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  • 201.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Verwegenes Unternehmertum: Die Einführung und Verbreitung von Gesundheitsresorts, Bäderkurorten und Medizintourismus im frühen modernen Schweden2017In: Medizintourismus: Erfahrungen mit einer weltweiten Wachstumsbransche / [ed] Frank-Michael Kirsch, Jens Juszczak, Paderborn: IFB Verlag Deutsche Sprache , 2017, p. 132-212Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 202.
    Gratzer, Karl
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Olsson, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    State Ownership and Privatization in Sweden2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 203.
    Graveleij, Philip
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Halabi, Malcolm
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Dolda kostnader vid implementering av ERP-system: En studie på svenska små- och medelstora företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In an increasingly transparent and rapidly changing market customer demands needs to be satisfied in a more customized approach, while the rate of change in the business sector continues to increase. The relationship between technology and competition has been strengthened where technology represents great opportunities to achieve and maintain competitive advantages. Correct investment calculations can be crucial for enterprises, where unsuccessful investments within internal elements can lead to critical consequences. Despite the large investment required to implement an ERP system and the long implementation time, few enterprises remain within the budget and time frame. SME are exposed to greater financial risks where access to knowledge and resources are limited. The study aims to investigate the hidden costs that may exist when implementing an ERP system, which has been achieved using a qualitative method. Through interviews with enterprises and system suppliers, primary data has been collected and analyzed based upon the theoretical framework. The study results in the factors of precision, education and external integration as important aspects to consider when implementing ERP system.

  • 204.
    Gren, Agnes
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Nydeström, Natalie
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Mat med ett klick: En kvalitativ studie om konsumentbeteende och inköp av livsmedel online2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den teknologiska utvecklingen har lett till en strukturomvandling i dagens samhälle, vilket har resulterat i nya vanor och ett förändrat konsumentbeteende då allt fler börjar handla online. Företag har svårt att hänga med i denna utveckling och det har blivit en allt större utmaning för dem att lyckas möta kundernas behov. Att handla livsmedel är en aktivitet som tar upp en stor del av vardagssysslorna och innebär ett invant och traditionellt beteendemönster hos konsumenterna. I den digitala övergången till att köpa livsmedel online är det svårt att avgöra vad konsumenterna har för förväntningar och preferenser. Utifrån en kvalitativ ansats har 12 stycken semi-strukturerade intervjuer genomförts för att erhålla en djupare förståelse för hur konsumenter förhåller sig till köp av livsmedel online. Dessutom har faktorer utifrån tidigare forskning setts över, för att ta reda på vad som påverkar de faktiska köpbesluten. Resultatet visar att konsumenter väljer att köpa livsmedel online främst på grund av den bekvämlighet det erbjuder. Att konsumenter inte väljer att handla online beror på att de förlorar kontrollen och den sociala kontexten av livsmedelsinköp. Priset visade sig inte ha stor betydelse vid köpen och produktinnehållet var det viktigaste vid val av produkter.

  • 205.
    Grönlund, David
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hirsch Rabe, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    CSR inom mejeri- och klädbranschen: En kvantitativ studie om konsumenters åsikter kring CSR inom två olika branscher2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Implementation of a CSR engagement involves major financial strain on a company, which may prove problematic for companies, as consumers state that they are willing to consider CSR, but when it comes to real consumption, few consumers take CSR into consideration. The purpose of this paper is therefore to map out the opinions about the corporate social responsibility regarding the industries of both clothing and dairy products for the consumers in the Stockholm area. The research questions that were examined was “do Swedish consumers consider CSR to be important in the dairy industry and the clothing industry?” and "which CSR factors do Swedish consumers consider to affect their purchases most in the dairy industry and the clothing industry?". The research has a quantitative base with a survey with 307 respondents. In order to study the result of the survey the use of different theories has been implemented for example CSR, Green Marketing and Consumer Behaviour. The result shows that the respondents think that CSR is more important in the dairy industry than the clothing industry, as well as the most important factor in their purchase is the taste or looks of the product, depending on the industry. Another conclusion is that CSR is more important for women than for men in both industries. Furthermore, consumers don't think that CSR factors is what has the greatest impact on their purchases within each industry. Lastly is that the respondents consider CSR factors to have a greater impact on their purchases in the dairy industry than in the clothing industry, apart from working conditions which are considered to affect more in the clothing industry.

  • 206.
    Grönlund, Felicia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Loheim Hammarberg, Li
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Att designa ett slutet kretslopp: En kvalitativ studie kring hur design kan underlätta implementeringen av en cirkulär affärsmodell i detaljhandeln2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens ekonomiska system bygger på en linjär modell där varor produceras, används och sedan slängs. Den linjära modellen tillsammans med en ökad befolkningsmängd som överkonsumerar planetens begränsade resurser, har bidragit till att mängden avfall och miljöproblem ständigt ökar. En cirkulär ekonomi presenteras i forskningen som ett avgörande steg mot ett mer hållbart samhälle. I en cirkulär ekonomi tillvaratas material och resurser i förlängda livscykler, vilket kan liknas vid ett slutet kretslopp.

    Uppsatsen är en kvalitativ studie med syfte att skapa en förståelse för vad sex företag i detaljhandeln har för uppfattning kring cirkulära affärsmodeller samt redogöra för hur väl anpassade deras affärsmodeller är till en cirkulär ekonomi. Studien ämnar även undersöka på vilket sätt design kan bidra till en mer cirkulär affärsmodell. Datainsamlingen har genomförts via semistrukturerade intervjuer med åtta respondenter, varav sex stycken var med grundare eller medgrundare av företag i detaljhandeln som arbetar med cirkulära arbetsmetoder. Empirin har analyserats utifrån den teoretiska referensramen, som bygger på tidigare forskning kring cirkulär ekonomi, cirkulära affärsmodeller, designtänkande och ekodesign. Studien visar att kunskapen kring begreppet cirkulär ekonomi är relativt låg, att de studerade företagen har delvis cirkulära affärsmodeller, men att det finns många utvecklingsområden för att uppnå ett helt cirkulärt flöde. Studiens resultat pekar på att design kan bidra med verktyg för att utforma mer hållbara strategier och lösningar på de hinder som finns i implementeringsprocessen av en cirkulär affärsmodell.

