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  • 1.
    Ahmed Farah, Yasin
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Ezzaher, Sami
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    The impact of international trade on economic growth in Sub-Saharan African countries: An empirical study examination of the correlation between economic growth and international trade2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research study is to examine the relationship between international trade and economic growth and the effect that international trade has on economic growth in sub-Saharan African countries (Sub-Saharan Africa). The majority of previous studies and research in this area claim that there is a positive correlation between these two variables, yet there are still some who question how much these two variables actually have influenced each other and if that effect is really significant enough to be considered significant as well as important. The information and data used in this study are taken from the World Bank Group, Human Development Reports and Fraser Institute. The study's theoretical framework uses growth theories, which consisted of the Solow model and endogenous growth theory, and trade theories, which consisted of the Ricardian model, the Heckscher-Ohlin model, and institutional theory to better explain the concept of economic growth and how international trade can affect the process of achieving economic growth. Within this research, a panel dataset study was carried out with the support of a regression analysis in order to measure the correlation between international trade and economic growth. The dependent variable for this research study was economic growth in the form of annual GDP per capita growth, while the independent variables included international trade, education, capital, population growth, labor force, corruption and economic freedom. Additionally, the study includes thirty-six out of a total of forty-eight possible countries in sub-Saharan Africa and is limited to a ten-year period between 2009-2019. The final result of this study's research shows that there is a significant positive correlation between economic growth and international trade and concludes that international trade actually has a very important effect/impact and is essential to achieving economic growth.

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  • 2.
    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas
    Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies.
    Det dolda hotet2014In: Mooria Magasin, Vol. 1, no 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Arnberg, K
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden; University of Helsinki, Finland; .
    Hagström, Jim
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Wartime segmentation: Class, gender, and nation in the marketing of consumers, Sweden 1939-19452024In: Enterprise & society, ISSN 1467-2227, E-ISSN 1467-2235Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In line with recent research that regards the Second World War as a "defining moment" rather than a temporary disruption to the development of consumer societies, this paper explores how consumers were imagined in nonbelligerent Sweden. The main empirical source material consists of business-to-business advertisements from newspaper and magazine publishers aimed at potential advertisers. There, publishers portrayed their readers as suitable consumers, and, given that the division of the press constituted the main infrastructure for reaching different consumer groups, this is interpreted as a key to understanding market segmentation processes. The findings show how geographical, demographic, and psychological factors were considered in optimizing advertising influence and reaching classed and gendered target audiences. Although the segmentation process consolidated during the war, focusing on stable, large consumer groups, the imagined consumer also underwent fundamental changes, combating anxiety and despair through dreams of both future and present patriotic consumption.

  • 4. Bergwik, Staffan
    et al.
    Godhe, MichaelHoultz, AndersRodell, MagnusSödertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History of Ideas.
    Svensk snillrikhet?: nationella föreställningar om entreprenörer och teknisk begåvning 1800-20002014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Blomqvist, Anders
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    [Review of] Lars Pira: Staples, Institutions and Growth. Competitiveness of Guatemalan Exports 1524-19452005In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 53, no 1, p. 128-130Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Bodén, Daniel
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Ethnology.
    The future of creative work– creativity and digital disruption2021In: The International Journal of Cultural Policy, ISSN 1028-6632, E-ISSN 1477-2833, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 848-851Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Modern gethållning och getostproduktion2017In: Geten i Sverige: Kulturhistoriska och samtida perspektiv / [ed] Katharina Leibring och Ingvar Svanberg, Uppsala: Institutet för språk och folkminnen , 2017, p. 135-152Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    This article discusses the re-emergence and modernisation of traditional goat cheese production in Sweden, in particular in the northern county of Jämtland. The data have been gathered through fieldwork and interviews with goat farmers, authorities and others involved in the production of goat cheese. As early as the 1970s, a number of initiatives were taken to formalise the productive activities of this sector and to improve product quality. The most important project was the launch of the cooperative Jämtspira at the beginning of the 1980s. In contrast to other Swedish cooperatives, this organisation involved its members in developing a common trademark and a standardised product range, undertaking joint marketing efforts, and finding creative solutions to infrastructure problems. Jämtland was strengthened and modernised, largely owing to the active part played by regional authorities in this process. The national artisan centre Eldrimner, which became a hub for small-scale food production, is another important institution that has strengthened local knowledge and taught cheesemaking skills to new goat farmers from all over Sweden. Although many obstacles have been removed and the sector has found successful solutions to strategic issues relating to product development and marketing, there are still significant structural shortcomings that could reduce profitability and endanger the future development of the sector. 

