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  • 151.
    Betzeki, Christina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Bocokic, Jelena
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Hotellbranschens kommunikation av CSR i Sverige och Grekland: En komparativ studie om hur hotell kommunicerar CSR och vilken påverkan de lokala omständigheterna har2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The competitive environment in popular destinations creates a need for hotels to differentiate. Implementing CSR is an option for added value and better relationships with the surrounding community. Hence, the promotion of CSR has a strategic importance. Hotels can both affect and be influenced by the surrounding community, even when it comes to CSR. For example the society may look different in northern and southern Europe, where the countries have socio-cultural and financial differences. Stockholm and Rhodes are two popular destinations in Sweden and Greece, with different local circumstances. The purpose of this paper is to compare how well-established hotels in Rhodes and Stockholm promote CSR. Furthermore, the survey aims to create an understanding of how local circumstances affect the hotel's CSR initiatives. This study consists of six structured interviews, whereof three in each destination, and a text and image analysis of the hotel's websites and social media accounts. The results showed that the majority of the investigated hotels in Rhodes and Stockholm promote their CSR initiatives primarily through social media, in particular Instagram and Facebook. The content of their CSR promotion is mostly about environment-related initiatives. CSR is not a requirement in the hotel industry, only an advantage for the hotel and the surrounding environment. Local circumstances can affect the hotel's implementation and promotion of CSR. The economic aspect has the greatest impact on local residents and affect how hotels adjust their CSR-initatives, particularly in the greek hotels. Moreover, it was found that a CSR policy can’t be standardized internationally as hotels affect and are influenced by the surrounding community.

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    fulltext
  • 152.
    Betzeki, Christina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Swedan, Leyla
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Persuasive design som medel för miljövänligt agerande: En studie om hur funktioner i miljöfrämjande mobilapplikationer kan motivera användare att agera miljövänligt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate how an environmental mobile application can motivate users to act more eco-friendly by using persuasive design principles. In this study, we identify a set of key principles to consider when designing mobile persuasive technology in order to motivate and influence pro-environmental behavior change. We evaluated three existing mobile applications by using PSD design principles. After the evaluation, one mobile application was selected for usertesting, with a total of six participants. The participants received one week to get familiar with the application and its functionalities . Furthermore, the participants received a survey with general questions about their eco-friendly habits. The upcoming phase included the interview we conducted, which contained questions to bring forward the participants opinions about functions and motivation factors that could affect their usage of eco-friendly applications. The result showed that the design principles rewards, personalization, simulation, self-monitoring, normative influence, cooperation, social comparison, competition and reminders had the greatest influence on the users motivation to use the application and act eco-friendly. The reason of importance for the chosen design principles was mainly due to individual, social and practical factors.

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    fulltext
  • 153.
    Birgersson, William
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Johansson, Moa
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Visuell Navigation: En studie om vägledande visuella element i spel2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Visual navigation elements can make or break a game. Therefore we have conducted a study of how to achieve intuitive visual navigation using four visual guiding elements, namely lighting, color, saturation and object placement. We have used these elements to create a visual language for a level, and have had a number of respondents play the level whilst commenting. The results have been as predicted, that light gives the strongest guidance, and that the respondents reacted to, and was guided by, named elements.

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    Visuell_Navigation_Birgersson_Johansson
  • 154.
    Bjursäter, Marie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Oxalaryd, Petra
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Fritidshusturism i Värmdö kommun: En studie om dess hållbarhet och framtid2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of second home tourism as a sustainable form of tourism, using the three dimensions economic, environmental and social sustainability, and to discuss the future importance of second homes for sustainable tourism in Värmdö municipality.

    Methods: The methods of research include four interviews with respondents connected to the future of tourism and second homes in Värmdö municipality, a survey conducted with locals of Värmdö municipality and an analysis of statistical reports and official documents.

    Theoretical framework: The paper is based on theories of sustainability, second homes’ impact on destinations, peak consumption and the future of second homes.

    Conclusions: Second homes are a positive complement to the traditional tourism that takes place in Värmdö municipality during the summer, due to the fact that second home owners visit the municipality during the remainder of the year to a greater extent than the traditional tourists. From a sustainability point of view second homes can both have a positive and a negative impact on the local community where the positive economic effects are the most prominent. The traditional tourism in Värmdö municipality is expected to increase as a result of the ongoing destination development projects. The number of second homes is predicted to gradually decrease due to many of them being turned into permanent homes and the limited construction of new second homes. The reduced supply but constant or increased demand is likely to lead to increased prices of second homes. Second homes are expected to continue to play an important role in the tourism industry in Värmdö municipality.

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    fulltext
  • 155.
    Björk, Melanie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Loukkareva, Marsella
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    The Good Tourist: En kvalitativ studie om svenska resenärers perspektiv på hållbar turism i sitt resande med all-inclusive konceptet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The tourism sector is one of the world's most comprehensive sectors, and it’s developing rapidly, assuming that international travel will increase significantly in the future. The fact that the tourism sector is growing and developing at such a rapid pace also means that the effects both positive and negative increase and will continue to increase. For a continued increase in tourism, a long-term, sustainable plan and development is required. Today, the concept of sustainable tourism is a well-used concept that involves three dimensions, the environmental dimension that protects and preserves the environment. The economic, to maintain a long time economic vitality and the social dimension that adress social justice. The term sustainable tourism is in line with the concept of sustainability that implies development for the future. Today there is many types of travel concept, one of them is all-inclusive which is a popular concept that is growing. The concept it is also criticized for that it does not promote sustainable tourism and development. This study examines Swedish travelers' views on sustainability on the all-inclusive concept. Based on a theoretical framework on the importance of sustainable tourism as well as research on the behavior of the tourist and by means of an empirical survey, the study can demonstrate whether there is awareness of the travelers about sustainability. The study shows empirical evidence that Swedish travelers are aware of sustainability and sustainable tourism, but they do not always act consciousness.

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    fulltext
  • 156.
    Björklund, Isabelle
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Wang, Anny
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Re-design av StretchFlex UF: Skapandet av en stärkande visuell profil åt StretchFlex UF2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the creation of a strengthening visual profile for StretchFlex UF. The project consists of an external as well as an internal part. The external part is on the order of the company StretchFlex. The company is created under the education concept by the name of Ung Företagsverksamhet (Young Entrepreneurship) and has passed on to the Swedish Championships in Young Entrepreneurship at the Stockholm International Fairs. Of that we have been commissioned to develop an updated logotype for the company, for the current does not keep proper quality according to the client. In excess of this, we also produced a folder that followed the company's visual profile. The internal part of the project is a enlargement of the degree project in which a re-design of StretchFlex's visual profile is done. It comprises the logotype, font, and color scheme, which then has been applied on a variety of different objects such as folders, posters, flyer, documents, envelopes, business cards and brand tags. These components are presented in the form of mock-ups. Deeper studies such as interview, persona and design method has been made with intent to reach the result that is presented at the end of the paper. These methods have been used to get a better understanding on how the visual profile can be strengthened.

