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  • 1. Aaboen, Lise
    et al.
    Lindelöf, Peter
    Löfsten, Hans
    Incubator performance: an efficiency frontier analysis2008Inngår i: International Journal of Business Innovation and Research, ISSN 1751-0252, Vol. 2, nr 4, s. 354-380Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 2. Aaboen, Lise
    et al.
    Lindelöf, Peter
    Löfsten, Hans
    Towards incubator facilitation of technology transfer2008Inngår i: International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1468-4330, E-ISSN 1741-8127, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 331-335Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3. Aaboen, Lise
    et al.
    Lindelöf, Peter
    von Koch, Christopher
    Löfsten, Hans
    Corporate governance and performance of small high-tech firms in Sweden2006Inngår i: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 26, nr 8, s. 955-968Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The approach uses data from a sample of 183 small high-tech firms, new, technology-based firms (small high-tech firms) in Sweden (54 variables under the headings of work experience, board and advice, financing, motivation-performance priorities, technological innovation and strategy). This study identifies some core areas of importance in corporate governance. Few managers in this study had a strong background and experience of finance and the preparation of business. Only 64 per cent of the managers have had previous work experience before starting the firm. The survey makes it clear that the small high-tech firms are likely to have a strong link with banking institutions. The consequence of these links is that most of the firm's capital supply is from banks, and that there are strong ownership links between banks and industry. The background of the founder does seem to have had an effect on the problem of financing and ownership issues. It is private sector organizations (banks) and families that are most frequently consulted by small high-tech firms (However, low means). It is also the private and public sector organizations, in connection with external board membership, regional development agencies and banks that are most frequently consulted. In the future, it is reasonable to search for factor patterns that can begin to explain and predict the direction of corporate governance in small new technology-based firms.

  • 4.
    Aaltonen, David
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi.
    Sköld, Mathias
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi.
    Behöver pensionssystemet en förändring?: En studie om investmentbolag i premiepensionssystemet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att utreda om det finns ett lämpligare investeringsalternativ än de nuvarande investeringsalternativ som finns i det svenska premiepensionssystemet. För att genomföra detta kommer studien att framställa en portfölj av ett svenskt och ett internationellt investmentbolag med en god balans mellan risk och avkastning för en jämförelse av dagens premiepensionssystem.

    Metod: Studien utgår från historisk data under tio års tid som vidare analyseras genom bland annat Pearson R modellen. Urvalet består av investmentbolag på den nordiska- samt den amerikanska marknaden. Utöver den kvantitativa studien kommer en intervju att genomföras med en respondent som är kunnig inom området om sparande och pensionsinvesteringar. Avslutningsvis presenteras studiens trovärdighet och metodkritik.

    Teoretiskt perspektiv: Den teoretiska referensramen utgörs av tidigare teorier som är relevanta för att framställa den bäst lämpade portföljen. Markowitz moderna portföljteori ligger till grund och kompletteras av ytterligare väsentliga mått som exempelvis Sharpekvoten. Vidare tillämpas en utvecklad portföljteori av Grubel & Solnik för ett internationellt perspektiv.

    Empiri: Empirin/Resultatet består av en presentation av den bearbetade datan som ligger till grund för den analys som genomförs.

    Slutsats: Studien framställer en portfölj i form av Bure Equity AB och Berkshire Hathaway. I jämförelse med premiepensionens redan befintliga alternativ uppvisar studiens portfölj en avsevärt högre nominell avkastning. Konstellationen av Bure Equity AB och Berkshire Hathaway uppvisar en nominell avkastning på 19,75 % i relation till premiepensionens aktiva sparare som uppvisar en nominell avkastning på 7 %. Den passiva spararen som tilldelas AP7 Såfa uppvisar en nominell avkastning på 11 %.

  • 5.
    Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    A Narratological Approach to Literary Journalism: How an Interplay between Voice and Point of View May Create Empathy with the Other2016Inngår i: Literary Journalism Studies, ISSN 1944-897X, E-ISSN 1944-8988, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 106-139Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to present a model for analyzing the in- terplay between voice and point of view in literary journalism/reportage. The model can be used to nuance previous researchers’ discussions about “subjective” and “objective” journalism. It also problematizes the reporter’s special role as an eyewitness by highlighting how narrative techniques can create empathy with the Other and move the reader’s gaze away from the reporter, away from the one who is witnessing. Using tools from classical narratology, I focus on the form of the texts. The tools help me investigate the narrator’s as well as the characters’ subjectivity and interpret the narra- tive’s construction as an expression of a journalistic mission. I systematize variables such as the narrator’s visibility, the relation between an experienc- ing reporter and a narrating reporter, the interplay between the experienc- ing reporter and other characters in the text, and in what way a level with a director (an implied author) can facilitate a comparison between vari- ous kinds of literary journalism. I also examine whether it might be time to abandon the theory that a first-person reportage is more subjective in general than a third-person reportage. I explore whether it is instead the narrator’s visibility that determines the position of the text on a scale be- tween “subjective” and “objective” forms. (Note: I have provided a glossary of terms at the end of the essay.)

  • 6.
    Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Att se genom andras ögon: narrativa stretegier för att skapa inlevelse i reportage2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Journalistik.
    Det tidlösa reportaget2011Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 8.
    Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Narratologia a dziennikarstwo literackie: W jaki sposób wzajemne oddziaływanie głosu oraz punktu widzenia może służyć wytworzeniu zrozumienia dla Innego2016Inngår i: Tekstualia, ISSN 1734-6029, nr 4, s. 5-28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Aare, Cecilia
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Reportern som ett verktyg för att belysa de andra: Narratologiska konsekvenser av den journalistiska ögonvittnespositionen2015Inngår i: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, nr 1, s. 5-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A reportage is the reporter's story about reality. Even though it details real events, it always presentsa personal interpretation of these events. In contrast to the news article, which primarilyinforms readers, a reportage involves a pronounced degree of personal narration. Normally it is based on the reporter's role as an eyewitness. This essay discusses how the position of the eyewitness establishes narratological structures inthe text, which seem to differ from the structures present in other kinds of non-fiction narrativestold in the first person. For instance, in reading an autobiography, a reader's empathy willbe drawn toward the main character. By contrast, a reportage will direct the reader's empathyaway from the reporter and towards the other. The narratological construction of a reportage may be studied as an interplay between threeinstances: the experiencing reporter, the narrating reporter and the director (the implied reporter).Thus, a three-part model may be utilised in order to help explain, for example, how ahomodiegetic narrator can be combined with external focalisation, and how a character otherthan the experiencing reporter can be internally focalised. It can also illuminate how the textmay employ a form of dissonance between the experiencing and the narrating reporter to serve ajournalistic purpose (displacing the perspective from person – the reporter – to subject-matter).

