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  • 101.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    The ethics of self-change: becoming oneself by way of antidepressants or psychotherapy?2009In: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 169-178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the differences between bringing about self-change by way of antidepressants versus psychotherapy from an ethical point of view, taking its starting point in the concept of authenticity. Given that the new antidepressants (SSRIs) are able not only to cure psychiatric disorders but also to bring about changes in the basic temperament structure of the person—changes in self-feeling—does it matter if one brings about such changes of the self by way of antidepressants or by way of psychotherapy? Are antidepressants a less good alternative than psychotherapy because antidepressants are in some way less authentic than psychotherapy? And, if so, what does this mean exactly? In this paper I try to show that the self-change brought about by way of antidepressants challenges basic assumptions of authentic self-change that are deeply ingrained in our Western culture: that changes in self should be brought about by laborious ‘self-work’ in which one explores the deep layers of the self (the unconscious) and comes to realise who one really is and should become. To become oneself has been held to presuppose such a journey. While the assumed importance of self-work appears to be badly founded on closer inspection, the notions of exploring and knowing oneself appear to be more promising in fleshing out an ethical distinction between psychopharmacological and psychotherapeutic practice with the help of the concept of authenticity. Psychotherapy, to a much greater extent than psychopharmacological interventions, involves the whole profile of the self in its attempts to effect a change, not only in the temperament but also in the character of the person in question, and this is important from an ethical point of view. In the article, the concepts of self-change, authenticity, temperament and character are presented and used in order to understand and flesh out the relevant ethical differences between the practice of psychotherapy and the use of antidepressants. Looping, collective effects of psychopharmacological self-change in a cultural context are also considered in this context.

  • 102.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    The Phenomenology of Falling Ill: An Explication, Critique and Improvement of Sartre’s Theory of Embodiment and Alienation2009In: Human Studies, ISSN 0163-8548, E-ISSN 1572-851X, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 53-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I develop a phenomenology of falling ill by presenting, interpreting and developing the basic model we find in Jean-Paul Sartre’s Being and Nothingness (1956). The three steps identified by Sartre in this process are analysed, developed further and brought to a five-step model: (1) pre-reflective experience of discomfort, (2) lived, bodily discomfort, (3) suffered illness, (4) disease pondering, and (5) disease state. To fall ill is to fall victim to a gradual process of alienation, and with each step this alienating process is taken to a new qualitative level. Consequently, the five steps of falling ill have not only a contingent chronological order but also a kind of logical order, in that they typically presuppose each other. I adopt Sartre’s focus on embodiment as the core ground of the alienation process, but point out that the alienation of the body in illness is not only the experience of a psychic object, but an experience of the independent life of one’s own body. This facticity of the body is the result neither of the gaze of the other person, nor of a reflection adopting the outer perspective of the other in an indirect way, but is a result of the very otherness of one’s own body, which addresses and plagues us when we fall ill. I use examples of falling ill and being a patient to show how a phenomenology of falling ill can be helpful in educating health-care personnel (and perhaps also patients) about the ways of the lived body.

  • 103.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    The Phenomenology of Organ Transplantation: How does the Malfunction and Change of Organs have Effects on Personal Identity?2012In: The Body as Gift, Resource, and Commodity: Exchanging Organs,Tissues, and Cells in the 21st Century / [ed] Martin Gunnarson, Fredrik Svenaeus, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2012, p. 58-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 104.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Vad är praktisk kunskap?: En inledning till ämnet och boken2009In: Vad är praktisk kunskap? / [ed] Jonna Bornemark & Fredrik Svenaeus, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2009, 1, p. 11-34Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 105.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Vikten av kropp: [Recension av:] Helena Dahlberg. ”Vikten av kropp: Frågan om kött och människa i Maurice Merleau-Pontys Le Visible et l’invisible”, [doktorsavhandling,] Göteborgs universitet, 20112012In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 251-256Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 106.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    What is an organ?: Heidegger and the phenomenology of organ transplantation2010In: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, ISSN 1386-7415, E-ISSN 1573-0980, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 179-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the question of what an organ is from a phenomenological perspective. Proceeding from the phenomenology of being-in-the-world developed by Heidegger in Being and Time and subsequent works, it compares the being of the organ with the being of the tool. It attempts to display similarities and differences between the embodied nature of the organs and the way tools of the world are handled. It explicates the way tools belong to the totalities of things of the world that are ready to use and the way organs belong to the totality of a bodily being able to be in this very world. In so doing, the paper argues that while the organ is in some respects similar to a bodily tool, this tool is nonetheless different from the tools of the world in being tied to the organism as a whole, which offers the founding ground of the being of the person. However, from a phenomenological point of view, the line between organs and tools cannot simply be drawn by determining what is inside and outside the physiological borders of the organism. We have, from the beginning of history, integrated technological devices (tools) in our being-in-the-world in ways that make them parts of ourselves rather than parts of the world (more organ- than tool-like), and also, more recently, have started to make our organs more tool-like by visualising, moving, manipulating, and controlling them through medical technology. In this paper, Heidegger’s analysis of organ, tool, and world-making is confronted with this development brought about by contemporary medical technology. It is argued that this development has, to a large extent, changed the phenomenology of the organ in making our bodies more similar to machines with parts that have certain functions and that can be exchanged. This development harbours the threat of instrumentalising our bodily being but also the possibility of curing or alleviating suffering brought about by diseases which disturb and destroy the normal functioning of our organs.

  • 107.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Å bli syk: en studie i tilsykningens fenomenologi2007In: Humanistisk sykdomslære: tanker om diagnoser og sykdom, helse og velvære / [ed] Gunn Engelsrud, Kristin Heggen, Oslo: Universitetsforl. , 2007, p. 42-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 108.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Bornemark, JonnaSödertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Vad är praktisk kunskap?2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Antologin beskriver och fördjupar forskningsfältet praktisk kunskap med tonvikt på frågor kring yrkeskunnande och utbildning. Medverkande är lärare, forskare och magisterstudenter vid Centrum för praktisk kunskap, Södertörns högskola. Perspektiven i bokens olika bidrag är företrädesvis humanistiska, bland nyckelbegreppen märks praktisk visdom, tyst kunskap, känslor och kunskap, erfarenhet, reflektion, fenomenologi, hermeneutik, bildning, dilemma, dygdeetik, berättelse och essä.

  • 109.
    Victor Tillberg, Lotta
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge. Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.
    Erfarenheters betydelse för kunskapsutveckling i militär praktik2011In: Med alla nödvändiga medel: Brigadgeneral Jan-Gunnar Isbergs erfarenheter från tjänstgöring i Kongo 2003-2005 / [ed] Jan-Gunnar Isberg, Lotta Victor Tillberg, Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2011, p. 189-221Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 110.
    Victor Tillberg, Lotta
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge. Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.
    Konsten att vårda: om att vara professionell i svåra situationer2010Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 111.
    Victor Tillberg, Lotta
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge. Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.
    Kvalitetsrevisionen: en dokumentär komposition om konsten att vårda2011In: Omtankar: Praktisk kunskap i äldreomsorg / [ed] Lotte Alsterdal, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2011, p. 124-147Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 112.
    Victor Tillberg, Lotta
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge. Kungliga Tekniska högskolan.
    Uppdrag chef: åtta militära chefers erfarenheter från internationella operationer2011Book (Other academic)
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