sh.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1234567 151 - 200 of 1673
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 151.
    Barouta, Caroline
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Potocnjak, Manuela
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Valet av kapitalstruktur: En lönsam finansieringsstrategi för svenska börsföretag?2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Börsföretagen kritiseras idag för inte fokusera tillräckligt mycket på strategiska frågor då detta skulle ge en större avkastning för aktieägarna. Frågan om vilken kapitalstruktur företagen bör ha, nu när konjunkturen går upp och företagen blir allt mer överkapitaliserade, blir viktig. Börsanalytiker hävdar att företagen inte har en optimal kapitalstruktur, det vill säga en optimal fördelning mellan skulder och eget kapital. De anser att en ökad skuldsättning för börsföretagen vore bra för lönsamheten, givet dagens låga räntor, då det skulle ge ett ökat företagsvärde.

    Denna finansieringspolitik bygger på teoretiska modeller och har sitt ursprung i Modigliani och Millers (MM) propositioner från 1958. Detta kom att utgöra startpunkten för diskussionen om problematiken kring kapitalstrukturen. MM menade att företag genom att öka sina skulder kan öka sitt företagsvärde samt att de kunde visa ett positivt samband mellan skuldsättning och förväntad avkastning under förutsättningar för en perfekt marknad.

    Dessa antaganden är accepterade i teorin men frågan är hur detta fungerar i verkligheten och om det fungerar som en finansieringsstrategi? Detta valde vi att undersöka utifrån två problemfrågor:

    1. Finns det ett samband mellan skuldsättning och lönsamhet i verkligheten?

    2. Finns det ett samband mellan skuldsättning och ett företags värde i verkligheten?

    För att kunna se ett samband valde vi olika nyckeltal som fick representera dessa variabler. För skuldsättning valdes skuldsättningsgrad och för lönsamhet valdes räntabilitet på totalt kapital och för företagsvärde valdes P/BV-talet. Sambandet prövades på svenska börsföretag som är noterade på A-listan mest omsatta och O-listan attract40. Detta för att vi ansåg att dessa företag troligtvis hanterat problematiken kring valet av kapitalstruktur vilket kom att utgöra ett bra underlag för vår undersökning. Investmentföretag och banker valdes bort då de av naturliga skäl generellt har en högre skuldsättningsgrad än andra storföretag.

    De relevanta nyckeltalen beräknades utifrån årsredovisningar samt hämtades från tidskriften Veckans Affärer och användes sedan för att pröva sambandet genom statistiska metoder. De slutsatser som vi kunde dra av undersökningen var att det inte fanns några samband mellan valet av skuldsättningsgrad och lönsamhet eller skuldsättningsgrad och företagsvärde. Dock visades ett väldigt svagt samband mellan skuldsättning och företagsvärde för företag på A-listan. Det var den grupp där företagen var mest likartade och hade mest gemensamt med varandra. Därför kan det för framtida forskning vara intressant att titta på en mer homogen grupp och se om andra faktorer kan ha en påverkan på ett eventuellt samband.

  • 152.
    Barrefelt, Liselott
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Andréasson, Marie
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Lindberg, Ann-Louise
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Den svenska resemarknaden: En jämförelse av konkurrensstrategier på en mogen marknad2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the Swedish travel market and if the application of competitive strategies can create success and help companies in the travel industry to survive on a mature travel market. It is based on a comparison between three companies in the travel industry, to survey and analyze the impact of different competitive strategies on the Swedish travel market.

    Three companies with different business profiles are compared. They are KILROY travels Sweden AB, Ticket Travel Group AB and MyTravel Sweden. The survey is based on a qualitative method through personal interviews with each company.

    A comparison is made between the companies as competitors to each other in the analysis section. The results of the interviews are also compared to the chosen theories. A combination of competitive strategies is used to investigate who the buyers and suppliers are, and if there are any threats from potential new establishers and substitutes. The companies’ goals, strategies, conceptions of the industry and development opportunities are also investigated. Their market positions motivate their choice of strategies and how aggressive they should be in their marketing investments. The marketing mix demonstrates what the companies need to develop and improve.

    The three companies have all been successful, as they have existed for a long time on the Swedish market, are well established and have well known trademarks. They mainly employ three distribution channels to be accessible to customers, namely through stores, Internet and phones.

    Competitive strategies do have an impact on the Swedish travel market, as the competitive situation creates a need for analysis and planning, allowing the companies to assess the competitors correctly. An analysis of the competition is easily made with the tools presented in this paper. The companies in the Swedish travel industry can create success and survive through application of these competitive strategies. The companies must implement continuous analysis of the travel industry and their competitors.

  • 153.
    Basarani, Sükrie
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Electronic Word of Mouth: Managing online guest reviews in the hospitality industry2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to look closer upon how hotels manage electronic Word of Mouth and suggests potential strategies. Focus is being put on online guest reviews and the researchintends to study the impact of online reviews in the hospitality industry as well as defining the possibilities and challenges. The aim is not to make generalizations for the entire industry, but to be a suggestion for how to manage online reviews. Case studies have been performed withsix different hotels with different characteristics, to be able to answer the research questions. In order to provide an understanding of the topic, theories concerning e-Word of Mouth marketing, has been chosen. The traditional Word of Mouth and electronic Word of Mouth isdefined and the possibilities/challenges are explained. Theories on management of online reviews are also presented in the thesis. The empirical research has shown that e-Word of Mouth is still a new phenomenon in the hospitality industry. However most respondents agree on the influence of online recommendations which make it important to monitor and track them. The main possibility of managing online reviews is the chance of increased revenues and the ability to create brand awareness. It helps hotels to understand the needs of their customers. However challenges of sincerity and the big amount of information that is needed to control, are problematic. The research has shown that only few respondents work actively with some type of e-Word of Mouth. These results have provided the thesis with suggestions on management of online reviews.

