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  • 101.
    Adam, Linda
    Södertörn University, Lärarutbildningen.
    Språket inom matematiken: En studie om vikten av det svenska språkets betydelse för matematikundervisningen2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is a multicultural country and because of this the Swedish school-system should be adapted so that all pupils can develop their linguistic skills so that they can participate andunderstand the education. By using scientific work from other researchers and my own experiences from a general point of view, I noticed that pupils with foreign origin perform less good in mathematics than pupils with Swedish origin, in the Swedish education system.

    The purpose of this research is to find out if communication and interplay between the pupils makes it easier for them to understand mathematics and its’ concepts. My research involves acertain school class were all pupils have another etnicity then the Swedish one. My aim was to find out if the pupils reached the knowledge-goals for mathematics in the third grade. Especially in the areas of solution solving and the understanding of mathematical texts. I wanted to find out if communication and interplay between the pupils lead to increasedprogress in the Swedish language and increased understanding of mathematical texts. I also examined what possibilities the pupils have to absorb and understand the education and how favourable the conditions are in their teaching process. My starting points were Vygotskijs’ sociocultural perspective. The main research questions were:

    • Is the language a barrier for the pupils in my research group when they develop their mathematical knowledge?
    • Which approach may enhance the pupils knowledge in mathematics?

    The research is based on interviews with the teacher and observations of the pupils during mathematic lessons. With the help of the empirical material I wanted to increase myunderstanding about the process of learning and development in the class and about how the teacher labours and reflects around the situation. She practiced silent and individual studies in the class. The result of this research showed that the pupils were not benefited by the teachersmethods and that they did not reach the main goals in Swedish and mathematics for the earlier years in Swedish compulsory school. The reason to this result is mainly that language and learning go hand in hand and that mathematics requires a good vocabulary and good reading comprehension.

  • 102.
    Adam, Rebecka
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Lind, Johanna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Får alla vad de vill ha?: En studie om riskkapitalbolagens påverkan på högteknologiskt nyföretagande.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Venture Capital has been of big importance for new ventures in high technology industries, but has decreased markedly in numbers since the end of the”dot-com” bubble. The main purpose of this thesis was to examine how the IT and communications industry manages the reduction in the private equity market. The second purpose was to study the importance of venture capital on new ventures in the IT and communication industry. The research questions concerns how new ventures manages their financing, how they choose financing and which method they use to pursuit it, as well as how competitors influence them and with their venture capital funding. 

    Method: The study was based on method triangulation with both qualitative data through interviews and quantitative data through researching annual reports. 

    Results and conclusions: Of the twelve researched new ventures has five gotten venture capital. The companies have chosen different financial sources and control aversion was the main cause of internal financing. This study shows that financing sources also can contact companies to invest in. The majority of businesses with venture capital has used external assistance when seeking venture capital investments. Most of the businesses have not been affected from competitors’ venture capital investments. 

  • 103.
    Adamou, Evangelia
    et al.
    Oral Tradition Languages and Civilizations laboratory, French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) & University Paris Sorbonne Nouvelle, France.
    Granqvist, Kimmo
    Department of Finnish, Finno-Ugrian and Scandinavian Studies, Helsingin Yliopisto, Finland.
    Unevenly mixed Romani languages2015In: International Journal of Bilingualism, ISSN 1367-0069, E-ISSN 1756-6878, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 525-547Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reports on language mixing in two Romani communities, with a century-long presence in Finland and in Greece respectively. A quantitative analysis of free-speech data shows that verbs from the contact languages, Finnish and Turkish, are systematically inserted into a dominant Romani speech with their respective Finnish and Turkish tense, mood, aspect, and person morphology. The insertion in language A of non-integrated single words from language B is atypical for classic code-switching and borrowing, but is a well-known mechanism in the creation of mixed languages. Unlike mixed languages, however, where no single dominant language can be identified, Romani is the main component in the corpora under study. We suggest that this type of Romani language mixing illustrates an early stage of mixed language formation that did not develop into an independent mixed language, owing to changes in the sociopolitical settings.

  • 104. Adams, Jon
    et al.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Maritime Archaeological Research Institute.
    “Kraveln”: The wreck of an early carvel-built ship at Franska Stenarna, Stockholm Arhipelago Sweden2012In: WreckProtect: Decay and protection of arcaeological wooden shipwrecks / [ed] Björdal, Charlotte Gjelstrup & Gregory, David, Oxford: Archaeopress, 2012, p. 13-16Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 105.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). University of Southampton.
    Experiencing Shipwrecks and the Primacy of Vision2013In: Interpreting Shipwrecks: Maritime Archaeological Approaches / [ed] Jonathan Adams, Johan Rönnby, Southampton: Highfield Press , 2013, p. 85-96Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 106. Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Furstens fartyg: marinarkeologiska undersökningar av en renässanskravell1996Book (Other academic)
  • 107.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    University of Southampton.
    Rönnby, JohanSödertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Interpreting Shipwrecks: Maritime Archaeological Approaches2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Shipwrecks are a key site-type for maritime archaeological research and their investigations have been prominent in the subject’s development over the last sixty years. At one time their value was often squandered, with anything from cursory surveys to total excavations being undertaken for the same reason George Mallory suggested that mountains were climbed: because they were there. Today it is recognised that the remains of wrecked ships, through their distribution in time and space, their variety and their complexity, comprise one of the richest forms of archaeological source material. This volume brings together researchers who explore the ways in which ships can be understood and interpreted as material culture through their wreck sites, focusing on ships as artefacts, as agents, as technology, as society, as ideology and as symbols, as well as on what they carried and the people who sailed on them. Collectively they show that shipwrecks are not just the preserve of nautical specialists but have wider implications for the understanding of human action and past societies.

    The editors: Jonathan Adams is a Professor of Archaeology at the University of Southampton and the founding Director of Southampton’s Centre for Maritime Archaeology (CMA) and Johan Rönnby, Professor of Archaeology and Director of the Maritime Archaeological Research Institute (MARIS) at Södertörn University. 

  • 108. Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication, Archaeology.
    Kraveln: marinarkeologiska undersökningar av ett skeppsvrak från tidigt 1500-tal i Nämdöfjärden, Stockholms skärgård2009In: Skärgård och örlog: nedslag i Stockholms skärgårds tidiga historia / [ed] Katarina Schoerner, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets historie och antikvitets akademien , 2009, Vol. S. [73]-102 : ill., p. 73-102Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 109. Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 3, Underwater archaeology.
    Kuggmaren 1: the first cog find in the Stockholm archipelago, Sweden.2002In: International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, ISSN 1057-2414, E-ISSN 1095-9270, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 172-181Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 110.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    University of Southampton.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Landscapes, Seascapes and Shipscapes2013In: Interpreting Shipwrecks: Maritime Archaeological Approaches / [ed] Jonathan Adams, Johan Rönnby, Southampton: Highfield Press , 2013, p. 1-8Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 111. Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    One of His Majesty's 'Beste Kraffwells': the wreck of an early carvel-built ship at Franska Sternarna, Sweden2013In: International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, ISSN 1057-2414, E-ISSN 1095-9270, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 103-117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report recent fieldwork on an early-16th-century wreck in the Stockholm archipelago, Sweden. The discovery not only provides new insights into early carvel shipbuilding and its adoption across northern Europe but manifests the changing role of ships and the nature of power and agency in the process of state formation at the dawn of the modern world. (C) 2012 The Authors

  • 112.
    Adamsson , Linda
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Lindgren, Annika
    Södertörn University College, Lärarutbildningen.
    Ordning och reda i genusordningen?: En analys av fyra skönlitterära böcker2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to analyse how normative heterosexuality works in the creation of gender in four fiction titles used in the school subject Swedish. A gender and a queer perspective are used when analyzing the characters in the texts. According to queer theory, heteronormativity plays a decisive role in the creation of gender. The syllabus of the subject Swedish serve as the starting point as they proclaim that literature has a decisive influence on pupil's creation of identity.

    The results of the analyses showed that the heteronormative gender structure exists and works in the books. But the result also shows that there are several characters that challenge the structure by breaking social norms and thereby creates possible gender positions.

  • 113.
    Adamsson, Emelie
    Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences.
    Forming and Communication of an Environmental Identity and Image: The Case of Riksbyggen2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stakeholder demands on corporations to take environmental responsibilities are increasing and an environmentally responsible image could add values such as competitive advantage and a better reputation. To create a favorable image the corporation needs to develop a strong and sincere environmental identity that involves the whole organization. The identity is the way that the organization perceives itself and its self-expression and an environmental identity is one of the multiple identities that an organization can have. Communication is important both internally for establishing the identity and externally to create an environmentally responsible image. The organizational members need to be informed and involved in the responsibilities that the corporation is taken to be able to communicate them further to important external stakeholder groups. This thesis connects theories on corporate and organizational identities with organizational communication, culture and image to explain how the environmental identity and image is constructed. A case study has been conducted on a large Swedish company in the building and property management industry, Riksbyggen. The empirical material has mainly been gathered from interviews and also from participant observations. Nineteen employees and one consultant involved in the environmental communication process were interviewed individually or in focus group. The results showed that the case study organization had created a strong corporate environmental identity with clear visions and symbolic representations. However, the organizational environmental identity where the organizational members identify with the environmental activities was not yet developed fully. One reason behind this is the lack of dialogue opportunities in the organization, which means that the corporate identity is communicated from a top-down perspective. An environmentally responsible image was not established at organizational level either, even if some local initiatives had been successful.

  • 114. Adamsson, I
    et al.
    Edlund, Charlotta
    Södertörn University, Avdelning Naturvetenskap. Karolinska Institute.
    Nord, C E
    Microbial ecology and treatment of Helicobacter pylori infections: Review2000In: Journal of chemotherapy, ISSN 1120-009X, E-ISSN 1973-9478, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 5-16Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of the present study were to investigate the ecological disturbances caused by four different anti-H. pylori regimens, to compare different methods for diagnosing H. pylori, and to study the genetic variability of H. pylori. The patients included in the study were all treated at the Center of Gastroenterology, Huddinge University Hospital, Karolinska Institute. All patients were H. pylori-positive before entering the study, confirmed by rapid urease test, histology, culture and urea breath test or PCR. Treatment regimens included in the study were omeprazole alone (OP), in combination with amoxicillin (OA), in combination with amoxicillin and metronidazole (OAM) and in combination with clarithromycin and metronidazole (OCM). Samples from the mouth (saliva and dental plaque), stomach (biopsies from the gastric mucosa in the corpus and in the antrum) and the intestine (feces) were collected before, during and after treatment. The oral microflora was challenged by the three treatment regimens including antimicrobial agents, with the emergence of resistant streptococci and staphylococci in the OCM group. Bacterial strains in the gastric mucosa increased in numbers during treatment in all treatment groups, probably due to the pH rise, which provides a better environment for the commensal microflora. This overgrowth was especially pronounced during treatment with omeprazole alone (OP), possibly due to the fact that a concomitant suppression exerted by the antimicrobial agents occurred in the other treatment groups. H. pylori was, on the other hand, suppressed during treatment in all treatment groups, possibly due to a direct effect of omeprazole and to the colonization resistance expressed by the normal microflora, An emergence of resistant commensal strains in the gastric mucosa was seen in the OCM and the OAM groups. The intestinal microflora was most altered in the OAM and the OCM groups, with persistent disturbances in the OCM group 4 weeks after treatment. The frequency of resistant Enterococcus spp, (OCM), Enterobacteriaceae spp, (OA and OAM) and Bacteroides spp, (OCM) was increased during and after treatment. Different detection methods for H. pylori were compared and PCR was shown to have higher sensitivity than other routine diagnostic tests. The patients in the present study seemed to be colonized with a single strain of H. pylori. Treatment failures in patients treated with OAM were caused by recrudescence. These four patients with relapsing H. pylori infection, were shown to be reinfected with the original H. pylori strain, indicating that H. pylori escapes treatment by a thus far unknown mechanism.

  • 115. Adamsson, I
    et al.
    Edlund, Charlotta
    Södertörn University, Avdelning Naturvetenskap.
    Seensalu, R
    Engstrand, L
    The use of AP-PCR and flaA-RFLP typing to investigate treatment failure in Helicobacter pylori infection2000In: Clinical Microbiology and Infection, ISSN 1198-743X, E-ISSN 1469-0691, Vol. 6, no 5, p. 265-267Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 116.
    Adamsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Olsson, Annelie
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Vad saknar den svenska handelssjöfarten?: En jämförande studie mellan handelssjöfarten i Sverige och Danmark2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I början av 1970-talet stod den svenska sjöfarten på sin topp, men efter 1973 och fram till i slutet av 1900-talet kännetecknas de svenska rederierna av tillbakagång. Å andra sidan har Sveriges grannland Danmark upplevt enorm tillväxt inom den nationella sjöfartsindustrin. Denna skillnad har uppstått mellan de båda nationerna trots att Sverige och Danmark generellt sett torde ha liknande grundförutsättningar för att konkurrera på den internationella sjöfartsmarknaden. Baserat på relationen mellan handel och handelsflotta hade den svenskkontrollerade handelsflottan kunnat vara 2,5 gånger större än vad den är idag om Sverige genomgått samma utveckling som Danmark.

    Uppsatsen ämnar, att utifrån ett företagsperspektiv, analysera och utvärdera skillnader mellan svenska och danska rederier. Syftet är att utifrån analysen hitta nyckelfaktorer som lett till den svenska handelssjöfartens försvagning.

    Uppsatsen utgår delvis från en kvantitativ förundersökning i enkätform som används för att få fram ett antal problemfaktorer för svensk handelssjöfart. Dessa problemfaktorer ligger till grund för en kvalitativ undersökning i form av intervjuer med fyra svenska rederier, en svensk bank, ett danskt rederi och den Danska Redareföreningen. Som ett kompliment till den kvalitativa undersökningen utförs även en jämförelse av nyckeltal mellan 9 svenska och 7 danska rederier, samtidigt mellan den svenska och danska sjöfartsnäringen.

    I uppsatsens förstudie framkom fem problemfaktorer, nämligen Omvärldsfaktorer, Arbetskraft, Finansiering och Konkurrensstrategi. Under intervjuerna framkom ytterligare två faktorer – Nätverk och kluster och Uppköp av svenska rederier. Under intervjuerna framgick det även att många av dessa faktorer är starkt sammankopplade och det inte är möjligt att dra distinkta dem emellan.

    Intervjuerna utmynnade i slutsatsen att svensk handelssjöfart idag saknar en näringspolitik som främjar branschens internationella konkurrenskraft. Storlek har betydelse inom handelssjöfarten och Sveriges handelssjöfart saknar i många aspekter denna storlek, mycket på grund av att många svenska rederier historiskt sett blivit uppköpta av utländska eller har gått i konkurs. Resultatet är att Sverige inte har något stort maritimt kluster, ur ett internationellt perspektiv och att detta gör det svårare att starta och/eller driva ett rederi i och med avsaknaden av relaterade företag. Svenska rederier saknar även ett internationellt synsätt gällande driften av företaget.

  • 117.
    Adebrink, Fanny
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    Cullemo, Jenny
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences.
    En ombudsman - intersektionell praktik?: En diskursanalys av statens anti-diskrimineringsarbete2007Student paper second term, 5 points / 7,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syftar till att undersöka strömningarna i diskursen kring hur den svenska staten bör organisera sitt anti-diskrimineringsarbete. Teoretiska utgångspunkter och använda teorier är makt, diskriminering, grupp, diskursteori, intersektionalitet och författarnas eget begrepp för att benämna motståndarna till intersektionalitet; särsektionalitet. Metoden bygger på den anglosaxiska diskursteorin genom en identifikation av tre teman byggda på teorierna. Uppsatsen tar avstamp i SOU 2006:22 En sammanhållen diskrimineringslagstiftning Slutbetänkande av Diskrimineringskommittén och låter sju huvudaktörer komma till tals. Genom dessa aktörer identifieras två huvuddiskurser; en delvis intersektionell diskurs som är för en sammanslagning och en särsektionell diskurs som är mot en sammanslagning. Uppsatsen slutsats är att förståelsen för intersektionalitet bland berörda aktörer är väldigt låg och att en sammanslagning av ombudsmännen i dagsläget därmed inte skulle uppfylla det intersektionella syftet flera aktörer verkar förespråka.

  • 118.
    Adebrink, Fanny
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Nilsson, Sarah
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History.
    Jämställdhetsplan och informell jämställdhet på en politisk arbetsplats2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the fall of 2007 we have carried out an investigative work in a workplace connected to politics and an elected political assembly. Our investigation started with a survey being sent out to all employees. The results of this survey allowed us to formulate the precise aim of the study: to investigate how gender equality work can continue and also evolve in a workplace that seems to already have an established gender equality work. As a part of fulfilling our aim we asked the question how the informal gender equality may appear and whether it can be related to the equal opportunities and diversity plan of the workplace? Throughout the investigation we used a gender theory perspective and applied theories concerning gender coding, informal networks, gender segregation and resistance against equality. Apart from the survey, qualitative interviews and field observation were used. We found that the equal opportunity and diversity plan had a relatively low status, which might be connected to the fact that it tended to be placed outside the overall gender equality discussion. This could be a result of workers already perceiving the workplace as “gender equal”. One reason for this could be that the equal opportunities and diversity plan is not adequately focusing on the gender equal related problems that are described as mostly informal. Examples of informal gender equality problems are: informal networks, division of labor based on gender and the differences in status thereof. Another example is the imbalance between the sexes considering verbal communication in public arenas. Despite the fact that the workplace already has an established gender equality work there is still work to be done. Gender equality is an ongoing process and we find that the workplace has a good chance to face these above-mentioned ongoing challenges.

  • 119.
    Adegren, Emily Chantal
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Yoga på skoltid: religionsutövning eller sekulär träningsform?: En diskursanalys av den offentliga debatten kring yoga på skoltid i Östermalmsskolan2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 120.
    Adegård, Anders
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Hilland, Cammi
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Tillväxtvilja i småföretag: - Hur vanligt är det att småföretagare inte vill låta sina företag växa, varför vill dessa småföretagare inte låta sitt företag växa och har deras företag några andra gemensamma drag?2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En rad empiriska resultat har på senare tid påvisat en brist på nya, små och snabbt växande företag i Sverige. Av alla företag som startas och som existerar är det bara en liten andel som ens försöker att växa och en ännu mindre andel som kommer att växa överhuvudtaget. Den absoluta majoriteten av företag växer inte alls och detta är normaltillståndet för ett litet, ungt och ägarlett företag. Flera studier har visat att en stor andel småföretagare inte har någon önskan att expandera verksamheten ytterligare om det är möjligt att bibehålla den nuvarande storleken. Trots att detta faktum uppmärksammats sedan länge tar man i den mesta forskningen inte hänsyn till småföretagarnas tillväxtvilja, vilket är ett skäl till att kunskapen om småföretags tillväxt är begränsad.

    Intentionen med den här uppsatsen har varit att undersöka hur vanligt det är att småföretagare inte vill låta sina företag växa, varför dessa småföretagare inte vill låta sitt företag växa och om deras företag har några andra gemensamma drag. Studien har avgränsats till att bara undersöka treåriga småföretag. För att besvara studiens syfte användes kvantitativ metod med två kvantitativa undersökningar som underlag.

    Studien visar att andelen småföretagare som inte vill låta sina företag växa tycks variera över tiden, men ligger mellan 20 och 53 procent. Vi har även kunnat konstatera att majoriteten småföretagare som har en negativ inställning till tillväxt ser ”konkurrens”, ”svag efterfrågan”, ”dålig lönsamhet”, ”myndighetsregler, tillståndskrav och dylikt”, ”begränsad tillgång till lån”, ”begränsad tillgång till externt ägarkapital” och ”begränsad tillgång till lämplig arbetskraft” som hinder för tillväxt. Studien visar även att det finns statistiskt säkerställda samband mellan tillväxtvilja och bland annat småföretagets branschtillhörighet, omsättning, antal anställda och småföretagarens ålder.

  • 121.
    Adel, Enayatulla
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Democracy Promotion in Afghanistan: The top-down or bottom-up approaches of EU or US2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Democracy promotion is a key objective in both US and EU foreign development policy. The study attempts to provide a better understanding of both actors democracy promotion in Afghanistan. The US and the EU are perceived to have different approaches regarding democracy promotion. Therefor the study examines if US used top-down and EU bottom-up approaches respective coercive and persuasive methods. Approaches used by actors are examined in the study regarding democracy promotion in the case of Afghanistan. It is a case study with qualitative text analysis and the theories used are top-down and bottom up channels of democracy, and persuasive and stick methods. The survey has looked at the both actors’ commitment in Afghanistan during period of 2001-2014. The result shows that the US and EU have more similarities than differences in the case of Afghanistan and actors have combined both top-down and bottom-approaches in promotion of democracy and focused on cooperation and partnership. 

  • 122.
    Adel, Enayatulla
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Understanding and Explaining Corruption: A case study of Afghanistan2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Afghanistan a country affected by decades of war and invasions has been subject of democratization and state-building of foreign donors post-2001. Despite the efforts of international community for improvements of state institutions, the country is and has been located at the bottom corruption indexes for many years. This essay tries to understand and explain why Afghanistan has been at the bottom line of corruption despite external actor’s vast democracy aid and building of effective state institutions. The case study of Afghanistan with qualitative method and descriptive text analysis examine causes of corruption in Afghanistan. The materials consist of both statistical data in terms of surveys and scientific literature to provide explanations of corruption in Afghanistan. The analytical framework of the study is based on previous research where formal institutions with focus on political system and informal institutions with focus on clientelism, patronage and neopatrimonialism, are used to explain the empirical data. The findings are that corruption is endemic in Afghanistan, occurring at all sectors of the government and the main reason is the defective political structure along with patronage and clientelistic networks and a state that rest on neo-patrimonialism. 

  • 123.
    Adelin, Linda
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Olsson, Alice
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Kundens kanalupplevelse: En studie om kunders upplevelse av interaktionen med detaljhandelsföretags olika kanaler2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digital and mobile channels has dramatically changed the retailing environment. New technologies allow companies to integrate information between different channels, in order to create a seamless and personal shopping experience for its customers. This is termed omni-channel retail strategy. In previous research it is discussed that this is the only way for retail companies to survive in the new retail environment. Previous research has focused on customer attitudes and values ​​but not on their actual behaviour. Thus, more research is required on how customers combine different channels during their buying process and how they experience the interaction.

    The purpose of the thesis is to create an understanding of how the omni-channel customer experiences its interaction with retailing channels. The goal is for companies to be able to use this study to better understand their customers experiences, and thereby improve their omni-channel strategy. In order to achieve the purpose of the study, a theoretical model, S-O-U, has been designed based on the classical Stimulus-Organism-Response model, which  often is used to describe consumer behaviour. The theoretical model has been used as a basis for the study's implementation and analysis.

    The study has a qualitative research strategy, and the data has been collected through focus groups. The collected data has been analysed based on the theoretical framework of the study, and the result shows that the customer uses different channels during its buying process to maximize their exchange. Furthermore, it has been found that the customer has different needs during the phases of the buying process. At the beginning of the buying process the customer is primarily driven by utilitarian values, while at the end of the buying process it is rather driven by hedonic values. The selection of channel depends on how well the channel can meet the customer's needs. Although the customer is driven by different values during the buying process, the result has clearly shown that both utilitarian and hedonic values ​​are necessary for the customer to have a positive experience of the interaction with different channels.

  • 124.
    Aden Lisinski, Lars
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Nykvist, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Let the frames begin: En studie av hur det amerikanska presidentvalet 2012 gestaltades i Dagens Nyheter, Svenska Dagbladet, Aftonbladet och Expressen2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här kandidatuppsatsens syfte är att undersöka hur det amerikanska presidentvalet 2012 gestaltades i Dagens Nyheter, Svenska Dagbladet, Aftonbladet och Expressen. För att göra detta har totalt 18 nyhetsdygn, uppdelade på två perioder, undersökts i de olika papperstidningarna. Kandidatuppsatsen är dessutom en uppföljning på två tidigare kandidatuppsatser som gjorts på Södertörns högskola om presidentvalet 2004 och 2008.

    Den teoretiska utgångspunkten för studien är framing theory, eller gestaltningsteorin som den kallas för på svenska. Gestaltningsteorin är en ledande teori när det kommer till den journalistiska bevakningen av politik. Några av de frågeställningar som besvaras i uppsatsen är vilka gestaltningsformer som var dominerande i de olika tidningarna, vilka aktörer som syntes mest, och hur resultatet har förändrats över tid i jämförelse med de två tidigare kandidatuppsatserna. För att komma fram till detta har en kvantitativ innehållsanalys valts som arbetsmetod.

    Resultatet i undersökningen visar att den gestaltningsform som fått mest plats är spel, som handlar om det politiska spelet och vem som vinner och förlorar, på bekostnad av sak, som tar upp sakfrågor och de politiska aktörernas åsikter i dessa frågor. I jämförelse med de tidigare kandidatuppsatserna visade det sig att det framför allt varit en drastisk sänkning av sakgestaltad journalistik jämfört med valet 2004, men att det ändå ökat lite på nytt sedan valet 2008. Studien kom även fram till att det var Barack Obama som fick absolut störst plats på nyhetssidorna och jämfört med utmanaren Mitt Romney förekom han i vissa fall dubbelt så mycket.

  • 125. Adeniji, Anna
    Alla säger I Love You: om orden som gör känslor och känsliga formuleringar2007In: Bang : feministisk kulturtidskrift, ISSN 1102-4593, no 3, p. 91-93Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln handlarom hur orden "jag älskar dig" respektive "I love you" får betydelse både personligt, socialt och politiskt. Exempel hämtas från tv-serierna "Förhäxad" och "Sex and the City" och författaren resonerar kring hur orden skapar affektiva betydelser i kropp och genuspositioner. 

  • 126.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    Därför gifter sig feminister2009In: Arena, ISSN 1652-0556, no 5, p. 40-43Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 127.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköpings universitet.
    Inte den typ som gifter sig?: feministiska samtal om äktenskapsmotstånd2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här avhandlingen undersöker frågan om äktenskapsmotstånd i dagens svenska samhälle, media och kultur. Boken belyser olika sätt att uttrycka äktenskapsmotstånd och vad det betyder att formulera feministisk kritik av normerande familjevärderingar.

    Undersökningen baseras på etnografi och kritisk kulturanalys och granskar synen på äktenskap, relationer och familj som ett kulturellt imaginärt fält. Det empiriska materialet består av intervjuer med kvinnor som inte har velat gifta sig, liksom ett brett material från tv, webbsidor, dagstidningar, skvallerpress och bloggar.

    I avhandlingen genomförs och presenteras en feministisk metodologisk process, grundat i akademiskt kreativt och självreflexivt skrivande. Detta innebär att skrivprocessen, textformatet, liksom minnesarbete, olika intervjutekniker och andra kreativa analytiska praktiker är en del av det metodologiska ramverket.

    De teoretiska perspektiven som ligger till grund för denna studie består av flera feministiska strömningar: radikalfeminism, queerfeminism, liberealfeminism, anarkafeminism och ett socialt rättviseperspektiv. De belyser, på olika sätt, intersektioner mellan äktenskap, genus, sexualitet, nationalitet, klass och makt. En gemensam utgångspunkt är att identitetskategorier, möjligheter att agera liksom vår plats i världen är konstruerade av maktrelationer och normativa föreställningar om genus. Dessa perspektiv tillhandahåller analytiska verktyg för att diskutera och dekonstruera kulturella föreställningar om äktenskap och äktenskapsmotstånd.

  • 128.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    "Jag har aldrig sett dig som svart": Anna Adeniji läser Sara Ahmed2010In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, no 1/2, p. 83-87Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 129. Adeniji, Anna
    När Brad och Angelina inte ville gifta sig: en berättelse om heterosexuell melankoli och politiska beslut i vardagen2007In: Bang : feministisk kulturtidskrift, ISSN 1102-4593, no 1, p. 39-41Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

     Artikelnhandlar om skvallerpressens representation av celebriteterna BradPitt och Angelina Jolie, och hur deras icke-gifta status producerarmoralpanik och genusproblem i den populärkulturellaheteronormativiteten. Artikeln tar också upp "äktenskapsfrågan" ien svensk kontext och hur frågan om äktenskapsmotstånd glömts bortav feminismen.  

  • 130. Adeniji, Anna
    Ordningsstörande begär: biteori som kritik av antropologisk sexualitetsforskning2001Book (Other academic)
  • 131. Adeniji, Anna
    Ordningsstörande begär: biteori som kritik av antropologisk sexualitetsforskning2001In: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, Vol. 5, no 1/2, p. 54-69Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 132.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    [Recension av] Tove Ingebjørg Fjell: Å si til meningen med livet? En kulturvitenskapelig analyse av barnfrihet2010In: Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning, ISSN 0809-6341, E-ISSN 1891-1781, no 1, p. 175-179Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 133.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    The royal wedding as true love story: emotional politics intersecting culture, nationalism, modernity and heteronormality2010In: GEXcel work in progress report. Vol. 8: Proceedings from GEXcel theme 10 : Love in our time - a question for feminism : spring 2010 / [ed] Sofia Strid, Anna G. Jónasdóttir, Linköping: Linköping University , 2010, Vol. S. 85-92, p. 85-92Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 134.
    Adjam, Maryam
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Minnesspår: Hågkomstens rum och rörelse i skuggan av flykt2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Focusing on the memories of Estonian refugees moving to Sweden in the wake of World War II, I analyze the concepts of “memory space” and history within the framework of the Escape as a master narrative. Following the research participants to the sites of their memories in Estonia and Sweden today, raised the questions what constitutes a lived memory space, and how is history defined within it?

    Through a combination of a phenomenological analysis of memory’s lived ex­perience, using Walter Benjamin’s concept of montage as radical remembering and its dialectical relation to history, I show how embodied memories shape their own space, a space not always framed by historical master narratives and identity posi­tions, but rather a searching space that is always changing. Dealing with the politics of place and representations, these memories are constantly loaded and unloaded with meaning. Yet the space of lived memory is not always a creation of meaning. Walking around, searching for traces, a memory space confronts the place and maps its own geography. It turns to a spatial and temporal flow, which intertwines place and experience, and erases the past and future as homogeneous categories. It is a living space of memory, rather than a memorial space of representations.

    The analysis focuses further on the tensions between remembering as a dialogue with history and memory’s ongoing acts of embodied experience. The position of in-betweenness appears in these stories of escape, not as a state of in-between home and away, past and present, but rather as an ongoing space-making process be­tween different modes and layers of memory. This is a process aware of the constant changes in the understandings of both history and personal experiences, intertwin­ing these new interpretations with embodied memory and thereby constantly add­ing new layers of experience to it. Memory’s tracing illuminates a memory poetics of the meanwhile and the in-between, which refuses historical closure.

  • 135.
    Adler Bojsten, Vera
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Fellbom, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Vad förväntas kulturen leda till?: En studie av Kulturbryggan och Postkodlotteriets kulturstiftelse2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Som en följd av att det ekonomiska och kulturella fältet förts samman i större grad, har en ekonomisk logik och terminologi gjort sitt intåg i kultursektorn. Kulturen har kommit att uppmärksammas och erkännas som en viktig ingrediens för ekonomisk tillväxt och samhällsutveckling, något som påverkar vad den förväntas leda till. Kulturpolitiken har bidragit med att sprida idéer om kulturen, samt ställa högre krav på kulturfältet vad gäller mätning, styrning och redovisning. Att kulturen ekonomiserats och behövt anpassa sig till en managementdiskurs blir allt tydligare. Frågan är hur dessa idéer kommit att påverka kulturbidragsorganisationer i deras syn på kultur, då dessa har en nyckelroll i att bestämma vilken typ av kultur som skapas. Uppsatsen syftar till att öka förståelsen kring vad den ökade ekonomiseringen kan ha haft för inverkan på kulturen, närmare bestämt vad kulturen förväntas leda till för att få bidrag. Detta undersöktes genom en flerfallsstudie av två kulturbidrags-organisationer: Kulturbryggan och Postkodlotteriets kulturstiftelse, samt genom kompletterande röster från kulturutövare. Studien visar att inga av samtliga respondenter anser att kulturen bör förväntas leda till ekonomisk tillväxt. Däremot behöver den visa på ett ekonomiskt värde för att kunna legitimeras. I studien går det även att utläsa ökade ekonomiska krav på mätbarhet, redovisning och utvärdering samt ett användande av ett ekonomiskt språkbruk bland respondenterna. Den ökade ekonomiseringen har även medfört ett större administrativt arbete för kulturorganisationer och kulturutövare, vilket påverkar arbetet med kärnverksamheten.

  • 136.
    Adlertz, Rebecca
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Linddal Åhlin, Moa
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Relationer inom globala försörjningskedjor - hur hanteras de egentligen?: En fallstudie om hur ett svenskt detaljhandelsföretag konstruerat relationerna till sina asiatiska produktleverantörer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is no longer individual companies competing against each other but rather supply chains and this assertion has been the starting point for this study. As trade becomes globalized, companies are faced with challenges about how international relations are to be managed. Companies need to make a consideration in the choice of supply strategy with decisions regarding what degree of cooperation and integration they should have with their suppliers.

    This study is intended as an illustrative example of how supplier relationships and supply chains are organized in practice, with the purpose to provide in-depth understanding of how relationships in supply chains can be designed. The focus in the study lies on information exchange and integration between the parties. To investigate this, a qualitative case study has been conducted at the Swedish retail company Rusta. They act as an example to help illustrate how companies in trade-intensive sectors work with issues related to supplier relationships and global sourcing.

    For the study, a framework has been designed based on previous research and theories about transaction costs, contract and control, supplier relations, information and integration. These topics have been the basis for data sample. The study is based on data collected through interviews, document examinations and one observation.

    The results found show that there are many dimensions in the design of supplier relationships. Rusta has purchasing offices in Asia to be closer to its suppliers and create a more secure business environment for trade. In some cases, Rusta works in close relations with their suppliers and in others on a transactional basis. We see that Rusta shares a large amount of information with their suppliers on a daily basis. Integration is evident in various ways, yet there is no shared business system operating between Rusta and their suppliers. In conclusion, the study shows that the more complex a product is, the more complex the relationship becomes. Another conclusion is that there is no general type of relationship that suits all business transactions.

  • 137.
    Adolfsson, Fredrika
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    Det semiotiska i Pipilotti Rists Tyngdkraft, var min vän2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats diskuterar Julia Kristevas begrepp det semiotiska i Pipilotti Rists audiovideoinstallation Tyngdkraft, var min vän, som visades på Magasin 3, Stockholm konsthall, 2007. Verket består av ett rum med upphöjda mattskulpturer där betraktaren kan ta av sig skorna och lägga sig ned för att ta del av två filmer som visas i taket ovanför matthögarna. Största delen av filmerna utspelar sig under vattenytan där en kvinna och en androgyn man utforskar ett universum fyllt av sinlighet, närvaro, lekfullhet, kropp, drifter och lugn -ett paradis fyllt av växtlighet och där tyngkraften ibland minskat. Bilder i starka färger och ljus, kaleidoskopiska formationer och ett till viss del uppbrutet bildspråk, möter åskådaren. Det semiotiska beskrivs av Kristeva som den driftsmässiga dimensionen av språket som är kopplat till ett förspråkligt stadium hos det preoidipala barnet innan det hunnit utvecklats till ett eget subjekt. Med detta menar hon den värld nära moderskroppen som barnet befinner sig i och där en icke-språklig kommunikation sker mellan mor och barn. Dock står denna värld inte helt utan lag och ordning eftersom modern (och barnet) alltid befinner sig under en viss språklig och kulturell lagbundenhet, kallad den symboliska ordningen, vilken kommer in även i det semiotiska. Det semiotiska och det symboliska är därför nära kopplade till varandra och kan inte existera utan varandra. Det semiotiska lever kvar även efter att det lilla barnet utvecklats till ett subjekt och trätt in i den språkliga, symboliska ordningen. Detta visar sig som semiotiska spår i bland annat konsten, och när det kommer till språket ser vi det främst i poesin, som är ett mindre lagbundet språk som rör sig i gränslandet mellan det semiotiska och det symboliska. Eftersom Tyngdkraft, var min vän inte innehåller något talat eller skrivet språk görs i uppsatsen en koppling mellan detta verk och det semiotiska genom utforskandet av olika element i verket. Dessa element är tyngdkraften, jorden, vattnet, bildspråket, upprepningen, rytmen, moderskroppen, paradiset, affekterna och drifterna samt gränslandet natur och kultur.

  • 138.
    Adolfsson, Jeanette
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Svanblom, Elin
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies.
    Den rebelliske aktivisten: En fallstudie av WeAretheSuperlativeConspiracys användning av Weactivists i varumärkesbyggande syfte2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has a focus on brand building and brand identity. The overall idea of the study is to examine the Swedish clothing company WeAretheSuperlativeConspiracys brand building tactics and activities. WeAretheSuperlativeConspiracys, or WeSC, is a company that produces and sells streetfashion in over 20 countries and has over 1600 distributors. The company has in the recent years grown to become one of the largest in its segment. The interesting factor in WeSC´s brand building activities is the use of Weactivists. A Weactivists is a person, known or unknown, that is really good at what they do and share the mentality of WeSC. These individuals are used in the companies marketing in different and creative ways.

    The purpose of this study is to describe and analyse the company’s use of Weactivists, specifically by describing the use of these persons in the company’s campaign material and analysing what message the usage sends. The main purpose is to analyze why WeSC use these Weactivists in their brand building activities. Interviews, company research and advertising material have been the empirical foundation of the study. The two main theories that have been used in this study focuses on brand building and brand identity. These theories have been applied on the empirical research in a purpose to analyse the company and its use of Weactivists.

    After analysing WeSC we found that the Weactivists play an important and big roll in the company’s brand building. We found, that through these persons, WeSC communicate their core values and their identity in a creative and unusual way. By analysing the company’s campaign material, we saw signs of Swedish influences, humour, irony, creativity and a rebel attitude. In conclusion we found that the Weactivists play a crucial roll in the company’s communication of its identity. Through these persons, a clear and consistent identity is communicated with an emphasis and credibility that gives WeSC a unique position among its competitors.

  • 139.
    Adolfsson, Lina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Den virtuella döden eller räddaren i nöden?: En kvalitativ studie om avståndstagande från sociala medier2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka och söka förståelse för avståndstagande från sociala medier. Detta är en företeelse som idag tycks bli allt vanligare fenomen bland användare av sociala medier, i synnerhet på Facebook. Med anledning av detta har jag därmed valt att begränsa studien genom att undersöka avståndstagande från just detta sociala nätverk. För att undersöka fenomenet har jag studerat hur användare av sociala medier förklarar orsakerna till avståndstagande, hur de upplever att de har påverkats av det samt undersökt på vilket sätt avståndstagande kan tolkas och förstås som politiska eller apolitiska handlingar och resonemang.

    För att ge svar på studiens syfte och frågeställningar har jag använt mig av en kvalitativ metod i form av enskilda samtalsintervjuer som bidrar till en djupare förståelse för respondenternas avståndstagande. Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i José van Dijcks teorier kring de sociala mediernas normalisering, teorier om digitala kommunikationsteknologiers påverkan av socialitet och identitetskapande som bland annat beskrivs av Sherry Turkle samt Anne Kaun och Laura Portwood-Stacers tankar kring mediekritisk aktivism och livsstilspolitik. Den kan ytterligare ses som en utveckling av tidigare forskning av bland andra Stefan Stieger som kretsar kring orsakerna till medieavhopp.

    Studien visade att avståndstagande från sociala medier är en företeelse som ser ut på många skilda sätt och innefattar en mängd orsaker och konsekvenser som främst bör förstås på ett individuellt plan. Handlingen omges av en positiv uppfattning och pendlar mellan aktiv mediekritik och identitetssökande som präglas av individuella och apolitiska resonemang.

  • 140.
    Adolfsson, Viktor
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Den gula armén och dess svenska hjältar: föreställda gemenskaper och nationalism i krönikörernas bevakning av fotbolls-VM2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats i journalistik handlar om hur bevakningen i kvällstidningarnas sportbilagor av det svenska herrlandslaget i fotbolls-VM 2002 och 2006 och mer specifikt hur krönikorna i dessa tidningar skapar en svensk identitet och om dessa innehåller spår av nationalism. Uppsatsen utgår från norske antropologen Thomas Hylland Eriksens teorier om etnicitet, föreställda gemenskaper och nationalism samt tidigare forskning kring Vi och Dom i medier. Undersökningen visar att bevakningen av fotbolls-VM till stor grad består av en typ av värnande om det svenska och till och med nationalism som på andra platser i samhället skulle vara helt oacceptabel. Bland annat förminskas afrikanska och karibiska lags spelare liksom engelsmän och tyskar för att stärka den egna identiteten. Även krigsretorik, som normalt förknippas med nationalistiska diskurser, är vanligt förekommande. Exempelvis beskrivs de svenska supportrarna som ”den gula armén” flera gånger. Sportbilagornas krönikörer, vissa mer än andra, använder sig av flera grepp som kan kopplas till nationalism och bidrar i allra högsta grad till att skapa en svensk (föreställd) gemenskap.

  • 141.
    Adrian Johnsson, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies.
    Hur HR chefer inom turismföretag värderar högskoleutbildning i sin rekrytering2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education related to tourism has emerged as a result of strengthening human resource management and the competitiveness in the tourism industry. The objective of this study is to examine how HR managers value an academic degree in their recruitment process. From a hermeneutic analysis, the goal of the study is also to gain insight into managers' perception of educational and skills needs in their industry today.

    The empirical result of this study consists of four interviews with HR executives from the travel industry and the meeting industry. A fifth interview was also made with a senior university lecturer from Etour as an important contribution of knowledge. The result showed that the valuation of an academic degree in the recruitment process is determined by the kind of tourism employment and location or position. In key positions with core competencies it’s required an academic degree. The results also showed that vocational training and work experience is valued, while the ability to work their way up from certain positions through internal recruitment also is common

  • 142.
    Adrian Johnsson, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    Celorrio Pérez, Claudia
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Mansjagande amazonkvinna, den självuppoffrande eller machohataren: Tre stereotyper av den latinamerikanska rollfiguren inom amerikansk populärfilm2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to increase knowledge about how latinamerican women are potrayed in American popular films. We examine whether ther are apparent sterotypes in relation to gender, ethnicity and class. With the support of an intersectionality approach and with the use of conceptual explanations of ''latino'' represantations in films, we aim to analyze three Hollywood films over the time period of 2003 to 2011. These films are ''Chasing papi'' (2003), ''Ask the dust'' (2006) and ''Without men'' (2011). The used method to enable us to further analyze the material is a qualitative content analysis. The crucial aspect of a qualitative content analysis is to work with themes, which we have done. These themes are (1) sexual discourse (2) rasified discourse (3) class marked femeninities.  Through our analysis we have found that the latinamerican female character is stereotyped in relation to her gender, ethnicity and class in the sense that she is portrayed different and exotic in contrast to other actors in the films.

