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  • 1.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Det dolda hotet2014In: Mooria Magasin, Vol. 1, no 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2. Bergwik, Staffan
    et al.
    Godhe, MichaelHoultz, AndersRodell, MagnusSödertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Svensk snillrikhet?: nationella föreställningar om entreprenörer och teknisk begåvning 1800-20002014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Blomqvist, Anders
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    [Review of] Lars Pira: Staples, Institutions and Growth. Competitiveness of Guatemalan Exports 1524-19452005In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 53, no 1, p. 128-130Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Modern gethållning och getostproduktion2017In: Geten i Sverige: Kulturhistoriska och samtida perspektiv / [ed] Katharina Leibring och Ingvar Svanberg, Uppsala: Institutet för språk och folkminnen , 2017, p. 135-152Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    This article discusses the re-emergence and modernisation of traditional goat cheese production in Sweden, in particular in the northern county of Jämtland. The data have been gathered through fieldwork and interviews with goat farmers, authorities and others involved in the production of goat cheese. As early as the 1970s, a number of initiatives were taken to formalise the productive activities of this sector and to improve product quality. The most important project was the launch of the cooperative Jämtspira at the beginning of the 1980s. In contrast to other Swedish cooperatives, this organisation involved its members in developing a common trademark and a standardised product range, undertaking joint marketing efforts, and finding creative solutions to infrastructure problems. Jämtland was strengthened and modernised, largely owing to the active part played by regional authorities in this process. The national artisan centre Eldrimner, which became a hub for small-scale food production, is another important institution that has strengthened local knowledge and taught cheesemaking skills to new goat farmers from all over Sweden. Although many obstacles have been removed and the sector has found successful solutions to strategic issues relating to product development and marketing, there are still significant structural shortcomings that could reduce profitability and endanger the future development of the sector. 

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  • 5.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Rytkönen, PaulinaSödertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Genus och företagande2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on gender and entrepreneurship, is a broad field of research developed in the intersection between theories about entrepreneurship and gender and feminist theory. Within this research field labor, family and the state are the key elements. The gender perspective is one of society's most important organizing principles and entrepreneurship is seen as important for promoting growth, creating jobs, etc. The study of gender and entrepreneurship in combination is therefore important to understand the forces that shape our history, our present and our future.

    This book is the result of a workshop organized by the Research Center Enter Forum, at Södertörn University in December 2015. The theme of the workshop was Policy, Entrepreneurship and Gender. Starting from a gender perspective, the papers presented analyzed how economic development and social processes has led to the emergence of new industries, and how technology and policy in cooperation may outcrowd women’s participation in certain industries. Additional topics are the impact of gender on firms ability to survive in the long term; How women entrepreneurs see women in business; How social entrepreneurship can be the catalyst for women's rights; And the the challenges and opportunities of female equine entrepreneurs in urban businesses encounter in their daily activities

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  • 6.
    Box, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Att studera ägande och succession i små företag: ett nytt forskningsprojekt2011In: Business History in Sweden: Näringslivshistoria i Sverige / [ed] Mikael Lönnborg och Paulina Rytkönen, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2011, p. 257-274Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Box, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Lin, Xiang
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Konkurs och konjunktur i Sverige 1830-20102016In: Insolvensrättslig tidskrift, ISSN 2002-3014, E-ISSN 2002-6315, no 1, p. 20-36Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ekonomer betraktar vanligtvis konkursutvecklingen som en konjunkturindikator och därmed beroende av förändringar på ekonomins efterfrågesida: konkurserna förväntas öka i tider av ekonomisk nedgång och minska under högkonjunkturer. Flertalet analyser är emellertid kortsiktiga. I denna uppsats presenterar vi ny och unik empiri där vi ana­lyserar det långsiktiga sambandet mellan konjunkturväxlingar och konkurser i Sverige mellan år 1830 och år 2010. I uppsatsen diskuteras också problem som kan uppstå i tolk­ningen av konkursstatistiken, både historiskt och i vår samtid. Den statistiska analysen visar att det delvis går att fastställa ett samband mellan makroekonomiska svängningar och förändringar i konkursmängden.

  • 8.
    Box, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Larsson Segerlind, Tommy
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Genus och grundarteam: nya företags överlevnad i Stockholm under 1900-talets första hälft2017In: YMER, ISSN 0044-0477, Vol. 136, no 2016, p. 51-78Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Box, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Lin, Xiang
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Linking Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in Sweden, 1850–20002016In: Contemporary Entrepreneurship: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Innovation and Growth / [ed] Dieter Bögenhold, Jean Bonnet, Marcus Dejardin, Domingo Garcia Pérez de Lema, Cham: Springer, 2016, 1, p. 31-49Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent developments in entrepreneurship suggest a causal link between entrepreneurial activity and economic growth: entrepreneurship precedes economic growth. A positive effect from entrepreneurship on economic development in advanced, innovation-driven economies in the most recent decades is often maintained. Self-employment is one of the most common indicators of entrepreneurship. The present study uses very long series of non-interrupted data on self-employment in Sweden (1850–2000). It analyzes the relationship between variations in self-employment and economic growth. For the entire period, variations in self-employment had a significant, instantaneous positive correlation with GDP growth. However, no causal relationship could be discovered: variations in self-employment did not (Granger) cause GDP growth. We discovered a structural break in GDP growth as early as in the year of 1948. Up until 1948, (Granger) causality between self-employment and GDP could not be established for any direction. For the other segment (1949–2000), GDP growth (Granger) caused self-employment growth, but not the other way around. For the period 1949–2000, but not for the previous period, selfemployment lagged with respect to GDP growth.  Consequently, GDP growth preceded self-employment growth, but self-employment growth did not precede GDP growth. Given that self-employment is a suitable indicator, the empirical results in this study are, in several respects, in disagreement with dominating assumptions in mainstream research.

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  • 10.
    Eellend, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    A Community Resting on Butter: Agricultural Cooperatives in Estonia in the Beginning of the 20th Century2013In: From local champions to global players: Essays on the history of the dairy sector / [ed] Paulina Rytkönen, Luis Arturo Garcia Hernandez & Ulf Jonsson, Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2013, p. 73-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Ekdahl, Lars
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 3, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Löntagarfonderna: En missad möjlighet?2002Collection (editor) (Other academic)
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  • 12.
    Friberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, KV.
    Vorberg-Rugh, Rachael
    University of Liverpool.
    Webster, Anthony
    Liverpool John Moores University.
    Wilson, John
    Liverpool University.
    The Politics of Commercial Dynamics: Cooperative Adaptations to Postwar Consumerism in the United Kingdom and Sweden 1950-20122012In: The Cooperative Business Movement, 1950 to the Present / [ed] Patrizia Battilani, Harm G. Schröter, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012, p. 243-262Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Gallardo Fernández, Gloria L.
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala.
    Communal Land Ownership: Remnant of the Past?: The agricultural communities in the Commune of Canela, Norte Chico (1600-1998)2002Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Other land property forms than the private are often conceived as residues of the past, residues that paradoxically seem never to pass away. An example is the form of semi-communal land ownership of the agricultural communities of Chile’s Region IV. Using sociological and historical research methods, this study explores the origin and the emergence of this agrarian form during the last four centuries, through the community Canela Baja and the neighbouring latifundium El Totoral, as a contrasting case.

    Having on one hand, the form of communal land as the common denominator, we have on the other the social aspects resulting from particular histories of the form. Therefore, a distinction between imposed and spontaneous forms is introduced. Confronting the case study with research results from other socio-political and material conditions, the study suggest that while some of the present communal ownership forms are the outcome of political decisions, others are of long historical processes. The imposed forms are not so much communities; rather reserves or homelands.

    Differentiating it from both private property and the so called “tragedy of the commons“, communal land ownership is conceived as an institution of its own which in Chile shares the same historical origin in colonial land grants as private property. Since they have kept their territorial integrity permanently in an undivided form, the study suggest that these agrarian collectives have historically avoided their conversion into minifundium, being thus a resource management solution, which acted as a brake to land fragmentation. Thus, the communal form represents not only another historical pattern of development, but also another way of organising ownership and production than both the latifundium and minifundium.

