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  • 1.
    Adamsson, Emelie
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Forming and Communication of an Environmental Identity and Image: The Case of Riksbyggen2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Stakeholder demands on corporations to take environmental responsibilities are increasing and an environmentally responsible image could add values such as competitive advantage and a better reputation. To create a favorable image the corporation needs to develop a strong and sincere environmental identity that involves the whole organization. The identity is the way that the organization perceives itself and its self-expression and an environmental identity is one of the multiple identities that an organization can have. Communication is important both internally for establishing the identity and externally to create an environmentally responsible image. The organizational members need to be informed and involved in the responsibilities that the corporation is taken to be able to communicate them further to important external stakeholder groups. This thesis connects theories on corporate and organizational identities with organizational communication, culture and image to explain how the environmental identity and image is constructed. A case study has been conducted on a large Swedish company in the building and property management industry, Riksbyggen. The empirical material has mainly been gathered from interviews and also from participant observations. Nineteen employees and one consultant involved in the environmental communication process were interviewed individually or in focus group. The results showed that the case study organization had created a strong corporate environmental identity with clear visions and symbolic representations. However, the organizational environmental identity where the organizational members identify with the environmental activities was not yet developed fully. One reason behind this is the lack of dialogue opportunities in the organization, which means that the corporate identity is communicated from a top-down perspective. An environmentally responsible image was not established at organizational level either, even if some local initiatives had been successful.

  • 2.
    Al, Roza
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Klimatneutrala företag - kan IT minska utsläppen?2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The attention on environmental issues has never been as huge as today. The climate is changing and more and more evidence suggest that the cause behind climate changes is an increase of carbondioxide into the atmosphere. The increase in turn is considerd to be an act of human activity. Therefore some companies have decided to become climate neutral and implement information technology in their business in order to reduce their emissions. This thesis has three aimes: to calculate a small company´s carbondioxide emissions, study whether or not information technology could help to reduce these emissions and furthermore find out why some companies decided to become climate neutral and describe the concept climate neutral. The results show that if information technology is used properly and effectively there are great potential to reduce the emissions, especially emissions from transportation sector. Now that the environment issues has become number one in the news and in the political agenda many companies try to cut their emissions, which is why some companies decided to take one step further and become climate neutral. Most of the companies see this action as a necessity in order to survive in a high competitive market. By doing so, they get more PR and more credit from both their investers and custumers. That is also why GreenIT´s carbondioxide emissions where calculated here. GreenIT have intentions in becoming climate neutral and in order to becoming one they have to reduce their remaining emissions by investing in projects in developing countries. As GreenIT is a small company they don´t have large emissions to reduce. This action will not cost them much but will probably give them an advantage in the market and credit from other investors and customers.

  • 3.
    Anderson, Amanda
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Women's education at The Open University of Tanzania - a road to development?:  2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the importance of higher education for women of Babati, Tanzania. The research has been carried out by focusing three research questions; What does an education at the Open University of Tanzania (OUT) mean for the female students on a personal level? What is the female students’ perception on the importance of women’s higher education for development? How can the female students’ perceptions on the importance of women’s higher education be analyzed within the context of the term women empowerment?

    In order to answer these questions semi-structured interviews were conducted in Babati town, Tanzania in February 2012 with female students and graduates of the Open University of Tanzania. Out of these interviews is concluded that higher education has significant personal effects for the women interviewed such as increased happiness, independence and self-esteem, which in turn have effects on development. Also it can be shown that the definition of the term women empowerment is disputed and thereby insufficient as a mean for development.

  • 4.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Det dolda hotet2014Inngår i: Mooria Magasin, Vol. 1, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 5. Andrén, Thomas
    et al.
    Lindeberg, Greger
    Andrén, Elinor
    Evidence of the final drainage of the Baltic Ice Lake and the brackish phase of the Yoldia Sea in glacial varves from the Baltic Sea2002Inngår i: Boreas, ISSN 0300-9483, E-ISSN 1502-3885, Vol. 31, 226-238 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A clay-varve chronology based on 14 cross-correlated varve graphs from the Baltic Sea and a mean varve thickness curve has been constructed. This chronology is correlated with the Swedish Time Scale and covers the time span 11 530 to 10 250 varve years BP. Two cores have been analysed for grain size, chemistry, content of diatoms and changes in colour by digital colour analysis. The final drainage of the Baltic Ice Lake is dated to c. 10800 varve years BP and registered in the cores analysed as a decrease in the content of clay. This event can be correlated with atmospheric D 14 C content and might have resulted in an increase in these values recorded between 11565 and 11545 years BP. The results of the correlation between the varve chronology from the Baltic Sea, the Greenland GRIP ice core and the atmospheric D 14 C record indicate that c. 760 years are missing in the Swedish Time Scale in the part younger than c. 10 250 varve years BP. A change in colour from a brownish to grey varved glacial clay recorded c. 10 770 varve years BP is found to be the result of oxygen deficiency due to an increase in the rate of sedimentation in the early Preboreal. The first brackish influence is recorded c. 10 540 varve years BP in the northwestern Baltic Sea and some 90 years later in the eastern Gotland Basin.

  • 6.
    Askeljung, Albert
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik.
    From global visions to local actions: A study of the implementation process of global environment goals through a top-down perspective2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    International environment efforts are often seen as unsuccessful and the reasons why are not clear. The international negotiations in the IPCC and the EU show that the opinions and ambitions differ quite a lot between the different countries. Even though there are ambitious goals and international agreements, such as the Kyoto Protocol, there are still problems with implementing these at country level.

    This study examines the implementation process from international to local level focusing on a Swedish context. The aim of the study is to identify the main implementation problems when implementing international environment goals.

    The study uses a top-down perspective, meaning that it will examine the implementation process from international to local level concentrating at the hierarchical structures and processes. The study uses both text analysis and qualitative interviews in order to collect data, three interviews were conducted in order to collect data about the municipality perspectives.

    The conclusions of the study implies that a lack of national and local political will together with a high degree of municipality autonomy are the main problems when implementing international environment goals.

