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  • 1.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    A Defense of the Phenomenological Account of Health and Illness2019Ingår i: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, ISSN 0360-5310, E-ISSN 1744-5019, Vol. 44, nr 4, s. 459-478Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A large slice of contemporary phenomenology of medicine has been devoted to developing an account of health and illness that proceeds from the first-person perspective when attempting to understand the ill person in contrast and connection to the third-person perspective on his/her diseased body. A proof that this phenomenological account of health and illness, represented by philosophers, such as Drew Leder, Kay Toombs, Havi Carel, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Kevin Aho, and Fredrik Svenaeus, is becoming increasingly influential in philosophy of medicine and medical ethics is the criticism of it that has been voiced in some recent studies. In this article, two such critical contributions, proceeding from radically different premises and backgrounds, are discussed: Jonathan Sholl's naturalistic critique and Talia Welsh's Nietzschean critique. The aim is to defend the phenomenological account and clear up misunderstandings about what it amounts to and what we should be able to expect from it.

  • 2.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Det naturliga: en kritik av queerteorin, transhumanismen och det digitala livet2019Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Dying Bodies and Dead Bodies: A Phenomenological Analysis of Dementia, Coma and Brain Death2019Ingår i: Phenomenology of the Broken Body / [ed] Espen Dahl, Cassandra Falke, Thor Eirik Eriksen, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, s. 215-231Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In “Dying Bodies and Dead Bodies: A Phenomenological Analysis of Dementia, Coma, and Brain Death,” Fredrik Svenaeus investigates how we should look upon the death of persons and their bodies, especially in cases in which they appear to split ways. The chapter makes use of the work of Martin Heidegger, Hans Jonas and other phenomenologists to argue that although life and death are to be understood on a bodily level, the ontological and ethical analyses of dying need to be complemented by a phenomenology of how persons may gradually disappear in power of being constituted by bodily processes that are breaking down. In this analysis, a continuous scale of different levels of personhood is introduced and compared to some influential views on the essence of human being and death in contemporary medicine and bioethics.

  • 4.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Queerteorins uppror mot den mänskliga naturen2019Ingår i: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 8 juli, s. 16-19Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 5.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    To die well: the phenomenology of suffering and end of life ethics2019Ingår i: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents an account of suffering as a multi-level phenomenon based on concepts such as mood, being-in-the-world and core life value. This phenomenological account will better allow us to evaluate the hardships associated with dying and thereby assist health care professionals in helping persons to die in the best possible manner. Suffering consists not only in physical pain but in being unable to do basic things that are considered to bestow meaning on one's life. The suffering can also be related to no longer being able to be the person one wants to be in the eyes of others, to losing one's dignity and identity. These three types of suffering become articulated by a narrative that holds together and bestows meaning on the whole life and identity of the dying person. In the encounter with the patient, the health-care professional attempts to understand the suffering-experience of the patient in an empathic and dialogic manner, in addition to exploring what has gone wrong in the patient's body. Matters of physician assisted suicide and/or euthanasia-if it should be legalized and if so under which conditions-need to be addressed by understanding the different levels of human suffering and its positive counterpart, human flourishing, rather than stressing the respect for patient autonomy and no-harm principles, only. In this phenomenological analysis the notions of vulnerability and togetherness, ultimately connecting to the political-philosophical issues of how we live together and take care of each other in a community, need to be scrutinized.

  • 6.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Vår förlorade självkontroll2019Ingår i: Dagens Arena, nr 23 augustiArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kroppens natur och känsloliv är nyckeln till att förstå hur dataspel och sociala medier kan utöva en så stark lockelse och övergå till beroenden, framförallt för barn och ungdomar som har växt upp i en digitaliserad värld, skriver Fredrik Svenaeus i en essä om vår mänskliga natur.