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  • 8.
    Bonow, Madeleine
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
    Rytkönen, PaulinaSödertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Genus och företagande2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on gender and entrepreneurship, is a broad field of research developed in the intersection between theories about entrepreneurship and gender and feminist theory. Within this research field labor, family and the state are the key elements. The gender perspective is one of society's most important organizing principles and entrepreneurship is seen as important for promoting growth, creating jobs, etc. The study of gender and entrepreneurship in combination is therefore important to understand the forces that shape our history, our present and our future.

    This book is the result of a workshop organized by the Research Center Enter Forum, at Södertörn University in December 2015. The theme of the workshop was Policy, Entrepreneurship and Gender. Starting from a gender perspective, the papers presented analyzed how economic development and social processes has led to the emergence of new industries, and how technology and policy in cooperation may outcrowd women’s participation in certain industries. Additional topics are the impact of gender on firms ability to survive in the long term; How women entrepreneurs see women in business; How social entrepreneurship can be the catalyst for women's rights; And the the challenges and opportunities of female equine entrepreneurs in urban businesses encounter in their daily activities

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  • 9.
    Box, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Att studera ägande och succession i små företag: ett nytt forskningsprojekt2011In: Business History in Sweden: Näringslivshistoria i Sverige / [ed] Mikael Lönnborg och Paulina Rytkönen, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2011, p. 257-274Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Box, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Lin, Xiang
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Bankruptcies in Sweden, 1774–1849: Causes and structural differences2020In: Luxury, Fashion and the Early Modern Idea of Credit / [ed] Klas Nyberg; Håkan Jakobsson, London: Routledge, 2020, 1, p. 62-75Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1771, the first Swedish academic thesis on bankruptcy and insolvency was defended by Carl Bergström at Uppsala University. In this and other contemporary Swedish publications on the topic, shortcomings in the debtor’s character including gambling, dishonesty, fraudulent behaviour and a disposition for speculation were mentioned as major causes for bankruptcies. The idea that a debtor also was a swindler, and should be severely punished, was spread by Italian merchants to, above all, France, Spain, England and Germany. The moralising causal explanation for bankruptcy can be questioned from a social science research perspective. Based on modern literature, we can see many reasons for why a trader, shopkeeper or an artisan had to file for bankruptcy. An economic shock is an event that occurs outside of an economy and produces significant change within an economy.

  • 11.
    Box, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Lin, Xiang
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Konkurs och konjunktur i Sverige 1830-20102016In: Insolvensrättslig tidskrift, ISSN 2002-3014, E-ISSN 2002-6315, no 1, p. 20-36Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ekonomer betraktar vanligtvis konkursutvecklingen som en konjunkturindikator och därmed beroende av förändringar på ekonomins efterfrågesida: konkurserna förväntas öka i tider av ekonomisk nedgång och minska under högkonjunkturer. Flertalet analyser är emellertid kortsiktiga. I denna uppsats presenterar vi ny och unik empiri där vi ana­lyserar det långsiktiga sambandet mellan konjunkturväxlingar och konkurser i Sverige mellan år 1830 och år 2010. I uppsatsen diskuteras också problem som kan uppstå i tolk­ningen av konkursstatistiken, både historiskt och i vår samtid. Den statistiska analysen visar att det delvis går att fastställa ett samband mellan makroekonomiska svängningar och förändringar i konkursmängden.

