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  • 1. Ali-Abri, Almukhtar
    et al.
    Batavia, Bala
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Regional and Global Financial Integration of the Gulf Co-Operation Community Countries2008In: Journal of International Finance and Economics, ISSN 1555-6336, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 23-29Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2. Ali-Abri, Almukhtar
    et al.
    Batavia, Bala
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Regional and Global Financial Integration of the Gulf Co-operation Community Countries2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the extent of financial integration achieved in the GulfCooperation Community of nations, comprising of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman,Qatar and Saudi Arabia and UAE. The analysis is not limited to a mere look atopenness to capital flows. Five measures of financial integration are discussed andresorted to for making a comparison of the levels of financial integration achievedby the various members of the GCC region. It is seen that the rankings madeusing different tests of financial integration do not match always. Also, theprogress made towards regional financial integration is sometimes seen to be notcompatible with the level achieved in terms of global financial integration. By andlarge, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia emerge as the most financially integratedcountries in the region, with the banking hub bahrain clearly the most financiallyintegrated to global markets.

  • 3. Barot, Bharat
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Capital Mobility and financial Integration in Emerging markets2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The economic mantra of the 1990s, taught by leading economists and institutions alike, was financialopenness and capital account convertibility. The echoes are now dying out after the East Asian crisis andthe popular approach prevailing is to go in for a kind of tempered financial liberalization where the floodports are thrown open only after the domestic economy has been put through the paces of internal financialreforms and judicial prudential regulations.The point being held aloft is that there are benefits, but also costs associated with financial globalization,and that the costs for the individual economy diminish if the ground is well-prepared prior to opening up.Put in other words, financial integration is beneficial, just as trade liberalization is, if the sequencing is right– and then it is not just a question of the sequencing of trade and financial reforms. The inference is thatfinancial integration does not mean merely opening up for capital in- and out-flows. Such a distinctionbetween financial ‘openness’ and ‘integration’ is strongly made in Le (2000). He argues, in the context ofthe crises of the 1990s that unstable capital market developments occur when there is a mismatch betweenfinancial openness and financial integration. A stable equilibrium can be re-attained if this gap is removed,which can be achieved in quite different ways. Thus, Malaysia tackled such a problem of financialimbalance by placing restraints on capital movements so that the degree of financial openness was cutdown towards the level of financial integration. On the other hand, Thailand and Korea took the harderalternative of undertaking reforms and increasing the level of financial integration to remove the imbalance.The foregoing discussion implies that a country may find itself at different positions on an internationalcomparison of the extent of financial liberalization depending on which of these two measures of financialliberalization is used. An estimate of financial openness can be obtained by looking at the growth in directinvestment and financial flows, and the changes in the regulations – and the barriers – associated with theseflows. A measure of financial integration is clearly a more involved one, requiring more information. Thispaper makes an attempt to develop and compare indices of financial openness and integration of some17 emerging or newly industrialized countries.It may be noted that even between countries with avowed intentions of a speedy process of financialliberalization, there are considerable differences in actual achievement in this regards. Verdier1 (1998)makes an enquiry into the characteristics of OECD countries which have embraced financial globalizationmost enthusiastically. Some of his results may seem counter-intuitive, but are rigorously derived, and itmay be of interest to see whether they are applicable to countries outside the OECD group.This study seeks to distinguish the factors determining the DEGREE of financial integration of countries.Variables representing the basic economic structure and chosen development paths, as well ascharacteristics often reflecting political choices or the influence of dominant pressure groups are tried out.Such a choice of a broad spectrum of variables is especially crucial in a study involving Asian countriesamong which inter-country differences reign far more than is the case within the OECD family.The scheme of the study is as follows: The section that follows makes a comparison of the indices offinancial openness and integration, highlighting the fact that the concepts are quite different. This section(II) also includes a brief, but fairly comprehensive survey of earlier work on tests of financial integration.The subsequent section (III) conducts tests for the factors that influence the EXTENT or degree of financialintegration, using a sample of 17 emerging economies, working with data for the 1990s. There is a finalsection which brings together the conclusions and suggestions for further research.

  • 4. Barot, Bharat
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    EMU membership, trade and investments flows: enhancement beyond the single market effects?2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the key arguments advanced in support of entry into the EMU byhesitant countries is the expected increase in trade volumes. Previous work onmeasuring the impact of EMU membership on trade has usually captured theeffect using the Gravity Model of trade and dummies representingmembership status. Results obtained vary widely from a 5% trade effect toalmost 200% in the original contribution. This paper adopts a new approachby analyzing the effect on trade due to increased investment flows in the wakeof actual or expected membership. The final impacts on trade thus traced areclose to the estimates on the higher side in the previous studies. Thecoefficients for country and partner GDP product, FDI product andgeographical distance are all highly significant, and FDI inflows are seen tohave a strong impact, with an elasticity of 0.42, on bilateral trade.

  • 5. Barot, Bharat
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Integration and Convergence of Financial Markets in the European Union2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The extent of financial integration within the European Union is a debated issue, and there is a presumption that some countries have made relatively less progress on this front. In this paper the countries in the union are ranked in terms of the degree of financial integration using various measures, including comprehensive Euler-type tests. A distinction is made between regional and global integration. It is seen that the core EU nations are integrated within the EU, but loosely globally, while the opposite holds true of the United Kingdom. Smaller, highly advanced economies such as Sweden are integrated well regionally as well as globally.

  • 6. Batavia, B.
    et al.
    Nandakumar, P.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Export stagnation and budget deficits in the peripheral EU nations with EMU membership2013In: Journal of Economic Asymmetries, ISSN 1703-4949, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 94-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a theoretical model of the economic and financial implications of EMU entry for the peripheral nations of the Euro area, the so-called PIGS nations. The model derived shows that EMU membership initiates huge capital inflows into the PIGS nations, driving up prices and wage costs. The rise in prices reduces international trade competitiveness, reducing net exports, while the rise in wage costs leads to greater government budget outlays, deteriorating the government budget. Without exchange rate adjustments, export stagnation, further exacerbated by the economic downturn in the Euro area as a whole, has been the price paid by the peripheral Euro nations. Examining the data for the recent decade suggests that the arguments against laying the blame for the economic and financial crises in the PIGS nations squarely on bad domestic policy-making and practices need to be taken seriously.

  • 7. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Murthy, Sree Rama
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Commodity price inflation: are the culprits speculation a bio-fuel production increase?2010In: Crossing borders: global prospects, new perspectives and emergin agendas / [ed] Bala Batavia, Parameswar Nandakumar, Cheick Wagué, Waterloo, Ont.: North Waterloo Academic Press , 2010, p. 145-155Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Asset Prices and Inflation: is there a predictive link?2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between asset prices and consumer price inflation has been inthe limelight again in the last decade. The reason has been the observedlinkages in the early 1990s between housing as well as stock market pricesand consumer prices in Japan and the U.K. Rapid asset price appreciation inthese countries was followed, with a lag, by consumer price inflation. Suchdevelopments have even sparked off debates about the need to replaceconventional consumer price measures with a broader definition whichincludes asset prices. It seems important, therefore, to ascertain whether assetprices influence consumer prices in general, for a broader spectrum ofcountries. We choose a sample including major industrial countries as well asemerging markets, and test for the significance of housing prices and shareprices in predicting inflation. Longer, higher frequency, time series data aswell as cross-section information are used to establish asset price – consumerprice links for the sample as a whole, and for particular individual countries.

