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  • 151.
    Frykholm, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Maskuliniteter och femininiteter i Vilhelm Mobergs Raskens och Mans kvinna2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay, entitled Masculinities and Femininities in Vilhelm Moberg's Raskens and Mans kvinna, is about the masculinities and the femininities that are depicted in Vilhelm Moberg's two novels Raskens (1927) and Mans kvinna (1933). The theory consists of masculinity studies and femininity studies which are complemented with historical research about masculinity and femininity. In my analysis I found several motives concerning the masculinities and femininities. The motives are infidelity, possession of property and land, appearance, revenge, violence and alcohol. The ideal man in Moberg's novels is tall, strong and strong-willed. The two male main characters, Rasken and Håkan, have this in common, even though they have very different goals in their lives. One thing that is different about the masculinities portrayed in the novels is that possession of property and land is depicted as desirable in Raskens, while freedom from property is desirable in Mans kvinna. The ideal woman, at least the woman who is desired by the men in the novels, is young and beautiful, but also hardworking and industrious. At large, it is a traditional and norm based image of the woman and the man that is described in the novels. However, Moberg problematises these images by showing the women's vulnerability and how the men's "manly" behaviour leads to destructiveness.

  • 152.
    Frykholm, Elin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Utvandrarna och friheten: En narratologisk undersökning2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to do a narratological analysis of Utvandrarna by Vilhelm Moberg to see how the form affects the theme of freedom and liberation. I used narratology as the method of analysis and my questions for the text regards the significance of the narrator, the use of focalization, the powers, helpers and opponents, the locations and spaces, and how these aspects affect the theme. In my analysis of the novel I found that the narration took place in three levels. This gave the story different perspectives of the theme; an outer perspective, a semi-distant perspective and a more personal perspective. The focalization of the main characters creates sympathies, and the focalization of non-main characters gives the reader an outer perspective on the characters. This could both enhance the perception of oppression in Sweden and make clear that the characters move out of their comfort zone in order to travel to the new country. There are not many helpers in the novel, the main characters are often left to help themselves. The opponents found in the book were mostly characters in Sweden who kept the main characters from their freedom. Negative powers are the social structure and religious oppression, positive powers are determination that help the characters go through with their journey. The locations and the perception of space often enhances the feeling of being shut in which is contrasted to the longing for freedom. One of the main characters opposes the journey and does not see freedom at the other side of the Atlantic Ocean. This, together with the miserable conditions on the ship, problematizes the theme of liberation. The ocean can stand for opportunity and freedom, but once the main characters are on the ship the ocean becomes a threat and the ship holds them prisoners. Since it is not clear whether the main characters reach freedom in America or not, the focus in this novel is on the process of liberation. In my analysis I could see that the theme of freedom was visible in different ways in the different aspects of the narrative.

  • 153.
    Frödin, Ellen
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Tänja tiden ur sin buk: Nattens skogar och historia2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I trace the historical theme in Djuna Barnes’s Nightwood, stressing the importance of the concept of forgetfulness in the text. Read alongside Nietzsche’s On the Use and Abuse of History for Life as well as his later thoughts on genealogy, the novel can be seen to concern itself with that same dilemma of history that he articulates in his philosophy. That is: how not to be overburdened by historical knowledge to the point where it petrifies life and prevents any real and novel action, and how at the same time, to make oneself conscious of ones own historicity, so as not to be governed to much by the past.

    I argue that Robin inhabits what Nietzsche would call the unhistorical state, whereas the other characters, in contrast, struggle with their relation to the past. Their stories delineate how history is appropriated and the other made self through the use of masks, costumes, memorabilia, nesting, storytelling and bodily inscription.

  • 154.
    Frölander, Anna
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    'Jag vill bli alldeles vansinnigt älskad': en närläsning av Line Knutzons dramatik2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay investigates the function of fictional space and thematics in Line Knutzon’s dramatic works.

    My main theoretical concept is thematic unity, factors that unite several plays by one author.

    I have found three major themes: the encounter, identity and childhood, which I study in five of Knutzon’s plays: The Splint In The Heart, The Latest Thing, First You’re Born, The Air Others Breathe and The Time Will Soon Come.

    I study three aspects of space: fictive space, where the play is set, the characters’ inner space and exterior space, that which is outside fictive space: society. Fictive space is shown mainly via dialogue and context.

    It is evident that the themes, most clearly visible in the five chosen plays, are very important in Line Knutzon’s dramatic works. Most typical is the way she portrays childhood memories, in monologues showing that her characters exist in a “hole”, in the void between childhood and adulthood.

    My investigation leads to the conclusion that Knutzon deals with existential matters: there is a kind of constant chaos, within her characters, expressed in actions and thoughts. This chaos also influences the fictive space, where the play is set.

    I can discern a pattern, showing that my three chosen themes and the three functions of space intersect and interact: in their mixture can the characters’ dilemmas and existential questions be found. This is, in my view, the core of Line Knutzon’s work.

  • 155.
    Fällman, Linn
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    The first Woman born with a Difference: En komparativ queerläsning av Djuna Barnes Ladies Almanack2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is a comparative study of Djuna Barnes' 1928 book Ladies Almanack and turn of the century sexological texts focusing on Havelock Ellis' studies of 'sexual inversion in women'. The study is based on queer theory concepts from Judith Butler and Fanny Ambjörnson as well as Michel Foucault's studies of the history of sexuality. After a presentation of the theoretical concepts and a short introduction of earlier research on Barnes' works my reading and conclusions are presented in five chapters focusing on different theoretical and thematic aspects of the studied texts. A recapitulation and discussion ends the thesis.

    In short, my conclusions are that Ladies Almanack contrary to earlier research can be read as a queer text, and a form of counter-discourse to the general one regarding lesbianism in the early 1900's. The text also reveals itself as a pointed critique and a satire of Havelock Ellis' writings on 'sexual inversion in women'. As well, when read against Radclyffe Hall's The Well of Loneliness, perhaps the archetypal 'lesbian novel', Hall's book reveals itself as an echo of the same discourse Barnes opposes.

     

  • 156.
    Färnbo, Mikael
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Konsten att svälja sin läsare: En analys av August Strindbergs roman En dåres försvarstal2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay analyses the act of reading August Strindberg’s novel En dåres försvarstal (A Madman’s defence). It reveals the writer’s motif and purpose with the text and it shows how a certain interpretation of the text is crucial for the writer’s intentions to become reality. But it also shows how this interpretation is threaten by several, both intertextual and extratextual, thematically and structural, factors. Those factors are logical effects of the writer’s motif and purpose and they inevitably creates an ambiguous narrative structure witch threatens to undermine, from the writers point of view, the optimal interpretation of the text. The essay also reveals several thematical and structural strategies that, in spite of the inevitable ambiguity, the writer make use of to prevent alternative interpretations and at the same time reinforce the one suited for its own needs.

