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  • 151.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    The Lion Wreck: a survey of a 17th-century Dutch merchant ship—an interim report2012In: International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, ISSN 1057-2414, E-ISSN 1095-9270, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 17-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2009 the well-preserved wreck of a 17th-century merchant ship was found at a depth of 50 m in the Stockholm Archipelago. On the top of the ship's rudder is a carved lion, inspiring the working name ‘Lion Wreck’. The state of preservation provides a rare opportunity to study the conditions on board a typical 17th-century Dutch merchant ship trading in the Baltic. The aim of this text is to describe and summarize the first thorough survey of the site, carried out in spring 2010.

  • 152.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Stockholm University.
    The ship Riksäpplet and the introduction of English naval architecture in Sweden in the 17th century2017In: Post-Medieval Archaeology, ISSN 0079-4236, E-ISSN 1745-8137, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 309-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    SUMMARY: The 84-gun ship Riksäpplet was one of the first ships in Sweden built under supervision of the newly recruited English master. In 1676, the ship came adrift, struck a rock and sank. In 2015 a minor field survey of the wreck was undertaken. An inventory of finds recovered from the wreck in various museum collections and in private hands has been compiled and the preserved correspondence from the construction of the ship has been re-examined. This material has provided new insights regarding the peculiarities and special architecture of Riksäpplet.

  • 153.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Tre frusna ögonblick2010In: Marinarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 3, p. 10-12Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 154.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Urbanism Under Sail: An Archaeology of Fluit Ships in Early Modern Everyday Life2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the seventeenth- and early eighteenth centuries, fluits were the most common type of merchant ship used in Baltic trade. Originally a Dutch design, the majority of all goods transported between Sweden and the Republic was carried on board such vessels. Far from all voyages reached their destination. Down in the cold brackish water of the Baltic, the preservation conditions are optimal, and several of these unfortunate vessels remain nearly intact today. Although thousands of more or less identical fluits were built, surprisingly little is known about the arrangement of space on board, their sculptural embellishment and other aspects that formed the physical component of everyday life on and alongside these ships. Fluits were a fixture in early modern society, so numerous that they became almost invisible. The study of wrecks thus holds great potential for revealing vital components of early modern life. Inspired by phenomenological approaches in archaeology, this thesis aims to focus on the lived experience of fluits. It sets out to grasp for seemingly mundane everyday activities relating to these ships, from the physical arrangements for eating, sleeping and answering nature’s call, to their rearrangement for naval use, and ends with a consideration of the architectonical contribution of the fluit to the urban landscape.

  • 155. Eriksson, Niklas
    Västeråsskeppet: framgrävt för andra gången2004In: Marinarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 2, p. 15-17Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 156.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Återfunnen - förlista resande mannen2013In: Populär arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X, no 4, p. 14-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 157.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    During, Carl
    Holmlund, Joakim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Sjöblom, Ingvar
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Försvarshögskolan.
    Ågren, Michael
    Resande mannen (1660): Marinarkeologisk rapport 20122013Report (Other academic)
  • 158. Eriksson, Niklas
    et al.
    Höglund, Patrik
    En fartygslämning vid Kapellskär: arkeologisk förundersökning, Uppland, Norrtälje kommun2009Report (Other academic)
  • 159.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    Höglund, Patrik
    Statens Maritima Museer.
    Well Preserved or Well Recorded: Approaches to Baltic Sea Shipwrecks Exemplified by the Dalarö-Wreck Project2012In: Between Continents: Proceedings of the Twelfth Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology / [ed] Nergis Günsenin, Istanbul: Ege Yayinlari , 2012, p. 325-329Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 160.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    Lejonvrak och Spökskepp: Unika fynd i Östersjön2010In: Populär Arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X, no 2, p. 20-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 161.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Stockholm Univeristy.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Mars (1564): the initial archaeological investigations of a great 16th-century Swedish warship2017In: International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, ISSN 1057-2414, E-ISSN 1095-9270, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 92-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Before the Swedish warship Mars exploded and sank in action against a combined Danish and Lübeckian fleet in 1564, it was one of the largest ships in the world. In 2011 the wreck was relocated off the island of Öland in the Baltic Sea. Thanks to the favourable conditions in the brackish water, about two thirds of the hull is preserved on the sea bottom, including the stern with the large sterncastle. The aim of this article is to present initial archaeological observations and results of work since 2011. We briefly describe the historical context and research perspectives regarding this wreck.

