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  • 251.
    Fröhlich, Christian
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Civil society and the state intertwined: The case of disability NGOs in Russia2012In: East European Politics, ISSN 2159-9165, E-ISSN 2159-9173, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 371-389Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines state - civil society relationships in contemporary Russia. Its objective is to assess opportunity structures of Russian non-governmental organisations (NGOs) that are intertwined with the state. The article presents qualitative data from fieldwork in the Russian cities of Moscow, St Petersburg, Nizhniy Novgorod, and Perm in 2009 and 2010. The focus of NGOs in the field of disability was chosen because of their roles as social service providers and as advocates for the rights of the disabled. The findings indicate that despite the Soviet legacy of an occupying state, Russian NGOs widen their opportunities by maintaining close relationships with state structures. Thus, litigation strategies seem to be an effective instrument for fostering social change for the benefit of the disabled.

  • 252.
    Furmanski, Joanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Malmström, Josefin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Självbild och relationer vid missbruk: En kvalitativ studie om självbildens utveckling hos före detta missbrukare2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative study is to examine the self-image of former addicts. The purpose is divided into three research questions: What has influenced former drug addicts in the development of the self-image? What significance has the childhood and relationships had for developing the self-image? What impact has the addiction had on the way these individuals define themselves?

    To answer these questions the authors conducted six semi-structured interviews, with individuals who have had a former addiction. The empirical material was thematically structured and examined out of specific categories and divided into themes in the analysis.The material is analyzed by theories about self-image, identity development, social inheritance and the impact of alienation and recognition. The study shows that the abuse itself had significant meaning for the self-image of these individuals, but not to the extent of the social factors. One conclusion is that critical events and relationships have been of great importance for developing the self-image. The results are consistent with previous research showing that childhood, relationships and essential events in life may affect the development of the self-image.

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  • 253.
    Färggren, Susanne
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Pontikis, Alexander
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Beror den ökade ungdomsarbetslösheten på matchningsineffektiviteter på arbetsmarknaden?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Ungdomsarbetslösheten har blivit ett allt mer uppmärksammat problem under senare tid. Vissa hävdar att en av orsakerna är mismatch på arbetsmarknaden, dvs. att arbetssökande och lediga jobb inte hittar varandra. Denna utsaga intresserade oss och ligger till grund för vår valda frågeställning. Dessutom har vi under de senaste två åren sett tecken på en konjunkturuppgång men samtidigt en eftersläpning i sysselsättningen, däribland ungdomar.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är om man kan förklara den ökade ungdomsarbetslösheten under åren 2001-2005 med hjälp av att studera matchningsineffektiviteter på arbetsmarknaden.

    Metod: Detta gör vi med hjälp av att data över vakanser och arbetslöshet i åldrarna 20-24. Dessa använder vi som underlag när vi skall skatta den s.k. Beveridgekurvan som vi använder oss av som teoretisk referensram. Denna kurva studerar sambandet mellan vakanser och arbetslöshet. Utifrån denna studerar vi hur antalet vakanser påverkar arbetslösheten. Gör den inte det så har vi en förändring av sambanden mellan vakanser och arbetslösa som kan tolkas som matchningsineffektiviteter på arbetsmarknaden mellan våra två tidsperioder. Vi har också en jämförelsegrupp: arbetslösa i åldrarna 25-44 för att titta på relativa skillnader mellan båda grupperna gällande relativlöner. Vi har även valt studera data på utbildningsnivån hos ungdomar. Vi har även reflekterat över lagstiftningens påverkan.

    Resultat: Vi har observerat en ökad mismatch i perioden 2001-2005 jämfört med 1992-2000 bland ungdomar i åldrarna 20-24 år. Bland de vuxna gruppen i åldrarna 25-44 år har vi sett en förbättrad matchning i samma jämförande perioder.

    Slutsatser: Den viktigaste slutsatsen är att de ökade matchningsineffektiviteterna på arbetsmarknaden kan hjälpa till att förklara den senaste tidens (2001-2005) ökade ungdomsarbetslöshet. Vi kan dock inte helt och hållet säkerställa överförbarheten i dessa resultat då vi har problem i vårt dataunderlag.

    Lagstiftningar som medför mindre flexibla anställningsformer kan också hjälpa till att förklara eftersläpningarna under konjunkturcyklerna.

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  • 254.
    Förström, Mathias
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Vilka faktorer påverkar nystartsjobben på kommunnivå?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Nystartsjobben har skapats som ett politiskt projekt av den borgerliga regeringen som tillträdde 2006 för att underlätta ett återinträde in i arbetslivet för personer som har svårt att hitta ett arbete. Syftet för denna uppsats har varit att studera om de skillnader som finns mellan Sveriges kommuner återspeglas i antalet nystartsjobb på kommunnivå. För att studera hur skilda egenskaper hos kommuner påverkar det procentuella antalet nystartsjobb per kommun sett till respektive kommuns arbetsföra befolkning används ekonometrisk metod i form av en regressionsanalys. Regressionsanalysen visade på ett positivt statistiskt signifikant samband mellan det procentuella antalet arbetslösa per kommun och det procentuella antalet nystartsjobb per kommun av kommunens arbetsföra befolkning. Regressionen visade också på ett positivt statistiskt signifikant samband mellan antalet kommuninvånare i procent av kommunens totala invånarantal som slutfört grundskoleutbildning och det procentuella antalet nystartsjobb per kommun sett till den arbetsföra befolkningen i kommunen; respektive ett negativt statistiskt signifikant samband med det procentuella antalet kommuninvånare som endast slutfört en tvåårig gymnasieutbildning sett till kommunens totala invånarantal. Resultaten analyseras utifrån nationalekonomiska teorier om arbetsmarknadens funktionssätt samt teorier om statistisk diskriminering. Utvärderingar av utländska erfarenheter har visat både positiva och negativa erfarenheter av subventionerade anställningar likt nystartsjobben. I Sverige har tidigare forskning visat på dödviktsförluster i form av att nystartsjobben tränger undan osubventionerade reguljära anställningar.