  • 10. Aareleid, Tiiu
    et al.
    Leinsalu, Mall
    Rahu, Mati
    Baburin, Aleksei
    Lung cancer in Estonia in 1968-87: time trends and public health implications.1994Inngår i: European Journal of Cancer Prevention, ISSN 0959-8278, E-ISSN 1473-5709, Vol. 3, nr 5, s. 419-425Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Changes in lung cancer incidence and mortality in Estonia were studied for 20 years (1968-87). A steady upward trend was observed for men and women. The 1983-87/1968-72 age-standardized incidence rate ratio was 1.22 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.15-1.29) in men and 1.34 (95% CI 1.16-1.54) in women. The corresponding mortality rate ratio was 1.26 (95% CI 1.18-1.34) in men and 1.35 (95% CI 1.16-1.57) in women. The age-specific incidence and mortality rates increased clearly towards the younger birth cohorts. For men and women, the increase was most evident for the age group 45-64 years. In women there was a more rapid increase in incidence and mortality than in men. It may be a result of a substantial increase of tobacco smoking, particularly among women, after the World War II. The high and still rising occurrence of lung cancer is closely related to the high prevalence of smoking; in addition, high tar yields in domestic cigarettes could have been responsible for an elevated lung cancer risk during the past decades. There is not tobacco control programme in Estonia, and existing legislation and regulations do not defend the non-smoking population.

  • 11.
    Aarflot, Elin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för svenska, retorik och journalistik.
    Att hitta sig själv bland: sex- och samlevnadsundervisning i ett sexualiserat samhälle2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
  • 12.
    AArskog, Pernilla
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för ekonomi och företagande.
    Lange, Annika
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för ekonomi och företagande.
    Konkurrensstrategier: En studie om konkurrensen på den svenska kontaktlinsmarknaden2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Strategies for competition – a study of the Swedish contact lenses market.

    Authors: Pernilla AArskog and Annika Lange.

    Background: As a market gets more mature and the competition increases, it is more important for a company to apply the right strategic perspective. There are four fundamental strategic perspectives for a service-oriented business: a core product-, a price-, an image- and a service perspective. This study is a about service management and take its point from the theories from the Nordic School about strategies for competition, customer value, perceived customer quality and customer loyalty.

    Purpose: The main purpose with this study is to analyze and evaluate how the actors at the Swedish market of contact lenses should compete to gain further competitive advantages.

    Method: The study includes four qualitative interviews with two traditional opticians and two Internet based businesses, but also a survey with 106 contact lens users is included.

    Analysis: In the analyse part of this thesis it was concluded that the traditional opticians conception about their customer not agrees with what the customer evaluate as important. Many of the customers have thought about changing their optician, and besides that do not recommend their optician, and can there for not be categorize as loyal customers. The Internet based businesses conception about their customer is more in line with the customer groups about the company and their service. These customers do recommend their optician.

    Result: In the result it can be concluded that the traditional opticians should change to a service perspective as their comprehensive strategic perspective, which means that the relation with the customer is the most important for the company. The Internet bases businesses should continue working from a price perspective since they have huge economy of scales.

    Keywords: Customer value, strategies for competition, perceived customer quality and customer loyalty.

  • 13. Aasen, Berit
    et al.
    Brandell, Inga
    Notat om arbetskraft og industri i Tredje Varlden1984Inngår i: Sosiologi i dag, ISSN 0332-6330, E-ISSN 1893-4617, Vol. 14, nr 4, s. 83-96Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    Aasmundsen, Hans Geir
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Religionsvetenskap.
    Pentecostalism, Globalisation and Society in Contemporary Argentina2013Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In Argentina, Pentecostalism had a breakthrough in the early 1980s, and today more than 10 per cent of the population are Pentecostals. The revival coincided with a socio-political transformation of Argentinean society. After half a century of dictatorships and Peronism, democracy was restored, and structural changes paved the way for a certain “autonomisation” of politics, law, economy, science and religion. The "new" form of society that developed resembles what in this study is called a Western model, which to a large degree is currently being diffused on a global scale. This work examines the new religious sphere and how Pentecostals relate to society at large, and the political and judicial sphere in particular.

    Social systems theory and an idea of communication as constitutive of social spheres, such as religious, political and judicial ones, form the theoretical foundation for the study. Methods that have been used are fieldwork, interviews and analyses of written material. It is concluded that evangelisation and transformation are of major concern to Pentecostals in contemporary Argentina and that this follows a global trend. Evangelisation has always been important to, even a hallmark of, Pentecostalism. What has become as important is the urge for transformation, of the individual, the family and society. This leads to increased socio-political engagement. However, Pentecostals do not have a “fixed” idea of how society should be organised, i.e., they do not yet have a full-fledged political theology, a public theology or what could be called a Pentecostal ideology. This is mainly because they experience a lack of “compatibility” between the Pentecostal and the political communication. Their approaches to socio-political concerns seem to be based on an understanding of certain “values” as the fundamental building block of society.

  • 15.
    Aasmundsen, Hans-Geir
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Religionsvetenskap.
    Contemporary Pentecostal-Catholic encounters in Argentina2009Inngår i: Global Pentecostalism: Encounters with other Religious Traditions / [ed] David Westerlund, London: I. B. Tauris , 2009, s. 243-259Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Abadiga, Gidi A
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för ekonomi och företagande.
    Neibig, Marcel
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för ekonomi och företagande.
    Value vs Growth Stocks: Do Value Stocks Outperform Growth Stocks? Stockholm Stock Markets, 1995-20092012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker om en investering i värdeaktier kan generera en bättre avkastning jämfört med en investering i tillväxtaktier.

