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  • 151.
    Ahlbaum, Mikael
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    En studie om lärares arbete vid övergångar: Hur arbetet som bedrivs i arbetslaget återspeglas på individ, grupp och organisation2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    This thesis is based upon the assumption that in Swedish school today it is a wide gap regarding the information flow when pupils are switching school. This was one of the reasons Skolverket published a report clearly stating that this is the case. The purpose of this thesis is to examine and describe how teachers are working in a teacher team at transitions to see and understand what their work may mean individually, in a group and to the school as an organisation. The questions at issue is to see how the teachers cooperate during transitions and how they notice students in need of extra support and students level of knowledge during transitions. The two last questions at issue is first to see how teachers approach parent’s expectations on the school and the teachers, secondly it is to examine what implications their work will have on the school. The examined group is a teacher team in an independent school working in grade seven. The school has the grades six to nine. The result was achieved through two qualitative interviews and six qualitative questionnaires in order to describe the informants experience as good as possible. The analysis is based upon two concepts: organisational learning and reflection as a collective process and how these concepts are dependant on the other. The main points of the analysis show how important the teacher team’s work is to both the individual and the organisation’s competence and learning development. It also shows how it helps the pupils to get a smooth transition even though the lack of information teachers has to deal with when the new pupils arrive.

  • 152.
    Ahlberg, Gisela
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Callersjö, Catrin
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    ”Celebvertising”: En studie i hur företag använder sig av kända personer i sin marknadsföring 2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The market of today consist of products/services who resemble each other, the differences are small. Their for it’s necessary for the companies to provide added values to the product so it will stand out from the rest of the products and lead to purchase. A well used strategy in the fashion industry is marketing with celebrities, this is considered successful because it brings attention and strengthening to the brand. Because of this, the strategy also branch out to other industries, but the question is if it’s as successful there? There’s also a serious down-side with the strategy and that is that there’s a great risk with using celebrities. These could, of different reasons, be dangerous for the companies and cause large amount of costs. This is something that the companies must respect.

    This thesis aims to describe and compare why companies use celebrities in their commercials to strengthening their brand. It will also examine the procedure of the companies choice of celebrity and contingent risks that may emerge of the strategy. The writers have chosen a corporate management perspective and their for the customer perspective will not be brought up.

    The study has been realized with a qualitative study, totaly eight marketing managers at different companies, within different industries where interviewed. With a helping hand from the theories, the authors have succeeded to answer the study’s question. The main theory were brand identity.

    After that the empirical data has been analyzed with help from the theories, the authors have reached following conclusions. The ultimate reason why companies co-operate with celebrities are to create attention and to increase the knowledge of the brand. The celebrity can be useful by many different reasons, no matter what goals or effects the companies want to achieve, the strategy is considered successful. Companies first choice of celebrity is someone who can represent the identity that the company wants to be associated with, for example different values. In general, companies don’t reflect much about the risks that may appear.

  • 153.
    Ahlberg, Ida
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Thomasson, Cornelia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Det finaste som finns är att laga mat med hjärtat: En kvalitativ undersökning av matjournalistikens förändring i två svenska tidningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur mediers gestaltning av mat och matlagning reproducerar livsstilar och identiteter. De senaste åren har mat börjat förekomma alltmer frekvent i olika medier. Varje dag släpps en ny bok om matlagning i Sverige, när vi bläddrar bland kanalerna på tv:n visas nästan alltid någon form av matlagningsprogram och i affären syns rader av matmagasin i tidningsställen.

    I genomförandet av vår undersökning har vi valt att använda oss av identifikationsteorin och teorin om användarperspektivet. För att göra detta har vi gjort en kvalitativ textanalys av artiklar ur två svenska tidningar, Dagens Nyheter och Allt om mat. Med hjälp av ett kodschema har varje artikel analyserats på både makro- och mikronivå. För att få en historisk översikt och landa så nära nutid som möjligt har vi gjort nedslag i 1973, 1993 och 2013.

    Resultatet av vår studie visar att det har skett en förändring i matjournalistiken. De tidigare nedslagen var det maten som stod i fokus. Men mellan 1993 och 2013 har det skett en förskjutning i fokus. Det är människorna bakom maten som får störst utrymme i artiklarna. Möjligheterna till identifikation är mycket större 2013 än var de var 1973 och 1993.

  • 154.
    Ahlbom, Alexandra
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Användandet av digitala verktyg i förskolan för språkutveckling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The propose of this study is to examine what type of digital tools that are being used in a preschool setting for teaching: speaking, reading and writing. The study also examines how the preschool teachers are experiencing the effects of using digital tools compared to traditional tools sush as books, pens and paper. The study has chosen to examine this by conducting semi stuctured interviews with four diffrent preschool teachers at three diffrent preschools. The result of the study shows that type of tooling differs a lot between the diffrent preschools except for the use of tablets as they were used by everyone. The preschool teachers are positive regarding the effects of using digital tools. Some negative effects are expressed by the interviewees connected to oral motor an fine motor skills of the children. The preschool teachers also express a desire of having standardized methods around how to use digital tools for teaching as this does not exist today. The conclusion of this study is that the use of digital tools is promising for teachers: speaking reading and writing

  • 155.
    Ahlbom, Jessica
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Berg, Emilia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Tillit och psykisk hälsa: En studie om faktorer som påverkar tillit2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att undersöka hur individers psykiska hälsa påverkar tilliten till sjukvården samt ett antal övriga samhällsinstitutioner, i det här fallet polisen, socialtjänsten, arbetsförmedlingen och försäkringskassan. Vidare undersöktes om tidigare kränkningar samt tidigare negativa erfarenheter hade påverkan på tilliten. Materialet som låg till grund för studien var insamlat av Statistiska Centralbyrån, och rörde individers levnadsvillkor. För att analysera resultatet användes Giddens (1996), Sztompkas (1999) samt Barbalets (2009) teorier kring tillit och hur tillit mellan individer skapas och kan minskas. Tidigare forskning inom området har även hjälpt till i tolkning av resultat. Tidigare forskning pekade på att negativa erfarenheter från läkare påverkade tilliten negativt, samt att tilliten till en samhällsinstitution påverkades av tilliten till övriga institutioner. Resultatet visade att en nedsatt psykisk hälsa påverkade tilliten negativt. När hänsyn även togs till tidigare kränkningar, och negativa erfarenheter vid analysen av tilliten till sjukvården, minskade dock den psykiska hälsans påverkan.