     

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  • 255.
    Fürst, Josefin
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Tysk regionalpolitik i förändring: -likvärdighet och rättvisa2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    German regional policy has changed from a strategy of redistribution to a regional growth focused policy- strategies, which are often seen as opposites. Both policies, however, still have to relate to the constitutional objective “to achieve equal living conditions for the country’s citizens.”

    This paper examines what effects a political change may have had on the interpretation of the German constitutional objective. Its aim is to examine German regional policy and its relationship to justice, using John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice. My research is a critcal ideology analysis, made up of a qualitative text analysis of the German government’s last annual report on the German reunification. I will also discuss whether there is any evidence of this change of policy- mentioned above- in the annual report. My conclusion is that there is some evidence of this change of policy in the report, and that the government is still very aware of the constitutional objective, though it interprets it differently today. Today there is a stronger political focus on creating growth and on trying to secure the welfare state. The government is focusing on a policy, which aims to secure a high- though most likely unequal- standard of living, rather than on one that would only be able to guarantee a low, but more equal, standard of living.

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  • 256.
    Gantsoua, Francia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Helmer, Ewelina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    I samhällets väntrum: Om asylsökande och den långa väntan på att få komma in2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this case study is to demonstrate how societal mechanisms can impact on asylum seekers and influence their individual identity. The information for this case study was collected through comprehensive interviews with a group of asylum seekers from Söderhamn whereby the individuals expressed their perception of their current situation. From the gathered material we could see a pattern emerge which gave us the framework and the foundation for our theoretical approach. The similarity we discovered when analyzing the material was the powerlessness the individuals experienced e.g. the individuals had no possibility to influence their current situation and worse, it was impossible for the individuals to enter society even when they had the willpower to do so. According to the asylum seekers the authority’s unwillingness to assist in language development worsens the chances for the individuals to integrate into the society. Through our case study we have discovered that social exclusion and alienation are common identity experiences the asylum seekers have been through which will be our theoretical framework.

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  • 257.
    Garmaza, Volha
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    The Impact of Immigration on Trade: The case of Sweden2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The considerable increase in international trade and migration flows can be treated as the consequence of globalization and economic integration process during the recent years. The issue of immigration impact on trade has been studied a lot since the middle of 1990s and a significant and positive effect was found in most of the cases. This paper contributes to previous studies by investigating the impact of immigrants from 155 countries on Sweden’s exports to and imports from these countries during the period from 1980 till 2010, using an augmented gravity model. The impact of immigrants on exports and imports is studied separately by looking at the whole period results and the dynamic of changes within the period. Besides this the influence of immigrants’ home countries peculiarities (by dividing them on regions and level of development) and immigrants’ type (immigrant stock, immigrant flow and asylum seekers) is tested. To the best of my knowledge it is the first study that implements this variety of classification tests for Swedish data.

    The empirical results suggest that a 10 % increase in immigrant stock facilitates a 1% increase in exports to and a 0.5% increase of Sweden’s imports from the immigrants’ home countries. There is a tendency of gradual decrease of immigrants’ impact on both exports and imports within the period under consideration. According to the different classification tests the immigrants from Africa have the largest impact on Sweden’s exports, though European immigrants have the largest impact on imports; Swedish foreign born population from developed countries more facilitate trade than those who are from developing; new comers and temporary immigrants have almost the same impact on exports as the total immigrant stock, but there is even slightly negative effect on trade by asylum seekers.

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    Master thesis Volha Garmaza
  • 258. Garsten, Christina
    et al.
    Jacobsson, Kerstin
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Conclusion: Discursive transformations and the nature of modern power2004In: Learning to be employable:  New agendas on work, responsibility, and learning in a globalizing world / [ed] Garsten, Christina, Jacobsson, Kerstin, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan , 2004, p. 274-289Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 259. Garsten, Christina
    et al.
    Jacobsson, Kerstin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Corporate Globalisation, Civil Society, and Post-political Regulation: Whither democracy?2007In: Development Dialogue, ISSN 0345-2328, no 49, p. 143-158Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 260. Garsten, Christina
    et al.
    Jacobsson, Kerstin
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Learning to be employable: An introduction2004In: Learning to be employable::  New agendas on work, responsibility, and learning in a globalizing world / [ed] Garsten, Christina, Jacobsson, Kerstin, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan , 2004, p. 1-22Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 261.
    Garsten, Christina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Jacobsson, Kerstin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Transparency and legibility in international institutions: The UN Global Compact and post-political global ethics2011In: Social Anthropology, ISSN 0964-0282, E-ISSN 1469-8676, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 378-393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article examines the organisational production and distribution of normatively charged ideas for governing transnational business. Based on the United Nations Global Compact Initiative, it is argued that the UN version of ‘corporate social responsibility’ (CSR) builds on a metanarrative of rationality, involving ideals of transparency and legibility combined with an emphasis on consensus and harmony. The strong accent on partnership, agreement and dialogue leaves little space for the involved parties to articulate and defend diverging interests. By transforming what are basically political conflicts of interest into win–win terms, CSR standards and the technologies of transparency, legibility, and accountability foreclose conflictual space, and emerge as an instance of ‘post-political global ethics’.