    Furthermore, the essay comment some other writings about the novel in the vast field of Strindberg research. It shows that there is a tendency to analyse the ambiguity of the text as an effect of some kind of unconscious crisis. It deconstructs these different kinds of interpretations and shows that there is an alternative, completely logical, way of reading the novel that also suits its writers intentions, although that kind of reading is threaten by the inner logic of the narrative structure.

  • 157.
    Gauffin, Nanna
    Södertörn University College.
    Moderskapet i Till Julia: en hermeneutisk tolkning av Margareta Garpes drama Till Julia2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this essay is to illustrate the problematical mother-daughterrelation in Mar-gareta Garpes drama/play “To Julia” through a psychoanalytic and philosophical perspective. To get a deeper understanding for the relations between mother and daughter, and the kind of motherhood that Gloria is practising in the play I have used a hermeneutic method in search for answers to the questions: Why does Gloria take a position as a so called friend or sister in the interaction with her daughter Julia? Why is not mother Gloria capable to be mature, caring and nursing in the interaction with Julia?

    Through Gloria Margareta Garpe is giving me possible answers: Gloria is still seeing herself as a rejected and lonely child. The role of the daughter Julia in her mother’s life is to fill an empty space that was created in Gloria’s adolescence when she experienced the same feelings as Julia in present time in the play. The same confused mix of Julia’s and her mother’s feel-ings and needs, Gloria felt in her own childhood.

    How a woman turns out as a mother depends on a variety of factors. Mature, caring mother-hood is an act of awareness, responsibility, moral, reflection and adaptation. This can lead to the kind of freedom that de Beauvoir refers to as the ambiguous “reality” meaning the “exis-tence”. The mother who sees her child as a friend or sibling has not emancipated herself from a symbiosis with her own mother. Margareta Garpe illustrates in practise in the play “To Julia” both de Beauvoir´s and Stern’s theories. According to my own interpretation Julia has not yet emancipated herself from her mother Gloria in the end of the play. But her understand-ing for Gloria’s motherhood has increased through their confrontations in the play.

  • 158.
    Gesche, Janina
    Södertörn University.
    "In Gdansk suchte ich Danzig...": Das Danzigbild in Günter Grass' Roman Der Butt2000In: Nachbarn im Ostseeraum unter sich: Vorurteile, Klischees und Stereotypen in Texten / [ed] Helmut Müssener, Frank-Michael Kirsch, Charlotta Brylla, Ursula Naeve-Bucher, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2000, Vol. S. 203-225, p. 246-252Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 159.
    Ghoce, Monique
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Sindhia: En queerteoretisk diskursanalys2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the female experience as it is spoken of in the novel Sindhia written by Rut Hillarp (1954) and how the main character in the book violates the experience from a queer perspective. My aim is to through a close reading highlight a number of discourses that underpin the book's imminent theme of love and submission.

    According to Norman Faircloughs critical-discourse analysis, the text one reads produces a certain amount of discourses that one consumes. This way there is a dialectical interaction that can be set into a practical analysis together with a suitable academic perspective. This is the method I use in this thesis.The academic perspective I add isJudith Butler's queer theoriessupported by Michel Foucaults social genealogyin order to understand/analyze the woman’s position in relation to a social empirical history.

    I came to the conclusion that Sindhia produces the woman's discourse from an ancient biblical/ mythological time up to modern time. It brings forth untold perspectives that disclose the social hierarchies and women's rebellion against them, a rebellion that has been silenced. The text simply transcends the myths and highlights what has been made invisible, it brings new perspectives to the discourse about women. This shows that the ancient stories that have submissioned the position of women also carry subversive possibilities.

  • 160.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 3, Media and Communication Studies.
    Konstruktion von Selbstbildern: Schweden und die DDR im Fernsehen2000In: Nachbarn im Ostseeraum unter sich: Vorurteile, Klischees und Stereotypen in Texten / [ed] Helmut Müssener und Frank-Michael Kirsch in Zusammenarbeit mit Charlotta Brylla und Ursula, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2000, p. 78-89Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 161.
    Graf, Heike
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 3, Media and Communication Studies.
    Westberlin wie ich es sehe: oder wenn ‚falsche’ Bilder ‚wahr’ werden im schwedischen Dokumentarfilm2001In: Nachbarn im Ostseeraum über einander: Wandel der Bilder, Vorurteile und Stereotypen? / [ed] Frank-Michael Kirsch, Christine Frisch, Helmut Müssener, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2001, p. 177-186Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 162.
    Granath, Elias
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Att vara en vara: En studie av American Psychos Patrick Bateman2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My essay is an investigation of American Psychos Patrick Bateman. Why is Patrick Batemans identity one so easily described as shallow and superficial? I discuss theese questions from a marxists point of view putting Bateman in the context of Georg Lukács theories of reification. I compare the structure of Patrick Batemans identity with the idea of an reified identity to se how the mechanisms of reification creates the entity that is Patrick Bateman.

    My conclusion is that one answer to Batemans shallowness is the phenomenon of reification. To get a grasp of how shallowness might be understood I combine the theories of Lukács with Bakhtins idea of the aouthorative discourse.

    If one look upon reification as an aouthorative discourse and one also presume that human existence is social and verbal the conclusion is that Patrick Bateman cannot exist because of what he is an example of. Patrick Bateman has only access to one voice, the voice of consumer capitalism and it is the singularity of Bateman that constitutes his ”not thereness”.

  • 163.
    Granath, Emma
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Pettson och Findus Mucklor: En narratologisk studie av text och bild i Sven Nordqvists Pettsonböcker2007Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In my paper I have analyzed what function the small characters have in Sven Nordqvists picture books with Pettson and Findus. By examining, amongst other things, their motion patterns, facial expressions and looks I have drawn the conclusion that their task is to strengthen both the readers feelings and the feelings that the characters in the books carry.  My analysis is rooted in a narrathological model and I have mainly used the concept syllepsis, which means a perusal of a story which is told on an anachronical level, existing beside the main story.  Further I have brought up the similarities between the books and both comics and the theatre genre and I have drawn the conclusion that the small characters also have a function as guides for the illustrations and help children develop their visual reading ability. This is important for the childrens ability to better handle the increasing amount of pictures that are presented to them through for example Internet or TV. It can also trigger an independent interest in literature in cases where the text and the authority of the adult reader have been undermined.