  • 154.
    Basdas, Siyar
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Krönby, Hannes
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
     Sverige- och Rysslandsfonder: Utvecklingen i olika lägen av börscykeln2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Bakgrund och problem: Den svenska börsutvecklingen har de senaste 10 åren haft stora svängningar, varav två höga toppar och två bottnar. Fonderna som följer börsutvecklingen har olika fondkaraktär i avseende om risker och avkastningar. Trots många turbulenta år i världen, fortsätter fondspararna i Sverige att investera i fonder som blivit allt populärare som investeringsalternativ. Men vilken Sverige- eller Rysslandsfond har gått bäst under perioderna?

    Syfte: Syftet är att utvärdera Sverige- och Rysslandsfonder under två perioder där börsen stiger samt två perioder då börsen sjunker med hjälp av utvärderingsmått.

    Avgränsning: Avgränsning utförs genom att välja de fyra största Rysslandsfonderna respektive Sverigefonderna. Genom dessa kommer vi att följa upp och jämföra med den svenska aktiemarknaden under tio år, uppdelade i fyra delperioder.

    Metod: Undersökningen gjordes med kvantitativ metod för att samla in hård data från Morningstar och sedan beräkna utifrån de teorier och prestandamått som finns.

    Resultat och slutsats: Utifrån de riskjusterade måtten har de svenska fonderna gått bättre i tre av fyra perioder. Dels på grund av att Sverigefonderna haft lägre avkastning men också lägre risk vilket har givit bättre riskjusterade resultat i jämförelse med de ryska fonderna som haft höga avkastningar och höga risker. Under den andra perioden hade Rysslandsfonderna bättre riskjusterade resultat. Detta betyder inte att Sverigefonderna har generat högre monetära värden utan snarare haft bättre avkastning givet den risk som investeraren tagit.

     

  • 155.
    Bashe, Amanda
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Ciliz, Nurcan
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Tillämpandet av de nuvarande statsbidragsreglerna och dess påverkan på ungdomsorganisationer: - Fallstudie av två organisationer2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ungdomsstyrelsen är en statlig myndighet som årligen fördelar statsbidrag till ungdomsorganisationer som uppfyller specifika regler och mål. Ett beslut om förändrade bidragsregler fattades av riksdagen och regeringen i december 2001 och dessa regler tillämpades för första gången för bidragsåret 2004. År 2005 fick Ungdomsstyrelsen i uppdrag att bland annat följa upp konsekvenserna med de nuvarande reglerna. Anledningen var att man fann oklarheter i reglerna efter att en juridisk översyn av reglerna genomfördes under 2004.

  • 156.
    Bashiri, Bahador
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Stein, Tobias
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    En teoretisk väg till varumärkets värdeskapande2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
  • 157.
    Basmaci, Daniel
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Chabo, Rabi
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Personalliggaren: Hur har svartarbetet påverkats?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 158. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Murthy, Sree Rama
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Commodity price inflation: are the culprits speculation a bio-fuel production increase?2010In: Crossing borders: global prospects, new perspectives and emergin agendas / [ed] Bala Batavia, Parameswar Nandakumar, Cheick Wagué, Waterloo, Ont.: North Waterloo Academic Press , 2010, p. 145-155Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 159. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Asset Prices and Inflation: is there a predictive link?2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between asset prices and consumer price inflation has been inthe limelight again in the last decade. The reason has been the observedlinkages in the early 1990s between housing as well as stock market pricesand consumer prices in Japan and the U.K. Rapid asset price appreciation inthese countries was followed, with a lag, by consumer price inflation. Suchdevelopments have even sparked off debates about the need to replaceconventional consumer price measures with a broader definition whichincludes asset prices. It seems important, therefore, to ascertain whether assetprices influence consumer prices in general, for a broader spectrum ofcountries. We choose a sample including major industrial countries as well asemerging markets, and test for the significance of housing prices and shareprices in predicting inflation. Longer, higher frequency, time series data aswell as cross-section information are used to establish asset price – consumerprice links for the sample as a whole, and for particular individual countries.

  • 160. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Commodities and Securities in Optimum Portfolios: Fulfilling a Complex Business Need?2004In: Journal of International Business and Economics, ISSN 1544-8037, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 126-135Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 161. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, ParameswarWagué, CheickSödertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Crossing borders: global prospects, new perspectives and emergin agendas2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 162. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Distinguishing Between Financial Openness and True Financial Integration: Results from a Multi-Country Study2004In: Journal of Economic Asymmetries, ISSN 1703-4949, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 33-47Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 163. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Does the Stock Market matter for the Determination of Bond Yields?: Evidence from Industrial Nations and Emerging Markets2007In: Journal of International Finance and Economics, ISSN 1555-6336, Vol. V, no 1, p. 69-77Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 164. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Domestic and International Determinants of Bond Yields2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier work on the determination of long-run interest rates have not settled the issue ofwhether long run national interest rates respond more to domestic or internationalfactors. This subject has assumed renewed interest in the wake of European economicand financial integration, with attempts to measure the degree of short and long-runfinancial integration. In this study, using a sample of ten industrial nations and emergingmarket nations, a comprehensive analysis is done of the influence of home and globalfactors on long-run bond rates. The key determinants of national long-run bond yieldsturn out to be the national short-run money market rates and the U.S long-run bondrate. The government debt burden also has explanatory powers in the case of the majorcountries in the sample. There is no evidence of complete international financialintegration in the long-run bond markets.

  • 165. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Economic Convergence in the Old and the New Economies of the OECD2006In: Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, ISSN 1540-1200, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 273-277Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses income convergence among developing countries and industrialized nations. It argues that incomes per capita within developing countries have not caught up to affluent countries. The impact of the income catch-up process in nations that are part of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) are also analyzed. The article also reports on a research study that concluded that there was no evidence of income convergence among countries in the OECD.