  • 262.
    Gentile, Michael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Den kartografiska transitionen i före detta Sovjetunionen2008In: Ymer, ISSN 0044-0477, p. 251-264Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 263.
    Gentile, Michael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Mass Privatisation, Unemployment and Mortality2012In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 64, no 4, p. 785-787Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 264.
    Gentile, Michael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Marcinczak, Szymon
    No more work for Stakhanov: migrants and stayers in teh depopulating Donbas, Ukraine2012In: Urban geography, ISSN 0272-3638, E-ISSN 1938-2847, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 401-419Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Labor migration from the less to the more affluent cities and regions is a defining trait of the patterns of population redistribution in Central and Eastern Europe, especially in the former Soviet Union, where international disparities in income and living standards are particularly manifest. While these macro-trends are well portrayed in the literature, their outcome at the household level seldom figures in the literature. In Ukraine, labor out-migration to Russia is a frequently chosen strategy, not least because of the Russophone background of eastern Ukraine and of many of the major cities, including Kiev and Odessa. This out-migration contributes to urban decline. Using multivariate methods, we analyze the characteristics of population subgroups with and without the experience of working abroad. We also use descriptive statistics to assess the impact of migration events within households on the standard of living of the latter. Our data source is the city of Stakhanov Health Interview Survey 2009 (n = 3,000).

  • 265.
    Gentile, Michael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Sjöberg, Örjan
    Soviet housing: who built what and when? The case of Daugavpils, Latvia2010In: Journal of Historical Geography, ISSN 0305-7488, E-ISSN 1095-8614, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 453-465Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout much of the Soviet period, access to housing was a major consideration, both for individual citizens and employers intent on increasing their number of employees. Because of the heavy emphasis on industry, and despite the progress made within the area since the late 1950s, Soviet urban residential provision never managed to fully recover from the acute housing shortage that characterized the Stalin years. In this paper, we address the quantitative side of housing construction during the socialist era. Using the mid-sized diversified industrial town of Daugavpils (Latvia) as a case study, we set out to investigate the extent to which employers were involved in decisions concerning housing provision. To do this, we consult a large volume of archival records, our focus being on documents tracing entries indicating that new living quarters were ready and could be allocated to employees of sponsoring organizations and enterprises.

  • 266.
    Gentile, Michael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Sjöberg, Örjan
    Spaces of Priority: The Geography of Soviet Housing Construction in Daugavpils, Latvia2010In: Annals of the Association of American Geographers, ISSN 0004-5608, E-ISSN 1467-8306, Vol. 100, no 1, p. 112-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As a result of the absence of a land market, socialist-era cities tended to look different from their market-economy equivalents. The difference was made more pronounced by the fact that the command economy also favored industrial investment over infrastructure and housing. Yet, with an increasing appetite for additional labor, needed by production units to ensure plan fulfillment, housing became a means to recruit and retain employees. Not all employers could afford to put resources into such ononproductiveo investment, however, and the literature suggests that the notion of priorities allows for discriminating between those enterprises that enjoyed soft budget constraints, and therefore could afford to spend money on worker welfare, and those that could not. As a heuristic framework based on the economics of shortage, the priority model is compelling, but as yet it lacks empirical substantiation. Setting out to test the landscapes of priority model of urban development, this article details the developments of housing construction in Daugavpils, Latvia, during the Soviet period. Based on extensive archive and field research covering all newly constructed or converted housing projects over the period from 1951 to 1991, it yields considerable, if not unqualified, support for the model that until now has not been made subject to systematic empirical tests.

  • 267.
    Gentile, Michael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Tammaru, Tiit
    van Kempen, Ronald
    Heteropolitanization: Social and spatial change in Central and East European Cities2012In: Cities, ISSN 0264-2751, E-ISSN 1873-6084, Vol. 29, no 5, p. 291-299Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 268.
    Gill, Peter
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Aktiekursförändringar och sökfrekvens på internet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this Bachelor thesis is to analyze if there is a correlation between stock prices and the amount of searches of the companies names on Google. The theories used in the study were Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) and Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH). Regressions analysis is used as the statistical method to see if there is a significant correlation between the stock prices and the amout of searches of the company name on Google. The data used were the rate of return of three companies (ABB, Oriflame and Sandvik) on the Nasdaq OMX Nordic stock market, the rate of return of the Nasdaq OMX Nordic stock market index (OMX Stockholm_PI) and the Google search frequency from Google Trends on each company. The result showed no significance and the conclusion of the thesis is that there is no significant correlation between the three studied companies and their search frequency on the search engine Google.

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  • 269.
    Glans, Sebastian
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Har forskningen om internationella relationer någon praktisk betydelse?: En studie om idémakt i utrikespolitik2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to get a deeper understanding if research about international relations has any practical meaning. The main focal point is about the importance of the scholar idea soft power, and its meaning on foreign policy actions through expressions. A quantity and quality method is used. The point of the main theory that concerns international relations takes a rationalistic perspective, and expands it to the notion that ides can have an impact on policy outcomes. Three different types of research utilization can be traced to determine in which way an idea is getting implemented. Why certain ideas can be used lies in the foreign policy preferences with the political institutions and its policymakers. In the last ten years, policymaking preferences in the USA, Great Britain and Sweden have shifted due to change of governments, challenges by expanding institutions as the European Union (EU) and terror alerts. Soft power is an upcoming idea that can be traced in the countries policies. In conclusion, the concept is expressed in the political agendas on the margins. For the American and the British policy the importance with the idea seems to be utilized for mediation for the retention and the legitimating of there existing policies regarding hard power. The main purpose with the idea for Sweden seems to be the utilization for guidance to promote EU: s ability to act as a prominent actor in international relations. The idea is, acts and expressed foremost as a positive symbol for the countries, rather than a ground-breaking new idea that changes policies. Due to is variables already exist in the policymaking processes.