  • 162.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    Svärdet: marin slagfältsarkeologi2012In: Marinarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 4-7Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 163.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    'The Ghost Ship': An Intact Fluyt from c.1650 in the Middle of the Baltic Sea2012In: International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, ISSN 1057-2414, E-ISSN 1095-9270, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 350-361Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report an exceptionally well preserved 17th-century shipwreck in the Baltic Sea. The investigation of the intact 3-dimensional hull at 130 m depth in the cold dark water has demanded new methods of documentation. Field investigation of ‘The Ghost Ship’ has been done in co-operation with a nautical survey company, combining archaeological skills with advanced technology and filming for a television documentary. The discovery offers detailed knowledge about Dutch shipbuilding and the construction of fluyts. We also believe that study of the social organisation aboard this small trading ship can give insights into the mentality and ideology of the period.

  • 164.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    'The Ghost Ship' (Gotska Sandön Island, Sweden): Deepwater Archaeology in the Baltic Sea2017In: Ships and Maritime Landscapes: Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology, Amsterdam 2012 / [ed] Jerzy Gawronski, André van Holk & Joost Schokkenbroek, Eelde: Barkhuis, 2017, p. 439-444Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 165.
    Falk, Rickard
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Jordnära: Erfarenheter från ett röse2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the essay is to see (1) how being a bricoleur works within the framework of academic discourse, specifically an archaeological one, (2) if, by usinga bricoleur approach, incorporating object-oriented philosophy, phenomenology, aesthetic theory and photography, one can get at different interpretations of an archaeological place and material; specifically the cairn at Skårby and how it ”should” be approached, and (3), if the incorporation of a photography that’s not aimed at textual illustration or representation, along with a looser language, can make an academic text like this one more approachable.

  • 166. Flood, Roger
    et al.
    Törnqvist, Oscar
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    Vad väntar i de digitala arkiven?2010In: Marinarkeologisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 3, p. 13-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 167.
    Gustafsson Gillbrand, Patrik
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Sörmlands Arkeologi AB.
    Stenbruk: Stenartefakter, råmaterial och mobilitet i östra Mellansverige under tidig- och mellanmesolitikum2018Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines artefacts, raw materials and lithic technology between c. 9200–6200 cal BC in Eastern Central Sweden. The overall purpose of this study is to investigate when people first came to Eastern Central Sweden and where they came from. More precisely, it provides a typological, geo­graphical and chronological survey of artefacts and the use of different raw materials. The study deals with assemblages with artefacts from more than thirty archaeologically excavated sites and loose finds in Eastern Central Sweden. The objects consist of chubby pecked axes, core axes, flake axes, shaft hole picks, microliths and micro burins, points, burins, rulers, uni­facial blade core, conical cores, micro blade cores, blades, drills, re­touched blades and micro blades. The artefacts have been compared with established typologies and chronologies for the rest of the Nordic countries and to some extent Russia and the Baltic States. An analysis of different raw mater­ials present at Early and Middle Mesolithic sites in Eastern Central Sweden was also carried out. The materials are put into a chronological and geo­graphical context. The raw materials included in the study are the non-local rocks flint and Cambrian flint, as well as local raw materials such as quartz, greenstone, local vulcanite, mylonite and red porphyry. From 9200 cal BC there is evidence of the first groups of people in the area, just shortly after that the Weichselian ice cap had withdrawn. Throughout the period studied the artefacts as well as the non-local raw materials exhibit great similarities to those found in the western part of Sweden. The study also shows, regar­ding the use of different raw materials and presence of certain artefacts, that some major events took place, suggesting a new chronological time frame for the Early- and Middle Mesolithic periods. In addition, a discussion re­gar­­ding mobility and migration in Eastern Central Sweden during Early Post Glacial time is carried out.

  • 168.
    Gärdin, Birgitta
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Birka på Björkö: Forskning, tidsanda och särställning2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 169.
    Hagström, Dana
    Södertörn University College, School of Sociology and Contemporary History.
    Natur som kultur: och betydelsen av dess berättelser2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Is there such a thing as unadulterated nature? All that surrounds us is culturally modified by man somewhere along our past. But culture is only a fictitious conception itself, created in an attempt to break the world into controllable objects.

    So in what do we find culture? In everything? In the objects or the stories they embrace? Who chooses what’s worth saving and how to save? Choosing what is culture is made from personal, ingrained dichotomies of what’s important and what is not. A selective eye creates a distorted truth, which could have unintentional long-term effects.

