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  • 1.
    Akca, Uljana
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication.
    Att övervinna det mänskliga: En läsning av återkomsttanken i Nietzsches Så talade Zarathustra i ljuset av Heideggers kritik2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to discuss the meaning of the human and its possible overcoming in Friedrich Nietzsche’s doctrine of the eternal recurrence of the same, with Martin Heidegger’s readings of Nietzsche as point of departure.

    According to Heidegger, Nietzsche’s doctrine of the eternal recurrence of the same represents the end of occidental metaphysical thinking. The thought concludes a thinking of being as the presence of beings, where the original question of being was never developed out of its own ground.

    But at the heart of this interpretation, often considered “violent”, lies the question of whether man is able to think being out of his finitude. This is the question I will unfold, through a reading of Nietzsche’s thought of the eternal recurrence of the same, as it is presented in his Thus spoke Zarathustra, as an attempt to think beings in their being beyond a “humanization” of them, expressed in transcendental aims, purposes and categories. This attempt, I argue, is essentially bound up with a comportment toward the human self as the finite and the corporal. In this sense the human being in its finitude and corporeality is thefocus and the basis for the search for “the overman”.

    But this focus on man, as he who can overcome himself, is at the same time a focus that canbe said to lead man away from himself, in not asking the deeper question about what it means to be this human being.

    I will furthermore consider the tragic as the theme where this question of the overcoming of the human comes to the fore; the dionysic-tragic reveals both a view of man as the being that is mastered by the abyss that underlies this world, and therefore mastered by his finitude - and as the being who can master this same abyss, in thinking it as one with the human self.

    The purpose is not to take a position for or against Heidegger’s reading, but to develop a discussion between Heidegger and Nietzsche about the human self as always being both the closed and the open, and about the ways in which human thinking can approach this.

     

     