    Historisk data för aktier som handlats på Stockholmsbörsen har sammanställts från diverse källor. Till exempel Börsguide och från databasen Thomson Reuters Ecowin Pro. Med hjälp av denna och övrig relevant historisk sekundärdata har aktier grupperats in i värde- och tillväxtportföljer beroende på deras P/E-tal i fem portföljer med olika köp- och innehavstider som sträcker sig från 12 upp till 60 månader mellan åren 1996 och 2009.

    Inom varje innehavstid för de olika portföljerna har antalet av värde- och tillväxtaktier varierat. Från, till exempel, 11 aktier under period ett till 20 aktier under period fem. Aktier har ”köpts” och hållits kvar med en inledande investeringar på 20000 SEK i början av varje portföljs innehavstid med hänsyn till studiens syfte.

    Avkastningen för dessa investeringar beräknas med tre olika genomsnittliga avkastningsberäkningar. Årliga medelprisavkastningar, innehavsavkastningar och riskjusterade avkastningar. Beräkningar har gjorts för årlig innehavsperiod, för hela innehavsperioden och för alla portföljers innehavsperioder tillsammans. Utifrån resultaten för dessa beräkningar har utvecklingen för värde- och tillväxtaktier analyserats.

    När all fem portföljer jämförs tillsammans och den årliga medelvärdesavkastningen beräknats, så genererar värdeaktierna i genomsnitt 15,1 % högre avkastning än tillväxtaktier gällande en årlig genomsnittlig riskjusterad avkastning. Resultatet för innehavsavkastning är i genomsnitt 5,6 % högre än för tillväxtaktierna.

    De här resultaten tyder på att en investering i värdeaktier, genom att använda historisk fundamental information, kan generera en bättre avkastning jämfört med tillväxtaktier. Följaktligen kan man försiktigt hävda att Stockholmsbörsen tycks uppvisa egenskaper gällande en semi-stark form av den effektiva marknadshypotesen.

  • 17.
    Abbas Alizadeh, Diana
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Den gode läraren: en kvalitativ studie av fyra lågstadielärares syn på den gode läraren och den egna lärarrollen2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how the interviewed primary teachers in two schools situated in the Stockholm area understand themselves as teachers in relation to their image of the good teacher. The research questions were: 

    • How do the informants discuss their image of the good teacher? 
    • How do the informants describe their own role as a teacher?

    A qualitative method, by interviews made with four primary teachers, was used to collect data for the examination. The results from the interviews were analyzed and discussed from the theories and earlier research concerning the role of the teacher and what they describe as the good teacher. The theoretical connection of this study was based on the theories of Vygotsky, Piaget, Bruner, Dewey, Dreikurs, Kounin and Glasser concerning the relationship between the role of the teacher and learning. The conclusions of this study was that the four primary teacher’s image of the good teacher match their description of their own role as a teacher, and so does the most of the earlier research on the subject. Teachers must possess a broad competence and contiously control a lot. I believe that teachers’ personal characteristics in some cases can affect the quality of teaching and the pupils’ learning but I think that it is primarily the teacher’s attitude to their professional role and the teaching quality in itself that contributes to learning. An extrovert or humble teacher is not necessarily a better teacher than those who do not have these characteristics, but who carries on a teaching marked by orderliness and commitment. I do not think there is a definitive link between a teaching that contributes to learning and the personal characteristics that are often associated with the good teacher.

  • 18.
    Abbas, Amal
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Ledarskap i klassrummet: En kvalitativ studie om hur fyra lärare förhåller sig till pedagogiskt ledarskap2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyse the attitude of four teachers to leadership in the classroom. The main research questions asked were:

    • What are the teachers` views on leadership in the classroom?
    • What does good versus  bad leadership mean to the teachers?
    • What factors influence the teachers' leadership in the classroom, according to themselves?

    The method used is the qualitative method and interviews, which is my empirical material, I relate to different theories and previous research of leadership.

    The curriculum for the compulsory school system, the pre-school class and the leisure-time centre, Lpo 94, says a lot about how both the school and the teacher must pursue a democratic activity; the teacher must have a democratic leadership in the classroom (Lpo 94, s. 5). At school, the pupils should be met with respect, they should feel safe and be motivated to learn. They must constantly develop and have lots of opportunities to experience the joy of making progress (Lpo 94, s. 7).

    A teacher's leadership is all about control and leading students to the goals that are set up and that pupils should achieve. Knowledge and development are the most important factors in school and therefore it is important to find out what different leadership styles that are most successful.

  • 19.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Turismvetenskap.
    Attitudes and Factual Considerations of Regional Actors Towards Experience Industries and The Tourism Industry: A Swedish Case Study2016Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 225-242Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the attitudes towards experience industries and tourism in the Gnosjö region of Sweden. The investigation is based on a questionnaire and follow-up interviews with politicians and chief executive officers (CEOs) within manufacturing industries. The results show that the politicians have more knowledge of experience industries and a more positive attitude towards these new types of industries than the CEOs. Both groups consider both these industries of significance for the region's future. While the politicians believe in experience industries as a whole, and particularly suggest more active work in favour of tourism and design, the second group just welcomes directly and indirectly a possible cooperation with design companies. A minor share of the CEOs is interested in either running businesses with features of experience industries or having a sense of it in their businesses. Despite differences, these attitudes facilitate cross-fertilisation between the manufacturing industry and experience industries in the future. The study suggests that the region needs to develop more knowledge and competence directed towards the experience industries, in particular tourism and design, and a cooperation between the manufacturing industry, local political parties, and enterprises within tourism, design and culture in this respect.

