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  • 201.
    Eriksson, Kajsa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Att tala om ansvar: om Levinas ansvarsbegrepp i gränslandet mellan det etiska Sägandet och det politiskt Sagda2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present essay concerns the Levinasian understanding of responsibility in relation to the two spheres that Levinas introduces in his second major work Otherwise than Being or Beyond Essence, namely the Saying and the Said. The essay investigates some of the different meanings that the concept responsibility takes on in regard to these two spheres, and thus also in regard to the separation between the ethical and the political that is apparent in the book. Is it possible to find a politically uttered responsibility in Levinas Otherwise than Being or Beyond Essence?

    The essay wants to emphasize the continuous transition between the ethical or the Saying and the political or the Said, and vice versa, with the purpose of showing how the two spheres may be conceived simultaneously. By posing the relationship between the two as a reciprocal rather than a oppositional one, the essay aims to suggest that an understanding of responsibility at once must be ethical and political. In order to show this, the essay analyses responsibility as communication, sensibility and exposure. Thereafter, it turns to Judith Butler's Giving an Account of Oneself to offer an ethical/political reading of responsibility as the subjectivity of the subject. Levinas' concepts of the Trace, the Third Party and the question of Justice is discussed, using Jacques Derrida's Adieu to Emmanuel Levinas, Bettina Bergo's Levinas Between the Ethical and the Political, and Howard Caygill's Levinas and the Political. The essay poses the question of how we are to discuss responsibility if its original, ethical meaning is undone at the very moment that we try to grasp it.  Therefore what Levinas calls the philosophical reduction of the Said is taken in consideration.

  • 202.
    Eriksson, Susanne
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    HR-partnerns spelrum i verksamheten: Om tillhörighet, omgivning och krav på mätbarhet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is common, that research in the area of Human Resource (HR) and Human Resource Management (HRM),  is placed at schools of business and administration. The conceptualization is characterized by management and organization theory, focusing on how the function creates the best value for the organization. Here, as I see it, is a gap to fill. This essay, built on the theory of practical knowledge, is primarily based on hermeneutics and Dreyfus and Dreyfus's learning theory. 

    I investigate the professional skills of the HR-partner and I problematize about the importance of the latitude of the HR partner's professional skills. I have conducted four deep interviewers with; two HR-partners, one HR-manager, and one manager who is the customer of the services of the HR-department. The essay shows that in the municipality I have investigated, which I have given the fictive name Ärlanda, it is not primarily the formal structures that determine how the HR-partner is acting. The latitude for the HR-partner to act and use all his or her work skills is dependent upon a consistency between the expectations of the business, the mission of the HR-department and the individual HR employee's experiences. This will give a space to act in prevention and work with issues at the long range term. Otherwise, as I see it, there is a risk in the endeavor of the HR-department to provide professional HR support with standardized procedures that ease the work of the managers in the organization. This risk is that the professional skills of the HR-partner get occupied by the routine assignments. In the long run, this will be at the expense of the ability to act wisely in the specific situation. 

  • 203.
    Etzler, Nils
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Normalvetenskapen och dess förutsättningar: Två grader av relativism? - En jämförelse av Thomas Kuhns och Richard Rortys kunskapsteori.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    All since Thomas Kuhn’s strongly influential The Structure of Scientific Revolutions the Philosophy of Science and –even more so –the Social Sciences have contained a greater amount of theories that could be described as more or less relativistic, meaning that the standards of justification or truth thereafter more often were said to be relative to language, culture, or biological makeup. One of the more elaborate ways of developing Thomas Kuhn’s theories in a more relativistic direction ismade by the philosopher Richard Rorty. Rorty, mainly a supporter of Thomas Kuhn, is also a philosopher who has been seen as a main exponent of a so called Postmodern philosophy.

    My intention in this thesis is to evaluate whether Kuhn's and Rorty's theories of science and knowledge could be regarded as relativism, in respects of their view of incommensurability, rational argumentation, and of their position vis-á-vis the more conventional picture of scientific knowledge and truth. Both Rorty and Kuhn agree on the idea that there is no common measure for assessing the different scientific theories, since science is grounded within specific theories of the period, what is called the thesis of incommensurability. This idea rules out certain kinds of comparison of two theories in different paradigms and consequently rejects some traditional views of scientific development, such as the view that later science builds on the knowledge contained within earlier theories. Even though Rorty and Kuhn also do not agree with the view that later theories are closer approximations to the truth than earlier theories, Kuhn differs from Rorty in the –seemingly contradictory stated -view that later theories generally are better than earlier ones for solving problems (puzzles), and that science is guided by some extra-paradigmatical criteria.

