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  • 201.
    Ekman, Joakim
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Linde, Jonas
    Politik, protest, populism: deltagande på nya villkor2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 202.
    Ekman, Joakim
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Linde, Jonas
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Hybridregimer: förändrade förutsättningar för demokrati och demokratibistånd2007In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 109, no 2, p. 133-137Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Project Hybrid regimes has democratization and non-democratic regimes as its focus. In recent years, research has shown how a number of authoritarian regimes have adopted a blend of democracy and authoritarianism rather than converting outright to full democracy. A country might for instance hold free elections but show little regard for the political and human rights of citizens. Project collaborators are operating on the premise that this type of blended or hybrid regime constitutes a distinct regime type alongside democracies, full authoritarian regimes, or totalitarian governments. They seek to explore the question of whether outside aid from full democracies can aid hybrid regimes in converting into full democracies. While the number of democratic governments around the world has increased in recent years, researchers have noted that hybrid regimes often resist efforts on the part of foreign democratic organizations to aid them toward a process of greater democratization. Citing the case of post-Soviet countries, and the Ukraine, the authors question the widely held perception by researchers that countries possessing a blend of democratic and authoritarian elements are at a transition point on the way to full democratization and that non-democratic elements of their governments merely constitute temporary setbacks. The authors, noting that heads of such regimes resist full democracy because they aren't prepared to accept challenges to their political power, argue for a new for the recognition of a new, lasting hybrid type of government characterized by elements of both democracy and authoritarianism. Adapted from the source document.

  • 203.
    Ekman, Joakim
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Svenska 14-åringars medborgarkompetens: en analys av elevenkäten i ICCS-undersökningen2010In: Skolor som politiska arenor: medborgarkompetens och kontrovershantering : internationella studier, Stockholm: Fritzes , 2010, p. 45-78Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 204.
    Ekman, Joakim
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Vad förklara skillnaderna i svenska 14-åringars medborgarkompetens?: En tvånivåanalys av den svenska delenav ICCS-undersökningen2010In: Skolor som politiska arenor: medborgarkompetens och kontrovershantering : internationella studier, Stockholm: Fritzes , 2010, p. 79-103Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 205.
    Eliasson, Anna
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Goudas, Silvia
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Vilka kommunala verksamheter inom den offentliga sektorn i Sverige bör konkurrensutsättas?: -en principiell diskussion2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syftar till att undersöka vilka kommunala verksamheter inom den offentliga sektorn i Sverige som bör konkurrensutsättas utifrån Andrei Shleifers teori om privat kontra offentligt ägande. Den offentliga sektorn i Sverige utgörs av kommunerna, landstingen samt staten.

    Uppsatsen tar sin utgångspunkt i den inbyggda konflikten mellan hög kvalitet och låga kostnader och fortsätter att utreda vilka förväntade effekter som ökad konkurrens kan resultera i, samt varifrån dessa härstammar. Som en avslutning av den teorietiska genomgången kommer en redogörelse ske kring kompletta respektive inkompletta kontrakt, då kontraktering är en av förutsättningarna för en lyckad konkurrensutsättning.

    Resultaten indikerar att en större del av de olika kommunala verksamheterna inom den offentliga sektorn bör kunna konkurrensutsättas, utöver vad som redan är gjort idag. Det är

    främst inom de "mjuka" verksamheterna, såsom inom barnomsorgen, utbildningsväsendet och vården, där konkurrensutsättningspotentialen bedöms vara som störst.

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  • 206.
    Emami, Abbas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Patterns of organisational adaptation: Iranian immigrant associations in Sweden2012In: The Iranian Community in Sweden: Multidisciplinary Perspectives / [ed] Hassan Hosseini-Kaladjahi, Tumba: Mångkulturellt centrum , 2012, p. 95-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 207.
    Erik, Lejdemyr
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Immigrant integration politics in the East-EU: Contested national models or policy convergence?2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Some researchers argue that the immigrant integration approaches in liberal (and “Western-“) states are becoming more and more alike. Some claim that the previous philosophises of integration (i.e. multiculturalism, segregationism, universalism and assimilationism) no longer exists in liberal states. This study assesses the robustness of this “convergence claim” within an East-EU context. The purpose of the study is to analyse the policy trends of immigrant integration in the East-EU and assess the robustness of the convergence claim. The analysis and methodological approach is based on a theoretical framework of ideal-types (multiculturalism, segregationism, universalism and assimilationism). The study objects are Estonia and Poland, and the analysis is primarily based on national legislation and policy documents. The study describes the immigrant integration trends in Poland and Estonia in the “post-Soviet era”, looking at the policy trends between 1991-2008. During this period both countries have shown tendencies of segregationism and cultural monism. It is clear that Estonia and Poland (i.e. parts of East-EU) have not adopted a more “Western-style” approach regarding immigrant integration, i.e. there is no evidence of such convergence. In fact, the ethnic component of their immigrant integration approaches stands in contrast to the “convergence thesis”.

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  • 208.
    Erikson, Gustaf
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Contract farming and organic rice production in Laos: a transformation analysis2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As in many least developed countries the farmers in Laos are heavily dependent on subsistence based agriculture production for their livelihood. A key for increased welfare for the rural population inLaosis to increase their profits of small scale farmers and generate a higher income per capita. One possible way to increase the profits and income for smallholder farmers may be to convert in to organic rice production for the export market, since the international market for organic rice is growing, consumers are prepared to pay a premium prise for organic products and conditions for organic rice production are favourable in Laos.