  • 20.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Turismvetenskap.
    Attitudes towards competence development among employees in Tourism Industry: A Swedish pilot study2016Inngår i: Book of Abstracts: 25th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, 28-30 September 2016, Turku, Finland / [ed] Juulia Räikkönen, Ira Lahovuo & Antti Honkanen, 2016, s. 14-14Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate empirically what attitudes employees in tourism industry have towards participation in publicly funded competence development programmes. Such investigations are lacking in the research on Tourism industry. By competence development here means participation in personal competence development programmes that might have a positive impact on the staff’s learning and on their work places. This impact will be found out through the employees’ subjective perceptions. In this study the terms “competence development programmes” “training programmes” and “skills development programmes” are used as synonyms. Also in accordance with Statistics Sweden terms of “business” and “work place” are used as synonym. The methodological approach used in this study is email-interviews with 12 employees (four women, eight men) that have participated in these programmes during recent years. This includes CEOs, owners, employees and one instructor that also is a business owner himself. A majority of them have academic education and their average working years in the industry is 17. They represent various sub-industries. Their average age is 46 and they mostly come from small sized firms. They participated in different courses that were offered by public organizations for employees and employers, or by private organizations. The courses were paid either by public means, by the firm or by a combination of both. The courses were mostly organized by public organizations but in some cases also by private organizations or a mix of private and public. They expressed that their participation in general had a positive or very positive impact on their workplace, and among others resulted to better knowledge, to acquire a wider network, new ideas, new experiences and opportunities and gave more inspiration, motivation and self-confidence. Concerning effectiveness of courses offered by the public organization the opinions are different; some had no comments about it, some found them very effective, some believed that these courses are effective in some but not in all cases, and finally some believed that courses organized by private organizations are more effective. The largest problems for competence development in the industry are lack of time and money and lack of tailored courses.

  • 21.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ham'piyvastigī bih ibtikār-i khvīshtan: muṭāliʻih-ī pīrāmūn-i zanān-i muhājir-i ṣāḥib-i shirkat dar sūʾid2005Inngår i: Avaie Zaen, ISSN 0804-8134, nr 54/55, s. 20-27Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 22.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Arbetslivsinstitutet.
    Is starting of own Business a Strategi of Integration in work life for immigrant Women i Sweden?2002Inngår i: Women, Work & Health: book of abstracts / [ed] Carina Bildt, Lena Gonäs, Lena Karlqvist and Hanna Westberg, Stockholm: Arbetslivsinstitutet , 2002, s. 301-Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 23.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Mittuniversitetet.
    The anthropology of climate change: an integrated critical perspective, by Hans A. Baer and Merrill Singer2016Inngår i: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 24, nr 7, s. 1062-1064Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 24.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Turismvetenskap.
    The impact of political crises on the choice of second-home destination: A study of Swedish-Iranian second home buyers2017Inngår i: 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS, 2017, s. 81-82Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Political crises which have negative impact on the choice of a tourism destination can also affect the choice of a second-home destination negatively. The purpose of this study is to investigate why a part of Swedish-Iranian second home buyers prefer Spain than Turkey due to the politics. The group has shown interest in second-home purchase in the two countries during recent decade. More than 30 short dialogues were made with Swedish-Iranian buyers at the exhibition of “Buying Properties Abroad” in Kista, September 2015, after the start of a series of political crises in Turkey. A simple question was asked: Why do you choose Spain before Turkey? Most of the respondents gave more than three reasons.82The most important category of reasons were political factors followed by cultural factors. Political anxiety, instability and insecurity in Turkey, risk for civil war, police society, lack of democratic order, the fact that Turkey is not EU member, the government’s negative attitude towards Kurds, and the origin of Islamic state were the most mentioned political reasons. Cheating among some shopkeepers, negative attitudes by authorities towards Iranians, general perception of foreign women/female tourists, lack of a modern culture in Turkey, and better mentality among Spanish people have been among the cultural reasons. Among the economic reasons they mentioned lack of good infrastructure in Turkey, insecurity for invested capital, lower living costs in Spain, it is safer to buy house in Spain as EU country. Other less mentioned reasons were natural preconditions and knowledge on Spanish language.

  • 25.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Arbetslivsinstitutet.
    Bildt, Carina
    Arbetslivsinstitutet.
    Kār va Bíkārí-yi nímahvaght: dar míyān-i zanān va muhājirān-i nizāfatgar dar sūʼid2006Inngår i: Avaie Zaen, ISSN 0804-8134, nr 58-59, s. 12-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 26.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa.
    Hellgren, Carina
    Internationella programkontoret i Stockholm.
    Female Entrepreneurship Within the Experience Industry: A Case study of Two Swedish Regions2012Inngår i: The IUP Journal of Entrepreneurship Development, ISSN 0973-2659, Vol. IX, nr 1, s. 38-60Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates female entrepreneurship within experience industries in two Swedish municipalities, Degerfors and Gotland. Nine businesswomen and eight practitioners have been interviewed. The women go into business as a result of their eagerness to experience the process of running a business by them. They come armed with concepts and ideas they wish to develop in the form of an experience-oriented business, or through which they search for new meaning or pursue a new lifestyle. The obstacles and opportunities that the women encounter in the two investigated regions have much to do with the different business climates and also, to a certain degree, their natural preconditions. This in turn affects local labor markets and the chances women have of obtaining gainful employment. The general business climate in Gotland is much better than in Degerfors, and women in Gotland have access to numerous organizations, associations and societies.