  • 14.
    Gawell, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Socialt entreprenörskap för kvinnors rättigheter2017In: YMER, ISSN 0044-0477, Vol. 136, no 2016, p. 129-144Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Stockholms universitet.
    Business Life and Death in Stockholm 1899-1990: Towards a Demography of Enterprises1992In: The 7th Nordic Conference on Small Business: proceedings : Turku, Finland, June 4-6, 1992 / [ed] Antti Pasio, Turku: Turku School of Economics and Business Administration , 1992, p. 145-162Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Business studies.
    Ericsson, L. M.2003In: The Oxford encyclopedia of economic history, Vol. 2, p. 233-234Article, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Gailtaler Almkäse – Regional development through Protected Denomination of Origin (PDO)2013In: From Local Champions to Global Players: Essays on the history of the dairy sector / [ed] Paulina Rytkönen, Louis Arturo, Garcia Hernandez and Ulf Jonsson, Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2013, 1, , p. 222p. 171-191Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 18.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Business studies.
    Konkurs: Från gäldstuga till affärsidé?1998In: Företagsminnen, ISSN 1101-7473, no 1, p. 3-4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Regional utveckling genom SUB-certfiering - fallet Gailtaler Almkäse2011In: Ymer, ISSN 0044-0477, p. 235-Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Stockholmsuniversitet.
    Småföretagandets villkor: automatrestauranger under 1900-talet1996Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Business studies.
    The fear of failure: reflections on business failure and entrepreneurial activity2001In: Entrepreneurship in business and research: essays in honour of Håkan Lindgren / [ed] Magnus Henrekson, Mats Larsson, Hans Sjögren, Stockholm: Institutet för ekonomisk historisk forskning, Handelshögskolan i Stockholm , 2001, p. 165-199Chapter in book (Other academic)
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    The fear of failure
  • 22. Gratzer, Karl
    Vie et mort des entreprises à Stockholm de 1899 à 1990.: Vers unde démographie des entreprises1995In: Naissance et mort des entreprises en Europe XIXe - XXe siecles / [ed] Michael Moss & Philippe Jobert, Dijon: Éditions de l'Université de Dijon , 1995, p. 157-178Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Gratzer, Karl
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Box, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    A longitudinal analysis of selection and failure in Sweden during the 20th century2004In: Entrepreneurship, Employment and Beyond 2003: proceedings of the 3rd international conference organized by the Department of Entrepreneurship and Innovation of the Cracow University of Economics, the Northumbria University at Newcastle, the Södertörn University College, September 18-19, 2003, Cracow / [ed] Jan Targalski, Cracow: Cracow University of Economics Publishers , 2004, p. 289-308Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Gratzer, Karl
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Business studies.
    Box, Marcus
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Business studies.
    Causes of selection amongst Swedish firms: a contribution to the development of a business demography2002In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 68-84Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Gratzer, Karl
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Olsson, Mikael
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Privata Sverige: Statligt företagsägande och privatisering från ett östeuropeiskt perspektiv2011In: Business History in Sweden: Näringslivshistoria i Sverige / [ed] Mikael Lönnborg & Paulina Rytkönen, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2011, 1, p. 326-352Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    et al.
    Zirve University, Gaziantep, Turkey.
    Tuncay-Celikel, Aslı
    Isik University, Turkey.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University (Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap.
    The Limits of R&D Internationalization and the Importance of Local Initiatives: Turkey as a Critical Case2011In: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 39, no 8, p. 1347-1357Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The growth of R&D in East Asia has triggered the notion of a new innovation geography, where R&D is no longer a privilege of the traditional OECD countries. What does this mean for mid-sized emerging economies, without the scale advantages and bargaining power of India or China? This paper uses Turkey as a case to examine the continual unevenness of international R&D investments. By analyzing opportunities and limitations for local initiatives in the telecommunications, pharmaceutical, and automotive industries the paper finds that active private capital, a sufficient scale of production, and focused public policies are needed to attract international R&D.

  • 27.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Institutioner och organisationer på den svenska bankmarknaden: Erfarenheter från bankkrisen1997Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 28. Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    The History of Insurance Companies in Sweden, 1855-20052010In: Encuentro Internacional sobre la historia del seguro / [ed] Leonardo Caruana de las Cagigas, Madrid: Fundacion Mapfre , 2010, p. 197-237Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29. Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Svärd, Sven-Erik
    Den svenska försäkringsmodellens uppgång och fall2005Book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Svärd, Sven-Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Rise and Decline of the Swedish Insurance Model2011In: Business History in Sweden: Näringslivshistoria i Sverige / [ed] Mikael Lönnborg & Paulina Rytkönen, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2011, p. 405-434Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    August Strindberg och försäkringsmarknaden2012In: Nordisk Försäkringstidskrift, ISSN 2001-1741, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Drømmen om tryghed. Tusind års dansk forsikring [The Dream of Safety.Thousand Years of Danish Insurance]2009In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 208-211Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet.
    Internationalisering av svenska försäkringsbolag: drivkrafter, organisering och utveckling 1855-19131999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Researching and Literature About Swedish Business History2011In: Business History in Sweden: Näringslivshistoria i Sverige / [ed] Mikael Lönnborg & Paulina Rytkönen, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2011, p. 594-614Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Business studies.
    Boksjö, Alexander
    Fälting, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Olsson, Mikael
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Institutioner och organisationer på den svenska finansiella marknaden2003In: I samma båt: uppsatser i finans- och företagshistoria tillägnade Mats Larsson / [ed] Ylva Hasselberg, Peter Hedberg, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2003, p. 57-86Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Box, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Economic History in Sweden2011In: Aktörer och marknader i omvandling: Studier i företagandets historia tillägnade Kersti Ullenhag / [ed] Lars Fälting, Mats Larsson, Tom Petersson & Karin Ågren, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, Uppsala universitet , 2011, 1, p. 13-28Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences, Culinary arts and meal science.
    Business History in Sweden: An introduction2011In: Business History in Sweden: Näringslivshistoria i Sverige / [ed] Mikael Lönnborg & Paulina Rytkönen, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2011, p. 11-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Rytkönen, PaulinaSödertörn University, School of Life Sciences, Culinary arts and meal science.
    Business History in Sweden: Näringslivshistoria i Sverige2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Ögren, Anders
    Handelshögskolan i Stockholm.
    Rafferty, Michael
    Sydney University.
    Banks and Swedish financial crises in the 1920s and 1930s2011In: Business History, ISSN 0007-6791, E-ISSN 1743-7938, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 230-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Financial crises occur at regular and unpredictable moments in capitalist economies. However, an absence of shared theoretical approaches to and even definitions of the subject still plague the analysis of financial crises. This situation makes historical analysis even more important. This article compares two Swedish financial crises, one in the 1920s and the other in the 1930s. The comparison shows that despite their temporal and spatial proximity, the crises seemed to have had quite different underlying causes, links to international circumstances, severity, and government responses. The 1920s crisis in Sweden was for instance much deeper than the crisis in the 1930s, a marked contrast to the experience of most countries during these two periods. In focusing on the driving forces behind the crises, their development and governmental policies, the article also provides an opportunity to reflect on both financial crisis theories, on the current crisis and on recent historical research concerning crises.

  • 40.
    Marmefelt, Thomas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Media of Exchange and Liquid Assets of Political and Market Enterprises: A New Monetary Perspective on Medieval French Monetary Mutations2012In: Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to Social Sciences and Knowledge Management / [ed] Asunción López-Varela, Rijeka: InTech, 2012, p. 375-392Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Marmefelt, Thomas
    Internationella Handelshögskolan, Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Network Commitment as Institutional Endowment and the Evolution of Bank-Industry Networks in Sweden and France1997In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 244-256Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Marmefelt, Thomas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    On the Pathology of Money and Credit: Policy Responses to the Large-Scale Crises of 1929 and of 20082018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Marmefelt, Thomas
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Åbo Akademi University, Finland.
    The History of Money and Monetary Arrangements: Insights from the Baltic and North Seas Region2018Book (Refereed)
  • 44. Morel-Astorga, Paulina
    Patterns of entrepreneurship: development of Chilean wine industry 1850-20002002Book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Mörner, Ninna
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Anti-trafficking efforts: hard to get results2009In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. 2, no 3-4, p. 10-13Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    With the fall of the Wall and the introduction of a market economy in Eastern Europe, trafficking has become increasingly common. The countries of the region have cooperated with the EU in attempts to stop this activity. But trafficking has not diminished. There are those who claim that anti-trafficking efforts have actually led to increased trafficking. Others are of the opinion that the efforts are misdirected, that the welfare of the victims is being ignored.

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  • 46.
    Mörner, Ninna
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Offer, objekt,förlorare, försörjare, aktör: en mångfasetterad bild av traffickerade kvinnor2010In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, no 3, p. 107-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this article is to broaden the perception of women trafficked for sexual purposes. It is argued here that women can be both victims and actors; they may for example at the same time be main supporters of a household and passive objects in a merciless commerce. Victimhood is a social construction, it is stressed here. The image of a trafficking victim is a notion that the trafficked women is related to and ordered by. Those that fulfill the idea of trafficked women are more likely to get support and assistance. An empirical study of 9000 trafficked persons from seven different countries of the former Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc is presented. An analysis of the respondents shows that there are differences among them, and intersectional relationships within the group of trafficked persons. Four sub-groups are identified, and various push and pull factors are linked to those sub-groups. Their specific needs and problems are discussed from different feminist theoretical perspectives, and applied on four case studies. The empirical study and its results may in-deepen the understanding of the variety amongst trafficked women and thus enable support and identification mechanisms to be evaluated to meet the needs of each subgroup under the umbrella of trafficked persons for sexual purposes.