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    fulltext
  • 157.
    Björkman, Johanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Kardebo, Julia
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Persson, Torill
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Att studera varumärken utifrån profil,image och identitet: En komparativ fallstudie av Tallink Silja AB och Viking Line AB2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    If a company is to differentiate itself on a competitive market, a unique concept is required. This helps the consumers regard the company’s products or services as reliable and satisfying. Brands are becoming increasingly important for the costumers engaged in the buying process. This is probably a reaction to the fact that a consumer act emotionally, rather than solely rationally, in a way to fulfil one self. The strength and value of a brand can be measured multiple ways. The main focus of this paper has been to examine two well-known brands in the Baltic cruise industry using the theoretical concepts of corporate profile, corporate image and corporate identity. If these concepts come together, the company brand can be regarded as strong and functional.

     

    The work in this essay was limited to investigating two cruising companies operating in and from Stockholm, Sweden; Tallink Silja AB and Viking Line AB. The paper aimed to explore the constituents of the brands, first separately and then compared to one another, in order to recognise similarities and differences between the two companies. We have furthermore studied customer loyalty as a way to reach a conclusion about the subject itself. The cruising industry is a growing sector of the tourism industry and therefore we found the subject both current and interesting to investigate. The investigation has been divided into several phases and different methods have been applied, since surveys, interviews and own observations of websites and commercial pictures, have all been a part of the empirical data gathering process. This in addition to the theoretical framework based on scientific articles and books covering the subject.

     

    In the concluding chapter we establish that the companies’ profiles, images’ and identities over all do match, and that the companies therefore both have strong brands. We don’t find this fact remarkable however since both companies have broad profiles. This means that even if the image among the customers is divided, a part of the image will always support the profiles since they are both covering a wide range of factors. The survey also showed that there is no big, apparent difference between the companies and even though the brand doesn’t seem to be of a great importance for the customers when choosing a cruising company, we as writers think this could be an effect of the complexity of the concept brand itself. However, we estimate that the importance of brands will grow bigger in the future since the cruise market is constantly changing and facing new obstacles/opportunities.

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    Varumärken
  • 158.
    Björnberg, Karin Edvardsson
    et al.
    KTH.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    KTH.
    Gilek, Michael
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Hansson, Sven Ove
    KTH.
    Climate and environmental science denial: A review of the scientific literature published in 1990–20152017In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 167, p. 229-241Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Denial of scientific findings is neither a new nor an unexplored phenomenon. In the area of environmental science and policy though, the research on denial has not been systematically summarized and analyzed. This article reviews 161 scientific articles on environmental and climate science denial published in peer reviewed international journals in the last 25 years and aims to both identify research gaps and enable learning on the phenomenon. Such knowledge is needed for the increasingly important task to provide effective response to science denial, in order to put an end to its influence on environmental policy making. The review, which is based on articles found in the databases Web of Science, Scopus and Philosopher's Index, shows that denial by far is most studied in relation to climate change, with a focus on Anglo-American countries, where this form of denial is most common. Other environmental issues and other geographical areas have received much less scientific attention. While the actors behind climate science denial, their various motives and the characteristics of their operations have been thoroughly described, more comparative research between issues and countries is needed in order to draw reliable conclusions about the factors explaining the peculiarities of denial. This may in turn lay the ground for developing and actually testing the effectiveness and efficiency of strategies to counter environmental science denial. Irrespective of the ambitions of environmental goals, science-based policies are always preferable. The scientific community therefore needs to increase its efforts to dismantle false claims and to disclose the schemes of denialists.

  • 159.
    Björninen, Evelina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology. Evelina Björninen.
    Chammas, Michael
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Marknadsföring i sociala medier bland skärgårdsföretag: En kvalitativ studie kring användning av sociala medier hos skärgårdsföretag inom projektet Archipelago Business Development2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden and Finland, the tourism industry has grown with an export value that is constantly increasing. However, this is mainly occurring in the big cities. From a decision of the Swedish government and the EU, a development project called Archipelago Business Development has emerged. The project has the task of strengthening digital investment in the archipelago. With consumers' access to social media and Word-of-mouth (WOM), companies should re-examine their marketing strategy. This study aims to investigate how companies in the archipelago social media in their marketing, and what pros and cons the companies experience. This is studied through qualitative interviews with project managers within ABD and companies in the archipelago from Finland and Sweden participating in the project. The results show that there are two general types of companies in the archipelago that use social media for marketing to varying degrees.

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    fulltext
  • 160.
    Blom, Eva-Lotta
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Kvarnemo, Charlotta
    University of Gothenburg.
    Dekhla, Isabelle
    University of Gothenburg.
    Schöld, Sofie
    University of Gothenburg.
    Andersson, Mathias H.
    Swedish Defence Research Agency.
    Svensson, Ola
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Mathematics Teaching. University of Gothenburg.
    Amorim, M Clara P
    ISPA-Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal / Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.
    Continuous but not intermittent noise has a negative impact on mating success in a marine fish with paternal care2019In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, no 1, article id 5494Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anthropogenic underwater noise is a global pollutant of increasing concern but its impact on reproduction in fish is largely unknown. Hence, a better understanding of its consequences for this important link to fitness is crucial. Working in aquaria, we experimentally tested the impact of broadband noise exposure (added either continuously or intermittently), compared to a control, on the behaviour and reproductive success of the common goby (Pomatoschistus microps), a vocal fish with exclusive paternal care. Compared to the intermittent noise and control treatments, the continuous noise treatment increased latency to female nest inspection and spawning and decreased spawning probability. In contrast, many other female and male pre-spawning behaviours, and female ventilation rate (proxies for stress levels) did not differ among treatments. Therefore, it is likely that female spawning decisions were delayed by a reduced ability to assess male acoustic signals, rather than due to stress per se and that the silent periods in the intermittent noise treatment provided a respite where the females could assess the males. Taken together, we show that noise (of similar frequency range as anthropogenic boat noise) negatively affects reproductive success, particularly under a continuous noise exposure.