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  • 270.
    Glans, Sebastian
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Politiskt Ledarskap i Venezuela: Om ledarskapsomgivningens effekt på ledarskaps- och beslutsprocessen i en övergångsdemokrati2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to examine how the executive leadership and the decision-making process are shaped by the leadership environment in a transition democracy as Venezuela. The questions I intend to answer are: What kind of leadership environment surrounds the leadership and what kind of consequences does it have on the leadership and the decision-making process in Venezuela? To answer my questions I will use the literature: Political Leadership in Liberal Democracies (Elgie, Robert 1995, London: Macmillian), together with the method “The cultural determinist school of history” by Tomas Spencer, later reproduced by Kellerman. The leadership environment provides unique opportunities for a leader to gain control over the decision-making process. Institutional structures and the needs of the society are major parts in determining how the political leadership is exercised. In Venezuela, charismatic President Hugo Chávez is head of the executive branch. The President enjoys great executive power that has diminished the role of the legislature. The policy of a more governmental controlled economy and direct democracy, based on populism has led to a more polarized society. Both historical and socio cultural failures have benefited the presidency. The “partyarchy” is abolished and has been replaced by a personalized policy-making process. The tendency is a leadership environment with a consolidation of the extended power within the executive, and a decision-making process outside the traditional institutional structures that favours the executive.

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  • 271.
    Glowniak, Natalia
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Lundin, Jenny
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Darfur, folkmord eller massmord?: En fallstudie av konflikten i Sudan2005Student paper second term, 5 points / 7,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att utreda begreppet folkmord och sedan analysera huruvida de våldshandlingar som drabbar Darfurs befolkning i Sudan kan klassificeras som folkmord eller inte. För att kunna göra detta ska vi först analysera begreppet folkmord enligt FNs stadga och sedan jämföra de kriterierna med andra kända akademikers syn på vad ett folkmord innebär.

    Vi använder oss av en kvantitativ metod och genomför vår undersökning med hjälp av ett analysschema utformat från FNs kriterier för folkmord samt tre andra forskares kompletteringar. Dessa tre forskare är Chalk, Jonassohn och Fein. De första två är statsvetare och den tredje är sociolog. Genom att operationalisera FN stadgan samt forskarnas kriterier skapar vi bedömningskriterier för att kunna analysera konflikten i Sudan.

    Vår studie visar att FNs kriterier anses vara för snävt av många. Det är svårt att kunna klassa en konflikt som folkmord enligt dessa kriterier då bilden av de drabbade är väldigt snävt definierad. Med kompletteringar till analysschemat ser vi starka antydningar på att det är ett folkmord som pågår i Darfur, men med brist på tillräckligt starka bevis kan vi inte säkert säga att så är fallet

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  • 272.
    Gonzalez, Mary Selva
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Thedros, Miriam
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    "Alla lika olika": En diskursanalys av mångkulturalism i den svenska arbetsmarknadspolitiken2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to study how multiculturalism is expressed in the Swedish labour market policy. The method used for the investigation is a discourse analysis which study social and political processes in the society as created through language. The perspective of the discourse analysis is a social construction that considers that language is a social production created in a discursive way. It produces and reflects social process in the language.

    By using theories of national identity and multiculturalism we aim to investigate how multiculturalism is expressed in the labour market policy. With this method we aim to analyze the discourse of a political report made 2008 by the current government about integration strategies in Sweden. The conclusion of the study is that the different socio-economical positions existing between groups create categories in the Swedish society and those differences are more persistent among ethnocultural groups. This situation exposes a clear difference between the majority population and the ethnocultural groups. In order to prevent a wider difference between the two groups, the government has elaborated strategies to improve the opportunities of the ethnocultural groups for a rapid integration in the society. The actions taken will provide them with the necessary tools to empower the ethno cultural groups and enable them to enter in the labour market and make them responsible of their own situation. The government is presented as the key actor for promotion of democratic values with the overall priority of preventing exclusion and promotes social and economic growth in the country.

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  • 273.
    Gradskova, Yulia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Internatsionalnoe vospitanie i pozdnesovetskaia solidarnost s Chili i Latinskoi Amerikoi: mezhdu geopolitikoi, protestom i samorealizatsiei?2011In: Laboratorium, ISSN 2076-8214, E-ISSN 2078-1938, no 3, p. 118-142Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 274.
    Granqvist, Eva
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Wallin, Emma
    Opening up for Change: Modernizing Public Administration in the Baltic States2009In: The European Union and the Baltic States: changing forms of governance / [ed] Jacobsson, Bengt, London: Routledge, 2009, p. 81-97Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 275.
    Gregerson, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Malmstedt, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ensamhet: En studie om orsakerna till uppkomsten av ensamhetskänslor i samhället2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats utgår från tidigare forskning som har konstaterat fyra huvudsakliga faktorer som bidragit till uppkomsten av ensamhetskänslor, dessa är ”utan närrelation”, ”otillräckliga vänskapsband”, ”avvikande” och ”alienerad”. De två faktorerna ”utan närrelation” och ”otillräckliga vänskapsband” behandlas under samma tema i uppsatsen. Syftet är att utifrån dessa faktorer förklara hur känslor av ensamhet kan uppstå i samhället. Förhoppningen är att detta ska leda till kunskap som är användbar inom det sociala arbetet. Uppsatsen är litteraturbaserad och tillvägagångssättet utgörs av en begreppsanalys. Uppkomsten av ensamhet har utifrån faktorerna analyserats med hjälp av vetenskapliga rapporter och texter. Analysen visade att ensamhetskänslor på grund av ”utan närrelation” och ”otillräckliga vänskapsband” kan förklaras av separeringen av hushåll och företag vilket leder till en försvagning av gemenskap familjemedlemmar emellan. Ytterligare förklaringar är distanserade kontakter och en blaserad attityd i samhället. Känslan av att inte passa in och att vara missförstådd i ett samhälle med mycket press och många val är förklaringar till uppkomsten av ensamhetskänslor utifrån den andra faktorn, ”avvikande”. Förklaringarna till ”alienerad” som en faktor till ensamhetskänslor är ytlig gemenskap på arbetsplatsen, organisationsförändringar samt en osäkerhet på både arbetsplatsen och arbetsmarknaden. Vidare är känslan av meningslöshet ett grundläggande problem i det moderna sociala livet. Slutligen är kunskap om ensamhet användbar för socialarbetare då det möjliggör ett bättre bemötande och bättre insatser.