    While neither Rorty nor Kuhn are willing to describe themselves as relativists, this seems rather to be right in only one respect namely that they are not to be described as ontological relativists, even though Kuhn sometimes has made a few undeveloped statements in direction of ontological relativism. While Kuhn's (above mentioned) seemingly contradictory view -where he harbors both incommensurability and the possibility of distinguishing the progress of science –makes the verdict of epistemic relativism not totally solid, it is however clear that Rorty should be considered a clear epistemic relativist. For Rorty neither the concept of truth, nor those of objectivity and of reality, can be invoked to explain or legitimate our inferential practices and our standards of warrant. Rorty's arguments are instead rejecting science and scientific methodology to let us be constrained in our beliefs by the world. It is a matter to discuss whether Rorty's view of science, if it were to prevail, would mean that scientists no longer would be motivated to carry on as they are and if the status of Scientific knowledge would diminish in an unwanted way.

  • 204.
    Fareld, Victoria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Ruin, HansSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Historiens hemvist I: Den historiska tidens former2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 205.
    Fornäs, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Media and Communication Studies.
    Post-anti-hermeneutics2012In: Hunting high and low: Skriftfest til Jostein Gripsrud på 60-årsdagen / [ed] Hovden, Jan Fredrik & Knapskog, Karl, Oslo: Scandinavian Academic Press, 2012, 1, p. 490-518Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Late modern cultural theory has since the 1960s tended to define culture in terms of signifying practice, making meaning and interpretation central concepts. However, a series of structuralist and poststructuralist waves have at the same time marginalised hermeneutics in cultural studies. The influential anti-hermeneutic challenges of Foucault, Kittler and Latour underline the necessity to abandon the romantic conceptions in much of classical hermeneutics. However, these critics tend to throw the baby out with the bathwater, and cannot ground late modern cultural theory. If taken fully seriously, the demand to abandon interpretation and replace meanings with some kind of materiality would evacuate cultural research or reduce it to plain physics. Instead, Paul Ricoeur’s critical textual hermeneutics offers a more useful polydimensional understanding of culture. This is a presentation of anti-hermeneutic challenges, discussing how they may be overcome by recharging key cultural concepts with energies deriving from taking these challenges seriously and letting them inspire a reconstitution of cultural theory from a post-anti-hermeneutic perspective.

  • 206. Forsberg, Niklas
    Smärtans grammatik2009In: Att tänka smärtan / [ed] Marcia Sá Cavalcante Schuback, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2009, 1, p. 203-229Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 207.
    Forsström, Adam
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Herakleitos logos: Om några tolkningar av filosofins grundbegrepp2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The philosopher Heraclitus has been renowned for a great amount of time. Despite that fact the remaining fragments of his work have just recently been assembled to the composed form they have today. Among these fragments there are a couple of terms that stands out amongst others; one of them is the term logos. The main focus of this thesis is devoted to the mystery and usage of the term logos, which comes into a great display in fragment number 50.

    The ambition of the thesis is to evaluate and compare three interpreters’ readings of Heraclitus while having a close focus on his usage of the word logos in fragment 50. One of these interpreters, Martin Heidegger, may have the most radical reading of Heraclitus’ logos among the three. Because of his philosophical standpoint he interprets Heraclitus in a way which has never been done before. The other two do not have Heidegger’s phenomenological perspective, by which Heidegger broadens our understanding of Heraclitus fragments, which isn’t as the thesis will show unproblematic.

    The other two interpreters G.S. Kirk and Charles H. Kahn both do a thorough reading and translation of all the fragments, whereas Heidegger is more selective in his reading of the fragments. Heidegger doesn’t have the same intention in his interpretation as Kirk or Kahn; therefore may he be said to be more selective in his reading of Heraclitus. While Kirk and Kahn depict a more naturalistic ethic tendency in Heraclitus, Heidegger illustrates an ontological tendency which speaks about being and its’ constitution and expression as such. At the end of the thesis there is an analytic part which compares and investigates the possible difficulties in comparing the three readings.

    The thesis acknowledges the possibility of impossibility in ever understanding the extent of Heraclitus thoughts around logos; the three interpreters hopefully show the scope of understanding Heraclitus’ thoughts around this term.

  • 208.
    Fransson, Rasmus
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Rawls, politiken och familjen: En kritisk diskussion av John Rawls rättviseuppfattning som filosofiskt ramverk för rättvisa familjeförhållanden och rättvis familjepolitik2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to critically discuss John Rawls’ theory of “Justice as Fairness” with prime focus on Rawls’ view of the family and its role in a politically just society. Feminist critics, Susan Moller Okin and others, have suggested that Rawls’ theory fails to address issues of gender structured inequalities in society and within families. Starting from the question of what potential Rawls’ theory has as philosophical framework for just family conditions and family policy, and with support from Okin’s criticism and the critical comments presented by Charles W. Mills, concerning Rawls’ omission of issues of racial oppression, I argue that there are two particularly significant problems with Rawls’ theory when applied as basis for family policy aimed at promoting equal rights and opportunities for all individuals, men and women: (1) That Rawls fails with his intention, to free the conditions that the theory is derived from, from impact of actual political and social structures and (2) that Rawls fails to define the balance between the family’s (in this context) double roles; as an autonomous association and as a part of the society’s basic (political) structure. I also discuss an alternative interpretation of Rawls’ theory, which suggests that the theory benefits from a built-in flexibility in dealing with the private and public spheres of life and thereby manages both to promote diversity and autonomy and to oppose patriarchal hierarchies.

