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  • 101. Adeniji, Anna
    Alla säger I Love You: om orden som gör känslor och känsliga formuleringar2007In: Bang : feministisk kulturtidskrift, ISSN 1102-4593, no 3, p. 91-93Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln handlarom hur orden "jag älskar dig" respektive "I love you" får betydelse både personligt, socialt och politiskt. Exempel hämtas från tv-serierna "Förhäxad" och "Sex and the City" och författaren resonerar kring hur orden skapar affektiva betydelser i kropp och genuspositioner. 

  • 102.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    Därför gifter sig feminister2009In: Arena, ISSN 1652-0556, no 5, p. 40-43Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 103.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköpings universitet.
    Inte den typ som gifter sig?: feministiska samtal om äktenskapsmotstånd2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här avhandlingen undersöker frågan om äktenskapsmotstånd i dagens svenska samhälle, media och kultur. Boken belyser olika sätt att uttrycka äktenskapsmotstånd och vad det betyder att formulera feministisk kritik av normerande familjevärderingar.

    Undersökningen baseras på etnografi och kritisk kulturanalys och granskar synen på äktenskap, relationer och familj som ett kulturellt imaginärt fält. Det empiriska materialet består av intervjuer med kvinnor som inte har velat gifta sig, liksom ett brett material från tv, webbsidor, dagstidningar, skvallerpress och bloggar.

    I avhandlingen genomförs och presenteras en feministisk metodologisk process, grundat i akademiskt kreativt och självreflexivt skrivande. Detta innebär att skrivprocessen, textformatet, liksom minnesarbete, olika intervjutekniker och andra kreativa analytiska praktiker är en del av det metodologiska ramverket.

    De teoretiska perspektiven som ligger till grund för denna studie består av flera feministiska strömningar: radikalfeminism, queerfeminism, liberealfeminism, anarkafeminism och ett socialt rättviseperspektiv. De belyser, på olika sätt, intersektioner mellan äktenskap, genus, sexualitet, nationalitet, klass och makt. En gemensam utgångspunkt är att identitetskategorier, möjligheter att agera liksom vår plats i världen är konstruerade av maktrelationer och normativa föreställningar om genus. Dessa perspektiv tillhandahåller analytiska verktyg för att diskutera och dekonstruera kulturella föreställningar om äktenskap och äktenskapsmotstånd.

  • 104.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    "Jag har aldrig sett dig som svart": Anna Adeniji läser Sara Ahmed2010In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, no 1/2, p. 83-87Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 105. Adeniji, Anna
    När Brad och Angelina inte ville gifta sig: en berättelse om heterosexuell melankoli och politiska beslut i vardagen2007In: Bang : feministisk kulturtidskrift, ISSN 1102-4593, no 1, p. 39-41Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

     Artikelnhandlar om skvallerpressens representation av celebriteterna BradPitt och Angelina Jolie, och hur deras icke-gifta status producerarmoralpanik och genusproblem i den populärkulturellaheteronormativiteten. Artikeln tar också upp "äktenskapsfrågan" ien svensk kontext och hur frågan om äktenskapsmotstånd glömts bortav feminismen.  

  • 106. Adeniji, Anna
    Ordningsstörande begär: biteori som kritik av antropologisk sexualitetsforskning2001Book (Other academic)
  • 107. Adeniji, Anna
    Ordningsstörande begär: biteori som kritik av antropologisk sexualitetsforskning2001In: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, Vol. 5, no 1/2, p. 54-69Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 108.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    [Recension av] Tove Ingebjørg Fjell: Å si til meningen med livet? En kulturvitenskapelig analyse av barnfrihet2010In: Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning, ISSN 0809-6341, E-ISSN 1891-1781, no 1, p. 175-179Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 109.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    The royal wedding as true love story: emotional politics intersecting culture, nationalism, modernity and heteronormality2010In: GEXcel work in progress report. Vol. 8: Proceedings from GEXcel theme 10 : Love in our time - a question for feminism : spring 2010 / [ed] Sofia Strid, Anna G. Jónasdóttir, Linköping: Linköping University , 2010, Vol. S. 85-92, p. 85-92Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 110.
    Adler Bojsten, Vera
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Fellbom, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Vad förväntas kulturen leda till?: En studie av Kulturbryggan och Postkodlotteriets kulturstiftelse2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Som en följd av att det ekonomiska och kulturella fältet förts samman i större grad, har en ekonomisk logik och terminologi gjort sitt intåg i kultursektorn. Kulturen har kommit att uppmärksammas och erkännas som en viktig ingrediens för ekonomisk tillväxt och samhällsutveckling, något som påverkar vad den förväntas leda till. Kulturpolitiken har bidragit med att sprida idéer om kulturen, samt ställa högre krav på kulturfältet vad gäller mätning, styrning och redovisning. Att kulturen ekonomiserats och behövt anpassa sig till en managementdiskurs blir allt tydligare. Frågan är hur dessa idéer kommit att påverka kulturbidragsorganisationer i deras syn på kultur, då dessa har en nyckelroll i att bestämma vilken typ av kultur som skapas. Uppsatsen syftar till att öka förståelsen kring vad den ökade ekonomiseringen kan ha haft för inverkan på kulturen, närmare bestämt vad kulturen förväntas leda till för att få bidrag. Detta undersöktes genom en flerfallsstudie av två kulturbidrags-organisationer: Kulturbryggan och Postkodlotteriets kulturstiftelse, samt genom kompletterande röster från kulturutövare. Studien visar att inga av samtliga respondenter anser att kulturen bör förväntas leda till ekonomisk tillväxt. Däremot behöver den visa på ett ekonomiskt värde för att kunna legitimeras. I studien går det även att utläsa ökade ekonomiska krav på mätbarhet, redovisning och utvärdering samt ett användande av ett ekonomiskt språkbruk bland respondenterna. Den ökade ekonomiseringen har även medfört ett större administrativt arbete för kulturorganisationer och kulturutövare, vilket påverkar arbetet med kärnverksamheten.

  • 111.
    Adlertz, Rebecca
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Linddal Åhlin, Moa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Relationer inom globala försörjningskedjor - hur hanteras de egentligen?: En fallstudie om hur ett svenskt detaljhandelsföretag konstruerat relationerna till sina asiatiska produktleverantörer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is no longer individual companies competing against each other but rather supply chains and this assertion has been the starting point for this study. As trade becomes globalized, companies are faced with challenges about how international relations are to be managed. Companies need to make a consideration in the choice of supply strategy with decisions regarding what degree of cooperation and integration they should have with their suppliers.

    This study is intended as an illustrative example of how supplier relationships and supply chains are organized in practice, with the purpose to provide in-depth understanding of how relationships in supply chains can be designed. The focus in the study lies on information exchange and integration between the parties. To investigate this, a qualitative case study has been conducted at the Swedish retail company Rusta. They act as an example to help illustrate how companies in trade-intensive sectors work with issues related to supplier relationships and global sourcing.

    For the study, a framework has been designed based on previous research and theories about transaction costs, contract and control, supplier relations, information and integration. These topics have been the basis for data sample. The study is based on data collected through interviews, document examinations and one observation.

    The results found show that there are many dimensions in the design of supplier relationships. Rusta has purchasing offices in Asia to be closer to its suppliers and create a more secure business environment for trade. In some cases, Rusta works in close relations with their suppliers and in others on a transactional basis. We see that Rusta shares a large amount of information with their suppliers on a daily basis. Integration is evident in various ways, yet there is no shared business system operating between Rusta and their suppliers. In conclusion, the study shows that the more complex a product is, the more complex the relationship becomes. Another conclusion is that there is no general type of relationship that suits all business transactions.

  • 112.
    Adolfsson, Jeanette
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Svanblom, Elin
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Den rebelliske aktivisten: En fallstudie av WeAretheSuperlativeConspiracys användning av Weactivists i varumärkesbyggande syfte2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has a focus on brand building and brand identity. The overall idea of the study is to examine the Swedish clothing company WeAretheSuperlativeConspiracys brand building tactics and activities. WeAretheSuperlativeConspiracys, or WeSC, is a company that produces and sells streetfashion in over 20 countries and has over 1600 distributors. The company has in the recent years grown to become one of the largest in its segment. The interesting factor in WeSC´s brand building activities is the use of Weactivists. A Weactivists is a person, known or unknown, that is really good at what they do and share the mentality of WeSC. These individuals are used in the companies marketing in different and creative ways.

    The purpose of this study is to describe and analyse the company’s use of Weactivists, specifically by describing the use of these persons in the company’s campaign material and analysing what message the usage sends. The main purpose is to analyze why WeSC use these Weactivists in their brand building activities. Interviews, company research and advertising material have been the empirical foundation of the study. The two main theories that have been used in this study focuses on brand building and brand identity. These theories have been applied on the empirical research in a purpose to analyse the company and its use of Weactivists.

    After analysing WeSC we found that the Weactivists play an important and big roll in the company’s brand building. We found, that through these persons, WeSC communicate their core values and their identity in a creative and unusual way. By analysing the company’s campaign material, we saw signs of Swedish influences, humour, irony, creativity and a rebel attitude. In conclusion we found that the Weactivists play a crucial roll in the company’s communication of its identity. Through these persons, a clear and consistent identity is communicated with an emphasis and credibility that gives WeSC a unique position among its competitors.

  • 113.
    Adolfsson, Lina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Den virtuella döden eller räddaren i nöden?: En kvalitativ studie om avståndstagande från sociala medier2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka och söka förståelse för avståndstagande från sociala medier. Detta är en företeelse som idag tycks bli allt vanligare fenomen bland användare av sociala medier, i synnerhet på Facebook. Med anledning av detta har jag därmed valt att begränsa studien genom att undersöka avståndstagande från just detta sociala nätverk. För att undersöka fenomenet har jag studerat hur användare av sociala medier förklarar orsakerna till avståndstagande, hur de upplever att de har påverkats av det samt undersökt på vilket sätt avståndstagande kan tolkas och förstås som politiska eller apolitiska handlingar och resonemang.

    För att ge svar på studiens syfte och frågeställningar har jag använt mig av en kvalitativ metod i form av enskilda samtalsintervjuer som bidrar till en djupare förståelse för respondenternas avståndstagande. Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i José van Dijcks teorier kring de sociala mediernas normalisering, teorier om digitala kommunikationsteknologiers påverkan av socialitet och identitetskapande som bland annat beskrivs av Sherry Turkle samt Anne Kaun och Laura Portwood-Stacers tankar kring mediekritisk aktivism och livsstilspolitik. Den kan ytterligare ses som en utveckling av tidigare forskning av bland andra Stefan Stieger som kretsar kring orsakerna till medieavhopp.

    Studien visade att avståndstagande från sociala medier är en företeelse som ser ut på många skilda sätt och innefattar en mängd orsaker och konsekvenser som främst bör förstås på ett individuellt plan. Handlingen omges av en positiv uppfattning och pendlar mellan aktiv mediekritik och identitetssökande som präglas av individuella och apolitiska resonemang.

  • 114.
    Adrian Johnsson, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Hur HR chefer inom turismföretag värderar högskoleutbildning i sin rekrytering2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education related to tourism has emerged as a result of strengthening human resource management and the competitiveness in the tourism industry. The objective of this study is to examine how HR managers value an academic degree in their recruitment process. From a hermeneutic analysis, the goal of the study is also to gain insight into managers' perception of educational and skills needs in their industry today.

    The empirical result of this study consists of four interviews with HR executives from the travel industry and the meeting industry. A fifth interview was also made with a senior university lecturer from Etour as an important contribution of knowledge. The result showed that the valuation of an academic degree in the recruitment process is determined by the kind of tourism employment and location or position. In key positions with core competencies it’s required an academic degree. The results also showed that vocational training and work experience is valued, while the ability to work their way up from certain positions through internal recruitment also is common

  • 115.
    Adrian Johnsson, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Celorrio Pérez, Claudia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Mansjagande amazonkvinna, den självuppoffrande eller machohataren: Tre stereotyper av den latinamerikanska rollfiguren inom amerikansk populärfilm2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to increase knowledge about how latinamerican women are potrayed in American popular films. We examine whether ther are apparent sterotypes in relation to gender, ethnicity and class. With the support of an intersectionality approach and with the use of conceptual explanations of ''latino'' represantations in films, we aim to analyze three Hollywood films over the time period of 2003 to 2011. These films are ''Chasing papi'' (2003), ''Ask the dust'' (2006) and ''Without men'' (2011). The used method to enable us to further analyze the material is a qualitative content analysis. The crucial aspect of a qualitative content analysis is to work with themes, which we have done. These themes are (1) sexual discourse (2) rasified discourse (3) class marked femeninities.  Through our analysis we have found that the latinamerican female character is stereotyped in relation to her gender, ethnicity and class in the sense that she is portrayed different and exotic in contrast to other actors in the films.

  • 116.
    Adrian, Pia
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Hur elever upplever sin möjlighet till inflytande på fritidshemmet.: Det är fröknarna som bestämmer, de är fritidsplanerarna2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 117.
    Adriasola Orellana, Ramiro
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Att arbeta med faderns gestaltning i skolans litteraturundervisning: En komparativ studie över faderskapets förändring över tid2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, my focus has been to study the progress of the ”new” fathers ideals in youth literature used in schools today. The base for my comparative study on the ”new” fathers change over time, has been the article of Vivi Edtröms ”Det gäller pappa – fäder och döttrar i ungdomsboken” which she presents in Ungdomsboken from 1984. What Edtröm has done is pin-pointing some of the ”new” fathers attributes in youth literature of the 1970’s. In this study, I also incorporated some of the didactic aspects that teachers need to have in mind when choosing literature for students to read.

    My analysis show new problem areas in the description of the father in youth literature written in the last 20 years.  These  new father ideals where not present in Edtröms study conducted in the 1970’s. These new ideals that I have seen in my study, has an origin in honor cultures and is a relatively new phenomenon in Swedish youth literature. This by itself demands that teachers today need to have a good insight in present gender and reception research to be able to use youth literature in classroom situations and in the same time follow the directives that the curriculum statues. The teacher’s awareness of gender specific issues is central in order to deal with the questions that can be highlighted when letting students read literature that has such distinctive attributes of fathers from an other religion and culture, particular fathers from an Middle Eastern origin.

  • 118.
    Adriasola Orellana, Stefanía
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Regnbågen har många färger, så låt oss se dem alla!: Om förskolepedagogers attityder, normer och värderingar kring regnbågsfamiljer2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out which attitudes, norms and values exists about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) families in preschools. Based on five qualitative interviews with teachers that work at a LGBT-certified preschool and one that is active in their work with norm critical pedagogy. To be able to fulfil my purpose of this study I concentrated on why these teachers believed that it was of importance to counter society’s heteronormativity, to prevent discrimination and mistreatments towards children and their LGBT parents in preschool. I wanted to find out what the teachers thoughts were on the concept of what a family is and how the diversity of families is shown in the preschools material and pedagogy.

    When I analysed the results of my qualitative interviews I used queer theories that include heteronormativity and norm critical pedagogy. The interviews of the teachers showed that they thought it was of great importance to work with a norm critical pedagogy because they did not believe that society’s heteronormativity could or should rule in preschools. The assumption that the majority, to not say all of the children, come from nuclear families does not agree with the reality of many children in our society. To assume such thing can lead to discrimination and obscureness. The results of my study show that by reviewing your own norms and perceptions of normality, will allow you to work with a norm critical approach. It also gives you an awareness that will help you as an educator to make sure that more children and families feel that they are acknowledged and respected. The active choice of methods and materials in the preschool helps the teachers to ensure that the children can be seen and reflected on a daily basis. By questioning heteronormativity in preschool, teachers offer children more opportunities and presents different realities. It also helps them to develop measures to analyse the norms and not just assume that there is only one right way to live.

  • 119.
    af Burén, Ann
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Blurring boundaries: patterns of religiosity in contemporary Sweden2015Other (Other academic)
  • 120. af Petersens, Lovisa
    Klokt tal af kloka kvinnor: En kort presentation av Kvinnokonferensen i Stockholm 18972001In: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 47-52Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 121.
    af Trampe, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Mozart eller Mando Diao: en studie av Svenska Dagbladets musikbevakning 1980-20102010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen är en undersökning av Svenska Dagbladets musikbevakning under 30 år, från 1980 till 2010. I en inledande kvantitativ delstudie undersöktes Svenska Dagbladets innehåll två veckor vart tionde år för att få svar på frågor som hur mycket det skrivits om olika musikstilar genom åren och hur bevakningen utvecklats och förändrats. Erfarenheter från den kvantitativa delstudien låg sedan till grund för en uppföljande kvalitativ delstudie där musikjournalister med lång erfarenhet av att arbeta på tidningen intervjuades. Det samlade resultatet visar att musikbevakningen i Svenska Dagbladet förändrats från att tidigare främst ha fokuserat på den klassiska musiken, till att i allt större utsträckning handla om modern populärmusik. Detta kan förklaras av ett sämre ekonomiskt läge för Svenska Dagbladet, en pågående trend i tidningsvärlden att skriva alltmer om populärkultur, en generationsväxling bland skribenterna och ett uppluckrande av tidningens tidigare kulturella identitet.

  • 122.
    Afework, Alexander
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Ormeno, Maximiliano
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Val av K-regelverk, hur kan detta förklaras?: En kvantitativ studie som ämnar undersöka huruvida fastighetsbolags val av K-regelverk kan förklaras utifrån Institutionell Teori och Positive Accounting Theory.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: K-regelverkets införande 2014 innebar för de flesta mindre svenska bolag en förvirring kring vilka val av redovisningsmetoder som skulle tillämpas för räkenskapsår 2014. Från detta år var det nämligen tvunget att utgå från ett K-regelverk med sina specifika regler. För fastighetsbolag som räknas som mindre bolag enligt ÅRL (SFS 1995:1554) fanns det härefter tre regelverk som de kunde utföra sin redovisning efter. I denna undersökning undersöker vi K2 och K3 regelverket. I det ena regelverket, K3, behöver en komponentindelning av byggnaden göras medan det i det andra regelverket, K2, inte är nödvändigt. Detta nya sätt att redovisa med en komponentindelning som ett val av K3 leder till skulle enligt vissa branschorganisationer leda till att K2 väljs i större utsträckning då tillämpning av K3 kräver mer administrativt arbete och därför blir mer kostsamt. Dock menar vissa forskare att en sådan förklaring inte är tillräcklig för att förklara redovisningsregelverk, speciellt inte i större organisationer. I större organisationer tenderar snarare det regelverk väljas som leder organisationen åt ett visst håll. Inom den vetenskapliga litteraturen finns det främst två teorier som behandlar val av redovisningsregelverk. I denna undersökning vänder vi oss till dessa två teorier: Institutionell Teori och Positiv Accounting Theory, och frågar oss om de också kan förklara svenska fastighetsbolags val av regelverk.

    Forskningsfråga: Kan fastighetsbolags val av K-regelverk förklaras genom någon av teorierna Institutionell Teori eller Positive Accounting Theory?

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka om fastighetsbolags val mellan redovisningsregelverken K2 och K3 kan förklaras med hjälp av IT och PAT.

    Resultat: I studiens resultat påvisas ett samband mellan kategorivariabeln Revisionsbyråer och valet av K3 samt för kategorivariabeln Storstad och valet av K3.

  • 123.
    Afif, Nadja
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Karlsson, Henrik
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Konsumtionsstammar - från teori till praktik: En kvalitativ studie om företags segmenteringsstrategier2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Segmentation has long been used by companies as the main strategy to succeed in the marketplace. This method is mainly about dividing the marketplace into smaller segments, where individuals are divided according to predefined variables. These variables are based on the solid social positions of individuals, of a modern society and have been questioned by researchers who believe that this method should be reviewed. The reason is that the modern society is considered to have been replaced by the postmodern society, which is dynamic and fragmented, in which these variables are considered irrelevant. It is from this perspective that the term "Consumer tribes" was chosen to be studied in more detail in this paper. As a starting point, Bernard Cova's theory of the social link, has been used. The purpose of the study was to find out to what extent the idea of consumer tribes are present in practice. In order to investigate this, segmentation was chosen as a point of view inthe study. To carry out the survey, a deductive research effort was adopted with a qualitative method. The data has been generated from ten qualitative semi structured interviews that have been held with people who work in the subject area. The study's results show that the majority of companies are familiar with the concept of consumer tribes. Although most companies do not use the concept in those terms, the result shows that the idea is used by the companies in other terms. However, the traditional segmentation variables are most common among the companies in the survey, although someof the postmodern reasoning can be found in the result. Furthermore, it is noted that the most common way for companies to try to position themselves in the chosen customer segments is through different types of opinion shapers.

  • 124.
    Afkari, Pegah
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences.
    Gregerson, Jenny
    Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences.
    Lokalbefolkning och turister - tillsammans eller separerade?: En studie om turismens sociokulturella effekter.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how the host community of Tenerife perceives the socio-cultural effects of tourism on the island. The method chosen for the study was qualitative interviews which were performed with six respondents, each born in Spain, living permanently in Tenerife and employed within service-related occupations. The interview material was interpreted and handled according to a hermeneutic approach. The results of the study showed that the respondents had an over-all positive perception of tourism. Perceived positive socio-cultural effects were related to cultural and linguistic influences. Problems related to alcohol and community disorder were believed to be negative effects although they were not present to the same extent according to the respondents. The sociological theory “us and them” could be applied to this study since the locals chose to live and spend their free-time outside the tourist areas.

     

  • 125.
    Afram, Christina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Arhawe, Natalia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Kreditbedömningen av mikroföretag: Kreditbedömningens faktorer och påföljden av den slopade revisionsplikten2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: 1 November 2010  came the amendment about the audit requirement into force. The amendment concerned only micro-enterprises. The most common form offinancing for micro-enterprises are bank loans, therefore the banks play a major role in the business and wellness of micro-enterprises.

    Purpose: Purpose of this paper is to examine if the credit assessment has been affected by the removal of the audit requirement for micro-enterprises.

    Method: This study will be conducted by a qualitative study in the form of interviews. Five interviews were conducted, with four respondents from the large banks and    one respondent from Almi Företagspartner.

    Conclusion: All respondents agreed that the audit is seen as a mark of quality, some lenders will continue to request it from the micro-enterprise while other lenders look at other factors such as ownership, relationship or business concept.

  • 126.
    Afram, Daniel
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Celebi, Suleyman
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Det ligger i deras händer: En sociologisk studie om segregationen mellan Bredäng och Mälarhöjden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to bring out the social economic residential segregation that exists in Bredäng and in Mälarhöjden by experiences and perceptions from local residents with a qualitative research. The study will also show how these expectations forms from local residents in these districts. Both these districts take place in southern Stockholm.

    Bredäng, the public housing neighborhood and Mälarhöjden, the garden neighborhood are two districts that was built up during two different eras but has a social economic difference bigger than the geographic distance. The majority of the local residents in Bredäng are low incomes and have a lack of university or college education. The majority of the local residents in Mälarhöjden have a higher percentage of university graduates and the average income per year are twice the size of Bredängs resident’s. The main focus of this study will be to inquire into why the social economic elements lead to residential segregation in these districts, but also in how Mälaräng will effect on this. The main focus will be to examine why the social economic elements leads to how segregation forms from the expectations that exist.

    It generally occurs similar beliefs and perceptions from all respondents about these districts. The results shows that all respondents confirms that it exist social economic differences between Bredäng and Mälarhöjden with consequences that Bredäng becomes the segregated district towards to Mälarhöjden that is considered the “fancier” district with higher “status”.

    We have used the concept segregation that is central in this study and two theoretical points, Goffman’s identity and Elias and Scotson who writes about established and outsiders. We use the theoretical perspectives to connect the empirical part about how individuals form experiences and perceptions toward to the opposite district. We also find how identity creations forms from the categories that the individual gets. 

  • 127.
    Afram, Michael
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Zenelaj, Molle
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Vad är en bra Ledare/Chef?: En fallstudie om hur medarbetarna upplever Ledarskapet på IKEA i Barkarby2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att finna en allmän accepterad definition av vad ledarskap verkligen innebär, är väldigt komplext. Det finns många olika definitioner på vad ledarskap är inom ledarskapslitteraturer. Det flesta har en bild av vad ledarskap är och vad en ledare sysslar med, men kan inte exakt definiera vad det egentligen betyder att vara ledare.

    Vad är ett bra ledarskap enligt medarbetarna? Författarnas huvudfråga som beskriver uppsatsens innehåll.

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka samt analysera vad som utmärker och kännetecknar ett bra ledarskap. Författarna ska även undersöka hur medarbetarna upplever ledarskapet samt huruvida motivation och inspiration från ledarna skapar trivsel på medarbetarnas arbetsplats.

    Den undersökning som författarna valde att fokusera på var 15 djupa personliga intervjuer med medarbetarna på IKEA i Barkarby. Författarna har samtidigt forskat och sökt datamaterial och information både i litteratur, Internet samt annan faktainsamling. Författarna valde att använda en kvalitativ metod då författarna ville få en helhetsbild av undersökningen samt möjliggöra en ökad förståelse för sociala processer och samband.

    Utifrån undersökningen och resultat anser författarna att ledarskapet på IKEA i Barkarby fungerar väldigt bra vad det gäller att motivera och skapa trivsel bland medarbetarna. Företaget skall även tänka på att bevara och utveckla den positiva sammanhållningen och andan som karaktäriserar organisationen.

    I slutsatsen återknyter författarna arbetet till problemformuleringen och syftet, och utifrån teorin och undersökningen har författarna kommit fram till ett par slutsatser som karakteriserar ett bra ledarskap enligt medarbetarna.

  • 128.
    Afram, Viktorija
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Srdic, Stefan
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Faktorer som påverkar goodwillnedskrivningen i svenska börsnoterade bolag: En kvantitativ studie inom IT- och telekombranschen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to achieve harmonization and create a conformity of accounting standards in the European countries, the European Parliament in 2002 applied IASB standards and IFRS became mandatory regulations for listed companies in the EU from January 2005. Preparation of financial statements in accordance with a common and internationally accepted regulations would facilitate investors to evaluate companies in different countries. The introduction of IFRS in 2005 has meant that goodwill and other intangible assets are no longer amortized, but instead are tested annually for impairment, in line with IAS 36. Previous research has shown that there are difficulties with the implementation of IAS 36 since IFRS has been adopted as regulations for listed companies within the EU. There are no specific rules on how companies should do when they test goodwill for impairment which provides the management greater opportunities to influence the impairment of goodwill. The purpose of this study is to identify the factors affecting goodwill impairment in Swedish listed companies in the IT- and the telecommunications industry. A quantitative method and deductive approach has been used in this study. Data collection was based on the annual reports of listed companies in the IT- and the telecommunications industry on the Stockholm Stock Exchange, NASDAQ OMX during the period 2009–2015. Studies results have shown that there is a significant positive correlation between the change of CEO and goodwill impairment. This result has shown that there is an incentive for management to act in their own interest at the accounting choices and this can give a misleading picture of the company´s financial position.

  • 129.
    Afrin Nahar, Teulip
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Dialoger och samverkan: en kvalitativ studie av pedagoger och föräldrar i förskolan2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to clarify the importance of communication between parents and educators, as well as collaboration. The survey involves cooperation between parents and teachers in preschool and in the survey; it is the educators’ role and approach that is made visible. The issues I answer with the help of the interviewed teachers in the paper are: 

    • In what ways considers the interviewed teachers that can create dialogues with parents about children's daily life and activities? 
    • How do you describe the interviewed teachers that they interact with parents in preschool and the various forms of collaboration describe the interviewed teachers that they use in preschool?
    • What difficulties consider the interviewed teachers may apply when creating dialogues and cooperation with parents in preschool 

    Using a qualitative research method, the questions have been answered in the paper.

  • 130.
    Afshin, Ashkan
    et al.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Forouzanfar, Mohammad H.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Reitsma, Marissa B.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Sur, Patrick
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Estep, Kara
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Lee, Alex
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Marczak, Laurie
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Mokdad, Ali H.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Iran Univ Med Sci, Dept Community Med, Gastrointestinal & Liver Dis Res Ctr, Preventat Med & Publ Hlth Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Naghavi, Mohsen
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Salama, Joseph S.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Vos, Theo
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Abate, Kalkidan H.
    Jimma Univ, Jimma, Ethiopia..
    Abbafati, Cristiana
    Sapienza Univ Rome, Rome, Italy..
    Ahmed, Muktar B.
    Jimma Univ, Jimma, Ethiopia..
    Al-Aly, Ziyad
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, St Louis, MO 63130 USA..
    Alkerwi, Ala'a
    Luxembourg Inst Hlth, Dept Populat Hlth, Strassen, Luxembourg..
    Al-Raddadi, Rajaa
    Joint Program Family & Community Med, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia..
    Amare, Azmeraw T.
    Bahir Dar Univ, Coll Med & Hlth Sci, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.;Univ Adelaide, Sch Med, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Amberbir, Alemayehu
    Dignitas Int, Zomba, Malawi..
    Amegah, Adeladza K.
    Univ Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana..
    Amini, Erfan
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Urooncol Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.;Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Amrock, Stephen M.
    Oregon Hlth & Sci Univ, Portland, OR 97201 USA..
    Anjana, Ranjit M.
    Madras Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India.;Dr Mohans Diabet Special Ctr, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Arnlov, Johan
    Dalarna Univ, Sch Hlth & Social Sci, Falun, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Div Family Med & Primary Care, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Asayesh, Hamid
    Qom Univ Med Sci, Dept Emergency Med, Qom, Iran..
    Banerjee, Amitava
    UCL, Farr Inst Hlth Informat Res, London, England..
    Barac, Aleksandra
    Univ Belgrade, Fac Med, Belgrade, Serbia..
    Baye, Estifanos
    Wollo Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Dessie, Ethiopia.;Monash Univ, Sch Publ Hlth & Prevent Med, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Bennett, Derrick A.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Populat Hlth, Oxford, England..
    Beyene, Addisu S.
    Haramaya Univ, Coll Hlth & Med Sci, Harar, Ethiopia..
    Biadgilign, Sibhatu
    Independent Publ Hlth Consultants, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia..
    Biryukov, Stan
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Bjertness, Espen
    Univ Oslo, Dept Community Med & Global Hlth, Oslo, Norway..
    Boneya, Dube J.
    Debre Markos Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Debre Markos, Ethiopia..
    Campos-Nonato, Ismael
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.;Harvard Univ, Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Carrero, Juan J.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Cecilio, Pedro
    Univ Porto, Dept Ciencias Biol, Fac Farm, Oporto, Portugal..
    Cercy, Kelly
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Ciobanu, Liliana G.
    Univ Adelaide, Sch Med, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Cornaby, Leslie
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Damtew, Solomon A.
    Addis Ababa Univ, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.;Wolaita Sodo Univ, Coll Hlth Sci & Med, Wolaita, Ethiopia..
    Dandona, Lalit
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Publ Hlth Fdn India, Gurgaon, India..
    Dandona, Rakhi
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Publ Hlth Fdn India, Gurgaon, India..
    Dharmaratne, Samath D.
    Univ Peradeniya, Dept Community Med, Fac Med, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka..
    Duncan, Bruce B.
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Eshrati, Babak
    Arak Univ Med Sci, Arak, Iran..
    Esteghamati, Alireza
    Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Feigin, Valery L.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Auckland Univ Technol, Natl Inst Stroke & Appl Neurosci, Auckland, New Zealand..
    Fernandes, Joao C.
    Catholic Univ Portugal, Ctr Biotechnol & Fine Chem, Associate Lab, Fac Biotechnol, Oporto, Portugal..
    Furst, Thomas
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Infect Dis Epidemiol, London, England.;Swiss Trop & Publ Hlth Inst, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, Basel, Switzerland.;Univ Basel, Basel, Switzerland..
    Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye T.
    Jimma Univ, Jimma, Ethiopia..
    Gold, Audra
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Gona, Philimon N.
    Univ Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA USA..
    Goto, Atsushi
    Natl Canc Ctr, Div Epidemiol, Ctr Publ Hlth Sci, Tokyo, Japan..
    Habtewold, Tesfa D.
    Debre Berhan Univ, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia.;Univ Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Hadush, Kokeb T.
    Ambo Univ, Ambo, Ethiopia..
    Hafezi-Nejad, Nima
    Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Hay, Simon I.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Oxford, Oxford Big Data Inst, Li Ka Shing Ctr Hlth Informat & Discovery, Oxford, England..
    Horino, Masako
    Bur Child Family & Community Wellness, Nevada Div Publ & Behav Hlth, Carson, CA USA..
    Islami, Farhad
    Amer Canc Soc, Surveillance & Hlth Serv Res, Atlanta, GA 30329 USA..
    Kamal, Ritul
    CSIR, Indian Inst Toxicol Res, Epidemiol Div, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India..
    Kasaeian, Amir
    Endrocrinol & Metab Populat Sci Inst, Tehran, Iran.;Hematol Oncol & Stem Cell Transplantat Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Katikireddi, Srinivasa V.
    Univ Glasgow, MRC CSO Social & Publ Hlth Sci Unit, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland..
    Kengne, Andre P.
    South African Med Res Council, Cape Town, South Africa.;Univ Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Kesavachandran, Chandrasekharan N.
    CSIR, Indian Inst Toxicol Res, Epidemiol Div, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India..
    Khader, Yousef S.
    Jordan Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Community Med, Publ Hlth & Family Med, Irbid, Jordan..
    Khang, Young-Ho
    Seoul Natl Univ, Coll Med, Dept Hlth Policy & Management, Seoul, South Korea.;Seoul Natl Univ, Med Ctr, Inst Hlth Policy & Management, Seoul, South Korea..
    Khubchandani, Jagdish
    Ball State Univ, Dept Nutr & Hlth Sci, Muncie, IN 47306 USA..
    Kim, Daniel
    Northeastern Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Kim, Yun J.
    Southern Univ Coll, Fac Chinese Med, Johor Baharu, Malaysia..
    Kinfu, Yohannes
    Univ Canberra, Ctr Res & Act Publ Hlth, Canberra, ACT, Australia..
    Kosen, Soewarta
    Natl Inst Hlth Res & Dev, Jakarta, Indonesia..
    Ku, Tiffany
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Defo, Barthelemy Kuate
    Univ Montreal, Dept Social & Prevent Med, Montreal, PQ, Canada.;Univ Montreal, Dept Demog, Montreal, PQ, Canada.;Publ Hlth Res Inst, Sch Publ Hlth, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Kumar, G. Anil
    Publ Hlth Fdn India, Gurgaon, India..
    Larson, Heidi J.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Dept Infect Dis Epidemiol, London, England..
    Leinsalu, Mall
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia..
    Liang, Xiaofeng
    Chinese Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Lim, Stephen S.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Liu, Patrick
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Lopez, Alan D.
    Univ Melbourne, Melbourne Sch Populat & Global Hlth, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Lozano, Rafael
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Majeed, Azeem
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Primary Care & Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Malekzadeh, Reza
    Digest Dis Res Inst, Tehran, Iran.;Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran..
    Malta, Deborah C.
    Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil..
    Mazidi, Mohsen
    Chinese Acad Sci, Key State Lab Mol Dev Biol, Inst Genet & Dev Biol, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    McAlinden, Colm
    Univ Hosp Bristol NHS Fdn Trust, Bristol, Avon, England.;Publ Hlth Wales, Swansea, W Glam, Wales..
    McGarvey, Stephen T.
    Brown Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Providence, RI 02912 USA..
    Mengistu, Desalegn T.
    Mekelle Univ, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Mensah, George A.
    NHLBI, NIH, Ctr Translat Res & Implementat Sci, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Mensink, Gert B. M.
    Robert Koch Inst, Dept Epidemiol & Hlth Monitoring, Berlin, Germany..
    Mezgebe, Haftay B.
    Mekelle Univ, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Mirrakhimov, Erkin M.
    Natl Ctr Cardiol & Internal Dis, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.;Kyrgyz State Med Acad, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan..
    Mueller, Ulrich O.
    Fed Inst Populat Res, Wiesbaden, Germany..
    Noubiap, Jean J.
    Groote Schuur Hosp, Cape Town, South Africa.;Univ Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa..
    Obermeyer, Carla M.
    Amer Univ Beirut, Ctr Res Populat & Hlth, Fac Hlth Sci, Beirut, Lebanon..
    Ogbo, Felix A.
    Western Sydney Univ, Ctr Hlth Res, Sch Med, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Owolabi, Mayowa O.
    Univ Ibadan, Dept Med, Ibadan, Nigeria.;Blossom Specialist Med Ctr, Ibadan, Nigeria..
    Patton, George C.
    Univ Melbourne, Dept Pediat, Murdoch Childrens Res Inst, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Pourmalek, Farshad
    Univ British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Qorbani, Mostafa
    Alborz Univ Med Sci, Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr, Karaj, Iran..
    Rafay, Anwar
    Contech Sch Publ Hlth, Lahore, Pakistan..
    Rai, Rajesh K.
    Soc Hlth & Demog Surveillance, Suri, India..
    Ranabhat, Chhabi L.
    Yonsei Univ, Dept Preventat Med, Wonju Coll Med, Wonju, South Korea.;Hlth Sci Fdn & Study Ctr, Kathmandu, Nepal..
    Reinig, Nikolas
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Safiri, Saeid
    Maragheh Univ Med Sci, Managerial Epidemiol Res Ctr, Dept Publ Hlth, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Maragheh, Iran..
    Salomon, Joshua A.
    Dept Global Hlth & Populat, Boston, MA USA..
    Sanabria, Juan R.
    Case Western Reserve Univ, Sch Med, Ctr Comprehens Canc, Cleveland, OH 44106 USA.;Marshall Univ, Joan C Edwards Sch Med, Huntington, WV USA..
    Santos, Itamar S.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Sartorius, Benn
    South African Med Res Council, Cape Town, South Africa.;Univ KwaZulu Natal, Publ Hlth Med, Sch Nursing & Publ Hlth, Durban, South Africa..
    Sawhney, Monika
    Marshall Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Huntington, WV USA..
    Schmidhuber, Josef
    Food & Agr Org, Global Perspect Studies Unit, Rome, Italy..
    Schutte, Aletta E.
    South African Med Res Council, Cape Town, South Africa.;North West Univ, Hypertens Africa Res Team, Potchefstroom, South Africa..
    Schmidt, Maria I.
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Sepanlou, Sadaf G.
    Digest Dis Res Inst, Tehran, Iran..
    Shamsizadeh, Moretza
    Hamadan Univ Med Sci, Dept Med Surg Nursing, Sch Nursing & Midwifery, Hamadan, Iran..
    Sheikhbahaei, Sara
    Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran..
    Shin, Min-Jeong
    Korea Univ, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Seoul, South Korea..
    Shiri, Rahman
    Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Shiue, Ivy
    Northumbria Univ, Fac Hlth & Life Sci, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne & Wear, England.;Univ Edinburgh, Alzheimer Scotland Dementia Res Ctr, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Roba, Hirbo S.
    Haramaya Univ, Coll Hlth & Med Sci, Harar, Ethiopia..
    Silva, Diego A. S.
    Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil..
    Silverberg, Jonathan I.
    Feinberg Sch Med, Chicago, IL USA..
    Singh, Jasvinder A.
    Univ Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, AL USA..
    Stranges, Saverio
    Luxembourg Inst Hlth, Dept Populat Hlth, Strassen, Luxembourg.;Western Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Schulich Sch Med & Dent, London, ON, Canada..
    Swaminathan, Soumya
    Indian Council Med Res, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India..
    Tabares-Seisdedos, Rafael
    Univ Valencia, Dept Med, Valencia, Spain..
    Tadese, Fentaw
    Wollo Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Dessie, Ethiopia..
    Tedla, Bemnet A.
    Univ Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.;James Cook Univ, Cairns, Qld, Australia..
    Tegegne, Balewgizie S.
    Haramaya Univ, Coll Hlth & Med Sci, Harar, Ethiopia.;Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Terkawi, Abdullah S.
    King Fahad Med City, Dept Anesthesiol, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.;Cleveland Clin, Outcomes Res Consortium, Cleveland, OH 44106 USA.;Univ Virginia, Dept Anesthesiol, Charlottesville, VA USA..
    Thakur, J. S.
    Post Grad Inst Med Educ & Res, Sch Publ Hlth, Chandigarh, India..
    Tonelli, Marcello
    Univ Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada..
    Topor-Madry, Roman
    Jagiellonian Univ, Med Coll, Inst Publ Hlth, Fac Hlth Sci, Krakow, Poland.;Wroclaw Med Univ, Fac Hlth Sci, Wroclaw, Poland..
    Tyrovolas, Stefanos
    Univ Barcelona, CIBERSAM, Fundacio St Joan de Deu, Parc Sanitari St Joan de Deu, Barcelona, Spain..
    Ukwaja, Kingsley N.
    Fed Teaching Hosp, Dept Internal Med, Abakaliki, Nigeria..
    Uthman, Olalekan A.
    Univ Warwick, Warwick Ctr Appl Hlth Res & Delivery, Div Hlth Sci, Warwick Med Sch Coventry, Coventry, W Midlands, England..
    Vaezghasemi, Masoud
    Umea Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, Umea, Sweden..
    Vasankari, Tommi
    UKK Inst Hlth Promot Res, Tampere, Finland..
    Vlassov, Vasiliy V.
    Natl Res Univ, Higher Sch Econ, Moscow, Russia..
    Vollset, Stein E.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Bergen, Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Bergen, Norway.;Univ Bergen, Dept Global Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Bergen, Norway..
    Weiderpass, Elisabete
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden.;Canc Registry Norway, Inst Population Based Canc Res, Dept Res, Oslo, Norway.;Arctic Univ Norway, Univ Tromso, Tromso, Norway.;Folkhalsan Res Ctr, Genet Epidemiol Grp, Helsinki, Finland..
    Werdecker, Andrea
    Fed Inst Populat Res, Wiesbaden, Germany..
    Wesana, Joshua
    Univ Ghent, Fac Biosci Engn, Ghent, Belgium..
    Westerman, Ronny
    Fed Inst Populat Res, Wiesbaden, Germany..
    Yano, Yuichiro
    Northwestern Univ, Dept Prevent Med, Chicago, IL 60611 USA..
    Yonemoto, Naohiro
    Kyoto Univ, Dept Biostat, Sch Publ Hlth, Kyoto, Japan..
    Yonga, Gerald
    Aga Khan Univ, East Africa, NCD Res Policy Unit, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Zaidi, Zoubida
    Univ Hosp, Setif, Algeria..
    Zenebe, Zerihun M.
    Mekelle Univ, Mekelle, Ethiopia..
    Zipkin, Ben
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Murray, Christopher J. L.
    Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity in 195 Countries over 25 Years2017In: New England Journal of Medicine, ISSN 0028-4793, E-ISSN 1533-4406, Vol. 377, no 1, p. 13-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND Although the rising pandemic of obesity has received major attention in many countries, the effects of this attention on trends and the disease burden of obesity remain uncertain. METHODS We analyzed data from 68.5 million persons to assess the trends in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adults between 1980 and 2015. Using the Global Burden of Disease study data and methods, we also quantified the burden of disease related to high body-mass index (BMI), according to age, sex, cause, and BMI in 195 countries between 1990 and 2015. RESULTS In 2015, a total of 107.7 million children and 603.7 million adults were obese. Since 1980, the prevalence of obesity has doubled in more than 70 countries and has continuously increased in most other countries. Although the prevalence of obesity among children has been lower than that among adults, the rate of increase in childhood obesity in many countries has been greater than the rate of increase in adult obesity. High BMI accounted for 4.0 million deaths globally, nearly 40% of which occurred in persons who were not obese. More than two thirds of deaths related to high BMI were due to cardiovascular disease. The disease burden related to high BMI has increased since 1990; however, the rate of this increase has been attenuated owing to decreases in underlying rates of death from cardiovascular disease. CONCLUSIONS The rapid increase in the prevalence and disease burden of elevated BMI highlights the need for continued focus on surveillance of BMI and identification, implementation, and evaluation of evidence-based interventions to address this problem. (Funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.)

