sh.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1234 101 - 150 of 157
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 101. Nemtsov, Alexandr
    A Contemporary History of Alcohol in Russia2011 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Vodka sadly is seen as the symbol of 20th century Russia.

    Alexandr Nemtsov’s book on alcohol in contemporary Russia is a landmark achievement expressing a unique point of view, highlighting failings in our understanding of Russia’s relationship with alcohol. Political events - Gorbachev’s anti-alcohol campaign of the 1980s, the collapse of the Soviet system, the introduction of a market economy - have dictated drinking habits. The consequences have been horrendous. Deaths as a result of crime, Afghanistan and the two Chechen wars are dwarfed by those caused by alcohol in the 1990s.

    Nemtsov presents statistics and reports not known about in the West, and studies from international medical journals little known about in Russia. His book is essential reading for anyone interested in the history and politics of alcohol in Russia, and, moreover policy makers involved in alcohol issues in Europe and all over the world.

  • 102.
    Nilsson, Mats E.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Alvarsson, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Rådsten-Ekman, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Bolin, Karl
    KTH.
    Auditory masking of wanted and unwanted sounds in a city park2010In: Noise Control Engineering Journal, ISSN 0736-2501, E-ISSN 2168-8710, Vol. 58, no 5, p. 524-531Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Auditory masking of unwanted sounds by wanted sounds has been suggested as a tool for outdoor acoustic design. Anecdotal evidence exists for successful applications, for instance the use of fountain sounds for masking road traffic noise in urban parks. However, basic research on auditory masking of environmental sounds is lacking. Therefore, we conducted two listening experiments, using binaural recordings from a city park in Stockholm exposed to traffic noise from a main road and sound from a large fountain located in the center of the park. In the first experiment, 17 listeners assessed the loudness of the road traffic noise and fountain sounds from recordings at various distances from the road, with or without the fountain turned on. In the second experiment, 16 listeners assessed the loudness of systematic combinations of a singular fountain sound and a singular road traffic noise. The results of the first experiment showed that the fountain sound reduced the loudness of road traffic noise close to the fountain, and that the fountain sound was equally loud or louder than the road traffic noise in a region 20-30 m around the fountain. This suggests that the fountain added to the quality of the city park soundscape by reducing the loudness of the (presumably unwanted) traffic noise. On the other hand, results from the second experiment showed that road traffic noise was harder to mask than fountain sound, and that the partial loudness of both sources was considerably less than expected from a model of energetic masking. This indicates that auditory processes, possibly related to target-masker confusion, may reduce the overall masking effect of environmental sounds.

  • 103.
    Nilsson, Mats E.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Rådsten-Ekman, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Alvarsson, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Lundén, P.
    Forssén, J.
    Perceptual validation of auralized road traffic noise2011In: 40th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering 2011 (INTER-NOISE 2011): Osaka, Japan 4-7 September 2011, Tokyo, Japan: Institute of Noise Control Engineering/Japan & Acoustical Society of Japan , 2011, Vol. 4, p. 3453-3460Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Auralization of road-traffic noise may be a useful tool for city planning, for instance as a support to decisions regarding noise mitigation. However, to be useful, the auralizations need to be perceptually valid. That is, the auralized sounds should be perceptually indistinguishable from real sounds or, at least, similar with respect to perceptual factors crucial for correct decisions. For this reason, the auralization methodology developed in the Swedish LISTEN-project was perceptually evaluated. In four listening experiments, listeners assessed recordings and auralizations of the same car passages. Although real and auralized sounds were not completely indistinguishable, perfect discrimination was not possible. Moreover, good agreements between auralized and real sounds were found for perceived similarity, perceived annoyance and perceived speed. The results illustrate the usefulness of psychoacoustic methods and multivariate statistics for perceptual evaluation of auralizations and provide support for the validity of the LISTEN-approach to auralization.

  • 104.
    Nilsson, Mats E.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet / Karolinska institutet.
    Selander, Jenny
    Stockholms universitet / Karolinska institutet.
    Alvarsson, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Bluhm, Gösta
    Karolinska institutet.
    Berglund, Birgitta
    Stockholms universitet / Karolinska institutet.
    Flygbuller på uteplats: besvärsupplevelser och hälsa i relation till maximalnivå och antal flygbullerhändelser2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningsprogrammet MAXFLYG har undersökt hur vi störs av flygbuller på uteplats i anslutning till bostäder och hälsoeffekter som bullret orsakar. Programmet har bland annat studerat bullerstörning i relation till bullernivåer och i relation till antal flyghändelser, samt undersökt effekter av flygbuller på stressnivåer och sömnsvårigheter.

