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  • 151.
    Frän, Ingela
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge. Ingela Katarina Frän.
    Att dela helhetssyn: en vetenskaplig essä på jakt efter ett svårfångat begrepp i sjukvården2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this scientific essay, I examine the concept of the holistic view — as a notion, its historical development in health and medical care, how it is perceived within current research, and from a philosophical perspective. Phenomenology, hermeneutics and existentialism constitute the philosophical framework and I let these theories go into dialogue with depicted stories from my professional practice as a physiotherapist, and also with my own reflections and past experiences. Health is another concept that I investigate because of its close relationship with wholeness, and also because it is something that man strives towards throughout his life. Since my work is mainly done in meetings with elderly patients, I give extra space to aging and chronic illness as phenomena. The practical wisdom, phronesis, as a form of knowledge, emerges as a basic prerequisite for being able to strive towards a holistic view of an ethically founded quality. Although I will argue that a holistic view is a utopic vision, I conclude that it is still important to strive towards it. The essential part of the holistic approach that emerged, alongside phronesis, I've chosen to call situasyn. The challenge is called NPM.

  • 152.
    Gardeström, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, History of ideas. Stockholms universitet.
    Att fostra journalister : Journalistutbildningens formering i Sverige 1944 -19702011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis analyses the interaction between various interests in Swedish society when the existing apprenticeship system for the journalism profession was to be replaced by a formal journalism education programme. The press organisations had a difficult time agreeing on a programme, and the issue was discussed for over 50 years. The profession was seen as a talent, an aptitude that some people had, and there was opposition to formal education. The first part analyses discussions about journalism education in a post-war context, both in Sweden and internationally. Part two considers extensive investigatory processes in Sweden, in which the structure of journalism programmes was arrived at through negotiations. The third part studies the development of and discussions about the newly founded national journalism schools. The thesis demonstrates that journalism education was often presented as a solution to other perceived problems than the press needing more professionally trained labour. Journalism education was proposed as a solution to problems associated with commercialisation, sensational journalism, politicised journalism and war propaganda. The question of influencing the shaping of opinion both in Sweden and internationally was linked to journalism education to the extent that education was seen as a method of affecting the way the "free" press worked. For the same reason, the education of journalists was sometimes considered dangerous, that journalism students were streamlined in a separate education programme based on homogeneous values, which could be a threat to the freedom of expression.Using Bourdieu, the difficult relationship between the journalistic field and the academic field on education is interpreted as a struggle between two forms of capital over which kind of knowledge is to be valued. On a higher level, the struggle between academe and the press was formulated as a battle of symbolic royalty over what values were to be regarded as true in public discourse.

  • 153.
    Gardeström, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, History of ideas.
    Den'rätta' kunskapen. Journalistutbildningens dilemma2012In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, no 1, p. 65-72Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 154.
    Gardeström, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, History of ideas.
    Då journalisterna tog makten2011In: Sekelslut: Idéhistoriska perspektiv på 1980- och 1990-talen / [ed] Anders Burman & Lena Lennerhed, Stockholm: Atlas Akademi , 2011, p. 175-192Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Gardeström, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Educating Journalists: The Who, When, How, and Why of Early Journalism Programmes in the Nordic Countries2016In: Becoming a Journalist: Journalism Education in the Nordic Countries / [ed] Nygren, Hovden & Zilliacus-Tikkanen, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2016, p. 25-37Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article compares systems of journalism education in the Nordic countries, focusing on how education programmes for journalists first emerged. The theoretical perspectiveof the sociology of journalism education used by sociologist Margaret Archer, who viewsnational educational systems as always being shaped through a struggle between interest groups. The questions are when education programmes for journalists were founded, who initiated them and how the process of founding schools and programmes progressed. In addition to these questions, the article discusses the emergence of journalism educationin relation to the party press system and to the process of professionalisation. Theres pective developments of journalism education in the Nordic countries emerged in similar patterns. The apprentice system was, at first, combined with short courses arranged by press organisations, and then step-by-step replaced by journalism schools. In this process, the press organisations lost control over journalism education, even if theytried to maintain control through independent schools or through cooperation with universities. The mix of subjects in the journalist training curriculum has been discussedin all countries, centred on the balance between theoretical and vocational subjects.