  • 166. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Expected Purchasing Power parity and Budget Imbalances: Modeling the Euro and the Rupee Exchange rates2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An expected relative PPP model, augmented by elements of a monetary model and byexternal influences, is used to track the path of the Euro-Dollar rate since the inception ofthe European currency. A similar model is also applied to the estimation of the Rupee –Dollar exchange rate. Expected inflation rates, based on a specified formation process,are, indeed, seen to be significant determinants of the Euro exchange rate. While moneysupplies are not significant, interest rate differentials do matter; higher real Euro areainterest rates appreciate the Euro. US government budget deficits appreciate the Dollarwith a lag, presumably due to financing capital inflows, but current account deficits donot have a perceptible influence in the period of the study. Oil price increases and higherinternational reserve holdings in major Asian markets, which may be skewed towards thedollar, also have no discernible impact on the Euro-Dollar rate. For the rupee – dollarrate, interest rate differentials and inflation differentials work well as predictors. Higherinterest rates relative to the global rates appreciate the rupee, i.e., the rupee – dollar ratefalls. Higher expected inflation in India depreciates the rupee. Current account surplusesare seen to appreciate the rupee, but investment inflows function poorly as a predictor. Arandom walk model may work as well as a formal monetary – PPP model in forecastingthe rupee exchange rate.

  • 167. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Integration and Convergence of Financial Markets in European Union2006In: Global Divergence in Trade, Money and Policy / [ed] Volbert Alexander, Hans-Helmut Kotz, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2006, p. 72-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 168. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Once Hallowed like Hollywood:Credit Rating Agencies and theSubprime Loans Crisis2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the roles played by the three dominant credit rating agencies - Standard& Poor´s, Moody´s and Fitch Ratings in contributing to - and aggravating - the subprimecrisis. Criticisms levelled against these agencies, the facilitating role played by the regulatingagencies, the insider stories from these agencies that conflict with the vigorous defence putup by the leadership of these agencies in trying to clear the good names of their firms, are allput under the microscope. Finally, reforms and changes are suggested in the functioning andregulation of these much-harangued credit agencies.

  • 169. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Probability of bank crises in the emerging markets of Asia and South America: an exploratory and empirical study of determinants2007Report (Other academic)
  • 170. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Probability of bank Crisis in the Emerging Markets of Asia and South America: an Exploratory and Empirical Study of Determinants2005In: International Journal of Business Research, ISSN 1554-5466, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 23-34Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 171. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Prospects for the Euro: A Role for China and India2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, an attempt is made to evaluate the prospects of the Euro challengingthe current dominant position of the dollar as the world’s leading currency. Thisis done by identifying the factors which lie behind central bank decisions to holdreserves of major currencies. Thus, the determinants of central bank reserveholdings are analyzed for pre-Euro and post-Euro periods. It is expected thatdevelopments in major Asian countries will possess greater clout in determiningcurrency relationships in the future. So, the relative world shares of trade andincome of Asia, along with other real economic as well as financial variables andoil market developments are used in the estimation process. Different simulationsare undertaken to trace possible future scenarios for the euro and the dollar. Thesimulations indicate that a rise in emerging Asian market share of world outputwill work towards preserving dollar dominance.

  • 172. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Prospects for the Euro: Will Reserve Holdings Shift in Its Favour?2008In: Journal of Economic Asymmetries, ISSN 1703-4949, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 79-91Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 173. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    The Euro Also Rises2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It may seem now as if prophesies for a displacement of the dollar from its position ofpre-eminence in the global economy were premature. However, the last word is not saidyet on the rise of the euro In this paper, a fresh look is taken at the prospects for theeuro emerging as the main vehicle and reserve currency in the world, looking inparticular at the role of European financial markets and developments in the emergingmarkets of Asia. Output growth in the euro area and in the United States will have adecisive impact as well. The paper highlights the role of some key factors, not reallytaken up in related discussions thus far, which can influence the long-run globalinfluence of the euro area economy relative to the U.S. Alternate energy source usescenarios and continued trade and financial integration in the euro area as well as inAsia are pointed out as having crucial impacts on the global role of the euro in thefuture.

  • 174. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    The IT Sector, Income Convergence Hypothesis and the Human Development Index2007In: International Journal of Business Research, ISSN 1555-1296, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 9-17Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 175. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Two sector models of open economies: a synthesis and an empirical application2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Some well-known two-sector models of industrial countries exhibit acrowding out effect or relationship between the main sectors of theeconomy. This is true of the Small Open Economy, traded-non-tradedgood model without nominal wage rigidity, and for the model of the DutchDisease. In contrast, important models of semi-industrialized countries, oreven emerging markets, such as the Bose Model, portray a complimentaryrelation between the various sectors. This paper discusses a possiblesynthesis between these differing model specifications, and tests theapplicability of these models for a large sample of industrial countries,emerging markets and developing economies by analyzing the interlinkagesin their sector growth patterns.

  • 176. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Two-Sector Models of Open Economies and Beyond: A Synthesisand an Empirical Application2006In: Journal of Economic Asymmetries, ISSN 1703-4949, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 69-81Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 177.
    Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    DePaul University, USA.
    Parameswar, Nandakumar
    Indian Institute of Management, Calicut, India.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Portfolio Diversification in Extreme Environments: Are there Benefits from Adding Commodity Futures Indices?2012In: European Research Studies Journal, ISSN 1108-2976, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 33-48Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 178.
    Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    DePaul University, USA.
    Parameswar, Nandakumar
    Indian Institute of Management, Calicut, India.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    The Pandemic and the Vaccine: Will the US Financial Regulatory Reforms Prevent Future Crisis?2011In: International Journal of Applied Economics and Econometrics, ISSN 1530-7247, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 76-105Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 179.
    Bačevac, Enisa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Martić, Milica
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Varför där men inte här?: En studie om shoppingturism2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the phenomenon of shopping tourism. The writers chose to identify the factors that contribute to the travelers to go on a shopping trip from six qualitative interviews. In addition, the writers also investigated if shopping tourism can be connected with adventure tourism and if the respondents think that shopping travel can have an impact on a destination. The method which the writers have used is a qualitative interview study in which the interview guide was semi-structured. To interpret the results that emerged from all interviews, the writers made use of previous research and various theoretical analyses. In the empirical section which is divided into five headings, the authors reported the results that emerged from all interviews. The first section contains a presentation of the interview participants. The second section presents the factors that the interview participants feel contributes them to go on a shopping trip. The third section presents the importance of the infrastructure and travel expenses for a destination. The fourth section presents whether shopping tourism can be linked to experience tourism and in conclusion the fifth section presents whether shopping travel can affect a destination according to the respondents.

