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  • 151. Bergman, Paavo
    et al.
    Olsson, Sven E
    Arbete och fritid1977In: Bingospelare: En samhälls- och kulturundersökning / [ed] Åke Daun, Stockholm: Tidens förlag , 1977, 1, p. 32-40Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 152. Bergman, Paavo
    et al.
    Olsson, Sven E
    Bingo en pestsmitta?1977In: Bingospelare: En samhälls- och kulturundersökning / [ed] Åke Daun, Stockholm: Tidens förlag , 1977, 1, p. 26-31Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 153. Bergman, Paavo
    et al.
    Olsson, Sven E
    Bingo och social stratifiering1977In: Bingospelare: En samhälls- och kulturundersökning / [ed] Åke Daun, Stockholm: Tidens förlag , 1977, 1, p. 63-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 154. Bergman, Paavo
    et al.
    Olsson, Sven E
    Umgänge och psykisk kondition1977In: Bingospelare: En samhälls- och kulturstudie, Stockholm: Tidens förlag , 1977, 1, p. 80-89Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 155. Bergman, Paavo
    et al.
    Olsson, Sven E
    Utbildning, social bakgrund, arbetsvillkor, fritidssysslor1977In: Bingospelare: En samhälls- och kulturstudie / [ed] Åke Daun, Stockholm: Tidens förlag , 1977, 1, p. 90-116Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 156.
    Bergman, Paavo
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 4, Sociology.
    Wigblad, Rune
    Workers' last performance: Why some factories show their best results during countdown1999In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 343-368Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we highlight rationalizations within industry that were initiated and conducted locally during overt or latent threat of plant close-down. A common feature in our four investigated cases of 'declining organizations' is that the surprising increases in productivity cannot be thought of as the result of 'management by fear' or other active measures taken by management. On the contrary, our findings suggest that the 'dose-down effect' is brought about through workers' active and creative involvement in production matters when managers' interest in maintaining the established order at the workplace is fading away.

  • 157.
    Bergström, Linnea
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Andersen, Margreta
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Människohandel för sexuella ändamål: Mellan raderna: En textanalys av myndighetsdokument om stöd och skydd för personer utsatta för människohandel för sexuella ändamål.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to investigate the support and protection the Swedish government can offer victims of human trafficking for sexual purposes (HTSP). This has been accomplished through a textual analysis of selected governmental documents, which describe support and protection for victims of HTSP. A focal point of this study has been to analyse whether the procedures described in the documents, and also the intentions therein, bears resemblance to the empowerment-theory. This includes whether it adds to a process where the persons are empowered and receives more control over their own lives. The result of the study shows that the texts express intentions of long-term support. We view these intentions as bearing resemblance to the empowerment-theory. Also, the texts show intentions of offering support and protection unconditionally and based upon human rights. The support and protection described in the texts envelop both emergent and long-term support. All victims of HTSP, though, do not have access to the same support and protection since this is based on what sort of visa the person holds. It is demanded to be part of a court-process to receive a short-term visa in Sweden. Because of this, it might be discussed whether support and protection is given first and foremost to meet the needs of victims of HTSP, or with the goal of fighting crime.

  • 158.
    Bergström, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Det du är kapabel att bli: En studie om hur dyslektiker upplever stigmatisering och svårigheter i skolan och arbetet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien ämnar undersöka hur individer med dyslexi upplever stigma och om diagnosen har påverkat deras karriärval. Mer specifikt handlar studien om vilka möjligheter och begränsningar respondenterna upplever i skolan och arbetet. Detta har gjorts genom att studera eventuella strategier samt former av hjälpmedel som dyslektikerna använder för att kunna anpassa sig till vårt textbaserade samhälle. Metoden som jag använder är teoretiskt grundad, en kvalitativ metod där jag förväntas vara förutsättningslös. Undersökningen genomfördes med intervjuer av sex dyslektiker som har arbetslivserfarenhet. I tidigare forskning har det blivit tydligt hur läs –och skrivkunnighet har betydelse för skola och arbetsliv, samt hur kreativitet och dyslexi är kopplat till varandra. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten i denna studie är Goffmans teori om stigmatisering. Resultatet visar att respondenterna känner sig stigmatiserade i skolan och på arbetet särskilt i skolan. Respondenterna har också lärt sig att använda olika strategier och hjälpmedel för att utföra olika arbetsuppgifter. Avsikten är att förstå på vilket sätt en dyslektiker stigmatiseras i skolan och arbetet samt hur en dyslektiker stöter på motstånd från samhället och känner sig tvingade att anpassa sig till rådande normer.

  • 159. Bergs-Winkels, Dagmar
    et al.
    Koziel, Sylwia
    Buschorn, Claudia
    „Sure Start“ in Münster: ein Familienbildungsprojekt mit bildungsfernen und wirtschaftlich armen Familien2011In: Forschung in der Frühpädagogik II / [ed] Klaus Fröhlich-Gildhoff & Iris Nentwig-Gesemann, Freiburg: FEL Verlag Forschung - Entwicklung - Lehre , 2011, p. 197-221Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 160.
    Bergvall, Emma
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Backerling, Minna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Mitt arbete blev tilldelat: En sociologisk studie av hur osäkra anställningar påverkar de anställdas vardagsliv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to investigate young adult workers' experience of having an insecure employment and whether it affects the employee's ability to establish themselves in society. The study is based on six qualitative interviews with young adults between the age of 20–30 years old. The young adult had a part time or temporary employment. These types of employment are classified as insecure employment in this study. The employee´s have harder to plan their future, privacy, working life and economics.

    The data material has been analyzed using different theoretical perspectives. These are flexible labor markets, precarious employment, shame model and self-identity theory. The results of the study show that insecure employment affects young adult workers in their daily lives and working life. The form of employment has shown in the interviewees that it affects the mental health by experience stress and concern for the future. The stress is primarily based on the planning of everyday life. We could see that well-being at the workplace was an important part of the interviewer's experience of good working conditions. Other consequences of insecure employment is that the economy becomes unpredictable as the workings days are in many case only short term planned without a promise of extended employment. There were also some positive effects of having an insecure employment. These positive consequences are not as obvious as the negative ones.

