sh.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
Begrens søket
1234567 1 - 50 of 524
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Abbo, Maryam
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Digitala medier: Användning av surfplattor för att skriva berättelser i svensk språkundervisning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the use of tablet computers in a Swedish language, classroom. This study aims to investigate student and teacher attitudes when using tablet computers for story writing. One fifth grade classroom was observed on three occasions and a total of six students and three teachers were subsequently interviewed. This study addresses the following questions:

    • How are tablet computers used for writing stories in a Swedish classroom?

     

    • What opportunities and obstacles do teachers experience when using the tablet computers when it comes to writing stories?
    • Which method was preferred by the students? Writing stories on tablet computers or writing by hand?

    This qualitative study was based on observations and interviews. Analysis of observations and interviews show that the tablet computers appear to help the students with language, organisation and structure in the writing of stories. However, teachers still need to incorporate both writing by hand and using the tablet computers to ensure competence for real-life situations which still use a mixture of both skills. The results also showed that tablet computers are a useful tool for communication when students help each other in their writing. Classroom observations suggest that tablet computers can act as a mediator tool in the Swedish elementary school classroom primarily as it makes the writing process easier for the students. Analysis of teacher interviews suggest that teachers prefer to have students use tablets as it makes the student’s texts clearer, facilitating assessment.

  • 2.
    Abrahamsson, Sofie
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Gullberg Husberg, Deseré
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    "Hon är min" ... fast egentligen inte: En komparativ genusanalys av fyra karaktärer i Sookie Stackhouse Series2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a comparative analysis between two books from the Sookie Stackhouse series by Charlaine Harris. We chose to work with book 1 - Dead Until Dark and book 10 - Dead in the Family. Our analysis is based on a gender perspective, using the litterature we present in previous research and theory. The aim for the thesis was to examine how gender and sexuality is portrayed in the books. In addition, we have looked at how the books represent gender norms in society through their characters and if named characters change throughout the series. We have applied comparative analysis and Nikolajeva's scheme on stereotypical males and females in litterature. We chose to analyse the four main characters - Sookie, Bill, Eric and Sam. In our analysis we discuss how the balance of power between the characters is portrayed as well as their gender and sexuality in relation to each other.

    Our analysis indicate that the characters are mainly portrayed with stereotypical gender norms and the comparison between the two books shows us no or very little development of named norms. Moreover, we observed that Sookies female gender is portrayed in relation to the three male characters, Bill, Eric and Sam. In addition, the male characters gender is also described in relation to the female character. Our analysis through Nikolajeva´s scheme depicts the characters in all categories of stereotypical gender roles. Sookie could often be categorized as a normative female whilst Bill and Eric in majority were categorized as normative males. Sams character was the only one to portray both female and male characteristics. This was depicted in both books. Further more, the male genders were portrayed similar in both books although the characters were mentioned more regularly in book 1 compared to book 10. Conclusively, we discussed how the books can be used in class to teach about gender, sexuality and norms. Lastly, we stressed what the positive and negative outcomes for teachers may be and what we think is important in class not to emulate stereotypical gender roles.

  • 3.
    Abukar, Aliya
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Alhaddad, Noora
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Bild- och formskapande i förskola och förskoleklass2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of our graduate work is to study the importance of image and shape’s in children's development and learning and also the preschool teacher’s views on image and shapes. Our research aims to explore the value of image and shapes creation and how it is expressed among children and in classroom activities. We are also interested in finding out how it differs from adults' views and what materials teachers use to promote the image and shapes creation in the curriculum. In our own experience, image and shapes activities are often structured differently in different curriculum activities. We therefore want to study how certain preschools work with image and form creation with children in preschool. We have performed the study through five qualitative interviews with preschool teachers and four observations on three different preschools in Stockholm.

    The main theory of the extension of our work is about Vygotsky's sociocultural perspective. We will find out about how according to the sociocultural perspective children can develop learning. The conclusion we have reached is that the preschool teachers interviewed seem to agree greatly with each other about how image and shapes creation affects for children's development and learning. Although there were some minor differences, for example, if the children learned by imitating each other in creative work. But in this part it was just one preschool teacher who differed from the others' vague.

  • 4.
    Abusaleem, Mihaela
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Utmaningar och barns sampel i olika lärmiljöer: En studie om den mobila förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the perceptions of the preschool teachers, working with the preschool bus, regarding challenges and children's interactions in different learning environments offered by mobile preschool.

    The metod used in this study is the qualitative semi-structured interviews with four preschool teachers. The theoretical ground used to perform the analyse in the study is represented by socio-cultural perspective and hermeneutic research effort. 

    The study shows that the interaction between children is the same in all environments but that the interaction between children and the environment might be different depending on the development and intrests of the preschool children. The survey shows that this interaction between children and the environment begins before the bus week and that the starting point in the interaction can be expressed by intrest, bus destinations and preschool topic.

    The survey shows that one challenge might be that the preschool children need to be able to adapt to more environments than they are used to. The survey even shows that such challenge can be even greater if there are children with special needs in the group. The preschool bus can be also a challenge in bad weather days since the children have to share space and material.

  • 5.
    Acaralp, Damla
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Hållbar utveckling i undervisningen: En kvalitativ studie om lärare och lärarstudenters syn på hållbar utveckling i undervisningen2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The issue for this study is how teachers and teacher students understand the concept of sustainable development and work and want to work with sustainable development in their education. The aim is to provide knowledge that can lead to a better implementation of sustainable development in education. The study has a phenomenological perspective and is based on the concept of sustainable development and theories of education for sustainable development. The study consists of interviews with four teachers who act as primary teachers and four teacher students who study on the last semester of their education. The study shows that all respondents think that sustainable development is a concept that is difficult to interpret and that they have a distorted interpretation of the concept. All are focusing on environmental protection and overlook economic and social development. That is particularly apparent in their examples of how sustainable development should be implemented in teaching. The study also shows that the teacher students have a more complete picture of the concept of sustainable development and, unlike the teachers, explicitly states that sustainable development should permeate the entire teaching.

  • 6.
    Adam, Hiba
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Björklund, Jonatan
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Stopp! Nu får vi bryta!: en vetenskaplig essä om pedagogers förhållningssätt kring ”opassande” lekar2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 7.
    Adegren, Emily Chantal
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Yoga på skoltid: religionsutövning eller sekulär träningsform?: En diskursanalys av den offentliga debatten kring yoga på skoltid i Östermalmsskolan2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 8.
    Adrian, Pia
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Hur elever upplever sin möjlighet till inflytande på fritidshemmet.: Det är fröknarna som bestämmer, de är fritidsplanerarna2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 9.
    Agneby Pitkonen, Sanna
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Förändring som väckte känslor, när olika världar möts: en essä om samverkan i förskolan2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with the complexity that I perceive in the collaboration processes between preschool and parents. In the essay I present my interpretation of two self-perceived situations where my experience has been that the cooperation has not worked satisfactorily for either part. As a basis for my conclusions I use different theories and studies within the domain. My own experiences - both from ten years of working in preschool as well as from an eight-year experience of being a parent also comes into use. The purpose of my essay is to investigate how different horizons of understanding can come into collision, and how limitations in our own understanding of the perspectives of others can complicate collaboration between educators and parents.

