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  • 1.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Art of Balancing Utilities: Privacy and Video Surveillance in Sweden2013In: Effective Surveillance for Homeland Security: Balancing Technology for Social Issues / [ed] Flammini, Francesco; Setola, Robert; Franceschetti, Giorgio, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2013, p. 51-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    E-government and moral citizenship: the case of Estonia2016In: Citizenship Studies, ISSN 1362-1025, E-ISSN 1469-3593, Vol. 20, no 6-7, p. 914-931Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article concerns Estonian e-government, that is, the digitalization of government and public administration, and the way e-government produces a moral citizen. Although several case studies on e-government exist, they have seldom been sensitive to the local conditions shaping the functions and social meaning of digitalization. E-government involves producing knowledge, and the present article draws on a theoretical perspective that stresses the tight relationship between knowledge and power. In Estonia, the power–knowledge regime is characterized by centralization. Centralization is the condition for a firm national e-government policy, and within this policy, an image of the unique Estonian citizenry is produced. The Estonian moral citizen who emerges out of e-government is de-politicized and detached from a social context, on the one hand, and strongly politicized and attached to a specific ethno-national community, on the other.

  • 3.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 1, Political science.
    Equal democracies?: Gender and politics in the Nordic countries2001In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 311-314Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörn University, School of Political Science, Economics and Law, Political science.
    Ethnic Politics and the Soviet Legacy in Latvian Post-Communist Education: The Place of Language2004In: Nationalism & Ethnic Politics, ISSN 1353-7113, E-ISSN 1557-2986, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 105-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article concerns Latvian school policy during the 1990s. It is argued that Latvian post-communist school policy bears great similarity with political practice during the time of Soviet rule. The defining feature of present-day Latvian school policy is the privileged status granted the Latvian language and the separation of Latvian children from Russian-speaking children. It is emphasized that the separate school system is a legacy of the Soviet era except that nowadays, official measures favor Latvian rather than Russian-speaking children. Current ethnic politics can thus be seen to exert a strong influence on Latvian society just as it did during the Soviet era and earlier.

  • 5.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Hur kan kameraövervakning på allmän plats vara ett hot mot den personliga integriteten?2013In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 115, no 2, p. 113-130Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Lettland: demos etnos och den politiska makten i en ung demokrati2009In: Det nya Östeuropa: Stat och nation i förändring / [ed] Fredrika Björklund och Johnny Rodin, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, p. 83-108Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Modernisation, Balancing Interests, and Citizens' Rights: Public Video Surveillance in Poland, Germany and Sweden2013In: Video Surveillance and Social Control in a Comparative Perspective / [ed] Björklund, Fredrika; Svenonius, Ola, New York: Routledge, 2013, p. 19-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 1, Political science.
    National identity and school policy in the Latvian context2002In: Sabiedrība un kultūra, rakstu krājums, Liepaja: Liepaja Academy of Pedagogy , 2002, p. 185-198Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 1, Political science.
    Neutralitetspolitiken: fredad från demokratin2000In: Människan i historien och samtiden: festskrift till Alf W Johansson / [ed] Fredrika Björklund, Alf W. Johansson, Ragnar Björk, Stockholm: Hjalmarson & Högberg , 2000, p. 15-36Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörn University College, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Pedagogy of the Nation: Nation-building and education in Latvia2003In: Re-inventing the nation: multidisciplinary perspectives on the construction of Latvian national identity / [ed] Mats Lindqvist, Botkyrka: Multicultural Centre (Mångkulturellt centrum) , 2003, p. 243-292Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Pure flour in your bag: Governmental rationalities of camera surveillance in Sweden2012In: Video surveillance: practices and policies in Europe / [ed] C. William R. Webster, Eric Töpfer, Francisco R. Klauser, and Charles D. Raab., Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2012, p. 52-65Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Surveillance is an important governance technique of modern societies and is linked to particular governmental rationalities. This article examines the Swedish policy on camera surveillance, using the analytical framework of governmentality, the art of government, in advanced liberal societies as its theoretical framework. The focus is on three features that characterise current developments in the Swedish policy. These are labelled situational prevention, generalisation of distrust and the significance of the informed citizen. The study shows how prevention, i.e. situational prevention, was successfully introduced as a main rationale for monitoring only after the technology had been in place for some years. Monitoring as a form of general situational prevention, the congruent generalised distrust that affects the public and the Swedish requirement to inform citizens about cameras are viewed as elements of a governmental rationality based on the notion of the autonomous, free and self-responsible subject. Accordingly, the popular idea that camera surveillance is an indicator of an expanding security state must be modified.

  • 12.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Pure flour in your bag: Governmental rationalities of camera surveillance in Sweden2011In: Information Polity, ISSN 1570-1255, E-ISSN 1875-8754, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 355-368Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Surveillance is an important governance technique of modern societies and is linked to particular governmental rationalities. This article examines the Swedish policy on camera surveillance, using the analytical framework of governmentality, the art of government, in advanced liberal societies as its theoretical framework. The focus is on three features that characterise current developments in the Swedish policy. These are labelled situational prevention, generalisation of distrust and the significance of the informed citizen. The study shows how prevention, i.e. situational prevention, was successfully introduced as a main rationale for monitoring only after the technology had been in place for some years. Monitoring as a form of general situational prevention, the congruent generalised distrust that affects the public and the Swedish requirement to inform citizens about cameras are viewed as elements of a governmental rationality based on the notion of the autonomous, free and self-responsible subject. Accordingly, the popular idea that camera surveillance is an indicator of an expanding security state must be modified.

  • 13.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Uppsala universitet.
    Samförstånd under oenighet: Svensk säkerhetspolitik under det kalla kriget1992Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    The East European 'ethnic nation': Myth or reality?2006In: European Journal of Political Research, ISSN 0304-4130, E-ISSN 1475-6765, Vol. 45, no 1, p. 93-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article challenges the assumption that there is an essential difference between a West European 'civic' and an East European 'ethnic' conceptualisation of the nation. If there were such a distinction, one should be able to trace a distinctive 'ethnic' concept of the nation among the populations of East European countries. The article analyses public opinion in three East European countries - Latvia, Poland and Lithuania - using a survey of more than 1,100 respondents in each country. This data suggests, first, that we must question the model of a general East European definition of the nation as an ethnic unit. Second, it is evident that the respondents of each country define the nation differently. For example, Latvian respondents presented a specific concept of the nation - one with clear ethnic undertones. A certain number of the Latvian respondents defined members of the nation according to a single criterion: having Latvian as one's mother tongue. The article also shows how we can deconstruct the concepts of the ethnic versus the civic nation, and thus analyse their separate components. This makes the distinction less rigid, and encourages the discovery of different combinations of ethnic and civic arguments. The result should be more nuanced studies of concepts of the nation and of national belonging.

  • 15.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 1, Political science.
    The Rhetoric of the Nation: Baltic Germans in the First Latvian Republic2003In: Re-inventing the nation: multidisciplinary perspectives on the construction of Latvian national identity / [ed] Mats Lindqvist, Botkyrka: Multicultural Centre (Mångkulturellt centrum) , 2003, p. 75-122Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Political Science, Economics and Law, Political science.
    Liubiniene, Vilmante
    Value change: Related to the process of democratisation in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How have people in the three Baltic states changed after the fall of the Soviet Union? Do they trust the new political institutions? How do they look upon gender equality, homosexuality or abortion? What differences are there between the three countries, and how can they be explained? These are some of the questions addressed in this report. The analyses are based on data from a series of surveys carried out as part of the research project "Democracy and Social Transition in the Baltic Sea Region" at Södertörns högskola (University College)

  • 17.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Rodin, Johnny
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Det nya Östeuropa - Stat och nation i förändring: Introduktion2009In: Det nya Östeuropa: stat och nation i förändring / [ed] Björklund, Fredrika; Rodin, Johnny, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, p. 9-47Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political science.
    Rodin, JohnnySödertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Det nya Östeuropa: stat och nation i förändring2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Svenonius, OlaSödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Video Surveillance and Social Control in a Comparative Perspective2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This edited collection reports the results of a comparative study of video surveillance/CCTV in Germany, Poland, and Sweden. It investigates how video surveillance as technologically mediated social control is affected by national characteristics, with a specific concern for recent political history. The book is motivated by asking what makes video surveillance "tick" in three very different cultural settings, two of which (Poland and Sweden) are virtually unexplored in the literature on surveillance. The selection of countries is motivated by an interest in societies with recent experiences of authoritarianism, and how they respond to the global trend towards intensified technical means of control. With thorough empirical studies, the book constitutes an important contribution to security studies, surveillance studies, and post-communist area studies.

  • 20.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Svenonius, Ola
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Video Surveillance in Theory and as Institutional Practice: Introduction2013In: Video Surveillance and Social Control in a Comparative Perspective / [ed] Björklund, Fredrika & Svenonius, Ola, New York: Routledge, 2013, p. 1-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Svenonius, Ola
    et al.
    Stockholm Univeristy.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Explaining attitudes to secret surveillance in post-communist societies2018In: East European Politics, ISSN 2159-9165, E-ISSN 2159-9173, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 123-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article seeks to explain public attitudes to secret surveillance. Secret surveillance, for example wiretapping by intelligence agencies, is a controversial activity that affects fundamental civil liberties in any democratic system. Several large research projects have recently attempted to explain how people form opinions about surveillance in general. Thereby privacy concerns and institutional trust are often highlighted. In this article, we argue that earlier research uses a too narrow definition of attitudes to surveillance and that secret surveillance is particularly sensitive due to its opaque character. We introduce a two-dimensional concept that focuses on rationalistic and emotional responses to surveillance. Drawing on new data from three post-communist societies – Estonia, Poland, and Serbia – we show how institutional trust is mainly responsible for explaining acceptance of secret surveillance, but not how one feels about it. Instead, it is the level of ontological insecurity and privacy concerns that explains this second dimension. The results are theorised and implications for future research are discussed. © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

  • 22.
    Svenonius, Ola
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Surveillance from a Post-Communist Perspective2018In: Surveillance & Society, ISSN 1477-7487, E-ISSN 1477-7487, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 269-276Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue is the result of a research initiative that began in 2013, just before the annexation of Crimea by Russia. We, the guest editors, together with Pawel Waszkiewicz at the University in Warsaw, wanted to fill a gap in research on surveillance, which had at that time not yet addressed post-communist societies to any great extent. Today the situation is slightly different, but the need for further research is still pressing. It is therefore with great pleasure that we present a collection of five research articles by both senior and early-stage researchers, as well as a postscript by Professor Emeritus Maria Los, who is one of the few researchers who has written extensively on surveillance-related issues from a post-communist perspective. Below we introduce the special issue with a conceptual overview of post-communist research and its connections to surveillance studies.

  • 23.
    Svenonius, Ola
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Björklund, Fredrika
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Waszkiewicz, P.
    University of Warsaw, Poland.
    Surveillance, lustration and the open society: Poland and Eastern Europe2014In: Histories of State Surveillance in Europe and Beyond / [ed] Kees Boersma, Rosamunde van Brakel, Chiara Fonio, Pieter Wagenaar, London: Routledge, 2014, p. 95-117Chapter in book (Other academic)
1 - 23 of 23
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