  • 288.
    Ali, Sagal
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Alkebring, Jessica
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    På tal om heder...: En diskursanalys av dagspressens sätt att framställa hedersmord 2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study in which we use discourse analysis as a method to investigate how the media portrays honor killings and how this has changed over time. The most high-profile honor killings in Sweden is the murder of Maisam Abed Ali (Sara), Pela Atroshi, Fadime Sahindal and Maria Barin Aydin who is the subject of our review. By examining the newspaper articles that were written associated with the murder of Sara, Pela and Fadime, 1996-2002, and compare these with the articles written after the murder of Maria, 2012-2013, we want to identify discursive differences. Our theoretical framework consists of the radical feminist-, cultural- and intersectional perspective that we use to analyze our results. There was a gradual shift of the discourse in the first period, with the majority of the articles initially held a debate about whether honor killing is cultural or part of the universal patriarchal violence. After the murder of Fadime the discourse shifted to a more nuanced debate where society's responsibilities are highlighted. The discourse after the murder of Maria focuses mainly on society's responsibility and how honor killings are to be prevented. Honor killings exist and therefore it must be distinguished from other murders for its victims to get the right resources.

  • 289.
    Ali, Sebri
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Ahmed Omran, Fatima
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Bemötandet av elever med ADHD2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many pupils today have difficulties in the form of ADHD. This is something that interests us and thus wanted to study how these pupils are treated and whether there is a description depending on the gender. The previous research that we have taken note of highlights important parts of our work that are relevant. Gender and relational perspective are our central starting points and permeates the entire study. We have used observations as the main method and supplemented with interview method. The result shows that pupils with ADHD are treated differently school and the leisure center depending on their gender.

  • 290.
    Ali, Yousaf
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    The Impact of ICT in the Eyes of Hotel Managers (Cyprus)2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of ICT (Information Communication Technology) hotel and hospitality industries has been widely recognised as one of the major changes in the last decade: new ways of communicating with guests. Little attention has been paid to the role played by the various General Managers. This research paper seeks to find out impact of ICT on the business aspects of hotel administration in the eyes of the General Managers, its impact on service delivery and the future impact of ICT.

  • 291. Ali-Abri, Almukhtar
    et al.
    Batavia, Bala
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Regional and Global Financial Integration of the Gulf Co-Operation Community Countries2008In: Journal of International Finance and Economics, ISSN 1555-6336, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 23-29Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 292. Ali-Abri, Almukhtar
    et al.
    Batavia, Bala
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Regional and Global Financial Integration of the Gulf Co-operation Community Countries2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the extent of financial integration achieved in the GulfCooperation Community of nations, comprising of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman,Qatar and Saudi Arabia and UAE. The analysis is not limited to a mere look atopenness to capital flows. Five measures of financial integration are discussed andresorted to for making a comparison of the levels of financial integration achievedby the various members of the GCC region. It is seen that the rankings madeusing different tests of financial integration do not match always. Also, theprogress made towards regional financial integration is sometimes seen to be notcompatible with the level achieved in terms of global financial integration. By andlarge, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia emerge as the most financially integratedcountries in the region, with the banking hub bahrain clearly the most financiallyintegrated to global markets.

  • 293.
    Aliaga, Valeria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Idle, Hodan
    "För att man saknar nästan föräldrarna...eller mycket!": En studie om hur barn berättar om sin vistelse på ob-förskolan2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Thestudy's purpose is to with the help of interviews and conversations with children and teachers, examine the educational activities of the preschool on unsocial hours from a child's perspective, focusing on children's participation.

    Question at issue: How do children talk about their stay in the Ob-kindergarten? How does the teachers' responses relate to what the children tell?

    Method: Qualitative methods, interview, grounded theory Main theoretical connection: postmodernism, attachment theory.

    Conclusion:We have concluded that very little is known about the swedish preschool on unsocial hours(from now on uh-preschool). Based on the responses we received during our interviews, we see that children's attitudes and their willingness to be on uh-preschoolisvery much depending on the relationship between them and the teachers. We see that children who feel that they are being listened to and respected, is over all more favorable to reside inthe uh-preschool.

  • 294.
    Alin, Annika
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Strand, Rebecka
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    "No cheering in the press box": En kvalitativ intervjustudie av hur sportjournalister hanterar lagsympatier i sin yrkesroll2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här studien undersöker vi hur sportjournalister hanterar lagsympatier i sin yrkesroll och hur den oskrivna regeln ”no cheering in the press box” följs i praktiken. Vi har genomfört 17 kvalitativa samtalsintervjuer med sportjournalister som bevakar fotboll och ishockey från rikstäckande medier i Stockholm. 14 av respondenterna säger sig hålla på lag. Dessa lag sträcker sig från division 4 i Sverige till topplag i olika delar av världen. En av respondenterna med lagsympatier håller på ett lag i en annan sport än fotboll och ishockey.

    Fokus i uppsatsen ligger på respondenterna som har lagsympatier, medan de respondenter som inte håller på lag blir komplement till de allmänna frågorna om lagsympatier i stort. En observationsstudie på pressläktaren genomfördes under fyra matchtillfällen för att undersöka om den oskrivna regeln följs. Studien visar att majoriteten av respondenterna är eniga att man inte hejar på pressläktaren. De är överens om att sportjournalister generellt hanterar sina lagsympatier bra, men nämner samtidigt tillfällen då lagsympatier har lyst igenom och även situationer då den oskrivna regeln har brutits.