  • 209. Franzén, Carin
    Om den passion som kallas kärlek2009In: Att tänka smärtan / [ed] Marcia Sá Cavalcante Schuback, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2009, 1, p. 231-241Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 210.
    Franzén, Nils
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication.
    Bild och begrepp: Heideggers läsning av Kant ur ett fenomenologiskt perspektiv2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores some key aspects of early Heidegger’s interpretations of Kant from a phenomenological perspective. In general terms, it analyzes Heidegger’s claim that Kant’s faculties share a common root in the transcendental imagination, as a critical development of motives found in Husserl’s phenomenology.

    More precisely, the thesis argues that the motive for deriving Kant’s first faculty, intuition, from the synthesis of imagination can be understood as an attempt to account for the receptivity of a finite subject, without yielding to a causal description of sensibility. Phenomenology shares this problem with Kant’s critical philosophy. Concerning the claim that the second faculty, understanding, originates from the transcendental imagination, Heidegger connects it to his ambition of liberating Kant from a Cartesian heritage, where understanding is conceived as an independent faculty, disconnected from time and sensibility. The thesis explores this motive in relation to Husserl’s claim that the independent use of understanding in the forming of judgments and concepts –is derived from its function in the service of intuition. The belonging together of intuition and understanding is a core aspect of phenomenology, present from its breakthrough in Husserl’s Logical Investigations to his last writings in The Crisis of the European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology. A general ambition of the thesis is, through a reading of Heidegger’s interpretations of Kant, to shed some light on this fact, and hopefully thereby – at least to some extent – to deepen our understanding of the phenomenological project as such.      

    Although the thesis’ primary concern is not polemical, on some occasions it criticizes other interpreters of Heidegger’s relation to Kant for neglecting or wholly rejecting the phenomenological point of departure of Heidegger’s interpretations.

  • 211.
    Fredlund, Anna Petronella
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Philosophy.
    Det rannsakade livet: Sokrates och bildningen2011In: Våga veta!: Om bildningens möjligheter i massutbildningens tidevarv / [ed] Anders Burman, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2011, p. 33-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 212.
    Friberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Götz, NorbertSödertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Moral Economy: New Perspectives2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 213.
    Frän, Ingela
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge. Ingela Katarina Frän.
    Att dela helhetssyn: en vetenskaplig essä på jakt efter ett svårfångat begrepp i sjukvården2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this scientific essay, I examine the concept of the holistic view — as a notion, its historical development in health and medical care, how it is perceived within current research, and from a philosophical perspective. Phenomenology, hermeneutics and existentialism constitute the philosophical framework and I let these theories go into dialogue with depicted stories from my professional practice as a physiotherapist, and also with my own reflections and past experiences. Health is another concept that I investigate because of its close relationship with wholeness, and also because it is something that man strives towards throughout his life. Since my work is mainly done in meetings with elderly patients, I give extra space to aging and chronic illness as phenomena. The practical wisdom, phronesis, as a form of knowledge, emerges as a basic prerequisite for being able to strive towards a holistic view of an ethically founded quality. Although I will argue that a holistic view is a utopic vision, I conclude that it is still important to strive towards it. The essential part of the holistic approach that emerged, alongside phronesis, I've chosen to call situasyn. The challenge is called NPM.

  • 214.
    Fröhlig, Florence
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Dalhberg, Leif
    [översättning av] Foucault, Michel. Vad är kritik?2011In: Fronesis, ISSN 1404-2614, no 36/37, p. 127-152Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 215.
    Fust, Jens
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Förstapersonsbeskrivningar och förstapersonsmetoder i Francisco Varelas neurofenomenologiska forskningsprogram2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper critically examines the epistemic status of first-person accounts and first-person methods in Francisco Varela’s research program neurophenomenology, which integrates a phenomenological perspective in cognitive science. The paper also questions Varela’s description of neurophenomenology as an ontological recategorization of nature and a solution to the hard problem of consciousness.

  • 216. Gadamer, Hans-Georg
    Den Grekiska filosofin och det moderna tänkandet2003In: Hermeneutik och tradition: Gadamer och den grekiska filosofin / [ed] Hans Ruin & Nicholas Smith, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2003, p. 9-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 217.
    Gamper, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    On a Loophole in Causal Closure2017In: Philosophia (Ramat Gan), ISSN 0048-3893, E-ISSN 1574-9274, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 631-636Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Standard definitions of causal closure focus on where the causes in question are. In this paper, the focus is changed to where they are not. Causal closure is linked to the principle that no cause of another universe causes an event in a particular universe. This view permits the one universe to be affected by the other via an interface. An interface between universes can be seen as a domain that violates the suggested account of causal closure, suggesting a view in which universes are causally closed whereas interfaces are not. On this basis, universes are not affected by other universes directly but rather indirectly. © 2017 The Author(s)

  • 218. Gardelli, Viktor
    et al.
    Persson, Anders
    Haglund, Liza
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication, Education.
    Backman, Ylva
    Coherentism as a foundation for ethical dialog and evaluation in school: value communication, assessment and mediation2011In: Educating for complex thinking through philosophical inquiry: Models, advances, and proposals for the new millennium : Proceedings of the 14th ICPIC Conference. / [ed] Marina Santi, Stefano Oliverio, Padova: Liguori , 2011, p. 13 s.-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we are mainly concerned with coherentism as an approach to ethical dialog in school. We have two different but connected aims with the paper. The first aim is to say something about general philosophical questions relating to coherentism as a theory in metaethics, and especially in relation to value education; the second aim is to explore some possible implications of coherentism as a method in studying the enterprise of discussing ethical issues and questions with children as well as the study of the actual ethical discussion in school. Furthermore, we evaluate the connection between a coherentistic approach to justification and the methodological parts of a Philosophy with Children, or Community of Inquiry, approach to ethics in school. Related to this, we scrutinize what implications this has for evaluating ethical learning within Philosophy with Children, or Community of Inquiry, as well as implications for evaluation of the Philosophy with Children, or Community of Inquiry, approaches as methods for dealing with ethical matters in school.

  • 219.
    Gardfors, Johan
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication.
    Iterabilitet, upprepning och permanens: En kritisk analys av debatten mellan Derrida och Searle2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay seeks to clarify some of the decisive but often obscured issues in the famous debate between Jacques Derrida and Jonn F. Searle. The debate commenced in 1977 with the publication in Glyph of Derrida’s lecture Signature Event Context from -71, followed by Searle’s Reiterating the Differences. A Reply to Derrida and subsequently Derrida’s reply Limited Inc a b c … which encouraged Searle to renew his criticism. I situate the debate within a philosophical context where questions of the aim of philosophy and the nature of philosophical writing cannot be excluded from the specific topics that are being discussed. Starting from Derrida’s controversial reading of Austin, where a few key points of criticism are placed under scrutiny, I proceed to problems of writing and communication where special attention is paid to the concept of iterability and Searle’s remark that this has been confounded with permanence in Derrida’s exposition. The concept of ”writing” is examined as a crux in the understanding of the two philosophers. And iterability is then found to be derieved from the theorization of absence in relation to that very concept. Iterability designates an essential possibility of absence and implies the possibility of every mark to be grafted onto new contexts of significance. Thus it draws the consequences of a general repeatability, within which difference is underscored as the inevitable outcome. The last section of the essay relates to the phenomenological project of investigating the genesis of idealization and traces the emergence of iterability in Derrida’s further writings on Husserl, where repetition can be perceived of as constitutive for ideality and thus for identity. Bearing on this observation, the type/token-distinction, proposed by Searle to undo the problem of iterability, is subjected to further inquiry and linked to the process of idealization, within which iterability is revealed to have a temporal relevance that also affects the notion of permanence. The claim is then made that iterability should be understood as a fundamentally ambiguous phenomenon through its dual relation to identity and difference. Its utility is found to be hinged upon the status of the possible. Finally, the question of iterability as concept is posed, which entails its interdependence upon notions of dissemination and différance.

  • 220. Garff, Joakim
    Kierkegaards bildning2007In: Det främmande i det egna: filosofiska essäer om bildning och person / [ed] Jonna Bornemark, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2007, p. 37-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 221.
    Gerle, Ellen
    Södertörn University College, The School of Culture and Communication.
    Viljan att lyssna och förstå: Potters närmande till självskada i möte med Foucault, Derrida och Gadamer2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is an attempt to develop the discussion about self-injury with the aid of philosophical discussions about understanding. I will present a reading of the discussion between Michel Foucault and Jacques Derrida about reason and madness, and also an interpretation of the Derrida and Hans-Georg Gadamer encounter. These readings focus on the concept of understanding, on the possibility to understand the other and on the possibility to reach out from reason toward the irrational. The project to formulate an ethical approach to self-injury by Nancy Nyquist Potter is then used to bring the question about understanding to life. I conclude that the project of Potter, formulated as “uptake”, is weakened by the fact that she fails to recognize the underlying philosophical problems in stating the possibility to understand the meaning of something that until today has been considered meaningless.

  • 222.
    Gniady, Olga
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication.
    Det estetiska: en närläsning av Martin Heideggers "On the way to Language"2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen har jag gjort en närläsning av Martin Heideggers ”On the way to Language” (”Unterwegs zur Sprache”) skriven år 1959. Boken som var Heideggers sista verk är en dialog mellan Heidegger och en japan som spelas av honom själv i syfte reflektera. Uppsatsen behandlar bokens tema om hur något främmande oss själva (som är vi själva) kan mötas eller inte mötas genom ett språk. Jag har i och med Heidegger sett på ett språks fara och begränsningar liksom dess möjligheter och vägar till kunskap via dialogformen och den estetiska yttringen poesi. Väst mötte öst och tack vare det såg Heidegger inte bara det att det fanns ett nästan gemensamt metafysiskt fält inom det estetiska men också på vilket vis som dessa sätt kunde yttra sig, bl.a. via konsten, poesin, via hintar och det talade. Det gemensamma för ordets fenomen estetik inom väst och begreppet Iki inom öst diskuterades och jämfördes. Vidare jämfördes även det gemensamma ordet för språk och det som jag kom fram till var att det japanskas vokabulär var en mycket öppnare än den i väst då ett ord i öst betydde en hel rad med ord i väst. Raden ord inom det japanska begreppet kunde översättas närmast intill en poetisk versrad. Heidegger jämförde de japanska begreppen med bl.a. sina egna Hölderlin läsningar och vidare den japanska estetiken, bl.a. inom teatern, med sina egna tankar om konst och på vilket vis transcendens är möjlig via dessa fenomen. Det estetiska sågs på så vis via språket som visade var vi fick möjligheten att vara ett kunskaps budbärare liksom dess användare samtidigt. I jämförelse med den japanska estetiken som yttrades både som poetiska innebörder av ord liksom gester i form av hintar som gav den närvarande människan en knuff på den mörka väg som ledde oss mot ljusglimtarna: kunskap och fantasi, m.a.o. en ständig transcendens.

    Jag har i min analys försökt att beskriva vad det estetiska innebär för Heidegger. Det som jag kom fram till som var gemensamt för både Heidegger som hans simulerade samtalspartner japanen var det att de delade en tomhet i grunden. Denna tomhet yttrade sig som ångest hos Heidegger medan den hos japanen yttrade sig som ett ingenting. Jag såg att Heidegger behövde japanen för att kunna se hintar av sig själv och på så vis kunna reflektera över sig själv och sina tankar. Tomheten beskrev de bägge m.a.o. via språket och dialogformen som gav dem begränsningar och möjligheter att på ett hermeneutiskt vis tala om någonting som inte finns men är paradoxalt nog mycket närvarande.

  • 223.
    Gniady, Olga
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication.
    "Självet" och att bli sig "själv": Sören Kierkegaards process och reflektion sedd med den positivistiska och negativistiska metoden2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    What is the”self” and to become “one-self”? To resolve this questions possibility I´ve been using the philosopher Søren Kierkegaard metaphysic paradoxes. This essay about the “self” shows the reader the difference between describing a transcendent and immanent phenomenon and if it´s possible to become or to not become ourselves. The process is a key of the “self” which Kierkegaard explains the “self” in and for it-self. This transcendental phenomenon correlates between the dialectical relation it is constituted with and its own reflection, a “self” that becomes. If the “self” was not preceded as a process it would be an imminent “self” like it is described in positivistic methods. The transcendent “self” is the one which could only be captured in the moment and is a relation between two contradictories of three kinds. These three are finiteness and infinites, temporality and eternal, body and soul.

    The positivistic method is the psychology and theological one. From this method the “self” is account from a view which sees the “self” as a healthy one. This positivistic “self” can only proceed towards sickness. The opposite option, to describe the “self” as a sick one that is proceeding towards health, is a negativistic method. This investigation shows the difference describing a phenomenon as the “self” and to become ourselves, through philosophy and natural science like psychology or theology. To describe the “self” through philosophy is to describe the “self” from and in correlation to its sickness. In this essay to show the differences I´ve described the Kierkegaard’s “self” both in a positivistic and in a negativistic method.

    Still one can ask if the “self” and the process of becoming ourselves is even a possible. What choices do we have as human beings to choose, either to become or not to become ourselves? In every choice the sickness is present, and in every presence the quilt is a reality. The choice of become ourselves and the choice to not become ourselves includes the possibilities of freedom but also a necessarily. To become ourselves are both possible as necessary. The “self” is a great paradox idea of Kierkegaard, which I have explored.

    In this investigation I used Kierkegaard´s Fear and Trembling (1844) and Sickness Unto Death (1881). I also used articles by James Collins to show the “self” in a positivistic method and the philosopher Michael Theunissens article about the negativistic method.

  • 224.
    Gotby, Alva
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Body, Geography, Exteriority: Race and spatiality in the writings of Denise Ferreira da Silva2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates the concept of race and spatiality, primarily through the writings ofDenise Ferreira da Silva. In Ferreira da Silva’s book Toward a Global Idea of Race, she traces howphilosophical and scientific discourse has instituted both ”transparent subjectivity,” associated withself-determination, temporality and interiority, and ”affectable subjectivity,” associated with outerdeterminationand spatiality. Transparent subjectivity becomes racially coded as white, whileaffectability is located in the bodies of those who are not white and thus seen as coming from”elsewhere.” In this dissertation, I explore Ferreira da Silva’s use of spatiality as a mode ofunderstanding race through the concepts of the body, geography, and exclusion or exteriority fromuniversality and humanity. I place her work in the context of the writings of other theorists of theseconcepts, notably Frantz Fanon, Linda Martín Alcoff, Sylvia Wynter, and Frank Wilderson.Through these comparisons, I try to outline the conceptual and political stakes of Ferreira da Silva’streatment of these issues.

  • 225.
    Gotby, Alva
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    För mycket lycka: om lyckan och det politiska hos Simone de Beauvoir och Sara Ahmed2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Happiness is often considered our ultimate goal in life. This essay explores the political im- plications of this view, through the critique of happiness found in the works of Simone de Beauvoir and Sara Ahmed. Ahmed and Beauvoir consider happiness to be harmful as a po- litical goal, since it tends to diminish dimensions of power and conflict in favor of harmony, and is not compatible with a political philosophy based on freedom or liberation. Happiness is often confused with the ethical Good, but this essay argues that happiness does not ne- cessarily entail good things. Indeed, happiness can be used to justify oppression and unjust political systems.

  • 226.
    Grelz Andersson, Astrid
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Det oerhörda i verket: En undersökning av konstverket som ort hos Martin Heidegger2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present essay aims to understand the work of art as place on the basis of Martin Heidegger’s conception of work in Der Ursprung des Kunstwerkes from 1935. That is, a place that cannot be understood in accordance with the physical-technological space, but which cannot either be thought of as mere temporal spacing. This is accomplished by reading Der Ursprung des Kunstwerkes through the shorter essay Die Kunst und der Raum from 1969. Despite the time difference, Die Kunst und der Raum opens up Der Ursprung des Kunstwerkes in such a way that the work cannot be understood as if it were only a temporal event – as the cause initiating a temporal process or succession of truth. Instead, the work has to be considered on the basis of Heidegger’s conception of time-space; not merely in a matter of the space or spacing of time, but out of and from within the definition of place as clearing out and dwelling – neither forfeiting time nor space. The fact that Heidegger though the dimension of place as dwelling already when formulating the concept of ”work” in 1935 hence becomes apparent. This place – that is, spacing as initiating and initiating as spacing – thus must be regarded as a twofold inverse, as disruption and displacement. In other words, the work must be thought of as a third inverse: as abyssal ground(-ing) [Abgrundung] of time-space. 

  • 227.
    Grelz, Astrid
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    A Phenomenology of Transcendence : Edith Stein and the Lack of Authentic Otherness in Martin Heidegger’s Being and Time2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to shed light upon the philosophical dignity of Edith Stein’s critique of the early Heideggerian conception of sociality in her text ”Martin Heideggers Existenzphilosophie”, from 1936. I will argue that Stein’s critique of Heidegger’s concept of sociality comes to be substantiated through her existential-philosophical approach to his understanding of the transcendent character of Dasein. By objecting to Heidegger’s definition of Dasein as ecstatic temporality, Stein points out his inattentiveness to authentic otherness in Being and Time, which reaches out into a problem surrounding Mitsein. I will further demonstrate how Stein, by ascribing to Dasein an enduring and sustaining quality in the midst of ecstasy, uses Heidegger’s concept of Dasein in order to formulate her own social ontology.

  • 228. Gudenäs, Henrik
    et al.
    Kalat, Anders
    Magnusson, Jonas (J)
    Spindler, Fredrika
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 1, Philosophy.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri: Imperiet2003Other (Other academic)
  • 229.
    Gunnarson, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Avhandlingspresentation: Please Be Patient: A Cultural Phenomenological Study of Haemodialysis and Kidney Transplantation Care2016In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 93, no 3, p. 332-332Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 230.
    Gunnarson, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge. Lunds universitet.
    Please Be Patient: A Cultural Phenomenological Study of Haemodialysis and Kidney Transplantation Care2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the practice of haemodialysis and kidney transplantation, the two medical therapies available for persons with kidney failure, from a phenomenological perspective. A basic assumption made in the thesis is that contemporary biomedicine is deeply embedded in the cultural, historical, economic, and political circumstances provided by the particular local, national, and transnational contexts in which it is practiced. The aim of the thesis is twofold. On the one hand, the aim is to examine the forms of person- and patienthood enacted and negotiated in haemodialysis and kidney transplantation care and in the daily lives of persons with kidney failure. On the other hand, the aim is to investigate the ways in which the enacted and negotiated forms of person- and patienthood are culturally embedded and normatively charged. In order to examine and investigate this twofold aim, an empirical material has been gathered that comprises observations and in-depth interviews with patients and caregivers at four haemodialysis units, one in Riga, Latvia, and three in Stockholm, Sweden. The theoretical approach and methodology of the study is cultural and phenomenological in character, drawing on an ethnological and anthropological understanding of culture as processual and relational, and on a phenomenological understanding of personhood as embodied and intertwined with the surrounding world. The thesis shows that patients’ encounters and attempts to deal with the diagnoses and treatments associated with kidney failure are complex and often misalign them with the normatively charged orientations enacted and recommended by medicine. The complex situation that emerges when they undergo transplantation, for example, stands in stark contrast to the widespread official view of organ transplantation as a self-evidently health-bringing and normalising therapy. Through their repeated and extensive experiences of undergoing haemodialysis and living with the disease, patients eventually become able to create a synthesis between their lived experiences of their own body and their body as a medical object – what in the thesis is called a ‘sick body’ – a synthesis that allows them to reorient themselves in life and experience a sense of direction. This process relies, to a large extent, on the temporal structure that haemodialysis affords life; it is by repeatedly undergoing the treatment that patients become able to create a sick body. Even so, many of them find this temporal structure problematic; they experience it as disruptive of their control and future-orientedness and as causing an existentially difficult-to-handle boredom. The thesis also shows that the political developments and the norms prevalent in the two national contexts studied greatly affect the orientations of the treatment practices and the participants’ lives. In both Riga and Stockholm, ideals of freedom, activity, control, and self-actualisation influence what forms of patienthood and personhood are enacted. The study indicates that persons who fall ill with a serious and chronic disease only gradually become able to understand and actively cope with their differently embodied circumstances of life. This suggests that medical professionals should not too hastily enlist their patients as experts on their own bodies, but rather provide them with the time and support necessary for making repeated attempts at creating and maintaining a life with a sick body.

  • 231.
    Gunnarson, Martin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge. Avdelningen för etnologi, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, Lunds universitet.
    Lundin, Susanne
    Avdelningen för etnologi, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, Lunds universitet.
    The Complexities of Victimhood: Insights from the Organ Trade2015In: Somatechnics, ISSN 2044-0138, E-ISSN 2044-0146, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 32-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to explore the complexity of the concept of the victim within the context of organ trading. By examining the intricate phenomenon of organ trade, we show how prevailing notions of victimhood form the basis of concrete social practices. The empirical basis for this exploration comprises in-depth interviews conducted during fieldwork in South Africa and Kosovo. We also draw on research undertaken at various expert meetings. What our research in these locations attests to is that one-dimensional and generalised conceptualisations of victimhood are rife, and that these tend to be founded on a pre-theorised opposition between agency and victimhood. For persons who become practically and intimately involved in dealing with cases of organ trade – such as investigators and prosecutors – such conceptualisations do not hold. What is required is an understanding of victimhood that takes into account its complexity. In this paper, we explore attempts to grasp and reduce this complexity, and argue against generalised concepts of victimhood and for concepts that are sensitive to contextual and relational variations.

  • 232. Haglund, Liza
    Att tänka noga: en filosofibok2001Book (Other academic)
  • 233. Haglund, Liza
    Filosofi med barn: några reflektioner2002In: Barn, ISSN 0800-1669, no 2, p. 55-66Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 234. Haglund, Liza
    et al.
    Bagge, Charlotte
    An Intentional Analysis of Children‘s Reasoningin Philosophy: Patterns Revealed2006In: Encouraging philosophical thinking: proceedings of the International Conference on Philosophy for Children in Graz, Austria / [ed] Daniela G. Camhy und Rainer Born, Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag , 2006, p. 122-130Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 235.
    Haglund, Liza
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication, Education.
    Persson, Anders J.
    Självklart! Inte?: en filosofibok2009Book (Other academic)
  • 236. Haglund, Liza
    et al.
    Persson, Anders J.
    Bernholm, Maria
    Öppet sinne, stor respekt: handledning : att föra filosofiska samtal med barn om Barnkonventionens grunder2004 (ed. 1. uppl.)Book (Other academic)
  • 237. Hansén, Linn
    et al.
    Johansson, AndersNilsson, Ulf Karl OlovParsberg, CeciliaSpindler, FredrikaSödertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication, Philosophy.
    Estetik och politik2008Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 238. Hatem, Jad
    Gud som person i Schellings filosofi: en jämförelse mellan Svar till Eschenmayer och Avhandling om friheten2007In: Det främmande i det egna: filosofiska essäer om bildning och person / [ed] Jonna Bornemark, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2007, p. 147-173Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 239.
    Hedlund, Johanna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Vad kan schizot lära Freud?: Om Deleuze och Guattaris kritik av Freud, och det mångfaldiga subjektet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Deleuze and Guattaris extensive critique of psychoanalysis is clearly demonstrated in their reading of Freuds famous case study The Wolfman. This paper aims to examine this critique, addressed in the chapter One or Several Wolves? of A Thousand Plateaus. The aim is to illustrate an alternative view of the subject to the one presented by Freud. Freuds's method is understanding the self by interpreting the unconscious as seen from the analyst's perspective. This paper seeks to present a different approach by regarding the unconscious as productive and collective. This description of the self formulate alternative suggestions as to how to treat mental illness. The paper uses the anti-psychiatric clinic La Borde as an example of this in practice.