  • 161. Berndtsson, Johan
    et al.
    Normark, Maria
    The coordinative functions of flight strips: air traffic control revisited1999In: Proceedings of the international ACM SIGGROUP conference on Supporting group work, GROUP '99 / [ed] Stephen C Hayne, New York: ACM , 1999, p. 101-110Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cooperation in time-critical and physically distributed worksettings, such as air traffic control, requires extensive coordinationbetween the involved actors. For this coordination to beefficient the controllers rely both on the comprehensive use ofrules and procedures, and on artifacts supporting them infollowing these procedures. At the Copenhagen Air TrafficControl Center this coordination is largely carried out throughthe use of a flight plan database system, paper flight strips, anda closed-circuit television system. In relation to the introductionof a new and increasingly automated system in the year 2003 this paper discusses the coordinative functions served bythese three, soon to be replaced, artifacts from a design perspective.Despite the skepticism expressed in previous research,our results show that a further computerization couldbe successful if the coordinative functions the system currentlyfulfills are properly preserved.

  • 162.
    Bernhardsson, Josefin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Bogren, Alexandra
    Stockholms universitet.
    Drink sluts, brats and immigrants as others: An analysis of Swedish media discourse on gender, alcohol, and rape2012In: Feminist Media Studies, ISSN 1468-0777, E-ISSN 1471-5902, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on an analysis of the media debate on two Swedish rape cases involving alcohol, the present article argues that social norms and power structures are made visible both when debaters ascribe explanatory power to alcohol and when they do not. Using feminist intersectional theory, we argue that when debaters employ the concepts of “foreign culture” and “jet-set drinking culture,” respectively, to explain the rapes, they simultaneously (re)produce stereotypical discourses on gender, sexuality, class and ethnicity/nationality. The troublesome positions of the Immigrant, the Drink Slut and the Brat symbolize how these discourses intersect in the specific cases. To understand why alcohol is central in explaining rape in a fashionable area, but not in a socially disadvantaged area, we suggest that the official image of Sweden as a gender-equal, sexually liberal and multicultural society with small class differences blocks discussion of existing inequalities within the country. When rape happens in a place constructed as a “Swedish middle- and upper-class area,” alcohol and intoxication are used to symbolize the “uncivilized,” unpleasant and malicious among Swedish men. When rape happens in “socially disadvantaged neighbourhoods” populated by “immigrants,” the unpleasant instead resides in the “foreign culture.”

  • 163.
    Bertilsdotter Rosqvist, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Doing things together: Exploring meanings of different forms of sociality among autistic people in an autistic work space2019In: Alter;European Journal of Disability Research ;Journal Europeen de Recherche Sur le Handicap, ISSN 1875-0672, E-ISSN 1875-0680, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 168-178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores different meanings of being social among autistic people who are employed at an autistic-separate workplace in Sweden. The analyses in this paper are based on data from fieldwork at an autistic workspace consisting of autistic people working with peer support directed at young autistic adults in Sweden. Two different forms of sociality, which take place in two different social environments, are highlighted: environments dominated by non-autistic people and those dominated by autistic people. Interest-based sociality includes the importance of having interest-based exchanges with one another, and having common interests and communication based on genuine interest in the topic being discussed. Socially based sociality is, rather, based on social group identification. The first is the dominant form of sociality among the participants, which they connect with being in an autistic space. The second may be viewed as a counter-dominant form of sociality among the participants, which they connect with being in spaces dominated by non-autistic people.

  • 164.
    Bertilsdotter Rosqvist, Hanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Kourti, Marianthi
    University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.
    Jackson-Perry, David
    Queens University Belfast, Belfast, UK.
    Brownlow, Charlotte
    University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia.
    Fletcher, Kirsty
    Open University, Milton Keynes, UK.
    Bendelman, Daniel
    University of Kent, Canterbury, UK.
    O'Dell, Lindsay
    Open University, Milton Keynes, UK.
    Doing it differently: emancipatory autism studies within a neurodiverse academic space2019In: Disability & Society, ISSN 0968-7599, E-ISSN 1360-0508, Vol. 34, no 7-8, p. 1082-1101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the current research climate, in which many autistic and autism communities are increasingly calling for a move towards collaborative forms of research, we consider how a loosely formed epistemological community may serve to challenge 'business as usual' in the academy. Mindful of the need to move beyond theory, we use this experience to concretely consider how knowledge about autism and neurotypicality can be meaningfully (co)-produced, and made available both to the research community and also to autistic and autism communities. Here, we use our own co-production of this article to explore how autistic experience may trouble normative meanings of academic knowledge production. We also consider the limits and possibilities of a neurodiverse research collaboration to reflect on ways in which a loose epistemological space may serve to contribute to knowledge about both autism and neurotypicality, adding to debate around collaborative research.

  • 165.
    Beskow, Sofia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Inställningar till våld inom den radikalnationalistiska sociala rörelsen i Sverige2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents an empirically founded description of attitudes towards violence in radical nationalist social movements and of how these are (re)constructed within organisations. The analysis has been made through a hermeneutical frame analysis of texts, podcasts, documentaries and radio programmes about and issued by radical nationalist actors.

    The result shows that the radical nationalist movement has a collective world view of “their own people” as threatened by a refugee invasion from which the state is unwilling to protect said people. Nationalist actors see it as their responsibility to protect the people where the state fails to do so. Violence is not seen as an end, but as a natural means in the fight for survival, which will not be disregarded if perceived as advantageous. The movement sees itself as victim to physical and political injustice from the system and from political opponents, which in their view justifies use violence in self protecting purposes. Official guidelines encourage violence to protect oneself, one’s comrades and the honour of the organisation. A radicalized version is that violence always can be motivated with self-defence because “our people” is seen as under attack and needs to be defended.

