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  • 1.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Media Management During COVID-19: Behavior of Swedish Media Leaders in Times of Crisis2022Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 23, nr 5-6, s. 722-739Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In contrast to the majority of European countries, at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, Swedish authorities did not put the country in lockdown, but mainly presented relatively mild recommendations to work from home and not gather in groups of over 50 persons. Thus, much of the decision-making and restrictions to prevent the spread of the virus had to occur at the organizational level, i.e., within companies. This paper reports the findings from an online survey carried out in June–September 2020 (n = 196), in which Swedish media managers were asked to focus on perceived media leadership during the COVID-19 crisis. The results indicate that Swedish media managers acted with confidence in their remote leadership and engaged in crisis management leader tasks in line with previous crisis management research. While managers learned to appreciate remote work, they stressed the difficulty of being an inspiring leader in a remote setting and the challenge of motivating creativity, one of the most important components in managing journalism and media work.

  • 2.
    Gardeström, Elin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Losing Control: The emergence of journalism education as an interplay of forces2017Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 511-524Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Journalism education in Sweden emerged in the late 1950s after more than 50 years of discussions. This historical process is analyzed in this article as an interplay of forces, where different interest groups tried to shape how journalists were to be educated once the existing apprenticeship system was replaced by journalism schools. Using the work of sociologists Pierre Bourdieu and Margaret Archer, this study closely follows the struggle inside the journalistic field, and between the journalistic field and the academic field and other interest groups, about how journalists were to be trained and by whom. This study reveals how conflicts over journalism education tended to migrate; from who would run a journalism school in the postwar years to the governmental investigations of the 1960s and the prevailing internal conflict between theory and practice at the two national Journalist Institutes in the 1970s. This article discusses what is commonly understood to be the professionalization of journalism. However, from another perspective, it can also be viewed as a trade losing control over its education.

  • 3.
    Jakobsson, P.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Stiernstedt, Fredrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Trust and the Media: Arguments for the (Irr)elevance of a Concept2023Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 24, nr 4, s. 479-495Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article provides a discussion of some of the recent research on media trust focusing on arguments for why media trust matters. What are the arguments for why trust is important? Are there reasons to accept these arguments? We identify three distinct arguments in the literature. First, that it is important for media organizations and for the media as an industry. Secondly, that media trust is essential for democratic citizenship and for bringing forth informed individuals with the capacity for political engagement. Lastly, that media trust is similar to other forms of (social) trust and connected to a wider existential discussion on ontological security. None of these arguments are totally convincing when inspected more closely and in light of empirical research. The article thus concludes that there is a lack of strong arguments for why falling levels of trust in the news media are legitimately described as a crisis or a problem. A supposed “trust crisis” mainly exists when viewed from what must be described as a rather narrow ideological and normative perspective.

  • 4.
    Lindell, Johan
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet.
    Sartoretto, Paola
    Stockholms universitet.
    Young People, Class and the News: Distinction, socialization and moral sentiments2018Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 9, nr 14, s. 2042-2061Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Journalism studies almost exclusively rely on a “sociology of integration” perspective when theorizing the social function of journalism. Focus is put on if and how journalism facilitates democratic processes, encourages civic engagement and strengthens the sense of community. In providing an alternative view, this study mobilizes the cultural sociology of Pierre Bourdieu—a “sociologist of conflict”—in order to study how young people’s conditions of existence have given rise to vastly different orientations towards news and the normative order surrounding journalism. Based on focus group interviews with young people in Brazil and Sweden, the study shows that socialization into the world of news in the family and in school generates class-distinctive news orientations. The world of news is a site where social groups draw moral and cultural boundaries against each other. Since different social groups monopolize completely different news practices and preferences, they work to legitimate social differences. As such, the findings challenge common notions of news as creating the “healthy citizen”, and that news media provide spaces for the practice of civility and citizenship.

  • 5.
    Malling, Milda
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik. Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Sources that Trigger the News: Multiplexity of Social Ties in News Discovery2021Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 22, nr 10, s. 1298-1316Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The study explores how the content of the social ties between journalists and their sources, and the multiplexity of the ties in particular, is reflected in the news discovery practices in the political beat. Some of the news ideas come from publicly available channels while others derive from journalists' unique networks of social contacts (often to some degree informal). The sources connected to journalists via single vs. multiplex social ties achieve a discursive power (Jungerr et al. 2019) in different ways. The study is based on reconstructed news discovery situations (n = 162) from two different political journalism environments: Lithuania and Sweden, and combines quantitative and qualitative questions. First, it measures the prevalence of the multiplex social ties between journalists and the sources. Second, it analyzes how the multiplexity of these ties is reflected in the process of the news discovery and, third, the outcome-the news content. The results show that the prevalence of multiplex social ties, and the social network behind them, is reflected in what news journalists can access and select as newsworthy. Process-wise, multiplex social ties work as a shortcut but require a balance between maintaining the access to the network and distance to the source.

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  • 6.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Glowacki, M.
    University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.
    Hök, Jöran
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Kiria, I.
    Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia.
    Orlova, D.
    School of Journalism, Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine.
    Taradai, D.
    School of Journalism, Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine.
    Journalism in the Crossfire: Media coverage of the war in Ukraine in 20142018Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 19, nr 7, s. 1059-1078Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    War reporting has mostly been analyzed as a struggle between political and military control over information and journalistic professionalism. An analysis of reporting in mainstream media from the conflict in eastern Ukraine in 2014 shows that many other aspects must also be considered. In a comparative study, mainstream media coverage in four countries, Ukraine, Russia, Poland, and Sweden, was analyzed and interviews were held with journalists in the media included in the content analysis. Findings revealed significant variations in the framing of the conflict, portrayal of actors involved, and word choice across national settings. Interviews with journalists also highlighted crucial differences in approaches and perceptions. Results show that the specific journalistic culture in each country, self-censorship, and the degree of activist approach among journalists similarly play an important role in war reporting. Researchers from all four countries participated in the project.

  • 7.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Stigbrand, Karin
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    The Formation of a Professional Identity: Journalism students in different media systems2014Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 15, nr 6, s. 841-858Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Journalism education plays an important role in the formation of a professional identity. With the results from a survey to 527 journalism students in five countries (Poland, Russia, Sweden, Estonia and Finland) similarities and differences are analysed – motives to become a journalist, competences and character traits, ideals and values and relations to other professional areas as PR and politics. The main question is whether there is a process of homogenization among future journalists as a result of globalization, or whether there still are clear differences connected to history, politics and different media systems.  The results shows that it is not possible to talk about one similar professional identity, but rather hybrid forms of professional identities that combine some universal journalistic values with cultural heritage and social/political conditions of the different countries.

  • 8.
    Riegert, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Negotiating Boundaries in a Changing Media Ecosystem: The Case of Swedish Cultural Journalism2021Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 22, nr 4, s. 418-434Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the way Swedish cultural journalists from press, radio and television perceive the core and boundaries of their sub-field at a time when digitalisation and “journalistification” blur them even more. It draws on 27 in-depth interviews with cultural journalists that have worked in the field since the 1980s. What is defined as cultural journalism has expanded since the inclusion of popular culture in its mandate in the early 1990s. Despite this, cultural journalists at different media share similar understandings of their remit, even if self-identification with current practices varies somewhat by generation. The study shows how cultural journalists defend and negotiate the boundaries towards debate and opinion, and news and entertainment journalism. Cultural journalists experience pressure by management to be relevant, newsworthy and “clickable”. Especially press respondents felt that cultural debates have become increasingly indistinguishable from societal debates, due to their visibility in the digital flow. How cultural journalists negotiate boundaries with entertainment and news desks varies somewhat depending on the media organisation. Boundary challenges appear through new genres related to liveness, personality-orientation and societal debate, all of which may conflict with the central task of cultural journalism—to provide in-depth reflection and expertise-based analysis.

  • 9.
    Springer, Nina
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Nygren, Gunnar
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
    Orlova, Dariya
    National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine.
    Taradai, Daria
    National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine.
    Widholm, Andreas
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Sourcing Dis/Information: How Swedish and Ukrainian Journalists Source, Verify, and Mediate Journalistic Truth During the Russian-Ukrainian Conflict2023Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 24, nr 9, s. 1111-1130Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Journalists form the middle links of global information chains, playing a decisive role in detecting and dismantling or amplifying problematic information. Information sourcing, verification, and transparency are important tools for journalists when they transmit their sense-making of events, i.e., the journalistic truth, to the audiences. This mixed-methods study of the disinformation-prone conflict between Russia and Ukraine investigates how journalists at different positions on the information chain-i.e., on the ground (Ukraine) and at a distance (Sweden)-source, verify, and narrate their journalistic truth to audiences. We found that, even in high-pressure situations created by hot conflicts, sourcing and verification remain mostly individualized practices that are shaped by internalized unwritten, professional rules of an oral newsroom culture. Verification protocols or specialized tools are largely absent. Sources were sometimes hard to detect in the journalistic content; claims about their verification status even harder. There was a fear that being overtly transparent about sources would jeopardize journalists' authority. Especially problematic are the precarious working and living conditions for journalists on the ground. These conditions make them vulnerable sources for journalists abroad.

  • 10.
    Åker, Patrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Photography, objectivity and the modern newspaper: Back to the artist2012Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 325-339Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The front pages of Scandinavian “quality newspapers” often include aesthetically pleasing and enigmatic photographs that dominate the whole page. These pictures seem to deviate from the traditional function of press pictures as facts in news stories. At the same time, they can be understood as part of a modernist tradition in journalism where objectivity is the norm. By adopting a historical perspective, this article highlights the subjective and artistic dimension in photography as it developed in parallel with the ideal of objectivity in the 1930s. This approach makes it possible to understand today's front-page photographs as well suited in meeting the effects of digitalization such as “multivocality” and a general mistrust in photography's indexical status.

  • 11.
    Åker, Patrik
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och lärande, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Rogatchevski, Andrei
    UiT Arctic University Norway, Tromsö, Norway.
    The Journalist as a Detective: The Media Insights and Critique in Post-1991 American, Russian and Swedish Crime Novels2019Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Today it often happens that the protagonist in crime fiction is a journalist-for instance, in the globally spread sub-genre of Nordic noir. This article examines what readers can learn about journalism by comparing crime fiction (a widely popular genre fostering society critique) from Russia, Sweden, and USA. These countries with significantly different press traditions have in the post-1991 era been involved in transformations of the media landscapes which have led to a public distrust in traditional media. We approach these novels as a form of adult media education and thereby as a resource for the reader to develop a critical thinking about journalism. The novels under consideration are permeated with transnational understandings and provide a rich ground for reflections around challenges for finding the truth, such as news-making as a male-dominated activity, journalism as a publicity arena, and an accelerating news environment (i.e., information overload paired with a competition for immediate reporting) as a threat to investigative journalism. The struggling, truth-seeking protagonists can be understood as an answer to a widespread cultural anxiety about journalism's questioned authority as a truth-telling occupation.

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  • 12. Örnebring, Henrik
    et al.
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Tabloid journalism and the public sphere: a historical perspective on tabloid journalism2004Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 283-295Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Tabloid journalism is generally considered to be synonymous with bad journalism. This assessment of tabloid journalism is not very productive from a social scientific point of view. The argument of this article is that the journalistic other of tabloid journalism has appeared throughout the history of journalism, and that elements and aspects of journalism defined as "bad" in its own time in many cases served the public good as well as, if not better than, journalism considered to be more respectable. Tabloid journalism achieves this by positioning itself, in different ways, as an alternative to the issues, forms and audiences of the journalistic mainstream–as an alternative public sphere. By tracking the development of tabloid journalism through history, we want to contribute to the reassessment and revision of the normative standards commonly used to assess journalism that is currently taking place within the field of journalism studies. We do this by first examining what is meant by an alternative public sphere and how it can be conceptualised, then by relating this to the historical development of tabloid journalism. The historical examples are used as a basis for reviewing and revising a key dimension of current criticisms of tabloid journalism.

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