    This thesis will give a historical account of the archaeological discipline’s development in tending to our cultural heritage. By demonstrating its many complications, with examples of forest remains, I will argue for the need of innovation, communication and documentation. Only then can we get a broader, more varied and slightly less modified picture of the culture we choose to keep.

  • 170. Hansson, Jim
    et al.
    Lindström, Jens
    Olsson, Andreas
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology.
    Maritima Birka: nya undersökningar av vikingastadens hamnområden2010In: Marinarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 4, p. 14-17Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 171. Hansson, Jim
    et al.
    Lindström, Jens
    Olsson, Andreas
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    Nya undersökningar av Birkas hamn2010In: Populär Arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 172.
    Hegardt, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.
    Från hem till hemland: Historiens hemvist och funktionärernas uppgift2016In: Historiens hemvist III: Minne, medier och materialitet / [ed] Johan Hegardt & Trond Lundemo, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2016, p. 221-246Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 173.
    Hegardt, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, History and Theory of Art.
    Lundemo, Trond
    Inledning2016In: Historiens hemvist III: Minne, medier och materialitet / [ed] Johan Hegardt & Trond Lundemo, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2016, p. 15-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 174.
    Henriksson, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Arkeologiska förväntningar i mötet med ett landskap: Stenålderns Blekinge ur ett kunskapsperspektiv2019Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about archaeological knowledge production. It is also about what kind of impact such knowledge may have on an antiquarian/archaeological practice as well as on society as a whole. The work focuses broadly on Stone Age archaeology and specifically on the middle-Mesolithic Age in the county of Blekinge in the South East of Sweden.

    Until the late 1990’s, large-scale archaeological excavations in this region were rare. In particular, there were significant gaps in early- and middle-Mesolithic archaeology of other regions. In particular, the study brings up the relationship with the defined Kongemose culture's settlements in Southern Scandinavia. From a knowledge perspective the study discusses how different kinds of methodological practices are important for both archaeology and society, to be able to see and understand a more complete historical picture. Based on this, the focus shifts the role of museums within regional archaeology. The study here argues for a more strategically executed dissemination and presentation of archaeological knowledge towards different stakeholders.

  • 175.
    Hillerdal, Charlotta
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Uppsala universitet.
    People in Between: Ethncity and Material Identity, a New Approach to Deconstructed Concepts2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In questions concerning ethnicity and cultural identity in prehistory, there is a great divide between the conclusions maintained on a theoretical level of discussion and the interpretations given to material remains, when these theories are practiced on the archaeological material. Inherited scientific and political structures, usage and ideas contribute to our understanding of ethnicity and the everyday use of the concept, and influence archaeological interpretations. By illuminating these inherited preconceptions, they can be deconstructed, and a workable definition of the concepts found. A categorical approach to material culture needs to be abandoned, along with the hope of identifying ethnic groups in an archaeological material. Analyses should instead concentrate on the concept of ethnicity, as a relational, situational social identity created in the prehistoric present.

    The discussion is here approached through case studies set in different contextual situations, displaying great chronological, geographical and political variation, but also revealing some obvious points of contact. Scientific, materialistic, colonial and national perceptions of ethnic groups and ethnicity are penetrated in the case studies of the Varangians in 8th to 10th century Russia, the history of the Métis in Canada from the 18th century till today, and the Swedish speaking population on the island of Ruhnu outside Estonia at the turn of the 20th century. The Varangians are part of the Russian national myth of origin, and have been understood as a Scandinavian people, especially by Scandinavian researchers. Archaeological material of Scandinavian character dating to between the 8th and 11th centuries confirms intense interaction between Russia and Scandinavia in this time period. The Métis trace their roots back to the fur trade era and the encounter between Indian and European traders. Since 1982, they have been recognised as an indigenous people of Canada. The population of Runö was documented as Swedish speaking in the Middle Ages. They were discovered by Swedish ethnography in the 19th century, and interpreted as archaic Swedish. As a consequence of this narrative, the population was evacuated to Sweden in almost its entirety during the Second World War.

    In these cases, scientific, political and ideological aspects of social practice interface with the everyday practices in communities and influence the outward perception of that group's identity, as well as the self-perception within the community. It can be concluded that the ideological setting is equally important to a historical development as are economic or geographical circumstances. The final chapter introduces an alternative interpretation to the early Scandinavian towns as a disappearing phenomenon towards the end of the 10th century, deduced from the conclusions made in the previous case studies.

  • 176.
    Hjulhammar, Marcus
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 3, Archaeology.
    Ragnhildsborg: fornlämning RAÄ 220, Östertälje socken, Stockholms län : arkeologisk rapport2003Report (Other academic)
  • 177.
    Holmlund, Joakim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Marin mätteknik (MMT).
    Ny verktygslåda för marinarkeologer2014In: Marinarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 2, p. 4-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 178.
    Holmlund, Joakim
    et al.
    MMT.
    Nilsson, Björn
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Joint Exploration of the Sunken Past: Examples of Maritime Archaeoogical Collaboration Between Industry and Academica in the Baltic2017In: Under the Sea: Archaeology and Palaeolandscapes of the Continental Shelf / [ed] Bailey,G., Harff,J., Sakellariou., Cham: Springer, 2017, p. 53-63Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines the benefits and constraints of collaboration between an archaeological research unit and a commercial company, using as examples joint research conducted by MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute at Södertörn University) and the Swedish commercial marine survey company MMT. The examples presented here included the detailed reconstruction by remote sensing of deeply submerged shipwrecks and the mapping and discovery of submerged archaeological landscapes and associated artefacts such as fish traps, which can then be examined more closely by archaeological divers. The benefits to archaeologists of collaborating with well-equipped commercial companies are obvious, but the benefits are mutual. The demands of archaeological research can generate new technological solutions that have commercial application, as well as producing results with wider educational and social benefits. Provided that archaeological investigations are embedded in the normal commercial operations of the company, such collaboration can be cost-effective for both parties, and is further enhanced by collaboration with film companies, which generates wider public interest and publicity for all concerned.

  • 179. Högberg, Anders
    et al.
    Nilsson, BjörnSödertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology.Skoglund, Peter
    Gården i landskapet: tre bebyggelsearkeologiska studier2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 180.
    Höglund Giertz, Jessica
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Kremeringar, deponeringar och laddade ben: En granskning av gravbegreppet i bronsålderns och äldre järnålderns arkeologi2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is a well known archaeological concern that the remains of human bones left from the bronze age and early iron age Scandinavia are not nearly enough to represent the estimated population of the time. Furthermore the bones of each find rarely represent a whole individual. The majority of the bones must have been disposed of somewhere else, possibly scattered in running waters or in the fields, where they have evaporated or are securely hidden from archaeological excavations.

    This thesis deals with the grave concept and the problem in using a word that is so very clouded by its modern, western meaning. It also offers an alternative explanation to why the bones are handled the way they are and why they are found in such awkward contexts.

  • 181.
    Höglund Giertz, Jessica
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication.
    Skårby: En kultplats med lång tradition2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ancient site of Skårby, situated about twenty kilometres south of Stockholm, includes one very large cairn enclosured by a stone wall with a small cairn attached to it. Cairns are originally thought of as graves, but resent research shows that they are more likely to have been religious objects. The constructions are seated on a small hill with a view over the lake Bornsjön which used to be a bay of the lake Mälaren. This place has been the object of worship throughout the whole Bronze Age. Over the years the manifestation of the worship changed, but the place for it stayed the same.

  • 182.
    Hörlin, Jonny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Ringrösen – symbol för härd och hem, plats och ursprung: En studie av ringrösen i Jönköpings län2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ringrösen är en kategori rösen som förbryllar många. Varför ser de ut som de gör och vad har de haft för funktion? De ligger på moränhöjder på Sydsvenska höglandet men inte i ensamt majestät utan oftast finns domarringar och andra fornlämningar i dess omedelbara närhet.

    Idag är det tydligt att de ligger i skogsbygder och ett stycke från bebyggelse och nära vattendrag och våtmarker.

    Benämningen "ringsrör" finns på en karta från Vrigstadtrakten redan 1807 men blir på 1950-talet populärt i samband med inventeringar av fornminnen i trakten av Månsarp i Jönköpings kommun. Där ligger också det till ytan största ringröset med en diameter på omkring 35 meter och med upp till 10 meter tjocka murar som är upp till två meter höga. Det imponerande ringröset i byn Röshult har en gång in i röset i nordost.

    Det som skiljer ett ringröse från ett "vanligt" röse är dess mer eller mindre tomma inre yta, som inte är så lätt att uppfatta innan man befinner sig nära själva röset. Kanske är sättet att bygga på en sparsam småländsk variant, eftersom intrycket på lite avstånd blir lika massivt som ett fyllt röse. En variant av ringröse är ett par "tvilling-ringrösen" som ligger sida vid sida i Ekeryd i Vaggeryds kommun, inte så långt från Röshult.

    Det är egentligen bara en handfull rösen som fått benämningen ringröse och man har ansett att dessa har sitt ursprung i bronsåldern, omkring 1800 f Kr till 500 f Kr. Man tror också att dessa använts som gravar på samma sätt som andra större rösen och gravhögar. Ingen av dessa rösen har i Sverige blivit undersökta med moderna arkeologiska metoder.

    På andra platser i Sverige och Europa finns exempel på liknande fornlämningar. Framför allt i Storbritannien har man sedan länge en bättre kunskap om en motsvarande fornlämning. Där är den ursprungliga funktionen också oklar men en uppfattning är att de ska ses som rituella platser kopplade till eld och kol snarare än till begravningar.

    I ringröset i Röshult har det visat sig att det funnits en mycket liten hällkista placerad nära den större sten som idag finns kvar centralt i röset. Denna lilla kista var en femkantig konstruktion med den spetsigare sidan i riktning från nordost mot sydväst. I röset finns en gång i vallen i nordost och mindre variationer i vallen i sydväst. Vid midsommar går solen upp i NO och vid vintersolståndet går den ner i SV. Är detta en slump eller en medveten handling att man valt att förhålla sig till solens gång? En liknande tolkning görs även om en av världens mest kända fornlämningar, Stonehenge i England.

    Den ring eller cirkel som utmärker ett ringröse har likheter med en hydda eller härd och kan ses som en symbol för sammanhållning och en markering av ett gemensamt ursprung. Kanske är geografin och geologin en av förklaringarna till varför man väljer en så speciell plats att anlägga ett ringröse på.

  • 183.
    Ilves, Kristin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology.
    Discovering Harbours?: Reflection on the State and Development of Landing Site Studies in the Baltic Sea Region2009In: Journal of Maritime Archaeology, ISSN 1557-2285, E-ISSN 1557-2293, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 149-163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For the study and understanding of the structure and use of the ancient landscape and the maritime aspects of society, landing sites are one of the most sought after and discussed antiquities in the cultural landscape. Methodologically, in locating the places for landing, looking at their context, such as the prehistoric landscape, has been given a high priority throughout the history of research and landing sites are presumed to have existed in the vicinity of several material and non-material indicators of maritime presence. However, as the category of landing sites and their nature have not been properly defined, such indiscriminate designation based purely on circumstantial evidence poses serious problems. This paper evaluates research into landing sites in the Baltic Sea region, scrutinising terminological and methodological approaches used and suggests a way forward.

  • 184.
    Ilves, Kristin
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Do Ships Shape the Shore?: An Analysis of the Credibility of Ship Archaeological Evidence for Landing Site Morphology in the Baltic Sea2012In: International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, ISSN 1057-2414, E-ISSN 1095-9270, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 94-105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of the development of different kinds of watercrafts during prehistory an interdependent line of development for landing sites and harbours is often suggested and used to argue that it is almost impossible to archaeologically locate small and early landing sites. Although the constructional properties of prehistoric watercrafts suggest that landing structures were not compellingly necessary, there is nevertheless archaeological evidence of landing facilities already from Stone Age as well as landing facilities for smaller boats to consider. This article will discuss to what extent ship archaeological evidence could be seen in a corresponding development to landing sites in its respective periods.

  • 185.
    Ilves, Kristin
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Identifying Water-bound Strategies in the Archaeological Record: The Multi-Period Case of Garn, an Inland Lacustrine Site in SwedenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In archaeological research designs that focus on sites in coastal and shore-bound areas, a short geographical distance is often equated with a high degree of functional correlation between settlement and water without any further investigations of this (pre-)supposed relationship. This is both a theoretical and a methodological problem: instead of testing a hypothesis against the empirical material as the result of actions carried out by prehistoric people, a vaguely characterized empirical pattern is argued to reflect the inherent interrelationship to water. This article presents a process of generating and applying appropriate methodological approaches in the study of water-bound strategies. It explores a site with an initially unknown character and date, but with the remains of a still monumental artificial earthen wall standing close to what was hypothesized to be a former shore zone at Garn, in east central Sweden, and delves into how water-bound strategies might be expressed and investigated in archaeology.

