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  • 201.
    Frigo, Alberto
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    As we should think?: Lifelogging as a re-emerging method2016Inngår i: Innovative Methods in Media and Communication Research / [ed] Sebastian Kubitschko; Anne Kaun, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, s. 139-159Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Frigo provides an alternative way to look at lifelogging and goes as far as to propose it as an indispensable method for scholars to better sense and understand the complex media-generated landscape around them. The chapter provides a broader historical contextualization of lifelogging and deepens the contemporary discussion on everyday life increasingly governed by sensors and algorithms. Inviting media scholars to embrace technical complexity in an auto-ethnographic fashion, Frigo introduces a set of instructions on how to get started to lifelog as a research method. Lastly, the chapter presents Frigo’s own manual lifelogging methodology as a concrete example of information retrieval and subsequent knowledge production.

  • 202.
    Frigo, Alberto
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Life-stowing from a Digital Media Perspective: Past, Present and Future2017Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    While both public opinion and scholars around the world are currently pointing out the danger of increasingly popular life-logging devices, this book articulates this debate by distinguishing between automatic and manual life-logging approaches. Since new definitions of life-logging have excluded the latter approach and have been mainly focused on effortless life-logging technologies such as Google Glass and Quantified Self applications in general, the second part of this thesis theoretically frames life-stowing.Through extensive etymological research, I have defined life-stowing as a manual and effortful practice conducted by life-stowers, individuals who devote their life to sampling reality in predefined frameworks. As part of this book, an historical overview introduces life-stowers and distinguishes between Apollonian and Dionysian varieties of these practitioners. Lastly, in order to understand the future reception of life-stowing, particularly in relation to digital media, I have disclosed my ongoing life-stowing project to a small audience.

  • 203.
    Frigo, Alberto
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    My Digital Life: 2003 Onward2015Inngår i: IEEE Internet Computing, ISSN 1089-7801, E-ISSN 1941-0131, Vol. 19, nr 6, s. 12-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This experience report describes a project the author started 12 years ago to track several aspects of his life and the reality around him. Unlike several related projects, this project is conducted manually using a self-crafted digital framework. Here, the author describes the project's architecture, also noting different life perspectives he developed and depicted using different media. Finally, he explores the motivations and challenges of manual lifelogging.

  • 204.
    Ghebrehiwet, Rahwa
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Häng med! Konsten att orientera sig i det svenska informationssamhället: En kvalitativ studie om hur digitala informationsmedel tas emot av nyanlända eritreaner i Botkyrka kommun2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie berör nyanlända eritreaner, bosatta i Botkyrka kommun, upplevelse av digitaliserad samhällsinformation. Studien har tre huvudsakliga frågeställningar 1. Söker sig min valda grupp till digital myndighetsinformation gällande arbete, bank samt boende och hur upplevs den i sådant fall? 2) På vilket sätt upplever eritreanska nyanlända svenska myndigheters e-förvaltning? 3) Hur kan man diskutera nyanlända eritreaners situation utifrån begreppen digital natives/digital immigrants? Studiens centrala teori är den digitala klyftan som berör frågor om digital integrering, och olika typer av internetanvändning. Vidare lyfts faktorer som utmärker mediekunnighet och slutligen den digital klyftan i samband med medborgarskap och e-förvaltning. Det empiriska materialet har nåtts genom att tillämpa kvalitativa metoder i form av en individuell intervju med en anställd på Botkyrka kommuns socialtjänst för att få en överblick över etableringsprocessen vad gäller nyanlända i kommunen. Därefter utfördes en pilotstudie med två eritreanska nyanlända som intervjuades för att sedan utföra en gruppintervju med åtta nyanlända eritreaner i form av en gruppintervju med inslag av etnografiska metoder. Resultatet av studien visade att majoriteten av respondenterna upplevde en ganska grav digital klyfta vad gäller e-förvaltning och digital blanketthantering. På detta vis kunde tecken visas som tillhör begreppet digital immigrant. Däremot har de inte behövt anpassa sig till det digitala landskapet vad gäller sociala medier och underhållande medieaktivitet, som är tendenser vi ser bland digital natives. Detta visade deras komplexa situation om att befinna sig i ett mellanförskap i förhållande till begreppen digital native och digital immigrant.

  • 205.
    Goldenzwaig, Gregory
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Music Consumption Practices in the Age of the Cloud: Listening to Russia2014Inngår i: World of Media: Yearbook of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, ISSN 2307-1605, Vol. 2013, s. 39-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The cross-cultural study ”Music in the Digital Age”  focuses on the impact of the Internet on music in everyday life. This article presents the first results from the Russian segment of the study: we look into how the growing Internet access affects the patterns of music-related practices in Russia.  Music is now ubiquitous in the everyday life of young people. It is strongly incorporated in the daily routine, and it is primarily associated with mood regulation and adaption to urban environments. Predictably, the effects of broad access to music result in the integration of online and offline-activities related to music. However, we also observe a contrast of the utilitarian effects of wide access, and the growing demand for materiality and privacy in music.

  • 206.
    Goldenzwaig, Gregory
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Music Use in the Digital Media Age: A Study of Music Cultures in Stockholm and Moscow2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The poster presents early insights from an ongoing study of music cultures among young audiences in Stockholm and Moscow. The 3-year research project ”Music Use in the Digital Media Age” is conducted by a research group at Södertörn University, Sweden. The cross-cultural study focuses on the impact of the Internet on music use and meanings of music in everyday life. Transformations in music use are observed from a user-centred audience perspective. The project sets focus on Moscow/Russia and Stockholm/Sweden: two geo-cultural frameworks in Northerrn and Eastern Europe.