  • 105. Nilsson, Staffan
    Självförverkligande och beroende2006In: Svensk familjeterapi, ISSN 1100-3421, no 1, p. 12-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 106.
    Pietraszkiewicz, Agnieszka
    et al.
    University of Bern, Switzerland.
    Formanowicz, Magdalena
    University of Bern, Switzerland.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Stockholm University.
    Boyd, Ryan L.
    The University of Texas at Austin, USA.
    Sikström, Sverker
    Lund University.
    Sczesny, Sabine
    University of Bern, Switzerland.
    The Big Two Dictionaries:Capturing Agency and Communion in Natural Language2019In: European Journal of Social Psychology, ISSN 0046-2772, E-ISSN 1099-0992, Vol. 49, no 5, p. 871-887Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Four studies developed and validated two dictionaries to capture agentic and communal expressions in natural language. Their development followed the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) approach (Study 1) and we tested their validity with frequency-based analyses and semantic similarity measures. The newly developed Agency and Communion dictionaries were aligned with LIWC categories related to agency and communion (Study 2), and corresponded with subjective ratings (Study 3), confirming their convergent validity. Very low or absent correspondence between proposed dictionaries and unrelated LIWC categories demonstrated their discriminant validity (Study 2). Finally, we applied both dictionaries to language used in advertisements. In correspondence to gender stereotypes, male-dominated jobs were advertised with more agentic than communal words, and female-dominated jobs with more communal than agentic words (Study 4). Both dictionaries represent reliable tools for quantifying agentic and communal content in natural language, and will improve and facilitate future research on agency and communion.

  • 107.
    Ruin, Hans
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication, Philosophy.
    Komplex inför konsten: [Recension av: Freuds samlade skrifter. Bd XI: Texter om konst och litteratur]2008In: Axess, ISSN 1651-0941, no 4, p. 70-71Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 108.
    Rylander, Ludvig
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Att mäta ett mått för motiverande samtal: Bristande interbedömarreliabilitet i MITI 4.2.12016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Motiverande samtal (MI) är en populär samtalsmetod med fokus på motivations- och förändringsarbete. MI utgår från ett teoretiskt underbyggt förhållningssätt där rådgivaren och klienten tillsammans utforskar möjliga vägar till förändring. För att säkerställa att MI används på bästa sätt kan samtalsledarens skicklighet och förmåga observeras kodas enligt olika variabler. Dessa mätningar bör i sin tur besitta en hög interbedömarreliabilitet (IBR) för att ge tillförlitliga resultat. Absolut överensstämmelse i samtliga variabler ger maximal IBR, medan en låg IBR kan tyda på att mätinstrumentet är otydligt, att det finns brister hos bedömarna, eller på en kombination av detta. I den här uppsatsen undersöks IBR i The Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity Code (MITI), ett kodningsverktyg som tagits fram för att vara reliabelt och lätt att använda. Samtalssekvenser om tjugo minuter kodas enligt fjorton variabler. Fyra oberoende kodare har kodat tolv samtal enligt den senaste versionen av mätinstrumentet (MITI 4.2.1). Samtliga kodningar genomfördes inom ramen för en kodarutbildning som hålls av ett professionellt kodningslabb. Intraklasskorrelation (ICC), Krippendorffs α (Kalpha) samt Cronbachs α redovisas parallellt som mått på IBR. Flera variabler visar en otillfredsställande eller, beroende på vilken koefficient som används, oacceptabel IBR. De fyra kodarna visar en lägre samstämmighet i bedömningen av kvalitativa variabler samt variabler avseende beteenden ej förenliga med MI. ICC för fyra kodare ligger generellt på en måttlig men godkänd nivå, medan Kalpha genomgående ligger under gränsen för det godtagbara. Cronbachs α ligger överlag något över ICC vilket tyder på en viss systematik i kodarnas bristande överensstämmelse. En tänkbar orsak till en bitvis sviktande IBR är att de undersökta kodarna vid mättillfället var relativt oerfarna och skulle behövt mer praktisk träning i MITI 4.2.1. Vidare kan en bristande förståelse för instrumentets teoretiska grunder ha inverkat negativt på IBR. För att MITI ska kunna utvärderas korrekt i framtida forskning krävs ett enhetligt grepp för hur IBR ska mätas. En högre förståelse för metoderna bakom mätninga av IBR är önskvärd.

  • 109.
    Salih, Pola
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Kvällsmänniskor mer intelligenta än morgonmänniskor: Samband mellan IQ och dygnsrytm, IQ och sömnvanor, samt mellan kön och IQ2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Intelligens handlar om förmågan att förstå, lösa problem, planera, tänka abstrakt, bearbeta information, tillgodogöra sig ny kunskap, samt förmågan att anpassa sig till sin miljö. Tidigare studier visar att kvällsmänniskor har högre IQ än morgonmänniskor. En orsak är att intelligenta personer är mer progressiva. Studier visar också att det inte finns könsskillnader i IQ. I denna studie undersöks om det finns ett samband mellan intelligens och dygnsrytm, samt mellan intelligens och faktiska sovtider. Ett annat syfte med denna undersökning var att undersöka om det finns skillnader i intelligens mellan män och kvinnor. Experimentet bistod av 250 deltagare, varav 151 kvinnor och 99 män i åldrarna 15-60. Ravens Standard Progressive Matrices användes för att mäta deltagarnas IQ. Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) användes för att ta reda på deltagarnas dygnsrytm, och deltagarnas faktiska sovtider skrevs i timme och minut. Resultaten visade att kvällsmänniskor har i genomsnitt högre IQ än morgonmänniskor. Ett samband mellan deltagarnas faktiska sovtider och IQ fanns inte. Vidare visade resultaten att det inte finns någon skillnad i IQ mellan män och kvinnor.