  • 186.
    Ilves, Kristin
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Is there an Archaeological Potential for a Sociology of Landing Sites?2011In: Journal of Archaeology and Ancient History (JAAH), ISSN 2001-1199, no 2, p. 1-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Repeatedly, archaeological research on landing sites draws upon the equivalence between a naturally suitable coast and a landing site/harbour. This kind of research emanates from an archaeologically and socially ill-defined landing site concept and has created a basis for arbitrary discussions on the nature of maritime activities of past societies. There is no comprehensive and integrated understanding of the existing variability, character and patterns of landing site behaviour and relations. This article addresses the question of what characterises landing sites for watercrafts in an archaeological and social perspective. If such characteristics can be defined, what are the possibilities of seeing any of these traits in an archaeological material? Defining a landing site as a contact zone where movements and meetings on land and by watercraft take place and are facilitated by the locality as such, a generally applicable model for the archaeological study of landing sites is suggested and checked against three different archaeological case studies from the Baltic Sea region.

  • 187.
    Ilves, Kristin
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Seaward Landward: Investigations on the archaeological source value of the landing site category in the Baltic Sea region2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a tendency in archaeology dealing with watercraft landing sites in a wider context to assume a direct relationship between sites in coastal and shore-bound areas and the practise of landing, without any deeper practical or theoretical exploration of the reality of any such relationship. This problem has its origins in the poor archaeological and conceptual definitions of watercraft landing sites obstructing any real understanding of the role of these sites in the maritime cultural landscape. Landing sites are taken for granted and they are undervalued as an archaeological source of explanation; notwithstanding, the concept of the landing site is readily used in archaeology in order to underpin archaeological interpretations on the maritime activities of past societies.

    In order to break away from the simplified understandings of past water-bound strategies based on the undefined concept of the landing site, this dissertation suggests a definition of watercraft landing sites in a wider social sense as water-bound contact zones; places of social interaction that can be archaeologically identified and investigated. This perspective integrates the understanding of the intentional character of human activity related to watercraft landing with the remaining archaeological traces. Archaeological definitions of landing sites that can be tested against the archaeological data are provided, and thereby, the dissertation contributes with the possibility to archaeologically evaluate and approach the social function of watercraft landing sites. This dissertation demonstrates that there can be an archaeology of landing sites.

  • 188.
    Ilves, Kristin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Darmark, Kim
    Stockholm university.
    Some Critical and Methodological Aspects of Shoreline Determination: Examples from the Baltic Sea Region2011In: Journal of archaeological method and theory, ISSN 1072-5369, E-ISSN 1573-7764, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 147-165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Coastal shorelines worldwide are generally unstable and changing. The study of the precise relation between any archaeological site and the shoreline at the time when the site was used is therefore complicated, but still often not met with appropriate methodological approaches. In this article, we test models based on phosphate analysis and discuss how they can be used to detect ancient shorelines. We propose that a model of increased and oscillating phosphate values at the former water level is considered reliable and useful in areas with advancing shoreline.

  • 189.
    Ingers, Ellen
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Gribshunden (1495): En jämförande studie av samtida skeppsavbildningar2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the MA thesis is to discuss and analyse different illustrations, paintings, carvings in wood and stone and woodcuts of ships of the new kind (Carrack, carvels), from the 15th century to the middle of the 16th century, and compare them to the Griffon-hound ship, and to understand how they have evolved. The ships of the time had large stern and end castles, three to four masts, and where built for the war tactic of boarding. The oldest ship of the new kind that have been found, is the Griffon-hound, a ship that belonged to the Danish king Hans, and sunk due to a fire 1495 outside of Ronneby in southern Sweden. Besides being the oldest of its kind, the ship also has a very specific figurehead that resembles a monster with a screaming human head in its gap. By discussing and analysing the artworks it is possible to learn more about the ships. After analysing them, the result is that the artworks do show how the ships have evolved. Some of the different attributes that the artworks display have also been found when investigating the wreck of the Griffon-hound. More attributes might still be on the wreck site, hidden under the sediment. An example is the remains of the anti-boarding nets that a lot of the artworks show, and that have been found on the wreck of the Mary Rose, the English ship that belonged to king Henry VIII. The Mary Rose is younger than the Griffon-hound, but artworks of older ships also show the anti-boarding nets, or the beams on top of the castles. The purpose behind having a large variety of different artwork is to increase the knowledge about the ships of the time, and to make sure that the attributes that is being analysed doesn’t only occur in one or two artworks.

  • 190.
    Johansson, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Familjegrav eller praktisk lösning?: en studie kring järnålderns dubbelgravar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to discuss the double graves existence, content and meaning during the Swedish Iron Age. Being buried in pairs seems to have been relatively rare. Is the double grave a family grave or was one of the individuals a human sacrifice?

    The focus of this essay will be to discuss the possible relationship the people in the double graves may have had, but also to see how rare the grave type is with the help and inspiration of theories by Sarah M. Nelson. Are the graves family style graves such as husband and wife or parent and child? Are there any other possibilities for the existence of double graves? The most common interpretation of the double graves is that they are family graves. I will try to answer these questions by examining four Iron Age burial grounds in Sweden.

    I do not rule out that double graves may be family graves, however, if they were family graves, why are they so uncommon and where is the rest of the family? Why is it only two people in the grave? This makes me question if the double graves are something else but pure family graves. It is more likely that the double graves have been the results of accidents or disease where two people lost their lives at the same time. 

  • 191. Karlsson, Håkan
    et al.
    Nilsson, Björn
    Arkeologins publika relation: en kritisk rannsakning2001Book (Other academic)
  • 192.
    Lagerholm, Eva
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication.
    En pärla gör ingen kvinna?: En statistisk jämförelse mellan osteologisk bedömda gravar och dess gravgåvor under yngre järnåldern2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    I have statistically worked up a material from 228 graves from the late Iron Age in the area of Mälardalen.

    In my material I have gathered the incidence of combs, knifes, beads, weapons whetstones and torshammarsrings.

    I have found that beads are overrepresented in graves of women and whetstones in graves of men. I only found weapons in graves from male.

    I found no indication from my statistic hypothesis (Z-test) that a grave that contains more than three beads should define the grave of a woman. A grave that contains a lot of beads, more than 20, consider I as a female gender.

    Combs, knifes and torshammarsring are considered as gender neutral.

  • 193. Landin, Maria
    et al.
    Norman, Peter
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    Törnqvist, Oscar
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES). Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    Öberg, Björn
    Arkeologiska undersökningar i Södermanlands skärgård: Rapport från projektet Förmoderna kustmiljöer. Naturresurser, klimat och samhälle vid östersjökusten före 1800 - ett miljöhistoriskt projekt.2011Report (Other academic)
  • 194. Landin, Maria
    et al.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 3, Underwater archaeology.
    Tomtningar i utskärgården från yngre järnåldern: arkeologiska undersökningar på Landsort, Torö sn, Södermanland2003Report (Other academic)
  • 195.
    Leino, Minna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    Viapori, Rakenteita rantaviivassa meriarkeologin silmin: Viapori, Sveaborg. Linnoitus, lähiseutu ja maailma2012In: Sveaborg - fästningen och omvärlden / [ed] Sophie Holm, Magdalena af Hällström, Helsinki: Ehrensvärd-Seura , 2012, p. 261-278Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 196.
    Leino, Minna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    Flinkman, Juha
    A ship at the bottom of the sea is a wreck: from environmental problem to common source of enjoyment2012In: Laiva on lastattu tiedolla: vanhat alukset historian lähteinä / [ed] Johanna Aartomaa, Timo-Tapani Kunttu, Helsinki: Museovirasto , 2012, Vol. 2011-2012, p. 44-55Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 197. Lejoneke, Per
    et al.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 3, Underwater archaeology.
    Ship Timbers on the Arctic Shores of Svalbard: A Marine Archaeological Study2002In: The marine archaeology of the Baltic sea area (IV) / [ed] Rune Edberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2002, p. 17-21Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 198. Lejoneke, Per
    et al.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 3, Underwater archaeology.
    Ship timbers on the Arctic Shores of Svalbard: A marine archaeological study.2000In: Polarforskningssekretariatets årsbok, ISSN 1402-2613, p. 77-79Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 199.
    Lejoneke, Per
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Sociology and Contemporary History, Archaeology.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Svalbard: marinarkeologisk rekognoscering 1998 och 20002005Book (Other academic)
  • 200. Lilja, Agneta
    Brott lönar sig inte: mordberättelser som ett sätt att hantera verkligheten1991In: Uppsamlaren, ISSN 0283-3174, no 2, p. 22-29Article in journal (Other academic)
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