  • 180.
    Becanovic, Irena
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Masoura, Louisa
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    APPLE: Abnormala avkastningar på Apple Inc av diverse händelser?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper treats the question about how the internationally established company, Apple, is affected by intern or extern events when it comes to the trade market. The purpose of the study is to investigate if chosen events create abnormal return on Apples stock market. The chosen research area is Steve Jobs three sick-listings, It-bubble and the purchase of the search engine company Siri. The reason of writing about this is the big interest for the stock market and its function.

    This study methodological starting position is quantitative done by an event study, with qualitative feature done by an interview with an expertise within this area. When analyzing the empirics, we have used the efficient market theory that says that information should not affect the stock market in the degree that abnormal return creates. Beyond that theory, we have used former research "Stock prices and top management changes" written by Jerold B. Warner and Ross L. that got abnormal return when they did an event study about CEO changes, "CEO change and firm performance in large corporations: succession effects and manager effects", Randolph P. Beatty och Edward J. Zajac. that means that the stock prices affect is different depending on if the shareholders is more prepared to the information, "The stock market psychology" there Gyllenram refers to his theory about people projecting their thoughts and feelings to each other that creates big movements on the stock market and

    "Beyond Greed and Fear", Shefrin H. that while his study discovered a new theory that he called "the opposite strategy", meaning that a high positive volatility is comply with a negative volatility by the same value. Shefrin also note that new information makes overreaction and vice versa.

    The conclusion that we can make by this research is that new shocking information has led to overreaction, exactly like Shefrin points out. That means that older information makes less volatility, and we can see this by studying Steve Jobs three sick-listings. The efficient market theory was adaptable on these three events, because abnormal return did not occur. However, we got abnormal return on the other two events, Siri and the It -bubble. We could associate these answers to Shefrin´s theory about overreaction when new information gets public.

  • 181.
    Beciragic, Mirza
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Severinsson, Sofia
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Politiker som varumärke: En studie om Personal Branding bland svenska Riksdagens partiledare2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Politiska partiers ideologier börjar allt mer likna varandra och placerar sig i mitten av höger- vänsterskalan i kamp om väljarna. Under valperioden läggs mer fokus på partiledarens Personal Branding. Partiledaren behöver sälja sin ogripbara och komplexa produkt för att skapa positiva uppfattningar hos väljarna.

    Frågeställningar: Hur uppfattar riksdagspartierna den egna partiledares Personal Branding? Hur uppfattar väljarna riksdagspartiernas Personal Branding hos partiledarna?, Vilka likheter och skillnader finns mellan riksdagspartiernas uppfattning jämfört med väljarnas uppfattning på Personal Branding?

    Syfte: Syfte med studien är att analysera Svenska Riksdagens partiledares Personal Branding. Analysen kommer dels bestå av Riksdagspartiernas uppfattning om den egna partiledaren och väljarnas uppfattning om partiledarnas Personal Branding. Studien kommer även klarlägga skillnader och likheter dem emellan.

    Metod: Studien utför en metodtriangulering dvs., använder kvantitativa och kvalitativa metoder. Intervjuer har genomförts med de svenska riksdagspartierna och två enkätundersökningar har genomförts, då författarna gjorde både ett slumpmässigt urval och ett bekvämlighetsurval.

    Teoriområden: Varumärkesvärde, varumärkesidentitet och Personal Branding

    Resultat: Studien påvisar att riksdagspartierna vill lyfta fram deras partiledares starkaste egenskaper för att särskilja partiledarna från deras konkurrenter. Studien påvisar tydligt vem av partiledarnas Personal Branding uppfattas positivt eller negativt. Skillnader samt likheter kan tydas mellan riksdagspartiernas uppfattning om partiledarnas Personal Branding kontra väljarnas uppfattningar.

    Slutsats: Studien ger en nyanserad bild av den problematik som partiet kontra väljarna står för idag. Resultat visar att Personal Branding är ett betydelsefullt verktyg inom politiken både för Riksdagspartierna själva och väljarna. Riksdagspartierna är beroende av partiledarens Personal Branding, då partiledaren måste förvalta rollen på ett positivt sätt, annars skadar det partiets anseende och partiledarens Personal Branding i form av väljarnas negativa uppfattningar och uteblivna röster.

  • 182.
    Beckman, Svante
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur ; Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Tomson, Klara
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Köping Olsson, Ann-Sofie
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Vision: Kulturpolitik för Västra Götaland2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den skriftliga rapporten ska utvärderarna inledningsvis ge en bakgrund till visionsdokumentets roll och betydelse för den regionala kulturpolitiken samt sätta dokumentet i relation till likartade dokument i ett nationellt perspektiv. Utvärderarna ska även i ett avslutande kapitel eller avsnitt ge rekommendationer och riktlinjer inför Kulturnämndens fortsatta arbete med en ny regional kulturvision.

