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  • 251.
    Ahlström, Sofia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Hansson, Sofie
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Teknik och design som motstrategi till sexuella trakasserier online: En kvalitativ studie av erfarenheter och lösningar på sexuella trakasserier online utifrån ett användarperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digital platforms such as social media are big part of people's everyday life and social network. Recent studies shows that the ability to act anonymously on social media has increased harassment behaviors online. For marginalized groups, digital platforms are important for the act of freedom of speech and harassments online can limit these groups in the digital environment. Within the framework of this study we found, that there is a lack of studies that specifically research sexual harassments online and what different factors that may have an impact on the problem. Therefore, the aim for this study was to research what values, attitudes and emotions users of social media services experiences online. We wanted to research, from a user perspective, what existing counter-strategies options are provided on social media against sexual harassments online, and if there are other technical design solutions for social media interfaces. Within the framework of this essay we have conducted a focus group interview and a participatory design workshop. The empirical data that was collected has been analysed with different theories such as power, resistance, empowerment in design, master suppression techniques in social media, feminist HCI and social norms and participatory design. The study also use previous research on harassment on social media to further understand the empirical data for the analysis. In this study there are findings from the focus group that has been placed in three different themes. 1) The importance of social relationships for counter-strategies against sexual harassment online. 2) Social norms and normalization of sexual harassment online. 3) The importance of technical aspects for dealing with sexual harassment online. Our study shows that the counter-strategies options on social media services today are not sufficient enough for these different aspects. The participatory design workshop in this study resulted in eight possible technical design solutions. These solutions can be implications for design on social media interfaces and can work as counter-strategy tools against sexual harassments online. This study only research one focus group, therefore the study can be used as a basis for further research. By including users with participatory design methods, values made from users of social media in relation to sexual harassments online can unfold and hopefully decrease the problem.

  • 252.
    Ahlsén, Agnes
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Det är förstås lite konstigt att vara flicka: En queerfeministisk läsning av fyra Sigge Stark-romaner2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, I make a queer feminist analysis of four novels written by the Swedish author Sigge Stark. The novels are: Uggleboet, Manhatareklubben, Cirkus Demonio och Baskerflickan. Using Judith Butler's theories I examine the relations between sex/gender and sexuality in the four books and show how the construction of gender is performed and the heterosexual normativity is jeopardized. I also examine whether, and if so how, Sigge Stark uses the romantic and the gothic genres to include transcending gender identities and sexualities in her work. The essay also includes a contextualisation of her prerequisities as an author and the necessity in performing a critical analysis of mass produced romantic literature.

  • 253.
    Ahlsén, Agnes
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Straight Línea: A phenomenological approach to women's response to piropos in contemporary Havana2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates women's feelings on being subjected to piropos (catcalling) in their everyday lives. Through interviews with four Cuban women living in Havana, I analyse women's experiences of piropos through a phenomenological lens and through speech theory, investigating how norms surrounding sexualities and gender are materialised in and between language, bodies and spaces. I also investigate which acts of resistance and defence mechanisms my interviewees employ in order to cope with piropos. The first part of the analysis investigates the gendered dimensions of piropos, discussing how it constitutes gendered subject positions while enforcing gender inequality. My interviewees describe how being subjected to piropos makes them feel more feminine and links the occurrence of piropos directly to their self-esteem. They also describe how the occurrence of piropos conditions their possibility to move freely around the city. In the second part of the analysis I look at piropos as a heterosexual game in which different rules apply depending on gender. Lastly, this thesis focuses on my interviewees' accounts of resistance by analysing silence as well as verbal responses to piropos as a way of breaking the rules of the heterosexual game.

  • 254.
    Ahlsén, Moa
    Södertörn University, Lärarutbildningen.
    Att tala om kärlek, sexualitet och relationer: Ett närmande till barns perspektiv2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this empirical study has been to highlight how children, in their own habitat, reason and feel about love, sexuality and relations, as well as how pedagogues work with and interact with their pupils to grow understanding for these topics together. A core idea throughout the study has been to study different relationships and observe how these are created in a social context. This has led to two research questions that are answered in this study: How do pedagogues work with these topics in learning situations? And: How do a few individual children reason about love, sexuality and relations from their own point of view?

    The method used is an ethnographical field study; observations as well as in-depth interviews with two children and one adult in one school have been used for further analysis and discussion.

    The results show that the children reason differently from one another, and that the pedagogues work in various ways in learning situations concerning these topics. Furthermore, the conversation and the communication are highlighted as important components for creating a trusting relation between the child and the pedagogue in the different activities in compulsory school.

  • 255.
    Ahlsén, Susanne
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences.
    Nyborg, Agnes
    Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences.
    Kapitalstrukturpåverkande faktorers inverkan på skuldsättningsgraden: - En branschjämförelse2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Capital structure is without doubt one of the most frequently studied and controversial areas of modern financial theory, and will certainly continue to receive considerable attention from researchers worldwide. There is still no universal explanation of how an optimal capital structure would be designed for maximum appreciation, despite the development of several theories focusing on the subject. Equity and debt are the two main financing options that in combination explain the business's capital structure. The results of several research studies conducted in the subject has many times pointed out that there are specific factors that are directly related to the company's capital structure, and that there are clear sectoral differences in corporate debt. A study of the capital structure is considered important and interesting to implement due to the reasons above and the purpose of this study is to analyze and try to explain the similarities and differences between different industries in terms of how growth, profitability and size affect the debt level. The choice of these industries was with the intention to create large industry differences and with the expectation to find characteristics in the capital structure at a later comparison. 