    In the first story I discuss a situation where, in my professional role, I go into a conflict with a parent about how we have chosen to implement some changes. Here I am faced with the fact that my professional role requires me to inform the parent about the work team´s motivation for change. In the second story, I am situated in a private role and I am engaged in a dialogue on how the educational work in preschool might look like and why. Finally, I examine my own actions as a professional worker in preschool - from a parental as well as from a professional perspective - and also the opinions and actions of the two parents that occur in my stories.

  • 10.
    Ahlström, Helena
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Att arbeta språkutvecklande med flerspråkiga barn: en kvalitativ studie utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative study is to examine how educators view their work in language development with multilingual children, and the methods they are using. Additionally, this research investigates which attitudes educators feel that there is in preschools among parents and children about the language multilingual children speak at preschool. The investigation is based on five interviews with educators who all work on different preschools. The study approaches the research questions from the socio-cultural perspective.

    Based on the socio-cultural perspective, it is considered that the child learns all the time, in every context, by interaction with others. The learning takes place in the child through multiple steps. First, the child needs the help of a person who is more competent than the child itself in the current activity, so that the child can later move on to perform the task on their own.

    The result shows that educators use different strategies and methods when they work on language development with multilingual children. These strategies and methods are: provide security, adapt activities, use repetition and give the children time, use language support and use technical aids. The survey shows that educators, parents and children, are either encouraging or disagree to children speaking their first language at preschool. 

  • 11.
    Ahmed, Faiza
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Modersmålet som stöttning för nyanlända elever i en förberedelseklass: En kvalitativ studie ur ett elevperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Aim of this study is to examine how newly arrived Somali students use their mother tongue as a method of support for the students to comprehend the Swedish language in a preparation class. The conclusion of my study originates from three key questions:  

    1. How do the students use their mother tongue as a method of support in a preparation class?
    2. In which situations (with who and when) do they use their mother tongue as a method of support?
    3. Which resources do the students use to support them with their mother tongue?

    To conduct the study I have used the qualitative method called participant observation. This is a technique in which I follow and observe two students in three different times. The study is based on previous research on second language development.

    The results shows the different ways students use their mother tongue and how all the different aspects prove to be significant in the students language development. The basic knowledge and experience they have from their first language is very helpful for the development of the students second language. The results also shows that the students use various types of code-switching to communicate with each other and how the group support each other through their mother tongue.

  • 12.
    Ahnoff, Örjan
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Resor i rum, tid och relationer: Läroböckers geografiska perspektivväxlingar i historisk jämförelse 1890-tal/2010-tal2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines how textbooks in primary geography offer readers to make changes in perspective. As the title suggests, spatial/temporal awareness and understanding of social relations are seen as interconnected aspects of what changes in perspective is about.

    Two contemporary textbooks used in Swedish primary school are analyzed, as well as one written in 1893 by the Swedish reform educator Anna Whitlock. The analysis is made with tools from multimodal social semiotics and critical linguistics. Understanding didactics on a basis of curriculum theory, distinguishing varied offers of meaning is seen as an important basis for making decisions in didactic practice. The essay offers arguments to support that view.

    A historical perspective is used to illustrate constructions of school geography in our time. Attention is paid to how the text from the 1890s introduces spatiality by letting the reader relate to the physical world, while spatiality in the texts from the 2010s is framed by social relations. When differences between the contemporary textbooks are described, some specific design choices offering varied reader interactions are suggested being crucial for inclusions/exclusions of experiences and worldviews.

  • 13.
    Ahnoff, Örjan
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Resurs för orientering: Interaktivt satellitfoto i barns samtal om plats2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen handlar om en aktivitet som låter barn relatera till plats genom samtal med en vuxen, med stöd av interaktivt satellitfoto på en datorplatta. Samtalsaktiviteten, som kan ses som en forskningsmetod eller en pedagogisk aktivitet, undersöks genom två frågeställningar: Vilka slags erfarenheter av och relationer till platser blir möjliga att kommunicera i aktiviteten? Hur formas i aktiviteten förutsättningar för denna kommunikation? Undersökningen relaterar till tidigare forskning om aktiviteter som promenad, fotografi och teckning.

    Elva barn (8 år) deltog, en och en, i aktiviteten som undersöktes. Det empiriska materialet utgörs av skärmfilmer, skärmdumpar och ljudupptagningar från dessa tillfällen.

    Arbetet utgår från de geografiteoretiska begreppen plats och rum, och inspireras av förhållningssätt inom forskningsfältet barns geografier. Utöver det används design i lärande som ett analytiskt perspektiv.

    Jag argumenterar för att interaktivitet med en sekundär representation av plats (det digitala satellitfotot) kan beskrivas som någonting mellan platsinteraktivitet och icke-platsinteraktivitet respektive mellan kreativitet och icke-kreativitet. Samtidigt formar de mellanlägen jag beskriver en specifik och egen grund för kommunikation. Med utgångspunkt i hur studiens deltagare tolkar och förhandlar om aktiviteten, diskuterar jag vidare barns behov av utrymme för meningsskapande. Slutligen föreslår jag att samtida forskningsmetodik – som ställer krav på vuxna att sätta barns rättigheter, intressen, deltagande och agens i första rummet – kan utgöra en förebild för didaktisk verksamhet.

  • 14.
    Alhalabi, Alia
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Förskollärares användning av IKT för att synliggöra och utveckla barns skapande2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is togain more knowledge and a deeper understanding about the use of digital technology in the educational work in preschool settings. The particular objective of the study is to gain insight in preschool teachers’ view upon their work with ICT and to which extend their use of ICT tools advocates the child’s creative abilities.

    The study starts froma qualitative approach. Qualitative interviews and non-participant observations were conducted at twodifferent preschools. Interviews and observationscompleted and supported each other forgave a reliable performance. The results indicate participatingpreschool teachers’ digital skills and use of media and ICT and ICT’s effect on children’s creation. It appeared in both theoretical and empirical research material that the media educational approach is playful, with a focus on opportunities and that it organizes the children's learning.

  • 15.
    Ali Ahmed, Faiza
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Kongruens inom nominalfraser: En performansanalys om andraspråkselevers användning av nominalfraser i skriftliga och muntliga former2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to see how second-language learners uses noun phrases in their written texts and oral speech as well as how they differ from each other. In order to answer this, the following questions have been formulated: What congruent errors are found in the noun phrases in the students' texts and oral speeches? Are there any differences in the use of noun phrases in the students' texts and oral speeches? The study is based on performance analysis, where student texts and transcribed recordings of students' oral speeches are analyzed.

    The result shows that congruence errors in the students' noun phrases are mostly due to the misuse of gender, definite form and numerus. The result also shows that the students had more congruence errors in the written texts, but there were similar, but fewer, mistakes in the oral speeches. This means that you cannot draw general conclusions about any differences between the written texts and the oral speeches.

  • 16.
    Aliaga, Valeria
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Idle, Hodan
    "För att man saknar nästan föräldrarna...eller mycket!": En studie om hur barn berättar om sin vistelse på ob-förskolan2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Thestudy's purpose is to with the help of interviews and conversations with children and teachers, examine the educational activities of the preschool on unsocial hours from a child's perspective, focusing on children's participation.

    Question at issue: How do children talk about their stay in the Ob-kindergarten? How does the teachers' responses relate to what the children tell?

