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  • 1.
    Andrén, Thomas
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Miljövetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Geografi.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Måltidskunskap.
    Vinlandet Sverige - konsumtionen, produktionen och framtida förutsättningar2011Inngår i: Ymer, ISSN 0044-0477, s. 121-146Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Arpe, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för svenska, retorik och journalistik.
    Socker - en söt produkt nu som då2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 3.
    Awebro, Kenneth
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Historia.
    Historiskt fiske i Östersjön2006Inngår i: Biodiverse, ISSN 1401-5064, nr 2, s. 16-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Bergkvist, Tomas
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Kommunalt naturskydd som en del av markanvändningsplaneringen: en fallstudie av olika synsätt i samband med upphävande av naturreservat2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In metropolitan areas where the exploitation pressure increases, also the importance to point out nature areas grows, both for the sake of outdoor life and for biodiversity conservation. Since nature conservancy and spatial planning constitute two different parts of the municipalities land use control, a case study has been carried out in two municipalities in the Stockholm region, Huddinge and Järfälla. Both these municipalities have protected about one third of their land and today there are plans to repeal parts of the reserves to enable exploitation. This thesis shows – from the theoretical concept of sustainable development – officials, politicians and non-governmental organizations perspectives on questions concerning land use together with the work with nature reserves and repeals. The study focuses on how different basic attitudes and paradigms emphasizes different aspects of sustainable development and how this in turn affects the work to repeal nature reserves. Interviews with stakeholders in the municipalities and documents concerning land use and nature reserves demonstrates that there is distinct differences between the planning-paradigm, based on spatial planning, and the environmental-paradigm, based on nature conservation. From the planning-paradigm it is considered that nature reserves had to big impact on the munici­pality's land use and that valuable nature more frequently should be protected by the Swedish planning and building act. From the environmental-paradigms view the nature conservancy is – and should also in the future be – an important tool in the long-term prevention to stop valuable nature from being exploited. The thesis also stresses the importance to in the work with repeals take all effects that this kind of decision can lead to into account – not just in the repealed area but also for the future work with nature reserves on the whole.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 5.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Conflict or convergence?: Products of origin. An analysis of the Swedish case of Baltic Sea fish2013Inngår i: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. VI, nr 3-4, s. 48-51Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In response to the contemporary globalization ofthe economy, food markets are shifting toward differentiation of services and products based on theunique qualities and attributes of the products. Aparadigm called the “quality turn” corresponds to the increasing variety of food services. “Alternative foods”,including organic products or products qualified bytheir origin, and new methods of marketing the sefoods (farmer’s markets, local contracts, etc.) are developingthrough the mainstreaming of innovation. Protected designation of origin (PDO) is a certificationscheme that certifies products by their origin, and is one of several important tools to strengthen the competitiveness of rural areas, especially for smallscalefood processing in rural and less-developed areas in Europe. A PDO provides groups of producers with protection against unfair competition for products whose unique sensory characteristics essentially depend on the local geographic and cultural conditions as well as the local know-how of the productionsite. A PDO certification informs consumers that the product quality and its value depend on the geographic origin of the product. Despite the potential value of PDOs for producers, their use is unevenly distributed throughout the EU. The organization of the qualitycertification systems and corresponding legal provisions vary between countries. France, Italy, and Spainare models for the development of the PDO schemeand have more than 800 PDO-certified products. However, countries such as Sweden, Finland, andDenmark have a much smaller number of products that are certified. In Sweden, several products have applied for a PDO, but only one, Kalix Löjrom, has been certified under the scheme. The reason for this failure is mainly that Sweden’s current customs do not correspond to the rules and traditions used to createthe PDO scheme. To increase the likelihood of successfully obtaining PDOs, Sweden should work to reinvent local knowledge and local food and to recover its traditional food culture.