    • Har Kulturvisionen inspirerat till ett större engagemang för kultur blandmedborgarna?
    • Har Kulturvisionens mål uppnåtts och/eller har målvärdena i ökad grad realiserats ikulturlivet?
    • Har Kulturvisionens tankesätt, värderingar, policyprinciper och mål slagit igenom - blivit bekanta och omfattade hos beslutsfattare/handläggare/utförare/brukare/medborgare
    • Har Kulturvisionen kommit till användning i policyprocessen?
    • Har Kulturvisionen bidragit till att utveckla policyområdet?
  • 183.
    Begic, Maja
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Kucukgöl, Özlem
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Fonder och dess jämförelseindex: En studie om huruvida storbanker redovisar aktiefonder mot ett jämförelseindex inklusive eller exklusive utdelning2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats tar upp en viktig aspekt vid granskning av fonder, nämligen vad fonder jämförs mot, om de jämförs mot ett index inklusive eller exklusive utdelning. Detta är ett viktigt område som bland annat har uppmärksammats i media. Det har förekommit att vissa fonder gav missvisande information då de inkluderar utdelning medan dess jämförelseindex exkluderar utdelning. Således är syftet med denna uppsats att undersöka hur omfattande fenomenet är bland storbankerna i Sverige. Samt om det finns ett samband mellan att fonder redovisar en bättre kursutveckling än dess index om denna exkluderar utdelning.

    Studien avser att granska aktiefonder hos storbankerna, Handelsbanken, SEB och Nordea. Totalt granskades 165 stycken. Undersökningen har grundats på kvantitativa metoder där sekundärdata i form av hel- och halvårsrapporter har granskats. Vid granskningen av fondrapporterna togs hänsyn enbart till diagrammen som visade på kursutvecklingen jämfört med dess index.

    De aktuella teorierna i denna uppsats belyser kommunikationen mellan sändaren och mottagaren. Processkolan är en modell som fokuserar på överföring av meddelanden, hur en sändare och mottagare kodar och avkodar information. Kommunikationen anses vara en process som kan effektiviseras genom olika kanaler och media. The Communication Process bygger vidare på samma teori men behandlar kommunikationen på en djupare nivå, där flera processer involveras i kommunikationen mellan sändare och mottagare. Slutligen belyser The Buying Decision Process ett köpbeteende hos konsumenterna, från det att de utvecklar ett köpbehov till ett efterköpsbeteende.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att de flesta fonder som inkluderar utdelning redovisas mot ett jämförelseindex som exkluderar utdelning. Detta medför en missvisande bild då fonden inte jämförs mot ett likartat index. Ett samband har även fastställts där fonderna i två av tre banker visar på en högre kursutveckling än dess jämförelseindex om indexet exkluderar utdelning

  • 184.
    Belgacem Belkhir, Monia
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Ferchichi, Soumaya
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    småföretagens användning av Internet som en marknadsföringsstrategi: en fallstudie av tre företag i stockholmsregionen2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is on how small companies can use the Internet as a part of their marketing strategy to gain a leverage on their competitors with small means to survive and expand in the global market. Many Swedish small companies still don’t have a sufficient knowledge on how to use the communication channel despite the various advantages the Internet offers.

    Case studies were conducted of how AdLibris, A-lotterierna AB and SF-bokhandeln perceived the importance of using the Internet as a part of their communications strategy.

    This new communication channel demand new ways of applying traditional marketing principals. Careful analysis of the interviews and how the answers relate to new and old marketing theories makes the bulk of this study. The conclusion is that the Internet solely is not enough, a combination with traditional marketing tools is the way to succeed in their marketing efforts. It arise from this study that the global market demand small companies to active use the information technology to maintain competitiveness.

  • 185.
    Belge, Helin
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Chamon, Brola
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Bankens färd till kunderna: En studie om bankernas strategier för att nå ut till bankkunder med brister i det svenska språket2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The competition has increased with the establishment of the new banks and the credit institutes taking on the market, the big banks are no longer alone on the market.

    In speed with the increased range, have also the marketing and the recruit of new bank customers become more driven.

    Bank customers with lacks in the Swedish language, is a segment with potential which doesn’t get used by the banks and in turn of that the bank customers doesn’t get their needs satisfied.

    The purpose with this survey was to analyze if the four largest banks, Föreningssparbanken, Handelsbanken, Nordea and SEB had prepared strategies that were directed to bank customers with lacks in the Swedish language. In those cases the banks had strategies, respective measures were presented.

    Furthermore the bank customers with lacks in the Swedish language were studied if they experienced that the banks were using measures to satisfy their language needs in contact with the banks and presented the benefit of them.

    The information about the banks strategies was assembled through interviews with persons from each bank. The bank customers experience was assembled through a questionnaire survey.

    The result showed that the banks hade different strategies for reaching out to these customers, it was from showing understanding to multicultural offices. Half of the customers appreciated that the banks pressured themselves for them by being patient, explained the services and in some cases had staff that could several language. They had solutions on how language problem could be solved, for example by simplify the services, better understanding in all situations and hostesses who could take time to explain when there were needs for it.

  • 186.
    Benedicks, Anne
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Öberg, Veronica
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Likheter och skillnader i kommuners verksamhetsstyrning: en jämförande fallstudie mellan tre kommuner2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main issues: How does the financial and management control work in the actual municipalities? How does the municipalities define their objectives and follow them up? Are there similarities in the way the municipalities define and adopt their objectives?

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to look upon how the municipalities of Gnesta, Nykvarn and Salem control their management by adopted objectives and how they audit them from an economic- and operational perspective.

    Method: A case study has been implemented at the three municipalities. Primary data was collected via semi-structured interviews.

    Theoretical: The theoretical frame of reference is based upon various formal and informal means of control. Budget is handled as a formal topic while presented organizational structure, management by objectives, balanced scorecard, business ratio and benchmarking are treated as informal.

    Empiricism: The chapter begins with a presentation of municipal laws. Furthermore a presentation of the three municipalities way of handling their operations is described.

    Conclusion: The municipalities show similarities as well as differences in their way to adopt objectives and methods for auditing. The largest divergence is that the actual municipalities uses different methods of control and thus assess, audit and analyse adopted objectives and score cards in different ways.

  • 187.
    Benedicks, Anne
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Öberg, Veronica
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Värderarens val av metod: Påverkansfaktorer vid företagsvärdering2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The appraiser’s choice of valuation method – factors that influences the choice of company valuation methods

    Seminar date: 04/06/07

    Course: Master thesis in Business Administration, 10 Swedish credits.