  • 2.
    Andersson, Petra
    Göteborgs universitet.
    En hästbok om män och kvinnor, om maskulinitet och femininitet, och om makt2014In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, no 24 aprilArticle, book review (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Andersson, Petra
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Om genusmakt, genusroller och genusnormativitet inom ridsporten2014In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, no 4 marsArticle, book review (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Andersson, Petra
    Chalmers tekniska högskola.
    Återvinning av metaller ur elektronik och annat svårt avfall2010In: Åter Vinnare för Industrin 2010 / [ed] Kjell-Arne Larsson, Stockholm: Rekord media och produktion , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Andersson, Petra
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Humanity and nature: towards a consistent holistic environmental ethics2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 6. Andersson, Petra
    Naturligt = bra?: Funderingar över ett värdeladdat begrepp2009In: Naturen som symbol för den goda barndomen / [ed] Gunilla Halldén, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Andersson, Petra
    Chalmers tekniska högskola / Göteborgs universitet.
    Ingen riktig sport?2010In: Kentauren: om interaktion mellan häst och människa / [ed] Jonna Bornemark, Ulla Ekström von Essen, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2010, 92-107 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Andersson, Petra
    Chalmers tekniska högskola / Göteborgs universitet.
    Du säger ingenting - men du pratar hela tiden2010In: Kentauren: om interaktion mellan häst och människa / [ed] Jonna Bornemark, Ulla Ekström von Essen, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2010, 28-39 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Andersson, Petra
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Natur och kultur -€“ aldrig mötas de två?2010In: Samhällsförändringar och vården av natur och kultur: en debattskrift om natur- och kulturmiljövårdens utveckling under 100 år : rapport från Riksantikvarieämbetet / [ed] Leif Gren, Stockholm: Riksantikvarieämbetet, 2010, 65-69 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Andersson, Petra
    Chalmers tekniska högskola / Göteborgs universitet.
    Vad kan en ryttare veta?2010In: Kentauren: om interaktion mellan häst och människa / [ed] Jonna Bornemark, Ulla Ekström von Essen, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2010, 108-118 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Andersson, Petra
    et al.
    Chalmers tekniska högskola.
    Radovic, Susanne
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Tuffa män och moderliga kvinnor till häst2011In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 2, 11-15 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Andersson, Tommy
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Livets skillnader: Heidegger, djuret och vetenskapen2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay constitutes an attempt to expose, with reference to contemporary animal research, the limits of Martin Heidegger’s concept of the being of animality in Die Grundbegriffe der Metaphysik (1929/30) and to propose some possible ways to think, within the philosophical style of this particular work, the being of those animals that most distinctly transcends Heidegger’s concept. The essay seeks to address the following question: Do the results of contemporary animal research expose ways of being within animality that withdrawal from Heidegger’s concept of the being of animality in general, and if so, how should we think these new ways of animal being? The motivation to ask this question, I argue, are immanent to Heidegger’s thinking in at least three ways: 1) Because of his standpoint that philosophy cannot, in any meaningful way, create an ontological concept of animality without an orientation towards the results of the positive sciences; 2) Because of the unfinished and tentative character of Heidegger’s analysis, a character that is such that it should be seen, according to Heidegger himself, as an essential point of departure for further thinking; 3) Because of Heidegger’s view that the being of the animal are such that it involves the withdrawal of this very being from any originary access, a withdrawal that necessitates an infinite return to the question concerning the being of the animal. The essay wants to be a continuation of lines that are present in Heidegger’s open-ended thought on this theme rather than to be an external critique that approach the text, which is most often the case, as a closed point of view which we are forced to affirm or reject. Motivated by these immanent reasons, I attempt to set up a dialogue between Heidegger’s way of thinking the animal and that scientific evidence that has become available since Heidegger wrote his text in the late 20s’. The paradigmatic change in the scientific view of animals that constitute this time period has philosophical consequences, I argue, and I attempt to flesh them out as follows: Contemporary animal research motivates the ontological conclusion that many species withdrawal from the meaning of Heidegger’s concept of the animal in general, and thereby necessitates a philosophical response to this, namely to create – at least as a first step toward a full-blown philosophical and ontological recognition of the differentiated animality of animals – a new concept of the being of those particular animals who most clearly show themselves, both in the new scientific evidence and to our phenomenological experience, as being different to that Heidegger claim them to be. I suggest, with reference to Heidegger’s thesis of the animal as ”poor in world”, that the being of these animals is better understood as otherworldly worlds within the world of human world forming. The being of these animals are to be seen as otherworldly worlds insofar they are what they seem to be, namely alien subject’s that have some sort of access to being, an access that differs from the openness of human Dasein in some profound and ungraspable sense, but that nonetheless suggests itself in the results of contemporary research. In this way I seek to sketch out a thought that let the otherness of these animals shine forth in a radicalized manner from out of their very nearness to the human way of being. The ontological recognition of these beings, I can thus conclude, enrich our world with their woundrous presence while at the same time exposing, with novel acuteness, the finitude of this world. Uttermost, I propose in an forward-looking reflection, these animals turn us toward the discovery of that world that we share with them, here named as the elemental world, as an crucial question for philosophy today and as a theme for further research.

  • 13.
    Axén, Albin
    Södertörn University College, The School of Culture and Communication.
    Thomas Kuhn och paradigmteorin idag: Från normal till postnormal vetenskap2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay describes the philosophy of science that Thomas Kuhn puts forth in his work The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. The question is, does his description of the scientific paradigm work as well today as in the examples he gave in the book?

    The conclusion is that there are certain factors that make for a number of differences between science today and, for example in the seventeenth century. There is also a growing theory or vision of a post normal science laid developed by among others Jerome Ravetz. This theory or vision is an idea of a science close to peer-communities and fast as well as critical decisions involving opposite values.

  • 14. Backman, Ylva
    et al.
    Haglund, Liza
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication, Education.
    Gardelli, Viktor
    Persson, Anders
    Philosophy with children: moral argumentation and the role of pictures2011In: Educating for complex thinking through philosophical inquiry: Models, advances, and proposals for the new millennium : Proceedings of the 14th ICPIC Conference. / [ed] Marina Santi, Stefano Oliverio, Padova: Liguori , 2011, 12 s.- p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to outline the disposition and results of a short-time pilot study (Backman, 2009) of pupils’ ability to express ethical arguments and of the role of pictures in ethical argumentation. There were 18 pupils, in the ages 7-8 years, that participated in the study, which was carried out in a school in the northern part of Sweden. In this paper, we begin by giving a short description of some relevant statements in the Swedish national curriculum and put this in relation to some previous research on philosophical inquiry with children. Then we continue by describing some of the project’s influences from philosophical practice and theoretical groundwork. After this, some methodological concerns and ethical considerations are referred. Finally, some results of the study are described and shortly discussed.

  • 15.
    Bartonek, Anders
    Södertörn University College, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication, Philosophy.
    Lebniz monadologi, individualitet och Panopticon2007In: Filosofisk tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, no 2, 29-39 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Bartonek, Anders
    Södertörn University College, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication, Philosophy.
    Arbetets betydelse för individen: en diskussion av arbetsbegreppet med utgångspunkt hos Adam Smith och Hegel2008In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, no 3, 27-44 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Bartonek, Anders
    Södertörn University College, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication, Philosophy.
    Agamben och det verkliga undantagstillståndet2006In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, no 2, 6-18 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18. Bartonek, Anders
    Indifferensens maktlöshet: om Agamben och hans lösningshorisont för problemet med den inneslutande uteslutningen2005In: Res publica (Goteborg), ISSN 0282-6062, no 62/63, 49-60 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19. Bartonek, Anders
    Det politiska enskilda intresset: mellan ekonomisk egoism och det allmänna.2005In: Res publica (Goteborg), ISSN 0282-6062, no 6, 101-115 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Bartonek, Anders
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Philosophy.
    Hegels dialektik och dess överskridande: Adornos och Agambens skisser av ett med-varandra2012In: Tid för Europa: Gemenskap, minne, hopp / [ed] Jon Wittrock, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2012, 79-97 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Bartonek, Anders
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS). Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Philosophy.
    Philosophie im Konjunktiv: Nichtidentität als Ort der Möglichkeit des Utopischen in der negativen Dialektik Theodor W. Adornos2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study "Philosophie im Konjunktiv. Nichtidentität als Ort der Möglichkeit des Utopischen in der negativen Dialektik Theodor W. Adornos" (Subjunctive Philosophy. Nonidentity as the Place for the Possibility of the Utopian in the Negative Dialectics of Theodor W. Adorno) deals with Adorno’s utopian thinking and asks on what it depends and on what it is founded. Moreover, the study asks the question wherein the possibility of fundamental societal change can be found and on what it can be founded. This study develops an answer to these questions through the analysis of the concepts of the nonidentity and the nonidentical – central concepts in Negative Dialectics –, which in the theory of Adorno constitute a place at which thinking and human beings are not fully absorbed by and integrated in philosophical and scientific systems or in the structure of society. Within the nonidentical the subsuming identities of philosophy and society are broken up. Therefore, the possibility of the utopian appears in this break of the identical. Here, the emancipation of the nonidentical could be realized: an emancipation, however, which is made possible in the nonidentical. The utopian thinking and the possibility of the utopian on the one hand, and nonidentity and the nonidentical on the other hand, are – this is the main claim of the study – inseparable. In developing this answer the study also tries to solve a certain problem in the discussion of Adorno’s philosophy, namely the difficulty in connecting the critical dimensions of his thinking - which are dominating his work and directed against the tradition of philosophy (and science) and capitalist society - with its utopian motives, through which he is calling for change in different ways. Finally, it is argued that Adornos’s thinking, which attempts to realize the utopian and to transcend reality on the basis of nonidentity, must be understood as a subjunctive philosophy.

  • 22.
    Bartonek, Anders
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Philosophy.
    Cederberg, Carl
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Philosophy.
    Pedagogik som sokratisk kvalitetssäkring2010In: Tradition och praxis i högre utbildning: tolv ämnesdidaktiska studier / [ed] Anders Burman, Ana Graviz, Johan Rönnby, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola , 2010, 99-113 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Bartonek, Anders
    et al.
    Södertörn University College, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Ehlin, Fredrik
    A correspondence on the state of exception between Anders Bartonek and Fredrik Ehlin2007In: Geist, ISSN 1651-3991, no 13Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Beck, Stefanie
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication.
    Die Philosophie Martha Nussbaums hinsichtlich ihrer feministischen Ausrichtung2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis „Martha Nussbaum’s philosophy with regard to its feministic orientation” represents Martha Nussbaum’s theory of the good life, demonstrates it as a feminist philosophy and locates it in the context of feminist theory. It is shown that Martha Nussbaum’s capability approach in connection with her reflections about the political liberalism and communitarianism is an important contribution for a feministic ethic of equality. Martha Nussbaum combines questions of justice with a theory of the good life. In her demand for the ethicing of the political, lies the relevance of her philosophy for feminism.

     

  • 25.
    Benson, Martin
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Ordets tillblivelse: aspekter av Nietzsches tidiga språkfilosofi2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis examines the nineteenth century German philosopher and philologist Friedrich Nietzsche’s early notion of how a word is generated in the process of perception. It does so by looking at the “metaphorical transitions” Nietzsche talks about in the essay “Über Wahrheit und Lüge im außermoralischen Sinne” (“On Truth and Lie in an Extra-MoralSense”). According to the relevant passage in “On Truth and Lie…“ an image is first created as a metaphor for a stimulus and a word is then created as a metaphor for the image. Nietzsche also states that the word has two fundamental aspects: metaphor and concept. The essay, and in particular the passage on the metaphorical transitions, has often been interpreted either from a skeptical viewpoint, saying that Nietzsche’s enterprise is to reject philosophical realism and the Aristotelian/Kantian correspondence theory of truth. Or it has been interpreted from a dogmatic viewpoint, saying that Nietzsche holds that there is an insurmountable barrier between “consciousness” and “the world” and that human knowledge is therefore doomed only to consist of private and erroneous representations of a world beyond the reach of the intellect. This thesis suggests a third way of looking at the passage, where the metaphorical transitions are taken to be the very possibility of knowledge, since they constitute the human way of being in the world. Thus Nietzsche’s train of thought in “On Truth and Lie...” is interpreted as a general model for looking at how knowledge arises. By force of this interpretation, it is argued that a consequence of Nietzsche’s position is that the epistemological strength of language, taken as the ability to pose the question what something is, lies in its image creating aspect, the metaphor, rather than in its discursive aspect, the concept.

  • 26. Bernasconi, Robert
    Nature, Culture, and Race: Plenary lecture at Södertörn University May 28, 20092010 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Birnbaum, Daniel
    et al.
    Moderna Museet.
    Wallenstein, Sven-Olov
    Vara, tid, tilldragelse: Heideggers väg från Sein und Zeit till Zeit und Sein1988In: Kris, ISSN 0348-033X, no 36/37, 62-74 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28. Birnbaum, Daniel
    et al.
    Wallenstein, Sven-Olov
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Figuring the Matrix: Lyotard’s Les Immatériaux, 19852014In: Place and Displacement: Exhibiting Architecture / [ed] Thordis Arrhenius, Mari Lending, Wallis Miller, Jérémie Michael McGowan, Baden: Lars Müller Publishers , 2014, 73-89 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29. Birnbaum, Daniel
    et al.
    Wallenstein, Sven-Olov
    Södertörn University College, School of Culture and Communication, Philosophy.
    Thinking Philosophy, Spatially: Jean-Francois Lyotard's "Les Immatériaux and the Philosophy of Exhibition"2007In: Thinking worlds:: the Moscow conference on philosophy, politics, and art / [ed] Joseph Backstein, Daniel Birnbaum, Sven-Olov Wallenstein, Berlin: Sternberg Press , 2007, 123-144 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 30. Birnbaum, Daniel
    et al.
    Wallenstein, Sven-Olov
    Heideggers väg1999Book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Bjarkö, Fredrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Husserl och subjektets självständighet: En undersökning av medvetandets relation till världen i Ideer I och Fenomenologins grundproblem2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a famous passage in Ideas I, Husserl claims that the pure consciousness is to be understood as independent of anything apart from itself in order to constitute itself, and that it therefore is able exist without a world at all. This notion seems to be contradicted in many of Husserl’s other works as well as stand in conflict with the core of phenomenology itself as a descriptive science of intentional consciousness. Three years before the publication of Ideas I, Husserl held a series of lectures that were later published with the title The Basic Problems of Phenomenology. Here, in stark contrast to Ideas I, the inquiry culminates in stepping beyond the subject as self-given and immanent by instead focusing on intersbjectivity and phenomenological time-consciousness. This essay sets out to examine the relation between the transcendental subject in these two works. It is argued that, while the phenomenological epoché indeed establishes a subject that is prior to the world in the sense that it does not need to suppose the world to guarantee its own existence, Husserl’s philosophical project in The Basic Problems of Phenomenology shows the importance of going beyond such an immanent subject to uncover the full phenomenological field. 

  • 32.
    Björk, Ulrika
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    Om skuld och ansvar2013In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, Vol. 17, no 3, 22-34 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Björk, Ulrika
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Aesthetics.
    Försonande katharsis hos Aristoteles och Arendt2013In: Filosofisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, no 3, 17-28 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Björk, Ulrika
    Uppsala University.
    Paradoxes of femininity in the philosophy of Simone de Beauvoir2010In: Continental philosophy review, ISSN 1387-2842, E-ISSN 1573-1103, Vol. 43, no 1, 39-60 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explicates the meaning of the paradox from the perspective of sexual difference, as articulated by Simone de Beauvoir. I claim that the self, the other, and their becoming are sexed in Beauvoir's early literary writing before the question of sexual difference is posed in The Second Sex (1949). In particular, Beauvoir's description of Fran double dagger oise's subjective becoming in the novel She Came to Stay (1943) anticipates her later systematic description of 'the woman in love'. In addition, I argue that the different existential types appearing at the end of The Second Sex (the narcissist, the woman in love, the mystic, and the independent woman) are variations of a specific feminine, historically changing paradox of subjectivity. According to this paradox, women, in a different mode than men, must become what they ontologically "are": beings of change and self-transcendence that have to realise the human condition in their concrete, singular lives. My interpretation draws on Kierkegaardian philosophy of existence, phenomenology, and early psychoanalysis.

  • 35.
    Björk, Ulrika
    Uppsala universitet.
    Closer: Performance, Technologies, Phenomenology2010In: Hypatia, ISSN 0887-5367, E-ISSN 1527-2001, Vol. 25, no 3, 704-707 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Björk, Ulrika
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, Aesthetics. Uppsala universitet.
    Reconstituting Experience: Beauvoir's Philosophical Conception of Literature2012In: Sapere Aude, ISSN 2177-6342, Vol. 3, no 6, 73-95 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 37. Björk, Ulrika
    L'argument de simone de beauvoir contre le naturalisme2011In: L'Homme et la société, ISSN 0018-4306, Vol. 1, no 179-180, 190-203 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Björk, Ulrika
    Uppsala University.
    Simone de Beauvoir and Life2013In: Husserl’s Ideen / [ed] Lester Embree, Thomas Nenon, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013, 351-364 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Björk, Ulrika
    Uppsala universitet.
    Natalitet, handlande och frihet: Arendts bidrag till händelsens fenomenologi2011In: Konsten att handla - konsten att tänka: Hannah Arendt om det politiska / [ed] Ulrika Björk & Anders Burman, Stockholm: Axl Books, 2011, 25-46 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40. Björk, Ulrika
    Uttrycket och etikens villkor hos Simone de Beauvoir2010In: Stil, kön, andrahet: tolv essäer i feministisk filosofi / [ed] Ulrika Björk och Lisa Folkmarson Käll, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Björk, Ulrika
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Philosophy.
    Rahels dröm2017In: Ad Marciam / [ed] Hans Ruin & Jonna Bornemark, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017, 413-420 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Björk, Ulrika
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Burman, AndersSödertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, History of ideas.
    Konsten att handla - konsten att tänka: Hannah Arendt om det politiska2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hannah Arendt (1906−1975) framstår som en av det förra seklets mest egensinniga och inspirerande tänkare. Till hennes mer betydande bidrag till den politiska teorin hör hennes analys av totalitarismens ursprung och hennes kritik av en intellektuell tradition som varit ointresserad av att på allvar reflektera över politiska händelser och de-ras ofta oförutsedda filosofiska och mänskliga betydelse. Om det finns en övergripande problematik som utmärker hennes tänkande handlar den om att återvinna och ge utrymme åt en erfarenhet av politik som hotar att uppslukas av den moderna statens ekonomiska och sociala orga-nisering av samhället. Ett annat återkommande tema är den spänningsfyllda relationen mellan politik och filosofi, mellan handlande och tänkande. De bidrag som samlats i den här boken kretsar på olika sätt kring Arendts syn på tänkandet, handlandet och det politiska. Hennes politiska ideal fungerar som en tanke-väckande motbild till dagens utslätade politiska debatt. Och det är kanske just därför som det är så stimulerande att läsa denna fria tänkare; Selbstdenker som det heter på tyska. Som läsare bjuds man in till att själv tänka vidare utifrån det Arendt tänkt.

  • 43. Björk, Ulrika
    et al.
    Folkmarson Käll, Lisa
    Stil, kön, andrahet: tolv essäer i feministisk filosofi2010Book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Blomberg Tranæus, Igor
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
    Ethics of Relationality, Practices of Nonviolence: A Reading of Butler's Ethics2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to examine Judith Butler’s approach to the problem of ethics, and the ways in which she attempts to reformulate notions of morality and responsibility based on an understanding of the subject as inherently bound to others within a context of normative structures that exceed its own influence. For Butler, this bond implies that the subject’s constitution is structured within what she calls a ”scene of address,” where it emerges into a social field by being appealed to by others, and replying to that appeal by giving an account of itself. By setting out to examine the way in which she puts two influential thinkers—namely Foucault and Levinas—to work, I will examine her notion of scenes of address more closely, and try to show how it enables her to pose the problems of ethics and morality in novel ways. I will argue that her ethics should be understood as one of relationality, since it moves away from the self-sufficient, autonomous subject as the outset for ethics, towards an understanding our very being as dependent on the being of others. This, I propose, puts it in contrast with many established ways of thinking about ethics, both within the Western philosophical tradition, and in views of ethics more generally. Thus, I hope to show that Butler’s ethics constitutes a valuable resource with regard to the question of ethical responsibility. Finally, I will propose that it carries significant implications that point towards ethical nonviolence, and that these are of increasing importance to us today.

  • 45.
    Bohlin, Henrik
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    ‘Effects on the Mind’ as Objects of Reasoning: A Perspectivist Reading of the Reason-Passion Relation in Hume’s Sentimentalism2014In: Hume Studies, ISSN 0319-7336, E-ISSN 1947-9921, Vol. 40, no 1, 29-51 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hume’s ethics is concerned not only with the metaphysical status of moral qualities but equally, if not more, with the problem of determining to what extent and under what conditions issues of moral disagreement and inquiry can be decided by rational argumentation. This paper argues that Hume’s solution to the second problem is a form of perspectivism: the rational decidability of moral issues depends on the existence of shared perspectives, or sets of assumptions and correlated dispositions to feelings, and is largely independent of the metaphysical status of moral qualities. An issue of disagreement may thus be rationally decidable among people with certain dispositions to feeling but not among others. A similar perspectivist reading is suggested for Hume’s analysis of knowledge about causes and effects.

