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  • 1. Berg, Mikko
    et al.
    Marttila, Topias
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Kojo, Ilpo
    Exploring Political Agendas with Advanced Visualizations and Interface Tools.2006In: e-Service Journal, ISSN 1528-8226, E-ISSN 1528-8234, Vol. 4, p. 47-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With Web-based e-services called "election engines," citizens can search for and compare candidates in local and national elections using issue-based questionnaires. The results of such services are generally in the form of search engine lists. However, data on political issues andagendas is very complex, i.e., highly multidimensional. Hence, we argue that relevant votingdecisions should not be based on simple search engine results, but on more encompassing cognitive operations. In our project, the service was redesigned to extend the function from a meresearch engine to a navigation toolset with real-time feedback. Two types of visualization components, a similarity map and sector diagrams, help citizens to make sense of multidimensional political spaces by facilitating exploration at will. As the result of an extended researchproject, our redesigned service was published by a major commercial broadcasting company forthe Finnish EU elections in June 2004 and in local elections in October 2004. 

  • 2. Collao, J. Aviles
    et al.
    Diaz-Kommonen, L.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Pietarila, J.
    Soft Ontologies and Similarity Cluster Tools to Facilitate Exploration and Discovery of Cultural Heritage Resources2003In: Fourteenth International Workshop on Database and Expert Systems Applications: 1-5 September 2003, Prague, Czech Republic: Proceedings, Los Alamitos: IEEE Computer Society , 2003, Vol. 0, p. 75-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3. Diaz-Kommonen, Lily
    et al.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Designing Vector-Based Ontologies: Can Technology Empower Open Interpretation of Culture Heritage Objects?2002In: 13th International Workshop on Database and Expert Systems Applications: proceedings : 2-6 September, 2002, Aix-en-Provence, France / [ed] A Min Tjoa, Roland R Wagner, 2002, Vol. 0, p. 521-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Faraon, Montathar
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Media technology.
    Atashi, Samira
    School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics, Linneaus University.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Media technology.
    Gustafsson, Nils
    Department of Political Science, Lund University.
    Using circumventing media to counteract authoritarian regimes2011In: Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference ICT, Society and Human Beings 2011 / [ed] Gunilla Bradley, Diane Whitehouse, Gurmit Singh, Rome, Italy: IADIS Press, 2011, , p. 4p. 251-254Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to reflect on how potential circumventing media and communication technologies could potentially assist the information flow when authoritarian regimes decide to block the main channels, such as the Internet and the mobile phone networks. The point of departure is the recent Internet blackouts in countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), such as Egypt, Bahrain and Libya. We discuss several applications that were developed as a response to state repression in these countries, and their future potential that would allow people to communicate more freely despite Internet and mobile network blackouts.

  • 5.
    Faraon, Montathar
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Media technology.
    Cronquist, Björn
    School of Health and Society, Kristianstad University.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Media technology.
    Social media affordances in net-based higher education2011In: Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference on International Higher Education (IHE 2011) / [ed] Heling Huai, Piet Kommers, Ji-ping Zhang,Pedro Isaías, Shanghai, China: IADIS Press, 2011, , p. 11p. 27-37Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the attitudes, conceptions and use of social media in net-based higher education. By using statistical and content analysis of data generated by two surveys directed to students (n = 109) and teachers (n = 77) involved in net-based higher education, we explore how social media influence the design of learning context in net-based higher education courses. By applying the affordance theory, we describe actual as well as preferred use of social media from an educational, social, and technical perspectives. The results showed that the potential use of social media have not yet been fully found in the context of net-based higher education. However, the perceived benefit of using social media differs in relation to educational topics. The potential use of social media in net-based higher education courses is discussed.