  • 156.
    Gardeström, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, History of ideas.
    Journalistelevernas 19682011In: Praktiske grunde. Tidsskrift for kultur og samfunnsvitenskab, ISSN 1902-2271, E-ISSN 1902-2271, no 4, p. 67-76Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 157.
    Gardeström, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, History of ideas.
    Journalistutbildningensdilemma: Praktik eller teori2010In: Utbildningens sociala och kulturella historia / [ed] Esbjörn Larsson & Johannes Westberg, Uppsala: Forskningsgruppen för utbildnings och kultursociologi , 2010, p. 103-116Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 158.
    Gardeström, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Reklam och propaganda under svenskt 1930-tal2018 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad var reklam?

    Under 1930-talet var reklam ett nytt modernt fenomen som det fästes visionära förhoppningar vid. Reklamen skulle tjäna samhället och bygga framtiden, menade företrädare för den framväxande näringsgren som reklam var. Reklamen skulle skapa välstånd, men också lära människor trafikvett och den användes även för att lösa samhällsproblem som trångboddhet – även politik kunde det göras reklam för.

    I denna bok undersöks reklamen som påverkansform och hur den relaterade till andra former av påverkan under 1930-talet; ett decennium under mellankrigstiden, klämt mellan depression och krigshot, men också en tid av utveckling av näringsliv och reklam. Studiens perspektiv är att nå historien om reklamens utveckling från två håll: För det första genom att empiriskt undersöka hur reklamen förstods och brukades. För det andra hur denna utveckling språkliggjordes. Här undersöks relationen mellan reklam och fyra andra kommunikativa begrepp; propaganda, upplysning, agitation och information. Undersökningen har fokuserat på tre olika aktörer; den framväxande reklambranschen, Kooperativa förbundet och det socialdemokratiska partiet.

  • 159.
    Gavelius, Peter
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Gustav Sundbärg och Det svenska folklynnet: En analys av nationalismen i Det svenska folklynnet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 160. Gratzer, Karl
    Forskning om småföretag1995In: Aspekter på näringslivets historia / [ed] Hans Sjögren, Stockholm: Handelshögskolan i Stockholm , 1995, , p. 16p. 51-77Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 161.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Stockholms universitet.
    Forskning om småföretag: översikt1996In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, no 3, p. 397-407Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 162. Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    En veganfeministisk idéhistoria2008In: Provins, ISSN 0280-9974, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 46-50Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 163.
    Gustafsson, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Värnpliktsvägran för världens skull: Världsmedbogarrörelsen och visionen om medborgarskap för fred2019In: Det lyckliga femtiotalet: sexualitet, politik och motstånd : en vänbok till Lena Lennerhed / [ed] Anders Burman & Bosse Holmqvist, Stockholm: Symposion Brutus Östlings bokförlag, 2019, p. 269-284Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Gustafsson, Simon
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    När psykiatrin vände sig åt samhället: Om psykiatridebatt, sektoriseringsplaner och Nackaprojektet 1968-812012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay revolves around the reformation and sectorization of Swedish psychiatry starting in the 1970’s. Psychiatry was to change from being based in closed asylums to being an institution in the middle of society, finding social solutions to mental illness and working through a dynamic network of various care givers, such as welfare officers, nurses and psychiatrists. This new kind of psychiatry was first tested in Nacka, where psychiatric reformers Johan Cullberg and Bengt Berggren were the heads of a six-year long pioneer project of sectorized psychiatric care. My specific purpose is to analyze the new ideas of mental illness and of psychiatry’s role in society which were introduced in this project and how they were expressed in the official reports presenting it.

    The reformation was preceded by a public debate concerning psychiatry, which had intensified a few years around 1970. In the debate a new kind of radical critique was voiced which named psychiatry a tool of power and oppression, a kind of rhetoric which found its way into the debate amongst psychiatrists. In it the traditional way of psychiatry, based in mental asylums, was attacked by Cullberg who saw in a recent social psychological trend the possibility of a new psychiatry, which would be decentralized and working with social solutions. It was this kind of psychiatry which was shortly thereafter to be tried in Nacka, as a response not only to critique of the old system but also to economic problems. The social psychological fundament was there put to practice through preventive work, focus on the family as a system and new kinds of therapy. The new psychiatry can be said to have led to what Hydén calls a handicappization of mental illness, and what Björk discusses as a new conception of the patient as unique. Throughout the planning of the new psychiatry and the reports on the Nacka-project questions concerning the role of psychiatry were dealt with, questions which were at first raised in the public debate. The reformist critique of psychiatry which led to the Nacka-project was, I suggest, to some extent inspired by a public more radical critique of psychiatry but the two ways also had inherent differences.

