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  • 1.
    Bech, Emily Cochran
    et al.
    Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Mouritsen, Per
    Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
    A ‘civic turn’ in Scandinavian family migration policies? Comparing Denmark, Norway and Sweden2017In: Comparative Migration Studies, ISSN 2214-8590, E-ISSN 2214-594X, Vol. 5, no 1, article id 7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Family migration policy, once basing citizens and resident foreigners’ possibilities to bring in foreign family members mainly on the right to family life, is increasingly a tool states use to limit immigration and to push newcomers to integrate into civic and economic life. The family migration policies of Denmark, Norway and Sweden range widely – from more minimal support and age requirements to high expectations of language skills, work records and even income levels. While in Denmark and increasingly in Norway growing sets of requirements have been justified on the need to protect the welfare state and a Nordic liberal way of life, in Sweden more minimal requirements have been introduced in the name of spurring immigrants’ labor market integration even as rights-based reasoning has continued to dominate. In all three countries, new restrictions have been introduced in the wake of the refugee crisis. These cases show how prioritizations of the right to family life vis-à-vis welfare-state sustainability have produced different rules for family entry, and how family migration policies are used to different extents to push civic integration of both new and already settled immigrants.

  • 2.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF).
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Rasfördomar i folkrörelser hindrar politisk integration2004In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 11 november, p. 6-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF).
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The right to housing of newcomers to the Scandinavian welfare states: Dispersal policies in Sweden, Denmark and Norway2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF).
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Strömgren, Andreaz
    Uppsala universitet, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF).
    Välfärdsstaten och de nyanlända: Politik för flyktingars bosättning i Sverige, Danmark och Norge2007In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 109, no 2, p. 118-122Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Bostadspolitiken och frågan om boendesegregation2001In: Den nya bostadspolitiken / [ed] Anders Lindbom, Umeå: Boréa , 2001, p. 291-324Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Cultural Identity or Special Interest? Multiculturalism and Collective Rights in the Swedish People's Home1995Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Dimensions of Citizenship: European Integration Policies from a Scandinavian Perspective2010In: Fifth Pan-European Conference on EU Politics: Porto, Portugal 23-26 June 2010 : Virtual paper room, 2010, p. -23Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Dimensions of citizenship: European integration policies from a Scandinavian perspective2010In: Diversity, inclusion and citizenship in Scandinavia / [ed] Bo Bengtsson, Per Strömblad, Ann-Helén Bay, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010, p. 19-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Diversity and Solidarity in Denmark and Sweden2017In: Strains of Commitment: The Political Sources of Solidarity in Diverse Societies / [ed] Keith Banting and Will Kymlicka, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017, p. 364-388Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Denmark and Sweden have many features in common, not least the way welfare state symbols are used in the construction of each country’s national identity, but they display striking differences in approaches to immigrant integration. The chapter argues that this situation reflects the existence of distinctly different dominating ideal typical notions on how social cohesion and welfare state sustainability comes about: In Denmark, a society-centred perspective is predominant, viewing the existence of a particular cultural homogeneity as indispensable for the welfare state to sustain. In Sweden, a state-centred approach instead prevails, referring to the welfare state as a potential promoter of social inclusion. Depending on what ideal typical idea is the dominant, perceptions vary on what are the main challenges from immigration and cultural pluralism, and what policy measures need to be taken. Comparative analysis of a long period of elite discourses and policy developments substantiates the argument.

  • 10.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Diversity and Solidarity in Denmark and Sweden2015In: On conference website, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How should we understand that Denmark and Sweden – two countries with manifold features in common – have arrived at strikingly divergent policy responses towards immigrant integration? This paper suggests that, despite similar references to welfare state symbols, dominant national identity constructions in the two countries represent distinctly different ideal typical views on how social solidarity is generated and maintained. In Denmark official political discourse and policy making processes indicates the working of a society-centered perspective on national identity, emphasizing social cohesion as a necessary precondition for public institutions to sustain. This idea is arguably reflected in the Danish immigrant policy approach, where the inclusion of newcomers is conditioned on them acquiring a comprehensive set of demands defining a predefined (and ‘settled’) idea of Danishness. In comparison, the Swedish idea about national identity is more oriented towards a state-centered approach, in the sense that the capacity of the political institutions – notably the welfare state – is typically emphasized as the core promoter of social inclusion and sense of national belonging. In the field of immigrant integration, this idea is mirrored in a widespread conviction that the organization of welfare state institutions, rather than the spirit of the people, constitutes the necessary condition for creating and sustaining national cohesion and integration. The paper gives a historical account of the nation building processes in the two countries and shows that crucial differences in political perceptions along the ideal types mentioned above are to be identified in contemporary political discourses related to the ‘civic’ turn in immigrant integration policies.