  • 6.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Normark, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Medieteknik.
    Community gardening in Stockholm: participation, driving forces and the role of the municipality2018Inngår i: Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, ISSN 1742-1705, E-ISSN 1742-1713, Vol. 33, nr 6, s. 503-507Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper reports on a study of community gardening in Stockholm. We contribute to the body of knowledge about the sustainability of community gardens and this new form of citizen-led initiatives in Stockholm, with the ambition of creating a debate about the best way to sustain and develop these initiatives in Sweden. We argue that although community gardening may provide leverage for means of developing a sustainable city, it is a marginal phenomenon and contributes little to sustainable development its present form. Through interviews we have investigated how the citizens and municipality officers of Stockholm try to adapt to the renewed interest in community gardening by looking at the policy makers’, municipality officers’ and grassroots movements’ incentives to start community gardens. We specifically focus on how the community gardeners articulate their reasons for participating in collaborative initiatives in the city and how these expectations evolve when they are faced with the reality of gardening and the problems relating to producing food in the city. We have found that there are a growing number of citizens and local authorities advocating community gardening, but the sustainability and endurance of gardens are hampered by vague responsibilities, lack of leadership and unclear expectations of the outcome. Community gardening cases in Stockholm contribute to the debate by exemplifying how formal (e.g. policy making) and informal advocacy (e.g. civic engagement in community gardening) groups are collaborating, but also showing that they often have different agendas and initial motivations for setting up new gardens. We argue that uncritical enthusiasm results in an overly instrumental approach to governance of community gardening and that the sustainability and endurance of the community gardening is not an issue that the governing bodies plan for, and hence it is forgotten. We suggest some routes forward, involving employing facilitators from various stakeholders such as the municipality, housing companies and various NGOs.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Måltidskunskap. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Geografi.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Måltidskunskap.
    Gastronomins (politiska) geografi2011Inngår i: Ymer, ISSN 0044-0477, s. 7-36Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Måltidskunskap. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Geografi.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Måltidskunskap.
    Platsen som varumärke2013Inngår i: Från matproduktion till gastronomi / [ed] Paulina Rytkönen, Madeleine Bonow, Per Wramner, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2013, s. 61-75Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Måltidskunskap. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Geografi.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Måltidskunskap.
    Platsen som varumärke2013Inngår i: Entreprenörskap och varumärken / [ed] Mats Larsson, Mikael Lönnborg & Karin Winroth, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2013, s. 217-235Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 10.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Måltidskunskap. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Geografi.
    Svanberg, Ingvar
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Biologi.
    Karpfiskarnas tillbakagång i svenskt kosthåll2013Inngår i: Från matproduktion till gastronomi / [ed] Paulina Rytkönen, Madeleine Bonow, Per Wramner, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2013, s. 91-114Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 11.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Måltidskunskap. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Geografi.
    Svanberg, Ingvar
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Biologi.
    "Säg får jag bjuda ur sumpen på en sprittande ruda": En bortglömd läckerhet från gångna tiders prästgårdskök2011Inngår i: Ymer, ISSN 0044-0477, s. 147-169Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Bosma, R. H.
    et al.
    Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, Netherlands.
    Ha, T. T. P.
    Can Tho University, Can Tho, Vietnam.
    Hiep, T. Q.
    Can Tho University, Can Tho, Vietnam.
    Phuong, N. T. H.
    Can Tho University, Can Tho, Vietnam.
    Ligtenberg, A.
    Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, Netherlands.
    Rodela, Romina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Bregt, A. K.
    Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, Netherlands.
    Changing opinion, knowledge, skill and behaviour of Vietnamese shrimp farmers by using serious board games2020Inngår i: The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, ISSN 1389-224X, E-ISSN 1750-8622, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 203-221Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Mekong Delta's shrimp farming contributes to socio-economic development but tends to reduce the mangrove area. On the one hand, NGOs advocate balancing ecology and economy, while on the other hand, the Vietnamese government supports intensifying shrimp production. The latter strategy increases shrimp diseases and marginalises smallholders. To influence the opinions, knowledge and behaviour of shrimp farmers, we developed and tested a serious board game. Approach: Through several iterations, we designed a realistic board game mimicking local shrimp farming. Then, after conducting three sessions of gameplay with farmers in three sites, we assessed how this gameplay influenced players. We used a semi-experimental set-up by collecting data on the day of the gameplay, and on two further time-points. Findings: After the gameplays, farmers reported to have learned about the risks of monoculture-intensive-shrimp system and the advantages of hybrid systems. Likert ratings showed that players adopted innovations faster and, in case of shrimp diseases, consulted commercial service-providers less, but with other farmers more. They confirmed to have learned that the best strategy for them would be to adopt hybrid systems, i.e. intensify part of the area of mixed-mangrove or improved-extensive shrimp farms. Theoretical implications: Realistic board games can create opportunities for social learning and training of groups which are not always easy to reach. Practical implications: Board games can support transfer of knowledge and skills to farmers, and can develop their critical thinking. Creation: The findings that board games are effective in the context of a top-down extension systems offer value opportunities.

  • 13.
    Dahl, Ida
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Naturvårdshänsyn i boreal bruksskog: En studie om avverkningar och avverkare i skogarna runt Saxdalen i södra Dalarna2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    As the past century’s technological development has progressed the Swedish boreal forests have transformed into dense, highly productive, homogenous and coniferous forests. The area around Saxdalen in Ludvika municipality has long been dominated forests which have been heavily worked since the 18th century. There are in Ludvika 119 000 hectares of productive forest land. Around 70 percent are owned by forest companies and 20 by private forest owners. The forestry is governed by national laws and instructions from the Swedish Forest Agency. Foresters may also choose to abide by certification systems such as FSC and PEFC. 80 percent of Swedish productive forest is certified. This thesis is based on literature review and 8 field studies of regeneration fellings in Saxdalen. The purpose of this thesis is to understand to what degree environmental considerations are taken during regeneration fellings to preserve biodiversity. The focus of the thesis has been the preservation of storm sturdy trees, deciduous trees and standing dread trees, larger tree stumps and protected zones around watercourses. The protected zones were found severely lacking in practically all the observed fellings. The quality the trees preserved varied greatly between the fellings. In this study there were no found links between the ownership form or certification system and the considerations taken during regeneration fellings. A lot of parties are involved in fellings and those responsible aren’t always in full control. The work of preserving boreal forests resilience and biodiversity must be conducted in more strategic and coordinated fashion. There must be common criteria and strategies for large forest areas so that species can spread and survive the forestry, especially considering future climate change.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Naturvård i boreal bruksskog
  • 14.
    Eellend, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Samtidshistoriska institutet.
    Agrarianism and Modernization in Inter-War Eastern Europe2008Inngår i: Societal change and ideological formation among the rural population of the Baltic area 1880-1939 / [ed] Piotr Wawrzeniuk, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2008, s. 35-56Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Agrarianism and Modernization in Inter-War Eastern Europe
  • 15.
    Eellend, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Samtidshistoriska institutet.
    The Harvest of Modernization: The formation of Agrarianism in Estonia prior to World War2010Inngår i: Jahrbuch für Geschichte des ländlichen Raumes, s. 149-166Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Eellend, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Samtidshistoriska institutet.
    Unity through modernity: the agrarian media and the national question at the turn of the 20th century2009Inngår i: Nordost-Archiv.Zeitschrift für Regionalgeschichte. Neue Folge, ISSN 0029-1595, nr XVIII, s. 25-44Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Elgan, Elisabeth
    Södertörns högskola, Avdelning 3, Samtidshistoriska institutet.
    Sexualpolitikens genus i Frankrike och Sverige1999Inngår i: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, Vol. 20, nr 3, s. 18-30Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 18.
    Elofsson, Katarina
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Gren, Ing-Marie
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Cost-efficient climate policies for interdependent carbon pools2018Inngår i: Environmental Modelling & Software, ISSN 1364-8152, E-ISSN 1873-6726, Vol. 101, s. 86-101Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate cost-effective climate policy instruments for bioenergy and timber, adapted to the impacts on interdependent forest carbon pools, and applied in the EU climate policy to 2050. We develop a discrete time dynamic model including forest carbon pools in biomass, soil, and products, as well as fossil fuel consumption. The analytical results show that the optimal taxes on forest products depend on the growth in the respective carbon pool. The application to the EU 2050 climate policy for emission trading shows that total costs for target achievement can be reduced by 33 percent if all carbon pools are included, and the carbon tax on fossil fuel can be reduced by 50 percent. Optimal taxes on forest products differ among countries and over time depending on the potential for increased carbon sequestration over the planning period. (C) 2017 The Authors. 