  • 7.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Edith Stein’s Phenomenology of Empathy and Medical Ethics2018Ingår i: Empathy, Sociality and Personhood: Essays on Edith Stein’s Phenomenological Investigations / [ed] Elisa Magri & Dermot Moran, Dordrecht: Springer, 2018, 1, s. 161-175Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In On the Problem of Empathy Edith Stein claims empathy to be a three-step process in which the experiences of the other person (1.) emerge to me as meaningful in my perception of her, I then (2.) fulfil an explication of these experiences by following them through in an imaginative account guided by her, in order to (3.) return to a more comprehensive understanding of the experiences of the other person. Stein obviously intends the phenomenon of empathy to be importantly related to (A.) the project of getting to know more about the experiential world of the other person, as well as (B.) the project of developing an ethics centred around the notion of spirit (Geist) and personhood. Although it is debatable whether Stein actually succeeds in fully realizing either of these aims in her book, in this chapterI intend to explore how the Steinian theory of empathy could serve both as an experientially based anchoring point of medical epistemology and as a founding ground for medical ethics. Empathy is an apt starting point for medical ethics in that it acknowledges that moral reflection begins in experiencing the suffering of a person, who is in need of help, a starting point that also connects to the question of which capabilities (virtues) a good doctor (health care professional) needs to embody. 

  • 8.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Edith Stein’s phenomenology of sensual and emotional empathy2018Ingår i: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, ISSN 1568-7759, E-ISSN 1572-8676, Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 741-760Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents and explicates the theory of empathy found in Edith Stein’s early philosophy, notably in the book On the Problem of Empathy, published in 1917, but also by proceeding from complementary thoughts on bodily intentionality and intersubjectivity found in Philosophy of Psychology and the Humanities published in 1922. In these works Stein puts forward an innovative and detailed theory of empathy, which is developed in the framework of a philosophical anthropology involving questions of psychophysical causality, social ontology and moral philosophy. Empathy, according to Stein, is a feeling-based experience of another person’s feeling that develops throughout three successive steps on two interrelated levels. The key to understanding the empathy process á la Stein is to explicate how the steps of empathy are attuned in nature, since the affective qualities provide the energy and logic by way of which the empathy process is not only inaugurated but also proceeds through the three steps and carries meaning on two different levels corresponding to two different types of empathy: sensual and emotional empathy. Stein’s theory has great potential for better understanding and moving beyond some major disagreements found in the contemporary empathy debate regarding, for instance, the relation between perception and simulation, the distinction between what is called low-level and high-level empathy, and the issue of how and in what sense it may be possible to share feelings in the empathy process. © 2017 The Author(s)

  • 9.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Heidegger’s Philosophy of Technology and the Perils of Medicalization2018Ingår i: Existential Medicine: Essays on Health and Illness / [ed] Kevin Aho, London: Rowman & Littlefield International, 2018, 1, s. 131-144Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 10.
    Hofmann, Bjørn
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway / University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    How medical technologies shape the experience of illness2018Ingår i: Life Sciences, Society and Policy, ISSN 2195-7819, E-ISSN 2195-7819, Vol. 14, nr 1, artikel-id 3Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we explore how diagnostic and therapeutic technologies shape the lived experiences of illness for patients. By analysing a wide range of examples, we identify six ways that technology can (trans)form the experience of illness (and health). First, technology may create awareness of disease by revealing asymptomatic signs or markers (imaging techniques, blood tests). Second, the technology can reveal risk factors for developing diseases (e.g., high blood pressure or genetic tests that reveal risks of falling ill in the future). Third, the technology can affect and change an already present illness experience (e.g., the way blood sugar measurement affects the perceived symptoms of diabetes). Fourth, therapeutic technologies may redefine our experiences of a certain condition as diseased rather than unfortunate (e.g. assisted reproductive technologies or symptom based diagnoses in psychiatry). Fifth, technology influences illness experiences through altering social-cultural norms and values regarding various diagnoses. Sixth, technology influences and changes our experiences of being healthy in contrast and relation to being diseased and ill. This typology of how technology forms illness and related conditions calls for reflection regarding the phenomenology of technology and health. How are medical technologies and their outcomes perceived and understood by patients? The phenomenological way of approaching illness as a lived, bodily being-in-the-world is an important approach for better understanding and evaluating the effects that medical technologies may have on our health, not only in defining, diagnosing, or treating diseases, but also in making us feel more vulnerable and less healthy in different regards.

  • 11.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Human Suffering and Psychiatric Diagnosis2018Ingår i: Bioethica Forum, ISSN 1662-6001, E-ISSN 1662-601X, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 4-10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims at investigating and specifying the form of suffering that is characteristic of mental illness in relation to other forms of human suffering, such as political suffering, existential suffering, and bad luck suffering. It does so by making use of a theoretical framework found in phenomenological philosophy, according to which the flourishing or suffering of a person can be understood as an attuned and embodied being-in-the-world in and through which a person aims to realize core life values made meaningful by way of a life narrative. The importance of such a phenomenological analysis lies in pointing towards how contemporary psychiatry needs to involve the life world and life narrative of the patient to make a reliable and valid diagnosis and how such a phenomenological diagnostic approach can act as a counter movement to unnecessary medicalization in psychiatry. 

  • 12.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Phenomenology of pregnancy and the ethics of abortion2018Ingår i: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 77-87Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article I investigate the ways in which phenomenology could guide our views on the rights and/or wrongs of abortion. To my knowledge very few phenomenologists have directed their attention toward this issue, although quite a few have strived to better understand and articulate the strongly related themes of pregnancy and birth, most often in the context of feminist philosophy. After introducing the ethical and political contemporary debate concerning abortion, I introduce phenomenology in the context of medicine and the way phenomenologists have understood the human body to be lived and experienced by its owner. I then turn to the issue of pregnancy and discuss how the embryo or foetus could appear for us, particularly from the perspective of the pregnant woman, and what such showing up may mean from an ethical perspective. The way medical technology has changed the experience of pregnancy-for the pregnant woman as well as for the father and/or other close ones-is discussed, particularly the implementation of early obstetric ultra-sound screening and blood tests (NIPT) for Down's syndrome and other medical defects. I conclude the article by suggesting that phenomenology can help us to negotiate an upper time limit for legal abortion and, also, provide ways to determine what embryo-foetus defects to look for and in which cases these should be looked upon as good reasons for performing an abortion.

  • 13.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Why Heideggerian Death Anxiety is not Truly Uncanny: Existential Feelings and Psychiatric Disorders2018Ingår i: Discipline filosofiche, ISSN 1591-9625, E-ISSN 2279-7343, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 43-59Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to provide a phenomenology of uncanniness which shows that although Martin Heidegger in his path breaking analysis of existential anxiety and human finitude puts his finger on some key elements of what in German is known as “das Unheimliche”, this analysis falls short of displaying what it means to have a truly uncanny experience for reasons of neglecting the constitutive powers of embodiment and intersubjectivity. To understand the true nature of the uncanny, we should turn to experiences of automata, corpses, ghosts and doubles found in horror stories and to the lives of persons afflicted by certain mental disorders, such as Cotard syndrome and Capgras delusion. To feel and perceive oneself to be dead (Cotard syndrome) or family members to have been replaced by impostors (Capgras delusion) are not only more profoundly uncanny experiences than facing the general meaninglessness of life, targeted by Heidegger; they are in many ways experiences that can teach us more about the phenomenology of being-in-the-world than Heidegger’s account of existential anxiety is able to do. The experiences reported by persons suffering from such mental disorders force us to acknowledge how all pervasive and powerful so called existential feelings can be in affording – and denying – structure and content to our perceptions and thoughts when we inhabit a world.

  • 14.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Att inte kunna sluta.: Datorspel och meningen med livet2017Ingår i: Samtider: Perspektiv på 2000-talets idéhistoria / [ed] Anders Burman och Lena Lennerhed, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2017, s. 327-344Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    De skakades solidaritet.: Om filosofen Jan Patocka2017Ingår i: Dixikon, ISSN 2001-1768, nr 27 novemberArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 16.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    De vill förvandla människan till ett datorprogram2017Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 2 juli, s. 18-19Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 17.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Empatins fenomenologi2017Ingår i: Ad Marciam / [ed] Hans Ruin & Jonna Bornemark, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017, s. 379-388Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 18.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Phenomenological bioethics: medical technologies, human suffering, and the meaning of being alive2017Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 19.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Posthumanisten vill vara en köttig cyborg2017Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 3 juli, s. 20-Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 20.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Dan Zahavi: Self and Other: Exploring Subjectivity, Empathy, and Shame2016Ingår i: Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, ISSN 0047-2662, E-ISSN 1569-1624, Vol. 47, nr 1, s. 83-89Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 21.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Phenomenology and medicine2016Ingår i: The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine / [ed] James A. Marcum, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2016, s. 205-226Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present chapter provides an overview of how phenomenology may enhance our understanding of themes central to medicine: the experience of illness, the meaning of suffering, the role of empathy and dialogue in the clinical encounter, the relationship between medical science on the one hand and medical practice on the other, and, finally, the impact of technology development on contemporary medicine. I will start out by explaining why and how a phenomenology of human embodiment is crucial to comprehend the experiences of illness in relation and contrast to biological dysfunctions of the body – diseases. I will then proceed by arguing that such an understanding of embodied illness can be developed and extended by way of comprehending the suffering of patients as embedded in a life world of human concerns. 

  • 22.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Psykiatrins etik2016Ingår i: Psykiatri / [ed] Jörgen Herlofson et al., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 2 omarb., s. 69-75Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 23.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Siby, George K. and Jung, P. G. (eds.): Cultural ontology of the self in pain2016Ingår i: Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research, ISSN 0970-7794, Vol. 33, nr 3, s. 515-518Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 24.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Sjukdomsbegreppet i psykiatrin2016Ingår i: Psykiatri / [ed] Jörgen Herlofson et al., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 2 omarb., s. 37-43Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 25.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The phenomenology of empathy: a Steinian emotional account2016Ingår i: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, ISSN 1568-7759, E-ISSN 1572-8676, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 227-245Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a phenomenological account of empathy inspired by the proposal put forward by Edith Stein in her book On the Problem of Empathy, published originally 1917. By way of explicating Stein’s views, the paper aims to present a characterization of empathy that is in some aspects similar to, but yet essentially different from contemporary simulationist theories of empathy. An attempt is made to show that Stein’s proposal articulates the essential ingredients and steps involved in empathy and that her proposal can be made even more comprehensive and elucidating by stressing the emotional aspect of the empathy process. Empathy, according to such a phenomenological proposal, is to be understood as a perceptual-imaginative feeling towards and with the other person’s experiences made possible by affective bodily schemas and being enhanced by a personal concern for her. To experience empathy does not necessarily or only mean to experience the same type of feeling as the target does; it means feeling alongside the feeling of the target in imagining and explicating a rich understanding of the experiences of the very person one is facing.

  • 26.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Vad skall vi göra med ADHD i förskolan?2016Ingår i: Inifrån och utifrån: Om praktisk kunskap på förskolan / [ed] Lotte Alsterdal, Maria Pröckl, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016, s. 319-335Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 27.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    ADHD som en samtida kulturdiagnos2015Ingår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, nr 1, s. 56-62Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln görs ett försök att visa, inte hur ADHD-diagnosen har skapats av den västerländska kulturen, utan snarare hur ADHD har blivit en viktig del av vår samtida senmoderna kultur. Kulturella faktorer kan utan tvekan bidra till att en psykiatrisk diagnos blir vanligare eller ovanligare i ett samhälle över tid, och den kraftfulla ökning av antalet diagnosticerade fall av ADHD som ägt rum i Sverige och övriga västvärlden de sista trettio åren är förmodligen, åtminstone delvis, kulturell till sin natur. Men oavsett vilka de diagnosdrivande faktorerna är har neuropsykiatriska begrepp och modeller också kommit att prägla vårt sätt att uppfatta och tolka varandra som människor i olika vardagliga sammanhang under 2000-talet. På detta sätt är ADHD en kulturdiagnos och i artikeln utforskas hur ADHD-diagnosen numera inte bara är ett stigma eller ett sätt att komma i åtnjutande av resurser, utan också en form av identitet.

