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  • 1.
    Bromark, Kristina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Knutsson, Ola
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Spånberger Weitz, Ylva
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Socialt arbete.
    Co-designing a dynamic tool to enhance participation for young people: A participatory design project with young service users and social workers2023Ingår i: Children and youth services review, ISSN 0190-7409, E-ISSN 1873-7765, Vol. 147Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an emphasis on user participation in social work. The arguments derive from both a democratic and a consumerist approach, aiming on the one hand to equalize power between users and professionals, and on the other hand, for more efficient and legitimized services. However, research shows that there is a lack of knowledge about methods and conditions for realizing user participation in social services. In this exploratory study, grounded in participatory design, a set of four workshops took place, enabling young people, social workers and researchers to participate in the design process. The data were analysed with affinity analysis, a technique whereby the data are sorted with “I” labels, to stay close to the material. Also, written feedback and reflections from participants as well as oral feedback and reflections were generated, documented and integrated with the affinity analysis. The main findings concern how the participatory approach revealed tensions between the participants’ different perspectives on user participation, which in turn contributed to the shaping of a dynamic tool. The findings imply that the tool needed to be both “fair and square” to ensure equality for all young people, and dynamic and flexible to meet the uniqueness of each young person. Moreover, the tool needed to be both rich and contextualized to meet the need for information and participation throughout the transition process, and simple and accessible to meet the acute nature of many transitions as well as the overall time constraints within social work practice. The research process reached the level of contribution, with involvement in some but not all stages labelled as collaboration. The wide range of expertise involved in the design process provides a good basis for the tool to be able to address the need for increased user participation in social work practice. 

  • 2.
    Padyab, Mojgan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Ghazinour, Mehdi
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Lundgren, Lena
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Unaccompanied minors and court mandated institutional care: A national registry-based study in Sweden2020Ingår i: Children and youth services review, ISSN 0190-7409, E-ISSN 1873-7765, Vol. 109, artikel-id 104698Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sweden received, in 2016, 40% of EUs asylum seeking unaccompanied minors (UAM) (individuals less than 18 years of age). Some of these youth end up in a court mandated compulsory-care institution within months upon their arrival. A key concern is the appropriateness of UAMs ending up in an institutional care system which is aimed at youth with significant criminal justice, violence and/or drug problems. A second concern is that UAMs in compulsory care may display behavioral and acting out behaviors while in care due to their history of trauma and confusion regarding being institutionalized. The research question examined is whether UAMs in compulsory care receive more restrictive actions by compulsory care staff compared to their counterparts who are non-UAMs.

    Materials and methods: The research team used national compulsory-care registry data from 2014-2016 to compare a range of restrictive actions taken by institution staff between UAMs versus non-UAMs while in care. Differences in the rate of compulsory care restrictive actions reported between UAMs and non-UAMs, while in care, were examined using chi-square test and Poisson regression methods.

    Results: A total of 2398 children and youth were placed in compulsory institutional care during the study period, of whom 423 (17.5%) were unaccompanied. The Poisson regression model identified that being subjected to body search, limited body inspection, drug use testing, and care in locked unit were used significantly less often for UAMs individuals compared to non-AUMs. In addition, repeated number of intakes in compulsory care and number of dropouts were lower among UAMs during this time period.

    Conclusion: The finding of this national registry study revealed that restrictive actions by institutional staff within compulsory care were significantly less common for UAMs versus non-UAMs. This study roughly suggests that the Swedish policy makers overseeing NSBIC need to consider and evaluate other care alternatives for UAMs, in addition to youth compulsory institutional care.

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