  • 11.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    EU:s invandrings-och asylpolitik och frågan om en uthållig integrationspolitik2021In: Vägar till ett uthålligt EU / [ed] Antonia Bakardjieva, Anna Michalski, Lars Oxelheim, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2021, p. 227-249Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Uppsala universitet.
    Familj, medborgarskap, migration: Sveriges politik för anhöriginvandring i ett jämförande perspektiv2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1980s, family migration is the most common reason for foreign citizens outside the Nordic countries to be granted the right to settle in Sweden. Family migration cover cases when a person who already live in a country reunites with a family member from another country.

    In June 2016, Sweden introduced a law on temporary restrictions in the possibility to achieve residence permit. The law was a direct result of the record-breaking immigration of asylum seekers experienced during the fall 2015. The measure was presented by the government as a necessity to protect the asylum reception system, as well as other central societal functions, from the strains caused by the large inflow of asylum seekers. One area where the 2016 rule changes have had the largest impact is family migration, which is the focus of study in this report. In particular, the stricter regulations meant that persons granted subsidiary protection status had very limited chances to get the right to reunite with their close family members. But the rule changes implied stricter regulations in relation to family migration affecting also other categories, and the Swedish population at large, e.g. in relation to support and housing requirements to be allowed to bring in a partner from a country outside of the EU.

    Adopting a comparative perspective, this study analyses how the recent Swedish changes in family migration regulations relate (1) to existing EU legislation; (2) to other countries’ national regulations and (3) to arguments and considerations previously put forward in the Swedish policy debate, as well as arguments reflected in family migration policy debates in the neighboring countries Denmark and Norway.

    The report begins with an introductory section describing the study’s aims, points of departure, method and delimitations. Thereafter follows a section which includes an overview of the numbers of family migrants in relation to other migrant categories, and a review of international research on family migration policies. The section provides a discussion about what principles, interests and values are at stake in this policy field. It is established that, besides migration policy concerns, issues revolving around family migration also bring to the fore central aspects of integration, citizenship and a society’s core values. A common European policy trend – identified in the literature as a “civic turn” in immigrant integration – is particularly highlighted. The trend reflects a renewed interest among states across Europe to actively strengthen and protect the national identity via formulation of new or sharpened requirements targeted at immigrants. Access to permanent residence permit, national citizenship or the right to reunite with a family member from abroad may for instance be conditioned with the applicant’s knowledge in the receiving state’s language, history and culture. Family migration policies potentially involve a “double conditionality” in the sense that integration requirements can be targeted both at the foreign family migrant and at the sponsor.

    The empirical study is divided in two parts. In the first part an overview is presented (based on MIPEX 2015) of family migration policy regulations in the 28 EU member states plus Norway and Switzerland. The overview concerns four categories conditions and demands that (under certain conditions) the EU family reunification directive allows states to use: (1) requirements on status of residence and residence time; (2) age requirements; (3) support and housing requirements and (4) language and integration requirements. Discussing the member states’ commitments according to the directive and giving an overview of existing legislation in differeing countries, this analysis contributes to concretize what the “EU minimum level” may imply. The empirical study in this part also gives an account of how the Swedish legislation positions itself in relation to the “EU minimum level” before and after the temporary law of 2016.

    The second part of the report study central policy processes in Sweden, Denmark and Norway which preceded decisions to introduce new or tougher demands and restrictions on family migration – or to reject such changes. The analysis provides a broad account of policy development in the three countries, from the turn of the millennium up to 2016, identifying what considerations, arguments and problem representations have guided the decisions. One conclusion of this analysis is that the large asylum migration in 2015 provoked reforms and changes in regulations in all three countries. But whereas the changes in Denmark and Norway were in line with policy development which had been noted during a very long (Denmark) or rather long (Norway) period of time, in Sweden the changes are to be described in terms of a sudden and paradigmatic migration policy change.