  • 164.
    Granath, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Bodil Malmsten - dramatik och teaterestetik2010In: Litteratur och språk, ISSN 1653-1701, no 6, p. 25-31Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 165.
    Granath, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Föreställningar om fröken Lagerlöf själv2011In: Spår och speglingar / [ed] Maria Karlsson, Louise Vinge, Möklinta: Gidlunds , 2011, 1, p. 258-284Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 166.
    Granath, Sara
    Stockholms universitet.
    Käket & Moralen: teatersällskapet Proteus/Mercurius från studentteater till länsteater1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this dissertation is to study the development of a so called free theatre group in the south of Sweden. This group, here called Proteus/Mercurius, started out as a travelling amateur theatre, emanating from the Student Theatre of Lund, in 1965, and waas finally established as the regional theatre of the county of Skaraborg, in 1988. The group' s leadeer and director Ulf Gran became the head of the new theatre.

    The French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu uses the concept of cultural field to characterize the arena,where agents and institutions fight over the correct definition of, in  this case, Good Theatre. My main objective is to find and correlate the various factors contributing to the changing legitimacy of Proteus/Mercurius within the Swedish theatre field.

    Placing myself within this field I have studied the traje´ctory of ProteusMercurius in relation to the other theatre groups that made up the free theatre movement from the mid-sixties onwards.

    I have found that Proteus/Mercurius differed frommany other groups at a time when leftist political declarations were common. It also had a clearly defined leader and director, when team work was the word of the day. When other groups wrote their own plays, Proteus/Mercurius specialized in classics, such as Shakespeare, Marivaux, Strindberg, Holbnerg and so on. It seems to be a matter of timing; Proteus/Mercurius was nevdr in the mainstream of the theatre groups.

    But viewed from a distance many similarities between Proteus/Mercurius and other groups have become evident. One of the reasons for Proteus/Mercurius' changing legitimacy seems to be that various kinds of symbolic capital such as education and social relations proved valuable at different moments.

    When the groups, thanks to generous state subsidies, overflowed the market, factors such as state educated actors became more important. And, even though Proteus/Mercurius actually managed to form the basis of a new regional theatre, its tradition of using amateurs or student actors in productions became an increasingly negative factor.

    Still, I have found that Proteus/Mercurius over the years kept to its initial goal of interacting with the audience in new and unusual ways, often in psaces not ordinarily used for theatre. The most appreciated part of the group' s work was aLWAYS THE OUTDOOR SUMMER performances, REACHING AUDIENCES OUTSIDE THE GROUP OF habitual theatre-goers. The same went for performances for specific groups, such as improvisations with nurses and Winnie-the-Pooh for mentally handicapped children. Even if Proteus/Mercurius did not reach lasting fame within the field, it med with some very appreciative audiences.

  • 167. Granqvist, Raoul J.
    Translation as an Emancipatory Act?2008In: Neither East Nor West: Postcolonial Essays on Literature, Culture and Religion / [ed] Kerstin W. Shands, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2008, p. 29-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 168.
    Gripfelt, Ylva
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Det utskrivna barnet: En studie av relationen till barnet som konstruktion i Mare Kandres tidiga författarskap (1984-1991)2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This MA thesis analyzes how the protagonists and the narrative structure relates to “the Child” as a linguistic/cultural construction in Mare Kandre’s early authorship (1984-1991). A thematic of children portraits defines this period of Kandre’s writing, which consits of the following works: In a Different Country (1984), The Annunciation (1986), Bübin’s Kid (1987), The Burning Tree (1988) and Aliide, Aliide (1991).

    Linguistic components, such as the word “child”, the name “Kid” and a reconstruction of the concept of childhood, holds an actuate position in these narratives when they first appear in direct relation to the protagonists. This suggests how generally accepted categories and concepts consciously are at work in Kandre’s writings. Consequently, a category such as “child” can not unproblematically serve as a definition of any of the protagonists, irrespective of their presumptive age. Combining philosopher Judith Butler’s theory of name-calling with theories in the field of Childhood Studies as presented by Susan Honeyman, “the Child” in Kandre’s works is explored through the hypothesis of its function as a name.

    Close readings reveal how the protagonists, in the encounter with an explicitly cultural or narrative context, are constituted as subjects through the linguistic category “child”. The protagonists can be considered both as subordinated by the conventionally manifested notion of life development as a linear, measurable progress and as introduced to the means which make possible a critical response to that same notion. Since the main protagonists strongly refuse to be defined by the conventions supporting “the Child” as a category, a dialogue is created which gives the narrative its force. That dialogue corresponds to different aspects of the concept of childhood, which place “the Child” as a construction at the heart of Kandre’s narrative composition.

  • 169.
    Gripfelt, Ylva
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Mötet med det okända: En jämförande och symboltolkande studie av kvinnlig och manlig problematik under 1800-talets mitt såsom den är gestaltad i Charlotte Brontës Jane Eyre och Fjodor Dostojevskijs Brott och straff2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how the female author, Charlotte Brontë, describes the development of her female protagonist in Jane Eyre and to compare this to how the male author, Fyodor Dostoevsky, describes the development of his male protagonist in Crime and Punishment, inside the patriarchal 19th century.

    My basic idea is that both characters in these two books have to reach their own unknown to find satisfaction and a new existence, and I want to investigate what the characters have to go through to find that existence. To help me in my exploration of Jane Eyre I make use of Gilbert and Gubars’ book The Madwoman in the Attic and in the case of Crime and Punishment, I make use of Pelikan Straus’ article ”“Why did I say ’Women!’?” Raskolnikov Reimagined”. Both authors discuss literature from a gender perspective, but without comparing female and male characters or authors with each other, which I believe is important for a more holistic understanding of gender issue.

    The conclusion of this essay is that these books are describing the main characters’ evolution towards their personal unknown with the same tools, a double self, an important symbol, and in the end a love partner that embodies that unknown. Furthermore, I conclude that this development moves in opposing directions, whereby the female character gets in touch with a more traditional male disposition and the male character gets in touch with a more traditional female disposition. This mirrors the different position men and women are assigned in the patriarchal society. In conclusion, I suggest that all social roles are ultimately confining (irrespective of sex), and are attracted to the opposite pole, in order to discover what the individual does not have access to in the social sphere.

  • 170.
    Gullstam, Maria
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Selma Lagerlöf – litterär mecenat och förmedlare av dialog: Gestaltning av läsarbreven och analys av författarfunktionen2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    At Kungliga Biblioteket in Stockholm you can find over 40 000 letters sent to Selma Lagerlöf. Many of her readers wrote and asked for her help, and the letters show that she helped a lot of people with money as well as with writing advice. People from all over the world asked her for money to be able to study, to finish their written works, or just to get through the day. Others want her to read their texts and poems, because they wish to hear her opinion or wonder if she can put in a good word for them at some publisher. This essay illuminates the question why so many people had this confidence in Selma Lagerlöf. Via a discussion of this subject it is possible to get closer to an understanding of the function of her authorship. The picture of Selma Lagerlöf as a helpful and caring person was built up partly through media and critics, partly because of the themes and style in her works. The high level of communication in her texts is of big importance when it comes to the result of her total work.

