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  • 1.
    Alsanius, Beatrix W.
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden.
    Löfkvist, Klara
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden; The Rural Economy and Agricultural Societies, Sweden.
    Kritz, Göran
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden.
    Ratkić, Adrian
    Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden.
    Reflection on reflection in action: a case study of growers conception of irrigation strategies in pot plant production2008In: AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence, ISSN 0951-5666, E-ISSN 1435-5655, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 545-558Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A case study of growers conception of irrigation strategies indicates thatpot plant growers in Scandinavia base their management approaches on experientially based art. The study also indicates that there is a gap between experientially based art and available greenhouse technology. In order to standardize production and produce quality, both the grower’s experience and available technology should be taken into account. In order to achieve this, the present study proposes to arrange reflection on reflection in action with a group of growers by means of the dialogue seminar method. The concept of reflection on reflection in action is novel to horticultural practice. Therefore, we suggest future inter- and multidisciplinary research within this domain.

  • 2.
    Alsanius, B.W.
    et al.
    SLU, Sweden.
    Ratkić, Adrian
    KTH, Sweden.
    Persson, E.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Löfkvist, K.
    Rural Economy and Agricultural Society, Sweden.
    Prospects of dialogue-inspired methods as tools for knowledge transfer: Technology for sustainable horticulture meets experiential knowledge communities2009In: Acta Horticulturae, ISSN 0567-7572, no 832, p. 27-32Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Amin, Bakhan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Karapanagiotidou, Kiriaki
    Södertörn University, Teacher Education.
    Normkonflikter på förskolan- mötesplats eller kollision?: En kvalitativ studie om normer och värden inom förskoleverksamhet med inriktning på normkonflikter2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With this study, we intend to seek knowledge about how educators perceive and relate to norm conflicts in preschool. The aim of the study is to focus on what educators say about norm conflicts based on their work and how they believe that they can create relationships between children and their parents and colleagues among themselves. In this study, we have chosen to start from the following questions: How do educators perceive norm conflicts, what are they about and how can they arise? How do norm conflicts affect the work of educators in preschool activities? What do educators think is needed to deal with norm conflicts?

    We have chosen to do a qualitative study based on qualitative interviews with eight educatorsin preschools located in different geographical areas in Stockholm - Sweden. By educators we mean four preschool teachers and four educator workers. The result of our study is based on analyses from the social constructivist theory and perpectives on interculturality. Social constructivist theory is a social science perspective that has its basis on people reproducing new perceptions of reality and self-understanding in interaction with each other and with the environment around them. Interculturality can be explained by Pirjo Lahdenperä as a social interaction, a process, or an overstep, since "inter" means interpersonal interaction and"culture" means meaning systems of meaning, which gives meaning and a special focus in aperson's life.

    The result of the study shows that all informants, regardless of position, are aware of the meaning of norms and values and agree that everyone should start from everyone's equalvalue. The social consensus theory that has helped us to understand the informants' different perceptions of norm conflicts that were highlighted as social phenomena, from the linguistic interaction to understand why individuals clash with norm conflicts due to language difficulties and misconceptions in communication in collegiate work. 

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  • 4. Arke, Pia
    et al.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Scoresbysundhistorier: Fotografier, kolonisering og kortlaeggning2003Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [da]

    Kollage af billeder og vidnesbyrd fra Scoresbysund i Nordøstgrønland, der blev koloniseret i 1924 og befolket i 1925 Med litteraturhenvisninger.

  • 5. Arketeg, Åsa
    An aesthetics of resistance: the open-ended practice of language writing2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates the relation between poetry and theory in the poetic practice of language writing. The topic is approached from the idea that language writing takes place in the tension of an open-ended state. In Chapter 1 it is argued that language writing is constituted in relation to a poetic context, and that it reactivates traits intrinsic to the avant-garde discourse, which corresponds to some characteristics in poststructuralism and critical theory. These perspectives appear in the poetic practice of language writing in terms of a rejection of transparency and separation. The stress on construction in language and writing eliminates the distinction between theory and poetry. It is argued that language writing cannot be seen as a movement in the traditional sense of the word since the poetic work resists aesthetic coherence. The heterogeneity of language writing confirms theory's contribution to the poetic practice but without creating a separation between the two. The first section of Chapter 2 addresses the l=a=n=g=u=a=g=e journal with a focus on a poetological context, avant-garde discourse, theory and criticism. The texts in this journal activate the open-ended state by acknowledging context and theory while they simultaneously reject the conventional style of the essay or the review. In the second section of this chapter, in the analysis of four language writers, Bruce Andrews, Charles Bernstein, Lyn Hejinian and Ron Silliman, it is argued that their poetic practice eliminates the distinction between poetry and poetics since poetry emerges as a critical study in itself, where self-reflexivity prevents the creation of poetry in a conventional sense and prevents a separation from poetics. Although poetry is connected with society, the autonomy of poetry, form and poetic language is stressed as a critical, transgressive potential in relation to conventional distinctions between poetry, theory, poetics and criticism.

  • 6. Arrhenius, Sara
    et al.
    Sjöholm, Cecilia
    Ensam och pervers1995Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Baukova, Olga
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Är man farlig bör man vara ärlig: En kvalitativ retorisk analys av fem reklamfilmer för receptfria värktabletter2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay was to analyze rhetorical features of Swedish drug advertising and see if drug advertising could be misleading or not. The study was primarily concentrated on how pills were described and that was the overall picture of pills created in commercials. The essay uses theories of narrative, semiotic, argumentation and theories concerning social communication in advertising. In this study fife TV-ads were analyzed: Alvedon, Ibumetin, Treo, Bamyl, and Ipren. The analysis showed that drug advertising has the potential to be misleading mostly because the overall picture of pills which creates in commercials is strong and kind heroes.

     

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  • 8.
    Behrendtz, Emma
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Discourse Studies.
    Johansson, Malin
    Södertörn University College, School of Discourse Studies.
    Egersten, Linda
    Södertörn University College, School of Discourse Studies.
    Det omedvetna Sverige 2008: en retorisk analys av Bang och QX2008Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 9.
    Bengtson, Erik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Rhetoric.
    Intellectio: Retorikens sjätte del?2024Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den svenska retorikdiskussionen har retorikens delar, rhetorices partes, fått en framträdande roll. Men hur många delar har egentligen retoriken? Quintilianus säger fem, men vissa svenska handböcker, samt läroplanen för gymnasieskolan 2011, räknar i stället med sex. De har lagt till intellectio före inventio, dispositio, elocutio, memoria och actio.

    Här undersöks vilken status intellectio har i den retoriska traditionen. Det är en fråga både om historien – och om historiebruk. Hur var den antika teorin egentligen utformad? Och hur kan en modern praktiskt orienterad retorikundervisning förhålla sig till sina antika rötter?

    Boken består av tre bidrag. Erik Bengtson studerar svensk-språkiga handböcker och spårar intellectio tillbaka till tysk retorikhistorisk forskning. Annika Ström studerar förekomsten samt avsaknaden av intellectio i klassiska och senantika latinska texter. David Westberg går i stället till den grekiska textvärlden och kastar nytt ljus på frågan om hur vi kan förstå detta omtvistade begrepp.

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    Intellectio: Retorikens sjätte del?
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  • 10.
    Bengtson, Erik
    Södertörn University College, School of Discourse Studies.
    Myten som argumentationsbas: Om hur man övertygar någon som ser världen på ett annat sätt2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I "Myten som argumentationsbas" har jag utgått från de perspektiv som finns inom den retoriska kunskapstraditionen. Utifrån dessa perspektiv har jag sökt svar på frågeställningen: Hur övertygar man någon som ser världen på ett annat sätt?

    Studien resulterade i en modell för övertygande som fokuserar på etablerandet av en gemensam argumentationsbas mellan retorn och den andre. I samband med bearbetningen av denna modell prövade jag om Roland Barthes idé om myten kunde användas för att ge en fördjupad förståelse för vad en retorisk argumentationsbas är. Svaret på den frågeställningen blev ett tydligt: Ja.

    Barthes teori om myten stämde väl överens med den retoriska kunskapstraditionen, dess teoretiska grund kunde bidra till en förbättrad förståelse av enskilda övertygandeprocesser och teorin visade dessutom på möjliga retoriska strategier för att övertyga en person som ser världen på ett annat sätt.

    Utöver detta kunde jag även visa hur myten fungerade som ett komplement till det etablerade retoriska begreppet doxa. Detta genom att myten är partikulär och kan kopplas till specifika fenomen, medan doxan är mer generell. Myten som teoretiskt perspektiv visade sig därmed vara väl lämpat för att retoriskt förklara argumentationsbasens funktion i enskilda övertygandeprocesser. I denna studie beläggs således  att Barthes idé om myten har något att tillföra den retoriska kunskapsteorin.

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  • 11.
    Bengtson, Erik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Rhetoric. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Ekeman, Karl
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Gorgis, Mirey
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Schou Therkildsen, Louise
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Stagnell, Alexander
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Rhetoric. Université libre de Bruxelles, Groupe de recherche en Rhétorique et en Argumentation Linguistique, Belgique.
    Introduction: On the Art of Cave Guiding2022In: Shadows in the Cave: Revisiting Rosengren’s Doxology / [ed] Erik Bengtson; Karl Ekeman; Mirey Gorgis; Louise Schou Therkildsen; Alexander Stagnell, Ödåkra: Retorikförlaget, 2022, p. 9-16Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Bengtson, Erik
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Rhetoric. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Ekeman, KarlUppsala University, Sweden.Gorgis, MireyUppsala University, Sweden.Schou Therkildsen, LouiseUppsala University, Sweden.Stagnell, AlexanderSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Rhetoric. Université libre de Bruxelles, Groupe de recherche en Rhétorique et en Argumentation Linguistique, Belgique.
    Shadows in the Cave: Revisiting Rosengren's Doxology2022Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Caves, images, and symbols are recurring topics in the work of Mats Rosengren, from his reading of Plato in his dissertation Psychagōgia – Konsten att leda själar, to his investigation of the world of paleolithic cave art in Cave Art, Perception and Knowledge.

    While other philosophers might have descended into the cave with the aim of guiding visitors back up into the blinding light of eternal truths, Rosengren seems to be at home in the underworld. Instead of dismissing the paintings that adorn its walls as merely shadowy copies or distorted images, or claiming that the truth of these pictures is readily available to us, Mats Rosengren invites any traveler joining him to understand them as different forms of sensemaking, forms which at first might appear foreign, but that, upon closer inspection, reveal themselves in all their complexity.

    In this volume, the contributors take on some of the key themes found in Rosengren’s work, mirroring the stylistic, generic, and topical range that characterizes it. The volume is titled “Shadows in the Cave”, signaling a focus not on eternal truth, but – alluding to Plato – on the shadowplay of our human caves.

  • 13.
    Bergell, Hille
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Förhandlingsretorik: En uppsats om hur skickliga förhandlare övertygar motparten och vilka retoriska medel de använder2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about exploring the rhetorical business negotiation process. The aim has been to find out how skilled salespeople stand out, and what rhetorical means they use to convince the other party. For this study, a qualitative research interview was applied and altogether five vendors in three different industries were interviewed. The fundamental theory of the essay is based on classical rhetoric. From that I have chosen the specific parts that I have found useful to discuss negotiation and sales processes.

    The results show that there is not a one single rhetorical approach that is essential to convince the other party. Instead, it is the combination of the rhetorical strategies that make the other party feel that the decision they make is good. The most prevalent and also the most favorable strategies that the sellers were using when they managed to convince the other party was: aptum, actio and active silence.

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  • 14.
    Berggren Mårtelius, Siri
    Södertörn University College, The School of Culture and Communication.
    Jazzmusiken och främlingsfientligheten i Sverige på 1920- och 1930-talen2007Student paper second term, 5 points / 7,5 hpStudent thesis
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  • 15.
    Bergman Carling, My
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archive Studies.
    Härifrån till evigheten… och vidare: En kritisk granskning av Arkivutredningens betänkande Härifrån till evigheten – En långsiktig arkivpolitik för förvaltning och kulturarv2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to critically review the archival investigation report to conclude what suggestions the investigation has led to, what criticism it has met, and if it is possible to identify any flaws with the investigation. I have made a text analysis of the report and the responses from referral bodies. The investigation concludes that there is need for a new and modernised archival law to follow the changes in a more digitalised society. The report also highlights the importance to include private archive institutions in the new law to protect their records for future research and as a part of our cultural heritage. There is a focus on mass digitising of analogue records from 1970 and onwards, to be able to make them available in digital form. The investigation also states that all archives should report information about their stocks to the National Archives Database. To finance the suggested changes, the investigation proposes a redistribution of funds.

    The referral bodies agree that a modernised archival law is important, since the current one is over 30 years old. They concur that the private archives need protection and want all archives to be included in the new law, not just the ones that are funded by state funds. A majority criticise a mass digitisation of the older archives. They state that it is more important to implement e-archives and make solutions for long-preservation of the information that is “born digitally” today. Otherwise, there is a risk that the information will be lost for future research. The Swedish National Archives, Riksarkivet, is suggested to be given the task to improve the national archives database to make it more user-friendly and easier for governmental authorities and private archives to provide information about their stocks in a national information system. The referral bodies also agree that the funds presented in the report are not enough to implement the changes suggested.

    Even though the name of the report is From Here to Eternity,” my conclusion is that investigation fails to present suggestions for long-term preservation of digitally born information and how to ensure that the information will be accessible in the future.

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    Härifrån till evigheten... och vidare
  • 16.
    Bergström, Isabell
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Mammorna och dödsvåldet: En studie på hur moderskap används som en retorisk plattform för att tala om dödsvåld i den urbana periferin2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to perform a rhetorical analysis of how motherhood is used as a shared platform for rhetorical agency to discuss the deadly violence that occurs in the urban periphery. The object of study is the theater play Mammorna; a drama that is based on interviews with women of a low socio-economic status that lost their sons to violence. Using a close-reading method, this study seeks to investigate how motherhood is used to create rhetorical agency, as well as how the deadly violence in the urban periphery is articulated in the play. Furthermore, this bachelor thesis discusses the complex relation between the narrative created in Mammorna and the story of real-life people, to understand how the play effects the agency of women living in areas that are exposed to criminality and violence. The theory of this work is based on Campbell’s definition of agency as the capacity to act in a way that will be recognized or heeded by others, in addition to Entman’s framing analysis and Alcoff’s perspective on the problem with speaking for others. The conclusion made is that motherhood could be a useful platform to form a shared identity between women of different race and class to stand together against violence – no matter where it occurs. 

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    Mammorna och dödsvåldet
  • 17.
    Bernholm, Fredrik
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication, Aesthetics.
    Dissensus i sensus communis: Kants estetiska omdöme och Jacques Rancière2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the relationship between Kant's aesthetic judgment, as formulated in the Critique of Judgment, and Jacques Rancière's aesthetic project, specifically the way in which the concept of dissensus is developed in the work of Rancière. The purpose of the paper is two-fold: first, to trace the legacy of Kant in Rancière and second, to pose the question of how Kant's judgment is politicized in Rancière's reading. This is discussed in two chapters, the first of which is a reading of Kant's critique of aesthetic judgment in light of the notion of dis-sensus; the second chapter examines the concept of dissensus in Rancière, as well as other related concepts, such as the regimes of art, and the 'image-phrase'. The second chapter also offers a comparison between Rancière‟s dissensus and the notion of 'disinterestedness' in Kant's aesthetic judgment, showing how Rancière draws out from the latter a set of political or meta-political implications. Ultimately, the paper serves to underline the essential role that Kant's aesthetic judgment plays in the development of Rancière's aesthetic project, examining how several of Rancière's most important concepts lean heavily on Kant for philosophical support. With the help of Rancière, the paper also provides an alternative way to give political significance to Kant's aesthetic judgment, partly in opposition to those political readings of the third Critique that primarily focus on sensus communis as a testimony of a consensual community. By way of rearticulating Kant's disinterested judgment, Rancière shows that this community is always preceded by a certain dissensus – a break with the dominant forms of a shared sensible community.

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    Dissensus i sensus communis - Kants estetiska omdöme och Jacques Rancière
  • 18.
    Bernholm, Fredrik
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication.
    Mediets "omedvetna": Eduardo Kacs Genesis som minnesmaskin2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 19.
    Bivald, Niklas
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Discourse Studies.
    Eriksson, Linda
    Södertörn University College, School of Discourse Studies.
    Rätten att häda: En undersökning av epideiktikens roll för formandet av en världsbild i debatter kring karikatyrer.2006Student paper second term, 5 points / 7,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste åren har karikatyrer vid två tillfällen väckt kraftiga reaktioner i Sverige. Denna undersökning syftar till att undersöka om och hur debatter kring karikatyrer fungerar epideiktiskt och bidrar till formandet av en världsbild. I detta syfte har vi tittat närmare på argumentationen och det underliggande dramat i fyra tidningsartiklar från debatterna kring Lars Hillersbergs karikatyrer som betonade vad som ansågs vara typiska judiska karaktärsdrag och Jyllands-Postens publicering av karikatyrer av den muslimske profeten Muhammed. Resultaten visar att debatterna har epideiktiska funktioner genom att de bidrar till processen av en gemensam definition av de uppkomna situationerna och därmed ökar sammanhållningen i gruppen. Dess medlemmar förnyar sin självbild och sin syn på vad som är gott.

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  • 20.
    Björk, Carola
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Det förbannade intellektet: En essä om hur tänkandet stör en konstnärlig praktik2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, which is written as a scientific essay, I examine the artist's practical knowledge based on a situation where I paint. What I am interested in is how thinking affects bodily action. Henri Bergson, Erich Fromm and Japanese Zen Buddhism are perspectives I use to survey the theme. Fromm has made clear, that love is an attitude that means I am concentrated in the meeting with others. Being able to concentrate and the ability to make love an end in itself, is synonymous. To avoid plagiarizing previous work, I need to love working. Bergson has shown that intuition and intellect are two forms of consciousness and fundamental in the experience of reality. Two forms of knowledge. If I plan what I am going to paint, my point of departure is the intellect which inhibit the work. If I instead start from intuition, I let the present time add something new to the work. What Zen has shown and emphasized, is that my behavior indicate whether I am present or not. Practically practicing being present enables you to react spontaneously on reality instead of planning your actions. The theoretical perspectives agree on the importance of being present. And also, what is important is not to choose one or the other. What is essential is both. The meeting between me and others. Intuition and intellect. As well as a behavior that reacts spontaneously and plans. What the essay has shown is that there is an imbalance between the two forms of knowledge, intellect and intuition, in a Western context. A summary question the essay asks is: what impact does it have on man as a biological being if a natural way of experiencing life, is not affirmed?

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  • 21.
    Björklund, Jenny
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Lönngren, Ann-SofiePirholt, MattiasSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature. Uppsala universitet.Ullén, MagnusWennerström Wohrne, Maria
    "Någonstädes mellan sol och söder, mellan nord och natt": Interdisciplinära studier tillägnade professor Torsten Pettersson2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 22. Björnsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Kihlbom, Ulrik
    Ullholm, Anders
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Media and it, Rhetoric.
    Argumentationsanalys: färdigheter för kritiskt tänkande2009 (ed. 2. [utökade] utg)Book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Bornemark, Jonna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Body as Movement and Reflection2014In: Studio Talks: Thinking Through Painting / [ed] Kristina Bength, Jonatan Habib Engqvist, Jan Rydén, Sigrid Sandström, Stockholm: Arvinius + Orfeus , 2014, p. 190-197Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Bornemark, Jonna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Den mänskliga erfarenhetens möjligheter2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Bornemark, Jonna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Förord2014In: Kvalitetsjakten: Om professionalitet i välfärden / [ed] Lotta Victor Tillberg, Stockholm: Premiss förlag, 2014, p. 8-9Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Bornemark, Jonna
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Klokhet, det goda omdömet och praktisk kunskap har länge varit osynliga i debatten2014In: LäS – Tidskrift för Läkepedagogik och Socialterapi, ISSN 1654-2037, no 20, p. 8-9Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Bremmer, Magnus
    Södertörn University College, The School of Culture and Communication.
    Om fototextpoesi: Läsningar av mötet mellan fotografisk bild och poetisk text2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What is the relation of image and word, of sentences and pictures? What kind of message does this combination produce when juxtaposed on a single material plane? And how do we read its “infinite” relation? These are the questions at the center of this inquiry. My main interest concerns the exact nature of the relation between photographic images and textual elements of poetic language when these are juxtaposed in what I call Phototext poetry.

    The thesis calls into question the conventional reading habits of the conjunction of photographs and texts, and seeks to understand the more complex connections intrinsic to the relation image/word and its material and perceptual play in poetic works. Does a text always “anchor” the multiple meanings of an image, as Roland Barthes argues? What if the alterations of an image could “anchor” certain fractions of a poetic, polysemantic textual construct? Is a photograph indifferent to the visual, material permutations of texts that certain contemporary poetic practices produce?

    I discuss phototextual works and collaborations of various kinds, from Molin fontän [“Molin’s fountain”] (1866) over classic surrealist poetry to language-oriented writing. This last interest also shows (with ambiguity) in the thesis’ two close readings: 23:23 (2006) by Swedish poet Marie Silkeberg and The Tango (2001) by American poet Leslie Scalapino. Throughout the study, I also put these in relation to other works of various, and related, kinds, such as artists’ books, concrete poetry, and phototexts in 20th century art.

    My theoretization of phototext poetry focuses on questions of function. My perspective on the phototextual meeting in poetry is therefore concerned, not with taxonomy, but with local, contingent definitions. That is not to say, however, that certain things cannot be attributed to its particular, juxtaposed form. An “unthinkable space” (Michel Foucault), the relation between verbal and visual derives its dynamics from the different ways it actually makes itself “thinkable” and, furthermore, is materially represented. From Craig Dworkin’s conception of illegibility, Jacques Ranciere’s term phrase-image, and Roland Barthes’s obtuse meaning, I try to weave a network of connections concerning the reader’s relation to the photo/text conjunction. My argument that a certain phrase can cooperate with a certain part of an image, that a photo can “anchor” a specific meaning in a polysemantic text, and that the typographical appearance of a text may well have a plastic quality, also suggests a reading that focuses on systems of verbivisual parts and contingent intermedial meetings rather than the stable relation of a determining text and a determined image. In sum, I argue that the relation of photographs and texts must always be approached as a local problem.

    My second argument is that the phototext is a self-reflexive form – it investigates itself, as it were. When a photograph and a (poetic) text are juxtaposed, they try to define their own media characteristics. In short, they often investigate the premises for phototextual documentation, communication, and aesthetics. The phototextual form therefore shares a photographic trait, as a “process of rendering observation self-conscious” (John Berger).

    I also trace the supplementariness and discursiveness of the relation between image and word, and investigate how it affects our reading of this “disjunctive conjunction”. The text and the image run through each other, both inside and among us, as Rancière would have it. This, in turn, produces a contemporary approach to aesthetics (as a term and philosophical tradition) in this thesis, which involves the practice as much as the aesthetic perception of the phototextual combination. However, I also see as necessary to negotiate with the ways in which the image-word relation has been theorized since the early eighteenth century, as well as with earlier, even ancient, conceptions.

    In short, the aim of this thesis is to conceptualize the relation of photographs and texts in phototext poetry, not by destroying the dualistic positions of the visual and the verbal, but rather by re-negotiating them: by approaching them as located inside as well as between these two media, image and text. The relation of photographs and poetic text, I therefore suggest, performs its work “inside” language, at the same time opening up towards the “infinity of language” (Barthes).

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  • 28. Brügger, Niels
    et al.
    Vigsö, Orla
    Strukturalisme2002Book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Carling, Elisabeth
    Södertörn University College, School of Discourse Studies.
    Mina svar är väldigt lika bokens: En undersökning av studenters försvarsstrategier2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med min uppsats har varit att försöka belysa vilka försvarsstrategier studenter använder sig av under en disciplinutredning, samt om dessa strategier är framgångsrika eller ej i att uppnå sitt syfte. I upptakten till mitt arbete trodde jag att jag skulle få fram analysresultat som visade på argumentation som hänvisade till ett eget lågt etos. Min hypotes var också att studenternas försvar skulle vara patostyngda. Efter att ha genomfört dokumentstudier av 18 disciplinärenden på Södertörns högskola tycks dock denna hypotes inte stämma. Verkligheten var inte så kategorisk och ”genomskinlig” som jag ville tro. Den retoriska situation ett disciplinärende bjuder verkar däremot se ut så som jag trodde; utredningen studenterna ställs inför är en tämligen stressande situation. Studenternas främsta budskap är att de är oskyldiga, och syftet med deras försvar är oftast att undgå avstängning.

    Anmärkningsvärt i studenternas försvar är att det är få studenter som utnyttjar de möjligheter de ges att med egna ord försvara sig. En students närvaro vid disciplinnämndens möte visade sig dock inte vara någon garanti för att undgå straff då samtliga av de fyra studenter som deltagit vid sammanträdet har avstängts. Av de studenter som har valt att yttra sig skriftligt till nämnden är det endast två av åtta som har friats. Detta torde indikera att det snarare är studenternas argument som ligger till grund för friande eller fällande dom, snarare än när och på vilket sätt detta sker. I de fall som lämnats utan vidare åtgärd har studenterna främst angett andra personer som direkt eller indirekt orsak till det som skett. Bland de studenter som funnits skyldiga till försök att vilseleda vid bedömning av studieprestation har försvarsstrategierna främst baserat sig på särskilda/förmildrande omständigheter eller ett sedan tidigare gott etos. Jag har i min analys dragit slutsatsen att det är frånvaron av rimliga och trovärdiga logosargument som har fällt avgörandet. Till skillnad från de som har friats, har ingen av de fällda studenterna kunnat uppvisa sådant logos att nämnden ansett det antingen bevisat att omständigheterna har varit sådana att studenten inte kan anses bära skuld, eller att bevisningen mot studenten inte är hållbar och att studenten därför inte kan dömas skyldig.

    Sammanfattningsvis kan jag då säga följande: det tycks finnas vissa försvarsstrategier som är mer framträdande än andra, men att den framgång studenten eventuellt har i fallet snarare beror på logosargument med faktisk bevisföring än på argument baserade på etos och patos.

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  • 30.
    Carling, Lisza
    Södertörn University College, School of Discourse Studies.
    Helgonlika politiker och maktlösa arbetslösa: En undersökning av attityder och värderingar i politikers metaforer2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this dissertation (written in Swedish), I have tried to answer the question ”Which attitudes and values are expressed in the metaphores that Lars Ohly and Göran Hägglund uses in the debate of unemployement?” I have studied the metaphores used when they mention the question of unemployement, but also when they talk about their respective political parties’ politics and the other party’s political standpoint.

    One of my hypothesis was that the choice of metaphores conceals attitudes and values that are not so apparent for an unreflected listening. Though, in some aspects, my reserach has shown that some of  the metaphores openly signals attitudes and values. Not the least when they try to give each other negative values. And yet, some values are not as apparent, it takes some reflection to notice them. One interesting thing, though, is, that they both tries to givet hem selves attitudes and values built upon solidarity, compassion and understanding – meanwhile they both tries to attach the oposing values upon each other.

    Another hypothesis was that I also would be able to se frames that could show underlying attitudes and values. In some ways I did find this. Ohly, as well as Hägglund, shows examples  of ”overall-frames” and systems of metaphores which can affect the way we percept our world and also the way we chose to act and make decisions. Ohly creates a frame for the unemployed as innocent victims, who powerlessly faces outer forces, while Hägglund concentrates his frame around the need of good conditions for companies. These two different attitudes towards the question of unemployement creates different alternatives on how to decide and act.

    It is hard to draw a short conclusion in an analysis as this one, since the richness of the metahpores used can be interpreted as different values and attitudes. One conclusion is that values and attitudes are characarized whith multitude.

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  • 31.
    Carlson, Daniel
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
    Mötesplatsens mening och mål: Kund- och marknadstänkande inom folkbibliotekets förvaltning2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Library management is influenced by the opposition between democratic values and economic efficency. The purpose of this paper is to examine how the public library is influenced ideologically by this rift.

    Methodology and theory: Three municipalities, Nacka, Botkyrka and Stockholm are analyzed through critical ideological analysis, and then compared to Chantal Mouffe’s political agonism and Jürgen Habermas bourgeois public sphere.

    Materials and findings: Through library plans and treatment policys the outcome is that Nacka prioritizes financial stability, Botkyrka democratic values and Stockholm is situated somwhere inbetween. The municipalities ideologies can also be illuminated by theories of political agonism and public sphere by their perception of the public conversation.

    Implications: The municipal library administrations were separated through their ideological understanding of democratic values, user treatment, and financial management. The municipalities maintained the liberal consensus model to varying degrees, which coincides with their connection to NPM. More research is however needed for understanding the local government and its impact on the public library.

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    fulltext
  • 32.
    Chalmain, Kristina
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Retorik i psykoterapi: Hur en psykoterapeut etablerar sitt ethos2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to describe and discuss psychotherapy in rhetorical terms; in particular how psychotherapists can use their ethos, or person, as a means for convincing the patient, and subsequently discuss how these insights in turn can be useful for other rhetors.

    Classical rhetoric is commonly associated with one speaker exercising influence on an audience of many, but modern rhetoric is broader, and includes all situations where someone is attempting, by speech or in writing, to affect anyone, including the rhetor himself. With this broader definition, psychotherapy may also be considered a form of rhetoric. Psychotherapy does, however, highlight the aspect of power distribution, in that it is clear that it is up to the patient to determine whether the rhetoric will achieve its purpose or not, that is, if he will be influenced by it. In psychotherapy, it is also important to differentiate between persuading and convincing: for a permanent change to occur in the patient’s thoughts and actions, the deeper, "internal" form of conviction is necessary for change to take place.

    When attempting to convince an audience, it is important for the speaker to establish a credible ethos, that is, present a trustworthy persona. A psychotherapist can do this in several ways, including demonstrating compassion and empathy; retain an expert role but still be personal when the situation requires; and strike a balance between direct and indirect control of the situation. Creatively explored, these aspects may be fruitful for other rhetors as well.

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    Retorik i psykoterapi: Hur en psykoterapeut etablerar sitt ethos - Kandidatuppsats i retorik av Kristina Chalmain
  • 33.
    Dalic, Zarko
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Media and it.
    När 600 kilo gräsätande klövdjur blir ett barn - Vilka retoriska medel används för att möjliggöra identifikationen mellan läsaren och Mamma Mu?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to examine which rhetoric devices are being put in use to make possible the process of identification between the reader and the main character Mamma Moo.

    The essay uses theories of narrative and identification represented by Jerome Bruner, Kenneth Burke, and Maria Nikolajeva. Because there is no previous research in the essays area, I have brought forward a new model to analyse the material. It is used to  discover identification signs, based on the categories outer, inner, and activities.

    The conclusion is that the book utilizes antitheses to separate Mamma Moo from her original form and the other cows; imitatio to make it possible for the children to recognize themselves in Mamma Moos behaviour; topos to show that Mamma Moo has the same interests as the reader; repetition to continuously confirm that Mamma Moo is a child; entymem to make the reader come to the conclusion that Mamma Moo is a child.

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    När 600 kilo gräsätande klövdjur blir ett barn - Vilka retoriska medel används för att möjliggöra identifikationen mellan läsaren och Mamma Mu
  • 34.
    Dilber, Anton
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Henry V - en ärans man: En dramatistisk analys av Sankt Crispiani dag-talet i Shakespeares Henry V2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to understand the rhetoric presented by Henry V in Shakespeare’s St. Crispin’s day speech. More specifically, it examines the speech from a "dramatistic" point of view, i.e. the way Henry V is labeling agent, scene, act, agency and purpose in the narrative that his rhetoric constitutes. These labels are in themselves strategic spots, allowing the rhetorician to stage a reality that seeks to promote certain ways of thinking, feeling and acting that are beneficial to him. By examining these labels closely, we gain knowledge of their workings and – perhaps more importantly – their interchangeability.

    The analysis is based on Kenneth Burke’s dramatistic pentad and his ideas on how dialectical transformation can deepen our understanding of certain representations of reality. The methodology used is mostly that of Kenneth Burke when dealing with the elements of the pentad and its transformations, found in his work A grammar of motives. But it is also inspired by Hahn & Morlando’s (1979) Burkean analysis of Abraham Lincoln’s second inaugural address.

    The main conclusion is that Henry V overcomes his rhetorical obstacles (his men’s lack of motivation and questioning of the war) by reducing his narrative to the purpose. This purpose (and key term) is "honor", treated by Henry V as a term primarily rooted in the act, which is beneficial to his cause, since it allows men of all ranks to view themselves capable of gaining honor by performing the act of fighting. Furthermore, his focus on honor (and its dreaded counterpart – mediocrity and unmanliness) has the added side effect of drawing attention from some of his men’s critique of the war.

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  • 35. Eastmond, Maria
    Översättning för retorisk kritik2006In: Svenska som källspråk och målspråk: aspekter på översättningsvetenskap. Artiklar från en forskarkurs vid Göteborgs universitet höstterminen 2005 / [ed] Birgitta Englund Dimitrova, Hans Landqvist, Göteborg: Översättarutbildningen vid Humanistiska fakulteten, Göteborgs universitet , 2006, p. 33-43Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Edberg, Hélène
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Rhetoric.
    Sköldvall, Kajsa
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Swedish Language.
    I spänningsfältet mellan högskolepedagogik och juridik: Om att arbeta med kvalitet och rättssäkerhet i examination2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Högskoleläraren befinner sig i ett spänningsfält som rymmer många perspektiv. För läraren står oftast pedagogiken i centrum. Samtidigt är läraren examinator och därmed en myndighetsutövare med skyldighet att examinera på ett rättssäkert sätt. Hur ska bedömningen gå till? Hur kan den utformas för att ge bästa grunden för lärande? Hur görs examinationen rättssäker? Detta är några centrala frågor som avhandlas i denna rapport.

    Fokus i rapporten är högskolepedagogisk utveckling och arbete med kvalitet. Just kvalitetsarbete har blivit alltmer betonat inom den högre utbildningen, men trots det saknas kunskaper om vad kvalitet i högskoleutbildning innebär i praxis. Det finns inte tillnärmelsevis lika mycket skrivet om högskolepedagogisk utveckling som det finns texter om kontrollerande ansatser.

    Boken vill bidra med ny kunskap om kvalitetsarbete med examination och rättssäkerhet i fokus, och dessutom tillföra ny kunskap om praxisorientrat kvalitetsarbete i sig. Komplexiteten i sådan verksamhet beskrivs genom ett högskoleövergripande projekt baserat på workshoppar och på vad detta projekt har gett för resultat. Arbetet, som har involverat ett par hundra högskolelärare, har gett insikter om hur examinationens praktik ter sig för högskolans olika aktörer och om hur denna praktik kan utvecklas. Dessutom ger boken perspektiv på hur internt kvalitetsarbete kan fungera – eller inte fungera.

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    I spänningsfältet mellan högskolepedagogik och juridik: Om att arbeta med kvalitet och rättssäkerhet i examination
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  • 37.
    Egersten, Linda
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Media and it.
    Hyllning som politisk kriskommunikation?: En studie av Göran Persson tal i samband med mordet på utrikesminister Anna Lindh 20032009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective with this essay is to investigate the sense of importance the epidictic genre genus demonstrativums has in political crisis communication and the objectives were: 

    How has the genre genus demonstrativum been used as a tool in communication by the Head of the Swedish Government, Göran Persson, when a minister was murdered? 

    What is Göran Persson´s agenda and in which rhetorical strategies is he trying to create a sense of meaning through this political crisis?  

    What attitudes is Göran Persson attempting to get the audience to adapt and how does he do that?  

    The base for this essay is four different speeches and the overall method was structural analysis followed by a stylistic-, ideology- and rhetorical analysis. I have built my essay on theories by Elmelund Kjeldsen and Johannesson. This essay shows that the genre genus demonstrativum unites the citizens in a community of crisis. Rather than focusing on the negative aspect of the actual murder, Göran Persson chooses to celebrate the memory of the Minister Anna Lindh as a symbol of democracy. By doing this, Göran Persson managed to create a common feeling of hopefulness. As a result, the political implications declined tremendously. His overall purpose was to increase the number of votes in the upcoming public election. An agenda that his choice of genre helped him achieve. A few of his rhetorical strategies were uniting symbols and the use of stylistic figures. A common attitude he managed to create among the Swedish citizens was hope.

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    LindaEgerstensC-uppsats
  • 38. Ekblom, Birgitta
    Lärarens ethos i den nya högskolan2008Other (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Ekedahl, Nils
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 3, Rhetoric.
    Att skriva sig till klokhet: Johannes Schefferus, progymnasmata och politisk humanism i 1600-talets Sverige2003In: Progymnasmata: retorikens bortglömda text- och tankeform : uppsatsantologi från Riksbanksprojektet "Från antikens progymnasmata till den moderna 'skrivprocessen' : grundläggande retorik som text- och tankeform" / [ed] Stina Hansson, Åstorp: Rhetor , 2003, p. 138-172Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Ekedahl, Nils
    Södertörn University, School of Discourse Studies, Rhetoric.
    Celebrating Monarchy: Panegyrics as a Means of Representation and Communication2008In: Scripts of kingship: essays on Bernadotte and dynastic formation in an age of revolution / [ed] Mikael Alm, Britt-Inger Johansson, Uppsala: Historiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet , 2008, p. 119-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Ekedahl, Nils
    Södertörn University College, School of Discourse Studies, Rhetoric.
    Collecting Flowers: Linnaean Method, Species Plantarum and the Humanist Art of Reading2005In: Species plantarum 250 years: proceedings of the Species plantarum symposium held in Uppsala August 22-24, 2003 / [ed] Inga Hedberg, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2005, p. 47-60Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Ekedahl, Nils
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 3, Rhetoric.
    Den retoriska repertoarens litteraturhistoria2001In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 7 augustiArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 43. Ekedahl, Nils
    Det svenska Israel: Myt och retorik i Haquin Spegels predikokonst1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Ekedahl, Nils
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 3, Rhetoric.
    Fredsförkunnelse och partipropaganda: Haquin Spegel i den inhemska opinionsbildningen vid krigsutbrottet 16752001In: Karolinska förbundets årsbok, ISSN 0348-9833, no 2000, p. 116-157Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Ekedahl, Nils
    Södertörn University College, School of Discourse Studies, Rhetoric.
    Från affekt till dygd: Om känslans uttryck och funktion i 1600-talets lutherska predikoretorik2008In: Själens uttryck: passion, dygd och andakt: samspel mellan själ och kropp i 1600-talets människosyn / [ed] Peter Gillgren, Stockholm: Department of the History of Art, Stockholm university , 2008, p. 142-160Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Ekedahl, Nils
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 3, Rhetoric.
    Förkunnelse från predikstolen: Trosförmedling och kommunikation från predikstolen – tidigmoderna perspektiv2002In: Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift, ISSN 0085-2619, no 102, p. 21-34Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Ekedahl, Nils
    Södertörn University College, Institutionen för svenska och retorik, Rhetoric.
    Kristina mellan Fru Lusta och Fru Dygd: drottningen såg sig själv som kallad till lysande bedrifter2004In: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1104-0173, no 1 juniArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 48.
    Ekedahl, Nils
    Södertörn University, School of Discourse Studies, Rhetoric.
    [Recension av:] Bo Lindberg, Den antika skevheten: Politiska ord och begrepp i det tidig-moderna Sverige 2007In: Karolinska förbundets årsbok, ISSN 0348-9833, p. 104-105Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Ekedahl, Nils
    Södertörn University, School of Discourse Studies, Rhetoric.
    [Recension av:] Peter Ericsson (red.), Gud, konung och undersåtar: politisk predikan i Sverige under tidigmodern tid2008In: Karolinska förbundets årsbok, ISSN 0348-9833, p. 227-229Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Ekedahl, Nils
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Discourse Studies, Rhetoric.
    Alm, Mikael
    En dynasti blir till: medier, myter och makt kring Karl XIV Johan2004In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 124, no 3, p. 535-539Article in journal (Refereed)
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