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  • 201.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Modernisation, Balancing Interests, and Citizens' Rights: Public Video Surveillance in Poland, Germany and Sweden2013Inngår i: Video Surveillance and Social Control in a Comparative Perspective / [ed] Björklund, Fredrika; Svenonius, Ola, New York: Routledge, 2013, s. 19-68Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 202.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörns högskola, Avdelning 1, Statsvetenskap.
    National identity and school policy in the Latvian context2002Inngår i: Sabiedrība un kultūra, rakstu krājums, Liepaja: Liepaja Academy of Pedagogy , 2002, s. 185-198Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 203.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörns högskola, Avdelning 1, Statsvetenskap.
    Neutralitetspolitiken: fredad från demokratin2000Inngår i: Människan i historien och samtiden: festskrift till Alf W Johansson / [ed] Fredrika Björklund, Alf W. Johansson, Ragnar Björk, Stockholm: Hjalmarson & Högberg , 2000, s. 15-36Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 204.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Pedagogy of the Nation: Nation-building and education in Latvia2003Inngår i: Re-inventing the nation: multidisciplinary perspectives on the construction of Latvian national identity / [ed] Mats Lindqvist, Botkyrka: Multicultural Centre (Mångkulturellt centrum) , 2003, s. 243-292Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 205.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Pure flour in your bag: Governmental rationalities of camera surveillance in Sweden2012Inngår i: Video surveillance: practices and policies in Europe / [ed] C. William R. Webster, Eric Töpfer, Francisco R. Klauser, and Charles D. Raab., Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2012, s. 52-65Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Surveillance is an important governance technique of modern societies and is linked to particular governmental rationalities. This article examines the Swedish policy on camera surveillance, using the analytical framework of governmentality, the art of government, in advanced liberal societies as its theoretical framework. The focus is on three features that characterise current developments in the Swedish policy. These are labelled situational prevention, generalisation of distrust and the significance of the informed citizen. The study shows how prevention, i.e. situational prevention, was successfully introduced as a main rationale for monitoring only after the technology had been in place for some years. Monitoring as a form of general situational prevention, the congruent generalised distrust that affects the public and the Swedish requirement to inform citizens about cameras are viewed as elements of a governmental rationality based on the notion of the autonomous, free and self-responsible subject. Accordingly, the popular idea that camera surveillance is an indicator of an expanding security state must be modified.

  • 206.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Pure flour in your bag: Governmental rationalities of camera surveillance in Sweden2011Inngår i: Information Polity, ISSN 1570-1255, E-ISSN 1875-8754, Vol. 16, nr 4, s. 355-368Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Surveillance is an important governance technique of modern societies and is linked to particular governmental rationalities. This article examines the Swedish policy on camera surveillance, using the analytical framework of governmentality, the art of government, in advanced liberal societies as its theoretical framework. The focus is on three features that characterise current developments in the Swedish policy. These are labelled situational prevention, generalisation of distrust and the significance of the informed citizen. The study shows how prevention, i.e. situational prevention, was successfully introduced as a main rationale for monitoring only after the technology had been in place for some years. Monitoring as a form of general situational prevention, the congruent generalised distrust that affects the public and the Swedish requirement to inform citizens about cameras are viewed as elements of a governmental rationality based on the notion of the autonomous, free and self-responsible subject. Accordingly, the popular idea that camera surveillance is an indicator of an expanding security state must be modified.

  • 207.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Uppsala universitet.
    Samförstånd under oenighet: Svensk säkerhetspolitik under det kalla kriget1992Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 208.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    The East European 'ethnic nation': Myth or reality?2006Inngår i: European Journal of Political Research, ISSN 0304-4130, E-ISSN 1475-6765, Vol. 45, nr 1, s. 93-121Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article challenges the assumption that there is an essential difference between a West European 'civic' and an East European 'ethnic' conceptualisation of the nation. If there were such a distinction, one should be able to trace a distinctive 'ethnic' concept of the nation among the populations of East European countries. The article analyses public opinion in three East European countries - Latvia, Poland and Lithuania - using a survey of more than 1,100 respondents in each country. This data suggests, first, that we must question the model of a general East European definition of the nation as an ethnic unit. Second, it is evident that the respondents of each country define the nation differently. For example, Latvian respondents presented a specific concept of the nation - one with clear ethnic undertones. A certain number of the Latvian respondents defined members of the nation according to a single criterion: having Latvian as one's mother tongue. The article also shows how we can deconstruct the concepts of the ethnic versus the civic nation, and thus analyse their separate components. This makes the distinction less rigid, and encourages the discovery of different combinations of ethnic and civic arguments. The result should be more nuanced studies of concepts of the nation and of national belonging.