  • 156.
    Ahlbom, Staffan
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Loggbok och lärande: Elevers perspektiv och pedagogiska intentioner2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to juxtapose the theories of learning that are reflected in student’s perspectives of the learning log with that of the pedagogical intentions of the curriculum in order to examine the discrepancy between the experienced and the intentional learning objectives. The paper is divided into two sections. The first section is a literature survey on theories related to the learning log and the curriculum. The second part is constituted by three semi-structured group interviews concerning student´s views on the learning log. An effort is then made to fit the student´s perspective into a theoretical framework to allow comparison with the pedagogical motives contained in the curriculum and its underlying ideas. The interviews indicate that the learning log is used mainly as a means to facilitate individualistic work forms, which is an ill fit with perspective on learning presented within the curriculum. The study is concluded with suggestions for actions that would narrow this gap and free the unused learning potential of the learning log.

  • 157. Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Jungar, Ann-Cathrine
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    The Influence of National Parliaments over Domestic European Union Policies2009In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 359-381Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents survey results on Swedish and Finnish parliamentarians' perceptions concerning their influence over domestic decision making in European Union (EU) matters. In the literature the parliaments in Sweden and Finland are classified as powerful ones that can exert considerable influence over domestic EU policy making. Moreover, Finland and Sweden joined the EU at the same time. Therefore the overall expectation is that the parliaments should be equally powerful. However, the results from this survey indicate a significant difference in perceived influence between the two parliaments. It is obvious that Swedish parliamentarians perceive themselves as more marginalised in relation to the government than Finnish parliamentarians. After trying different explanations, it is concluded that the differences can be ascribed to the parliaments' different organisational set-ups for government oversight.

  • 158.
    Ahldén, Filip
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Uggla, Simon
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    "Glöm aldrig att det handlar om människor": En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av metoo-rapporteringen i landets fyra största tidningar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Metoo-rörelsen rörde om i grytan på fler än ett sätt. Svenska medier rapporterade om en stor mängd utpekade personer – med varierande grad av anonymitet. Syftet med denna studie har varit att kartlägga och belysa eventuella skillnader bland Sveriges fyra största tidningar (Aftonbladet, DN, Expressen och SvD) vad gäller rapporteringen kring utpekade personer i samband med metoo. Frågeställningarna behandlar både antalet namnpubliceringar och antalet så kallade ”gråzonsartiklar”, det vill säga artiklar som innehåller ledtrådar om en icke namngiven person som vi bedömer kan användas för att identifiera personen i fråga. Vårt verktyg för att testa gråzons-tesen är Google. Metoden som används är kvantitativ innehållsanalys där totalt 208 artiklar från ovan nämnda tidningar analyseras utifrån ett antal variabler med utgångspunkt i publicitetsreglerna 15 och 16. Urvalet är begränsat till artiklar på ämnet metoo inom tidsperioden 15 oktober – 15 december 2018. Ytterligare en avgränsning är att artiklarna ska behandla utpekade personer i en svensk kontext. I ett andra steg används en metod som utvecklats för denna studie där Google används för att testa huruvida det med hjälp av ledtrådar från artiklar går att söka sig till namn på utpekade, icke namngivna, personer. De artiklar som i den första analysen bedöms vara ”gråzonsartiklar” (111 stycken) används som underlag för denna andra analys. Resultaten pekade på att samtliga tidningar har bidragit till att utpekade personer namngivits – både med direkta namnpubliceringar och indirekt genom att publicera ledtrådar som med hjälp av Google använts för att hitta namnet på den utpekade. Expressen har, i långt högre grad än övriga tidningar, publicerat namn på utpekade.

  • 159.
    Ahlenius, Lisette
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Borgvall, David
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Den auktoriserade redovisningskonsultens standard: En studie om Rekos målsättning att standardisera och uppfylla förväntningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I takt med att samhället förändras utförs standardiseringar som krävs för att utveckla landet och upprätthålla konkurrenskraft. Redovisningsbranschen är en av många branscher som kommit att standardiseras för att möta nya krav och behov. Ett steg i och med detta är att professionen redovisningskonsult kommit att bli en befattning som utvecklats stort under de senare åren. Ett steg i utvecklingen för tjänsten var auktorisering av redovisningskonsulter samt utvecklingen av Svensk standard för redovisningstjänster, Reko, som gemensamt utfärdats av FAR och Sveriges Redovisningskonsulters Förbund (SRF). Detta innebär att man som auktoriserad redovisningskonsult måste följa Reko och på så sätt försäkras uppdragsgivare om att det finns kvalitet i redovisningen. Reko förväntas ge struktur och en klar förståelse för vardera parters ansvar och uppgifter. Vårt syfte med studien är att undersöka om redovisningskonsulten genom Reko fått arbetet standardiserat för att å andra sidan undersöka om uppdragsgivarens förväntningar uppfylls. Studien har genomförts via en elektronisk enkät med 175 stycken auktoriserade redovisningskonsulter samt 33 stycken uppdragsgivare. Våra enkäter är utformade med Reko-handboken som grund varav en enkät skickats till de auktoriserade redovisningskonsulterna och en enkät till uppdragsgivarna. För att analysera vår insamlade data har vi tagit hjälp av teori och forskning inom kommunikation, organisering, standardisering samt kundtillfredsställelse och förväntan. Vi har även använt oss av Reko som praktisk referensram. Utifrån analysen har vi kunnat konstatera att arbetet med Reko har lett till en ökad intern dokumentation samt att det råder en form av standardisering. Vi kan också konstatera att samspelet mellan auktoriserad redovisningskonsult och uppdragsgivare fungerar effektivt, även om vi inte kunnat urskilja om Reko är en bidragande faktor till varken det fungerande samspelet eller standardiseringen.

  • 160.
    Ahlgren, Anna
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Har bilden en mening?: En studie om illustrerad multiplikation2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Illustrated pictures play an important role as mediators of mathematical concepts and relations in mathematical textbooks used in Swedish primary school classrooms. Theories of the meaning of semiotics for teaching and learning, as well as the Variation theory of learning, are used as a framework to investigate the critical aspects for developing multiplicative reasoning through visual presentations. In this study143 students in 3rd grade (age 9-10) participated in a test where multiplication is represented with illustrations, using both additive and multiplicative groupings. The students were also instructed to draw multiplication expressions with various visual supports. Students’ responses were analyzed by quantifying groupings based on the multiplication expressions students identify, as well as the extend of which they use additive and multiplicative visual representations and support in their own drawings. Results show indications of different properties of multiplication that can be presented in illustrations. How teacher knowledge can be used to identify the critical aspects for learning multiplication is here discussed, leading to suggestions regarding ways is which textbook pictures can be useful tools in teaching and learning.