  • 171.
    Gullstam, Maria
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    "Än en fågel, än en blomma": En tematisk och dialogisk studie av ungmör och skaldinnor i Anna Maria Lenngrens dikter.2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Anna Maria Lenngren (1754-1817) is known as one of Stockholms Posten’s sharpest satirists. Over the years many literature researchers have based their analysis and interpretations on biographical facts. This means that we miss important parts of her authorship, as she almost exceptionally has been writing role-poems. In a role-poem, the author takes a role as a fictitious narrative subject and/or another poem character. This means that the narrator's, or other subject’s opinion does not have to coincide with the real author’s. At the same time, it is important to be open to the possibility that a text in addition to a narrator, may be under the influence of an implied author. This becomes particularly clear in texts that seem to express an opinion that goes against the narrator's own. In this thesis I will show, that in order to understand Lenngren’s poems it is crucial to be aware of various narrative techniques.

    I have tried to bring some of Lenngren’s poems into dialogue with each other, which is rewarding, since many themes, narrative subjects and characters are recurrent. This, combined with the awareness of diverse narrative techniques, makes it possible to see Lenngren’s works in a new light. I have mainly focused on the poems concerning young women, and those involving female writers. My analysis shows that the young girl’s reality seems to be in a cage – a cage that sometimes protects her from losing her innocence, and sometimes causes the opposite.  By drawing parallels between Lenngren's different poems, we can also imagine her way of thinking when it comes to women’s writing.  In some poems the narrative subject defends women's right to write, while other poems describe the reality that female writers in Lenngren's contemporaries had to face.

  • 172.
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    Gör ett fanzine för helvete!: DIY, systerskap och queer i svenska feministiska fanzines2014In: Nya röster: Svenska kvinnotidskrifter under 150 år / [ed] Anna Nordenstam, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2014, 1, p. 247-269Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 173.
    Gustafsson, Linda
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Det skräckinjagande och det fantastiska: En arketextuell analys av Neil Gaimans Coraline2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
  • 174.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    ”You have been deafened": En analys av skildringen av funktionalitet och dövhet i superhjälteserien Hawkeye2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis looks at the contemporary superhero comic Hawkeye and its depiction of able-bodiedness and non-able-bodiedness, in general and more specifically the portrayal of deafness that takes place in the last story arc.

    Issues and depictions of various levels of functionality in comics, as a visual media, and superhero comics in particular, have been and are frequently present. They, however, rely heavily on old stereotypes, both in the visual and the textual elements. The small intersection of disability studies, crip theory and the study of superhero comics have mostly focused on the comics published between 1960 and 1980. The superhero genre is a genre known for idealized depictions of healthy and strong bodies, which is why it is such an interesting and complex theme to analyse.

    Matt Fraction and  David Aja’s Hawkeye comic utilizes the tools and elements inherent in the comic book style to portray disability and deafness in new enriching ways both in narrative terms and in the reader’s response to the text. Looking at both the visual and textual elements of the comic this thesis finds that the comic medium and the Hawkeye comic in particular manages to depict disability in an engaging and thought provoking way.

  • 175.
    Haglund Hasselgärde, Elsa
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Den osynliga hemmafrun: Tre av Sonja Åkessons dikter i närläsning2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sonja Åkesson is one of Sweden’s most well known poets. Her most productive period was from 1957 to 1977, and besides poetry she wrote novels and drama. Today, Sonja Åkesson is famous for criticizing society, mostly in a feministic way. But she was not aware of her critical approach until she became successful among her feministic readers in 1960, with poems like ”Äktenskapsfrågan” and ”Självbiografi (replik till Ferlinghetti)”.

    This essay examines professor Yvonne Hirdman’s theory about women’s inferior position in relation to men’s between 1930-1960 in Sweden. During the 1960’s, women were obstructed from the labour market and bundled off to their homes where they became “housewives” or “homemakers”. At home, their sole responsibilities were cleaning, cooking and caring for the children. I show how this inferior position exists in three of Sonja Åkesson’s poems from the same time:”Hjärtans fröjd”, ”Monolog” and the last part of ”Husfrid”, ”III (påskfrid)”.

    My work is based on linguistic change in the Swedish language such as realism and dada. These linguistic changes, among others, became important and innovative sources for the process and together they developed new Esthetics: ”nyenkelheten”. Nyenkelheten also got inspiration from changes in the political and cultural climate, like women’s emancipation and industrialization. Sonja Åkesson is one of the first poets to be called ”nyenkel”.

    Other writers and professors, like Eva Lilja, Per Rydén, Amelie Björck and Lars Elleströms essays and discourse will assist me in my work about Sonja Åkessons way of expressing the Swedish society in her poems. My conclusions are that the “housewife” in Åkessons poems often feel both bored and stressed from her tasks at home. This expresses itself in forms of grotesque realism and irony in the language, and also often a feeling of duality.

  • 176.
    Hall, Nina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    I djurens ställe: En undersökning av kannibalismens roll och tematisering i Cormac McCarthys The Road2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I’m exploring the novel The Road (2006) by the American author Cormac McCarthy. My main subject of interest is the thematic presence of consumption in general and meat consumption in particular in the text, and how this theme takes on an extreme form in the described and implied acts of cannibalism. Throughout the history of the Western World cannibalistic acts have been most commonly condemned and the cannibal has been, in a wide range of discourses, a cultural symbol of opposition to the idea of – and identification with – the ”civilized (Western) self”. Within the frames of popular culture cannibalism is generally portrayed along these lines as an expression of primitivism, animalistic behavior, depravity and monstrosity. As a reader of The Road, one may classify this story as a part of this tradition in its depiction of cannibalism. However, my goal is to illustrate how the subject can be viewed in a more diverse way, which potentially leads the reader to recognize the cannibal: Not in the form of the Other but as a part of the Self; not as a telling agent of evil times but as a critical mirror image of our own. I do this by shedding light on how cannibalism can be said to connect with other discourses throughout McCarthy’s text: Meat consumption as mentioned earlier is one of them and by following that trail my reasoning also comes to include industrialized meat and cultural consumerism. The conclusion of this essay is that the occurring cannibalism in The Road can be, and in my opinion should be, read as criticism of our contemporary society and its exploitive relationship to animals.

  • 177.
    Hall, Nina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Stranden och det främmande: En undersökning av ”den Andres” roll och tematisering i Alex Garlands The Beach2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I point out that the presence of  ”Otherness” plays a key role in the novel The Beach by Alex Garland, and that the text relates to a colonial literary tradition. I’ve mainly used the distinction of Otherness and cultural representation presented by the postcolonial theorist Edward W. Said to guide me. In my examination of the text the presence of Otherness, how it is described and the effects that it has on the story’s central group of characters, has been my focus point. I’ve investigated the occurrence of different elements in the text which creates the sense of Otherness and identified the two most prominent opposition groups in relation to the protagonist of the story. On the story’s setting level aside, a colonial and imperialist theme can also be found on an intertextual level by made references to American war movies like Apocalypse Now, a specifically good example as the script of that movie is based upon the colonial themed novel Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad. I will summarize how the opposition between the Self and the Other throughout The Beach effects the plot’s outcome, and present my conclusion: that the author Alex Garland intentionally places his novel in a tradition of colonial storytelling to give a critical comment on the modern world’s similarities with its colonial past, especially when it comes to contemporary tourism. In my opinion the novel is also questioning the human’s civilized state and social evolvement.

  • 178. Hallberg, Anna Victoria
    Generality and Particularity: Philosophical Pictures and Unclassifiable Images2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    My aim today is to capture and contrast a philosophic and a novelistic image that Murdoch provides for regeneration. The arrangement at the moment requires cutting it short, so I am only touching upon the intricate making of pictures, play with master images, and different uses of the same image in philosophy and in a novel that is a distinguishing characteristic in Murdoch’s artistic and philosophic vision. The occurrence of the mouse constitutes a kind of floating prologue – a pre-understanding – for this paper’s continuation, that we could all have in mind and which I shall return to. But there is a complex set of issues about the types of frames that surround reflections on the relationship between Murdoch’s philosophy and her fiction. Before discussing what is distinctive about Murdoch’s use of images – both and respectively as a philosopher and novelist – I would like to direct attention to what people talk about when they talk about the issue of literature and philosophy in Murdoch’s authorship. I am, somewhat cautiously, interested in presenting a rudimentary overview of what kinds of combinations and linkages that are focused, and if there are differences between theoretic viewpoints and practicality. The idea that I would like to test in this paper, a separation of theory and practise, is done for purposes of clarification and because there is a general scepticism from my viewpoint regarding usage of source material.

    A separation between theory and practise will also include reflections on what I have suggested in this paper’s title – the generality of philosophy and the particularity of literature.

  • 179.
    Hallberg, Anna Victoria
    Örebro universitet.
    Moral Philosophy and Novel Writing as Aspects of a Single Struggle: Iris Murdoch’s Hybrid Novels2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This investigation pursues a thesis, namely that moral philosopher and novelist Iris Murdoch was a writer of hybrid novels. Murdoch’s novels are hybrid constructions where she tries to make reflections on moral intuitions discernible and experienced within the novels’ own “system”. The “philosophical novel” states ideas from an external point of view and uses art for illustration. A governing idea for this thesis is that Murdoch’s literature makes ideas visible. In order to suggest, argue for, and develop such line of reasoning, the investigation is structured in the following way: The first section presents the premises, the aim of the study, and which material and research questions that will guide us. We meet Murdoch’s novels, ideas, and philosophic accent in four “encounters”. It is suggested that we could look at Murdoch’s novels from a double viewpoint that combines two levels: aesthetic appreciation and reflection.Chapter one seeks to discuss Murdoch’s interpretation of and debt to Plato. In particular, Plato’s Cave metaphor is seen as a clue to Murdoch’s view of moral life as a pilgrimage from appearance to reality. It is argued that Murdoch’s broad approach to moral philosophy can be perceived in the hybrid novel form.Chapter two outlines the research and comments on Murdoch as a philosophical novelist. This chapter presents the main disputes within the Murdoch-field and explores its background. The controversy is described with the intention to find a new position that focuses less on the influence of philosophical discourse on the novelistic practise and more on Murdoch’s use of the two levels of aesthetic experience and ideas on the nature of vision in moral life.In the third and fourth chapters the novels Under the Net (1954) and The Sea, The Sea (1978) are investigated. Motif, epiphany, plot, non-speech, and other functional devices that are meaningful for the detection and “confirmation” of the hybrid novel are given attention. Issues of how the protagonists of both novels progress from “fallible” to “seeing”, is put in direct relation to Murdoch’s idea of how the moral pilgrim moves from “appearance” to “reality”. A look at compositional structures that signal the literary norm and how the texts prepare the reader to experience the pattern of “from fallible to seeing” leads to the conclusion that the hybrid novel exhibits a range of qualities that stir moral intuitions. These intuitions are what moral philosophy should be all about, from Murdoch’s viewpoint. As help to reach these conclusions, ideas from both Wittgenstein and exponents of his philosophy are used.The final chapter is also the epilogue: it deals with concluding reflections on what has been argued as well as potential new areas to investigate.

  • 180.
    Hallberg, Anna Victoria
    Stockholms universitet.
    Vad är en läsare?: Om Toni Morrisons BELOVED och begreppet "response-ability"2003In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, no 1/2, p. 5-32Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 181.
    Hallberg, Therese
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    "Awful apprehension" och "sickening realization": Om begreppen "terror" och "horror" i den gotiska litteraturen2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gothic literature has a tradition of dealing with dark subjects, themes and motifs, as well as depicting fear in different shapes and forms. Dani Cavallaro describes dark fiction in terms of the "aesthetic of the unwelcome". The philosopher Edmund Burke separates the beautiful from the sublime and writes that everything that is capable of producing a terror of pain and death is a source of the sublime. In her essay "On the Supernatural in Poetry", Ann Radcliffe draws a clear line between the concepts of terror and horror and distinguished them as fundamentally different. In this essay, I define the terms horror and terror by following up the research surrounding Radcliffes statement. I begin with the concept of terror that Burke and other writers define as an elevated and positive feeling, then move on to account for the discussion surrounding Matthew Lewis' novel The Monk. It was considered pornographic, lewd and outright dangerous in its obscenity with blatant depictions of violence, gore and sex. Since Radcliffe and Lewis were contemporary I reckon that it is profitable to explore this tension further in my essay. From Radcliffe and Lewis I find out how the concepts of terror and horror have developed with time and how modern theorists conceive this distinction.

  • 182.
    Hallberg, Therese
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Mellan livet och döden: Den litterära gotikens närvaro i dokumentära skildringar av självskada2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Autobiographies and documentaries usually aim to elicit a discussion about social issues by shocking and horrifying readers and viewers, often through graphic imagery.

