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  • 1.
    Ambagtsheer, Frederike
    et al.
    Erasmus MC University Hospital Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
    Gunnarson, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    de Jong, Jessica
    Central Division of the National Police, the Netherlands.
    Lundin, Susanne
    Lund University.
    van Balen, Linde
    Erasmus MC University Hospital Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
    Orr, Zvika
    The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.
    Byström, Ingela
    Lund University.
    Weimar, Willem
    Erasmus MC University Hospital Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
    Trafficking in Human Beings for the Purpose of Organ Removal: A Case Study Report2016In: Trafficking in Human Beings for the Purpose of Organ Removal: Results and Recommendations / [ed] Frederike Ambagtsheer & Willem Weimar, Lengerich: Pabst Science Publishers, 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Ambagtsheer, Frederike
    et al.
    Erasmus MC University Hospital Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
    Gunnarson, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    van Balen, Linde
    Erasmus MC University Hospital Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
    Ivanovski, Ninoslav
    University of St. Cyril and Methodius, Macedonia.
    Lundin, Susanne
    Lund University.
    Byström, Ingela
    Lund University.
    Weimar, Willem
    Erasmus MC University Hospital Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
    Organ Recipients who Paid for Kidney Transplantation abroad: A Report2016In: Trafficking in Human Beings for the Purpose of Organ Removal: Results and Recommendations / [ed] Frederike Ambagtsheer & Willem Weimar, Lengerich: Pabst Science Publishers, 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Gunnarson, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Avhandlingspresentation: Please Be Patient: A Cultural Phenomenological Study of Haemodialysis and Kidney Transplantation Care2016In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 93, no 3, p. 332-332Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Gunnarson, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Concealed by the "Gift of Life": The Complexities of Living with Dialysis and Kidney Transplantaiton in Stockholm and Riga2012In: The Body as Gift, Resource, and Commodity: Exchanging Organs,Tissues, and Cells in the 21st Century / [ed] Martin Gunnarson, Fredrik Svenaeus, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2012, p. 103-136Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Gunnarson, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Delade erfarenheter eller egen expertis: att vara dialyspatient i Riga och Stockholm2011In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 88, no 3, p. 257-265Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Gunnarson, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge. Lunds universitet.
    Please Be Patient: A Cultural Phenomenological Study of Haemodialysis and Kidney Transplantation Care2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the practice of haemodialysis and kidney transplantation, the two medical therapies available for persons with kidney failure, from a phenomenological perspective. A basic assumption made in the thesis is that contemporary biomedicine is deeply embedded in the cultural, historical, economic, and political circumstances provided by the particular local, national, and transnational contexts in which it is practiced. The aim of the thesis is twofold. On the one hand, the aim is to examine the forms of person- and patienthood enacted and negotiated in haemodialysis and kidney transplantation care and in the daily lives of persons with kidney failure. On the other hand, the aim is to investigate the ways in which the enacted and negotiated forms of person- and patienthood are culturally embedded and normatively charged. In order to examine and investigate this twofold aim, an empirical material has been gathered that comprises observations and in-depth interviews with patients and caregivers at four haemodialysis units, one in Riga, Latvia, and three in Stockholm, Sweden. The theoretical approach and methodology of the study is cultural and phenomenological in character, drawing on an ethnological and anthropological understanding of culture as processual and relational, and on a phenomenological understanding of personhood as embodied and intertwined with the surrounding world. The thesis shows that patients’ encounters and attempts to deal with the diagnoses and treatments associated with kidney failure are complex and often misalign them with the normatively charged orientations enacted and recommended by medicine. The complex situation that emerges when they undergo transplantation, for example, stands in stark contrast to the widespread official view of organ transplantation as a self-evidently health-bringing and normalising therapy. Through their repeated and extensive experiences of undergoing haemodialysis and living with the disease, patients eventually become able to create a synthesis between their lived experiences of their own body and their body as a medical object – what in the thesis is called a ‘sick body’ – a synthesis that allows them to reorient themselves in life and experience a sense of direction. This process relies, to a large extent, on the temporal structure that haemodialysis affords life; it is by repeatedly undergoing the treatment that patients become able to create a sick body. Even so, many of them find this temporal structure problematic; they experience it as disruptive of their control and future-orientedness and as causing an existentially difficult-to-handle boredom. The thesis also shows that the political developments and the norms prevalent in the two national contexts studied greatly affect the orientations of the treatment practices and the participants’ lives. In both Riga and Stockholm, ideals of freedom, activity, control, and self-actualisation influence what forms of patienthood and personhood are enacted. The study indicates that persons who fall ill with a serious and chronic disease only gradually become able to understand and actively cope with their differently embodied circumstances of life. This suggests that medical professionals should not too hastily enlist their patients as experts on their own bodies, but rather provide them with the time and support necessary for making repeated attempts at creating and maintaining a life with a sick body.

  • 7.
    Gunnarson, Martin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge. Avdelningen för etnologi, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, Lunds universitet.
    Lundin, Susanne
    Avdelningen för etnologi, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, Lunds universitet.
    The Complexities of Victimhood: Insights from the Organ Trade2015In: Somatechnics, ISSN 2044-0138, E-ISSN 2044-0146, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 32-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to explore the complexity of the concept of the victim within the context of organ trading. By examining the intricate phenomenon of organ trade, we show how prevailing notions of victimhood form the basis of concrete social practices. The empirical basis for this exploration comprises in-depth interviews conducted during fieldwork in South Africa and Kosovo. We also draw on research undertaken at various expert meetings. What our research in these locations attests to is that one-dimensional and generalised conceptualisations of victimhood are rife, and that these tend to be founded on a pre-theorised opposition between agency and victimhood. For persons who become practically and intimately involved in dealing with cases of organ trade – such as investigators and prosecutors – such conceptualisations do not hold. What is required is an understanding of victimhood that takes into account its complexity. In this paper, we explore attempts to grasp and reduce this complexity, and argue against generalised concepts of victimhood and for concepts that are sensitive to contextual and relational variations.

  • 8.
    Gunnarson, Martin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Svenaeus, FredrikSödertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    The Body as Gift, Resource, and Commodity: Exchanging Organs, Tissues, and Cells in the 21st Century2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Departing from three metaphors—the body as gift, resource, and commodity—the book explores the contemporary exchange of organs, tissues, and cells. Although the gift is the sanctioned metaphor for donating parts of the body, the underlying perspective from the side of states, authorities, and the medical establishment often seems to be that the body shall be understood as a resource. But medicine, as some of the contributors to this book show, is not sealed off from the market economy. Increasingly, therefore, body parts become commodities on legal as well as illegal markets.

    The chapters of the book are arranged in a way that presents, one after the other, the three metaphors of the body, starting with the body as gift, proceeding by way of the body as resource, and ending in the body as commodity. Although all three metaphors as ways of conceptualizing and making use of the human body can be found throughout human history, the present drive of commercialization will increasingly force us to identify and scrutinize the way these metaphors are used. Not only in addressing the fascinating question of what kind of an object (subject) the human body is, but also in trying to decipher what interests lurk behind the use of the metaphors in question when claiming that human bodies, organs, tissues, and cells are gifts, resources or commodities. The ambition of this volume is to address and remedy the need of a hermeneutics not only of depth, but also of suspicion, in the case of organ transplantation and other medical technologies involving the transfer of human tissues and cells.

  • 9.
    Pascalev, Assya
    et al.
    Bulgarian Center for Bioethics.
    de Jong, Jessica
    Central Division of the National Police, the Netherlands.
    Ambagtsheer, Frederike
    Erasmus MC University Hospital Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
    Lundin, Susanne
    Lund University.
    Ivanovski, Ninoslav
    University of St. Cyril and Methodius, Macedonia.
    Codreanu, Natalia
    Renal Foundation, Moldova.
    Gunnarson, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Yankov, Jordan
    Bulgarian Center for Bioethics, Bulgaria.
    Frunza, Mihaela
    Academic Society for the Research of Religions and Ideologies, Romania.
    Byström, Ingela
    Lund University.
    Bos, Michael
    Eurotransplant International Foundation, the Netherlands.
    Weimar, Willem
    Erasmus MC University Hospital Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
    Trafficking in Human Beings for the Purpose of Organ Removal: A Comprehensive Literature Review2016In: Trafficking in Human Beings for the Purpose of Organ Removal: Results and Recommendations / [ed] Frederike Ambagtsheer & Willem Weimar, Lengerich: Pabst Science Publishers, 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Pascalev, Assya
    et al.
    Bulgarian Center for Bioethics, Bulgaria.
    Van Assche, Kristof
    Bioethics Institute Ghent, Ghent University, Belgium.
    Sándor, Judit
    Center for Ethics and Law in Biomedicine, Central European University, Hungary.
    Codreanu, Natalia
    Renal Foundation, Moldova.
    Naqvi, Anwar
    Department of Urology and Centre of Biomedical Ethics and Culture, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Pakistan.
    Gunnarson, Martin
    Avdelningen för etnologi, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, Lunds universitet.
    Frunza, Mihaela
    Academic Society for the Research of Religions and Ideologies, Romania.
    Yankov, Jordan
    Bulgarian Center for Bioethics, Bulgaria.
    Protection of Human Beings Trafficked for the Purpose of Organ Removal: Recommendations2016In: Transplantation Direct, ISSN 2373-8731, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 1-4, article id e59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents a comprehensive set of recommendations for protection of human beings who are trafficked for the purpose of organ removal or are targeted for such trafficking. Developed by an interdisciplinary group of international experts under the auspices of the project Trafficking in Human Beings for the Purpose of Organ Removal (also known as the HOTT project), these recommendations are grounded in the view that an individual who parts with an organ for money within an illegal scheme is ipso facto a victim and that the crime of trafficking in human beings for the purpose of organ removal (THBOR) intersects with the crime of trafficking in organs. Consequently, the protection of victims should be a priority for all actors involved in antitrafficking activities: those combating organ-related crimes, such as health organizations and survivor support services, and those combating trafficking in human beings, such as the criminal justice sectors. Taking into account the special characteristics of THBOR, the authors identify 5 key stakeholders in the protection of human beings trafficked for organ removal or targeted for such trafficking: states, law enforcement agencies and judiciary, nongovernmental organizations working in the areas of human rights and antitrafficking, transplant centers and health professionals involved in transplant medicine, and oversight bodies. For each stakeholder, the authors identify key areas of concern and concrete measures to identify and protect the victims of THBOR. The aim of the recommendations is to contribute to the development of a nonlegislative response to THBOR, to promote the exchange of knowledge and best practices in the area of victim protection, and to facilitate the development of a policy-driven action plan for the protection of THBOR victims in the European Union and worldwide.

1 - 10 of 10
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Cite
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  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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