    Organic rice farming has grown in Laos during the last decade as greater volumes of organic rice are produced and exported. Organic rice is mainly produced by smallholders in donor projects or by contract farmers supplying contract farming companies.

    In this thesis I try to determine the causes behind this structural transformation by incorporating evolutionary economic theory (Schumpeter, 1911; Dahmén, 1950 and Marmefelt, 1998) which focuses on entrepreneurial innovations and creditors as the basis for changes in the economy. By performing a Dahménian transformation analysis of the transition from conventional- to organic rice production within the development block around rice production in Laos, I try to determine the transformation pressure causing the transformation to take place. Emphasis is in particular given to the role of contract farming in this process. I investigate to what extent the contract farming firm can be regarded as a Schumpeterian banker, a concept introduced by Marmefelt (1998), that can coordinate the development block around rice production by providing credits to the entrepreneurs within the development block.

    The analysis shows that two types of transformation pressures are likely to have caused the farmers to convert to organic rice production. First of all it is likely that the relatively higher price paid for organic rice (42 percent higher than conventional rice) has convinced farmers to make the transition. This type of transformation pressure can be seen as a market pull type, as it originates from an increased demand in the international market, which in turn increases the relative price for the product. The analysis further shows that a production method innovation had taken place by the introduction of new inputs, made available by the contract farming firm. This has led to an increased productivity which, combined with the premium price, generated higher profits for the organic contract farmers. The production method innovation can be seen as a market push type of transformation pressure originating from the supply side.

    In this thesis I argue that it is unlikely that the transformation would have occurred without the involvement of the contract farming firm. On their own, farmers did neither have the means to grow the organic rice, nor the proper market channels to process and sell the organic rice on the international market. I argue that the contract farming firm’s ability to facilitate price signal information from the international market to farmers, provide access to the new market thru market links, and provide credits for new inputs as well as technical assistance essentially made the transition to organic rice possible.

    However the analysis also shows that the contract farming firm had a limited ability to fulfil its role as a coordinator in the evolvement of the organic rice production, in terms of a Schumpeterian banker, because of limited abilities to solve bottlenecks in the value chain. The reason for this is mainly limited financial resources to finance complementary investments in other parts of the development block.

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  • 209.
    Erikson, Gustaf
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Raapke-Eckert, Cornelius
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Inkomstfördelning och ekonomisk utveckling -en studie av forna sovjetstater2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The economic development and industrialization that has taken place in many parts of the world during the past century has brought about a huge increase in economic welfare. During this process, it has repeatedly been debated whether the gains from economic development are shared by everyone or just a few. In the field of economics, vast research has been conducted on this particular subject ever since the 1950’s. The most famous contribution might be said to be Simon Kuznets article, Growth and Income Inequality from 1955 and the ”inverted U”-hypothesis that was formulated on the basis of that article. The essence of the hypothesis is that a country, during its development, moves from agricultural to industrial production. At first, income inequality increases and then, at the end of the process, decreases.

    The aim of this paper has been to investigate the relationship between income distribution and economic development in a particular region, namely the countries of the former Soviet Union, during 1992-2003. Also, we have tested whether Kuznets theory and the “inverted U”-hypothesis hold true for our sample. The investigations method is a survey, which uses secondary data collected from the World Bank’s database of World Development Indicators. Regression-analysis has been employed to conduct cross-sections between 20 countries over 4 periods in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The number of observations equals to 62. The variables that we use are: the Gini index, GDP per capita and the agricultural sector’s share of GDP.

    The results of the regression do not indicate any resemblance to the pattern of the “inverted U”-hypothesis. The curve we get is that of a “positive U”. Countries with high GDP per capita as well as countries with low GDP per capita have high income inequality. Countries with mediate GDP per capita levels have low income inequality. Our analysis concludes that the countries in our sample might have had a very unique economic development following the fall of the Soviet Union. Only 7 countries partly follow the Kuznets theory if tested individually. Since these seven countries seem to have a reversed development with increasing agricultural sector and the remainder of the countries show increasing income inequality, we reject the “inverted U”-hypothesis and question the ability of Kuznets’ theory to explain income distribution for our sample.

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  • 210.
    Eriksson, Emilie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Wigert, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Boendesegregation och identitetsskapande: En litteraturbaserad studie om boendesegregationens eventuella effekter på ungas identitetskapande2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay was to reflect on previous made research, on examining how youth’s identity is formed by living in an area that society looks at negatively. The theoretical benchmarks that have been used in order to provide a better understanding are: identity, exclusion, ethnicity and adaption. The study is a qualitative study, since there is an aspiration in increasing the knowledge and understanding, of the conception that these individuals experience, as deviants in the society. This is a literature-based study, focusing mainly on written analysis, which consists of reports, theses and case studies. Previous research that is presented focuses mainly on attaching the segregated suburb to the people living there and the Swedish standard. The analysis is divided into three different parts, the first one being the creation of deviants, the second part that is presented focuses on how identities are formed. The third and final part, demonstrates how young people develop adaptation strategies in order to accustom ate themselves into society. In conclusion, we discuss how the focus in society should be aimed at taking care of the multicultural society that exists in Sweden, instead of focusing on the integration of immigrants into the Swedish society.

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  • 211.
    Eriksson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Ivarsson Westerberg, AndersSödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, The Academy of Public Administration.
    Rivstart för Sverige: Alliansen och maktskiftet 20062012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Maktskiften i svensk politik har tillhört ovanligheterna under efterkrigstiden. Under 1950-, 1960- och halva 1970-talen styrdes Sverige av socialdemokraterna. Efter 1976 har makten skiftat mellan de båda blocken i högre utsträckning, även om kontinuitet har varit det mest utmärkande draget i svensk politik.

    Detta vittnesseminarium om maktskiftet 2006 har syftat till att lyfta fram politikens villkor i och omkring maktskiftet mellan blocken. I seminariet deltog Helena Dyssen från Folkpartiet, Ulrica Schenström från Moderata samlingspartiet, Bengt Falemo från Centerpartiet och Jakob Forssmed från Kristdemokraterna, samtliga med god inblick i skeendena 2006 och senare.

    De viktigaste frågorna som lyftes fram under seminariet var skapandet av Alliansen och det arbete som ledde fram till dess valseger hösten 2006. Problematiken med att tillträda som ny regering med tillsättningsfrågor och inte minst framläggandet av en budget illustreras också. Ytterligare ett intryck är den allt viktigare och allt större medialiseringen av politiken som lyftes fram av samtliga paneldeltagare.

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  • 212.
    Eriksson, Johan
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Hur och när påverkar forskning utrikespolitik?2007In: Internationella Studier, ISSN 0020-952X, no 1, p. 64-76Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 213.
    Eriksson, Johan
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Nationell nyhetskultur i globaliseringens tidevarv2006In: Internationella studier, ISSN 0020-952X, no 4, p. 80-83Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 214.
    Eriksson, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Political Territories in a Global Era2011In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 37-43Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 215.
    Eriksson, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science. Institute of International Affairs.
    Power Disparity in the Digital Age2007In: Security strategies, power disparity and identity: the Baltic Sea region / [ed] Olav F. Knudsen, Aldershot, Hants, England: Ashgate, 2007, p. 123-147Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 216.
    Eriksson, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science. Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    Giacomello, Giampiero
    Università di Bologna, Italy.
    Closing the Gap Between International Relations Theory and Studies of Digital Age Security2007In: International relations and security in the digital age / [ed] Johan Eriksson and Giampiero Giacomello, London: Routledge, 2007, p. 1-36Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 217.
    Eriksson, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science. Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    Giacomello, Giampiero
    Università di Bologna, Italy.
    Digital-Age Security in Theory and Practice2007In: International Relations and Security in the Digital Age / [ed] Johan Eriksson and Giampiero Giacomello, London: Routledge, 2007, p. 173-184Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 218.
    Eriksson, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science. Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    Giacomello, GiampieroUniversity of Bologna, Italy.
    International Relations and Security in the Digital Age2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 219.
    Eriksson, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Giacomello, Giampiero
    Who Controls the Internet?: Beyond the Obstinancy or Obsolescence of the State2009In: International Studies Review, ISSN 1521-9488, E-ISSN 1468-2486, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 205-210Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 220.
    Eriksson, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Giampiero, Giacomello
    Università di Bologna, Italy.
    The Information Revolution, Security and International Relations: (IR)relevant Theory?2006In: International Political Science Review, ISSN 0192-5121, E-ISSN 1460-373X, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 221-244Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is twofold: to analyze the impact of the information revolution on security and to clarify what existing international relations theory can say about this challenge. These pertinent questions are initially addressed by a critical review of past research. This review shows that the concern for security issues is largely confined to a specialist literature on information warfare and cyber-security, while neither the general literature on information society nor security studies pay any serious attention to information-technology-related security issues. The specialist literature is mostly policy oriented, and only very rarely informed by theory, whether from the international relations discipline or any other field. In this article, three general international relations “schools” (realism, liberalism, and constructivism) are scrutinized with regard to what they can say about security in the digital age. It is argued that the liberal focus on pluralism, interdependence, and globalization, the constructivist emphasis on language, symbols, and images (including “virtuality”), and some elements of realist strategic studies (on information warfare) contribute to an understanding of digital-age security. Finally, it is suggested that pragmatism might help to bridge the gap between theory and practice, and overcome the dualistic, contending nature of international relations theories.

  • 221.
    Eriksson, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Gilek, MichaelSödertörn University, School of Life Sciences, Environmental science.Rudén, Christina
    Regulating chemical risks: European and global challenges2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 222.
    Eriksson, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Jones, Christopher
    Security Concepts in the European North: Swedish and Finnish Security Policy in Comparative Perspective2009In: Security in the West: evolution of a concept / [ed] Giampiero Giacomello, R Craig Nation, Milano: Vita e Pensiero , 2009, p. 141-184Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 223.
    Eriksson, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences, Environmental science.
    Reuter, Marta
    Scientific Committees and EU Policy: The Case of SCHER2010In: Regulating chemical risks: European and global challenges / [ed] Johan Eriksson, Michael Gilek, Christina Rudén, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010, p. 301-317Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 224.
    Eriksson, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences, Environmental science.
    Reuter, Marta
    Stockholm University.
    Technocracy, Politicization and Non-Involvement: Politics of Expertise in the European Regulation of Chemicals2010In: Review of Policy Research, ISSN 1541-132X, E-ISSN 1541-1338, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 167-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the relationship between scientific expertise and policy in European chemicals regulation. We argue that the role of scientific expertise in the European regulation of chemicals varies across decision-making levels, countries, and stages of the policy process. Our case study of the role of scientific expertise in the regulation of brominated flame retardants illustrates considerably different manifestations of this interconnected process across regulatory arenas, even though this case concerns a single group of substances. On the European Union level, we find a mix of technocracy and politicization; in Sweden, a clear-cut politicization; and in Poland, noninvolvement. Such differences can be explained by a combination of factors, in particular frame dominance, and mobilization of advocacy coalitions.

