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  • 1.
    Vinogradova, Olena
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Gaillard, Marie-José
    Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Andrén, Elinor
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Palm, Veronica
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Dahl, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Almgren, Elisabeth
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Jon
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Nielsen, Anne Birgitte
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Åkesson, Christine
    Lund University, Sweden; St Andrews University, UK.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    3000 Years of past regional and local land-use and land-cover change in the southeastern Swedish coastal area: Early human-induced increases in landscape openness as a potential nutrient source to the Baltic Sea coastal waters2024In: The Holocene, ISSN 0959-6836, E-ISSN 1477-0911, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 56-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reconstructions of past land use and related land-cover changes at local and regional scales are needed to evaluate the potential long-term impacts of land use on the coastal waters of the Baltic Sea. In this purpose, we selected the Gamleby area at the Swedish Baltic Sea coast for a case study. We use a new, high resolution pollen record from a small lake (Lillsjön) located 3.6 km NNW of the bay Gamlebyviken and detailed analysis of the available archeological data to reconstruct local land-use changes over the last 3000 years. To estimate land-cover change at local (2–3 km radius area) and regional (50 km radius area) scales we use four additional, published pollen records from two small and two large lakes (25–70 km S of Lillsjön) and the Landscape Reconstruction Algorithm, a pollen-vegetation modeling scheme. Results show that regional and local (small lakes Lillsjön and Hyttegöl) land-cover changes are comparable over the last 1500 years (Late Iron Age to present), and that landscape openness was much larger locally than regionally (difference of 20–40% cover over the last 500 years). The periods of largest potential impacts on the Gamlebyviken Bay from regional and local land use are 200–950 CE (Late Iron Age) and 1450 CE to present, and of lowest potential impacts 950–1450 CE. The question on whether the large landscape openness 1150–50 BCE and significant afforestation 50 BCE–200 CE reconstructed for Lillsjön’s area are characteristic of the Gamlebyviken region will require additional pollen records in the catchment area. 

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  • 2.
    Warming, Rolf
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Gripen/Griphund (1495): Marinarkeologisk dokumentation av ett senmedeltida kravellskepp2024Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Blekinge skärgård vid Stora Ekön ligger på knappt tio meters djup vraket efter den danske unionskungen Hans skepp. Fartyget som av sin samtid kallades Gripen och även vid några tillfällen Griphund förliste år 1495 efter en brand ombord när hon låg för ankar. 

    Södertörns högskola har bedrivit marinarkeologiska undersökningar på platsen sedan 2013 och denna rapport redogör för fortsatt dokumentation av vraket under 2023 tillsammans med Stockholms universitet. Huvudsyftet med insatsen var att studera överbyggnaden på skeppet för att förstå hur fartyget fungerade i strid med speciellt fokus på knektarnas roll ombord och deras samspel med den befintliga vapenteknologin.

    Rapporten innehåller även en omfattande analys av tidigare bärgade delar från ringvävnadsplagg samt synpunkter på vrakets bevarandestatus. Gripen/Griphund utgör som skeppskonstruktion samt med vapnen och föremålen ombord ett unikt exempel på ett kungligt skepp från slutet av medeltiden. Det är en representant för de nya kravellbyggda skepp som tillsammans med sina furstar var med och bidrog till den tidigmoderna samhällsförändringen.

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  • 3.
    Rönnby, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Björdal, Charlotte
    Göteborgs universitet, Sverige.
    Kronholmskoggen: Marinarkeologiska undersökningar. L1975:6999 Västergarn Kronholmen 1:3, Gotland (Västergarn RAÄ-Nr 116)2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Södertörns högskola utförde i oktober 2020 i samverkan med Göteborgs universitet en arkeologisk undersökning i anslutning till lämningarna av ett medeltida skepp beläget på Kronholmens golfbana, Västergarn, Gotland. Arbetet innefattade öppnandet av tre schakt inom tidigare undersökta ytor för att ta prover samt insamlande av träprover utlagda på vraket år 1995.

    Skeppsvraket visar flera karaktäristiska byggnadsdrag som är typiska för det som av forskningen definierats som en kogg. Det gäller den platta botten, den branta vinkeln till stäven och tätningen med mossa. Avviker från andra koggar gör den relativt glesa spantningen och att bottenstockarna inte är av ek utan av furu. En ny analys visar att träet skeppet byggdes av är från smålandskusten och Gotland vilket är unikt bland kända koggfynd.

    Dateringen visar att skeppet bör ha byggts under perioden 1245–1251. När skeppet några årtionden senare var uttjänt övergavs det på grunt vatten i vad som då var ett sund innanför ön Kronholmen. Platsen var förmodligen vid detta tillfälle en väl använd ankrings- och hamnplats. Att området är rikt på arkeologiska lämningar, både från järnåldern och medeltiden, visar att det funnits en lång tradition av sjöfartsaktivitet och handel på platsen. 

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  • 4.
    Björdal, C.G.
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Evaluation of in situ preservation method applied at a terrestrial archaeological shipwreck site by use of sacrificial wood samples installed for 25 years2023In: International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, ISSN 0964-8305, E-ISSN 1879-0208, Vol. 176, article id 105528Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1995 remains of a 13th century shipwreck, “the Kronholmen cog”, was discovered in sandy soil at a golf green on the island of Gotland, Sweden. Prior to backfilling and in situ preservation, four sacrificial wood samples (SWS) of sound pine sapwood were installed for long-term monitoring of wood decaying processes. In year 2020, the site was re-opened to evaluate the protective nature of the site. All SWS and six archaeological samples were taken for a comparative analysis. Observations by light- and scanning electron microscopy showed severe microbial decomposition by fungi and bacteria. Based on occurrence of decay forms in the wood fibres, soft rot (SR) was identified as the main degrader of both SWS and in the first 2 cm of the heavily eroded archaeological material, accompanied by bacteria (type tunnelling bacteria (TB)). Moderate decay by bacteria (type erosion bacteria, EB) in archaeological samples indicated longer period during the last 700 years under waterlogged and anaerobic condition – e.g., protective. Only initial decay of erosion bacteria (EB) was observed in SWS, strongly indicating a non-protective environment during the last 25 years. Severe brown rot decay was established in SWS and archaeological wood located in the front of the wreck where burial conditions were most critical (0.5 m above groundwater level, and 0.4 below soil/air interface). Here, a total of 0.50 cm surface layer of SWS was lost, yielding an initial decay rate of 20% in 25 years. In general, surfaces were heavily attacked especially for archaeological samples, and plant roots penetrated the soft and degraded surface layer. We conclude that the site since backfilling in 1995 has been semi-oxygenated and has promoted more severe fungal decomposition of cultural heritage. Thus, the site is not able to protect and preserve the precious archaeological remains for future generations and actions must be taken. SWS are concluded to be an important technique for long term monitoring of archaeological sites preserved in situ.

  • 5.
    Katrantsiotis, Christos
    et al.
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Dahl, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Palm, Veronica
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Västerviks Museum, Sweden.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Andrén, Thomas
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Andrén, Elinor
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Holocene relative sea level changes in the Vastervik-Gamlebyviken region on the southeast coast of Sweden, southern Baltic Sea2023In: Boreas, ISSN 0300-9483, E-ISSN 1502-3885, Vol. 52, no 2, p. 206-222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We reconstruct the Holocene shore displacement of the Vastervik-Gamlebyviken area on the southeast coast of Sweden, characterised by a maritime cultural landscape and archaeological significance since the Mesolithic. Sediment cores were retrieved from four lake basins that have been raised above sea level due to the postglacial land uplift and eustatic sea level changes after the melting of the Fennoscandian Ice Sheet. The cores were radiocarbon dated and analysed for loss on ignition and diatoms. The isolation thresholds of the basins were determined using LiDAR data. The results provide evidence for the initiation of the first Littorina Sea transgression in this area at 8.5 thousand calibrated years before present (cal. ka BP). A relative sea level rise by similar to 7 m a.s.l. is recorded between 8.0 and 7.5 cal. ka BP with a highstand at similar to 22 m a.s.l. between 7.5 and 6.2 cal. ka BP. These phases coincide with the second and third Littorina Sea transgressions, respectively, in the Blekinge area, southern Sweden and are consistent with the final deglaciation of North America. After 6.2 cal. ka BP, the relative sea level dropped below 22 m a.s.l., and remained at similar to 20 m a.s.l. until 4.6 cal. ka BP coinciding with the fourth Littorina Sea transgression in Blekinge. From 4.6 to 4.2 cal. ka BP, the shore displacement shows a regression rate of 10 mm a(-1) followed by a slowdown with a mean value of 4.6 mm a(-1) until 1.6 cal. ka BP, when the relative sea level dropped below 3.3 m a.s.l. The Middle to Late Holocene highstand and other periods of minor sea level transgressions and/or higher salinity between 6.2 and 1.7 cal. ka BP are attributed to a combination of warmer climate and higher inflow of saline waters in the southern Baltic Sea due to stronger westerlies, caused by variations in the North Atlantic atmospheric patterns.

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  • 6.
    Rönnby, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Sten, Sabine
    Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology, Uppsala University.
    Arkeologiska undersökningar på Sandön i höst2022In: Gotska Sandön, no 1, p. 14-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Arkeologi på Svarta havets botten2022In: Populär arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014x, no 3, p. 30-36Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    The Danish Griffin: The Wreck of an Early Modern Royal Carvel from 14952022In: International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, ISSN 1057-2414, E-ISSN 1095-9270, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 46-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the waters of the Southern Baltic, off the island of Stora Ekön, lies the wreck of a ship lost in 1495 belonging to King John (Hans) of Denmark (1455–1513). This paper draws on the archaeological investigation of the site since 2013 and summarizes previous archaeological and historical research. In its design, construction, and weapons technology the ship is both a rare example of a large carvel-built ‘great ship’ from the final phase of the Middle Ages and, in its role as floating embassy, a manifestation of socio-political processes of change that transitioned medieval Europe to a global, maritime world.

  • 9.
    Rönnby, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Sten, Sabine
    Nya arkeologiska utgrävningar efter nästan 100 år!2022In: Gotska Sandön : information från hembygdsföreningen, ISSN 2004-5360, no 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Grifun/Gribshund (1495): Marinarkeologiska undersökningar2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    På norra sidan av Stora Ekön i Blekinge skärgård ligger på knappt tio meters djup vraket efter den danske unionskungen Hans skepp från år 1495. Denna skrift tar sin utgångspunkt i den marinarkeologiska undersökning som utfördes på vraket år 2019. Den innehåller även en sammanfattning av tidigare kunskaper samt en ny tolkningsdiskussion där den stora kravellens europeiska ursprung och sammanhang diskuteras.

    Vraket efer Grifun/Gribshund utgör som skeppskonstruktion, avseende vapenteknologin ombord och de påträffade föremålen en frusen tidsbild av ett kungligt skepp från medeltidens slutskede. Det är en representant för en typ av nya stora skepp som i samspel med sina furstar var med och bidrog till den tidigmoderna samhällsförändringen.

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  • 11.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    The Study of Sunken Humanity2021In: Under the surface: stories from Vrak - Museum of wrecks / [ed] Anna Arnberg; Odd Johansen; Per Widén, Stockholm: Vrak - Museum of Wrecks, en del av Statens maritima och transporthistoriska museer , 2021, p. 16-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Vetenskapen om det sjunkna mänskliga2021In: Under havets yta: berättelser från Vrak - Museum of Wrecks / [ed] Anna Arnberg; Odd Johansen; Per Widén, Stockholm: Vrak - Museum of Wrecks, en del av Statens maritima och transporthistoriska museer , 2021Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    My most important contribution to maritime and underwater archeology2020In: Our blue planet: an introduction to maritime and underwater archaeology / [ed] Ben Ford; Jessi J. Halligan; Alexis Catsambis, New York: Oxford University Press, 2020, p. 268-269Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    The Danish Monster: A sculpture and its ship in the beginning of the Modern time2020In: The imagery of the sea: figureheads and symbols / [ed] Kurt Almqvist Kurt; Svante Helmbaek Tirén, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Stolpe , 2020Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Det danska monstret: Om en skulptur och dess skepp i början av den Nya tiden2020In: Havets bildspråk: Galjonsfigurer och symboler / [ed] Kurt Almqvist; Svante Helmbaek Tirén, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Stolpe , 2020Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16. Adams, Jon
    et al.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    From Flagships to Fluits: Connections in the development of Maritime Archaeology2020In: Aktuell marinarkeologi: Texter från ett seminarium på Vasamuseet och Sjöhistoriska museet, Stockholm, 13–14 maj 2019 / [ed] Rune Edberg; Niklas Eriksson, Stockholm: Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Stockholms universitet , 2020, p. 7-21Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    [Book review of] Håkan Karlsson & Tomás Diez Acosta, The Missile Crisis from a Cuban perspective: Historical, archaeological and anthropological reflections2020In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 140, no 3, p. 572-574Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Dimitrov, Kalin
    et al.
    Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria; Centre for Underwater Archaeology, Bulgaria.
    Adams, Jonathan
    University of Southampton, UK.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Bachvarov, Kroum
    University of Connecticut, USA.
    Georgiev, Pavel
    Centre for Underwater Archaeology, Bulgaria.
    Draganov, Vesselin
    Centre for Underwater Archaeology, Bulgaria.
    ПОДВОДНИ АРХЕОЛОГИЧЕСКИ РАЗКОПКИ (РАННА БРОНЗОВА ЕПОХА, АНТИЧНОСТ, ОСМАНСКИ ПЕРИОД) В ЗАЛИВА ПРЕД УСТИЕТО НА Р. РОПОТАМО, ОБЛ. БУРГАС: [Underwater archaeological excavations (Early Bronze Age, Antiquity, Ottoman period) in the sea bay at the mouth of Ropotamo river, Burgas region]2020In: Archaeological discoveries and excavation, ISSN 1313-0889, no 1, p. 369-376Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2019, the third season of renewed underwater archaeological excavations took place in the bay between CapeSt. Dimitar (Skombolito) and the mouth of Ropotamo River (fig. 1). The work was conducted in two stages (June – early July and September – October) with a total of 49 working days. The study had the following main research goals and objectives:

    • To excavate the EBA layer over the entire technologically possible area of T2–T3.
    • To make a stratigraphic trench below the EBA layer in order to determine whether there is earlier occupationor other anthropogenic activity at the site.
    • To excavate a new area closer to the shore in order to search for the “central part” of the EBA settlement.

    The main results of the 2019 season can be summarized as follows:

    1. The work in T1 and T2–T3 was completed (fig. 2). The underwater landscape has been restored, with metalframes and trench sacks removed.
    2. The exploration of a new trench (T4) began (fig. 3), confirming the general observations from previous seasons of the stratigraphic sequence of Ropotamo site – a port accumulation from the historical periods over settlement remainsfrom the EBA (figs 4–5).
    3. The quantity and character of the finds and structures discovered in T4 unambiguously indicate that the EBA settlement center lies towards the shore at the base of the shallow waters to the SW of Scombolito Cape (fig. 6).
    4. In T2–T3, the hypothesis for the existence of a Chalcolithic settlement below that of the EBA was rejected.
    5. It was found that the EBA settlement (at least in the section T2–T3) was built on land and was only later flooded when sea level rose (fig. 2).
    6. The detailed stratigraphic observations demonstrated that at the end of the 4th mill. BC in the area of Ropotamothe sea level was -5.80 m below the modern one.
  • 19.
    Palm, Veronica
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Västerviks Museum.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Bolin, Hans
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Stäket vid Valstad: Arkeologisk provundersökning etapp 2, Kallåker 4:4, Gamleby socken, Västerviks kommun, Kalmar län, Småland2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In spring 2018, Södertörn University and MARIS, in collaboration with Västerviks Museum, conducted a second archaeological research survey at Stäket, Kallåker 4:4 in Gamleby socken, Västervik municipality, Kalmar County, Småland. At the survey a trenchs were dug on land in connection with a previously known “pole blockage” in the water of Dynestadviken at a place called Stäket. The trench was placed in line with a previously excavated stone construction situated close to the level of the Viking age shore line.

    The stone “cairn-like” construction lays in line with a timber construction in the water. The 2018 trench was placed in the upper part of the stone construction, 10 m up the beach slope, close to the test trench dug in 2016. The aim was to collect more data regarding the stone structure, it´s construction and use. Among the findings are flint fragments, horseshoe nails, coins and a clay pipe, all with a span from the 11th century to the 19th century.

    During late Viking period, the place for the site was the most topographical strategic part of the waterway between the bay of Gamlebyviken and the protected inner water around Dynestadsjön. The choice of place gives an indication that the construction during this time is linked to strategy and protection of the rich Iron Age homeland north of the construction.

    Several of the upright standing poles, both in the water and on land have previously been dated to late Iron age, but there are also some poles and planks from late Medieval/Early Modern period. New findings from 2018 confirm some sort of activities in the area in the 18th and 19th centuries, probably fishing.

    The exact function of the constructions at Stäket cannot be said at the present time and   there are several possible functions. The most obvious interpretation is to see it as a blockage defending the inlet, but there is also a possibility that the remains we know about today actually are a part of a larger harbour arrangement. Other possibilities which can’t be excluded is that the construction could have been used for fishing or that some of the poles are remains of a bridge over the narrow inlet. Combinations of these different functions are of course also possible. Considering the different dating and the mix of wooden material is also very likely that the use and function of the place have changed during history.

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  • 20.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    On War on Board: Introduction2019In: On War on Board: Archaeological and historical perspectives on early modern maritime violence and warfare / [ed] Johan Rönnby, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 7-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 21.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    University of Southampton.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    The Consequensces of New Warships: From Medieval to Modern and our Dialectical Relationship with Things2019In: On War on Board: Archaeological and historical perspectives on early modern maritime violence and warfare / [ed] Johan Rönnby, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 163-198Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    On War on Board: Some Reflections2019In: On War on Board: Archaeological and historical perspectives on early modern maritime violence and warfare / [ed] Johan Rönnby, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2019, p. 257-265Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 23.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Furstar, nya skepp och början på det moderna2019In: Gränsløs, ISSN 2001-4961, no 10, p. 39-48Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Flera spektakulära fynd vid utgrävningarna av Gribshunden2019In: Marinarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 3, p. 4-5Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Dimitrov, Kalin
    et al.
    Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria; Centre for Underwater Archaeology, Bulgaria.
    Draganov, Vesselin
    Centre for Underwater Archaeology, Bulgaria.
    Prahov, Nayden
    Adams, Jonathan
    University of Southampton, UK.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Georgiev, Pavel
    Centre for Underwater Archaeology, Bulgaria.
    Garbov, Dragomir
    Pacheco-Ruiz, Rodrigo
    Pedrotti, Felix
    Georgieva, Zdravka
    Подводни археологически разкопки в залива пред устието на река ропотамо: [Underwater archaeological excavations in the sea bay at the mouth of Ropotamo river]2019In: Archaeological discoveries and excavation, ISSN 1313-0889, p. 743-746Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2018 the second season of renewed underwater archaeological research in the bay in front of the mouth of the Ropotamo River was held. Two 5 x 5 m trenches were explored at a depth of 1.2 m, in which materials from the Ottoman period to the Pre-Roman era were found (Fig. 1). The numerous findings from the historic periods are interpreted as accumulation in harbour used intensively in the past. In the western half of the studied area a trench 2.5 m by 8.0 m was made, reaching a depth at the bottom of more than 2.5 m (Fig. 2 – 3). In this trench the remains of the underlying Early Bronze Age (EBA) settlement were studied. Eleven vertically placed wooden posts (Fig. 2.4), handmade ceramics and pieces of burned clay were found. Nine 14C samples were taken from 3 wooden posts that dated the Ropotamo EBA settlement in the transition between the 4th and the 3th mill. BC (3080 – 2970 cal. BC (95.4% probability) or 3070 – 3000 cal. BC (68.2% probability).

  • 26.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    On War on Board: Archaeological and historical perspectives on early modern maritime violence and warfare2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What were the human experiences on board warships in the early modern period? Here, specific examples connected to battlefield situations and the practices on and below deck present clearer insights. Primarily, however, this anthology details the human organization of, and attitudes towards, systematic violence and warfare. How should we better explain and understand an addiction to war during this period and elsewhere in history?

    On War on Board is the result of a collaboration between archaeologists and historians using both material sources and written documents. The contributing authors explore subjects connected to warfare based on their expertise and research interests.

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  • 27.
    Palm, Veronica
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Stäket vid Valstad: Arkeologisk provundersökning, Kallåker 4:4, Gamleby socken, Västerviks kommun, Kalmar län, Småland2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In spring 2016, Södertörn University and MARIS, in collaboration with Västerviks Museum, conducted an archaeological research survey at Stäket, Kallåker 4:4 in Gamlebysocken, Västervik municipality, Kalmar County, Småland. At the survey two trenches were dug on land in connection with a previously known "pole blockage" in the water of Dynestadviken at a place called Stäket. One trench was placed in a stone construction situated close to the level of the Viking age shore line. The other trench was orientated in today's wetland adjacent to the timber construction in the water.

    The stone "cairn- like" construction lays in line with the timber construction in the water and are interpreted by us as associated with the underwater remains. The test trench was done in that part of the construction which is closest to the water. But the stone cairn seems to continue west at least 10 m up the beach slope. In the trench a brow, a flint and fragments of processed wood were found. Underneath and between the stones, wooden poles emerged of which one dates back to Viking age-early Middle Ages.

    The other trench, in the wetland closer to the water, could only be dug to approx. 0.2 m depth, but in this area several wooden poles appeared as well as parts of planks and a smallbox shaped wooden construction.

    Several of the upright standing poles, both in the water and on land have been dated to late Iron age, but there are also some dating of poles and planks from late Medieval/EarlyModern period. In connection to wood sampling in the water for dating of the poles a well worked oak plank also was found. The plank is dated to late Viking period and is very likely from a boat.

    During late Viking period, the place for the site was the most topographical strategic part of the waterway between the bay of Gamlebyviken and the protected inner water around Dynestadsjön. The choice of place gives an indication that the construction during this time is linked to strategy and protection of the rich Iron Age homeland north of the construction.

    The exact function of the constructions at Stäket cannot be said at the present time and there are several possible functions. The most obvious interpretation is to see it as a blockage defending the inlet, but there is also a possibility that the remains we know about today actually are a part of a larger harbour arrangement. Other possibilities which can't be excluded is that the construction could have been used for fishing or that some of the poles are remains of a bridge over the narrow inlet. Combinations of these different functions areof course also possible. Considering the different dating and the mix of wooden material is also very likely that the use and function of the place have changed during history.

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  • 28.
    Bolin, Hans
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Irskog, Siiri
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Lärarhandledning för SFI-undervisning i kulturmiljöer2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna lärarhandledning har tagits fram som del av forskningsprojektet Kulturmiljörelaterad SFI, ett samarbete mellan Södertörns högskola, Blekinge museum och Stockholms stad.