  • 143.
    Adrian, Pia
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Hur elever upplever sin möjlighet till inflytande på fritidshemmet.: Det är fröknarna som bestämmer, de är fritidsplanerarna2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 144.
    Adriasola Orellana, Ramiro
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Att arbeta med faderns gestaltning i skolans litteraturundervisning: En komparativ studie över faderskapets förändring över tid2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, my focus has been to study the progress of the ”new” fathers ideals in youth literature used in schools today. The base for my comparative study on the ”new” fathers change over time, has been the article of Vivi Edtröms ”Det gäller pappa – fäder och döttrar i ungdomsboken” which she presents in Ungdomsboken from 1984. What Edtröm has done is pin-pointing some of the ”new” fathers attributes in youth literature of the 1970’s. In this study, I also incorporated some of the didactic aspects that teachers need to have in mind when choosing literature for students to read.

    My analysis show new problem areas in the description of the father in youth literature written in the last 20 years.  These  new father ideals where not present in Edtröms study conducted in the 1970’s. These new ideals that I have seen in my study, has an origin in honor cultures and is a relatively new phenomenon in Swedish youth literature. This by itself demands that teachers today need to have a good insight in present gender and reception research to be able to use youth literature in classroom situations and in the same time follow the directives that the curriculum statues. The teacher’s awareness of gender specific issues is central in order to deal with the questions that can be highlighted when letting students read literature that has such distinctive attributes of fathers from an other religion and culture, particular fathers from an Middle Eastern origin.

  • 145.
    Adriasola Orellana, Ramiro
    Södertörn University, Lärarutbildningen.
    Maskuliniteter i skolans skönlitteratur: En studie av manliga maktstrategier i ungdomslitteratur2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 146.
    Adriasola Orellana, Stefanía
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Teacher Education.
    Regnbågen har många färger, så låt oss se dem alla!: Om förskolepedagogers attityder, normer och värderingar kring regnbågsfamiljer2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out which attitudes, norms and values exists about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) families in preschools. Based on five qualitative interviews with teachers that work at a LGBT-certified preschool and one that is active in their work with norm critical pedagogy. To be able to fulfil my purpose of this study I concentrated on why these teachers believed that it was of importance to counter society’s heteronormativity, to prevent discrimination and mistreatments towards children and their LGBT parents in preschool. I wanted to find out what the teachers thoughts were on the concept of what a family is and how the diversity of families is shown in the preschools material and pedagogy.

    When I analysed the results of my qualitative interviews I used queer theories that include heteronormativity and norm critical pedagogy. The interviews of the teachers showed that they thought it was of great importance to work with a norm critical pedagogy because they did not believe that society’s heteronormativity could or should rule in preschools. The assumption that the majority, to not say all of the children, come from nuclear families does not agree with the reality of many children in our society. To assume such thing can lead to discrimination and obscureness. The results of my study show that by reviewing your own norms and perceptions of normality, will allow you to work with a norm critical approach. It also gives you an awareness that will help you as an educator to make sure that more children and families feel that they are acknowledged and respected. The active choice of methods and materials in the preschool helps the teachers to ensure that the children can be seen and reflected on a daily basis. By questioning heteronormativity in preschool, teachers offer children more opportunities and presents different realities. It also helps them to develop measures to analyse the norms and not just assume that there is only one right way to live.

  • 147.
    Adving, Nicolina
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Konsten under jorden: En analys av Ulrik Samuelsons konst i Kungsträdgårdens tunnelbanestation2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the work of art in the underground station Kungsträdgården in Stockholm and discusses the observers interpretation of the art in the station. When the artist Ulrik Samuelson got his commission to shape the station he was influenced by Marcel Duchamp and the concept art. Two themes were integrated in the work of art, the actual culture life and the palace called Makalös, which was situated just above the currant station, three hundred years ago. The station was built in two stages.

    The first part was opened in 1977 and the second part in 1987. Panofsky´s iconographic working method has been used in this essay. Accurate observations of the work of art and relevant literature studies are described in the study. Samuelson’s work has a lot of references to currant culture, social and political life of the time as well as so called ready-mades from Stockholm and artefacts from Makalös.

    The observers understanding of the work of art is dependent on for example the observers age and knowledge. The parts that were present thirty years ago were known by people at that time but are hardly known by anybody nowadays. The modern young observers may not interpret every part of the numerous things and symbols although this will probably not prevent them to enjoy the work of art as a highly artistic production.

  • 148. Aeluri, Madhu
    et al.
    Gaddam, Jagan
    Trinath, Devarakonda V. K. S.
    Chandrasekar, Gayathri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Kitambi, Satish Srinivas
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies. Karolinska institutet.
    Arya, Prabhat
    An Intramolecular Heck Approach To Obtain 17-Membered Macrocyclic Diversity and the Identification of an Antiangiogenesis Agent from a Zebrafish Assay2013In: European Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-193X, E-ISSN 1099-0690, no 19, p. 3955-3958Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report a practical and modular approach to obtain two different types of 17-membered ring macrocyclic compounds through an intramolecular Heck reaction. These macrocyclic compounds are functionalized, that is, they contain two contiguous stereogenic hydroxy functional groups and an amino acid moiety in the macrocyclic ring skeleton. The macrocycles were then screened against a zebrafish assay to determine the antiangiogenesis activity of these small molecules. Macrocyclic compound 2.2a was identified as a potent inhibitor at 2.5 M, whereas its acyclic precursor and the other related macrocyclic compounds did not show any effect.

  • 149. Aeluri, Madhu
    et al.
    Pramanik, Chinmoy
    Chetia, Lakshindra
    Mallurwar, Naveen Kumar
    Balasubramanian, Sridhar
    Chandrasekar, Gayathri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
    Kitambi, Satish Srinivas
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies. Karolinska Institute.
    Arya, Prabhat
    14-Membered Macrocyclic Ring-Derived Toolbox: The Identification of Small Molecule Inhibitors of Angiogenesis and Early Embryo Development in Zebrafish Assay2013In: Organic Letters, ISSN 1523-7060, E-ISSN 1523-7052, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 436-439Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A highly practical and modular synthesis to obtain a diverse 14-membered ring-based macrocyclic toolbox is achieved. These compounds were further tested in zebrafish assays related to early embryonic development, angiogenesis, and neurogenesis, respectively. 1.4c was Identified as an antiangiogenesis agent.

  • 150. Aervold Bjerre, Thomas
    et al.
    Johannessen, Lene
    Kella, Liz
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, English language.
    Nyman, Jopi
    Nordic Contributions2008In: American Literary Scholarship, ISSN 0065-9142, E-ISSN 1527-2125, p. 524-543Article, review/survey (Other academic)
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