  • 207.
    Grönlund, Viivi
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Sasi, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Vikten av visuell identitet hos varumärken: En studie om hur den visuella identiteten formar konsumentens varumärkesuppfattning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today we live in a society that focuses more and more on the visual aspects. Visual identity is the most visible part of a company's communication with the outside world, yet it is relatively unexplored in the academic literature. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how consumers perceive brands based on their visual identity. The thesis will include a qualitative method, consisting of a semiotic image analysis and focus group interviews. The results show that the perception of the brand based on the visual identity depends on the expectations the consumer has about the industry. The visual identity of the chosen companies was considered refreshing, exciting and playful, which attracted consumers. But the more consumers became aware of their visual identity, the more skeptical they became.

  • 208.
    Grönquist, Simon
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Eklund, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Just how “blind” are we to advertising on Instagram?: En kvalitativ studie om hur människor uppfattar och tolkar betalade företagsinlägg som sker via Instagram.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the beginning of 1944, the world could see a spread in the use of banners, a new digital way to market through. This quickly became a popular way to market. But this also led to discussions in regard to how effective these banners were. These discussions have since then grown and today there are constantly new studies about how effective the different ways to market yourself are. One phenomenon that many of these studies has observed is “Banner blindness”, which is a self-introduced blindness that makes it possible for users to filter out the advertising. This phenomenon has, despite its name also appeared outside of banners and amongst other places on Facebook. Despite all the studies about the phenomenon, studies in regard to its limitations, as well as if the phenomenon can be observed on the social media platform Instagram are still missing.

    This study therefore strives to examine if the phenomenon “Banner blindness” can be observed on the paid corporate posts on Instagram. Observations and interviews were made in order to examine this. The interviews showed that the phenomenon can be observed on Instagram, but also that there are some factors that affects it. Amongst these factors the persons brand attitude was one of the most important ones. The study also shows that a good personalized ad, really can affect how it is perceived.

  • 209.
    Guaman, Guissela
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Stamos, Elefteria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Styrformer genomsyrar allt?: En komparativ undersökning av Design Management och Kvalitetsstyrning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that Design Management contributes to the implementation of Total Quality Management (which in this study together with New Public Management is referred as Quality Management). The purpose of this study is to provide an increased scientific knowledge of the management forms Design Management and Quality Management, and their similarities. Through the knowledge of individuals, who have shared their experience of these management forms, the central parts of Design Management and Quality Management have been able to be identified and compared with theory and previous research. A qualitative method was chosen in this study to create an understanding and an interpretation of the informants’ experiences of the management forms. A total of eight interviews were conducted with informants who either research, work or teach Quality Management or Design Management. The result of this study showed that Design Management and Quality Management have many central parts in common, except for measurements which is only a central part of Quality Management. Central parts that are common in both Design Management and Quality Management are: values, leadership, culture, competence/employees, innovation, customers/users, quality and effectiveness. The analysis showed the most central part for both Design Management and Quality Management is their need to permeate the entire organization at all levels, the culture and the values held by them must be embraced by all employees in order for Quality Management and Design Management to be implemented. The authors hope that this study may increase an understanding for individuals and organizations who want to work with Quality Management or Design Management and for those who want to acquire more knowledge about these forms of management.

  • 210.
    Gullberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Lindvall, Jan
    Att agera controller2016In: Strategisk ekonomistyrning: med dialog i fokus / [ed] Fredrik Nilsson, Carl-Johan Petri, Alf Westelius, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, p. 177-202Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 211.
    Gullberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Weinryb, Noomi
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Academy of Public Administration.
    Pleasing the crowd: On upward accountability in a digital grassroots initiative2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 212.
    Gustafsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Johansson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Rätt plåster i rätt tid: En fallstudie av ICAs krishantering2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the grocery retail company ICA handle their communication in store during a crisis and how they manage it efficiently. With contributions from theories and models from the field of crisis management this study examines how these are implemented in practice. With the help of a case study on four ICA-stores in Stockholm this study aims to see how communication during a crisis is conducted. A qualitative approach is used through four semi- structured interviews with people who hold leading positions in each store. Among those were two of them store owners, one was a store manager and one a controller. The results show that communication is one of the most important things during a crisis and that the information should be open and transparent. The conclusion is that the stores use several different communications channels, signs, verbal communication, flyers and social media. A combination of which is what is shown to be the most efficient way to handle a crisis and to be active on social media is what this study think will be an important tool in the future. 

  • 213.
    Gustafsson, Nils
    et al.
    Lund universitet.
    Weinryb, Noomi
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Academy of Public Administration.
    Gullberg, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Social media and civil society organizations: Exploring the institutionalization of positive emotional vocabulary2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how positive emotional vocabulary used on social media potentially alters rationalized and institutionalized ways to manage and account for civil society organizations. Based on a study of Swedish civil society, our initial findings indicate that these changes entail: 1) a replacement of previous forms of engagement based on shared negative experiences or contentious politics by strong positive emotional content, both in terms of management and accounting 2) the increasing importance of emotional language competence in terms of the usage of positive emotional vocabulary to manage both staff, board members, and volunteers 3) the increased possibility to express and be open about emotional states in the workplace, which is perceived as both enabling and challenging for managers. In sum, the paper points to an inflation in the usage of positive emotional vocabulary in established civil society organizations, indicating an emerging institutionalization process of positive emotional vocabulary as a means to organize civil society.

  • 214.
    Gustavsson, Christoffer
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Alaniva, Jussi
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Segmentering och målgrupper inom gymbranschen: En kvalitativ studie kring gymmens kundlojalitet samt åtgärder för gymkedjor för ökad kundlojalitet i strävan mot lönsamma kundrelationer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current health trend in Sweden has created a gym industry where the competition hardens for each day. Dominant actors fight for customers and the customers are many. The basic need of being psychically active is with each individual and therefore everyone, in theory becomes potential customers for the gyms. The gyms targets the widest of target groups and invite with slogans like workout for everyone. However, there are problem with maintaining customers who refrain from training or completely leaving the membership. The purpose of this study is to investigate how gyms present segmentation strategy creates disloyal customers who abandon the gym despite their individual needs and how gym can through segmentation measures create more profitable relationships with more loyal customers.The method used for this was based on interviews with two groups, the non-loyal customers and the gyms as well as an content analysis of the gyms own communication. The result from the study shows a number of gaps when it comes to the communicated target groups versus which resources are put on the operational work from gym. The study's conclusion is that the current segmentation strategy does not justify the stated target group, but instead shows obvious deficiencies which lead to non loyal customers to an excessive extent. Instead a number of measures with a focus on inclusion and focus are presented

