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  • 1.
    Andersdotter Fabre, Elin
    et al.
    Global Utmaning.
    Anneroth, Emelie
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Reinvent.
    Borgström, Sara
    KTH.
    Ejigu, Alazar
    Tyréns AB.
    Escobar, Victoria
    Changers Hub.
    Ferlander, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Reinvent.
    Jukkala, Tanya
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Reinvent.
    León Rosales, René
    Mångkulturellt centrum.
    Wrangsten, Caroline
    Mötesplatser för unga läggs ner. Är det hållbart?2019In: Samhällsbyggaren, ISSN 2002-956X, Vol. 2, p. 26-28Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Stockholmsregionen växer och utvecklas. Regionen förväntas växa med ytterligare cirka en miljon invånare fram till år 2050. Fler människor måste dela på stadens utrymmen och resurser. Stockholms ytterområden – där de flesta bor och kommer att bo – förtätas och rustas upp. Hur bygger vi då ett hållbart Stockholm, ett samhälle där alla kan få plats, delta, trivas och må bra?

  • 2.
    Araújo, H. C.
    et al.
    University of Porto, Portugal / Centre for Research and Intervention in Education, Portugal.
    Macedo, E.
    University of Porto, Portugal / Centre for Research and Intervention in Education, Portugal.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Stockholm University.
    Tomaszewska-Pękała, H.
    University of Warsaw, Poland.
    Marchlik, P.
    University of Warsaw, Poland.
    Wrona, A.
    University of Warsaw, Poland.
    Rocha, C.
    University of Porto, Portugal / Centre for Research and Intervention in Education, Portugal.
    Shaping the policies towards early school leaving in Portugal, Sweden and Poland2018In: Comparative Perspectives on Early School Leaving in the European Union, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 47-60Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on education policies in Portugal, Poland and Sweden, exploring links between the political construction of ESL and the fight against it. Portugal still has one of the highest rates in Europe, even with great progress; Sweden is and has been in quite a comfortable position very close to the European average; and the rate of ESL in Poland is significantly below. We take into consideration the relationships of education with Europeanization, including the assertion of new roles for the state that interacts in a multiple scale governance - the dispersion of decision-making from the states to European institutions in line with Roger Dale (2007). We argue that these processes bring to the fore difficulties and opportunities that are explored in national interpretations of the educational policy and phenomena. Taking into account the specific educational structures, policies and practices in the three countries, the chapter highlights that the educational debate varies in areas of concentration and there are tensions in the discussion of vocational tracks; that the socio-political and economic crisis has reshaped the ways different countries address ESL and try to make the best of EU funding; that tensions remain in varying degrees between the social and educational goals and the needs of the labour market; and that social concerns about equality of opportunities and educational development are not as common as they should be in light of the EU concern about social inclusion.

  • 3.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Constructions of self-identification: children of immigrants in Sweden2019In: Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, ISSN 1070-289X, E-ISSN 1547-3384Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is about self-identification by a sample of young people with various migrant backgrounds in Sweden. In a survey we asked them how they present themselves to others in different contexts (in their schools and neighbourhoods or when they are out of Sweden). Our findings suggest that young people’s identification is not fixed. The paths to these various forms of identification are shaped by a variety of individual (class background, parents’ country of origin) and social factors (friendship networks and school composition). The results indicate that those who identified themselves as Swedish or hyphenated tended to be quite similar as regards their other characteristics, while those who presented themselves with the parents’ birth country or religious affiliation have very little in common.

  • 4.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Stockholms universitet.
    Etniska hierarkier och (icke-)representation: Partikandidater med migrationsbakgrund vid svenska valet 20142018In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 55, no 2-3, p. 317-339Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ethnic hierarchies and (non)representation. Party candidates with migration background in the general election of 2014.

    This paper analyses the extent to which individuals with migration background were appointed and elected into different levels of public decision-making bodies in the latest Swedish general election (2014). Individuals of ”migration background” refers in this study to those born abroad or born in Sweden with two foreign-born parents. Data for this study is taken from Statistics Sweden’s register of candidates elected in municipal, county and national parliamentary elections in 2014, supplemented by information from other Statistics Sweden’s registers. The results demonstrate that: (a) individuals with a migration background are severely underrepresented in the Swedish decision-making bodies; (b) even in cases when individuals with a migration background are nominated on the party lists, they have less of a chance of being elected compared to native candidates. (c) The dominant ”resource theory” cannot explain the underrepresentation of the stigmatized migrant groups and their descendants, and finally; (d) the results indicate some support to the hypothesis about the importance of access to social networks in order to be nominated and elected.