  • 165.
    Gustavsson, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE) .
    Börjesson, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Edling, Marta
    Uppsala universitet, Historiska institutionen.
    Inledning2012In: Konstens omvända ekonomi: tillgångar inom utbildningar och fält 1938-2008 / [ed] Martin Gustavsson, Mikael Börjesson, Marta Edling, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2012, p. 11-36Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 166.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    ‘Moral Economy’: Its Conceptual History and Analytical Prospects2015In: Journal of Global Ethics, ISSN 1744-9626, E-ISSN 1744-9634, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 147-162Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article challenges E.P. Thompson’s definition of ‘moral economy’ as a traditionalconsensus of crowd rights that were swept away by market forces. Instead, it suggests thatthe concept has the potential of improving the understanding of modern civil society. Moraleconomy was a term invented in the eighteenth century to describe many things.Thompson’s approach reflects only a minor part of this conceptual history. Hisunderstanding of moral economy is conditioned by a dichotomous view of history and bythe acceptance of a model according to which modern economy is not subject to moralconcerns. It is on principle problematic to confine a term conjoining two concepts asgeneral as ‘moral’ and ‘economy’ to a specific historical and social setting. Recentapproaches that frame moral economy as an emotively defined order of morals are alsomisleading since they do not address economic issues in the way they are commonlyunderstood. The most promising current approaches appear to be those that consider themoral economy of welfare, humanitarianism, and civil society. The concept of moraleconomy may help us to clarify alternative ways of ‘utility maximisation’ through theconstruction of altruistic meaning for economic transactions.

  • 167.
    Halverson, Kristin
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Physiological Cruelty?: Discussing and Developing Vivisection in Great Britain, 1875-19012016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the development of vivisection as a method of physiological research between 1875 and 1901 in Great Britain, by examining some of the arguments, discussions, and ideas put forth by physiologists for the utilisation of vivisection in their research. Because this study operates within the context of medical history, questions of legitimacy, scientific development, and professional image are lifted. The development of vivisection during this period took place with a larger shift in scientific practice playing out in the background, where experimentalism began overtaking the previously more analytical approach to medicine and the sciences. The First Royal Commission on Vivisection in 1875 marks the beginning of this study, and the discussions within allow for a more nuanced picture of the professional debates on the practice, where both proponents and sceptics at times found common ground. Technological and societal aspects were central to much of the argumentation for the further development of vivisection, with technology easing the practical aspects of the method, and the concept of the "gentleman" allowing British "vivisectors" to argue against charges of cruelty, pointing rather to continental schools of physiology as the culprits, whilst lifting the "humanity" behind animal experimentation in Great Britain. In conjunction with pointing out the importance of the method for the development of medical science, the Cruelty to Animals Act and the lobbying on behalf of the professional journals British Medical Journal and The Lancet helped legitimise the practice in Great Britain. The Act allowed vivisection under set circumstances, and the two journals served as megaphones for scientific development on behalf of vivisection, at times even openly criticising sceptical opinions. At the same time, some saw experimental research through vivisection as merely one aspect of medical practice. One which needed to gain foothold in order to help advance medical science for the larger benefit of all humanity.

  • 168.
    Hegardt, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.
    Från hem till hemland: Historiens hemvist och funktionärernas uppgift2016In: Historiens hemvist III: Minne, medier och materialitet / [ed] Johan Hegardt & Trond Lundemo, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2016, p. 221-246Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 169.
    Hegardt, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.
    Lundemo, Trond
    Inledning2016In: Historiens hemvist III: Minne, medier och materialitet / [ed] Johan Hegardt & Trond Lundemo, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2016, p. 15-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 170.
    Hill, Helena
    Umeå universitet.
    Befria mannen: idéer om förtryck, frigörelse och förändring hos en svensk mansrörelse under 1970- och tidigt 1980-tal2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The point of departure of the present thesis is the Swedish men’s movement that was formed in the mid-1970s. In the wake of the second wave of the women’s movement and its success, an increasing number of men started to question their own position in society. Men formed men’s groups and went to men’s camps. In 1978 the society Befria mannen (‘Liberate the Man’) was formed, whose goal was to contribute to abolishing gender roles and at the same time support the women’s struggle. This society is the main source of the thesis. Other important actors that are studied are Riksförbundet för sexuell upplysning (RFSU ‘the National Swedish association for Sexual Information’) and independent debaters about the male role issue. The theoretical point of departure of the thesis has been taken from theories about hegemonic masculinity, unmanliness and heteronormativity.

