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  • 1.
    Härlin, Mikael
    Södertörn University, Avdelning Naturvetenskap.
    On the relationship between content, ancestor, and ancestry in phylogenetic nomenclature2003In: Cladistics, ISSN 0748-3007, E-ISSN 1096-0031, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 144-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I draw attention to the concepts of content and ancestry in phylogenetic nomenclature. I argue that these concepts are tightly linked and that they cannot be separated as suggested by Bryant and Cantino [Biol. Rev. 77 (2002) 39] in their recent response to a critique of phylogenetic nomenclature. In addition, I argue that the basic assumption in phylogenetic nomenclature that a taxon-name always refers to the same ancestor or ancestry is questionable.

  • 2.
    Härlin, Mikael
    Södertörn University, Avdelning Naturvetenskap.
    Taxon names as paradigms: the structure of nomenclatural revolutions2003In: Cladistics, ISSN 0748-3007, E-ISSN 1096-0031, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 138-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present paper I argue that the two systems of phylogenetic nomenclature hitherto proposed represent, in a generalized sense, two different philosophies for how science develops and progresses. The phylogenetic system of definition. initially proposed by de Queiroz and Gauthier [Syst. Zool. 39 (1990) 307], and later labeled PSD, is typically Popperian in the 'sense that science progresses toward truth by An accumulation of knowledge. Phylogenetic definitions of taxon names are assumed to adapt automatically to each new hypothesis of phylogeny, thereby reflecting better and better hypotheses. The phylogenetic system of reference proposed by Harlin [Zool. Scr. 27 (1998a) 381], on the other hand, is more Kuhnian, because it is built on the idea that successive hypotheses are incommensurable (and thus not cumulative) and that taxon names might be equalled with low-level paradigms.

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