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  • 251.
    Ahrens, Åsa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Art history.
    Fittja Open 2011: Platsspecifik konst och (re)presentation2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay explores how artwork in the public space can be analysed, conceptualized and described by bringing attention to site. Through an analysis of artworks in the yearly art exhibition of Fittja Open 2011, the essay draws attention to site-specific art and structures of power. The principal aim is to present not only the exhibition of Fittja Open 2011 but also other artwork in the public sphere in Fittja, a suburb to Stockholm. From this point of departure other interests evolve that concerns the "image" of Fittja. The analysis, based on research in art history, architecture, ethnology and philosophy as well as qualitative interviews, also focuses on understanding the role of site and the relations between art practice, institutions and site.

    The result shows that there are problems with a ruptured interface between the artwork and site. The claim made throughout the thesis is that artwork in the public sphere of Fittja need to be sensitive to the conflicted issue of public space in order not to reproduce stereotypes. Despite the knowledge and insight about its local art situation, the study also points out certain insensibility on behalf of Botkyrka konsthall as regards social status and class.

  • 252.
    Ahrens, Åsa
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication.
    Knitting House: Konst, arkitektur och stickning som politisk katalysator2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the project Knitting House using art and architectural theories to question the forms of the project as well as the town planning in the area of Husby, a suburb to Stockholm. In order to stress the architectural issues in the area of Husby, the thesis examines the aim and intention of the project Knitting House. The project explores the standardized architectural form that was used and built under the Miljonprogrammet, through the years of 1960-1970 in the neighborhoods of Järvafältet. The thesis will also investigate some of the problems that arise when attempting to discuss knitting as a method used to perform Knitting House.

     This paper explores the relationships between public and private spaces, the areas in between them and how they interact. The claim made throughout the thesis is that Knitting House can function as a political catalyst by presenting a combined perspective of art, architecture and politics to address the social and ethnic segregation in suburbs like Husby. 

  • 253. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Boström, Magnus
    Pendelrörelser mellan frivillighet och tvång: Organisationers kamp om regleringsstrategier2004In: Den organiserade frivilligheten / [ed] Boström Magnus, Forssell Anders, Jacobsson Kerstin, Tamm Hallström Kristina, Lund: Liber , 2004, p. 144-162Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 254. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Boström, Magnus
    Forssell, Anders
    Meningen med föreningen: Vad är frivilligt med frivilligorganisationer?2004In: Den organiserade frivilligheten / [ed] Boström Magnus, Forssell Anders, Jacobsson Kerstin, Tamm Hallström Kristina, Lund: Liber , 2004, p. 22-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 255. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 4, Sociology.
    Behövs medlemmarna?2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 3, p. 3-10Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 256. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 4, Sociology.
    Behövs medlemmarna?: Kommentar2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 4, p. 42-43Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 257. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University, School of Sociology and Contemporary History, Sociology.
    Förändring bygger på tröghet2005In: Arbetsliv och samhällsförändringar / [ed] Björn Fjæstad & Lars-Erik Wolvén, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2005, p. 329-343Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 258. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University, Department of Society and History, Sociology.
    Hur mycket kan man hoppas på globala rörelser?: om sociala rörelser och politiska partier2004In: Agoras årsbok, ISSN 1650-1926, p. 130-145Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 259. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    In the thick of organizations1994In: Social organizations / [ed] Göran Ahrne, London: Sage , 1994, p. 132-155Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 260. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Sociology.
    Inertia and innovation2001Report (Other academic)
  • 261. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Kollektivt handlande i rörelser och organisationer2006In: Sociala rörelser: politik och kultur / [ed] Åsa Wettergren, Andrew Jamison, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, Vol. S. 109-127, p. 109-127Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 262. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Organisationer, samhälle och globalisering: Tröghetens mekanismer och förnyelsens förutsättningar2014 (ed. 2)Book (Refereed)
  • 263. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 4, Sociology.
    Organisationer, samhälle och globalisering: tröghetens mekanismer och förnyelsens förutsättningar2002Book (Other academic)
  • 264.
    Ahtila, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Ho, David
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Ett traditionellt flygbolags anpassningsförmåga: En fallstudie av Scandinavian Airlines Sverige2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågeställning: Vilka nödvändiga förändringar behöver ett traditionellt flygbolag genomgå för att överleva inom en turbulent marknad?

    Huvudsyfte: Med hjälp av en fallstudie och utvalda teorier analysera och utvärdera hur väl ett traditionellt flygbolag anpassar sig utefter de rådande marknadsförhållandena på flygmarknaden.

    Metod: En fallstudie med SAS Airlines som studieobjekt har genomförts. Även Ryanair har inkluderats som en liten del i studien, vars syfte är att förse läsaren med en beskrivning av fenomenet lågprisflygbolag. Vidare har valda relevanta teorier utgjort ramen för insamlandet av data från rapporter av olika slag samt kompletterande information från intervjuer.