  • 6.
    Faraon, Montathar
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Much more to it: The relation between Facebook usage and self-esteem2014In: Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE 15th International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration / [ed] James Joshi, Elisa Bertino, Bhavani Thuraisingham, Ling Liu, Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society (SMC) , 2014, p. 87-92Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine closer the conflicting results from previous studies concerning the relation- ship between Facebook use and self-esteem using the Facebook Intensity Scale and Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (N = 107). In line with some previous studies, our data confirmed that there is a relationship between Facebook usage and self-esteem, but the applied scales allowed a more refined assessment of it. The results showed, after controlling for demographic variables, that participants with low Facebook intensity reported on average higher self-esteem than those who did not use Facebook or those with high Facebook intensity, while those with medium Facebook intensity had significantly higher self-esteem compared to the participants with high Facebook intensity. Future studies should address the underlying causal relations using a time-bound observation method.

  • 7.
    Faraon, Montathar
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Stenberg, Georg
    Budurushi, Jurlind
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Positive but skeptical: A study of attitudes towards Internet voting in Sweden2015In: CeDEM Asia 2014: Proceedings of the International Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government / [ed] Peter Parycek, Michael Sachs, Marko M. Skoric, Münster, 2015, p. 191-205Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored the attitudes of a broad sample of politically interested Swedish voters towards Internet voting. A total of 5683 participants completed a web-based survey concerning participation and security aspects of Internet voting. Attitudes towards Internet voting were positive on the whole and the acceptance of participation in democratic elections using Internet voting was spearheaded by: women, groups with relatively short education, the unemployed and the self-employed. Unlike previous studies, it was found that age was not a significant factor in determining the attitudes towards participation in elections by means of Internet voting. Concerning the security challenges of Internet voting, men were more optimistic than women and participants’ confidence in security increased with age and education length.

  • 8.
    Faraon, Montathar
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Stenberg, Georg
    Kristianstad University.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Political campaigning 2.0: The influence of online news and social networking sites on attitudes and behavior2014In: eJournal of eDemocracy & Open Government, ISSN 2075-9517, E-ISSN 2075-9517, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 231-247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to examine differences in influence between online news (e.g., New York Times) and social networking sites (e.g., Facebook and Twitter) on attitudes in political campaigns. In a web-based experiment, campaign, polls and election between two fictitious candidates were simulated. Participants’ explicit and implicit attitudes as well as voting behavior were assessed using self-report items and the Implicit Association Test (IAT). The results reveal that information emanating from online news had a significant influence on explicit and implicit attitudes while that of social networking sites did not. Overall, negative items had a stronger impact than positive ones, more so in online news compared to social networking sites. Negative information from either type of media was more likely to change participants’ explicit attitudes in a negative direction and as a consequence also change their vote. Practical implications of the findings and limitations of the study are discussed.

  • 9.
    Faraon, Montathar
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Villavicencio, Victor
    Ramberg, Robert
    Department of Computer and Systems Sciences, Stockholm University.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    From mobilization to consensus: Innovating cross-media services to organize crowds into collaborative communities2013In: CeDEM13: Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government / [ed] Peter Parycek, Noella Edelmann, Krems: Edition Donau-Universität Krems , 2013, , p. 13p. 215-227Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the current paper is to contribute to the field of e-participation by presenting a design concept for mediating technology that incorporates current information technology such as social and collaborative media designed for the purposes of civic engagement in society. Such technology could empower people to mobilize and engage themselves in proactive consensus-seeking and co-creation. Social media are broadly adopted in the reactive mobilization of citizen-initiated participatory activity in society such as protests like the London riots and the Occupy movements. In our view, there is a demand to organize mobilized crowds to collaborate in a consensus-seeking manner. For instance, there does not yet exist online applications that specifically serve the purposes of massive simultaneous co-editing of documents by citizens seeking consensus in societal issues. However, as we argue, there is no reason for such not to be integrated from existing technological components that are commonly accessible.

  • 10. Hynna, Kevin I.
    et al.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Activation-based recursive self-organising maps: A general formulation and empirical results2006In: Neural Processing Letters, ISSN 1370-4621, E-ISSN 1573-773X, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 119-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We generalize a class of neural network models that extend the Kohonen Self-Organising Map (SOM) algorithm into the sequential and temporal domain using recurrent connections. Behaviour of the class of Activation-based Recursive Self-Organising Maps (ARSOM) is discussed with respect to the choice of transfer function and parameter settings. By comparing performances to existing benchmarks we demonstrate the robustness and systematicity of the ARSOM models, thus opening the door to practical applications.