  • 209.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörns högskola, Avdelning 1, Statsvetenskap.
    The Rhetoric of the Nation: Baltic Germans in the First Latvian Republic2003Inngår i: Re-inventing the nation: multidisciplinary perspectives on the construction of Latvian national identity / [ed] Mats Lindqvist, Botkyrka: Multicultural Centre (Mångkulturellt centrum) , 2003, s. 75-122Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 210.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för statsvetenskap, nationalekonomi och juridik, Statsvetenskap.
    Liubiniene, Vilmante
    Value change: Related to the process of democratisation in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    How have people in the three Baltic states changed after the fall of the Soviet Union? Do they trust the new political institutions? How do they look upon gender equality, homosexuality or abortion? What differences are there between the three countries, and how can they be explained? These are some of the questions addressed in this report. The analyses are based on data from a series of surveys carried out as part of the research project "Democracy and Social Transition in the Baltic Sea Region" at Södertörns högskola (University College)

  • 211.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Rodin, Johnny
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Det nya Östeuropa - Stat och nation i förändring: Introduktion2009Inngår i: Det nya Östeuropa: stat och nation i förändring / [ed] Björklund, Fredrika; Rodin, Johnny, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, s. 9-47Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 212.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Rodin, JohnnySödertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Det nya Östeuropa: stat och nation i förändring2009Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 213.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Svenonius, OlaSödertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Video Surveillance and Social Control in a Comparative Perspective2013Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This edited collection reports the results of a comparative study of video surveillance/CCTV in Germany, Poland, and Sweden. It investigates how video surveillance as technologically mediated social control is affected by national characteristics, with a specific concern for recent political history. The book is motivated by asking what makes video surveillance "tick" in three very different cultural settings, two of which (Poland and Sweden) are virtually unexplored in the literature on surveillance. The selection of countries is motivated by an interest in societies with recent experiences of authoritarianism, and how they respond to the global trend towards intensified technical means of control. With thorough empirical studies, the book constitutes an important contribution to security studies, surveillance studies, and post-communist area studies.

  • 214.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Svenonius, Ola
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Video Surveillance in Theory and as Institutional Practice: Introduction2013Inngår i: Video Surveillance and Social Control in a Comparative Perspective / [ed] Björklund, Fredrika & Svenonius, Ola, New York: Routledge, 2013, s. 1-18Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 215.
    Björkman, Jenny
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Samtidshistoriska institutet.
    Mellan staten och kapitalet: Civilsamhället under omkonstruktion2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 216.
    Björnstam, Linnéa
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Blockert, Jenny
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Larsson, Jennie K
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Från könsmakt till livspussel: En diskursanalys av begreppet jämställdhet i valrörelserna 2002 och 20062007Student paper second term, 5 poäng / 7,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med analysen har varit att undersöka vilken mening det mångskiftande begreppet jämställdhet får under valrörelserna 2002 och 2006 samt vilka förändringar som har skett. Undersökningen har gjorts genom diskursanalys av partiernas valplattformar från de båda valrörelserna. Med feministisk teori som teoretiskt ramverk har vi analyserat de feministiska diskurser som för en kamp om att fylla jämställdhet med mening och analyserat den förändring som skett. Vårt huvudsakliga resultat är att jämställdhetens mening i båda valrörelserna konstrueras kring Gränsen mellan det privata och offentliga, Våld och Könsmaktsordning eller diskriminering? – och att det är inom dessa områden som kampen om betydelse förs. Mest märkbar är förändringen i Gränsen mellan det privata och det offentliga där det 2002 rådde öppen antagonism mellan en socialistiskt radikalfeministisk diskurs och en konservativ diskurs om familjens betydelse för jämställdheten. 2006 konstrueras jämställdhet i den konservativa diskursen kring familjen, dess valfrihet och möjligheten att pussla ihop arbete med familjeliv, samtidigt som den socialistiskt radikalfeministiska diskursens position har försvagats.

  • 217.
    Björnstam, Linnéa
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Larsson, Jennie K
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Individen i det offentliga, familjen i det privata - en jämställdhetspolitisk paradox?: en diskursanalys av regeringens arbetsmarknads- och familjepolitik2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper takes it points of departure in a gender equality perspective and the perceived paradox between the governmental labour market policy and family policy. The first policy area has the aim to put people to work, whereas the other introduces a reform, vårdnadsbidraget, that point in the opposite direction. Which are the problem representations within the two policy areas and are the problem representations concordant or contradictive? From a constructivist perspective, langue is closely related to power through defining and ascribing meaning to reality. Drawing on political documents, speeches and articles formulated within the government, this paper analyzes problem representations through the use of discourse analysis and feminist political theory. The main conclusion of this paper is that there are contradictions within the problem representations, both within and between the two policy areas. The most significant contradiction is that gender equality within labour market policy is formulated around the individual, whilst in family politics it is based on the family as a unit.

  • 218.
    Björnstjerna, Magnus
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Reexamining Nordic Security: A Case Study on Contemporary Nordic Security Cooperation2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the driving forces and motives behind contemporary Nordic security cooperation. It asks and investigates whether the security cooperation has a foundation based on a shared (peace) identity or is founded on rational and functionalistic calculations. Through applying a theoretical model based on the theory of Regional Security Complexes the study reveal how external and internal transformations affect the Nordic nations and forces them to respond. The study reveals how both these factors are important when explaining the responses of the Nordic states and the development of the Nordic security cooperation. While national strategies differ there is a need to look to the own region which has led the Nordic states to search for a security structure at home. The study concludes that all of the Nordic nations have had to respond to a changing external environment which has put pressure on their defense budgets which problematizes their national foreign policy and security strategies. A strong Nordic amity and tradition of cooperation has eased a stronger formal structure which increases cost-effectiveness and functionalism for the Nordic states security structures. This structure has replaced older identity based and influence searching structures. Conclusively, contemporary Nordic security cooperation can be said to increase the Nordic states‟ security while simultaneously letting them follow their national security strategies. Norden is thus regaining importance and Nordic security cooperation show that the region is both active and proactive in dealing with their regional issues.

  • 219.
    Blanc-Gonnet Jonason, Patricia
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Offentlig rätt.
    Calland, Richard
    University of Cape Town.
    Global Climate Finance, Accountable Public Policy: Addressing the Multi-Dimensional Transparency Challenge2013Inngår i: The Georgetown Public Policy Review, ISSN 1083-7523, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 1-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A concrete result of the 2011 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Durban (COP17) was the establishment of the Green Climate Fund (GCF), with the aim of channelling $100 billion per year from developed countries to developing countries to support their efforts to respond to climate change and promote sustainable development. The emerging global architecture for climate finance raises significant questions related to public policy and environmental governance. Participatory governance practices, including freedom of information, are increasingly considered effective tools for both coping with environmental problems and finding sustainable solutions to development challenges. Moreover, without sufficient transparency in their decision making, the various climate funds are unlikely to attract a sufficient supply of urgently needed finance, and the ambitious targets of the GCF will be unmet. Yet, the question of the modality and process for governing climate finance is undetermined and obscure. The complexity of climate finance stems from a multi-level structure with international, regional, national, and sub-national actors; multi-sector dimensions, with both public and private donors and recipients; and the sector’s global/multilateral/multidirectional character. This article amplifies the “transparency pressure points” in climate finance generally and the GCF specifically. Public policymaking, in response to the many complex and urgent climate change challenges, may depend on securing the principle of freedom of information within the global climate finance architecture.

  • 220.
    Blecher, Martin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Vilka skillnader och likheter finns mellan UNHCR:s och UNRWA:s syn på flyktingar?: En komparativ studie mellan FN:s två flyktingorgan2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Research about what differences and similarities exists between UNHCR and UNRWA in the opinion of a refugee?

    This examination focuses on a study between The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and THE United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA). Both organizations are UN-related and are in charge of refugees, however they differ by the fact the UNHCR controls all of the world’s refugees with the exception of the Palestinian refugees, for which UNRWA. The aim of this work will be to examine the definition of refugees as well as their entitlements and in what way they differ depending on which organization they belong to.

    As theory I have, among others, used Rainer Bauböck’s book ” Transnational Citizenship”. In his writing he focuses on entitlements and this book became very useful in my work and helped with the structure of the paper.

    In conclusion, even though there is some resemblance in the aspect of a refugee’s entitlements, there are a lot of differences between UNHCR and UNRWA, mainly regarding the definition of a refugee but also in terms of assignments. What’s most noticeable when it comes to differences between these two organs is that UNHCR has mandate to assist with international protection and to seek permanent solutions for refugees. The mandate of UNRWA is limited to only assist Palestinian refugees with humanitarian assistance. UNRWA has been criticized to contribute directly to Palestinian dreams of return instead of accepting incorporation of refugees in neigbouring Arab countries.

  • 221.
    Blomberg, Eva
    Södertörns högskola, Samtidshistoriska institutet.
    Revolutionary outsiders in Sweden: reclaiming human dignity2009Inngår i: Political outsiders in Swedish history, 1848-1932 / [ed] Lars Edgren, Magnus Olofsson, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars , 2009, s. 75-105Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 222. Blomgren, Magnus
    et al.
    Bergman, Torbjörn
    EU och Sverige: ett sammanlänkat statsskick2005 (oppl. 1. uppl.)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 223.
    Blomqvist, Anders
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Competing Historical Narratives: [Review of] Brubaker, Rogers et al: Nationalist Politics and Everyday Ethnicity in a Transylvanian Town'. Princeton, N.J. : Princeton UP, 2007 ISBN 978-0-691-12834-42009Inngår i: East Central Europe, ISSN 0094-3037, E-ISSN 1876-3308, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 138-146Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 224.
    Blomqvist, Anders
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Competing Stories about Transylvania’s Past: National Stories in an International Context?2006Inngår i: Re-approaching East Central Europe: Old Region, New Institutions? / [ed] Rindzeviciute, Egle, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2006, s. 265-358Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 225.
    Blomqvist, Anders
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Den ungerska minoriteten i Rumänien: Från våldsam konflikt till gemensamt styre2006Inngår i: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, nr 2, s. 179-200Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 226.
    Bodin, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Klimatförändringar, ett problem för vem?: En institutionell policystudie om könets betydelse i svensk klimatpolitik 2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The UN has a goal to gender-mainstream all politics, but its politics in climate change is not gender-sensitive. The Swedish government has the same goal concerning gender mainstreaming, but does the Swedish politics of climate change reach this goal? The aim of this paper is to examine the relations between the Swedish politics of gender and climate change. In addition, the aim is also to investigate how gender is constructed in the climate politics. To reach these aims, an institutional, policy and gender analysis is used. The paper concludes that the climate change politics is built upon several policy processes, however the gender policy process has little influence in the climate change policy. Generally, gender is not constructed in the climate change policy, it appears that gender is only constructed in a context of poverty. 

  • 227.
    Bolin, Niklas
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Right-Wing Populist Party Leadership in Sweden: One Of A Kind Or One Of The Crowd?2019Inngår i: Polish Political Science Review, ISSN 2353-3773, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 24-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Are right-wing populist parties fundamentally diff erent from other types? Th is article exploresone aspect of what we call the exceptionalist thesis. Th e thesis could be applied to a wide rangeof party characteristics, but here we focus on leadership. In this context, our case study is of theSweden Democrats (SD). First, we examine how SD selects its leader. Second, we assess how leadershipworks in practice in SD, especially regarding party management. We also review how thisleadership style has gone down with voters. We mix our own interpretation of these data withother scholars’ assessments. Generally, we fi nd little evidence, at least in this exploratory inquiry,to support the exceptionalist thesis.

  • 228.
    Bolin, Niklas
    et al.
    Mittuniversitet.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Centrum för studier av politikens organisering.
    The Price of Power: The Greens in the 2018 Swedish Parliamentary Election2019Inngår i: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 568-573Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 229. Bolin, Niklas
    et al.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    The Swedish Parliamentary Election of September 20062006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 230.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Bostadspolitiken och frågan om boendesegregation2001Inngår i: Den nya bostadspolitiken / [ed] Anders Lindbom, Umeå: Boréa , 2001, s. 291-324Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 231.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Cultural Identity or Special Interest? Multiculturalism and Collective Rights in the Swedish People's Home1995Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 232.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Dimensions of Citizenship: European Integration Policies from a Scandinavian Perspective2010Inngår i: Fifth Pan-European Conference on EU Politics: Porto, Portugal 23-26 June 2010 : Virtual paper room, 2010, s. -23Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 233.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Dimensions of citizenship: European integration policies from a Scandinavian perspective2010Inngår i: Diversity, inclusion and citizenship in Scandinavia / [ed] Bo Bengtsson, Per Strömblad, Ann-Helén Bay, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010, s. 19-46Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 234.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Diversity and Solidarity in Denmark and Sweden2015Inngår i: On conference website, 2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    How should we understand that Denmark and Sweden – two countries with manifold features in common – have arrived at strikingly divergent policy responses towards immigrant integration? This paper suggests that, despite similar references to welfare state symbols, dominant national identity constructions in the two countries represent distinctly different ideal typical views on how social solidarity is generated and maintained. In Denmark official political discourse and policy making processes indicates the working of a society-centered perspective on national identity, emphasizing social cohesion as a necessary precondition for public institutions to sustain. This idea is arguably reflected in the Danish immigrant policy approach, where the inclusion of newcomers is conditioned on them acquiring a comprehensive set of demands defining a predefined (and ‘settled’) idea of Danishness. In comparison, the Swedish idea about national identity is more oriented towards a state-centered approach, in the sense that the capacity of the political institutions – notably the welfare state – is typically emphasized as the core promoter of social inclusion and sense of national belonging. In the field of immigrant integration, this idea is mirrored in a widespread conviction that the organization of welfare state institutions, rather than the spirit of the people, constitutes the necessary condition for creating and sustaining national cohesion and integration. The paper gives a historical account of the nation building processes in the two countries and shows that crucial differences in political perceptions along the ideal types mentioned above are to be identified in contemporary political discourses related to the ‘civic’ turn in immigrant integration policies.

  • 235.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Diversity and Solidarity in Denmark and Sweden2017Inngår i: Strains of Commitment: The Political Sources of Solidarity in Diverse Societies / [ed] Keith Banting and Will Kymlicka, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017, s. 364-388Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Denmark and Sweden have many features in common, not least the way welfare state symbols are used in the construction of each country’s national identity, but they display striking differences in approaches to immigrant integration. The chapter argues that this situation reflects the existence of distinctly different dominating ideal typical notions on how social cohesion and welfare state sustainability comes about: In Denmark, a society-centred perspective is predominant, viewing the existence of a particular cultural homogeneity as indispensable for the welfare state to sustain. In Sweden, a state-centred approach instead prevails, referring to the welfare state as a potential promoter of social inclusion. Depending on what ideal typical idea is the dominant, perceptions vary on what are the main challenges from immigration and cultural pluralism, and what policy measures need to be taken. Comparative analysis of a long period of elite discourses and policy developments substantiates the argument.

  • 236.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap. Uppsala universitet.
    Familj, medborgarskap, migration.: Sveriges politik för anhöriginvandring i ett jämförande perspektiv2018Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 237.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap. Uppsala universitet.
    Familj, medborgarskap, migration: Sveriges politik för anhöriginvandring i ett jämförande perspektiv2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1980s, family migration is the most common reason for foreign citizens outside the Nordic countries to be granted the right to settle in Sweden. Family migration cover cases when a person who already live in a country reunites with a family member from another country.

    In June 2016, Sweden introduced a law on temporary restrictions in the possibility to achieve residence permit. The law was a direct result of the record-breaking immigration of asylum seekers experienced during the fall 2015. The measure was presented by the government as a necessity to protect the asylum reception system, as well as other central societal functions, from the strains caused by the large inflow of asylum seekers. One area where the 2016 rule changes have had the largest impact is family migration, which is the focus of study in this report. In particular, the stricter regulations meant that persons granted subsidiary protection status had very limited chances to get the right to reunite with their close family members. But the rule changes implied stricter regulations in relation to family migration affecting also other categories, and the Swedish population at large, e.g. in relation to support and housing requirements to be allowed to bring in a partner from a country outside of the EU.

    Adopting a comparative perspective, this study analyses how the recent Swedish changes in family migration regulations relate (1) to existing EU legislation; (2) to other countries’ national regulations and (3) to arguments and considerations previously put forward in the Swedish policy debate, as well as arguments reflected in family migration policy debates in the neighboring countries Denmark and Norway.

    The report begins with an introductory section describing the study’s aims, points of departure, method and delimitations. Thereafter follows a section which includes an overview of the numbers of family migrants in relation to other migrant categories, and a review of international research on family migration policies. The section provides a discussion about what principles, interests and values are at stake in this policy field. It is established that, besides migration policy concerns, issues revolving around family migration also bring to the fore central aspects of integration, citizenship and a society’s core values. A common European policy trend – identified in the literature as a “civic turn” in immigrant integration – is particularly highlighted. The trend reflects a renewed interest among states across Europe to actively strengthen and protect the national identity via formulation of new or sharpened requirements targeted at immigrants. Access to permanent residence permit, national citizenship or the right to reunite with a family member from abroad may for instance be conditioned with the applicant’s knowledge in the receiving state’s language, history and culture. Family migration policies potentially involve a “double conditionality” in the sense that integration requirements can be targeted both at the foreign family migrant and at the sponsor.

    The empirical study is divided in two parts. In the first part an overview is presented (based on MIPEX 2015) of family migration policy regulations in the 28 EU member states plus Norway and Switzerland. The overview concerns four categories conditions and demands that (under certain conditions) the EU family reunification directive allows states to use: (1) requirements on status of residence and residence time; (2) age requirements; (3) support and housing requirements and (4) language and integration requirements. Discussing the member states’ commitments according to the directive and giving an overview of existing legislation in differeing countries, this analysis contributes to concretize what the “EU minimum level” may imply. The empirical study in this part also gives an account of how the Swedish legislation positions itself in relation to the “EU minimum level” before and after the temporary law of 2016.

    The second part of the report study central policy processes in Sweden, Denmark and Norway which preceded decisions to introduce new or tougher demands and restrictions on family migration – or to reject such changes. The analysis provides a broad account of policy development in the three countries, from the turn of the millennium up to 2016, identifying what considerations, arguments and problem representations have guided the decisions. One conclusion of this analysis is that the large asylum migration in 2015 provoked reforms and changes in regulations in all three countries. But whereas the changes in Denmark and Norway were in line with policy development which had been noted during a very long (Denmark) or rather long (Norway) period of time, in Sweden the changes are to be described in terms of a sudden and paradigmatic migration policy change.

    In the last section the conclusions of the study and what insights can be drawn from them in relation to future policy decisions are discussed. The report shows that the Swedish 2016 changes in family migration regulations represented a dramatic deviation from previous policies, motivated solely as a way to reduce asylum immigration. The intention was to adjust Swedish rules to the EU minimum level, in order not deviate as the country with more generous rules. For future policy decisions there is however a need of a more profound and elaborated debate and analysis, which in earnest takes into consideration the different core principles and values which are at stake in family migration.

  • 238.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet.
    Family Migration Policies and Politics: Understanding the Swedish Exception2015Inngår i: Journal of Family Issues, ISSN 0192-513X, E-ISSN 1552-5481, Vol. 36, nr 11, s. 1490-1508Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims at characterizing and explaining Swedish family migration policies from a European comparative point of view. The analysis shows that Sweden applies equally strict eligibility rules for members beyond the nuclear family as most other European countries. Moreover, Sweden introduced such stricter rules much earlier than other countries. In other respects, however, Swedish family migration policies stand out as exceptionally liberal in European comparison; few, if any, requirements are imposed on the sponsor and joining family members acquire equal rights status either immediately or 2 years after admission. To explain this situation, the article analyzes political processes behind two important family migration policy decisions in 1997 and 2010. The conclusion is that Swedish welfare state ideology and party politics importantly contribute to understanding why Sweden diverges from European trends in family migration policies.

  • 239.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hur ska man uppnå samhörighet?2003Inngår i: Göteborgs-Posten, ISSN 1103-9345, nr 4 mars, s. 41-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 240.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Integration2016Inngår i: Politisk teori, Stockholm: Liber , 2016, 2. utök., s. 180-197Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 241.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Integration requirements - a motivating force or an obstacle to integration?: Debating the nexus between integration and family immigration in Sweden2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden represents one of the most liberal systems in Europe when it comes to family migration policies. Simultaneously, Sweden – just like other European countries – experiences a growing sense of crisis concerning immigrant integration, particularly manifested as a persistent gap between natives and immigrants in the labour market. The country is also put under considerable pressure to harmonize with the European trend of introducing more restrictive requirements in this area. In this paper I discuss the political process leading up to the 2010 introduction in Sweden of a financial support requirement for family migration, which introduced a linkage between integration achievements and the right to acquire admission to the country that had not existed before. Using the method of comparative process tracing, where comparable policy developments in other European countries – notably the Netherlands and United Kingdom – are related, I discuss whether we should characterize the Swedish case as an exception to the common European trend of fusing integration requirements and migration control or as a latecomer that is gradually adapting to the situation in other countries, and argue that there is currently ground for the first interpretation. In the analysis I also address the question how the Swedish case should be explained, and argue that we should take into account factors such as salience of right wing populist parties; public opinion; framing of the political discourse and the legacy of a national integration model where both multiculturalism and universal welfare state policies are emphasized.

  • 242.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Centrum för multietnisk forskning.
    Invandrarbyrån i Uppsala: en studie av en förvaltnings framväxt1993Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 243.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Invandrings- och medborgarskapspolitik i Europa2006Inngår i: En gränslös europeisk arbetsmarknad?, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2006, s. 43-70Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 244.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Jämlikhet och integration i svensk invandrarpolitik: Debatten om skolan och minoriteterna1996Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 245.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Multiculturalism and welfare state integration: Swedish model path dependency2014Inngår i: Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, ISSN 1070-289X, E-ISSN 1547-3384, Vol. 21, nr 6, s. 708-723Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article offers an account of Swedish integration policies in the post-war period. The theoretical purpose is to assess Christian Joppke’s hypothesis that recent trends of integration policy convergence have rendered the national model approach analytically useless. The analysis shows that Sweden deviates, in some important respects, from the European trend by not formulating demands that link integration achievements to immigrants’ access to fundamental rights. The conclusion is that the Swedish case does not support Joppke’s hypothesis, but rather indicates that path dependency of national models is a valid explanation to ongoing developments. It is argued that the Swedish exception should be understood as an expression of the persistent impact of a policy logic according to which integration requires that all citizens have equal and universal access to certain fundamental rights. The article builds on general comparisons with European policy developments and uses Denmark as a more specific reference point.

  • 246.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Mångkulturalism på reträtt2008Inngår i: Statsvetare ifrågasätter: uppsalamiljön vid tiden för professorsskiftet den 31 mars 2008, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2008, s. 408-424Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 247.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Positiv särbehandling och invandrarpolitik i Sverige2000Inngår i: Positiv särbehandling i Sverige och USA / [ed] Erik Åsard, Harald Runblom, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2000, s. 125-175Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 248.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Reflektioner kring integration1999Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 249.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Religion i skolan1997Inngår i: Religionsfrihet i Sverige: om möjligheten att leva som troende / [ed] Pia Karlsson & Ingvar Svanberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 1997, s. 37-69Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 250.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Religiösa friskolor2008Inngår i: Religion i Sverige / [ed] Ingvar Svanberg & David Westerlund, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2008, s. 379-381Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
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