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  • 1.
    Aasmundsen, Hans Geir
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Pentecostalism, Globalisation and Society in Contemporary Argentina2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Argentina, Pentecostalism had a breakthrough in the early 1980s, and today more than 10 per cent of the population are Pentecostals. The revival coincided with a socio-political transformation of Argentinean society. After half a century of dictatorships and Peronism, democracy was restored, and structural changes paved the way for a certain “autonomisation” of politics, law, economy, science and religion. The "new" form of society that developed resembles what in this study is called a Western model, which to a large degree is currently being diffused on a global scale. This work examines the new religious sphere and how Pentecostals relate to society at large, and the political and judicial sphere in particular.

    Social systems theory and an idea of communication as constitutive of social spheres, such as religious, political and judicial ones, form the theoretical foundation for the study. Methods that have been used are fieldwork, interviews and analyses of written material. It is concluded that evangelisation and transformation are of major concern to Pentecostals in contemporary Argentina and that this follows a global trend. Evangelisation has always been important to, even a hallmark of, Pentecostalism. What has become as important is the urge for transformation, of the individual, the family and society. This leads to increased socio-political engagement. However, Pentecostals do not have a “fixed” idea of how society should be organised, i.e., they do not yet have a full-fledged political theology, a public theology or what could be called a Pentecostal ideology. This is mainly because they experience a lack of “compatibility” between the Pentecostal and the political communication. Their approaches to socio-political concerns seem to be based on an understanding of certain “values” as the fundamental building block of society.

  • 2.
    af Burén, Ann
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Blurring boundaries: patterns of religiosity in contemporary Sweden2015Other (Other academic)
  • 3.
    af Burén, Ann
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions. Göteborgs universitet.
    Living Simultaneity: On religion among semi-secular Swedes2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims at contributing to a critical discussion on the supposedly far-reaching secularity of Sweden on the one hand, and on the incongruence and inconsistency of lived religion on the other. At the center are people referred to as semi-secular Swedes – a group that is often neglected in the study of religion. These people do not go to church or get involved in any other alternative organized spiritual activities, neither are they actively opposed to religion or entirely indifferent to it. Most of them describe the ways they are – or are not – religious as in line with the majority patterns in Swedish society.

    The study is qualitative in method and the material has been gathered through interviews and a questionnaire. It offers a close reading of 28 semi-secular Swedes’ ways of talking about and relating to religion, particularly in reference to their everyday lives and their own experiences, and it analyzes the material with a focus on incongruences.

    By exploring how the term religion is employed vernacularly by the respondents, the study pinpoints one particular feature in the material, namely simultaneity. The concept of simultaneity is descriptive and puts emphasis on a ‘both and’ approach in (1) the way the respondents ascribe meaning to the term religion, (2) how they talk about themselves in relation to different religious designations, and (3) how they interpret experiences that they single out as ‘out-of-the-ordinary’. These simultaneities are explained and theorized through analyses focusing on intersubjective and discursive processes.

    In relation to theorizing on religion and religious people this study offers empirical material that nuance a dichotomous understanding of ‘the religious’ and ‘the secular’. In relation to methodology it is argued that the salience of simultaneity in the material shows that when patterns of religiosity among semi-secular Swedes are studied there is a need to be attentive to expressions of complexity, contradiction and incongruity.

  • 4.
    af Burén, Ann
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Multiplicity of religious self-descriptions among semi-secular Swedes2015In: Abstract Book: XXI Quinquennial World Congress of the Interna-tional Association for the History of Religions (IAHR), Erfurt, Germany, August 23-29, 2015, 2015, p. 280-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    af Burén, Ann
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    New Religiosity in Contemporary Sweden: The Dalarna Study in National and International Context2017In: Temenos, ISSN 0497-1817, E-ISSN 2342-7256, Vol. 53, no 1, p. 184-186Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 6.
    af Burén, Ann
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Sweden. Blurring boundaries: Patterns of contemporary religiosity2017In: Religion and Secularism in the European Union: State of Affairs and Current Debates / [ed] Jan Nelis; Caroline Sägesser; Jean-Philippe Schreiber, Bruxelles: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, p. 181-186Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Bekkin, Renat
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Imam Yaqub Khalekov and the Muslim community in Soviet Petrograd-Leningrad2017In: Rossijskaja istorija, ISSN 0869-5687, no 1, p. 148-156Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Bekkin, Renat
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Musulʹmane v sovetskom Petrograde--Leningrade (1917-1991) = Muslims in Soviet Petrograd - Leningrad (1917-1991)2017Book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Bekkin, Renat
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    The Experience and Challenges of Islamic Insurance in the Post-Soviet Space: Case Studies of Russia and Kazakhstan2015In: Kyoto Bulletin of Islamic Area Studies, ISSN 1881-8323, no 8, p. 141-154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses how an Islamic insurance (takaful) model has been implemented in two CIS-countries (Russia, Kazakhstan) in recent years. The author examines legal regulation of takaful in countries where a special legislation on takaful was not adopted (Russia) or is in draft form (Kazakhstan). The author also notices inconsistent use of Islamic finance and takaful terminology by legislators in Kazakhstan. In the case of Russia the article tells about a number of attempts to set up takaful business in the absence of specific legal regulation for such type of insurance. Special attention is paid to the attempts to launch of takaful products (non-life insurance) by Evro-Polis company in the Republic of Tatarstan (Russian Federation) in 2012.

  • 10.
    Bekkin, Renat
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Бер дуслык тарихы: Г. Баязитов hэм В.С. Соловьев2016In: Фэнни Татарстан, ISSN 2499-9741, no 3, p. 88-104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [ru]

    В настоящей статье мы рассмотрели характер связей петербургского ахуна А. Баязитова в среде петербургских литераторов и ученых. Одной из фигур, с которой некоторые авторы вслед за поэтом и публицистом В.Л. Величко связывают имя Баязитова, был философ В.С. Соловьев. Мы попытались выяснить характер отношений между мусульманским богословом и христианским мыслителем.

  • 11.
    Bekkin, Renat
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    История татаро-мусульманской общины советского Петрограда–Ленинграда (1917– 1991 гг.) по материалам государственных и частных фотоархивов2016In: Государство, религия, церковь в России и за рубежом, ISSN 2073-7203, Vol. 4, p. 118-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article looks into the history of Muslim community of Petrograd Leningrad during the Soviet time. The author pays special attention to its little-known and understudied aspects by referring to a wide range of sources from oral memoirs to diary extracts. Of particular importance are photographic materials from state and private photo archives. The picture helps to provide a broader view of the history of Muslim community, both from the standpoint of a photographer and through the eyes of believers themselves. Special focus is made on the life of the two imam-khatibs of the Leningrad Cathedral Mosque: Yakub Halekov and Hafiz Mahmutov. The author examines how official and unofficial leaders and institutions governing TatarMuslim community in Leningrad and a number of towns in the Leningrad region emerged and worked. Some photographs coming from private archives often serve as a starting point for a broader study of forms of Islam in the Soviet Union.

  • 12.
    Bekkin, Renat
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Tagirdzhanova, Almira
    Мусульманский Петербург: Исторический путеводитель. Жизнь мусульман в городе на Неве и в его окрестностях2016 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    An Ethographic Eye on religion in Everyday life2014In: British Journal of Religious Education, ISSN 0141-6200, E-ISSN 1740-7931, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 39-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many pitfalls associated with teaching about religions. Onesuch pitfall entails the risk of presenting religions as stereotypicalmonolithic systems; that is, all who belong to a particular religioustradition think and act in the same way. I like to call this sort ofstereotyping the ‘robotic tendency’ because it has a habit of reducingpractitioners to robot-like beings that uniformly perform identicalactions. This article concerns how the adoption of what I have termedan ‘ethnographic eye’ can help educators to avoid both unfortunatestereotypes and the robotic tendency when teaching about religions.

  • 14.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Education Policy – A Swedish Success Story?: Integration of Newly Arrived Students Into the Swedish School System2017Report (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Hunden i ett mångreligiöst samhälle2014In: Från renhållningshjon till modeaccessoar: 10 000 år av relationer människa-hund i Sverige / [ed] Anne-Sofie Gräslund och Ingvar Svanberg, Uppsala: Swedish Science Press, 2014, p. 153-169Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Islamic Education in Sweden2013In: Islamic Education in Secular Societies / [ed] Aslan, Ednan & Rausch, Margaret, Framkfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2013, p. 163-181Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Islamic identity and its role in the lives of young Swedish Muslims2013In: Contemporary Islam, ISSN 1872-0218, E-ISSN 1872-0226, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 207-227Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Islamic Religious Education in State Funded Muslim Schools in Sweden: A Sign of Secularization or Not?2014In: Tidsskrift for islamforskning, ISSN 1901-9580, E-ISSN 1901-9580, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 275-301Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article the establishment of publicly funded Muslim schools in Sweden is described and analysed. This is done by reference to relevant debates about these schools as well as to the content of the extracurricular subject Islamic Religious Education (IRE), which is what distinguishes a Muslim school from other schools in Sweden. The article also raises the question to what extent the appearance of IRE within publicly funded Muslim schools implies that Islam in the Swedish context is turning into what José Casanova has termed a ‘deprivatized public religion’. It claims that Islam to a certain extent tends to be viewed as deprivatized even though it is not articulated in this way in schools. The conclusion drawn in relation to the study presented in this chapter is that Islam is rather following the Swedish secularization pattern and is not viewed as an alternative societal order which instead would indicate a de-privatization.

  • 19.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    On the Borders: Religious Education in Northern Europe2016In: Usuteaduslik ajakiri, ISSN 1406-6564, Vol. 69, no 1, p. 9-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Around the world, many schools are situated close to a territorial border. In such a situation it is possible, and in some areas probable, that students and teachers interact with people from the other side of the territorial border on a daily or weekly basis. These interactions influence peoples’ lives, but how do they affect education? Does a close relation to a territorial neighbour mean that the culture and religion of the territorial Other is taken into consideration in teaching? Or is education, despite the recommendations on the supranational level, a purely national product?  These issues are addressed in this paper, which empirical material comes from on a cross disciplinary project focusing on religious education in four border areas around the Baltic Sea.

  • 20.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Princely Companion or Object of Offense?: The Dog’s Ambiguous Status in Islam2014In: Society and Animals, ISSN 1063-1119, E-ISSN 1568-5306, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 545-559Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Negative attitudes toward dogs are common in Muslim societies. Thus, in studying both past and present Muslim writings on dogs, a contradictory picture emerges, indicating that Muslim attitudes toward dogs have had their ambiguities. At times the dog has been presented as the lowest, filthiest, and vilest of creatures, and at times the dog appears as a perfect role model, exemplifying qualities like loyalty, devotion, and self-sacrifice. There are signs that attitudes toward dogs are changing in some Muslim soci-eties. One such sign is that an increasing number of people in Muslim countries are now keeping dogs as companion animals. The following research will be used to highlight ambiguities as well as changes in order to not only better understand the position of the dog within Islam, but also to provide a very concrete example of how interpretations of religions are not isolated or single but are dependent on context.

  • 21.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Publicly Funded Islamic Education in Europe and the United States2015Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Islamic religious education in the United States and Europe has become a subject of intense debate after Muslims raised in the West carried out attacks against their fellow citizens. People worry their governments are doing too little or too much to shape the spiritual beliefs of private citizens. In a new analysis paper, Jenny Berglund explains the differences in publicly funded Islamic education in nine European countries and the United States. 

    Berglund lays out the religious education framework of each country and explains the state policies governing the teaching of Islam in public schools. State involvement, Berglund writes, ranges from sponsoring religious education in public schools to forgoing it entirely. The policies vary according to the national political culture of each country, as well as the historical and religious norms that shape public perceptions and debates over religious education. 

    In Germany and Austria, many public schools teach Islam to Muslims as a subject within a broader religious curriculum in which parents can choose their students’ religious courses. In the United Kingdom and Sweden, public schools teach Islam as an academic subject, and train teachers through comparative religious studies departments in universities. French and U.S. public schools do not teach religion, although students can lean about Islam in subjects such as art, history, or literature.

    Despite the diversity of these approaches, Berglund notes three good practices that apply across the board:

    1. Establishing rigorous academic standards of training for teachers of religious education courses.
    2. Providing factual textbooks informed by academic scholarship, both for Islamic religious education and non-confessional school subjects that teach about Islam. 
    3. Building upon current curricular and pedagological best practices through international exchange and dialogue of scholars.

    By adopting these practices, Berglund argues, governments can further their citizens’ knowledge of important aspects of the human experience and promote inclusive citizenship and respect.

  • 22.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Redaktören hälsar2014In: Religion och Livsfrågor, ISSN 0347-2159, no 3, p. 4-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Secular normativity and the religification of Muslims in Swedish public schooling2017In: Oxford Review of Education, ISSN 0305-4985, E-ISSN 1465-3915, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 524-535Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article suggests that the secular norms which influence much of the Swedish school system silence the voices and experiences of young Muslims who also attend Islamic supplementary education. It is based on interviews with 20 Muslim students in Sweden who reflected on their experiences of attending supplementary Islamic education in parallel to their secular schooling. Despite the variety of Islamic education reported by the students, they all held in common that they had learned to read and memorise the Quran as part of their Islamic education. A majority of the students reported that they avoid mentioning their Islamic education classes and their memorisation skills in secular schools since the reaction of teachers has proved to be negative. Those who mentioned that they attended supplementary religious education classes were immediately classified as ‘too religious’, a category that most wanted to avoid. The article shows that to memorise a sacred text stands in stark contrast to much of the educational ideals that prevail in Swedish modern schooling, where a discourse of secular normativity prevails. By using an identity economics model I show that what is perceived as prestigious and rewarding in the Muslim context risks being turned into a cost in the setting of a secular school.

  • 24.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Singing and Music: A Multifaceted and Controversial Aspect of Islamic Religious Education in Sweden2014In: Reforms in Islamic Education: International Perspectives / [ed] Charlene Tan, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2014, p. 211-230Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Sweden’s protests against Islamophobia highlight the polarised views of Swedish citizens toward Muslims2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Protests have taken place in Sweden in recent weeks following a number of arson attacks on mosques in the country. Jenny Berglund writes on Sweden’s Muslim community and the varying attitudes among the Swedish population toward Islam. She notes that while there is evidence of increasing numbers of hate crimes against Swedish Muslims, the picture is complex, with a strong body of public opinion existing which is supportive of religious freedom and immigration.

  • 26.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Swedish religion education: Objective but Marinated in Lutheran Protestantism?2013In: Temenos, ISSN 0497-1817, E-ISSN 2342-7256, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 165-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, I use the experience of a Czech doctoral student to discuss why religion education in Sweden can be understood as both deeply Lutheran and at the same time neutral and objective. In do- ing this, I look at the present syllabus in religion education, point to some of the changes that have been made in relation to the previous syllabus, and highlight some of the controversies that arose when it was written in 2010. I also put Swedish religion education and Swed- ish educational system in a historical context, pointing to its relation to liberal theology and cultural Protestantism. In addition, I present how teacher education is organized for religion education teachers and how the academic Study of Religions has been an important part of this during recent decades. At the end of the article I reflect upon the protestant taste of Sweden’s ‘non-denominational and neutral’ religion education.

  • 27.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Teaching Orthodox religious education on the border2014In: British Journal of Religious Education, ISSN 0141-6200, E-ISSN 1740-7931, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 282-297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In geographical areas bordering those of other states, the function of educational systems, as the means for states to foster their citizens, is challenged by ambiguities and tensions connected to intercultural experiences. In this article, I illustrate some of the findings from a project that studies religious education in four border areas around the Baltic-Barents Sea, by bringing forward the case of a school teacher who teaches Orthodox religious education (ORE), in a town in Finland close to the border with Russia. Thus, the aim is to present and discuss ORE in Finland as well as to understand what implication the border situation can have on religious education.

  • 28.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    The Quest for Gender Equality and Empowerment among Ibrahim's Daugthers2013In: The 2nd International Khadija Conference Journal 2013, Kista: Kista Folkhögskola , 2013, Vol. 2, p. 7-14Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns strategies for gender equality and empowerment based in religious texts and ideals within the so called Abrahamic religions. It begins by showing similarities between Jewish, Christian and Muslim equality strategies and based on these it suggests an Abrahamic “action plan” for equality. Some examples of how Swedish Muslims have sought gender equality and empowerment through Islam is then presented as well as a discussion on how and why some think the concept of feminism is useful to describe equality aspirations while others prefer to avoid it. Finally, the paper summarizes and discusses how knowledge about “Ibrahim’s daughters” can include, support and strengthen the position of Muslims women in the Swedish society and elsewhere.

  • 29.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    The Study of Islamic Education: A Litmus Test on State Relations to Muslim Minorities2017In: Method and Theory in the Study of Religion: Working Papers from Hannover / [ed] Steffen Führding, Brill Academic Publishers, 2017, p. 232-258Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I argue that it is possible to understand publicly funded religious education as a litmus test for church-state-society relations and that the specific study of publicly funded Islamic education can be seen as a litmus test for the relation between various Western democracies and their Muslim minority populations.[1] I will compare and analyze state funded Islamic education in eight European countries pointing to the transformations and adaptations that Muslim communities have, on different levels, done to fit into each educational setting. The presentation shows that issues of integration, social cohesion, but also Islamophobia in each national setting affect what in the end becomes Islamic education.

  • 30.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Vad studerar vi som religion?: Rami Shaaban om elitfotboll och muslimsk fasta2014In: Zlatan Frälsaren och andra texter om religion och idrott: en festskrift till David Westerlund / [ed] Susanne Olsson, Olof Sundqvist & David Thurfjell, Farsta: Molin & Sorgenfrei , 2014, p. 278-295Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Vad är religion i svenska religionskunskapsböcker?2014In: Religion och Livsfrågor, ISSN 0347-2159, no 3, p. 6-8Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Berglund, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Lundén, ThomasSödertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).Strandbrink, PeterSödertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
    Crossings and crosses: Borders, educations, and religions in northern Europe2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Dumbe, Yunus
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions. Islamic University College, Accra, Ghana.
    Islamic Revivalism in Contemporary Ghana2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the study of Muslims in post-independence Ghana the growth and proliferation of new Islamic movements, as a by-product of Kwame Nkrumah’s foreign policy, is an issue worthy of academic attention. This foreign policy, inclined towards engaging with Africa and Muslim countries (Saudi Arabia, Iran and Libya, among others) attracted movements such as Salafism, Shi´ism and the Third Universal Theory of al-Qadhafi’s Green Book into the Ghanaian religious sphere, where the Tijaniyya already played an important role. While these new movements drew inspiration from external points of orientation, their proliferation depended on the local context. The activists of the Fayda Tijaniyya and the Salafis were successful with their agenda and approach primarily due to the competing scholarly interpretations they offered and their modernised approach to propagation. Though Shi´i revivalism in recent times has combined traditional and secular education, its influence in the broader Ghanaian religious sphere is yet to be tested. The Green Book offered a particular political dimension to the Islamic revival, and some Ghanaians were influenced by its ideas on political participation.

    Dr Yunus Dumbe is a lecturer at the Department of Religious Studies in the Islamic University College, Accra. He specialises on Islam in Africa, particularly Ghana and South Africa. Between 2011 and 2013, he was a guest scholar at the Department for the Study of Religions at Södertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden.

  • 34. Ekberg, Mayvor
    et al.
    Straarup, Jørgen
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Björkgren, Mårten
    Åbo Akademi.
    Herberts, Kjell
    Åbo Akademi.
    Strandberg, Ida
    Lika som bär?: Det religiösa landskapet i Hortlax och Nykarleby2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Baserat på intervjuer och enkätstudier i Hortlax (Norrbotten) och Nykarleby (Österbotten) visas att likheter snarare än skillnader kännetecknar de båda befolkningsgruppernas inställning till religiösa frågor och till majoritetskyrkan. Å ena sidan är detta förvånande, i och med att de båda landskapen har tillhört olika stater i mer än 200 år, å andra sidan är det förväntat, eftersom trafiken över Bottniska viken varit intensiv under dessa 200 år.

  • 35.
    Ericson von Bahr, Vera
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Halv måne, heligt krig: Radikalisering av muslimska krigsfångar i Halbmondlager under första världskriget – en arkivstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay tells the story of the German POW-camp Halbmondlager (eng. Crescent Moon Camp), and explores why the leadership’s goal of radicalizing the Muslim POWs was unsuccessful. Halbmondlager was located in Wünsdorf, an hour away from Berlin, and active during World War I. Inside the walls of the camp, the goal was to turn the ca. 3000 Muslim POWs ­­– that had previously fought in the French and English armies ­– into Jihadists, prepared to fight in an holy war for Germany against the French-English alliance. In retrospect, the project was admittedly a failure. In the first part of the essay’s analysis, I give a description of the camp environment, put together through qualitative text analysis of archive material collected at the Political Archive at the Foreign Office in Berlin. In the second part of the analysis, I explore why the radicalization project failed, by analyzing the camp and its environment through modern relational radicalization theory, and the leadership’s thoughts on Islam. My conclusion is that the relational radicalization theory exposes more than one reason as to why the POWs did not become radicalized, but that it is also necessary to keep the then dominant thoughts of Islam as a religion connected to war in mind to get a full picture of why the project failed. 

  • 36.
    Faxneld, Per
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Asian Traditions of Meditation. Edited By Halvor Eifring2018In: Religious Studies Review, ISSN 0319-485X, E-ISSN 1748-0922, Vol. 44, no 2, p. 237-237Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Faxneld, Per
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Moskébränder och förtryck av ädla påfågelsdyrkare: Islamreception bland några typer av svenska esoteriker2017In: DIN: tidsskrift for religion og kultur, ISSN 1501-9934, E-ISSN 2387-6735, no 2, p. 88-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln diskuterar uppfattningar om islam i svenska esoteriska grupper med inriktning mot satanism och left-hand path. Den amerikanska bakgrunden till ateistiska satanisters synsätt skisseras och kontroverserna som omgivit black metal-låttexter med islamfientligt innehåll analyseras. Hyllandet av den islamikata minoritetsreligionen yezidism i Sveriges mest inflytelserika left-hand path-rörelse får exemplifiera esoterikers försök till interkulturell konkordans. Yezidier kan härvid lyftas fram av dessa som “Mellanösterns satanister.” Ett nyckeltema är esoterikers önskan att förbli opolitiska (eller åtminstone fjärmade från dagspolitiken). Detta, påvisar artikeln, ter sig dock i dag svåruppnåeligt när det gäller förhållningssätt till islam.

  • 38.
    Faxneld, Per
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Sorgenfrei, Simon
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Islamikat esoterism, islam och esoterism, esoterism och islam2017In: DIN: tidsskrift for religion og kultur, ISSN 1501-9934, E-ISSN 2387-6735, no 2, p. 7-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Faxneld, Per
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Sorgenfrei, Simon
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Om ondskans undflyende natur2015In: DIN: tidsskrift for religion og kultur, ISSN 1501-9934, E-ISSN 2387-6735, no 1, p. 7-13Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Faxneld, Per
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Sorgenfrei, Simon
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Öst är öst och väst är väst, och aldrig mötas de två?: Västerländsk esoterism, österländskt material – några metodologiska reflektioner2017In: DIN: tidsskrift for religion og kultur, ISSN 1501-9934, E-ISSN 2387-6735, no 2, p. 10-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande artikel syftar till att överföra analytiska modeller från det akademiska fältet västerländsk esoterism, på ett empiriskt exempel ur den islamikata kultursfären, närmare bestämt yezidiska traditioner och den yezidiska gruppen under det osmanska rikets tid och styre mellan cirka 1200–1900. Sedan en tid pågår diskussioner kring begreppet “esoterism” och huruvida detta ska förstås som en kulturspecifik kategori, eller om det snarare är ett transkulturellt begrepp. Trots att artikeln inte primärt syftar till att skriva in sig i denna diskussion tangerar den ämnet, varför vi inledningsvis berör de resonemang som pågår. Vår huvudsakliga ambition är istället att undersöka hur teoretiska landvinningar inom det akademiska fältet västerländsk esoterism, kan överföras på och berika exempelvis forskning om religion i Mellanöstern.

  • 41.
    Flygt, Maja
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    "Alla svenskar tycker samma sak, att muslimer har ingenting här att göra": En kvalitativ analys av sex svenska kvinnors negativa inställning till islam2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen bygger på kvalitativa intervjuer med sex svenska kvinnor som har en öppet negativ inställning till islam och muslimer i Sverige. Syftet är att dels nå en djupare förståelse om kvinnornas negativa inställning till islam och muslimer men också om deras inställning till feminism. Undersökningen bygger på tre teorier, Edward Saids postkoloniala teori samt två teorier om social identitet, dessa är Erving Goffmans teori om stigma och Hanri Tajfels teori om relationen mellan grupper. I uppsatsen framkommer det att kvinnorna sammankopplar en undergång för det svenska samhället med muslimsk invandring. Återkommande hos alla kvinnorna var en upplevelse av att muslimer tar för stort utrymme i de offentliga rummen. Kvinnornas inställning till muslimer kan förstås som ett resultat av föreställningen av muslimer som en ut-grupp som kvinnorna jämför sig med och hotas av. Kvinnorna tar på olika vis till sig diskriminerande åtgärder för att behålla en särprägel och överlägsen position i samhällshierarkin. Kvinnorna tar även starkt avstånd mot feminister som visar sig vara sammanlänkat med deras inställning till muslimer. Deras negativitet visar sig bland annat grundas i en upplevelse av relativ deprivation. Kvinnorna upplever en orättvisa mot sin in-grupp som grundas på att de tycker att de som sitter på makten i samhället missköter sin position.

  • 42.
    Gunner, Gunilla
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions. Åbo akademi, Åbo, Finland.
    Alma Hedvig Eleonora Petri2018In: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, ISSN 2003-0088Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Gunner, Gunilla
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Ett fotfäste i Afrika - om grundandet av Svenska missionsstationer under 1800-talet2015In: YMER, ISSN 0044-0477, Vol. 135, no 2015, p. 103-118Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Gunner, Gunilla
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions. Åbo akademi, Åbo, Finland.
    Hanna Cordelia Ouchterlony2018In: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, ISSN 2003-0088Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Gunner, Gunilla
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions. Åbo akademi, Åbo, Finland.
    Ingrid Laura Hildur Petri2018In: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, ISSN 2003-0088Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Gunner, Gunilla
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions. Åbo akademi, Åbo, Finland.
    Nelly Amalia Hall2018In: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, ISSN 2003-0088Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Gunner, Gunilla
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Om biblar och kristna sportnätverk2014In: Zlatan Frälsaren och andra texter om religion och idrott: en festskrift till David Westerlund / [ed] Susanne Olsson, Olof Sundqvist & David Thurfjell, Farsta: Molin & Sorgenfrei , 2014, p. 188-202Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Holm, Filip
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    The Architecture of Pilgrimage: A study on the Ziyara Bogal and charismatic authority in the Tijaniyya2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Pilgrimage plays an important role in many religious traditions. Indeed, one of the five pillars of Islam is the Hajj – the pilgrimage to Mecca that every Muslim is expected to perform at least once in their life. But this isn’t the only ritual of its kind present in Islam. Indeed, a common practice in Sufism is the Ziyara – a pilgrimage or visit to a saint or the tomb of a saint. This study aims to give a comprehensive overview of one of these pilgrimages – the Ziyara Bogal of the Tijaniyya Sufi order. Through observational methods and interviews, the present thesis will look at strategies of ritualization and charismatic authority, as well as the political implications of the pilgrimage in West African society. Extensive fieldwork was conducted in Senegal, The Gambia and in the diasporic community in Sweden both during the pilgrimage itself and several months before and after, and theories relating to the main themes (ritualization, charismatic authority) is used to analyze the material. As such, the study will map out multiple significant aspects of the ziyara and give an insight into how Islam is lived and practiced in the region.

  • 49. Jacobsen, Brian Arly
    et al.
    Larsson, Göran
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sorgenfrei, Simon
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    The Ahmadiyya Mission to the Nordic Countries2015In: Handbook of Nordic New Religions, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 2015, p. 359-373Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Kersten, Carool
    et al.
    Kings College London.
    Olsson, SusanneSödertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Alternative Islamic discourses and religious authority2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Like anywhere else, the present-day Islamic world too is grappling with modernity and postmodernity, secularisation and globalisation. Muslims are raising questions about religious representations and authority. This has given rise to the emergence of alternative Islamic discourses which challenge binary oppositions and dichotomies of orthodoxy and heterodoxy, continuity and change, state and civil society. It also leads to a dispersal of authority, a collapse of existing hierarchical structures and gender roles. This book further argues that the centre of gravity of many of these alternative Islamic discourses is shifting from the Arabic-speaking 'heartland' towards the geographical peripheries of the Muslim world and expatriate Muslims in North America and Europe. At the same time, in view of recent seismic shifts in the political constellation of the Middle East, the trends discussed in this book hold important clues for the possible direction of future developments in that volatile part of the Muslim world. © Carool Kersten and Susanne Olsson 2013. All rights reserved.

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