  • 166.
    Bettar, Natali
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Mankoo, Harminder
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Nätverksrekrytering ur HR-anställdas perspektiv: En kvalitativ studie om användning av nätverksrekrytering inom bemanningsbranschen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har en kvalitativ utgångspunkt med syfte att undersöka HR-anställdas användning av och syn på socialt nätverk i rekryteringsprocesser på bemanningsföretag. Studiens bakgrund utgörs av semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra HR-anställda som arbetar på olika bemanningsföretag i Stockholm. I resultatet framkommer det att HR-anställda använt sig av nätverksrekrytering där sociala relationer som personer från yrkeslivet och bekanta är det vanligaste. Det redogörs även för deras reflektioner kring positiva respektive negativa konsekvenser av nätverkrekrytering. De nämner att det positiva är att man når ut till flera människor och att det är tidseffektivt medan de negativa är att vissa grupper tenderar att exkluderas. Vidare visar resultatet att externa kanaler som arbetsförmedling och webbplatser som bland annat Monster och Facebook används för att publicera annonser. Tidigare forskning som presenteras i studien berör användning av socialt nätverk i rekryteringsprocesser och dess konsekvenser. Studien anammar ett sociologiskt tänk då sociologiska teorier som Lins teori om social kapital och Granovetters teori om svaga och starka länkar tillämpats.

  • 167.
    Bigert, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Tillitens tillflykt och substitut: En kvantitativ sociologisk studie om relationen mellan generaliserad tillit, institutionell tillit och medborgarnormer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A relatively common theoretical notion within the research field concerning trust and norms of citizenship in the social sciences is that both of these concepts are positively related through what is most often called social capital. This particular communitarian perspective encourages the idea that trust is both needed for, and built through networks as well as social- and political participation which should be reflected through a shared sense of obligations and expectations upon one another; a set of citizen norms. The very foundation of such and theoretical basis makes it difficult to use this perspective to explain an absent correlation between trust and norms of citizenship, and even less a negative such correlation. Nonetheless, findings in social scientific research on this matter have sometimes shown an absent or even negative correlation between trust and norms of citizenship. The purpose of this particular study is to evaluate the relationship between generalized trust, institutional trust and norms of citizenship within the swedish population. Furthermore, the aim is to explain how a negative correlation between generalized trust and norms of citizenship is possible to be understood as a compensation of trust through the means of substitutes. In this discussion, the relevance of institutional trust comes in to light as a means of legitimizing the accountability within the norms of citizenship as expectations on "good citizens". Conclusively, the empirical findings show results similar to what has been presented in some earlier research articles, namely the existence of a negative correlation between generalized trust and norms of citizenship, a positive correlation between institutional trust and norms of citizenship and finally a negative relationship between generalized and institutional trust.

  • 168.
    Billingsley, Sunnee
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Intragenerational mobility and mortality in Russia: Short and longer-term effects2012In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 75, no 12, p. 2326-2236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study uses the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey to explore the relationship between mortality of men age 65 or younger and intragenerational mobility, measured objectively through household income and subjectively through social ranking. This relationship is considered in light of the social selection and social causation mechanisms developed in the literature as well as a proposed mechanism in which mobility itself is a consequential life event. The analysis spans the years 1994-2010, which covers the transitional period in Russia characterized by labor market restructuring and economic crisis as well as a later period of economic growth and recovery. Using Cox proportional hazard models, immediate and longer-term associations between mobility and mortality are estimated. Both subjective and objective downward mobility had an immediate positive association with mortality risk (increased by 44% and 24%, respectively). In contrast, upward mobility had a more pronounced effect over a longer-term horizon and lowered mortality risk by 17%. Controlling for destination status attenuated some associations, but findings were robust to the adjustment of selection-related factors such as alcohol consumption and health status in the year preceding mobility. Findings suggest that the negative relationship between upward mobility and mortality may be driven by social causation, whereas downward mobility may have an independent effect beyond selection or causation.

  • 169.
    Billingsley, Sunnee
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). Stockholm University.
    Duntava, Aija
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). Uppsala University.
    Putting the pieces together: 40 years of fertility trends across 19 post-socialist countries2017In: Post-Soviet Affairs, ISSN 1060-586X, E-ISSN 1938-2855, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 389-410Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Demographic change has been a key consequence of transition, but few studies trace fertility trends across countries over time. We describe fertility trends immediately before and after the fall of state socialism across 19 Central and Eastern European and Central Asian countries. We found a few common patterns that may reflect economic and political developments. The countries that experienced the most successful transitions and integration into the EU experienced marked postponement of parenthood and a moderate decline in second and third births. Little economic change in the poorest transition countries was accompanied by less dramatic changes in childbearing behavior. In western post-Soviet contexts, and somewhat in Bulgaria and Romania, women became more likely to only have one child but parenthood was not substantially postponed. This unique demographic pattern seems to reflect an unwavering commitment to parenthood but economic conditions and opportunities that did not support having more than one child. In addition, we identify countries that would provide fruitful case studies because they do not fit general patterns.

  • 170.
    Billingsley, Sunnee
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). Stockholm University.
    Matysiak, Anna
    Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland.
    Social mobility and family expansion in Poland and Russia during socialism and capitalism2018In: Advances in Life Course Research, ISSN 1569-4909, E-ISSN 1879-6974, Vol. 36, p. 80-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore whether social mobility influences fertility behavior, using multiple comparative layers to better observe structural and individual-level mechanisms at work. We locate this study in Poland and Russia during periods of socialism and capitalism. Applying event-history analysis techniques to longitudinal micro-data, we find evidence of a relationship between mobility and second birth risks for women only. Status enhancement aims seem the most plausible link between mobility and childbearing. The relationship appears moderated by the economic context, which we interpret as being related to differential selection into upward and downward mobility based on labor market opportunities. In general, the suppressing effect of upward mobility on second birth risks was stronger in the poorer economic context of Russia, whereas the increased second birth risks related to downward mobility were heightened in Poland’s more prosperous context.

  • 171.
    Billingsley, Sunnee
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition). Stockholm University.
    Puur, A.
    Tallinn University, Estonia .
    Sakkeus, L.
    Tallinn University, Estonia .
    Jobs, careers, and becoming a parent under state socialist and market conditions: Evidence from Estonia 1971-20062014In: Demographic Research, ISSN 1435-9871, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 1733-1768Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Entering employment and achieving a stable position in the labour market are considered important preconditions for childbearing. Existing studies addressing the relationship between work experience and the timing of parenthood focus exclusively on Western Europe and North America. By adding an Eastern European context before and after societal transformation, this study contributes to a more comprehensive account of the role of work experience in first-birth timing in Europe. Objective: We investigate how work experience and career development are related to the timing of parenthood in two diverse contexts in Estonia, state socialism and the market economy, and how it varies by gender and nativity. Method: The data used come from the Estonian Health Interview Survey 2006-2007. We estimate piecewise constant event history models to analyse the transition to first birth. Results: Our results suggest that in the market economy work experience became more important in the decision to enter parenthood. In the market economy the importance of work experience to entering parenthood became more similar for women and men. Non-native-origin men and women's timing of parenthood appears to have become detached from their career developments. The article discusses mechanisms that may underlie the observed patterns. Conclusions: Our study shows how work experience gained importance as a precondition for parenthood in the transition to a market economy. This lends support to the view that the increasing importance of work experience is among plausible drivers of the postponement transition that extended to Eastern Europe in the 1990s. © 2014 Sunnee Billingsley, Allan Puur & Luule Sakkeus.

  • 172.
    Bivald, Katarina
    Södertörn University College, School of Sociology and Contemporary History.
    Forskning, makt och systerskap: Metodologiska aspekter av emancipatorisk feministisk forskning2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Feministisk forskning har lämnat viktiga och ofta provocerande vetenskapsteoretiska och metodologiska bidrag både till sociologin och till samhällsvetenskaperna i stort åtminstone sedan 1970-talet. Vetenskapsteoretiskt har feministiska forskare försökt skapa en forskning som kunde bidra till att öka kunskapen om ojämlikhet och maktstrukturer och som även kunde bidra till arbetet för förändring. Metodologiskt har det handlat om jakten på forskningsmetoder som bygger vidare på den radikala kvinnorörelsens ideal om systerskap och icke-hierarki och alltså fungerar emancipatoriskt för kvinnorna som deltar i studien (eller åtminstone inte fungerar förtryckande). I uppsatsen diskuterar jag kring en metodologi för en emancipatorisk forskning, utifrån en analys av de metodologiska konsekvenserna av två feministiska perspektiv. Det första perspektivet, det vardagliga, fokuserar på kvinnors vardagliga erfarenheter och menar att det är i dessa som kunskap om förtryck bör sökas. Det andra, det strukturella perspektivet, utgår ifrån en annorlunda syn på maktstrukturer. Även om maktstrukturer visserligen kan återfinnas i kvinnors vardagliga erfarenheter, kan de inte förstås enbart genom en analys av dessa erfarenheter. Inte heller är maktstrukturerna alltid uppenbara för kvinnorna som drabbas av dem. Perspektiven får helt olika metodologiska konsekvenser. Det vardagliga perspektivet fokuserar på att försöka finna metoder som tillåter deltagarna att själva formulera och, ibland, analysera sina erfarenheter. Fokus ligger på att förändra den traditionellt ojämlika relationen mellan forskaren och deltagarna i studien. Det strukturella perspektivet argumenterar istället för att det måste finnas ett visst kritiskt ifrågasättande av deltagarna och för nödvändigheten av att analysera vilka maktrelationer forskaren är en del av och hur detta har påverkat forskningen. Detta perspektiv betonar alltså strukturella maktskillnader mellan kvinnor. I uppsatsens avslutande diskussion argumenterar jag för att de två perspektivens metodologiska insikter med fördel kan kombineras för att skapa kunskap som bidrar till en förändring av kvinnors villkor och en forskningspraktik som inte reproducerar ojämlikhet.

  • 173.
    Bivald, Katarina
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Sociology and Contemporary History.
    Djäken, Katarina
    Södertörn University College, School of Sociology and Contemporary History.
    Rabiata manshatare med maktanspråk?: Om stereotypa bilder av aktiva i kvinnojourer och konstruktionen av kollektiv identitet2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I maj 2005 sändes en TV-dokumentär om kvinnojourerna i Sverige, som orsakade en stundtals hetsig debatt och en intensiv mediegranskning. Här syntes många stereotypa bilder av kvinnor som är aktiva i kvinnojourrörelsen. Syftet med vår uppsats är att undersöka vilka konsekvenser stereotypa bilder får för kollektiv identitet hos aktiva i kvinnojourer, baserat på vilka bilder som de upplever att andra har av dem. Vår teoretiska ram bygger på teorier om kvinnojourrörelsen i Sverige och det motstånd de tidigare har mött, teorier om kollektiv identitet samt teorier om stereotyper. Vår metod består av kvalitativa intervjuer. Vi har genomfört fem intervjuer med kvinnor som är aktiva i lokala kvinnojourer i Stockholms län. Materialet analyserades genom meningskoncentration till centrala teman, som sedan tolkats utifrån vår teoretiska ram. De karakteristiska dragen i stereotyperna av kvinnojoursaktiva som vi identifierat kan delas in i två delar, det första rör inställningen till män och det andra rör det politiska engagemanget. Vi har funnit att dessa stereotyper får allvarliga konsekvenser för förutsättningarna för kollektiv handling och för den kollektiva identiteten, även om de aktiva i kvinnojourrörelsen också lyckades stå emot andras negativa bilder och finna stöd och kraft hos den egna gruppen. Det som började som en uppsats om motstånd utvecklades i mångt och mycket till en uppsats om systerskap och styrka.

  • 174.
    Bjur, Jessica
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Forsell, Josephine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Frisknärvaro i en kommunal hemtjänst2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this essay is to highlight the attending elements in a working environment that is marked by high absenteeism. Our aim is to gain a deeper understanding of the main factors that may have an affect on the attendance in a working environment that is characterized by high levels of sick leave. Therefore, we conducted a qualitative study through interviews on a communal home care center. In order to answer the study questions, we turned to the sociological theories of KASAM, thedemand control model and the process model for help during our investigation. Our results mainly suggest that the feeling of having social support is a contributing factor and also having a high sense of KASAM when it comes to maintain a high level of attendance in a working environment. These factors has been proven to be of great importance in order to handle situations that can easily lead to stress. We also concluded that by being able to maintain a boundary between your work and private life, you have a good chance of recovering properly between shifts.

  • 175.
    Björing, Gunnar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Minskar stöket i utsatta områden omhyresgästerna bor kvar längre?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hallunda/Norsborg is considered to be an unsafe residential area. Most likely, young people cause adisproportionate high amount of the portion of the insecurity that is related to crime. Therefore it is hereassumed that the insecurity would decrease more with time if society succeeded in motivating more ofthe tenants stay until old age, compared to other possible measures that society can do to improve thesituation. Because the amount of teenager would decline, since we only have teenage children during aperiod of our lives.In this study, longitudinal data regarding the turnover of lease contracts and a number of other factors,have been collected and compared with data regarding the amount of reported crimes committed in thearea.The results show that, measured in the turnover of lease contracts, the tenants stay longer. But despitethis, the amount teenagers and reported crimes has not diminished. However, data from the court forrental issues indicates that the illegal second hand rental of the apartment has increased during theperiod. Thus the conclusion is that the assumption can neither be rejected nor substantiated. Moreoverthe socio-economic status of the residents and the number of police in the area has increased. But thepupils' performance in elementary school has not improved.

  • 176.
    Blasko, Ionna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Zakharov, Nikolay
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Mixed Race and Ethnicity in Sweden: A Sociological Analysis2020In: Palgrave International Handbook of Mixed Racial and Ethnic Classification / [ed] Zarine L. Rocha & Peter J. Aspinall, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, p. 389-404Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article seeks to cast light on the creation of mixed race and mixed ethnicity identities and the conceptualization of being different in Sweden. A characteristic feature of Swedish society is that racial heterogeneity is only measured in terms of mixing with Swedes. What makes ‘mixed race’ a separate category in Sweden is the assumed extent of the integration into Swedish society of those designated in this manner, along with the intermediate position they hold in the social hierarchy between the normative whiteness of Swedes and the constructed blackness of immigrants and their descendants. Such notions as ‘multiracial’ or ‘biracial’, which are accepted in British and American sociology, do not adequately reflect the Swedish realities since they are neither the precise categories around which Swedes of heterogeneous origin build their own identity, nor the categories yet utilized by researchers and institutions. This study shows that mixed identity in Sweden is largely understood as ‘mixed with the majority population’ and therefore well-integrated. This contrasts with the perspective of the ‘ethnic groups’ that are being mixed, which is linked with being ‘Swedified’ (försvenskad) or having attained Swedishness.

  • 177.
    Blomberg, Eva
    Södertörn University, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Olympiska stjärnor i veckopressen: [Recension av:] Helena Tolvhed, Nationen på spel. Kropp, kön och svenskhet i populärpressens representationer av olympiska spel 1948-19722009In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 129, no 4, p. 718-723Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 178.
    Blomberg, Eva
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, History.
    Hedlund, Gun
    Wottle, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, History.
    Inledning: stat, marknad, familj och individ2011In: Kvinnors företagande: mål eller medel? / [ed] Eva Blomberg, Gun Hedlund, Martin Wottle, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2011, p. 9-35Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 179.
    Bogren, Alexandra
    Stockholms universitet.
    ‘Alcohol short-circuits important part of the brain’: Swedish newspaper representations of biomedical alcohol research2017In: Addiction Research and Theory, ISSN 1606-6359, E-ISSN 1476-7392, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 177-187Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The media has a central role in communicating and constructing health knowledge, including commu-nicating research findings related to alcohol consumption. However, research on news reporting aboutalcohol is still a relatively small field; in particular, there are few studies of the reporting of biomedicalalcohol and drug research, despite the assumed increasing popularity of biomedical perspectives inpublic discourse in general. The present article addresses the representational‘devices’used in Swedishpress reporting about biomedical alcohol research, drawing on qualitative thematic analysis of thetopics, metaphors, and optimist versus critical frames used in presenting biomedical research findings.In general, the press discourse focuses on genetic factors related to alcohol problems, on the role ofthe brain and the reward system in addiction, and on medication for treating alcohol problems.Metaphors of‘reconstruction’and‘reprograming’of the reward system are used to describe howthe brain’s function is altered in addiction, whereas metaphors of‘undeserved reward’and‘shortcuts’to pleasure are used to describe alcohol’s effects on the brain. The study indicates that aspects ofthe Swedish press discourse of biomedical alcohol research invite reductionism, but that thisresult could be understood from the point of view of both the social organization of reporting and theintersection of reporting, science, and everyday understandings rather than from the point of viewof the news articles only. Moreover, some characteristics of the media portrayals leave room for inter-pretation, calling for research on the meanings ascribed to metaphors of addiction in everydayinteraction.

  • 180.
    Bogren, Alexandra
    Stockholms universitet.
    Biologically Responsible Mothers and Girls Who “Act Like Men”: Shifting discourses of biological sex difference in Swedish newspaper debate on alcohol in 1979 and 19952011In: Feminist Media Studies, ISSN 1468-0777, E-ISSN 1471-5902, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 197-213Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on a qualitative analysis of Swedish newspaper debates in 1979 and 1995, this article examines how Swedish newspapers refer to biological sex difference as central to drinking practices. The study shows that women are a special category of concern in debate about gender and drinking in both 1979 and 1995. Further, it shows that Swedish newspapers draw upon biology in different ways in the two years. In 1979, debate about drinking during pregnancy and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is central and newspapers link biomedical research on FAS to the moral idea that mothers do anything to avoid harm to children. In 1995, debate about girls' drinking habits is central and newspapers link sex hormones and neurotransmitters to the moral idea that girls shouldn't “drink like men.” These differences are discussed in the context of Swedish media interest in evolutionary psychology and biomedical solutions to alcohol problems during the 1990s.

  • 181.
    Bogren, Alexandra
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    ‘But I’m not a doctor’: pending trust in science among laypeople discussing the brain disease model of addiction2019In: Addiction Research and Theory, ISSN 1606-6359, E-ISSN 1476-7392, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 337-346Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: In recent decades, the notion of addiction as a brain disease has become influential among scientists, public institutions, and addiction treatment professionals, and its popularity raises the question of how biomedical science affects public perceptions of illness. Although existing research has examined how laypeople interpret disease models of addiction, few studies address how they interpret the brain disease model as presented by the media, the version that most citizens are likely to encounter in their everyday lives. This article contributes to existing research by examining Swedish laypeople’s interpretations of a news article presenting biomedical research on addiction and analyzing how trust intervenes in their interpretations. Methods: Drawing on an audience study design with qualitative interviews, the participants were asked to read and discuss a newspaper article that explained how alcohol, amphetamine, and nicotine affect the brain. Results: The analysis shows that their interpretations depended on how they perceived their own ability to assess the science portrayed in the article. The participants trust doctors and scientists but doubt their own ability to assess the science, and trust is therefore provisional or pending until this situation changes. In addition, trust requires that the participants are able to recognize and identify with the contents of the news article. Conclusion: This pattern can be understood as a way of dealing with the contradictory expectations laypeople face–they are expected to trust scientific knowledge and to evaluate knowledge claims rationally, but they do not have access to the knowledge that would, supposedly, enable them to do so.

  • 182.
    Bogren, Alexandra
    Stockholms universitet.
    Gender and alcohol: the Swedish press debate2011In: Journal of Gender Studies, ISSN 0958-9236, E-ISSN 1465-3869, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 155-169Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The dominant approach to gender in alcohol research still conceives of gender in terms of binary roles and looks for explanations for gender differences in drinking. This paper challenges the binary approach, and instead analyzes the categorization of gender as created in Swedish newspaper stories about alcohol, published between 2000 and 2008. Specific categories examined include 'responsible mothers', 'responsible parents', 'party girls', 'career women with drinking problems', 'violent men who drink' and 'beer-drinking, sexist male athletes'. Based on this examination, the paper discusses how the media stories do and/or undo gender and how they encourage readers to act by the categories of drinkers that they describe. The study shows that the Swedish media stories produce multiple ways of interpreting drinking. Some of the stories undo gender through linking 'male' behavior (drinking heavily) to female bodies, while others undo gender by treating parenthood as more important than gender. Importantly, however, other stories reproduce the discourse of heteronormativity and gender binarism. The study suggests that analyses of media texts need to take the complexity of 'undoing gender' into account, for example by avoiding the assumption that gender is either undone or reproduced.

  • 183.
    Bogren, Alexandra
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Gender in Young Adults' Discourses of Drinking and Drunkenness2019In: Young Adult Drinking Styles: Current Perspectives on Research, Policy, and Practice / [ed] Conroy, Dominic & Measham, Fiona, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 173-190Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bogren offers an outline of the complex and shifting gendered meanings attributed to young adults’ drinking and drunkenness in the period between the 1990s and the present. Focusing on the shifts in meaning brought about by consumer society, postfeminism, and health risk approaches to alcohol, the chapter identifies four key discourses of young adults’ alcohol consumption. Bogren examines these discourses in relation to femininity and masculinity among young adults, using research on the Swedish media as illustrative examples. As well as looking into problematizing and celebratory discourses of drinking, Bogren also draws attention to the relation between drinking, gender, and class. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the tensions and contradictions involved in future research on alcohol, femininity, and masculinity among young adults.

  • 184.
    Bogren, Alexandra
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    ‘I don't think there are great sex differences there’: Processes of discursive bridging and othering in a discussion of gendered norms related to alcohol, sexual behaviour, and aggression2019In: International journal on drug policy, ISSN 0955-3959, E-ISSN 1873-4758, article id 102599Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Existing research indicates that sexual behaviour and aggression are particularly important to the reproduction of gendered drinking norms, both in the media and in face-to-face interaction. However, research has yet to understand in more detail the discursive processes whereby actors negotiate gendered norms related to alcohol, sexual behaviour, and aggression. This article examines how actors make symbolic distinctions between themselves and others in discussing alcohol, aggression, and sexual desire, and analyses the similarities and differences within and across gender that they identify in this process. Methods: The study relies on individual qualitative interviews with 25 Swedish women and men. To elicit participants’ normative positions, we used a newspaper article as a probe during the interviews. Results: Findings show that participants highlight similarities between women and men, and variation and individual differences among men and among women in discussing alcohol's effects on sexual desire and ‘sexually active behaviour’. Differences, by contrast, are most salient when they discuss alcohol and aggression and seek to distance themselves from ‘shabby bar men’, rural men, and male football hooligans who drink and fight, outgroups that are marked as working-class in the participants’ narratives. Conclusion: Two general discursive patterns were identified: discursive bridging across gender and discursive othering across class. For the participants, drinking norms are not as much about general gender differences as they are about the ‘dysfunctional’ drinking of certain groups of working-class men. These findings contribute to a more specific understanding of the reconstitution of gender boundaries in relation to drinking norms.

  • 185.
    Bogren, Alexandra
    Stockholms universitet.
    Karin Boye: Normer, makt och styrning2015In: Sociologi genom litteratur: Skönlitteraturens möjligheter och samhällsvetenskapens begränsningar / [ed] Christofer Edling, Jens Rydgren, Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2015, p. 73-83Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 186.
    Bogren, Alexandra
    Stockholms universitet.
    Mellan risk och njutning: Genus, sexualitet och alkoholkultur vid början av 2000-talet2014In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 91, no 6, p. 574-586Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste 20-30 åren kännetecknas av samhällsomvandlingar som framväxten av ett konsumtionssamhälle, den tredje vågens feminism och ett hälsopolitiskt intresse för riskgrupper. Här diskuteras några av dessa i relation till svensk alkoholkultur, med särskilt fokus på forskning om ungdomar, genus och sexualitet. Sammanfattningsvis visar forskningen att normer och meningsskapande kring alkohol varierar bland olika grupper kvinnor och män (t.ex. utifrån ålder och sexualitet). Samtidigt existerar föreställningen att det är mer problematiskt för kvinnor att dricka sida vid sida med föreställningen att kvinnor idag ”dricker som män” och föreställningen om alkoholkonsumtion som ett kvinnligt frigörelse- och valfrihetsprojekt. Även maskulinitetsskapande tycks äga rum i spänningsfältet mellan ett ”grabbigt” ideal där alkohol associeras med ”tuffhet” och ideal som betonar faderskap, kreativitet och svaghet.

  • 187.
    Bogren, Alexandra
    Stockholms universitet.
    Sign of the times? Gender, sexuality, and drinking stories2014In: International journal on drug policy, ISSN 0955-3959, E-ISSN 1873-4758, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 359-60Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 188.
    Bogren, Alexandra
    Stockholms universitet.
    Studying social power in textual data: Combining tools for analyzing meaning and positioning2010In: Critical Discourse Studies, ISSN 1740-5904, E-ISSN 1740-5912, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 73-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Texts are language excerpts produced from specific points of view; they communicate specific worldviews and values. This implies that social science research on power in texts can benefit from an analysis of the perspective from which a story is presented. Nevertheless, discussion of concrete tools for doing this at the level of practical analysis is less common. This article describes a set of tools for analyzing positioning at two different levels: the level of enunciation - which focuses on narrator and audience positions - and the level of utterance - which focuses on positions in stories. Moreover, addressing readers less familiar with discourse analysis and students new to discourse analysis, the article argues that combining tools for analyzing positioning with more general tools for analyzing meaning is advantageous because this allows for more detailed analysis of social power in texts and for more detailed description of the analytical process.

  • 189.
    Bogren, Alexandra
    Stockholms universitet.
    Symbolic gender boundaries in news discourse on psychotropics use and drinking: An analysis of the Swedish press debate 2000–20092013In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 57-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Psychotropics and alcohol are psychoactive substances with different cultural meanings and opposing gender associations. This paper examines the Swedish press debate on gender and psychotropics and compares it with the press debate on gender and alcohol, aiming to identify the conditions under which gendered moral boundaries of acceptable/unacceptable consumption are defended. The study shows that boundaries acquire a heightened moral status in news stories (1) that deal with a topic related to cultural ideas about essential gender difference, (2) where the cultural status of the psychoactive substance is linked to selfish and/or hedonistic motives, and (3) where innocent victims of consumption can be identified. Moreover, it shows that the "bad" characters constructed through this moral boundary are portrayed as exhibiting "excessive masculinity" and "insufficient femininity". On the basis of these findings, it is argued that newspaper discourse on psychotropics and alcohol still relies quite heavily on gendered and heteronormative ideas.

  • 190.
    Bogren, Alexandra
    Stockholms universitet.
    The competent drinker, the authentic person and the strong person: Lines of reasoning in Swedish young people's discussions about alcohol2006In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 9, no 5, p. 515-538Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines young people's discussions about alcohol in an Internet chat room. I study how alcohol is meaningful to the young people through specifically focusing their understandings of the concepts control/loss of control, conscientiousness and maturity. I also study what relations of power are constructed among them. The results point to four different lines of reasoning about alcohol: the 'teetotaller argument', the 'age-distinction argument', the 'moderate drinking argument' and the 'getting drunk argument'. From each of these lines of reasoning to the next, there is a shift in the definition of 'the Others' - of those who are said to be immature. In three of the lines of reasoning - the teetotaller argument, the moderate drinking argument and the getting drunk argument - the young people describe the characteristics of what for them appears as an ideal person with ideal views on alcohol consumption and intoxication: the strong person, the competent drinker and the authentic person. In the concluding section of the paper, I discuss and compare these different lines of reasoning with each other and with previous research on young people and drinking.

  • 191.
    Bogren, Alexandra
    Stockholms universitet.
    The relationship between sexuality-related alcohol expectancies and drinking across cultures2007In: African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies, ISSN 1531-4065, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 192.
    Bogren, Alexandra
    Stockholms universitet.
    Women's intoxication as ‘dual licentiousness’: An exploration of gendered images of drinking and intoxication in Sweden2008In: Addiction Research and Theory, ISSN 1606-6359, E-ISSN 1476-7392, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 95-106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, it is suggested that an important cultural image of intoxication in some Western societies appears to be 'intoxication as ecstasy', intoxication as escape from the everyday into a 'wild' and 'natural' state. The purpose of this article is to discuss this cultural image and its link to gendered ideas about sexuality and, on the basis of this discussion, to develop a hypothesis for further testing. The hypothesis developed proposes that women - via the cultural linking of their sexuality to biological processes of reproduction - are placed closer to nature than men. This makes women's drinking and intoxication seem more dangerous than men's, because drinking and intoxication would seem to make women come even closer to nature. It is suggested that women's 'dual licentiousness' threatens the distinction between nature and culture.

  • 193.
    Bogren, Alexandra
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Winter, Katarina
    Stockholms universitet.
    Knowledge production, communication, and utilization: studying biomedical alcohol research2013In: Drugs and alcohol today, ISSN 1745-9265, E-ISSN 2042-8359, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 28-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: A growing body of social research analyzes how the biomedical interest in detailed molecular aspects of people's bodies (genes, biomarkers, DNA) affect everyday notions of health, risk, and responsibility for health problems. However, this research focus has been largely neglected in social alcohol research. The purpose of this paper is to report on some early findings from a study of media portrayals of biomedical alcohol research and to present a rationale for studying biomedical alcohol research more broadly. Design/methodology/approach: The empirical discussion is based on textual analysis of 90 newspaper articles published in Swedish newspapers between 1995 and 2010 and one-on-one semi-structured interviews with 24 newspaper readers about their interpretation of the newspaper portrayals. The motives for studying biomedical alcohol research more broadly are discussed in relation to existing research and theories of biomedicalization. Findings: It is found that a large majority of the newspapers cite biomedical researchers to explain the mechanisms of addiction, and that biomedical research is often presented as revolutionary in scope. However, journalists also act as storytellers who explain the biomedical research results to readers. The reward system proved to be a central notion among the interviewees, who had their own, different and varying definitions of the concept. The authors suggest a framework for analyzing how biomedical knowledge is produced, communicated and utilized by three types of key actors. Originality/value: The study presents a novel framework for studying biomedical alcohol research.

  • 194.
    Boman, Josefine
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Sociology and Contemporary History.
    Clarin, Anders
    Södertörn University College, School of Sociology and Contemporary History.
    Balans i arbetet, balans i livet: En kvantitativ studie om arbetslivets inverkan på privatlivet2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on work related factors which have an effect on the balance between peoples work and private/social life. Commonly discussed in the daily debate is the so called “livspusslet”, the time puzzle. The question is: How do you balance the demands from work, family and society? A lot of peoples health and family relations suffers from a stressful situation at work.

    It’s not hard to figure out that the possible factors which could have an effect on the balance between peoples work and private/social life are many. So, therefore we have limited the research to a number of variables of interest. These variables are then summed up to three key areas for the survey the focus on. These key areas are chosen out of, and based on our previous knowledge and the literature we recently have read about this phenomenon. The key areas are : terms of employment, working environment and flexibility & independence at work.

    We have also created an index, a sum of a number of balance measuring variables, which made it easier for us to see the effects from the key areas on peoples balance between work and private/social life. The literature we have read also tells us about differences between gender, class and career focus. We found that interesting and wanted to find some answers.

    The result of this study and our conclusions are that a stressful work, a physically tough work, the relationship with your work colleges and if you are scared of losing your job, have most effect on the balance between peoples work and private/social life. The study found differences between gender, class and interest in making a career.

  • 195. Borgström, María
    et al.
    Goldstein-Kyaga, Katrin
    Den tredje identiteten2008In: I & M : invandrare & minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, no 1, p. 28-31Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Globaliseringen gör att allt fler människor, särskilt ungdomar, lever i ett socialt sammanhang som sträcker sig över nationsgränserna. De växlar lätt mellan språk och miljöer. En ”tredje identitet”, mer komplex men också mer öppen växer fram.

  • 196.
    Borgström, María
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    Goldstein-Kyaga, Katrin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    Graviz, Ana
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
    Ungdomar och den nya kosmopolitismen – Identitet, lärande och fred: En undersökning i Sverige, Polen och Tjeckien2019 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi lever i en tid av ökande globalisering och intensifierade kontakter över gränserna. Idag är världen sammanflätad på ett helt annat sätt än någonsin tidigare.

    Här presenteras en undersökning om hur ungdomar i Sverige, Polen och Tjeckien ser på andra kulturer och folkgrupper än den egna, om deras konstruktioner av identitet, utvecklandet av kosmopolitiskt lärande och om hur deras vänner, familjer och skolor påverkar deras inställningar. Många ungdomar i Polen och Tjeckien tar upp hur de fasor som deras familjer upplevt under andra världskriget fått dem att inse hur viktigt det är att upprätthålla freden medan de svenska ungdomarnas syn påverkats av den långa perioden av fred.

    Den här boken är ett resultat av ett forskningsprojekt vars syfte varit att undersöka vilken betydelse nya identitetskonstruktioner och kosmopolitiska, interkulturella lärandeprocesser har för fredliga kontra fientliga etniska relationer i det mångkulturella, globaliserade samhället.

  • 197.
    Boström, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences, Environmental science.
    A Missing Pillar? Challenges in theorizing and practicing social sustainability: introductory article in the special issue2012In: Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy, ISSN 1548-7733, E-ISSN 1548-7733, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 3-14Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 198. Boström, Magnus
    Cognitive Practices and Collective Identities within a Heterogeneous Social Movement: The Swedish Environmental Movement2004In: Social Movement Studies, ISSN 1474-2837, E-ISSN 1474-2829, Social Movement Studies:, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 73-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent studies on social movements have highlighted the importance of cultural and ideational factors. Concepts such as collective identity, cognitive praxis, and framing have been used to better understand the emergence, development, and political and cultural impact of social movements. In this article I draw on different schools of thought in order to develop a new use of the concept of cognitive practice. I suggest the relevance of analysing collective identities and cognitive practices at the organizational level (which does not, per se, exclude analysis at other levels). This emphasis also leads to a perspective that suggest a relational and interaction-oriented way in which to understand how movement organizations try to influence other actors through their cognitive practices. This kind of analysis helps to question the implicit notion of unity in the concept of social movement. The analytical focal points are also useful for discussing possibilities and dilemmas for movement organizations with regard to aspects such as how frames become effective and make frame resonance possible; how compromises and delimitations are built into frames; and how cognitive autonomy may be decreased or preserved. The empirical focus in this article is the Swedish environmental movement, and the identities and cognitive practices of some its organizations in the 1990s. I also discuss the relevance of my findings for the study of movement organizations within other fields

  • 199. Boström, Magnus
    Establishing credibility: Practising standard-setting ideals in a Swedish seafood-labelling case2006In: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, ISSN 1523-908X, E-ISSN 1522-7200, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 135-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Market-based non-state governance arrangements, many examples of which are seen in the environmental field, require the active approval of a broad group of stakeholders. This paper makes the theoretical argument that credibility is a key issue in the establishment of such arrangements, and examines empirically the effort to develop a trustworthy eco-labelling scheme for seafood in Sweden. Many policy actors view eco-labelling as a particularly credible instrument that consumers and businesspeople can use to demonstrate environmentally friendly behaviour. But establishing credibility is complicated, especially if the issues are controversial and if there is mistrust among the groups. This paper analyses the challenges involved in practising six standard-setting ideals, the fulfilment of which is seen to establish credibility: inclusiveness, independence, auditability, scientific validity, global applicability and the balancing of feasibility versus environmental stringency. The ideals are subjects of framing, debating, power struggles and negotiation; and are dependent upon context, situational and historical factors. The assumed positive relationship between ideals and credibility is complicated because of the challenges involved in practising the ideals. This article draws upon the literature on non-state authority, governance and standardization.

  • 200.
    Boström, Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences, Environmental science.
    Hybridorganisationer2009In: Från klass till organisation: En resa genom det sociala landskapet / [ed] Roman, Christine & Udéhn, Lars, Malnö: Liber , 2009, p. 170-189Chapter in book (Other academic)
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