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  • 1. Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    Climate Change Management Approaches of Cities: A Comparative Study Between Globally Leading and Turkish Metropolitan Cities2011In: European Journal of Economic and Political Studies, ISSN 1307-6000, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 113-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many studies have focused on climate change policies and action at the national level, but few have studied policies and action at the city level, especially cities in emerging economies. To address this gap, the present study analyzes the management strategies globally leading cities have developed to address climate change and related issues and compares them with the city strategies of one rapidly urbanizing emerging economy, Turkey. In the analysis, the strategic plans of five leading global cities are compared with those of sixteen Turkish cities. While the leading global cities have specific managerial approaches to mitigate climate change, none of the Turkish cities exhibits any comprehensive approach. Furthermore, while leading global cities modify urban services to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, few Turkish cities adjust any services to address this challenge. Some Turkish cities propose an increased use of renewable energy sources and modification in their transportation system, but the focus in these plans is the current daily needs of their inhabitants. The findings of this study suggest several climate change strategies both for Turkish cities and cities in other developing countries.

  • 2.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Turism studies.
    Functions and Behaviors of Tourists in Experience Management Process: Case of Three Independent Business Tourists2012In: Field Guide to Case Study Research in Tourism, Hospitality and Leisure / [ed] Kenneth F. Hyde (editor), Chris Ryan (editor), Arch G. Woodside (editor), Arch G. Woodside (series editor),, New York: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2012, p. 275-296Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism literature tends to focus on passive tourists, who constitute the majority of tourists today. However, there is a growing number of individuals who overlap their study, work, and business with tourism activities. These independent tourists have created a new segment in the tourism industry, where tourists develop and experience their own tourism activities. However, there is a lack of current research on these independent tourists, especially in terms of how they function in the experience management process and how this can be translated into various new types of offers.

    This study investigates the functions, experiences, and behaviors of this type of tourists. Accordingly, this study makes use of purposive sampling, employing direct observation, in-depth interviews, and analysis of personal social media (e.g., blogs). The findings show that while some independent tourists function in a multitude of ways, from searching for ideas to composing, creating, and experiencing their own products, others are less active and tend to piggyback their efforts on those of more active tourists. The study finds that the motivational matrix is highly important for individuals who combine work and tourism. Working persons with a strong motivation for tourism relative to work maintain high levels of commitment, activity, and creativity in the tourism sphere, especially when they face problems with their work. Highly satisfied independent tourists initiate future actions by either revisiting the same destination or leading others to have similar experiences at the same location. Finally, the chapter discusses some methodological lessons learned from direct observation and in-depth interviews and studying social media.

  • 3.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Turism studies.
    Mobile communications in Turkey: from first mover advantages to management capabilities2011In: Info, ISSN 1463-6697, E-ISSN 1465-9840, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 72-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose –Several studies of the telecommunications industry have focused on government regulation and structural conditions, suggesting that initial order of entry and network effects create strong first-mover advantages for GSM companies. This paper seeks to change the focus to managerial capabilities and to investigate how an early mover on the Turkish market manages the phase of vigorous competition following the early-regulated period.

    Design/methodology/approach –The paper is a case study of one leading firm in the context of the Turkish telecommunications market development. The most important sources for data are Telepati Telekom Journal, Turkcell Annual Reports, Telecommunications Authority of Turkey's publications, the reports of investment institutions, web pages of operators, and previous publications about the Turkish telecom industry.

    Findings –The paper finds that the early mover, Turkcell, has used a mix of differentiated marketing strategies, innovative and diversified product development and increased service quality to defend its position in an era of increased competition with new operators, a high number of pre-paid customers and number portability.

    Originality/value –On the basis of this case, the paper argues that studies of the telecommunications industry need to expand their analyses of industry structures to also include firm-specific strategies and management capabilities.

  • 4.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    Cukurova University.
    Strateji Ve Endüstrinin Firma Performansına Etkisi : Türkiye'nin Öncü Sanayi İşletmeleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes the effects of industry structure and competitive strategies on firm performance of Turkish leading manufacturing companies. The results of regression and structural equations model analyses indicate that competitive strategies have more influence on firm performance than industry structure. Findings specifically show that market dynamism and threat of substitute products reduce firm performance while industry entry barriers partly increase it. However, the findings also demonstrate that bargaining power of suppliers and degrees of competition have no effect on firm performance. Further analysis indicates that there is also an indirect effect on firm performance coming from the state support. Accordingly, state support influences firm performance through competitive strategies. On the other hand, all of the competitive strategies are positively related to firm performance at a significant level. Particularly hybrid strategy has a highly strong impact on firm performance.

  • 5.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Turism studies.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University (Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap.
    Firm innovativeness in emerging economies: the case of fast moving innovators in the Turkish automotive and white goods industries2012In: R&D Management Conference 2012: Creating and Capturing Value through R&D Management and Innovation : book of abstracts, 2012, p. 128-129Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A long-standing research tradition has studied processes of late industrialization, with China as the most recent and publicized case. A strong trend among late industrializers is to move rapidly from manufacturing, to product design and to creation of indigenous R&D capabilities. This paper analyzes such a process taking place close to Europe, in the rapidly growing Turkish economy. Most of the literature on R&D internationalization and innovation in emerging economies studies the country level. To these studies the paper brings an important complement by analyzing the performance of individual innovating firms and the structural conditions underpinning their development, such as the role of state support, business group ownership and business group orientation. The paper builds on a comparative case study of two firms in the automotive and white goods industries, and their R&D and product development trajectory, and a brief comparison of the involved business group with other types of business group orientation in Turkey. Insights in innovative, knowledge-acquiring firms in emerging economies are key to understand the broader dynamics of the global knowledge economy, and the new challenges for technology-based firms in the West, where firms from the ´periphery´ suddenly emerge as competitors, not based on low cost but on innovation, patenting and product design. By showing that firms may pursue different roads to upgrading from close collaboration with multinational companies to independent strategies based on autonomous development of proprietary technological knowledge, the paper calls for a differentiated understanding of emerging economy dynamics.

  • 6.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Turism studies.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University (Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap.
    Retraction, Dishonesty and Plagiarism: Analysis of a Crucial Issue for Academic Publishing, and the Inadequate Responses from Leading Journals in Economics and Management Disciplines2012In: Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, ISSN 1927-033X, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 172-183Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Academic dishonesty and plagiarism have become hot issues in newspapers and academia. However, there are few studies of how leading journals are handling these issues. Therefore the purpose of this paper is to analyze the current situation and policies concerning academic dishonesty, plagiarism and paper retractions in academia in general, and business and economics disciplines in particular. Four databases, Ebsco Business Source Premier, Emerald, JSTOR and ScienceDirect, have been examined. This survey shows that while some science journals, e.g. medical journals, are very active in retracting papers due to the dishonesty and plagiarism, business and economics journals are not. The survey also displays that some journals have already published explicit policies regarding academic honesty; within the business field, however, only two established and one emerging journal discuss such policies. Given the extent of the problem, it seems important that more journals openly confront the situation, elaborate and publish explicit policies how to reduce the future occurrence of academic dishonesty and plagiarism.

  • 7.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    et al.
    Zirve University, Gaziantep, Turkey.
    Tuncay-Celikel, Aslı
    Isik University, Turkey.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University (Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap.
    The Limits of R&D Internationalization and the Importance of Local Initiatives: Turkey as a Critical Case2011In: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 39, no 8, p. 1347-1357Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The growth of R&D in East Asia has triggered the notion of a new innovation geography, where R&D is no longer a privilege of the traditional OECD countries. What does this mean for mid-sized emerging economies, without the scale advantages and bargaining power of India or China? This paper uses Turkey as a case to examine the continual unevenness of international R&D investments. By analyzing opportunities and limitations for local initiatives in the telecommunications, pharmaceutical, and automotive industries the paper finds that active private capital, a sufficient scale of production, and focused public policies are needed to attract international R&D.

  • 8. Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    et al.
    Yavuz, Mehmet Cihan
    Cukurova University, Tourism Department.
    Nanopazarlamada İlk Hareket Etme Avantajı: Türk Nanoteknoloji Pazarı Üzerine Bir İnceleme2008In: SAVUNMA BİLİMLERİ DERGİSİ (Journal of Defence Sciences), ISSN 1303 - 6831, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 21-39Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9. Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    et al.
    Yavuz, Mehmet Cihan
    Cukurova University, Tourism Department.
    The Organization of Publicity and Marketing Management of National Tourism: A Suggested Model for Turkey2009In: İstanbul Üniversitesi İletişim Fakültesi Dergisi = Journal of Istanbul University Communication Faculty, ISSN 1302-633X, Vol. 36, p. 113-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since tourism has been generating important amount of income in the balance sheets of nations, its market has experienced a vigorous international competition. Therefore, nations who want to increase and to sustain their competitiveness in this market craft organizations of tourism publicity and marketing management. Compared with its competitors, the Turkish system for organizing tourism publicity and marketing is neither effective nor efficient. For this reason, this study aims to propose a new organizational structure to improve the marketing of Turkish tourism. In order to develop this new model, the marketing and publicity organizations of competitor nations, the geographical size of the country, the variety of regions, and tourism products of Turkey were evaluated. The evaluation points to a need for a new organizational model with four levels such as Local Destination Management Organization, Destination Management Organization, Regional Tourism Coordination Organization and National Tourism Organization. In the current system, central ministries are responsible for the marketing of Turkish tourism. But the tourism products of various cities differ from each other. Therefore, Destination Management Organizations seems to be the most important level and they will help to deploy marketing and publicity activities from the central level to the local level. This study will especially focus on the organization structure of Destination Management Organizations. The new model will require numerous changes in the national and local levels of tourism marketing and publicity management of Turkey. Without this restructuring, however, it is difficult to promote the unique national tourism resources (nature, culture) which are based in different cities.

  • 10.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Turism studies.
    Yavuz, Mehmet Cihan
    Cukurova University, Tourism Department.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University (Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap.
    The Impact of Festivals on City Promotion: A Comparative Study of Turkish and Swedish Festivals2011In: Tourism, ISSN 1332-7461, Vol. 59, no 4, p. 447-464Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism literature suggests that cities as corporate brands which can be promoted in the market and communicated to stakeholders. City tourism managers use tourism products such as festivals or other special events to promote their city as a corporate brand. This paper examines how festivals, in particular, affect the promotion and communication of a city in different market levels. A survey instrument was used to gather data from festival managers in İzmir, Turkey, in April 2009; and Göteborg, Sweden, in April 2009. The main findings indicate that managers perceive their festivals as creating community cohesiveness and strong communication among the current residents. However, they view the impact of the festivals on the promotion of the city within its country or in the international tourism market as limited. This study ultimately suggests that the festivals of İzmir are less efficient in promoting the city and that Göteborg festivals work to promote the city in Sweden and in the larger regions of Scandinavia.

  • 11.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Turism studies.
    Özgen, Hande
    Özgen, Hüseyin
    Web Sites as a Communication Tool: the Case of Turkish Hotels2010In: ÖNERİ: Marmara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi = Suggestions: Journal of Marmara University, Institute of Social Sciences, ISSN 1300-0845, Vol. 9, no 33, p. 17-32Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 11 of 11
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