    To achieve the study's aim, quantitative methods applied in which data was gathered from each company's financial statements. This was after statistical processing formed the basis for the study results and analysis. The results of the empirical data came to confirm the image depicted in publications and theories; the complexity of the subjects complicates the determination of the specific correlations. Factor impact and significance is often ambiguous and fails in its attempt to explain a relationship. However, what can be confirmed based on survey results, which also finds support from previous research, are the industry's internal influences prevailing at the factors influencing capital structure context.

  • 256.
    Ahltin Sandberg, Saga
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Larm, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Att nå ut till rätt målgrupp: En studie om hur digitaliseringen har förändrat mediebyråers upplevda möjlighet att hjälpa sina kunder att nå ut till deras tänkta målgrupp2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization has meant that a huge number of commercial messages reach us every day, and brands therefore have difficulties managing the fast-growing market. Traditional media agencies need to be digitized to keep up. The study aims at creating insight into how media agencies perceive that digitization has changed the ability to help their customers reach their intended target audience and thus achieve a sense of accuracy. The challenge is to navigate within the fast-growing digital market and at the same time perform accurate marketing to reach its target audience. There are more and more channels of communication and a lot of brands fighting for the same consumer's attention.

    A modified AIDA-model was created with a focus on digitalization which helped the study to get a more comprehensive picture. It was also used to understand the interaction between personalization, platforms and word of mouth.

    The study has a qualitative approach and five media agencies were interviewed through semi structured interviews about how they work with accuracy and digital marketing for the media agencies customers. The result showed that digitalization has helped media agencies reach the right target audience. Today you do not need to chance because you know the target audience. The target audience can be found on platforms, where data is used to help find them. It has opened the opportunity to work more confidently because you can make the choice to communicate only with your actual target audience.

    When you only communicate with your target audience, the advertisement can be perceived as content because the consumer has an interest. The marketing can be recognized as accurate. After that there is a great chance that consumers converge and interact with the brand than if they have used a broad marketing campaign.

  • 257.
    Ahlzén, Ewa
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Ädelmetalldeponeringar på Gotland under vikingatid: Gömda eller undanlagda?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Viking Age (800–1050 A.D.) is also called the “Silver Age”. Despite the fact that no silver mines were in use in Sweden at that time, most of the landowners for one reason or another had a lot of precious metal stored in their homes.

    Alone the Island of Gotland has found over 700 different hoards of which around 400 of these hoards have been excavated over the last 100 years. Archeologists are debating whether all this precious metal had been brought to the island by traders from the east, or if it came from the Viking raids in the west. Besides the coins, thousands of pieces of silver have been recorded.

    The intention of this essay is to attempt to clarify if it is possible to find differentiating factors between the hoards and to classify categories of these precious metal deposits. I indeed, such classifications and categorizations are achievable in the research findings in this paper.

  • 258.
    Ahlén, Marie
    Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences.
    Rural Member-Based Microfinance Institutions: A field study assessing the impacts of SACCOS and VICOBA in Babati district, Tanzania2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Microfinance has spread rapidly since the 1970s and gained a lot of international attention. Advocates mean it is a good way to reduce poverty, but still there is no consensus within the research about the impacts of microfinance and its contribution to poverty reduction.The aim of this study is to assess the members’ perceptions about the impacts of the rural member-based microfinance institutions (MFIs), Savings and Credit Cooperative Societies (SACCOS) and Village Community Bank (VICOBA), on members’ socio-economic situation as well as their perceptions about the contribution to poverty reduction and to identify potential obstacles. The study is mainly based on individual semi-structured interviews with members of SACCOS and VICOBA conducted between February and April 2012 in Babati district Tanzania and earlier research and studies within the area of microfinance and poverty reduction make up the theoretical framework. There is a general agreement among the members interviewed that these MFIs have positive impacts on their socio-economic situation. The results show that it helps to meet consumption needs, pay school fees, run small businesses, increase and diversify the income and the majority also believes that it can be a useful tool for poverty reduction. However, it doesn’t lead to poverty reduction automatically, it depends on how the loans are used and this study identifies several obstacles for SACCOS and VICOBA to be more effective and contribute more to poverty reduction. The main obstacles found are low repayment status, lack of capital and lack of education in both entrepreneurship and how these MFIs operate.

  • 259.
    Ahmad, Razan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Paredes Morel, Natalia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Tillämpningen av IFRS 3 i Storbritannien, Tyskland och Sverige: En undersökning av hur rörelseförvärv redovisas2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the year 2005 it became mandatory for listed companies in the EU to apply IFRS in their consolidated financial statements. The purpose of IFRS is to create harmonization and to facilitate the comparison of financial statements between countries for investors. Previous studies have shown that the application of regulation has not been harmonized which prevents comparability and creates a significant barrier between companies in different countries. The issue of harmonization was found in, among other, the accounting of acquisitions. Acquisitions have increased with globalization of the financial markets and have been an important driving force in development. This increased importance of acquisitions has led to higher demands on the companies’ published financial information, which resulted in the new accounting standard IFRS 3. This study seeks to analyze how companies in the United Kingdom and Germany account for acquisitions and how they differ between them. It also seeks to compare the countries with previous research from Sweden, and investigate how the influence of supervision affects their accounting.

    This study concludes that there are some differences in the accounting between the United Kingdom and Germany, but that these differences were not as great as perceived. Between Germany and Sweden there were significant differences despite the fact that they share the same historical accounting. The biggest discovery was that all countries relation between goodwill and intangible assets is becoming centralized. The supervision of companies is also a factor that seems to have a bigger impact in Sweden’s accounting than in Germany and the United Kingdom. The supervision does not explain the difference between Germanys and Swedens accounting.