  • 207.
    Goldenzwaig, Gregory
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Феномен «музыки-в-облаке» в российских реалиях: проблематика ценности [Music in the Cloud in Russia: the Problematics of Value]2014Inngår i: Вестник Московского университета. Серия 10. Журналистика (Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Seria 10, Journalistika), ISSN 0320-8079, nr 2Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The research project "Music Use in the Online Media Age" focuses on the impact of the Internet on music use. Whereas the user practices related to music shift from offline to online, from album to single song listening, from recorded to live, from file-sharing to social media platforms, the users’ understanding of music and its role is dramatically evolving. The study reveals that the music-related activities in Russia are mainly concentrated on the social networking website VKontakte. Practices related to this and other platforms form complex folksonomies of online and offline listening, intertwined with experiences of live music. The early findings shed light on the effects of the ubiquity of digitised music on the Internet: the integration of online and offline activities, the decay of emotional investment in music, the diversification of music listening patterns. The debate about the value of music is reflected in the discussion about payment models where locally established consumption practices conflict with moral aspects and where the rejection of the authority of the music industry is combined with the respect for the artistic labour.   

  • 208.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    ”Another world is plantable”: Urban activist gardeners’ communicative action2013Inngår i: COCE 2013: Abstracts, 2013, s. 20-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban activist gardening can take many forms and is practiced in cities all over the world from community gardens on vacant lots, that is, the cultivation of what is considered to be neglected land , to the cultivation of tree pits, and to moss graffiti on rocks, logs, pots or statuary. Without communicating these actions, we did not know anything about these movements. For instance, mass media has taken up this issue of transformation in several contributions. Most of the people know about it via mass media, that has frequently taken up activist gardening in cities. However, this paper explores how urban activist gardener themselves communicate their actions on websites. What are the selection criteria for dissemination information on their activities? How do they try to open up for participation for the “right” people?

  • 209.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    From Wasteland to Flower Bed: Ritual in the Website Communication of Urban Activist Gardeners2014Inngår i: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 6, nr 23, s. 451-471Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this article is to explore the website communication of urban activist gardeners by focusing on the concept of ritual as a heuristic category. In contrast to the majority of those doing research on ritual, I use a systems-theoretical approach in applying the concept of ritual to communication processes. I explore the role played by ritual in communication in order to answer questions such as, “What is specifically unique about the ritual mode of communicating?” and, following from this, “What function do these rituals serve in communication?” My subject, urban garden activism, is thus addressed from the perspective of media- and communication research.

    First, I briefly describe urban activist gardening and how communication is usually structured on their websites. Second, I present an outline of some theories and concepts of communication and ritual within media studies, and give a brief account of the systems-theoretical approach that I use. Third, I define some areas of ritual – that is, ritualized patterns of communication found in the urban activist gardeners’ empirical material – so as to provide answers regarding the means and function of ritual in communication.

  • 210.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Introduction2016Inngår i: The Environment in the Age of the Internet: Activists, Communication, and the Digital Landscape / [ed] Graf, Heike, Open Book Publishers, 2016, s. 1-19Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 211.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Journalistiken, den etniska mångfalden och migrationen2019Inngår i: Handbok i journalistikforskning / [ed] Michael Karlsson och Jesper Strömbäck, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 2, s. 311-323Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här kapitlet behandlar journalistik och etnisk mångfald ur ett medietext- och produktionsperspektiv. Kapitlet inkluderar inte etniska minoriteters reception av olika sorters medietexter.

    Begreppet ”etnicitet” syftar på olika härkomst än den egna gruppen, som i detta kapitel är den nationella majoritetsgruppen. Som samlingsbegrepp används numera begreppet ”personer med utländsk bakgrund”, vilket avser personer som är utrikesfödda eller födda i Sverige med minst en utrikes född förälder (DS 2000:43). Framför allt i samband med forskningens historik inkluderas i kapitlet också nationella minoriteter, vilka fick officiellt erkännande i Sverige först 1999.

    Fokus ligger på etnisk mångfald samt på nyhetsjournalistik i tv, radio och press. Därmed avgränsar sig kapitlet från frågor kring exempelvis kulturell mångfald, kön, funktionsnedsättning, sexuell läggning och ålder.

    Efter en överblick över de mest relevanta teorierna och internationell forskning om journalistik och etnisk mångfald ges en mer detaljerad och kronologisk överblick över svensk forskning om ämnet.

  • 212.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Journalistiken och den etniska mångfalden2015Inngår i: Handbok i journalistikforskning / [ed] Karlsson, Michael ; Strömbäck, Jesper, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, s. 335-352Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här kapitlet behandlar journalistik och etnisk mångfald ur ett medietext-och produktionsperspektiv. Kapitlet inkluderar inte  receptionen av olika sorters medietexter som adresserar mångfaldsperspektivet, det vill säga studier som behandlar invandrarnas och de nationella minoriteternas medieanvändning. Dessa studier nämns bara i samband med att de är viktiga för att förstå framförallt historiken kring den svenska forskningen om journalistik och etnisk mångfald. Begreppet ”etnicitet” syftar på olika härkomst än den egna gruppen, som i detta kapitel är den nationella majoritetsgruppen. Som samlingsbegrepp används numera begreppet ”personer med utländsk bakgrund”som är utrikesfödda eller födda i Sverige med minst en utrikesfödd förälder (DS 2000:43). Framför allt i samband med forskningens historik inkluderas i kapitlet också nationella minoriteter som först 1999 fick officiellt erkännande i Sverige. Fokus ligger på etnisk mångfald (och inte på kulturell mångfald i sig) samt på nyhetsjournalistik i tv, radio och press. Därmed avgränsar sig kapitlet från frågor kring kön, funktionsnedsättning, sexuell läggning och ålder. Efter en överblick över de mest relevanta teorierna och internationell forskning om journalistik och etnisk mångfald ges en mer detaljerad och kronologisk överblick över svensk forskning.