  • 110.
    Samsioe, Hanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Tryggare byggare - Effekter mellan individens säkerhetsbeteende och arbesplatsens säkerhetsklimat inom byggbranschen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Byggbranschen är en av de mest olycksdrabbade branscherna i Sverige. Studien har undersökt hur individer (n=113) inom byggbranschen anser att de agerar och kommunicerar kring säkerhet på arbetet, samt hur de anser att säkerhetsmässiga faktorer bland ledning och medarbetare på arbetsplatsen hanteras. Tidigare forskning visar att det finns samband mellan hur säkerhet hanteras generellt på arbetsplatser och hur individer agerar kring säkerhet. Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilka säkerhetsrelaterade faktorer på arbetsplatser inom byggbranschen, som hade störst effekter på individers säkerhetsrelaterade agerande och kommunikation. I studien undersöktes även om bakgrundsvariablerna kön, könsfördelning på arbetsplatsen, ålder, antal år i yrket och tidigare arbetsskador hade någon effekt på individens beteende kring säkerhet. Data samlades in genom en webbaserad enkät som distribuerades ut till deltagarna via gruppsidor för yrkessnickare på sociala medier. Den beroende variabeln var individens säkerhetsbeteende, vilket representerades av två faktorer; agerande och kommunikation. Oberoende variabeln, arbetsplatsens säkerhetsklimat, utgjordes av tre faktorer förankrade i antingen ledning eller medarbetare. Resultatet visade på ett övergripande positivt signifikant samband mellan beroende variabelns två faktorer och oberoende variabelns tre faktorer. Den viktigaste prediktorn för individens agerande kring säkerhet var medarbetarnas prioritering av säkerhet och grad av riskacceptans. Den viktigaste prediktorn för individens kommunikation kring säkerhet var arbetsledningens engagemang och delaktiggörande av anställda i säkerhetsfrågor. Ingen av bakgrundsvariablerna hade något signifikant samband med individens säkerhetsbeteende. En slutsats är att det finns anledning att verka för ett gott säkerhetsklimat på arbetsplatser då det leder till att individer agerar mer ansvarsfullt ur en säkerhetssynpunkt.

  • 111.
    Samuelsson, Robin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    "En gång till!": en kommunikationsetnografisk studie om andraspråksinlärares deltagande i förskolan2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis was to better understand how second language learners becomes lingual participants in a Swedish preschool. Using the following research questions: In what situations are SLLs lingual participants at the preschool? What does their emerging language look like? Are the participation any different considering children's time in the new L2 context? What kind of support does SLLs receive at the preschool?

    Two focal children at the same preschool was studied with ethnography of communication as method. The focal children chosen were one girl (Mandarin L1, 4.0 yrs) who arrived to Sweden and started the preschool two months ago at the time of the study, the other a boy (Serbian L1, 3.9 yrs) who started preschool and learning the L2 one year and two months before the study. Situations where the focal children interacted with other children or adults were analyzed. 

    Results showed that the focal children in interaction with each other understands some of the others intentions before being able to speak about them in the L2. Also episodes of shared attention showed to be the arena for intersubjective lingual negotiation and understanding. Imitation seemed to be the primary strategy for language learning at this stage. These results are in line with Tomasellos (1999, 2003) theory of early language emergence. The focal children became participants in lingual activity when they had the role as Lave and Wengers (1991) legitimate peripheral participants. In interaction with more central participants the focal children imitated their language. However, in interaction with other children the language was centered around formulaic expressions associated with play. These child-child interactions was best described through Rogoffs (2003) notion of guided participation. Whereas the focal children interaction with teachers showed imitation of a more nuanced repertoire of words and was more in line with learning as the scaffolding process put forth by Wood, Bruner & Ross (1976).

    This leads to a discussion of the connection between language and participation, suggesting a dual model where language development is interconnected with participation in community activities and vice versa. Also the relation between formulaic language, creativity and teacher scaffolding as resources for participation are discussed.

  • 112.
    Samuelsson, Robin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Environments for Imitation: Second-Language Use and Development through Embodied Participation in Preschool Routine ActivitiesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 113.
    Samuelsson, Robin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language. Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Play, Culture and Learning: Studies of Second-Language and Conceptual Development in Swedish Preschools2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation studies how second-language and conceptual development emerge through interactions in Swedish preschool environments. It studies how types of interaction, such as play, can scaffold children toward such developments.

    The studies view interaction as multimodal and embodied and it is examined how children come to use and develop their second language or understanding of abstract concepts, through a range of communicative means other than language.

    The data collection has been carried out in two separate periods. The first field-work followed two newcomer children developing a second language and the second field-work was conducted with a group of children during a project about spinning.

    The results concerning second-language development show how children can engage in play activity even before they share a common language, and that this can be afforded by the character of play activity as based on rules and tacit understanding of relevant cultural patterns. Teachers also engage in so called guided play, that affords scaffolding for children. Play activities in the preschool function as an arena for children to interact, imitate the cultural rules and patterns around them and emergingly use their second language. Moreover, the preschools are structured for children’s participation through their cultural pattern and imitable structures, and that these affordances can be used by children in their play.

    The results concerning conceptual development builds on the notion that children develop in relation with cultural tools and artefacts and that this is a highly perceptual and embodied process. It is exemplified how preschool’s provide environment and activities that can afford conceptual development, not least through use of digital tools, which also allows teachers to appropriate children’s play worlds to a pedagogical project. The teacher’s scaffolding interactions and use of the affordances of tools and the environment enable children to reason about the concepts in more conceptually conscious ways.