  • 240.
    Hegardt, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Better Red than Dead – Remembering Cold War Sweden2019In: Words, Bodies, Memory: A Festschrift in honor of Irina Sandomirskaja / [ed] Lars Kleberg; Tora Lane; Marcia Sá Cavalcante Shuback, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 31-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 241. Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich
    Den dramatiska poesin: utdrag ur Föreläsningar om estetiken2017Book (Other academic)
  • 242. Heinämaa, Sara
    Personlighet, tidslighet och könsskillnad2007In: Det främmande i det egna: filosofiska essäer om bildning och person / [ed] Jonna Bornemark, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2007, p. 89-106Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 243.
    Henell, Ulla
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Möte, reflektion och ansvar: i arbete som sjukgymnast i neurologisk rehabilitering2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This scientific essay depicts two encounters with individuals who have suffered stroke. While reflecting about these encounters I describe dilemmas in my professional everyday work. I try to describe the importance of understanding between me as a physiotherapist working with neurological rehabilitation and the individuals I encounter. The purpose is achieving good rehabilitation. My responsibility is to make sure the individual feels invested in the rehabilitation and thus actively participate. Problems arise when the person as a result of disease do not have autonomy and consequently is unable to take responsibility.

    Philosophers’ and other authors’ thoughts and opinions about practical knowledge, encounters, responsibility and reflection as well as my own thoughts about the encounters I have had are described and analyzed.

    My conclusion is that both theoretical and practical knowledge are needed in my work. The practical knowledge is often tacit knowledge. Reflection is essential for me to be able to do my work as well as possible and to earn experience and practical knowledge. Even though I try to make ethical choices in my occupation I am not always successful. It is when reflecting and feeling disappointed about these failures that I emerge a more experienced professional in my field.

  • 244.
    Hermansson, Urban
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Facilitatorns praktiska kunskap i mötet med grupper2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate the actions of facilitators when a shift in a group takes place. Shift refers to a new understanding of a content being processed. Facilitator is the one who facilitates a group's process of working with any type of material or issue. The essays question is which aspects of practical knowledge the facilitator exercises when she experiences that a group is shifting its understanding. The study is phenomenological and ethnographic as the facilitators' own experiences are in focus. In the essay the own experience, interviews and conversations with five facilitators are put in dialogue with improvisation theatre and philosophers who have written about practical knowledge. From these conversations, a number of aspects of practical knowledge appear. One aspect is intuition formed in relational, bodily and recognition meetings with others. When the thought is not able to guide, intuition can emerge based on the feeling that comes from intention and previous experience. Experiences are an aspect of practical knowledge and form patterns with other experiences. Intuition is based on the pattern formation of these experiences and guides further action. Another aspect is the interaction between feeling, emotion, thought and action, both as a chronological and overlapping course of events. Further aspect is knowledge-in-action as well as reflection-in-action as the act of artistry and craftsmanship, which further leads to the importance of being able to improvise. A facilitator has to be in the course of events that goes on without taking over the event. It is in unique course of events that aspects of practical knowledge manifest themselves as a whole consisting of several interacting aspects. It is about an approach to be as a facilitator.

  • 245.
    Hildeman Togner, Theodor
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Konstens arete: Techne som dygd hos Platon i Den Mindre Hippias och Gorgias2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The most common question that scholars ask regarding the concept of techne in the Plato dialogues is if it is possible to understand arete, morale or the good, as a techne, that is, if arete kan be viewed as a knowledge, an ability or a skill. Is arete something that can be taught? In this essay I will explore this question from a reversed viewpoint, and try the claim that techne always in itself is an excercise of arete, inasmuch as the goal of a techne has to be the good, or ”what is best”, in order for it to be a techne for Plato at all.

  • 246. Hirvonen, Ari
    Lidandets språk: från tystnad till vittnesmål2009In: Att tänka smärtan / [ed] Marcia Sá Cavalcante Schuback, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2009, 1, p. 177-202Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 247.
    Hjalmarsson, August
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    När tiden upphör vara krökt av Gud: en undersökning av Kants shakespeareska aspekt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to understand the relationship between Shakespeare’s poetical formula, which is Hamlet´s claim that “time is out of joint” and Kant’s positioning of time (and space) based on Deleuze’s conception in Sur quatre formules poétiques qui pourraient résumerla philosophie kantienne from 1986. I explore this relationship in the way of how Deleuze relates it to the entanglement between time and movement. With Kant, time becomes purely formal and it has unrolled itself into a pure “straight line” that is all the more mysterious for being simple. The consequences of this new Kantian definition of time are tremendous: the ancient cosmological harmony between the world and the heavens, man and the heavenly gods have broken down. Time has ceased to be an image of the eternal order and time has ceased to be curved by God. When time has shaken off its subordination to the periodical movements of planets it is out of joint, and in order to see how that time operates I will relate it to the temporality within tragic drama.

  • 248.
    Hjertström Lappalainen, Jonna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Att reflektera över det som ännu inte sagts2014In: Methodos: Konstens kunskap, kunskapens konst / [ed] Magnus William-Olsson, Linderöd: Ariel , 2014, p. 63-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 249. Hjertström Lappalainen, Jonna
    [Avhandlingsrecension av] Hildur Kalman, The Structure of Knowing : Existential trust as an Epistemological Category2001In: Filosofisk tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, no 3, p. 45-49Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 250.
    Hjertström Lappalainen, Jonna
    Stockholms universitet.
    Den enskilde: en studie av trons profana möjlighet i Sören Kierkegaards tidiga författarskap2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
2345678 201 - 250 of 944
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