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  • 1. Allern, Elin Haugsgjerd
    et al.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Overcoming the fear of commitment: Pre-electoral coalitions in Norway and Sweden2009In: Acta Politica, ISSN 0001-6810, E-ISSN 1741-1416, Vol. 44, p. 259-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we examine the occurrence of pre-electoral coalitions (PECs). Recent research points to when and why they are likely to occur, but these explanations are pitched at aggregate level, and they are less satisfying when applied to our particular cases. Rather than institutional or party-system features, we concentrate on the parties themselves – a level of analysis that raises theoretical and methodological challenges, which we discuss. Empirically, we investigate two cases of PEC in 2005–2006. One involved three Norwegian left-of-centre parties, the other involved four Swedish right-of-centre parties; both marked major departures from established behavioural patterns. We suggest certain conditions that may be necessary for a PEC to be formed. In particular, we argue that ‘decisive’ parties must prioritize office at the moment of decision, and that this preference order may be induced by some sort of environmental or intra-party stimulus.

  • 2. Allern, Elin Haugsgjerd
    et al.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Christiansen, Flemming Juul
    Social Democrats and trade unions in Scandinavia: The decline and persistence of institutional relationships2007In: European Journal of Political Research, ISSN 0304-4130, E-ISSN 1475-6765, Vol. 46, no 5, p. 607-635Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the institutional arrangements between Social Democratic parties and trade unions in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. First, the authors show how these relations have weakened at a varying pace. Party–union ties are now quite distant in Denmark, but remain relatively close in Norway and, especially, Sweden. Second, the authors explore this variation using a simple model of political exchange. The finding is that the intensity of the relationship is correlated with the resources that each side can derive from the other, which in turn reflects national differences. Yet it is also clear that the degree of change is related to the formative phase of the institutional arrangement itself: the weaker the ties were from the beginning, the more easily they unravel in response to environmental changes.

  • 3. Allern, Elin Haugsgjerd
    et al.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Juul Christiansen, Flemming
    Scener fra et æktenskab: Socialdemokratiske partier og fagforeninger i Skandinavien2008In: Partier og partisystemer i forandring: festskrift til Lars Bille / [ed] Karina Kosiara-Pedersen, Peter Kurrild-Klitgaard, Odense: Syddansk universitetsforlag , 2008, p. 251-280Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4. Aylott, Michael
    et al.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    A Meeting of Social Science and Football: Measuring the Effects of Three Points for a Win2007In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 205-222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, we examine the introduction of three points for a win in senior football, a reform that eventually became universally adopted. We have two objectives. First, we seek to answer the question of whether the effect of the new system has justified its proliferation. The second objective is to present a methodological discussion about how to measure this effect, which involves judgments that many would say are entirely subjective and which, at best, are hard to operationalize - a problem that is not unusual in social science. We measure the ’excitingness’ of football through constructing an index of two distinct features of any match. We then apply the index to our data by combining quantitative analysis with strategic case-selection. Our preliminary findings are that three points for a win does seem to boost football’s excitingness, but that the improvement takes four to five years to take full effect.

  • 5.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    A Long, Slow March to Europe: The Europeanization of Swedish Political Parties2007In: The Europeanization of National Political Parties: power and organizational adaptation / [ed] Thomas Poguntke, London: Routledge, 2007, p. 149-174Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    A Nordic Model of Democracy?: Political Representation in Northern Europe2014In: Models of Democracy in Nordic and Baltic Europe : Political Institutions and Discourse / [ed] Nicholas Aylott, Farnham: Ashgate, 2014, p. 1-38Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    A Question of Priorities: Candidate Selection in Estonian Political Parties2014In: Journal of Baltic Studies, ISSN 0162-9778, E-ISSN 1751-7877, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 321-344Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses political-party organization in Estonia, especially candidate selection. Its first objective is to describe the ways in which the main parties chose their candidates before the 2011 parliamentary election. A second objective is to evaluate those procedures in light of expectations generated by established theory. The focus is on two conditions: the institutional framework, particularly the electoral system, and the relative youth of Estonian democracy. The evidence confirms these expectations only partially, which suggests that an individual party’s ideological, organizational and strategic circumstances, in addition to structural and institutional conditions, are critical to understanding why it performs this basic function as it does.

  • 8. Aylott, Nicholas
    After the Divorce: Social Democrats and Trade Unions in Sweden2003In: Party Politics, ISSN 1354-0688, E-ISSN 1460-3683, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 369-390Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Well-known theories of party organization and behaviour suggest that the mass parties of Western Europe have evolved into new models, with more powerful and autonomous leaderships and weaker memberships and collateral organizations. However, these theories have not really been tested in in-depth case studies - particularly beyond the national level of the parties. This article examines the mass party par excellence, the Swedish Social Democratic Party and focuses on the party’s traditionally close relationship with the blue-collar trade unions. There is evidence to support the theories of party change, but these organizational developments are patchy at the local level. Moreover, various data deployed in support of the theories may be understating the enduring influence of collateral organizations within parties.

  • 9.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Conclusions: Towards a New North European Democracy2014In: Models of Democracy in Nordic and Baltic Europe : Political Institutions and Discourse / [ed] Nicholas Aylott, Farnham: Ashgate, 2014, p. 219-240Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10. Aylott, Nicholas
    Europe and the Swedish Parliamentary Elections of September 20022002Report (Other academic)
  • 11. Aylott, Nicholas
    From People’s Movements to Electoral Machines?: Interest Aggregation and the Social Democratic Parties of Scandinavia2007In: How political parties respond: interest aggregation revisited / [ed] Kay Lawson and Thomas Poguntke, London: Routledge , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12. Aylott, Nicholas
    Lessons Learned, Lessons Forgotten: The Swedish Referendum on EMU of September 200312005In: Government and Opposition, ISSN 0017-257X, E-ISSN 1477-7053, Vol. 40, no 4, p. 540-564Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden’s referendum on whether to join EMU produced an emphatic No. The murder of one of the Yes side’s leading representatives thus appeared not to have affected the result. Cleavages exposed in the referendum on EU membership nine years previously were even more apparent this time; yet No-voters were also to found across the political, regional and social spectrums. As well as describing the campaign and explaining the outcome, this article focuses on the campaign strategies adopted by parties and other actors. Lessons from previous campaigns had been learned by the opponents of EMU, but largely forgotten by its supporters.

  • 13. Aylott, Nicholas
    Let’s Discuss this Later: Party Responses to Euro-division in Scandinavia2002In: Party Politics, ISSN 1354-0688, E-ISSN 1460-3683, Vol. 8, p. 441-461Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of European integration has disrupted party politics in Denmark, Norway and Sweden in various ways. This article assesses the impact of internal division over Europe within certain parties, and these parties’ responses to it. It is argued that party leaderships have increasingly attempted to compartmentalize the different arenas in which they operate, and to isolate potentially damaging European questions in quarantined areas. This can be observed in, for example, party leaders’ resort to referendums to decide contentious EU-related matters, the suspension of party discipline when such matters are debated and the careful sequencing of different party goals. The experiences of the Scandinavian social democratic parties are examined as comparative cases. Finally, some hypotheses that might inform further research are suggested, and some wider consequences of these strategies of compartmentalization are discussed.

  • 14.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Models of Democracy in Nordic and Baltic Europe: Political Institutions and Discourse2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Parties and Party Systems in the North2011In: The Madisonian Turn: Political Parties and Parliamentary Democracy in Nordic Europe / [ed] Torbjörn Bergman and Kaare Strøm, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2011, p. 297-328Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16. Aylott, Nicholas
    Politiska partier2005In: EU och Sverige: ett sammanlänkat statsskick / [ed] Magnus Blomgren and Torbjörn Bergman, Malmö: Liber , 2005, p. 58-78Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17. Aylott, Nicholas
    "President Persson": How Did Sweden Get Him?2005In: The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies / [ed] Thomas Poguntke and Paul Webb, Oxford: Oxford University Press , 2005, p. 176-198Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18. Aylott, Nicholas
    [Review of] "Finland in the European Union" Tapio Raunio and Teija Tiilikainen2004In: Journal of European Integration, ISSN 0703-6337, E-ISSN 1477-2280, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 493-494Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 19. Aylott, Nicholas
    [Review of] "Globalization, Europeanization and the End of Scandinavian Social Democracy?" Robert Geyer, Christine Ingebritsen, Jonathon W. Moses2001In: European Business Review, ISSN 0955-534X, E-ISSN 1758-7107, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 74-76Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 20. Aylott, Nicholas
    [Review of] Ian Budge, Ken Newton et al (1997), "The Politics of the New Europe: Atlantic to Urals"2000In: The European Legacy, ISSN 1084-8770, E-ISSN 1470-1316, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 265-266Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 21. Aylott, Nicholas
    [Review of] Jean Blondel and Maurizio Cotta (eds) (2000) "The Nature of Party Government: A Comparative European Perspective"2001In: Political Studies, ISSN 0032-3217, E-ISSN 1467-9248, Vol. 49, no 4, p. -827Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 22. Aylott, Nicholas
    [Review of] "Nordic Politics: Comparative Perspectives" Knut Heidar (Ed)2006In: West European Politics, ISSN 0140-2382, E-ISSN 1743-9655, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 192-193Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 23. Aylott, Nicholas
    [Review of] Stefano Fella, "New Labour and the European Union: Political Strategy, Policy Transition and the Amsterdam Treaty Negotiations"2005In: The European Legacy, ISSN 1084-8770, E-ISSN 1470-1316, Vol. 10, no 5, p. 515-516Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 24. Aylott, Nicholas
    [Review of] Tom Christensen and B. Guy Peters (1999), "Structure, Culture, and Governance: A Comparison of Norway and the United States" and Torbjörn Bergman and Erik Damgaard (eds) (2000), "Delegation and Accountability in European Integration: The Nordic Parliamentary Democracies and the European Union"2001In: Political Studies, ISSN 0032-3217, E-ISSN 1467-9248, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 169-170Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 25. Aylott, Nicholas
    [Review of] William R. Shaffer (1998), "Politics and Parliaments: Political Change in Norway" and Donald R. Matthews and Henry Valen (1999), "Parliamentary Representation: The Case of the Norwegian Storting"2001In: Journal of Legislative Studies, ISSN 1357-2334, E-ISSN 1743-9337, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 127-129Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Softer But Strong: Euroscepticism and Party Politics in Sweden2008In: Opposing Europe?: the comparative party politics of Euroscepticism. Vol. 1, Case studies and country surveys / [ed] Aleks Szczerbiak and Paul Taggart, Oxford: Oxford University Press , 2008, p. 181-200Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27. Aylott, Nicholas
    Swedish Social Democracy and European Integration: The People's Home on the Market1999Book (Other academic)
  • 28. Aylott, Nicholas
    The Domestic Perspective: Impact on Swedish Party Politics2002In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 37, p. 219-226Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    The Party System2015In: The Oxford Handbook of Swedish Politics / [ed] Jon Pierre, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, p. 152-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30. Aylott, Nicholas
    The Swedish Referendum on EMU of September 14 20032003Report (Other academic)
  • 31. Aylott, Nicholas
    The Swedish Social Democratic Party2001In: Social democracy and monetary union / [ed] Ton Notermans, New York: N. Y. Berghahn , 2001, p. 149-174Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Vart tog EU vägen i valrörelsen?2006In: Internationella studier, ISSN 0020-952X, no 2, p. 60-70Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Bergman, Torbjörn
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    When median-legislator theory fails: the Swedish Greens in 1998 and 20022011In: Puzzles of Government Formation: Coalition theory and deviant cases / [ed] Rudy W Andeweg, Lieven De Winter, Patrick Dumont, London: Routledge, 2011, p. 44-64Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 34. Aylott, Nicholas
    et al.
    Blomgren, Magnus
    The European Parliament Election in Sweden, June 13 20042004Report (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Blomgren, Magnus
    Umeå universitet.
    Bergman, Torbjörn
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Umeå universitet.
    Political Parties in Multi-Level Polities: The Nordic Countries Compared2013 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Political parties are essential for parliamentary democracy, the form of government that prevails in most European states. But how have parties adapted to modern society – not least a new layer of political decision-making in the EU? Should we talk of a crisis of party democracy?

    This book reports the findings of a comparative survey of parties in four Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland and Sweden, all EU member states; and Norway, which remains outside the Union. Using original data, it explores how power is exercised within party organisations and their respective parliamentary groups.

    Within an analytical framework that envisages a party as a series of delegation relationships, the book illuminates how leaders are chosen, how election candidates are selected, how manifestos are written – and how a party's various elements are co-ordinated. For all the challenges posed by multi-level governance, parties retain much of their capacity for making democracy work.

  • 36.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Centre for the Study of Political Organization.
    Bolin, Niklas
    Mid Sweden University.
    A party system in flux: the Swedish parliamentary election of September 20182019In: West European Politics, ISSN 0140-2382, E-ISSN 1743-9655, Vol. 42, no 7, p. 1504-1515Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Swedish parliamentary election of 7 September 2018, the biggest parties, the Social Democrats and the Moderates, both lost votes compared to their scores in the previous election, but not as many as they had feared. Commensurately, the radical-right challenger party, the Sweden Democrats (SD), which had seemed certain to profit from Sweden's dramatic experience of the European migration crisis, did well, but not as well as it had hoped. The result left the array of parliamentary forces fragmented and finely balanced. Only after months of negotiations could a government be formed. Eventually, the incumbent coalition received a renewed parliamentary mandate. At the same time, the party system was transformed.

  • 37.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Bolin, Niklas
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Managed Intra-Party Democracy: Precursory Delegation and Party Leader Selection2017In: Party Politics, ISSN 1354-0688, E-ISSN 1460-3683, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 55-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The question of how party leaders are selected has recently, and belatedly, come under systematic comparative scrutiny. If it is the location of intra-party power that interests us, however, it might be that some of the more observable indicators in such processes, such as the identity of the selectorate, are not actually the most revealing ones. Using a delegation perspective, we thus present a framework for analysing prior steps in leader selection and relate it to various ideal-typical constellations of intra-party power. The framework encompasses, first, what we call precursory delegation, with focus especially on an agent that, formally or informally, manages the selection process before it reaches the selectorate. Second, the framework takes account of the degree to which the process is managed rather than left open to free competition between leader candidates. We illustrate the framework primarily with instances of leader selection in two Swedish parties.

  • 38.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Bolin, Niklas
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Polarising Pluralism: The Swedish Parliamentary Election of September 20142015In: West European Politics, ISSN 0140-2382, E-ISSN 1743-9655, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 730-740Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Bolin, Niklas
    Mid Sweden University.
    The Swedish Greens: a big step forward – and several steps back2015In: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 337-341Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The parliamentary election of 14 September 2014 induced decidedly mixed feelings in the Swedish Green Party (Miljöpartiet de gröna). It led to the ejection of the centre-right government and the installation, for the first time, of Green cabinet ministers. However, the party also experienced a small but unexpected loss of votes compared to its score in the previous election. Moreover, partly because a far-right party built impressively on its breakthrough into the national parliament in 2010, the new government rests on a precariously narrow parliamentary base.

  • 40.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Bolin, Niklas
    Towards a two-party system?: The Swedish parliamentary election of September 20062007In: West European Politics, ISSN 0140-2382, E-ISSN 1743-9655, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 621-633Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Ikstens, Jānis
    University of Lativa.
    Lilliefeldt, Emelie
    Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations.
    Ever More Inclusive?: Candidate Selection in North European Democracies2014In: Models of Democracy in Nordic and Baltic Europe : Political Institutions and Discourse / [ed] Nicholas Aylott, Farnham: Ashgate, 2014, p. 117-152Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Johansson, Karl Magnus
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Är nordisk demokrati en exportvara?2011In: Ett nordiskt rum: historiska och framtida gemenskaper från Baltikum till Barents hav / [ed] Jenny Björkman, Björn Fjæstad and Jonas Harvard, Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2011, p. 136-141Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Morales, Laura
    Ramiro, Luis
    Some Things Change, A Lot Stays the Same: Comparing the Country Studies2007In: The Europeanization of national political parties: power and organizational adaptation / [ed] Thomas Poguntke, London: Routledge, 2007, p. 175-194Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Rosén Sundström, Malena
    The European Parliament Election in Sweden, June 20092009Report (Other academic)
  • 45. Bergman, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Parlamentarism per kontrakt?: Blir den svenska innovationen långlivad?2003In: Riksdagens årsbok, ISSN 0346-5470, Vol. 2002/03, p. 4-7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 46.
    Bolin, Niklas
    et al.
    Mittuniversitet.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Centre for the Study of Political Organization.
    The Price of Power: The Greens in the 2018 Swedish Parliamentary Election2019In: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 568-573Article, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 47. Bolin, Niklas
    et al.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    The Swedish Parliamentary Election of September 20062006Report (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Poguntke, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Bochum, Germany / Mannheim Centre for European Social Research, Germany.
    Aylott, NicholasSödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.Carter, ElisabethKeele University, United Kingdom.Ladrech, RobertKeele University, United Kingdom.Luther, Kurt RichardKeele University, United Kingdom.
    The europeanization of national political parties: power and organizational adaptation2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 49. Poguntke, Thomas
    et al.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Ladrech, Robert
    Luther, Kurt Richard
    The Europeanisation of national party organisations: A conceptual analysis2007In: European Journal of Political Research, ISSN 0304-4130, E-ISSN 1475-6765, Vol. 46, p. 747-771Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The likely effects of the ongoing process of European integration on the internal workings of national political parties have hitherto attracted surprisingly little attention in comparative research. This conceptual article discusses how the increasing relevance of European-level decision making may have changed the balance of power within national political parties. It identifies two groups of party actors who are most likely to benefit from the process of Europeanisation of national political parties. First, the ‘executive bias’ of European Union (EU) decision making is likely to work in favour of party elites in general. However, while they may gain power in intra-party decision making, their control over the national policy agenda is likely to become increasingly eroded through a general shift of policy control to the European level. Second, EU specialists (i.e., those who specialise in EU affairs) are likely to have more access to resources and more control over policy decisions within national parties because of the growing importance of European integration. These propositions are discussed in detail and are then assessed with reference to the main findings from a major empirical study of the topic.

  • 50. Tallberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Aylott, Nicholas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Bergström, Carl Fredrik
    Vifell, Åsa Casula
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Palme, Joakim
    Demokratirådets rapport 2010: Europeiseringen av Sverige2010Book (Other academic)
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