  • 131.
    Afshin, Gilda
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Genusperspektiv i en interkulturell förskola: En kvalitativ studie av pedagogers förhållningssätt till genusperspektiv ur ett socialkonstruktivistiskt och intersektionellt perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work is a qualitative study that aims to create a deeper knowledge regarding teacher's perceptions on gender and gender equality in an intercultural preschool. This study also clarifies whether preschool can counteract the stereotypicaltraditional gender norms andif so, how it iscapable todo that. Based on a social constructivistperspective,in this study I indicate that children constructgender through interaction with othersin different social contexts. Additionally, based on intersectional perspective, I suggest that it is the relationship between various categories such as ethnicity and gender which is detrimental in constructing gender for preschool children. For example, in meeting with other cultures boys may gain more value than girls. The method of the study is based on interviews and observations and for interpretation of the collected data Iused literature and web based documents. The results show that preschool teachers have some degree of awareness when it comes to gender and equality between sexes. In accordance with this study teachers have enough knowledge about the importance of language in communication with children and they show good ability to distinguish what kind of influence language might haveon children's gender making. On the other hand, in pedagogical practical activities, for example in the design of physical environment one can notice some lack of knowledge among preschool teachers when it comes to creation of gender equality between children. Mystudy also indicates that parents from other ethnicities create inequality between children's gender, and preschoolteachers emphasize thatit is their duty to counteract such inequalities via intercultural pedagogy.

  • 132.
    Afzal, Osman
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Harmonisering av ISO 10668 varumärkesvärdering2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Intangible assets have become increasingly more important in a globalized world of big companies that invest and operate in different countries. An important intangible asset is trademarks or brands. To evaluate a brand's value, there are several financial methods. A new standard called ISO 10668 Requirements for monetary brand valuation was published by ISO (International Organization for Standardization) September 1st 2010. The purpose of this standard is to evaluate in a reliable way brands in their construction, during possible litigation and in mergers & acquisitions situations. The purpose of this paper is to examine how the parties involved in the process of harmonization of ISO 10668 has developed a uniform standard by various conflicts, decisions, collaboration and compromise. The essay is based on eight interviews (with individuals involved in the development of the standard) and two documents. The results of this paper are the following:

     

    • The standard intends to be standardized by including transparency requirements that enable an evaluation can be audited by an external party.
    • To develop this standard, the working group consisted of different professions (consultants, accountants, marketers and lawyers) to cover different parts of the standard contains (legal, behavioral and financial analysis).
    • That there have been some conflicts and compromises in order to allow standard's existence. Conflicts have been on too many financial methods and the definition of brand. Compromises have included the inclusion of certain techniques and a new definition of brands. This has also led to the creation of internal groupings and that one country voted against the standard.
    • The standard contribution is a linking of former financial valuation methods with a legal and behavioral analysis.

     

    If this standard is a standardized for the brand valuation ​​is worth discussing. One problem that has existed with brand valuation is that there are numerous methods for valuing a brand. This standard consists of former existing financial methods with a legal analysis and a behavioral analysis.