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    Continuous but not intermittent noise has a negative impact on mating success in a marine fish with paternal care
  • 161.
    Blomberg, Victoria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Wolf, Julia
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Värna Vårda Visa!: Bevarandet av kulturarv och dess roll inom upplevelseturismen ur ett producentperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our essay revolves around the local history associations and the actors within it as part of the tourism sector. We have researched the driving-forces that these actors possess, their view on modernization and digitalization within the association. With this paper we also want to highlight that local history associations works as a cradle for our cultural heritage. These actors want the life of past times to go hand-in-hand with the digital lifestyle of modern times, which will contribute with historical knowledge for future generations.Furthermore,we discuss how these driving-forces are an important part of the balance between the conventional view on tourism from a management perspective, and the non-profit association’s psycho-social view. Our purpose is to define how local history works within tourism and how big of a role it has within the associations. We discuss different tools at hand and explore what driving-forces that get the actors to use digitalization in certain projects. The method of our essay is to use a theory as a framework for thestatements and arguments that are introduced in our empirical data. With the support of our theory and the results of the interviews, it is our hope to clarify the meaning of cultural heritage site tourism and how the actors work within it.We have used qualitative interviews to discuss the concept of heritage sites and to explain its meaning in a concrete way. We have met with elderly people and made it possible for them to share their memories from past times while also exploring their role within heritage site tourism. In this essay we described the heritage site through local history associations, where we analyze the underlying driving-forces behind the work of individual actors as they attempt to preserve the history of Sweden. This essay also presents the concept of interactive digital storytelling where technology functions as a tool that simplify development of the tourism product . As a conclusion our results show that the actors agreed upon that our history in terms of local history associations and heritage sites needs to be preserved, so that future generations do not lose the feeling of safety and a sense of belonging that comes from being part of a community in their local home environment. The cultural heritage site can be used as a tool to present knowledge to different generations through the means of digital development, the heritage sites can reach a wider audience in the future by presenting interactive modern day solutions.In our essay, we have also found that cultural heritage sites plays an important role in leisure tourism on many different levels through driving-forces of the individuals that offer their surrounding something memorable that will last for eternity.

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    Värna Vårda Visa!
  • 162.
    Blomquist, Felicia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Boström, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Tillsammans gör vi skillnad: En studie om hållbar turism från ett nordiskt, svenskt och regionalt perspektiv2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Scandinavia is in the currently a prominent participant in the world when it comes to sustainable development and sustainable tourism. Many efforts are made to improve the three dimensions, economically, socially and ecologically included in the concept of sustainability. This paper has the objective to investigate sustainable tourism and development from a Nordic, Swedish and regional perspective where Sigtuna is the focus on the regional level. This qualitative study shows examples of successful and less successful stakings made on those levels. Also how sustainable tourism development can be applied from a network perspective is the main aim. The Sigtuna sustainability network has shown strength through cooperation. Sweden as a nation has not shown the same strength, lacking coordination and that is something that should be developed and worked on in the future.

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    cuppsats
  • 163.
    Blomqvist, Anja
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Jag har inte tid att spela tevespel: En kvalitativ studie om icke-spelares syn på digitalt spelande2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores possible contributing factors to why some people don’t engage in playing digital games. The purpose of this paper is to gain a deeper understanding of why they don’t participate in this activity. The objective was to examine the social aspect, the time facet and the technical requirement of mastery as hindering barriers. A strategic selection of eight participants was made in Stockholm between October 2015 and November 2015. Focus group discussion was chosen for its potential to get a rich data set and to get answers to questions that the respondents had no way to prepare answers to. Three follow-up individual interviews were carried out a few weeks later to get access to a more personal and insightful material. The focus group discussion lasted two hours and the individual interviews for approximately 30–60 minutes; and painstaking transcriptions began the day after the focus group conversation had taken place, and after each and every interview had been conducted.

    The empirical thematic analysis resulted in four themes that show that many different factors may interact and result in peoples disinterest in playing digital games. Communications limitations in various forms have an impact, as well as the social sphere, and that many games provide an insufficient feeling that reflects the physical reality. Gaming is also perceived as unhealthy, and a waste of time if it does not occur within a limited frame. The meaning of performance in this context, as well as negative feelings about failures and the time that must be devoted to be able to master gaming is also hampering the motivational efforts to play. And when the respondents state that they do not have time to play digital games, this can be considered synonymous with the view that a different activity, they could devote themselves to instead, is more meaningful in their life-world.

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    KvalitativSpelstudie
  • 164.
    Blomqvist Ankarberg, Victor
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Hillberg, Rasmus
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Scenografi, min käre Watson!: En studie i scenografiska teknikers påverkan på spelare2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores Environmental Storytelling techniques and whether these can beused in combination with each other to lead a player through a game scene in aspecific pattern, affect the player’s narrative and exploratory view and explorewhether Self-paced Exploration can be combined with these techniques.It is a qualitative study conducted by six gaming sessions with accompanyinginterviews in which six people get to play one of three versions of the same gamescene. The only differences between the scenes are the different guidance techniquesused. The informants' movement patterns are identified and interviews recorded byaudio, as well as screen recording. The results shows that Environmental Storytellingtechniques can very well be used to control the player's exploration patterns, bothnarratively and navigation purposes and Self-paced Exploration can be utilized to agreater efficiency in combination with these.

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    Scenografi, min käre Watson!
  • 165.
    Bohman, Niclas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Stinson, Kimberly
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    The Effects of Peripheral Use on Video Game Play2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fourteen volunteers were asked to participate in an experiment, along with answering a survey, toevaluate the performance of three peripherals: the Xbox 360 Wired Controller, a keyboard, and theRock Band Fender Stratocaster Wired Guitar Controller. The participants played a prototype madein Unity, and their accuracy scores were analyzed in R using ANOVA. However, no significantquantifiable difference was found based on which peripheral was being used. The scores were alsoanalyzed using Pearson's Product-Moment correlation, and we were able to determine that thevariation in accuracy scores was directly linked to the participant's specific test run in theexperiment. Taking this into consideration along with results of our observational data andparticipant feedback, we found that there were more factors at play, in regards to playability andaccuracy, than just the input device itself. The learning effect of repetitive play of the prototype andinput devices, the control input scheme, and the participant's chosen peripheral manipulationmethod all had an impact.

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    fulltext
  • 166.
    Bolinder, K.
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Norbäck Ivarsson, Lena
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Humphreys, A. M.
    Stockholm University / Imperial College London, UK.
    Ickert-Bond, S. M.
    University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK, USA / Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.
    Han, F.
    China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China.
    Hoorn, C.
    University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Rydin, C.
    Stockholm University.
    Pollen morphology of Ephedra (Gnetales) and its evolutionary implications2016In: Grana, ISSN 0017-3134, E-ISSN 1651-2049, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 24-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Ephedra lineage can be traced at least to the Early Cretaceous. Its characteristically polyplicate pollen is well-represented in the fossil record and is frequently used as an indicator of paleoclimate. However, despite previous efforts, knowledge about variation and evolution of ephedroid pollen traits is poor. Here, we document pollen morphology of nearly all extant species of Ephedra, using a combination of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and light microscopy (LM), and reconstruct ancestral states of key pollen traits. Our results indicate that the ancestral Ephedra pollen type has numerous plicae interspaced by unbranched pseudosulci, while the derived pollen type has branched pseudosulci and (generally) fewer plicae. The derived type is inferred to have evolved independently twice, once along the North American stem branch and once along the Asian stem branch. Pollen of the ancestral type is common in Mesozoic fossil records, especially from the Early Cretaceous, but it is less commonly reported from the Cenozoic. The earliest documentation of the derived pollen type is from the latest Cretaceous, after which it increases strongly in abundance during the Paleogene. The results of the present study have implications for the age of crown group Ephedra as well as for understanding evolution of pollination syndromes in the genus.