  • 225.
    Eriksson, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Noreen, Erik
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Hotbildsentreprenörens verktygslåda2006Report (Other academic)
  • 226.
    Eriksson, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Noreen, Erik
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Hur man säljer hot2006In: Axess, ISSN 1651-0941, no 8, p. 6-7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 227.
    Eriksson, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Norman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University.
    Political Utilization of Scholarly Ideas: “The Clash of Civilizations” vs. “Soft Power” in US Foreign Policy2011In: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 417-436Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses how and under what conditions ideas coming from International Relations (IR) scholarship are used in foreign policy. We argue that the focus on policy relevance, which dominates the IR literature on the research-policy interface, is limited. Focusing instead on political utilisation highlights types and mechanisms of political impact, which are overlooked in studies on policy relevance. The fruitfulness of this change in focus is showed in an analysis of how Samuel Huntington's ‘clash of civilizations’ notion and Joseph Nye's ‘soft power’ concept have been used in US foreign policy. George W. Bush's explicit critique and reframing of ‘the clash’ thesis should not be interpreted as absence of impact, but as a significant symbolic utilisation, which has helped legitimate US foreign policy. Likewise, in the few instances in which the notion of ‘soft power’ has been used explicitly, it has played a conceptual and symbolical rather than instrumental role. More generally, this article argues that accessible framing and paradigm compatibility are essential for political utilisation of ideas.

  • 228.
    Eriksson, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Rhinard, Mark
    The Internal-External Security Nexus: Notes on an Emerging Research Agenda2009In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 243-267Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The central contention of this article holds that scholars do not adequately assess and explain the influence of transboundary security issues on government behaviour. Their assessment is not adequate because they do not fully conceptualize the relationship between internal and external security concerns. Their explanations are not adequate because existing theories cannot fully explain how and why states respond to transboundary security issues. To rectify these concerns, stimulate and structure further research, and encourage scholarly dialogue, we build an analytical framework for (a) understanding what we describe as the ‘nexus’ of internal and external security matters, and (b) explaining why that nexus may change state behaviour on transboundary security issues. The resulting framework encourages a strong focus on the nature of transboundary problems before studying their implications for changes in perceptions, policies, politics and polity.

  • 229.
    Eriksson, Josefin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ström, Frida
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Tillhörighet, trygghet och frihet: En kvalitativ studie om inhyrda lärares arbetssituation2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines temporary teachers working situation and the findings show that they fall outside organizations’ boundaries which leads to exclusion and poor working conditions. The temporary teachers exist in a trilateral relationship between them self, temporary work agencies and client companies. This could make the formal affiliation and sense of belonging differentiated. Nothing in the study suggests that the hired temporary teachers do not feel an affinity to the temporary work agency and thus we cannot conclude that this is the problem. The issue is rather that the client company and its employees do not see the hired temporary teachers as included within the organization. This creates exclusion.

    The temporary work agencies are growing stronger and this study is important since it highlights that the form of employment can have negative consequences and that the emotional aspects of the individual should be taken into account. The study is qualitative and has been executed by performing in-depth interviews. Due to the delicate nature of the subject to some parties the topic is somewhat difficult to study. Furthermore, it has been difficult to get hold of the people interviewed. The empirical data was analysed with theories based on three themes: belongingsecurity and freedom. 

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    Tillhörighet, trygghet och frihet
  • 230.
    Eriksson, Leif
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Varför uppkommer nya partier?: En motivanalys av Miljöpartiet och Junilistans bildande2007Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has been to investigate why we saw the formation of the green party and junilistan in Swedish politics. The questions being asked is why the individuals behind the party decided to take the step towards forming a new party as well as why they felt it worth forming it.

    The theories being used is the sequential model created by Gissur Ó Erlingsson, which is complemented with theoretical assumptions by Paul Lucardie. The sequential model illustrates the party forming processes in three steps, which then through process-tracing allows for the identification of events that have exerted an influence on the entrepreneur to decide taking the step towards forming a new party. With the help of Lucardie I presented assumptions which gave me possibility to investigate why they then felt it worth forming the new party.

    The conclusion showed that the step toward party formation in both cases occurred when the entrepreneurs experienced that their demands where not met. The second question was divided in to two sub questions which showed that the entrepreneurs in both cases made the calculation that a new party would find support amongst the electorate but regarding the ability to finance and attach competence the result was more diverging.

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  • 231.
    Eriksson, Leif
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Hedlund, Fredrik
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Civilsamhället i Ryssland: En fallstudie om hur den ryska staten förhåller sig till civilsamhället.2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When Vladimir Putin in the year 2000 came to power in Russia many believed that the Russian civil society were weak and had very little influence and with Putin people say that the situation have deteriorated. The purpose of this paper is to establish what kind of relationship exists between the Russian state and the civil society and to analyze this from a top-down perspective. We are looking at Russia during Putins first term in office from the year 2000 until 2004. In order to establish the relationship we have used John S. Dryzeks theory of inclusive and exclusive state and whether it’s active or passive in this process. The method used in this paper is a qualitative case study design. We concluded that the Russian state is an exclusive state rather then an inclusive one. When it comes to establish if the state is active or passive is more difficult but we feel that it’s more of a passive state then active.