  • 161.
    Ahlman, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Blomqvist Lundin, Johan
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Kan franchisetagaren karaktäriseras vid rollen av en egenföretagare?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: On the basis of the franchisees role and how he look up on his role in his business, should one like the Swedish Law applies characterize the franchisees role as the role of a contractor?

    Purpose: The purpose with this research is too survey the franchisee in his business and how he looks upon his role as a franchisee and see if this like the Swedish Law states be characterized as the role of a contractor.

    Methodology: By doing a proportional stratified selection within the the Swedish Franchising community, nine semi structured interviews has been made. The empirical foundation of these interviews has been concentrated and analysed with the support of the chosen theories. The result of the analysis has created the conclusion.

    Theoretical perspectives: The research is built up of three angels of approach; the role, the business and the economy within the franchisee and the contractor. The three approaches aim too illustrate the role of the franchisee, the franchisees role in the business and the economical effects in franchising. The approaches that are being used is not theories but models of standards.

    Empirical foundation: The empirical foundation of the study is consisting of the answers of the nine franchisees. They have been contracted to Gallerix, MakeUpStore, SpecsaversBlic, Subway och 7 – Eleven.

    Analysis / Result:

    The study lead to an extension of the chosen theories. Similarities and differences has been identified and analysed. These are the base and the ground for the conclusion.

    Conclusion: The franchisee should not be named contractor like the Swedish Law applies with the focus on the role, business and economy.

  • 162.
    Ahlstrand Einar, Vanja
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Åkerblom, Kajsa
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    “Vem som helst, kan skriva vad som helst”: En kvalitativ studie om recensioners påverkan på konsumenten och informationssökningsprocessen inom hotellbokningar online2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The authors have found a common interest to investigate how the use and impact of reviews online can be applied within the subject of tourism. The purpose of the study is to investigate how consumers use reviews in their information search process. The purpose is also to investigate how and if consumers are influenced by online reviews regarding hotel stays.

    Method: The study is based on a qualitative method in the form of ten semi structured interviews as primary collection. The study has a support from secondary data consisting of a literature review in the chapter of previous research.

    Theory: The theoretical background is based on three theories. The theories are The PrePurchase-Information process, The Major Influences On Individual Travel Behaviour and the theory From Word-Of-Mouth to Electronic Word-Of-Mouth.

    Empiricism: The empiricism consists of a presentation of ten semi structured interviews with anonymous respondents regarding their own experiences and beliefs about the topic of the study. The chapter also includes an overview of the previous research about the topic to support and enhance the primary empirical interview material.

    Findings: The digital society has led to an increased online presence, critical thinking and interest on how consumers travel and what hotels they choose. Impact is constantly present in their contact with reviews and surroundings. The individuals own interpretation and perception of reality is based primarily on how they use and are influenced by reviews. In combination with critical thinking there is an insight that anyone, can write anything.

  • 163.
    Ahlström, Annika
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Moreira, Marianna
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Fernandes, Sabrina
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Rederiers hantering av nya miljökrav: En studie om Birka Cruises, Tallink Silja och Viking Lines arbete med ekonomisk och miljömässig hållbar utveckling2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how Viking Line, Tallink Silja and Birka Cruises work with economic and environmental sustainability, and also to see how they work with new environmental legislations. In 2015 a new environmental legislation will be introduced, by the name Sulphur directive. The Sulphur directive entails a reduction in Sulphur dioxide emissions from ships where the emissions cannot exceed 0,1 percent. There are three alternatives to achieve the new environmental legislation, the use of Marine Gas Oil, LNG or scrubbers. All three alternatives will lead to increasing costs for the shipping industry. The three companies exerts its shipping traffic in the Baltic Sea, a sea that is highly sensitive to external impacts. In the study qualitative methods were used, three personal interviews and five telephone interviews. Five theories were used to understand how the companies work, their estimations and their decisions: Strategic Tourism Planning Process, the Triple Bottom Line, the COSO model, The Decision-making Process and Responsible Cruise Tourism. The results of the study show that all three companies are facing an uncertain economic sustainable future and the deciding factors will be technological development, fuel prices and competitiveness.

  • 164.
    Ahlström, Helena
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Att arbeta språkutvecklande med flerspråkiga barn: en kvalitativ studie utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative study is to examine how educators view their work in language development with multilingual children, and the methods they are using. Additionally, this research investigates which attitudes educators feel that there is in preschools among parents and children about the language multilingual children speak at preschool. The investigation is based on five interviews with educators who all work on different preschools. The study approaches the research questions from the socio-cultural perspective.

    Based on the socio-cultural perspective, it is considered that the child learns all the time, in every context, by interaction with others. The learning takes place in the child through multiple steps. First, the child needs the help of a person who is more competent than the child itself in the current activity, so that the child can later move on to perform the task on their own.

    The result shows that educators use different strategies and methods when they work on language development with multilingual children. These strategies and methods are: provide security, adapt activities, use repetition and give the children time, use language support and use technical aids. The survey shows that educators, parents and children, are either encouraging or disagree to children speaking their first language at preschool. 

  • 165.
    Ahlström, Ingrid
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Nellvik, Teodor
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Hur attraktivt kan det bli?: En fallstudie om eventen Melodifestivalen och Årets Kock.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most essential parts of the tourism industry's are events. It is an industry that is constantly evolving and growing. This means that the event is susceptible to trends and continually need to work to develop and create attraction to its visitors. It is of great importance to create attraction strategies to maintain the attractiveness of events and define what category of events to be planned. There are many different types of events, and in this study a public and non-public event will be studied. The study's aim is to contribute to the understanding of the attraction strategies used to attract visitors for Melodifestivalen and Årets Kock. By gaining greater understanding of the event's strategies accordingly to contribute to determine the similarities and differences between a public and non-public events attraction strategies. The study has a qualitative approach with a combination of inductive and deductive research approach, used in which the authors sought a deeper understanding and compared the data collected from previous research and theories. Data has been collected through semi-structured interviews and text analysis to also examine whether described strategies can be identified on social media and the Internet. The study concludes that it is important for event managers to define the category of the event, purpose and audience. Key strategies are to create an event dramaturgy that appeals to the target audience and create excitement and interest, and that there is an interaction between the event and the audience.

  • 166.
    Ahlström, Mattias
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Bäckström, Göran
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Moving pictures - En bransch i rörelse: En undersökning om svenska konsumenters betalningsvilja för nedladdning av film2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem area and purpose

    Nowadays, 2006, the downloading of music and movies is an increasingly more burning issue. But while the music industry has made great progress in using the Internet as a distribution channel the film industry has been at a standstill for several years. Recently however there has been progress in the form of a few film companies beginning to offer their customers legal ways to acquire films over the Internet. But with this progress one central question arises, which this report will try to answer; what are the important factors for selling films as the Internet moves from primarily being a information channel to also functioning as a distribution channel? The purpose is to examine what the consumers find important when purchasing film, and to establish to what degree there is a substitution effect between DVDs and downloadable films.