    This study's ambition is to examine how literary documentary borrows from the gothic tradition to depict real societal issues. My aim is to show how the gothic style transcends the borders of the genre and that literary documentary about self-harm tends to work through the same thematic and narrative structures as the literary gothic.

    With a focus on contemporary depictions of self-harm and mental illness in young women and girls in Sweden, this analysis explore how the function of sexuality, gender and self-harm in gothic horror can be applied on these texts. At the same time this study explores how selfharming women tend to use gothic imagery to portray the horrors of their own reality that is saturated with extreme and negative emotions.

    For comparison, two famous depictions of girls going through puberty from the literary horror genre; Carrie and The Exorcist, are examined to further anchor the connection between femininity, blood and puberty in the gothic theoretical field. 

  • 183. Hallgren, Hanna
    Det transversala språket: sista ordet2006In: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, no 1, p. 86-92Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 184.
    Hallgren Sanderson, Julia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Hotet mot Narnia: Den andre i Aslans rike2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay seeks to investigate identity formation and the role of the oriental other, the Calormene, in C.S. Lewis popular children’s books, The Chronicles of Narnia, as well as the threat levelled at Narnia and what it constitutes.

    The oriental other as a threatening corruption is a common image in European colonial discourse, therefore a brief summary on post-colonial theory and critique thereupon and a background on the occidental attitude towards the discursive Orient based mainly on Orientalism by Edward W. Said, as well as a short account of Emile Durkheims theory on social divisions of labour and identity formation in groups is provided in the first theoretical section, Images of the Other.

    In the second section the Narnian identity and what it is composed of is examined. Here I argue that the Narnian identity is connected to an ideal and primordial English identity. This is shown primarily through the linking of Narnian nature and food with the English countryside and its “plain food”. Consequently, food in the Narnian space possesses a great power. The food of the Other corrupts while the hearty Narnian or English food holds the power to redeem those corrupted.

    The third section is dedicated to the threat against Narnia. This is composed mainly of Calormenes and Witches, both of which are described to be ancient and whose evil, I argue, nonetheless is an eventual consequence of rational thinking and modernity.

    In the fourth section the Calormene, the Other in Narnia, is examined. The Calormene society is inextricably linked to slavery, which is portrayed as the utmost consequence of rationality, and characterized by its spiritual poverty. This section also discusses how the Narnian can be corrupted and turned “Other”.

  • 185.
    Hallgren Sanderson, Julia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.
    "Such a thing to waste words on": Genus, sexualitet och Beloved i Robin Hobbs The Realm of the Elderlings2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In fantasy literature, representations of gender and sexuality outside of the heteronormative binary have historically been limited. Although queer fantasy is on the rise, depictions of non-conformational identities are still rare and far in-between.

    This thesis seeks to examine one of the earlier fantasy representations of a queer character, the non-binary Beloved in Robin Hobbs fantasy series The Realm of the Elderlings in terms of gender and sexuality. Throughout the series, Beloved assumes different identities of various genders and sexual orientations, and continuously claims that these are all equally true and valid representations of themselves, although these are distinctly separated by ways of, often gendered, physical attributes. Therefore, a central part of this thesis will be to examine how these shifts between genders and sexual identities are established performatively, something I will do with the support of Judith Butler’s theory of gender performativity as it is presented in Gender Trouble. While the text ultimately lends itself to a reading in Beloved’s favour, they are often othered and met with scorn from other characters of the series, something that is quite central to their characterization. Consequently, this thesis will also investigate these reactions and the often heteronormative and conservative stances they demonstrate, and, most notably, how these reactions mirror exterior societal attitudes and change in accordance with these.

  • 186.
    Hallonsten, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Den tigrerade svenskheten: konstruktionen av en ”svensk” identitet i Jonas Hassen Khemiris roman Montecore: En unik tiger2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is about the construction of a ”Swedish” identity in the novel Montecore: en unik tiger by Jonas Hassen Khemiri (translated in English to Montecore: the silence of the tiger). In the paper I start by, after a short introduction, introducing the theoretical background against which the novel will be analyzed. The main focus is postcolonial theories with Edward Saids work about making “the Other” as a base. I then go through some contemporary Swedish studies about race as a category and internalized racism, make a brief introduction to performativity, to finish with the thought provoking theories about the cyborg by Donna J. Haraway.

    In the section about method I present discourse analysis and the social constructionism that permeates postcolonial studies and discourse analysis and therefore the paper.

    Finally I analyze the material. In this section I use made-up dialogues to illustrate the different positions the characters take when responding to the imagined community that is Sweden, and the conditions imposed on those wanting to be accepted as Swedes. I use policy documents of a Swedish political party, Sverigedemokraterna (the Sweden Democrats) as a counterpart in the dialogues. Thereafter I have a short conclusion, and then you’re free.

  • 187.
    Hallonsten, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Lugninflammation: den kvinnliga grotesken i Kristina Lugns poesi2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay concerns itself with the poetry of Kristina Lugn, the female bodies that inhabit her poems, and how their behaviour can be interpreted via grotesque and queer theory. Within, I create a queer-feminist figuration, I name her The female grotesque and finally let her corporealise in the poems. She spins threads between the different bodies of theory, the poems and society.

    The method is thematic close-reading, with a base of situated knowledge according to Donna Haraway. Using these tools I split up the material into four distinct thematical parts; the mutilated body, the leaking body, the yearning body and the animal body. My aim is to employ grotesque and queer theories in a reading of the female bodies in Kristina Lugns poetry and investigate whether their actions can be seen as representative of strategies for liberation from normative femininity.

  • 188.
    Hallström, Sara
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Gynocide i Antichrist?: eller viljan att kategorisera. En diskursanalys av ”kvinnobilden” i Lars vonTrier´s Antichrist.2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this essay is to penetrate the opinions of how women should be represented on screen. I am using a selection of contributions from the gender debate that Lars von Trier´s movie Antichrist caused in Sweden in spring 2009. The focus of the debate was mainly about the way the female actress was displayed. The provocative thing considered by many was that the female part could be interpreted as evil and in connection with Antichrist. But is that a obvious negative way to present women? In a historical view the discussion have been constantly fluctuated when it comes to the ideas of the correct way to visualize women in the movies which have left us without a true answer to that question.

    I am interested in investigating what is considered today as the best way to represent women by Swedish debaters.

    By using Michel Foucault’s term discourse as theory in a text analyse I am trying to look trough their language and see their ideological position.

  • 189.
    Hammarbäck, Jonas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Yarden/Yarden: En berättelse om prekaritetens verklighetsuppfattning2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By using contemorary work-theory this thesis aim to show how Yarden. En berättelse, puts into play the circumstances of precarian work, circumstances that have gender political as well as identity political overtones. It tries to show how the idea of ”class-jouney” is used as a conciliatory element. An element that, acitvitated increasingly towards the end of the text, is significant for the selfs posisiton in relationship to his class identity and the workers collective around him as well as other spheres. It is also significant in relationship to the work which is the writing, and to the product of that work, which is both Yarden and the litterary persona produced by Yarden. This is something that I try to trace to a conflict between class belonging and other identitory political projects that Yarden expresses. The reality which is produced by the text is not only a staging of a litterary persona and the following class-journey. In my thesis I try to show that it is also possible to read it in it self as something that gives us valuable insights on how reality is produced under the circumstances of precarity. Insights that in turn can show us both how the supression of labour is organised in contemporary late-capitalism, and what expressions resistance in turn might take. 

  • 190.
    Hawsho, George
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Illusion och verklighet: Metaforer och motivkretsar i Stig Dagermans pjäs Den dödsdömde och novellerna ”Den dödsdömde” och ”Mannen från Milesia”2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine metaphors and what may be perceived as motif-circuits in Stig Dagerman’s play Den dödsdömde (The Man Condemned to Death) and the two short stories “Den dödsdömde” (The Man Condemned to Death) and “Mannen från Milesia” (The Man from Milesia). My intention is to discuss a single theme and identity-marks that unites all three works, using Paul Ricoeur’s The Rule of Metaphor (La mêtaphore vive) as well as the “thematic critique” of Jean-Pierre Richard.

    What is metaphor for Ricoeur is for Richard themes (theme): an organizing principle, a sort of schedule around which a world is constituted. Hence, I find similarities between the motif-circuits, Ricoeur’s metaphor-theory and Richards’s themes. The motif-circuits: rain, light and darkness, (the) eyes and finally dream and reality, represent the analyses’ thread. The motif-circuits cut through the play and the two short stories. They form a single thematic continuity that binds together the story and move it forward.

    The motif-circuits have not only a privileged role in the texts, but above all a connection with Ricoeur’s metaphor-theory and Richard’s themes. My focus shall be affixed upon how the motif-circuits appear and the various charges they receive, depending on the context. The motif-circuits occur separately or in combination. Sometimes they exclude each other, relieve or replace each other. They differ from being abstract, perceptual, illusory or real (concrete). Moreover, the motif-circuits raises in the texts other interesting aspects, such as: consciousness and memory, time and space, life and death, subject and object (man’s role and women’s role), the hole forming a dynamic movement. Finally, one can say that the motif-circuits form a structure within which the action takes place.

  • 191.
    Hegardt, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.
    Från hem till hemland: Historiens hemvist och funktionärernas uppgift2016In: Historiens hemvist III: Minne, medier och materialitet / [ed] Johan Hegardt & Trond Lundemo, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2016, p. 221-246Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 192.
    Hegardt, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.
    Lundemo, Trond
    Inledning2016In: Historiens hemvist III: Minne, medier och materialitet / [ed] Johan Hegardt & Trond Lundemo, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2016, p. 15-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 193.
    Hellman Vold, Anne
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Adaption och subversion: Återbruk, mening och nonsens i Block av Ulf Karl Olov Nilsson2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish contemporary poet Ulf Karl Olov Nilsson (UKON) creates his poems by recycling and manipulating existing material. Though the overall opinion of his work has been positive, the idea that experimental poetry focus shape on the expense of content has led critics to either interpret the nonsensical and absurd aspects of UKON’s poetics as a consequence of the technical methods he uses to create his poetry, or to look beyond the nonsensical and absurd aspects to focus the fact that the poems creates meaning at all. The poems of UKON’s sixth collection of poems, Block (2005), differ from each other in many ways: some poems are lists and other revolves around a person – their content and construction vary and they can hardly be read as an expression of one persons thought. Still, the homogenous visual form creates a sense of uniformity – all the poems are shaped like blocks in different sizes, it has no page numbers and no names has been given the individual poems. By focusing the nonsensical and absurd aspects of UKON’s collection Block, and at the same time read the poetry through the light of the poetic context that UKON is connected to, this essays shows that UKON destroys and creates meaning in a way that is similar to the techniques used by the Victorian nonsense literature. As the Victorian nonsense literature make use of the language’s grammatical rules and genres to give the nonsense text a structure, UKON stages a reciprocal action between making use of and exceeding the conventional use of different language-contexts (e.g. erotic language or expressions such as “one must…”). Thus, the nonsensical aspects of UKON’s poetry are exposed as a consequent course of action to create and destroy meaning and Block can be read as a way to disclose how the language creates and maintains cultural clichés.

  • 194.
    Hellström, Madelaine
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    I Norrland kan ingen höra dig skrika: En postkolonial läsning av Stefan Spjuts Stallo2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The northern province of Sweden has in both literature and film been depictured as something foreign and mythical, unlike the rest of the country. It has been my purpose to show in this essay that the systematic categorization of Norrland and its literature reveals multiple criteria known to define the colonial era. By reading the novel Stallo by author Stefan Spjut with postcolonial structures in mind I aim to show how the author uses Swedish mythology and through the presence of The Other criticizes colonial structures in place to this day. By examining the gothic atmosphere I intend to indicate how the trolls in the novel figures as both a horror element as well as a representation of nature itself. It is my belief that the author by further reinforcing the mythological in relation to Norrland addresses the problem at hand. That Norrland is still to this day a colony within its own country.

  • 195.
    Helsing, Sophie
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Doktor Moreau och jakten på den etiska figuren: Från misslyckat människoskapande till respektfulla relationer2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     “Doctor Moreau and The Hunt for The Ethical Figure. From unsuccessful man-making to respectful relations with Jacques Derrida, Donna Haraway and H. G. Wells”

    In H. G. Wells’ science fiction novel, The Island of Doctor Moreau (1896), a scientist on a remote island in the Pacific Ocean attempts to create humans from animals. Wells draws on Charles Darwin’s theories on the origins of species and the descent of man to create a horror story in which the uniqueness of the human is called into question.

    This study uses the novel to investigate the re-emergent interest in human-animal relations, within the natural sciences as well as the arts and humanities, in the past twenty years. In what is often termed “the Animal Turn,” theorists such as Jacques Derrida and Donna Haraway, who are at the centre of this study, have dedicated a significant amount of their work to the animal question and in particular to the ethics of inter-species relationships.