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  • 276.
    Gremberg, Carl-Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Har ungdomsarbetslösheten påverkats av regeringens sänkning av arbetsgivaravgiften?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has for years been struggling with high youth unemployment. The problem is also a hot topic of discussion among experts and politicians, often leading to different proposals to solve the problem. The government chose in 2006 to do something about youth unemployment by lowering payroll taxes for employees up to 25 years. But many experts and studies show that the effects failed to materialize.

    This study will try to find out if the government subsidies have given any effect on the youth unenployment either by new jobs created or by movement in the labor force. I will use a regression model with an dependent, "difference in difference" variable where the change in the number of employed young people are compared to the change in the number of employed in the subsequent age group.

    The results show that subsidies are not given any positive effect on the youth employment rate in relation to the subsequent age group.

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  • 277.
    Guteland, Jytte
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Handelsutvecklingen efter Lettlands självständighet: En studie om ekonomisk transition under perioden åren 1993 fram till 20042011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this essay is to investigate if Latvia´s pattern of trade has become more similar to the mature market economies, after Latvia´s independence 1991.

    Today, the intra-industry trade (IIT) dominates the trade of mature market economies. One of the pioneers of intra-industrial trade is Paul Krugman, who was the first to emphasize the importance "of scale and consumers' desire for variety" in explaining the basis for modern commerce. Customers get more variety and usually cheaper goods when the market gets bigger. I mainly use the modern trade theories to explain the trade pattern in Latvia. To measure how Latvia has developed its intra-industry trade, and thereby is approaching the mature market economies´ trade pattern, I use the Grubel-Lloyd index (GL-index). I can by my calculation of a weighted average of the GL-index, note that the share of IIT both has decreased and increased during the investigated years 1993 to 2004. The reduction took place during the 90s and the increase took place during the 2000s.

    I also use Balassa Index (BI) to calculate the “comparative advantage” for a number of Latvia's major export products. My calculations show that Latvia's main comparative advantage lies in semi-precious and basic metals. A comparison of the export flows from Latvia to Russia and to the EU15 from 1993 to 2004 shows two distinct trading changes. First, the trade has shifted primarily from Russia to EU countries. Second, many important export goods to Russia, (such as vehicles, machinery, electrical equipment and chemical products) have reduced its share of the total export. Instead we see a concentration to fewer export goods. Wood-, textile industry is the major export to the EU15. I note in the analysis, that the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is large in these areas. It seems to be a connection between the FDI to Latvia and the concentration of trade.

    In the conclusion of the essay I note that there are a trend that shows that Latvia is coming nearer the western modern economies’.

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  • 278.
    Hajighasemi, Ali
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Att bryta den beständiga segregationen: fallet Södertälje2005Book (Other academic)
  • 279.
    Hajighasemi, Ali
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Ett kontrakt för livet: utvärdering av en särskild satsning på missbrukarvården2008Book (Other academic)
  • 280.
    Hajighasemi, Ali
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    The Political life of Iranian immigrants in Sweden2012In: The Iranian community in Sweden: Multidisciplinary perspectives / [ed] Hassan Hosseini-Kaladjahi, Stockholm: Mångkulturellt centrum , 2012, p. 65-93Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Iranian community in Sweden has undergone major changes in different aspects of social life. One of the most important changes has been the gradual de-radicalization in political view that the group has experienced. While at the beginning of the period a majority of Iranian immigrants identified with revolutionary positions, time spent in Sweden has meant led to a gradual change in political values ​​and a move towards a more liberal and reformist approach. Integration into Swedish society and familiarization with Swedish social and political culture which is based on consensus and compromise seem to explain the changing political perceptions, views and attitudes. Moreover, the openness of the political system in the new country, the ease with which immigrants attain citizenship and having the right to vote made it easy for the Iranian community to be involved in the political process. As a result, the political commitment to the Swedish establishment has increased markedly. Furthermore, over the years, Iranians in Sweden have begun to support not only leftist, but also more right wing political parties. 

  • 281.
    Hajighasemi, Ali
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Billsten, Johan
    Utvärdering av SiS § 27-vård i SiS regi2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I samband med regeringssatsningen Ett kontrakt för livet fick SiS även i uppdrag att erbjuda vård i annan form jml §27 LVM till de klienter som kommunerna hade svårt att placera. Under 2005–2006 startade därför fyra behandlingshem i SiS regi för att kunna erbjuda § 27-vård; Thulegården, Brunnslöv, Villan och 27:an. Drygt 200 klienter har fått vård i annan form i SiS § 27-hem 2005–2008. En genomgång av de placerade klienternas bakgrund visar att de som vårdades i dessa enheter i vissa hänseenden mådde sämre psykiskt jämfört med andra LVM-klienter och att de hade större erfarenhet av missbruksvård sedan tidigare. Den låga efterfrågan på vårdplatser kan ha bidragit till att andra klientgrupper än den tänkta också fick möjligheter att placeras i dessa hem.

  • 282.
    Hajo, Medya
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Utgör deltagardemokrati ett hot eller komplement till den representativa demokratin?: En kvalitativ jämförande fallstudie av boenderådet i Hovsjö och ungdomsrådet i Västra-Skogås inom ramen för storstadssatsningen2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate wether the participatory democracy is a threat or a complement to the representative democracy. To achieve my purpose I will focus on two different lokal councils, the civil council in Hovsjö and the youth council in Västra Skogås, which have been objects of the urban policy in 1998. The theoretical framework on which this study is based consists of the participation democratic theory, representative democratic theory and implementation theory. By problemizing these theoretical frameworks in comparison with eachother I will mapp how these two lokal councils were implemented. The research question is: In what way was the civil council and the youth council a complement or threat to the representative democracy? In which way was it difficult to implement them?

    The method used for this purpose is a qualitative comparative case study. In this study I derive an ideal type to be able to compare the participatory and the representative democratic theory. Four contrasts between the theoretical frameworks are being studied to investigate whether the two councils has functioned as threats or complements to the representative democracy. The main result of the study is that these two councils met several problems in the implementationprocess. The participation democracy were not able to function as a complement to the representative democracy. In many ways it was a threat but also the actors in the representative democracy were not willing to delegate power and decisions to the citizens.

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  • 283.
    Hajo, Medya
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Bunjaku, Besnik
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    En studie om demokratiförutsättningarna i Bosnien-Hercegovina, Makedonien och Serbien/Montenegro2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Demokrati ses som den idealiska styrelseformen. Många länder i världen har börjat etablera demokrati eller i varje fall håller på att demokratiseras. Bosnien-Hercegovina, Serbien/Montenegro och Makedonien är några av dem. Men för att demokratin ska kunna etableras i dessa länder är bestående demokrati och långvarig fred och stabilitet grundläggande förutsättningar. Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka demokratiförutsättningar i dessa tre länder. Följande frågeställning ska besvaras:

    Vilka förutsättningar har Bosnien-Hercegovina, Makedonien och Serbien/Montenegro för demokrati? Vi har använt oss av Axel Hadenius teori om förutsättningar för demokrati som vi sedan har operationaliserat för att kunna besvara frågeställningen. Vi har undersökt den socioekonomiska utvecklingen, det civila samhället, etniska klyftor i befolkningen och institutionella förutsättningar.

    Vår studie uppvisade liknande resultat i alla tre länderna med vissa variationer. Vi kom fram till att alla tre länderna har dåliga förutsättningar för demokrati. Den socioekonomiska utvecklingen var låg, det civila samhället var svagt och de etniska klyftorna i befolkningen varierade. I Makedonien var de allra störst, medan Serbien/Montenegro och Bosnien-Hercegovina hade märkbart mindre etniska konflikter. De institutionella faktorerna visade olika resultat men alla tre hade i överlag bra förutsättningar för demokrati.

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  • 284.
    Hammar, Minna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Maskrosbarn: En biografisk studie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this paper is to describe how individuals, who has grown up with parents who abused drugs or been mentally ill, describes themselves in the past as well as in the present, concerning their upbringing, home life, and their strategies of survival. The paper is qualitative in nature and consists of a content analysis of three biographies concerning this area. By reading these biographies that illustrates this problem and the concepts of KASAM; comprehensibility, manageability, meaningfulness and the dramaturgical theory, the paper has been able to explain how the individuals look back at their childhood, how they've been able to cope with it, and if they can see their childhood as a positive experience.

    The conclusions drawn from the paper are how important adult figures are in the life of these children and the importance of leisure activities. 

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    Hammar, C uppsats vt12
  • 285.
    Hamrud, Annika
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Sverigedemokraternasanvändning av begreppet”svenskfientlighet”: en diskursanalys2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Sweden Democrats uses a term to describe a situation where “swedes” are being discriminated against by other ethnic groups and where the elite is promoting this. The term “svenskfientlighet” can be translated as “swedofobia” and in this thesis a speech by the party leader Jimmie Åkesson held during the election campaign that solely was dedicated to this term is being analyzed with the help of tools developed by the scholar Ruth Wodak. Ruth Wodak has previously analyzed the rhetoric by other European right-wing-populist parties like FPÖ in Austria and has asked for other researchers to analyze the speech used by right-wing-populist and extremist parties to get a better understanding for just how these parties construct their different enemies. This thesis show how the Sweden Democrats use a term that has been founded by more extreme parties, groups that they themselves claim they do not have much in common with. The rhetoric has though developed in a populist direction where the party members or even leaders put themselves in a position as victims of a widely spread hostility directed towards them, on the sole basis that they stand up for what is Swedish.

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  • 286.
    Hansen, Christina
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Rådet, kommissionen och den svenska sysselsättningpolitiken.2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to see if Sweden has implemented the recommendations and taken notice of the guidelines for employment that the Commission and Council set up every year and from this see the role of the Commission and Council for the national employment politics. The years that I focused on in the paper are year 2000- 2004. The method that is used is a case study research that is exploratory and explanatory. The theoretical starting points are theories about delegation, cooperation and a variation of control and autonomy. This is recognized in the Principal- Agent theory and the Principal- Supervisor-Agent model. The Council and the Commission give recommendations and guidelines every year to the member states that points out what should be done for the employment. The member states can choose to implement the recommendations and guidelines or not. In other words is it not mandatory. The result of the paper is that Sweden has implemented and taken notice of to the recommendations and guidelines that the Council and the Commission gave to Sweden during year 2000- 2004, yet I argue that there have been differences to which extend the implementation has taken place.

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  • 287.
    Hansson, Kristina
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Den förvandlade kommunen: Ekonomisk och social tillväxt i Örnsköldsvik 1997-20072008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The transformed municipality – Economic and social growth in Örnsköldsvik 1997-2007

    Author: Kristina Hansson

    This thesis focuses on the economic and social growth in the municipality of Örnsköldsvik. It is a single case study and the municipality is studied through economic theories concerning regional growth in the period of 1997-2007. The aim is to analyse whether these theories, such as Åke E. Anderssons and Ulf Strömquists K-society, and other more or less microeconomic assumptions, also are applicable in smaller local contexts. The aim is fulfilled through a mix of text analyses, interviews with leading politicians, civil servants and executives, together with definitions of several quantitative characteristics of economic and social growth. Alternative theories in the thesis concern identity, trust and social capital. Seven independent variables are studied: infrastructure, economic and commercial policy, steering by goals, streamlining, public purchase, marketing and higher education. The results show that while Örnsköldsvik has experienced an extraordinary economic growth, the social growth lags behind. The conclusion is therefore, that economic theories are not enough to explain both economic and social growth at the municipality level. This strengthens the assumption that the explanation to municipal growth in reality lays in the local forces.

    Keywords: structural change, local growth, municipal taxes, public- private cooperation, state-subsidized stimulating measures

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  • 288.
    Hassan, Handrin
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Assali, Samar
    Fyra ungdomars identitetsskapande på Facebook: En kvalitativ studie av nätverkssamhällen och interaktionerna ungdomar emellan2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 289.
    Hassan, Sherihan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Kolli, Sumar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    "Vart man kommer ifrån är en del av en": En kvalitativ studie om betydelsen av sociala relationer i en mångkulturell skola2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis highlights the importance of social relationships for high school adolescents’ identity in a multicultural school in Stockholm’s suburb. The second purpose of this thesis is to shed light on, if the school sees the students’ cultural background as an asset and how teachers can take advantage and implement it to the way they teach .The theories in the study were developed by Urie Bronnfenbrenner; The ecological theory, Pierre Bourdeau; The three forms of capital and George H. Mead; The significant other, The generalized other and "I" and "Me". The results show that the family is the most important relationship in comparison to relationships with teachers and friends /classmates, according to both high school youth and teachers. The child's identity develops in the primary relationships that is essential for the child's future relationships. In other words it’s in the microsystem which the child's norms and values creates and develops.

    The result also shows that teachers and students have different opinions regarding the school's approach to students' cultural background as an asset.

    The students believe that teachers don't take their cultural background into account, while the teachers feel that this is an essence to be able to understand each other and respect each other. But the cultural background should not be a wall that they hide behind.

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    "Vart man kommer ifrån är en del av en"
  • 290. Hašková, Hana
    et al.
    Saxonberg, Steven
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    The Institutional Roots of Post-Communist Family Policy: comparing the Czech and Slovak Republics2011In: Gender, Politics and Institutions: Towards a Feminist Institutionalism / [ed] Fiona Mackay & Mona Lena Krook, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan , 2011, p. 112-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 291.
    Heber, Anita
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Criminal, Crime Victim, or John Smith?: Constructions of Victimhood and Perpetratorship Among Swedish Probationers2012In: International Criminal Justice Review, ISSN 1057-5677, E-ISSN 1556-3855, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 171-191Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on criminals who are also victims of crime, that is, the victim-offender overlap. The study includes men who have become victims of violent crimes, but who are also perpetrators of such crimes. Sixteen Swedish probationers have been interviewed in depth and asked to describe their victimization and their offences. The interviewees clearly distance themselves from ideas of victimhood and describe the victimhood of others as something shameful. Their own victimization, and their own violence against others, is described in a pared-down and unemotional manner. Victimhood emerges in the study as something so negative that it can be described as shaming in the same way as if the individual is labeled as a criminal. Victimhood and the role of the victim do not constitute alternatives for the interviewees. The role of the criminal, by contrast, is prominent. The interviewees describe how they can switch between two roles: the role of the criminal and that of a "John Smith," or in Swedish, a "Svensson," who is a normal, law-abiding individual with an orderly life. Receiving a positive label as a "Svensson" from their environment may contribute to the interviewees acting in line with such a law-abiding role.

  • 292.
    Hedman, Wendela
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Adoption: En komparativrättslig studie om lagstiftning, myndigheternas arbete i adoptionsprocesser samt säkerställandet av barnets rättigheter i Sverige och Norge2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay discusses in a comparative way the Swedish and Norwegian legal system, mainly laws that contain adoption regulations. It also compares the administrative work that the government in both countries practices in relation to the individual person. In this essay, focus lies on the legal rights of the child in the adoption process and how well the government and its service meet the requirements from abroad.This essay has shown that the government has many rules and regulations that regulate their work and that all the sub processes are designed to ensure the child’s best in the adoption in both Sweden and Norway. Despite some differences in the investigation process, the work is very much alike. The differences in the investigation that leads to an approval has shown that the government in Norway is not as controlling in comparison to the Swedish government. This could lead to the child’s rights being neglected to a certain extent.

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  • 293.
    Hegelund, Erik
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Påverkar aktieägande attityder till välfärdsstaten?: Kvantitativ undersökning om aktieägande och svenska folkets inställning till välfärdsstaten 1984-20082008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Between the years 1984-2000 it became increasingly common to own stocks in Sweden. Among the whole population stock ownership increased from 29 to 80 % until year 2000, and was thereafter around 80 % until present day, 2008. As more people receive disposable income not only from labour, but also from capital, their attitudes regarding how the welfare state should be financed and organized, should change. Stock ownership here includes both traditional private stocks and also savings in stock funds. The paper’s main hypothesis is that increased stock ownership will have a negative impact on attitudes towards the welfare state. Also cheating in the welfare sectors and the suspicion about others cheating is believed to increase while class differences concerning attitudes towards the welfare state are believed to diminish. Central theoretical themes are reciprocity, moral economy, historical institutionalism and path dependency. The increased stock ownership is described as a process in the direction towards a mass investment society, where everyday life tends to become financialized to a growing extent. The results show no support for the hypotheses. Attitudes and opinions concerning the welfare state seem to be stable during the whole time period. Neither seems there to be any significant sign of diminishing class differences regarding attitudes towards the welfare state, nor any growing suspicion concerning cheating within the welfare sectors nor any actual growth of cheating. These results might depend on a number of reasons. For one, stock ownership seems to a large extent be unequally distributed among the population of Sweden.