    The thesis analyses the men’s movement’s development from a chiefly pro-feminist orientation to a movement assuming an antagonistic attitude to the women’s movement. In parallel with this development there was also a change in the view of masculinity. From having embraced gender role theory, in which gender roles were seen as culturally constructed and dysfunctional, the men in the men’s movement went on to assert the importance of their own masculinity. They had thereby adopted the ideology of gender difference, an ideology that had had become increasingly common throughout society in the 1980s.

    Concurrently with changes in the men’s movement, a change in the reception of the movement is also discernible. The initially enthusiastic reception in the media changed into a critical and sometimes disparaging attitude. By questioning hegemonic masculinity ideals, the men’s movement had challenged the existing gender order. The men were more and more often stereotyped and characterized as “unmanly” and “feminine”. This gave rise to a fear of not appearing as a “real man” at the same time as norms for what was the right and natural way of being a man were produced and reproduced.

    The men’s movement’s statements and practices may on the one hand be considered subversive. Merely by acting differently, they showed that it was possible to exist in different ways and that masculinity was not a stable and unchangeable phenomenon.

    But the criticism against them and the definition of them as unmanly also gave rise to fear. The fear of being labelled as a velour daddy and softy may therefore also have served to consolidate the norms for masculinity and for who should be regarded as a “real man”.

  • 171. Hill, Helena
    De kallades mjukismän och velournallar2004In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 26-37Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 172.
    Hill, Helena
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Drömmen om en ny man: maskulinitet och nationell identitet i talet om "nya svenska män"2014In: Tillsammans: Politik, filosofi och estetik på 1960- och 1970-talen / [ed] Anders Burman & Lena Lennerhed, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlas, 2014, p. 509-536Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 173.
    Hill, Helena
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    En riktig revolutionär: klass, kön och politiskt motstånd i den svenska 68-vänstern2010In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 114-131Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 174. Hill, Helena
    Kvinnorörelsens lillebror: mansrörelsen i Sverige på 1970-talet2004In: NIKK magasin, ISSN 1502-1521, E-ISSN 1502-5195, no 2, p. 22-25Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 175.
    Hill, Helena
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    Sex för kärleks skull: om skolans sex- och samlevnadsundervisning2011In: Sekelslut: idéhistoriskta perspektiv på 1980- och 1990-talen / [ed] Anders Burman, Lena Lennerhed, Stockholm: Atlas , 2011, p. 155-174Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 176. Hill, Helena
    To be or not to be a caring father?: gender equality, masculinity and fatherhood in the Swedish "velour daddy debate"2007In: Present challenges in gender research / [ed] Åsa Andersson, Eva E. Johansson, Umeå: Umeå University , 2007, Vol. S. 43-59, p. 43-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 177.
    Hiort af Ornäs, Alice
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Om jag vore dig så nära: Om upplevelsen av avstånd under emigrationen till Amerika2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 178.
    Hjertström Lappalainen, Jonna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Klassiska texter om praktisk kunskap2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Klassiska texter om praktisk kunskap är det allra första försöket att i bokform sammanställa texter som är centrala för den praktiska kunskapens teoribildning. Antologin består av 13 översättningar av olika tänkare från främst filosofi och vetenskapsteori, som undersöker den praktiska kunskapen i förhållande till språk, tänkande och känslor. Frågeställningarna rör teman som expertis, skicklighet, synen på arbete, språklöshet och etik. Genom att på detta sätt sammanställa dessa texter inom en mycket ung forskningsdisciplin väcker antologin, med ny skärpa, frågor om hur praktisk kunskap ska förstås och formuleras inte bara i sin praktik utan också i sin teori. Det framgår att fältet redan rymmer intressanta motsättningar och gemensamma frågeställningar, till exempel om hur expertis ska värderas, om hur olika former av praktisk kunskap värderas på olika sätt och om vad det egentligen innebär att förstå arbete som självförverkligande.