  • 11. Jokinen, Kristiina
    et al.
    Kerminen, Antti
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Jauhiainen, Tommi
    Wilcock, Graham
    Turunen, Markku
    Hakulinen, Jaakko
    Kuusisto, Jukka
    Lagus, Krista
    Adaptive dialogue systems - interaction with interact2002In: Proceedings of the 3rd SIGdial workshop on Discourse and dialogue - Volume 2, Stroudsburg: ACM Press, 2002, p. 64-73Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12. Kaipainen, Mauri
    Dynamics of musical knowledge ecology: knowing-what and knowing-how in the world of sounds1994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University College, School of Communication, Media and it, Media technology.
    Perspective-relative narrative media and power2010In: Proceedings IADIS International Conference e-Society 2010: Porto, Portugal 18 - 21 March / [ed] Piet Kommers, Pedro Isaías, IADIS Press , 2010, p. 553-556Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14. Kaipainen, Mauri
    Practice-based research at the University of Art and Design Helsinki2004In: Digital Creativity, ISSN 1462-6268, E-ISSN 1744-3806, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 8-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The text describes the status of practice-based research at the University of Art and Design Helsinki and Finland, particularly from the point of view of digital interactive media, and states some basic principles of their research approach.

  • 15. Kaipainen, Mauri
    Prospects for ecomusicology: inner and outer loops of the musical mind-environments system1997In: Brain, mind, and physics / [ed] P Pylkkänen, P Pylkkö, Antti Hautamäki, Amsterdam: IOS Press, 1997, p. 266-278Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16. Kaipainen, Mauri
    Representing and remotivating musical processes: modeling a recurrent musical ecology.1996In: Journal of New Music Research, ISSN 0929-8215, E-ISSN 1744-5027, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 150-178Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17. Kaipainen, Mauri
    Self-organizing maps, soft ontologies and multiple perspectives in media art: examples of self-organizing approaches in media art, interaction and interface design2004In: Framework: the Finnish art review, ISSN 1459-6288, no 2, p. 42-43Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Hautamäki, A.
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Analysis and synthesis with a three component inferential system: Augmenting the explanatory scope of conceptual spaces2017In: Artificial Intelligence and Cognition 2016: Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence and Cognitionco-located with the Joint Multi-Conference on Human-Level Artificial Intelligence (HLAI 2016) / [ed] Antonio Liet; Mehul Bhatt; Alessandro Oltramari; David Vernon, 2017, p. 124-137Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study introduces a model of analysis and synthesis, respective abductive and deductive reasoning, using the three-component inferential system, which is constituted by a perspective-relative augmentation of Gärdenfors's theory of Conceptual Spaces (CS). A general formulation of Perspective, based on our earlier work, corresponds to prioritization among property dimensions. Instead of assuming one conceptual space as in the CS, a distinction is made between the high-dimensional description of the discourse/domain termed Ontospace, and the two-dimensional perspectival space onto which a Perspectiverelative hierarchical conceptualization is projected, referred to as the Perspectival Space. In this setting, deduction is the inference of Perspective-relative conceptualization of the ontospace, while abduction is the reasoning of the Perspective that accounts for a given conceptualization of the ontospace, given in a form of a target cluster This model is articulated on an abstraction level beyond algorithmic implementation.

  • 19.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology. Perspicamus LTD, Helsinki, Finland.
    Hautamäki, A.
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Seeking for the grasp: Iterative subdivision model of conceptualization2019In: Conceptual spaces: Elaborations and applications / [ed] Kaipainen, Mauri; Zenker, Frank; Hautamäki, Antti; Gärdenfors, Peter, Springer , 2019, p. 103-123Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Concepts are fundamental collective constructs of individual items that are capable of abstracting meaningfully homogeneous groupings of phenomena. This capability is a prerequisite for communication and action and gives structure to learning and memory. Our study is aligned with the vast paradigm that assumes embodied cognition, rooted in Merleau-Ponty (Phenomenology of perception (trans: C. Smith). Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1962), seminally articulated by Varela et al. (Embodied mind: cognitive science and human experience. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1991) and existing today in a number of variants that have been reviewed by Wilson (Six views of embodied cognition. Springer. Psychon Bull Rev 9(4):625–636, 2002). We argue that the faculty to conceptualise may spring from the ability of homo habilis to manage concrete actions in space and time, and we propose that at the root level, ‘grasping concepts’ in a cognitive perspective may have a lot to do with the process of ‘grasping objects’ from an operational position.

  • 20.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Hautamäki, Antti
    Helsingfors universitet.
    A Perspectivist Approach to Conceptual Spaces2015In: Applications of Geometric Knowledge Representation: The Case for Geometric Knowledge Representation / [ed] Zenker, F. & Gärdenfors, P., Dordrecht: Springer, 2015, p. 245-258Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Media technology.
    Hautamäki, Antti
    Epistemic pluralism and multi-perspective knowledge organization: Explorative conceptualization of topical content domains2011In: Knowledge organization, ISSN 0943-7444, Vol. 38, no 6, p. 503-514Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on strong philosophical traditions, cognitive science results and recent discourses within the discipline of knowledge organization, the authors argue for a perspectivist approach to concepts in information systems. In their approach ontology is dissociated from concept, and instead conceptualization is left up to the epistemic activity of the information system user. A new spatial ontology model is explicated that supports multiple perspective-relative conceptual projections of the same domain. With an example domain and a demo application they provide a preliminary proof of concept of how different perspectives yield alternative classifications, categorizations and hierarchies, all the way to a different ways of narrating the domain. The results suggest the potential of multi-perspective knowledge organization systems that not support search and retrieval of information but even the articulation and conceptual disposition of information.

  • 22. Kaipainen, Mauri
    et al.
    Ilmonen, Tommi
    Period detection and representation by recurrent oscillatory self-organizing map2003In: Neurocomputing, ISSN 0925-2312, E-ISSN 1872-8286, Vol. 55, no 3-4, p. 699-710Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Whether or not periodicity is a property of the environment, for a cognitive system a period is always a dynamical mental construct. This study suggests a dynamical implementation of this hypothesis using recurrent oscillatory self-organizing map of the feature space of such streams. The mapping allows the system to assign identity and class-membership to each stream point, represented by a locus on a two-dimensional map. The model is shown to detect periodicities of various regular and behavior-originated, single- and multi-channel wave patterns, and to reproduce such signals, relying solely on the oscillating activation of the units.

  • 23. Kaipainen, Mauri
    et al.
    Karhu, Pasi
    Bringing knowing-when and knowing-what together: Periodically tuned categorization and category-based timing modeled with the Recurrent Oscillatory Self-organizing Map (ROSOM)2000In: Minds and Machines, ISSN 0924-6495, E-ISSN 1572-8641, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 203-229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study addresses the cyclically temporal aspect of sequence recognition, storage and recall using the Recurrent Oscillatory Self-Organizing Map (ROSOM), first introduced by Kaipainen, Papadopoulos and Karhu (1997). The unique solution of the network is that oscillatory States are assigned to network units, corresponding to their `readiness-to-fire'. The ROSOM is a categorizer, a temporal sequence storage system and a periodicity detector designed for use in an ambiguous cyclically repetitive environment. As its external input, the model accepts a multidimensional stream of environment-describing feature configurations with implicit periodicities. The output of the model is one or a few closed cycles abstracted from such a stream, mapped as trajectories on a two-dimensional sheet with an organization reminiscent of multi-dimensional scaling. The model's capabilities are explored with a variety of workbench data.

  • 24. Kaipainen, Mauri
    et al.
    Koskenniemi, Timo
    Kerminen, Antti
    Raike, Antti
    Ellonen, Antii
    Presenting data as similarity clusters insted of lists: Data from local politics as an example2001In: Universal access in HCI: towards an information society for all : volym 3 / [ed] Constantine Stephanidis, Mahwah (N.J.): Lawrence Erlbaum , 2001, p. 675-679Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25. Kaipainen, Mauri
    et al.
    Normak, Peeter
    Niglas, Katrin
    Kippar, Jaagup
    Laanpere, Mart
    Multie-perspective explorativity of tag spaces2010In: The Virtual: Interaction : a conference 2007 / [ed] Patrik Hernwall, 2010, p. 144-152Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26. Kaipainen, Mauri
    et al.
    Normak, Peeter
    Niglas, Katrin
    Kippar, Jaagup
    Laanpere, Mart
    Soft ontologies, spatial representations and multi-perspective explorability2008In: Expert systems (Print), ISSN 0266-4720, E-ISSN 1468-0394, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 474-483Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is against the dynamically evolving nature of many contemporary media applications to be analysed in terms of conventional rigid ontologies that rely on expertise-based fixed categories and hierarchical structure. Many of these rely on sharing 'folksonomies', personal descriptions of information and objects for one's own retrieval. Such applications involve many feedback mechanisms via the community, and have been shown to have emergent properties of complex dynamic systems. We propose that such dynamically evolving information domains can be more usefully described by means of a soft ontology, a dynamically flexible and inherently spatial metadata approach for ill-defined domains. Our contribution is (1) the elaboration of the so far intuitive concept of soft ontology in a way that supports conceptualizing dynamically evolving domains. Further, our approach proposes (2) a whole new mode of interaction with information domains by means of recurring exploration of an information domain from multiple perspectives in search of more comprehensive understanding of it, i.e. multi-perspective exploration. We demonstrate this concept with an example of collaborative tagging in an educational context.

  • 27.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    et al.
    University of Helsinki.
    Papadopoulos, Pantelis
    Karhu, Pasi
    Recurrent oscillatory self-organizing map: Adapting to complex environmental periodicities1997In: Advances in Computing Science — ASIAN'97: Third Asian Computing Science Conference Kathmandu, Nepal, December 9–11, 1997 Proceedings, Berlin: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 1997, Vol. 1345, p. 367-367Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Pitkänen, O.
    Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Human-controlled iterative subclustering analysis2017In: Proceedings IEEE BigData 2017, Boston, MA: IEEE, 2017, p. 4754-4756Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The accumulation and use of data are rapidly expanding. With it, new kinds of interactions emerge that go beyond traditional data analytics, to the point at which a whole new research area of human-data interaction is has been suggested. Our study reconsiders cluster analysis from this point of view. We aim to redesign the process to be more interactive and transparent for purposes beyond conventional data analysis. We address the core issue of cluster analysis, namely what criteria are to determine the homogeneity of a cluster by means of breaking the algorithm into a sequence of explorative subdivisions proceeding as a human-data dialogue. The system provides the human agent with a heuristic. It is formed by sorting the variables of the data set by descending orthogonality against the variable that was applied as the subdivision criterion of the previous iteration. This allows minimizing redundancy of the analysis while securing distinctions relevant for the analytic intention and contextuality, which go beyond the reach of algorithmic decision. The proposed method constitutes a quick and intuitive access to data mining, facilitating new insights and identifying actionable generalizations.

  • 29.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Media technology.
    Ravaja, Niklas
    Tikka, Pia
    Vuori, Rasmus
    Pugliese, Roberto
    Rapino, Marco
    Takala, Tapio
    Enactive Systems and Enactive Media: Embodied human-machine coupling beyond interfaces2011In: Leonardo: Journal of the International Society for the Arts, Sciences and Technology, ISSN 0024-094X, E-ISSN 1530-9282, Vol. 44, no 5, p. 433-438Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes the concept of enactive system as an alternative to the standard assumption of the human-computer-interaction and elaborates the idea of content mediation as enactive media. Our system consists of the two elements coupled in a holistic manner by means of bodily and spatial involvement, or enactment. It has two directions and is recursive by nature involving the impact of the technology on the human agent and the effect of the human experience on the technology. Instead of the standard explicit interface in the middle there is an implicit connecting surface, based on unconscious psychophysiological reactions. Our aim is not only to point out an analytic approach to existing media systems, but also to develop radically novel media concepts implied by the concept.

  • 30. Kaipainen, Mauri
    et al.
    Thomas, Maureen
    Computational and spatially-organised narrativity2006In: Digital Creativity, ISSN 1462-6268, E-ISSN 1744-3806, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 193-194Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 31.
    Kauttonen, Janne
    et al.
    Aalto University School of Arts, Design and Architecture, Finland.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Tikka, Pia
    Aalto University School of Arts, Design and Architecture, Finland.
    Model of Narrative Nowness for Neurocinematic Experiments2014In: 5th Workshop on Computational Models of Narrative : CMN'14, July 31–August 2, 2014 / [ed] Mark A. Finlayson and Jan Christoph Meister and Emile G. Bruneau, Saarbrücken/Wadern: Dagstuhl Publishing , 2014, Vol. 41, p. 77-87Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cognitive neurosciences have made significant progress in learning about brain activity in situatedcognition, thanks to adopting stimuli that simulate immersion in naturalistic conditions insteadof isolated artificial stimuli. In particular, the use of films in neuroscientific experiments, aparadigm often referred to as neurocinematics, has contributed to this success. The use ofcinematic stimuli, however, has also revealed a fundamental shortcoming of neuroimaging studies:The lack of conceptual and methodological means to handle the viewers' experience of narrativeevents in their temporally extended contexts in the scale of full cinematic narrative, not tomention life itself. In order to give a conceptual structure to the issue of temporal contexts,we depart from the neurophenomenological approach to time consciousness by neurobiologistFrancisco Varela, which in turn builds on Husserl's phenomenology of time. More specifically, wewill discuss the experience of narrative tension, determined by backward-looking conceptualizingretention, and forward-looking anticipatory protention. Further, this conceptual structure isbuilt into a preliminary mathematical model, simulating the dynamics of decaying and refreshingmemory traces that aggregates a retentive perspective for each moment of nowness, which in turnmay trigger anticipations for coming events, in terms of Varela and Husserl, protentions. Thepresent tentative mathematical model is constructed using simple placeholder functions, with theintention that they would eventually be replaced by models based on empirical observations onthe psychological capabilities that support narrative sensemaking. The final goal is a model thatsuccessfully simulates the way how the memory system maintains narrative tension beyond thetransient nowness window, and thereby allows mappings to observed brain activity with a richtemporal system of narrative contexts.

  • 32. Niglas, Katrin
    et al.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Kippar, Jaagup
    Multi-perspective exploration as a tool for mixed methods research2008In: Advances in Mixed Methods Research: Theories and Applications / [ed] Manfred Max Bergman, London: Sage , 2008, p. 172-187Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Normak, Peeter
    et al.
    Tallinn University, Dept. of Informatics.
    Pata, Kai
    Tallinn University, Dept. of Informatics.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Media technology.
    An Ecological Approach to Learning Dynamics2012In: Journal of Educational Technology & Society, ISSN 1176-3647, E-ISSN 1436-4522, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 262-274Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New approaches to emergent learner-directed learning design can be strengthened with a theoretical framework that considers learning as a dynamic process. We propose an approach that models a learning process using a set of spatial concepts: learning space, position of a learner, niche, perspective, step, path, direction of a step and step gradient. A learning process is presented as a path within a niche (or between niches) in a learning space, which consists of a certain number of steps leading the learner from the initial position to a target position in the dynamically changing learning space. When deciding on steps, the learner can take guidance from learning paths that are effective from a viewpoint of the learning community.

    Copyright by the International Forum of Educational Technology & Society (IFETS)

  • 34.
    Pugliese, Roberto
    et al.
    Aalto University, Finland.
    Tikka, Pia
    Aalto University, Finland.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Navigating story ontospace: Perspective-relative drive and combinatory montage of cinematic content2014In: Expanding Practices in Audiovisual Narrative / [ed] Raivo Kelomees, Chris Hales, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014, p. 105-128Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The dilemma of designing interactive narrative media is how to empower the participants to tell the author’s story from their own point of view, yet in a structured manner. We propose a solution by means of associating story elements with metadata that constitute a story ontospace. It is defined by multiple narrative dimensions each of which follow one meaningful aspect of the story. The spectator can choose a perspective, which is essentially a prioritization among the narrative dimensions. This is formalized as a projection of the story space onto a uniquely apparent landscape, to which each dimension contributes to the chosen degree. The straightest trajectory through this landscape corresponds to a perspective-relative narrative path that always follows a coherent sequence. This model and its algorithmic implementation will be demonstrated with a database- adaptation of a typical cinema plot. Re-narrated examples generated by the model can be intuitively evaluated by the reader.