  • 167.
    Bonca, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Udovc, Andrej
    University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Rodela, Romina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    A social marketing perspective on road freight transportation of fresh fruits and vegetables: a Slovene case2017In: Ekonomska Istrazivanja, ISSN 1331-677X, E-ISSN 1848-9664, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 1132-1151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the large increase in transportation over the last decades and the associated negative impacts upon the environment and society, a more sustainable use of transport is a crucial policy issue. This analysis focuses on road freight transport of selected produce (carrots, cabbage, apples and pears) with the aim to appraise the sustainability of road freight transport of these for the Slovene market. To this end, we take into account self-sufficiency, import and export features, transport needs, produce origin and prices differences between domestic and non-domestic produce. The method used for obtaining transported quantities, exported from and imported to the county, was material flow accounts (MFA). Then we undertook an analysis of sustainability of road transport of produce where we considered the country's transport needs. The study finds that road freight transport for selected produce is not sustainable. Recognising the normative dimensions of sustainability, the role of social marketing in this context is explored and suggestions on how to promote more sustainable transport solutions advanced.

  • 168.
    Bonow, Johan M.
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Geography. Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Japsen, Peter
    Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Nielsen, Troels F. D.
    Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), Copenhagen, Denmark.
    High-level landscapes along the margin of southern East Greenland-A record of tectonic uplift and incision after breakup in the NE Atlantic2014In: Global and Planetary Change, ISSN 0921-8181, E-ISSN 1872-6364, Vol. 116, p. 10-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Elevated plateaux and deeply incised valleys characterise the large-scale landscapes along the East Greenland margin as in many elevated, passive continental margins around the world. The absence of syn- or post-rift rocks in, for example, the mountains of Norway, hampers the assessment of the age of these landscapes and of the present-day elevation. The mountains of southern East Greenland (68-71°N), however, expose thick basalts that were extruded onto a largely horizontal lava plain near sea level during breakup of the NE Atlantic at the Paleocene-Eocene transition. We take advantage of these favourable geological conditions to investigate the uplift history after continental breakup. In particular, it is clear that present-day elevations of these basalts up to 3.7. km above sea level (a.s.l.) were reached after breakup. We have mapped regional erosion surfaces and integrated the information about the landscape with the stratigraphic record (i.e. stratigraphic landscape analysis). The analysis led to the following relative denudation chronology for southern East Greenland: At breakup, the margin subsided and underwent km-scale burial. Around the Eocene-Oligocene transition, the first phase of uplift, tilting and subsequent erosion led to the formation of an extensive, low-relief erosion surface (the Upper Planation Surface, UPS) that was graded towards the base level of the adjacent ocean before the eruption of Miocene lavas onto that surface. A second uplift that most likely occurred after the Miocene produced a new erosion surface (the Lower Planation Surface, LPS) by incision below the UPS. Finally, a third event in the late Cenozoic lifted the UPS and the LPS to their present elevations of up to 3 and 2. km. a.s.l., respectively and shaped the present-day valleys and fjords by incision of rivers and glaciers below the LPS. The general picture of landscape development is highly similar to West Greenland and the common characteristics between the stepped landscapes in East Greenland and those on the conjugate margin in Scandinavia lead us to conclude that the mountains of Norway also formed after the North Atlantic breakup.

  • 169.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Conflict or convergence?: Products of origin. An analysis of the Swedish case of Baltic Sea fish2013In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. VI, no 3-4, p. 48-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In response to the contemporary globalization ofthe economy, food markets are shifting toward differentiation of services and products based on theunique qualities and attributes of the products. Aparadigm called the “quality turn” corresponds to the increasing variety of food services. “Alternative foods”,including organic products or products qualified bytheir origin, and new methods of marketing the sefoods (farmer’s markets, local contracts, etc.) are developingthrough the mainstreaming of innovation. Protected designation of origin (PDO) is a certificationscheme that certifies products by their origin, and is one of several important tools to strengthen the competitiveness of rural areas, especially for smallscalefood processing in rural and less-developed areas in Europe. A PDO provides groups of producers with protection against unfair competition for products whose unique sensory characteristics essentially depend on the local geographic and cultural conditions as well as the local know-how of the productionsite. A PDO certification informs consumers that the product quality and its value depend on the geographic origin of the product. Despite the potential value of PDOs for producers, their use is unevenly distributed throughout the EU. The organization of the qualitycertification systems and corresponding legal provisions vary between countries. France, Italy, and Spainare models for the development of the PDO schemeand have more than 800 PDO-certified products. However, countries such as Sweden, Finland, andDenmark have a much smaller number of products that are certified. In Sweden, several products have applied for a PDO, but only one, Kalix Löjrom, has been certified under the scheme. The reason for this failure is mainly that Sweden’s current customs do not correspond to the rules and traditions used to createthe PDO scheme. To increase the likelihood of successfully obtaining PDOs, Sweden should work to reinvent local knowledge and local food and to recover its traditional food culture.

  • 170.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Modern gethållning och getostproduktion2017In: Geten i Sverige: Kulturhistoriska och samtida perspektiv / [ed] Katharina Leibring och Ingvar Svanberg, Uppsala: Institutet för språk och folkminnen , 2017, p. 135-152Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    This article discusses the re-emergence and modernisation of traditional goat cheese production in Sweden, in particular in the northern county of Jämtland. The data have been gathered through fieldwork and interviews with goat farmers, authorities and others involved in the production of goat cheese. As early as the 1970s, a number of initiatives were taken to formalise the productive activities of this sector and to improve product quality. The most important project was the launch of the cooperative Jämtspira at the beginning of the 1980s. In contrast to other Swedish cooperatives, this organisation involved its members in developing a common trademark and a standardised product range, undertaking joint marketing efforts, and finding creative solutions to infrastructure problems. Jämtland was strengthened and modernised, largely owing to the active part played by regional authorities in this process. The national artisan centre Eldrimner, which became a hub for small-scale food production, is another important institution that has strengthened local knowledge and taught cheesemaking skills to new goat farmers from all over Sweden. Although many obstacles have been removed and the sector has found successful solutions to strategic issues relating to product development and marketing, there are still significant structural shortcomings that could reduce profitability and endanger the future development of the sector. 