    Authors: Anne Benedicks and Veronica Öberg

    Advisor: Eron Oxing

    Profession of category: Financial analysts, auditors and company lawyers.

    Key words: Company valuation, valuation methods, cash flow analysis, comparative valuation, the net asset value method.

    The Main Issue: What is of decisive importance when choosing a special company valuation method?

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify, analyse and evaluate the most common methods of valuation for financial analysts, auditors and company lawyers and those factors that influences the choice of method.

    Method: A multiple survey has been implemented for the actual profession categories. Primary data was collected through semi-structured interviews and a questionnaire survey.

    Theoretical: The theoretical frame of reference is based upon the paper’s dependent variable, i.e. the role of the appraiser. The appraiser is dependent of following undependent variables: comparative valuation of company, situations of valuation, relevant information, the processes of valuation, the methods of valuation and common custom valuation.

    Empiricism: Material from the interviews and the questionnaire survey shows how the professional category respectively acts when they valuate a company and why and which valuation method is used. According to the interviews the financial analysts often uses comparative evaluation, the auditor uses the cash flow analysis while the lawyer chooses the net asset value method.

    Conclusion: The result of this paper considerable agrees to earlier research within the field. The main underlying factor for the appraiser to choose a certain evaluation method is simply depending on the actual situation. Example of other determining factors is customer relations, access to relevant information and which type of business under evaluation.

  • 188.
    Bengtsson, Hjalmar
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Johansson, Gustav
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Är Big bath en, av aktiemarknaden, accepterad redovisningspraxis?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study tries to increase the understanding of the phenomenon known as the Big bath, on the question whether the market accepts Big bath accounting principle or not. Big bath is an accounting theory meaning that a company is likely to increase its impairment in a specific year. This could be as a reaction on a change in the leadership, a depreciation of the result or maybe an external decrease in demand. Through a quantitative survey of the market it is examining whether the companies themselves are inclined to use the procedure and if the stock market accepts it. The study concludes that Big bath similar procedures are a fairly common accounting practice and that the stock market does not seem to mind.

     

  • 189.
    Bengtsson, Sandra
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Lindbäck, Rebecca
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Bostadsrättssäljarnas kriterier vid val av fastighetsmäklare2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every year a number of tenant-owner flat deals are concluded and the availability of real estate agents on the market is today very widespread. It has become increasingly difficult for estate agents to distinguish themselves in a way that makes the estate agent the customer’s choice. Estate agents must have a good understanding of what is important to the customer. An apartment deal is, for most people, an important event in their life. Which is the key factor for a customer in choosing a particular estate agent?

    The purpose: The main purpose of this study is to examine which criteria customers consider to be important when they choose real estate agents to sell their apartments. Which criteria affect their choice and which criterion is considered to be the determining factor?

    As part of the purpose we will also examine how the real estate agents distinguish themselves and which factors are used to get the customers to choose them. Are these factors the same factors which guide customers to finally choose a particular real estate agent?

    Method: The method that we have chosen to serve our purpose in the best possible way is, partly, by interviews with real estate agents and, partly, by surveys among customers of the companies. The estate agents we have interviewed are Svensk Fastighetsförmedling and Svenska Mäklarhuset. In order to collect information we have also chosen to use several kinds of sources such as the Internet and various kinds of literature.

    Conclusion: We came to the conclusion that the criterion that appeared to be the most important for both estate agent companies, was that the apartment was advertised on the Internet. Just as important for the clients of Svensk Fastighetsförmedling was that the real estate agents appear to be reliable and serious. This criterion took second place with clients of Svenska Mäklarhuset. What appeared to be the decisive factor among the clients for their choice of a real estate agent was the personal chemistry between the client and the real estate agent’s broker. It seems that both companies, among other things, have chosen the “softer values” to communicate and market themselves.

  • 190.
    Bentayeb, Nassim
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Millqvist, Johanna
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Tre Svenska bankers landsfonder med avseende på riskjusterad avkastning2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate how three banks country funds are performing relative to each other in regard to risk and return. And to find out if there is any underlying factor that may have affected the stock exchange in the different countries.

    Methodology: The study is based on secondary data and will apply the quantitative method, based on a deductive approach. The sample consists of three major Swedish banks and from them we have selected three country funds. The calculation formulas that have been applied are: Sharpe ratio, standard deviation and Arithmetic Average.

    Conclusion: The Writers concluded that Sweden funds had the highest yield to lowest risk in both periods in all three major banks. We have also concluded that the underlying factors affecting a country fund. And can see that there is a positive relationship between risk and return in both periods. The results are contrary to the efficient market hypothesis in the weak form, and thus can benefit from historical values in risk-adjusted returns for future investments.

  • 191.
    Berbic, Nina
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Redbrandt, Anna
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Möbelbranschen - hur små företag kan överleva på den svenska marknaden2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The furniture retail industry in Sweden has gone trough large changes during the last decades. Today the industry is tough and in the maturity stage where few new companies enter, especially if they do not have a unique offer. The furniture companies have become larger and fewer, the changes have lead to difficulties for smaller and medium sized companies to grow and be profitable.

    Our purpose is to analyse, evaluate and compare three smaller companies in Stockholm with the intention to find what kind of marketing strategies they are using to survive on the Swedish market. First we interviewed the three companies to see what they do to survive on the market, then we asked 100 persons to fill in a questionnaire to see if they had the same opinion as the companies described.

    With help from theories we prepared questions which laid the foundation to the empirical part of the essay.

    The result from this study shows that the three companies differ from each other when it comes to using relationship marketing and placing the customer in the centre. All of them are aware of the importance of doing so, but because of different limits and possibilities they can not fully adjust everything to the customer. None of those three have clear formulated marketing strategies, but they all tend to focus on service in the stores and good quality products.

    A conclusion is that small companies have to focus on a start position in the market which the larger competitors have not notice, or have chosen to ignore. If they do not have a unique offering, it may not be worth entering this competitive and mature market. The most important competitive factors are quality and service, since the small companies can not compete with the larger competitors on the price.