    Handledningen vänder sig till SFI-lärare som vill lägga en del av sin undervisning utomhus i relation till den närliggande kultur- och naturmiljön. Här presenteras exempel på utomhusundervisning som på ett enkelt sätt kombinerar språkinlärning med omvärldskunskaper.

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  • 29. Vagalinski, Lyudmil
    et al.
    Adams, Jonathan
    University of Southampton, UK.
    Dimitrov, Kalin
    Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria; Centre for Underwater Archaeology, Bulgaria.
    Bachvarov, Kroum
    University of Connecticut, USA.
    Pacheco-Ruiz, Rodrigo
    Draganov, Vesselin
    Centre for Underwater Archaeology, Bulgaria.
    Garbov, Dragomir
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Pedrotti, Felix
    Prahov, Naiden
    Georgieva, Zdravka
    Georgiev, Pavel
    Centre for Underwater Archaeology, Bulgaria.
    ПОДВОДНИ АРХЕОЛОГИЧЕСКИ РАЗКОПКИ В АКВАТОРИ ЯТАПРЕД УСТИЕТО НА Р . РОПОТАМО: [Underwater archaeological excavation in the sea bay at the mouth of Ropotamo river]2018In: Archaeological discoveries and excavation, ISSN 1313-0889, p. 720-723Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2017 two archaeological trenches of 5 x 5 m were explored in the marine bay at the mouth of the Ropotamo River (fig. 1). Rich materials from Antiquity, Late Antiquity, Middle Ages and the Ottoman period were discovered. Stratigraphic position and nature suggest that the finds form an accumulation from a harbor that operated at this place in the historical periods (fig. 2). At a depth of 2.5 m in the ground are found prehistoric ceramic fragment of handmade pottery, wooden post of a building structure and remains of a hearth (fig. 3). Although explored on a small area, these finds can be identified as remnants of the sea submerged EBA prehistoric site. The ceramics of the settlement date back to the I–II phase of the EBA. The 14C sample from the above mentioned wooden post (SUERC-77016 is 4474±21 BP), gives after calibration a date between 3335–3031 calBC, which correlates with cultural attribution of the site.

  • 30.
    Rönnby, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Smoking Guns: New Research on Two Early-Modern battlefields in the Baltic Sea: Mars (1564) and Svärdet (1676)2017In: Ships and Maritime Landscapes: Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology, Amsterdam 2012 / [ed] Jerzy Gawronski, André van Holk & Joost Schokkenbroek, Eelde: Barkhuis, 2017, p. 151-155Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    'The Ghost Ship' (Gotska Sandön Island, Sweden): Deepwater Archaeology in the Baltic Sea2017In: Ships and Maritime Landscapes: Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology, Amsterdam 2012 / [ed] Jerzy Gawronski, André van Holk & Joost Schokkenbroek, Eelde: Barkhuis, 2017, p. 439-444Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Stockholms universitet.
    Riksäpplet: Arkeologiska perspektiv på ett bortglömt regalskepp2017 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Riksäpplet deals with a shipwreck that has a neglected position in the grand narrative of the history of the Swedish navy. The story of its destiny and the missing accounts in scholarly and popular works in history says something about heritage processes within Swedish maritime archaeology.

    On 5 June 1676 Riksäpplet came loose and adrift from its moorings outside Dalarö Sea fortress. The hull struck a rock and sank. The loss was considered both ignominious and embarrassing and the ship’s fate has been overlooked in all major history books. The rock onto which Riksäpplet sank was named ‘Äpplet’ after the incident, and the wreck itself has become an integrated component of the underwater seascape. As a consequence the wreckage has never enjoyed a proper ‘discovery’ or undergone documentation under the sensational forms that many other famous shipwrecks have, even though they have sunk in more inconvenient places.

    In Eriksson’s study the official handling of Riksäpplet’s wrecked body is compared to the more wellknown ships Kronan and Svärdet, which both sank during battle only days before. Eriksson draws on different motifs and driving forces behind the study of naval wrecks from the period from his comparison, and the differences are discussed. Riksäpplet has never achieved a prominent position with the romanticising works of history that honour the national heroes and their deeds which are associated with this era of the Swedish Empire. The first half of the book thus sets out to unpack the ideas that have led to the relative disinterest in Riksäpplet in comparison to other shipwrecks.

    The second half of the book sets out to analyse Riksäpplet from a specific archaeological perspective, with focus on the ship as material culture. Eriksson’s departure is to explore the relatively low budget fieldwork that has been done at the wreck site. He the combines those facts with a survey of the artefacts recovered from the wreck, of which all are kept in museum archives and private collections. This, in addition to his studies of preserved written correspondence concerning the construction of the ship, has brought new insights into seventeenth-century shipbuilding and how the balance between the global political superpowers affected this trade. In this context Riksäpplet has great potential to show how military alliances are materialized through ships’ architecture.

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  • 33.
    Holmlund, Joakim
    et al.
    MMT.
    Nilsson, Björn
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Joint Exploration of the Sunken Past: Examples of Maritime Archaeoogical Collaboration Between Industry and Academica in the Baltic2017In: Under the Sea: Archaeology and Palaeolandscapes of the Continental Shelf / [ed] Bailey,G., Harff,J., Sakellariou., Cham: Springer, 2017, p. 53-63Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines the benefits and constraints of collaboration between an archaeological research unit and a commercial company, using as examples joint research conducted by MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute at Södertörn University) and the Swedish commercial marine survey company MMT. The examples presented here included the detailed reconstruction by remote sensing of deeply submerged shipwrecks and the mapping and discovery of submerged archaeological landscapes and associated artefacts such as fish traps, which can then be examined more closely by archaeological divers. The benefits to archaeologists of collaborating with well-equipped commercial companies are obvious, but the benefits are mutual. The demands of archaeological research can generate new technological solutions that have commercial application, as well as producing results with wider educational and social benefits. Provided that archaeological investigations are embedded in the normal commercial operations of the company, such collaboration can be cost-effective for both parties, and is further enhanced by collaboration with film companies, which generates wider public interest and publicity for all concerned.

  • 34.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Stockholm University.
    The ship Riksäpplet and the introduction of English naval architecture in Sweden in the 17th century2017In: Post-Medieval Archaeology, ISSN 0079-4236, E-ISSN 1745-8137, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 309-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    SUMMARY: The 84-gun ship Riksäpplet was one of the first ships in Sweden built under supervision of the newly recruited English master. In 1676, the ship came adrift, struck a rock and sank. In 2015 a minor field survey of the wreck was undertaken. An inventory of finds recovered from the wreck in various museum collections and in private hands has been compiled and the preserved correspondence from the construction of the ship has been re-examined. This material has provided new insights regarding the peculiarities and special architecture of Riksäpplet.

  • 35.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Stockholm Univeristy.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Mars (1564): the initial archaeological investigations of a great 16th-century Swedish warship2017In: International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, ISSN 1057-2414, E-ISSN 1095-9270, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 92-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Before the Swedish warship Mars exploded and sank in action against a combined Danish and Lübeckian fleet in 1564, it was one of the largest ships in the world. In 2011 the wreck was relocated off the island of Öland in the Baltic Sea. Thanks to the favourable conditions in the brackish water, about two thirds of the hull is preserved on the sea bottom, including the stern with the large sterncastle. The aim of this article is to present initial archaeological observations and results of work since 2011. We briefly describe the historical context and research perspectives regarding this wreck.

  • 36.
    Arnshav, M.
    et al.
    Swedish National Maritime Museums, Sweden.
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Submarines in the silent world: Exploring films as an archaeological record2017In: Journal of Contemporary Archaeology, ISSN 2051-3429, E-ISSN 2051-3437, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 19-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The wrecks of two Soviet submarines, the S7 and the SC-305, were discovered by private wreck-searching teams in 1998 and 2007 respectively. For more than half a century the whereabouts of the wrecks had remained a mystery. Drawing from the case of the two sunken Second World War submarines, this paper addresses the archaeological significance of moving-image documentation produced in non-archaeological contexts as a tool for interpreting the sites. What kind of research can archaeologists, denied direct access to a site, conduct through the use of film documentation gathered by nonarchaeologists? Is it possible to use films produced by divers or marine survey teams (non-archaeologists) to interpret underwater sites? Can film be considered an archaeological documentation method, and how can data gathered in this way be handled and interpreted? Moreover, how does the distance created though lack of physical contact with sites and the non-professional gathering of data affect the research and analysis? Our work indicates that using already existing film and photographic material, created for purposes other than archaeological documentation, can be a valuable source material for understanding past events as well as how archaeological sites are experienced today. We found that working with material created by non-archaeologists had limitations, but it also opened up a whole new set of opportunities of viewing and understanding the sites. 

  • 37.
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    En egendomlig kollision2017In: Sverige och första världskriget: Maritima perspektiv / [ed] Mirja Arnshav; Andreas Linderoth, Lund: Historiska medier , 2017, p. 203-211Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Luftfartsarkeologi – och hur vi fick Sveriges yngsta fornlämning2017In: Marinarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 3, p. 12-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 39.
    McWilliams, Anna
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Archaeological report of the wreck of Arado 196-32017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is based on the work carried out as part of a heritage evaluation and archaeological survey for BlekingeCounty Administrative Board of the wreck of an Arado 196-3 plane off the coast of Karlskrona, Sweden. Thewreck has been known by divers but until now had not been subject to any archaeological investigations orsurveys to evaluate its condition. Work was carried out by the MARIS research institute at Södertörn Universityand a report produced describing the wreck’s condition and heritage values as well as recommendations for themanagement of this resource. In this publication we will develop the findings of the fieldwork and present a moredetailed description of the wreck site as well as its historical background.

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  • 40.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Riksäpplets okända historia2016In: Populär arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X, no 3, p. 28-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 41.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    The architecture of a great 16th century warship: results from the initial surveys of Mars (1564)2016In: Actas del V Congreso Internacional de Arqueología Subacuática (IKUWA V), Proceedings of the 5th International Congress on Underwater Archaeology A heritage for mankind Cartagena, October 15th-18th, 2014, Cartagena: Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte , 2016, p. 824-836Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 16th century the naval ships were developed with increased size and a larger quantity of guns. When the Swedish ship Mars exploded and sank during action in 1564, she was one of the largest ships in the world. In 2011 the wreck was relocated outside the island of Öland in the Baltic Sea. Thanks to the favorable conditions about two thirds of the hull are preserved which includes the stern with the large stern castle. The site thus offers a unique opportunity to study a state of the art warship from this period. The site has been surveyed during three seasons. This paper is based on these initial surveys and aims to present the kind of insights regarding 16th century naval architecture that Mars has revealed so far.

  • 42.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Gribshunden (1495): vraket efter ett medeltida kravellskepp2016In: Marinarkeologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, no 1, p. 4-10Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    The shipwrecks of the Baltic Sea: a unique maritime archaeological source material2015In: Shipwrecks around the World: Revelations of the Past / [ed] Tripati, Sila, New Delhi: Delta Book World , 2015, p. 27-39Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Archaeology of complete ships: on the potential of well-preserved wrecks of 17th century merchant fluyts in the Baltic Sea2015In: Shipwrecks around the World: Revelations of the Past / [ed] Tripati, Sila, New Delhi: Delta Book World , 2015, p. 176-192Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Rönnby, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology.
    Maritima duréer: Långtidsstrukturer i ett kustlandskap2015In: Tjop tjop: Vänbok till Christer Westerdahl med anledning av hans 70-årsdag den 13 november 2015. / [ed] Staffan von Arbin, Pål Nymoen, Frans-Arne Hedlund Styleger, Morten Sylvester, Anders Gutehall och Peter Skanse, Skärhamn: Båtdokgruppen , 2015, 1, p. 271-290Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 46.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Lodging in a Fluitship: the material setting of everyday life onboard Anna Maria2015In: Journal of Maritime Archaeology, ISSN 1557-2285, E-ISSN 1557-2293, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 45-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Historical archaeology may be characterized by an intricate relationship between, written sources and material remains. In research focusing on wrecks, this often results in descriptions of the events associated with one particular ship. These are narratives written from a historical horizon, where written sources provide the explanation to material remains. The aim of this paper is to show that a combination of material remains and written sources may be used as a departure point for a discussion on social conditions on board merchant ships in a more general sense.

    The case used is the fluit Anna Maria, launched in 1694 and which foundered in Dalarö harbour in 1709. The site is ideal for such a study, as it has been surveyed archaeologically on several occasions since the 1960s at the latest in all of 2010, and partly because historical research into the written accounts have been made. Taken together the material gathered enables a unique opportunity to reconstruct and to study the everyday environment on board a large fluitship.

  • 47.
    Rönnby, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Sjöblom, Ingvar
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). Försvarshögskolan.
    Holmlund, Joakim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute). MMT.
    Björk, Mikael
    Gribshunden (1495): Skeppsvrak vid Stora Ekön, Ronneby, Blekinge. Marinarkeologiska undersökningar 2013-20152015Report (Other academic)
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  • 48.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Fragment av stormaktens försvarspolitik: Skulpturerna från regalskeppet Riksäpplet, sjösatt 16612015In: Finskt museum, ISSN 0355-1814, Vol. 120/122, no 2013/2015, p. 179-189Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 49.
    Rönnby, Johan
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Sjöblom, Ingvar
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Havsguden från Västervik: om skeppet Neptunus och vasakungarnas nya stora kravlar2015In: Västerviks historia: förhistoria och arkeologi II / [ed] Palm, Veronica, Västervik: Västerviks Museum , 2015, p. 11-37Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 50.
    Eriksson, Niklas
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archaeology. Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, MARIS (Maritime Archaeological Research Institute).
    Skeppet Mars (1564): Fältrapport etapp III 20132015Report (Other academic)
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