  • 215.
    Gustavsson, Elin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Mahdy, Mady
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Basket som integrationsverktyg i socioekonomiskt utsatta områden: En kvalitativ undersökning om ideella organisationers arbete för att främja integration2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent times, sport's responsibility has grown beyond being only Sweden's largest people movement and activating people. Now sport is also expected to contribute to crime prevention and prevent other social problems. Using sport as a method and a kind of gear has in turn given sport other challenges. By using institutional theory, the study wants to highlight the working practices in which nonprofit organizations use in their own associations as well as with other organizations, to promote integration. The study is aimed at basketball associations in socio- economically vulnerable areas. To investigate this, a main issue was formulated and to answer it, two questions were formulated as an aid. An unstructured group interview was conducted consisting of four (4) respondents with different positions and active in sports in the socio- economically vulnerable areas. Four (4) semistructured interviews were also conducted with sports leaders in the basketball associations in the same areas. The results showed that cooperation between the association, school, the Swedish Basketball Federation, the municipality and the district is of utmost importance in the work of integration and other social problems. Different types of projects are also a common practice. The basketball associations generally have the same working practices with the organizations in the surrounding area with certain exceptions that occur within their own associations.

  • 216.
    Gustavsson, Fanny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Pettersson, Ellen
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Finansiella och icke-finansiella målsättningar: En kvantitativ studie av börsnoterade företags målsättningar i årsredovisningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In annual reports, companies can voluntarily disclose information that go beyond what rules, guidelines and praxis require. One kind of voluntary disclosure that is commonly occurring is different targets. But there is no distinct explanation to why different companies disclose different number of targets. The subject of earlier studies has mainly been financial targets, but in today’s information society financial results isn’t the only focus. Therefore, stakeholders may also be demanding non-financial information and targets. The aim of this study is to explain the number of and which targets listed companies choose to disclose. The aim is also to explain if the number of targets correlates with the variables: company size, profitability, leverage, Tobin’s q and industry.

    This study was executed through a quantitative method with a deductive approach. Data was collected from annual reports using a quantitative content analysis. To measure the correlation between the study’s dependent and independent variables, both regression and correlation analysis were performed. The result showed that 94 % of the companies disclosed some kind of target, 88 % disclosed financial targets and 66 % non-financial targets. The average number of financial targets was three per company, likewise for the non-financial targets. The number of targets in total proved to be positively correlated with company size and profitability. The financial targets proved to be positively correlated with leverage, while the non-financial targets didn’t show any significant correlation with any of the variables. Differences between industries were also shown, where consumer goods had the highest mean values, while energy had the lowest. These conditions did apply for the number of targets in total, financial targets and non-financial targets.

  • 217.
    Gylner, Frida
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Mourad, Nicole
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Vad motiverar medarbetare inom detaljhandeln?: Kan CSR ha en inverkan på arbetsmotivationen?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate the motivation to work in retail. The purpose of the study is to identify factors that may have a perceived impact in the employees' work motivation. Furthermore, the study investigates if the selected companies' CSR activities may have an impact on employee motivation. The study is of a qualitative character and assumes a hermeneutic perspective. The study was carried out by semi-structured interviews with six employees in the retail sector, three of them work in H&M and three in The Body Shop.

    The theory section highlights Herzbergs’ dual factor theory, and Ryan & Decis’ Self-Determination Theory. These theories work as basis for collecting the empirical data and for interpretation of the results and subsequent analysis. The results of the study show that employees are largely motivated by the same factors such as recognition, personal and career development, feedback and relatedness. Despite this, it was concluded that factors such as salary and working environment is also important for the employees but there is doubt as to whether these can be considered as motivation creation in the long term or satisfactory for a short period.

    The conclusion to be drawn from the study's findings is that what motivates employees in the retail industry largely correspond to Herzberg two factor theory and Ryan & Decis’ Self-Determination Theory. Although there is some degree of questioning regarding Herzberg's division of hygiene and motivation factors an overall conclusion can be drawn that it is valid that the internal factors are what essentially operate as motivating for all employees. Another interesting conclusion that the study has generated is that a company's CSR activities to a small extent seems as motivating for employees.

  • 218.
    Göransson, Felix
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Olofsson, Patric
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    ’Pengar på bordet’ – svenska börsnoteringar inom hälsovård och teknologi: En kvantitativ studie av underprissättningen vid noteringar på den moderna svenska aktiemarknaden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When stocks are listed, i.e. becomes subject to public trading, the closing price is generally higher than the initial offering price. Hence, IPOs yields a ”first day return” which systematically exceeds the average daily return on the stock market; this phenomenon is called underpricing.

    This study aims to examine if the modern Swedish IPO-market is subject to underpricing and how health care and technology (HCT) companies differ from non-HCT-companies (IHCT) in this regard. The study is primarily operationalized with regression analysis through which the correlation between company-specific variables and underpricing is examined. The data consists of IPOs between 2016 and 2018.

    The results indicate that HCT-companies during the sample period – as an arithmetic mean – have been underpriced to a larger extent than non-HCT-companies. Moreover, the variance of the underpricing is also higher for HCT-companies than for IHCT-companies. The analysis also indicate that profitable IHCT-companies is underpriced to a larger extent than non- profitable IHCT-companies. However, such a correlation does not exist for HCT-companies.

  • 219.
    Haager, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Suen, Wan-Long
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning i börsnoterade casino- och nätspelföretag: en komparativ studie om företags ansvarsföretagande för att stävja spelberoende2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problematization: The increased availability of casino and sport games online has a complicated relationship to problem gaming. For companies in the European Union, a sustainability report must be established if a company has an average of 500 employees during the year. It is expected that companies that are running as an online game operator also reports its work in restraining gambling problems, something that earlier has been optional to account and have made the comparability of sustainability reports problematic.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study has been to, between companies, compare the reporting of the social responsibilities over time to comprehend the effects of global guidelines and directions within sustainability reporting.

    Frame of reference: Earlier studies about sustainability reporting within online casino companies have been used in combination with the legitimacy theory and the institutional theory to analyze the quantitative data.

    Method: The study has been issued from a quantitative approach and the data has been collected from six listed companies who have established a sustainability report for the years 2013-2017. Sentences have been quantified, interpreted and given a score from a coding manual.

    Results: Most of the companies in the study has developed its reporting of the social responsibilities during the years. All companies appear to write in a positive way about the negative aspects in connection to problem gaming. The result shows that it is hard to compare companies’ sustainability reports because of the difference in the information, something that earlier studies in the field points out.

  • 220.
    Haavisto, Louise
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hamidi, Jasmine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Användning av leasing som finansieringsmetod: En empirisk studie på kapitalintensiva branscher2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between leasing and debt and how it functions in different corporations.

    Theoretical frame of reference: The theoretical frame of reference that we used for this paper are all theories that refers to leasing as a financial method.

    Methodology: The method used is a quantitative method based on the survey performed. The survey is based on a equation from the earlier study “The leasing puzzle”.

    Empirical foundation: We use financial statements from different companies to get the right numbers for the equation. The respondents in the survey is airplane and car companies in Europe.

    Conclusions: The results shows that leasing can both function as a substitute and as a complement to the companies, where it functions as a substitute the majority of the time. How leasing behaves depends on the company’s debt ratio that do lease and the company’s debt ratio that do not lease. Other factors that can affect the behaviour of leasing can be the company’s size, expected growth and liquidity.

  • 221.
    Hallin, Anette
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Dobers, Peter
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    The mutual constituting of organizations – the case of NK department store and Stockholm2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 222.
    Hamed, Faiz
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Jutila, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Förändringen inom revisionsbyråer efter avskaffandet av revisionsplikten: En kvantitativ undersökning av revisionsbyråers förändringar i Stockholm, Småland och Norrland2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2006, the government appointed a commission whose job was to propose the amendments that was going to be finalized 2010 that meant that the audit requirement for small companies was abolished. When the legislation came into force November 1, 2010, approximately 72% of the small businesses got the freedom to choose whether to have audit or not.

     

    The removal of the audit requirement would, according to experts, give a negative impact on audit firms, particularly that of losing audit engagement which would lead to reduced sales. It was also ascertained that small accounting firms who are situated in back countries will be the most vulnerable to change. Svanström notes that the big agencies will be less affected due to when companies hires the larger agencies, it indicates a serious approach.

     

    The purpose of the study is to investigate how audit firms has changed since the removal of the audit requirement in different areas in order to discover whether the geographical positions do result in any difference. Furthermore this study is aiming to compare small and large audit firms from the selected areas.

     

    The study was conducted through a univariate analysis of three variables from a total of 503 audit firms from Stockholm, Småland and Norrland. The authors studied and processed variables individually and then compared the variables between the subjected years 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2015.

     

    The framework has been based on contingency theory, theory of uncertainty, the financial crisis and previous researches in order to analyze empirical data and answer the questions of this study.

     

    The survey shows that the geographical position have small beneficial differences with respect to the variables of the studied audit firms. Data from the small audit firms in Norrland has shown the most advantageous differences. In the comparison between large and small audit firms, small audit firms showed more tendencies to better results since the removal of the audit requirement.

  • 223.
    Hamilton, Sofie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Wikman, Josefin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Projektledning inom banksektorn och IT-konsultbolag: En jämförande kvalitativ fallstudie av interna och externa projekt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den ökade digitaliseringen och den ständiga utvecklingen i omvärlden idag har bidragit till att företag och organisationer måste tillämpa passande organisationsformer för att förmå möta denna utveckling. Då projekt som arbetsform har som syfte att genomföra förändring eller förnyelse, har projekt blivit en allt vanligare tillämpad arbetsform. Den forskning som finns i dagsläget om projektledning är relativt övergripande och "allmän", och tar ingen direkt hänsyn till i vilken bransch projektet verkar i eller om projektet är internt eller externt. Denna studie, som är av kvalitativt slag, har således till avsikt att utforska framgångsfaktorer och utmaningar projektledare står inför inom två mer specifika branscher; banksektorn och IT-konsultbolag.

    Studiens syfte är att genomföra en jämförande fallstudie om en bankorganisation som arbetar i interna projekt och ett IT-konsultbolag som arbetar i externa projekt, där dessa framgångsfaktorer och utmaningar har utforskats och jämförts mot varandra, liksom mot redan befintlig teori. Det empiriska materialet har samlats in genom delvis strukturerade djupintervjuer med totalt sex projektledare, tre från respektive organisation. Resultatet har sedan analyserats och jämförts mot varandra, samt mot teori som har försökt bistå en förklaring till och förståelse för olika mönster i det empiriska materialet. Studiens resultat pekar på att det finns vissa skillnader, men även likheter,om utmaningar och framgångsfaktorer inom ramen för projektledning i de två valda branschernas natur, även i fråga om interna och externa projekt. Regelbunden och tydlig kommunikation alla parter emellan i ett projekt ses som en grundpelare för framgångsrik projektledning utifrån studiens resultat, och på samma sätt påvisades en framträdande utmaning om att få deltagarna att arbeta mot samma mål. En viktig skillnad om projektledning i interna och externa projekt som påvisats utifrån studiens resultat är att projektledaren har friare tyglar i interna projekt, där faktorer som tid och budget inte är lika strikta eller viktiga att förhålla sig till, utan kundens efterfråga är viktigare.

  • 224.
    Hamlin, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Wall, Emelie
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Revision & Risk: I och med automatiserade och robotiserade redovisningssystem2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Automated and robotic accounting has expanded and covers more areas than ever before. But automation has resulted in risks within other industries. The purpose of this research has therefore been to investigate the risks that have arisen, as a result of automation and robotization of the accounting. Also to investigate whether the audit risk and audit process has been affected and if the audit process has become more automated. The research questions were answered through a qualitative method, in which nine interviews with authorized auditors were conducted. The result has then been analyzed, mainly in relation to the audit risk model, ARM. The conclusion is that the risks arising from automated systems are a lack of knowledge of the systems, interaction between the systems that lead to the information not being complete and more easily accessible information, that cyber hackers can penetrate. The audit process focuses more on internal control, data analysis and manual transactions that are more risky. This leads to a lower audit risk, where the auditors now can be more sure about that the companies annual statements do not contain significant errors. The inherent risk, control risk and detection risk are lower due to the automation and robotization of the accounting systems. The audit process has not become more automated, since there are technological barriers where the organizations ERP systems are not homogenous, and where the cost is just too high for the audit firms to adapt the automatic audit to the different customers. The auditing standard is not adapted for data analysis and a more automatic and continuous audit, which affects the development of an automatic audit process

  • 225.
    Happe Linde, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    From Corporate Social Responsibility to Social Intrapreneurship: An explorative study of consultants2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Corporations unceasing exploitation of our planet and its people have resulted in the implementation of several laws, regulations and standardisations. To please their stakeholders, corporations engage in Corporate Social Responsibility, nonetheless, few succeed in operating responsible. Social Intrapreneurship is a relatively new concept, aimed at creating long-lasting social and environmental impact, while aiding the company in its mission. Given that Corporate Social Responsibility has failed to bring sufficient social change, social intrapreneurs can be the new solution to many of the great social problems of today. The aim of this study was to examine what enables employees to engage in social intrapreneurial behaviours. Six semi-structured interviews were conducted with consultants located in Stockholm. 24 interview questions about the respondents’ corporate climate and culture, Corporate Social Responsibility work and possibilities for social innovation, were asked. The empirical findings showed that, to enable employees’ intrapreneurial behaviours, they required encouragement, clear communication, time and a network. These findings were in line with prior studies conducted in the field of intrapreneurship and social intrapreneurship.

  • 226.
    Hartsö, Josephine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Lervik, Nathalie
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kommunal revision: En studie om de förtroendevalda revisorernas oberoende2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and research issue: In recent years the independence of municipal auditing is a topic that has been debated a lot, the criticism has come from several sources, but mainly from the media. Journalists believe that it is not possible to examine people from their own political unions in an objective and impartial way.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to examine the independence of the elected auditors in relation to the attention of “Uppdrag granskning”

    Method: The choice of method includes both a quantitative approach and a qualitative. Quantitative in the form of collected audit reports which we have reviewed and analyzed. The qualitativ part includes interviews with elected auditors, expert auditors and the municipal council.

    Framework: The framework consists theories found in audit research, basic concepts and previous research.

    Empiricism: Of all examined audit reports, only one remark was found that could be linked to cases where audit assignments were noted. Through the interviews, we gained a deeper understanding of the concept of independence and the views of the respondents.

    Results: Of the audited reports, one remark could be linked to the attention of “Uppdrag granskning”. This means that in the case of the study, 10% of the events were noted by the auditors. The interviews have given us a deeper understanding of the concept of independence, the respondents’ views on independence and the criticisms made against independent. 

  • 227.
    Hasan Ibrahim, Erlina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Majooda, Sinan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kinesiska turisters inflytande på detaljhandeln: En studie kring marknadsföringsstrategier för en av världens köpstarkaste turister2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to investigate what marketing measures stores carry out to attract and simplify the purchase for the Chinese customer. 

    Completion: A qualitative study has been conducted focusing on how Chinese tourism has affected the Swedish retail trade. The study is based on a total of twelve different respondents who are localized in the Stockholm area. A total of 9 semi-structured interviews were conducted and 2 email correspondence. Nine of these consist of retail stores, the rest of which consists of a marketing company that focuses on the Chinese market, a Chinese newspaper independent of China and a communications company for the Swedish tourism industry. 

    Results: The findings of the study show that there are indications and a rising interest in introducing Chinese social media and payment methods in the future. This is mainly due to the fact of the observed increase of Chinese customers as well as this group accounting for 45% of Sweden’s total tax-free trade. Among the respondents, only three shops have adopted the payment methods today and one has been present on WeChat.

  • 228.
    Hasan, Saad
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hasan Ibrahim, Rosnani
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Equity-based crowdfunding och dess effekter: En studie kring effekterna av en equity-based crowdfundingkampanj2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose                              The purpose of this study is to investigate the motives behind the decisions of firms that use equity-based crowdfunding as a way to finance their operations. In addition to this purpose this study also will examine the various effects in addition to collecting capital as equity-based crowdfunding has.

    Theory                                Pecking-order theory and previous studies about crowdfunding and business angels with a focus on motives and effects are included.

    Method                              Quantitative survey and qualitative semi-structured interviews.

    Conclusion                         The result from the study shows that the motives which respondents reported was beyond the economic factor, the entrepreneurs previous experience with private and professional investors, but also expectations. The empirical results showed that the effects of an equity-based crowdfunding-campaign were more than just the financial benefits but also in the form of contacts, knowledge and marketing.

  • 229.
    Hassel, Jakob
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Risberg, Andreas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Ljudidentitet: Är även ett ljud värt tusen ord?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study brings forward the field of non-musical sound branding, concerning the use of sound in practical marketing and brand development. This interpretive, qualitative study has been conducted with the purpose of examining and explaining what aspects within non-musical sound branding that advocates and inhibits its use, ase well as exhibit how it can be created and developed. Interview data from advertising agencies and sound producers with extensive experience and knowledge in the field, is interpreted and analysed through theories within the fields of sensory marketing, brand theory, sound theory and non-musical sound branding. The results confirm that the intimate, subliminal qualities of sound, as well as the context in which it is mediated, are fundamental parameters for its reception and interpretation. The results also show that non-musical sound branding possess a number of aspects that both advocates and inhibits its use. The study also exhibit how it can be created and developed in regard to a number of fundamental and contributing perspectives.

  • 230.
    Hassel, Jakob
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Zetterman, David
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Revision inför företagskonkurser: En undersökning om förändringen i revisionsberättelsens anmärkningar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att kunna förklara hur en oren revisionsberättelse ser ut och förändras inför en företagskonkurs.

    I teorin redogörs det för olika teoretiska begrepp som studien utgår från, vilka är: konkurs, revisionsberättelse, oren revisionsberättelse, Big 4 och byte av revisor. Teorier som studien grundar sig i presenteras i den teoretiska referensramen och de är: Försäkran, Förbättring, Försäkring samt Förväntningsgap.

    Studien utgår från ett kvantitativt angreppssätt. En innehållsanalys genomförs där anmärkningar i revisionsberättelser samlas in och granskas. Studien samlar in data genom en longitudinell undersökningsdesign.

    555 företag ingår i empirin där totalt 3037 anmärkningar har observerats i revisionsberättelserna.

    Författarna har i studien kunnat fastställa att det föreligger en generell ökning av anmärkningar inför inledd konkurs. Det kan konstateras att ökningen inte enbart sker för antalet anmärkta företag utan författarna har även kommit fram till att antalet anmärkningar per företag ökar. Studien visar även att ökningen sker successivt inför varje revisionsberättelse.

  • 231.
    Hatami, Arina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Chowdhury, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Handlingar talar starkare än ord: En kvalitativ undersökning om konsumenters attityd och beteende inom Fast Fashion2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study is to search for a deeper understanding of Gen-Z’s consumer loyalty in the form of their attitudes and behaviour towards Fast Fashion and how the relationship between these factors can look like. Furthermore this study aims to identify the consequences of the the different perceptions in the form of Word of Mouth.

    Research questions:

    • What does consumers brand image look like when it comes to a Fast Fashion brand and what does it depend on?
    • What are the differences between consumers attitudes and behaviour towards a Fast Fashion brand?
    • What does consumers loyalty look like in its whole to a Fast Fashion brand based off attitudinal and behavioural factors?