    Method: Qualitative methods, interview, grounded theory Main theoretical connection: postmodernism, attachment theory.

    Conclusion:We have concluded that very little is known about the swedish preschool on unsocial hours(from now on uh-preschool). Based on the responses we received during our interviews, we see that children's attitudes and their willingness to be on uh-preschoolisvery much depending on the relationship between them and the teachers. We see that children who feel that they are being listened to and respected, is over all more favorable to reside inthe uh-preschool.

  • 17.
    Allaf, Zahra
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Dansa fritt: En kvalitativ studie om barns dansupplevelser på förskolan2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to examine how preschool children experience dance. Starting from the child's experiences and perceptions, I also want to investigate in which manner the child's creativity and learning are promoted through dancing. A qualitative approach was chosen to the study and the information was gathered through observations and open interviews with participating children. In order to understand and interpret children's experiences, a hermeneutic and phenomenological stance was taken. Data were analysed using Vygotsky's, Winnicott´s and May´s theory of play and creativity together with Dewey’s theory of experience and learning as points of view. The results indicate that dance created a forum and an opportunity for children to act out and express their creativity and learning. The children's curiosity was awakened by body movement, which allowed them to develop their creative and practical skills in an expressive, aesthetic manner. Dance enabled the children to establish a sensitive relationship and intensive interaction with each other and the surrounding world.

  • 18.
    Almgren, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Hur svårt kan det egentligen vara?: En vetenskaplig essä om kommunikationsproblem mellan hemmet och förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    My experienced- and scientific based essay describes de communicative issues I experience with a specific couple of parents at my preschool. These issues are also applicable in a more general perspective regarding the communication between the preschool and the home. The reflection helps me to reach a deeper understanding of what communication is and the challenges that can arise when the preschool meets the home. Moreover, the reflection helps me to consider whether it is useful to see this from a power related perspective and what the preschool’s curriculum says about cooperation between the preschool and the home. I am trying to view the problematic issues from the parents’ point of view and thereby attend their position. My aim is to study the meaning of communication between pedagogues and parents in the preschool in order to be able to see the consequences that arise for the child when the communication fails. I also aim to illuminate the power relationship that takes place between parents and pedagogues.

    My question formulations are:

    • Does my dilemma regard power and who possesses the most power in the meeting at the preschool; the pedagogues or the parents?
    • What happens to the child when communication problems arise between pedagogues and parents?

    My conclusion is that it is difficult to really know how another person experience a situation and it is a bit of a chance when one is to interpret. Furthermore, I find that situations of this sort rarely can be solved by stating that there is a right or a wrong. Human relationships consist of grey zones where the specific situation often decides how it is most appropriate to act.

  • 19.
    Almlöf, Sophie
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Thongsong, Mari
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    "Jag ser dig och jag bryr mig om dig": En fenomenologisk studie av förskollärares omsorgskunskaper vid lämningar2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att söka kunskap om omsorg genom att prata med förskollärare om lämningssituationer. Vi kartlägger, utforskar och fördjupar deras omsorgskunskap, var den kommer ifrån och var de placerar den i förskollärarprofessionen. Genom att ha fenomenologi som teoretisk utgångspunkt, söker vi essensen av deras kunskap genom att ta del av hela deras livsvärld. Vi använder oss också av Aristoteles kunskapsbegrepp fronesis, för att analysera vårt material. Syftet med det är att vidga normer för kunskap och professionalitet. Vårt resultat visar att essensen i förskollärares kunskaper vid lämningssituationer består av inkännande och lyhördhet eftersom varje situation och barn kräver olika bemötanden utifrån de behov som uppstår. Vi har upptäckt att dethär är en kunskapsform som har en inneboende logik som baseras på ett omsorgsetiskt förhållningssätt. Detta ser vi som vårt viktigaste resultat. Vår slutsats blir därför att omsorg är en kunskapsform som tillhör förskollärarprofessionen som bör inkluderas i förskolans kunskapsbank. Förskolans pedagogik består av omsorg, lärande och fostran och ska samtidigt vila på vetenskaplig grund och därför blir det viktigt att alla dessa delar undersöks och formuleras på ett vetenskapligt vis.

  • 20.
    Almqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Rehioui, Faycal Elias
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Hur förskollärare utvecklar kompetens genom reflektion2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to create an understanding of the phenomenon of reflection. In order to gain a deeper understanding of the concept, we chose to interview four preschool teachers. The preschool teachers met with colleagues in their pre-school area regularly during the autumn and spring terms 2014-2015, to develop their skills through reflection. We wanted to examine whether these meetings influenced their understanding of the concept of reflection, as well as their ability to reflect. We tried to get a hold of these two elements through the questions in our interview.

    Our three most interesting findings in this study are. The preschool teachers in our study makes a fundamental theoretical difference between how you look at and define the reflection with children and how they look at peer learning. A distinction is difficult to justify theoretically. Our second interesting finding was the importance and the difficult task to keep the reflections away from mainly be about giving each other "tips and advice". Our last finding is the need of good leadership skills of the one who have the task to lead the reflection.

  • 21.
    Altuntas, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Kayalioglu, Josefine
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    En jämförande fallstudie av en svensk och en turkisk lärares läs- och skrivundervisning i årskurs 1 i Sverige och Turkiet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 22.
    Alvarez, Catherine
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Jaeschke, Kajsa
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    "... en utbildning är ju inte allt, erfarenhet väger mer ibland": - en fenomenografisk studie om personal i fritidshemmet2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att belysa och analysera hur fritidspersonalen uppfattar uppdraget i fritidshemsverksamheten samt om deras uppfattning påverkas av deras olika bakgrunder. Vi menar med bakgrund vad de har för erfarenhet samt deras utbildningsnivåer. I vår studie har vi använt oss av kvalitativa intervjuer för att införskaffa datamaterial, detta har vi gjort i två fritidshemsverksamheter. För att kunna analysera och kategorisera vårt inhämtade datamaterial har vi utgått från den teoretiska utgångspunkten fenomenografi.

     

    Vi intervjuade fjorton personer som arbetar i fritidshemmet och av dem var det bara en högskoleutbildad fritidspedagog, resterande hade ingen liknande utbildning och baserade sina kunskaper på erfarenhet. Med fenomenografi som utgångspunkt kunde vi kategorisera fritidspersonalens uppfattningar om uppdraget i fyra kategorier. Dessa kategorier var fostran, barnen, aktiviteter och vuxnas samverkan. Vi fick även fram uppfattningar om deras syn på utbildning och dess relevans för fritidshemsverksamheten. Ytterligare framgår det om hur fritidspersonalen beskriver hur det är att arbeta i fritidshemmet. 

  • 23.
    Alveryd, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    "Jag ger dem kniven och gaffeln men de måste äta själva": En enkätstudie av 50 lågstadielärares attityder gentemot läsning, deras val av läsundervisningspraktik och den eventuella relationen dem emellan2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this degree project, a survey-study of 50 Swedish primary teachers’ attitudes towards reading and their choice of reading instruction practice in Swedish was made. The aim of the study was to examine Swedish primary teachers’ attitudes towards reading and how they describe their reading instruction practice. This to make it possible to examine if there is a relationship between the teachers’ attitudes towards reading and the choice they make about their reading instruction practice. The study aimed to answer the questions below:

    • Considering the personal reading habit among the teachers, what kind of attitudes and perceptions of reading does the teachers in the study express?
    • When it comes to their reading instruction practice, based on what principals do they describe their practice? What is described as important by the teachers when planning and contemplating reading instruction practice in Swedish?
    • What does the teachers describe as successful motivators for a beneficial development in reading among the pupils?
    • Is there a relationship between the teachers’ attitudes towards reading and their choice of reading instruction practice? Is the choice of reading instruction practice among the teachers influenced by the attitude towards reading that they have?

    The theoretical bases of this study were based on theories of functions of reading, the literacy language practices emergent literacy and skill-based read readiness and also on the theory of attitudes value in decision making.As a conclusion, this study finds that there is evidence for a relationship between the teachers’ attitudes towards reading and their choice reading instruction practice in Swedish. It is shown that the teachers’ attitudes towards reading could be seen as influential in the choice of reading instruction practice. This since there is a correlation between how reading is defined, descried and how the purpose of reading is described, in both of the aspects which the study investigated.

  • 24.
    Alveryd, Sofia
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Lärarens roll i att skapa demokratiska medborgare: En diskursanalys av lärarens subjektspositioner i svenska läroplaner från år 1980 och år 20112015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this degree project, a study of the teacher’s identity in the Swedish curriculum of 1980 and 2011 is presented. The aim of this study is to examine and compare how the Swedish curriculum of 1980 and 2011, respectively, portraits the teacher’s role in creating democratic citizens. With discourse analysis of the teacher’s identity as the method, the study aims to answer the questions below:

    • How is the character of the teacher’s role in creating good citizens, described in the curriculum and the syllabus for social sciences?

    • What is included and excluded in the teacher’s duty within the task of creating good citizens?

    • What kind of perspectives on the purpose of education is formulated in the curriculum?

    The theoretical bases of this study are taken from; Joel Westheimer and Joseph Kahne’s categorizations of the democratic citizen, Gert J.J. Biesta’s account of the different functions of education, Leonora. M Cohen’s definitions of three philosophical perspectives on education and Carsten Ljunggren and Ingrid Unemar Öst’s model of teachers different reactions to controversy.

    As a conclusion this study finds that the portrait of the teacher’s role in creating democratic citizens has changed in its description from the curriculum of 1980 to the curriculum of 2011.The identity of the teacher has gone from describing a qualifying, socializing and pragmatic mediator of social standards in 1980’s curriculum to in the 2011’s curriculum describing a qualifying promoter of knowledge and discussion. The study also finds that the professional authority of the teacher is, in the curriculums, given very little room and instead focus lies on either the aspect of knowledge or pragmatism.

  • 25.
    Amrén, Therése
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    ”En läsande klass – Träna läsförståelse”: Autentiska frågor vs icke autentiska frågor2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, I examined how the study guide for A reading class - Practice reading comprehension is used in both theory and in practice, based on the type of questions asked. The aim of the concept is to practice reading comprehension based on five characters: foretell lady, reporter, detective, cowboy and artist. I have studied what type of questions the concept use and categorized these questions as authentic- or non-authentic questions. I have also studied how two teachers in Central Sweden use the concept, what type of questions they ask and then categorized them as authentic- or non-authentic questions. My results shows that the concept of A reading class - Practice reading comprehension use most authentic questions unlike the teachers who use slightly more non-authentic questions. The authentic questions give the students a greater opportunity to speak, unlike the non-authentic questions. When the students speaking space becomes greater the power relationship between the teacher and students becomes more equal.

  • 26.
    Amrén, Therése
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Engman, Åsa
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Den synliga och osynliga maktutövningen i klassrummet: En undersökning av maktstrukturer, undervisningens ramar och normer i ämnet svenska i årskurs 22016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to highlight the space students receive through teachers´ questions in text conversations from a power perspective. The empirical data is based on observations in the classrooms, and student and teacher interviews. The ambition of this essay is to investigate the way power and standards reproduce and are created in classrooms. This is preformed through observations. Through interviews with students and teachers the study aims to display their experiences and reflections about the space provided. Methods used in the study are both quantitative and qualitative. The material in this study is represented by two schools and four classrooms in grade two.

    The theoretical framework is based on Foucault's theory of power and on Åsa Bartholdsson´s concept of "friendly exercise of power". The theoretical framework is also based on exercise of power as it has been analyzed in Donald Broady´s "educational frameworks" and the relationship between these frames and power, as well as the analytical concepts of speaking space, action space and interaction space.

    The results show that speaking space in the classroom is dominated by closed questions. To answer the teacher's questions the student needs to sit still on a chair and raise the hand and also that teachers do not create enough opportunities for students to refer to each other’s reply in conversations about a text.

    The conclusion that can be drawn is that teachers teach students through hidden power shapes and democratic forms for students' future roles as democratic citizens.

  • 27.
    Anderberg Ökvist, Malin
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Fagerlund, Christina
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Barns introduktion till förskolan: en studie utifrån sex pedagogers upplevelser och resonemang om inskolning2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our study is to highlight the knowledge of the small child's introduction to the new world of preschool. Five teachers and one child care provider has been interviewed about their experiences regarding the infants introduction seen as a phenomenon. Our thesis approach is inspired by phenomenology but with focus on two central concepts, lifeworld and essence. Our research questions focus on the following aspects: educator´s experiences of the introduction to preschool, what do the educators believe is significant for the introduction and how do the educators reflect on their role of profession? The surveys data is collected with the method of qualitative interviews followed with an analysis based on the phenomenological approach. From our analysis we have been able to determine the essence which is presented as three categories; relation between educator and child, the meaningful context and the educators own role of profession. In our findings we could see that children are being introduced to preschool accompanied by other children, they are being introduced as a group. The educators works with two different models concerning the introduction to preschool. One model where the parent´s role during the introduction is to be active and to participate in the daily activities along with their children. As opposed to the other model where the parent´s task during the introduction is to keep a secluded role. Five educators out of six are satisfied with their way of working regarding the introduction, however some of the educators express a frustration regarding insufficient guidelines concerning introduction of the little child into the world of preschool from the Swedish authority Skolverket. One conception that is recurring in different contexts is safety and the children’s capability to attachment. All educator´s believe that the relation between educator and child is of great importance for both children and parents when it comes to the introduction to preschool. Children and parents need to feel confident in this new meaningful context that they are being introduced in. The educators express the importance of a confidence-inspiring educator.

  • 28.
    Andersson, Amanda
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Redgård, Madeleine
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Nu ska jag läsa så nu måste ni vara tysta!: En studie om barnlitteratur i förskolan2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how children's literature used at preschool, focusing on social interaction between the children ́s and between the children and the educators. Through interviews and observations at four preschools, we studied the way in which teachers and children made use of children's literature.We propose the following questions:

    • In wich way does the preschool teachers using the children’s literature at preschoolin a verbally interaction?
    • What is the purpose when the educators using the childrens’s literature?
    • How is the children using the literture that exist at the preschoolin a social interaction?

    This study is based on a qualitative method with interviews, observations and audio recordings. Our theoretical approach to this study is the socio -Cultural perspectiveLearning and development by Lev Vygotsky. We will also use John Dewey, highlight the concept of experience.

  • 29.
    Andersson, Anna
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Barn i behov av särskilt stöd i förskolan: Pedagogers resonemang om sitt arbete2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    My title is children in need of special support –pedagogues reason about their work and has focus on how eight pedagogues in preschool that I have interviewed define the concept children in need of special support and how they reason about the work with the children who they think are part of the concept. The purpose was to examine how some pedagogues in preschool reason about how they work with children in need of special support. My questions that I have assumed in interviews are;

    1. How do the pedagogues reason about the concept children in need of special support?

    2. How do the pedagogues reason about the daily work with focus on children in need of special support?

    3. How do the pedagogues reason based on the preschools approach about children in need of special support?

    My conclusion in this study show, based on pedagogue’s reason, that the concept of children in need of special support is difficult to define because it includes so much, everything from diffuse difficulties to visible disabilities. Furthermore, the pedagogues identified that all children who show some form of difficulty are entitled to support based on their own needs and circumstances. They emphasized on the environment as an important factor in children’s development, because different factors can both enable and disable the development and strive to adapt the environment so that all children can participate based on their abilities. The pedagogues proceed from the individual’s difficulties to adjust the work outside the individual’s needs. A highlight in the pedagogue’s reason is how the environment affects the individual’s development, which I can relate to my perspective, the psychosocial perspective. The starting point in the perspective is how the environment affects the individuals development and how environmental factors affects how several an individual's difficulty will be.

  • 30.
    Andersson, Elina
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Ris, ris, jag vill bara ha ris!: En essä om den pedagogiska måltidens syfte2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about the pedagogical meal in preschool. In my essay I describe a dilemma where I, as a teacher felt stressed and insufficient as an educator at the lunch situation with the children in preschool.

    I felt how the stress makes me unfocused. And I feel depressed knowing that what could be a peaceful moment aren’t the forum for learning as I know a pedagogical meal can be. In the essay I use relevant literature perspective on stress and how it influences the children and the teachers in a learning situation.

    I will describe in what way a stressed meal has a negative effect on the children and me as a teacher. And how I, as an educator, can promote a positive learning situation and environment at lunch.

    To get some perspective, I attended another school to observe the meal situation. The teachers have extensive professional experience, and are actively working to achieve a meal situation, in an non stressed environment suitable for learning. At the same school I also interviewed one of the teachers about her view on how a meal can become an environment for learning.

    The curriculum 98/10 serves as guiding documents in preschool and is influenced by Vygotsky’s theory of language and interaction as a tool for development, therefore is his theories included in the essay to create a relevance to all active in preschool.

  • 31.
    Andersson, Evelina
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Barn enligt barn: Barn som fenomen, undersökande av dess väsen och essens.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract 

    Children according to children 

    From a phenomenological perspective of childhood sociological approach I have had interviews with eight children made a qualitative survey. The purpose of which was to seek knowledge about children's views on children, and to explore the essence of the phenomenon of children. What emerges from the interviews is that there is a clear differentiation between children and adults. Children and adults do not according to children do the same things, and it is the size acording to them to see if it is a child or not. 

    Being a child is a temporary state, but for the children is the beginning and the end difficult to define. Age has a part in it but also how children play. 

    Based on my interviews I see children describe children as playing thinking phenomena when they analyze children from an outside perspective.

  • 32.
    Andersson, Josefin
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Att osynliggöra det synliga: En studie om normer, könsidentitet och språk2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore how well prepared educators at pre-schools are to receive children with another gender identity than their biological gender. The focus for the study lies on the discourses that exist in the pre-school regarding gender norms and how they become visible through the language educators use in the equal treatment plans, that are a part of the pre-schools value works, and in talks between educators.

    My research questions are:

    ·         How does pre-schools describe their work with children with another gender identity than their biological gender?

    ·         Which discourses regarding gender norms does the pre-schools equal treatment plans and group talks with educators show?

    To answer these questions, I have used the analyses of five equal treatment plans and two group talks.

    By analysing the equal treatment plans and the group talks with the four strategies for anti discrimatory education from Kumashiro, by letting the strategies make the discourses visible, I have come to the result that gender identity is made invisible in the pre-schools by the educators. The equal treatment plans contain descriptions of the discrimination grounds but not how the educators work with these in the daily workings with the children, and the educators describe gender instead of gender identity in the group talks. In my discussion and conclusion I reason about the causes for this in relation to previous research about norms around gender and gender identity in pre-schools. 

  • 33.
    Andersson, Julia
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Att segla över ett okänt hav, till en okänd destination: En studie om att klargöra och delge lärandemål i matematik i en årskurs 22016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how learning intentions are sheared and clarified during lessons, as a part of formative assessment. Studies have shown that the capability of formative assessment is an important part of teacher quality and that clarifying the intention with the lessons promotes the activity in the classroom. My study is going to focus on mathematic in a second grade class. The three questions that I am going to investigate are:

    • How learning intentions and criteria for success are sheared and clarified in the instruction in mathematic?
    • How do the pupils describe what the learning intentions in mathematic are?
    • How do the pupils describe how they get to know the learning intentions in mathematic?

     

    The method that I have used to investigate the first question is observation of eight lessons in mathematic, in two different mathematic groups. The second and third questions focus on the pupils and interviews with pupils are therefore used to investigate them.

     

    Formative assessment and strategy one, clarifying and shearing learning intentions and criteria for success are used as a theoretical framework in the analyze of the results. The conclusions I have reached are that the mathematic book is a big prat of the lessons and both the teacher and the pupils make it seem like the main intention of the lessons. A summative test was done during the study and it indicated that high scores seem to be more in focus than the knowledge and understanding. Almost all the pupil that I interviewed describe their IUP-intentions (plan for individually developing) that they have been given in the beginning of the year. The pupils were not sure what the intentions meant and told me that they never used them after they get them, which they do in the Swedish education.

  • 34.
    Andersson, Julia
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Innehåll och undersökande i NO: En studie om innehållsframställningar och undersökande arbetssätt i läroböcker och lärarhandledningar i NO för grundskolans årskurs 1-32016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how educational materials for science in the early school years are portraying information and facts. How the belonging educational manuals can be used as a complement to the content in the educational materials and their help for an inquiry-based instruction are also going to be investigated. Through analysis of the educational material and manuals, the following questions will be answered:

    • How is the content in the educational materials portrayed? 
    • How can the educational manuals support an inquiry-based instruction?

    The content is categorized as established, explaining, reflecting/analyzing or normative distinction based on the theoretical division by Ammert (2011b). Analysis of how the educational manuals promotes inquiry is based on a level division by Banchi and Bell (2008) who describes four different levels of inquiry. Confirmation inquiry to an open inquiry.

    The results of this study indicates that the content in the investigated educational materials is mostly presented as established facts. Explaining and reflecting facts can be seen in at least one of the educational materials. The educational manuals can be a tool for teachers to make the instruction inquiry-based, but teachers have to make a lot out of the material themselves to reach an open inquiry.

  • 35.
    Andersson, Karin
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    A holistic approach to early childhood education: An exploratory study of a holistic approach to early childhood education in India2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the idea and method of holistic education and if traces of these can be found in four preschool teachers’ statements about their practices in two private preschools located in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. Working holistically is something which UNESCO (Marope & Kaga, 2015) recommends when it comes to early childhood care and education. In a developing country like India primary education is important to growth and development. It is one of the main sustainable development goals and early childhood education is considered a means to reach this goal. This study aims to provide some insight into what a holistic approach to early childhood education can entail.

    In this study I have explored literature to gain a theoretical knowledge of the idea and working methods of holistic education through a literature review. I then conducted a qualitative interview study where I traced the ideas and methods found in the literature in four preschool teachers’ statements about their practices to gain an understanding of what ideas and methods found in a preschool setting can be considered to lead to holistic outcomes. The results show that the idea and methods of holistic education, as I understand it through the literature review, were evident in the teachers’ statements to various extent, and that that inclusion, balance and connections lead to holistic education. Even though the teachers do not explicitly work with holistic education as Miller (2007, 2010) describes it, this study found that the practices of the teachers, as described by them, promote similar ideas and the same methods could be found. This study can provide a concrete understanding of what a holistic approach to early childhood education can and should involve.

  • 36.
    Andersson, Ken
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    I ett ombonat rum2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    I hope this scientific essay can shed som light over how guilt kan appear at a school, primarily for those working as fritidslärare. Fritidslärare come often in close contact with special needs children.In the story I shall recount a case where I have taken the roll of carer and helping an extroverted pupil through his schoolday. He spends most of his time outside the classrum and is mostly with a special needs teacher. Generally his day is filled with rewards and punishment; methods that I find myself uncomfortable with. On one of these schooldays I find myself giving up on him. I see myself ignoring him, taking out my cell phone while he watches a film on the computer. In this situation I feel guilt. Do I have a bad moral standard or am I just acting in accordance with the situation? The question of how I deal with this guilt and what shape the guilt takes are two of the questions I pose to myself. I have made use of the Algerian author and philosopher Albert Camus and his theory of the absurd and the lack of freedom in our lives and how the absurd always stands in the way of total freedom. If we are aware of its existence then we can live with it and minimize its effect upon us. I will also refer to his novel The Fall (2007) in which the protagonist has long managed to avoid guilt and judgement. He comes to feel discomfort after an incident that he identifies as feelings of guilt. The guilt can be both collective and individual. In my text I shall concentrate on individual guilt. I, as an individual teacher, have my version of the truth whilst those around me have another. What does this imply? I also treat the mechanisms of control within the school that manifest themselves through reward and punishment.

  • 37.
    Andersson, Malin
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Läsloppet: om läsmiljö och läsmotivation vid deltagande i en lästävling2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    We cannot say for sure that competitions in theoretical subjects has increased in Swedish schools. However, Swedish educators testify that the number of competitions in school has increased in recent years. Läsloppet is a reading competition aimed at third-graders, and is carried out in cooperation between the municipal library and the schools in a municipality in the southern parts of Stockholm. This case study examined how a third grade teacher reason about participation in this reading competition and how her class work with literature reading during the competition. Through a survey it also examined her students’ thoughts on reading in general and on participating in Läsloppet.

    Within the theoretical frame of Aidan Chambers theories of reading environment and “the reading circle”, combined with various aspects on motivation, the purpose of this paper was to examine how Läsloppet could serve as a reading promotion tool, and what participating in a reading contest could mean for students’ motivation to read.

    The questions used to answer this was:

    • How can participating in Läsloppet be described based on the concept reading environment and various aspects of reading motivation?
    • How does the teacher describe the participation in Läsloppet from an educational perspective?
    • How do the students experience reading in school and the participating in Läsloppet?

    Results showed that students with motivation in reading benefits the most by participating in the reading competition. Students with low or no interest in reading seems to show low interest in reading even after participating in the contest. From an educational perspective the competition had some positive effects in creating a good reading environment for the class participating in this study.

  • 38.
    Andersson, Malin
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    NO är frågan: Lärare och elevers frågeställande under NO-lektioner2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines what kinds of questions teachers and students ask during science lessons in three primary schools in Sweden.

    The study is based on the following questions:

    • What kinds of questions do the teachers ask?
    • How do the teachers describe the question asking behavior they use in the lessons?
    • How do the teachers follow up students' answers?
    • What kinds of questions do the students ask and how do teachers handle these inclass?

    This is a qualitative study based on interviews of four primary school teachers and observations of their Science lessons, covering topics as the solar system, electricity and the lives of the magpie and the squirrel. The theoretical frame of the study is social constructivism, which focuses on how knowledge is constructed in the social context of the classroom through language and other semiotic means. The questions asked by teachers and students are classified into two levels (high-order and low-order questions) based on Bloom's taxonomy.

    The results of the study shows that teachers mostly ask low-order questions during these lessons and that they ask three times as many questions as the students. In lessons where more “abstract” topics were discussed, such as the solar system, the low-order questions were more frequently asked by the teachers. The students asked questions when they were “invited” to do so and they asked more high-order questions during lessons where “abstract” topics were discussed.

  • 39.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Business as un-usual through dislocatory moments – change for sustainability and scope for subjectivity in classroom practice2017Inngår i: Environmental Education Research, ISSN 1350-4622, E-ISSN 1469-5871Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper makes a contribution to the debate that has been described as a tension between instrumental and emancipatory educational objectives in environment and sustainability education. The contribution involves a methodological approach (introd-) using the concept ‘dislocatory moments’, to identify and analyse moments in classroom practice that address educational objectives relating to ‘change for sustainability’ and ‘thinking and acting independently’. A case of business education, when ‘sustainable development’ is integrated in a series of lessons, is used to exemplify the approach involving analysis of the emergence and closure of a dislocatory moment and the change of logics that occur. The illustrative case shows how room for subjectivity and change can be intertwined in educational practice. It is suggested that the methodological approach could be used in empirical research of classroom practice to further knowledge about the kind of situations that contribute to ‘business as un-usual’ without compromising emancipatory education ideals.

  • 40.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Equipped for responsibility: A case of business education for sustainabilityManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a study of the roles of a business person articulated byteachers in the classroom when the concept of sustainable development is incorporated into the subject of business economics. The empirical material, consisting of video recorded observations in five teachers’ classrooms, was collected two years after the inclusion of the concept in theupper secondary school syllabus in Sweden. The concept of logics developed within a discourse theoretical framework is used to analyse the meaning of ‘doing business sustainably’ as depicted by teachers in classroom practice. The paper illustrates that different rules and conditions for doing business are foregrounded in classroom practice by distinguishing between the logics of self-interest, conscious consumers and stakeholders’ interests. Each logic positions a business person differently. These positions are analysed using a typology of responsibility. The conclusion is that students could become unequipped, ill-equipped or better equipped to address uncertain and complex sustainability issues depending on how sustainable development is integrated into the business curriculum.

  • 41.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    The Responsible Business Person: Studies of business education for sustainability2016Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Calls for the inclusion of sustainable development in the business curriculum have increased significantly in the wake of the financial crisis and increased concerns around climate change. This has led to the appearance of new initiatives and the development of new teaching approaches. This thesis explores business education at the upper secondary school level in Sweden following the inclusion of the concept of sustainable development in the curriculum. Drawing on poststructuralist discourse theory, the overarching purpose is to identify the roles of a responsible business person that are articulated in business education and to discuss how these roles could enable students to address sustainability issues. The thesis consists of four studies, based on textbook analyses, teacher interviews and classroom observations. Three categories of roles have been identified, implying that a business person is expected to either adapt to, add or create ethical values. These three categories are compared with the roles indicated in the environmental discourses constructed by Dryzek and the responsibility regimes developed by Pellizzoni. Drawing on Dryzek’s and Pellizzoni’s reasoning about which qualities are important for addressing sustainability issues, it is concluded that the roles identified in the studies could mean that students are unequipped (the adapting role), ill-equipped (the adding role) or better equipped (the creating role) to address uncertain and complex sustainability issues. The articles include empirical examples that illustrate how and in which situations specific roles are articulated, privileged or taken up. The examples also indicate how the scope for business students’ subjectivities are facilitated or hampered. It is suggested that the illustrative empirical examples could be used for critical reflection in order to enhance students’capabilities of addressing uncertain and complex sustainability issues and to improve educational quality in terms of scope for subjectivity.

  • 42.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap. Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Öhman, Johan
    Örebro Universitet.
    Logics of business education for sustainability2016Inngår i: Environmental Education Research, ISSN 1350-4622, E-ISSN 1469-5871, Vol. 22, nr 4, 463-479 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores various kinds of logics of ‘business education for sustainability’and how these ‘logics’ position the subject business person, based on eight teachers’ reasoning of their own practices. The concept of logics developed within a discourse theoretical framework is employed to analyse the teachers’ reasoning. The analysis takes its starting point in different approaches to how a business ought to or could take responsibility for sustainable development. Different approaches to business ethical responsibilities, in combination with assumptions about how educational content is legitimised and presupposed purposes of education, are used to construct logics of business education for sustainability. In the paper, the results of this analysis are presented as: the logic of profit-, social- or radical-oriented business education. Our results also show how the different logics position the subject business person differently, as one who adapts to, adds or creates ethical values. The results are first discussed in terms of how environmental and social challenges could be dealt with in the future and secondly, considering the risk of de-subjectification with regard to profit-oriented business education, the implications this may have for the educational quality itself.

  • 43.
    Andersson, Sanna
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Formativ bedömning inom svenskämnet: En studie av en lärares och elevers feedback samt upplevelser av återkoppling och kamratbedömning2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate formative assessment and formative feedbacks effects on students. One teacher describes through interviews her experiences of formative assessment and feedback. Also the students' perceptions are described. It is examined through observations, how different types of feedback is communicated by the teacher to the student and among students. This study wanted to highlight the effects formative assessment and formative feedback may have on their learning and motivation. This with particular interest in the Swedish lessons. I chose to concentrate on this following questions:

    • What types of feedback communicates from teacher to student, and students among each other?
    • How does one teacher describe her feedback and how it affects student motivation and learning process?
    • What is the student’s thoughts on the feedback they give and receive from each other and how it affects their motivation and learning process?

    Formative assessment includes five strategies that shape the students to reach the goal in which three actors are involved. Those are the teacher, other students and the pupil. One of the five strategies is formative feedback, that can identify and provide the student information which helps the student to gain insight on how a task should be solved. Different types of feedback are identified by Hattie and Timperley and had the function as analyses tools in this study.

    The method of this study was qualitative, though I have done observations in one classroom of 26 students for five days and interviews with one teacher and 10 pupils in the school year 3 (9-10 year-olds).

    The result showed that the teacher used mostly process-oriented feedback and the pupils became to use it through time. The result also indicated that the students' learning process and motivation was affected to the extent that they were more independent, seeking feedback from peers and became more engaged in the lessons with time.

  • 44.
    Andersson, Sanna
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Litteraturens möjligheter i värdegrundsarbetet: En kvalitativ studie om lärares arbete med värdegrunden genom litteratur2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att beskriva hur fyra lärare mot yngre åldrar förhåller sig till och arbetar med värdegrunden genom litteraturen. Där litteraturen används som ett pedagogiskt verktyg för att förebygga konflikter eller belysa andra frågor som berör skolans värdegrund. Utifrån detta diskuteras litteraturens möjligheter och funktion i skolans värdegrundsarbete och därtill lärares beskrivna mål med värdegrunden genom litteraturarbetet samt val av litteratur. Studiens övergripande mål är att föra en diskussion om synen på skolans huvudsakliga uppdrag kunskapsuppdraget och värdegrundsuppdraget. Denna studie beskriver hur lärare förhåller sig till kunskapsuppdraget och värdegrundsuppdraget, där litteraturen får ha en central plats för arbetet med värdegrundsfrågor. Studien är också en beskrivning av lärarnas ämnesuppfattningar inom svenskämnet.

    Studien utgår ifrån följande frågeställningar:

    -Hur beskriver lärarna sitt arbete med värdegrunden genom litteraturen? 

    -Vilka förtjänster respektive utmaningar upplever lärarna att det finns med ett arbetssätt där litteratur används i värdegrundsarbetet?  

    -Vilka mål beskriver lärarna att de har med sitt arbete med värdegrunden genom litteraturen?

    -Hur motiverar lärarna sina didaktiska val av litteratur i syfte att beröra värdegrundsfrågor?

    Studiens valda metod är kvalitativa metoder genom lärarintervjuer och har därför ett lärarperspektiv. De utvalda lärarna har alla svenska som ett av sina huvudämnen. Det empiriska materialet analyseras utifrån teorier nära Louise M. Rosenblatts tankar om litteraturen som en nödvändighet i en demokrati och för att utveckla demokratiska medborgare. Även Gunilla Molloys syn på svenskämnet som ett demokratiämne samt Aidan Chambers teorier om litteraturläsningens inverkan på individen tas upp.

    Resultatet visar att lärarna har en konstruktivistisk syn på värdegrundsarbetet inom värdepedagogiken då värdegrundsfrågor arbetas medvetet med i hantering av konflikter och förebyggande värdegrundsarbete. Resultatet visar att lärarna ser litteraturen som en möjlighet att utveckla både elevers demokratiska värderingar och demokratiska förmågor. Litteraturens möjligheter att utveckla den känslomässiga inlevelseförmågan innefattande empati och förnuft genom att göra textkopplingar till sig själva och världen omkring sig framkom som centrala delar av arbetet med litteraturen. Lärarna beskriver rika möjligheter till deliberativa samtal utifrån litteraturen i undervisningen till att arbeta med värdegrundsrelaterade frågor men det framkom som en utmaning att få med alla elever i samtalen. Lärarna väljer texter utifrån elevernas samt gruppens behov och tidigare erfarenheter och kan därför sägas ha en erfarenhetspedagogisk ämnesuppfattning. Det framkom att lärarna inte bara ser svenskämnet som ett färdighetsämne utan också som ett demokratiämne med många möjligheter att bidra till den växande människans utveckling av demokratiska värderingar.

  • 45.
    Anderö, Jonas
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    En elev som till slut exploderar: En vetenskaplig essä om praktisk kunskap vid problemskapande beteende2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This scientific essay starts in a story where you get to follow me in my work by three situations with creative problem behavior at the special school where I work. The story culminates in a dilemma where I ask myself questions about how I look at my actions and my thoughts about the student. I break down and put these thoughts into three questions: What is my student's perspective and how will it affect my actions? How can I explain my actions and attitude of the student from ethical perspective? How do my practical knowledge look like in the narrative situations and why do I act like I do?