    Journalistförbundets Yrkes- och Publicitetsregler värderas högt och därför faller sig rollen som privatperson och journalist naturligt. Flera av respondenterna som håller på lag anser att deras lagsympatier har förändrats med åren, något som till viss del har att göra med yrket, men också mognad och andra prioriteringar i livet. Studien visar också att majoriteten av respondenterna upplever ett intresse från publikens sida kring deras lagsympatier.

  • 295.
    Alinaghian, Panteha
    Södertörn University College, The School of Culture and Communication.
    "Media kan allmänt skapa identitetsproblem eftersom de gör att man vill tllhöra en viss grupp": En studie om hur invandrare och utländska personer betraktar sig själva utifrån det som medierna konstruerar2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Många utländska personer som flyttar till Sverige, eller som är födda i Sverige och har föräldrar som har invandrat, kan komma att uppleva någon form av identitetsproblem, det vill säga att man inte riktigt vet var man kommer ifrån eller är osäker på var man tillhör. Mitt intresse för det här ämnet har ökat alltmer efter att ha läst en del om mediernas konstruktion, om hur medierna skildrar bilden av invandrare, gränsdragningen mellan ”vi och dem”, men samtidigt som jag själv personligen upplevt det som kallas för identitetsproblem. Jag vill i denna studie knyta samman dessa två ämnen och ta reda på hur personer med utländsk bakgrund upplever och betraktar sig själva utifrån det som medierna konstruerar, och inte om hur medierna konstruerar och skildrar invandrare. Jag kan tänka mig att det här ämnet är intressant för många utländska personer som upplever, eller har upplevt, någon form av identitetsproblem. Men jag tror att även svenskar kan finna detta intressant då man lättare kan förstå det som många utländska personer upplever när de kommer till ett nytt land, vilket i sin tur kan leda till att en förförståelse och samhörighet kan komma att skapas de emellan. Som en utav mina intervjupersoner sa till mig under intervjun:

    ”…det finns ju många svenskar som är lite så här, de åker på semester och säger att nu vet jag hur det känns att vara invandrare. Det är en helt annan sak att leva hela sitt liv med den känslan, än att känna sig lite utstött när man är på semester…”

    Frågeställningarna är:

    » Är identitet något centralt och medvetet i utländska personers vardag/medietillägnelse?

    » På vilket sätt bidrar medierna till att utforma utländska personers identitet?

    » Skiljer sig tankarna om mediers inflytande på identitetsskapandet mellan utlandsfödda och personer som är födda i Sverige?

    Det jag kom fram till i min studie är att alla intervjupersonerna ansåg det vara viktigt att kunna bekräfta sin identitet, att veta var man står, men det hade ingen central roll i deras liv. Däremot hade medierna mer eller mindre en betydande roll, kanske lite mer för vissa än hos andra. En del av de intervjuade hävdade att medierna kan påverka människor, men de var osäkra på om de själva blev påverkade. Det fanns dock de som kände att medierna påverkade deras identitet genom de negativa skildringar som ges av invandrare och utländska personer. Tankarna om mediers inflytande på identitetsskapandet mellan utlandsfödda och personer som är födda i Sverige skiljer sig, tankarna är åtskilliga, och det från individ till individ.

  • 296.
    Alinia, Minoo
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Etnisk särbehandling i regeringens genuspolitik - utmaninar för socialt arbete i storstadens mångfald2019In: Socialt arbete i storstaden: Villkor och praktik / [ed] Alinia Minoo & Songur Welat, Stockholm: Liber, 2019, 1, p. 45-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 297.
    Alinia, Minoo
    Uppsala universitet.
    Gendered experiences of homeland, identity and belonging among the Kurdish diaspora2014In: Negotiating Identities in Scandinavia: Women, Migration, and the Diaspora / [ed] Akman, Haci, New York: Berghahn Books, 2014, p. 109-124Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 298.
    Alinia, Minoo
    Uppsala universitet.
    Honor and violence against women in Iraqi Kurdistan2013 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • 299.
    Alinia, Minoo
    Uppsala universitet.
    Merike Hansson (red.), Perspektiv på manlighet och heder, Gothia, 2010.2013In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 94-97Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 300.
    Alinia, Minoo
    Uppsala University.
    On Black feminist thought: Thinking oppression and resistance through intersectional paradigm2015In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 38, no 13, p. 2334-2340Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Located in African American women's everyday and historical experiences of oppression and resistance, black feminist epistemology and critical social theory, Patricia Hill Collins raises the intellectual level in all these arenas. Developed through a dynamic interaction with black women's everyday struggles, black feminist thought is important not only for its contribution to critical social theories and methodologies, but also for providing important knowledge for the use of social justice movements. It uses intersectional analysis to shed light on the relationships between the structural, symbolic and everyday aspects of domination and individual and collective struggles in various domains of social life. Collins offers an interpretive framework for understanding the experiences of African American women. However, the significance of black feminist thought reaches far beyond US and black American communities. This article is a reading of Collins’s concept of intersectionality, the relationship between oppression and resistance, and the politics of empowerment.

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