  • 28.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Hermeneutics, health and medicine2015Ingår i: Routledge Companion to Hermeneutics / [ed] Gander, H-H. and Malpas, J., London: Routledge, 2015, s. 550-560Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 29.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Jenny Slatman: Our Strange Body: Philosophical Reflections on Identity and Medical Intervention2015Ingår i: Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, ISSN 0047-2662, E-ISSN 1569-1624, Vol. 46, nr 1, s. 135-138Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 30.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Organ transplantation ethics from the perspective of embodied personhood2015Ingår i: The Routledge Companion to Bioethics / [ed] Arras, J., Fenton E., and Kukla, R., London: Routledge, 2015, s. 570-580Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 31.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    På spaning efter det goda dödandet2015Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 5 novemberArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 32.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The lived body and personal identity: The ontology of exiled body parts2015Ingår i: Bodily Exchanges, Bioethics and Border Crossing: Perspectives on Giving, Selling and Sharing Bodies / [ed] Erik Malmqvist and Kristin Zeiler, Abingdon: Routledge, 2015, s. 19-34Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter I will attempt to develop a phenomenology of parts of the human body that have been removed from their site of origin but nevertheless preserve their “aliveness.” What happens when human body parts are stored in the medical laboratory and are even being transformed or cultivated there? How are we to view the ontological and ethical status of cells and organs that are being transplanted from one human body to another? Do these body parts preserve some kind of relationship to their source of origin: that is, the person from whom they have been retrieved? Do they belong to the person they originate from and, if so, in what way? What implications does this type of ownership have for ethical analysis? In some cases, at least, would the concept of sharing be more adequate in describing transfer of body parts between persons than the idea of a gift being made?

  • 33.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The phenomenology of chronic pain: embodiment and alienation2015Ingår i: Continental philosophy review, ISSN 1387-2842, E-ISSN 1573-0611, Vol. 48, nr 2, s. 107-122Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article develops a phenomenological exploration of chronic pain from a first-person perspective that can serve to enrich the medical third-person perspective. The experience of chronic pain is found to be a feeling in which we become alienated from the workings of our own bodies. The bodily-based mood of alienation is extended, however, in penetrating the whole world of the chronic pain sufferer, making her entire life unhomelike. Furthermore, the pain mood not only opens up the world as having an alien quality, it also makes the world more lonesome and poor by forcing the sufferer to attend to the workings of her own body. To suffer pain is to find oneself in a situation of passivity in relation to the hurtful experiences one is undergoing. In making the body and the world more unhomelike places to be in, pain also tends to rob a person of her language. Severe pain is hard to describe because it pushes the person towards the borderlines of imaginable experience and because it makes it hard to see any meaning and purpose in the situation one has been forced into. The analysis of chronic pain in the article is guided by the attempts made by Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Jean-Paul Sartre, and Martin Heidegger to understand the nature of human embodiment and existence, and also by descriptions of chronic pain found in the Swedish author Lars Gustafsson’s novel The Death of a Beekeeper.

  • 34.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The relationship between empathy and sympathy in good health care2015Ingår i: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 267-277Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Whereas empathy is most often looked upon as a virtue and essential skill in contemporary health care, the relationship to sympathy is more complicated. Empathic approaches that lead to emotional arousal on the part of the health care professional and strong feelings for the individual patient run the risk of becoming unprofessional in nature and having the effect of so-called compassion fatigue or burnout. In this paper I want to show that approaches to empathy in health care that attempt to solve these problems by cutting empathy loose from sympathy-from empathic concern-are mistaken. Instead, I argue, a certain kind of sympathy, which I call professional concern, is a necessary ingredient in good health care. Feeling oneself into the experiences and situation of the patient cannot be pursued without caring for the patient in question if the empathy is going to be successful. Sympathy is not only a thing that empathy makes possible and more or less spontaneously provides a way for but is something that we find at work in connection to empathy itself. In the paper I try to show how empathy is a particular form of emotion in which I feel with, about, and for the other person in developing an interpretation of his predicament. The with and for aspects of the empathy process are typically infused by a sympathy for the person one is empathizing with. Sympathy can be modulated into other ways of feeling with and for the person in the empathy process, but these sympathy-replacement feelings nevertheless always display some form of motivating concern for the target. Such an understanding of empathy is of particular importance for health care and other professions dealing with suffering clients.

  • 35.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Vi har förlorat känslan för lidandet2015Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 20 oktoberArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 36.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Diagnosing mental disorders and saving the normal: American Psychiatric Association, 2013. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th ed. American Psychiatric Publishing: Washington, DC. 991 pp., ISBN: 978-0890425558. Price: $122.702014Ingår i: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 241-244Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 37.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Empathy as a necessary condition of phronesis: a line of thought for medical ethics2014Ingår i: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 293-299Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Empathy is a thing constantly asked for and stressed as a central skill and character trait of the good physician and nurse. To be a good doctor or a good nurse one needs to be empathic-one needs to be able to feel and understand the needs and wishes of patients in order to help them in the best possible way, in a medical, as well as in an ethical sense. The problem with most studies of empathy in medicine is that empathy is poorly defined and tends to overlap with other related things, such as emotional contagion, sympathy, or a caring personality in general. It is far from clear how empathy fits into the general picture of medical ethics and the framework of norms that are most often stressed there, such as respect for autonomy and beneficience. How are we to look upon the role and importance of empathy in medical ethics? Is empathy an affective and/or cognitive phenomenon only, or does it carry moral significance in itself as a skill and/or virtue? How does empathy attain moral importance for medicine? In this paper I will attempt to show that a comparison with the Aristotelian concept of phronesis makes it easier to see what empathy is and how it fits into the general picture of medical ethics. I will argue that empathy is a basic condition and source of moral knowledge by being the feeling component of phronesis, and, by the same power, it is also a motivation for acting in a good way.

  • 38.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    En revolution för reproduktionen2014Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 18 juniArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 39.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Phenomenology2014Ingår i: The Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics / [ed] ten Have, Henk, Dordrecht: Springer, 2014, s. 1-10Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Phenomenology is a research tradition in German and French philosophy which has had an influence in many other fields and disciplines, recently also in medicine and nursing. The main idea of phenomenology is to study the structure and content of lived experience from the first-person perspective. This chapter provides an overview of three different ways in which phenomenology has proved useful as a method and inspiration for bioethics so far and how it could do so in the future. Phenomenological bioethics can be carried out either as an integrated part of, or as a critical perspective on, principle-based bioethics. Phenomenology can be used either to inform the application of principles by way of describing the experiences of moral dilemmas, or to criticise the contemporary set-up of bioethics and offer alternative approaches. The critical alternatives may be more or less radical in nature: offering alternative principles or abandoning the idea of application altogether. Phenomenological bioethics may also be viewed as an attempt to strengthen and thicken the philosophical anthropology implicitly present in contemporary bioethical studies by focusing on themes such as body, psyche, life, death, authenticity, suffering, vulnerability, empathy, compassion, integrity, dialogue, gift, and responsibility.

  • 40.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Psykiatrins hemeneutik: Om samtalets möjligheter och diagnosens makt2014Ingår i: Hans-Georg Gadamer och hermeneutikens aktualitet / [ed] Anders Burman, Stockholm: Axl Books, 2014, s. 171-192Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 41.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Robert Whitaker: Pillerparadoxen: varför lider fler och fler av psykiska problem när medicinerna bara blir bättre och bättre?2014Ingår i: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, nr 3, s. 27-28Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 42.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The body uncanny: Alienation, illness, and anorexia nervosa2014Ingår i: Feminist phenomenology and medicine / [ed] Zeiler, Kristin & Folkmarson Käll, Lisa, New York: SUNY Press, 2014, s. 201-221Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    According to the basic idea of bodily phenomenology the body is exactly the center and vehicle of my whole existence: I am as a body which feels, acts and thinks in my different ways of making myself at home in the world. The lived body, however, is not only my most fundamental home, it is also a creature with a life of its own that harbors autonomous powers. Sometimes this autonomy of the body turns alien  in the sense that it changes my basic being at home with it (as it) into an experience of bodily alienation: the body becomes not only mine, but also other to me in an uncanny way. In the chapter some such forms of bodily uncanniness are identified and related to the example of anorexia nervosa. This analysis helps us to discern different ways in which our bodies can turn up as alien to us and what types of processes (biological, emotional-cognitive, social-cultural) the forms of otherness in question are tied to. Anorexia nervosa displays several such ways of being alienated from one’s body in an uncanny way. These include forms of alienation that can be found in somatic illness, but they also concern ways of being objectified in an everyday manner in the social world by the gazes of others, finding oneself in a cultural pattern of norms regarding the feminine, the healthy, the beautiful, and the successful. The alienating gazes of the others are soon made into a self-surveying gaze by the anorexic girl, in the process of which the image of the own body is made increasingly unrealistic and self-punishing. Anorexia, in most cases, is set off by cultural influences, but when the starvation and over-exercise have been brought into play, the malnourished body as a kind of self-defence inflicts moods that make its bearer strangely disembodied, increasingly apprehending the body as a thing, and a thing that is still not thin enough, despite its now uncannily thin look to others.

  • 43.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The phenomenology of empathy in medicine: an introduction2014Ingår i: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 245-248Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is an introduction to a thematic section on the phenomenology of empathy in medicine, attempting to provide an expose of the field. It also provides introductions to the individual articles of the thematic section.

  • 44.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    The phenomenology of suffering in medicine and bioethics2014Ingår i: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, ISSN 1386-7415, E-ISSN 1573-0980, Vol. 35, nr 6, s. 407-420Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article develops a phenomenology of suffering with an emphasis on matters relevant to medical practice and bioethics. An attempt is made to explain how suffering can involve many different things-bodily pains, inability to carry out everyday actions, and failure to realize core life values-and yet be a distinct phenomenon. Proceeding from and expanding upon analyses found in the works of Eric Cassell and Elaine Scarry, suffering is found to be a potentially alienating mood overcoming the person and engaging her in a struggle to remain at home in the face of loss of meaning and purpose in life. Suffering involves painful experiences at different levels that are connected through the suffering-mood but are nevertheless distinguishable by being primarily about (1) my embodiment, (2) my engagements in the world together with others, and (3) my core life values. Suffering is in essence a feeling (a mood), but as such, it has implications for and involves the person's entire life: how she acts in the world, communicates with others, and understands and looks upon her priorities and goals in life. Suffering-moods are typically intense and painful in nature, but they may also display a rather subconscious quality in presenting things in the world and my life as a whole in an alienating way. In such situations, we are not focused directly upon the suffering-mood-as in the cases of pain and other bodily ailments-but rather, upon the things that the mood presents to us: not only our bodies, but also other things in the world that prevent us from having a good life and being the persons we want to be. Such suffering may in many cases be transformed or at least mitigated by a person's identifying and changing her core life values and in such a manner reinterpreting her life story to become an easier and more rewarding one to live under the present circumstances.

  • 45.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Anorexia Nervosa and the Body Uncanny: A Phenomenological Approach2013Ingår i: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology, ISSN 1071-6076, E-ISSN 1086-3303, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 81-91Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Anorexia nervosa is a disorder that is closely related to questions of selfhood and social roles. The pursuit of excessive thinness is part of a search for identity in which the control of the body—its size and needs— becomes central. This need for control appears to be triggered by a state of bodily alienation in which the body is perceived to be foreign and horrifying to its bearer. The relentless dieting and excessive exercise pursued by the anorexic person eventually leads to a state of starvation in which the relationship of control between the person and her body becomes reversed: the body now controls the thoughts, feelings and actions of the anorexic person in an uncanny and life threatening way. In this paper an attempt is made to better understand the ways in which the body becomes alien in anorexia nervosa by way of a phenomenological analysis. The analysis is exemplified and supported by stories told by girls suffering from the illness. The aim of the paper is to show that anorexia nervosa is neither a bodily dysfunction, nor a cultural product, only. Rather, the disorder is best understood as an illness in which the autonomous nature of one’s own body becomes overwhelming in a fatal and characteristic way. The different ways of becoming bodily alienated interact in anorexia in establishing an uncanniness of the body that is both conspicuous—to people around the ill person—and hard to escape—for the person herself.

  • 46.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Depression and the Self: Bodily Resonance and Attuned Being-in-the-World2013Ingår i: Journal of consciousness studies, ISSN 1355-8250, E-ISSN 2051-2201, Vol. 20, nr 7-8, s. 15-32Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will explore the relationship between selfhood and depression, by focusing upon the lived body’s capacity to “resonate” with the world and thus open up an “attuned” space of meaning. Persons will become differently tuned in different situations because they embody different patterns of resonance—what is most often referred to as different temperaments—but the self may also suffer from idiosyncrasies in mood profile that develop into deficiencies of resonance, making the person in question ill. In many cases of depression one might describe this as a being out of tune in the sense of being oversensitive to the sad, anxious and boring tune qualities of the world. This phenomenological model allows us to describe a spectrum of various normal sensitivities which might favor certain moods over others, but also to identify pathologies, like depression, in which the body is out of tune and makes the being-in-the-world overwhelmingly unhomelike.

  • 47.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Diagnos som befriar2013Ingår i: Modern psykologi, ISSN 2000-4087, nr 6, s. 40-43Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 48.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Homo patologicus: Medicinska diagnoser i vår tid2013Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Diagnoser som ångestsyndrom, depression, ADHD, fetma och datorspelsberoende har snabbt ökat i omfattning och de är intimt sammankopplade med den tid vi lever i. Varför har det blivit så svårt att sluta? Sluta oroa sig. Sluta förtvivla. Sluta äta. Sluta stöka. Sluta spela. Varför kan vissa men inte andra låta bli? Och när beror det på att man är sjuk?

    Med utgångspunkt i egna erfarenheter och ett skärskådande av forskningsläget om olika diagnoser tar författaren pulsen på vår samtid. Människan har alltid varit en lidande varelse. Nu lider hon också på den medicinska vetenskapens vis, som en ”homo patologicus”. Men vad är egentligen en medicinsk diagnos? Varför har diagnoser blivit så viktiga för oss i vårt vardagsliv? Vilken betydelse får psykiatriska diagnosmanualer som DSM för vår syn på människan och hur hon skall hjälpas i hälso- och sjukvården?

  • 49.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Kroppen som gåva, resurs eller vara: Transplantationsetiska dilemman2013Ingår i: Kroppen i humanioraperspektiv / [ed] Palm, Anders och Stenström, Johan, Lund: Makadam Förlag, 2013, s. 53-67Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 50.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Centrum för praktisk kunskap.
    Livet, tänkandet och driften mot oordning2013Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 18 novemberArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
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