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  • 101.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Jean Baudrillard: Requiem pour les media (1971)2020In: Medievetenskapens idétraditioner / [ed] Stina Bengtsson; Staffan Ericson; Fredrik Stiernstedt, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2020, p. 169-180Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 102.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Media Generations: Experience, Identity and Mediatised Social Change2016Book (Other academic)
  • 103.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Media generations: Objective and Subjective Media Landscapes and Nostalgia among Generations of Media Users2014In: Participations, E-ISSN 1749-8716, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 108-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses from an inter-cultural and inter-generational perspective the relationship between ‘objective’ media landscapes and how they are subjectively perceived among four different media generations. Based on a focus group study with media users in Sweden and Estonia of two tentative generations, the relationship between the ‘objective’ and ‘subjective’ media landscapes is analysed, as is how the landscapes produce nostalgia at the intersection of age, generation, life course and life situation. Based on the differences found in the cross-cultural and the cross-generational comparison, it is concluded that in relation to the formative years of the respondents, there are two different kinds of nostalgia produced: one individually based, focussing on childhood memories; and one social or collective, focussing on the formative years of the respondents.

  • 104.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Media Use and the Extended Commodification of the Lifeworld2018In: Technologies of Labour and the Politics of Contradiction / [ed] Bilić, Paško; Primorac, Jaka; Valtýsson, Bjarki, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 235-252Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the chapter Bolin argues that in the world of digital, interactive media, media users become involved in two kinds of valorisation processes: one in which they produce social, aesthetic and cultural value within the framework of a cultural economy – which then becomes appropriated by the media industries and transformed into economic value. Furthermore, the nature of the business models of social networking media makes the labour activities at their bottom easily misrecognized by the media users. The result of this process is an increased commodification of social realms that have previously been outside of the economic markets.

  • 105.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Mediatisation, Digitisation and Datafication: The Role of the Social in Contemporary Data Capitalism2023In: Central European Journal of Communication, ISSN 1899-5101, Vol. 16, no 1(33), p. 7-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the relations between mediatisation and datafication, and how the process of datafication has integrated several diverse value forms in complex interrelations. The first section outlines the rise of datafication in the wake of the technological development of digitisation in combination with new business models of the media and communications industries, leading to a tighter integration between these and other sectors of society. The second accounts for how this development paves way for certain specific value forms that result from this integrative process, and how the interrelation between value forms introduces a shift in the valuation processes of late modern data capitalism, where the social takes a prominent position. The final section discusses the relationship between datafication and mediatisation. The argument is that although datafication introduces a new phase in the mediatisation process, the former also extends beyond the latter.

  • 106.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Mobila generationer2013In: Vägskäl: 43 kapitel om politik, medier och samhälle : SOM-undersökningen 2012 / [ed] Lennart Weibull, Henric Oscarsson & Annika Bergström, Göteborg: SOM-institutet , 2013, p. 517-528Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 107.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Narrativas Transmídia e Valor nos Ambientes de Mídias Digitais2015In: Parágrafo: Revista Científica de Comunicação Social, ISSN 2317-4919, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 113-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [pt]

    O Este artigo discute o fenômeno das narrativas transmídia e das adaptações em termos da valorização deste gênero específi co de produção midiática. Aborda ainda os diferentes tipos de valor gerado na relação produção-consumo e traz informações para quem aprecia a produção de narrativa transmídia. Por meio da apresentação de dois exemplos europeus, revela que este formato, muitas vezes, aparece em ambientes de produções de serviço público de mídia, sem fi ns lucrativos, enquanto que na indústria commercial da comunicação há maior envolvimento com as elaborações multiplataformas por suas possibilidades lucrativas.

    This article discusses the phenomenon of transmedia storytelling and adaptations in terms of which values are produced around this specifi c kind of media production, which diff erent kinds of value that is generated in relation to its production and consumptions, and for whom the production of transmedia storytelling and adaptations is ascribed value. Against two European examples of transmedia storytelling it is argued that this narrative form oft en appear in non-profi t motivated public service production environments, whereas the commercial media industry more oft en engage in multi-platform productions, since this type of production makes it easier to meet outer demands of economic kinds.

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  • 108.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Northern Lights: [Special Issue:] Age, Generation and the Media2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 109.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Passion and Nostalgia in Generational Media Experiences2016In: European Journal of Cultural Studies, ISSN 1367-5494, E-ISSN 1460-3551, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 250-264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One component in the generational experience strongly related to media is the intimate and often passionate relation that is developed towards media technologies and content from one’s formative youth period: musical genres and stars, as well as reproduction technologies such as the vinyl record, music cassette tapes, comics and other now dead media forms. Passion, however, is a dialectic concept that not only refers to the joyful desire and intense emotional engagement of cherished objects but also includes its dialectic opposite in the form of pain and suffering. This passion, it is argued in the article, is activated by the nostalgic relationships to past media experiences, the bittersweet remembrances of media habits connected to earlier life phases of one’s own. Taking its point of departure in generational theory of Mannheim and others, this article analyses a series of focus group interviews with Swedish and Estonian media users tentatively belonging to four different generations. Based on the analysis of these interviews, it is suggested that passion and nostalgia are produced, first, in relation to old technologies, second, in relation to childhood memories and, third, at the limits of shared intergenerational experience, that is, at the moment when one realises that one’s own experiences of past media forms cannot be shared by younger generations, and especially one’s own children.

  • 110.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Questioning Entertainment Value: Moments of Disruption in the History of Swedish Entertainment Television2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the early 1920’s John Reith of the BBC summarized the goals that the organization still adhere to: ‘To enrich people's lives with programmes and services that inform, educate and entertain’. This chapter deals with the last of these three ambitions, and in a historically informed genre-analytical manner describes the history of Swedish television entertainment. The focus is on four important moments of disruption, and their consequences for larger generic trends. The paper exemplifies with some such productions that have been generically important and/or specific for their time (e.g. the launch of reality series Expedition: Robinson in 1997, and the start of the reality drama).

  • 111.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Questioning Entertainment Value: Moments of Disruption in the History of Swedish Television Entertainment2013In: A History of Swedish Broadcasting: Communicative Ethos, Genres and Institutional Change / [ed] Djerf-Pierre, Monika ; Ekström, Mats, Göteborg: Nordicom, 2013, p. 261-281Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 112.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Television Journalism, Politics, and Entertainment: Power and Autonomy in the Field of Television Journalism2014In: Television and New Media, ISSN 1527-4764, E-ISSN 1552-8316, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 336-349Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses two trends in the debates about contemporary television journalism. First, journalism is said to be increasingly subsumed an economic logic, privileging entertainment before serious journalistic practices. Most often, this is framed as if entertainment is eating its way into serious journalism, affecting it negatively and thus being detrimental for the political public sphere and political reasoning. Second, it is often pointed to a changed relation between journalism and politicians, where the latter have lost some of their power, for example, in political debates. This article relates these two trends and argues, against a field model inspired by Bourdieu, that it is not entertainment that is eating its way into journalism, but the other way around: Rather than having been absorbed by entertainment, journalism has differentiated, become more autonomous as a subfield of cultural production, and has gradually come to dominate both factual and entertainment television.

  • 113.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Death of the Mass Audience Reconsidered: From Mass Communication to Mass Personalisation2014In: Fernsehen: Europäische Perspectiven: Festschrift Prof. Dr. Lothar Mikos / [ed] Eichner, Susanne & Prommer, Elizabeth, Konstanz & München: UVK Verlagsgesellschaft, 2014, p. 159-172Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 114.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Metric Mindset: Social life in datafied media landscapes2020In: Anais de resumos Expandidos IV Seminário Internacional de Pesquisas em Militarização e Processos Sociais: Realizado entre Novembro de 2020 e Janeiro de 2021, UNISINOS, São Leopoldo, RS, Brasil, São Leopoldo: Instituto Humanitas Unisinos , 2020, Vol. 1Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 115.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Rhythm of Ages: Analysing Mediatization through the Lens of Generations Across Cultures2016In: International Journal of Communication, E-ISSN 1932-8036, Vol. 10, p. 5252-5269Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A criticism raised about mediatization research is that although the concept of mediatization presupposes a long-term temporal perspective, there are few projects that have studied the process methodologically over time. This article argues that a generational approach can serve as one suggested analytical solution to the problem of studying long-term social, cultural, and societal change. The article describes a recently finished project on media generations in Sweden and Estonia and discusses overcoming the problem of conducting research on mediatization as a long-term process. Through intergenerational and cross-cultural analysis, the article shows how media memories from childhood and the formative years of youth can reveal specific traits in the historical process and how the role of the media has changed over time in the minds of different generations. The article focuses on four generations that had their formative years during significant historical moments in the late 20th century; these formative moments were marked by specificities both in the respective national media landscapes and in the vast historical and geopolitical differences between the two countries.

  • 116.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The uberisation of higher education: Datafied dynamics in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic2022In: The Covid-19 Pandemic as a Challenge for Media and Communication Studies, London: Routledge, 2022, p. 23-34Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Data capitalism builds on the expansion of markets through the datafication of evermore social domains via social media, search engines and interconnected online communication technologies. Education is one such domain in which datafication has entered, and with the COVID-19 pandemic, the introduction of large-scale online teaching has become a necessity, which has further speeded up the transfer from campus-based to online education. With the move of teachers and students from on-site to on-line mode, universities are now increasingly acting like platform companies. Classrooms, lecture halls, offices and meeting rooms are abandoned, and the sites of learning are now delegated to the private sphere of the home of lecturers and students. First, this means transferring the responsibilities for creating a functional educational environment to teachers and students. Second, this would transform large partsof educational practices, thus affecting the very essence of knowledge production and dissemination. This aim of the chapter is to discuss the economic and administrative dynamics behind this transformation on the basis of the different value regimes underlying data capitalism. It is argued that the drive towards the platformisation – or uberisation as one could provocatively label it – of education is partly driven by an economic, and partly by administrative rationality.

