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  • 1.
    Bertilsson, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Universitetens reformbehov: Uppfostringskommissionens beskrivning av problemen i svensk högre utbildning2014In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 63-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for university reform. The educational commission’s description of the problems in Swedish higher education 1745-1751.

    During the so called age of liberty in Sweden (1721-1772), demands were promptly made for concrete applications of the rather elusive idea of 'utility'. One grand expression of these claims was the educational commission appointed in 1745 to investigate whether and in which ways the Swedish educational system, including the universities, should be reformed. Previous studies have primarily focused on analyzing the commission’s reform proposal; its content, potential consequences and the response it received from Uppsala University in particular. The relationship between the commission and the universities has, moreover, almost exclusively been considered as a struggle for influence over Sweden’s higher education. This article focuses instead on the ideas of the commission regarding the need for university reform. The article aims to suggest alternative approaches for subsequent studies, however I wish to also indicate the contours of a more nuanced understanding of the intentions of the commission. The article takes as an analytical starting point the assessment made by the commission that Swedish universities failed in reaching their legitimate goal: to educate students for positions in government offices. As this failure was considered harmful for the country it was believed to be in the state’s interest to regulate the influx of students into higher education as well as the knowledge and qualifications these students should have acquired upon graduation. Previous studies have considered the commission almost exclusively as a manifestation of the principle that universities should contribute to the economic utility or welfare of the country. This article brings to the fore that while the economy was indeed important, additional attention should be given to broader political interests of the commission.

  • 2. Burman, Anders
    [Recension av: Vetenskap och retorik - en gammal konst i modern belysning]2002In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 271-273Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Burman, Anders
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Tillbaka till Hegel!: Georg Lukács, dialektiken och den hegelianska marxismen2015In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 91-113Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Burman, Anders
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, History of ideas.
    Lettevall, Rebecka
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, History of ideas.
    Inledning: Tema Tysk idealism2011In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 101-118Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Gaunt, David
    Södertörn University College, Avdelning 3, History.
    [Recension av] Fruitman, S., Creating a new heart: Marcus Ehrenpreis on Jewry and Judaism2002In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 241-244Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Josephson, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    Akademisk frihet och värdefri vetenskap: Max Weber och högskolelärarkongressen i Jena 19082002In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 33-56Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Josephson, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för idé- och lärdomshistoria.
    Böcker eller universitet?: Om ett tema i tysk utbildningspolitisk debatt kring 18002009In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 177-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has often been claimed that German universities were in a state of crisis at the close of the 18th century. Allegedly, professors only taught what could be found in books. Their thinking had hardened into convention and orthodoxy and their teaching had turned into a mechanical and pedantic routine. This description is to some extent accurate. The bored student who slept through lectures was something of a topos in university policy discourse at the time. That said, the question remains why teaching methods in the universities suddenly were thought to be obsolete. The means of instruction hadn’t changed much since the Middle Ages. In most cases, the professor read aloud from his manuscript; students listened, kept quite, and took notes. How does one account for the fact that this method of instruction was commonly considered expendable at the end of the 18th century?

     

    In this article I argue that the crisis in German higher education was triggered partly by the rapid growth of the contemporary book trade. Thanks to the printing press, critics asserted, students could henceforth acquire knowledge by their own efforts, and would no longer have to gather in lecture halls in order to listen to professors, who, each term, read their compendia to new audiences. Some suggested that one should abolish universities altogether. Others instead wanted to improve the methods of instruction so that the universities would once again become indispensable. My focus here is on how this topic was discussed among pedagogues, writers and members of the learned estate up until the founding of the University of Berlin in 1810.

  • 8. Josephson, Peter
    Immanuel Kant, pietismen och den moraliska problematiseringen av kroppen1996In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 81-121Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9. Josephson, Peter
    Publicitetens politiska ekonomi: Introduktionen av skriftställarskap som merit vid tyska universitet 1750-18102014In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 81-104Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Lennerhed, Lena
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Kvinnan, aborten och teratologin2015In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 141-163Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Lettevall, Rebecka
    Södertörn University College, School of Sociology and Contemporary History, History of ideas.
    Andrén, Mats, Mellan deltagande och uteslutning: Det lokala medborgarskapets dilemma Hedemora: Gidlunds 20052006In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 364-365Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12. Lettevall, Rebecka
    Emmanuel Chukwudi Eze, red., Race and the Enlightenment: A reader: Oxford: Blackwell 19971998In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. -249Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Lettevall, Rebecka
    Södertörn University College, School of Sociology and Contemporary History, History of ideas.
    "Francis Cheneval, Philosophie in weltbürgerlicher Bedeutung. Über die Entstehung und die philosophischen Grundlagen des supranationalen und kosmopolitischen Denkens der Moderne. Basel: Schwabe & co 2002; David Held Global Covenant. The social democratic alternative to the Washington consensus. Cambridge: Polity press 2004; Peter Kemp, Verdensborgeren som pædagogisk ideal. Pædagogisk filosofi for det 21. århundrede. Köpenhamn: Hans Reitzels förlag, 2005; Mads P. Sørensen, Den politiske forbruger i det liberale samfund. Köpenhamn: Hans Reitzels förlag 2004, "2005In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 359-363Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14. Lettevall, Rebecka
    Immanuel Kant: Om den eviga freden: Översatt och försedd med en inledande essä om fredstanken i Europa av Alf W. Johansson. Stockholm: Tiden 19961997In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 288-289Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Lindén, Claudia
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History, Comparative literature.
    Feministisk teorireception inom litteraturvetenskapen2008In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 201-227Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Manns, Ulla
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Gender Studies.
    Daniel Nyström: Innan forskningen blev radikal. En historiografisk studie av arbetarhistoria och kvinnohistoria2016In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 205-211Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Manns, Ulla
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    En ros är en ros är en ros: konstruktionen av nordisk kvinno- och genusforskning2009In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 283-314Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Olsson, Susanne
    Södertörn University College, School of Gender, Culture and History, Study of religions.
    [Recension av:] Mohammad Fazlhashemi, Occidentalism: Idéer om väst och modernitet bland muslimska tänkare2006In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 343-344Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Pirholt, Mattias
    Uppsala universitet.
    Det estetiskas gränser: Inledning till estetikens problem hos Goethe2011In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 227-239Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides an introduction to the problem of aesthetics in Johann Wolfgang Goethe’s oeuvre. Considering his aesthetic writing as a problem-historical process rather than as a comprehensive aesthetic theory or as an unsystematic collection of theoretical judgements, I would like to suggest a new way of analysing Goethe’s conception of the aesthetic. Although he never presented a program, he continuously addressed the same set of questions: What is representation? How is nature transformed into art? How do we represent images with words? What are the limits of the work? These questions, which all pertain to issues of representation, are never given a definite answer but remain open throughout Goethe’s work. In this paper I highlight four areas in which these questions are investigated: 1) the ambivalent interpretation of the concept of mimesis; 2) the problem of symbolic representation; 3) descriptions of works of art; 4) the arabesque and other forms of non-significant representations. Goethe’s discussion of these problems suggests that a classical, representational episteme coexists and, at the same time, is at odds with a modern, organic episteme.

  • 20. Rodell, Magnus
    [Recension av:] Jay Winter, Remembering the war: the great war between memory and history in the twentieth century2007In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 344-345Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 21. Runefelt, Leif
    Dygden, nyttan och begären: affektläran i frihetstida etisk och psykologisk litteratur2004In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 19-44Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Runefelt, Leif
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Förhöjd sanning. Skönhet, smink och samhällsordning, 1720-18202016In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 35-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article on the critique of face painting during the 18th and early 19th century, I argue that face painting was a part of the visualization of gendered social order. I conceive the critique and the growing emphasis on women’s natural ability to please men as a consequence of the growth of sociability. A main point is that the explicit critique of face painting was based on its implicit acceptance, as long as it was contained within younger women of the middling sorts, as well as within the dominant ideal of beauty, the petrarcan tradition of red and white.

    I also claim that the ideal of the natural within the critique wasn’t very natural at all, which came from a reluctance to accept real naturalness, represented socially by the peasant classes and esthetically by disease and early aging. Face painting stood in a complex relation with a double physiognomy which explained two different truths: the widespread conception that the face was the window of the soul, and the likewise widespread idea that the hierarchic order of society was legible in the faces and appearances of its different members. Within the ideal of natural beauty face painting thus became a tool for disciplining young women. The new, more heterogenic social life created possibilities for women to take on public roles, which lead to an increased will to discipline them and emphasize their subordinate and complementary position through a strengthened rhetoric of natural beauty.

  • 23.
    Skoglund, Crister
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, History of ideas.
    In memoriam: Minnesruna över professor Nils Runeby2010In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 271-273Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Spindler, Fredrika
    Södertörn University College, Institutionen för medier, konst och filosofi, Philosophy.
    Offentlig skrift om det hemliga: [recension av] Maria Johansen, Offentlig skrift om det hemliga: Raison d’état, SOU och Varulven. Göteborgs universitet 2004.2005In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 354-358Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 25. Sundgren, Per
    Begrundande läsning2004In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 229-237Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26. Sundgren, Per
    Smakfostran: en attityd i folkbildning och kulturliv2002In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 138-175Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Svenaeus, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge.
    Vikten av kropp: [Recension av:] Helena Dahlberg. ”Vikten av kropp: Frågan om kött och människa i Maurice Merleau-Pontys Le Visible et l’invisible”, [doktorsavhandling,] Göteborgs universitet, 20112012In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 251-256Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Wallenstein, Sven-Olov
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Philosophy.
    Hegel och arkitekturens filosofiska system2011In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 241-261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hegel's analysis of architecture is located at a critical juncture in the history of philosophical reflection on the arts. On the one hand it appears to be wholly backward-looking, especially in locating architecture in the realm of the symbolical art-forms, whose essential contribution to the development of spirit occurred before the Greek moment. This is further underwritten by the limited scope of Hegel's narrative, which takes us no further than the Gothic cathedral. On the other hand, Hegel's analysis, when read carefully, displays a singular attention to the materiality of architecture, and the way in which it forms a spatial grounding for the other arts. In this way it prefigures many of the theoretical moves that would be made in the 19th century, after the downfall of Vitruvianism, and which would eventually usher in the development of a new theoretical vocabulary, above all in the nascent discourse of "tectonics.".

  • 29. Östlund, David
    Ett manifest för processtolkande idéhistoria: 100 teser om tänkandet och dess historieskrivning1998In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 9-36Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30. Östlund, David
    [Recension av:] Shamal Kaveh, Det villkorade tillståndet: Centralförbundet för Socialt Arbete och liberal politisk nationalitet 1901-19212007In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 321-323Article, book review (Other academic)
1 - 30 of 30
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