    Method: This study is based on a qualitative approach and the data has been collected through semi-structured interviews. Both focus groups and individual interviews have been conducted.

    Theoretical framework: The theories that have been applied are Brand Image, Brand Attitude, Brand Loyalty, Loyalty Model and Loyalty Classification by Dick & Basu (1994), Loyaltypyramid (Aaker 1991) and finally Word of Mouth.

    Conclusions: The conclusions are that the respondents has got a negative image of H&M as a brand. A contradiction was also identified between the respondents attitudes and behaviour considering they were very different. The loyalty towards the brand was not very strong. The negative attitudes of the respondents had an significant influence on the brands Word of Mouth.

  • 232.
    Hedberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Karlsson, Lars
    Uppsala University.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Swedish Insurance, Legislation and Efficiency2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 233.
    Hedberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Karlsson, Lars
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum. BI Norwegian Business School, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Centre for Business History.
    The impact of market regulation on the Swedish insurance industry, 1930- 19802015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 234.
    Hedberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska instituitonen.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Ett liv som handledare2018In: Ett liv som handledare: Mats Larsson 65 år / [ed] Peter Hedberg och Mikael Lönnborg, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2018, p. 5-16Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 235.
    Hedberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Lönnborg, MikaelSödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Ett liv som handledare: Mats Larsson 65 år2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 236.
    Hedberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Karlsson, Lars
    Uppsala Universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Regulatory change and market efficiency in the Swedish Insurance Industry during a half century2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 237.
    Heinonen, Tobias
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Clavijo-Retamales, Isaak
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Svenska bolagsstyrelsers jämställdhet och Corporate Social Responsibility: Ett genusperspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to investigate whether the number and proportion of women on the board affect company CSR performance and diversification. The study also has an exploratory purpose in that the authors describe and explore an own created methodology that can contribute to an alternative operationalization of CSR diversification.

    Method: The study is based on a positivist and deductive approach. A quantitative strategy is applied for data collection. The study´s population consists of Swedish large cap corporates on the Stockholm Stock Exchange market. A total of 69 corporates are observed. The board's composition with respect to gender is the primary data and obtained from the corporates annual reports of the year 2015. Secondary data consists of the companies CSR-performance and -diversification for the year of 2016 and retrieved from CSRHub's database. Furthermore, a multiple regression analysis is applied to investigate the relationship between the gender and CSR variables, in relation to different control variables.

    Result: The regression result shows no significant evidence that the CSR-performance/ -diversification and the number and/or proportion of female representation on the boards have a relationship. Furthermore, the result shows that the size of the board has importance with respect to CSR-performance, but not to the diversification, and that there are differences between industries. The result shows that Swedish large cap corporations have greater points on their CSR-score, than the average company on CSRHub. Women represent 33% of the board members. All boards have at least one women director and consist of an average of three women. 43 of the observed corporates have three or more women on their boards.

    Conclusion: It is difficult to prove a causal and significant relationship between the number and / or proportion of women in the board and the company's CSR-performance and the degree of diversification. The size of the board seems to be more decisive (for the CSR-performance). It is assumed that factors other than those used in the study may have greater impact than the number and proportion of women. The method used to measure CSR-diversification is not complete and needs further development.

  • 238.
    Helander, Agnes
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Selin, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Redovisningens värderelevans innan och efter införandet av IFRS 13: En kvantitativ undersökning inom skogsindustrin2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fair value has been discussed since its introduction in accounting in 2005. The accounting standard IAS 41 forced the companies in agriculture, such as forest industry companies, to value their biological assets at fair value. Earlier studies have shown that this increased the value relevance. In order for the information to be value relevant the accounting amount should have an association with the stock price. IFRS 13 was introduced to complement IAS 41 and provide a more unitary consensus on what fair value is. It also provides a guide on how the value is determined and additional disclosures requirements. Should this supplementary standard IFRS 13 increase the value relevance of the accounting for the forest industry? This was investigated through a study of listed companies in the forest industry located in Sweden and Finland. The relationship was studied through correlation and regression analyzes, where the variables share price, equity per share and earnings per share were examined. The explanatory power showed that equity per share and earnings per share were not able to explain share price at a higher level after the introduction; IFRS 13 did not increase value relevance for all the variables together. On the other hand, it was found that the variable earnings per share individually gave an increase in value relevance, which imply that investors care more about the income statement than the balance sheet.

  • 239.
    Henricson, Elin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Mertsalmi, Veera
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    I en digitaliserad kapitalmarknad: En studie om finansiella behov och relationer inom andelsbaserad crowdfunding2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Equity crowdfunding, which has primarily been developed by private operators, is considered as an alternative financing form where capital is raised from a group of individuals through digital platforms. In the absence of formal regulations and existing high information asymmetries between businesses and crowd-investors, businesses need to build up legitimacy and trust through social actions. In this way, knowing the main participants and developing good relationships with them, become key factors for crowdfunding success.

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine equity crowdfunding and its context by identifying and describing stakeholders that interact there. In particular, this thesis aims to describe relationships that are being developed between businesses and their crowd-investors. The data has been collected through interviews with both businesses and investors that have experience in using equity crowdfunding in a Swedish context. The interview data have been analysed by using the stakeholder theory. This has helped us to identify and characterise several stakeholders that exist in the context of equity crowdfunding. Especially, two stakeholder management approaches – arm length- and fairness approach - have been chosen as the analytical tools for this thesis. These categories have primarily been used to analyse relationships that are being developed between businesses and crowd-investors.

    Our discussion highlights equity crowdfunding as a new and alternative type of capital market, where participants act more cooperatively and have versatile roles. As a financial tool, equity crowdfunding opens up possibilities for closer interaction between businesses and investors. As a consequence of high information asymmetries, developing relationships and creating a transparent environment through active communication, become particularly important for businesses. However, our data has shown us that in reality the collaborative relationship depends on how much businesses allow to be influenced by investors as well as how much the investors request participation.