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  • 47.
    Müller, Leos
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The Swedish East India trade and international markets: Re-exports of teas, 1731-18132003In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 51, no 3, p. 28-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish East India Company (SEIC) has been traditionally seen as nothing but a peculiar and exotic adventure in Sweden's eighteenth-century history. Hence, only limited attention has been paid to the SEIC's international role, its relationship with other chartered companies, and to the development of international markets for colonial goods. The paper focuses on this unexplored chapter in the company's history. More specifically, it looks into the SEIC's re-exports of Chinese commodities to Western European markets. Although the Swedish operation was limited compared to that of the other East India companies, the SEIC was an important tea trader on the world markets. The major part of the tea imports was re-exported through merchant networks to other European countries, especially to the Austrian Netherlands and Holland. Through illicit trade, part of the SEIC's tea went to Great Britain. The paper shows in detail how the transactions between Gothenburg, Ostend, Gent and Antwerp were organized. The examples are mainly drawn from the business correspondence of the Flemish merchants.

  • 48.
    Nilsson, Torbjörn
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Staten och kapitalet2011In: Jordpäron: svensk ekonomihistorisk läsebok / [ed] Anders Björnsson, Lars Magnusson, Stockholm: Atlantis , 2011, p. 567-637Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Olsson, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Ownership Reform and Corporate Governance: The Slovak Privatisation Process in 1990-19961999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1989, there has been a period of rapid change of the economies of the former Eastern bloc. Within a few years, the majority of the formerly centrally administered economies had begun restructuring their economic systems, including the privatisation. of formerly state-owned enterprises. This process developed differently in different countries, depending among other things on their historical traditions and the momentum of their social, political and economic transformations.

    This doctoral dissertation examines the privatisation of large-scale industrial enterprises in Slovakia prior to 1997. In particular the thesis analyses the changing political and institutional framework governing the process and method of privatisation; and how the governance of firms was affected by the new markets and ownership- and control-structures that were established. Special attention is paid to the role played by investment funds andinvestment-companies established as a consequence of voucher privatisation. The research problem is approached both from an aggregate national level and from the enterprise level. The thesis includes a number of case studies of enterprises in Slovakia that underwent privatisation, and of investment funds that emerged to take part in the process. In addition, two panel-data sets were constructed for the sake of statistical analysis.

    The study points to the drastic changes in privatisation policy and its enactment, under different governments. It leads to the conclusion that privatisation is a highly political process, whose economic effects cannot be separated from its distributional effects. This politicised nature of ownership reform is shown to have some negative side-effects with regard to the development of well-functioning governance structures. It is, for example, pointed to that the capital market, as it developed during the period of study, was highly non-transparent,characterised by high transaction costs and insider-trading. The study also documents an increasingly concentrated ownership structure of the Slovak industry and relates it to the changes in privatisation policy. In the final analysis attention is drawn to a recurring theme in the study, namely the issues related to the relative stability and durability of the institutional set-up. In many cases an insecurity about "the rules of the game" led to short-term incentives and opportunism on behalf of the economic and political agents.

  • 50. Pearson, Robin
    et al.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Regulatory regimes and multinational insurers before 19142008In: Business history review, ISSN 0007-6805, E-ISSN 2044-768X, Vol. 82, no 1, p. 59-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At the end of the twentieth century, the global diffusion of one important financial service, insurance, was encouraged by deregulation, but it also encountered difficulties where deregulation remained incomplete and where there were many nonregulatory barriers to entry. International insurance was already well developed before 1914. The growth in the global insurance trade, however, occurred against a background of increasing national regulation and fiscal burdens in many countries, making international business affordable only for the largest companies with the deepest reserves. This paper offers some preliminary estimates of the extent of the international insurance trade during the half-century before the First World War, and assesses the impact of national regulatory regimes and nonregulatory factors on the development of this business. The analysis is placed within the framework of modern theories of regulation and multinational enterprise.

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