  • 35.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Larsson Segerlind, Tommy
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Degerstedt, Lars
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Onn, Gustaf
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Utmaningar och möjligheter för små och medelstora företag i Stockholms skärgård2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport syftar till att inventera de utmaningar och möjligheter som före­tagarna i Stockholms skärgård står inför. Rapporten har skrivits inom ramen för Interreg-projektet Archipelago Business Development och omfattar en inventering av skärgårdsföretagarnas behov, utmaningar och möjligheter i Stockholms skär­gård.

    Undersökningen har bland annat gjorts genom gruppintervjuer med företagare på Dalarö, Ornö, Sandhamn och Utö. Därutöver har enskilda in­ter­vjuer genomförts med företagare i fem olika kommuner. Geo­grafiskt fördelas urvalet på Stockholms södra och mellersta skärgård.

  • 36.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Larsson Segerlind, Tommy
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Onn, Gustaf
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Degerstedt, Lars
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Facing business challenges with the Stockholm Archipelago as a context: A comparative study of entrepreneurial responses and local development on three islands2019In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, E-ISSN 2001-7308, Vol. XII, no 2, p. 74-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By conducting a comparative qualitative and systematic study of the local (island) pre-conditions for creating sustainable socio-economic development through entrepreneurship, here defined as a process of identifying, evaluating, and exploiting entrepreneurial opportunities, this study aims to shed light on entrepreneurial responses to challenges and opportunities on three islands in the Stockholm Archipelago and how context influences these responses.

  • 37. Tikka, Pia
    et al.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Embodied Protonarratives Embedded in Systems of Contexts: A Neurocinematic Approach2015In: Neuroscience and Media: New Understandings and Representations / [ed] Grabowski, Michael, Routledge, 2015, p. 76-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38. Tikka, Pia
    et al.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Phenomenological Considerations on Time Consciousness under Neurocinematic Search Light2014In: Cinéma & cie : international film studies journal, ISSN 2036-461X, Vol. XIV, no 22-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Film narratives are intrinsically time-dependent designs. This article proposes a model of narrative nowness, based on Husserl's concepts of retention and protention on one hand, and Francisco Varela's neurophenomenological exploration of time consciousness on the other, relating this further to narrative experience and its neural epiphenomena. Only recently has brain research been equipped with the possibility of dealing with temporal frames relevant for time consciousness in the scope of whole narratives. The study of cinema using neuroscientific methods and insights is referred to as neurocinematics. We promote neurocinematics as a complementary method of traditional film research, rather than an approach of brain sciences in general. Neurocinematic methods may provide film studies with new tools for re-evaluating established filmmaking conventions and developing new ways to study, for instance, the film viewer's experience and related aspects of time consciousness.

  • 39. Tikka, Pia
    et al.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    Screendance as enactment in Maya Deren’s At Land: Enactive, embodied, and neurocinematic considerations2016In: The Oxford Handbook of Screendance Studies / [ed] Rosenberg, Douglas, New York: Oxford University Press, 2016, 1, p. 303-320Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Tikka, Pia
    et al.
    Aalto University, Finland .
    Kaipainen, Mauri Y.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Media Technology.
    From naturalistic neuroscience to modeling radical embodiment with narrative enactive systems2014In: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, ISSN 1662-5161, E-ISSN 1662-5161, Vol. 8, p. 794-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mainstream cognitive neuroscience has begun to accept the idea of embodied mind, which assumes that the human mind is fundamentally constituted by the dynamical interactions of the brain, body, and the environment. In today’s paradigm of naturalistic neurosciences, subjects are exposed to rich contexts, such as video sequences or entire films, under relatively controlled conditions, against which researchers can interpret changes in neural responses within a time window. However, from the point of view of radical embodied cognitive neuroscience, the increasing complexity alone will not suffice as the explanatory apparatus for dynamical embodiment and situatedness of the mind. We suggest that narrative enactive systems with dynamically adaptive content as stimuli,may serve better to account for the embodied mind engaged with the surrounding world. Among the ensuing challenges for neuroimaging studies is how to interpret brain data against broad temporal contexts of previous experiences that condition the unfolding experience of nowness. We propose means to tackle this issue, as well as ways to limit the exponentially growing combinatoria of narrative paths to a controllable number.

  • 41. Tikka, Pia
    et al.
    Vuori, Rasmus
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Narrative logic of enactive cinema: 'Obsession'2006In: Digital Creativity, ISSN 1462-6268, E-ISSN 1744-3806, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 205-212Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The cinematic montage installation Obsession is unique with respect to its interaction method: how the story is told is not directed by any kind of conscious activity of the spectators, such as clicking interface elements with the mouse. Introducing the notion of enactive cinema the work emphasizes unconscious interaction between the cinema and the spectators as participants, referring to the idea of acting with and within an environment. In this solution the narrative flow is driven tacitly by the participants' heart rate and skin conductivity evolving in response to the events on the screen, and a detector of orientation in the installation space. The invitation to enact this way is very gentle. In the middle of the space there are five chairs to sit down. On the arm of each chair a red-lit shape of a hand attracts the spectator to place her hand on the built-in biosensors. Each participant's heart rate is continuously measured from her fingertip, and the emotional arousal is captured from her palm in terms of skin conductance. The spectators' common contribution is collected for the input to the software in charge of the narrative flow. This article concentrates on the explication of the narrative logic of this installation inspired by the Eisensteinian 'montage machine', and leaves aside a number of details of its complete setup.

  • 42. Tikka, Pia
    et al.
    Väljamäe, Aleksander
    de Borst, Aline
    Pugliese, Roberto
    Ravaja, Niklas
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Media technology.
    Takala, Tapio
    Enactive cinema paves way for understanding complex real-time social interaction in neuroimaging experiments2012In: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, ISSN 1662-5161, E-ISSN 1662-5161, Vol. 6, article id 298Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We outline general theoretical and practical implications of what we promote as enactive cinema for the neuroscientific study of online socio-emotional interaction. In a real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (rt-fMRI) setting, participants are immersed in cinematic experiences that simulate social situations. While viewing, their physiological reactions - including brain responses - are tracked, representing implicit and unconscious experiences of the on-going social situations. These reactions, in turn, are analysed in real-time and fed back to modify the cinematic sequences they are viewing while being scanned. Due to the engaging cinematic content, the proposed setting focuses on living-by in terms of shared psycho-physiological epiphenomena of experience rather than active coping in terms of goal-oriented motor actions. It constitutes a means to parametrically modify stimuli that depict social situations and their broader environmental contexts. As an alternative to studying the variation of brain responses as a function of a priori fixed stimuli, this method can be applied to survey the range of stimuli that evoke similar responses across participants at particular brain regions of interest.

  • 43. Toiviainen, Petri
    et al.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Louhivuori, Jukka
    Musical Timbre: Similarity Ratings Correlate With Computational Feature Space Distances1995In: Journal of New Music Research, ISSN 0929-8215, E-ISSN 1744-5027, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 282-298Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 44. Väljataga, Terje
    et al.
    Laanpere, Mart
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    iCamp Portfolio of Integrated Open Source e-Learning Tools and Systems2007In: New Learning 2.0?: Emergin digital territories, developing continuites, new divides : EDEN 2007 Annual Conference / [ed] András Szücs, Ingeborg Bo, Budapest: European Distance and E-Learning Network , 2007, p. 76-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 45. Väljataga, Terje
    et al.
    Pata, Kai
    Laanpere, Mart
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Theoretical Framework of the iCampFolio: New Approach to Evaluation and Comparison of Systems and Tools for Learning Purposes2007In: Creating New Learning Experiences on a Global Scale: Second European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2007, Crete, Greece, September 17-20, 2007. Proceedings / [ed] Erik Duval, Ralf Klamma, Martin Wolpe, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer , 2007, p. 349-363Conference paper (Refereed)
1 - 45 of 45
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