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  • 171.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Strategies to promote local food production and rural development: the case of Jämtland cheese2014In: Food and Rurality in Europe: Economy, Environment and Insitutions in Contemporary Rural Europe / [ed] Paulina Rytkönen, Huddinge: COMREC, Södertörns Högskola , 2014, p. 129-156Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 172.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Swedish fishing in the wake of ITQ2017In: Fisheries, Quota, Management and Quota Transfer: Rationalization through Bio-economics / [ed] Gordon M. Winder, Switzerland: Springer, 2017, p. 141-158Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 173.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Cios, Stanislaw
    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Warsaw, Poland.
    Svanberg, Ingvar
    Uppsala universitet.
    Fishponds in teh Baltic States: Historical Cyprinid Culture in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania2016In: Historical Aquaculture in Northern Europe / [ed] M. Bonow; H. Olsén; I. Svanberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016, p. 139-156Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 174.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Gröntoft, Magnus
    Jordbruksverket.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    Linköpings universitet.
    Lindberg, Markus
    Sankta Birgitta klostermuseum.
    Inledning2016In: Biskop Brasks måltider: svensk mat mellan medeltid och renässans / [ed] Madeleine Bonow, Magnus Gröntoft, Sofia Gustafsson, Markus Lindberg, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlantis, 2016, p. 9-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 175.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Hammer, Monica
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Petersson, Mona
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Hästföretagande i storstadens närhet2017In: Genus och företagande / [ed] Madeleine Bonow, Paulina Rytkönen, Svenska sällskapet för antropologi och geografi , 2017, p. 159-182Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För 150 år sedan bodde större delen av Sveriges befolkning på landsbygden och var sysselsatta i primärnäringarna, men under de senaste 120 åren har den svenska landsbygden genomgått en kraftfull strukturomvandling. idag är det endast 15% av Sveriges befolkning som bor utanför någon av Sveriges tätorter. Det vill säga 85% av befolkningen bor på 1,3 procent av landarealen och ytterst få är sysselsatta i de gröna näringarna. Den pågående omstruktureringen av lantbruket innebär att många av de mindre gårdarna läggs ned och blir fritidshus eller hästgårdar. Samtidigt som nötkreaturen minskar i antal ökar antalet hästar och Sverige har blivit ett av de hästtätaste länderna i Europa.

    Ungefär en halv miljon svenskar rider regelbundet och närmare en tredjedel av alla invånare i Sverige har på något sätt kontakt med hästar och de olika verksamheter som de ger upphov till. Denna ökning av sporthästar är särskilt märkbar i tätortsnära områden. I Stockholm och Uppsala län finns omkring 44 000 hästar och ca 78% av dessa finns i urbana eller tätortsnära områden. Hästarna har till viss del blivit landsbygdens räddning. hästar behöver mat, husrum och livsutrymme, vilket har skapat en välkommen extra inkomstkälla för lantbruket. Det är relativt vanligt att lantbrukare producerar och säljer hästfoder eller hyr ut stallplatser. Enligt lantbrukarnas Riksförbund, är hästnäringen den femte största inkomstkällan för jordbruket.  Hästen är även på andra sätt en viktig resurs i arbetet med att utveckla nya former för jordbruksföretagande och bidra till en levande landsbygd. Det ökande antalet hästar medför mer arbete för veterinärer, hovslagare och tränare/instruktörer. Dessutom växer det fram nya yrkesgrupper med specialinriktning mot hästar. Syftet med den här studien är att belysa kvinnliga hästföretagares syn på tätortsnära hästverksamheter och diskutera svårigheter och möjligheter för utvecklingen av hästnäringen med fokus på Stockholm- och Uppsalaområdet.

  • 176.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Normark, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Community gardening in Stockholm: participation, driving forces and the role of the municipality2018In: Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, ISSN 1742-1705, E-ISSN 1742-1713, Vol. 33, no 6, p. 503-507Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper reports on a study of community gardening in Stockholm. We contribute to the body of knowledge about the sustainability of community gardens and this new form of citizen-led initiatives in Stockholm, with the ambition of creating a debate about the best way to sustain and develop these initiatives in Sweden. We argue that although community gardening may provide leverage for means of developing a sustainable city, it is a marginal phenomenon and contributes little to sustainable development its present form. Through interviews we have investigated how the citizens and municipality officers of Stockholm try to adapt to the renewed interest in community gardening by looking at the policy makers’, municipality officers’ and grassroots movements’ incentives to start community gardens. We specifically focus on how the community gardeners articulate their reasons for participating in collaborative initiatives in the city and how these expectations evolve when they are faced with the reality of gardening and the problems relating to producing food in the city. We have found that there are a growing number of citizens and local authorities advocating community gardening, but the sustainability and endurance of gardens are hampered by vague responsibilities, lack of leadership and unclear expectations of the outcome. Community gardening cases in Stockholm contribute to the debate by exemplifying how formal (e.g. policy making) and informal advocacy (e.g. civic engagement in community gardening) groups are collaborating, but also showing that they often have different agendas and initial motivations for setting up new gardens. We argue that uncritical enthusiasm results in an overly instrumental approach to governance of community gardening and that the sustainability and endurance of the community gardening is not an issue that the governing bodies plan for, and hence it is forgotten. We suggest some routes forward, involving employing facilitators from various stakeholders such as the municipality, housing companies and various NGOs.

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  • 177.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Normark, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Urban Community Gardens’ Contribution to the New Rurality: An Example from Stockholm (Sweden)2016In: Challenges for the New Rurality in a Changing World: Proceedings from the 7th International Conference on Localized Agri-Food Systems: 8-10 May 2016, Södertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden / [ed] Paulina Rytkönen & Ursula Hård, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016, p. 37-38Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the global North, there has been a considerable renewed interest for urban agriculture (UA) as a means to re-localize food systems by shortening food supply chains. This can be done by local food initiatives, such as community gardens. This paper is iscussing community gardens in Stockholm. We have choose to look at community gardens under the lens of neoliberal governmentality. Material has been gathered through participatory attendants on meetings, interviews and surveys. The results show that in Stockholm one can to some extent see urban gardening practices as agents of counter-neoliberal urban transformation. But also as an expression of the new rurality were the citizens desire to shorten the food chain and re connect with their food and to create new food regimes.

  • 178.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Olsén, HåkanSödertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Biology.Svanberg, IngvarUppsala universitet.
    Historical Aquaculture in Northern Europe2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How were fishponds introduced, farmed and spread in Scandinavia and the Baltic Region in early modern times? What was their economic, social and religious importance? Which fish species were significant and why?

    This book uncovers a long, now broken, tradition that barely left traces in the written record or physical environment. Its broad and multidisciplinary scope highlights the situation from medieval times until the late nineteenth century. Besides Scandinavia and the Baltic States, insights from England are also introduced.

    Several socio-cultural domains have been identified: late medieval monastic fishponds; late medieval aristocratic fishponds associated with castles and manors; seventeenth and eighteenth century ponds rectory ponds as well as urban ponds from the seventeenth century to the nineteenth century.