    Slutsatser:

    - Omvärldsbevakning möjliggör kundanpassningen.

    - Organisationsstorlek tillsammans med allianssamarbetet inger ökade möjligheter för anpassningen.

    - Den offensiva prispolitiken tillsammans med det förändrade resebeteendet försvårar SAS Airlines konkurrensförmåga.

    - Organisations- och ägarstruktur inger begränsade handlingsutrymmen.

    - SAS Airlines har ytterst få möjligheter till att anpassa sig efter krig, epidemier, terrordåd och oljeprissvängningar.

    - SAS Airlines anpassning består i stora drag av kostnadsbesparingar, kapacitetsreduceringar, kundanpassning av erbjudanden samt av en efterfrågestyrd prissättning.

  • 265.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Lithuanian Social Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania.
    Community Mobilizations around Housing and Local Environment: Insights into the Case of Vilnius2013In: Sociologija: Mintis ir Veiksmas, ISSN 1392-3358, E-ISSN 2335-8890, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 136-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews activities of community organizations in the post-Soviet city of Vilnius. The particular attention is paid to the reasons for mobilization of the local communities; the leadership and motivation; the reasons for non-participation; and the communication with the local authorities. The findings of this paper show that mobilizations are not taking place on the massive scale. However, they are being institutionalized and have achieved noteworthy results. Communities mobilize against illegal or unwanted constructions close to their vicinity or to defend green zones in the city. The successful movement is centered around a charismatic leader who devotes his/her time and non-material and material resources to attain results. The explanations for non-participation can be found in difficult economical conditions of the majority of the population; low level of civil society; increasing individualization and income inequalities. The findings of this paper also demonstrate that the political and institutional structure is fairly unfavorable for local activists. The community organizations are not supported by the local governmental structures in a substantial way. On the contrary, they are faced, in most of the cases, with the authority’s alienation and confrontation.

  • 266.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Die Entwicklung in der post-sowjetischen Ära: Das litauische Wohlfahrtssystem2007In: Europäische Wohlfahrtssysteme: Ein Handbuch / [ed] Klaus Schubert, Simon Hegelich, Ursula Bazant, Weisbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften , 2007, p. 403-422Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 267.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    From universal system of social policy to particularistic: The case of the Baltic States2003In: Communist and post-communist studies, ISSN 0967-067X, E-ISSN 1873-6920, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 405-426Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 268. Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Gerovės valstybių patirtis vertinant socialinio teisingumo principo įgyvendinimą švietime: Švedijos, Škotijos ir Vokietijos atvejai2010In: Viesoji Politika ir Administravimas, ISSN 1648-2603, no 34, p. 47-60Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 269.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Lithuanian Social Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania .
    Housing Policy Regime in Lithuania: Towards Liberalization and Marketization2014In: GeoJournal, ISSN 0343-2521, E-ISSN 1572-9893, Vol. 79, no 4, p. 421-432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews housing policy development in Lithuania in the light of previous literature which reinterprets Esping-Andersen’s work on welfare regimes and adopts it to study housing policy. It seeks to highlight the major features of the Lithuanian housing policy. The findings of this paper reveal that the Lithuanian housing regime exhibits many features which are common under the liberal one. Most significant of these are low de-commodification for those who have to buy or rent a home for the market price, increasing stratification based on income and the dominant position of the market in housing production, allocation and price determination. However, a detailed examination of the Lithuanian housing policy reveals that the housing policy system, despite having many features similar to the liberal one, has been operating in different social and economic settings as a result of unique historical experience of the communist housing policy (massive production of low quality apartment blocks during the communist era, which currently need substantial renovation) and consequently drastic changes in the housing field since 1990s (massive privatization of the housing stock and decentralization of the housing management system). The Lithuanian housing policy regime could be characterized as a regime with the higher owner-occupation compared to other welfare state regimes, but the lower economic power of the owners to take care of their property maintenance, repair and renovation.

  • 270. Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Old welfare state theories and new welfare regimes in Eastern Europe: Challenges and implications2009In: Communist and post-communist studies, ISSN 0967-067X, E-ISSN 1873-6920, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 23-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews some theoretical and empirical literature written on welfare state development in post-communist Eastern Europe in the light of the theories and approaches that have been developed to study affluent capitalist democracies. The aim of this discussion is to critically reassess the old welfare state theories, definitions and approaches and their implications regarding the study of post-communist Eastern Europe. The paper ends with the conclusion that the exclusion of 'communist' countries for more than twenty years from welfare state theorising has created an empirical and theoretical gap. This creates fresh challenges for welfare state research and calls for a new paradigm. It is evident that the not so well explored Eastern European region with regards to social policy research suggests that it is necessary not only to test already existing welfare state theories, definitions, typologies and approaches on these countries, but also to advance them.

  • 271.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Lithuanian Social Research Centre.
    Post-Sovjet Vilnius: Giving meaning to abandoned buildings2016In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. IX, no 1-2, p. 68-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the scope, causes, flourishing, and decline of squatting in Lithuanian society during the period of 1990-2002. Drawing on 16 in-depth interviews conducted with squatters in Vilnius, newspaper articles and legal documents, this paper shows that squatters made contributions to the city with their cultural capital, creating local subcultures and making the urban space more attractive. Squatters promoted an alternative way of life, contributed to the preservation of the city and fostered counter-cultural activities. They offered spaces for performances, exhibits, and concerts. These activities are still present up to this day in the Užupis neighborhood that hosted the most long-lived squat, which in turn was transformed into Art Incubator.

  • 272.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Poverty, urbanity and social policy: Central and Eastern Europe compared2009Book (Other academic)
  • 273.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Quality Matters?: Public Opinion on Family Benefits in the Baltic StatesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 274.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Reforming Family Policy in the Baltic States: The Views of the Elites2006In: Communist and post-communist studies, ISSN 0967-067X, E-ISSN 1873-6920, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 1-29Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 275.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Social Policy in Transition: The Case of Lithuania2003In: Contemporary change in Lithuania / [ed] Egle Rindzeviciute, Huddinge: Baltic & East European Graduate School, Södertörns högskola , 2003, p. 19-32Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 276.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The Emergence of the Post-Socialist Welfare State: the Case of the Baltic States : Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania2004Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation takes a step towards providing a better understanding of post-socialist welfare state development from a theoretical as well as an empirical perspective. The overall analytical goal of this thesis has been to critically assess the development of social policies in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania using them as illustrative examples of post-socialist welfare state development in the light of the theories, approaches and typologies that have been developed to study affluent capitalist democracies. The four studies included in this dissertation aspire to a common aim in a number of specific ways.

    The first study tries to place the ideal-typical welfare state models of the Baltic States within the well-known welfare state typologies. At the same time, it provides a rich overview of the main social security institutions in the three countries by comparing them with each other and with the previous structures of the Soviet period. It examines the social insurance institutions of the Baltic States (old-age pensions, unemployment insurance, short-term benefits, sickness, maternity and parental insurance and family benefits) with respect to conditions of eligibility, replacement rates, financing and contributions. The findings of this study indicate that the Latvian social security system can generally be labelled as a mix of the basic security and corporatist models. The Estonian social security system can generally also be characterised as a mix of the basic security and corporatist models, even if there are some weak elements of the targeted model in it. It appears that the institutional changes developing in the social security system of Lithuania have led to a combination of the basic security and targeted models of the welfare state. Nevertheless, as the example of the three Baltic States shows, there is diversity in how these countries solve problems within the field of social policy. In studying the social security schemes in detail, some common features were found that could be attributed to all three countries. Therefore, the critical analysis of the main social security institutions of the Baltic States in this study gave strong supporting evidence in favour of identifying the post-socialist regime type that is already gaining acceptance within comparative welfare state research.

    Study Two compares the system of social maintenance and insurance in the Soviet Union, which was in force in the three Baltic countries before their independence, with the currently existing social security systems. The aim of the essay is to highlight the forces that have influenced the transformation of the social policy from its former highly universal, albeit authoritarian, form, to the less universal, social insurance-based systems of present-day Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. This study demonstrates that the welfare–economy nexus is not the only important factor in the development of social programs. The results of this analysis revealed that people's attitudes towards distributive justice and the developmental level of civil society also play an important part in shaping social policies. The shift to individualism in people’s mentality and the decline of the labour movement, or, to be more precise, the decline in trade union membership and influence, does nothing to promote the development of social rights in the Baltic countries and hinders the expansion of social policies. The legacy of the past has been another important factor in shaping social programs. It can be concluded that social policy should be studied as if embedded not only in the welfare-economy nexus, but also in the societal, historical and cultural nexus of a given society.

    Study Three discusses the views of the state elites on family policy within a wider theoretical setting covering family policy and social policy in a broader sense and attempts to expand this analytical framework to include other post-socialist countries. The aim of this essay is to explore the various views of the state elites in the Baltics concerning family policy and, in particular, family benefits as one of the possible explanations for the observed policy differences. The qualitative analyses indicate that the Baltic States differ significantly with regard to the motives behind their family policies. Lithuanian decision-makers seek to reduce poverty among families with children and enhance the parents’ responsibility for bringing up their children. Latvian policy-makers act so as to increase the birth rate and create equal opportunities for children from all families. Estonian policy-makers seek to create equal opportunities for all children and the desire to enhance gender equality is more visible in the case of Estonia in comparison with the other two countries. It is strongly arguable that there is a link between the underlying motives and the kinds of family benefits in a given country. This study, thus, indicates how intimately the attitudes of the state bureaucrats, policy-makers, political elite and researchers shape social policy. It confirms that family policy is a product of the prevailing ideology within a country, while the potential influence of globalisation and Europeanisation is detectable too.

    The final essay takes into account the opinions of welfare users and examines the performances of the institutionalised family benefits by relying on the recipients’ opinions regarding these benefits. The opinions of the populations as a whole regarding government efforts to help families are compared with those of the welfare users. Various family benefits are evaluated according to the recipients' satisfaction with those benefits as well as the contemporaneous levels of subjective satisfaction with the welfare programs related to the absolute level of expenditure on each program. The findings of this paper indicate that, in Latvia, people experience a lower level of success regarding state-run family insurance institutions, as compared to those in Lithuania and Estonia. This is deemed to be because the cash benefits for families and children in Latvia are, on average, seen as marginally influencing the overall financial situation of the families concerned. In Lithuania and Estonia, the overwhelming majority think that the family benefit systems improve the financial situation of families. It appears that recipients evaluated universal family benefits as less positive than targeted benefits. Some universal benefits negatively influenced the level of general satisfaction with the family benefits system provided in the countries being researched. This study puts forward a discussion about whether universalism is always more legitimate than targeting. In transitional economies, in which resources are highly constrained, some forms of universal benefits could turn out to be very expensive in relative terms, without being seen as useful or legitimate forms of help to families.

    In sum, by closely examining the different aspects of social policy, this dissertation goes beyond the over-generalisation of Eastern European welfare state development and, instead, takes a more detailed look at what is really going on in these countries through the examples of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. In addition, another important contribution made by this study is that it revives ‘western’ theoretical knowledge through ‘eastern’ empirical evidence and provides the opportunity to expand the theoretical framework for post-socialist societies.

  • 277.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    The Estonian model of the welfare state: tradition and changes2009In: Diversity and commonality in European social policies: the forging of a european social model / [ed] Stanisława Galinowsk, Peter Hengstenberg, Maciej Żukowski, Warszawa: Scholar , 2009, p. 110-139Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 278.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The Formation of Social Insurance Institutions of the Baltic States in the Post-Socialist Era2006In: Journal of European Social Policy, ISSN 0958-9287, E-ISSN 1461-7269, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 259-270Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 279.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    The Welfare System of Lithuania2009In: The handbook of European welfare systems / [ed] Klaus Schubert, Simon Hegelich, Ursula Bazant, London: Routledge , 2009, p. 294-310Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 280.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Transformation of welfare systems in the Baltic States: Estonia, Latvia and Lithunia2009In: Post-communist welfare pathways: theorizing social policy transformations in Central and Eastern Europe / [ed] Alfio Cerami, Pieter Vanhuysse, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan , 2009, p. 96-112Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 281. Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Welfare reforms and socio-economic trends in the 10 new EU member states of Central and Eastern Europe2011In: Communist and post-communist studies, ISSN 0967-067X, E-ISSN 1873-6920, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 211-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper reviews recent socio-economic changes in the 10 new EU member states of Central and Eastern Europe and the earlier and latest debates on the emergence of the post-communist welfare state regime. It asks two questions: are the new EU member states more similar to each other in their social problems encountered than to the rest of the EU world? Do they exhibit enough common socio-economic and institutional features to group them into the distinct/unified post-communist welfare regime that deviates from any well-known welfare state typology? The findings of this paper indicate that despite some slight variation within, the new EU countries exhibit lower indicators compared to the EU-15 as it comes to the minimum wage and social protection expenditure. The degree of material deprivation and the shadow economy is on average also higher if compared to the EU-15 or the EU-27. However, then it comes to at-risk-of-poverty rate after social transfers or Gini index, some Eastern European outliers especially the Check Republic, but also Slovenia, Slovakia and Hungary perform the same or even better than the old capitalist democracies. Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, however, show many similarities in their social indicators and performances and this group of countries never perform better than the EU-15 or the EU-27 averages. Nevertheless, the literature reviews on welfare state development in the CEE region reveal a number of important institutional features in support of identifying the distinct/unified post-communist welfare regime. Most resilient of it are: an insurance-based programs that played a major part in the social protection system; high take-up of social security; relatively low social security benefits; increasing signs of liberalization of social policy; and the experience of the Soviet/Communist type of welfare state, which implies still deeply embedded signs of solidarity and universalism.

  • 282.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Lithuanian Social Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania.
    Fröhlich, Christian
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. National Research University, Moscow, Russia.
    Struggle over public space: grassroots movements in Moscow and Vilnius2015In: International journal of sociology and social policy, ISSN 0144-333X, E-ISSN 1758-6720, Vol. 35, no 7-8, p. 565-580Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore urban mobilisation patterns in two post-Soviet cities: Vilnius and Moscow. Both cities were subject to similar housing and urban policy during Soviet times, and they have implemented urban development using neoliberal market principles, provoking grassroots opposition from citizens to privatisation and marketisation of their housing environment and local public space. However, the differing conditions of democratic Lithuanian and authoritarian Russian public governance offer different opportunities and set different constraints for neighbourhood mobilisation. The purpose is to contrast local community mobilisations under the two regimes and highlight the differences between and similarities in the activists' repertoires of actions in two distinct political and economic urban settings. Design/methodology/approach - The paper employs qualitative methodology using data from semi-structured interviews conducted with community activists and state officials, presented using a comparative case study design. Findings - Although, citizens' mobilisations in the two cities are reactions to the neoliberalisation of housing and local public space, they take different forms. In Vilnius they are institutionalised and receive formal support from national and local authorities. Moreover, support from the EU encourages organisational development and provides material and cognitive resources for grassroots urban mobilisations. In contrast, residents' mobilisations in Moscow are informal and face fierce opposition from local authorities. However, even in an authoritarian setting, grassroots mobilisations evolve using creative strategies to circumvent institutional constraints. Originality/value - Little attention has been paid to grassroots urban mobilisations in post-Soviet cities. There is also a lack of comparative attempts to show variation in post-Soviet urban activism related to housing and local public space.

  • 283.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Lithuanian Social Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania / Mykolas Romeris University, Lithuania.
    Jacobsson, Kerstin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Europeanisation and Urban Movements: Political Opportunities of Community Organizations in Lithuania2015In: Urban Grassroots Movements in Central and Eastern Europe / [ed] Kerstin Jacobsson, Farnham: Ashgate, 2015, p. 247-272Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 284.
    Aiello, Filip
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Haegeland, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Hushållens krediter: En tidsserieanalys av svenska hushålls skuldsättning mellan 1980 och 2012, utifrån Minskys hypotes om finansiell instabilitet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The debt level of Swedish households has increased noticeably since the 1980’s and is today at a record high level. This has given rise to questions regarding the sustainability of the debt level, its macroeconomic implications and driving factors. Previous studies on the subject show deficiencies in the standard theory for analyzing household debt, the life-cycle hypothesis, due to lack of consideration in the theory of credit restrictions and humans’ inability to act completely rationally. An alternative framework for analysis received renewed attention in connection with the financial crisis in the U.S. in 2008 – Hyman Minsky’s financial instability hypothesis – incorporating speculation in credit and asset markets as explanations for indebtness. This thesis investigates whether Minky’s hypothesis can be applied on Swedish households and explain the change in debt levels since the 1980’s, through a linear regression model, using aggregate data for the period 1980 to 2012.

    The results of the thesis indicate that the increased debt level to a large extent can be explained by Minsky’s hypothesis, where a de-regulated credit market and falling interest rates seem to have caused increased speculation in real assets, increased risk-taking by both debtors and creditors and thus an increased level of household debt.

  • 285.
    Aitola, Michael
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Jönsson, Lennart
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    En empirisk studie om tillväxt och arbetslöshet i svenska län2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats har för avsikt att undersöka det negativa sambandet mellan arbetslöshet och tillväxt i svenska län. Sambandet vi använder oss av är den inom nationalekonomin välkända Okun’s lag. Denna lag kommer vi att applicera på Sveriges 21 län mellan åren 1986 till 2003. Vi förväntar oss att sambandet kommer att variera mellan länen. Vi har även tagit med tidigare regional forskning från USA där man har estimerat Okun’s lag för 26 delstater. Uppsatsen tar även upp troliga faktorer som inverkar på sambandet, detta är gjort för att läsaren skall kunna bilda sig en uppfattning om de bakomliggande orsakerna till variationen i sambandets styrka mellan de svenska länen.

  • 286.
    Ajamlou, Pauline
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Cederfelt, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Är vi alla beroende av svart guld?: En eventstudie av reaktionen på företags avkastning vid signifikanta oljeprisförändringar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur utvalda bolags aktieavkastning inom branscherna flyg, fordon samt olja reagerar vid signifikanta oljeprisförändringar.

    Teoretiskt perspektiv: Den teoretiska referensramen utgörs av den effektiva marknadshypotesen samt Behavioural Finance med undergrenarna prospect theory, herd behaviour och overconfidence.

    Metod: Studien utgår ifrån ett deduktivt inslag med en kvantitativ studie. Undersökningen utgörs av sex eventstudier som datainsamlingsmetod samt en intervju som applikation på det kvantitativa resultatet. Urvalskriterium består av tio bolag inom respektive bransch med en rangordning utefter högst omsättning samt företag med en koppling till svenskt näringsliv med högst omsättning.

    Empiri: Empirin presenteras utifrån diagram och tabeller över de utförda eventstudierna. Diagrammen syftar till att redovisa den avvikande avkastningen för respektive bolag. Tabellerna ger en redogörelse över eventuellt samband mellan respektive bransch och oljeprisförändringarna.

    Slutsats: Flygbolagen uppvisade samband med oljepriset vid fyra utav sex eventen. Fordonsbranschen uppvisade samband vid ett av de sex eventen och oljebranschen vid två utav de studerade eventen. Reaktionen på aktieavkastningen för bolagen med en koppling till svenskt näringsliv var i linje med de övriga internationella bolagen i branschen. Undantag visades för oljebranschen. Resultatet är en indikation på att andra variabler påverkade aktieavkastningen och detta skapar svårigheter för aktieinnehavare att förespå framtida avkastning.

  • 287.
    Ajger, Victor
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    "Vem är jag? Vad gör jag här?”: En vetenskaplig essä om sökandet efter min yrkesroll i ett främmande fält2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en vetenskaplig essä där jag undersöker och reflekterar kring frågor som har med samverkan och yrkesroll för fritidspedagogen. Hur ser arbetet ut för fritidspedagogen i skolan? Jag har använt mig av Pierre Bourdieus begrepp kapital, fält och habitus för att problematisera och reflektera kring fritidspedagogens yrkesroll i skolans värld. Är det en risk att fritidspedagogen blir en slags assistent i klassrummet och att de fritidspedagogiska idéerna försvinner? Eller kan det vara positivt att vi som fritidspedagoger kommer in i klassrummet med vår speciella kompetens? Jag tar upp vikten av att fritidspedagogen får sin legitimitet i skolans fält. Det diskuteras även om vilka det är som egentligen tjänar på samverkan mellan skolan och fritidshemmet. Det finns fritidspedagogiska arbetssätt som kan användas inom skolans fält som ett komplement till skolan. Jag funderar och problematiserar krig samverkan med lärare och tar även upp vikten av ett interkulturellt arbetssätt mellan lärare och fritidspedagoger.

  • 288.
    Akalin, Sevgi
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Alic, Meliha
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Kapitaltäckningsgraden i skuggan av kreditförluster och den pågående finansiella krisen: En studie av svenska banker2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 289.
    Akan, Adem
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Language and Power - How Power Influences Language: A conversation analysis on the TV – show "Breaking Bad"2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Power displays itself through talk-in-interaction in social situations; it can also present itself through appearances. Appearance is a personal feature that is immediately obvious and available to others to see. A person’s appearance makes a strong statement about ones values, attitude, abilities etc. People display power through different modalities of talk-in-interactions. This study investigates the linguistic tools that people with power tend to use and how a normal everyday person can change their social status by changing and giving out different linguistic signals. Tracing the patterns of what the verbal cues of power is and describes how an everyday character mastered the relationship between language and power.

  • 290.
    Akan, Davud
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Tamimi, Mahsa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Finansiell riskbenägenhet: En studie om skillnader i riskbenägenhet mellan män och kvinnor i Sverige2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Financial investments entail a certain risk which individuals can base their decision upon. Participation in the financial market varies amongst individuals. It is documented in statistical surveys in Sweden that men tend to have larger holdings of financial assets, more specifically shares, than women, which has created the question of what this might be due to. Through time, men and women have not always had the same conditions, and much has been justified with biology as a reason for it. The previous international research on risk propensity amongst the different genders have mainly based their questions on the biological factor and investigates how that factor plays a roll regarding risk. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there are differences in Sweden between men and women regarding financial risk propensity and to further investigate the impact of gender, financial knowledge, income, self-esteem and age on risk. With a quantitative approach, this has been investigated among 698 respondents. The data collected has been processed using statistical tests in the form of a chi-two square test to find possible relationships between the variables. The most prominent of the results is that the financial and self-esteem variables mitigates the effect on gender when it comes to risk propensity regarding financial decisions. The other variables showed an impact on risk propensity where men and women had different opinions about the role of the variable.

  • 291.
    Akan, Yasemin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Jag har kompetensen!: Hur ett antal klasslärare resonerar kring och upplever sitt arbete med elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter/dyslexi i undervisningen2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work is to examine how a number of class teachers reason about and find their work while teaching students who have reading and writing difficulties / dyslexia. The empirical study was intended to answer the question based on three questions.

    The work is based on a qualitative method as empirical material gathered in semi-structured interviews. Six classroom teachers, one male and five female teachers were interviewed. The interviewees were from six different schools in Stockholm Municipality and were between 27-61 years old.

    Most of the classroom teachers feel that there are approximately 4-5 students with reading and writing difficulties / dyslexia in each class. Half of the teachers feel that students with dyslexia may be different as they are quiet, unsecure and shy. While the other half experience these students as ordinary children. All those involved are of the opinion that they work, including in the classrooms by adjusting the lessons to each student's needs. Half of the classroom teachers perceive special pedagogy teachers well, while the other half experience it as problematic. Classroom teachers also think that they have the skills needed to respond to students with reading and writing difficulties / dyslexia and think that training courses are important to keep the knowledge alive. Several of the teachers emphasize that students with reading and writing difficulties / dyslexia get the help necessary while the other half think it can be better. The classroom teachers stress that in teaching, they use different methods which they cannot name.

  • 292. Akaoma, Helena
    et al.
    Öhlander, Magnus
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Ethnology.
    Inför pensioneringen: en intervjustudie med immigranter : underlagsrapport för beredningen SENIOR 20052002In: Att åldras: bilagedel A till SOU 2002:29, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2002, p. -53Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 293.
    Akaoui, Nancy
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Strandberg, Jenny
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Varför är det viktigt att ta hänsyn till landsrisker på aktiemarknaden?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's globalized society, it is easy to invest in different markets. That involves both risks and opportunities for the investor. This means that the capital may either be a profitable investment or not. Should one take into account country risks in the stock market to assess the profitability of the investment?

    The purpose of this study is to determine what importance the country risk has to the return in the stock market at both developed and emerging countries. But also to investigate whether there is any correlation between income and the money market rate and corruption.

    The results of this study show that it is important to take into account country risks in the stock market. Higher risk generates higher returns in the stock market and vice versa. This can be applied to both developed and emerging countries. The unexpected outcome of this study is that developed countries have a higher risk than the emerging countries and therefore a higher return in the stock market. The financial factor – money market rate – is of minor importance for the return. Meanwhile, the political factor – corruption – is a significant risk to consider when investing in foreign countries.

  • 294.
    Akar, Figen
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Arbetssättets betydelse/påverkan i matematikundervisningen: En kvalitativ studie av etniskt svenska respektive etniskt utländska elevers resultat/förståelse i förhållande till matematikundervisningen2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis which is about working with mathematics teaching has no effect/impact on performance and understanding of pupils. The study is intended to gain insight on working in mathematics education which has an impact on performance and understanding of students who are ethnically Swedish and foreign ethnic. In order to compare the ethnic Swedish and foreign students of ethnic understanding, I judged from their performance on the tests taken in year three. The qualitative approach permeated the work, both interviews and observations which were included in the survey. The qualitative study was chosen to get an understanding of how mathematics teaching is conducted in two different areas. The results of the investigation show that working in mathematics education is relevant to performance and understanding of students who are ethnically Swedish and foreign ethnic. In addition, it led to ethnically Swedish students having higher results than students who are ethnically non-resident in the comparison schools.

  • 295.
    Akay, Daniella
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Miko, Ilona
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Valet mellan K2 och K3: En studie om mindre onoterade aktiebolags val av regelverk2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: BFN started a project in 2004 in order to simplify for companies in Sweden. The project is called K-project. In the year of 2014 smaller unlisted limited companies was forced to choose between K2 and K3.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to examine whether differences in the amortization and development costs between K2 and K3 has been crucial for the choice of regulation. The aim is also to examine who has had the biggest influence in the choice and if any problems has occurred in the implementation of the selected regulatory framework.

    Conclusions: Differences in methods of depreciation and development costs has been conclusive in the choice between K2 and K3. Real estate companies wanted to avoid applying the component method and development intensive companies wanted to avoid the expensing model. The ability to be financed and continue to grow in K3 has also affected the choice of regulatory framework. Mainly auditors but also accountants has had the biggest influence in the choice of regulation, but in some cases the board has had the biggest impact. The problems that has occurred has been a consequence of the shortage in the frameworks, which is the possibility in K2 and the simplicity in K3.

  • 296.
    Akbasogullari, Duygu
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Kaya, Gonca
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Smältdegel IKEA: En jämförelse mellan IKEA: s organisationskultur i Ümraniye och Örebro2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to illuminate in what aspects IKEA’s organizational culture in Ümraniye in Turkey differs alternatively resembles with IKEA’s organizational culture in Örebro in Sweden. The aim with organizational culture is to analyze the relationships between the leaders and co-workers and the relationships between the co-workers.

    The study is based on a combination of interviews and questionnaires. We have interviewed people in leading positions and made surveys among IKEA co-workers in two different stores located in two different countries. This combination of the methods gave us a better understanding for how the organizational culture is experienced from two different perspectives. Our aim was to examine the differences and likenesses between IKEA’s organizational culture in Ümraniye and in Örebro, to find out how the relationships between the leaders and the co-workers are and the relationships between the co-workers during work time, and also to find out if IKEA has succeeded in implementing its’ organizational culture in the IKEA store in Ümraniye.

    We have come to a conclusion that there are no considerable differences between the organizational culture in IKEA in Ümraniye and Örebro. This shows that IKEA has a strong organizational culture that eliminates the national Turkish culture in many aspects. The relationships between the leaders and co-workers and relationships between the co-workers are strong.

  • 297.
    Akboga, Dilan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Hanna, Maryam
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Flicka, pojke och transpersoner: En textanalys av tre läseböcker ur ett genusperspektiv för grundskolans mellanår2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Primary school in Sweden has an important task to counteract traditional gender patterns and promote equality. The purpose of this study is to investigate how three fiction books portray girls and women as well as boys and men. The three chosen books are Rodrick regerar Dagbok för alla mina fans (2009), Glasbarnen (2012) and Det är jag som är Mickan (2015). This thesis will review whether the books were compatible with the national curriculum for Swedish school for the grade 1-9. To support our investigation, we have used Hirdman’s gender theory as a framework. Hirdman’s gender theory concerns the intersection of the gender and the hierarchy where the male is displayed as the norm. The study was executed with a qualitative text analysis. The results show that only two of the three chosen books correspond to the current curriculum requirements of counteracting traditional gender patterns. The third book promotes rather than counteracts traditional gender patterns as it still assigns more traditional characteristics and actions to boys, men, girls and women depending on gender. These results are evidence of and suggest that it is important to review the material we use for educational purposes because there are books that describe boys and girls in an unfair behavior, therefore this requires discussing the norms that is conveyed in the students’ fiction books.

  • 298.
    Akca, Uljana
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication.
    Att övervinna det mänskliga: En läsning av återkomsttanken i Nietzsches Så talade Zarathustra i ljuset av Heideggers kritik2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to discuss the meaning of the human and its possible overcoming in Friedrich Nietzsche’s doctrine of the eternal recurrence of the same, with Martin Heidegger’s readings of Nietzsche as point of departure.

    According to Heidegger, Nietzsche’s doctrine of the eternal recurrence of the same represents the end of occidental metaphysical thinking. The thought concludes a thinking of being as the presence of beings, where the original question of being was never developed out of its own ground.

    But at the heart of this interpretation, often considered “violent”, lies the question of whether man is able to think being out of his finitude. This is the question I will unfold, through a reading of Nietzsche’s thought of the eternal recurrence of the same, as it is presented in his Thus spoke Zarathustra, as an attempt to think beings in their being beyond a “humanization” of them, expressed in transcendental aims, purposes and categories. This attempt, I argue, is essentially bound up with a comportment toward the human self as the finite and the corporal. In this sense the human being in its finitude and corporeality is thefocus and the basis for the search for “the overman”.

    But this focus on man, as he who can overcome himself, is at the same time a focus that canbe said to lead man away from himself, in not asking the deeper question about what it means to be this human being.

    I will furthermore consider the tragic as the theme where this question of the overcoming of the human comes to the fore; the dionysic-tragic reveals both a view of man as the being that is mastered by the abyss that underlies this world, and therefore mastered by his finitude - and as the being who can master this same abyss, in thinking it as one with the human self.

    The purpose is not to take a position for or against Heidegger’s reading, but to develop a discussion between Heidegger and Nietzsche about the human self as always being both the closed and the open, and about the ways in which human thinking can approach this.

     

     

  • 299.
    Akca, Uljana
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication.
    Hegel och Guds död2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, I will discuss Hegel’s words on the death of God as they are stated in his Phenomenology of Spirit and Faith and Knowledge. I will present a reading of what I consider to be the two different usages of these words, and relate their meanings to each other. Focus lies on what Hegel refers to as the “unhappy consciousness” and its experience of a disenchantment of the world, and on Christianity as the answer to this position. The discussion will be grounded on Hegel’s dialectical understanding of the concept of God. The divine and the human nature, must, according to him, be grasped as one and the same. The abstraction of the Christian deity must die, so that the notion of the unity of God and man, that actually constitutes the heart of Christianity, may be revealed beyond its spatial and temporal representations. I conclude that this for Hegel is the only way of escaping the situation of the unhappy consciousness. 

  • 300.
    Akdogan, Emilia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Åslev, Jessica
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    "Det är kränkande men jag behöver göra det": En kvalitativ studie om personals syn på missbrukares integritet och autonomi vid LVM2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine in which way personnel who work with LVM approach their client’s integrity, autonomy and their participation in decision making. We used a semistructured interview when we interviewed three social workers, one placement secretary and four care personnel who work at institutions for LVM. In the theoretical approach of this study we used the total institutions and the user influence by clients. The study has shown that personnel’s considerations to their client’s integrity, autonomy and participation in decisions are a convoluted problem. Care personnel who work at institutions are the unit that has the best opportunities to consider their client’s desires.  The placement secretary has a certain possibility to consider their clients desires when determining their placement. The unit of personnel that has a significant limitation when it comes to their client’s integrity and autonomy are social workers. Since LVM is a law of constraint it’s causing an insult to the client by losing their autonomy. In this regard it is impossible to consider clients integrity.

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