  • 117.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Value Dynamics of Data Capitalism: Cultural Production and Consumption in a Datafied World2022In: New Perspectives in Critical Data Studies: The Ambivalences of Data Power / [ed] Hepp, Andreas; Jarke, Juliane; Kramp, Leif, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2022, p. 167-186Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The metaphor that ‘data is the new oil’ points to the perception of data as a valuable resource in the form of raw material for algorithmic processing at the centre of data capitalism and its underlying process of datafication. While many point to broader consequences of datafication for social life there is still a need for analytical models to understand the complexity, scale, and dynamics behind these transformations. To focus on data as value is one such approach that is pursued in this chapter. The point of departure is Dewey’s Theory of Valuation (1939), which is discussed in relation to anthropological, sociological, and economic theories of value. The second section presents an analytical model for the study of the dynamics of data capitalism and the process of datafication. This is then illustrated with two examples that highlight the relations between the inner dynamics of data capitalism before the chapter ends with some conclusive recommendations for future empirical research.

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  • 118.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    User-Generated Content (UGC): Understanding the Activity of Media Use in the Age of Digital Reproduction2021In: Digital Roots: Historicizing Media and Communication Concepts of the Digital Age / [ed] Balbi, Gabriele; Ribeiro, Nelson; Schafer, Valérie; Schwarzenegger, Christian, Berlin: De Gruyter Oldenbourg , 2021, p. 267-280Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    User-generated content was launched in the early 1990s as a conceptfor describing media content produced outside of professional media institu-tions by everyday media users. It gained widespread popularity around 2005and in the article it is argued that the rise of the concept coincides with the in-teractive web and the ability for industrialized media and culture production totake advantage of the productivity of ordinary users. The article discusses firstthe frameworks of production of UGC, including the business models of theplatform economy into which this kind of content is drawn. Secondly it dis-cusses the types of users who generate content, and thirdly it accounts for someof the criticism the concept has met. The article ends with situating UGC in thelonger history of media production and suggests an explanation for why theconcept appeared at the time it did.

  • 119.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Value production in media industries and everyday life2019In: Making Media: Production, Practices, and Professions / [ed] Mark Deuze and Mirjam Prenger, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2019, p. 111-119Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 120.
    Bolin, Göran
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Värdeskapande och medborgarskapi det digitaliserade samhället2016In: Människorna, medierna och marknaden: Medieutredningens forskningsantologi om en demokrati i förändring / [ed] Oscar Westlund, Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer, 2016, p. 109-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 121.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Heuristics of the Algorithm. Big Data, User Interpretation and Translation Strategies2015In: Big Data and Society, ISSN 2053-9517, E-ISSN 2053-9517, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Intelligence on mass media audiences was founded on representative statistical samples, analysed by statisticians at the market departments of media corporations. The techniques for aggregating user data in the age of pervasive and ubiquitous personal media (e.g. laptops, smartphones, credit cards/swipe cards and radio-frequency identification) build on large aggregates of information (Big Data) analysed by algorithms that transform data into commodities. While the former technologies were built on socio-economic variables such as age, gender, ethnicity, education, media preferences (i.e. categories recognisable to media users and industry representatives alike), Big Data technologies register consumer choice, geographical position, web movement, and behavioural information in technologically complex ways that for most lay people are too abstract to appreciate the full consequences of. The data mined for pattern recognition privileges relational rather than demographic qualities. We argue that the agency of interpretation at the bottom of market decisions within media companies nevertheless introduces a ‘heuristics of the algorithm’, where the data inevitably becomes translated into social categories. In the paper we argue that although the promise of algorithmically generated data is often implemented in automated systems where human agency gets increasingly distanced from the data collected (it is our technological gadgets that are being surveyed, rather than us as social beings), one can observe a felt need among media users and among industry actors to ‘translate back’ the algorithmically produced relational statistics into ‘traditional’ social parameters. The tenacious social structures within the advertising industries work against the techno-economically driven tendencies within the Big Data economy.

  • 122.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Bjur, Jakob
    Overcoming the Barriers of Access, Newsworthiness and Organisational Forms of Academy and Stakeholders: Report from the Stakeholder­Academy Deliberations on 19 September, 20132014In: Building Bridges: Pathways to a Greater Societal Significance for Audience Research / [ed] Geoffroy Patriarche, Helena Bilandzic, Nico Carpentier, Cristina Ponte, Kim Schrøder & Frauke Zeller, Brussels: COST , 2014, p. 30-33Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 123.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Figueiras, Rita
    Universidade Catolica Portuguesa, Portugal.
    Kalmus, Veronika
    Tartu University, Estonia.
    Conducting Cross-Cultural Online Audience Research with two Generations: Methodological Experiences and Reflections from the Pandemic Context2023In: AoIR Selected Papers of Internet Research 2022, The Association of Internet Researchers , 2023Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses methodological, ethical, and empirical problematics related to forced changes in the research design of a comparative project during the Covid-19 pandemic, and its wider implications for future online audience research. The larger project aims to understand media users’ attitudes towards corporate and state surveillance in countries with different historical surveillance regimes: Estonia, Portugal, and Sweden. In a mixed-methods design, comprising an online survey and focus groups (FGs), we sampled participants from two generational cohorts: born in 1946-1953 and in 1988-1995. In each country, we planned six face-to-face FGs with people from these generational cohorts, divided into three gender-balanced groups with different profiles: higher education; mixed education, living in small cities/countryside; secondary education. The paper discusses the challenges of conducing FGs online, namely the effects of the technological interface on the group size and interaction, the importance of digital skills, and ethics-related considerations. Although we encountered cultural differences between the three countries, our main methodological lessons and suggestions for further audience studies center on the need to consider the subtle facets of inter-generational differences when planning online research. As we witnessed, not all barriers were rooted in access to technology and connectivity. The level of digital skills and self-confidence in use also played a role in participants' possibilities and willingness for taking part in online research. Further research is needed to explore how age and online methods intersect, and the role online settings play, in the experience of focus group and interview participants with various social backgrounds.

  • 124.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Hepp, Andreas
    University of Bremen, ZeMKI, Germany.
    The Complexities of Mediatization: Charting the Road Ahead2017In: Dynamics of Mediatization: Institutional Change and Everyday Transformations in a Digital Age / [ed] Driessens, Olivier; Bolin, Göran; Hjarvard, Stig; Hepp, Andreas, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, p. 315-332Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 125.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Jerslev, A.
    University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Surveillance through media, by media, in media2018In: Northern Lights, ISSN 1601-829X, E-ISSN 2040-0586, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 3-21Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the spread of digital media, the interdisciplinary field of surveillance studies has gained prominence, engaging scholars from the humanities and the social sciences alike. This introductory article aims to map out the main terrain of surveillance through, by and in the media. First, we discuss the phenomenon of, and the scholarly work on, surveillance through and by media, taking into consideration both state and corporate surveillance and how these activities have grown with the new digital and personal media of today. We then discuss surveillance as the phenomenon is represented in the media and how representations relate to surveillance practices. We conclude by presenting the articles of this special issue.

  • 126.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Jerslev, Anne
    University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Introduction2020In: Nordic Journal of Media Studies, E-ISSN 2003-184X, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 1-11Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 127.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Jordan, Paul
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ståhlberg, Per
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    From Nation Branding to Information Warfare: The Management of Information in the Ukraine–Russia Conflict2016In: Media and the Ukraine Crises: Hybrid media practice and narratives of conflict / [ed] Mervi Pantti, New York: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2016, p. 3-18Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholarly attention regarding the conflict between Russia and Ukraine has mainly concentrated on so-called Russian propaganda, directed both towards Russian-speaking populations and the international public, but less attention has been paid to the management of information from Ukraine. In this chapter is proposed that the conflict between Ukraine and Russia has engaged an entirely new set of actors engaged in the management of information, most notably from PR and nation branding activities, as well as journalists, oligarchs and various individuals with an interest in Ukraine’s international image. These new actors bring with them competences, ideologies and practices from their field of origin which impact on the practice and expressive character of information warfare. In this chapter we analyse three domains of communication used by Ukraine to address external audiences; the Ukraine Crisis Media Centre (UCMC), the English language news channel Ukraine Today and the fact checking website StopFake. With a focus on both individuals as well as the institutions they represent, this chapter explores the way in which actors in Ukraine have attempted to shape the content of the messages communicated.

  • 128.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Kalmus, Veronika
    University of Tartu, Estonia.
    Figueiras, Rita
    Universidade Catolica Portuguesa, Portugal.
    Conducting Online Focus Group Interviews With Two Generations: Methodological Experiences and Reflections From the Pandemic Context2023In: International Journal of Qualitative Methods, E-ISSN 1609-4069, Vol. 22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic, many research projects were forced to adapt their design and conduct interviews online. This paper discusses the benefits and challenges of using online focus groups with participants representing different generations and cultural and social backgrounds. Based on the researchers’ experiences and field notes from a three-country comparative project, aiming at analysing the extent to which previous experience of state surveillance impacted attitudes to commercial monitoring and tracking of online behaviour among two generational cohorts, the paper identifies seven aspects where the move from offline to online interviewing interfered with the original research design. The paper suggests that most of these interferences resulted in a need to adjust the methodology to better fit the online setting. We reflect critically upon the issues of technological preconditions and digital skills, recruitment, group size, degrees of previous acquaintance, the role of the interviewer, participants’ household status and media environment, and ethical considerations concerning privacy and data management. Based on these methodological insights, we conclude that future online focus group research would benefit from using smaller groups and adjusted moderation, flexibility in interviewing tools and channels, and new, online-specific ethical considerations when planning, executing, and analysing interviews. The paper advocates the complementarity between in-person and online focus groups as two modalities of data collection and argues for the normalization of hybrid methods. © The Author(s) 2023.

  • 129.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Kalmus, Veronika
    University of Tartu, Estonia.
    Figueiras, Rita
    Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Portugal.
    Björklund, Erik
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Social Media Surveillance and Authoritarianism: Final Report2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What are the attitudes of online media users to the vast collection of personal data held by commercial platform companies? Do previous experiences of state surveillance have an impact on these attitudes? Do they differ for those brought up in the surveillance regime of Estonia during the Soviet Union era, or who experienced the surveillance apparatus in Portugal under authoritarian dictatorship? Do Swedish media users without authoritarian surveillance experiences differ in their attitudes to commercial surveillance? 

    These questions are discussed in this final report from the project Social Media Surveillance and Authoritarianism (Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, 2020–2023), a three-country comparative study (Estonia, Portugal, Sweden). The project aimed to analyse the role of past experiences of state surveillance on attitudes to dataveillance, that is, the commercial surveillance stemming from online media that is at the heart of data capitalism. 

    The report accounts for the aims, objectives, theoretical and methodological points of departure and and presents empirical examples of the results. 

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  • 130.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Kunelius, Risto
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    The return of propaganda: Historical legacies and contemporary conceptualisations2023In: Nordic Journal of Media Studies, E-ISSN 2003-184X, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    In this introductory article, we discuss the rise of the “classical” theories of propaganda, starting with an historical exposé of the concept, which traces its roots and trajectory through the field of academic analysis. Propaganda is then discussed in relation to other adjacent concepts such as soft power, public diplomacy, nation branding, fake news, and so on. In a third section, the concept of propaganda is discussed in relation to the present datafied world, marked by various forms of crises – of democracy and of the environment, for example. In the last section, the articles included in this themed issue are presented and related to the preceding historical and conceptual discussion.

  • 131.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Miazhevich, G.
    University of Leicester, UK.
    The soft power of commercialised nationalist symbols: Using media analysis to understand nation branding campaigns2018In: European Journal of Cultural Studies, ISSN 1367-5494, E-ISSN 1460-3551, Vol. 21, no 5, p. 527-542Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the late 1990s, nation branding has attracted a lot of attention from academics, professional consultants and government actors. The ideas and practices of nation branding are frequently presented by branding advocates as necessary and even inevitable in the light of changing dynamics of political power and influence in a globalised and media-saturated world. In this context, some have argued that nation branding is a way to reduce international conflict and supplant ethno-nationalism with a new form of market-based, national image management. However, a growing body of critical studies has documented that branding campaigns tend to produce ahistorical and exclusionary representations of the nation and advance a form of ‘commercial nationalism’ that is problematic. Importantly, the critical scholarship on nation branding has relied primarily on sociological and anthropological theories of nationhood, identities and markets. By contrast, the role of the media – as institutions, systems and societal storytellers – has been undertheorised in relation to nation branding. The majority of the existing literature tends to treat the media as ‘neutral’ vehicles for the delivery of branding messages to various audiences. This is the guest editors’ introduction to the Special Issue ‘Theorizing Media in Nation Branding’, which seeks to problematise this overly simplistic view of ‘the media’ and aims to articulate the various ways in which specific media are an integral part of nation branding. It adopts an interdisciplinary approach and problematises both the enabling and the inhibiting potentialities of different types of media as they perpetuate nation branding ideas, images, ideologies, discourses and practices.

  • 132.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Skogerbø, Eli
    University of Oslo.
    Age, Generation and the Media2013In: Northern Lights, ISSN 1601-829X, E-ISSN 2040-0586, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 3-14Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 133.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ståhlberg, Per
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Disruption and transformation in media events theory: The case of the Euromaidan Revolution in Ukraine2022In: Nordic Journal of Media Studies, E-ISSN 2003-184X, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 99-117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Media events, Dayan and Katz argue, compose a narrative genre that follows specific structural principles and narrative tropes and that works toward societal integration. However, a specific subset of media events is labelled transformative, and these work towards societal change. In this article, we point to an unresolved tension between transformative events and what has subsequently been introduced as disruptive events. Our discussion builds on research on the developments in post-Soviet Ukraine, and we analyse, firstly, the transformative and disruptive relations related to the so-called Euromaidan Revolution, and secondly, how these events can be placed in a wider narrative of three Ukrainian revolutions. Our analysis concludes that narrative analysis can help explain the ways in which these events are understood by broader international audiences.

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  • 134.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ståhlberg, Per
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Mediating the Nation-State: Agency and the Media in Nation-Branding Campaigns2015In: International Journal of Communication, E-ISSN 1932-8036, Vol. 9, p. 3065-3083Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 135.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ståhlberg, Per
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Nation branding vs. nation building revisited: Ukrainian information management in the face of the Russian invasion2023In: Place Branding and Public Diplomacy, ISSN 1751-8040, E-ISSN 1751-8059, Vol. 19, p. 218-222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article re-evaluates some of the previous assumptions made related to the communication practices and information management in Ukraine since before the Euromaidan revolution in 2013. We highlight two points where previous knowledge about nation branding and nation building must be rethought in light of the latest developments Firstly, nation branding is no longer exclusively an activity that is directed to an audience of foreign investors and tourists, but also toward the international field of politics. Simultaneously, it is also clearly directed toward a domestic audience-the citizens of Ukraine. Secondly, this means that there may no longer be any sharp distinction between nation building and nation branding-at least not in times of an ongoing armed conflict.

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  • 136.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ståhlberg, Per
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The mediatized nation: Identity, agency and audience in nation branding campaigns2019In: InMediaciones de la Comunicación, ISSN 1510-5091, no 2, p. 187-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nation branding is a dynamic and rapidly developing practice and a subprocess under the wider process of mediatization for promoting or readjusting images of a nation-state for tourists or investors. Especially young nation states have a felt need to build new images of themselves in the eyes of the surrounding world, but since these nation states also have a short history of sovereignty, they simultaneously need to build the social solidarity and community inwards, to form the basis needed for the building of a nation. This article takes its departure in this tension and addresses three themes – agency, audience and identity – that we consider needs further theorizing due to the fact that the practice is yet trying to find its form. These themes are discussed in relation to the branding efforts in the new Eastern European state of Ukraine over the past decade. It is concluded that the nation branding campaigns are today orchestrated also by domestic PR agencies (to the contrary of the previous dominance of British agencies), that the domestic audience is taken into consideration in other ways than in previous branding campaigns, and that the questions of identity construction is more complex than what is previously accounted for. The Ukrainian case thus illustrates the mediatization of national symbols in contemporary society.

  • 137.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ståhlberg, Per
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    The PowerPoint Nation: Branding an Imagined Commodity2021In: European Review, ISSN 1062-7987, E-ISSN 1474-0575, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 445-456Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the formation of the modern nation state and the social imaginary of nationalism in the nineteenth century, the media and representational practices have, among most scholars, been ascribed a prominent position. The question is, however, how have changes in media technologies, from mass media to digital and interactive personal media, impacted on the national imaginaries over the past few decades? This article discusses what happens with the social imaginaries when national(ist) symbols are reproduced through the medium of PowerPoint, as one of the main tools for constructing images of the nation in nation-branding campaigns, i.e. promotional campaigns initiated by governments in conjunction with corporate actors with the aim of producing an attractive image of a country for foreign investors and tourists. It is concluded that the representational technology of PowerPoint produces a nation as an imagined commodity rather than an imagined community.

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  • 138.
    Bolin, Göran
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Velkova, Julia
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Audience-metric continuity? Approaching the meaning of measurement in the digital everyday2020In: Media Culture and Society, ISSN 0163-4437, E-ISSN 1460-3675, Vol. 42, no 7-8, p. 1193-1209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues for an expansion of existing studies on the meaning of metrics in digital environments by evaluating a methodology tested in a pilot study to analyse audience responses to metrics of social media profiles. The pilot study used the software tool Facebook Demetricator by artist Ben Grosser in combination with follow-up interviews. In line with Grosser’s intentions, the software indeed provoked reflection among the users. In this article, we reflect on three kinds of disorientations that users expressed, linked to temporality, sociality and value. Relating these to the history of audience measurement in mass media, we argue that there is merit in using this methodology for further analysis of continuities in audience responses to metrics, in order to better understand the ways in which metrics work to create the ‘audience commodity’.

  • 139.
    Bonini, Tiziano
    et al.
    IULM University of Milan.
    Fesneau, Elvina
    Paris Pôle-Alternance School of Communication .
    Perez, J. Ignacio Gallego
    Carlos III University of Madrid .
    Luthje, Corinna
    Hamburg University.
    Jedrzejewski, Stanislaw
    Kozminski University of Warsaw .
    Pedroia, Albino
    Institute of Political Sciences/SciencesPo Paris.
    Rohn, Ulrike
    University of Tartu.
    Sellas, Toni
    University of Girona.
    Starkey, Guy
    Sunderland University.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Radio formats and social media use in Europe: 28 case studies of public service practice2014In: Radio Journal: International Studies in Broadcast and Audio Media, ISSN 1476-4504, E-ISSN 2040-1388, Vol. 12, no 1-2, p. 89-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to report, summarize and spread the results of a largescale European research project funded by EBU Radio in 2011 to map best practices in social media and European public radio, focusing on the way successful public service radio formats have incorporated social media in their production flow. The programmes have been selected for one of the following reasons: programmes that are audience leaders in their country, use innovative radio language or are youthoriented productions. The survey has been carried out by a team of ten European researchers from seven countries on a sample of 28 public radio programmes analysed for two months between January and February 2011. The research team attempted to answer the empirical question: ‘How social media are used by public service?’. Are there some common threads and shared practices among successful programmes in different countries? The team adopted an empirical approach based on social media content analysis and interviews with radio producers. This article will present the main results of this empirical research project. It will conclude with practical guidelines for public radio production and social media innovation.

  • 140.
    Boström, Magnus
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Gilek, Michael
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Hedenström, Eva
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    How to achieve sustainable procurement for “peripheral” products with significant environmental impacts2015In: Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy, E-ISSN 1548-7733, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 21-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Departing from previous theoretical and empirical studies on sustainable supply-chain management, we investigate organizational commitment (drivers and motivations) and capabilities (resources, structures, and policy instruments) in sustainable procurement of “noncore” products. By focusing on chemicals in textiles, the article explores the activi-ties of differently sized organizations and discusses the potentials and limitations of sustainable procurement measures. The study is based on a qualitative and comparative approach, with empirical findings from 26 case stud-ies of Swedish public and private procurement organizations. These organizations operate in the sectors of hotels/ conference venues, transport, cinema, interior design, and hospitals/daycare. While this work demonstrates major challenges for buyers to take into account peripheral items in sustainable procurement, it also identifies constructive measures for moving forward. A general sustainability/environmental focus can, as an effect, spill over to areas per-ceived as peripheral. © 2014 Boström et al.

  • 141.
    Boström, Magnus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Örebro universitet.
    Gilek, Michael
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    IKEA and the Responsible Governance of Supply Chains: IKEA’s work on chemicals in textiles2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report focuses on IKEA’s management and communication surrounding sustainability in general and chemical risks specifically. IKEA’s work is analysed in relation to theoretical concepts around responsibility, supply chain, and governance . The report focuses on IKEA’s visions and organizational structures, its policy instruments to deal with chemical risks, supplier-relations and communication and learning. The study is based on previous scholarly literature, analyses of relevant documents, a field visit at a few of IKEA’s suppliers in southern India, as well as interviews with staff working at IKEA in Sweden. The report focuses on IKEA’s systems and processes for dealing with chemical risks, and not on the implementation of such measures in quantitative terms.

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  • 142.
    Boström, Magnus
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Lockie, S.
    James Cook University, Australia.
    Mol, A. P. J.
    Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
    Oosterveer, P.
    Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
    Sustainable and responsible supply chain governance: Challenges and opportunities2015In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 107, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces the Special Volume on sustainable and responsible supply chain governance. As globalized supply chains cross multiple regulatory borders, the firms involved in these chains come under increasing pressure from consumers, NGOs and governments to accept responsibility for social and environmental matters beyond their immediate organizational boundaries. Governance arrangements for global supply chains are therefore increasingly faced with sustainability requirements of production and consumption. Our primary objectives for this introductory paper are to explore the governance challenges that globalized supply chains and networks face in becoming sustainable and responsible, and thence to identify opportunities for promoting sustainable and responsible governance. In doing so, we draw on 16 articles published in this Special Volume of the Journal of Cleaner Production as well as upon the broader sustainable supply chain governance literature. We argue that the border-crossing nature of global supply chains comes with six major challenges (or gaps) in sustainability governance and that firms and others attempt to address these using a range of tools including eco-labels, codes of conduct, auditing procedures, product information systems, procurement guidelines, and eco-branding. However, these tools are not sufficient, by themselves, to bridge the geographical, informational, communication, compliance, power and legitimacy gaps that challenge sustainable global chains. What else is required? The articles in this Special Volume suggest that coalition and institution building on a broader scale is essential through, for example, the development of inclusive multi-stakeholder coalitions; flexibility to adapt global governance arrangements to local social and ecological contexts of production and consumption; supplementing effective monitoring and enforcement mechanisms with education and other programs to build compliance capacity; and integration of reflexive learning to improve governance arrangements over time. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

  • 143.
    Boyko, Kateryna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Horbyk, Roman
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    A Medium Is Born: Participatory Media and the Rise of Clubhouse in Russia and Ukraine During the Covid-19 Pandemic2022In: Baltic Screen Media Review, E-ISSN 2346-5522, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 8-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Clubhouse is a social network allowing only real-time oral communication. While its 2020 worldwide launch went largely unnoticed in Eastern Europe, it took countries such as Ukraine and Russia by storm in February 2021. Users were enticed by the platform’s exclusivity (invita-tion only and limited to IOS users), unusual format, and compatibility with post-covid social life. For some time, Clubhouse was the dominant theme of discussions on other social media, mainstream news media organizations started launching daily talk shows in the app, and early adopters engaged in a plethora of participatory activities ranging from propagandist broadcasts to 24/7 rooms where bots would recite Russian classical poetry, from fervently seek-ing ways to monetise their participation to creating the somewhat unexpected genre of audial fakes. In this article we intend to analyse the turbulent arrival of the new app in Russia and Ukraine from the perspec-tives of media ecology and media archaeology. Focusing on the app’s mediality and remediation, the social media discourse about it and particular content in some of the notable rooms, we highlight the conjunction of social envi-ronment, the already existing and novel technological affordances, as well as users’ perceptions and expectations in the emergence of a new niche in the ecology of participa-tory media. Based on this, we will also try to outline some possible scenarios for the new platform in Eastern Europe’s dense mediascapes. We argue that the prompt rise of Club-house’s popularity was not thanks to its special authenticity, as some suggest, but rather because of the normalization of group long-distance conversations (e.g., via Zoom), coupled with the intentional monomedia poverty of affordances and clearly delimited boundary between the roles of broadcast-ers and listeners, which was perceived as liberating in a produsage-saturated environment. This actually limits the participatory media potential of content creators and influ-encers, increasing their power and reviving monological models of communication that suggest a passive audience.

  • 144.
    Bravo, Evelina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Självsvältsskolan: En feministisk diskursanalys av ett pro-anaforum2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how digital discourses about eating disorders can be understood from a perspective of gender. Through a qualitative method the study was based of an online forum dedicated to the internet based pro-anorexia community. The study was divided into three categories: beauty ideals, self-fulfilment and the body. How was opposition and conformity exerted? How was femininity created and re-created? The results showed that the members of the community were engaged in discursive work that was mainly oppositional to general societal norms, and ideals and conventions surrounding the female body. The community created alternative meanings to practices such as starving oneself and maintaining a low body weight.

    Keywords: pro-ana, eating disorders, online communities, feminist media theory, critical discourse analysis

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  • 145.
    Brock, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Cultural Diversity in the Former Eastern Bloc: The Wende Museum of the Cold War in Los Angeles2018In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. XI, no 1, p. 77-79Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 146.
    Brock, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Political satire and its disruptive potential: irony and cynicism in Russia and the US2018In: Culture, Theory and Critique, ISSN 1473-5784, E-ISSN 1473-5776, Vol. 59, no 3, p. 281-298Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When cynical distance and ironic posturing have become the prevalent means of relating to public life, political humour is no longer considered subversive. It has been argued that both in Russia and the United States, ideology has co-opted satire, meaning that citizens can consume outrage passively through various satirical media products, thereby displacing outrage and abstaining from more active forms of resistance. This articles explores the twenty-first century potential of irony and cynicism to disrupt and subvert through parody, be it in the form of political satire or ironic protest, examining how similar paradigms are expressed across different geographical contexts.

  • 147.
    Brock, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Riso Enlatado, Crença Diferida. Ironia e Cinismo na Rússia e no Ocidente2016In: Imprópia, ISSN 2182-3367, no 5, p. 15-23Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 148.
    Brock, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    The Hyperrealities of Putin and Trump: Why it is worth paying attention to the public personas of political leaders2016In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. IX, no 4, p. 83-87Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 149.
    Brock, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies. Malmö University, Sweden.
    Miazhevich, Galina
    Cardiff University, UK.
    From high camp to post-modern camp: Queering post-Soviet pop music2021In: European Journal of Cultural Studies, ISSN 1367-5494, E-ISSN 1460-3551, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 993-1009Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the post-Soviet transformations of Russian popular music culture (Estrada), arguing that its aesthetics can be analysed from the perspective of camp, by looking at two cult music performers bridging the Soviet and post-Soviet realm – Valery Leontiev and Filipp Kirkorov. The analysis is grounded in a close reading of the artists’ career trajectories, selected videos and – to a lesser extent – textual analysis of their lyrics and public statements. The article argues that their performative personas are rooted in a particular version of camp with differing modalities of subversiveness – each responding both to their respective cultural and political climates, audience expectations, and also in accordance with their individual embodiments of (post)-Soviet camp. While Leontiev demonstrates a more earnest commitment to high drama, Kirkorov continues his ironic experimentation with transgression, ambiguity and excess, thereby participating in the queering of post-Soviet popular culture. The article concludes that their appropriation of camp is strategic, as it responds to the temporal, national and global trends such as global gay culture and neo-camp in Russia.

  • 150.
    Brock, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Persson, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Female desire in phallocentric industries: A duo-ethnographic interrogation2024In: Organization, ISSN 1350-5084, E-ISSN 1461-7323Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The persistence of workplace inequality requires female subjects to examine their place in exploitative systems of production and consumption, and to identify means for emancipation beyond masculine dominant orders. In this paper we examine our past experiences as young women in the finance and oil industries, the phallocentric and extractive engines of global capitalism. We do this by employing a duo-ethnographic approach and a feminist reading of Jacques Lacan’s ideas on sexual difference, aiming to contribute to the literature on female identification in phallocentric organizations. Our analysis reveals how we oscillated between accepting subordinate feminine subject positions linked to emotional work and striving to access ‘universal’ masculine subject positions linked to success and achievement. At the same time, we both engaged with imaginaries of uniqueness and critique, control and success in order to keep functioning in our roles. Both our stories feature moments of rupture experienced as affective embodied responses, when our organizations placed ourselves or others at risk. We analyse these as moments when cracks were exposed in our fantasmatic survival strategies, leading to our eventual exit from these industries. We conclude that while a feminist Lacanian framework provides a useful lens for understanding processes of female identification in phallocentric organizations, the quest for female desire and subjectivity outside the masculine dominant order requires other (feminist) frameworks.

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