  • 192.
    Berg, John
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Harada, Åsa
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Varumärkesstrategier: Identitet = Image = Starkt Varumärke?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 193.
    Bergensand, Camilla
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Strandh, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Intellektuellt kapital - en trend?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze the development of the intellectual capital in knowledge-based company’s annual reports and explore which factors and circumstances that can affect this development. In order to see how the demand is for information about intellectual capital in annual reports, its role in acquisitions and valuation of companies is examined.

    Method: This study is based on a qualitative method with a deductive approach. The empirical data has been gathered through interviews with two researchers, one auditor and two managers for valuation and acquisition. There have also been examinations of five knowledge-based company’s annual reports.

    Conclusions: The view of intellectual capital has developed to some extent since corporations are increasingly recognizing the importance of maintaining and developing its human capital. For the intellectual capital to be viewed in a clearer way in the financial reports it is required that in the future higher instances give companies the adequate advice in how to do so. 

  • 194.
    Bergensand, Erica
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Svahn, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    En jämförelsestudie av AP-fonderna och bankernas Sverigefonder 2003-20102012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In 1999 the Swedish pension system was reformed with an aim to create a stable and high return on pension assets. First, Second, Third and Fourth general pension funds, hereby referred to as AP1-AP4, had an important part in the reform. AP1-AP4, also called the buffer funds, was assigned to secure long-term, big parts of the pension capital. The funds objective is by law, to manage the fund's assets in a manner that provides maximum benefit for the state pension. The funds will also invest pension assets with an overall low level of risk while achieving a sustainable high return.

    Aim: The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the First-Fourth AP-Funds is meeting its objectives regarding risk and return according to Swedish law. The aim is also to see how AP1-AP4 risk-adjusted returns compare to the four Sweden funds risk-adjusted returns according to modern portfolio theory.

    Theory: Morningstar Rating, Treynor ratio, Sharpe ratio, Jensen's Alpha, Standard Deviation, Beta.

    Conclusion: The risk-adjusted performance measures used in this study shows that there are clear differences between the two fund groups, where the AP-funds performed worse than the Sweden funds in every measurement. The study shows that the pension funds do not reach their goals over the five-year period, in four of the five time intervals listed in the study. In summary, the study shows that pension funds have a lower risk-adjusted return than the four bank Sweden funds and that the pension funds have not achieved their goals.

  • 195.
    Berggren, Josefin
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Lundgren, Isa
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Kulturföretagandets inneboende paradox: En studie av fusionen mellan konstnärligt skapande och företagandets förpliktelser2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problem: Vilka faktorer är avgörande för kulturföretagarens förutsättningar att förena det konstnärliga skapandet med överlevnad som företagare?

    Syfte: Det övergripandet syftet med denna uppsats är att analyser och utvärdera kulturföretagares marknadsstrategier med avseende på deras förutsättningar att förena konstnärligt skapande med överlevnad. Studiens underliggande syfte består i att analysera och utvärdera kulturspecifika starthus och deras inverkan på kulturföretagares marknadsstrategier.

    Metod: Studien utgår från en hermeneutisk, kvalitativ och deduktiv forskningsansats. Studien använder sig av metodtriangulering och empiri samlas in med hjälp av surveyundersökning med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Intervjuerna har hållits med sex stycken kulturföretagare, där hälften startats upp via kulturspecifika starthus och hälften startats upp på egen hand.

    Teorier: Studien använder sig av följande teorier; involveringsteorin, Värdekedja/Värdestjärna samt Industriella nätverk. Dessa förenas i en teoretisk syntes där transaktionsmarknadsförings- och relationsmarknadsföringsperspektiven ställs emot varandra.

    Empiri: Empirin består enbart av primärdata, där majoriteten förvärvats via intervjuer med de sex kulturföretagarna. Resterande data har erhållits under studiens förstudie, och har främst använts som förförståelse.

    Slutsats: Studiens resultat tyder på att kulturföretagare har bäst förutsättningar att förena det konstnärliga skapandet med långsiktig överlevnad genom att bedriva samarbeten i nätverksform. Anledningen till detta är att kulturföretagare upplever att det konstnärliga skapandet inte kan upprätthållas om de inte till största del får ägna sig åt den konstnärliga processen. Nätverkssamarbeten möjliggör detta då de utgör en, i kulturföretagarens ögon, skyddande vägg mellan de själva och slutkonsumentens åsikter och önskemål. Studiens resultat kan även tolkas som att det finns ett ökat behov av agenter och producenter inom kulturnäringen.

  • 196.
    Bergliden, Cecilia
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Lindvall, Vendela
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Avsättningar till pensioner: En studie om IAS 19 och konsekvenserna av dess implementering2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: At the turn of the year 2004/2005, IAS 19 replaced Tryggandelagen (TrL) and RR 29 as the accounting standard in Swedish concerns. This introduction was associated with a certain apprehension for the possible changes in the companies’ pension liabilities and equity.

    Purpose: To illustrate the difficulties of the introduction of IAS 19 by observing how it differs from TrL, and what kind of problems these differences can cause.

    Procedure: Individuals who are well up in, and work with pension liabilities have been interviewed. After this follows an example of the calculated pension liability of a company, to illustrate the differences between the calculations according to TrL and IAS 19. To conclude the chapter, a comparison between a number of companies from the Stockholm stock exchange is made to establish their various actuarial assumptions.

    Method: The essay mainly follows the qualitative research method, since this method is more appropriate when the substance in the matter is based on detailed differences and opinions.

    Results and conclusions: The introduction of IAS 19 has taken time and been an expensive matter, although the expenses weren’t as great as feared. The introduction gave positive effects, such as an increased control of the pension liabilities. Because of this, there is a positive attitude towards IAS among the accounting profession. However, problems connected with the introduction have occurred, such as complicated procedures and “teething troubles”, but the advantages and disadvantages make up for the other.

    The companies’ right of self-determination when it comes to actuarial assumptions seems to cause problems with for example the transparency. Therefore it is recommended that the companies should have to justify their choice of assumptions. It is also recommended that there should be more specified criteria of which assumptions that should be included in the annual report.

  • 197.
    Bergliden, Cecilia
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Nilsson, Madeleine
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Omvänd momsredovisning: En studie kring eventuella effekter vid införandet i Sverige2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every year the government looses billions on construction companies that neglect their responsibility to pay tax (VAT). This fraud does not only affect the government, but the whole construction industry. Employees of a dishonest company never get the benefit of insurance or support to their future pensions. Based on two reports the Parliament has decided to introduce Reverse – Charge in Sweden for building companies effective from 1/7 2007.

    The thesis main problem to investigate is: How the introduction of reverse charge affects different sized construction companies in Sweden in terms of competition and black labour? What effect has Reverse – Charge had on competition and black labour in Germany where this legislation has already been introduced?

    Purpose: To investigate how construction companies in Sweden are reacting to the introduction of Reverse – Charge and what actions they plan to take. The opinions of a number of selected construction companies based in Germany will also be investigated.

    Method: This thesis will both follow the qualitative and the quantitative method of investigation. This will be done during interviews and questionnaires.

    Results and conclusions: The small and medium sized Swedish construction companies are rather skeptic to the introduction of Reverse – Charge. This suspicion is in one way confirmed by the 22 German construction companies who answered. Although only 22 of 150 German companies answered and 64 of 200 of the Swedish companies, which means that the results cannot be generalized. The large Swedish construction companies were all positive to Reverse – Charge and the interviewed tax lawyers support their opinion. The government might look as the big winner, but in the big picture the winners are the Swedish people who no longer has to pay for building companies who cheat with their VAT.

  • 198.
    Berglund, Carl
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Svenska Lantchips: Och deras internationaliseringsprocess2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Svenska Lantchips is a Swedish SME sized snack manufacturer. Being a small, medium sized, family-owned business with branches throughout the world, they make an interesting company for a case study. The case study I have conducted focuses on the internationalisation process of this family owned company – how they, despite their size, find ways to keep up an unique business structure, designed for internationalisation.The aim of this essay is to compare Svenska Lantchips’ internationalisation process with traditional internationalisation theories and see if these are compatible with this company. The theories used are The Uppsala Model, The Network Model, and The Born Global Theory, with The Born Global Theory representing the younger generation of models.After undertaking an in-depth interview with Michael Hansen, business developer at Svenska Lantchips, I collated a substantial amount of material, which I have used as the basis of this essay. Theories of storytelling have been used to interpret the information I got from Michael Hansen. Michael Hansen was chosen not only for his role as a business developer, but he is also the co-founder of the company, together with his wife, and brother in law. Previous research was studied to get information about attitudes within this research field today. The result from this thesis is that Svenska Lantchips have forged their own distinctive route out on the global market. Despite being a relatively small, family-owned company, with a low dependency on sophisticated technologies, they have managed to expand and internationalise at an impressive rate. By opening factories on foreign markets, sometimes even before exporting to them, they have produced a unique competitive advantage. Their internationalisation process at times more closely resembles that of a high-tech, innovative company, than a small, family-owned firm. The driving force behind them is their personal determination, and the philosophy that the world is one big market; they refuse to see cultural and geographical differences as an obstacle.

  • 199.
    Berglund, Carl
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Qvist, Jenny
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Att skilja äpplen från päron: en studie om belöningssystem2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies today need to be more focused than ever on having an active Human Resource Management culture. This is not only because of the companies’ concern for their staffs wellbeing, but for the companies’ effectiveness in the long run. The reward systems which many corporations use today, to both keep their employees and attract new ones, is a well researched subject by scholars as well as journalists. Earlier research has suggested that it is important to implement an active Human Resource Strategy. (I.E Ferris,G,R 1999) With this comes the task of involving your employees, making them feel like they get an acceptable reward for their hard work. Some of the main authors which we have used to build the theoretical references for this thesis are I.E Drucker, Maslow, and Abrahamsson etc. The main goal of this thesis is to find out if the Management’s views on reward systems actually correlate with the employees’ views. Earlier research suggests that this is a crucial part of HRM, to know your employees. It doesn’t matter if you have an excellent reward system from the perspective of the management team if it doesn’t impress their employees. We conducted two interviews with people from the decision-making level of two bigger companies, each with a tradition of reward systems, to find out their views on these systems. Then we asked employees in both companies to fill out a questionnaire, which would make it possible for us to find out if the employees agreed with the management’s view on their reward systems. The results of this thesis are that the views of the management team and the employees are not matched, they look very differently upon the reward systems in the two different companies. The higher in the chain of command that the employees were, the more dissatisfied they were with the reward systems. At least in one of the two companies.

  • 200.
    Berglund, Emelie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Liao, Lisbeth
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Faciliteter, Transporter eller Attraktioner?: En kvalitativ studie gällande viktiga resurser på en MICE-destination2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Business travel and trade fairs have been around for ages, the first World Expo was conducted already in 1851. The MICE-industry (Meetings, Incentive, conference and exhibition) increasingly extends across the world. This has resulted in the development of an increasing number of facilities and other resources. Recently, a concern has arisen about the expansion potentially oversaturating the market. What resources are required for a destination to be interesting for MICE-events? This study attempts out to investigate this through interviews with event businesses in the MICE-industry in order to take the empirical material towards previously researched information regarding this. The study carried out six qualitative semi-structured interviews with event businesses based in Sweden. Informants from the six companies were interviewed about the companies approach to organizing a MICE-event, and what resources they see as important on a destination suitable for MICE. The results showed that most of the resources for themselves where not of great importance, since different types of events require different types of resources. There were some resources the informants gave greater importance than others, such as transportation, partnership and creativity. A conclusion was reached that the destinations who will be the most successful in the future MICE-industry are the ones that in a creative way get their unique qualities out to the market.

1234567 151 - 200 of 1673
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf