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  • 1.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    Avant-propos: Pour une phénoménologie du langage : le primat ontologique de la parole2020In: Le problème de la parole: cours au Collège de France: notes 1953-1954 / [ed] Lovisa Andén, Emmanuel de Saint Aubert & Franck Robert, Genève: MētisPresses , 2020, p. 9-32Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [fr]

    «Le problème de la parole» est l’un des premiers cours que Merleau-Ponty a donnés au Collège de France : il fait suite aux leçons sur le «Monde sensible et le monde de l’expression» et aux «Recherches sur l’usage littéraire du langage». Tenu entre décembre 1953 et avril 1954, il est bientôt suivi des cours sur «L’institution et La passivité». L’ ensemble fait partie d’un projet global qui vise à élucider les rapports entre le monde sensible et le monde de l’expression. La composition du cours témoigne de l’ampleur et de l’importance de la question du langage pour Merleau-Ponty. Le problème de la parole est constitué de trois parties. La première se consacre aux apports de la linguistique à la pensée du langage – Merleau-Ponty y examine en particulier la linguistique de Saussure et de ses disciples Charles Bally et Joseph Vendryes. La deuxième porte sur l’aphasie et l’acquisition du langage chez l’enfant – Merleau-Ponty y interroge notamment les travaux d’André Ombredane, Roman Jakobson, Kurt Goldstein et Françoise Dolto-Marette. Le cours propose enfin, en un troisième moment, une lecture détaillée de l’œuvre de Marcel Proust. Il ne s’agit donc pas seulement pour Merleau-Ponty de formuler une théorie du langage, il s’agit plus fondamentalement de voir dans la parole l’expression même du monde et de l’être. La linguistique, la pédagogie et la psycho-pathologie du langage, tout autant que la littérature telle qu’elle se déploie avec Proust, révèlent ce pouvoir d’expression de la parole, manifestent les pouvoirs du langage à l’égard du monde sensible.

  • 2.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    Being in Language: Merleau-Ponty’s Ontological Examinations of Language at the Collège de France2021In: Chiasmi International, ISSN 1637-6757, E-ISSN 2155-6415, Vol. 23, p. 303-316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s ontological investigation of language in his recently published course notes Sur le problème de la parole of 1954. In the course notes, Merleau-Ponty approaches the relation between being and language: if our ontological thinking is thoroughly conditioned by the means of expression provided by our proper language, how are we then to understand its claims of universality? The article argues that the course notes elucidate the linguistic turn in Merleau-Ponty’s later ontology. In particular, this article stresses that the course notes show that Merleau-Ponty undertakes an ontological inquiry into language before his investment into Heidegger’s philosophy. Furthermore, the course notes elucidate the continuity between Merleau-Ponty’s earlier investigations into expression and the ontological inquiry into language in his later texts.

  • 3.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Arctic University of Norway.
    Between Memory and History: Retracing Historical Knowledge Through a Phenomenology of Afterlife2024In: Jan Patočka and the Phenomenology of Life After Death / [ed] Gustav Strandberg; Hugo Strandberg, Cham: Springer, 2024, p. 139-152Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How can Jan Patočka’s phenomenology of afterlife enable us to understand the historiographical process in general and the role of testimony in the historiographical process, in particular? Patočka presents a phenomenological analysis of co-existence and afterlife where others continue to be with us, as a part of our lifeworld and our constitution of ourselves, even after they are gone. We see ourselves through others and we continue to experience our lifeworld with them, a relation that is transformed but not disrupted after their death. In historiographical discussions, historical knowledge is often defined in opposition to memories, on account of its distance to our immediate, personal relation to our past. Such discussions were famously undertaken by thinkers such as Paul Ricoeur and Pierre Nora. The aim of this paper is to place the phenomenological analysis of death and of loss within discussions surrounding the relation between memory and historical knowledge. In particular, it examines how we constitute and re-constitute collective memory and historical knowledge through testimonies and archives. It argues that we can understand testimonies and archives as different modes of being with the dead, modes that continue to constitute both our individual field of experience, and our collective historical situation.

  • 4.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Demokratin behöver analys: Recension av Vad innebär det att vara demokrat?2011In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 2011-06-23Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Åbo Akademi, Finland.
    Historisk sanning och litterär representation i vittneslitteratur från Gulagarkipelagen2022In: Tidskriften Ikaros, ISSN 0782-6052, no 4, p. 26-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    I huvet på Wittgenstein: Recension av Ludwig Wittgensteins idévärld2011In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 2011-09-07Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy. Uppsala University.
    Language and Tradition in Merleau-Ponty’s Reading of Husserl and Saussure2018In: Studia Phænomenologica, ISSN 1582-5647, E-ISSN 2069-0061, Vol. XVIII, p. 183-205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I examine how Merleau-Ponty develops Husserl’s genetic phenomenology through an elaboration of language, largely influenced by Saussure’s linguistics. Specifically, my focus will be on the unpublished notes to the course Sur le problème de la parole (On the Problem of Speech). I show how Merleau-Ponty recasts Husserl’s notion of the historicity of truth by means of an inquiry into the relation between truth and its linguistic expression. The account that Merleau-Ponty offers differs from Husserl’s in two important respects. Firstly, whereas Husserl describes a regressive inquiry of truth, Merleau-Ponty describes a regressive movement of truth, where every acquired truth seizes the tradition that precedes it. Secondly, this new notion of truth, and its dependency on its proper expression, opens up for a new understanding of literature.

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  • 8.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    Literary Testimonies and Fictional Experiences: Gulag Literature Between Fact and Fiction2021In: Studia Phænomenologica, ISSN 1582-5647, E-ISSN 2069-0061, Vol. 21, p. 197-223Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the role of Gulag literature in connection to testimony, literature and historical documentation. Drawing on the thoughts of Jacques Derrida and Hannah Arendt, the article examines the difficulty of witnesses being believed in the absence of evidence. In particular, the article focuses on the vulnerability of the Gulag authors, due to the ongoing Soviet repression at the time of their writing. It examines the interplay between the repression and the literature that exposed it. The article contends that the fictionalization of Gulag literature enabled the authors to go further in challenging Soviet repression. Focusing on the fictional accounts written by Varlam Shalamov and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, it argues that the fictionalized Gulag literature makes the experience of the camp universe possible to imagine for those outside, allowing readers to believe in an experience that otherwise seems incredible.

  • 9.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    Literature and the Expressions of Being in Merleau-Ponty’s Unpublished Course Notes2019In: Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology, ISSN 0007-1773, E-ISSN 2332-0486, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 208-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article I examine Merleau-Ponty’s understanding of the relation between literature, being and perception. I focus especially on two of Merleau-Ponty’s courses at Collège de France: the first course, Le monde sensible et le monde de l’expression, and the unpublished course Sur le problème de la parole. In the former Merleau-Ponty presents a new understanding of perception, according to which being is expressed in perception through the style of movement of the perceived phenomenon. In the latter he advances a notion of literary writing as an expression of the being that is itself expressed to us in perception. Through a reading of Proust’s work, he discusses how the literary writer makes his experience expressive by means of a stylization of what is experienced. Hence, literature expresses perception through an enhancement of the expressiveness that it already contains. This capacity of literature will be the main focus of my investigation. 

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  • 10.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy. Uppsala University.
    Litteratur och erfarenhet i Merleau-Pontys filosofi2018In: Salongen – nettidsskrift for filosofi og idéhistorie, no 5 majArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 11.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Uppsala universitet.
    Litteratur och erfarenhet i Merleau-Pontys läsning av Proust, Valéry och Stendhal2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to explore the relation between literary expression and experience in Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy. The principal focus is Merleau-Ponty’s investigations into literature, in two of his first courses at Collège de France, 1953- 1954: Sur le problème de la parole (On the Problem of Speech) and Recherches sur l’usage littéraire du langage (Research on the Literary Use of Language). While the former remains unpublished, the latter was finally published in 2013. At the time of his premature death, Merleau-Ponty left thousands of pages of working notes. They were supposed to contribute to a major philosophical work, the planned title of which was Être et monde (Being and world). Merleau-Ponty had planned to undertake an extensive examination of language in the last part of the work. However, in the absence of this text, the courses on literary language afford us the possibility of sketching the direction that this research might have taken.

    The examination of literary language use is, for Merleau-Ponty, made possible by an understanding of language found in Ferdinand de Saussure’s linguistics. Merleau-Ponty’s interpretation of Saussurean linguistics anticipates the structuralist reading that was later to dominate the intellectual scene. Instead of reading the linguistics of Saussure in opposition to phenomenology, he finds in the former an ally that allows him to think Husserlian phenomenology further.

    In the course notes, Merleau-Ponty explores the relation between sensible experience and linguistic expressions through close readings of Proust, Valéry and Stendhal. In the writing of Marcel Proust, he finds a writer that perpetually examines his experience, searching for expressions that are capable of bringing it forth. In Stendhal’s writing, Merleau-Ponty finds a literary method that makes the world appear through the “small true facts” that describe it. Finally, in Paul Valéry’s poetic writing he finds a writer superimposing words over other words, in order to create new significations. In their literary writing he finds a capacity to seize the world anew, beyond our habitual preconceptions of it, thus bringing us closer to the experience we already perceive.

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    Litteratur och erfarenhet i Merleau-Pontys läsning av Proust, Valéry och Stendhal
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  • 12.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Universitetet i Tromsö, Norge.
    Med livet som litteraturens laboratorium: Merleau-Ponty och Proust2023Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    Motvilliga vittnen: Svenska vittnesberättelser från utrensningarna i Sovjetkarelen2022In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, Vol. 51, no 3-4, p. 172-186Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several hundred Swedes emigrated to Soviet Karelia in the beginning of the 1930s. Many of them remained there when the Great Terror began, and they became targets of repression. As of now, there is no coherent public narrative in Sweden that acknowledge the Swedish survivors; most survivors never talked publicly about their experiences, let alone wrote about them, and the few who did, did so reluctantly. This article discusses four memoirs written by Swedish survivors of the Soviet repression and the silence that still surrounds these memoirs. The narratives themselves, as well as the reception of the narratives, bear witness to the difficulty of narrating experiences that have not yet been publicly acknowledged. Based on the Swedish witness accounts, this article aims to examine 1) the difficulty of testifying in the absence of a public narrative, and 2) the ability of witness literature to challenge and change established historical narratives.

  • 14.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Människans revolt och historiens revolutioner2014In: Dixikon, E-ISSN 2001-1768, no 2014-02-02Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    Selvbiografier som vitnesbyrd i Simone de Beauvoirs poetikk2021In: Oppløsningen av det estetiske: Kunstfilosofisk modernitet fra Kant til relasjonell estetikk / [ed] Ståle Finke; Mattias Solli, Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 2021, p. 189-205Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [no]

    Hva innebærer det å skrive virkelighetsbasert litteratur? Hvilke krav kan vi stille til den? Hva sier den om det livet den hevder å skildre? Diskusjonen om sannhetslitteratur handler om grensen mellom virkelighetsbasert fiksjon og selvbiografisk skriving. En filosof som mer enn noen annen har utforsket dette spørsmålet, er Simone de Beauvoir. Hun undersøker både fiksjonens grenser og den selvbiografiske skrivingens mulighet for å forvandle den gjennomlevde erfaringen. Hele Beauvoirs forfatterskap kan ses på som én sammenhengende streben etter å prøve å forstå hva det er å være menneske – gjennom fiksjon, memoarer, essay og filosofiske tekster, og gjennom å tilbakeføre filosofiens abstrakte teorier til vår konkrete erfaring med verden.

  • 16.
    Andén, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Vittneslitteratur och det förflutnas närvaro2021In: Svensk filosofiArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Andén, Lovisa
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    Robert, Franck
    Introduction: Le problème de la parole, extrait de la leçon du 25 février 1954. Proust et la littérature2019In: Chiasmi International, ISSN 1637-6757, E-ISSN 2155-6415, Vol. 21, p. 25-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    On comprend mal la philosophie de Merleau-Ponty si l’on ne comprend pas le sens philosophique qu’il accorde au langage, à l’écriture, à la littérature. On lui reproche, séduit parfois mais prudent, voire réticent, son style, son écriture, ses métaphores. On ne voit pas que réside cependant là le sens de sa philosophie, le sens de la philosophie telle que Merleau-Ponty cherche à la penser et telle qu’il la pratique dans l’ontologie du Visible et l’invisible.« Parce qu’ayant éprouvé en lui-même le besoin de parler, la naissance de la parole comme une bulle au fond de son expérience muette, écrit Merleau-Ponty, le philosophe sait mieux que personne que le vécu est du vécu-parlé, que, né à cette profondeur, le langage n’est pas un masque sur l’Être, mais, si l’on sait le ressaisir avec toutes ses racines et toute sa frondaison, le plus valable témoin de l’Être, qu’il n’interrompt pas une immédiation sans lui parfaite, que la vision même, la pensée même sont, a-t-on dit, “structurées comme un langage” [J. Lacan], sont articulation avant la lettre, apparition de quelque chose là où il n’y avait rien ou autre chose ».

  • 18.
    Håkansson, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Philosophy. Uppsala University.
    En oavslutad filosofi: Merleau-Ponty efter 50 år2011In: Dixikon, E-ISSN 2001-1768, no oktoberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Håkansson, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy. Uppsala universitet.
    Litteraturen som nyckeln till frihet2015In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 2015-01-03, p. 34-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Håkansson, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy. Uppsala universitet.
    Människans revolt och historiens revolutioner2014In: Dixikon, E-ISSN 2001-1768, no 2 februariArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Håkansson, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy. Uppsala University.
    Review of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Le Monde sensible et le monde de l’expression eds. Emmanuel de Saint Aubert and Stefan Kristensen2013In: Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology, ISSN 0007-1773, E-ISSN 2332-0486, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 105-109Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Håkansson, Lovisa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Philosophy. Uppsala University.
    Review of Maurice Merleau-Ponty's Le monde sensible et le monde de l'expression2012In: Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology, ISSN 0007-1773, E-ISSN 2332-0486, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 341-346Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 23. Merleau-Ponty, Maurice
    Robert, Franck (Contributor)
    Extrait. Proust. Une théorie, et une pratique concordante, - du langage2019In: Chiasmi International, ISSN 1637-6757, E-ISSN 2155-6415, Vol. 21, p. 37-43Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 24. Merleau-Ponty, Maurice
    Andén, Lovisa (Editor, Author of introduction, etc.)
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    Saint Aubert, Emmanuel (Editor)
    Le problème de la parole: cours au Collège de France: notes 1953-19542020Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [fr]

    Prononcé entre décembre 1953 et avril 1954, «Le problème de la parole» s’inscrit dans le prolongement du «Monde sensible et le monde de l’expression» et des «Recherches sur l’usage littéraire du langage», leçons professées l’année précédente au Collège de France. Merleau-Ponty explore dans ce cours le sens d’une parole qui émerge du sensible: interrogeant les processus d’acquisition du langage ainsi que les pathologies qui l’affectent, il propose une interprétation originale de la linguistique de Saussure et offre un commentaire d’envergure de l’œuvre de Proust. Chez l’un et l’autre, comme dans l’étude de l’aphasie et de l’apprentissage de la langue chez Jakobson et Goldstein, Merleau-Ponty analyse les pouvoirs créateurs et instituants de la parole, pouvoirs que la littérature porte à son excellence. «Le problème de la parole» ébauche ainsi une philosophie de l’institution et une ontologie qui interrogent l’avènement du sens dans l’entrelacement du sensible et de l’expression. C’est dire toute l’importance de ce cours inédit: présentant l’une des premières lectures philosophiques de Saussure et de Proust, il constitue également une étape essentielle de l’évolution de la pensée de Merleau-Ponty, qui peut éclairer d’un jour nouveau le sens de son ontologie ultime.

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