  • 7.
    Atteridge, Aaron
    et al.
    Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Remling, Elise
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Is adaptation reducing vulnerability or redistributing it?2017Inngår i: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, ISSN 1757-7780, E-ISSN 1757-7799Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As globalization and other pressures intensify the economic, social and biophysical connections between people and places, it seems likely that adaptation responses intended to ameliorate the impacts of climate change might end up shifting risks and vulnerability between people and places. Building on earlier conceptual work in maladaptation and other literature, this article explores the extent to which concerns about vulnerability redistribution have influenced different realms of adaptation practice. The review leads us to conclude that the potential for adaptation to redistribute risk or vulnerability is being given only sparse—and typically superficial—attention by practitioners. Concerns about ‘maladaptation’, and occasionally vulnerability redistribution specifically, are mentioned on the margins but do not significantly influence the way adaptation choices are made or evaluated by policy makers, project planners or international funds. In research, the conceptual work on maladaptation is yet to translate into a significant body of empirical literature on the distributional impacts of real-world adaptation activities, which we argue calls into question our current knowledge base about adaptation. These gaps are troubling, because a process of cascading adaptation endeavors globally seems likely to eventually re-distribute risks or vulnerabilities to communities that are already marginalized and vulnerable. We conclude by discussing the implications that the potential for vulnerability redistribution might have for the governance of adaptation processes, and offer some reflections on how research might contribute to addressing gaps in knowledge and in practice.

  • 8.
    Axelsson, Sarah
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Risk för malaria i Sverige på grund av klimatförändringen?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Klimatförändringen är en aktuell fråga och ett förändrat klimat kommer att inverka på  utbredningen av vektor-burna sjukdomar såsom malaria. Malaria är en sjukdom som är extremt klimatkänslig och det dör miljontals människor i sjukdomen varje år. Syftet med studien är att se vilka samband som finns mellan malaria och klimatförändringen i Sverige. Finns någon risk för malariaspridning i Sverige år 2100 på grund av den pågående klimatförändringen. Studien baseras på fem intervjuer med forskare som är insatta i malaria och klimatförändringen. I studien har ett scenario valts ut där Sveriges klimat kommer att öka med 5oC till år 2100 enligt en modell från SMHI. Resultatet visar att det finns samband mellan olika klimatvariabler och malariaspridning där de viktigaste variablerna är temperatur, nederbörd och fuktighet. Övriga faktorer som studien ser på är migration, urbanisering, demografi, import av malaria, flygplansmalaria och malariakontroll som alla inverkar på malariaspridningen. Det finns idag stora kunskapsluckor om hur klimatförändringen kan påverka malaria i Sverige. Det är svårt att ta fram data över de variabler som malaria påverkas av som behövs för att göra en analys av framtiden. Studiens slutsats är att malaria är geografiskt begränsat av klimatet. Det finns en risk att malaria kan komma att spridas i Sverige i och med importerade fall. Men att det är osannolikt fram till år 2100 på grund av ett för kallt klimat för malariaparasiten samt Sveriges socioekonomiska standard.

  • 9.
    Backlund, Edith
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande.
    ”Eh, tack och förlåt”: en retorisk situations- och genreanalys av tacktalen under Grammisgalan 2015 med fokus på samband mellan verbalspråk och actio ur ett mottagarperspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the epideictic genre by using qualitative method to analyze acceptance speeches from the Swedish Grammy awards. These speeches and their speakers are often described as rhetorically mediocre and there seems to be a notion within the music community that an acceptance speech is personal and without deeper meaning. From a functionalistic perspective on genre, these speeches can be seen as working together with other genres that carry information about the winners. Why would skilled performers who know how to entertain an audience choose to repeat rhetorical mistakes? This essay uses different perspectives on rhetorical situation and genre as well as multimodal analysis of verbal- and nonverbal communication, to argue that these particular speeches in this particular situation come with their own set of expectations and values that the speakers have to acknowledge if they are to meet the epideictic purpose: To unite the audience around common values and create an enjoyable collective memory. The results show that most of the winners do so by multimodal activity where verbal and nonverbal communication work together to highlight values that are part of each winner’s persona as well as values that are celebrated within the music community as a whole.

  • 10.
    Bassin, Mark
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES). Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Idéhistoria.
    Kelly, Catriona
    Introduction National Subjects2012Inngår i: Soviet and Post-Soviet Identities / [ed] Mark Bassin, Catriona Kelly, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012, 3-16 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 11.
    Bassin, Mark
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES). Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Idéhistoria.
    Kelly, Catriona
    Soviet and Post-Soviet Identities2012Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 12.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Svenonius, OlaSödertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Video Surveillance and Social Control in a Comparative Perspective2013Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This edited collection reports the results of a comparative study of video surveillance/CCTV in Germany, Poland, and Sweden. It investigates how video surveillance as technologically mediated social control is affected by national characteristics, with a specific concern for recent political history. The book is motivated by asking what makes video surveillance "tick" in three very different cultural settings, two of which (Poland and Sweden) are virtually unexplored in the literature on surveillance. The selection of countries is motivated by an interest in societies with recent experiences of authoritarianism, and how they respond to the global trend towards intensified technical means of control. With thorough empirical studies, the book constitutes an important contribution to security studies, surveillance studies, and post-communist area studies.

  • 13.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Svenonius, Ola
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Statsvetenskap.
    Video Surveillance in Theory and as Institutional Practice: Introduction2013Inngår i: Video Surveillance and Social Control in a Comparative Perspective / [ed] Björklund, Fredrika & Svenonius, Ola, New York: Routledge, 2013, 1-18 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 14.
    Björklund, Jenny
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Lönngren, Ann-SofiePirholt, MattiasSödertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Litteraturvetenskap. Uppsala universitet.Ullén, MagnusWennerström Wohrne, Maria
    "Någonstädes mellan sol och söder, mellan nord och natt": Interdisciplinära studier tillägnade professor Torsten Pettersson2015Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Måltidskunskap.
    Kalixlöjom - an institutional analysis of the application and implementation of Sweden's first PDO2013Inngår i: Spanish Journal of Rural Development, ISSN 2171-1216, Vol. 4, nr 4, 59-66 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The use and implementation of Geographical Indications (GI) is a wellestablished practice in most EU countries. Previous studies show thatthe use of PDOs and PGIs is directly related to previous experiencesas well as the relative importance of the agro-food sector in a country'seconomy. In the case of Sweden, the agro-food sector has beenoriented towards continuous structural rationalization since at least the1930's. However, the transformation pressure exerted by a risingcompetitive level in the market, that emanates both from global aswell as regional European sources led to the adoption of newstrategies. These strategies entail the on-farm elaboration of farmproduce, the diversification of activities as well as the use ofcertification schemes. In the case of Kalixlöjrom, the strategy selectedwas the adoption of a PDO, as a way of entering a valorisation processfor export purposes as well as defending the product against dislojalcompetition of products with less quality. As this is the firstexperience with a PDO in Sweden, the case of Kalixlöjrom caviaroffers a rare opportunity to understand the actual problems inimplementing a policy tool developed by Southern European countriesin a country like Sweden. Thus the article highlights the institutionaland structural shortcomings discovered in this process and offers newknowledge and reflections valuable for the future adaptation andimplementation of previously unknown policy instruments

  • 16.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Måltidskunskap.
    Small-scale farm dairies in Jämtland: Ancient practices in modern forms2013Inngår i: The return of traditional food: proceedings of the 19th International Ethnological Food Research Conference, Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences, Lund University, Sweden, 15-18 August, 2012 / [ed] Patricia Lysaght, Lund: Lund university , 2013, 81-92 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Svanberg, Ingvar
    Institutionen för rysslandsstudier Uppsala universitet.
    "Rudor finnas öfverflödigt": Fiskdammar vid svenska prästgårdar på 1600- och 1700-talet2013Inngår i: Saga och Sed: Kungl. Gustav Adolfs akademiens årsbok, ISSN 0586-5360Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Geografi. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Måltidskunskap.
    Svanberg, Ingvar
    Institutionen för rysslandsstudier Uppsala universitet.
    Uppländska ruddammar: Ett bidrag till akvakulturens kulturhistoria2012Inngår i: Uppland: årsbok för medlemmarna i Upplands fornminnesförening och hembygdsförbund, ISSN 0566-3059, 123-152 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Boström, Magnus
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Miljövetenskap.
    The challenges in achieving the “social” dimension of sustainable development.: The case of the Forest Stewardship Council2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Boström, Magnus
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Grönholm, Sam
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Hassler, Björn
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    The Ecosystem Approach to Management in Baltic Sea Governance: Towards Increased Reflexivity?2016Inngår i: Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea / [ed] Michael Gilek, Mikael Karlsson, Sebastian Linke, Katarzyna Smolarz, Springer, 2016, 1, 149-172 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyses the governance structures linked to the marine environment of the Baltic Sea. The purpose is to assess whether current developments of the governance structures have a potential to take into account requirements of an Ecosystem Approach to Management (EAM). We use the concept of reflexive governance to understand key components and weaknesses in contemporary governance modes, as well as to elaborate on possible pathways towards a governance mode more aligned with EAM. The reflexive governance framework highlights three elements: (1) acknowledgement of uncertainty and ambiguity; (2) a holistic approach in terms of scales, sectors and actors; and (3) acknowledgement of path dependency and incremental policy-making. Our analysis is based on a comparative case study approach, including analysis of the governance in five environmental risk areas: chemical pollution, overfishing, eutrophication, invasive alien species and pollution from shipping. The chapter highlights an existing governance mode that is ill-equipped to deal with the complexity of environmental problems in a holistic manner, with systematic attention to uncertainty, plurality of values, ambiguity and limited knowledge, while also pointing at important recent cognitive and institutional developments that can favour pathways towards reflexive governance and consequently EAM.

  • 21.
    Carlsson, Johanna
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Sustainable agriculture: A field study from the Babati District in Tanzania2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this paper is to study the concept of sustainable agriculture. One angle of approach has also been to investigate the role of NGOs, where the organisation FARM-Africa is mostly studied. A field study in the Babati District is the base of the paper.

    Sustainable agriculture is a concept with various definitions and is expressed in different ways. Ecologically sound, economically viable, socially just and humane are some of the keywords within the concept of sustainable agriculture. Over the years, various technologies within the concept have been developed and have proven to be both environmentally friendly and productive, but few of these have been adopted by farmers. Scientists’ experience of agriculture often differs from that of farmers. To get the best result a collaboration between all parts in the society are needed. Participation has a long history within agriculture development. Recent studies have shown that participation is one way to success. People’s participation has therefore become one of the most common concepts within NGOs and also within government departments. Agriculture is an important issue for Tanzania and this is one reason why I have chosen to write about sustainable agriculture.

    My study will show the general oppinion of sustainable agriculture among the interviewees and the general opinion of NGOs like FARM-Africa.

  • 22.
    Casula Vifell, Åsa
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Samtidshistoriska institutet.
    Soneryd, Linda
    Organizing matters: how ‘the social dimension’ gets lost in sustainability projects2012Inngår i: Sustainable Development, ISSN 0968-0802, E-ISSN 1099-1719, Vol. 20, nr 1, 18-27 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 23.
    Cortobius Fredriksson, Moa
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Involvement without Influence?: Theoretical and Organisational Premises for Women´s Empowerment in Development Programmes2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the thesis is to discuss how the theoretical and organisational premises of the gender approaches of development programmes affect their possibilities to empower women and to enhance gender equality. This will be done through a study of the gender approaches of six development programmes for democratic and economic governance in the water and sanitation sector located in Angola, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay and Philippines respectively. The programmes strive towards the achievement of the UN Millennium Development Goals and are financed by the Spanish Millennium Development Goals Achievement Fund. The programmes‟ gender approaches are defined as: the way the programmes interpret the concepts of women‟s empowerment and gender equality; the way they incorporate the concepts into their programme design and organisational structure, and; the activities and strategies implemented to enhance women‟s empowerment and gender equality in the programme areas. The analysis of the gender approaches of the programmes will be centred on the five theoretical assumptions which together state that a) a gender approach based on a collective postulation, with; b) adequate mechanisms for women‟s influence and; c) a purposeful involvement of men, backed-up by; d) adequate resource and responsibility allocation, and; e) a gender integrated design enabling evaluation and monitoring, is more probable to empower women. The main findings of the thesis are that: 1) all of the six gender approaches of the programmes are fundamentally individualistic and driven by efficiency rationales; 2) women‟s possible influence is generally limited and partial because of inadequate scope of participatory spaces; 3) men are not considered in any of the gender approaches; 4) the responsibility allocation for gender issues is the most important organisational feature for the implementation of the approaches, but it is weak in the majority of the programmes; 5) the integration of gender in the programme design and the funding mechanisms appear to not affect the implementation directly. Based on the results of the thesis it is concluded that both the theoretical and organisational premises of the gender approaches create small possibilities for the programmes to empower women and to enhance gender equality. The results also point to what appears to be fundamental structural weaknesses in the present gender interpretation, integration and implementation of international development agencies.