  • 240.
    Heshmati, Almas
    et al.
    School of Economics, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea.
    Karlson, Nils
    The RATIO Institute, Sweden.
    Box, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Generality, State Neutrality and Unemployment in the OECD2013In: Global Economy Journal, ISSN 1524-5861, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 333-358Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to Buchanan and Congleton (1998. Politics by Principle, Not Interest: Towards Nondiscriminatory Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), the generality principle in politics blocks special interests. Consequently, the generality principle should thereby promote economic efficiency. This study tests this hypothesis on wage formation and labor markets, by investigating whether generality defined as state neutrality could explain employment performance among OECD countries during 1970–2003. We identify three types of non-neutrality concerning unemployment. These include the level or degree of government interference in the wage bargaining process over and above legislation which facilitates mutually beneficial wage agreements, the constrained bargaining range (meaning the extent to which the state favors or blocks certain outcomes of the bargaining process), and the cost shifting (which relates to state interference shifting the direct or indirect burden of costs facing the parties on the labor market). Our overall hypothesis is that non-neutrality or non-generality increases unemployment rates. The empirical results from the general conditional model suggest that government intervention and a constrained bargaining range clearly increase unemployment, while a few of the cost shifting variables have unexpected effects. The findings thus give some, but definitely not unreserved, support for the generality principle as a method to promote economic efficiency. One implication may be that the principle should be amended by other requirements if the political process shall indeed be able to promote economic efficiency.

  • 241.
    Hillenfjärd, Oskar
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kaiser, Heidi
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning: En kvantitativ studie på företagsfaktorer som påverkarmängden CSR-upplysningar i svenska företag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today there is an increasing amount of pressure on companies to take more social responsibility, often called Corporate social responsibility (CSR). In order for companies to be considered legitimate, they must comply with society's social norms, values ​​and expectations, which, according to the legitimacy theory, is believed to be a strong driving force for companies to increase their scope for voluntary CSR disclosures. The term CSR is closely related to corporate responsibility in society, which can be divided into three areas of economic, environmental and social responsibility. Gamerschlag, Möller and Verbeeten (2011) are some of the many researchers who have studied why German companies voluntarily increase the scope of sustainability reporting in their public reports. Through a quantitative survey of Swedish publicly traded companies, the purpose of this study is to investigate whether different business determinants affect the amount of CSR information. To calculate the amount of CSR information, the number of keywords in the companies sustainability reports has been counted. All the collected data was analyzed by a correlation analysis and a multiple regression analysis. The independent variables investigated were profitability, visibility, ownership structure, and for control variables the study used size and industrial sector. The multiple regression analysis shows a significant positive correlation between the amount of CSR disclosures and the company's visibility as well as the ownership structure. This study can not assure that profitability is related to the amount of CSR information.

  • 242.
    Hjertström Lappalainen, Jonna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Köping Olsson, Ann-SofieSödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.Larsson Segerlind, TommySödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Att lära en företagsekonom att tänka2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Här beskriver åtta högskolelärare i företagsekonomi egenupplevda undervisningssituationer utifrån vilka de, med hjälp av pedagogiska och filosofiska teorier, undersöker och reflekterar över sin praktiska kunskap.

    Vad kan dessa lärares redogörelser och reflektioner säga oss om universitetslärarens arbetssituation? Hur gör de för att lösa de problematiska situationer som uppstår? Hur kommer det sig att de lyckas få studenter med vitt skilda förväntningar, varierande bakgrunder och förutsättningar och med olika grader av motivation, att lära sig nya sätt att tänka och att med tiden utvecklas till självständiga yrkesutövare?

  • 243.
    Hjort, K.
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Hellström, D.
    Lund University.
    Karlsson, S.
    Lund University.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Typology of practices for managing consumer returns in internet retailing2019In: International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, ISSN 0960-0035, E-ISSN 1758-664X, Vol. 49, no 7, p. 767-790Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore, describe and categorise practices of managing product returns empirically in internet retailing. Design/methodology/approach: A multiple case study was conducted involving 12 e-commerce firms and 4 logistics service providers. An integrative data collection approach of semi-structured interviews, documentation and observations was used to gain comprehensive managerial and operational descriptions of returns management (RM) processes. Findings: The findings show inconsistent RM processes, with a plethora of practices implemented and organised differently across firms. RM processes are ambiguous; their design is a result of incremental changes over time, lacking strategy and goals. There is a mismatch between how they are described and understood in the literature and how they are actually used. Practices in gatekeeping, avoidance and reverse logistics are defined and categorised. These serve as a typology of practices for managers to (re)consider, along with 15 propositions on how RM is practised. Research limitations/implications: The range of RM practices and the processes reflect a lack of scholarly attention and strategic view. Research is needed to develop clear goals on how the RM process can be better aligned with business strategies. Practical implications: The typology of practices is a benchmark for internet retailers in their design of efficient RM processes. Originality/value: Systematic and empirical research on RM is scarce compared to forward management. The study bridges this gap as one of the first to describe RM practices in depth, define service as a key activity, and identify a mismatch between theory and practice.

  • 244.
    Hjälmeby, Hanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Sundström, Isabella
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Arbetar utvalda e-företag med leveransservice som konkurrensmedel: En kvalitativ studie ur ett företagsperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Trading on the internet has shown a steady raise and is subjecting the traditional retail competition for the last years. Therefore, it is very important for the internet companies to have a faithful clientele and build a relation with customers. With delivery service elements, delivery time, delivery reliability, delivery security and stock availability, the companies can get competitive advantages by offering the best delivery service.

    To get a clear picture of how they can work with delivery service as a competitive we interviewed ten companies. After those interviews differences and similarities between the companies has been analyzed and discussed.

    The patterns that have been found between the different companies’ applicable delivery service, is how they are working with delivery security and delivery reliability. There are also similarities between the companies that is working in the same branch when it comes to business in fashion and food. The companies have to monitor their clients to keep their position on the market. Delivery time and stock availability are two service elements who is connecting to each other and has the biggest differences. The companies who were interviewed are working on very different ways when it comes to these two elements, everything from a one-day delivery up to one year of waiting. When it comes to stock availability the companies are reasoning very different about what products they choose to store.

    The outcome from this study is that every company can use delivery service as a competition. The companies who was interviewed are saying that it is obvious that you have to work with delivery service to keep the competition and staying strong on the market.

  • 245.
    Hoang, Dennis
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Schnelzer, Jonathan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Crowdfunding equity i Sverige.: Hur investerare överkommer informationsgapet inför en investering via rationella och emotionella beslutsunderlag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Undersöka vad som påverkar privata investerare inom crowdfunding equity i Sverige i deras investeringsbeslut och hur informationsgapet hanteras.

    Teori: Informationsgap inkluderar, pecking order, asymmetrisk information, negativt urval och moraliskt dilemma som kommer att hanteras tillsammans med beteendekonomi inkluderar flockbeteende, “Word of mouth”, nätverk och legitimitet. Tillsammans med tidigare forskning om crowdfunding equity och finansiella gap.

    Metod: Explorativ studie med 10 kvalitativa intervjuer med privatinvesterare inom crowdfunding equity.

    Slutsats: Resultatet visar att investerare använder emotionella grunder för sina investeringar på då företag inom crowdfunding equity tenderar att ha kortare historik som omöjliggör fullt rationella investeringsbeslut. Empirin tyder på att investerare köper andelar i företag för egen vinning men även på grund av sociala aspekter som ger dem en känsla av att delta. Informationsgapet bryggas genom att investerare tenderar att använda flockbeteende och tredje-parts information för att skapa sin uppfattning om företaget inför en investering. 

  • 246.
    Homanen, Malin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Karlsson, Therese
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Kunskapsskillnaderna mellan IT och Redovisning och dess påverkan på redovisningsdatakvalitet: en kvalitativ studie på ett av de största bemanningsföretagen i Sverige och i världen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The inevitable dependence on digitization and IT systems in today's operations and organizations demands the current workforce to increase their IT skills in order to be able to integrate and communicate with new computer systems for a more efficient business. It is equally important for financial accountants who’s responsible for the business’s financial reporting, since they must be able to ensure that the accounting data produced and delivered using IT is correct and of high quality. The lack of IT skills can increase the risk of errors in accounting data not detected and thus further affect the accounting data quality. This in turn risks affecting the accounting quality in the final financial reporting. The communication between the departments could also suffer due to the knowledge gaps between them that could make it difficult to understand each other.The aim of the study is to contribute with knowledge about how the differences in knowledge can affect the work in ensuring accounting data quality and give insight into how this work can be realized in practice. With the help of previous research, an analysis model was developed that illustrates identified factors and their influence on accounting data quality; knowledge gaps → internal control → accounting data quality.The study applies an instrumental case study with a qualitative research approach. Two focus group interviews were conducted on two different occasions with respondents from the accounting department and the IT department, both from the same company. Data was transcribed and coded using color coding to clarify the factors that form the basis of the analysis model. A survey was conducted with the other employees to complement and confirm the results found from the interviews.The result of the study showed that the differences in knowledge have little or no direct impact on accounting data quality, but rather affect the internal control, based on external factors that came into light during the analysis of the result. A revised analysis model was developed based on the result and replaced the initial hypothetical model.

  • 247.
    Hultman, Magnus
    et al.
    University of Leeds, Leeds, England.
    Strandberg, Carola
    Luleå tekniska högskola.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Mostaghel, Rana
    Linneuniversitetet.
    The role of destination personality fit in destination branding: Antecedents and outcomes2017In: Psychology & Marketing, ISSN 0742-6046, E-ISSN 1520-6793, Vol. 34, no 12, p. 1073-1083Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing from fit research in strategic management, this study develops and investigates a model predicting destination attitude and (re)visit intention. The study introduces the concept of destination personality fit on the basis of how well consumer perceptions of a tourist destination's brand personality fits that of what the destination brand manager wishes to convey. A model incorporating destination advertising awareness as an antecedent of destination personality and consumer-manager destination personality fit is tested on international consumers with the destination personality of Switzerland as the study setting. Structural equation modeling results reveal that destination advertising awareness does indeed relate positively to both stronger perceived destination personality and destination personality fit in consumers' minds. Interestingly, the subsequent destination personality-destination attitude relationship is moderated by consumer-manager destination personality fit in such a way that the link grows stronger in cases where fit is high. The results have important implications for destination brand managers in that they reinforce the importance of strong and distinct destination personalities. The findings also show the importance of actively communicating the destination brand to consumers since the positive outcomes of a strong destination personality increase in magnitude when successfully communicated, and the vision of the destination brand manager has been adopted by the consumer.

  • 248.
    Hultman, Magnus
    et al.
    University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.
    Ulusoy, Sera
    Dyson Ltd, Malmesbury, Wilts, England.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Drivers and outcomes of political candidate image creation: The role of social media marketing2019In: Psychology & Marketing, ISSN 0742-6046, E-ISSN 1520-6793, Vol. 36, no 12, p. 1226-1236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines the role of social media marketing (SMM) activities and the influence of perceived candidate image in building voter-candidate relationship equity within the context of United Kingdom (UK) politics. Drawing from branding literature and social identity theory the article further investigates the role of candidate image as a mediator between SMM and voter-candidate relationship equity, whilst also testing the moderating effect of political ideologies. Survey results from 235 young UK voters indicate that while all SMM activities appears to positively influence the perceived candidate image, not all SMM variables directly relate to relationship equity. The relationship rather appears to be an indirect one, mediated through the political candidate's image. Surprisingly, political ideology also does not appear to moderate the connection between candidate image and voter-candidate relationship equity. The study findings highlight the growing importance of SMM activities and candidate image in political contexts, providing insights for political campaigners.

  • 249.
    Hyder, Akmal S
    et al.
    University of Gävle.
    Rydback, Michelle
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. University of Gävle.
    Borg, Erik A.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Osarenkhoe, Aihie
    University of Gävle.
    Medical tourism in emerging markets: The role of trust, networks, and word-of-mouth2019In: Health Marketing Quarterly, ISSN 0735-9683, E-ISSN 1545-0864, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 203-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the growing popularity of medical tourism (MT) in emerging markets (EMs), little is known about how healthcare providers operationalize. This article analyzes how healthcare providers meet different challenges to market MT in an EM setting. A qualitative method was used for data collection and conducting case studies on healthcare services in the Philippines. The results show that trust and network building are necessary for mitigating the unfavorable characteristics, instability and lack of legitimacy caused by institutional constraints in EM. Word-of-mouth is found to be important to attract new customers and disseminate information about MT services.

  • 250.
    Hägerstrand, John
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Olsson, Filip
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Full Fart Framåt, Håll Tätt Bakåt?!: En studie om ekonomi och sportsliga resultats inverkan på allsvenska fotbollsklubbar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The economics of football during the last decades has gone through a dramatic transformation. The most considerable change for both European and Swedish football clubs, is the ongoing increase of total revenues. Despite increasing revenues, several clubs experience financial problems and difficulties. This has led to a point where clubs require a proper business strategy with economics playing a big part. The previous research on the field has been dedicated to the link between sport performance and economics, but above all on English and Spanish football clubs. The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the impact of a potential correlation between sport performance and club economy. Different economic variables were examined during the period of 2010-2016 in Swedish elite league for men, Allsvenskan. In the study, the results show a link between club economy and sport performances, which previous studies have already proved. Player salaries measured highest among the examined variables, although none showed a strong correlation.

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