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  • 232.
    Eriksson, Magnus
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Färdplanen & Genèveinitiativet: Förutsättningar för framsteg i den palestinsk-israeliska fredsprocessen2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to examine if the two latest Peace Plans in the Palestine-Israeli con-flict observes the sources of the conflict and presents measures in the purpose of solving them. The point of departure is William Azar’s theory of protracted social conflict (PSC). According to Azar, the internal sources of a PSC lies in three clusters of variables: the com-munal content of a society, the deprivation of human needs as an underlying source of PSC, and the role of the state in the deprivation or satisfaction of human needs. The study is de-signed as a multiple-case study where the units of analysis are the Roadmap to Peace and the Geneva Initiative. An analyze instrument, based on operationalization of Azar’s three clusters of internal sources of a PSC, is developed and used to analyze the Roadmap to peace and the Geneva Initiative. The conclusions are that the two Peace Plans observes and present meas-ures to solve the communal content of the conflict, but both Peace Plans are unsatisfactory in presenting measures aiming to solve problems related to the role of the state and human needs. Especially the acceptance need within the state is missing in the contents of the Peace Plans.

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  • 233.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Kontraktion eller status quo?: En studie av den egyptiska staten.2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to examine how the size of the Egyptian state has developed during the last three decades. The questions that I will try to answer during the paper are following: Has the Egyptian state contracted the last three decades? Can I based on the result of the study draw some conclusions about if the states dominant position in the society has been reduced? The theory and the method are built on the theoretical framework of the authoritarian state. The modern authoritarian state bases its dominant role in the society on a large centralized and hierarchical bureaucracy. This composes the main theoretical assumption that the method is based on. The method is built on the operationalization of four indicators that examine the size of the state. The conclusion of the first question is that the Egyptian state can be said both has contracted and maintained status quo, and the conclusion of the second question is that the states ability to dominate the society still is big, this assumption is mostly based on the high rate of employment in the public sector witch creates the foundation of the large bureaucracy.

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  • 234.
    Eriksson, Sofia
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Romers rätt till politisk delaktighet och inflytande i Sverige: en diskursorienterad policyanalys av artikel 15 i Ramkonventionen2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to study the decision making process and implementation of the principle of political participation and influence for Roma minority in Sweden. The results regarding the decision making process is structured through a discourse influenced policy analyses. Problem picture and recommended measures in the political documents representing the decision making process are analysed through theories of minority rights and equality. The implementation is seen through, by the author given minority discourse and the work in the roma council and analysed by the same theories already mentioned.

    The results show that regarding the decision process the aim of art.15 in the framework convention is based on the idea of equality while the Swedish documents relates more to an idea of the right to speak for the group. Regarding recommended measures, the framework convention gives several recommendations on specific measures for political participation while the Swedish documents focuses on the general politics of the state. The results of the analyses of the implementation shows that those actors in the discourse, comparing the political participation for romas before and after the implementation of the minority policy creates a positive view of the principle, while those relating the principle to real influence in the political decision gives a more negative view of the implementation. The work in the Roma council shows that the majority of the issues are in information and discussion form and mostly information given by government staff. There has been critical voices from Roma representatives, while an another think time will give more space for Romas to have more influence. The Roma representatives still have a position outside the positions of real power influence in the consultative body.

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  • 235.
    Espejo Reveco, Josè
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Vilka egenskaper anses viktiga vid valet av kandidater till fullmäktige?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work is to understand the recruitment of candidates to the local representative assembly in the municipality of Täby. The method used is qualitative interviewing, of a total of eight local politicians in Täby. The theory in which this work rest upon is based on a new-institutionalist perspective. Of great importance is the thoughts of the politicians involved in the recrution process, what do they think were the reasons that controlled the order of priority in the party list among the pool of candidates? Were there any obstacles for minorities in the politics like for example foreigners, women or young people? The study is taking it’s departure from the politicians who candidated in the election of 2002-2006 and the ones which are candidating to the election this coming autumn.

    In conclusion the aim is to understand the reasons that gives some of the candidates electable places to the assembly, and what the actors themselves think are the conclusive qualities that matters the most. Both the Social democrats and the right party (Moderaterna) in Täby thought that the main qualities a candidate needed was to be active in the party activities, and that being active would lead to a broad network and support from the members of the party. The Social democratic party had a formal ambition to have representative lists and used affirmative action to bolster female representation in their lists. Moderaterna didn’t use the same system but in reality they had an informal method of assuring a good representation of people in their lists. In general the persons involved in this study didn't perceived any discrimination against any individual because of external attributes, and the main issue was to increase the representation within their parties.

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  • 236. Espelt, A.
    et al.
    Borrell, Carme
    Roskam, Albert-Jan
    Rodríguez-Sanz, M
    Stirbu, Irina
    Dalmau-Bueno, A
    Regidor, Enrique
    Bopp, Matthias
    Martikainen, Pekka
    Leinsalu, Mall
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Artnik, Barbara
    Rychtarikova, Jitka
    Kalediene, Ramune
    Dzurova, D
    Mackenbach, Johan P.
    Kunst, Anton E.
    Socioeconomic inequalities in diabetes mellitus across Europe at the beginning of the 21st century2008In: Diabetologia, ISSN 0012-186X, E-ISSN 1432-0428, Vol. 51, no 11, p. 1971-1979Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Europe, educational attainment and diabetes are inversely related, in terms of both morbidity and mortality rates. This underlines the importance of targeting interventions towards low SEP groups. Access and use of healthcare services by people with diabetes also need to be improved.

  • 237. Ezendam, Nicole P M
    et al.
    Stirbu, Irina
    Leinsalu, Mall
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Lundberg, Olle
    Kalediene, Ramune
    Wojtyniak, Bogdan
    Martikainen, Pekka
    Mackenbach, Johan P.
    Kunst, Anton E.
    Educational inequalities in cancer mortality differ greatly between countries around the Baltic Sea2008In: European Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0959-8049, E-ISSN 1879-0852, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 454-464Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Countries of the Baltic Sea region differ strongly with regard to the magnitude and pattern of the educational inequalities in cancer mortality.

  • 238.
    Fall, Pontus
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Politiskt deltagande hos Kanistammen i Kerala: en fallstudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is case study of political participation among the Kani tribe from Kuttichal grama panchayat in the Thiruvananthapuram district in Kerala, India. The study is based on the collected data of 117 people of the Kani tribe living in four different settlements: Pankavu, Mangode-Valippara, Chonampara and Kaithode. The aim of the study is to examine the impact on political participation by different factors, which is done by the use of the quantitative method of cross tables. The study confirms previous studies in its conclusion that high status individuals, defined in terms of education and economic standard, are the group of the highest political participation, when this is defined as being involved in political work and holding a party membership. On the local political scene however, where political participation consists of participation in local assemblies and voluntary work, the impact of the examined variables are very limited. The main theory, which is used for the analysis, is a cost and benefit analysis.

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  • 239.
    Fanger, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Corbal, Christian
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Symbolernas enande makt: En jämförande studie av symbolanvändning i USA och EU2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Symbols in the hands of politicians can be a powerful tool of manipulation. The usage of symbols in speeches or texts can change a person’s will, without him or her ever knowing it.

    We have compared the usage of symbols in the articles surrounding the ratification of the constitution in 18th century America with that of today’s European Union, to see if any similarities between these two cases exists, and what implications this could have for the future of the EU. We have divided the symbols in both cases into different categories so as to enable us to compare the cases to each other. With the help of Masters Theory and the writings of Benedict Anderson and Murray Edelman we have concluded that there indeed exist some similarities between 18th century America and the EU. There seem have been some manipulation on the part of the politicians in order to rebuild the respective unions on more solid foundations. Could the European Union, on the basis of these findings, be assumed to take a course comparable with that of 18th century America?

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  • 240.
    Ferlander, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    The importance of different forms of social capital for health2007In: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 115-128Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the concept of social capital and to distinguish its different forms, focusing on their potential effects on health. According to many scholars, social capital comprises social networks, norms of reciprocity or social support and social trust. In this article the core element, the social network, has been further distinguished by the direction of ties and levels of formality, strength and diversity. In the past few years there has been increased interest in social capital in the health field and a great deal of research has suggested that social capital is generally positively related to health. However, little research has been conducted into how different forms of social capital or social networks influence health. What is the difference, for instance, between bonding and bridging social capital in terms of health outcomes? It is important to distinguish the different forms because they imply different resources, support and obligations. More research needs to be conducted into the different forms of social capital and their effects on health. A special focus should be placed on the health impacts of cross-cutting - or bridging and linking - forms of social capital.

  • 241.
    Ferlander, Sara
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Mäkinen, Ilkka Henrik
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition). Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Social capital, gender and self-rated health. Evidence from the Moscow Health Survey 20042009In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 69, no 9, p. 1323-1332Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The state of public health in Russia is undoubtedly poor compared with other European countries. The health crisis that has characterised the transition period has been attributed to a number of factors, with an increasing interest being focused on the impact of social capital - or the lack of it. However, there have been relatively few studies of the relation between social capital and health in Russia, and especially in Moscow. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between social capital and self-rated health in Greater Moscow. The study draws on data from the Moscow Health Survey 2004, where 1190 Muscovites were interviewed. Our results indicate that among women, there is no relationship between any form of social capital and self-rated health. However, an association was detected between social capital outside the family and men’s self-rated health. Men who rarely or never visit friends and acquaintances are significantly more likely to report less than good health than those who visit more often. Likewise, men who are not members of any voluntary associations have significantly higher odds of reporting poorer health than those who are, while social capital in the family does not seem to be of importance at all. We suggest that these findings might be due to the different gender roles in Russia, and the different socializing patterns and values embedded in them. In addition, different forms of social capital provide access to different forms of resources, influence, and support. They also imply different obligations. These differences are highly relevant for health outcomes, both in Moscow and elsewhere.

  • 242.
    Ferlander, Sara
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Timms, Duncan
    Social capital and community building through the Internet: A Swedish case study in a disadvantaged suburban area2007In: Sociological research online, ISSN 1360-7804, E-ISSN 1360-7804, Vol. 12, no 5, p. online-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid diffusion of the Internet has considerable potential for enhancing the way people connect with each other, the root of social capital. However, the more the Internet is used for building social capital the greater will the impact be on those whose access and/or usage is curtailed. It is therefore important to investigate the impacts of Internet on groups at risk of digital and social exclusion. The aim of this article is to examine how the use of the Internet influences social capital and community building in a disadvantaged area. Quantitative and qualitative data from a case study in a suburban area of Stockholm are used to evaluate the social impacts of two community-based Internet projects: a Local Net and an IT-Cafe. Each of the projects was aimed at enhancing digital inclusion and social capital in a disadvantaged local community. The paper examines the extent to which use of the Internet is associated with an enhancement of social participation, social trust and local identity in the area. The Local Net appears to have had limited success in meeting its goals; the IT-Cafe was more successful. Visitors to the IT-Cafe had more local friends, expressed less social distrust, perceived less tension between different groups in the area and felt a much stronger sense of local identity than non-visitors. Visitors praised the IT-Cafe as providing a meeting-place both online and offline. The Internet was used for networking, exchange of support and information seeking. Although it is difficult to establish causal priorities, the evidence suggests that an IT-Cafe, combining physical with virtual and the local with the global, may be especially well suited to build social capital and a sense of local community in a disadvantaged area. The importance of social, rather than solely technological, factors in determining the impact of the Internet on social capital and community in marginal areas is stressed.