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  • 179.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Rytkönen, PaulinaSödertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Genus och företagande2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on gender and entrepreneurship, is a broad field of research developed in the intersection between theories about entrepreneurship and gender and feminist theory. Within this research field labor, family and the state are the key elements. The gender perspective is one of society's most important organizing principles and entrepreneurship is seen as important for promoting growth, creating jobs, etc. The study of gender and entrepreneurship in combination is therefore important to understand the forces that shape our history, our present and our future.

    This book is the result of a workshop organized by the Research Center Enter Forum, at Södertörn University in December 2015. The theme of the workshop was Policy, Entrepreneurship and Gender. Starting from a gender perspective, the papers presented analyzed how economic development and social processes has led to the emergence of new industries, and how technology and policy in cooperation may outcrowd women’s participation in certain industries. Additional topics are the impact of gender on firms ability to survive in the long term; How women entrepreneurs see women in business; How social entrepreneurship can be the catalyst for women's rights; And the the challenges and opportunities of female equine entrepreneurs in urban businesses encounter in their daily activities

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  • 180.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Meal Sciences.
    Kalixlöjom - an institutional analysis of the application and implementation of Sweden's first PDO2013In: Spanish Journal of Rural Development, ISSN 2171-1216, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 59-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use and implementation of Geographical Indications (GI) is a wellestablished practice in most EU countries. Previous studies show thatthe use of PDOs and PGIs is directly related to previous experiencesas well as the relative importance of the agro-food sector in a country'seconomy. In the case of Sweden, the agro-food sector has beenoriented towards continuous structural rationalization since at least the1930's. However, the transformation pressure exerted by a risingcompetitive level in the market, that emanates both from global aswell as regional European sources led to the adoption of newstrategies. These strategies entail the on-farm elaboration of farmproduce, the diversification of activities as well as the use ofcertification schemes. In the case of Kalixlöjrom, the strategy selectedwas the adoption of a PDO, as a way of entering a valorisation processfor export purposes as well as defending the product against dislojalcompetition of products with less quality. As this is the firstexperience with a PDO in Sweden, the case of Kalixlöjrom caviaroffers a rare opportunity to understand the actual problems inimplementing a policy tool developed by Southern European countriesin a country like Sweden. Thus the article highlights the institutionaland structural shortcomings discovered in this process and offers newknowledge and reflections valuable for the future adaptation andimplementation of previously unknown policy instruments

  • 181.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Meal Sciences. Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Geography.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Meal Sciences.
    Platsen som varumärke2013In: Från matproduktion till gastronomi / [ed] Paulina Rytkönen, Madeleine Bonow, Per Wramner, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2013, p. 61-75Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 182.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Meal Sciences. Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Geography.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Meal Sciences.
    Platsen som varumärke2013In: Entreprenörskap och varumärken / [ed] Mats Larsson, Mikael Lönnborg & Karin Winroth, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2013, p. 217-235Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 183.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Meal Sciences.
    Small-scale farm dairies in Jämtland: Ancient practices in modern forms2013In: The return of traditional food: proceedings of the 19th International Ethnological Food Research Conference, Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences, Lund University, Sweden, 15-18 August, 2012 / [ed] Patricia Lysaght, Lund: Lund university , 2013, p. 81-92Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 184.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Svanberg, Ingvar
    Förvarings- och odlingsdammar: Fiskdammar i det senmedeltida och tidigmoderna Västergötland2018In: Speglingar av vatten / [ed] Anna Lokrantz, Skara: Västergötlands fornminnesförening , 2018, p. 51-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 185.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Svanberg, Ingvar
    Uppsala universitet.
    Historical Pond-Breeding of Cyprinids in Sweden and Finland2016In: Historical Aquaculture in Northern Europe / [ed] M. Bonow; H. Olsén; I. Svanberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016, p. 89-119Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 186.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Meal Sciences. Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Geography.
    Svanberg, Ingvar
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Biology.
    Karpfiskarnas tillbakagång i svenskt kosthåll2013In: Från matproduktion till gastronomi / [ed] Paulina Rytkönen, Madeleine Bonow, Per Wramner, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2013, p. 91-114Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 187.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Svanberg, Ingvar
    Institutionen för rysslandsstudier Uppsala universitet.
    Monastiska fiskdammar i det senmedeltida Sverige2016In: Biskop Brasks måltider: svensk mat mellan medeltid och renässans / [ed] Madeleine Bonow, Magnus Gröntoft, Sofia Gustafsson, Markus Lindberg, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlantis, 2016, p. 266-284Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 188.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Svanberg, Ingvar
    Institutionen för rysslandsstudier Uppsala universitet.
    "Rudor finnas öfverflödigt": Fiskdammar vid svenska prästgårdar på 1600- och 1700-talet2013In: Saga och sed: Kungl. Gustav Adolfs Akademiens årsbok, ISSN 0586-5360Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 189.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Svanberg, Ingvar
    Institutionen för rysslandsstudier Uppsala universitet.
    Urban Ponds for Breeding Medicinal Leeches (Hirudo medicinalis Linnaeus, 1758) in Sweden2017In: Meta H : historiskarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 2002-0406, p. 63-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Leeches and their medicinal applications are well-studied in history. In Scandinavia the use of medicinal leeches for therapy is mentioned already by Olaus Magnus in his Historia de gentibus septentrionalibus (1555). Carl Linnaeus named the species Hirudo medicinalis. In the 1760s leeches became widely accepted as a medicament and the demand increased, not only in Sweden but all over Europe. By the 1830s around 50 million leeches were employed in hospitals every year causing a shortage of leeches all over Europe. However, the species is rare in Scandinavia. In Sweden medicinal leeches have been harvested in the southern part of the country. The local occurrence did not cover the large demand and imported leeches had to be used. In the nineteenth century, over-exploitation reduced many local populations and breeding medicinal leeches in ponds became a concern for authorities in many countries. Several farms for breeding leeches in ponds were also founded in rural and urban settings. We know very little about them, but toponyms serve to remind us of such ponds. This article aims to shed some light on the forgotten practice of breeding medicinal leeches in urban ponds in Sweden.