  • 213.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Journalist’s fear production: Consequences for society2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We know from research that news media create their preferred meanings of environmental issues, from the angle of problems and dangers (e.g. Roll-Hansen 2014, Foust, C. R. & O'Shannon Murphy, W., 2009). While some environmental events are associated with drama such as earthquakes, most of environmental phenomena are rather invisible such as the thinning of Earth’s protective ozone layer (Hansen 2010, 95). Also the time scale of most environmental issues does not fit to 24-hours news making such as climate change. It needs a great deal of journalistic work to make such phenomena visible. Hence, to fit in to conventional news format, mainstream media “over-report the risks generating by acute crises” (Allan de. 2000, in Cox 2013, 167).This paper discusses the consequences of news media’s coverage of environmental issues as threats and dangers. Fear has emerged as a framework for engaging in ecological issues. Danger and fear are perceived as a central feature of our environment. We take it for granted that our physical environment is in danger, something we are afraid of. Fear cannot be forbidden or scholarly falsified, and is therefore not contested in social communication (Luhmann 1989). Fear is just there.The constant concern about risks and dangers leads to the impression that nothing is harmless and all is contaminated. It promotes a sense of disorder and a belief that things are out of control (Luhmann, 1989, 189). It reproduces itself and becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy (Altheide, 2002, 189. The problem lies less in the psychical reality of fear and anxiety but in the communicative actuality in society. “If anxiety is communicated but not contested in the communication, it acquires a moral existence” (Luhmann, 1989, 130). Those who  uses this frame is morally in the right.  “It becomes a duty to worry, and a right to expect participation in fears and to require standards for defense against danger. Those who worries… become warner with all risks that it implies” (Luhmann, 1989, 130). It implies, for instance, for scientific arguments that they are in a difficult position when arguing against anxiety-related issues. It implies also that the fear frame does not allow for the arguing of any progress that possibly has been made concerning environmental issues. In this way, environmental communication is infused with morality, based on fear and/or anxiety frame and, hence, it makes it difficult for controversies. However, only the future can show whether the fear has been justified.

  • 214.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Media Practices an Forced Migration: Trust Online and Offline2018Inngår i: Media and Communication, ISSN 2083-5701, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 149-157Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the relationship between online and offline practices in the special case of forced migration. By applying a central category in social relations, trust/distrust as developed by Niklas Luhmann, this article contributes to the understanding of forced migration in the digital age. It presupposes that, without a strategy of trust, it would be almost impossible to cope with situations of unfamiliarity and uncertainty. By interviewing refugees, the questionis in what contexts the refugee recognizes that they can trust (or not). The article concludes that through the combination of on- and offline communication practices, more varied mechanisms for the creation and stabilization of trust are provided. In contexts of unfamiliarity, interpersonal relations with the native inhabitants play an important role in bridging online and offline worlds.

  • 215.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Mediekritikens funktioner för den journalistiska praktiken2014Inngår i: Mediekritik / [ed] Fredrik Stiernstedt, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2014, 1:1, s. 173-193Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 216.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Possibilities and limitations of managing ethnic diversity: The example of German private media companies2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In contrast to other branches, media companies are criticized as ‘lagging behind’ in becoming ethnically diverse, and they are too slow in making progress of diversity efforts (e.g. Horsti & Hultén, 2011; Graf, 2011; Markova & McKay, 2013, Horsti et al 2014). For example, when it comes to media professionals with migrant backgrounds, the numbers are very low: Only three percent of journalists have a migrant background according to a survey of the German Journalist Association in 2007 (Poettker 2013). Especially, black television journalists in Germany are rare. There are no news anchors of African origin, and there are only a few isolated cases of entertainment programs, where black journalists are in front of a camera.

    This paper examines how media companies assess the importance of this issue of diverse workforce. As I am especially interested in the workforce (and not in programming), I have mainly interviewed 10 HR managers and staff who are responsible for personnel development and diversity issues within German media organizations during the fall of 2013 and the spring of 2014, and looked at their documented policies and diversity programs. In this paper, I focus on how HR managers, mainly from private media companies, observe the communication climate for diversity issues in their organization, and how they address recruitment obstacles.  More concretely, I want to explore, first, how the topic of a diverse workforce becomes an organizational problem (or not), and, second, which solutions appear and on the basis of which expectations.

  • 217.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Rezension: Edström, Maria & Mølster, Ragnhild (red.) (2014). Making change: Nordic examples of working towards gender equality in the media.2015Inngår i: r:k:m: Rezensionen, Kommunikation, Medien, nr 20 AugustArtikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 218.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Rezension: Monika Djerf-Pierre, Mats Ekström (Hrsg.): A History of Swedish Broadcasting2014Inngår i: r:k:m: Rezensionen, Kommunikation, Medien, nr 15/7Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 219.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Shifting the focus from integration to inclusion in media research2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 220.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    The Culture of Nature: The Environmental Communication of Gardening Bloggers2016Inngår i: The Environment in the Age of the Internet: Activists, Communication, and the Digital Landscape / [ed] Graf, Heike, Open Book Publishers, 2016, s. 105-136Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines ‘ordinary’ people’s media communication about environmental issues. I have chosen the example of garden blogs. They fall under the category of topic-centred blogs; themes concerning gardens/gardening are expected and communicated through narratives, comments, and images. Based on approximately 50 Swedish and German blogs and a qualitative, difference-theoretical analysis, I want to examine how they communicate ecological concerns from the angle of gardeners’ everyday ‘banalities’. To this end, I examine the communicative patterns which increase the likelihood of interconnected communication within the blogosphere, patterns which, in turn, create virtual collectives, and can support ecological roles in the garden. Blog entries relate to the blog’s own mode of operation and that of its network, meaning that the topics addressed are those that have the potential quality of ‘embracing’ all the people interested in the network. As a result, blog entries addressing ecological concerns focus on topics of consumption and production through the communication frames of pleasure, enthusiasm, and mutual agreement. 

  • 221.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    The Environment in the Age of the Internet: Activists, Communication, and the Digital Landscape2016Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    How do we talk about the environment? Does this communication reveal and construct meaning? Is the environment expressed and foregrounded in the new landscape of digital media?The Environment in the Age of the Internet is an interdisciplinary collection that draws together research and answers from media and communication studies, social sciences, modern history, and folklore studies. Edited by Heike Graf, its focus is on the communicative approaches taken by different groups to ecological issues, shedding light on how these groups tell their distinctive stories of "the environment". This book draws on case studies from around the world and focuses on activists of radically different kinds: protestors against pulp mills in South America, resistance to mining in the Sámi region of Sweden, the struggles of indigenous peoples from the Arctic to the Amazon, gardening bloggers in northern Europe, and neo-Nazi environmentalists in Germany. Each case is examined in relation to its multifaceted media coverage, mainstream and digital, professional and amateur.Stories are told within a context; examining the "what" and "how" of these environmental stories demonstrates how contexts determine communication, and how communication raises and shapes awareness. These issues have never been more urgent, this work never more timely. The Environment in the Age of the Internet is essential reading for everyone interested in how humans relate to their environment in the digital age.

    The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies has generously contributed towards the publication of this volume.

  • 222.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    ”We don’t cut dead trees”: Garden blogger’s environmental communication2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines ‘ordinary’ people’s media communication about environmental issues. I choose the example of garden blogs. They fall under the category of topic-centered blogs; themes concerning garden/gardening are expected and communicated through narratives, comments, and images. These blogs belong to the sphere of domestic blogs that are insufficiently researched, even though they are more common than political blogs.

    Based on approx. 50 Swedish and German blogs and a qualitative, difference-theoretical analysis, I want to examine how these blogs, from the angle of gardeners everyday life ‘banalities’, communicate environmentalist issues. I want to examine which frames are used in order to increase the likelihood of connecting communication, which in turn creates virtual collectives.

    In result, environmental issues are mainly addressed from the topical angle of consumption and production themes by using frames of pleasure, enthusiasm and mutual agreement.

  • 223.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    What Structures?: A communicative approach to ethnic diversity in German media companies2017Inngår i: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 11, nr 5, s. 544-558Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how the topic of an ethnically diverse workforce can become an organiz- ational problem (or not) in private media companies. The study is based on interviews with Human Resources managers and persons responsible for diversity issues at these companies. This article favors a communicative approach by relating structures to agency through the concept of expectation. This is in contrast to the bulk of media research, which considers structures as something fixed and objective in determining organizational action. By exploring the expec- tations structures we can see which expectation patterns condition organizational communication. As a result, the main pattern of migrant background as adding value to the organization (or not) could be revealed as a guiding distinction in organizational communication about diverse workforces. 

  • 224.
    Granström, Therese
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Vad är äkta mode på gatorna?: En semiotisk bildanalys av maktstrukturer inom street style fashion photography2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Idén om fotografigenren street style fashion photography är att den visar upp den vanliga människan, i vanliga kläder i en vardaglig kontext. Idén bakom fotografiet i sig går i samma linje om att visa upp det äkta, och i liknande stil skapades de sociala medieplattformen Instagram – för att publicera äkta bilder ”on-the-go”. Tidigare forskning visar dock på att fotografi, Instagram och street style fashion photography inte är lika vanligt och äkta som idéerna om dem. Fotografi handlar om att sätta sig själv i relation till världen och på så sätt skapas en typ av makt.

    Denna uppsats syftar till att blottlägga maktstrukturer i street style fashion photography bilder publicerade av influensers på plattformen Instagram. Metoden som används för att analysera materialet är Roland Barthes semiotiska denotation och konnotationsmodell, de fynd som hittas i analysen diskuteras därefter i relation till Pierre Bourdieus fältteori för att, på en relationell nivå, förstå hur maktstrukturerna placerar ut influenserna på det svenska modefältet online.

    Analysen visar att bilderna i materialet är högst uppstyrda och planerade, det konnoterar olika idéer om kommersiellt mode och kulturproducerat ”högmode”, lyxiga miljöer och ”vanliga” gator, allt detta i förhållande till Instagram estetik och vad som är vinnande visualiteter. De tre influenserna, vars bilder analyseras i studien, placeras i olika positioner på modefältet online men delar samtidigt på positionen som nykomlingar eftersom de kapital de visar upp skiljer sig mellan dem, samtidigt som strategierna för att ta sig an fältet är likande.

  • 225. Grant, Glen
    et al.
    Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Podolian, Olena
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    [A review of] Colby Howard & Ruslan Pukhov (eds), Brothers Armed: Military Aspects of the Crisis in Ukraine. Second Edition2017Inngår i: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 69, nr 10, s. 1678-1680Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 226.
    Grönblad Ribjer, Max
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Musikens rum: En kvalitativ studie om när en koncentrerad musikupplevelse kan nås med Spotify2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syfte ligger i att skapa förståelse för var, när, och hur det är möjligt att uppnå en musikupplevelse som är koncentrerad med Spotify. Tre frågeställningar har tagits fram som behandlar: konstobjektets immateriella form, hur plats och mobilitet kan påverka upplevelsen, och hur detta möjliggör eller försvårar en koncentrerad musikupplevelse. Uppsatsens teoretiska ingång har sin utgångspunkt från Walter Benjamins (2014) tanke om att konsten besitter en aura som påverkas av form och mediering. För att förstå det strömmade musikmediet och konstobjektet används Jay David Bolter & Richard Grusins (1999) remedieringsteori, samt senare teorier om det personliga flödet av Richard Grusin (2009). Tillkommer gör även teorier om musikpraktiker i form av: Lee Marshall (2014) och Eric W. Rothenbuhler & John Durham Peters (1997). Ett fenomenologiskt perspektiv på livet och rummen med medier knyter ihop ramverket och utgår från Scannell (2014), Bakardjieva (2005) och Bengtsson (2007). Ämnet undersöks med en etnografiskt inspirerad metodologi i form av tre kvalitativa forskningsintervjuer med unga, musikintresserade och flitiga användare av Spotify. Det som framkom från intervjuerna var att en koncentrerad musikupplevelse är ovanlig, men inte omöjlig. När allt stämmer kan en djup och nära upplevelse nås. Användarna uttryckte i första hand andra kvalitéter hos det strömmade, det nya ”äkta” ansågs ligga i det personliga och kontrollerade flödet.

  • 227.
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Etnologi.
    Tudor, Matilda
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    "Tala klarspråk om genusmotståndarnas politiska agenda"2019Inngår i: Altinget: rikspolitik, Vol. 6, nr 4 juliArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 228.
    Gustafsson, Jessica
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Domestic Connectivity: Media, Gender and the Domestic Sphere in Kenya2018Inngår i: Media and Communication, ISSN 2083-5701, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 188-198Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how increased media access and use influences Kenyan women’s everyday life and alters the domestic space. Based on 30 in-depth interviews with women in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya, the article demonstrates that women have incorporated newly gained media into their daily lives and routines. Increased media access has opened up the home and turned the domestic sphere from a secluded place into a connected space in which women can receive input from,connect with and interact with the world beyond their immediate surroundings whilst simultaneously remaining at homeand fulfilling their traditional gender roles. Women’s media use thus reinforces their connection to the domestic sphereand the gendered division of labour. Although it has the potential to challenge gender inequalities, the extent to which this occurs depends on the individual woman’s ability to act on the imagin aries and ideas that media carry.

  • 229.
    Gustafsson, Jessica
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Gender and mobile phone usage in Kenyan women’s everyday2019Inngår i: Gendered Power and Mobile Technology: Intersections in the Global South / [ed] Caroline Wamala Larsson & Laura Stark, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, s. 25-47Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In both academic and popular discourses, there has been much talk of a mobile revolution in Kenya. Yet how revolutionary has this been for women? The aim of this chapter is to explore how women’s mobile phone usage is related to the negotiation of gender roles in everyday life and how and in what situations mobile phones can empower women. The data was gathered in Uasin Gishu County, an area which is predominantly rural but also home to the city of Eldoret and its surrounding peri-urban areas. The living situation differs widely for women in rural, peri-urban, and urban areas, which influences women’s appropriation of mobile phones. The chapter is based on 30 semi-structured interviews with Kenyan women and asks: how do Kenyan women in rural, peri-urban, and urban areas use mobile phones? When and how do mobile phones empower Kenyan women?

  • 230.
    Gustafsson, Jessica
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    New media coming to Kapkoi2019Inngår i: Journal of African Media Studies, ISSN 2040-199X, E-ISSN 1751-7974, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 183-204Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article, by partly adopting a historical perspective, examines the introduction of new media in a Kenyan rural village, Kapkoi, and how it changes the communication ecology in the village. Further it explores how people in Kapkoi use and ascribe meaning to media. The article argues that categories such as gender, age and financial situation influence people's access to and use of media and demonstrates how media use can simultaneously reinforce and challenge power structures. Moreover, it highlights the clear digital divide between rural areas and urban centres, and yet suggests that the introduction of new media is partly owing to the connection between the urban and the rural and that media and communications technologies sustain and increase the connectedness of the local.

  • 231.
    Gustafsson, Jessica
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Ngomba, Teke J.
    Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Nielsen, Poul Erik
    Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Introduction: New media and processes of social change in contemporary Africa2019Inngår i: Journal of African Media Studies, ISSN 2040-199X, E-ISSN 1751-7974, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 125-141Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 232.
    Gustafsson, Jessica
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Polynczuk-Alenius, Kinga
    Media and Communication between the Local and the Global2018Inngår i: Media and Communication, ISSN 2083-5701, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 145-148Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This editorial introduces the thematic issue of “Media and Communication between the Local and the Global”. It does so first by presenting the origin of this thematic issue: the Media, Globalization and Social Change division at the NordMedia2017 conference. The thematic issue is then anchored theoretically through discussion of the widely conceived notion of mediation as a technological, symbolic and ethical process―highlighting the interest in how media actors and communication technologies, practices and artefacts mediate between global phenomena and local contexts, which is what unites the contributions to this thematic issue. Last, the final section of this editorial introduces the articles, which coalesce around three broad themes: migration, marginalised communities, and consumption.

  • 233.
    Guyard, Carina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Kommunikationsarbete på distans2014Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This research thesis analyzes the characteristics of communication work in a call centre, by examining the communication work at a Swedish call centre which is outsourced to Latvia. The thesis studies the ways in which communication with the customers is organized, carried out and assigned meaning. Theoretically, the thesis draws on both critical and management-oriented perspectives of work. The empirical investigation combines participant observations at the call centre with individual interviews, mainly conducted with operators and management staff.

    The communication work is analyzed both as labour and as communicative activity. The concept of labour focuses upon the relation between employer and employee. Therefore, the analysis is placed within the framework of a capitalistic production system, through a survey of the economic and the organisational working conditions. The communicative activity deals with how the telephone conversations with the customers are enacted. In that part of the analyses, the working routines and the meaning making practices are illuminated.

    As examined in the current research, the communication work is indeed constructed in an alienated manner, through high levels of standardization, immobility, and estrangement from both customers and the customers’ culture. Nonetheless, merely being employed has meant significant economic security for the operators of the Latvian call centre. The operators are incumbents of a society affected by deep economic crises with high unemployment rates. In relation to their broader society, the employees have found meaning within their immediate social situation. This may explain why they endure the monotonous work with few opportunities for development.

  • 234.
    Guyard, Carina
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Kaun, Anne
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Workfulness: governing the disobedient brain2018Inngår i: Journal of Cultural Economy, ISSN 1753-0350, E-ISSN 1753-0369, Vol. 11, nr 6, s. 535-548Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Scandinavian telecommunication company Telenor recently introduced the notion of Workfulness by adapting digital detox to the workplace. Workfulness is a management program aimed at technology-intensive companies that rely strongly on digital media. The program encompasses strategies of disconnection for employees, including mobile and email-free work hours and technology-free meetings, in order to enhance focus and efficiency. This article investigates Workfulness as one prominent example of managerial approaches that are based on neuroscientific assumptions about human decision-making. Drawing on textual materials and interviews, the analysis shows that Workfulness manages digital distractions in the workplace by establishing a form of stimulus-control rather than appealing to rational self-control. Workfulness alludes to the necessity of making choices, but it considers unconscious behavior, which is explained with reference to preconscious workings of the brain. The human brain becomes a battleground between rational and impulsive decisions, and it is the disobedient brain that needs to be governed in order to become an efficient employee. We situate the Workfulness program as part of and at the same time extending the biopolitical economy by incorporating advances in neurosciences into modes of governance.

  • 235.
    Hansson, Madeleine
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Inte bara ett inkluderande: En kvalitativ studie av transpersoners representation i modekampanjer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Under året 2015 lanserades det två modekampanjer i Sverige som fick stor medialuppmärksamhet. Först ut var Åhléns med sin modekampanj Vårmod, kollektionen lanserades under våren 2015, frontfiguren för denna lansering var modellen och transpersonen Lea T. Under hösten samma år lanserade H&M ägda & Other Stories sin kollektion The Gaze & Other Stories, för denna kollektion var både frontfigurerna och produktionsteamet bakom transpersoner. Att två så stora och väletablerade företag valde att använda sig av transmodeller vid lanseringen av sina senaste klädkollektioner var något helt nytt, både för den nationella och internationella marknaden. I en av artiklarna som publicerades efter att & Other Stories lanserat sin kampanj kunde vi läsa: “Världens första modekampanj av och med transpersoner” (Lacis 2015).

    Mitt syfte med denna studie var att utifrån de här modekampanjerna undersöka och skapa en djupare förståelse för hur transpersoner upplever användningen av transpersoner i modekampanjer. I studien ville jag undersöka om det råder någon diskrepans mellan producenternas intentioner och hur mottagnarna tolkar modekampanjerna. Med hjälp av Stuart Halls teori encoding/decoding redogörs först för de intentioner som låg bakom och formade produktionerna (encoding), för att sedan sätta dessa i relation till hur bemötandet och responsen kring dessa produktioner såg ut hos mottagarna (decoding). Följande frågeställningar var utformade för att besvara syftet: 1) Vilka intentioner ligger bakom och formar modekampanjerna? 2) Hur tolkar informanterna modekampanjerna? 3) Hur kan man utifrån Stuart Halls encoding/decoding teori undersöka om det råder en diskrepans mellan producenternas intentioner och informanternas tolkningar av dessa modekampanjer?

    Studiens teoretiska ramverk har sin utgångspunkt i teorier om heteronormativitet, maktutövning, jagbildning, medierad verklighet, representation och encoding/decoding. Det empiriska materialet är insamlat genom tre enskilda djupintervjuer, där samtliga informanter kände sig bekväma med att definiera sig själva som transpersoner. Två av intervjuerna skedde face-to-face och en skedde över telefon.

    I encoding delen redogörs det för de intentioner producenterna hade med modekampanjerna, intentionerna var att bredda bilden av transpersoner och vad som är vackert (Hansson & Fridh 2015, Törner 2015).  I decoding delen framgår det att informanterna anser att det generellt råder goda avsikter med dessa modekampanjer och att det är roligt att transpersoner inkluderas och uppmärksammas. Dock kan man urskilja att det råder en diskrepans mellan producenternas intentioner att bredda bilden av transpersoner och hur informanterna tolkar denna representation. I informanternas avkodning finns det en ambivalens, informanterna ifrågasätter modekampanjernas utformningar och hur de valt att gestalta modellerna. De anser att den textliga diskursen i kampanjerna är bristfällig då ingen djupare redogörelse för personerna, deras transformering eller begreppet trans ges. Dessutom ifrågasätter de gestaltningen, att den sker utifrån ett heteronormativt synsätt där det råder en tvåkönsnorm, en gestaltning som är vanligt förekommande när transpersoner representeras i mediala sammanhang. Detta resulterar i att även om transpersonerna visas upp och uppmärksammas i en ny kontext i de här kampanjerna så är gestaltningen ändå inom ramarna för den representation som de vanligtvis figurera i. Gestaltningen utifrån en tvåkönsnorm resulterar även i att informanterna har svårt att relatera till representationen, dessutom genererar gestaltningen en ensidig bild av begreppet gentemot allmänheten. Informanterna ser denna typ av representation som en del i den rådande okunskapen som finns för transpersoner i samhället. 

  • 236.
    Hassler, Björn
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Gilek, Michael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Lockne, Erika
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Rabe, Linn
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Problems and potential solutions to effective communication among stakeholders in the Baltic Sea shipping for reduced air pollution: Outcomes from a survey2013Inngår i: Clean Shipping Currents, ISSN 2242-9794, Vol. 2, nr 5, s. -33Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents the results of a web survey distributed to stakeholders in the Baltic Sea marine sector regarding environmental communication on air pollution from shipping. The survey was carried out in the spring and summer of 2012. Drawing on the literature on risk communication and environmental governance, the main focus was placed on so-called communication barriers, that is, possible hindrances to effective communication among stakeholders on how to reduce air pollution without threatening sector competitiveness. The results show that although there is a dense networking among stakeholders in this sector, there is a demand for improvements in communication in (a) exploratory phases among broad groups of stakeholders and (b) operational phases among selected groups of e.g. business and research teams. To facilitate the emergence of such improved communication, regional organizations such as HELCOM and EU could play important roles. Furthermore, it is shown that there is a perceived need among many stakehold­ers to step up the involvement of certain stakeholders, for example fuel companies, in collabora­tion on how to reduce pollution from shipping in cost-efficient ways. Finally, the results show that although continuous improvements of international regulation is a vital part of the governance of the marine sector, compliance will suffer if operators’ incentives are too strong in favor of not con­tributing to reduced pollution levels. Therefore, there is a strong need for innovative thinking on how to design such incentive schemes, not the least in relation to the continued implementation of Baltic Sea SECA and NECA as well as of the Baltic Sea Action Plan.

  • 237.
    Hassler, Björn
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Gilek, Michael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Saunders, Fred
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Cooperating for sustainable regional marine governance: The case of fisheries and nutrient runoff from agriculture to the Baltic Sea, Synthesis report2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Over-fishing and eutrophication (too much nutrients) are among the most severe threats to the ecosystems of the Baltic Sea and the ecosystem services they provide. Despite the well-known fact that effective and sustainable management requires cooperation – among as well as within states – appropriate frameworks that work have not yet been constructed and successfully applied. This report summarises findings from a research project on cooperation for sustainable marine governance of the Baltic Sea carried out between 2013 and 2018. Three aspects of central relevance for the understanding of regional cooperation in environmental governance are distinguished: interests, knowledge and management. It is shown that it is not enough to design cooperative arrangements that make the group of users, stakeholders or states better off than without such an arrangement. It is furthermore required that all actors have individual interests to participate, and that free-riding on others’ contributions can be controlled. When this is not the case, effective abatement of eutrophication is not likely to be forthcoming, even though aggregated benefits from such measures are larger than expected costs.

    Knowledge often play important roles in marine environmental governance, not least in relation to so-called epistemic communities, that is, groups of experts that share a common understanding of the environmental problem at hand, and how to address it. It is shown that the coherence of the epistemic group can be a crucial factor influencing its impact. In both abatement of eutrophication and management of fish stocks, these expert groups have been somewhat divided, which has limited their impact.