  • 12.
    Box, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Larsson Segerlind, Tommy
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Genus och grundarteam: nya företags överlevnad i Stockholm under 1900-talets första hälft2017In: YMER, ISSN 0044-0477, Vol. 136, no 2016, p. 51-78Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Box, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Lin, Xiang
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Linking Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in Sweden, 1850–20002016In: Contemporary Entrepreneurship: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Innovation and Growth / [ed] Dieter Bögenhold, Jean Bonnet, Marcus Dejardin, Domingo Garcia Pérez de Lema, Cham: Springer, 2016, 1, p. 31-49Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent developments in entrepreneurship suggest a causal link between entrepreneurial activity and economic growth: entrepreneurship precedes economic growth. A positive effect from entrepreneurship on economic development in advanced, innovation-driven economies in the most recent decades is often maintained. Self-employment is one of the most common indicators of entrepreneurship. The present study uses very long series of non-interrupted data on self-employment in Sweden (1850–2000). It analyzes the relationship between variations in self-employment and economic growth. For the entire period, variations in self-employment had a significant, instantaneous positive correlation with GDP growth. However, no causal relationship could be discovered: variations in self-employment did not (Granger) cause GDP growth. We discovered a structural break in GDP growth as early as in the year of 1948. Up until 1948, (Granger) causality between self-employment and GDP could not be established for any direction. For the other segment (1949–2000), GDP growth (Granger) caused self-employment growth, but not the other way around. For the period 1949–2000, but not for the previous period, selfemployment lagged with respect to GDP growth.  Consequently, GDP growth preceded self-employment growth, but self-employment growth did not precede GDP growth. Given that self-employment is a suitable indicator, the empirical results in this study are, in several respects, in disagreement with dominating assumptions in mainstream research.

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  • 14.
    Box, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Both a Cooperative and Multinational – International Market Strategies of Danish-Swedish Arla MD2021In: Beyond Borders: Essays on Entrepreneurship, Co-operatives and Education in Sweden and Tanzania / [ed] Mikael Lönnborg; Benson Otieno Ndiege; Besrat Tesfaye, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2021, p. 323-344Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter studies the internationalization of the Swedish–Danish dairy corporation Arla. During a period of 100 years the dairy sector went from being at the focus of national and regional interest, the industry has become global. In some geographical markets, or in particular market areas, these transnationals – corporations as well as cooperatives – may compete fiercely, and their growth strategy is often to merge with or acquire local producers. However, these multinational firms also actively cooperate in other areas (e.g. in branding or distribution) or on other geographical markets. This may take the form of strategic alliances, such as joint ventures. Thus, coopetition – cooperation and competition – has been a common recent strategy. In the case at focus in this study, Arla Foods a.m.b.a. mergers are conducted with cooperatives in European countries, while businesses that are located further away are taken care of through exports and joint ventures. The main contribution of this article is that it employs internationalization theory and places the globalization of cooperatives in the middle of the academic discussion about internationalization. A recommendation for further studies is to both dig deeper into the changing nature of cooperatives historically, but also to look closer at the strategic deals that global expansion of cooperatives is based on. 

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    Both a Cooperative and Multinational – International Market Strategies of Danish-Swedish Arla MD
  • 15.
    Eellend, Johan
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.
    A Community Resting on Butter: Agricultural Cooperatives in Estonia in the Beginning of the 20th Century2013In: From local champions to global players: Essays on the history of the dairy sector / [ed] Paulina Rytkönen, Luis Arturo Garcia Hernandez & Ulf Jonsson, Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2013, p. 73-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Ekdahl, Lars
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 3, Institute of Contemporary History.
    Löntagarfonderna: En missad möjlighet?2002Collection (editor) (Other academic)
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  • 17.
    Eriksroed-Burger, M.
    et al.
    University of Bamberg, Germany.
    Hein-Kircher, H.
    Herder Institute, Germany.
    Malitska, Julia
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.
    Preface2023In: Consumption and Advertising in Eastern Europe and Russia in the Twentieth Century / [ed] Eriksroed-Burger, Magdalena, Hein-Kircher, Heidi, Malitska, Julia, Springer, 2023, p. v-viChapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Eriksroed-Burger, Magdalena
    et al.
    University of Bamberg, Germany.
    Hein-Kircher, HeidiHerder Institute, Marburg, Germany.Malitska, JuliaSödertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, History.
    Consumption and Advertising in Eastern Europe and Russia in the Twentieth Century2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book explores Eastern European consumer cultures in the twentieth century, taking a comparative perspective and conceptualizing the peculiarities of consumption in the region. Contributions cover lifestyles and marketing strategies in imperial contexts in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; urban consumer cultures in the Interwar Period; and consumer and advertising cultures in the Soviet Union and its satellite republics. It traces the development of marketing throughout the century, and the changes in society brought about by democratization and the 'Americanization' of consumption. Taken together, the essays gathered here make a valuable contribution to our understanding of consumption and advertising in the region.  

  • 19.
    Friberg, Katarina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, KV.
    Vorberg-Rugh, Rachael
    University of Liverpool.
    Webster, Anthony
    Liverpool John Moores University.
    Wilson, John
    Liverpool University.
    The Politics of Commercial Dynamics: Cooperative Adaptations to Postwar Consumerism in the United Kingdom and Sweden 1950-20122012In: The Cooperative Business Movement, 1950 to the Present / [ed] Patrizia Battilani, Harm G. Schröter, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012, p. 243-262Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Gallardo Fernández, Gloria L.
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala.
    Communal Land Ownership: Remnant of the Past?: The agricultural communities in the Commune of Canela, Norte Chico (1600-1998)2002Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Other land property forms than the private are often conceived as residues of the past, residues that paradoxically seem never to pass away. An example is the form of semi-communal land ownership of the agricultural communities of Chile’s Region IV. Using sociological and historical research methods, this study explores the origin and the emergence of this agrarian form during the last four centuries, through the community Canela Baja and the neighbouring latifundium El Totoral, as a contrasting case.

    Having on one hand, the form of communal land as the common denominator, we have on the other the social aspects resulting from particular histories of the form. Therefore, a distinction between imposed and spontaneous forms is introduced. Confronting the case study with research results from other socio-political and material conditions, the study suggest that while some of the present communal ownership forms are the outcome of political decisions, others are of long historical processes. The imposed forms are not so much communities; rather reserves or homelands.

    Differentiating it from both private property and the so called “tragedy of the commons“, communal land ownership is conceived as an institution of its own which in Chile shares the same historical origin in colonial land grants as private property. Since they have kept their territorial integrity permanently in an undivided form, the study suggest that these agrarian collectives have historically avoided their conversion into minifundium, being thus a resource management solution, which acted as a brake to land fragmentation. Thus, the communal form represents not only another historical pattern of development, but also another way of organising ownership and production than both the latifundium and minifundium.

  • 21.
    Gawell, Malin
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Socialt entreprenörskap för kvinnors rättigheter2017In: YMER, ISSN 0044-0477, Vol. 136, no 2016, p. 129-144Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Stockholms universitet.
    Business Life and Death in Stockholm 1899-1990: Towards a Demography of Enterprises1992In: The 7th Nordic Conference on Small Business: proceedings : Turku, Finland, June 4-6, 1992 / [ed] Antti Pasio, Turku: Turku School of Economics and Business Administration , 1992, p. 145-162Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Business studies.
    Ericsson, L. M.2003In: The Oxford encyclopedia of economic history, Vol. 2, p. 233-234Article, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
    Gailtaler Almkäse – Regional development through Protected Denomination of Origin (PDO)2013In: From Local Champions to Global Players: Essays on the history of the dairy sector / [ed] Paulina Rytkönen, Louis Arturo, Garcia Hernandez and Ulf Jonsson, Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2013, 1, , p. 222p. 171-191Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 25.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Business studies.
    Konkurs: Från gäldstuga till affärsidé?1998In: Företagsminnen, ISSN 1101-7473, no 1, p. 3-4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Medevi brunn och medicinturismen: Kurorter av medicinsk och nationalekonomisk betydelse2021In: Främmande nära: människor och medicin över gränserna förr och nu / [ed] Motzi Eklöf, Malmköping: Exempla , 2021Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Regional utveckling genom SUB-certfiering - fallet Gailtaler Almkäse2011In: Ymer, ISSN 0044-0477, p. 235-Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Stockholmsuniversitet.
    Småföretagandets villkor: automatrestauranger under 1900-talet1996Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Gratzer, Karl
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Business studies.
    The fear of failure: reflections on business failure and entrepreneurial activity2001In: Entrepreneurship in business and research: essays in honour of Håkan Lindgren / [ed] Magnus Henrekson, Mats Larsson, Hans Sjögren, Stockholm: Institutet för ekonomisk historisk forskning, Handelshögskolan i Stockholm , 2001, p. 165-199Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 30. Gratzer, Karl
    Vie et mort des entreprises à Stockholm de 1899 à 1990.: Vers unde démographie des entreprises1995In: Naissance et mort des entreprises en Europe XIXe - XXe siecles / [ed] Michael Moss & Philippe Jobert, Dijon: Éditions de l'Université de Dijon , 1995, p. 157-178Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Gratzer, Karl
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Box, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    A longitudinal analysis of selection and failure in Sweden during the 20th century2004In: Entrepreneurship, Employment and Beyond 2003: proceedings of the 3rd international conference organized by the Department of Entrepreneurship and Innovation of the Cracow University of Economics, the Northumbria University at Newcastle, the Södertörn University College, September 18-19, 2003, Cracow / [ed] Jan Targalski, Cracow: Cracow University of Economics Publishers , 2004, p. 289-308Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Gratzer, Karl
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Business studies.
    Box, Marcus
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Business studies.
    Causes of selection amongst Swedish firms: a contribution to the development of a business demography2002In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 68-84Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Gratzer, Karl
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Hayen, Mats
    Stockholm University, Sweden; Stockholm City Archives, Sweden.
    Nyberg, Klas
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    The Swedish bankruptcy system, 1734–18492020In: Luxury, Fashion and the Early Modern Idea of Credit / [ed] Klas Nyberg; Håkan Jakobsson, London: Routledge, 2020, p. 51-61Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the mid-nineteenth century, the Swedish credit market was still dominated by private financial networks and by a private supply of capital. Banks, discounts and other public financial institutions only played minor roles as financers of trade and industry. In spite of these circumstances private financial networks were embedded in public financial institutions and bankruptcy legislation. In this chapter, the authors describe the development of the bankruptcy system in Sweden between 1734 and 1849, placed in a European perspective. The Roman bankruptcy legislation ceased to function in conjunction with the disintegration of the Empire and its institutions. For a long time thereafter, a long-standing bankruptcy system was missing in Europe. The Germanic tribes brought their own right-system into the Roman territories of Gaul, Italy and Spain, where they often lived alongside the older, Romanized population and its laws.

