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  • 1.
    Gullö, Jan-Olof
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Hök, Jöran
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Journalism Students, Vocational Training And The Professional Ethics Of Mass Media2018In: 12Th International Technology, Education And Development Conference (Inted) / [ed] Chova, LG Martinez, AL Torres, IC, Valencia: International Association for Technology, Education and Development, 2018, p. 5030-5035Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How are journalism students' basic perceptions of their future occupation influenced and changed during their education? This research question is the starting point for a survey based on current internship reports at Sodertorn University, the largest University journalist education Center in Sweden. At the heart of the Anglo-Saxon mass media tradition is the common normative concept of journalism as first and foremost a third estate; an independent professional reviewer of society's power groups and central institutions. As a pilot project we have chosen to focus on reflections on this basic value and how it is perceived during the first period of education in relation to the internship semester at the end of three years of education. Two research hypotheses are tested; H1: Students are influenced by a strong normative perception of the role of journalism prior to long-term practice. H2: Most of the students revise the perception of journalism's emphasis on critical inquiries during the three-year program foremost in connection to their internship during the last semester The survey is based on reading of student's internship reports from 2012 and 2013. In their reports nearly all pointed out that they were strongly influenced by an normative image of the profession as relatively free and focused on investigative journalism. Which suggests that hypothesis H1 is correct. During their courses and in connection to their internship during the last semester, the reports show that images of the profession have changed. In their reports students says that freedom within the profession is more limited, the financial framework tight and the scope for investigative work limited. The observations indicate that the hypothesis H2 is correct. As the observations are based on a limited number of reports, the project will continue with interviews of the students who got their degree five years ago, as well as interviews with teachers and supervisors.

  • 2.
    Hök, Jöran
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Changing working conditions2015In: Journalism in change: Professional journalistic culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden / [ed] Gunnar Nygren, Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2015, p. 97-117Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Hök, Jöran
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Journalism.
    Connecting the Local and the Global in Journalism Education2011In: INTED2011 Proceedings: 5th International Technology, Education and Development ConferenceValencia, Spain. 7-9 March, 2011, Valencia: IATED Academy , 2011, p. 6326-6332Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is looking into efforts made to introduce local-global connections within journalist programs at Södertörn University in Stockholm. This University was a pioneer in multimedia journalism education when founded 15 years ago. New Information Technology is a part of a globalization process and it has had wide impact on the development of mass media practices in all societies. Technical multimedia skills are today central to advanced journalism education at universities. Globalization has in that sense colored journalism programs For instance is multimedia journalism at Södertörn University one of the most popular journalism university programs in Sweden.However, very little space in journalism education is given to knowledge about and skills in covering different aspect of globalization. News coverage of processes and events outside the home country is seldom a part of the training for students in journalism, not even at advanced levels.  The courses are predominantly national in scope with few exceptions. Several recent reports emphasizes that lack of international focus as a problem for journalist programs in general in Sweden although the national university authority has urged for change.

    In this paper I propose a method for changing this inward-looking education. The challenge is to use local knowledge and skills that are available, mostly inexpensive and in reach by using a ‘four-step’ approach during the educational program.

  • 4.
    Hök, Jöran
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Impartiality and autonomy: Preconditions for journalism in weak states2013In: From theory to practice: How to assess and apply impartiality in news and current affairs / [ed] Leon Barkho, Bristol: Intellect Ltd., 2013, p. 169-184Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The autonomous role of Swedish journalists has been won after centuries of bitter struggle since the first laws on liberties for the printed press was legislated in 1766. Sweden is well repudiated for this professional culture, which implies an independent and impartial social role for mass media, free from state censorship, open to investigative reporting and critical debate; in other words autonomous media able to sustain impartial reporting.

     

    Efforts to create a similar position for the media in post-conflict or transition states are countered by strong political and economic forces, by a path dependency of older rules and norms and also by lack of professionalism and investigative resources. In these statesthere is limited or legal protection ofcriticaljournalismandlack ofacivil society thatplaces demands onthose in powerand constitutesa counter-forceagainst oppression andarbitrarinessin the community.

     

    In several states, especially those who previously lacked democratic mass media, there has emerged a plethora of new media which are independent in form but not in content. They are not functioning as correctives to power and offer no room for impartial journalism. Instead, they have become a megaphone for special interests. The question is why this development has taken place and which strategies internal and external actors apply to change the situation. Currently there are extensive studies of journalism in war, conflict and change phases. But there is very limited research on the development of journalism in subsequent periods. The chapter addresses the points of departure for future research on the conditions for journalism in states after crisis, open conflict and substantial social transitions. Studies in states such as Afghanistan and Kosovo demonstrate that international actors, companies and aid agencies have acted inconsistent and ended up in the role-conflicts which frustrated efforts to create autonomous and impartial journalism.

    .

  • 5.
    Hök, Jöran
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Konfliktjournalistik i demokratiskaoch auktoritära stater2016In: Ukraina och informationskriget: Journalistik mellan ideal och självcensur / [ed] Gunnar Nygren, Jöran Hök, Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB) , 2016, p. 33-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Hök, Jöran
    Södertörn University, School of Communication, Media and it, Journalism.
    Swedish journalism: a long struggle for autonomy2012In: Journalism in Russia, Poland and Sweden: traditions, cultures and research / [ed] Gunnar Nygren, Huddinge: Journalistik, Södertörns högskola , 2012, p. 53-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Hök, Jöran
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    The Role of External and Internal Actors in the Future of Mass Media in Afghanistan2015In: Asian Politics & Policy, ISSN 1943-0779, E-ISSN 1943-0787, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 675-680Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Glowacki, M.
    University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.
    Hök, Jöran
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Kiria, I.
    Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia.
    Orlova, D.
    School of Journalism, Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine.
    Taradai, D.
    School of Journalism, Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine.
    Journalism in the Crossfire: Media coverage of the war in Ukraine in 20142018In: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 19, no 7, p. 1059-1078Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    War reporting has mostly been analyzed as a struggle between political and military control over information and journalistic professionalism. An analysis of reporting in mainstream media from the conflict in eastern Ukraine in 2014 shows that many other aspects must also be considered. In a comparative study, mainstream media coverage in four countries, Ukraine, Russia, Poland, and Sweden, was analyzed and interviews were held with journalists in the media included in the content analysis. Findings revealed significant variations in the framing of the conflict, portrayal of actors involved, and word choice across national settings. Interviews with journalists also highlighted crucial differences in approaches and perceptions. Results show that the specific journalistic culture in each country, self-censorship, and the degree of activist approach among journalists similarly play an important role in war reporting. Researchers from all four countries participated in the project.

  • 9.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Hök, JöranSödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Ukraina och informationskriget: Journalistik mellan ideal och självcensur2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Konflikten mellan Ryssland och Ukraina har beskrivits som ett ”informationskrig”. Annekteringen av Krim och kriget i östra Ukraina sommaren 2014 var högst påtagliga händelser, men beskrivningen av vad som egentligen hände skiljer sig beroende på vilken sida som stå bakom berättelsen. Är de ryska rebellerna ”terrorister” eller en ”folkmilis” som bara försvarar ryssar? Var det en rysk invasion eller bara humanitärt och frivilligt stöd till befolkningen i Donetsk och Luhansk? Vem sköt ned det malaysiska passagerarplanet MH17?

    I denna rapport analyserar medieforskare i fyra länder hur konflikten beskrivs i ledande medier. Forskarna kommer från både Ukraina och Ryssland, men också från två grannländer som berörs indirekt – Polen och Sverige. I resultatet av detta samarbete framträder mediebilder som till stor del sluter upp bakom de politiska/militära eliterna och lämnar dem som vill kunna se flera perspektiv i sticket. Konflikten pågår också i medierna med ett ständigt flöde av desinformation och propaganda.

    Författarna som har varit med och bidragit till denna boken är:

    Gunnar Nygren, professor i journalistik vid Södertörns högskola

    Jöran Hök, lektor i journalistik vid Södertörns högskola

    Andreas Widholm, lektor i journalistik vid Södertörns högskola

    Ilja Kiria, professor i journalistik vid Higher School of Economics i Moskva

    Anna Shpyntova, journalistikforskare vid Higher School of Economics i Moskva

    Daria Taradai, PhD vid Kyiv-Mohyla akademin, School of journalism i Kiev

    Dariya Orlova, PhD vid Kyiv-Mohyla akademin, School of journalism i Kiev

    Michal Glowacki, PhD vid University of Warzaw

    Roza Smolak, doktorand vid University of Wroclaw

  • 10.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Hök, Jöran
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Vänner och fiender i mediebilder av Ukrainakriget2016In: Ukraina och informationskriget: Journalistik mellan ideal och självcensur / [ed] Gunnar Nygren, Jöran Hök, Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB) , 2016, p. 243-267Chapter in book (Other academic)
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