  • 19.
    Enqvist, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Involving forest-dependent communities in climate change mitigation: Obstacles and opportunities for successful implementation of a REDD mechanism in Babati District, Tanzania2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to identify how forest management in Tanzania can contribute to global climate change mitigation while improving livelihoods of forest-dependent communities.

    A mechanism for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) is meant to slow increases of atmospheric CO2 while channelling funds to developing countries. In Tanzania, pioneering work in participatory forest management (PFM) has promoted local-level control over forest resource use. The purpose of this study is to contribute to a linkage between REDD and PFM that maximises benefits for communities, forests and global climate.

    Three PFM projects with relation to REDD have been studied, primarily using semi-structured interviews with villagers, district officials, project facilitators, researchers, consultants and policy-makers. Analysis consists of comparing experiences at different levels and putting them in the theoretical context of climate change and forest conservation.

    The study identifies several issues: local and central government institutions cannot ensure equitable benefit sharing; cross-sectoral co-ordination to address fundamental causes of the problems is lacking; participation of local communities is not satisfactory.

    However, the process is at an early stage. Current activities will hopefully contribute to a future framework that properly addresses these and other obstacles. If this is accomplished, PFM and REDD can complement each other in a positive way.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 20.
    Ericsson, Anna
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Water Availability and Distribution in Africa: Effects of the IFAD irrigation scheme in Kiru Valley, Tanzania2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The case study was made in the area of Kiru Valley, Tanzania, in order to study the conflicts over the water in the river Dodumera, and also to understand how the villages Mawemairo, Matufa and Mapea have been affected by the construction of the IFAD irrigation scheme. The aim was to connect the conflicts in the area with a general view of how water can create such conflicts. The method used in the case study was semi-structured interviews. The results from the interviews made with farmers and officials in Kiru Valley was analysed through general theories about water conflicts and theories about governing common-pool resources, such as Ostrom’s eight principles and the theory the Tragedy of the Commons. The analysis was also made through the IFAD poverty reduction strategy programme (PRSP). The conclusion made on the basis of this analysis was that the IFAD project, in Kiru Valley, was in correlation with the PRSP and an attempt to reduce poverty in the two villages Mawemairo and Matufa. The project has been very successful and has contributed to an increase of livelihood and development in the villages. However, the scheme has also affected other villages, such as Mapea. The scheme has contributed to a decrease of water availability in the Dodumera River for Mapea. Nowadays they only rely on rain-fed irrigation. The conflicts have been affected by the scheme, not so much in the quantity of the conflicts but more in the target of the conflicts. Before the construction of the scheme the conflicts was directed at the big-scale farmers, now they are directed at the scheme. On the other hand, the scheme has helped reducing the conflicts between the farmers in Mawemairo and Matufa. There are solutions to conflicts and water scarcity, such as more efficient irrigation techniques and Ostrom’s principles on governing the common-pool resources.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 21.
    Eriksson, Sofia
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Miljövetenskap. Stockholms universitet.
    Lönn, Mikael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Biologi.
    Historical perspepctives on landscape representation and forest composition in Woodland Key Habitats compared to formally protected forest in boreal SwedenManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Habitats of Swedish conservation interests are in general small and fragmented following the extensive and intensive forest management history. This study covering 71 000 ha of boreal Sweden investigates how history influences present-day distribution and composition of forests identified as high conservation value habitats and how they are protected. We also investigated if the habitat criteria used to describe reservations differed between reservation types and if habitat criteria were associated with the size of Woodland Key Habitats. The results show strong effects from historical ownership and historical forest type on the probability of an area being set aside as formally protected or as voluntary protected Woodland Key Habitats. We also found that both formal reservations and Woodland Key Habitats primarily cover coniferous forest in the age interval 70-110 years but not the presumably most valuable oldest coniferous category >110 or deciduous forests, which are as common in reservations as in other areas. Old deciduous forests (>110 years) are significantly more rare in formal reservations compared to the forest matrix. When viewed in a context of fragmentation and edge effects the results underline the importance of evaluating reserved areas and Woodland Key Habitats in a wider temporal and larger spatial perspective to optimize conservation management efforts. Maximal representation and biodiversity can be better achieved if new reservations are chosen to represent different ownership and forest history, and if they are selected in a landscape context related to present reservations and the present surrounding production forest.

  • 22.
    Eriksson, Sofia
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Miljövetenskap. Stockholms universitet.
    Lönn, Mikael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Biologi.
    Interactions between historical forest composition and ownership affect present composition of older forest in boreal SwedenManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we reconstruct forest composition during the 1860s for a 71000 ha area in southern boreal Sweden. The aim is to show how historical ownership and associated anthropogenic disturbances act as a source of heterogeneity in the present-day distribution and composition of coniferous and deciduous forest within the commercial production forest. We use older (>110 years) and mature (70-110 years) forest as response variables in generalized linear models with a binominal error distribution. The explanatory variables include size of zone, historical type of ownership zone (village, company, and farm), amount of forest, and forest type. We focus in particular on investigating effects from interacting explanatory variables. The significant statistical associations in the study indicate that patterns of deciduous and coniferous older patches differ, and that deciduous patches differ in relation to age interval. The oldest deciduous patches, for example, are today more likely on areas that had deciduous cover also in the past and stood on forestland managed by farmers, but less likely on the same habitat managed by companies. We show that there are strong effects on present forest composition from historical ownership and forest composition. We argue that by including local data on past ownership combined with knowledge on use patterns management could be better adapted to local landscape dynamics compared to the application of overly generalized patterns or models of boreal dynamics that excludes interactions with management.

  • 23.
    Farzin, Maziar
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Det svenska områdesskyddet: Ett samspel mellan diskurs och institutioner2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has had laws protecting nature for about a hundred years. In this paper the views of nature and the values that serve as a rationale for protective measures are analyzed as results of a social process characterized by the dialectic relationship between institutions and discourse. Critical discourse analysis (CDA) is used to study this relationship and the discursive practices used by institutions, which reproduce or reshape views of nature that define the relationship between society and nature. Institutional design contributes to shaping discourse in the field of nature protection, while being originally shaped by discourse. In Sweden, the national park is an institution that reproduces a view of nature as the wild and untamed opposite of society, and the natural reserves reproduce a view of nature as holder of a multi-faceted set of values intertwined with society. However, the most recently formed national park, the marine national park of the Koster sea includes resource values that threaten the hegemony of arcadian discourse within the institution and indicates social change.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 24.
    Gallardo Fernández, Gloria L.
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala.
    Communal Land Ownership: Remnant of the Past?: The agricultural communities in the Commune of Canela, Norte Chico (1600-1998)2002Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Other land property forms than the private are often conceived as residues of the past, residues that paradoxically seem never to pass away. An example is the form of semi-communal land ownership of the agricultural communities of Chile’s Region IV. Using sociological and historical research methods, this study explores the origin and the emergence of this agrarian form during the last four centuries, through the community Canela Baja and the neighbouring latifundium El Totoral, as a contrasting case.

    Having on one hand, the form of communal land as the common denominator, we have on the other the social aspects resulting from particular histories of the form. Therefore, a distinction between imposed and spontaneous forms is introduced. Confronting the case study with research results from other socio-political and material conditions, the study suggest that while some of the present communal ownership forms are the outcome of political decisions, others are of long historical processes. The imposed forms are not so much communities; rather reserves or homelands.

    Differentiating it from both private property and the so called “tragedy of the commons“, communal land ownership is conceived as an institution of its own which in Chile shares the same historical origin in colonial land grants as private property. Since they have kept their territorial integrity permanently in an undivided form, the study suggest that these agrarian collectives have historically avoided their conversion into minifundium, being thus a resource management solution, which acted as a brake to land fragmentation. Thus, the communal form represents not only another historical pattern of development, but also another way of organising ownership and production than both the latifundium and minifundium.

  • 25.
    Gallardo Fernández, Gloria L.
    Uppsala universitet.
    From Seascapes of Extinction to Seascapes of Confidence: Territorial Use Rights in Fisheries in Chile: El Quisco and Puerto Oscuro2008Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In Chile, the indiscriminate harvest for export of the edible shellfish, Concholepas concholepas or false abalone, propelled by a neo-liberal market economy during the 1970s, almost led to the extinction of the species, thereby threatening the dependant small-scale artisan fishers’ survival as well as the ecosystem. To reverse this, fishers’ organizations in Chile have adopted the state created regulatory measure, Management and Exploitation Areas for Benthic Resources (MEABR; locally known as Management Areas -- MAs). Replacing the former unsuccessful fishing regulatory measurements, the MEABR regime empowers the fishers with exclusive territorial use rights (TURF) to manage the species, often under commons institutions, thus creating new seascapes of confidence. However, as is often the case with new solutions, emergent problems are posed that threaten to undermine the reform. With the new regulated extraction measure and geographical expansion of this novel labour and production alternative, fishers experience a transition from ‘nomadic’ to sedentary fishing leading to a transformation of their lifestyle and skills. If MAs become permanent, fishing in rural areas may lead to tensions as the fishers settle on coastal lands without entitlement, or are hindered from developing their own fisheries infrastructure. The legal system does not seem to fully foresee the consequences of the reform, and prevailing power relations and private property rights work to disadvantage the fishers. Using a participatory approach for the first research location of El Quisco (Valparaíso Region), and interviews with key informants for the second research location of Puerto Oscuro (Coquimbo Region), fishers’ views of the Chilean TURF were evaluated. How fishers perceive this experience should be central for the success or failure of the MAs as a viable alternative to the earlier conditions of open access. While the assessment of El Quisco deals more with the performance of the MA, Puerto Oscuro is used to portray the seascapes of conflict that have emerged as ownership of the coastal land is contested. The study shows that while the reform has brought better incomes from the benthic resources, the overall economic importance of the MAs for the fishers is reduced relative to the incomes coming from fishing activities realized outside the MAs. Experiences in both cases have been otherwise positive in terms of the recuperation of the species, ecological concerns and strengthening fishers’ so-called soft assets. Nevertheless, many problems remain, among them the problem of access to the sea border and those related to ambiguous land rights to support coastal settlement and fishing infrastructure development.

  • 26.
    Gren, I. -M
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Aklilu, A.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Elofsson, Katarina
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Forest carbon sequestration, pathogens and the costs of the EU's 2050 climate targets2018Inngår i: Forests, ISSN 1999-4907, E-ISSN 1999-4907, Vol. 9, nr 9, artikkel-id 542Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Carbon sequestration is suggested as a low-cost option for climate change mitigation, the functioning of which can be threatened by pathogen infestation. This study calculates the effects of infectious pathogens on the cost of achieving the EU's 2050 climate targets by combining the so-called production function method with the replacement cost method. Pathogens are then assumed to affect carbon sink enhancement through the impact on productivity of forest land, and carbon sequestration is valued as the replacement for costly reductions in emissions from fossil fuels for reaching the EU's 2050 climate targets. To this end, we have constructed a numerical dynamic optimization model with a logistic forest growth function, a simple allometr+ic representation of the spread of pathogens in forests, and reductions in emissions from fossil fuels. The results show that the annual value of forest carbon sequestration ranges between approximately 6.4 and 14.9 billion Euros, depending on the impact and dispersal of pathogens. Relatively large values are obtained for countries with large emissions from fossil fuels, e.g., Germany, France, Spain and Italy, which also face costs of pathogen together with countries with large forest area, such as Romania. © 2018 by the authors.

  • 27.
    Huber, Megha
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Coffee crops in the Babati district: A study about the development in Tanzania and the connection to Sweden’s consumption2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay investigates the development of the cash crop coffee. It gives a historical background of the good and shows how it developed to be one of the most important and traded community in the world. Tanzania’s position and how it came to that position in the world market is shown. During a three week field study in the Babati District in 2004, some interviews with coffee farmers were made. These interviews were made with interpreters and were gathered with the help from the LAMP project. The connection to Swedish coffee consumption is also shown. One of the results was that if farmers move on to grow organic coffee they could get a larger profit. There is also an increasing demand after organic coffee in countries as Sweden so LAMP instructs the farmers in Babati to start growing organic coffee. Another result was that the farmers in the Babati district intercropped their coffee with other crops to spread the risks and lower the dependence to the world coffee market.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 28.
    Hultén, Hilda
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för svenska, retorik och journalistik.
    Sportfiske är stort vid Stockholms ström2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    För den som vill fiska i Strömmen är det bara att ta sitt fiskespö och gå dit, fisket har varit fritt för allmänheten sedan 1436. Men sportfisket är inte okontroversiellt, all lax och öring i Strömmen är inplanterad och hotar de naturliga fiskbestånden i länet. Och man bör akta sig - fiske kan vara beroendeframkallande.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 29.
    Johansson, Johanna
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University.
    Lundmark, Tomas
    SLU (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences).
    Inspired by structured decision making: a collaborative approach to the governance of multiple forest values2018Inngår i: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 23, nr 4, artikkel-id 16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 2000s, consensus-oriented decision making has become increasingly common in the management of natural resources because of the recognition that collaborative processes may enhance the legitimacy of decision making and facilitate effective implementation. Previous research has identified a number of problems with the design and practical facilitation of collaborative processes. Structured decision making (SDM) has been developed as an alternative suitable for decision making characterized by complexity, stakeholder controversy, and scientific uncertainty. Our aim was to investigate the feasibility and practical relevance of collaboration and dialogue inspired by SDM in the sphere of forest management. The methods used included analyses of meetings records and semistructured interviews with participating stakeholders and organizers of a collaborative process focused on improving the management of Swedish forests in the young forest phase. The results show that the SDM rationale of step-by-step teamwork, the involvement of experts, and guidance by an independent facilitator has a number of merits. These merits included the creation of genuine discussion with careful consideration of different interests and values, thus building trust among stakeholders and the Swedish Forest Agency. However, at the end of the process, some issues still remained unclear, including how the decision options would be made practically useful and accessible to forest owners. Furthermore, concerns were raised about the lack of novelty of the options. As a result, there was uncertainty about the extent to which the options would contribute to a more varied forest landscape given the multiple values involved. We conclude with some remarks on the potential future of engaging SDM in the forestry sector.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Inspired by structured decision making: a collaborative approach to the governance of multiple forest values
  • 30.
    Kihlström, Rebecka
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för svenska, retorik och journalistik.
    Kvinnliga jägare i Sverige2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 31.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Johansson, Johanna
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Sjödin, Daniel
    Örebro universitet.
    Wildfires, responsibility and trust: public understanding of Sweden's largest wildfire2019Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 34, nr 4, s. 319-328Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Wildfires present a growing risk to many countries, and climate change is likely to exacerbate this risk. This study analyzes how people directly affected by a wildfire understand its causes and consequences, as well as the future risk of wildfires. The point of departure is that social understanding of wildfires has an important influence on the consequences that emerge in the wake of a wildfire. The empirical case analyzed here is the largest forest fire in modern Swedish history, and the material basis of the study is a postal survey to all individuals directly affected by the fire. The results revealed a complex picture of the respondents’ understanding of the wildfire. Even if the fire was human caused, there was little blame toward forest companies and fire departments. Many positive consequences, such as a long-term increase in biodiversity, were attached to the disaster, and there was a belief that organizations will learn from it and take action to limit wildfires in the future. Simultaneously, the majority of the respondents believed that climate change may lead to an increased risk of forest fires in the future. These findings illustrate the complexity of people's perceptions of the fire and its aftermath.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Lindqvist, Beatriz
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Etnologi.
    Al dente - Svensk konsumtion av italienskhet2013Inngår i: Från matproduktion till gastronomi / [ed] Paulina Rytkönen, Madeleine Bonow, Per Wramner, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2013, s. 115-133Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Ma, Shiyu
    et al.
    Ghent University, Melle-Gontrode, Belgium.
    De Frenne, Pieter
    Ghent University, Melle-Gontrode, Belgium.
    Vanhellemont, Margot
    Ghent University, Melle-Gontrode, Belgium.
    Wasof, Safaa
    Ghent University, Melle-Gontrode, Belgium.
    Boeckx, Pascal
    Ghent University, Gent, Belgium.
    Brunet, Jörg
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Cousins, Sara A.O.
    Stockholm University.
    Decocq, Guillaume
    University of Picardy Jules Verne, Amiens, France.
    Kolb, Annette
    University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Lemke, Isa
    University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Liira, Jaan
    University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
    Naaf, Tobias
    Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Müncheberg, Germany.
    Orczewska, Anna
    University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.
    Plue, Jan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap. Stockholm University.
    Wulf, Monika
    Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Müncheberg, Germany.
    Verheyen, Kris
    Ghent University, Melle-Gontrode, Belgium.
    Local soil characteristics determine the microbial communities under forest understorey plants along a latitudinal gradient2019Inngår i: Basic and Applied Ecology, ISSN 1439-1791, E-ISSN 1618-0089, Vol. 36, s. 34-44Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The soil microbial community is essential for maintaining ecosystem functioning and is intimately linked with the plant community. Yet, little is known on how soil microbial communities in the root zone vary at continental scales within plant species. Here we assess the effects of soil chemistry, large-scale environmental conditions (i.e. temperature, precipitation and nitrogen deposition) and forest land-use history on the soil microbial communities (measured by phospholipid fatty acids) in the root zone of four plant species (Geum urbanum, Milium effusum, Poa nemoralis and Stachys sylvatica) in forests along a 1700km latitudinal gradient in Europe. Soil microbial communities differed significantly among plant species, and soil chemistry was the main determinant of the microbial community composition within each plant species. Influential soil chemical variables for microbial communities were plant species-specific; soil acidity, however, was often an important factor. Large-scale environmental conditions, together with soil chemistry, only explained the microbial community composition in M. effusum and P. nemoralis. Forest land-use history did not affect the soil microbial community composition. Our results underpin the dominant role of soil chemistry in shaping microbial community composition variation within plant species at the continental scale, and provide insights into the composition and functionality of soil microbial communities in forest ecosystems.

  • 34.
    Nygård, Odd
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Miljövetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Biologi.
    Att söka skyddad geografisk- eller ursprungsbeteckning2012Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Nygård
  • 35.
    Nygård, Odd
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Coastal Management Research Center (COMREC). Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Miljövetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Biologi.
    Wramner, Per
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Miljövetenskap.
    Godset Almnäs i Norra Fågelås socken: odlingshistoria och markanvändning2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Godset Almnäs i Norra Fågelås socken: odlingshistoria och markanvändning
    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 36. Nygård, Odd
    et al.
    Wramner, Per
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Terroir - ett nyckelbegrepp för att ge lokalproducerade livsmedel geografisk identitet2013Inngår i: Från matproduktion till gastronomi / [ed] Paulina Rytkönen, Madeleine Bonow, Per Wramner, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2013, s. 201-235Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Terroir - ett nyckelbegrepp för att ge lokalproducerade livsmedel geografisk identitet
  • 37.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Måltidskunskap.
    Constructing the new rurality: Challenges and opportunities of a recent shift in Swedish rural policies2014Inngår i: Farming systems facing global challenges: Capacities and strategies / [ed] Thomas Aenis, Andrea Knierim, Maja-Catrin Riecher, Rebecka Ridder, Heike Schobert and Holger Fischer, 2014, s. 1195-1205Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article highlights the implementation of the New Culinary Country Program (NCCP, Sverige det Nya Matlandet), implemented to speed up the emergence of a new rurality in Sweden. Based on results of focus groups and one group interview conducted in eight counties/landscapes in in 2013 and a state initiated evaluation of the NCCP, the study answers the following questions: What has been achieved by the policy change so far? Which are the main challenges and opportunities created by the NCCP so far? Results show that the NCCP has stimulated a higher degree of regional coordination of resources and stakeholders at regional level. In the succesful cases, cooperation and coordination has been the key factor behind succes.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 38.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Måltidskunskap.
    Gastronomiska regioner - ett verktyg för utveckling2013Inngår i: Landsbygd i Centrum, ISSN 2000-5245, nr 2, s. 3-3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 39.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Måltidskunskap.
    Skyddade ursprungsbeteckningar - ett bidrag till "Sverige det nya matlandet"?2011Inngår i: Ymer, ISSN 0044-0477, s. 37-66Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 40.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Måltidskunskap.
    Värdet av SUB-skydd: Fallet Kalix Löjrom2014Inngår i: Regional Matkultur: Terroir i Matlandet Sverige / [ed] Martin Ragnar, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2014, s. 287-294Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet beskriver vilka utmaningar men också möjligheter som SUB-ansökan gav upphov till. Kapitlet lämnar också, utifrån erfarenheter från Europa, ett antal förslag på hur marknaden för Kalix Löjrom skulle kunna utvecklas.