    Furthermore this essay stages the interaction of fiction and theoretical discourse in an analysis that probes challenges inherent to the relations of humans to other species, such as the practice of eating meat, the killing of animals, and animal rights. Moreover, it considers how the figure of the animal has been used to define the human, as well as to dehumanize people in the justification of abuse and persecution. However, human-animal ethics also has positive connotations, discussed through the figures of positivity and possibility in play, sharing, contact and responsive responsibility.

    Taking its inspiration from Karen Barad’s method of diffraction, this study foregrounds new pattern-making while exploring how Derrida’s and Haraway’s strategies for formulating a new ethics are present in their use of tropes and figures. 

  • 196.
    Helsing, Sophie
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Inför den Andre är jag dum: om dumhet, etik och kreativitet i Samuel Becketts pjäs Slutspel2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study constitutes an attempt to bring the notion of stupidity into relation with ethics and creativity, through a reading of Samuel Beckett's Endgame. Employing Emmanuel Lévinas' theories on ethics - the responsible responsiveness in regard to the Other and the concept of the Face - the objective is to demonstrate how stupidity, conceived as lack of control and knowledge, functions as a precondition for the ethical relation between humans, as well as that of the individual to her creativity.

  • 197.
    Hermansson, Johnny
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    "En inställd spelning är en spelning det också...": Ulf Lundells olika realiteter och identiteter i romanerna Jack, En varg söker sin flock och Värmen2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ulf Lundell is one of the most famous songwriters and authors in Sweden. He has written fifteen works of fiction and they’ve all same theme – a lonely man trying to look into his own past life. They are all built on a character, writing from an I-perspective, having a bit of Lundells own biography in there’s personality.

     The aim of his thesis is to find out how Ulf Lundell presents him self in his fictive characters, and will trace the authors development from a psychological point of view. The theoretic starting points are Lacans Freudian concepts “idealego”, “egoideal” and “the superego”, describing the psychological alteration at the author.                   

    The examination contains an analysis of Lundells novels Jack, En varg söker sin flock and Värmen, and throws light on the relationship between the author and his characters, and how it developes and changes with Lundells literary development. In this consideration are narrative theories a basic factor.  

    This work will also try to illustrate what has inspired Lundell in creating his fiction figures, and finally how he creates his own lived life on these literary characters.

  • 198. Hestetun, Øyunn
    Excursions into the Literary Territories of the Other2008In: Neither East Nor West: Postcolonial Essays on Literature, Culture and Religion / [ed] Kerstin W. Shands, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2008, p. 43-52Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 199.
    Hjalmarson, Karin
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    ”[…] hon var ingenting annat än mor nu”: En feministisk studie av Anne Charlotte Lefflers noveller ”En bal i societeten” och ”I krig med samhället”2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I study two novellas by Anne Charlotte Leffler, “En bal i societeten” and “I krig med samhället”. In order to do this, I use some of the differences between male and female writing that Ingeborg Nordin Hennel discusses in her study “Ämnar kanske fröken publicera något?”: Kvinnligt och manligt i 1880-talets novellistik. For the analysis of “I krig med samhället” I also use the text “Stabat mater” by Julia Kristeva. Anne Charlotte Leffler describes femininity both as a shortcoming and as a possibility in her authorship. In this essay I focus on femininity as a shortcoming. In my opinion “shortcoming” is not the proper description. I have therefore introduced the term “novella of disillusionment” to describe the novellas. My idea is that the female protagonist through disillusionment comes to the understanding of the double standards and limiting conventions of women. This is the insight that underlies femininity as a possibility.

    I want to show how the two novellas lead to disillusionment for Arla. In “En bal i societeten”, the young Arla’s disillusionment is about romantic love. The novella criticizes bourgeois matrimony. It also discusses authorship and theatrical art. The novella is impressionistic. I examine the portrayed women because they give a voice to and criticize double standards. Another distinct theme is the relationship between mothers and daughters as part of the oppressive patriarchal system. The men appearing in the novella are more of stereotypes. Their primary interest is in their relationship to Arla. The narrator uses often a double gaze where the second look is female and antipatriarcal.

    In the analysis of “I krig med samhället” I focus on Arla’s development. The main male character is a young radical writer, typical of male writers in the 1880s. My interest is solely in his relationship to Arla. His radical ideas do not include the emancipation of women and the companionate marriage proves to be disillusionment for Arla. His view of women is influenced by the ideals of the discourse of the Madonna. This both restricts Arla, and gives her a possible way of life, based on a feminine experience. I also discuss the perspective of the narrator that confronts the views of Lefflers male colleagues. I also discuss the complex relationship between Arla and her teenage daughter.

    In the final part of the essay I clarify the disillusionment by comparing Arla’s fate with some works by Leffler that can better be categorized as describing femininity as a possibility, in particular, the novel “En sommarsaga”. In my opinion “I krig med samhället” is the precursor of the novel.

  • 200.
    Hjalmarson, Karin
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Nya kvinnor och ny samhällskritik: en feministisk läsning av Anne Charlotte Lefflers Tre komedier2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My essay is about the latter period of Anne Charlotte Leffler’s authorship. In Part I of my essay, I describe her path from the 1880s, where she described femininity as a shortcoming, as writes Ingeborg Nordin-Hennel, towards the 1890s and towards describing femininity as a possibility. This development took place on two levels – on an outer level, where all the woman writers in the late 1880s were influenced and where they were pushed out by the male writers, and on an inner level with Leffler herself.

    Her late literary works depict new and more independent types of women, and eroticism is given a more prominent position. In Part II, I study Tre komedier (Three Comedies) which was published in 1891 and which includes the plays Den kärleken (Love is Strange), Familjelycka (Family Happiness), and Moster Malvina (Aunt Malvina). In my opinion, they are early expressions of the New Woman fiction. For my analysis, I use the criteria of genre for the New Woman fiction that is defined by Ebba Witt-Brattström. New Woman fiction is a lost link between the literature of social protest of the 1880s and female modernism. That characterizes, among other things, a new type of woman, who is intellectually and sexually aware. The plot is often contradictory and open-ended which allows scope for interpretation. The protagonist usually has a girlfriend or another woman, whom she can use as a mirror, and there is a new women’s “sistership” emerging, and the urban setting is yet another characteristic. The protagonist often stays at a boarding house or is out on a journey. The new male character is a weakling as opposed to the bourgeois masculinity. These features are distinct in Tre komedier. However, I have discovered a few more criteria.

    I also discuss how Leffler, in the comedic form, delivers a pronounced criticism of society. In Tre komedier, the bourgeois matrimony, the bourgeois family, and the treatment of unmarried women are focused upon and criticized. The three plays differ very much from one another in the dramatic forms. Lynn R Wilkinson considers that they are among the first modernistic comedies, and they point forward to authors such as Wilde, Shaw, and Chekhov.

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