  • 27.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    EIDI/ Internationella Handelshögskolan i Jönköping.
    Hellgren, Carina
    Internationella programkontoret, Stockholm.
    The Experience Economy and Creative Industries2011Inngår i: Local Development and Creative Industries: Empirical, methodological and theoretical reflections / [ed] Conny Pettersson and Dorit Christensen, Visby/Sweden: Gotland University Press , 2011, 1, s. 33-56Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    EIDI/Internationella Handelshögskolan i Jönköping.
    Hellgren, Carina
    Internationella programkontoret, Stockholm.
    Women in Creative Industries2011Inngår i: Local development and Creative Industries: Empirical, methodological and theoretical reflections / [ed] Conny Pettersson and Dorit Christensen, Visby/Sweden: Gotland University Press , 2011, 1, s. 59-97Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Hellgren, Carina
    International Programme Office, Stockholm.
    Working Conditions for Female and Immigrant Cleaners in Stockholm County: An Intersectional Approach2012Inngår i: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 161-181Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 30.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth.
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Högskolan i Jönköping, IHH, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Högskolan i Jönköping, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth.
    Rylander, David
    Högskolan i Jönköping, IHH, Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth.
    Att överbrygga mellan traditionell industri och upplevelseindustri2010Inngår i: Entreprenörskap i regioners tjänst: Ingångar till nya näringar genom design, upplevelser, kulturarv / [ed] Johannisson, Bengt & Rylander, David, Jönköping: EIDI , 2010, s. 111-130Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Nya näringar utvecklas alltid i ett sammanhang som skapats av befintligt närings- och samhällsliv. I detta kapitel fokuserar vi på hinder och möjligheter inför en omvandling av näringslivet i Gnosjöregionen. Regionen karakteriseras mer än de flesta andra i Sverige av en småskalig tillverkningsindustri. Sysselsättningsgraden totalt sett är en av de högsta i landet, såväl bland män och kvinnor som nya svenskar, invandrarna. I takt med utflyttning av verksamhet och automatisering av tillverkningsprocesser minskar behovet av arbetskraft inom traditionell industri vilket ökar kravet på att utveckla nya kompletterande näringar. Omvandling från tillverkningsintensiv produktion till serviceinriktad upplevelseindustri med turism är för många regioner en viktig utmaning. Upplevelseindustrin förväntas bidra till tillväxt och en mer mångsidig arbetsmarknadsstruktur, särskilt attraktiv för unga människor. Omvandlingen mot en mer diversifierad näringsstruktur försvåras av den kulturella fixeringen vid den tidigare så framgångsrika tillverkningsindustrin. Många anonyma ”röster” menar att jobb och företag inom turism och annan upplevelse-industri inte räknas som ”riktiga” jobb och företag. En omorientering av regionens näringsliv måste drivas inifrån/underifrån för att bli beständig, något som tidigare förändringsförsök vittnar om. Samtidigt behövs inspiration utifrån. Kapitlet avslutas med en exemplifiering av Isaberg, som en väletablerad anläggning för friluftsliv, ett etablisse-mang inom upplevelseindustri, som vill vända snöbrist till en möjlighet att överbrygga säsongsvariationer. Ambitionerna för utvecklingen av Isaberg visar potentialen inom turism och annan upplevelseindustri i strävan efter en alternativ näringslivsstruktur.

  • 31.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Handelshögskolan i Jönköping.
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Handelshögskolan i Jönköping.
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Handelshögskolan i Jönköping.
    Rylander, David
    Handelshögskolan i Jönköping.
    Bridging Traditional and Experience Industries: Lessons from the Gnosjö Region2010Inngår i: Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas: Vol. 5 / [ed] Hans Westlund & Kiyoshi Kobayashi, Jönköping: Jönköping International Business School , 2010, s. 41-53Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 32.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Turismvetenskap.
    Müller, Dieter K
    Umeå universitet.
    Second Home purchase in Turkey by Swedish Iranians: An Explorative Study2017Inngår i: 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS, 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Second home tourism is often discussed in the context of the western world. Other groups and their motivations, in this case people of Iranian background who are a large ethnic group in Sweden, are often neglected, although the group has shown interest in purchase of second home in Turkey.The aim of this study is to get more insight on Swedish Iranians’ purchase of second home in Turkey. 19 e-mail interviews (with Broker companies, owners, and potentially buyers) have been conducted. Also participant observation in Antalya region in June 2015 and at the exhibition of “Buying Properties Abroad” in Kista in September 2015 has been done.The interview results reveal that the Swedish Iranian second home buyers collect information through friends and relatives, various web sites, exhibitions, brokers, and real estate companies before buying apartment. Their motives have been: following other friends/relatives who bought apartments there, cultural proximity including the Turkish language and food, geographic proximity to Iran, relatives living in Iran do not need Turkish visa, economic factors including prices, the climate, and investment for the retirement. They stay in their apartments at least once a year up to 4 times a year and the duration of their stay each time is at least one week. A part of them might choose to live partly or permanently in Turkey after the retirement. Their motives are similar to many other second home owners elsewhere but there are also aspects related to the political context of this mobility.

  • 33.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Sarkadi, Anna
    Instititutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa vid Uppsala universitet.
    Working together: A study on co-produced parenting support services in a Swedish municipality2012Inngår i: Barn, ISSN 0800-1669, Vol. 30, nr 4, s. 129-148Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes an evaluation of co-producing parenting support services in a rural municipalityin Sweden. The evaluation looked at the implementation process of a series of positive activities forchildren and their parents, data from the participating parents and the economy of the project.Methods included interviews, questionnaires, observations and a review of protocols, e-mails, andweb pages. Both qualitative and quantitative analytical methods were used. We identified two essentialcomponents for successful co-production: 1) The balance between the two actors (public and voluntarysector) in terms of interests, commitment and experienced positive impacts and 2) That bothactors remain within their core competencies. Parents were satisfied with the number and quality ofthe activities and reported improvement in their relationship with their child. Costs for the six sessionsprovided during the project were 1897 SEK/participant for the orienteering club and 2635 SEK/participantfor the riding club.

  • 34.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Attitudes towards participation in business development programmes: An ethnic comparison in Sweden2015Inngår i: European Journal of Training and Development, ISSN 2046-9012, Vol. 39, nr 1, s. 59-75Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The aim of the study is to investigate whether there are any differences between the attitudes towards participation in development programmes of entrepreneurs who are immigrants and those who are native-born. Design/methodology/approach – Several statistical methods, including a binary logistic regression model, were used to analyse a unique, firm-level dataset collected by the Swedish Small Business Forum in October and November 2012. The dataset was based on a questionnaire composed of 60 closed questions that was completed by 531 participants representing 395 companies. Findings – Based on the analysis of 15 different attitude variables, the empirical findings are that immigrant managers/owners are more likely to show a positive attitude to participation in development programmes, in terms of nine of those attitude variables, than their native counterparts. Because there are no data about second generation of immigrants in the sample, thus, this category may have had an impact on the results. However, there is no possibility to identify any impact on the results. Originality/value – There is no prior research focusing specifically on this question, and to the authors' knowledge, this study is the first that has attempted to deal with the issue. This study is based on a recent and unique database, and provides new evidence on the relationship between ethnicity and attitude towards participation in development programmes among entrepreneurs. Its context is different from that of prior research.

  • 35.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Exploring the financing gap between native born women- and immigrant women-owned firms at the start-up stage: Empirical evidence from Swedish data2013Inngår i: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 157-173Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The main purpose of this study is to provide empirical evidence which identifies the impact of ethnicity and other relevant variables on external capital acquisition among Swedish women-owned businesses at start-up. Design/methodology/approach: Several methods have been employed to analyze the sample including a binary logistic regression model. The sample consists of 836 women-owned businesses in southeast Sweden; 97 immigrant-owned, 739 native born-owned. Findings: The results indicate that there are partly significant differences between native women-owned firms and immigrant woman-owned businesses at start-up. Unlike the native-owned firms, the immigrant woman-owned businesses rely more on loans from family members and less on bank loans. Practical implications: The results reveal that age has a positive impact on loans from family members, while the additional job outside one's own business, the amount of the owner's personal start-up capital and firm size positively influenced access to capital from banks. The owners' level of education, previous business experience, the legal form taken by the firm and the industry affiliation conversely played no significant role in explaining the women owners' attitudes toward loans from either friends or the bank. Originality/value: To the authors' knowledge, this study is the first empirical investigation addressing this issue in the Swedish context. 

  • 36.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Gender and informal financing at Start-up Stage: Swedish data2013Inngår i: Abstract database, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 37.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Gender as a determinant of informal capital in the financing of small firms’ start-up: Swedish data2015Inngår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 249-267Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores the differences in informal capital acquisition between female- and male-owned firms in the start-up stage in Sweden. A binary logistic regression model is used to analyse a sample including 836 female- and 1928 male-owned firms in 2008, providing 47,022 observations. The results indicate that the main explanatory variable, gender, is significant in distinguishing between female- and male-owned firms with regards to the use of informal capital in terms of loans from family members. Thus, female-owned firms tend to rely more on loans from family members than male-owned firms. The findings also indicate that one control variable, namely owners previous experience of starting up a company, negatively influences the use of loans from family members as a financing source in the start-up stage. This study is based on a unique and large sample including many different variables compared with previous research. Knowledge on the differences between Swedish female- and male-owned firms in using informal capital in the start-up stage is limited and ambiguous. The presented results contribute to research into small firm financing by adding insight into the relationships between informal capital acquisition, gender, and other relevant variables.

  • 38.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    The Impact of Owner and Firm Characteristics on External Capital Acquisition at Start-up: Empirical Evidences from Swedish Data2012Inngår i: International Business Research, ISSN 1913-9004, E-ISSN 1913-9012, Vol. 5, nr 12, s. 19-30Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates whether owner and firm characteristics influence the use of external financing sources among Swedish small-owned firms at start-up stage. Several methods, including multinomial binary logistic regression have been employed to analyse a unique and comprehensive firm-level database, consisting of 2,814 firms gathered through interviews. The results show that three variables, i.e., loans from family members and friends, bank debt and funding from angel investors, are significant in distinguishing between Swedish native and immigrant-owned firms in the acquisition of financial sources in start-up. In addition, immigrant-owned firms tend to relay more on informal financial sources e.g. loan from family member, friends and angel investors, and less on bank loan. Furthermore, whereas, ethnicity influences the change of all these four variables significantly, gender merely affects loans from family members. Other variables, such as the owners’ age, prior experience in business, education, having an additional job beside one’s own business, the amount of personal start-up capital and firm size, as well as legal form and industry affiliation are partly important to explain the acquisition use of external capital at start-up stage.

  • 39.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för turismvetenskap och geografi.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden .
    The determinant of external financing at the start-up stage: Empirical evidences from Swedish data2014Inngår i: World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, ISSN 1746-0573, E-ISSN 1746-0581, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 124-141Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Small firms in general have limited access to funding, which is a major problem for entrepreneurs. In particular, this problem is evident for women and ethnic minority groups. The purpose of the study is to examine empirically the impact of gender, ethnicity and other relevant variables on the access to external financing of new small firms. A sample of 2,764 female- And male-owned small businesses, based on a unique and large database gathered through interviews, was investigated employing binary logistic regression models. The results suggest that both gender and ethnicity are significant explanatory variables influencing the access to external capital at the start-up stage. Entrepreneurs' age, experience of starting businesses and education, as well as additional jobs beside their own business, are other variables that influence the way in which entrepreneurs finance their business. Moreover, firm characteristics in terms of personal start-up capital, firm size and legal form have an impact on financing behaviour at start-up. Since the knowledge about this issue is limited, the results of this study add to our understanding of the variables affecting the behaviour of small business endeavours in seeking funding at start-up.

  • 40.
    Abbasnejad, Susan
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it.
    Moaf, Ronak
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it.
    Sociala medier i den svenska nyhetsrapporteringen om Iran2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning har visat att sociala medier är avgörande för informationsspridning i länder med begränsad yttrandefrihet, men också att sociala medier kan vara svårtolkade samt vilseledande. Syftet med denna intervjustudie var att åskådliggöra relationen mellan sociala medier och traditionell journalistik. Studien fokuserade på svenska journalisters användning och värdering av sociala medier i rapporteringen om den politiska utvecklingen i Iran, under perioden 12 juni 2009 till 11 februari 2010.

    Kvalitativa forskningsintervjuer utfördes med de svenska journalisterna Natalie Besér (DN), Per Jönsson (DN), Said Montazeri (Radio Hambastegi), Mattias Pleijel (TT) och Kinga Sandén (Sydsvenskan). Intervjuerna fokuserade på följande fem specifika händelser: presidentvalets resultat (13 juni, 2009), Khameneis fredagsbön (19 juni, 2009), Neda Soltans dödsskjutning (20 juni, 2009), demonstrationerna under Ashura (27december) och demonstrationerna under revolutionens årsdag (11 februari, 2010).

    Vår analys visar att journalisterna inte var odelat positiva till sociala medier men att de använde sociala medier som källor i varierande utsträckning. Det var också påtagligt att det skedde direkta källhänvisningar till olika sociala medier i journalisternas texter eller inslag. Samtliga journalister kontrollerade den information de hämtade från sociala medier med andra icke-sociala mediekällor för att verifiera korrektheten innan de publicerade informationen. Våra slutsatser är att sociala medier på ett berikande sätt kompletterar traditionell journalistik då de används medvetet och källkritiskt.

  • 41.
    Abbaszadeh, Sepideh
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik.
    Espinoza, Daniela
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik.
    Instagram: en plattform för att frigöra kvinnors kroppar genom hashtags.: Ett bidrag i diskussionen angående aktivism på Instagram.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The naked body is an entity that has always been present in both the “real” world and the media. The anatomy of our bodies isn’t something we can avoid; today it reflects the reality that has developed partly from media. According to Instagram’s guidelines users are not allowed to publish naked or semi-naked pictures but that does not stop certain users that are critical to how the body norms and censorship are portrait today. In our study, we take part of research regarding gender in multimedia settings and how they have affected our daily lives. As well as studies, which research the usage of hashtags and how to circumvent censorship. The focus for this study is to research what role Instagram and hashtags have in generating a public discussion as well to draw attention to various issues and causes that are based on norm critique. We have conducted two different observations, held interviews with activists and created an online-survey for users to answer what they think about the Instagram community guidelines. The results show that there is an underlying discrimination acceptance within Instagram and their community guidelines. We can also see that women and users who uses hashtags can spread their causes more effectively, although they are simultaneously at risk for being censored depending on the hashtag they use. According to our respondents from our research there is an agreement regarding the need of updating Instagram’s community guidelines, which could help with eliminate the current discrimination against women and their breasts. At the end of this study we are giving a proposal to how Instagram can work with their censoring in a more critical way. This may contribute to an agenda to make social media platforms safer and less discriminating.

  • 42.
    Abbo, Maryam
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Digitala medier: Användning av surfplattor för att skriva berättelser i svensk språkundervisning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the use of tablet computers in a Swedish language, classroom. This study aims to investigate student and teacher attitudes when using tablet computers for story writing. One fifth grade classroom was observed on three occasions and a total of six students and three teachers were subsequently interviewed. This study addresses the following questions:

    • How are tablet computers used for writing stories in a Swedish classroom?

     

    • What opportunities and obstacles do teachers experience when using the tablet computers when it comes to writing stories?
    • Which method was preferred by the students? Writing stories on tablet computers or writing by hand?

    This qualitative study was based on observations and interviews. Analysis of observations and interviews show that the tablet computers appear to help the students with language, organisation and structure in the writing of stories. However, teachers still need to incorporate both writing by hand and using the tablet computers to ensure competence for real-life situations which still use a mixture of both skills. The results also showed that tablet computers are a useful tool for communication when students help each other in their writing. Classroom observations suggest that tablet computers can act as a mediator tool in the Swedish elementary school classroom primarily as it makes the writing process easier for the students. Analysis of teacher interviews suggest that teachers prefer to have students use tablets as it makes the student’s texts clearer, facilitating assessment.

  • 43.
    Abdalla, Amal
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi.
    Konradsdal, Amanda
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi.
    CSR, receptet för en lyckad M&A transaktion?: En kvantitativ studie om hur effekterna av företagens sociala ansvar påverkar M&A transaktioner2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine whether the awareness of social- and environmental factors could be beneficial within M&A transactions in such that companies tend to obtain a higher success in such transactions if they are aware of these factors. The study also examines whether the actual return by the event date strikes higher for the social- and environmental aware companies than the unaware companies, where the event date is when the M&A transaction was due.

    Method: The authors have chosen to use two different methods; the Event Study- and Panel Study methods. The event window consists of five days before- and five days after the due date of the M&A, which makes it a total of 11 days. The estimation window is based on the 30 days before the event window and is examined in order to obtain an expected return of which is not affected by the event. The sample is based on international, Swedish companies which has undergone a M&A with a non- Swedish company, and is connected to the UN’s initiative Global Compact.

    Theory: The authors have chosen to apply the Efficient Market Hypothesis and besides that, a developed model based on a current one, the Merger Management Model. The difference between the models is that the Merger Management Model is based on tangible factors whereas the developed model, Social and Environmental Merger Management Model, is based on intangible factors. The chapter starts with the Efficient Market Hypothesis and then continues with the Merger Management Model and an explanation of the social- and environmental factors. The chapter ends with an explanation of the factors’ impact on companies and culminates onto the developed model.

    Conclusion: The outcome shows that companies of which are aware of social- and environmental risks, have incentives to a higher success rate in M&A transactions than companies that are unaware of these risks. The results of the hypothesis test made in this study strengthens the conclusion since the outcome of the p-value almost reached 64 percent, which means that there most likely is a correlation between the companies’ awareness of the social- and environmental factors and their success in M&A transactions.

  • 44.
    Abdalla, Fardosa
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande.
    Resistance of Female Stereotypes in The Bluest Eye : Destroying Images of Black Womanhood and Motherhood2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Stereotypes and myths are created by media to simplify and mystify reality. The two are used to form negative stereotypical images that are used as tools of social oppression in today’s white patriarchy. This essay will focus on how Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye depicts black womanhood and motherhood and resists the reductive images of black women through the narrative technique. In the text we find the stereotypical images of the Mammy and the Matriarch in the character Pauline "Polly" Breedlove, both simplifying and mystifying black motherhood but also condescending towards African-American family constellations. The text resists these images by making readers inhabit Polly who at first fits in to the two archetypes, only to then give us additional information and use an engaging narrative technique that invites the reader to decide if Polly really is the Mammy and the Matriarch.

  • 45.
    Abdallah, Wissam
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Gudsstyre?: En fallstudie av Irans regim2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this Master´s thesis is to examine which type of regime the state Iran is. There has been much research on this issue and the discussion is not over yet. I have departed from three theoretical perspectives in order to understand which type of regime the Middle Eastern nation is: theocracy, democracy and hybrid regime. The theocratic regimetype is composed by David L. Websters archeological theory about governments ruled by God. For the democratic theory in this study Robert Dahls analytical framework about democracy and polyarchy is used. The hybrid regime is mainly represented by Andreas Schedler indicators. A qualitative case study approach is used for the purpose of this study where I have constructed an analytical framework containing indicators in order to apply these on the three regime models. The results and conclusion I can draw from this study is that Iran is more like a hybrid regime. However, there are several reservations and there need to be more studies to qualify this suggestion.

  • 46.
    Abdallah, Wissam
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Varför religion?: En undersökning av hur eleverna i en skola upplever religionsämnet2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 47. Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Understanding Critical Citizenship and Other Forms of Public Dissatisfaction: An Alternative Framework2012Inngår i: Politics, Culture and Socialization, ISSN 1866-3427, E-ISSN 2196-1417, Vol. 3, nr 1-2, s. 179-196Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has paid much attention to citizen dissatisfaction and the trends of growing political disaffection, cynicism, and scepticism – in short, the emergence of 'critical citizens'. Also, more recently, critical citizens have sometimes been viewed as an asset for democracy. However, despite both pessimistic and optimistic interpretations of public criticism, the issue of conceptualizing negative attitudes has received less attention. The present study was conducted to enrich understanding of this particular dimension of citizens' attitudes. To this end, the paper suggests an alternative theoretical framework for analysing various forms of negative political orientations. The framework has been tested empirically using three types of statistical procedures, which demonstrate its validity and usefulness.

  • 48.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Procedural Fairness and Political Trust Among Young People: Lessons from a panel study on Swedish High School Students2015Inngår i: Acta Politica, ISSN 0001-6810, E-ISSN 1741-1416, Vol. 50, nr 3, s. 253-278Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of ‘fair’ institutions in developing democratic legitimacy has received increased attention. Citizens who perceive – on basis of past experiences – that they are being treated fairly by authorities have been held to have greater trust in political institutions. However, previous studies on the relationship between procedural fairness and political trust have not paid sufficient attention to individuals with limited first-hand experiences of authorities. We examine the relationship on an authority that virtually all individuals meet early in life: the school. Using structural equation modeling on unique panel data covering 1500 Swedish adolescents (ages ranging from 13 to 17), we find a reciprocal relationship: personal encounters with school authorities shape young people’s political trust; however, the images that adolescents get of the political system (through family, peers, media and so on) have also consequences on their perceptions about the authorities they encounter in their daily lives. The analysis increases our understanding of how individuals form their political allegiances by showing that the relationship between fairness and trust is more dynamic than has previously been suggested: neither an accumulated set of experiences of authorities nor formal ties with political institutions (as voters and so on) are required for a relationship to emerge.

  • 49.
    Abdi Ali Ahmed, Yousra
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Utveckling och internationellt samarbete.
    A Study on behavioral Health Interventions for Neglected tropical diseases: What is missing in current health interventions?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this paper is to provide a deeper understanding of the spread of NTDs but to also determine what is missing in the health interventions that are conducted in the countries affected by NTD.

    Method and theory: The method used in this paper is the theory testing approach which is the Social Cognitive Theory. Development in the 1970s by A. Badura, it’s based on the concept of interaction between personal, environmental and social factors.

    Results: The results showed that both the previous research and today’s health interventions lack the understanding of the roll social and personal factors play in the spread of NTD. They mainly target the environmental factors and medical. Therefore, the NTDs are still endemic despite the effort during many years.

  • 50.
    Abdi Mohamed, Aukar
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi.
    Ramsey, Gabriel
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi.
    Ledarskap i den kreativa processen: En studie om små dataspelsföretag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Ledarskap i den kreativa processen: En studie om dataspelsföretag

    Problem: I dagsläget finns det brister på studier som fokuserar på olika ledarskapsperspektivs påverkan på kreativitet inom arbetsgrupper. Hur ledarskap formas och ledarskapets roll i den kreativa processen saknas det information om, speciellt inom kreativt intensiva industrier. Stor del av tidigare forskning fokuserar på länder som USA och Japan, men inte Sverige. Dataspelsindustrin är en snabbföränderlig industri, därmed finns det flera utmaningar och affärsmöjligheter som organisationer möjligtvis saknar kunskap om.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är att få en förståelse för hur ledarskapet ser ut i den kreativa processen i dataspelsföretag. Samtidigt vill vi bidra med kunskap och förståelse om ledarskapets inflytande på den kreativa processen.

    Metod: Undersökningen utgick från samhällsvetenskapligt tolkningsperspektiv med en kvalitativ forskningsstrategi.  Fenomenologisk ansats har använts för att fånga intervjupersonernas upplevelser av ledarskapet i den kreativa processen i dataspelsindustrin med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Forskningsansatsen var abduktiv då forskarna pendlade konstant mellan data och kända teorier vid sökandet efter de mest sannolika förklaringarna. Vid bearbetning av data användes en fenomenografisk dataanalysmodell.

    Slutsats: Olika ledarskapsperspektiv fungerar olika under olika omständigheter. Enligt den teoretiska referensramen utesluter inte en ledarskapsteori nödvändigtvis en annan utan aspekter av olika ledarskapsteorier går att kombinera. Eftersom att det finns många olika typer av dataspelsföretag är det viktigt att förstå den egna organisationen och vara öppen för att plocka aspekter från olika ledarskapsteorier och skräddarsy ett ledarskapsperspektiv som passar organisationens kontext.

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