  • 133.
    Afzal, Osman
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Kilickiran, Gülay
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Vad vill företag ha? Socialkompetens, högre utbildning eller arbetslivserfarenhet?: Hur väl överensstämmer uppfattningar mellan företag och studenter gällande kompetens vid rekrytering2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The auditing history dates back to the ancient Greeks who book kept and audited all transactions. During the industrial revolution the audit profession was born. In the 1900s the universities started to teach in auditing and bookkeeping and from there auditing has developed in a fast pace. This resulted in the establishments of norm setters such as FASB, IASB etcetera.

    Sweden utilizes the IASB with some modifications which has been developed by Swedish norm setters like the bookkeeping committee, the accounting council, the FAR etcetera. As a response to the demand that all corporates were supposed to have an audit, the Handelshögskolan (the first university in Sweden which educated in auditing) was established in 1909.

    The purpose of this essay is to examine how well the understanding of competence matches between new graduates and the companies which are discussed in the essay.

    The essay is built upon the deductive method, where one starts from a theory to explain the reality. The essay also uses a case study which contains both a qualitative and a quantitative approach. The qualitative approach has been used for gathering information from the audit companies and the banks. The quantitative approach is applied for gathering broader information on students from Södertörns högskola. The theories applied in the essay consist of the competence flower which explains four different types of competences, and the human capital theory – provide for competence, which includes the development of knowledge over time.

    The survey consists of four interviews, which include two audit companies and two banks. The two audit companies include Öhrlings Price Waterhouse Coopers and BDO Nordic. The two banks include Swedbank and Handelsbanken. The essay is also made up of 64 questionnaires from students of Södertörn University College with the direction to auditing & bookkeeping and financing.

    The conclusions of the essay shows that all companies asked appreciate the social competence foremost. There is however some different opinions between the audit companies and the banks, where the audit companies require higher education while banks require work experience.

    Another conclusion is that there exists a relatively unanimous understanding regarding the competence between companies and the students regarding requirements for employment, albeit with some deviations that are discussed further in the essay.

  • 134.
    Agaev, Orhan
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Basit, Husnain
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Hur påverkas aktiemarknaden av räntan, valuta- och obligationsmarknaden?: En empirisk studie under perioden 2005-20092010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Interplay between all the different subsystems of the financial markets is currently considered as an important internal force in the market. In a financially liberalized economy exchange rate stability is a basis for a wellbeing stock market. If these interactions between all the different subsystems of the financial markets are not detected, this means that there is information inefficiency in the markets.

    Problem: Can we find any correlation between changes in currency, interest rate and bonds with the stock market index? If so, how do these changes affect the Stockholm Stock Exchange?

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine if there is any linkage between the interest rate, currency and bonds with the stock market. The researchers wanted to find out how these variables affect the stock market index OMX S30 which consists of the 30 largest companies on the Stockholm Stock Exchange.

    Method: This research has been based on a quantitative approach. Three variables were selected to determine their possible linkage with the stock market index. We have collected the quantitative data from the CMC Markets and Swedish central bank in order to obtain the necessary statistical information. We have then examined the information in SPSS and Excel.

    Empirical and analytical: The result shows that the government bonds which are one of the independent variables are significant explanatory variable for OMX S30. Interest rate contributes significantly to the model and is a significant explanatory variable for stock market. However, the currency has a weak contribution to the model which means that the currency is not a significant explanatory variable for OMX S30.

  • 135.
    Agaev, Orhan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Lindberg, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Finanskrisens och de internationella ramverkens påverkan på bolåneräntor: En studie av svenska respektive danska bankers bolåneräntor2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilken inverkan den senaste finanskrisen och de internationella ramverken har haft på de svenska respektive danska bankernas bolåneräntor. Studien eftersträvade även att undersöka vilka likheter och skillnader som finns mellan olika typer av banker samt mellan de korta respektive de långa bolåneräntorna.

    Författarna valde att använda sig av en kvalitativ metod med en deduktiv ansats som tillvägagångssätt. Det genomfördes kvalitativa intervjuer med personer vid ett antal noga utvalda banker för att ge en så bra och detaljerad bild som möjligt av problemområdet. Respondenterna fick stort utrymme att föra sina egna diskussioner för att vidare mynna ut i väldefinierade resultat.

    Resultatet av denna studie visar att svenska och danska banker är positivt inställda till införandet av de nya bestämmelserna och tror att det kommer bidra till en stabilare marknad. Finanskrisen har lett till att bankernas finansieringskostnader har ökat liksom användandet av ränteswappar. Bankerna finansierar även sin verksamhet på längre sikt vilket gör att den blir dyrare att bedriva.

  • 136. Agamben, Giorgio
    et al.
    Rancière, Jacques
    Badiou, Alain
    Nancy, Jean-Luc
    Bensaid, Daniel
    Zizek, Slavoj
    Brown, Wendy
    Ross, Kristin
    Vad innebär det att vara demokrat?2010Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Finns det någon mening med att kalla sig "demokrat" i en samtid där praktiskt taget alla kallar sig demokrater? Kan ett begrepp som tycks kunna betyda både allt och inget fortfarande ha ett meningsfullt politiskt innehåll? I föreliggande bok åtar sig några av vår tids mest namnkunniga politiska teoretiker att besvara denna provokativa fråga. Svaren de presenterar formuleras utifrån skilda utgångspunkter och leder i flera fall till helt olika slutsatser. Samtidigt förenas de alla av ett gemensamt grundantagande: "demokrati" kan inte vara namnet på en redan förverkligad samhällsmodell eller en metod för att med jämna mellanrum utse politiska ledare. Tvärtom fortsätter demokratibegreppet att vara föremål för kamp och fungera som kärna åt politikens mest centrala frågor.

  • 137.
    Agaton, Stefan
    Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences.
    Östersjöledningen: En studie i åsikter och människors trygghetsupplevelse belyst av media2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Nord Stream natural gas pipeline has been a controversial project. The debate was primarily escalated by Poland's strong negative reaction to the project in the spring of 2006 over safety and security and then alternated back and forth in Europe until the approval by the nations most concerned in the Baltic region during the autumn of 2009.In the case study an approach is used that primarily maps out the media image of the various viewpoints that deal with the pipeline and how these viewpoints position themselves, primarily through political and environmental dimensions. Simultaneously there’s an attempt to map out the spatial spread of the media image views as to the proximity and distance to the pipeline in Sweden, Poland and Germany. A key question is whether distance or proximity to a large facility can affect people's attitudes.A parallel focus of the study is to explore the role of the Nord Stream natural gas pipeline in the cross-border hinterland region of Szczecin-Świnoujście. The complex cross-border relationship between Germany and Poland is characterized by the opportunities and obstacles to mobility & the potential of conflict between the needs of the individual vs. the state, partly due to an unbalanced hierarchy between the two nations.An understanding of the pipeline's impact on the border region is shown in part by an analysis of the city of Szczecin's theoretical potential in its hinterland, with special reference to the impact of the state boundary before and after Poland's entry into the European Union and the Schengen regime.Other contributions to the outline of this thesis deal partly with Medialisation and Framing, as the media-investigation in the study handles concerns, arguments and opinions about the pipeline-project, highlighted by the media. Another subject deals with risk assessment, as no one can be certain what will happen in case of an accident to the pipeline.A general concluding comment to the results of the media-investigation is that they are too parsimonious. However there are some assumptions to be made: In the resulting discussion it is argued, among other things, that from the political aspect both Poland and Sweden share a negative opinion towards the pipeline, while the opinion of German people appears positive to the project, according to the media viewpoints. From the environmentalaspect the over-all picture is that the opinions of the whole of Poland and the local levels of Germany and Sweden respectively (i.e. people living near the Nord Stream pipeline) are negative also – feel unsafe according to the project, due to the media viewpoints.A second assumption is that the media location does not play a major role in the way media coverage highlights the views of those for the pipeline or those against the pipeline.The overall impression is that the media coverage largely follows state affinities, in the sense that the relative openness of the argument that every state seems to represent, seems also to be reflected through media coverage in each state.The Nord Stream natural gas pipeline has been a controversial project. The debate was primarily escalated by Poland's strong negative reaction to the project in the spring of 2006 over safety and security and then alternated back and forth in Europe until the approval by the nations most concerned in the Baltic region during the autumn of 2009.In the case study an approach is used that primarily maps out the media image of the various viewpoints that deal with the pipeline and how these viewpoints position themselves, primarily through political and environmental dimensions. Simultaneously there’s an attempt to map out the spatial spread of the media image views as to the proximity and distance to the pipeline in Sweden, Poland and Germany. A key question is whether distance or proximity to a large facility can affect people's attitudes.A parallel focus of the study is to explore the role of the Nord Stream natural gas pipeline in the cross-border hinterland region of Szczecin-Świnoujście. The complex cross-border relationship between Germany and Poland is characterized by the opportunities and obstacles to mobility & the potential of conflict between the needs of the individual vs. the state, partly due to an unbalanced hierarchy between the two nations.An understanding of the pipeline's impact on the border region is shown in part by an analysis of the city of Szczecin's theoretical potential in its hinterland, with special reference to the impact of the state boundary before and after Poland's entry into the European Union and the Schengen regime.Other contributions to the outline of this thesis deal partly with Medialisation and Framing, as the media-investigation in the study handles concerns, arguments and opinions about the pipeline-project, highlighted by the media. Another subject deals with risk assessment, as no one can be certain what will happen in case of an accident to the pipeline.A general concluding comment to the results of the media-investigation is that they are too parsimonious. However there are some assumptions to be made: In the resulting discussion it is argued, among other things, that from the political aspect both Poland and Sweden share a negative opinion towards the pipeline, while the opinion of German people appears positive to the project, according to the media viewpoints. From the environmentalaspect the over-all picture is that the opinions of the whole of Poland and the local levels of Germany and Sweden respectively (i.e. people living near the Nord Stream pipeline) are negative also – feel unsafe according to the project, due to the media viewpoints.A second assumption is that the media location does not play a major role in the way media coverage highlights the views of those for the pipeline or those against the pipeline.The overall impression is that the media coverage largely follows state affinities, in the sense that the relative openness of the argument that every state seems to represent, seems also to be reflected through media coverage in each state.

  • 138.
    Agbaje, Yewande
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Persson, Julia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Inköpsstrategiska konkurrensfördelar: En fallstudie av H&M:s inköpsstrategi2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The globalization of trade, the rapid development of information technology and increased consumer demand has changed the competition in the fashion market. Due to the emergence of the Fast Fashion phenomenon - the fast and daily fresh fashion - the success of a fashion retailer lies in how quickly they are able to meet consumer demand; while its preferences today are instantly changing. The phenomenon has enabled the latest fashion to be available in stores within less than a month after it has been shown at international fashion shows. The consumer of today has high demands and the meaning of purchasing as a strategic competitive advantage for companies has therefore increased. To achieve this, the focus should be aimed towards a long term and effective relationship with the supplier.

    There have been previous studies showing briefly how fashion companies work in relation to each other but not described in depth how their purchasing activities are formed. This aroused an interest in how fashion retailers in practice adapt their purchasing activities to the competition and its influencing factors. This thesis aims to identify the purchasing strategy of the Swedish fashion company H&M and any competitive advantages it bring, as well as underlying reasons for the strategy’s formulation. A qualitative case study based solely on critically examined secondary data has been conducted to answer these questions and to fulfil the purpose of the thesis.

    Based on the findings within the study, H&M’s purchasing strategy is summarized as a self-designed model where the supplier is in focus. The company obtains competitive advantage through a strong, reduced supplier base characterized by close and long-term relationships with carefully selected partners. From these, decisions about H&M outsourcing all its manufacturing to create cost savings are made. The prominent feature of the identified purchasing strategy is the involvement of sustainability into all business parts. External factors such as the consumer’s everchanging demand and rapid development of technology affects the decisions taken and how they are implemented.

  • 139.
    Agebro, Jennifer
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Karat, Lilian
    #Sponsrat inlägg: En kvantitativ studie om konsumenters påverkan av influencer marketing på Instagram2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has, with the digital world development, grown hugely and is now a well integrated part of our daily life. A strategy that has grown widely and strong in conjunction with this, is the marketing phenomenon influencer marketing. Where the businesses use social media, like Instagram, to market their products and services, and to communicate their brand to the customers. It is all about a relationship between the business, the influencer and the customer. To succeed with this, it takes that the influencer is a trustworthy person, with a loyal following-crowd. The power has, with this development of the digital world, moved from the businesses to the customer and also the influencer. With this said, we can see a purpose in examining the consumer perspective, where the power really lies.

    After examining previous research, we discovered a gap where they had not researched enough regarding the consumer perspective. Previous research has focused on the business perspective. This study therefore aims to examine the consumer's attitudes regarding influencer marketing. With the aim to understand, to what extent they are affected by this marketing method. To help with this we have decided to use research questions regarding how consumers considers that their purchasing behavior is affected by influencer marketing, what the consumers attitude towards influencer marketing is, in the terms of trust and confidence, and what helps to increase their willingness to buy. To get a wide perspective, we choose a quantitative research method where 155 survey were distributed online, on Facebook and LinkedIn. Beyond this, secondary data has been used, with support in previous research regarding the subject influencer marketing.

    Throughout the study, two keywords have recurred, trust and confidence. These has with the study shown to be a vital factor, when it comes to consumers attitudes regarding influencer marketing. Businesses have to create trust towards the customers, through creating genuine relationships, much with the help from the influencers.

  • 140.
    Agestam, Oscar
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    The Patterns of Democratic Backsliding: A systematic comparison of Hungary, Turkey and Venezuela2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation attempts to answer the research question on whether there is a common pattern of democratic backsliding. Levitsky and Ziblatt’s theoretical model of democratic backsliding is utilized as the guiding theory. The theory suggests that Democratic Backsliding has three stages where different goals are attempted to be achieved. The goals are first to take over state institutions, thereafter to use these institutions to target political opponents and protect the government from criticism. The third stage concerns entrenching the political dominance.

    The research question is answered by a systematic comparison of Hungary, Turkey and Venezuela. The results are that each case does follow the suggested path of democratic backsliding, with certain differences. More emphasis is put on the media, election monitoring, and how the institutions are controlled. The institutions are often taken control over by hijacking the nomination process, a fact overlooked by the theoretical model. These aspects are not expanded on in the theoretical model, and this dissertation suggest adding these to the model.

  • 141.
    Aghlzad, Mojdeh
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Matematikundervisning i Waldorfskola respektive kommunal skola: En kvalitativ undersökning av två olika grundskolor2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to compare teachers' differing methods of teaching mathematics and their perspectives on the learning process in a municipal school to a Waldorf school. The study has examined which approach best promotes student engagement and learning in mathematics in the first three years of schooling. The study is based on four interviews. The informants’ accounts are interpreted using theories from previous research. The study shows that the municipal schools and Waldorf schools use different methods in mathematics teaching. In the public school, the focus is mostly on the students achieving curriculum goals and passing the national tests in the third year of primary school. "Silent counting" and  individualized education” are methods that teachers in the municipal school make use of in mathematics teaching. In the Waldorf school students make their own textbooks, and through longer periods of teaching the teachers are aiming for deeper understanding of mathematics and its relations to the world around. The study favors the approach to teaching used in the Waldorf school in primary schools. It is assumed that students in a Waldorf school masters and have a deeper understanding of mathematics, than students in the municipal school where they work with pre-written math books.

  • 142.
    Aglo, Joakim
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Levin, Anders
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Biltillverkares skuldandel och dess påverkan på nyckeltal: En studie om världens åtta största biltillverkare under hög- och lågkonjunktur2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Många biltillverkare fick stora ekonomiska problem under den ekonomiska krisen i slutet av 2008. Detta gjorde biltillverkarnas kapitalstruktur och skuldandel till ett högaktuellt ämne.

    Syfte: Studien syftar till att ta reda på om det finns något samband mellan biltillverkarnas skuldandel och resultat, börsvärde samt finansiella nyckeltal under låg- respektive högkonjunktur.

    Genomförande: Sekundärdata har samlats in från företagens årsrapporter och finansiella rapporter. Dessa data har sedan sammanställts för att kunna göra en regressionsanalys och hypotesprövning. Detta för att se om det finns något samband mellan skuldandelen och nyckeltalen.

    Resultat: Det fanns ett signifikant samband under både låg- och högkonjunktur mellan skuldandelen och resultatet samt räntabiliteten på det totala kapitalet. Det är svårt att säga om det är skuldandelen som är den beroende eller oberoende variabeln, det vill säga om det är skuldandelen som påverkar nyckeltalen eller tvärt om. Resultatet av studien visar på kopplingar till både ”pecking order”- och ”trade-off”-teorin.

  • 143.
    Aglo, Joakim
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Levin, Anders
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Marknadens reaktion på företagsförvärv under hög- och lågkonjunktur: En studie av börskursens utveckling vid 180 företagsförvärv inom fyra olika branscher.2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Mycket forskning har riktats mot att undersöka hur börskursen påverkas vid tillkännagivandet av företagsförvärv. Inga studier har dock undersökt om det finns någon skillnad mellan hög- och lågkonjunktur eller om det skiljer sig mellan olika branscher.

    Syfte: Studien syftar till att undersöka hur börskursen för det uppköpan-de företaget påverkas vid tillkännagivandet av ett företagsförvärv under två konjunkturscyklar. Vidare syftar studien till att under-söka om det föreligger skillnader i börskursens utveckling bero-ende på vilken bransch företagsförvärvet genomförts i.

    Genomförande: Sekundärdata om företagsförvärv har samlats in från en företags-förvärvsdatabasen Zephyr samt börskursverktygen Google Fi-nance och Yahoo Finance. Dessa data har sedan sammanställts och kategoriserats för att räkna ut den abnormala avkastning för högkonjunkturen (2007) och lågkonjunkturen (2008/2009). Dessa data har sedan använts för att undersöka om det föreligger några skillnader mellan konjunkturscyklerna och de olika branscherna.

    Resultat: Det fanns skillnader i hur marknaden reagerade vid tillkännagi-vandet av ett företagsförvärv under hög- och lågkonjunkturen. Marknaden reagerade även olika beroende på vilken bransch som företagsförvärvet tillkännagivits i.

  • 144.
    Agnarson, Lars
    Södertörn University College, School of Life Sciences.
    Estonia's health geography: West versus east - an ethnic approach2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this essay is to explore the social changes in relation to changes in mortality for the two largest ethnic groups in Estonia; ethnic Estonians and the Russian minority. Since this is a geographical essay, my purpose is also to explore these changes in relation to the country’s internal geography. As these changes appear over time in space, the content is partly rooted in a time geographical point of view. It is also rooted in a regional geographical point of view, since I have been comparing the mentioned changes between different areas in Estonia (with considerations on developments abroad).

    Two different development lines can be seen as a consequence of the social changes taking place in the 1990s. While the ethnic Estonians situation has improved, the Russian minority’s situation has instead declined regarding to social existence and health. As a result the mortality has increased enormously for the Russian minority. The ethnic Estonians had also a mortality increase in practically all studied causes of death in all studied areas, but this increase wasn’t as high as for the Russian minority. Nevertheless, when comparing two different counties with each other as well as with the country as whole, the pattern seems to be more complicated. The Russians living in the western county of Läänemaa, have been affected more favourably by the social change than those living in the north-eastern county of Ida-Virumaa. Except for mortality by alcohol poisoning, the Russians living in Läänemaa had a much lower mortality increase than those living in Ida-Viruma and even compared with the country as whole.

    It seems as those Russians living in the western parts of Estonia have been affected more favourably than those living in the north-eastern parts. These structures are very much depending on the history, since most of the Russians living in the north-eastern area immigrated during the Soviet era, while the western parts had a much earlier immigration of Russians. Considering the time and place of the Russian immigration, one can divide the Russian minority in two groups; those in the west, and those in the east.

  • 145.
    Agneby Pitkonen, Sanna
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Förändring som väckte känslor, när olika världar möts: en essä om samverkan i förskolan2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with the complexity that I perceive in the collaboration processes between preschool and parents. In the essay I present my interpretation of two self-perceived situations where my experience has been that the cooperation has not worked satisfactorily for either part. As a basis for my conclusions I use different theories and studies within the domain. My own experiences - both from ten years of working in preschool as well as from an eight-year experience of being a parent also comes into use. The purpose of my essay is to investigate how different horizons of understanding can come into collision, and how limitations in our own understanding of the perspectives of others can complicate collaboration between educators and parents.

    In the first story I discuss a situation where, in my professional role, I go into a conflict with a parent about how we have chosen to implement some changes. Here I am faced with the fact that my professional role requires me to inform the parent about the work team´s motivation for change. In the second story, I am situated in a private role and I am engaged in a dialogue on how the educational work in preschool might look like and why. Finally, I examine my own actions as a professional worker in preschool - from a parental as well as from a professional perspective - and also the opinions and actions of the two parents that occur in my stories.

  • 146.
    Agné, Matilda
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Opinionsledare i digitaliseringens tidevarv: En kvalitativ studie om unga mäns attityd till digital influencers i sociala medier2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka ett antal unga mäns attityder och förhållningssätt gentemot digital influencers och reklam som förmedlas via dessa i sociala medier. Detta har studerats genom tre frågeställningar; Hur bemöter de unga männen marknadsföringsmetoden DI i allmänhet? Hur förhåller sig de unga männen till DI genom den egna praktiken (innehåll de själva konsumerar)? Hur ser det upplevda inflytandet av DI ut, gällande deras egna opinioner och handlingar? De teoretiska ramverk som utgör den huvudsakliga grunden för denna studie är Katz och Lazarsfeldt (1955) tvåstegshypotes och dess vidareutveckling av Bennet och Mannheim’s (2006) one-step flow of communication, Uzunoglu & Misci Kip ’s (2014) multi-step flow of communication samt Stuart Halls (2009) teori Encoding/decoding, som handlar om hur publik tolkar medierade budskap. Den metod som tillämpats i uppsatsen är fokusgruppintervjuer. Två fokusgruppintervjuer genomfördes där respondenterna var män mellan 22-26 år. Resultaten av min studie visade att respondenterna överlag hade en kritisk attityd gentemot DI och den reklam som framförs via dessa i sociala medier. De försökte i största möjliga mån att undvika den reklam som genom denna marknadsföringsstrategi förekommer. Dock uppenbarades en viss motsägelsefullhet i detta förhållningssätt och det gällde de DI respondenterna själva valt att följa i sina sociala medier. Trots att de i de flesta fall även hade ett kritiskt förhållningssätt gentemot dessa, så tycktes de i vissa sammanhang vara långt mer accepterande mot exempelvis den reklam som framfördes av dessa DIs.

  • 147.
    Agrali, Dilem
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    "Det är svårt att gå i två klasser samtidigt": En studie om nyanlända elever i den svenska skolan2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay aims to highlight the newly arrived immigrant students’ experience of social integration and social security in the Swedish school system, which is important for their further language and learning development. This essay aims to see it from the student's perspective. The main question in this essay is: What factors seem to matter the most for the newly arrived immigrant students in their language and learning skills, and what does the students themselves think about the issue? The study is based on a qualitative research method in the form of interviews and observations conducted in a multicultural school for a period of two weeks. Three newly-arrived students are in this essay being observed while they are attending between two different classrooms: the so-called preparation classroom and the ordinary classroom. This essay aims to highlight a newly arrived student's development from a socio-cultural perspective. The results show that the newly arrived students felt more emotionally secure while attending the preparation classrooms, and while attending the ordinary classrooms they felt more inadequate.

  • 148.
    Aguerre Falk, Ainoa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Ölund Pereira, Soleil
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Vad hände med yoga? Från heligt till fettförbränning: En kvalitativ undersökning om yoga i Stockholm2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of writing this essay has been to find out what shape yoga has been given in Stockholm, as social processes have left their mark. With a mixed method we've performed a qualitative research to figure out how people reason regarding the subject and how the discourse forms by the active community. We have interviewed people who either teach yoga or performs yoga on a daily basis. We have also analyzed webpages belonging to yoga studios which are active in Stockholm. The central theories have been Durkheim’s theory about the holy and profane, also his theory about the ritual which has been reworked by Collins who added the theory about the symbol. McLeod’s theory about postcolonialism and Said’s theories about orientalism, exotification and the positioned superiority, has together with Askegaard and Eckhardt’s theory about the shapes of yoga also been important in this thesis. We have discovered that yoga has been shaped into two forms; a holiness which the yoga performers finds within themselves and the second form: a product of consumption which modifies to fit the market.

  • 149.
    Ahl, Josephine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Sandra
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Lånefest och skuldsjuka: Framställningen av eurokrisen i Grekland och Irland i svensk opinionsjournalistik 2009-20112013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats belyser hur den ekonomiska krisen på Irland respektive Grekland skildrades i svensk opinionsbildande journalistik perioden 1 juli 2009 till och med 30 juni 2011. Länderna har olika bakgrund och ekonomier men var föremål för samma kris och båda tvingades ta stödlån 2010.

    Den kvantitativa delen i studien genomfördes utifrån Jesper Strömbäcks gestaltningsteori för att besvara frågan om vilka problem och lösningar som presenteras kring eurokrisen i Grekland respektive Irland. Vilka aktörer förekommer? Vilka roller tillskrivs de? Hur framställs respektive kris? Rollerna konstruerades till skurk, offer, hjälte och oansvarig/utan konsekvenstänk och studien genomfördes på 117 analysenheter från Sydsvenskan, Svenska Dagbladet och Dala-Demokraten. Därefter genomfördes en kvalitativ idé- och ideologianalys av fem artiklar för att finna värdepremisser, verklighetsomdömen och konkreta råd utifrån Herbert Tingstens ideologi- eller idésystembegrepp. Analysverktygen som användes utgick dels från Roger Fowlers lingvistiska analys och dels från George Lakoff och Mark Johnsons teorier om metaforer.

    Undersökningen visar att en övervägande del av artiklarna handlade om Greklandskrisen. Den vanligaste förklaringen till krisen i Grekland är att befolkningen och politikerna har flytt från sitt ansvar. På Irland är det istället statens oansvariga politik som har lett till krisen. Det vanligaste förslaget till lösning för staternas del anges vara att lägga nationella intressen åt sidan. När det gäller aktörer och roller visade analysen att nationella banker till stor del framställdes som skurkar på Irland, medan denna roll inte på motsvarande sätt tillskrivs Greklands banker. Befolkningens roll skiljer sig också åt mellan länderna. Irländarna framställs som offer medan grekerna till stor del beskrevs som skurkar. Slutsatsen av studien är att ekonomijournalistikens förenklande grepp, i kombination med opinionsjournalistikens ställningstagande karaktär, leder till förenklade värdepremisser och bilder av verkligheten. 

  • 150.
    Ahl, Victoria
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Kärnqvist, Julia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Lean Produktutveckling: När effektivitet och kreativitet möts2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Då innovation har kommit att bli Sveriges konkurrensfördel är det idag än viktigare att vara kreativ på ett effektivt sätt. Fokus från att endast effektivisera produktion har övergått till att även effektivisera produktutveckling. Svårigheten ligger i att produktutveckling består av kreativt arbete, vilket kräver variation och iteration. Därmed bör en balansgång finnas mellan det systematiskt effektiva och det oförutsägbara kreativa arbetet.

    Studien syftar till att ta reda på hur företag arbetar med effektivitetshöjande åtgärder i praktiken och hur dessa kan kopplas ihop med filosofin Lean produktutveckling (LPU), samt undersöka på vilket sätt effektivitetsåtgärderna påverkar kreativiteten. Vidare syftar studien till att se om LPU möjliggör en balansgång mellan effektivitet och kreativitet. Detta har undersökts med hjälp av filosofin LPU, teori om kreativitet samt en av författarna framtagen syntesmodell som binder dessa samman.

    Metoden för studien har utgått från sju semistrukturerade intervjuer på fem företag i Sverige inom produktutveckling. Utifrån det insamlade materialet presenteras data tillsammans med analys utefter teorin och filosofin. Analysen resulterar i att slutsatser kan dras om att LPU kan möjliggöra en balansgång mellan effektivitet och en lösningsfokuserad kreativitet, där kreativiteten främst används för att lösa befintliga problem. Däremot visar studien att LPU har svårt att ta hänsyn till den fria kreativiteten, där idégenerering står i fokus.

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