    Modes of management can influence cooperation and outcomes in ways that can be difficult to predict. Although environmental taxes and subsidies are powerful policy instruments in contemporary governance, they must be carefully crafted to fit into exiting norms and contexts to be effective. It is shown that monetary incentives targeting farmers’ use of fertilisers tend not to be effective when they are at odds with deeply held norms on what constitute a “good farmer”. 

  • 238.
    Hassler, Björn
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Lockne, Erika
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Gilek, Michael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Communication among maritime stakeholders: Problems and solutions in the field of ship’s air emissions2013Inngår i: Pan-Baltic Manual of Best Practices on Clean Shipping and Port Operations / [ed] Breitzmann, K-H and M. Hytti, Turku: Union of the Baltic Cities , 2013, s. 98-102Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 239.
    Hersi, Mohammed
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Collateral Damage: En studie om representationen av drönarattacker i amerikanska nyhetsinslag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Drönare är ett relativt nytt och kontroversiellt krigsverktyg som har skördat många oskyldiga liv. Trots det har dess användning inte problematiserats mycket inom media. Denna uppsats behandlar instanser där civila har omkommit och undersöker hur nyheten byggs upp visuellt och narrativt kring dessa event. Syftet med denna uppsats har varit att undersöka ifall det finns en avsaknad av lidande när det kommer till USA-baserad rapportering av dessa instanser då civila dör på grund av drönare. Med hjälp av Chouliarakis teorier om hyper-medialisering, ”tid-rum” och agens har jag kunnat bygga en egen analysmodell som sedan har använts för att analysera tre orelaterade attacker. Resultatet visar att det finns en avsaknad av lidande i vissa former av rapporteringar beroende på vilken relevans händelsen har för åskådarna. Med det menas att ju närmare offren är åskådarna kulturellt och geografiskt, desto mer fokus läggs på att skapa närhet mellan åskådare och offer. 

  • 240.
    Holovko, Iryna
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Volunteering for the nation: Volunteering as a tool of nation branding during the Eurovision Song Contest 2017 in Ukraine2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    There have been a lot of studies dedicated to investigating nation branding as a set of political discourses and practices deploying analysis of objects of symbolic nature: logotypes, brand books, slogans and commercials. The present thesis aims to study nation branding as a form of communicative labour through investigating volunteering as a form of media work that is used as a tool of the nation branding campaign in Ukraine during the Eurovision Song Contest in 2017. By using the theoretical concepts of nation branding, values and motivations of free labour in media industries, the thesis analyses the role of volunteers in the nation branding campaign during ESC 2017, volunteering as a specific form of media work and the motivation tools employed by the organisers and volunteers themselves to make sense of their involvement in the event. The analysis suggests that the roles assigned to volunteers as bearers of the nation brand are of great importance but the volunteers’ understanding of this process is rather confused and blurred. Another point highlighted in the thesis is how is volunteering was organised in terms of training and motivation on the side of organisers and what kind of motivations were of the crucial significance to volunteers themselves.

  • 241.
    Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Ideologies of the Self: Constructing the Modern Ukrainian Subject in the Other's Modernity2016Inngår i: Kyiv-Mohyla Humanities Journal, ISSN 2313-4895, Vol. 3, s. 89-103Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Postcolonial theory has recently come under critique as an interpretative scheme applied to Eastern Europe and particularly Ukraine. However, a closer look suggests that the critique applies only to some aspects of the approach, such as a focus on power relations and representations, while the key question should be rephrased as whether the Ukrainian subject was constituted as a colonial subject. A range of empirical material from 1920s Ukrainian discourses, both Soviet and émigré, is analyzed to shed light on how Ukrainians constructed their subjectivity as “a site of disorder” (Dipesh Chakrabarty), splitting themselves into uncultured peasant masses to be modernized and erased as a voiceless subaltern subject, on the one hand, and modernizing elites, on the other. This split can be understood as an epitome of the colonial condition.

  • 242.
    Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Umeå universitet.
    In pursuit of Kairos: Ukrainian journalists between agency and structure during Euromaidan2019Inngår i: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. XII, nr 1, s. 4-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, I examine the role of journalists during Euromaidan in November 2013–February 2014. The conceptualization of a specific case of power, the media power (found in works by Bolin, Couldry, Curran, Hjarvard, Mancini, Zelizer, and others) basically oscillates between two extremes – that of regarding the media as heteronomous of the political field and that of arguing that the media increasingly influence other fields through processes of mediatization. What is the role of journalists in power relations? Under which conditions is the power of journalists – and their agency – likely to grow? This article presents the results of a series of interviews with Ukrainian journalists who covered the events of Euromaidan in different capacities. Validated with other evidence, their narratives suggest a positive power dynamic for the Ukrainian journalists during the protest events.

  • 243.
    Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Kyiv, Ukraine. The City of Domes and Demons from the Collapse of Socialism to the Mass Uprising of 2013-20142016Inngår i: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 68, nr 9, s. 1617-1619Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 244.
    Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Little Patriotic War: Nationalist Narratives in the Russian Media Coverage of the Ukraine-Russia Crisis2015Inngår i: Asian Politics & Policy, ISSN 1943-0779, E-ISSN 1943-0787, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 505-511Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 245.
    Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Mediated Europes: Discourse and Power in Ukraine, Russia and Poland During Euromaidan2017Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on mediated representations of Europe during Euromaidan and the subsequent Ukraine–Russia crisis, analysing empirical material from Ukraine, Poland and Russia. The material includes articles from nine newspapers, diverse in terms of political and journalistic orientation, as well as interviews with journalists, foreign policymakers and experts, drawing also on relevant policy documents as well as online and historical sources.

    The material is examined from the following vantage points: Michel Foucault’s discursive theory of power, postcolonial theory, Jürgen Habermas’s theory of the public sphere, Pierre Bourdieu’s field theory, Jacques Derrida’s hauntology and Ernesto Laclau’s concept of the empty signifier. The methods of analysis include conceptual history (Reinhart Koselleck), critical linguistics and qualitative discourse analysis (a discourse-historical approach inspired by the Vienna school) and quantitative content analysis (in Klaus Krippendorff’s interpretation).