    My approach is to get answers to the questions by the reflection of the text itself, the reflection group and supervisors, as well as through literature that I find relevant to the issues. The process is like a pendulum motion between text, reflection and new understanding.

    I look at my situations based on psychological theories about the treatment of persons within the autism spectrum of problems creative behavior. My ethical issues, I see from the theoretical perspective which includes Aristotle, Levinas and Kant.

    I find that the answer to my questions can be paired with my practical actions. I notice that by putting words to them I get a new understanding of my actions. I see that most of the acts I do is based on the knowledge of my student's perspective and I find similarities to my situations and my acts to the literature. I approach it as my works practical wisdom.

  • 46.
    Andrén, Sandra
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Zaoujan, Sara
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Språkpraktiker i samhällskunskap: Begreppsanvändning och lärande i två skolor med olika grad av mångfald2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine (from a didactic perspective) how two social studies teachers who work in two different elementary schools, grade three, pursue their oral instructions with subject terms. We have selected these four following questions as main evaluation points throughout the study, basing our conclusion upon the information composed from the answers: Which of the five “conceptions of high order thinking” do the teachers value as the purpose for the teaching content? How do the teachers in their use of notions relate to the needs of second language students and how do they reflect on it? How do the teachers use subject-specific notions in their teachings practices? How are students given the opportunity to use, communicate and integrate around notions and how are the teachers reflecting on it?

    In this study we applied two types of qualitative methods. Six observations combined with interviews in the form of four short unstructured interviews and an in-depth interview with each teacher. Previous research shows that great linguistic skills are a common factor for success in all subjects. Our investigation has been made from a sociocultural theory that promotes learning through interaction with others as well as by receiving support from the teacher, through scaffolding.

    Our result indicates, in conclusion that the number of second language learners in the class has an impact on how actively the teachers work to concretize abstract notions. The student population determines how they in teaching practices use notions. Social issues also decided how the teachers gave students room to use notions. For teacher no. 2 who worked in an environment where the second language students were a majority, a second language perspective was an obvious matter, whereas teacher no. 1 considered it to be a management issue and a collective responsibility.

  • 47.
    Anneli, Kihl
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Utomhusvistelse i förskolan: En studie om förskollärares upplevelser och uppfattningar2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning visar på att barn i dag är ute och leker i allt mindre omfattning än för 20 år sedan. I läroplanen för förskolan står det att förskolan skall främja barnens hälsa och välmående genom att locka till den lek och rörelse som krävs för att barnen ska kunna utveckla sin koordinationsförmåga och motorik. Lärandet skall ske i såväl inom- som i utomhusmiljöer, och i utomhusvistelsen skall barnen ges möjlighet att växla mellan planerad miljö och naturmiljö. I hur stor omfattning barnen på en förskola får vistas ute och i vilken typ av miljö skiljer sig nämnvärt mellan olika förskolor. Denna studie ämnar lyfta vilka olika faktorer det är som påverkar i hur stor utsträckning barnen på förskolor kommer ut under den dagliga verksamheten genom att svara på frågan: Vilka faktorer är det som påverkar förskolors utomhus- och naturvistelse? För att uppnå studiens syfte intervjuades sex stycken verksamhetsansvariga på sex olika förskolor angående deras uppfattningar och erfarenheter av detta fenomen.

    Undersökningen har utgått från den empirinära fenomenologin genom kvalitativa intervjuer med låg grad av strukturering som transkriberats och analyserats efter en fenomenologisk analysmodell. Resultatet av analysen visade att förskollärares syn på placeringen av förskolorna har betydelse för utomhus- och naturvistelsen omfattning, men det är inte den tyngsta faktorn. Vad för sorts gård förskolan har, hur den är placerad och utformad, samt vilken storlek den har spelar också in, då det visade sig att förskolor som har tillgång till bättre gårdar nyttjar dem oftare. Även förskolans tillgång till naturområden att besöka spelar in. Hinder som genomsyrar hela materialet är bristen på personal och stora barngrupper samt personalens utbildning. De faktorerna som identifierades som de med störst påverkan var dock personalens egna intressen och erfarenheter och huruvida det fanns någon så kallad "eldsjäl" som brann för naturen och utomhusvistelse, samt om förskolan i sig arbetade efter en särskild naturinriktning.

  • 48.
    Annika, Bergman
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Gudmundsson, Catarina
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    "[...] det är ett ord som har kommit till och sen så ska vi fylla skiten": En diskursanalys av förskollärares tal om undervisning i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In 2011, it was written in the School law that pre-school teachers has the responsibility to educate in pre-schools. The purpose of this study has been to make the pre-school teachers speech about the way of educate visible. Following, we have made this speech visible by a discourse analysis. The method used in this study proceeds from a social constructionist perspective and was performed trough qualitive interviews of six pre-school teachers. These interviews were analysed and the tool that we used to elucidate different discourses when it comes to the concept of educating was a discourse analysis. We have, in this study, noticed two local discourses; a school discourse and a status discourse. Within these two discourses there are a few aspects which describes how teaching is driven at each pre-school the interviewee is working on.The results of this study also shows that the speech within the two discourses challenges each other. The variations in these different ways of speaking indicate a collision between the two discourses.

  • 49.
    Anstedt, Ulrika
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Förskollärarens stress: En empirisk studie om förskollärarens upplevelse av stressen på sin arbetsplats2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this empirical study is to explore the manner in which seven preschool teachers perceive their work environment when dealing with stress. Interviews, combined with a questionnaire are the methods used in this study. During the interviews, they express their feelings and strategies for stress. Coping and the demand-control-support model are theoretical concepts that are used in this study. The results of the study reveal that preschool teachers feel that large groups of children, high noise levels, heavy workloads and high demands make them feel stressed. Their strategies to reduce stress were to divide the children into smaller groups, organize and prioritize their duties and help each other. The results show that a high job satisfaction among preschool teachers is beneficial in reducing stress. The conclusion demonstrates that preschool teachers need more time for planning and reflection, and fewer children in the preschool groups.

  • 50.
    Arlinder, Robert
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Bundesen Strandberg, Andreas
    Södertörns högskola, Lärarutbildningen.
    Elevers roller i det sociala samspelet under mellanmålet: Ett möjligt rum för lärandesituationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The after-school centresdevelopment has shifted from being a workplace to today's after-school centre as part of elementary school curriculum with a central content and purpose. Research in the field is in terms of conversational styles and roles but is not so much linked to the after-school centre'ssnack time. The present study has been intended to distinguish and exemplify the social interaction that is taking place in the after-school centre's snack time. Focus off interest has been how pupils talk and listen to each other and whether it is possible to discover in the conversation whether the conversation can be linked to school skills. Based on Sociocultural perspective on learning as well as Goffman's dramaturgical perspective as a frame, four recorded and observed conversations at two different after-school centres have been analysedwith an abductive approach. The purpose of this work is to identify the learning situations that occur during the after-school centre's snack, as well as describe how the students talk to each other. The roles that emerged in the result were categorized into five qualitatively distinct roles called; the conversation leader, listener, co-driver, clown and expert. The conversation leader is dependent on both the listener and the co-driver while the other roles are more independent of each other. The learning situations that can be linked to school skills are described in a separate section and are highly dependent on the role of the expert. All results are exemplified by direct quotes from the transcribed material.

1234567 1 - 50 of 524
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf