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  • 1. Andersson Cederholm, Erika
    et al.
    Björck, AmelieSödertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Comparative Literature.Jennbert, KristinaLönngren, Ann-Sofie
    Exploring the Animal Turn: Human-animal relations in Science, Society and Culture2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Axelsson, Sofie
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
    The ethics of reporting on radical nationalist groups in Sweden2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Radical nationalist groups are growing in Sweden as well as in the rest of the world due to contemporary political, cultural and social rationale, where the internet is used as a catalyzer and tool to organize and spread their ideologies. Simultaneously, the structures and the system that hold journalism seem to be altering at a similar speed. The journalistic reporting on radical nationalist groups has, for this reason, become increasingly difficult. The alt-right, a radical nationalist group in the US expanded much because of the oxygen that American journalists added in an attempt to raise awareness of the danger or the highly problematic opinions that these groups sometimes stand for (Faris et.al 2018). A similar trend in Sweden is not yet visible but the lack of an ethical code of conduct when reporting on radical nationalist groups speaks for unpreparedness. This study aims to understand the ethical approach of Swedish journalists when reporting on radical nationalist groups through the interviews of 8 journalists. ¨´The theoretical approach is based on the structures that affect ethical decision-making along the hierarchy of influence model, by Shoemaker and Reese (1996) as well as journalists’ positioning of ideology and relativism, an ethical concept developed by Plaisance (2005). Based on the interview data collected for this study, some of the journalists in Sweden claim to be consequence neutral, thus it can be assumed that the responsibility of providing accumulated attention to radical nationalist groups which contribute to their expansion is not taken by many journalists. The focus of the interviewed Swedish journalists is rather on up front nazis than the dubious groups spreading online, with some exceptions, which could help explain the more carefree approach. However, the challenges of similar groups’ potential spreading in the near future is an important reason to address ethical approaches on how to best report on radical nationalist groups promptly.

  • 3.
    Brynolf, Anne
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Johansson, Stefan
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Appelgren, Ester
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.
    Lynoe, Niels
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Edstedt Bonamy, Anna-Karin
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Virtual colleagues, virtually colleagues: physicians’ use of Twitter: a population-based observational study2013In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 3, no 7, article id e002988Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective To investigate potential violations of patient confidentiality or other breaches of medical ethics committed by physicians and medical students active on the social networking site Twitter.

    Design Population-based cross-sectional observational study.

    Setting The social networking site Twitter (Swedish-speaking users, n=298819).

    Population Physicians and medical students (Swedish-speaking users, n=237) active on the social networking site Twitter between July 2007 and March 2012.

    Main outcome measure Postings that reflect unprofessional behaviour and ethical breaches among physicians and medical students.

    Results In all, 237 Twitter accounts were established as held by physicians and medical students and a total of 13 780 tweets were analysed by content. In all, 276 (1.9%) tweets were labelled as ‘unprofessional’. Among these, 26 (0.2%) tweets written by 15 (6.3%) physicians and medical students included information that could violate patient privacy. No information on the personal ID number or names was disclosed, but parts of the patient documentation or otherwise specific indicatory information on patients were found. Unprofessional tweets were more common among users writing under a pseudonym and among medical students.

    Conclusions In this study of physicians and medical students on Twitter, we observed potential violations of patient privacy and other breaches of medical ethics. Our findings underline that every physician and medical student has to consider his or her presence on social networking sites. It remains to be investigated if the introduction of social networking site guidelines for medical professionals will improve awareness.

  • 4.
    Friberg von Sydow, Rikard
    Uppsala universitet.
    A life in need of “neither protection nor preservation”: Joseph Fletcher, Down’s syndrome and euthanasia2014In: Revista Ecumenică Sibiu, ISSN 2359-8093, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 246-258Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Joseph Fletcher claims in his Christian situation ethic developed in the nineteen sixties that there is nothing wrong with the use of euthanasia on children born with Down’s syndrome. But is it possible to use his claim of non-persons as non-moral subjects in an ethic that claims not to be legalistic? This paper affirms that Fletcher’s claims are wrong, and that questions motivated by a lack of resources should be answered with a critical discussion regarding those resources. Not with an ethic that supports euthanasia.

  • 5. Friberg von Sydow, Rikard
    Prequeer antidualistisk teologi: James Nelsons etik och det självdestruktiva2011In: Queera intersektioner: Queerseminariet vid Uppsala universitet 2008-2010 / [ed] Lönngren, Ann-Sofie ; Ekström, Malin ; Österholm, Maria Margareta, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2011, 1, p. 31-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Friberg von Sydow, Rikard
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Archive Studies.
    The Digital Leap and the Quest for Autonomy: Inspecting the International Council on Archives Code of Ethics in a twenty year retrospect2017In: Information and knowledge for Competitiveness: Proceeding of DLIS 2017 International Conference : Hosted by the Department of Library and Information Studies (DLIS) : 15th-17th March 2017 : At the University of Botswana, Gaborone / [ed] Nathan Mnjama & Priti Jain, Gaborone: University of Botswana , 2017, p. 169-183Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The International Council on Archives Code of Ethics was presented in 1996. A great deal has happened in the world and in the discipline of Archival Science since. This article examines and analyses the Code of Ethics with the help of Codes of ethics from other disciplines, the debate surrounding profession ethics and the changes in the world of archives. Three areas are found where improvement in the Code would be preferable. The archivist should be trying to gain a higher autonomy in relation to other professions like economist and lawyers. Inspired by how autonomy is formulated in the pharmacists Code of Ethics. Education should be put in focus when today, at least in the western world, most people that work as archivists generally have a relatively high education. Also, the statements in the Code regarding confidentiality might have to be revisited and discussed again, because of the great changes in the possibility to spread and communicate information after the great increase in digitalization since 1996. Today, the internet as an extra layer of information makes it possible to search and connect personal information with information in archives. We also have the possibility to spread information very fast using smart phones etcetera. This has to be regarded as a change in the possibility to remain confidential.     

  • 7.
    Friberg von Sydow, Rikard
    Uppsala universitet.
    The Outsourcing of Survival: Ethical problems regarding the privatization of migration and integration processes in the European Union2013In: Revista Ecumenică Sibiu, ISSN 2065-5940, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 79-90Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In many countries in Europe entrepreneurs take over the responsibility of the integration process. This paper criticizes a certain type of entrepreneurial role model as promoting a single input agent, only counting profit as its input. The possibility of a non-outsourced, conscience-based model for regulating the integration process is discussed as a possibility and as a stepping stone for critique of the entrepreneurial model’s social claims as a whole.

  • 8.
    Frän, Ingela
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge. Ingela Katarina Frän.
    Att dela helhetssyn: en vetenskaplig essä på jakt efter ett svårfångat begrepp i sjukvården2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this scientific essay, I examine the concept of the holistic view — as a notion, its historical development in health and medical care, how it is perceived within current research, and from a philosophical perspective. Phenomenology, hermeneutics and existentialism constitute the philosophical framework and I let these theories go into dialogue with depicted stories from my professional practice as a physiotherapist, and also with my own reflections and past experiences. Health is another concept that I investigate because of its close relationship with wholeness, and also because it is something that man strives towards throughout his life. Since my work is mainly done in meetings with elderly patients, I give extra space to aging and chronic illness as phenomena. The practical wisdom, phronesis, as a form of knowledge, emerges as a basic prerequisite for being able to strive towards a holistic view of an ethically founded quality. Although I will argue that a holistic view is a utopic vision, I conclude that it is still important to strive towards it. The essential part of the holistic approach that emerged, alongside phronesis, I've chosen to call situasyn. The challenge is called NPM.

  • 9.
    Kulawik, Teresa
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    Ethical Governance and National Ethics Councils: Comparative Insights2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The language of ethics has become a conspicuous feature of the politics of biomedical research and practice. The last two decades have seen the creation of governmental ethical advisory commissions, administrative bodies charged with ethical decision-making, and public funding for studying the ethical implications of new technologies. This paper analyses the  role of national ethical counsils as advisory bodies in national ethopolitical regimes. This paper addresses the question  wether the instituitonalsization of ethical expertise in  ethics councils as advisory bodies contributes to a limitation of political conflict concerning the biomedical issues. The paper compares two national cases, namely Germany’s National Ethics Council with the Swedish National Council on Medical Ethics. Both countries represent contrasting cases of dominant ethical traditions and with regard to the time of emergence of such bodies. The Swedish council was a pioneer institution inaugurated in 1985, whereas Germany´s council  was a latecomer, established in 2001. This paper explores how such advisory institutions actually work from a double perspective. On the one hand, the paper examines the emergence and role of such bodies in political processes and thus how they have come to be understood as “political expertise”; on the other hand, the paper investigates the concrete working procedures of these councils and thus their modes of producing “ethical expertise”. Despite the differences the results of the study indicate similarities in the modes of producing “ethical expertise” and gives indicators, that such national ethics councils infact contributes to a depoliticization of biomedical issues.

  • 10.
    Kulawik, Teresa
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Gender studies.
    Institutionalization of Ethical Expertise: The  National Ethics Councils in Germany and Sweden2008In: Social Studies of Science, European Association For The Study Of Science And Technology: Book of Abstracts: Rotterdam 2008, 2008, p. 136-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a paradoxical development that characterizes the way modern societies deal with ethical problems. Issues concerning the good life are privatized and regarded as individual decisions. Simultaneously, there is a politicization of the ethical. The clearest expression may be the institutionalization of ethical expertise or public advisory bodies that act as consultants to political decision-makers. Public ethics bodies challenge conventional categorical ways of thinking about the distinctness of science, ethics and policy. Therefore, it is not surprising that this new type of institution is a contentious issue in both public and academic debates. The existing scholarly literature focusses largely on the relation between ethics advisory bodies and moral philosophy. This paper explores how such advisory institutions actually work from a double perspective. On the one hand, the paper examines the emergence and role of such bodies in political processes and thus how they have come to be understood as “political expertise”; on the other hand, the paper investigates the concrete working procedures of these councils and thus their modes of producing “ethical expertise”. The paper compares two national cases, namely Germany’s National Ethics Council with the Swedish National Council on Medical Ethics. Both countries represent contrasting cases of dominant ethical traditions and with regard to the time of emergence of such bodies. The Swedish council was a pioneer institution inaugurated in 1985, whereas Germany´s council  was a latecomer, established in 2001.  Despite the differences the results of the study indicate similarities in the modes of producing “ethical expertise” which in the longer run might lead to stronger convergence. For the most part, commission ethics proves to be a practical matter chiefly determined by pragmatism.

  • 11.
    Pascalev, Assya
    et al.
    Bulgarian Center for Bioethics, Bulgaria.
    Van Assche, Kristof
    Bioethics Institute Ghent, Ghent University, Belgium.
    Sándor, Judit
    Center for Ethics and Law in Biomedicine, Central European University, Hungary.
    Codreanu, Natalia
    Renal Foundation, Moldova.
    Naqvi, Anwar
    Department of Urology and Centre of Biomedical Ethics and Culture, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Pakistan.
    Gunnarson, Martin
    Avdelningen för etnologi, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, Lunds universitet.
    Frunza, Mihaela
    Academic Society for the Research of Religions and Ideologies, Romania.
    Yankov, Jordan
    Bulgarian Center for Bioethics, Bulgaria.
    Protection of Human Beings Trafficked for the Purpose of Organ Removal: Recommendations2016In: Transplantation Direct, ISSN 2373-8731, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 1-4, article id e59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents a comprehensive set of recommendations for protection of human beings who are trafficked for the purpose of organ removal or are targeted for such trafficking. Developed by an interdisciplinary group of international experts under the auspices of the project Trafficking in Human Beings for the Purpose of Organ Removal (also known as the HOTT project), these recommendations are grounded in the view that an individual who parts with an organ for money within an illegal scheme is ipso facto a victim and that the crime of trafficking in human beings for the purpose of organ removal (THBOR) intersects with the crime of trafficking in organs. Consequently, the protection of victims should be a priority for all actors involved in antitrafficking activities: those combating organ-related crimes, such as health organizations and survivor support services, and those combating trafficking in human beings, such as the criminal justice sectors. Taking into account the special characteristics of THBOR, the authors identify 5 key stakeholders in the protection of human beings trafficked for organ removal or targeted for such trafficking: states, law enforcement agencies and judiciary, nongovernmental organizations working in the areas of human rights and antitrafficking, transplant centers and health professionals involved in transplant medicine, and oversight bodies. For each stakeholder, the authors identify key areas of concern and concrete measures to identify and protect the victims of THBOR. The aim of the recommendations is to contribute to the development of a nonlegislative response to THBOR, to promote the exchange of knowledge and best practices in the area of victim protection, and to facilitate the development of a policy-driven action plan for the protection of THBOR victims in the European Union and worldwide.

  • 12.
    Zavatti, Francesco
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.
    The Italian Aids to Ireland during the Great Famine2018Conference paper (Other academic)
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