    In the last section the conclusions of the study and what insights can be drawn from them in relation to future policy decisions are discussed. The report shows that the Swedish 2016 changes in family migration regulations represented a dramatic deviation from previous policies, motivated solely as a way to reduce asylum immigration. The intention was to adjust Swedish rules to the EU minimum level, in order not deviate as the country with more generous rules. For future policy decisions there is however a need of a more profound and elaborated debate and analysis, which in earnest takes into consideration the different core principles and values which are at stake in family migration.

  • 13.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science. Uppsala universitet.
    Familj, medborgarskap, migration.: Sveriges politik för anhöriginvandring i ett jämförande perspektiv2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet.
    Family Migration Policies and Politics: Understanding the Swedish Exception2015In: Journal of Family Issues, ISSN 0192-513X, E-ISSN 1552-5481, Vol. 36, no 11, p. 1490-1508Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims at characterizing and explaining Swedish family migration policies from a European comparative point of view. The analysis shows that Sweden applies equally strict eligibility rules for members beyond the nuclear family as most other European countries. Moreover, Sweden introduced such stricter rules much earlier than other countries. In other respects, however, Swedish family migration policies stand out as exceptionally liberal in European comparison; few, if any, requirements are imposed on the sponsor and joining family members acquire equal rights status either immediately or 2 years after admission. To explain this situation, the article analyzes political processes behind two important family migration policy decisions in 1997 and 2010. The conclusion is that Swedish welfare state ideology and party politics importantly contribute to understanding why Sweden diverges from European trends in family migration policies.

  • 15.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hur ska man uppnå samhörighet?2003In: Göteborgs-Posten, ISSN 1103-9345, no 4 mars, p. 41-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Immigration and Asylum in the EU: A Resilient Policy for Immigration?2022In: Routes to a Resilient European Union: Interdisciplinary European Studies / [ed] Antonia Bakardjieva Engelbrekt; Per Ekman; Anna Michalski; Lars Oxelheim, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2022, p. 195-218Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter addresses immigration and integration policies at both the EU and the member state levels. It reviews attempts to achieve a common asylum policy at the EU level, including the Commission’s proposal for a new pact on migration and asylum in September 2020; and it suggests that the failure to achieve such a common policy impels member states to take compensatory measures to control immigration and asylum-seeking. When the Union’s system is unable to handle immigration, a shift from European to national solutions takes place—as became evident in the ‘refugee crisis’ of 2015. This chapter describes the ‘civic turn’ in integration policy which has taken place across European states since the early 2000s—a turn which has involved a stronger connection between integration policy and immigration control. The conclusion is that efforts to control immigration indirectly—e.g., through measures aimed at discouraging or deterring certain categories of migrants from coming—run the risk of jeopardizing the overarching goal of integration policies: i.e., to improve the social and economic integration of migrants.

  • 17.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Integration2016In: Politisk teori, Stockholm: Liber, 2016, 2. utök., p. 180-197Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Integration requirements - a motivating force or an obstacle to integration?: Debating the nexus between integration and family immigration in Sweden2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden represents one of the most liberal systems in Europe when it comes to family migration policies. Simultaneously, Sweden – just like other European countries – experiences a growing sense of crisis concerning immigrant integration, particularly manifested as a persistent gap between natives and immigrants in the labour market. The country is also put under considerable pressure to harmonize with the European trend of introducing more restrictive requirements in this area. In this paper I discuss the political process leading up to the 2010 introduction in Sweden of a financial support requirement for family migration, which introduced a linkage between integration achievements and the right to acquire admission to the country that had not existed before. Using the method of comparative process tracing, where comparable policy developments in other European countries – notably the Netherlands and United Kingdom – are related, I discuss whether we should characterize the Swedish case as an exception to the common European trend of fusing integration requirements and migration control or as a latecomer that is gradually adapting to the situation in other countries, and argue that there is currently ground for the first interpretation. In the analysis I also address the question how the Swedish case should be explained, and argue that we should take into account factors such as salience of right wing populist parties; public opinion; framing of the political discourse and the legacy of a national integration model where both multiculturalism and universal welfare state policies are emphasized.

  • 19.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Centrum för multietnisk forskning.
    Invandrarbyrån i Uppsala: en studie av en förvaltnings framväxt1993Report (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Invandrings- och medborgarskapspolitik i Europa2006In: En gränslös europeisk arbetsmarknad?, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2006, p. 43-70Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Jämlikhet och integration i svensk invandrarpolitik: Debatten om skolan och minoriteterna1996Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Migration2023In: Nordeuropa: Handbuch für Wissenschaft und Studium / [ed] Bernd Henningsen, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 2023, p. 193-200Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Multiculturalism and welfare state integration: Swedish model path dependency2014In: Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, ISSN 1070-289X, E-ISSN 1547-3384, Vol. 21, no 6, p. 708-723Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article offers an account of Swedish integration policies in the post-war period. The theoretical purpose is to assess Christian Joppke’s hypothesis that recent trends of integration policy convergence have rendered the national model approach analytically useless. The analysis shows that Sweden deviates, in some important respects, from the European trend by not formulating demands that link integration achievements to immigrants’ access to fundamental rights. The conclusion is that the Swedish case does not support Joppke’s hypothesis, but rather indicates that path dependency of national models is a valid explanation to ongoing developments. It is argued that the Swedish exception should be understood as an expression of the persistent impact of a policy logic according to which integration requires that all citizens have equal and universal access to certain fundamental rights. The article builds on general comparisons with European policy developments and uses Denmark as a more specific reference point.

  • 24.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Mångkulturalism på reträtt2008In: Statsvetare ifrågasätter: uppsalamiljön vid tiden för professorsskiftet den 31 mars 2008, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2008, p. 408-424Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Positiv särbehandling och invandrarpolitik i Sverige2000In: Positiv särbehandling i Sverige och USA / [ed] Erik Åsard, Harald Runblom, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2000, p. 125-175Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Reflektioner kring integration1999Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Religion i skolan1997In: Religionsfrihet i Sverige: om möjligheten att leva som troende / [ed] Pia Karlsson & Ingvar Svanberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 1997, p. 37-69Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Religiösa friskolor2008In: Religion i Sverige / [ed] Ingvar Svanberg & David Westerlund, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2008, p. 379-381Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Scandinavian Approaches to Begging as a Policy Problem and the Double Insider/Outsider Status of Marginalized Intra-EU Migrants2023In: Journal of Social Policy, ISSN 0047-2794, E-ISSN 1469-7823, Vol. 52, no 2, p. 276-293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article investigates how begging performed by citizens of new EU-member states in Eastern Europe was debated in parliaments in Denmark, Sweden and Norway during the period 2007–2017. The empirical analysis shows significant cross-country divergences: In Denmark, efforts targeted controlling migration, either directly or indirectly, via various deterrence strategies. In Sweden, the emphasis was rather on alleviating social needs while migrants reside in the country and trying to decrease their incentives to migrate in the first place by ameliorating conditions in sending countries. In Norway, one predominant framing revolved around the issue of human trafficking of beggars. Despite substantial differences, the analyses show a gradual shift in a similar direction in all three countries. While a social frame was initially more commonly understood as the appropriate way to approach begging, over time a criminal frame has gained ground in all three countries. The article argues that this development must be understood in light of marginalized intra-EU migrants’ legal status as both insiders and outsiders in the Scandinavian welfare states. Due to these individuals’ “in-between status”, neither conventional social policy nor immigration control measures are perceived as available, making policymakers more prone to turn to criminal policy tools.

  • 30.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Svensk invandrarpolitik under (om)formulering1998In: Politica - Tidsskrift for politisk videnskab, ISSN 0105-0710, E-ISSN 2246-042X, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 168-183Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Sverige: mångkulturalismens flaggskepp i Norden2010In: Velferdens grenser: Innvandringspolitikk og velferdsstat i Skandinavia 1945 - 2010 / [ed] Grete Brochmann & Anniken Hagelund, Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 2010, p. 41-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Sweden: The Flagship of Multiculturalism2012In: Immigration Policy and the Scandinavian Welfare State 1945 - 2010 / [ed] Grete Brochmann; Anniken Hagelund, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, p. 25-96Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    The Political Dynamics of Multiculturalism in Sweden2013In: Challenging Multiculturalism: European Models of Diversity / [ed] Raymond Taras, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2013, p. 138-160Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Understanding Swedish Multiculturalism2013In: Debating Multiculturalism in the Nordic Welfare States / [ed] Peter Kivisto & Östen Wahlbeck, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 140-169Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Borevi, Karin
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Välfärdsstaten i det mångkulturella samhället2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The theoretical point of departure in this dissertation proposes that the liberal welfare state includes a fundamental logic of integration, viewing the attainment of social equality between different categories in society as a main condition for social integration. But how can this logic of integration be applied to a multicultural society? Is trying to achieve equal access to certain socio-economic standards sufficient, or does cultural diversity call for other measures in order to fulfill the aim of equality and integration?

    In this study it is argued that the liberal welfare state in a multicultural society is confronted with three tensions. Firstly there is a tension between the welfare state’s aim to promote equality and freedom for the individual and at the same time to fulfill certain collective interests and goals. Secondly there is a tension between on the one hand the aim to promote integration within the community of citizens – demos – and on the other hand to tolerate (or even to actively promote) the fact that citizens also enjoy membership in different ethnic communities – ethnos. Thirdly there is a tension between a policy strategy that is general in the sense that all citizens are in principle involved as recipients, and a policy strategy that is targeted as it identifies only members of a certain category of the population as its recipients.

    These three tensions are used as Weberian ideal types in analyzing the Swedish discourse about policies targeted towards immigrants over a period of 30 years. The study includes an analysis of the discourse within four separate policy areas: the general policy towards immigrants, policies towards immigrants’ voluntary associations, educational policies and housing policies. The empirical results show that, over time, the discourse has moved from a multicultural policy towards a position of civic assimilation.

  • 36.
    Borevi, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Uppsala universitet.
    Mångfaldens vägskäl - om integrationspolitikens stigberoende2015In: Mångfaldens dilemman: Medborgarskap och integrationspolitik / [ed] Bo Bengtsson, Gunnar Myrberg & Roger Andersson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, p. 17-40Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Borevi, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Uppsala universitet, Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning (IBF).
    The tension between choice and need in the housing of newcomers: A theoretical framework and an application on Scandinavian settlement policies2015In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 52, no 14, p. 2599-2615Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The settlement and housing of refugees is high on the agenda in most European countries. This article develops a theoretical perspective on the housing provision of newly arrived migrants and applies it on the national discourses on settlement policies in Sweden, Denmark and Norway. The theoretical discussion focuses on the ambivalence between choice and need in housing policy, and between promoting demos and ethnos in integration policy. The empirical analysis takes its departure in these tensions and investigates the national discourses in terms of three potential arguments for restricting autonomy in the housing market precisely for newly arrived migrants: the legal status, resource and neighbourhood arguments. This frame of analysis makes it possible to interpret and understand the surprisingly strong differences in settlement policies between the three countries.We argue that our theoretical approach and analytical framework should be relevant for understanding national political discourses on settlement policy more generally.

  • 38.
    Borevi, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Jensen, Kristian Kriegbaum
    Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Mouritsen, Per
    Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
    The civic turn of immigrant integration policies in the Scandinavian welfare states2017In: Comparative Migration Studies, ISSN 2214-8590, E-ISSN 2214-594X, Vol. 5, no 1, article id 9Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue addresses the question of how to understand the civic turn within immigrant integration in the West towards programs and instruments, public discourses and political intentions, which aim to condition, incentivize, and shape through socialization immigrants into ‘citizens’. Empirically, it focuses on the less studied Scandinavian cases of Sweden, Norway, and Denmark. In this introduction, we situate the contributions to this special issue within the overall debate on civic integration and convergence. We introduce the three cases, critically discuss the (liberal) convergence thesis and its descriptive and explanatory claims, and explain why studying the Scandinavian welfare states can further our understanding of the nature of the civic turn and its driving forces. Before concluding, we discuss whether civic integration policies actually work.

  • 39.
    Borevi, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Myrberg, Gunnar
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Välfärdsstaten och de nyanlända2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Borevi, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Myrberg, Gunnar
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Välfärdsstaten och de nyanlända: en flyktingplaceringspolitisk probleminventering2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to make an inventory overview of challenges and problems in the area of refugee settlement policies. An analysis is made of the political development, from the mid 1980s and onwards, of this hotly debated issue in Swedish politics. Then we identify a number of principal themes and problems which arise in relation to questions of dispersal programmes and refugee reception. The paper is based on an ongoing research project at Uppsala University, where refugee settlement policies are studied from a comparative Scandinavian perspective, focusing both on the national level and on the local level.

  • 41.
    Borevi, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Petrogiannis, Vasileios
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Conflicting Conceptualisations of Europeanisation: Sweden Country Report2020Report (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Borevi, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Shakra, Mudar
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Border Management and Migration Controls: Sweden - Country Report2019Report (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Borevi, Karin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Sorgenfrei, Simon
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, The Study of Religions.
    The Early Institutionalization of State–Islam Relations in Sweden2024In: Journal of Muslims in Europe, ISSN 2211-792X, E-ISSN 2211-7954, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 109-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the case of Sweden as its focus, this article contributes to the research on state–Islam relations in Europe. From a comparative European perspective, it demonstrates that Sweden departs from what is generally presented as the common pattern when it comes to when, how and why state-Islam relations were first established. Previous theorising on this topic, primarily connected with Jonathan Laurence’s seminal work on state–Islam relations in Europe, argues that such relations follow two phases, namely (1) Embassy Islam (1960–1990) and (2) the institutionalisation of domestic relations with (national) Muslim Councils (1990-onwards). Our conclusion, however, is that Sweden skipped the first phase and went directly to the second in the mid-1970s. This, we argue, can be explained as the (unplanned) result of a general change in church–state relations in Sweden.

  • 44.
    Borevi, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Strömblad, PerUppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Engagemang, mångfald och integration: om möjligheter och hinder för politisk jämlikhet2004Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 45.
    Borevi, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Strömblad, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kategorisering och integration - en introduktion2004In: Kategorisering och integration: om föreställda identiteter i politik, forskning, media och vardag, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2004, p. 7-20Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 46.
    Borevi, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Strömblad, Per
    Kategorisering och integration: om föreställda identiteter i politik, forskning, media och vardag2004Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 47.
    Borevi, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Strömblad, Per
    Kunskap för integration - en introduktion2004In: Kunskap för integration: om makt i skola och utbildning i mångfaldens Sverige, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2004, p. 7-28Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 48.
    Borevi, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Strömblad, PerUppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kunskap för integration: om makt i skola och utbildning i mångfaldens Sverige2004Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 49.
    Borevi, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Centrum för multietnisk forskning.
    Svanberg, Ingvar
    Uppsala stads historia: 6:11, Uppsala som invandrarstad1993Book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Friberg, Jon Horgen
    et al.
    Fafo Institute of Labour and Social Research, Oslo, Norway.
    Borevi, Karin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Brochmann, Grete
    University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Tyldum, Guri
    Fafo Institute of Labour and Social Research, Oslo, Norway.
    Djuve, Anne Britt
    Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.
    Roma Migration and the Cumulative Causation of Diverging Policy Responses in Scandinavia2023In: The international migration review, ISSN 0197-9183, E-ISSN 1747-7379Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 2007, Scandinavia has emerged as a new destination for Romanian Roma engaging in circular migration for begging and street work. Using policy documents from parliamentary debates in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, survey data on Romanian migrants in Stockholm, Oslo, and Copenhagen, and qualitative fieldwork in Scandinavia and Romania, this article explores the dynamic relationship between Scandinavian policy responses and migrant selection and adaptations. First, we demonstrate how the Scandinavian countries differ in their approach to migration for begging as a policy problem, resulting in different contexts of reception. Second, we show that these different contexts of reception have given rise to differences in the selection and adaptations of migrant beggars and street workers in each of the three capital cities. Third, we hypothesize that the relationship between policy responses and migrant adaptations should be conceptualized as a process of cumulative causation, where pre-existing policy differences are reinforced through positive feedback.

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