    The national narratives of Europe in Ukraine, Russia and Poland are characterised by a dependence on the West. Historically, these narratives vacillated between idealising admiration, materialist pragmatics and geopolitical demonising. They have been present in each country to some extent, intertwined with their own identification.

    These discourses of Europe were rekindled and developed on during Euromaidan (2013–2014). Nine major Ukrainian, Russian and Polish newspapers with diverse orientations struggled to define Europe as a continent, as the EU or as a set of values. Political orientation defined attitude; liberal publications in all three countries focused on the positives whereas conservative and business newspapers were more critical of Europe. There were, however, divergent national patterns. Coverage in Ukraine was positive mostly, in Russia more negative and the Polish perception significantly polarised.

    During and after Euromaidan, Ukrainian journalists used their powerful Europe-as-values concept to actively intervene in the political field and promote it in official foreign policy. This was enabled by abandoning journalistic neutrality. By comparison, Russian and Polish journalists were more dependent on the foreign policy narratives dispensed by political elites and more constrained in their social practice.

  • 246.
    Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Narratives at war: Representations of Europe in news media of Ukraine, Russia and Poland during Euromaidan2017Inngår i: Europe Faces Europe: Narratives From Its Eastern Half / [ed] Johan Fornäs, Bristol: Intellect Ltd., 2017, s. 93-132Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 247.
    Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Perceptions of the EU in Eastern Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa: Looking in from the Outside2016Inngår i: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 68, nr 8, s. 1457-1458Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 248.
    Horbyk, Roman
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Palko, O.
    University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom.
    Righting the writing. The power dynamic of Soviet Ukraine language policies and reforms in the 1920s-1930s2017Inngår i: Studi Slavistici, ISSN 1824-761X, E-ISSN 1824-7601, Vol. 14, s. 67-89Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Righting the Writing. The Power Dynamic of Soviet Ukraine Language Policies and Reforms in the 1920s-1930s The first post-revolutionary decades became decisive for the development of the Ukrainian language, national culture and identity. The Ukrainian language, previously subject to a number of bans, finally entered the stage of intensive status and corpus planning. Thanks to this, it became a decisive factor in the rivalry between different forms of statehood vying on the Ukrainian territory after 1917. At the same time, the status upgrade and broader public use called for the standardisation of the language. The first practical steps towards the unification of different orthographic traditions were undertaken from 1918 to 1921. The turbulence of civil war, however, determined the failure of comprehensive language reform. Calls for linguistic unification gained new force in the second half of the 1920s: with the introduction of Ukrainizacija, the local variant of the all-Union nationalities policy of korenizacija introduced in 1923, the Ukrainian language was acknowledged as the means to the republic’s Sovietisation. This was part and parcel of the Soviet "affirmative action empire" (Terry Martin) which had to contain the 1917-1921 rise of nationalism of the empire’s minorities. Locally, the elites had to negotiate their own interests and the centre’s demands. How exactly do the debates on the "correct" codification of the language and the actual steps towards different ideals reflect the changing power dynamic between the centre and the republics in the interbellum ussr This is the problem this study sets out to tackle using the example of Soviet Ukraine. The paper explores the link between language and politics in Soviet Ukraine in the 1920s and 1930s. While examining the political preconditions for the language policies in Ukraine, significant attention will also be devoted to the specifics of the 1928 spelling reform and its reception by the general public in Ukraine and abroad. In general, it is argued that in the Soviet Union language was often used as a tool of political consolidation, and the power struggle between different visions of the future of the republics can be seen in debates and reforms of language. Hence, the correlation between Soviet language policies and the subsequent Sovietisation (or Russification) is highlighted. The subsequent debates around the status of the Ukrainian language, its orthography and vocabulary exposed the unbridgeable differences between the political elites in the republic and powers in Moscow. The draft of the new orthography was thoroughly discussed by academics and linguists, representing different parts of Ukraine and the final draft was publicly discussed republic-wide. The spelling reform, adopted in 1929, can rightly be regarded as one of the greatest achievements of Ukrainizacija. This newly-acquired status was significantly challenged by the centralisation drive of the Moscow party leadership. This orthography, widely known as ’skrypnykivka’ (after the then Commissar for Education Mykola Skrypnyk) or ’Charkiv orthography’ was attacked for its attempts to dissociate the Ukrainian language from Russian and ’westernise’ the language. After 1933, the main principles of the spelling reform were labelled ’nationalistic’. The reform was quickly abandoned. Furthermore, after 1937, all the corpus planning attempts were geared towards ’purifying’ the Ukrainian language from foreign influence, when Russian equivalents and cognates were introduced or prioritised. © 2017 Author(s).

  • 249.
    Horbyk, Roman
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Umeå universitet.
    Prymachenko, Yana
    Institute of history of Ukraine, National Academy of Science of Ukraine.
    Yurchuk, Yuliya
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Historia.
    Shared history in shattered spaces: Mediatisation of historical scholarship in Ukraine and broader Eastern Europe2019Inngår i: Ideologies and Politics, ISSN 2227-6068, Vol. 3, nr 14, s. 129-146Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on the increasing adoption of media logic and the corresponding change of habitus in the field of academic history in Eastern Europe, with a particular focus on Ukraine. Departing from both mediatisation theory and memory studies, authors consider a range of relevant phenomena from across the region, before considering in more depth the case of LikBez, a grassroot initiative of Ukrainian historians, aimed at debunking historical myths spread both inside and outside Ukraine. The amalgamation of historical knowledge and multiple media platforms to convey it, it is argued, ushers in the era of mediatisation of history. 

  • 250.
    Hägglund, Karin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    The Smart Home: Logistical media, infrastructure and practiced places2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis in media and communication studies explores the concept of the smart home, which by various industries within communication, information and energy business alongside property developers is expected to be the model for future living, housing and infrastructure development. Departing from a theoretical framework highlighting media and infrastructure as temporal and spatial phenomena, the analysis shows how the smart home arranges and manages both means of time and space due to its saturation of information technologies in the form of sensors, applications and data visualizations. The result of the study suggests that the smart home could be understood as a logistical medium, although the temporal bias present in the expectations on future living suggests that the purpose of the smart home is to sustain a flow of logistics and capital both over space and over time; the latter in terms of sustainability.

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