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  • 1.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    From universal system of social policy to particularistic: The case of the Baltic States2003Inngår i: Communist and post-communist studies, ISSN 0967-067X, E-ISSN 1873-6920, Vol. 36, nr 4, s. 405-426Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 2. Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Old welfare state theories and new welfare regimes in Eastern Europe: Challenges and implications2009Inngår i: Communist and post-communist studies, ISSN 0967-067X, E-ISSN 1873-6920, Vol. 42, nr 1, s. 23-39Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews some theoretical and empirical literature written on welfare state development in post-communist Eastern Europe in the light of the theories and approaches that have been developed to study affluent capitalist democracies. The aim of this discussion is to critically reassess the old welfare state theories, definitions and approaches and their implications regarding the study of post-communist Eastern Europe. The paper ends with the conclusion that the exclusion of 'communist' countries for more than twenty years from welfare state theorising has created an empirical and theoretical gap. This creates fresh challenges for welfare state research and calls for a new paradigm. It is evident that the not so well explored Eastern European region with regards to social policy research suggests that it is necessary not only to test already existing welfare state theories, definitions, typologies and approaches on these countries, but also to advance them.

  • 3.
    Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Reforming Family Policy in the Baltic States: The Views of the Elites2006Inngår i: Communist and post-communist studies, ISSN 0967-067X, E-ISSN 1873-6920, Vol. 39, nr 1, s. 1-29Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 4. Aidukaite, Jolanta
    Welfare reforms and socio-economic trends in the 10 new EU member states of Central and Eastern Europe2011Inngår i: Communist and post-communist studies, ISSN 0967-067X, E-ISSN 1873-6920, Vol. 44, nr 3, s. 211-219Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper reviews recent socio-economic changes in the 10 new EU member states of Central and Eastern Europe and the earlier and latest debates on the emergence of the post-communist welfare state regime. It asks two questions: are the new EU member states more similar to each other in their social problems encountered than to the rest of the EU world? Do they exhibit enough common socio-economic and institutional features to group them into the distinct/unified post-communist welfare regime that deviates from any well-known welfare state typology? The findings of this paper indicate that despite some slight variation within, the new EU countries exhibit lower indicators compared to the EU-15 as it comes to the minimum wage and social protection expenditure. The degree of material deprivation and the shadow economy is on average also higher if compared to the EU-15 or the EU-27. However, then it comes to at-risk-of-poverty rate after social transfers or Gini index, some Eastern European outliers especially the Check Republic, but also Slovenia, Slovakia and Hungary perform the same or even better than the old capitalist democracies. Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, however, show many similarities in their social indicators and performances and this group of countries never perform better than the EU-15 or the EU-27 averages. Nevertheless, the literature reviews on welfare state development in the CEE region reveal a number of important institutional features in support of identifying the distinct/unified post-communist welfare regime. Most resilient of it are: an insurance-based programs that played a major part in the social protection system; high take-up of social security; relatively low social security benefits; increasing signs of liberalization of social policy; and the experience of the Soviet/Communist type of welfare state, which implies still deeply embedded signs of solidarity and universalism.

  • 5.
    Polanska Vergara, Dominika
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Sociologi.
    Decline and revitalization in post-communist urban context: a case of the Polish city d Gdansk2008Inngår i: Communist and post-communist studies, ISSN 0967-067X, E-ISSN 1873-6920, Vol. 41, nr 3, s. 359-374Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how different social, economic, historical and physical conditions coincide in the formation of space and processes of decline in the period of transformation in Poland. The focus lies on a specific residential area in the centre of the Polish city of Gdansk and the question why no improvements have been done in this particular area to stop its successive decline. It is among other things argued that clear urban policy together with improved urban planning and clear legislation on ownership are needed in order to improve conditions in this and other deprived areas of the city.

  • 6.
    Reitan, Therese
    Södertörns högskola, Avdelning 4, Sociologi.
    Too sick to vote?: Public health and voter turnout in Russia during the 1990s2003Inngår i: Communist and post-communist studies, ISSN 0967-067X, E-ISSN 1873-6920, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 49-68Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 7.
    Reitan, Therese C.
    Södertörns högskola, Avdelning 4, Sociologi.
    The operation failed, but the patient survived. Varying assessments of the Soviet Union's last anti-alcohol campaign2001Inngår i: Communist and post-communist studies, ISSN 0967-067X, E-ISSN 1873-6920, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 241-260Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    From the mid 1980s mortality levels have fluctuated greatly in the former Soviet Union. After dropping substantially during the late 1980s, mortality rose to unprecedented levels during the early 1990s. The sharp fluctuations in mortality are commonly linked to variations in alcohol consumption in connection with the anti-alcohol campaign launched in 1985. This large-scale natural alcohol policy experiment has produced very mixed appraisal and this article provides a systematic review of the wide variety of judgments, focusing on goals, implementation, and effects on life expectancy, alcohol consumption, mortality, crime, etc. Deviant evaluations are in part ascribable to a general schism between narrowly focused epidemiological perspectives on public health interventions and broader social science approaches to political reform.

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