  • 9. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Commodities and Securities in Optimum Portfolios: Fulfilling a Complex Business Need?2004In: Journal of International Business and Economics, ISSN 1544-8037, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 126-135Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, ParameswarWagué, CheickSödertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Crossing borders: global prospects, new perspectives and emergin agendas2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 11. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Distinguishing Between Financial Openness and True Financial Integration: Results from a Multi-Country Study2004In: Journal of Economic Asymmetries, ISSN 1703-4949, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 33-47Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Does the Stock Market matter for the Determination of Bond Yields?: Evidence from Industrial Nations and Emerging Markets2007In: Journal of International Finance and Economics, ISSN 1555-6336, Vol. V, no 1, p. 69-77Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Domestic and International Determinants of Bond Yields2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier work on the determination of long-run interest rates have not settled the issue ofwhether long run national interest rates respond more to domestic or internationalfactors. This subject has assumed renewed interest in the wake of European economicand financial integration, with attempts to measure the degree of short and long-runfinancial integration. In this study, using a sample of ten industrial nations and emergingmarket nations, a comprehensive analysis is done of the influence of home and globalfactors on long-run bond rates. The key determinants of national long-run bond yieldsturn out to be the national short-run money market rates and the U.S long-run bondrate. The government debt burden also has explanatory powers in the case of the majorcountries in the sample. There is no evidence of complete international financialintegration in the long-run bond markets.

  • 14. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Economic Convergence in the Old and the New Economies of the OECD2006In: Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, ISSN 1540-1200, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 273-277Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses income convergence among developing countries and industrialized nations. It argues that incomes per capita within developing countries have not caught up to affluent countries. The impact of the income catch-up process in nations that are part of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) are also analyzed. The article also reports on a research study that concluded that there was no evidence of income convergence among countries in the OECD.

  • 15. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 4, Business studies.
    Economic Instability and Foreign Direct Investment: A Cross-Country Study2003In: Indian Journal of Economics and Business, ISSN 0972-5784, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 15-28Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 4, Business studies.
    Exchange Rate Variability, Trade Volumes and the European Monetary Union2003In: International Journal of Applied Economics and Econometrics, ISSN 0971-8281, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 523-553Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Expected Purchasing Power parity and Budget Imbalances: Modeling the Euro and the Rupee Exchange rates2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An expected relative PPP model, augmented by elements of a monetary model and byexternal influences, is used to track the path of the Euro-Dollar rate since the inception ofthe European currency. A similar model is also applied to the estimation of the Rupee –Dollar exchange rate. Expected inflation rates, based on a specified formation process,are, indeed, seen to be significant determinants of the Euro exchange rate. While moneysupplies are not significant, interest rate differentials do matter; higher real Euro areainterest rates appreciate the Euro. US government budget deficits appreciate the Dollarwith a lag, presumably due to financing capital inflows, but current account deficits donot have a perceptible influence in the period of the study. Oil price increases and higherinternational reserve holdings in major Asian markets, which may be skewed towards thedollar, also have no discernible impact on the Euro-Dollar rate. For the rupee – dollarrate, interest rate differentials and inflation differentials work well as predictors. Higherinterest rates relative to the global rates appreciate the rupee, i.e., the rupee – dollar ratefalls. Higher expected inflation in India depreciates the rupee. Current account surplusesare seen to appreciate the rupee, but investment inflows function poorly as a predictor. Arandom walk model may work as well as a formal monetary – PPP model in forecastingthe rupee exchange rate.

  • 18. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Integration and Convergence of Financial Markets in European Union2006In: Global Divergence in Trade, Money and Policy / [ed] Volbert Alexander, Hans-Helmut Kotz, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2006, p. 72-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Once Hallowed like Hollywood:Credit Rating Agencies and theSubprime Loans Crisis2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the roles played by the three dominant credit rating agencies - Standard& Poor´s, Moody´s and Fitch Ratings in contributing to - and aggravating - the subprimecrisis. Criticisms levelled against these agencies, the facilitating role played by the regulatingagencies, the insider stories from these agencies that conflict with the vigorous defence putup by the leadership of these agencies in trying to clear the good names of their firms, are allput under the microscope. Finally, reforms and changes are suggested in the functioning andregulation of these much-harangued credit agencies.