  • 41.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Måltidskunskap.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för ekonomi och företagande, Företagsekonomi.
    Geografiska ursprungsbeteckningar: En preliminär reflektion2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport beskriver och diskuterar vad EU:s ursprungs- och särartsskydd är, det vill säga Skyddad Ursprungsbeteckning (SUB), Skyddad Geografisk Beteckning (SGB) och Garanterad traditionell specialitet (GTS). Syftet med rapporten är att beskriva hur dessa certifieringar används för att skapa landsbygdsutveckling i andra Europeiska länder; att utifrån andra länders erfarenheter visa på vilka för- och nackdelar certifieringarna har, ge exempel på hur man kan bygga mervärde för bönder, producenter och regioner med utgångspunkt från certifieringarna. Rapporten omfattar också en avslutande reflektion om vilken roll certifieringarna skulle kunna spela för att förverkliga visionen om ”Sverige – det nya matlandet”, samt vilka resurser som finns eller saknas för att öka antalet SUB-, SGB- och GTS-certifieringar i Sverige.

    Rapporten är framtagen inom ramen för samproduktionsprojektet ”Wrångebäck Sweden – en fallstudie för att samla know-how och stärka konkurrenskraften för producenter av traditionell ost”. Projektgruppen består av forskare från Södertörns högskola, Hushållningssällskapens Förbund, samt Almnäs Bruk AB. Rapporten är i huvudsak skriven av Paulina Rytkönen och baseras på en sammanfattning av tidigare forskning samt på hennes forskningsresultat från erfarenheterna av SUB-certifiering i Kantabrien i Spanien. Rapporten omfattar också ett avsnitt som baseras på professor Karl Gratzers forskningsresultat där erfarenheterna av SUB- och SGB-certifiering i Hermagor i Österrike sammanfattas.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Geografiska ursprungsbeteckningar: En preliminär reflektion
    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 42.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Måltidskunskap.
    Wramner, PerSödertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.Bonow, MadeleineSödertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Måltidskunskap. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Geografi.
    Från matproduktion till gastronomi2013Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Antologin Från matproduktion till gastronomi belyser aktuella frågor kring livsmedel och måltider. Förändringarna inom detta område illustrerar på flera sätt dagens samhällsutveckling. Boken består av tre tematiska delar.

    ”Strukturella förändringar och aktuella trender” tar upp efterfrågemönster, institutionella förhållanden, interaktion mellan olika aktörer och varumärkesstrategier. Fokus ligger på småskalig livsmedelsproduktion.

    ”Måltider och måltidskultur” tar upp kulturella och sociala faktorer bakom förändringar av popularitet, status etc. hos olika livsmedel. Här behandlas också betydelsen av miljön kring måltiden och av restaurangsektorns utveckling.

    ”Maten och naturen” tar upp hur lokalproducerade livsmedel påverkas av naturmiljön på produktionsplatsen och hur deras lokala identitet kan användas i marknadsföringen. Vidare behandlas hur lokal produktion kan gynna naturvården i odlingslandskapet.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Från matproduktion till gastronomi
    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 43.
    Stork, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för svenska, retorik och journalistik.
    Öppna landskap: En artikelserie om miljövård inom jordbruket2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Överingress

    För hundra år sedan drevs ett familjenära jordbruk i Sverige. I takt med stigande konkurrens har många gårdar tvingats till valet att lägga ner eller öka sin produktion. De småskaliga jordbruk som för tankarna till Astrid Lindgrens böcker om Emil i Lönneberga och Alla vi barn i Bullerbyn finns knappt kvar längre.

    Idag producerar Europas bönder mer mat än vi någonsin behöver. EU:s jordbruksstöd kostar mycket pengar, och leder till en överproduktion samt en snedvriden konkurrens. Och bland riksdagspartierna råder en bred enighet om att avreglera många av EU:s jordbruksstöd och ändra deras inriktning.

    Denna artikelserie belyser en ny produktion inom jordbruket. Bönderna ska få betalt för att producera öppna landskap, bevara en biologisk mångfald och sköta om vårt kulturarv på landsbygden. Frågan är: Vad ska vi använda framtidens jordbruk till?

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 44.
    Tunón, Håkan
    et al.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Bele, Bolette
    Norsk institutt for bioøkonomi (NIBIO), Ås, Norge.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, ENTER forum. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Måltidskunskap. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Biologiskt kulturarv som som hållbar värdeskapare - slutrapport2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är slutrapporten från interregprojektet med samma namn (Interregprojekt 20200961 / IR2016.04). Projektet genomfördes mellan mars 2016 och september 2019. Avsikten har varit att undersöka på vilket sätt natur- och kulturvärden och särskilt biologiskt kulturarv kan användas för att skapa mervärde i företagandet för fäbodbrukare och andra som använder utmarkens resurser. Målet har därmed varit att visa på sätt som skulle kunna skapa bättre ekonomiska förutsättningar för brukarna att fortsätta bedriva utmarksbruk utan att detta på ett negativt sätt påverkar dessa verksamheters bidrag till bevarande av exempelvis biologisk mångfald, kulturvärden och annat som går under benämningen biologiskt kulturarv. Under projektets gång har vi därför fokuserat på koncept som biologisk mångfald, biologiskt kulturarv, immateriellt kulturarv, terroir och sensorisk utvärdering i syfte att peka på värden som upprätthålls genom ett fortsatt bruk av utmarken, som numera till stor del handlar om en igenväxande resurs för framtiden. Projektet har till största delen varit deltagarstyrt och med inslag av återkommande workshopar med brukare för att kunna bidra till att utveckla deras företag. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 45.
    Vass, Miriam Munnich
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Elofsson, Katarina
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Is forest carbon sequestration at the expense of bioenergy and forest products cost-efficient in EU climate policy to 2050?2016Inngår i: Journal of Forest Economics, ISSN 1104-6899, E-ISSN 1618-1530, Vol. 24, s. 82-105Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Forest management affects the quantity of CO2 emissions in the atmosphere through carbon sequestration in standing biomass, carbon storage in forest products and production of bioenergy. The main question studied in this paper is whether forest carbon sequestration is worth increasing at the expense of bioenergy and forest products to achieve the EU emissions reduction target for 2050 in a cost-efficient manner. A dynamic cost minimisation model is used to find the optimal combination of carbon abatement strategies to meet annual emissions targets between 2010 and 2050. The results indicate that forest carbon sequestration is a low-cost abatement method. With sequestration, the net present costs of meeting EU carbon targets can be reduced by 23%. 

  • 46.
    Walter, Martina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Ekosystemansatsen på landskapsnivå2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) promotes the Ecosystem Approach (EA). In this thesis it is analyzed how the EA approach could be applied to regional management of coastal areas in Sweden. The aim of this report is to compare management for preserving biodiversity on a landscape level in two regional coastal areas in Uppsala and Västra Götaland respectively. In Uppsala, one of the plans consists of a previous nature reserve and in Västra Götaland, a Regional landscape strategy has been established. The ecosystem approach is used as a theoretical framework in this thesis. More precisely, five EA operational guidelines have been used as analytical tools in the comparative approach adopted.

    The results show that the Västra Götaland Regional landscape strategy has been most consistent with the EA framework, since it fulfills three of the five operational guidelines while Gårdsskärskusten only accomplish two of the criteria. The social aspects are more central in the landscape strategy than in Gårdskärskusten, which is the main difference between the two plans. One area of inadequacy detected in the landscape strategy was the few identified aspects on maintenance of landscape connectivity features. The Regional landscape strategy could, if established in every county in Sweden, be a way to prevent the loss of biodiversity. However the plan needs to be supported by actions where preservation and utilization are integrated in an economic context. By considering nature protection as a development opportunity in strategic planning rather than as only a cost, important steps towards a sustainable future can be taken.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 47.
    Walter, Martina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Ekosystemansatsen: på nationell och regional nivå2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Att bevarandet av biologisk mångfald är en grundpelare för att nå en hållbar utveckling enades världens länder om i Konventionen om biologisk mångfald (CBD) som upprättades under toppmötet i Rio de Janeiro 1992. I konventionen förespråkas den s.k. ekosystemansatsen (EA), vilket är en strategi som innebär en helhetssyn på ekosystem. Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka i vilken grad EA tillämpas på nationell och regional nivå. Frågan är också om EA är en bra utgångspunkt för att upprätthålla biologisk mångfald på landskapsnivå samt vad som kan öka tillämpningen av EA på regional nivå. På nationell nivå analyserades två delar i miljömålspropositionen och på regional nivå analyserades de landskapsstrategier som sju län har fått i uppdrag av regeringen att upprätta i ett pilotprojekt. Min teoretiska utgångspunkt har varit ekosystemansatsen och dess principer och vägledande punkter. Metoden bestod av främst en kvantitativ innehållsanalys med kvalitativa inslag och som komplement utfördes fyra intervjuer.

    Resultatet visade att de delar av miljömålspropositionen som analyserades i hög grad följde ekosystemansatsen. En brist i propositionen var dock att det saknades riktlinjer om att det behövdes involvering av olika aktörer när den ursprungliga definitionen av landskapsavsnittet i strategierna skulle bestämmas. Att denna aspekt var implicit ledde troligtvis till det faktum att den även var implicit i landskapsstrategierna. Tillämpningen av EA i landskapsstrategierna skedde, trots att länsstyrelserna endast tillämpade den indirekt, i ganska hög grad och särskilt togs hänsyn till sociala aspekter som involvering av olika aktörer i själva processen och kontakt med vetenskapliga discipliner. Det som däremot var bristfälligt gällde tillämpningen av komplexa aspekter, vilka inte klart hade uttryckts i riktlinjerna till länsstyrelserna från regeringen. Dessa faktorer var beaktande av förvaltning av ekosystem inom ramen för dess funktion, processer i ekosystem samt adaptiv förvaltning. Alla intervjupersoner var överens om att EA är övergripande och ganska luddig, men det måste den vara för att gälla globalt. Av vikt är att konkretisera den på nationell och regional nivå. Ett förslag är att Naturvårdsverket i detta projekt ger tydliga riktlinjer angående tillämpningen av EA i landskapsstrategierna och att det är en tvåvägskommunikation mellan Naturvårdsverket och länsstyrelserna så att det blir en iterativ process. Genom en konkretisering kan tillämpningen av EA öka och därmed ett steg tas mot en hållbar utveckling.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 48.
    Wawrzeniuk, Piotr
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Samtidshistoriska institutet.
    Östman, Ann-Catrin
    Åbo akademi.
    Brukbar historia? Bönders historia och seder i galiziska och finländska kooperativa tidskrifter omkring år 19002016Inngår i: Perspektiv på lantbrukets organisering: historiografi, begreppshistoria och källor / [ed] Eriksson, Fredrik & Eriksson Per, Stockholm: Kungl. Skogs- och Lantbruksakademien, 2016, s. 43-59Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 49.
    Wramner, Per
    Södertörns högskola, Avdelning Naturvetenskap, Coastal Management Research Center (COMREC).
    Levande kulturlandskap - en halvtidsutvärdering av Miljö- och landsbygdsprogrammet: betänkande av Landsbygdsutvärderingen2003Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 50.
    Wramner, Per
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Nygård, Odd
    Småskalig livsmedelsproduktion som ett instrument för att främja naturvården i odlingslandskapet2013Inngår i: Från matproduktion till gastronomi / [ed] Paulina Rytkönen, Madeleine Bonow, Per Wramner, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2013, s. 181-200Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Småskalig livsmedelsproduktion som ett instrument för att främja naturvården i odlingslandskapet
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