  • 190.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Svanberg, Ingvar
    Institutionen för rysslandsstudier Uppsala universitet.
    Urbana fiskdammar i 1600 och 1700-talets Sverige: strödda notiser om akvakultur i stadsmiljö2014In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, Vol. 97, no 4, p. 215-222Article in journal (Refereed)
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    Urbana fiskdamar
  • 191.
    Borg Gyllenbäck, Ossian
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    The Visual Conveyance of Narrative: From A Cognitive Perspective2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study aims to explore, from a cognitive perspective, the influence visuals have on conveying the game's narrative and how this engages the player. The focus being to further the understanding of how both visuals and narrative affect the overall experience. Motivated by the underrepresentation of visuals and narrative studies within game research. At the centre of the study is a thematic analysis of qualitative data collected from face to face interviews in a home and school environment, where players shared memorable moments experienced while playing a game. The interviews were complemented by data from popular forums, with the same focus. Helping the analysis of the data were cognitive theories into how our minds process and interpret information, an analysis which resulted in five main themes with corresponding code, which represented what appeared central for the creation of the memorable moment. There were, however, always more than one element within the game which provided and engaged the player in the narrative construction of the memorable moment, which served to highlight the importance of considering all aspects of the design, as all affected our meaning making. Central to engaging the player's narrative construction was the intrinsic motivation of curiosity, in tangent with our desire to learn. Exactly how different visuals elements affected the player's narrative construction did not become apparent during the analysis, as a fine line existed between what element provided for different memorable moments. Most notably was that all of the themes and codes could be tied back to engagement, as all of them served to engage the player's meaning making. A discovery that in turn, lead to the creation of a framework for future studies, which, while supported by cognitive theories, aims to enable the discovery of what and how different aspects engage the player in the experience.

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  • 192. Borggren, Clara
    et al.
    Moberg, Åsa
    Räsänen, Minna
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology. KTH.
    Finnveden, Göran
    Business meetings at a distance - decreasing greenhouse gas emissions and cumulative energy demand?2013In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 41, p. 126-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transportation, or rather access, is a major challenge in relation to achieving environmental goals and in striving for sustainable development. One potential means suggested to decrease the environmental impact related to accessibility is mediated meetings. However, few studies have quantified the potential environmental impacts with a life cycle perspective. With inspiration from a project involving four major Swedish media companies experiencing an increasing need for business travel and decreasing resources, this study assessed the potential greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and cumulative energy demand (CED) related to different types of business meetings, using a life cycle perspective. The potential consequences for emissions of GHG and CED in two hypothetical companies introducing mediated meetings were also assessed. The results indicated that mediated meetings using personal computers can reduce GHG emissions and CED per meeting and that more advanced mediated solutions are preferable to meetings which require travel, if the equipment is frequently used to replace travel. However, advanced technology that is under-used may give similar or higher GHG emissions and CED than meetings traveled to by train. All mediated meeting alternatives studied here had lower GHG emissions and CED than meetings which required travel by plane or car. LCD screen manufacture contributed the main environmental impact of mediated meetings, but the meeting rooms needed, electricity use for equipment and internet use for data transmission were also important in some cases. As LCD screen manufacture and internet energy use were main issues and as the data on these issues are uncertain, they should be further assessed+ and updated in future studies. Introduction of mediated meetings in companies and organizations should involve a thorough consideration of needs and possible solutions to achieve the best possible environmental benefits through efficient use and replacement of travel. (c) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 193.
    Bosma, R. H.
    et al.
    Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, Netherlands.
    Ha, T. T. P.
    Can Tho University, Can Tho, Vietnam.
    Hiep, T. Q.
    Can Tho University, Can Tho, Vietnam.
    Phuong, N. T. H.
    Can Tho University, Can Tho, Vietnam.
    Ligtenberg, A.
    Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, Netherlands.
    Rodela, Romina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Bregt, A. K.
    Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, Netherlands.
    Changing opinion, knowledge, skill and behaviour of Vietnamese shrimp farmers by using serious board games2020In: The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, ISSN 1389-224X, E-ISSN 1750-8622, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 203-221Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Mekong Delta's shrimp farming contributes to socio-economic development but tends to reduce the mangrove area. On the one hand, NGOs advocate balancing ecology and economy, while on the other hand, the Vietnamese government supports intensifying shrimp production. The latter strategy increases shrimp diseases and marginalises smallholders. To influence the opinions, knowledge and behaviour of shrimp farmers, we developed and tested a serious board game. Approach: Through several iterations, we designed a realistic board game mimicking local shrimp farming. Then, after conducting three sessions of gameplay with farmers in three sites, we assessed how this gameplay influenced players. We used a semi-experimental set-up by collecting data on the day of the gameplay, and on two further time-points. Findings: After the gameplays, farmers reported to have learned about the risks of monoculture-intensive-shrimp system and the advantages of hybrid systems. Likert ratings showed that players adopted innovations faster and, in case of shrimp diseases, consulted commercial service-providers less, but with other farmers more. They confirmed to have learned that the best strategy for them would be to adopt hybrid systems, i.e. intensify part of the area of mixed-mangrove or improved-extensive shrimp farms. Theoretical implications: Realistic board games can create opportunities for social learning and training of groups which are not always easy to reach. Practical implications: Board games can support transfer of knowledge and skills to farmers, and can develop their critical thinking. Creation: The findings that board games are effective in the context of a top-down extension systems offer value opportunities.

  • 194.
    Boss, John
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies. Karolinska Institute.
    Liedvogel, Miriam
    Lund University / Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Plön, Germany.
    Lundberg, Max
    Lund University.
    Olsson, Peter
    Lund University.
    Reischke, Nils
    Lund University.
    Naurin, Sara
    Lund University.
    Åkesson, Susanne
    Lund University.
    Hasselquist, Dennis
    Lund University.
    Wright, Anthony
    Karolinska Institute.
    Grahn, Mats
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Biology.
    Bensch, Staffan
    Lund University.
    Gene expression in the brain of a migratory songbird during breeding and migration2016In: Movement Ecology, E-ISSN 2051-3933, Vol. 4, article id 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: We still have limited knowledge about the underlying genetic mechanisms that enable migrating species of birds to navigate the globe. Here we make an attempt to get insight into the genetic architecture controlling this complex innate behaviour. We contrast the gene expression profiles of two closely related songbird subspecies with divergent migratory phenotypes. In addition to comparing differences in migratory strategy we include a temporal component and contrast patterns between breeding adults and autumn migrating juvenile birds of both subspecies. The two willow warbler subspecies, Phylloscopus trochilus trochilus and P. t. acredula, are remarkably similar both in phenotype and genotype and have a narrow contact zone in central Scandinavia. Here we used a microarray gene chip representing 23,136 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from the zebra finch Taeniopygia guttata to identify mRNA level differences in willow warbler brain tissue in relation to subspecies and season.

    RESULTS: Out of the 22,109 EST probe sets that remained after filtering poorly binding probes, we found 11,898 (51.8 %) probe sets that could be reliably and uniquely matched to a total of 6,758 orthologous zebra finch genes. The two subspecies showed very similar levels of gene expression with less than 0.1 % of the probe sets being significantly differentially expressed. In contrast, 3,045 (13.8 %) probe sets were found to be differently regulated between samples collected from breeding adults and autumn migrating juvenile birds. The genes found to be differentially expressed between seasons appeared to be enriched for functional roles in neuronal firing and neuronal synapse formation.

    CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that only few genes are differentially expressed between the subspecies. This suggests that the different migration strategies of the subspecies might be governed by few genes, or that the expression patterns of those genes are time-structured or tissue-specific in ways, which our approach fails to uncover. Our findings will be useful in the planning of new experiments designed to unravel the genes involved in the migratory program of birds.

  • 195.
    Boström, Magnus
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Gilek, Michael
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Hedenström, Eva
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    How to achieve sustainable procurement for “peripheral” products with significant environmental impacts2015In: Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy, ISSN 1548-7733, E-ISSN 1548-7733, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 21-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Departing from previous theoretical and empirical studies on sustainable supply-chain management, we investigate organizational commitment (drivers and motivations) and capabilities (resources, structures, and policy instruments) in sustainable procurement of “noncore” products. By focusing on chemicals in textiles, the article explores the activi-ties of differently sized organizations and discusses the potentials and limitations of sustainable procurement measures. The study is based on a qualitative and comparative approach, with empirical findings from 26 case stud-ies of Swedish public and private procurement organizations. These organizations operate in the sectors of hotels/ conference venues, transport, cinema, interior design, and hospitals/daycare. While this work demonstrates major challenges for buyers to take into account peripheral items in sustainable procurement, it also identifies constructive measures for moving forward. A general sustainability/environmental focus can, as an effect, spill over to areas per-ceived as peripheral. © 2014 Boström et al.

  • 196.
    Boström, Magnus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Örebro universitet.
    Gilek, Michael
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    IKEA and the Responsible Governance of Supply Chains: IKEA’s work on chemicals in textiles2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report focuses on IKEA’s management and communication surrounding sustainability in general and chemical risks specifically. IKEA’s work is analysed in relation to theoretical concepts around responsibility, supply chain, and governance . The report focuses on IKEA’s visions and organizational structures, its policy instruments to deal with chemical risks, supplier-relations and communication and learning. The study is based on previous scholarly literature, analyses of relevant documents, a field visit at a few of IKEA’s suppliers in southern India, as well as interviews with staff working at IKEA in Sweden. The report focuses on IKEA’s systems and processes for dealing with chemical risks, and not on the implementation of such measures in quantitative terms.

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    IKEA and the Responsible Governance of Supply Chains: IKEA’s work on chemicals in textiles
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  • 197.
    Boström, Magnus
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Grönholm, Sam
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Hassler, Björn
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    The Ecosystem Approach to Management in Baltic Sea Governance: Towards Increased Reflexivity?2016In: Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea / [ed] Michael Gilek, Mikael Karlsson, Sebastian Linke, Katarzyna Smolarz, Springer, 2016, 1, p. 149-172Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyses the governance structures linked to the marine environment of the Baltic Sea. The purpose is to assess whether current developments of the governance structures have a potential to take into account requirements of an Ecosystem Approach to Management (EAM). We use the concept of reflexive governance to understand key components and weaknesses in contemporary governance modes, as well as to elaborate on possible pathways towards a governance mode more aligned with EAM. The reflexive governance framework highlights three elements: (1) acknowledgement of uncertainty and ambiguity; (2) a holistic approach in terms of scales, sectors and actors; and (3) acknowledgement of path dependency and incremental policy-making. Our analysis is based on a comparative case study approach, including analysis of the governance in five environmental risk areas: chemical pollution, overfishing, eutrophication, invasive alien species and pollution from shipping. The chapter highlights an existing governance mode that is ill-equipped to deal with the complexity of environmental problems in a holistic manner, with systematic attention to uncertainty, plurality of values, ambiguity and limited knowledge, while also pointing at important recent cognitive and institutional developments that can favour pathways towards reflexive governance and consequently EAM.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 198.
    Boström, Magnus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Rabe, Linn
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Rodela, Romina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Environmental Non-Governmental Organizations and Transnational Collaboration in Two Regional Contexts: The Baltic Sea and Adriatic Sea Region2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 199.
    Boström, Magnus
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Rabe, Linn
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Rodela, Romina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Environmental non-governmental organizations and transnational collaboration: The Baltic Sea and Adriatic-Ionian Sea regions2015In: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 24, no 5, p. 762-787Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies of environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGO) have primarily taken place within a nation-state perspective without considering multiple levels of politics and governance. Because environmental problems are usually cross-border phenomena, environmental movements must develop transnational features to play constructive roles in politics and governance. This study contributes to the theorizing and study of transnationalization of ENGOs by illuminating the different regional conditions for this process. The conditions for ENGOs to develop transnational collaboration are explored by comparing ENGOs from six countries in two macro-regions: Sweden, Germany, and Poland in the Baltic Sea region, and Italy, Slovenia, and Croatia in the Adriatic-Ionian Sea region. Grounded in the literatures on social movement theory and ENGO transnationalization, the study identifies how different national, macro-regional, and European institutional structures shape the conditions under which ENGOs develop cross-border collaborations, and demonstrate the importance of long-term and dynamic interplay between processes that occur at the domestic and transnational levels.

  • 200. Boström, Magnus
    et al.
    Rodela, Romina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Developing Capacities for Sustained Transnational Environmental Activism2014In: Facing an unequal world: Challenges for global sociology: Book of abstracts, Yokohama, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most environmental problems are extremely long term and have cross-border implications. For environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOs) to achieve significant impact on environmental governance cross-border and sustained activities are required. The purpose of the paper is to identify key barriers and possible pathways to develop sustained and transnationalenvironmental activism among ENGOs operating in strikingly different political contexts.  

    Our analysis is based on qualitative methodology and empirical analyses of ENGOs in six countries (Sweden, Germany, Poland, Italy, Slovenia and Croatia) and two regional contexts, the Baltic Sea and the Adriatic Sea regions. The study is based on document analyses and semi-structured interviews with representatives from 4-6 key ENGOs in each country. The theoretical framework departs primarily from social movement theory.

    The paper reveals intriguing similarities and differences between the countries regarding ENGOs' abilities to develop sustained and cross-border activism. We pay particular attention to differences in opportunity structures for resource mobilization. The last decades, the European Union (EU) has emerged as a key opportunity structure that in various ways facilitate cross-border collaboration and capacity building among ENGOs, particularly in Central and Eastern European (CEE) Countries. However, the EU also considerably shapes the conditions for ENGOs to set independent long-term agendas. With the exception of Germany and Sweden, ENGOs rely heavily on their ability to develop a "project mind-set", which in turn requires fund-raising skills and procedures. Also ENGOs in Germany and Sweden make use of public grants. However, the fact that they historically have been able to mobilize huge number of members/supporters –which is still extremely difficult particularly in post-communist countries - have profound implications for abilities to develop transnational and sustained environmental activism. We discuss the role of (dis)trust (institutional vs. family-based trust), political culture and historical legacies to analyze these remarkably different conditions for resource mobilization.

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