  • 20. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Probability of bank crises in the emerging markets of Asia and South America: an exploratory and empirical study of determinants2007Report (Other academic)
  • 21. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Probability of bank Crisis in the Emerging Markets of Asia and South America: an Exploratory and Empirical Study of Determinants2005In: International Journal of Business Research, ISSN 1554-5466, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 23-34Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Prospects for the Euro: A Role for China and India2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, an attempt is made to evaluate the prospects of the Euro challengingthe current dominant position of the dollar as the world’s leading currency. Thisis done by identifying the factors which lie behind central bank decisions to holdreserves of major currencies. Thus, the determinants of central bank reserveholdings are analyzed for pre-Euro and post-Euro periods. It is expected thatdevelopments in major Asian countries will possess greater clout in determiningcurrency relationships in the future. So, the relative world shares of trade andincome of Asia, along with other real economic as well as financial variables andoil market developments are used in the estimation process. Different simulationsare undertaken to trace possible future scenarios for the euro and the dollar. Thesimulations indicate that a rise in emerging Asian market share of world outputwill work towards preserving dollar dominance.

  • 23. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Prospects for the Euro: Will Reserve Holdings Shift in Its Favour?2008In: Journal of Economic Asymmetries, ISSN 1703-4949, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 79-91Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 24. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 4, Business studies.
    The Case for Openness: From Here to Eternity? The Debate in the Aftermath of the Asian Crisis2003In: International Journal of Applied Economics and Econometrics, ISSN 0971-8281, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 391-411Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    The Euro Also Rises2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It may seem now as if prophesies for a displacement of the dollar from its position ofpre-eminence in the global economy were premature. However, the last word is not saidyet on the rise of the euro In this paper, a fresh look is taken at the prospects for theeuro emerging as the main vehicle and reserve currency in the world, looking inparticular at the role of European financial markets and developments in the emergingmarkets of Asia. Output growth in the euro area and in the United States will have adecisive impact as well. The paper highlights the role of some key factors, not reallytaken up in related discussions thus far, which can influence the long-run globalinfluence of the euro area economy relative to the U.S. Alternate energy source usescenarios and continued trade and financial integration in the euro area as well as inAsia are pointed out as having crucial impacts on the global role of the euro in thefuture.

  • 26. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    The IT Sector, Income Convergence Hypothesis and the Human Development Index2007In: International Journal of Business Research, ISSN 1555-1296, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 9-17Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Two sector models of open economies: a synthesis and an empirical application2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Some well-known two-sector models of industrial countries exhibit acrowding out effect or relationship between the main sectors of theeconomy. This is true of the Small Open Economy, traded-non-tradedgood model without nominal wage rigidity, and for the model of the DutchDisease. In contrast, important models of semi-industrialized countries, oreven emerging markets, such as the Bose Model, portray a complimentaryrelation between the various sectors. This paper discusses a possiblesynthesis between these differing model specifications, and tests theapplicability of these models for a large sample of industrial countries,emerging markets and developing economies by analyzing the interlinkagesin their sector growth patterns.

  • 28. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Two-Sector Models of Open Economies and Beyond: A Synthesisand an Empirical Application2006In: Journal of Economic Asymmetries, ISSN 1703-4949, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 69-81Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    DePaul University, USA.
    Parameswar, Nandakumar
    Indian Institute of Management, Calicut, India.
    Sree, Rama Murthy
    Sultan Qaboos University, Oman.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Avoiding a Liquidity Crunch: Do Pre-Bear Phase Bank Ratios Matter? Evidence from a World-Wide Sample2013In: Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, ISSN 1927-033X, E-ISSN 1927-033X, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    DePaul University, USA.
    Parameswar, Nandakumar
    Indian Institute of Management, Calicut, India.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Portfolio Diversification in Extreme Environments: Are there Benefits from Adding Commodity Futures Indices?2012In: European Research Studies Journal, ISSN 1108-2976, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 33-48Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    DePaul University, USA.
    Parameswar, Nandakumar
    Indian Institute of Management, Calicut, India.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    The Pandemic and the Vaccine: Will the US Financial Regulatory Reforms Prevent Future Crisis?2011In: International Journal of Applied Economics and Econometrics, ISSN 1530-7247, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 76-105Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 32. Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 4, Business studies.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Capital Mobility and financial Integration in Emerging Markets2003In: The Business Review, Cambridge, ISSN 1553-5827, Vol. 1, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Batavia, Bala
    et al.
    DePaul University, Chicago, USA.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Warrier, Nandakumar
    India Institute of Management, Calicut, India.
    Convergence Criteria For African Monetary Unions: Bringing in Non-Economic Factors and Comparing the Turkish Case2019In: Journal of International Finance and Economics, ISSN 1555-6336, E-ISSN 2378-864X, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 39-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper starts by noting that Turkey in her efforts to join the European Union and the European Monetary Union faces barriers that are non-economic in nature. Turkey is seen to be lagging behind the EU fraternity in providing complete democracy to its people. We find the strictures laid on to be rather unique, as such non-economic factors do not enter in, for instance, in discussions pertaining to regional monetary unions in Africa where a leader in economic performance may be a laggard in meeting non-economic convergence criteria. This paper develops non-economic convergence criteria, using five indices capturing the prevalence of democracy and freedom for the citizens, for regional African monetary unions in Africa, in West Africa and the CFA Franc Zone, and compare the convergence achieved by these nations with that of Turkey relative to the dominant economic player in Europe. It is noted that while Turkey lags behind in achieving convergence to the EU certain noneconomic factors, she does better in some others. Also, some African members of regional monetary unions are seen to fare worse that Turkey in converging to the specified non-economic criteria values.

  • 34. Murthy, Sree Rama
    et al.
    Batavia, Bala
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Financial Constraints in Omanese Industry: Does Size Matter?2008In: Review of Business Research, ISSN 1546-2609, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 78-83Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 35. Murthy, Sree Rama
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    By the Pricking of the House price Bubble: Securitization and the Subprime Mortgage Crisis2009In: International Journal of Business Strategy, ISSN 1553-9563, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 159-171Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36. Murthy, Sree Rama
    et al.
    Nandakumar, Parameswar
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Forecasting and Managing Profitability in the Gulf States Banking Industry2008In: International Journal of Business Research, ISSN 1555-1296, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 81-87Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37. Nandakumar, Parameswar
    et al.
    Barot, Bharat
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    EMU Membership Trade and Investment Flows: Enhancement beyond the Single Market Effects?2004In: International Journal of Applied Economics and Econometrics, ISSN 0971-8281, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 381-396Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38. Nandakumar, Parameswar
    et al.
    Batavia, Bala
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Economic Convergence in the Old and the New Economies of the OECD2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A rapid process of income convergence or catch-up of per capita incomeoccurred in the industrialized group of countries in the post-war years. Theprocess was limited to the rich group of nations, to a “convergence” club, anddeveloping countries did not benefit. Also, within the convergence club itself,the post-war convergence thrust lasted only till the mid-1970s. More recently,the process of economic integration in Europe has visibly reduced incomedifferentials within the bloc. But the question is whether the mere fact of EUmembership did the trick, or whether other factors such as the advent of the“new economy” (information technology) have played a role. We explore thisissue by disaggregating the economies of the OECD into IT and IT-usingsectors and non-IT using sectors, and testing for income and productivitygrowth convergence or catch-up separately for these sectors.

  • 39. Nandakumar, Parameswar
    et al.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    A Comparison of Economic Reforms and Instability Effects in Three Large Emerging Markets2004In: Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, ISSN 1540-1200, Vol. 4, no 1/2, p. 198-204Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 40. Nandakumar, Parameswar
    et al.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Challenges For the 21st Century Financial Industry: Based II Standard, Fair Value Accounting and Pro-Cyclicality2009In: International Journal of Business Research, ISSN 1555-1296, Vol. 9, no 7, p. 63-71Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 41. Nandakumar, Parameswar
    et al.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 4, Business studies.
    The Determinants of Swedish and Total Foreign Direct Investment in the Baltic2000In: Journal of Emerging Markets, ISSN 1083-9798, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 58-70Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Parameswar, Nandakumar
    et al.
    Indian Institute of Management, Calicut, India.
    Sree, Rama Murthy
    Sultan Qaboos University, Oman.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    The Determinants of Bank Liquidity During Finance Crisis: A Comparative Study of the GCC Banking Industry2012In: Journal of Academy of Business and Economics, ISSN 1542-8710, E-ISSN 2378-8631, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 10-20Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Beyond Their Borders: Academics and Professionals in Search of Excellence, Stimulus and Opportunities2004In: Entrepreneurship, Employment and Beyond 2003: proceedings of the 3rd international conference organized by the Department of Entrepreneurship and Innovation of the Cracow University of Economics, the Northumbria University at Newcastle, the Södertörn University College, September 18-19, 2003, Cracow / [ed] Jan Targalski, Cracow: Cracow University of Economics Publishers , 2004, p. 25-41Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Credit and credibility: triple-A failure and the subprime mortgage crisis2011In: Review of Business Research, ISSN 1546-2609, E-ISSN 2378-9670, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Currency Crisis and Demand for International Reserves in Emerging market Economies2007In: Globalization, capital flows, competition and regulation / [ed] Bala Batavia, Parameswar Nandakumar, Toronto: APF Press , 2007, p. 139-154Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    European Monetary Union and the Optimal Currency Area Theory: The Competitiveness Gap within the Eurozone2012In: International Journal of Business Strategy, ISSN 1553-9563, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 63-74Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    From Tax Break to Tax Haven: Offshore Profit Shifting and Multinational Corporations Tax Avoidance Strategy2013In: International Journal of Business Strategy, ISSN 1553-9563, E-ISSN 2378-8585, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 115-128Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Global Duopoly: From Challenger To World Leader - Is the Twin Deck Superjumbo a Game Changer?2014In: International Journal of Business Strategy, ISSN 1553-9563, E-ISSN 2378-8585, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 143-156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the decades, Airbus and Boeing, the two major players in aerospace industry have been at loggerheads for aircraft orders. The newest models in production by the two world's leaders represent their competitive views of the future of the industry. Functional product differentiation is exactly what rivalry between the Superjumbo A380 and the 787 Dreamliner is all about. Two companies with fundamentally different products, based on diametrically opposite visions of the future, engaged in a Hatfields versus McCoys battle with billions of dollars at stake. It seems the two firms are accenting two niche markets with a pair of flagship products, neither of which are in direct competition with each other. This will allows for the firms to stave off price competition in the short term by differentiating product lines, which is desirable given recent increase in buyer power gained by low-cost airlines. The present paper will provide an in-depth comparison of the competition between Airbus and Boeing in a wide array of technological and market aspects. The aim of this analysis is to determine which company controls which markets and technologies, to consider each company´s current state of affairs, and to arrive at a general hypothesis concerning the fate of Airbus and Boeing in the near future. The research questions are - how the two competitors differ from each other, how they affect each other´s behavior and why there are only two of them. Based on the evidence presented henceforth, it seems likely that, despite Airbus´s current supremacy, Boeing will in the coming years hold a larger market share and exert more market power than Airbus.

  • 49.
    Wagué, Cheick
    Södertörn University College, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    The impact of Gray's theoretical framework on international accounting and accountability research2010In: International Journal of Business Research, ISSN 1555-1296, Vol. 10, no 6, p. 186-194Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Wagué, Cheick
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Batavia, Bala
    DePaul University, Chicago, USA.
    Warrier, Nandakumar
    Indian Institut of Management, Calicut, India.
    Effects Of Banking Structure On Labour Market Performance: An Empirical Study2016In: Review of Business Research, ISSN 1546-2609, E-ISSN 2378-9670, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 73-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of changes in banking structure on growth and its components have been the subject of a number of studies of a cross-country nature. However, empirical studies linking banking structure to the labor market have been scanty, and the theoretical contributions have been mostly at the individual firm level. In this paper, a sample of 35 developed and emerging market nations is used to investigate the impacts on the labor market, specifically on the unemployment rate, of changes in banking sector concentration. Recognizing that country-specific labor market institutional arrangements and profiles, such as the strength of unionism and employee protection legislation can interact with the financial variables to moderate or exacerbate the impact of structural changes in the banking industry, variables representing the extent of labor market rigidity or flexibility are also included in the analysis. Results indicate that more concentrated banking market structures could have an ameliorating effect on the unemployment rate, at least in very recent periods. Labor market institutional variables capturing difficulties in hiring and firing seems to have had an opposing impact to that of banking sector concentration in the case of industrialized nations, though the variable representing trade union density was found to be insignificant.

12 1 - 50 of 53
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