  • 260.
    Ahmad, Vina
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Barns rörelse i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie baserad på förskollärares uppfattningar om barns fysiska aktivitet i förskolan och vilken inverkan den fysiska miljön har på den2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to get an overall view over preschool teacher’s perceptions about children's physical activity in preschool and also understand what impact the physical environment has on it. In Sweden children participate in preschool at an early age and spends the majority of their waken time there. Preschool therefore becomes an important platform to promote children’s early physical activities as it has great effect on their future lifestyle. The physical environment plays a significant role for children’s opportunity to be physically active and therefor also becomes an important part of this study. In this study I used a qualitative semi structured interview with six preschool teachers who worked in different preschools. 

    The theoretical background is based on Osnes, Skaug, and Kaarbys (2012) five positioning categories which are guidance, spectator, playmate, play in parallel with the child as well as initiate play. Each and one of this positioning categories have an impact on children’s play and the movements they use in those plays (2012). I also use Gitz-Johansen, Kampmann and Kirkeby theory where they describe the complex relationship between children and the pedagogical room (2001 in Eriksson 2013).  

    My study shows that the overall attitude toward physical activity is positive and is considered by the preschool teachers to be an essential part in children’s childhood. The preschool teachers are aware that they are the gatekeepers to physical activity and how their attitude can regulate children’s movements due to norms and values of the society they belong to. They expressed their dissatisfaction toward the preschool organization and highlighted the external factors that regulates the children’s movements which they expressed where out of their ability to impact such as large children groups, small staff density, narrow space to move in and so forth. They believe that children’s play is the gateway to physical activity and their positioning can help children to develop their physical abilities.  

  • 261.
    Ahmed, Aland
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ayanle Omar, Ifrah
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Hur skapas tillit mellan användare och värdar vid användandet av tjänster i delningsekonomin?: En kvalitativ studie om hur Airbnbs värdar och användare skapar tilliten mellan varandra.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to study trust between Airbnb hosts and users. The complexity of the sharing economy lies in the fact that it lacks formal contracts and laws that support the private individuals included in an agreement. This type of economy is not in complete absence of laws. But laws that usually apply outside the sharing economy are not supported in this type of organizational form. Then the problem arises, when trust must be created between each other, since there are no laws to lean on disputes, fraud etc. not only that the sharing economy is characterized by uncertainty, the booking takes place digitally, which contributes with even greater uncertainty. The actors are forced to find ways to create security in the form of trust. The authors of the study have therefore investigated how Airbnbs' hosts and users create trust between each other. The study was based on a qualitative research method in the form of twelve semi-structured telephone interviews. The study's theoretical frame of reference consisted of previous research on the sharing economy, trust in the sharing economy and peer-to-peer asset sharing. The result was that respondents using the feedback system consisting of reviews and reviews and the person's profile create an idea of ​​the person and then get their own impression when they have a conversation with the person. Communication, feedback system and profile are thus the three ways that give an impression that further shapes and creates trust between users and hosts on Airbnb.

  • 262.
    Ahmed, Aymann
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Bjelica, Marina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Corporate Social Responsibility och dess påverkan på lönsamhet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND:

    Företag fyller en stor roll i vårt samhälle eftersom de på många sätt är en viktig beståndsdel i att driva vårt samhälle mot vidare utveckling. För vidare hållbar utveckling krävs ansvarstagande av alla inblandade parter, men hur mycket ansvar ska företagen egentligen ta? Ska de ta ansvar för aspekter som exempelvis miljö och mänskliga rättigheter? Eller ska de endast fokusera på att vara så vinstmaximerande som möjligt?

    SYFTE:

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka sambandet mellan svenska företags rapporterade hållbarhetsredovisning och deras lönsamhet.

    METOD:

    För att kunna svara på syftet på bästa sätt valdes en kvantitativ metod med ett deduktivt synsätt. Tvärsnittsdesign valdes eftersom studien skulle undersöka sambandet mellan Corporate Social Responsibility och lönsamhet under en viss tidpunkt. Variabeln CSR operationaliseras genom användning av Folksams index för ansvarsfullt företagande och lönsamhet genom en justerad formel för Tobins Q. En regressionsanalys gjordes för att kunna undersöka korrelationen mellan CSR och lönsamhet.

    SLUTSATS:

    Sambandet mellan CSR och lönsamhet är neutralt, det vill säga statistiskt går det inte att påvisa något signifikant samband mellan CSR och lönsamhet för de studerade företagen i denna studie.

  • 263.
    Ahmed, Dalia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Kinas handelsrelation till OECD länder: En empirisk analys med tillämpning av gravitationsmodellen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under det senaste årtiondet har Kina genomgått en snabb tillväxt i sin exporthandel. I denna avhandling undersöks de viktigaste faktorer som påverkar Kinas export med hjälp av gravitationsmodellen. Studien observerar Kinas export till med hjälp av paneldata 30 mellan 1998 och 2007. De empiriska resultaten visar att de beroende variablerna, BNP per capita och populationen har starka och betydande effekter på Kinas exporthandel, medan distansen mellan länderna har en negativ effekt på handeln. Dessutom visar de empiriska resultaten att handelssamarbete har lett till betydande positiva effekter på exporten. Två andra förklarande variabler, regional ekonomisk organisation APEC (Asien Pacific Economic Cooperation) och växelkursen påverkar inte Kinas export betydligt.

  • 264.
    Ahmed, Faiza
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Modersmålet som stöttning för nyanlända elever i en förberedelseklass: En kvalitativ studie ur ett elevperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Aim of this study is to examine how newly arrived Somali students use their mother tongue as a method of support for the students to comprehend the Swedish language in a preparation class. The conclusion of my study originates from three key questions:  

    1. How do the students use their mother tongue as a method of support in a preparation class?
    2. In which situations (with who and when) do they use their mother tongue as a method of support?
    3. Which resources do the students use to support them with their mother tongue?