  • 46.
    Bohlin, Henrik
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Universal moral standards without an Archimedean point: Hume's refutation of relativism in "A Dialogue"2013In: Philosophy, ISSN 0031-8191, E-ISSN 1469-817X, Vol. 88, no 4, 593-606 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An interpretation and evaluation is offered of Hume’s argument on cultural relativism in the essay ‘A Dialogue’. It is argued that Hume sets forth a typology of moral disagreement and for each type disputes the relativist conclusion that right and wrong varies between nations or historical epochs. When there are conflicting views on a moral matter, then either one side can be shown right and the other wrong, by arguments from principles which both sides accept, or more than one reasonable view can exist on the matter, according to the standards of both sides, or the disagreement concerns a morally indifferent matter, or the moral sentiments of at least one disputant are distorted (perverted, ‘artificial’). It is concluded that Hume commits himself to a particular form of meta-ethical relativism but not to normative relativism, the idea that what is wrong in one culture can be right in another. When ‘artificial’ moral sentiments are involved, one cannot resolve disagreement by arguments that are valid for everyone, or even for every ideally rational thinker. Nevertheless, there are universal standards for right and wrong, valid independently of any particular culture or tradition.

  • 47.
    Bohlin, Henrik
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    En universell moral på känslornas grund: Humes argument mot polygami och kulturrelativism2013In: Filosofisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, no 3, 29-47 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I essän ”En dialog” (1751) argumenterar David Hume för att det finns universella, kulturoberoende moraliska principer, och i essän ”Om polygami och skilsmässor” (1742) ger han ett entydigt universalistiskt svar på en tillämpat normativ fråga när han hävdar att polygami är förkastligt oberoende av kultur eller tradition. På vilka grunder förkastar Hume polygami? Hur kan han hävda att dessa och andra moraliska argument och ståndpunkter är universellt giltiga? Och hur kan universalismen förenas med den moraliska sentimentalismen? Jag skisserar först argumentet mot polygami i ”Om polygami och skilsmässor” och idén om ett stadigt och allmänt perspektiv i Treatise och Enquiry. Huvuddelen av diskussionen ägnas därefter åt Humes behandling av kulturrelativismens problem i ”En dialog”.

  • 48.
    Bohlin, Henrik
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Bildung and intercultural understanding2013In: Intercultural Education, ISSN 1467-5986, E-ISSN 1469-8439, Vol. 24, no 5, 391-400 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of Bildung, sometimes translated as self-cultivation, is at the core of an influential tradition of educational thought. What is the relation between Bildung and interculturality? Drawing on Wilhelm von Humboldt and Hans-Georg Gadamer, and on so-called transformative learning theory, Bildung is interpreted as a process of transforming one’s meaning perspective in encounters with others. A meaning perspective is a set of largely implicit presuppositions underlying one’s habitual ways of thinking, feeling, and acting. Confrontation with alternative perspectives can be an opportunity to become aware of one’s own perspective, to critically assess it and to transform it. Thus conceived, Bildung is closely related to interculturality.

  • 49.
    Bohlin, Henrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, History of ideas.
    [recension av:] David Hume, A Treatise of Human Nature, red. David Fate Norton & Mary J. Norton. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 20072008In: Sats: Nordic Journal of Philosophy, ISSN 1600-1974, Vol. 9, no 1, 158-160 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Bohlin, Henrik
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Communication, History of ideas.
    Perspective-Dependence and Critical Thinking2009In: Argumentation: an international journal on reasoning, ISSN 0920-427X, E-ISSN 1572-8374, Vol. 23, no 2, 189-203 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent theories of critical thinking have stressed the importance of taking into consideration in critical enquiry the perspectives, or presuppositions, of both the speaker whose statements are under scrutiny and the critic himself. The purpose of the paper is to explore this idea from an epistemological (rather than a pedagogical or psychological) point of view. The problem is first placed within the general context of critical thinking theory. Three types of perspective-dependence are then described, and the consequences of each for the possibility of critical discussion discussed. It is concluded that although it is essential in critical discussion to take the other’s perspective into consideration, perspective-dependence does not exclude the possibility of criticism

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