  • 179.
    Huss, Markus
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Comparative literature.
    Cosmopolitanism outside the comfort zone2012In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 46-46Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 180.
    Huss, Markus
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Comparative literature.
    Male historians in exile: Constantly relating to their background2010In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 17-18Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 181.
    Hübinette, Tobias
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Education.
    Att överskrida ras: en introduktion till begreppet transrasialitet speglad genom transrasiala erfarenheter och fantasier2011In: Kvinder, Køn og Forskning, ISSN 0907-6182, E-ISSN 2245-6937, Vol. 20, no 3-4, p. 49-57Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Isaksson, Emma
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Feministiska visioner2014In: Tillsammans: Politik, filosofi och estetik på 1960- och 1970-talen / [ed] Anders Burman & Lena Lennerhed, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlas, 2014, p. 483-507Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 183.
    Jakobsson, Liza
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Den expanderande expertisen: En idéhistorisk studie av nationalekonomers legitimeringsstrategier under 1900-talet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the role and perceived legitimacy of the economic expert and how the positons of economic experts has evolved during the 20th century, as seen through the lens of two debates.

     

    Both of the debates take place around a great economic crisis in Sweden. The first, in the early 1930’s is held while the big economic upheaval of that time still rages. The second, in 1995, is held just after the so called 90’s-crisis has subdued. The aim of the theis is to see how the economic experts at the time defends and expands their authority.

     

    The results of the theisis finds that in both cases the economic expert links the economic policies of the time before the most recent crisis will be presented as inherently linked to the problem. The new policy, which is easy to establish in the light of the old one, works as a way for the economic expert to defend the authority of the profession.

     

    The study also finds that while the legatimacy of the economic expert during the 1930s is based on an intergration with politics, while the legatimicy for the economic expert during the 1990s stems instead from a distancing from politicans and the political sphere in general.

  • 184.
    Jolivet, Servanne
    et al.
    Institut de France, Athènes.
    Premat, ChristopheAmbassade de France, Stockholm.Rosengren, MatsSödertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Rhetoric.
    Destins d'exilés: trois philosophes grecs à Paris : Kostas Axelos, Cornelius Castoriadis et Kostas Papaïoannou2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 185.
    Josephson, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    En "medborgerlig" patientrörelse: Samhällssyn och maktkritik hos den svenska THX-rörelsen under 1970-talets andra hälft2018In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 84, no 1, p. 36-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1990s, historians of medicine have pointed to a change in the status and self-image of patients in the West. Patients, it is claimed, have gone from being passively dependent on medicine to active consumers of health care. However, this narrative does not consider the fact that Western countries differ a great deal in terms of access to health care, access to alternative treatments and the role and status assigned to formal expertise in society at large. This study aims to contribute to a deeper and more historically nuanced understanding of the transformation of the patient into a consumer. Through an analysis of the Swedish THX movement - a patient movement trying to achieve legal access to, and formal approval of, the controversial anti-cancer drug THX in the 1970s - the study shows how the agenda and demands of the THX patients mirrored the specific Swedish settings in which they were articulated. THX patients did not wish to be regarded as consumers or clients. On the contrary, their arguments were firmly rooted in a collective identity as "the people" who expected the state and politicians to meet their needs. They emphasized their collective experience as evidence of the efficiency of THX and pointed to the popularity of THX treatment, thereby rejecting the results of several scientific trials initiated by the medical authorities. Doing so, THX patients made use of the culturally resonant frame of collectivity in Sweden at the time, as well as of a widespread belief that the medical authorities were corrupt and insensitive to the needs of ordinary people.

  • 186.
    Josephson, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    Akademisk frihet och värdefri vetenskap: Max Weber och högskolelärarkongressen i Jena 19082002In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 33-56Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 187.
    Josephson, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    Böcker eller universitet?: Om ett tema i tysk utbildningspolitisk debatt kring 18002009In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 177-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has often been claimed that German universities were in a state of crisis at the close of the 18th century. Allegedly, professors only taught what could be found in books. Their thinking had hardened into convention and orthodoxy and their teaching had turned into a mechanical and pedantic routine. This description is to some extent accurate. The bored student who slept through lectures was something of a topos in university policy discourse at the time. That said, the question remains why teaching methods in the universities suddenly were thought to be obsolete. The means of instruction hadn’t changed much since the Middle Ages. In most cases, the professor read aloud from his manuscript; students listened, kept quite, and took notes. How does one account for the fact that this method of instruction was commonly considered expendable at the end of the 18th century?

     

    In this article I argue that the crisis in German higher education was triggered partly by the rapid growth of the contemporary book trade. Thanks to the printing press, critics asserted, students could henceforth acquire knowledge by their own efforts, and would no longer have to gather in lecture halls in order to listen to professors, who, each term, read their compendia to new audiences. Some suggested that one should abolish universities altogether. Others instead wanted to improve the methods of instruction so that the universities would once again become indispensable. My focus here is on how this topic was discussed among pedagogues, writers and members of the learned estate up until the founding of the University of Berlin in 1810.

  • 188.
    Josephson, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    Den akademiska frihetens gränser: Max Weber, Humboldtmodellen och den värdefria vetenskapen2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this dissertation is to contribute to an understanding of why Weber advocated a value-free science. In en essay from 1917, Weber writes that the question of whether or not one ought to make value judgments in the lecture hall is basically a question of practical university policy. Weber's statement warrants a study of previously relatively unexamined source material. Between 1908 and 1911 Weber wrote a number of articles dealing with university policy. Using these texts as a basis for my research, I discern four reasons why he calls for a value-free science. The first reason is that he wants to provide students with protection against political indoctrination. The second reason is that he wants to counteract the ideological fragmentation that threatens to arise within universities if teachers with fundamentally irreconcilable views assume the right to preach politics from the lectern. The third reason is that he wants to avoid giving the government an excuse to intervene in academic appointments in order to make sure that the faculties do not grant chairs to individuals who question the current form of government. The fourth reason, paradoxically, is that he wants to lay the foundation for an alternative political education of students. Such a political education would not force upon students certain previously determined norms and rules of action, but instead would encourage them to examine themselves and their ethical motives, thus creating autonomous individuals. Previous resarch has argued that Weber defended academic freedom at a time when powerful forces were at work to restrict it. This conclusion is partially anachronic. The right to express political opinions in the lecture hall was as a rule seen as part of academic freedom at the turn of the twentieth century. The problems Weber intends to solve with the doctrine of value-free science, including the discrimination of dissidents, is thus a direct and indirect result of academic freedom.

  • 189.
    Josephson, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    En filosof som trodde på objektivt giltiga värden: Heinrich Rickert, Naturvetenskap och kulturvetenskap, Daidalos, 164 s, ISBN 97891717339552014In: Respons, ISSN 2001-2292, no 1, p. 42-43Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 190.
    Josephson, Peter
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Hotet från autodidakten: böcker, självstudier, och universitetets förvandling till forskningsanstalt, 1768-18102019In: Universitetets gränser / [ed] Peter Josephson & Thomas Karlsohn, Göteborg: Arche press , 2019, p. 61-93Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 191. Josephson, Peter
    Immanuel Kant, pietismen och den moraliska problematiseringen av kroppen1996In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 81-121Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 192. Josephson, Peter
    Publicitetens politiska ekonomi: Introduktionen av skriftställarskap som merit vid tyska universitet 1750-18102014In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 81-104Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 193.
    Josephson, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Skriftfabriken: Om introduktionen av skriftställarskap som akademisk merit i Tyskland, 1750-18102010Report (Other academic)
  • 194.
    Josephson, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    The publication mill: the beginnings of publication history as an academic merit in German universities, 1750–18102014In: The Humboldtian tradition: Origins and legacies / [ed] Peter Josephson, Thomas Karlsohn & Johan Östling, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2014, p. 21-43Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 195.
    Josephson, Peter
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    "Those who cannot remember the past...": Utkast till en historielöshetens historia2018In: Arche - tidskrift för psykoanalys, humaniora och arkitektur, ISSN 2000-7817, no 64-65, p. 138-145Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 196.
    Josephson, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Universitetet, den lärde och den självlärde: Lärd identitetsbildning och pedagogiska reformdiskussioner i Tyskland, 1768-18102013Report (Other academic)
  • 197.
    Josephson, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    Weber och den akademiska frihetens gränser2008In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, no 4, p. 20-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 198.
    Josephson, Peter
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Karlsohn, Thomas
    Uppsala universitet.
    Om universitetets gränser2019In: Universitetets gränser / [ed] Peter Josephson & Thomas Karlsohn, Göteborg: Arche press , 2019, p. 1-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 199.
    Josephson, Peter
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Karlsohn, ThomasUppsala universitet.
    Universitetets gränser2019Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 200.
    Josephson, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    Karlsohn, Thomas
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    Östling, Johan
    The Humboldtian tradition and its transformations2014In: The Humboldtian tradition: origins and legacies / [ed] Peter Josephson, Thomas Karlsohn & Johan Östling, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2014, p. 1-20Chapter in book (Refereed)
1234567 151 - 200 of 451
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