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  • 294.
    Hegelund, Erik
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Vilken betydelse har investeringstakten för arbetslösheten?: En empirisk jämförande analys av arbetsmarknadens institutioner och kapitalstock2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats prövar empiriskt kapitalstockens och arbetsmarknadens institutioners (AMI) betydelse för arbetslösheten på kort och medellång sikt, utifrån keynesiansk och nykeynesiansk teoribildning. Uppsatsens huvudsakliga keynesianska teoretiska modell utgår ifrån antaganden om att arbetslösheten uppvisar hysteresis/persistens samt att NAIRU bestäms endogent, till exempel utifrån ett antagande om att lönebildningen präglas av ömsesidighet. Phillipskurvan antas vara långsiktigt icke-vertikal. Datamaterialet täcker som mest åren 1960-2010 samt 19 OECD-länder och analyseras bland annat genom OLS, panelkorrigerade standardfel, fixa effekter m.m. Den empiriska analysen indikerar att det finns ett statistiskt signifikant negativt samband mellan reala nettokapitalstockens tillväxttakt och arbetslöshet. Analysen ger inget stabilt stöd för att AMI kan förklara arbetslösheten. Den keynesianska teorin verkar således mer användbar än den nykeynesianska för att förstå variationer i arbetslöshet över tid och mellan länder inom OECD de senaste decennierna.

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  • 295.
    Henningsen, Bernd
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, The German Studies Research Centre.
    Wischmann, AntjeGraf, HeikeSödertörn University, Avdelning 3, Media and Communication Studies.
    Städtischer Wandel in der Ostseeregion heute. Städers omvandling i dagens Östersjöregion2003Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 296. Henriksson, Lars
    et al.
    Bergman, Mats
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Fridensköld, Emilie
    Stennek, Johan
    En ny ransonerings- och prisregleringslag: slutbetänkande2009Report (Other academic)
  • 297. Henriksson, Lars
    et al.
    Bergman, Mats
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Fridensköld, Emilie
    Stennek, Johan
    Ransonering och prisreglering i krig och fred: delbetänkande2009Report (Other academic)
  • 298.
    Herbertsson, Nicole
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Miljöledningssystem som verktyg för att bidra till en hållbar utveckling2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Humankind has always had a changing impact on its natural environment. With an ever increasing population and an ever increasing consumption of natural resources, the impact of human activity on the natural environment have become larger and larger. Nature has in turn responded with global warming and deteriorating biodiversity and all natures signals combined have created a wake-up call for society to act. The so called Brundtland report of 1987, “Our Common Future”, introduced the concept of sustainable development. Corporations have been identified as vital to bring about the necessary solutions to the complexity of environmental problems.

    This thesis concentrates on small sized businesses in Sweden and their ability and possibilities to contribute to sustainable development, by using the tool of environmental management systems. The thesis deals with both obstacles to successful environmental management systems and the potential advantages of successful performance leading to environmental, financial and social benefits. The thesis also discusses the criticism of the environmental management systems and the international ISO 14001-standard.

    The outcome of this thesis shows that environmental management is an important stepping stone to contribute to sustainable development. The level of positive impact that environmental management systems can generate is entirely dependent upon the level of corporate responsibility and ambition of each company. The benefits of proactive environmental management presented in this bachelor thesis are based on both literature studies and a case study of a Swedish manufacturing company.

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  • 299.
    Hill, Miqaela
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Lundqvist, Madeleine
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Vilka faktorer påverkar tillväxten i Afrika?: En tvärsnittsanalys av afrikanska länder söder om Sahara2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På många håll i världen men inte i Afrika tar tillväxten fart. Det tycks inte som att de faktorer som hjälper andra kontinenter att nå tillväxt verkar tillväxtfrämjande i Afrika. En stor del av världens befolkning är i behov av en förbättrad välfärd och det är delvis upp till ekonomer att komma på en fungerande lösning.

    Med hjälp av en regressionsanalys, innehållande fyra modeller, undersöks hur och i vilken grad erkända tillväxtvariabler; ekonomisk frihet, real BNP per capita, utbildningsgrad och utländska direktinvesteringar, kan förklara variationen av tillväxten i Afrika. Vi vill även kontrollera för variablerna ”andel HIV- och AIDS positiva” och ”korruptionsgraden”, då vi tror att dessa verkar tillväxthämmande i Afrika. Variablerna är valda med utgångspunkt i Solows tillväxtteori. Sekundärdata är hämtade från internationella databaser.

    Resultatet visar att ekonomisk frihet verkar mycket positivt på tillväxten i Afrika. Även utländska direktinvesteringar visar ett positivt samband med tillväxten. Utbildningsgrad och låg real BNP per capita visar dock ett svagt negativt samband med tillväxt. Variablerna HIV/AIDS och korruptionsgrad visar ingen signifikans.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 300.
    Holmberg, Andreas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Bengtsson, Christoffer
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Portugal and the European Monetary Union.: Investigating an alternative interest rate development using the Taylor Rule2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study is to investigate how the development regarding the short-term nominal interest rate in Portugal would have differed from that set by the ECB 1999-2011 in a situation where they did not enter the European Monetary Union. To do this, we use the Taylor rule, which incorporates economic activities such as inflation and output and how these deviates from their target. Constructing the Taylor rule, we estimate its reaction functions using an Ordinary Least Square Regression on annual data from the period 1988-1998. The reaction functions serve as weights on the deviations for inflation and output. The result reached is that the interest rate set by the ECB since 1999 is far below that interest rate required by the Portuguese economic situation. Further, we discuss how the influence in the setting of the ECB interest rate differs considering the member countries size. 

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    Portugal and the Taylor Rule
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