    Method

    The report is first and foremost based on an Internet survey with a total of 383 participants. The respondents are divided into two separate selections, the first consisting of people already with a genuine interest in film (both watching and purchasing) and the second selection consisting of people with a more average interest. To get a wider perspective, but also to get an in-depth view of the business, we interviewed a Swedish journalist with strong connections both with the film companies and with the consumers.

    Theory

    The survey is based on three theoretical concepts; added value, differentiation and substitution. Together these concepts form two variables, Inclination to purchase DVD and Inclination to pay for downloading. Depending on the respondents’ answers to the survey, different values are given the variables, which in turn shows how inclined the different groups are to substitute DVD with downloaded films.

    Result and conclusion

    The report’s result shows that the first selection is not very inclined to replace DVDs with downloaded films, while the second selection shows slightly more interest. In conclusion, the most important factors for the consumers when, or rather if, downloading films are low price and an easy and functional system. When looking at the industry today this is not what the companies are offering the consumers, which puts the film industry’s role as Internet distributor in question.

  • 167.
    Ahlsén, Agnes
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Straight Línea: A phenomenological approach to women's response to piropos in contemporary Havana2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates women's feelings on being subjected to piropos (catcalling) in their everyday lives. Through interviews with four Cuban women living in Havana, I analyse women's experiences of piropos through a phenomenological lens and through speech theory, investigating how norms surrounding sexualities and gender are materialised in and between language, bodies and spaces. I also investigate which acts of resistance and defence mechanisms my interviewees employ in order to cope with piropos. The first part of the analysis investigates the gendered dimensions of piropos, discussing how it constitutes gendered subject positions while enforcing gender inequality. My interviewees describe how being subjected to piropos makes them feel more feminine and links the occurrence of piropos directly to their self-esteem. They also describe how the occurrence of piropos conditions their possibility to move freely around the city. In the second part of the analysis I look at piropos as a heterosexual game in which different rules apply depending on gender. Lastly, this thesis focuses on my interviewees' accounts of resistance by analysing silence as well as verbal responses to piropos as a way of breaking the rules of the heterosexual game.

  • 168.
    Ahlsén, Moa
    Södertörn University, Lärarutbildningen.
    Att tala om kärlek, sexualitet och relationer: Ett närmande till barns perspektiv2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this empirical study has been to highlight how children, in their own habitat, reason and feel about love, sexuality and relations, as well as how pedagogues work with and interact with their pupils to grow understanding for these topics together. A core idea throughout the study has been to study different relationships and observe how these are created in a social context. This has led to two research questions that are answered in this study: How do pedagogues work with these topics in learning situations? And: How do a few individual children reason about love, sexuality and relations from their own point of view?

    The method used is an ethnographical field study; observations as well as in-depth interviews with two children and one adult in one school have been used for further analysis and discussion.

    The results show that the children reason differently from one another, and that the pedagogues work in various ways in learning situations concerning these topics. Furthermore, the conversation and the communication are highlighted as important components for creating a trusting relation between the child and the pedagogue in the different activities in compulsory school.

  • 169.
    Ahltin Sandberg, Saga
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Larm, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Att nå ut till rätt målgrupp: En studie om hur digitaliseringen har förändrat mediebyråers upplevda möjlighet att hjälpa sina kunder att nå ut till deras tänkta målgrupp2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization has meant that a huge number of commercial messages reach us every day, and brands therefore have difficulties managing the fast-growing market. Traditional media agencies need to be digitized to keep up. The study aims at creating insight into how media agencies perceive that digitization has changed the ability to help their customers reach their intended target audience and thus achieve a sense of accuracy. The challenge is to navigate within the fast-growing digital market and at the same time perform accurate marketing to reach its target audience. There are more and more channels of communication and a lot of brands fighting for the same consumer's attention.

    A modified AIDA-model was created with a focus on digitalization which helped the study to get a more comprehensive picture. It was also used to understand the interaction between personalization, platforms and word of mouth.

    The study has a qualitative approach and five media agencies were interviewed through semi structured interviews about how they work with accuracy and digital marketing for the media agencies customers. The result showed that digitalization has helped media agencies reach the right target audience. Today you do not need to chance because you know the target audience. The target audience can be found on platforms, where data is used to help find them. It has opened the opportunity to work more confidently because you can make the choice to communicate only with your actual target audience.

    When you only communicate with your target audience, the advertisement can be perceived as content because the consumer has an interest. The marketing can be recognized as accurate. After that there is a great chance that consumers converge and interact with the brand than if they have used a broad marketing campaign.

  • 170.
    Ahlén, Marie
    Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences.
    Rural Member-Based Microfinance Institutions: A field study assessing the impacts of SACCOS and VICOBA in Babati district, Tanzania2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Microfinance has spread rapidly since the 1970s and gained a lot of international attention. Advocates mean it is a good way to reduce poverty, but still there is no consensus within the research about the impacts of microfinance and its contribution to poverty reduction.The aim of this study is to assess the members’ perceptions about the impacts of the rural member-based microfinance institutions (MFIs), Savings and Credit Cooperative Societies (SACCOS) and Village Community Bank (VICOBA), on members’ socio-economic situation as well as their perceptions about the contribution to poverty reduction and to identify potential obstacles. The study is mainly based on individual semi-structured interviews with members of SACCOS and VICOBA conducted between February and April 2012 in Babati district Tanzania and earlier research and studies within the area of microfinance and poverty reduction make up the theoretical framework. There is a general agreement among the members interviewed that these MFIs have positive impacts on their socio-economic situation. The results show that it helps to meet consumption needs, pay school fees, run small businesses, increase and diversify the income and the majority also believes that it can be a useful tool for poverty reduction. However, it doesn’t lead to poverty reduction automatically, it depends on how the loans are used and this study identifies several obstacles for SACCOS and VICOBA to be more effective and contribute more to poverty reduction. The main obstacles found are low repayment status, lack of capital and lack of education in both entrepreneurship and how these MFIs operate.

  • 171.
    Ahmad, Razan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Paredes Morel, Natalia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Tillämpningen av IFRS 3 i Storbritannien, Tyskland och Sverige: En undersökning av hur rörelseförvärv redovisas2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the year 2005 it became mandatory for listed companies in the EU to apply IFRS in their consolidated financial statements. The purpose of IFRS is to create harmonization and to facilitate the comparison of financial statements between countries for investors. Previous studies have shown that the application of regulation has not been harmonized which prevents comparability and creates a significant barrier between companies in different countries. The issue of harmonization was found in, among other, the accounting of acquisitions. Acquisitions have increased with globalization of the financial markets and have been an important driving force in development. This increased importance of acquisitions has led to higher demands on the companies’ published financial information, which resulted in the new accounting standard IFRS 3. This study seeks to analyze how companies in the United Kingdom and Germany account for acquisitions and how they differ between them. It also seeks to compare the countries with previous research from Sweden, and investigate how the influence of supervision affects their accounting.

    This study concludes that there are some differences in the accounting between the United Kingdom and Germany, but that these differences were not as great as perceived. Between Germany and Sweden there were significant differences despite the fact that they share the same historical accounting. The biggest discovery was that all countries relation between goodwill and intangible assets is becoming centralized. The supervision of companies is also a factor that seems to have a bigger impact in Sweden’s accounting than in Germany and the United Kingdom. The supervision does not explain the difference between Germanys and Swedens accounting.

  • 172.
    Ahmad, Vina
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Barns rörelse i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie baserad på förskollärares uppfattningar om barns fysiska aktivitet i förskolan och vilken inverkan den fysiska miljön har på den2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to get an overall view over preschool teacher’s perceptions about children's physical activity in preschool and also understand what impact the physical environment has on it. In Sweden children participate in preschool at an early age and spends the majority of their waken time there. Preschool therefore becomes an important platform to promote children’s early physical activities as it has great effect on their future lifestyle. The physical environment plays a significant role for children’s opportunity to be physically active and therefor also becomes an important part of this study. In this study I used a qualitative semi structured interview with six preschool teachers who worked in different preschools. 

    The theoretical background is based on Osnes, Skaug, and Kaarbys (2012) five positioning categories which are guidance, spectator, playmate, play in parallel with the child as well as initiate play. Each and one of this positioning categories have an impact on children’s play and the movements they use in those plays (2012). I also use Gitz-Johansen, Kampmann and Kirkeby theory where they describe the complex relationship between children and the pedagogical room (2001 in Eriksson 2013).  

    My study shows that the overall attitude toward physical activity is positive and is considered by the preschool teachers to be an essential part in children’s childhood. The preschool teachers are aware that they are the gatekeepers to physical activity and how their attitude can regulate children’s movements due to norms and values of the society they belong to. They expressed their dissatisfaction toward the preschool organization and highlighted the external factors that regulates the children’s movements which they expressed where out of their ability to impact such as large children groups, small staff density, narrow space to move in and so forth. They believe that children’s play is the gateway to physical activity and their positioning can help children to develop their physical abilities.  

  • 173.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle.
    Ristiniemi, Jari
    University of Gävle.
    Linblad, Inger
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Schiller, Lina
    University of Gävle.
    Perceptions of death among children in Sweden2019In: International Journal of Children's Spirituality, ISSN 1364-436X, E-ISSN 1469-8455Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses children?s thoughts about death. Research was carried out in two elementary schools in Sweden among 40 children between 6 and 9 years of age, data were collected through text reading, movie viewing and dialogues with children. The main results reveal child-specific thoughts about the end of life, i.e., ideas children construe on their own. The findings also show society- and time-specific thoughts that children take from their societal and cultural context. The article proposes an integrative approach between these two: it is only when the categories of child-specific and society- and time-specific thoughts are combined that we get a fair picture of children?s perceptions of death. The main finding is that children form ideas of their own; they are not completely under the influence of their societal and cultural context. Children take over ideas from their surrounding society but they also express ideas produced by themselves.

  • 174.
    Ahmed, Aland
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Ayanle Omar, Ifrah
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Hur skapas tillit mellan användare och värdar vid användandet av tjänster i delningsekonomin?: En kvalitativ studie om hur Airbnbs värdar och användare skapar tilliten mellan varandra.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to study trust between Airbnb hosts and users. The complexity of the sharing economy lies in the fact that it lacks formal contracts and laws that support the private individuals included in an agreement. This type of economy is not in complete absence of laws. But laws that usually apply outside the sharing economy are not supported in this type of organizational form. Then the problem arises, when trust must be created between each other, since there are no laws to lean on disputes, fraud etc. not only that the sharing economy is characterized by uncertainty, the booking takes place digitally, which contributes with even greater uncertainty. The actors are forced to find ways to create security in the form of trust. The authors of the study have therefore investigated how Airbnbs' hosts and users create trust between each other. The study was based on a qualitative research method in the form of twelve semi-structured telephone interviews. The study's theoretical frame of reference consisted of previous research on the sharing economy, trust in the sharing economy and peer-to-peer asset sharing. The result was that respondents using the feedback system consisting of reviews and reviews and the person's profile create an idea of ​​the person and then get their own impression when they have a conversation with the person. Communication, feedback system and profile are thus the three ways that give an impression that further shapes and creates trust between users and hosts on Airbnb.

  • 175.
    Ahmed, Aymann
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Bjelica, Marina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Corporate Social Responsibility och dess påverkan på lönsamhet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND:

    Företag fyller en stor roll i vårt samhälle eftersom de på många sätt är en viktig beståndsdel i att driva vårt samhälle mot vidare utveckling. För vidare hållbar utveckling krävs ansvarstagande av alla inblandade parter, men hur mycket ansvar ska företagen egentligen ta? Ska de ta ansvar för aspekter som exempelvis miljö och mänskliga rättigheter? Eller ska de endast fokusera på att vara så vinstmaximerande som möjligt?

    SYFTE:

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka sambandet mellan svenska företags rapporterade hållbarhetsredovisning och deras lönsamhet.

    METOD:

    För att kunna svara på syftet på bästa sätt valdes en kvantitativ metod med ett deduktivt synsätt. Tvärsnittsdesign valdes eftersom studien skulle undersöka sambandet mellan Corporate Social Responsibility och lönsamhet under en viss tidpunkt. Variabeln CSR operationaliseras genom användning av Folksams index för ansvarsfullt företagande och lönsamhet genom en justerad formel för Tobins Q. En regressionsanalys gjordes för att kunna undersöka korrelationen mellan CSR och lönsamhet.

    SLUTSATS:

    Sambandet mellan CSR och lönsamhet är neutralt, det vill säga statistiskt går det inte att påvisa något signifikant samband mellan CSR och lönsamhet för de studerade företagen i denna studie.

  • 176.
    Ahmed, Dalia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Kinas handelsrelation till OECD länder: En empirisk analys med tillämpning av gravitationsmodellen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under det senaste årtiondet har Kina genomgått en snabb tillväxt i sin exporthandel. I denna avhandling undersöks de viktigaste faktorer som påverkar Kinas export med hjälp av gravitationsmodellen. Studien observerar Kinas export till med hjälp av paneldata 30 mellan 1998 och 2007. De empiriska resultaten visar att de beroende variablerna, BNP per capita och populationen har starka och betydande effekter på Kinas exporthandel, medan distansen mellan länderna har en negativ effekt på handeln. Dessutom visar de empiriska resultaten att handelssamarbete har lett till betydande positiva effekter på exporten. Två andra förklarande variabler, regional ekonomisk organisation APEC (Asien Pacific Economic Cooperation) och växelkursen påverkar inte Kinas export betydligt.

  • 177.
    Ahmed, Faiza
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Modersmålet som stöttning för nyanlända elever i en förberedelseklass: En kvalitativ studie ur ett elevperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Aim of this study is to examine how newly arrived Somali students use their mother tongue as a method of support for the students to comprehend the Swedish language in a preparation class. The conclusion of my study originates from three key questions:  

    1. How do the students use their mother tongue as a method of support in a preparation class?
    2. In which situations (with who and when) do they use their mother tongue as a method of support?
    3. Which resources do the students use to support them with their mother tongue?

    To conduct the study I have used the qualitative method called participant observation. This is a technique in which I follow and observe two students in three different times. The study is based on previous research on second language development.

    The results shows the different ways students use their mother tongue and how all the different aspects prove to be significant in the students language development. The basic knowledge and experience they have from their first language is very helpful for the development of the students second language. The results also shows that the students use various types of code-switching to communicate with each other and how the group support each other through their mother tongue.

  • 178.
    Ahmed, Iftikhar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Trump’s tweet and media treat: A Critical discourse analysis of US and Pakistani newspapers2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Trump’s new year tweet about Pakistan’s role in the fight against terrorism ignited a controversy and a war of words between Pakistani officials and the US. This thesis studies newspaper coverage of both countries on this particular issue. Dawn and The News International are chosen from Pakistan and The New York Times and The Washington Post are selected from US media. The aim of this research is to analyse and compare the media discourse. Critical discourse analysis (CDA) was adopted as the most suitable choice. A sum of eight articles, comprising two from each newspaper, is analysed intensively. Outcomes of the analysis are discussed in relation to ‘framing’ and ‘agenda setting’ theories.

    Five key elements from the theories are listed including: language (vocabulary), conflict presentation, sources, related issues and emphasis. Results reveal that Pakistani newspapers use very strong, rather harsh vocabulary while reporting response to Donald Trump’s tweet. The US newspapers adopted literary phrases and less harsh tone to report this issue. Conflict presentation was focused on Trump’s tweet as a central idea in all the newspapers. Pakistani newspapers focused on the coverage of reaction from military and government officials of the country. On the other hand, US newspapers included sources from both countries to have an objective view. But they have included some controversial issues, which do not have a direct link to this debate starting with Trump’s tweet.

    Keywords: Twitter and news media, Trump’s tweet about Pakistan, Afghan war, CDA, Framing.

  • 179.
    Ahmed, Maha
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Etableringsrätt - och sen?: En studie av privata aktörers etablering och upplevelser av villkoren på den svenska förskolemarknaden2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The diversity of operators offering training and educational care within the Swedish school system and hence the possibility for parents and students to freely choose schools, has increased as a result of allowing private pre-schools and schools. The Government believes that competition and diversity is beneficial for the quality development and give students and parents the opportunity to choose a school. Autumn 2013 was the total number of children enrolled in kindergartens around 489 300 and 97 400 of these went to a private preschool, which is approximately 20% of the total. Reform efforts in the preschool market have a history older than 20 years, but it’s still considered to be too early to speak about concrete consequences. Statistically speaking the numbers of children in private kindergartens are few in comparison to those in municipal preschools. This despite the fact that there was a political will to increase the share since friskolereformen in 1992 and especially in the last decade. The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the perceived conditions for the establishment and operation of independent pre-school activities in the Swedish market.

    This study is based partly on studies of various policy documents and statistics that describe the development of the emerging preschool market and partly on interviews with seven persons who are or have been directors of private kindergartens in municipalities in Stockholm County during the past 20 years.

    The result shows that most of those interviewed preschools feel that the conditions for running private kindergartens are inadequate and that there are obstacles for continued expansion. This view seems to be more common with preschool whose preschool managers have not previously worked in responsible positions at municipal preschools. There is also a perception that competition is distorted at the pre-school market in favor for the municipal activities. Most of those interviewed have a negative attitude towards the local government twofold role as executor, the body that approves the establishments, and runs their own preschool. There is also dissatisfaction with the decision-makers where they are considered not to have an understanding of what it means to run private preschools. It is instead considered that the municipalities should renounce the role of performer and instead be a body that is in shaping the rules.

  • 180.
    Ahmeti, Flora (Florije)
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication.
    "I skolan var det svårare, speciellt på gymnasiet": En kvalitativ fallstudie av en skolas syn på lesbiska och en lesbisks erfarenheter av skolan2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to highlight the conceptions that exist in school towards homosexuality. My overall essay questions are: What rules does the school have to apply concerning homosexuality? What approach do the professors have towards young lesbian women and kind of support is offered to the group? In order to answer these questions I interviewed a professor and a young lesbian female. One of the surveys that has been made, as a normative order, about heterosexuality in the last decade is known as queer theory.

    One of the theories that in surveys investigates homosexuality as a normative order is known as “queer theory” and it is the one I decided to use in this essay.

    Inspired by feminist research, gay and lesbian studies and the poststructuralist theory, the queertheory focuses on some peoples way of organizing sexuality is privileged, sanctioned and is perceived as normal, while others are seen as deviant, abnormal and therefore unwelcome. The method chosen for this essay is qualitative with focus on interviews and life stories. The result indicates that there is no specific plan based on the schools fundamental values concerning how homosexuality should be included in teaching.

     

     

  • 181.
    Ahnoff, Örjan
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Resor i rum, tid och relationer: Läroböckers geografiska perspektivväxlingar i historisk jämförelse 1890-tal/2010-tal2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines how textbooks in primary geography offer readers to make changes in perspective. As the title suggests, spatial/temporal awareness and understanding of social relations are seen as interconnected aspects of what changes in perspective is about.

    Two contemporary textbooks used in Swedish primary school are analyzed, as well as one written in 1893 by the Swedish reform educator Anna Whitlock. The analysis is made with tools from multimodal social semiotics and critical linguistics. Understanding didactics on a basis of curriculum theory, distinguishing varied offers of meaning is seen as an important basis for making decisions in didactic practice. The essay offers arguments to support that view.

    A historical perspective is used to illustrate constructions of school geography in our time. Attention is paid to how the text from the 1890s introduces spatiality by letting the reader relate to the physical world, while spatiality in the texts from the 2010s is framed by social relations. When differences between the contemporary textbooks are described, some specific design choices offering varied reader interactions are suggested being crucial for inclusions/exclusions of experiences and worldviews.

  • 182.
    Ahnoff, Örjan
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Resurs för orientering: Interaktivt satellitfoto i barns samtal om plats2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines a way of letting children relate to place through an activity based on one-to-one conversation with an adult, supported by interactive satellite photo on a tablet computer. The investigated activity may be seen as a research method or an educational activity. Two questions are addressed: What kinds of experiences of place are possible to communicate in the activity? and How are conditions for this communication formed through the activity? The results are compared to previous research on activities such as walks, photographs and drawings.

    Eleven children at the age of 8 participated in the activity. Screencasts and audio recordings were made and analysed in order to answer the research questions.

    The work is based on geographical theory, starting with a discussion on place and space, and is further inspired by approaches in the research field Children’s geographies. In addition to this, design activity in learning processes is used a theoretical and analytical perspective.

    I argue that interactivity with a secondary representation of place (the digital satellite photo) can be described as something in between of place-interactivity and non-place-interactivity, and in between of creativity and non-creativity. At the same time, this inbetweenness forms a specific, new condition for communication. Furthermore, through observations of how the participating children make interpretations of, and negotiate, the activity, I discuss children’s need of room for sense making. Finally, I suggest that contemporary research methodology with children can be seen as a didactic example, demanding adults to put children’s rights, interests, participation and agency first.

  • 183.
    Aho Huotari, Marie
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Andersson, Kristin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Har en gemensam valuta resulterat i en minskad prisspridning?: En jämförande studie på priskonvergens inom euroländer i förhållande till övriga EU länder2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 1993 the internal market within the European Union was formed and ensured free movement of goods, services, capital and people. This led to the removal of trade barriers between members of the European Union. When opening up for competition, price differences between countries decreased and more jobs were created. A single currency was introduced by eleven countries in 1999 with the goal of reducing transaction costs, eliminating exchange rate risk and to further simplify trade. In 2001 Greece joined the collaboration and introduced the euro. With a single currency, price differences are expected to decrease. The aim of this study is to investigate whether a common currency has had a significant effect on reducing price dispersion or not. Two types of convergence are tested, beta and sigma convergence. 21 different product groups are included in this study and are sorted after the speed of convergence. All of the 27 EU member states are included and divided into two groups, one euro group and one non-euro group. We also examine if differences in productivity can explain price convergence. The results indicate that the introduction of a common currency did not decrease price dispersion within the majority of product groups. For the product groups in which price convergence are evident, only one product group within the euro countries and one product group within the non-euro countries have proven to be significantly positive in terms of differences in productivity.

  • 184.
    Aho, Jessica
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    ”Undervisning är mycket på tapeten nu…": En fenomenografisk studie om förskollärares uppfattningar, förhållningssätt och ansvar om undervisning och lärande2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate and analyze preschool teachers perceptions, approaches and responsibility with the concepts of teaching and learning. The questions that have been investigated are which perceptions of teaching and learning the preschool teachers have, how they approach teaching and how preschool teachers perceive their responsibility in the teaching.

    The phenomenographical approach is used as a theory to investigate the preschool teachers perceptions. The variation theory is used to show how preschool teachers conduct teaching and the development of pedagogical perspective is used to examine the perceptions of teaching and learning. The phenomenographical method is used as a qualitative method with interviews, to visualize the preschool teachers perceptions in different categories.

    The results in this study are that the preschool teachers have three different perceptions on the terms teaching and learning. The concepts are perceived as either synonymous, different or that these concepts have a connection. The results show that the preschool teachers approach the teaching based on the childrens needs and interests, from spontaneous situations or in controlled activities. The results also show that the preschool teachers responsibility in teaching is described in three ways which are a dual-assignment, to increase the quality and from the requirement of society. The conclusions of this study show that teaching and learning will be perceived and approached in varied forms because there are no clear guidelines in how education should take form in practice. The variation between the perceptions provides an insight that preschools will still be different, depending on the preschool teachers approach.

  • 185.
    Aho, Rabi
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Aho, Daniel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Företagsförvärvens påverkan på aktiekursutvecklingen: En eventstudie om hur förvärvsmetoden påverkar aktiekursen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine how the acquisition method affects the purchasing companies’ abnormal returns in the short term, and to ascertain whether the companies’ industry affiliation has an impact on the reaction. The study applied three theories and a number of previous researches that are of significance to the study. Theories used are different forms of acquisitions, the efficient market hypothesis and the signal theory. This study was made by a quantitative and comparative approach using an event study where 64 acquisitions were observed. The acquisitions were divided into four different industries and distributed in the approaches of share- and asset acquisitions. These acquisitions have been observed during an eleven-day period, five days before to five days after publication. The collected secondary processed data has been collected from Nasdaq OMX, Google Finance and the database Zephyr. The results according to this study conveys that an acquisition of asset is preferable in comparison with the acquisition of shares, except for companies in the consumer discretionary sector as seen benefits from an acquisition of shares. It is possible to discern how the healthcare sector is the one that benefits most in the publication of an acquisition, in terms of the abnormal returns.

  • 186.
    Ahola, Teresa
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Två lag: Nyhetsrapportering om sextrafficking inför fotbolls-VM i Tyskland 20062011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen kretsar kring mediedebatten om sextrafficking som startade den 2 april 2006 när dåvarande jämställdhetsombudsman (Jämo), Claes Borgström, medverkade i Sveriges Televisions (SVT:s) samhällsprogram Agenda. Hans budskap var att Sverige borde bojkotta fotbolls-VM i Tyskland i protest mot sextrafficking, ett förslag som väckte starka reaktioner. Många förstod hans avsikt men inte hans strategi. Det positiva var att Borgström satte igång debatten om sextrafficking och frågan är hur denna debatt kom att speglas i pressens nyhetsrapportering? Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur sextrafficking beskrevs i svensk press från april till september 2006.

    Studien har gjorts med kombinerade metoder, dels en kvantitativ del som sammanfattar innehållet i debatten och ger en översikt på artiklarna, dels en kvalitativ del som analyserar nyhetsartiklarnas texter. Poängen är att se vad och hur journalister valde att rapportera om sextrafficking och ta reda på vilka som fick komma till tals.

    Materialet består av ett färdiginsamlat arkivmaterial om VM-debatten som finns hos Diskrimineringsombudsmannen (DO) i Stockholm. Studiens urval består av 131 debattartiklar daterade från 3/4–22/9 2006 och 22 nyhetsartiklar daterade från 2/4–21/9 2006.

    Resultatet visar att tidningarnas rapportering om sextrafficking fokuserade på debatten om legal prostitution vilket kan ha en koppling med att VM hölls i Tyskland där sexköp varit tillåtet sedan 2002. Frågan har sedan lång tid tillbaka delat in debattörer i två lag, de som är för eller mot legal prostitution.

    Det näst största ämnet som togs upp var vilken roll idrottsrörelsen borde ta i kampen mot sextrafficking. Många journalister valde att intervjua Claes Borgström och Fotbollsförbundets ordförande, Lars-Åke Lagrell. För övrigt intervjuades politiker, myndigheter, organisationer, fotbollssupportrar och prostituerade. Bara ett sexoffer, en forskare och en traffickingexpert intervjuades.

    En intressant upptäckt var att rapporteringen om aktörer inom sextrafficking inte var könsneutral utan kvinnor sågs som offer och män som sexköpare eller hallickar.

  • 187.
    Ahonen, Anne-Mari
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Pedagogisk dokumentation: Hur tolkas begreppet?2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to see how educators and municipalities interpret the term of pedagogical documentation. My question was; how do the educators and the responsible at municipalities interprets pedagogical documentation? What is meaningful to document?

    What do you think is the foundation if you can work with pedagogical documentation?

    To find out the answers to my questions, I based my study on theory from different teachers and researchers in education and then interviews and questionnaires.

    The results show that the concept of pedagogical documentation can be interpreted differently. The Pedagogue´s child perspective controls whether you can make use of pedagogical documentation.

    Preschool teachers use pedagogical documentation through observation of different methods that can be ex camera, observation templates, etc. and it will make children's learning visible but it is also making the educator's learning visible and it contributes to development and change. By reflecting on documentation it gives you opportunities to see things you would not see yourself.

    The purpose of the use of pedagogical documentation can be for various reasons it may be that you want to see how a child thinks, child development, even to change the environment at the preschool. The curriculum Lpfö98 raise educational documentation in the preface, it says that the activity is made visible but also that it provides a basis to ensure the quality.

    The concept of pedagogical documentation is taken from the Reggio Emilia philosophy, which worked with the working tool in more than 30 years and the aim is to make visible children's learning but children view is essential if you can work and understand the concept of pedagogical documentation.

  • 188. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Boström, Magnus
    Pendelrörelser mellan frivillighet och tvång: Organisationers kamp om regleringsstrategier2004In: Den organiserade frivilligheten / [ed] Boström Magnus, Forssell Anders, Jacobsson Kerstin, Tamm Hallström Kristina, Lund: Liber , 2004, p. 144-162Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 189. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Boström, Magnus
    Forssell, Anders
    Meningen med föreningen: Vad är frivilligt med frivilligorganisationer?2004In: Den organiserade frivilligheten / [ed] Boström Magnus, Forssell Anders, Jacobsson Kerstin, Tamm Hallström Kristina, Lund: Liber , 2004, p. 22-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 190.
    Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (Score).
    Castillo, Daniel
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Academy of Public Administration.
    Roumbanis, Lambros
    Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (Score), Stockholm University.
    Queues: Tensions between Institution and Organization2019In: Organization outside Organizations: The Abundance Of Partial Organization In Social Life / [ed] Göran Ahrne & Nils Brunsson, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2019, p. 177-188Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 191. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 4, Sociology.
    Behövs medlemmarna?2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 3, p. 3-10Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 192. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 4, Sociology.
    Behövs medlemmarna?: Kommentar2003In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 4, p. 42-43Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 193. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University, School of Sociology and Contemporary History, Sociology.
    Förändring bygger på tröghet2005In: Arbetsliv och samhällsförändringar / [ed] Björn Fjæstad & Lars-Erik Wolvén, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2005, p. 329-343Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 194. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University, Department of Society and History, Sociology.
    Hur mycket kan man hoppas på globala rörelser?: om sociala rörelser och politiska partier2004In: Agoras årsbok, ISSN 1650-1926, p. 130-145Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 195. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    In the thick of organizations1994In: Social organizations / [ed] Göran Ahrne, London: Sage , 1994, p. 132-155Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 196. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Sociology.
    Inertia and innovation2001Report (Other academic)
  • 197. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Kollektivt handlande i rörelser och organisationer2006In: Sociala rörelser: politik och kultur / [ed] Åsa Wettergren, Andrew Jamison, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, Vol. S. 109-127, p. 109-127Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 198. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Organisationer, samhälle och globalisering: Tröghetens mekanismer och förnyelsens förutsättningar2014 (ed. 2)Book (Refereed)
  • 199. Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Papakostas, Apostolis
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 4, Sociology.
    Organisationer, samhälle och globalisering: tröghetens mekanismer och förnyelsens förutsättningar2002Book (Other academic)
  • 200.
    Ahtila, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Ho, David
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Ett traditionellt flygbolags anpassningsförmåga: En fallstudie av Scandinavian Airlines Sverige2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågeställning: Vilka nödvändiga förändringar behöver ett traditionellt flygbolag genomgå för att överleva inom en turbulent marknad?

    Huvudsyfte: Med hjälp av en fallstudie och utvalda teorier analysera och utvärdera hur väl ett traditionellt flygbolag anpassar sig utefter de rådande marknadsförhållandena på flygmarknaden.

    Metod: En fallstudie med SAS Airlines som studieobjekt har genomförts. Även Ryanair har inkluderats som en liten del i studien, vars syfte är att förse läsaren med en beskrivning av fenomenet lågprisflygbolag. Vidare har valda relevanta teorier utgjort ramen för insamlandet av data från rapporter av olika slag samt kompletterande information från intervjuer.

    Slutsatser:

    - Omvärldsbevakning möjliggör kundanpassningen.

    - Organisationsstorlek tillsammans med allianssamarbetet inger ökade möjligheter för anpassningen.

    - Den offensiva prispolitiken tillsammans med det förändrade resebeteendet försvårar SAS Airlines konkurrensförmåga.

    - Organisations- och ägarstruktur inger begränsade handlingsutrymmen.

    - SAS Airlines har ytterst få möjligheter till att anpassa sig efter krig, epidemier, terrordåd och oljeprissvängningar.

    - SAS Airlines anpassning består i stora drag av kostnadsbesparingar, kapacitetsreduceringar, kundanpassning av erbjudanden samt av en efterfrågestyrd prissättning.

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