  • 5.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Stockholms universitet.
    "Främlingen" bland svensk "Homo Academicus"2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 1-2, p. 91-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ”stranger” among Swedish ”Homo Academicvs”

    This paper is about individuals with immigrant background among the Swedish academic elite, i.e. those who have a PhD and work at Swedish universities. The aim of the study is to understand how factors other than academic qualifications, such as gender and a migrant background, may impact on the individual's ability to get a job and pursue a successful career in Swedish higher education. The data used for this study is obtained from the Longitudinal Database of Education, Income and Occupation (LISA) administered by Statistics Sweden. When compared to the reference group (individuals born in Sweden with at least one Swedish-born parent), the results show that given the same work experience individuals born in Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa and South America are more likely to be unemployed. Among those who have a job, those with immigrant background have lower income (lower position) than the reference group.

  • 6.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Linköping University / Stockholm University.
    Incorporation of children of immigrants: the case of descendants of immigrants from Turkey in Sweden2013In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 36, no 12, p. 2141-2159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates how children of immigrants from Turkey are integrated into Swedish society. The educational achievements and labour market outcomes of this group are compared with the performance of the offspring of native-born parents. The aim of the study is to explore whether we can observe a tendency towards downward mobility among young people of immigrant background in Sweden and thereby provide reflections on the existing formulation of the segmented assimilation theory. Findings show that descendants of immigrants seem not to be in the process of downward assimilation, that is, social exclusion and therefore formation of a distinct underclass in Sweden. The concept of subordinate inclusion is a more appropriate description of the experiences of children of immigrants.

  • 7.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Linköping University / Stockholm University.
    Social Capital and Stratification of Young People2013In: Social Inclusion, ISSN 2183-2803, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 46-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the impact of social capital on the status attainment process of young people at the start of their careers and examines how social class, gender and ethnicity affect the accumulation of social capital and thereby labour market stratification of young people. A sample of young Swedes graduating from vocational schools and universities between 2005 and 2006, was surveyed via the telephone about their experiences acquiring jobs. Two research questions are posed: (i) Which characteristics (class, gender and ethnicity) affect young people's access to more social capital? (ii) How is social capital rewarded in the labour market? The results show that being female, coming from the lower social classes and being a member of a stigmatized immigrant groupare associated with a substantial social capital deficit. When socioeconomic and demographic backgrounds as well as the human capital of respondents are controlled, social capital is positively associated with salary level. The results indicate that social capital is a significant factor in the stratification process of young people.

  • 8.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Social capital and the educational expectations of young people2017In: European Educational Research Journal (online), ISSN 1474-9041, E-ISSN 1474-9041, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 487-503Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore the determinants of the educational expectations of young people in disadvantaged urban areas in three large cities in Sweden. In addition to the conventional predictors such as parental resources (economic and cultural capital) and demographic characteristics (such as age, gender, immigration background), this study examines the impact of the different types of social capital (both within-family and extra-familial), on the educational ambitions of these young people. The results indicate that the class background of the respondents, together with the demographic characteristics of young people, are important predictors of their educational ambition. Different forms of social capital also explain a significant part of the variance in students? educational expectations.

  • 9.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Swedish young people’s after-school extra-curricular activities: attendance, opportunities and consequences2019In: British Journal of Sociology of Education, ISSN 0142-5692, E-ISSN 1465-3346, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 340-356Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research demonstrates that, along with the family, the peer group and the school environment, extra-curricular activities are important contexts for young people’s educational and social development. This article is the result of a survey conducted with a sample of young people in their last year of compulsory school in Sweden and examines both who has access to the different types of extra-curricular activity and the consequences of their participation in the various programmes. As the results indicate, after controlling for respondents’ class and migrant background, their gender and their health, there are positive and significant associations between participation in certain types of activity (sporting, cultural and religious) on the one hand, and students’ school performance and educational expectations on the other. However, attendance at a less-organised activity (youth recreation centres or fritidsgård) shows a negative association with these outcomes. Furthermore, the results demonstrate that the gender, social class and migrant background of students affect their rate of participation in many of these activities.

  • 10.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Linköping University / Stockholm University.
    The Ethnic Penalty: Immigration, Education and the Labour Market, book review2013In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 915-916Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Björklöf, M.
    Stockholm University.
    Strömberg, I.
    Stockholm University.
    The social relations and educational expectations of young people in marginalised areas: Evidence from Sweden2018In: Comparative Perspectives on Early School Leaving in the European Union, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 102-116Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A great deal of previous studies on early school leavers have concentrated on the individual characteristics of young people and neglecting the social relations that cause them to drop out. This chapter highlights the importance of and the way in which the social relations between young people with significant people in their immediate social environment, e.g. relationships with family members, the school staff and their friends, affect their educational expectations. In line with earlier research, we have assumed that the educational expectations of students are a crucial predicator of early school leaving (failure, frustration and, ultimately, disengagement and dropout), i.e. having fewer educational expectations predicts a higher risk of ESL. The data used in this study were collected in schools in marginalized urban areas of Sweden during the period 2014-2016 as a part of the RESL.eu project in Sweden. By using a mixed-methods approach with both survey material, in-depth interviews and participant observation in a selected group of schools, we have tried to highlight these complex relationships between social relations and educational expectations. As our results demonstrate, these relationships and the social capital they provide play an important role in forming the educational expectations of young people.

  • 12.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Stockholms universitet.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Uppsala universitet.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköpings universitet.
    Yazdanpanah, Soheyla
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Att verka för jämlika arbetsplatser: En studie av jämlikhet och ojämlikhet mellan anställda i äldrevården2017Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Populärvetenskaplig rapport från ett projekt om ojämlikhet mellan kvinnliga och manliga anställda och mellan anställda från olika delar av världen i svensk äldrevård samt förslag till förbättrad jämlikhet på arbetsplatserna.

  • 13.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Reinvent.
    Carlson, Per
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Ferlander, Sara
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Reinvent.
    Heber, Anita
    Stockholms universitet.
    Jukkala, Tanya
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Lindström, Jonas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Reinvent.
    Politiskt färgad undersökning med dålig representativitet: Replik DN Debatt 19/22019In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology.
    Hertzberg, Fredrik
    Stockholms univeristet.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköpings universitet.
    De sociala relationernas betydelse för utbildningsambitionen bland ungdomar i marginaliserade storstadsområden2019In: Socialt arbete i storstaden: Villkor och praktik / [ed] Alinia Minoo & Songur Welat, Stockholm: Liber, 2019, 1, p. 62-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Stockholm University.
    Leivestad, H. H.
    Stockholm University.
    The “stranger” among Swedish “homo academicus”2019In: Higher Education, ISSN 0018-1560, E-ISSN 1573-174X, Vol. 77, no 2, p. 213-228Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with individuals of immigrant background in Swedish higher education—i.e., those who have a PhD and work in Swedish universities. The aim of the study is to examine whether and how factors other than academic qualifications—such as gender and migrant background—may affect the individual’s ability to find employment and pursue a successful career in a Swedish institution of higher education. The data used in the first section are Swedish registry data (LISA database and population), administered by Statistics Sweden. The second part of the paper is based on semi-structured interviews with 19 academics of migrant background. The results show that, given the same work experience and compared to the reference group (born in Sweden with at least one Swedish-born parent), individuals born in Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, and South America are, firstly, more likely to be unemployed and, secondly, if they are employed, to have a lower income (lower position). The ways in which such gaps arises are also examined. © 2018 The Author(s)

  • 16.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet / Linköpings universitet.
    Olsson, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    The Performance of Early Age Migrants in Education and the Labour Market: a Comparison of Bosnia Herzegovinians, Chileans and Somalis in Sweden2014In: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 40, no 5, p. 778-795Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how early age immigrants to Sweden from Bosnia-Herzegovina, Chile and Somalia perform in education and the labour market in comparison with the children of natives. As the results demonstrate, the socio-economic position of the parents, family structure and other demographic characteristics of individuals only partially explain the differences between the descendants of natives and young immigrants from these countries. A further analysis demonstrates that the socio-historical contexts into which these immigrant children arrive and settle, that is the processes of migration, are equally likely to have an impact on young immigrants' performance.

  • 17.
    Boréus, Kristina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Behtoui, Reza
    Linköpings universitet.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköpings universitet.
    Yazdanpanah, Soheyla
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Motstånd - valet mellan protest, sorti och tystnad för invandrade och infödda anställda i äldrevården2016In: Makt och inflytande i arbetslivet / [ed] Margaretha Holmqvist, Stockholm: Premiss förlag, 2016, p. 240-265Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
1 - 17 of 17
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