  • 24.
    Cortobius Fredriksson, Moa
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    ProBenefit: Implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity in the Ecuadorian Amazon2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Legislation on benefit sharing dates back to 1992 and the commandment of the UNConvention on Biological Diversity, hence implementation still has few cases to fall back on(CBD, 1992). The case study of the project ProBenefit presented by the thesis highlights howlack of deliberation can undermine a democratic process. The objective of the thesis is thatProBenefit’s attempt to implement the standards of the CBD on access and benefit sharingwill highlight not only problems met by this specific project, but difficulties that generallymeet democratic processes in contexts of high inequality. To define if the project ProBenefitsucceeded in carrying out a deliberative process the project will be analyzed by the criteria:access to information, representation, legitimacy and involvement.The population in the project area of ProBenefit had a long history of social marginalization,which made it hard for foreign projects to gain legitimacy. The lack of independentorganizations and the late establishment of the project, which resulted in time shortage, madeit impossible to prevent the distrust of the local population. The failure of the projectcoordinators to ensure active participation of all stakeholders resulted in a late and lowinvolvement of the local participants. The absence of independent organization also madedemocratic legitimacy of the process questionable. Even if ProBenefit had a vision ofdemocratic deliberation the project was unable to break down the prevailing unequal powerdistribution which resulted in an unsustainable process and failure. The conclusion of thethesis is that the attainment of deliberation foremost depends on how a project deals with theexisting distribution of power and how it succeeds in involving all stakeholders.

  • 25.
    Dahlquist, Matilda
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik.
    Women’s Informal Entrepreneurship - A Force in Development: The Case of Babati, Tanzania2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims at investigating women’s force in development through engagement in informal, small-scale entrepreneurship. During fieldwork in Babati, Tanzania, network analyses and semi-structured interviews have been conducted, capturing responsibilities, challenges and opportunities of informal women entrepreneurs. The theoretical framework centres socio-economic analyses, through development and feminist economics. Two theories, about development through capital accumulation and cumulative processes, are compared and supplemented with a gender and empowerment perspective. The results are presented through narratives, complemented with a general picture. It is concluded that informal female entrepreneurs are important in development of Babati. They face challenges due to economic, social and gender-related conditions such as lack of capital, high interest rates, poverty, lack of education, malfunctioning government, discouraging men, and increased workload from domestic responsibilities. Their complex, informal networks, based on cooperation and solidarity, are seen as a driver in development. Top-down policies that fight gender norms, empower women, and identify informal workers can improve their situation, but for these to trickle down, a bottom-up approach is required. This thesis pushes for recognising that people living in poverty contribute to economic growth and development, and that empowerment of informal women entrepreneurs is essential for a profound, pro-poor development that trickles up.

  • 26.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Utveckling och internationellt samarbete.
    The Role of Menstruation: a Case Study amongst Women from Nakwa Village in Tanzania2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates what role menstruation have for women in the village of Nakwa, Tanzania; how inadequate MHM affects the perception of women; and how menstruation is affecting the gender equality within a marriage in Nakwa. Most women in Nakwa village struggle to maintain high standards of cleanliness regarding their own Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM). This is due to many contributing factors relating to ingrained cultural beliefs that menstruation is something shameful and dirty. Most males within the household manage the finances, and menstrual hygiene products are not considered a priority, which further detaches the women from the possession of power over their own MHM. The theoretical framework used in this study is built upon two pillars, the woman as the inferior sex, and menstruation as something dirty and polluting, contributing to menstrual shame. These pillars are constructed upon two academic works; The Second Sex (1953) by Simone De Beauvoir, and Purity and Danger (1984) by Mary Douglas. Substantive previous research is accounted for to support the two pillars. Two weeks of field studies in Nakwa village during February and March 2017 included 23 individual semi-structured interviews and one group interview, with regularly menstruating married women. The results show a linkage between inadequate MHM, devaluation and inferiority of women and gender inequality. 

  • 27.
    Eellend, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Samtidshistoriska institutet.
    En stillastående förändring: tysk säkerhetspolitik och dess betydelse för Östersjöområdet2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Eellend, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Samtidshistoriska institutet.
    Integration och splittring: säkerhetspolitiska aspekter på den ryskspråkiga befolkningens integration i Estland2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Engskär, Camilla
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Turismvetenskap.
    Vacari, Marina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Turismvetenskap.
    ”Världen runt från din soffa”: En kvalitativ studie om virtuell verklighet inom turismmarknadsföring2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Teknologiska innovationer är i ständig utveckling. Detta öppnar upp nya möjligheter för diverse branscher att utveckla sig och stärka sitt varumärke. Under de senaste åren har virtuell verklighetsteknik varit en av de snabbast framväxande teknologierna. Med anledning av detta har tekniken uppmärksammas av flera branscher. Virtuell verklighetsteknik anses vara väldigt effektivt när det kommer till produktion av upplevelser. Turismbranschen är en bransch som huvudsakligen grundar sig på upplevelser och erfarenheter. Därför är det av intresse att undersöka den eventuella kopplingen mellan turismbranschen och VR-teknik. I denna uppsats presenteras en kvalitativ studie om virtuell verklighet inom turismmarknadsföring. Denna studie strävar efter att ta reda på vilka effekter applicering av VR-teknik inom turism kan skapa, samt undersöka svar om virtuell verklighetsteknik kan anses vara ett verktyg för marknadsföringen av en destination. Studien visar att flera svenska researrangörer har visat stor intresse för denna sorts teknik samt ser virtuell verklighetsteknik som ett verktyg för PR, kommunikation och marknadsföring. Dock anses denna teknik vara en osäker investering för att generera pengar i gengäld, delvis på grund av att tekniken är relativt ny på marknaden men också att det saknas kompetens hos användarna.

  • 30.
    Enqvist, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Involving forest-dependent communities in climate change mitigation: Obstacles and opportunities for successful implementation of a REDD mechanism in Babati District, Tanzania2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to identify how forest management in Tanzania can contribute to global climate change mitigation while improving livelihoods of forest-dependent communities.

    A mechanism for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) is meant to slow increases of atmospheric CO2 while channelling funds to developing countries. In Tanzania, pioneering work in participatory forest management (PFM) has promoted local-level control over forest resource use. The purpose of this study is to contribute to a linkage between REDD and PFM that maximises benefits for communities, forests and global climate.

    Three PFM projects with relation to REDD have been studied, primarily using semi-structured interviews with villagers, district officials, project facilitators, researchers, consultants and policy-makers. Analysis consists of comparing experiences at different levels and putting them in the theoretical context of climate change and forest conservation.

    The study identifies several issues: local and central government institutions cannot ensure equitable benefit sharing; cross-sectoral co-ordination to address fundamental causes of the problems is lacking; participation of local communities is not satisfactory.

    However, the process is at an early stage. Current activities will hopefully contribute to a future framework that properly addresses these and other obstacles. If this is accomplished, PFM and REDD can complement each other in a positive way.

  • 31.
    Falk, Karolina
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Pilotprojekt Drevfjällen, vägen till en hållbar regional utveckling?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on a case study of Pilotprojekt Drevfjällen, a project whose ambition is tofind ways to secure nature conservation in a local context. This is promoted at governmentlevel, which says that a local connection is needed to achieve sustainable regionaldevelopment. The study, based on a theoretical background of the concept of governance,intends to evaluate whether Pilotprojekt Drevfjällen can contribute to a sustainable regionaldevelopment.This study is based on meeting documentations, semi-structured interviews with variousstakeholders in the project, field studies and participant observation at an informativemeeting. The region of interest, north Dalarna, was visited twice to obtain the specificconditions that Pilotprojekt Drevfjällen have. The interviews revealed positive attitude to theincreased dialogue and cooperation that Pilotprojekt Drevfjällen has meant for theparticipants. Some questions were raised among respondents about the concept of localmanagement and its definition as well as for the representativeness of the parish unions.The conclusions, based on the conceptual framework, is that the Pilotprojekt Drevfjällen hasmany attributes to succeed with a local connection, however, with the exception that therepresentativeness should be reviewed and elaborated further. To stimulate sustainabledevelopment the social dimension needs to be further integrated into the discussions. Theconcept of local management can´t be defined at this point. To make the process moveforward and to prevent speculation among stakeholders local management needs to be definedin a near future.

  • 32.
    Fornäs, Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Currency for Europe: Monetary solidity, trust, and identification across national borders2013Inngår i: Trust and organizations: Confidence across borders / [ed] Marta Reuter, Filip Wijkström & Bengt Kristensson Uggla, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, 1, 19-39 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 33.
    Fornäs, Johan
    Linköpings universitet.
    Reading the €uro: Money as a Medium of Transnational Identification2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Media culture is a main element in the formation of cultural identities, whether of people or of places. Cities, regions, nations and supranational formations like the EU are identified by mediated texts that symbolically give meaning to such geographical sites. The same is true for the individuals and groups who populate or cross them. Such issues were at stake in a team focusing on cultural identities, within the European Science Foundation programme -Changing Media - Changing Europe-, organised by Ib Bondebjerg and Peter Golding, 2000-2004. A series of workshops were held in various -liminal- European cities - places where the intersectional dynamics of personal, urban, national and European identifications were particularly contested or filled with tensions, including Bilbao, Palermo, Istanbul, Berlin and Budapest. We explored and analysed how local monuments, films, television, radio, popular music and the press contributed to establish and transform such identity formation. I had previously done research on popular music, youth culture and media consumption. In this context, my interest became focused in two main directions. On one hand, I started investigating popular song lyrics of identity in these cities. I hope to be able to complete that study in a not too distant future. My other project concerned euro money as a medium of identification for Europe and its nations. This study is presented here. The following study owes much to feedback from the ESF team mentioned above. Among them were Karin Becker, Jérome Bourdon, Daniel Dayan, Kirsten Drotner, Rob Kroes, Sonia Livingstone, Sabina Mihelj, Giuliana Muscio, Roger Odin, Kevin Robins, Maria Rovisco and Philip Schlesinger. Strong support was offered by the team leader William Uricchio, who edits a collection of essays where limited parts of this euro text is to be published as -Meanings of Money: The Euro as Sign of Value and of Cultural Identity- (in William Uricchio (ed.): We Europeans? Media, Representation, Identities, Bristol: Intellect Press). A Portuguese anthology about the euro in the media has published another version as -Leituras do Euro- (in Maria João Silveirinha & Cristina Ponte (eds): Moeda e Comunicação. A representação mediática do Euro, Lisboa: Livros Horizonte). The study also derived impetus from the extraordinary interdisciplinary Department of Culture Studies (Tema Q) at Linköping University, where parts of it have been presented at seminars. Also, the Passages project - a collective ethnographic study of media consumption in and around a Swedish shopping centre - was a valuable source of inspiration for ideas on how economy, culture and media interact in late modernity, inspired by Walter Benjamin-s Arcades Project (see our English volume, published May 2007 as Fornäs et al.: Consuming media: Communication, shopping and everyday life, Oxford/New York: Berg). This printing has been made possible through a grant from the Swedish foundation Magn. Bergvalls Stiftelse.

  • 34.
    Frisén Vastesson, Leonor
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Om man inte ens har begreppet, så är man bara annorlunda liksom: En studie av transsexuellas identitetsskapande i en heteronormativ skola2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen har haft som syfte att undersöka hur fem unga transsexuella upplevt sin skoltid och hur detta har påverkat deras identitetsskapande. De tre frågeställningarna har varit:

    1. Hur har intervjupersonerna skapat sin könsöverskridande identitet i en skolkontext?
    2. Vilka är de praktiker och diskurser som de format och formar sina "jag" genom?
    3. Mot vilka diskurser, om några, gör de intervjuade personerna motstånd genom sitt identitetsskapande?

    Uppsatsen poängterar att forskning inom utbildningsvetenskap med koppling till sexualitets- och identitetspolitik är essentiellt för lärarutbildningens och läraryrkets utveckling. Det finns redan uttryckligen formulerat i styrdokumenten men verkligheten i verksamheten tycks se annorlunda ut. Skolan har ansvar för alla barn och unga som befinner sig i verksamheten. Man kan därför inte blunda för de rapporter om ohälsa och utsatthet som redovisats av statliga institutioner såsom Folkhälsoinstitutet och Ungdomsstyrelsen.

  • 35.
    Gilek, Michael
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Seeking Pathways Towards Improved Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea2016Inngår i: Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea / [ed] Michael Gilek, Mikael Karlsson, Sebastian Linke, Katarzyna Smolarz, Springer, 2016, 1, 229-246 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Governing marine environments is a highly complex and challenging enterprise. This applies particularly to the heavily exploited Baltic Sea for which despite extensive governance arrangements and a substantial scientific knowledge base, it is unlikely that the policy objective of ‘good environmental status’ is reached. Based on a review of governance arrangements linked to five large-scale environmental issues (eutrophication, overfishing, invasive alien species, chemical pollution and oil spills from shipping), this chapter aims to identify pathways and concrete ideas for institutional reform that may improve goal fulfilment. The results show that governance challenges differ substantially between environmental issues, implying a need for case-specific management reforms. For example, coping with extreme uncertainty is a key challenge in the chemical pollution case, whereas it seems more pertinent in the eutrophication case to address the complexity of nutrient pollution sources by adapting objectives and measures amongst sectoral policies to be in line with environmental ones. Furthermore, cross-case comparisons reveal a set of common vital functions (i.e. coordination, integration, interdisciplinarity, precaution, deliberation, communication and adaptability) that are needed in order to facilitate effective and efficient environmental governance in the long term. To promote these functions in Baltic Sea environmental governance, the chapter suggests pathways and institutional reforms aimed at improving multilevel and multisectoral integration, science-policy interactions and stakeholder participation. To further develop these ideas, it is proposed amongst other things that priority is given to setting up an international ‘Baltic Sea Policy Review Mechanism’, formed by cross-body and cross-stakeholder participation.

  • 36.
    Gilek, Michael
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Linke, Sebastian
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Smolarz, Katarzyna
    Gdansk University, Poland.
    Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea2016 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This edited volume presents a comprehensive and coherent interdisciplinary analysis of

    challenges and possibilities for sustainable governance of the Baltic Sea ecosystem by

    combining knowledge and approaches from natural and social sciences. Focusing on

    the Ecosystem Approach to Management (EAM) and associated multi-level, multi-sector

    and multi-actor challenges, the book provides up-to-date descriptions and analyses of

    environmental governance structures and processes at the macro-regional Baltic Sea

    level. Organised in two parts, Part 1 presents in-depth case studies of environmental

    governance practices and challenges linked to five key environmental problems -

    eutrophication, chemical pollution, overfishing, oil discharges and invasive species.

    Part 2 analyses and compares governance challenges and opportunities across the five

    case studies, focusing on governance structures and EAM implementation, knowledge

    integration and science support, as well as stakeholder communication and participation.

    Based on these cross-case comparisons, this book also draws a set of general conclusions

    on possible ways of improving the governance of the Baltic Sea by promoting what are

    identified as vital functions of environmental governance: coordination, integration,

    interdisciplinarity, precaution, deliberation, communication and adaptability.

  • 37.
    Gilek, Michael
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Linke, Sebastian
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Smolarz, Katarzyna
    Gdansk University, Poland.
    Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea: Identifying Key Challenges, Research Topics and Analytical Approaches2016Inngår i: Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea / [ed] Michael Gilek, Mikael Karlsson, Sebastian Linke, Katarzyna Smolarz, Springer, 2016, 1, 1-17 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Baltic Sea ecosystem is subject to a wide array of societal pressures and associated environmental risks (e.g. eutrophication, oil discharges, chemical pollution, overfishing and invasive alien species). Despite several years of substantial efforts by state and non-state actors, it is still highly unlikely that the regionally agreed environmental objectives of reaching “good environmental status” by 2021 in the HELCOM BSAP (Baltic Sea Action Plan) and by 2020 in the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) will be met. This chapter identifies key research topics, as well as presents analytical perspectives for analysing the gap between knowledge and action in Baltic Sea environmental governance. It does so by outlining important trends and key challenges associated with Baltic Sea environmental governance, as well as by summarising the scope and results of individual chapters of this interdisciplinary volume. The analysis reveals the development of increasingly complex governance arrangements and the ongoing implementation of the holistic Ecosystem Approach to Management, as two general trends that together contribute to three key challenges associated with (1) regional and cross - sectoral coordination and collaboration, (2) coping with complexity and uncertainty in science-policy interactions and (3) developing communication and knowledge sharing among stakeholder groups. Furthermore, to facilitate analysis of environmental governance opportunities and obstacles both within and across specific environmental issues, this chapter reviews the scientific literature to pinpoint key research issues and questions linked to the identified governance challenges.

  • 38.
    Gunnarsson-Östling, Ulrika
    et al.
    KTH.
    Svenfelt, Åsa
    KTH.
    Alfredsson, Eva
    IVL.
    Aretun, Åsa
    VTI.
    Bradley, Karin
    KTH.
    Fauré, Eléonore
    KTH.
    Fuehrer, Paul
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Sociologi.
    Hagbert, Pernilla
    KTH.
    Isaksson, Karolina
    IVL.
    Malmaéus, Mikael
    IVL.
    Malmqvist, Tove
    KTH.
    Buhr, Katarina
    IVL.
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH.
    Francart, Nicolas
    KTH.
    Hornborg, Alf
    Lunds universitet.
    Stigson, Peter
    IVL.
    Öhlund, Erika
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap.
    Scenarier för hållbart samhällsbyggande bortom BNP-tillväxt2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 39.
    Götz, Norbert
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för genus, kultur och historia, Samtidshistoriska institutet.
    Matts Mattson Paavola knows Elihu Burritt”: A Transnational Perspective on Nineteenth-Century Peace Activism in Northern Europe2010Inngår i: Peace and Change, ISSN 0149-0508, E-ISSN 1468-0130, Vol. 35, nr 2, 191-221 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Existing research on Scandinavian peace activism has largely been guided by a traditional nation-state perspective and an institutionalist outlook. This view puts the starting point of Scandinavian peace activism in the 1880s, the time when the first peace associations were established in Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. The article at hand demonstrates that a new chapter to the history of Nordic peace activism can be added, covering the period from 1843 to the early 1880s. This is achieved by applying a transnational perspective on nineteenth-century peace activism that redirects the focus from national accomplishments and movements to individuals and transnational networks, as well as to the dissemination of ideas on peace.

  • 40.
    Hamrén, Frida
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik.
    The development of windpower at the city mountain Vårdkasen: a turbulent change of land use?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Development of windpower is a popular measure to meet the international and national goals to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases. On the same time, there are goals to increase citizen participation in decision-making processes. In Sweden, citizens’ right to participate in the planning- and consultation process is regulated by the Planning and Building Act. The rapid increase of windpower turbines in Sweden has been followed by a growing number of conflicts. In this study, conflicts of interest appeared due to the establishment of windpower turbines at the popular city mountain Vårdkasen in Härnösand. By interpreting nine interviews carried out with some of the involved interests, deeper knowledge could be gained of how citizen participation and conflicts of interests are handled in windpower planning. It was the municipality owned company HEMAB who wanted to construct four windpower turbines, but the municipality was responsible for the formal planning and consultation process. A consultant working for HEMAB conducted an informal consultation process using walks, visits and meetings to interact with the interests. This interaction gave the consultant deeper insights on their concerns and that were the reason to why HEMAB strongly proposed a reduction of the planned turbines from four to two. That the consultation process started early made it possible for the different interests to influence the planning process. This long planning process made it possible for the planners to consider the different interests. Local interests could through participation influence the planning process, which prevented an escalating conflict and increased local democracy. This also created an acceptance of the establishment and therefore made the decision sustainable. In addition, the positive social memory of the process will be beneficial for similar projects in the future. These gained insights are useful if the different international and national goals to increase both windpower development and citizen participation shall be reached broadly.

  • 41.
    Hassler, Björn
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    En regional organisation med pengar och makt: vem vågar föreslå det?2006Inngår i: Östersjön: hot och hopp / [ed] Birgitta Johansson, Stockholm: Formas , 2006, 203-218 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42.
    Hassler, Björn
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Miljövetenskap.
    Global regimes, regional adaptation: environmental safety in Baltic Sea oil transportation2010Inngår i: Maritime Policy & Management, ISSN 0308-8839, E-ISSN 1464-5254, Vol. 37, nr 5, 489-503 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite significant efforts to improve environmental safety in marine oil transportation, the risk of a major accident with devastating oil spills has most likely increased. Building on the regime analytical approach where it is assumed that international collaboration may benefit participating countries, it is argued that bilateral and sub-regional initiatives may increase maritime safety significantly, compared to exclusive reliance on universal conventions. A distinction is made between on the one hand investments in safety-increasing infrastructure and local capacity building and on the other, vessel design, on-board installations and crew qualifications. It is suggested that bilateral and sub-regional initiatives are more likely to be taken on the former kind of objects, targeting issues, such as modernization of port facilities, monitoring support, assistance in emergency capacity building and designation of ports of refuge, because the interaction between the involved countries are comparably stable in the cases. Actual efforts to improve safety seem to follow the logic of separation between these two types of safety-increasing measures. It is concluded that similar drivers of bilateral and sub-regional initiatives targeting specific aspects of marine safety and contributing to overall collective benefits from improved environmental protection probably exist also in other regions than the Baltic Sea.

  • 43.
    Hassler, Björn
    Linköpings universitet.
    The strategy of assistance: Swedish environmental support to the Baltic states 1991-19962000Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 44.
    Hedman, Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    Women, Water, and Perceptions of Risk: a case study made in Babati, Tanzania 20082009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    More than 1 billion people in developing countries lack access to safe water and sanitation. Drinking water in these countries is often collected from unsafe sources outside the home. Even piped well water in the developing world can be unsafe due to inadequately maintained pipes, low pressure, intermittent delivery, lack of chlorination, and clandestine connections. Furthermore, drinking water often becomes contaminated after collection, either during transport or during storage in the home. Improvements in water supply, hygiene education and safe storage can reduce the spread of waterborne diseases, such as diarrhoea. However it is not an easy task to combat unsafe drinking water, and several factors have to be taken into account. Correct management of water at the household level is a vital factor in reducing contamination of water in areas where water is not available in the home, and often has to be transported for long distances before storage.

    It is often a woman's responsibility to collect and store water. The aim of this study is to provide an understanding of women’s knowledge and perceptions of the risks associated with drinking water and waterborne diseases in Babati, Tanzania. Furthermore, the study sets out to investigate the methods utilized at the household-level to prevent waterborne diseases. Interviews were the key method to collecting primary data and the results present findings from 20 women in two villages in Babati. All of the respondents had access to community water pipes but none had taps in their household. Among the respondents who treated their water, the most common method of treatment was boiling. The study shows that there is a link between lived experience, perceptions of risk, and the way water is managed in the household.

  • 45.
    Heinig, Sara
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för ekonomi och företagande.
    Biståndets idé och praktik : en studie om genomförandet av ett biståndsprogram i Burkina Faso 2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on the implementation of a bilateral rural development program in Burkina Faso. The main purpose of this study was to put the actual implementation process of a bilateral development program in view. This was done by investigating how two dominant perspectives in the implementation literature can explain what in fact happens during the realization of an aid program. A further aim of the thesis was to explore the limitations of these two dominant theories, in order to get a full understanding of the complexity of the realization of an aid program. Based on the implementation theory, this study shows that the realization of an aid program can be understood from three different angles. Firstly, through a top-down perspective, we can understand the process as an implementation problem, where the organisation fails to put policy into effect. Secondly, from the bottom-up perspective, the importance of the formal decision is questioned. Consequently the implementation process can be explained by the interaction among those involved in an implementation structure where the implementation takes place. Thirdly, also from the bottom-up perspective, the implementation process can be seen as a negotiation process between those who seeks to put policy into effect and those upon whom policy outcome depends. The result of this study shows that the top-down, as well as the bottom-up perspective, can be useful to explain the implementation process of a bilateral program. Yet they cannot alone give us the full picture. The analysis from a bottom-up view plays an important role as it explores the complexity both within and between organisations, in which the complexity outside the control of the formal organisation is also discovered. Nevertheless, this perspective has its limitations. As it does not consider an explicit theory, it overlooks the factors that are affecting the behavior on the ground. The top-down analysis is interesting in the context of development cooperation as it analyzes whether an organisation has the capacity to put policy into effect. Yet the top-down approach has a rational way of examining the implementation process and does not reflect on different reasons for various behaviors. As this perspective is restricted to the formal decision, it fails to analyse what side effects the realization process can bring. Neither implementation theories take into account how institutional factors, in a global context, are influencing the local situation where the implementation takes place. This thesis argues that institutional factors (in terms of norms) could give complementary explanations to the implementation theories, in order to develop our understanding for the realization of a program. By regarding the implementation process as a part of a greater process of development cooperation, complementary explanations could be given about why actors behave like they do. Particularly within the actual context of strong changing trends among donors concerning how sustainable development can be achieved. This study claims that we could learn more about development programs as a whole by illuminating the implementation process itself. Considering the changes in development cooperation, in which the processes and ownership-based programs are gaining importance, the implementation theory is fruitful as it highlights the process.

  • 46.
    Herbertsson, Nicole
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper.
    Miljöledningssystem som verktyg för att bidra till en hållbar utveckling2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Humankind has always had a changing impact on its natural environment. With an ever increasing population and an ever increasing consumption of natural resources, the impact of human activity on the natural environment have become larger and larger. Nature has in turn responded with global warming and deteriorating biodiversity and all natures signals combined have created a wake-up call for society to act. The so called Brundtland report of 1987, “Our Common Future”, introduced the concept of sustainable development. Corporations have been identified as vital to bring about the necessary solutions to the complexity of environmental problems.

    This thesis concentrates on small sized businesses in Sweden and their ability and possibilities to contribute to sustainable development, by using the tool of environmental management systems. The thesis deals with both obstacles to successful environmental management systems and the potential advantages of successful performance leading to environmental, financial and social benefits. The thesis also discusses the criticism of the environmental management systems and the international ISO 14001-standard.

    The outcome of this thesis shows that environmental management is an important stepping stone to contribute to sustainable development. The level of positive impact that environmental management systems can generate is entirely dependent upon the level of corporate responsibility and ambition of each company. The benefits of proactive environmental management presented in this bachelor thesis are based on both literature studies and a case study of a Swedish manufacturing company.

  • 47.
    Hjert, Carl-Johan
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
    People vs. Wildlife: Buffer zones to integrate wildlife conservation and development?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Tanzania is famous for it’s beautiful nature and rich wildlife. Proud of it’s natural heritage, Tanzania has dedicated over 20% of it’s territory as protected areas to shield the wildlife from human interference. But the wildlife is regarded as a menace by the local communities that lives close to the impressive national parks. At the same time, the increasing human population threatens the survival of the large migratory species in the parks by blocking vital dispersal areas.

    This essay describes the human/wildlife conflict around Tarangire National Park and focuses on communities close to park borders. The intention is to examine if a buffer zone could solve the conflict in this area. By studying the political ecology of wildlife conservation in Tanzania, from local to global scale and through a historical perspective, it is concluded that the poor state-society relation as experienced in local communities is a crucial factor for the diminishing wildlife.

  • 48.
    Häggblom, Emma
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för ekonomi och företagande.
    Alija, Edona
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för ekonomi och företagande.
    Mavian eller Rica-själ?: En analys av servicekulturen på Malmö Aviation och Rica Talk Hotel2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to compare and analyze Malmö Aviation and Rica Talk Hotel's service culture. This is done by examining three themes, the organizations ways of working with training, motivation and empowerment of frontline employees.

    Method: The essay is a case study-based qualitative research which mainly focuses on semi-structured, qualitative interviews with various people within the two organizations.

    Theory: The theoretical framework considers theory within two sections. The first section, the organizations importance in service quality, focuses on service culture or service climate and different management strategies. Section two, the employees’ importance in service quality, focuses on three themes: training, motivation and empowerment of frontline employees

    Results: Both Malmö Aviation and Rica Talk Hotel are companies that put great emphasis on developing and maintaining a quality service culture within the organization. The main difference between Malmö Aviation and Rica Talk Hotel in service culture is that Malmö Aviation has a well established and well functioning service culture within the company, while Rica Talk Hotel is in the middle of a development process where they are reviewing their existing service culture. The new service culture has not yet been established in the company, and therefore there is a great development potential within education, motivation and empowerment of frontline employees.

  • 49.
    Hüttenrauch, Helge
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Informatik.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Journalistik.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och it, Journalistik.
    Making The Case For Data Journalism – Challenges For An Ongoing Evolution2012Inngår i: i-COME international conference on communication and media 2012: Revisiting Communication for Organisational and Social Change: Exploring the Missing Link / [ed] Che Su Mustfaffa, Hassan Abu Bakar, Mohd Bahardin Othman, Timothy Wlaters, Mohd Khairie Ahmad, 2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 50. Johansson, Jennie
    Causes of Child Labour: A case study in Babati town, Tanzania2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Tanzania ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child 1991, but still 32 per cent of the Tanzanian children estimate to be involved in child labour. Why children work, the work they most commonly do, and under the conditions which they work differ regionally. This study aims to find the underlying causes behind child labour among boys in Babati Town, both from the researcher’s - and the children’s own perspective. The study was accomplished through a qualitative case study in Babati Town and the data were gathered through semi-structured interviews, primarily with the child labourers’ themselves to get the right child perspective. The data from the interviews was analyzed according to four chosen theories of underlying causes behind child labor with the purpose to see to what extent the findings of the study correlate to the indicators outlined in each theory. The study found that indicators from each theory correlating with the Babati case with poverty as the major underlying cause behind the labouring. From the child labourer’s perspective was poverty the underlying cause for their labouring. Poverty on its own was though, from the researcher’s perspective, found to be insufficient to explain the prevalence of child labour. The problem of child labour is massive due mainly widespread poverty but also due the social context and its traditions, insufficient funding, school policies and inadequate implementing of important regulations as the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

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