    The overall conclusions of the thesis point to the importance of non-verbal and environmental resources in children’s development of a second language and abstract concepts. On these grounds, the thesis suggests a novel way to view scaffolding, by including the environmental affordances to this otherwise social process.

  • 114.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Creativity - The missing link between critical and future-oriented thinking in higher education2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 115. Sandgren, Maria
    Evidence for strong immediate well-being effects of choral singing: With more enjoyment for women than for men2009In: Proceedings of the 7th Triennial Conference of European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music (ESCOM 2009) Jyväskylä, Finland / [ed] Jukka Louhivuori, Tuomas Eerola, Suvi Saarikallio, Tommi Himberg, Päivi-Sisko Eerola, Dep. of Music, Univ. of Jyväskylä , 2009, p. 475-479Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 116.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Exploring personality and musical self-perceptions among vocalists and instrumentalists at music colleges2019In: Psychology of Music, ISSN 0305-7356, E-ISSN 1741-3087, Vol. 47, no 4, p. 465-482Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 117. Sandgren, Maria
    Health anxiety instead of performance anxiety among opera singers2009In: Proceedings of the 7th Triennial Conference of European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music (ESCOM 2009) Jyväskylä, Finland / [ed] Jukka Louhivuori, Tuomas Eerola, Suvi Saarikallio, Tommi Himberg, Päivi-Sisko Eerola, Dep. of Music, Univ. of Jyväskylä , 2009, p. 468-474Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 118.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    How modes of instrumental practice are distributed in three musical genres and among vocalists and instrumentalists at music colleges2019In: Psychology of Music, ISSN 0305-7356, E-ISSN 1741-3087, Vol. 47, no 5, p. 767-778Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 119.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Psychology.
    Improvisation as a mindset for enhancing artistic potential2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability to improvise can be regarded as the core in innovative and creative behaviour regardless of field and domain. Improvisation involves a readiness to deal with the unexpected and to create novelty as well as an ability to initiate similar events. Yet, our immediate understanding of improvisation as mainly a part of a performance might cause us to disregard how improvisation could be a crucial part in the process of enhancing the artistic potential.

         As the professional singing voice has many different meanings and uses for the singers (Sandgren, 2010), and one of the central meanings is the voice as means to maintain a high singing ability, therefore it would be valuable to investigate the activity of improvisation as  means or  consistent approach to create new perspectives and ideas.

         The focus of this theoretical paper is on improvisation as a certain mindset that can be developed through training. The line of thought draws on research on creativity and improvisation in cognition and neuroscience (Dietrich, 2004; Kaufman & Sternberg, 2010). Findings on improvisation in domains such as music (Berliner, 1994; MacDonald et al., 2006; Sandgren, 2005), psychotherapy (Stern et al, 1998) and organisations (Weick, 1995; 1998) will be compared.

  • 120.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Körsång, välbefinnande och vitalitet2013In: Manskörssång i tid och rum: Akademiska Sångföreningen 1838–2013: 175- årsjubileumsskrift / [ed] Michaela Bränn, Helsingfors, Finland: Akademiska Sångföreningen , 2013Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 121. Sandgren, Maria
    More similarities than differences among elite music students in jazz, folk music and classical genre: Personality, practice habits, and self-rated music-related strengths and weaknesses2009In: Proceedings of the 7th Triennial Conference of European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music (ESCOM 2009) Jyväskylä, Finland / [ed] Jukka Louhivuori, Tuomas Eerola, Suvi Saarikallio, Tommi Himberg, Päivi-Sisko Eerola, Dep. of Music, Univ. of Jyväskylä , 2009, p. 463-467Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 122.
    Sandgren, Maria
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Psychological mechanisms underlying political orientations in an old and a newdemocracy: A comparative study between Sweden and Latvia2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 123.
    Sandgren, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Dimdins, Girts
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. University of Latvia.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    An empirical test of a two-dimensional model of political orientation: Disentangling the liberal-conservative continuum2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Individual political orientation can be conceptualized on two dimensions: acceptance vs. rejection of social change and acceptance vs. rejection of inequality. We propose a theoretical model where the orthogonal primary axes represent acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and tough mindedness vs. empathy, respectively. The former axis corresponds to the conservation-openness to change dimension in the Schwartz's (1992) value model; the latter axis corresponds to the self-enhancement vs. self-transcendence dimension. Two secondary axes represent the possible combinations of the variables defining the primary axes. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty avoidance result in high system justification, whereas empathy in combination with uncertainty acceptance represents low system justification. This axis corresponds to the growth vs. self-protection dimension of the refined Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty acceptance results in preference for self-reliance, whereas the opposite combination represents preference for dependence on others. This axis corresponds to the social vs. personal focus of the Schwartz et al. (2011) value model. Participants (N = 287) completed measures of SDO, RWA, system justification, NFC, moral motives, values, dependence, and a number of political attitude measures. Multidimensional scaling supported the proposed model. The results show that the social and economic aspects of political orientation are both theoretically and empirically separable, and can be at least partially explained with the importance of basic values. The model allows a deeper analysis of individual political orientation beyond a simple liberal-conservative division.