    To conduct the study I have used the qualitative method called participant observation. This is a technique in which I follow and observe two students in three different times. The study is based on previous research on second language development.

    The results shows the different ways students use their mother tongue and how all the different aspects prove to be significant in the students language development. The basic knowledge and experience they have from their first language is very helpful for the development of the students second language. The results also shows that the students use various types of code-switching to communicate with each other and how the group support each other through their mother tongue.

  • 265.
    Ahmed, Iftikhar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Trump’s tweet and media treat: A Critical discourse analysis of US and Pakistani newspapers2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Trump’s new year tweet about Pakistan’s role in the fight against terrorism ignited a controversy and a war of words between Pakistani officials and the US. This thesis studies newspaper coverage of both countries on this particular issue. Dawn and The News International are chosen from Pakistan and The New York Times and The Washington Post are selected from US media. The aim of this research is to analyse and compare the media discourse. Critical discourse analysis (CDA) was adopted as the most suitable choice. A sum of eight articles, comprising two from each newspaper, is analysed intensively. Outcomes of the analysis are discussed in relation to ‘framing’ and ‘agenda setting’ theories.

    Five key elements from the theories are listed including: language (vocabulary), conflict presentation, sources, related issues and emphasis. Results reveal that Pakistani newspapers use very strong, rather harsh vocabulary while reporting response to Donald Trump’s tweet. The US newspapers adopted literary phrases and less harsh tone to report this issue. Conflict presentation was focused on Trump’s tweet as a central idea in all the newspapers. Pakistani newspapers focused on the coverage of reaction from military and government officials of the country. On the other hand, US newspapers included sources from both countries to have an objective view. But they have included some controversial issues, which do not have a direct link to this debate starting with Trump’s tweet.

    Keywords: Twitter and news media, Trump’s tweet about Pakistan, Afghan war, CDA, Framing.

  • 266.
    Ahmed, Iqra Shahzadi
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Preventing the spread of Tuberculosis via refugees, asylum seekers and immigrants entering Sweden: A study of health communication, prevention strategies, policies and recommendations2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has for many decades witnessed a decrease of the spread of tuberculosis (TB), but between the years of 2003-2012 a new pattern has emerged with refugees carrying TB entering the country and contributing to a situation where the infection has slowly begun to spread again. The communication between the refugees and the health professionals has been inefficient, which inevitably results in fewer refugees undergoing health examinations. This in turn can lead to an increase of infections and diseases.

    The purpose of this study is to examine the current health communication between Swedish health professionals and immigrants, asylum seekers and refugees, and to give an overview of what type of health care currently exist for refugees with a high risk of TB. This is done to understand what is missing in the communication process, what has been done in order to improve the situation, and how it can be further improved in order to prevent TB. In order to fulfill the purpose of this study, a qualitative method has been used combining text analysis of interviews and secondary sources.

    This study has shown based on the interviews and secondary sources that the Swedish prevention work regarding TB is developing positively in general, but the communication between newly arrived refugees, health professionals and authorities in Sweden is lacking due to the fact that most of what is written and said in this communication process is in Swedish. This makes it difficult for the refugees to understand what is communicated and is stated as one of the main reasons why many refugees do not undergo health examinations, combined with the lack of awareness. Therefore a better functioning health communication between refugees, authorities and health professionals is required to support refugees seeking health care, as well as co-operating with health professionals to prevent the spread of not only TB but other infections and diseases in Sweden.

  • 267. Ahmed, Ishtiaq
    Globalisering och fredsrörelsen i diasporan. Provsprängningarna av kärnvapen i Sydasien 19982006In: Gränsöverskridande identiteter i globaliseringens tid: ungdomar, migration och kampen för fred, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2006, p. 169-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 268.
    Ahmed, Ladan
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Constructing identities in a segregated society in Nella Larsen’s Passing: The importance of teaching literature in an EFL classroom2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 269.
    Ahmed, Maha
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Etableringsrätt - och sen?: En studie av privata aktörers etablering och upplevelser av villkoren på den svenska förskolemarknaden2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The diversity of operators offering training and educational care within the Swedish school system and hence the possibility for parents and students to freely choose schools, has increased as a result of allowing private pre-schools and schools. The Government believes that competition and diversity is beneficial for the quality development and give students and parents the opportunity to choose a school. Autumn 2013 was the total number of children enrolled in kindergartens around 489 300 and 97 400 of these went to a private preschool, which is approximately 20% of the total. Reform efforts in the preschool market have a history older than 20 years, but it’s still considered to be too early to speak about concrete consequences. Statistically speaking the numbers of children in private kindergartens are few in comparison to those in municipal preschools. This despite the fact that there was a political will to increase the share since friskolereformen in 1992 and especially in the last decade. The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the perceived conditions for the establishment and operation of independent pre-school activities in the Swedish market.

    This study is based partly on studies of various policy documents and statistics that describe the development of the emerging preschool market and partly on interviews with seven persons who are or have been directors of private kindergartens in municipalities in Stockholm County during the past 20 years.

    The result shows that most of those interviewed preschools feel that the conditions for running private kindergartens are inadequate and that there are obstacles for continued expansion. This view seems to be more common with preschool whose preschool managers have not previously worked in responsible positions at municipal preschools. There is also a perception that competition is distorted at the pre-school market in favor for the municipal activities. Most of those interviewed have a negative attitude towards the local government twofold role as executor, the body that approves the establishments, and runs their own preschool. There is also dissatisfaction with the decision-makers where they are considered not to have an understanding of what it means to run private preschools. It is instead considered that the municipalities should renounce the role of performer and instead be a body that is in shaping the rules.

  • 270. Ahmed, Sara
    Lorenzoni, Patricia (Translator)
    Åsard, Maria (Translator)
    Vithetens hegemoni2011Book (Other academic)
  • 271. Ahmedi, Idris
    Identitetens olika skepnader: Kurdiska ungdomar, ’identitetspolitik’ och globalisering2006In: Gränsöverskridande identiteter i globaliseringens tid: ungdomar, migration och kampen för fred, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2006, p. 71-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 272.
    Ahmet, Zeynep
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Media technology.
    Jonsson, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Media technology.
    Sumon, Saiful Islam
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Media technology.
    Holmquist, Lars Erik
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Media technology.
    Supporting embodied exploration of physical concepts in mixed digital and physical interactive settings2011In: TEI'11: Proceedings of the fifth international conference on Tangible, embedded, and embodied interaction, Funchal, Portugal: ACM Press, 2011, p. 109-116Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper findings are presented from a study on how sensor equipped computer game technologies can be used to create tools for educational settings to learn about for example concepts in physics. In a workshop focusing on the concept of gravity, a group of children interacted with an environment consisting of both physical and digital interactive components. We discuss how the mixed digital and physical setting affects the children's coordination and collaboration and their strategies to solve the given assignment. Findings suggest that the embodied nature of the technology create new opportunities for collaboration and that the alignment of the physical and digital parts of the interactive setting is important in order to create a seamless experience that takes advantage of the properties of the respective media.

  • 273.
    Ahmeti, Flora (Florije)
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication.
    "I skolan var det svårare, speciellt på gymnasiet": En kvalitativ fallstudie av en skolas syn på lesbiska och en lesbisks erfarenheter av skolan2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to highlight the conceptions that exist in school towards homosexuality. My overall essay questions are: What rules does the school have to apply concerning homosexuality? What approach do the professors have towards young lesbian women and kind of support is offered to the group? In order to answer these questions I interviewed a professor and a young lesbian female. One of the surveys that has been made, as a normative order, about heterosexuality in the last decade is known as queer theory.

    One of the theories that in surveys investigates homosexuality as a normative order is known as “queer theory” and it is the one I decided to use in this essay.

    Inspired by feminist research, gay and lesbian studies and the poststructuralist theory, the queertheory focuses on some peoples way of organizing sexuality is privileged, sanctioned and is perceived as normal, while others are seen as deviant, abnormal and therefore unwelcome. The method chosen for this essay is qualitative with focus on interviews and life stories. The result indicates that there is no specific plan based on the schools fundamental values concerning how homosexuality should be included in teaching.

     

     

  • 274.
    Ahnoff, Örjan
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Resor i rum, tid och relationer: Läroböckers geografiska perspektivväxlingar i historisk jämförelse 1890-tal/2010-tal2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines how textbooks in primary geography offer readers to make changes in perspective. As the title suggests, spatial/temporal awareness and understanding of social relations are seen as interconnected aspects of what changes in perspective is about.

    Two contemporary textbooks used in Swedish primary school are analyzed, as well as one written in 1893 by the Swedish reform educator Anna Whitlock. The analysis is made with tools from multimodal social semiotics and critical linguistics. Understanding didactics on a basis of curriculum theory, distinguishing varied offers of meaning is seen as an important basis for making decisions in didactic practice. The essay offers arguments to support that view.

    A historical perspective is used to illustrate constructions of school geography in our time. Attention is paid to how the text from the 1890s introduces spatiality by letting the reader relate to the physical world, while spatiality in the texts from the 2010s is framed by social relations. When differences between the contemporary textbooks are described, some specific design choices offering varied reader interactions are suggested being crucial for inclusions/exclusions of experiences and worldviews.

  • 275.
    Ahnoff, Örjan
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Resurs för orientering: Interaktivt satellitfoto i barns samtal om plats2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines a way of letting children relate to place through an activity based on one-to-one conversation with an adult, supported by interactive satellite photo on a tablet computer. The investigated activity may be seen as a research method or an educational activity. Two questions are addressed: What kinds of experiences of place are possible to communicate in the activity? and How are conditions for this communication formed through the activity? The results are compared to previous research on activities such as walks, photographs and drawings.

    Eleven children at the age of 8 participated in the activity. Screencasts and audio recordings were made and analysed in order to answer the research questions.

    The work is based on geographical theory, starting with a discussion on place and space, and is further inspired by approaches in the research field Children’s geographies. In addition to this, design activity in learning processes is used a theoretical and analytical perspective.

    I argue that interactivity with a secondary representation of place (the digital satellite photo) can be described as something in between of place-interactivity and non-place-interactivity, and in between of creativity and non-creativity. At the same time, this inbetweenness forms a specific, new condition for communication. Furthermore, through observations of how the participating children make interpretations of, and negotiate, the activity, I discuss children’s need of room for sense making. Finally, I suggest that contemporary research methodology with children can be seen as a didactic example, demanding adults to put children’s rights, interests, participation and agency first.

  • 276. Ahnström, G.
    et al.
    Nygren, Jonas
    Södertörn University, Avdelning Naturvetenskap. Karlinska Instiutet.
    Eriksson, S.
    The effect of dimethyl sulphoxide on the induction and repair of double-strand breaks in human cells after irradiation with γ-rays and accelerated ions: Rapid or slow repair may depend on accessibility of breaks in chromatin of different compactness2000In: International Journal of Radiation Biology, ISSN 0955-3002, E-ISSN 1362-3095, Vol. 76, no 4, p. 533-538Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The repair of double-strand breaks (dsb) in mammalian cells is characterized by a rapid phase with a half-life of less than half an hour and a slower phase that lasts for many hours. The proportion of slow repair increase with LET and it has been suggested that the slow repair component consists of more complex damage and is more deleterious to the cells. To see if removal of OH radicals could remove part of the damage in complex dsb and make them easier to repair, human cells were irradiated in the presence of dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO). Methods: Induction and repair of dsb were studied by neutral elution in human VH10 cells exposed to γ-rays, helium ions (mean LET 40 keV/μm) and 80 and 125 keV/μm monoenergetic nitrogen ions in the presence and absence of 2 M DMSO. Results: Incubation of cells exposed to γ-rays, 40 keV/μm helium and 80 keV/μm N ions demonstrated that scavenging of OH radicals by DMSO removed most of the rapid repair component. The response to DMSO was less marked after 125 keV/μm nitrogen ions, where about half of the repair was resistant to DMSO. Conclusions: It is unlikely that the complexity of dsb is responsible for the slow repair because the removal of OH radicals did not make the breaks easier to repair. Instead, it is suggested that rapid and slow repair can be explained on the basis of how different parts of the chromatin are accessible to repair enzymes.

  • 277.
    Aho Huotari, Marie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Andersson, Kristin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Har en gemensam valuta resulterat i en minskad prisspridning?: En jämförande studie på priskonvergens inom euroländer i förhållande till övriga EU länder2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 1993 the internal market within the European Union was formed and ensured free movement of goods, services, capital and people. This led to the removal of trade barriers between members of the European Union. When opening up for competition, price differences between countries decreased and more jobs were created. A single currency was introduced by eleven countries in 1999 with the goal of reducing transaction costs, eliminating exchange rate risk and to further simplify trade. In 2001 Greece joined the collaboration and introduced the euro. With a single currency, price differences are expected to decrease. The aim of this study is to investigate whether a common currency has had a significant effect on reducing price dispersion or not. Two types of convergence are tested, beta and sigma convergence. 21 different product groups are included in this study and are sorted after the speed of convergence. All of the 27 EU member states are included and divided into two groups, one euro group and one non-euro group. We also examine if differences in productivity can explain price convergence. The results indicate that the introduction of a common currency did not decrease price dispersion within the majority of product groups. For the product groups in which price convergence are evident, only one product group within the euro countries and one product group within the non-euro countries have proven to be significantly positive in terms of differences in productivity.

  • 278.
    Aho, Jessica
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    ”Undervisning är mycket på tapeten nu…": En fenomenografisk studie om förskollärares uppfattningar, förhållningssätt och ansvar om undervisning och lärande2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate and analyze preschool teachers perceptions, approaches and responsibility with the concepts of teaching and learning. The questions that have been investigated are which perceptions of teaching and learning the preschool teachers have, how they approach teaching and how preschool teachers perceive their responsibility in the teaching.

    The phenomenographical approach is used as a theory to investigate the preschool teachers perceptions. The variation theory is used to show how preschool teachers conduct teaching and the development of pedagogical perspective is used to examine the perceptions of teaching and learning. The phenomenographical method is used as a qualitative method with interviews, to visualize the preschool teachers perceptions in different categories.

    The results in this study are that the preschool teachers have three different perceptions on the terms teaching and learning. The concepts are perceived as either synonymous, different or that these concepts have a connection. The results show that the preschool teachers approach the teaching based on the childrens needs and interests, from spontaneous situations or in controlled activities. The results also show that the preschool teachers responsibility in teaching is described in three ways which are a dual-assignment, to increase the quality and from the requirement of society. The conclusions of this study show that teaching and learning will be perceived and approached in varied forms because there are no clear guidelines in how education should take form in practice. The variation between the perceptions provides an insight that preschools will still be different, depending on the preschool teachers approach.

  • 279.
    Aho, Rabi
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Aho, Daniel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Företagsförvärvens påverkan på aktiekursutvecklingen: En eventstudie om hur förvärvsmetoden påverkar aktiekursen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine how the acquisition method affects the purchasing companies’ abnormal returns in the short term, and to ascertain whether the companies’ industry affiliation has an impact on the reaction. The study applied three theories and a number of previous researches that are of significance to the study. Theories used are different forms of acquisitions, the efficient market hypothesis and the signal theory. This study was made by a quantitative and comparative approach using an event study where 64 acquisitions were observed. The acquisitions were divided into four different industries and distributed in the approaches of share- and asset acquisitions. These acquisitions have been observed during an eleven-day period, five days before to five days after publication. The collected secondary processed data has been collected from Nasdaq OMX, Google Finance and the database Zephyr. The results according to this study conveys that an acquisition of asset is preferable in comparison with the acquisition of shares, except for companies in the consumer discretionary sector as seen benefits from an acquisition of shares. It is possible to discern how the healthcare sector is the one that benefits most in the publication of an acquisition, in terms of the abnormal returns.

  • 280.
    Ahola, Teresa
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Två lag: Nyhetsrapportering om sextrafficking inför fotbolls-VM i Tyskland 20062011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen kretsar kring mediedebatten om sextrafficking som startade den 2 april 2006 när dåvarande jämställdhetsombudsman (Jämo), Claes Borgström, medverkade i Sveriges Televisions (SVT:s) samhällsprogram Agenda. Hans budskap var att Sverige borde bojkotta fotbolls-VM i Tyskland i protest mot sextrafficking, ett förslag som väckte starka reaktioner. Många förstod hans avsikt men inte hans strategi. Det positiva var att Borgström satte igång debatten om sextrafficking och frågan är hur denna debatt kom att speglas i pressens nyhetsrapportering? Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur sextrafficking beskrevs i svensk press från april till september 2006.

    Studien har gjorts med kombinerade metoder, dels en kvantitativ del som sammanfattar innehållet i debatten och ger en översikt på artiklarna, dels en kvalitativ del som analyserar nyhetsartiklarnas texter. Poängen är att se vad och hur journalister valde att rapportera om sextrafficking och ta reda på vilka som fick komma till tals.

    Materialet består av ett färdiginsamlat arkivmaterial om VM-debatten som finns hos Diskrimineringsombudsmannen (DO) i Stockholm. Studiens urval består av 131 debattartiklar daterade från 3/4–22/9 2006 och 22 nyhetsartiklar daterade från 2/4–21/9 2006.

    Resultatet visar att tidningarnas rapportering om sextrafficking fokuserade på debatten om legal prostitution vilket kan ha en koppling med att VM hölls i Tyskland där sexköp varit tillåtet sedan 2002. Frågan har sedan lång tid tillbaka delat in debattörer i två lag, de som är för eller mot legal prostitution.

    Det näst största ämnet som togs upp var vilken roll idrottsrörelsen borde ta i kampen mot sextrafficking. Många journalister valde att intervjua Claes Borgström och Fotbollsförbundets ordförande, Lars-Åke Lagrell. För övrigt intervjuades politiker, myndigheter, organisationer, fotbollssupportrar och prostituerade. Bara ett sexoffer, en forskare och en traffickingexpert intervjuades.

    En intressant upptäckt var att rapporteringen om aktörer inom sextrafficking inte var könsneutral utan kvinnor sågs som offer och män som sexköpare eller hallickar.

  • 281.
    Ahonen, Anne-Mari
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Pedagogisk dokumentation: Hur tolkas begreppet?2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to see how educators and municipalities interpret the term of pedagogical documentation. My question was; how do the educators and the responsible at municipalities interprets pedagogical documentation? What is meaningful to document?

    What do you think is the foundation if you can work with pedagogical documentation?

    To find out the answers to my questions, I based my study on theory from different teachers and researchers in education and then interviews and questionnaires.

    The results show that the concept of pedagogical documentation can be interpreted differently. The Pedagogue´s child perspective controls whether you can make use of pedagogical documentation.

    Preschool teachers use pedagogical documentation through observation of different methods that can be ex camera, observation templates, etc. and it will make children's learning visible but it is also making the educator's learning visible and it contributes to development and change. By reflecting on documentation it gives you opportunities to see things you would not see yourself.

    The purpose of the use of pedagogical documentation can be for various reasons it may be that you want to see how a child thinks, child development, even to change the environment at the preschool. The curriculum Lpfö98 raise educational documentation in the preface, it says that the activity is made visible but also that it provides a basis to ensure the quality.

    The concept of pedagogical documentation is taken from the Reggio Emilia philosophy, which worked with the working tool in more than 30 years and the aim is to make visible children's learning but children view is essential if you can work and understand the concept of pedagogical documentation.

  • 282.
    Ahrens, Åsa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Art history.
    Fittja Open 2011: Platsspecifik konst och (re)presentation2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay explores how artwork in the public space can be analysed, conceptualized and described by bringing attention to site. Through an analysis of artworks in the yearly art exhibition of Fittja Open 2011, the essay draws attention to site-specific art and structures of power. The principal aim is to present not only the exhibition of Fittja Open 2011 but also other artwork in the public sphere in Fittja, a suburb to Stockholm. From this point of departure other interests evolve that concerns the "image" of Fittja. The analysis, based on research in art history, architecture, ethnology and philosophy as well as qualitative interviews, also focuses on understanding the role of site and the relations between art practice, institutions and site.

    The result shows that there are problems with a ruptured interface between the artwork and site. The claim made throughout the thesis is that artwork in the public sphere of Fittja need to be sensitive to the conflicted issue of public space in order not to reproduce stereotypes. Despite the knowledge and insight about its local art situation, the study also points out certain insensibility on behalf of Botkyrka konsthall as regards social status and class.

  • 283.
    Ahrens, Åsa
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication.
    Knitting House: Konst, arkitektur och stickning som politisk katalysator2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the project Knitting House using art and architectural theories to question the forms of the project as well as the town planning in the area of Husby, a suburb to Stockholm. In order to stress the architectural issues in the area of Husby, the thesis examines the aim and intention of the project Knitting House. The project explores the standardized architectural form that was used and built under the Miljonprogrammet, through the years of 1960-1970 in the neighborhoods of Järvafältet. The thesis will also investigate some of the problems that arise when attempting to discuss knitting as a method used to perform Knitting House.

     This paper explores the relationships between public and private spaces, the areas in between them and how they interact. The claim made throughout the thesis is that Knitting House can function as a political catalyst by presenting a combined perspective of art, architecture and politics to address the social and ethnic segregation in suburbs like Husby. 

  • 284. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Boström, Magnus
    Pendelrörelser mellan frivillighet och tvång: Organisationers kamp om regleringsstrategier2004In: Den organiserade frivilligheten / [ed] Boström Magnus, Forssell Anders, Jacobsson Kerstin, Tamm Hallström Kristina, Lund: Liber , 2004, p. 144-162Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 285. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Boström, Magnus
    Forssell, Anders
    Meningen med föreningen: Vad är frivilligt med frivilligorganisationer?2004In: Den organiserade frivilligheten / [ed] Boström Magnus, Forssell Anders, Jacobsson Kerstin, Tamm Hallström Kristina, Lund: Liber , 2004, p. 22-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 286. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 4, Sociology.
    Behövs medlemmarna?2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 3, p. 3-10Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 287. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 4, Sociology.
    Behövs medlemmarna?: Kommentar2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 4, p. 42-43Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 288. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University, School of Sociology and Contemporary History, Sociology.
    Förändring bygger på tröghet2005In: Arbetsliv och samhällsförändringar / [ed] Björn Fjæstad & Lars-Erik Wolvén, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2005, p. 329-343Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 289. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University, Department of Society and History, Sociology.
    Hur mycket kan man hoppas på globala rörelser?: om sociala rörelser och politiska partier2004In: Agoras årsbok, ISSN 1650-1926, p. 130-145Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 290. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    In the thick of organizations1994In: Social organizations / [ed] Göran Ahrne, London: Sage , 1994, p. 132-155Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 291. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Sociology.
    Inertia and innovation2001Report (Other academic)
  • 292. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Kollektivt handlande i rörelser och organisationer2006In: Sociala rörelser: politik och kultur / [ed] Åsa Wettergren, Andrew Jamison, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, Vol. S. 109-127, p. 109-127Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 293. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Organisationer, samhälle och globalisering: Tröghetens mekanismer och förnyelsens förutsättningar2014 (ed. 2)Book (Refereed)
  • 294. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 4, Sociology.
    Organisationer, samhälle och globalisering: tröghetens mekanismer och förnyelsens förutsättningar2002Book (Other academic)
  • 295.
    Ahtila, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Ho, David
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Ett traditionellt flygbolags anpassningsförmåga: En fallstudie av Scandinavian Airlines Sverige2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågeställning: Vilka nödvändiga förändringar behöver ett traditionellt flygbolag genomgå för att överleva inom en turbulent marknad?

    Huvudsyfte: Med hjälp av en fallstudie och utvalda teorier analysera och utvärdera hur väl ett traditionellt flygbolag anpassar sig utefter de rådande marknadsförhållandena på flygmarknaden.

    Metod: En fallstudie med SAS Airlines som studieobjekt har genomförts. Även Ryanair har inkluderats som en liten del i studien, vars syfte är att förse läsaren med en beskrivning av fenomenet lågprisflygbolag. Vidare har valda relevanta teorier utgjort ramen för insamlandet av data från rapporter av olika slag samt kompletterande information från intervjuer.

    Slutsatser:

    - Omvärldsbevakning möjliggör kundanpassningen.

    - Organisationsstorlek tillsammans med allianssamarbetet inger ökade möjligheter för anpassningen.

    - Den offensiva prispolitiken tillsammans med det förändrade resebeteendet försvårar SAS Airlines konkurrensförmåga.

    - Organisations- och ägarstruktur inger begränsade handlingsutrymmen.

    - SAS Airlines har ytterst få möjligheter till att anpassa sig efter krig, epidemier, terrordåd och oljeprissvängningar.

    - SAS Airlines anpassning består i stora drag av kostnadsbesparingar, kapacitetsreduceringar, kundanpassning av erbjudanden samt av en efterfrågestyrd prissättning.

  • 296.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Lithuanian Social Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania.
    Community Mobilizations around Housing and Local Environment: Insights into the Case of Vilnius2013In: Sociologija: Mintis ir Veiksmas, ISSN 1392-3358, E-ISSN 2335-8890, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 136-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews activities of community organizations in the post-Soviet city of Vilnius. The particular attention is paid to the reasons for mobilization of the local communities; the leadership and motivation; the reasons for non-participation; and the communication with the local authorities. The findings of this paper show that mobilizations are not taking place on the massive scale. However, they are being institutionalized and have achieved noteworthy results. Communities mobilize against illegal or unwanted constructions close to their vicinity or to defend green zones in the city. The successful movement is centered around a charismatic leader who devotes his/her time and non-material and material resources to attain results. The explanations for non-participation can be found in difficult economical conditions of the majority of the population; low level of civil society; increasing individualization and income inequalities. The findings of this paper also demonstrate that the political and institutional structure is fairly unfavorable for local activists. The community organizations are not supported by the local governmental structures in a substantial way. On the contrary, they are faced, in most of the cases, with the authority’s alienation and confrontation.

  • 297.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Die Entwicklung in der post-sowjetischen Ära: Das litauische Wohlfahrtssystem2007In: Europäische Wohlfahrtssysteme: Ein Handbuch / [ed] Klaus Schubert, Simon Hegelich, Ursula Bazant, Weisbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften , 2007, p. 403-422Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 298.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    From universal system of social policy to particularistic: The case of the Baltic States2003In: Communist and post-communist studies, ISSN 0967-067X, E-ISSN 1873-6920, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 405-426Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 299. Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Gerovės valstybių patirtis vertinant socialinio teisingumo principo įgyvendinimą švietime: Švedijos, Škotijos ir Vokietijos atvejai2010In: Viesoji Politika ir Administravimas, ISSN 1648-2603, no 34, p. 47-60Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 300.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Lithuanian Social Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania .
    Housing Policy Regime in Lithuania: Towards Liberalization and Marketization2014In: GeoJournal, ISSN 0343-2521, E-ISSN 1572-9893, Vol. 79, no 4, p. 421-432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews housing policy development in Lithuania in the light of previous literature which reinterprets Esping-Andersen’s work on welfare regimes and adopts it to study housing policy. It seeks to highlight the major features of the Lithuanian housing policy. The findings of this paper reveal that the Lithuanian housing regime exhibits many features which are common under the liberal one. Most significant of these are low de-commodification for those who have to buy or rent a home for the market price, increasing stratification based on income and the dominant position of the market in housing production, allocation and price determination. However, a detailed examination of the Lithuanian housing policy reveals that the housing policy system, despite having many features similar to the liberal one, has been operating in different social and economic settings as a result of unique historical experience of the communist housing policy (massive production of low quality apartment blocks during the communist era, which currently need substantial renovation) and consequently drastic changes in the housing field since 1990s (massive privatization of the housing stock and decentralization of the housing management system). The Lithuanian housing policy regime could be characterized as a regime with the higher owner-occupation compared to other welfare state regimes, but the lower economic power of the owners to take care of their property maintenance, repair and renovation.

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