  • 243.
    Ferlander, Sara
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Timms, Duncan
    Social Capital and Third Places through the Internet: Lessons from a disadvantaged Swedish community2011In: ICTs and Sustainable Solutions for the Digital Divide: Theory and Perspectives / [ed] Jacques Steyn & Graeme Johanson, Hershey: Information Science Reference , 2011, p. 199-217Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 244.
    Flemström, Lina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Lahti, Jonna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    En kritisk diskursanalys av svenska dags- och kvällstidningars framställande av ADHD2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how ADHD is discussed in the Swedish mass media. We have examined 21 articles from Aftonbladet, Expressen, Dagens Nyheter, Göteborgs-Posten and Svenska Dagbladet. All articles are reviewed from the newspapers online edition.

    Theories used are Erving Goffman’s theory of Stigma and Michael Foucault´s theory of categorization as well as Göran Palm's, Renée Skogersson's and Anders R. Olsson's theories about mass media. We have also used relevant literature. The main method we used is of Norman Fairclough´s three-dimensional critical discourse analysis where we in most parts have focused on the text analysis and also with the help of text coding system.

    One of our conclusions is that ADHD is sometimes described with negative words such as "brat" or "problem child". With these words we discovered the existence of underlying messages of the articles that are not expressed clearly. ADHD-medications were often described negative in the articles and also the reasons why a person might actually have ADHD were found to be discussed in the mass media.

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  • 245.
    Fokas, Elin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Becanovic, Irena
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Vilken påverkan har arbetsmarknadens institutioner på arbetslöshet?: en ekonometrisk jämförande studie av kapitalstock och arbetsmarknadsinstitutioner2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This papers’ objective is to examine the effects that labour market institutions (LMI) have on the unemployment in the short- and the medium run throughout the new Keynesian NAIRU theory, but also to make a comparison with the postkeynesian capital stocks’ effect on the unemployment. Thus, it is this papers’ main objective to study the economic effects that LMI, capital accumulation and varied macroeconomic shocks might have on unemployment. The paper uses econometric regression models as a methodological benchmark in order to estimate each independent variable’s level of significance and to approximate the effect each have on the dependent variable. The investigated time period is 15 years and contains the year 1985 to 2000 and includes 20 OECD countries, and is analyzed through a panel data analysis; the fixed effect model. Previous studies regarding this subject have all reached a rather similar conclusion; once the capital stock was included in the model, LMI shows a relatively low explanatory value. This paper mainly differs from these previous studies in the sense that it includes a new variable which have, until now, never been analyzed before. This new variable is “union centralization”, and it shows a great impact on unemployment. The regression result has verified that LMI has a relatively indistinct explanatory value for the unemployment. The only LMI variable that can be concluded to have a significant robust impact is the union centralization. The other variable that also verified a substantial impact is the capital stock.

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    Vilken påverkan har arbetsmarknadens institutioner på arbetslöshet?
  • 246.
    Folkesson, Anja
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Lindström, Sara
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Offentlig sektor och tillväxt: Hur dess storlek och fördelning påverkar ett lands tillväxt2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En generell uppfattning är att en stor offentlig sektor bidrar till låg tillväxt, de studier som finns visar dock olika resultat och vissa menar att resultaten påverkas av de variabler som används och vid en förändring inte längre är signifikanta. Ytterligare en frågeställning som ofta har undersökts är huruvida resultatet även påverkas av hur de offentliga resurserna distribueras. Denna studie avser svara på dessa frågor med hjälp av data från trettio länder i Europas från 2002 och 2006. Som bakgrund till undersökningen användes Solows klassiska tillväxtteori tillsammans med teorier kring hur tillväxt påverkas av investeringar i humankapital samt storlek på offentlig sektor. Resultatet från regressionen visade att storleken på den offentliga sektorn har ett visst negativt samband med tillväxt. Detta samband förändrades inte nämnvärt beroende av variabler i modellen. Genom att även undersöka olika nivåer på länders marginalskatt syntes att en nivå på 40-50 % hade det mest positiva sambandet med tillväxt. Resursallokeringen överlag visade däremot låg eller ingen signifikans för hur ett lands tillväxt ser ut.

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  • 247.
    Fredricsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Forssén, Pelle
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Handelshinder och korruption: En undersökning om vilken påverkan handelshinder och korruption har på central- och sydamerikanska länders tillväxt2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågeställning: Finns det någon effekt av handelshinder och korruption på de central- och sydamerikanska ländernas tillväxt?

    Teori: De teorier som används i undersökningen är Solows tillväxtmodell, Ricardo modellen, Heckscher-Ohlin modellen, teorier kring handelshinder och infant-industry-argumentet.

    Metod: De studieobjekt som undersökts är länder i Central- och Sydamerika och hur dessa länders tillväxttakt sett ut mellan åren 2000 och 2007. Det tillvägagångssätt som valts för att genomföra denna undersökning är, att utifrån de data som samlats in, genomföra en regressionsanalys för att se om de variablerna, som tagits fram för undersökningen, har någon påverkan på tillväxten hos studieobjekten. Utifrån regressionsanalysen genomförs en jämförelse med de teorier som finns i undersökningens teoriavsnitt. Detta för att se om de fenomen som framkommer i regressionsanalysen kan förklaras av de teorier som finns inom ämnet. Av dessa analyser har generella slutsatser dragits för att besvara undersökningens frågeställning. Undersökningens population är länder i Central- och Sydamerika. Urvalsmetoden är ett bekvämlighetsurval, där data utnyttjas för de största länderna av populationen. Det slutgiltiga urvalet består av: Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Brasilien, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominikanska republiken, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay och Venezuela.

    Data: De primärdata som undersökningen bygger på är: tullavgifter, korruptionsgrad, BNP per capita, teknologisk utveckling, utländska direktinvesteringar och ekonomisk frihet. De data som används är inhämtade från databaser vid Världsbanken, organisationen Transparency International, Internationella Valutafonden, International Telecommunication Union och Fraser Institutes Free-the-World.

    Analys: Regressionsanalysen visar en ökning i tullavgift gör att tillväxten minskar. Detta resultat talar för giltigheten av den klassiska Ricardomodellen att alla länder tjänar på frihandel. Korruptionsgraden är den variabel som positivt påverkar BNP-tillväxten mest och som inte nämns i Solow modellen eller i infant-industry-argrumentet. Den teknologiska utvecklingen är den variabel som enskilt påverkar tillväxten mest. Regressionsmodellen visar på att en procents ökning i teknologisk utveckling ger tillväxten en ökning på hela 1,888 procent. Utifrån modell 2 går det att tyda att utländska direktinvesteringar har en relativt stark positiv effekt på tillväxten. Tidigare studier har visat på att utländska direktinvesteringar kan både ha positiv och negativ effekt på ett land. Detta kan inte undersökningen styrka då de två regressionsmodellerna där utländska direktinvesteringar är inkluderat visar tydligt att utländska direktinvesteringar enbart har en positiv effekt på tillväxten. Ekonomisk frihet är den variabel som verkar ha minst påverkan i regressionsanalysen och är insignifikant.

    Slutsats: Det svar på frågeställningen undersökningen har kommit fram till är att korruption är av väsentlig betydelse för ett lands tillväxt. Korruption är inte en del av Solows (erkända) tillväxtmodell, men ändå påverkas tillväxten negativt av en hög korruptionsgrad. När det gäller handelshinder visar det sig att tullar har en negativ påverkan på tillväxten. Detta kan förklaras av infant-industry-argumentet och att tullarna inte sköts på ett bra sätt. Tullavgifterna stoppas i tjänstemäns fickor istället för att stödja projekt inom forskning och utveckling.

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  • 248.
    Fredriksson, Daniel
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Utvärdering av Politiskt Bistånd: En fallstudie av ett politiskt biståndsprojekt i Laos2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The findings in this case study are mainly based on material collected during a field trip with a fellow student to Laos in February-March 2005, which was sponsored by Sida through a Minor Field Study scholarship. The original interest was to study a political aid project (Governance and Administrative Reform Project Luang Prabang, GPAR LP) in a country like Laos with very complex preconditions such as one-party polity. In Laos my interest in evaluation of political aid grew mainly because I found out that the two donors in the project, Sida and the UNDP, had reached different conclusions in their respective evaluations of the project.

    The main interest in this thesis has been to study how donors have evaluated a political aid project. The study shows that Sida and UNDP used, what in the literature usually is referred to as, Conventional evaluation as methodology when they conducted their evaluations of GPAR LP. The study also shows that the main reason for the different points of view that are expressed in the evaluations depend on a lack of dialogue and consensus, regarding for the project crucial concepts, rather than choice of evaluation methodology. This lack of mutual understanding between the agencies also has implications for the possibilities of the receiving part to create a better understanding and ownership of the project. If Sida and UNDP had chosen to do a mutual evaluation a lot could have been won in the form of time, money and less irritation between the involved parties.

    The study finally shows that a different choice of evaluation methodology, in this case Participatory evaluation, could have had some positive effects mostly due to its supposedly democratic methods which are in line with the goals of the GPAR LP- project. One example here is the use of studies of the political context which would have been useful in this case. Another example is that the methodology could be useful to create a better understanding and ownership of the project through its participatory methods.

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  • 249.
    Friberg, Stina
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Koel Östbye, Monica
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Sverige och implementering av EU-direktiv: En fallstudie av badvattendirektivet och arbetstidsdirektivet2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to explain and compare non-compliance of two EU-directives, “the quality of bathing water” and “the working time directive”. This study answers the questions: Why didn’t Sweden implement the directive on bathing water quality and the working time directive correctly? Are the reasons for non-compliance the same or different in the two cases? The paper is designed as a case study and with an explanatory attempt we explain why the two directives weren’t implemented correctly in Sweden. The theoretical approach is based on both general- and EU-specific implementation theories. The reason why the directive on quality of bathing water wasn’t implemented correctly was firstly because of the differences between the Swedish political contents and the EU-directive’s, secondly the vague formulation that caused problems with understanding how to implement the directive. Third and lastly the implementation suffered from the lack of administrative resources. The working time directive had problems with the political contents and the resistance from the trade union and government, which caused delays with the implementation of the directive. By studying these two cases this paper concludes that there is only one point of similarity between the cases, i.e. the political contents.

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  • 250.
    Fröhlich, Christian
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Anarchist movement in contemporary Russia2012Conference paper (Refereed)
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