  • 34.
    Gratzer, Karl
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Olsson, Mikael
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Privata Sverige: Statligt företagsägande och privatisering från ett östeuropeiskt perspektiv2011In: Business History in Sweden: Näringslivshistoria i Sverige / [ed] Mikael Lönnborg & Paulina Rytkönen, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2011, 1, p. 326-352Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Ighe, Ann
    et al.
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, ENTER forum.
    Företag och företagande - om organisationsformer, entreprenörskap och omvandling2020In: Vad är ekonomisk historia? / [ed] Lena Andersson-Skog, Oskar Broberg, Rodney Edvinsson, Kerstin Enflo, Kristina Lilja, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2020, 1, p. 285-306Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Företag är självklara inslag i det moderna ekonomiska livet. Människor har i århundraden startat och drivit företag, de har köpt varor och tjänster av företag och säkert i många omständigheter även sålt, varor eller tjänster till företag, eller den egna arbetskraften mot en löneersättning.  Företag spelar en mycket viktig roll i samhällsekonomin. Genom att producera varor och tjänster koordinerar företag användningen av resurser i form av råvaror, arbetskraft, teknologi och kapital. Utan företag skulle var och en av oss behöva lägga oändligt mycket tid på att få tag på sådant som vi behöver för att tillgodose våra grundläggande behov. Att behöva producera allt vi behöver skulle också vara tidsödande, dyrt och leda till stora välfärdsförluster både för samhället och för enskilda individer. En effekt av att företag organiserar produktionen av varor och tjänster är att de specialiserar sig på en eller ett fåtal varor och tjänster. Detta gör att de genom sina erfarenheter och interna kunskapsutveckling kan effektivisera produktionen så att vi kan nyttja de resurser som varje företag tar i anspråk på ett så effektivt sätt som möjligt. Företag är dock inte en enhetlig massa. Det finns små, medelstora och riktigt stora företag. Företag kan vara privat eller statligt ägda och några verkar väldigt lokalt, medan andra verkar i många olika länder samtidigt. På grund av sin speciella ställning i samhällsekonomin har företaget och företagandet haft en självklar roll som studieobjekt inom ekonomisk historia. Detta kapitel ger en översikt över de viktigaste forskningsfrågorna och teman inom ekonomisk historisk forskning.

  • 36.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    et al.
    Zirve University, Gaziantep, Turkey.
    Tuncay-Celikel, Aslı
    Isik University, Turkey.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University (Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap.
    The Limits of R&D Internationalization and the Importance of Local Initiatives: Turkey as a Critical Case2011In: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 39, no 8, p. 1347-1357Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The growth of R&D in East Asia has triggered the notion of a new innovation geography, where R&D is no longer a privilege of the traditional OECD countries. What does this mean for mid-sized emerging economies, without the scale advantages and bargaining power of India or China? This paper uses Turkey as a case to examine the continual unevenness of international R&D investments. By analyzing opportunities and limitations for local initiatives in the telecommunications, pharmaceutical, and automotive industries the paper finds that active private capital, a sufficient scale of production, and focused public policies are needed to attract international R&D.

  • 37.
    Kõll, Anu Mai
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Reinterpretation of economic history in the Baltic countries, 30 years after independence2024In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What has happened to the economic history in and about the three Baltic countries Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania after independence in 1991? The survey includes problem areas researched, the reinterpretations of history in different periods, in particular the interwar years and the period of Soviet rule after the Second World War, and the institutional changes in the academy. Even if economic history has not been the first priority of universities, considerable work has been done on development models and the different successes and failures recorded. The frequent institutional changes of the economies, from liberal to state capitalism, to command economy and back to liberal models, have made the task of economic historians difficult. Much time has been spent assessing data and making them comparable, and even more on looking for reliable statistics in the Soviet system. Despite many challenges, much has also been achieved.

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  • 38.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Institutioner och organisationer på den svenska bankmarknaden: Erfarenheter från bankkrisen1997Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 39. Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    The History of Insurance Companies in Sweden, 1855-20052010In: Encuentro Internacional sobre la historia del seguro / [ed] Leonardo Caruana de las Cagigas, Madrid: Fundacion Mapfre , 2010, p. 197-237Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40. Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Svärd, Sven-Erik
    Den svenska försäkringsmodellens uppgång och fall2005Book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Larsson, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Svärd, Sven-Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Rise and Decline of the Swedish Insurance Model2011In: Business History in Sweden: Näringslivshistoria i Sverige / [ed] Mikael Lönnborg & Paulina Rytkönen, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2011, p. 405-434Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    August Strindberg och försäkringsmarknaden2012In: Nordisk Försäkringstidskrift, ISSN 2001-1741, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Drømmen om tryghed. Tusind års dansk forsikring [The Dream of Safety.Thousand Years of Danish Insurance]2009In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 208-211Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet.
    Internationalisering av svenska försäkringsbolag: drivkrafter, organisering och utveckling 1855-19131999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Researching and Literature About Swedish Business History2011In: Business History in Sweden: Näringslivshistoria i Sverige / [ed] Mikael Lönnborg & Paulina Rytkönen, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2011, p. 594-614Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Avdelning 4, Business studies.
    Boksjö, Alexander
    Fälting, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Olsson, Mikael
    Södertörn University, Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES).
    Institutioner och organisationer på den svenska finansiella marknaden2003In: I samma båt: uppsatser i finans- och företagshistoria tillägnade Mats Larsson / [ed] Ylva Hasselberg, Peter Hedberg, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2003, p. 57-86Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Box, Marcus
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies.
    Economic History in Sweden2011In: Aktörer och marknader i omvandling: Studier i företagandets historia tillägnade Kersti Ullenhag / [ed] Lars Fälting, Mats Larsson, Tom Petersson & Karin Ågren, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, Uppsala universitet , 2011, 1, p. 13-28Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Rytkönen, Paulina
    Södertörn University, School of Life Sciences, Culinary arts and meal science.
    Business History in Sweden: An introduction2011In: Business History in Sweden: Näringslivshistoria i Sverige / [ed] Mikael Lönnborg & Paulina Rytkönen, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2011, p. 11-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Rytkönen, PaulinaSödertörn University, School of Life Sciences, Culinary arts and meal science.
    Business History in Sweden: Näringslivshistoria i Sverige2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Lönnborg, Mikael
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, Business studies. Södertörn University, School of Business Studies, ENTER (Center for Entrepreneurship).
    Ögren, Anders
    Handelshögskolan i Stockholm.
    Rafferty, Michael
    Sydney University.
    Banks and Swedish financial crises in the 1920s and 1930s2011In: Business History, ISSN 0007-6791, E-ISSN 1743-7938, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 230-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Financial crises occur at regular and unpredictable moments in capitalist economies. However, an absence of shared theoretical approaches to and even definitions of the subject still plague the analysis of financial crises. This situation makes historical analysis even more important. This article compares two Swedish financial crises, one in the 1920s and the other in the 1930s. The comparison shows that despite their temporal and spatial proximity, the crises seemed to have had quite different underlying causes, links to international circumstances, severity, and government responses. The 1920s crisis in Sweden was for instance much deeper than the crisis in the 1930s, a marked contrast to the experience of most countries during these two periods. In focusing on the driving forces behind the crises, their development and governmental policies, the article also provides an opportunity to reflect on both financial crisis theories, on the current crisis and on recent historical research concerning crises.

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