  • 124.
    Sandgren, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Dimdins, Girts
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. University of Latvia.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Stockholms universitet.
    Testing a new theoretical model of political orientation: Findings beyond the simple liberal-conservative division2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Individual political orientation is primarily comprised of two dimensions: acceptance vs. rejection of social change and acceptance vs. rejection of inequality. We propose a theoretical model where the orthogonal primary axes represent both dimensions (corresponding to acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and tough mindedness vs. empathy, respectively). Two secondary axes represent the possible combinations of these psychological variables. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty avoidance result in pronounced system justification tendencies, whereas empathy in combination with uncertainty acceptance represent low system justification. Tough mindedness in combination with uncertainty acceptance results in preference for self-reliance, whereas the opposite combination represents preference for dependence on others. Participants (N = 287) completed measures of SDO, RWA, system justification, NFC, moral motives, values, dependence, and a number of political attitude measures. Multidimensional scaling supported the proposed model. The model allows a deeper analysis of individual political orientation beyond a simple liberal-conservative division.

    To explain individual political orientation, we propose and successfully test a theoretical model where two primary dimensions of acceptance vs. avoidance of uncertainty, and tough mindedness vs. empathy are combined resulting in the secondary dimensions of high vs. low system justification, and high vs. low dependence on others.

  • 125.
    Sandgren, Maria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Montgomery, Henry
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Stockholm University.
    Dimdins, Girts
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. University of Latvia.
    A comparative study of psychological mechanisms underlying political orientation in an old and a new democracy2015In: 2015 Program The Society for Personality and Social psychology 16th Annual Convention: Long Beach, February 26-18, 2015, 2015, p. 505-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 126.
    Schmitow, Clara A.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för psykologi.
    The Social World Through Infants’ Eyes: How Infants Look at Different Social Figures2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to study how infants actively look at different social figures: parents and strangers. To study infants’ looking behavior in “live” situations, new methods to record looking behavior were tested.

    Study 1 developed a method to record looking behavior in “live” situations: a head-mounted camera. This method was calibrated for a number of angles and then used to measure how infants look at faces and objects in two “live” situations, a conversation and a joint action. High reliability was found for the head-mounted camera in horizontal positions and the possibility of using it in a number of “live” situations with infants from 6 to 14 months of age.

    In Study 2, the head-mounted camera and a static camera and were used in a “live” ambiguous situation to study infants’ preferences to refer to and to use the information from parents and strangers. The results from Experiment 1 of Study 2 showed that if no information is provided in ambiguous situations in the lab, infants at 10 months of age look more at the experimenter than at the parent. Further, Experiment 2 of Study 2 showed that the infants also used more of the emotional information provided by the experimenter than by the parent to regulate their behavior.

     In Study 3, looking behavior was analyzed in detail when infants looked at pictures of their parents’ and strangers’ emotional facial expressions. Corneal eye tracking was used to record looking. In this study, the influence of identity, gender, emotional expressions and parental leave on looking behavior was analyzed. The results indicated that identity and experience of looking at others influences how infants discriminate emotions in pictures of facial expressions. Fourteen-month-old infants who had been with both parents in parental leave discriminated more emotional expressions in strangers than infants who only had one parent on leave. Further, they reacted with larger pupil dilation toward the parent who was actually in parental leave than to the parent not on leave. Finally, fearful emotional expressions were more broadly scanned than neutral or happy facial expressions.

    The results of these studies indicate that infants discriminate between mothers’, fathers’ and strangers’ emotional facial expressions and use the other people’s expressions to regulate their behavior. In addition, a new method, a head-mounted camera was shown to capture infants’ looking behavior in “live” situations.

  • 127.
    Schmitow, Clara
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Kochukhova, Olga
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för psykologi.
    How infants look at others' manual interactions: The role of experience2013In: Infant Behavior and Development, ISSN 0163-6383, E-ISSN 1879-0453, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 223-227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human actions are often embedded in contexts of social interactions. However, just a few studies that have explored the development of infants' understanding of other people's manual actions do take this variable into account. In this study, 10- and 18-month-old infants were shown three interactive manual actions which the infants could or could not perform themselves. The infants' gaze shifts to the action target were recorded with an eye tracker. The results indicated that 18-month-old infants look faster to the target than their younger counterparts when they observe actions that they can perform themselves. The results suggest that the infants' own capacity to perform an action facilitates understanding of the goal of the action in a social interaction.

  • 128.
    Schmitow, Clara
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Kochukhova, Olga
    Uppsala University.
    Nyström, Pär
    Uppsala University.
    Social perception: How do 6-month-old infants look at pointing gestures?2016In: Infant Behavior and Development, ISSN 0163-6383, E-ISSN 1879-0453, Vol. 42, p. 152-156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study explored 6-month-old infants' ability to follow a pointing gesture in a dynamic social context. The infants were presented with a video of a model pointing to one of two toys. The pointing gesture was performed either normally (with arm and hand pointing at the same direction), with a stick, or the model's arm and hand pointing in different directions (at different toys). The results indicate that infants at this age reliably followed pointing performed normally.

  • 129.
    Schmitow, Clara
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Stenberg, Gunilla
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Social Referencing in 10-month-old infants2013In: European Journal of Developmental Psychology, ISSN 1740-5629, E-ISSN 1740-5610, Vol. 10, no 5, p. 533-545Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Experiment 1, forty 10-month-old infants participated together with an experimenter and their parent in a social referencing encounter. The experimenter or the parent presented an ambiguous toy. Neither of the adults provided information about the toy in order to examine infant spontaneous looking behaviour. The infants looked more at the experimenter than at the parent. In Experiment 2 it was examined whether 10-month-old infants (44 infants) would use positive information provided by the experimenter to a higher degree than positive information provided by the parent. The infants regulated their behaviour toward the toy in accordance with the information. They played more with the toy when the experimenter provided information than when the parent did. The results are discussed in terms of seeking information from knowledgeable others in ambiguous situations.

  • 130.
    Schmitow, Clara
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Stenberg, Gunilla
    Uppsala University.
    What aspects of others' behaviors do infants attend to in live situations?2015In: Infant Behavior and Development, ISSN 0163-6383, E-ISSN 1879-0453, Vol. 40, p. 173-182Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A head-mounted camera was used for studying infant focus of attention. In two situations, 10- and 14-month-old infants observed two adults interacting. In one situation, the adults had a conversation and in the other situation, they were playing with blocks. The results indicate a preference for observing manual actions and a different pattern in looking at conversations than has been shown in eye-tracking studies. The head-mounted camera is a promising method for examining the infant's focus of attention.

  • 131.
    Schmitow, Clara
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Stenberg, Gunilla
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Billard, Aude
    Learning Algorithms and Systems Laboratory (LASA), EPFL, Switzerland.
    von Hofsten, Claes
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Using a head-mounted camera to infer attention direction2013In: International Journal of Behavioral Development, ISSN 0165-0254, E-ISSN 1464-0651, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 468-474Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A head-mounted camera was used to measure head direction. The camera was mounted to the forehead of 20 6- and 20 12-month-old infants while they watched an object held at 11 horizontal (−80° to + 80°) and 9 vertical (−48° to + 50°) positions. The results showed that the head always moved less than required to be on target. Below 30° in the horizontal dimension, the head undershoot of object direction was less than 5°. At 80°, however, the undershoot was substantial or between 10° and 15°. In the vertical dimension, the undershoot was larger than in the horizontal dimension. At 30°, the undershoot was around 25% in the downward direction and around 40% in the upward direction. The size of the undershoot was quite consistent between conditions. It was concluded that the head-mounted camera is a useful indicator of horizontal looking direction in a free looking situation where the head is only turned moderately from a straight ahead position.

  • 132.
    Selander, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Alvarsson, Jesper
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Bluhm, Gösta
    Berglund, Birgitta
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Nilsson, Mats E.
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Aircraft noise annoyance at outdoor living spaces2013In: 42nd International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering: Noise Control for Quality of Life : Innsbruck, Austria, 15-18 September 2013, Wien: Austrian Noise Abatement Association , 2013, Vol. 6, p. 4982-4986Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish guideline value for aircraft noise of 70 dB LAmax (time-weighting Slow) is intended to protect residential outdoor living spaces, such as balconies, patios and terraces. To provide empirical foundation for a revision of this policy, a questionnaire study was conducted among residents living close to seven Swedish airports. The questionnaire included questions on aircraft noise annoyance as experienced the dwelling’s outdoor living space. About 3100 persons answered the questionnaire (response rate 65%). Annoyance responses were linked to aircraft noise exposure, LAmax and Lden, calculated  using the Integrated Noise Model (INM 7.0). A consistent relationship was found between, on the one hand, the number of aircraft events ≥ 70 dB LAmax, and, on the other hand, the proportion of residents annoyed by aircraft noise at their outdoor living space. The proportion of annoyed residents increased rapidly from exposures greater than 3-5 events per day and evening. The same trend was found for activity disturbances at outdoor living spaces, in particular for disturbances related to speech communication, such as conversatiobn or radio listening. In the present sutdy, a large majority of residents exposed to 3-5 aircraft events ≥ 70 dB LAmax were exposed to less than 50 dB Lden (outdoor at the façade), which suggest that Lden-guideline-values exceeding 50 dB may not protect against noise annoyance at outdoor living spaces.

  • 133. Sjöholm, Cecilia
    Antigonekomplexet2000In: Tingets imperium: tre läsningar av Jacques Lacans Psykoanalysens etik, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2000, p. 103-213Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 134.
    Sjöholm, Cecilia
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication, Aesthetics.
    Fear of intimacy: psychoanalysis and the resistance to commodification2009In: Psychoanalysis, aesthetics, and politics in the work of Kristeva / [ed] Kelly Oliver and S.K. Keltner., Albany, N.Y: SUNY Press , 2009, p. 179-195Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 135.
    Sjöholm, Cecilia
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Aesthetics.
    Hunger och kärlek2007In: Källarhändelser: Forum - nutidsplats för kultur / [ed] Anna Bengtsson, Stockholm: Ersatz , 2007Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 136.
    Sjöholm, Cecilia
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication, Aesthetics.
    Psykoanalytikern och hans skugga2006In: Finsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0015-248X, no 10, p. 619-630Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 137.
    Sjöholm, Cecilia
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 1, Aesthetics.
    The Expression of Another in Me2001In: Chiasmi International, ISSN 1637-6757, Vol. 3, p. -15Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 138.
    Steen Rostad, Ingrid
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology; St Olavs University Hospital, Norway.
    Danielsen Tvedt, Sturle
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology.
    Tevik Løvseth, Lise
    St Olavs University Hospital, Norway.
    Physicians' Mental Health and Nationality Affect how Work Characteristics Influence Presenteeism2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, ISSN 2002-2867, Vol. 3, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 139.
    Steen Rostad, Ingrid
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science & Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.
    Fridner, Ann
    Stockholm University.
    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
    Stockholm University.
    Lovseth, Lise Tevik
    St Olavs University Hospital, Norway.
    Paid Sick Leave as a Means to Reduce Sickness Presenteeism Among Physicians2017In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 71-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recurrent international data show that physicians often attend work while ill, termed sickness presenteeism. The current study investigated if sickness presenteeism scores among European physicians varied according to national paid sick leave legislation. We hypothesized that prevalence of presenteeism was higher in countries with lower levels of paid sick leave. We used repeated cross-sectional survey data, phase I (2004/2005, N = 1326) and phase II (2012/2013, N = 1403), among senior consultants at university hospitals in Sweden, Norway, and Italy. Analyses of variances assessed cross-country differences in presenteeism. To assess the impact of country on presenteeism, we used multiple regression analyses controlled for sex, age, family status, work hours, and work content. The results from phase I supported the initial hypothesis. At phase II, presenteeism scores had decreased among the Italian and Swedish sample. The results are discussed with regard to changes in legislation on workhours and medical liability in Italy and Sweden between phase I and II.

  • 140.
    Sternäng, Ola
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Jönköping University.
    Palmer, Katie
    Stockholm University.
    Kabir, Zarina N
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Hasan, Mohammed I
    International Center for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Wahlin, Åke
    Jönköping University.
    Associations Between Functional Biological Age and Cognition Among Older Adults in Rural Bangladesh: Comparisons With Chronological Age2019In: Journal of Aging and Health, ISSN 0898-2643, E-ISSN 1552-6887, Vol. 31, no 5, p. 814-836Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: We constructed a functional biological age (fBioAge) indicator by using four functional variables: grip strength, forced expiratory lung volume, visual acuity, and hearing. Our aim was to compare how chronological age (ChronAge) and fBioAge are related to cognitive abilities in older adults.

    METHOD: We used data from the Poverty and Health in Aging project, Bangladesh. Participants ( N = 400) were 60+ years of age and diagnosed as nondemented. Examined cognitive abilities were four episodic memory measures (including recall and recognition), two verbal fluency indicators, two semantic knowledge, and two processing speed tasks.

    RESULTS: fBioAge accounted for cognitive variance beyond that explained by ChronAge also after controlling for medical diagnoses and blood markers.

    DISCUSSION: Compared with ChronAge, fBioAge was a stronger predictor of cognition during a broad part of the old adult span. fBioAge seems, in that respect, to have the potential to become a useful age indicator in future aging studies.

  • 141.
    Stålberg, Johanna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication.
    Arbetsvillkor och hälsa hos anställda på callcenter2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka samband mellan de arbetsvillkor som berör gränslöst arbete och mental samt fysisk hälsa. Även att undersöka skillnader mellan olika anställningsförhållanden så som fastanställning och ej fastanställning och om de skiljer sig åt beroende på arbetsvillkor och hälsa. Deltagarna var 69 personer varav 42 stycken var kvinnor och 27 stycken var män. Resultaten visade att det fanns starka samband mellan de olika arbetsvillkoren och mental samt fysisk hälsa. Det visade sig även att det fanns ett flertal signifikanta skillnader mellan fastanställda och ej fastanställda. Vidare visade resultaten att fastanställda rapporterar att de har bättre arbetsvillkor och hälsa än de med ej fastanställning. Av resultaten kunde slutsatsen dras att arbetsvillkor som berör gränslöst arbete har starka samband med mental och fysisk hälsa.

  • 142.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Att förändra sig själv: Tabletter eller psykoterapi?2009In: Psykoterapeutens och psykoanalytikerns praktiska kunskap / [ed] Nilsson, Christian, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2009, 1, p. 120-147Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 143.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Diagnos som befriar2013In: Modern psykologi, ISSN 2000-4087, no 6, p. 40-43Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 144.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Organ Transplantation and Personal Identity: How Does Loss and Change of Organs Affect the Self?2012In: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, ISSN 0360-5310, E-ISSN 1744-5019, ISSN 0360-5310, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 139-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, changes in identity and selfhood experienced through organ transplantation are analyzed from a phenomenological point of view. The chief examples are heart and face transplants. Similarities and differences between the examples are fleshed out by way of identifying three layers of selfhood in which the procedures have effects: embodied selfhood, self-reflection, and social-narrative identity. Organ transplantation is tied to processes of alienation in the three layers of selfhood, first and foremost a bodily alienation experienced through illness or injury and in going through and recovering from the operation. However, in cases in which the organ in question is taken to harbor the identity of another person, because of its symbolic qualities (the heart) or its expressive qualities (the face), the alienation process may also involve the otherness of another person making itself, at least imaginatively, known.

  • 145.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Robert Whitaker: Pillerparadoxen: varför lider fler och fler av psykiska problem när medicinerna bara blir bättre och bättre?2014In: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, no 3, p. 27-28Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 146.
    Särkijärvi, Joakim
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Användningen av smarta mobiltelefoners betydelse för upplevelsen av stress inom arbetslivet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study examined the relationship between smartphone usage and perceived stress among employees. According to the hypothesis, there would be a correlation between increasingly work-related smartphone usage and increased perception of stress, especially when the use were perceived to interfere spare time. A webb-survey that measured the amplitude and nature of smartphone usage in relation to Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale (Cohen, Kamarck, and Mermelstein, 1983) were answered by a total of 154 employees recruited from the private and public sectors. The results suggested that increased perception of stress was related with increased smartphone usage, whether it was work-related or private-related, and especially if the usage perceived to interfere spare time. Since the work-related usage specifically didn´t correlate with the perception of stress the hypothesis where only partially supported. Use that could be related to increased stress was SMS- and MMS-messaging, and the use of internet and mobile application usage. However, there was no association between increased e-mail usage and an increased perception of stress, since those who were the least stressed actually used e-mail more often, which is inconsistent with previous research that indicates the opposite (Middleton & Cukier, 2006; Elworthy, 2010). The study has contributed with knowledge of smartphone usage and how it can be handled by employees, organizations and companies to reduce the perception of stress.

  • 147.
    Thingujam, Nutankumar S.
    et al.
    University of Pune, India.
    Laukka, Petri
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Elfenbein, Hillary Anger
    Washington University in St. Louis, USA.
    Distinct emotional abilities converge: Evidence from emotional understanding and emotion recognition through the voice2012In: journal of Research in Personality, ISSN 0092-6566, E-ISSN 1095-7251, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 350-354Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One key criterion for whether Emotional Intelligence (El) truly fits the definition of "intelligence" is that individual branches of El should converge. However, for performance tests that measure actual ability, such convergence has been elusive. Consistent with theoretical perspectives for intelligence, we approach this question using El measures that have objective standards for right answers. Examining emotion recognition through the voice that is, the ability to judge an actor's intended portrayal and emotional understanding that is, the ability to understand relationships and transitions among emotions we find substantial convergence, r = .53. Results provide new data to inform the often heated debate about the validity of El, and further the basis of optimism that El may truly be considered intelligence. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  • 148. Tillberg, Margareta
    Farbe als Erfahrung: Experiment und praktische Anwendung in Kunst und Wissenschaft an der Moskauer GAChN und am Leningrader GINChUK2013In: Form und Wirkung: phänomenologische und empirische Kunstwissenschaft in der Sowjetunion der 1920er Jahre / [ed] Aage Hansen-Löve, Brigitte Obermayr, Georg Witte, München: Fink Verlag , 2013, p. 209-221Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 149. Tougu, Pirko
    et al.
    Tulviste, Tiia
    Schröder, Lisa
    Keller, Heidi
    De Geer, Boel
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Swedish language.
    Content of maternal open-ended questions and statements in reminiscing with their 4-year-olds: Links with independence and interdependence orientation in European contexts2012In: Memory, ISSN 0965-8211, E-ISSN 1464-0686, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 499-510Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mother's open-ended questions and elaborative statements during reminiscing were analysed for their content (child agency, co-agency, non-social, and social context) in three cultural contexts. Participants were 115 mothers and their 4-year-old children: 35 dyads from Berlin, Germany, 42 from Stockholm, Sweden, and 38 from Tallinn, Estonia. Across samples the most prominent content was talk about non-social context followed by co-agency and child agency. Tallinn mothers asked the children to talk about themselves, and Berlin mothers asked the children to talk about themselves together with other people, more frequently than they talked about these contents themselves. The content was related to the cultural orientations of mothers assessed through questionnaires: the Berlin mothers whose independence/ interdependence ratio was higher talked less about other people and asked the children fewer questions about other people; the Stockholm mothers with a higher independence/interdependence ratio talked more about child agency. In Tallinn both correlations existed on a trend level. The results are discussed in the light of common conversational practices and mothers' orientation to independence and interdependence in these cultural contexts.

  • 150.
    Tryggvason, Marja-Terttu
    Södertörn University.
    Comparison of topic organization in Finnish, Swedish-Finnish, and Swedish family discourse2004In: Discourse processes, ISSN 0163-853X, E-ISSN 1532-6950, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 225-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether there are cultural differences in topic organization and role-related topic control in dinner conversations; such differences may function as a means for socialization into communicative styles. The research was designed as a comparative study of two geographically close but linguistically very different ethnic groups: Swedes and Finns, including Finns in Sweden as an intermediate group. Previous research has shown Swedes to generate more talk and to produce considerably shorter pauses than Finns. Furthermore, previous studies have indicated that lengthy pauses often precede topic changes. Empirical data were collected by video recording conversations in each of the three cultural groups: 11 Finnish families in Finland, 11 Finnish immigrant families in Sweden, and I I Swedish families in Sweden. Due to the shared setting, the conversations displayed many similarities, but there were also some intercultural differences. The main result was that the Swedish family dinner discourse was significantly more encyclopedic and coherent than the Finnish and Swedish-Finnish one. The findings support the hypothesized connection between pausing and topic organization. The mothers in each group were most active in controlling topic development.

1234 101 - 150 of 157
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf